Index of subjects

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

A.H. Thomas (editor)

Year published

1929

Pages

307-319

Citation Show another format:

'Index of subjects', Calendar of the plea and memoranda rolls of the city of London: volume 2: 1364-1381 (1929), pp. 307-319. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36691 Date accessed: 24 September 2014.


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Abduction, of a ward, 247

Account, actions of, 3, 46–7, 11011, 201, 272, 276–7, 283–4
-, —sureties for rendering of, 39

Acquittance, 112;

Administration, debts not recoverable after, 44, 51, 171

Advocate, meaning of, 173,173 n.2

Affrays, in CandlewickstreetWard, 23; attachment for, 31; in Holborn, 32; within the bounds of St Paul's and the Bishop's Palace, 39; of the journeymen fullers in St Paul's, 55; in the parish of St Sepulchre, 85; against the watch in CheapWard, 87; on 13 Sept., 1372, 148; in Bread Street, 255

Age, proof of, 114, 143

Agreements, for appointment of auditors, 110–11; attempted substitution of false, 138; for recovery of a debt, 211; in dispute between parson and parishioners of St Martin Outwich, 212; action for breach of, 238; see Covenant

Alderman, imprisonment for disrespect, opprobrious words to, 6, 28, 150, 199; charge of refusal to plead before, 180

Aldermen, annual elections of, 243 n. i; described as "barons," xxi; Court of, lviii

Ale, regulation of prices of, 6, 235; sold contrary to regulations, 15; illegal sale of, to hucksters, 124; hucksters forbidden to sell, 144; contract to sell, 145; distinction between beer and, 147 n. 1

Aleconners, list and oath of, 256

Ale-measures, charge of using defective, 6

Alien Priories, seizure of, 142, 142 n. 1

Aliens, apprentices not to be, xl–xli; apprentices put to, xliv–xlv; admitted to the freedom, xlvii–lii, lv; dwelling in London, lxii–lxiii

Apothecaries, keeper of the Great Beam elected by Grocers, Pepperers and, 100 n. 1; women as, lx ri. 1

Apprentices, committed for refusal to be enrolled, 8,8 n. 2,129, 205;
-, — for misconduct, 107, 128;
-, — for running away, 220; not to be set to other work than his craft, 18, 18 n. 1, 58; charge of enticing, eloigning, 32–3, 51–2; claims discharge, his master having left the City, 57, 195, 195–6, 197, 202, 219; — his master being a fugitive debtor, 60, 87–8, 194–5, 246, 263; — his master having turned him out, 86–7; action relating to return of premium on death of, 125–6; illtreatment of, 128–9; a ward taken as, without leave of Mayor and Aldermen, 175; turning-over of, 195, 212; claimed to be a chattel, 202, 294; can be claimed by absent master within a year and a day, 219; action for refusing to make an — free, 248; sues for detinue of a bond to cover losses, 281–2
-, — girl-, action for ill-treatment of, 107; covenant as to marriage of, 219
-, — control of, by the misteries, xxxv–xxxix; age of, xli; property qualification of parents of, xli; physique of, xli–xlii; as chattels, xlii–xliii; as traders; xliii–xliv; correction of, xlvi

Apprenticeship, freedom: by, xxx–xxxix; City custom of, xl–xlvii

Arbitration, between a rector and parishioners, 49–50; between Italians in an action of deceit, 76; between a citizen and an Italian; with umpires, 86; as to tenements, 137; between a Florentine and a Siennese merchant, 158; as to portions of orphans, 170; as to party-walls, 179–80; in an action of account, 201; as to tenements, 252; between Lombards on detinue of bonds, 278; between Italians as to payment for Cotswold wool, 279–80; on a saddler's contract of service, 280–1

Armour, list of, 193

Armourers, 1, lix n. 5

Arms, not to be carried in the City, 5, 146, 146 n. 1, 219

Arrows, charge of shooting, by night, 172–3; price of, 218

Asportation, charges of, 47, 47 n. 2, 52–4, 57–8, 87, 90, 192–3
-, — of goods and a wife, 90, 139–40

Assault, common, 2, 16, 17, 19 bis, 21, 30, 32,41,49, 63, 69, 70,134, 196, 221, 253; on City officers, constables, the watch, 2/39, 41, 87, 210, 211; on jurors, 3; by malicious and contumelious words, 55, 85, 107

Assay, of mussels, cockles and whelks, 7

Assisa Panis, the City's, 69 n. 2

Assize, of nets, 287

Assizes, of Building, 150, 245, xx
-, — — Darrein Presentment, 108
-, — — Freshforce, 45, 250
-, — — Mort d'Ancestor, 197–8, 197 n. 2, 200–1, 214, 215; Rolls of, 201, 201 n. 1
-, — — Novel Disseisin, 108
-, — — Nuisance, 88, 88 n. 1, 180, 245

Attachment, by rents, 60

Attorney, letters of, 82, 96, 99, no, 116, 147, 160, 173, 186, 195, 197, 198, 200, 204, 205, 206, 215, 221, 233, 234, 242 bis, 247 bis, 248, 251, 255, 257, 258, 272, 275, 284, 285, 287

Auditors, in pleas of account, 110–11, 265, 276–7, 283; City, lviii

Avowry, of foreign goods by freemen, 103, 104

Bailee, innkeeper's responsibility as, 11 ; of fruit for sale, 174

Bakers, Halimot of, 40, 40 n. 1; marks of, 40 n. 2; judgment of, 187, 187 n. 1: enfranchisement of, 1, li

Barbers, ordinances of, liii

Bardi, Company of the, 182, 182 n. 3

Barons, of London, xxi–xxiii

Battle, trial by, xx

Beam, the Great and Small, 100, 100 n. 1, 101, 105–6
-, — the King's, at the Staple of Westminster, 223

Beer, its early use in England, 147, 147 n. 1

Beerbrewers, apply for ordinances, 147 n. 1

Bills of complaint, passim

Black Death, xlviii

Blacksmiths, enfranchisement of, lvii

Bladers, l–li

Bladesmiths, craft of, 13 n. 1; lxiv

Bonds, passim
-, — void if founded on unlawful contract, 229

Bowstring-makers, lvii

Bowyers, 188, 188 n. 1, xxxviii, l
-, — de laine, l

Brabantine weavers, appointment of bailiffs of, 84

Braelers, ordinances of, liii, lxiii

Braelers, lxiii

Bread, assayers of white, 1; varieties of, 69 n. 2

Brewers, appointment of supervisors of, 83; fines on, set aside for buying refuse-carts, 147; wages and service of journeymen, 148, 196, 199, 204; proclamation concerning, 210; disturbances among, against prices of ale fixed by ordinances, 211; list of crafts drawn up by, xxxvi; enfranchisement of, xlii, 1

Brewing vessels, list of, 110

Broderers, lix n. 4

Brokers, ordinances against unlicensed, 151, 209, xxi

Bucklers, xxxvi

Bullion, export of, 106

Burgage tenure, xix, xxiii, xxviii

Burhthegns, xxi–xxii

Butchers, the masters of the, 12, 15; of the Stocks, supervisors of, 84; of St Nicholas Shambles, pollute the streets and river with offal, 93–4; their prices for tallow regulated, 153, 166; enfranchisement of, li

Callers, xxxvi

Caps, prices of, 250

Carpenters, enfranchisement of, l; see Masons and Carpenters

Carta Mercatoria, 2 n. 1, 53 n. 1, 102 n. 1

Carts, shod with iron nails, prohibition of, 196, 196 n. 1

Certificates, under the Mayoralty Seal, as to payment by the towns of Amiens, Corby and Nesle, 223; as to exemplification of a deed, 285
-, — of the Mayor and Recorder, as to examination of witnesses in a dispute concerning freightage, 138–9
-, — of the Clerk of the Prince of Wales, as to the death of a horse, 38

Chalicers, xxxvi

Chaloners, xxxvi

Chamber of the Guildhall, 1, 41, 54, 65, 84, 96, 146, 180, 184, 200, 215, 224, 230; freedoms' records in, 190; apprenticeship records in, 248; fines paid into, 254
-, — of London, xxvii, liv

Chamberlain, 19, 30, 31, 49–50, 82, 108, 143, 190, 206, 229, 230, 232, 242, 244, 248, 264, xlix, lviii

Chamberlain, court of, 16 n. 3, xxxii; registers of, xxxii–xxxiv

Chancellor, the King's, 9, 122, 123, 149, lvii

Chancellor of the Exchequer, 52

Chancery, return to, 61; proceedings in, 161; King recovers property in, 210; mainprise in, 271

Chandlers, their prices for candles regulated, 153; scrutiny of sauces of, 206, 209, 234, 258; inventory of goods in shop of, 158; enfranchised, 1, li

Chantries, in All Hallows on the Wall, 62; St Botolph's Bishopsgate, 167, 182; St Nicholas Shambles, 245, 245 n. 2

Chaucers, li

City, disturbances of 1380 in, 275, 275 n. 1; firma of, xiii
-, — freedom of the, see Introduction

City Custom, concerning:—export of tallow, 5; acquiring the freedom, 10, 11 n. 1; wager of law, 12 n. 1, 77, 77 n. 1; — in action of deceit, 267; apprentices and their enrolment, 16 n. 3, 107; feme covert and feme sole, 23, 23 n. i; foreign attachment, 26 n. 1; sequestration, 29 n. 2; rent-days, 61, 61 n. 1; verification of age of orphans, 143; responsibility for repair of pavements, 144; — household fires, 235; landlord's fixtures, 172; exclusion from proof, 178; offences by City officers, 181 n. 2; repair of ruinous tenements, 183, 183 n. 1; probate of unsealed wills, 189; service of brewers, 196; widow's portion, 215, 215 n. i; responsibility of parsons for their assistant-priests, 241–2; distress for rent, 253; view of hostelry where goods were stolen, 261; infractions of the peace, 275
-, — declarations of, ix n. 1; Henry I confirms, xi; as to villeins, xxvi; of apprentices, xliv

City Liberties, freemen not to be sued in other than City courts, 8, 8 n. 3, 154, 154 n. 1, 214; exacting fines from apprentices in Weavers' Court contrary to, 16; citizens not subject to Middlesex taxes, 153; freedom from illegal wharfage, 156; freedom from customs, 202–3; teaching crafts to aliens contrary to, 229; freedom from pontage and toll at Staines, 287; of hunting, xi

Clausum Pasche, 55 n. 1

Clerks, li

Cloth, shrinking of, 6, 15; prices of, 11, 73–4, 131; defective falling of, 24, 34, 36; weaving of, 35, 86; supervisors of, 35, 36; defective bleaching of, 39; defects of a white, 81; of gold and silver, 105, 106; of merchants of Amiens seized, 234; of Frenchmen arrested, 240

Clothing, lists and prices of, 130, 269; bequest of, 258

Clothworkers, foreign, 251, lxiii n. 5; redemptions of, lvii

Coal, defective measures of, 146, 221; exported from Newcastleon-Tyne, 246

Coinage, of tin, 187, 187 n. 2

Committee, of Aldermen in 1290–1, xlix

Commonalty, prosecutions by the, 6, 174, 174–5, 226–7, 228, 254
-, — — King and, 24, 40, 41, 54–6, 186, 189–90, 224, 292–4; see Common Serjeant
-, — assent to committal for contempt of court, 5
-, — the soil of the, 174, 174 n. 1; their ownership of London Wall, 242

Common Bench, nisi prius action in, 3

Common Clerk, 195, 195 n. 1

Common Council, chosen from the misteries, 243, 243 n. 1, 256; origin of, xiv–xv

Common Law, as to King's protection of those attending his courts, 3

Common Pleader, 169, 169 n. 1, 242; see Common Serjeant

Common Seal, letters under the, 269, 270; first mention of, xxiii

Common Serjeant, John de Bricklesworth, 40; John Wentbrugge, 55, 63; Ralph Strode, 169 n. 1, 174, 186, 187, 189, 203, 226, 228, 242, 265

Commons, insurrection of, see Peasants' Revolt

Commune of London, xii, xiii–xiv, xxi, xxxi, xlix, lii

Companies, of the Strozzi, 80, 80 n. 2, 115; of the Bardi, 182, 182 n. 3; of Guynyse, 279 "Darigi" of Pistoja, 279–80

Competition, complaint of unfair, 206

Compurgation, see Law, wager of

Concord, licence to, 5, 34

Confederacies, see Covins

Congregation, the Great, lviii

Consistory Court, committals for citing in, 107, 107 n: 1, 166, 166 n. 2; charge of citing in, 291, 292

Contempt of court, by defaming the court, 5, 17–18; using bad language in court, 17; pretending to be a foreigner, 24; speaking disrespectfully of the Recorder, 25, 152; calling a man a "liar" in court, 110; saying that the Sheriff's officers were robbers, 115; excommunicating the Court, 181; treating the Sheriff in his court disrespectfully, 224

Cooks, scrutineers appointed over the, 162; enfranchisement of, l, li

Coopers, 1, lxiii

Corders, li

Cordwainers, complain of monopoly of shoe-laces, 13; committals for rebelling against the masters of the, 17, 18, 22, 233; ordinances of, xxxi; apprentices of, xxxii; redemptioners of, li, lvii, lxiv

Corn, export of, forbidden, 114 n. 2; to be exposed in open market for; three days, 124; not to be sold out of open market, 164; not to be sold by sample, 175, 221; meting of, at Queenhithe, 189; enhancing price of, 196

Cornmarkets, ordinance as to the several, 191–2, 192 n. 1

Cornmeters, charged with using false measures, 190; swearing of, 191

Coroner's Rolls, lxiv

Corporation of London, viii–xviii

Council, the King's, petition to, 3; the Duke of Brittany asks for reprisals by, 122; ordinance of, as to servants, 180; writ to appear before, 183; consulted as to an alleged spy, 257; City disturbances considered by, 275

Counsel, in proceedings for divorce, 117–18; defendant repudiates pleading of her, 247; party ordered to consult her, 252

Counterfeit, charges relating to, 21, 32, 97, 191

Court Christian, mainprise not to sue in, 20, 25–6, 48, 106–7, 181, 261; citation in, 107; Wardmote jury sued in, for defamation, 244; journeyman spurrier sued in. for perjury, having refused to obey an ordinance, 291
-, — of Rome, 26; of Avignon, 48

Covenant, actions of, for conveyance of land, 24, 56; for repair of a tenement, 43–4, 152–3, 231; of apprenticeship, 52, xxx–xxxi; for service, 54; for payment of debt, 78; for rebuilding, 79; for divorce, 116–17; in the Sheriffs' Court, 128; to surrender a lease, 186; for a lease, 198; of a sale of arrows, 218; of warranty of a horse, 220

Covins, unlawful, of journeymen cordwainers, 22–3 ; fullers, 54–6; Flemish weavers, 65–6; skinners, 88–9; against the ordinances of the Goldsmiths, 237; mainprise to report, 286, 300; of the journeymen spurriers, 291–4

Crafts, ordinances for rule of (1364), 13 n. 2; see Misteries

Credit, letters of, 77–8, 122; see Exchange, bills of

Crown, the Flemish, value of, 77; see Scudo

Cups, prices of, 80, 185

Curfew, nightwalking after, forbidden, 219

Custodes Pacis, Mayor and Sheriffs as, 35

Customs, the Sheriffs', on poultry, 8; unjust exactions of, on hides from Yorkshire, 19; — on mussels, 29–30; — on wool, 202–3; — at Kingston from London braziers, 243–4; the King's, on silk and fine goods, 103, 104, 106; see Toll; redemptioners and, lv

Cutlers, 13 n. 1, xlii, liii, lxiii

Damages, taxed by jury, 253, 262; reduced by Court as excessive, 253

Darigi, Company of, of Pistoja, 278–80

Darrein Presentment, see Assizes

Debt, actions of, passim; first charge on testator's estate, 51; assignment of, 112; moiety of land granted to creditor for levying of, 229, 229 n. 1

Deceit, actions of, for substituting inferior fur, 34; pretending to assign valid debts, 75–6; in a covenant, 96–7; selling an entailed property as a fee simple, 126; substituting wooden plates for mazers, 139; dubbing baskets of figs, 174; measuring corn by false measures, 186; pretending to enrol a judgment, 266–7; selling false merchandise, 2867

Decisory Oath, by plaintiff, 171, 171 n. 1; by defendant, 57, 57 n. 2, 84, 224, 271

Deeds, enrolment of, in the Mayor's Court, 142, 177, 195, 199, 200, 207, 287; deposited, 163; claimed, 217, 217–18

Defamation, actions of, for calling jurors "perjured," 3, 259; for imputing injustice to the Mayor and Aldermen in court, 14, 17, 46; of a servant by his master, 14; for abusing an Alderman, 15; for approbrious words spoken of the Mayor, 115, 125, 222; — of the Earl of Mar, 149; — against a collector, 154; against a serjeant, 210; against a Sheriff in his court, 224; for defaming the Masters of the Goldsmiths, 236; see Contempt of court, Mayor

Desertion, on military service, charge of, 109

Detinue, actions of, of chattels, 23, 28, 37–9, 52, 69, 96, 116, 168, 185, 215, 223, 233, 297–300; of pledged goods, 25; of a servant, 37, 65; of bonds, 97–8, 109; of a bill of sale, 110; of deeds, 206–7, 214, 281–2, 284

Devise, of tenements, custom of Cambridge as to, 240

Dice, prosecutions for cheating by, 47, 52, 58, 89, 115, 116, 130, 139, 211

Disorderly houses, 7

Disorderly women, 151

Disputant, committal for being common, 181, 253

Distress, for rent, 59, 61, 168; illegal, 61–2; on the King's Servants, 133

Divorce, bond not to resist, 117, 173; instrument of, 266

Dower, action of, 45, 224; quitclaim of, 149

Drapers, masters of the, 80

Dubbing, of fig-baskets, 174; of fish, 174 n. 2

Duels, charge of preparing to fight, 58

Duress, pleaded against a bond, 225

Ecclesiastical courts, see Court Christian

Ecclesiastical law, divorce by, 117

Education, of a ward at Oxford, 175

Ejection, actions of, 48–9, 48 n. 2, 52, 170, 262

Embracery, prosecutions for, 44, 44 n. 1, 45–6; charge of, 85

Encroachment, complaints of, 156–7, 245–6, 245 n. 3

Enticing, of servants and apprentices, 25, 36, 42, 51–2

Equity, awards in, 116–17, 116 n. 2, 137, 137 n. 1; see Specific performance

Escheator, Mayor as, 85, 161

Essoins, warranting of, xvii

Examination, on oath, where an exception was pleaded; 247; of witnesses, 145, 146, 220, 274

Exception, pleading by, 48 n. 1

Exchange, bills, letters of, 10, 115, 122, 154, 250; see Credit, letters of

Exchequer, 113, 246; Chancellor of the, 52

Executors, actions concerning, 63–4, 74–5, 96, 97–8, 135–6, 168, 171, 215, 216, 260, 271–1

Export, forbidden, of wax, 164; tallow, 166

Extortion, charges of, 180, 187

Falling Sickness, 38 n. 1

False imprisonment, complaint of, 119; actions of, 129, 145

False pretences, obtaining money by, 14 n. 1, 181, 181 n. 2

Farriers, prices of, fixed, 164; enfranchised, 1

Fellowship Porters, of Billingsgate, 165 n. 2

Felons, prosecution for rescuing, 24; maintaining, 181

Felon's Chattels, 67, 67 n. 1, xi

Felony, prisoner released on depositing pledges to amount of, 21

Feme Covert, 23 n. 1, lx

Feme Sole, 23 n. 1, 67, 213, 294

Feoffment, fraudulent, to exclude creditor, 176

Fire, precautions against, 199; measures taken to prevent spread of, 235; regulations regarding, 237 n. 1

Fishmongers, disturbances among, 27, 27 n. 1, 35, 51, 151; ordinances of, xxxi, xxxix; redemptioners of, 1, li

Fixtures, action for damage to, 150

Flemish weavers, disturbances among, 65–6, 65 n. 1; appointment of bailiffs of, 84

Fletchers, 188, 188 n. 1, lvii, lix n. 3

Florins, called "francs," 121 n. 1, 122; value of, 279

Folkmoot, the, lviii

Food, charge of selling corrupt, 12

Football, punished as a breach of the peace, 152

Forcermakers, xxxviii

Foreign attachment, 26, 26 n. 1, 70–1, 80, 82–3, 90–1, 91–3, 95, 129–30, 138, 176, 177–8, 178, 192, 194, 225–6, 230, 267–8, 294–5, 299, 302

Foreigners, produce oath-helpers incontinenti, 12, 19; imprisoned for serving on an inquest, 22, 23; not permitted to keep lodginghouses, 151; not to sell retail, 151–2, 227; their orphans not protected by the City courts, 170, 171; charge of extorting unjust custom from, 203; crafts not to be taught to, 229; journeymen spurriers' attempt to oust, 292
-, — and the freedom, xxi, xxix–xxx, xxxiii–xxxiv, lxiii–lxiv; see Redemption in Introduction

Forestalling, of geese, 66; silk and fine goods, 105; salt, 124; eggs, 139; beer, 147; pigs, 230; see Prices, enhancing of

Francs, see Florins

Frankpledge, x, x n. 3, xx n. 5

Fraud, Mayoral certificate as to a, 158

Freedom, by patrimony, ordinance affirming, 10–11, 11 n. 1; records of the, 190, 242; forfeited for teaching craft to foreigners, 229 See Introduction

Freightage, indenture of, 120

Freshforce, see Assizes

Friars Minors, the conduit of the, 42

Friars Preachers, masses to be said by, 258

Frithgild, of London, x, xix

Fullers, disturbances among the, 54–6; masters of the, 80

Fulling, of caps in mills, prohibited, 230, 233

Fur, illegal mixing of old and new, 15, 15 n. 3; defective, 22; tawing of, 28 n. 2; varieties of, 34 n. 4; prices of, 75

Furbishers, lxiii

Fusters, ordinances of, xliv, lii

Gaol Delivery, of Newgate, 44–6, 300–2, x, lxiv

Gavelet, action of, xvii

Genoese, crossbowmen, dissensions among, 162; sailors on the King's galley, 184–5

Gifts, to the Prince and Princess of Wales, 133–4, 134 n. 1; to the King for safeguarding London ships, 134, 134 n. 2

Girdlers, li, liii

Girdles, charge of selling false, 182

Glovers, ordinances of, liii

God's Penny, 2, 2 n. 1, 56, 198

Goldsmiths, Fishmongers and Mercers, dissensions among, 151; their quarrel with the rector of St Michael's, Cornhill, 228; scrutiny by masters of the, 228; prosecutions by masters of, 236, 259; redemptioners of, li

Grants, of goods and chattels, 198, 209, 234, 284, 294

Grocers, complain of unlicenced brokers, 58, 71; keeper of the Great Beam elected by the Pepperers, Apothecaries and, 100 n. 1

Grosses, Flemish, 80, 80 n. 1

Guildhall, x, x n. 4, xi, liv, lxi

Guynyse, Company of, 279

Haberdashers, ordinance concerning, 213, liii

Harbouring, charges of, 57, 151

Hatters, lxiii

Hawking, of salt-fish, punishment for, 252

Heaumers, liii, lxiii

Household Goods, lists and prices of, 73, 90, 91–2, 130, 154–6, 159, 177–8, 225–6, 267, 295

Hucksters, not to buy ale for resale, 124, 144

Huguenots, immigration of, xlviii

Hurdle, punishment of, for fraudulent bakers, 187, 187 n. 1

Hurers, 229, 230, xxxviii; forbid fulling of caps at mills, 230, 233

Husting, of Pleas of Land, 1, 160–2, 222, 261, 279, 282–3
-, — of Common Pleas, 224, 257
-, — rolls of Deeds and Wills, 114 n. 1, xxxiv; enrolment of wills in, 4, 257; deed enrolled in, 270
-, — action on ex gravi querela in, 167 n. 2
-, — standard weight of, xi; meeting in, xiii; as a King's court, xviii, xviii n. 2; judgment in, xxx n. 2; freemen admitted in, lii

Indentures, pleading on variation of, 78

Indictments, for assault, 184; gaming, 210–11; in 1380, 275–6; of journeymen spurriers, 291–2

Inn-keepers, to warn guests against carrying arms, 146; see Lodginghouse keepers

Inquests, as to illegal sales of poultry, 7; rescue of felons, 24; disturbers of the peace, 84–5, 87, 255; obstruction of a watercourse, 278
-, — ex officio, as to property in hands of administrators, 51; legacies, 63–4; pollution of the Thames, 93; enhancing price of silk, 103
-, — by writ, 94, 102, 105–6; as to false imprisonment, 119; rubbish on Tower Hill, 140–1; assault and escape from sanctuary, 134; an affray, 253–4; persons implicated in the Peasants' Revolt, 295–6

Insulting behaviour, prosecutions for, 4, 28; see Assault, Defamation

Intimidation, of jurors, 3; of a constable, 6; of a witness, 250

Intrusion, plaint of, 39–40

Invocation, of thieves, 188, 188 n. 2

Ironmongery, prices of, 81–2

Itinerant Justices, 108, xi, xv, xvii, xxii, lxiv

Jettison, action relating to, 118

Jewels, prices of, 26, 75

Joiners, lvii, lxiii

Judicia Civitatis Lundonie, x, xix n. 2

Jury, committed to prison for a false verdict, 145; charge of attempting 'to influence, 170;
-, — defaming, 196, 259; sued in Court Christian for defamation, 244

King, his protection of those going to and from his courts, 3
-, — complaints to, 3, 94, 101–2, 119
-, — Londoners claim, to elect, xii
-, — prosecutions on behalf of, 6, 36, 44, 45, 280; see Commonalty, prosecutions by

King's Bench, writ of rape before, 166

King's Chamber, London as a, xxvi

Labourers, Ordinance and Statute of, 148 n. 1
-, — unenfranchised, lxiii–lxiy

Latrines, complaint of disrepair of, 237–8

Law, wager of, City custom of, 12 n. 1; in debt, 12, 20 bis, 28, 67, 68, 71, 77; as to fulling a cloth, 18; covenant, 19, 48, 48 n. 1, 116–17; detinue, 23; freeman charged with acting as foreigner in, 24; with the third hand, 42; with the "sixth" hand, 68, 68 n. 1, 71, 71 n. 3; with the seventh hand, 233; to prove pledging of goods, 58; of a foreigner, 77; of twelve Lombards, 255; in an action of deceit, 266–7

Law Merchant, City's jurisdiction in, 248, 248 n. 2; pleadable by the custom of the City, 263, 277; action by, 283–4

Law of arms, 299, 300

Lay Subsidy, of London in 1332, xxxvi, lxii

Leather, prices of, 17, 46, 46 n. 1

Leatherdyers, 152

Leathersellers, xxxviii; amalgamation of Whitetawyers with, 21 n. 3

Legacy, conditional, 59

Letters, from the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty to the Burgomasters etc. of Bruges, 269–70; to Ghent and Ypres, 270

Letters testimonial, of the Bishop of Lincoln, 127–8; from the authorities of Bayonne, 129, 136

Liber Ordinacionum, xxx, xxx n. 2

Limeburners, xxxvi

Livery, Companies, xvi, lix; of London, lviii–lix

Lodging-house keepers, to sell hay and oats at reasonable prices, 164; to warn guests against nightwalking and carrying of arms, 219; held responsible for the goods of their guests, 260–1; can detain property of guests for debt, 279

Loriners, ordinances of, xxi, lii

Magic, charge of using, to discover thieves, 188, 188 nn. 2, 3

Maiming, charge of, of a horse, 56–7

Mainpernors, Mainprise, to keep the peace, appear in court etc., passim
-, — to bridle the tongue, 15, 26; to repair a silver cup, 20–1; to abandon proceedings in Court Christian, 244; of persons suspected of complicity in the Peasants' Revolt, 300–2
-, — imprisonment of, 70

Maintenance, of litigants, 21, 25, 25 n. 1, 66, 166, 166 n. 3, 190, 230, 259; of a felon, 181, 181 n. 3

Malt, export of, forbidden, 114

Marblers, lvii

Market overt, x; defence of, 255–6, 256 n. 1

Markets, illegal sales outside the, 7, 164, 165, 180, 220, 227, 228, 230

Marriage settlement, 223

Martial law, grant of, to captain of the Genoese crossbowmen, 162

Masons and Carpenters, the sworn Masters of the, 150, 163, 229, 245, 245 n. 3

Master, held to be responsible for his servants, 227

Mayhem, 45, 45 n. 1

Mayor, as Escheator, 85, 161
-, — disrespect towards, 115, 125, 205, 222, 222–3; see Defamation
-, — advances money on the mace of the King's Serjeant-at-Arms, 191
-, — election of, xxii, lviii; origin of, xiv

Mayoral precepts, for cleansing of the streets between St Paul's and Temple Bar, 85; as to the cleansing of the streets, sale of bread, ale, etc., 164; for provision of water, ladders and crooks in case of fire, 199; for watch and ward, 212; for collection of a half Fifteenth, 226; as to price of wine, hay and oats, 235; against thatching with straw, 237

Mayoralty Seal, certificates under, 233, 284, 285

Mayor's bag, 18

Mayor's Court, apprenticeship actions in, xlvi–xlvii

Mayor's serjeant, charge of threatening, 206; insulting, 226

Measures, of ale, 6, 164; of shellfish, 7; standard, of Guildhall, 7 n. 1; sealed by Aldermen, 30; turner charged with making false, 124; of coal, defective, 146; of corn, defective, 186, 189–90; the London quarter, 190 n. 1

Menaces, extorting money by, 295–6

Mendicancy, 286

Mercers, keeper of Small Beam elected by, 100 n. 1; dissensions among the Goldsmiths, Fishmongers and, 151; redemptioners of, li; complaints of, lv

Minstrels, lvii

Mirror-Makers, xxxvi

Misteries, crafts, companies, Apothecaries, 100 n. 1, lx n. 1; Armourers, 1, lix n. 5; Bakers, 40, 40nn. 1, 2, 187, 187 n. 1, l, li; Barbers, liii; Beerbrewers, 147 n. i; Blacksmiths, lvii; Bladers, l, li; Bladesmiths, 13 n. 1, lxiv; Bowstring-makers, lvii; Bowyers, 188, 188 n. 1, xxxviii, l; Brabantine Weavers, 84; Braelers, liii, lxiii; Brasiers, lxiii; Brewers, 83, 147, 148, 196, 199, 204, 210, 211, xxxvi, xlii, 1; Broderers, lix n. 4; Butchers, 12, 15, 84, 93–4, 153, 166, li; Carpenters, 150, 163, 229, 245, 245 n. 3, 1; Chandlers, 153, 158, 206, 209, 234, 258, 1, li; Clerks, li; Cooks, 162, 1, li; Coopers, 1, lxiii; Corders, li; Cordwainers, 13, 17, 18, 22, 233, xxxi, xxxii, li, lvii, lxiv; Cutlers, 13 n. 1, xlii, liii, lxiii; Drapers, 80; Farriers, 164, 1; Fellowship Porters, 165 n. 2; Fishmongers, 7, 27, 27 n. 1, 35, 51, 151, xxxi, xxxix, 1, li; Flemish Weavers, 65–6, 65 n. 1, 84; Fletchers, 188, 188 n. 1, lvii, lix n. 3; Forcermakers, xxxviii; Fullers, 54–6, 80; Furbishers, lxiii; Fusters, xliy, lii; Girdlers, li, liii; Glovers, liii; Goldsmiths, 151, 228, 236, 259, li; Grocers, 58, 71, 100 n. 1; Haberdashers, 213, liii; Hatters, lxiii; Heaumers, liii, lxiii; Hurers, 229, 230, 233, xxxviii; Joiners, lvii, lxiii; Leatherdyers, 152; Leathersellers, 21 n. 3, xxxviii; Loriners, xxi, lii; Marblers, lvii; Masons, 150, 163, 229, 245, 245 n. 3; Mercers, 100 n. i, 151, li, lv; Minstrels, lvii; Painters, xxxviii, lii, lxiii, lxiii n. 7; PainterStainers, lvii; Patten-Makers, lix n. 6; Pepperers, 100 n. 1; Pewterers, liii, lxi; Piebakers, 162; Pouchmakers, 14, 25; Poulterers, 8, 21,1; Saddlers, 23, xlii, xliv, lxi; Shearmen, liii; Sheathers, 13 n. i, liii; Skinners, 15 n.3, 18, 19, 27, 31 n. 2, 46, 88–9, 190, 227, 233, l, li; Smiths, liii, lxi, lxiii; Spurriers, 291–4, liii; Surgeons, 236; Tackle House Porters, 165 n. 2; Tailors, 16; Tallowchandlers, 166; Tanners, li; Tapicers, xxxvii, liii; Tawyers, 28–9, 31; Ticket Porters, 165 n. 2; Turners, xxxviii; Upholders, 1; Vintners, 4, 6, 86, 96, 151, 162, 185, 206, 209, 234, 258, li; Weavers, 16, 120, lvii; Whitetawyefs, 21 n. 3, xxxvii, liii; Winedrawers, 165

Misteries, rebellion againstmasters of, 13 n. 2; Common Council chosen from, 243, 243 n. 1, 256; schedule ' of members of, 274; control of apprentices by, xxxv–xxxix

Moiety, jury of the, of citizens and merchants of Almaine, 53, 53 n. 1; of Englishmen and Lombards, 250, 272

Naval and Military, war against rebels in Ireland, 36–7; desertion on military service, 109; piracy at St Malo, 120–3; the French war, 142; Spanish and Genoese crews' of the King's galley, 184–5; the castle of Balinghem, 189; prosecution for failing to serve in the war, 191; garrison service at Cherbourg, 259–60; ship captured by Captain of Saaftinge, 270; Flemish goods captured at sea, 287–8; action on ransom of Oliver du Guesclin, 297–300

Negligence, damages claimed for loss by, 8, 68–9, 235–6

Nets, assize of, 287

Nightwalkers, list of, consigned to the Tun, 43, 43 n. 1; indictment of, 139–40; mainprise of, 297

Notarial intruments, 245, 255

Notice to quit, action relating to, 273

Novel Disseisin, see Assizes

Nuisance, Assize of, see Assizes
-, — by burning plaster of Paris, 166; sureties to abate, 174

Oath, breach of, punishable by the pillory, 292; see Perjury
-, — of freemen, xiv, xx–xxi, xxiii, xxviii–xxix

Oats, sale of, by sample, forbidden, 124; prices of, 235

Official, of the Archdeacon of London, 114, 213, 266

Oliron, law of, 118, 118 n. 3

Ordinances, as to pigs, 39 n. 1; King's Beam, 100 n. 1; forestalling, 124; sale of grain by sample, 124, 221; sale of ale to hucksters, 124,124 n. 3; brokers, 151, 151 n. 3; price of ale, 211; sale of poultry before prime, 220

Ordinary, the Bishop's, 107, 107 n. 1

Orphans, actions on behalf of, 37, 50, 175, 218, 247, 260; — by Common Serjeant, 63–4, 169, 265; sureties for goods of, 40; Court of Aldermen and, 97; loan to, 139; wardship of, 143; verification of age of, ibid; of foreigners, 169–70, 170–1; account of, 270–1

Painters; xxxviii, lii, lxiii, lxiii n. 7

Painter-Stainers, lvii

Parva custuma, 102, 102 n. 1

Paternosterers, xxxvi

Patrimony, citizenship by, xxviiixxx, xxxiv

Patten-Makers, lix n. 6

Pavements, householders responsible for repairs to, 144

Pawnbroking, 26 n. 1; see Pledging

Peace, ordinances for keeping, 17 n. 1; committee for preservation of, 243

Peasants' Revolt, names of citizens suspected of implication in, 28891; fear of, 298; mainprise of persons arrested in, 300–2

Pepperers, Grocers and Apothecaries, keeper of the Great Beam elected by, 100 n. 1

Peremptory Oath, see Decisory Oath

Perjury, imprisonment for, 5; judgment of the stool for, 16, 16 n. 2, 19; prosecution for, in the Consistory Court, 291; the proper punishment for, 292

Pettions, that a creditor acknowledge receipt, 88; that neighr hours execute repairs, 163; of apprentices, 195–6, 197, 263; for allocation of a debt, 211–12; see King, complaints to
-, — City's legislation on, liii

Pewterers, liii, lxi

Pictures, sale of, 82

Piebakers, scrutiny of, 162

Pigeons, shooting of, 226–7

Pigs, ordinances relating to, 39, 39 n. 1

Pillory, for false pretences, 14, 14 n. 1; selling counterfeit rings, 97, 97 n. 1; leaving work, 199; deception, 287; breach of an oath, 293

Piracy, complaints of, 120–3, 269–70, 270, 287–8

Plaints, actions on, xviii

Pledging of goods, 30, 33, 35, 58, 76–7, 80, 231

Poll Tax, lxii

Pontage, 287

Population, estimates of, lxi–lxiii

Porters, 165 n. 2

Port-Reeve, ix, x n. 1

Pouchmakers, mistery of, 14; ordinance of, against enticing, 25

Poulterers, the masters of the, 21; foreign, not to keep shops, 8, 1

Poultry, not to be sold out of market, 7, 7 n. 3, 164; price of, regulated, 8, 8 n. 1; not to be sold before prime, 21, 220; enhancing price of, 89, 205; forestalling of, 180

Prices, enhancing of, of meat, 15; of corn, 40, 41, 192, 196; of poultry, 89, 205; of spurs, 291–4
-, — ordinance relating to wages and, 89 n. 1

Prince of Wales, City's present to, 134, 134 n. 1

Privy Seal, the Office of the, 133

Public prosecutions, see Commonalty, King

Purse-cutting, 231

Purveyance, of ale for the King, 3; fraudulent, 14 n. 1, 187

Quayage, 19

Queen, committal to prison for slandering, 119

Quilters, xxxvi

Quitclaims, 128, 149, 188–9, 204, 213, 250, 272–3
-, — to Geoffrey Chaucer, 268

Quitrents, actions relating to, 59, 61

Quo Warranto, of 1683, ix

Ransom, of prisoners in Boulogne, 125; of Oliver du Guesclin, 297300

Rape, 23, 166

Recognizances, 9–10, 25–6, 112, 117, 251
-, — Rolls of Freemen's, lvii–lviii

Recorder, 9, 102, 104, 123, 138, 172, 203, 240, 264; defamation of, 25, 152; as commissioner of Gaol Delivery, 44, 45
-, — Thomas de Lodelowe, 25; William de Haldene, 44, 82, 110, 128, 168; William Cheyne, 242, 271,276,291

Records, 190, 242, 263

Redemption, freedom by, 11 n. 1, xxvii–xxviii, xlvii–lviii

Registers, of freedoms, xxyii, xxxii

Rents, not in arrears till six weeks after day of payment, 62

Repairs, action against lessee for, 152; against lessors, 255, 274; tenants ordered to execute, 163

Replevin, withernam in actions of, 153 n. 1

Reprisals, 120, 121, 153 n. 1, 240, 252, 256; see Withernam

Rescue, 6, 24

Retail, privilege of selling, xxx

Right of way, complaints of encroachment on, 156–7; through the Temple, 238–40; pleaded,274

Rushes, sellers of, 35–6

Saddlers, 23, xlii, xliv, lxi

Saddlery, defective, 23; prices of, 194

Salt, imported to Bristol from Lubeck, 120

Sample, sales by, forbidden, 124, 174–5, 221, 227

Sanctuary, in churches, 6, 24, 134; of St Martin le Grand, 34, 52, 52 n. 1, 60, 88; of the Liberty of St Helen's, 246, 253; fugitive debtors in, xliv, xlv

Sanitation, see Streets, Thames

Sauces, scrutiny of, 206, 209, 234, 258

Scalding-house, action relating to, 206

Scot and lot, 242

Scudo, value of, 10, 242; see Crown

Seal, of Bayonne, 129, 136; see Common Seal, Mayoralty Seal

Sequestration, 9, 24, 29, 29 n. 2, 60, 67, 134, 135, 206

Servants, enticing of, 25, 30, 42; eloigning, 37; (journeymen) 31 n. 1; contract of, 280–1; see Misteries

Shearmen, ordinances of, liii

Sheathers, craft of, 13 n. 1, liii

Shell-fish, metage of, 7, 7 n. 1, 29–30

Sheriffs, customs of, 8; their officers charged with robbery, 115; prosecution in Mayor's Court by, 124; charge of disrespect to, 224; the Compter of, in Milk Street, 225; action for debt in their court, 266; election of, lviii

Ships, names of, Gracedieux of Plymouth, 245, 249; Katerine, 11; Marye de Boloygne, 43; Notre Dame de Loundres, 43; Notre Dame of Port Oriot, 121; Panzana, 138; Sconeweder, 288; Seyntmanebot de Loundres, 114; Seint Marie Cog, 120; Thomas de Caleys, 35
-, — wrongful capture of, 120–3, 269–70, 270, 287–8

Shoelaces, complaint of monopoly of, 13

Silkwomen, proceedings on petition of, against Nicholas Sardouche for enhancing the price of silk, 99–106, lxi

Silver, prices of articles of, 26, 177, 185

Skinners, charter of the, 15 n. 3; rebellion against the masters of, 18, 19, 27; ordinance of, 31 n. 2; forbid beating of skins in the highway, 46; prosecutions by, 190, 227; redemptioners of, 1, li

Smithfield, Statute of, 20, 20 n. 1, 68, 68 n. 2

Smiths, liii, lxi, lxiii

Societies, see Companies

Sokes, of London, xv–xviii

Spanish Sailors, of the King's galley, 184

Specific Performance, orders for, 24, 137, 137 n. 1; judgments for, 116–17, 116 n. 2, 198

Spurriers, confederacy of journeymen, 291–4; ordinances of, liii

Spy, arrest of alleged, 257

Staple, Ordinance of the, 53 n. 1, 248 n. 2; King's Beam at the, 223
-, — of Westminster, Mayor of the, 9, 25, 209, 277, 283; see Law Merchant

Statute Merchant, 208, 208 n. 1, 221
-, — Staple, 187, 208 n. 1, 219

Statutes, of Smithfield, 5; of Stamford, 102 n. 1; of Labourers, 148 n. 1

Steel, measures of, 81, 81 n. 2

Stews, by London Bridge, 54

Stocks, the, at Cornhill, 222

Stool, punishment of the, for defamation, 14; for perjury, 16, 19

Storm, the great, 61, 61 n. 2

Streets, refuse not to be put in, 6, 15; skins not to be beaten in, 46; wardens of Fleet Bridge to undertake cleansing of Fleet Street, 85; pollution of, by butchers' offal, 93; punishment for throwing dung into, 135; writ ordering Tower Hill tobe cleansed of refuse and filth, 140; inquest thereon, 140–1; cleansing of, charged on brewers' fines, 147; carts and horses for, ibid.; beadles of wards to enforce measures for cleansing of, 150; Ward presentments as to pollution of, 156–7; Mayoral precept to Aldermen concerning, 164; ordinances relating to cleanliness of, 209, 209 n. 2

Strozzi, company of the, 80, 80 n. 2, 115

Sureties, prosecution of, 36; can recover from debtor, 271

Surgeons, appointed to report on inefficient treatment, 236

Tableters, xxxvi

Tackle House Porters, 165 n. 2

Tailors, the four Masters of the, 16

Tallow and lard, not to be exported, 5, 5 n. 1; inventory of, 158–9

Tallowchandlers, prices of, fixed, 166

Tally, debt on sealed, 16; sum due on a, 89–90

Tanners, li

Tapicers, xxxvii, liii

Taverners, see Lodging–house keepers

Taverns, regulation of, 4, 185, 206; branches and leaves before, 249

Tax-Collectors, obstruction of, 132, 134–5, 135; of Middlesex destrain an alien, 153; of the Fifteenth, 153, 154, 181; charge of insulting, 154; seize goods for taxes, 159; committed for extortion, 181

Tawyers, ordinances of, 28, 28 n. 2; disturbances among, 28–9; mainprised, 31

Thames, pollution of, 2, 35–6, 93–4; complaint by boatmen of, 230; unlawful nets in, 287

Thew, punishment of, 15, 15 n. 1

Thieves, charge of discovering, by magic, 188, 188 n. 2

Ticket Porters, 165 n. 2

Timber, list and prices of, 295

Tin, purchase of Cornish, 187

Toll, illegal, exacted by the Janitor of the Tower, 156; — by men of Kingston, 252; see Customs

Travelling Expenses, recovery of, 33–4

Treasurer, the King's, 184

Trespass, actions of, for maiming a horse, 56–7; damage done by a dog, 68–9; waste and estrepement, 172; undermining buildings, 175; assault, 182; deceit and, 186; false pretences, 187; negligence, 235; closing a right of way, 238–40

Turners, xxxviii

Undersheriff, as judge of Sheriff's Court, 266

Upholders, enfranchisement of, 1

Villeins, in London, xxiv–xxvi, xl

Vinegar, scrutiny of, 206, 209, 234. 258

Vintners, 4, 6, 86, 96, 151, 162, 185, 206, 209, 234, 258, li

Wager of Law, see Law, wager of

Wages, charges of demanding excessive, 148, 160; of brewers, fixed by City ordinances, 199; of journeyman saddler, 280–1

Ward presentments, in 1275, xv, xvii

Wardmote, inquest, articles of, 7 n. i; presentments, 139–40, 156–7

Wardship, 139, 143, 169–70, 170–1, 175, 247, 270–1; see Orphans

Warranty, actions relating to, 1–2, 161–2, 214

Waste, actions of, 172, 179, 210, 210 n. 2

Wat Tyler's Insurrection, see Peasants' Revolt

Watch, the, 57, 87

Wax, confiscation of, on attempt to export, 164

Waxchandlers, ordinances of, liii

Weavers, court of, 16, 16 n. 3; Flemish, 65–6, 65 n. 1; Brabantine and Flemish, 84; ordinances of, 120; redemptioners of, lvii

Weights, charge of using different, for buying and selling, 228, 228 n. 1

Welsh cloth, 33–4, 34 n. 1

Wharfage, 19, 156

Wheel wrights, lix n. 6

Whetstone-makers, xxxvi

Whitetawyers, processes of, 21 n. 3; mistery of, xxxvii, liii

Wills, erasure in, 5; as proof of age, 114; actions concerning, 167–8, 168–9; probate of unsealed, 189; nuncupative, 213; probate of, 257–8; see Administration, Executors

Wine, scrutiny of; 4, 86, 96, 185–6, 206, 209, 258; prices of, 70–1, 138, 151, 151–2, 152 n. 1, 234; export of, 114 n. 2; freighted to Brittany, 121; of Libourne and Bordeaux, capture of, 231–3; refusal to carry the Prince's, 238; branches and leaves to advertise sale of, 249; varieties of, 272, 272 nn. 1, 2

Winedrawers, list of, of the"Third Company," 165–6, 165 n. 2

Withernam, 153; threatened against Worcester, 153, 153 n. 4; boats of men of Kingston arrested as, 244

Witnesses, to support a petition, 138–9; submission to evidence of, 145, 146, 274; allowed by plaintiff, 220

Woad, sale of, 52–3

Women, as apprentices and citizens, lix–lxi

Wool, exported to Brussels, 47; to Pisa, 138; of Cotswold, 223, 279–80

Writs, in the Husting, xvii–xviii
-, — fieri fariatis justicie camplementum, 9, 185
-, — de minis, 13, 60, 200, 200 n. 1, 271, 272
-, — de mahemio, 45
-, — certiorari, 51, 99, 104, 106,112 13, 119, 143 bis, 144, 160, 242, 261, 263, 270, 282 bis, 283

Writs, of Dower (unde nikil habet), 108, 108 n. 2
-, — of Protection, 108, 108–9, 109, 119, 133, 146,147, 151, 154,160, 172,175, 183, 184, 191, 197, 243, 246 bis, 251, 258, 260, 263, 267, 268, 270, 287
-, — quare impedit, 108, 108 n. 3
-, — de execucione testamenti, 139
-, — de procedendo, 160
-, — de recto patens, 160, 282
-, — de raptu, 166
-, — ex grain querela, 167 n. 2
-, — habeas corpus, 248
-, — de inquirendo, 253, 295
-, — supersedeatis, 271
-, — to find a remedy, 94; from the Office of the Privy Seal, 133; to admit a will to probate, 189; to release a prisoner, 257; to put to mainprise, 261; to restore captured goods, 287–8