DIE Saturni, 24 die Julii.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Sallawey.
Domini præsentes fuerunt:
Comes Manchester, Speaker.
Ds. La Warr.
Message from the H. C. with a Covenant entered into by divers Citizens for bringing up the King, &c.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Sir John Evelynt Knight; who acquainted this
House with a Printed Paper, which was brought to
them, being in Form of a Petition, but in the Nature
of it is a Covenant, made by some Persons who endeavour to effect some Things prejudicial to the Parliament: The House of Commons have made some Sense
upon the Business, wherein they desire their Lordships
The Petition was read. (Here enter it.)
Declaration concerning it.
Next, a Declaration thereupon was read Once, and
Agreed to; and Ordered to be sent presently to the
Lord Mayor and Militia.
The Answer returned was;
Answer to the H. C.
That this House agrees to the Declaration now
Ordinance to settle a Minister at Newport.
Upon reading the Petition of the Mayor and Burgesses of the Town of Newport, in the Isle of Wight,
concerning a Minister to be settled there, and raising
It is Ordered, That an Ordinance be brought in,
according to the Desire of the Petition; and the Earl
of Pembrooke is appointed to bring it in.
Alford and Smith.
Ordered, That the Writ of Error depending in
this House, between Alford and Smyth, shall be argued,
by Counsel on both Sides, on Thursday next.
Congham and Shipdham, about the Living of Blowfield.
Upon reading the Petition of Robert Congham Clerk;
complaining, "That he cannot quietly enjoy his Living of
Blowfeild, in Norff. having Institution and Induction
from this House, by reason that Alexander Shipdham
doth keep the Possession against him:"
It is Ordered, That the said Shipdham shall have a
Copy of the Petition; and Counsel on both Sides [ (fn. *) to
be heard] on Tuesday come Fortnight.
Mrs. Pigot's Petition.
Upon reading the Petition of Martha Pigott, Relict
of Serjeant Major John Pigott deceased, on the Behalf
of herself and Children:
It is Ordered, To be specially recommended to the
House of Commons, for some timely Relief.
Heslerton versus L. Evre and Judge Berkley.
Ordered, That the Order the 26th of January,
1646, in the Case of Wm. Heslerton, by Isabell his
Mother and Guardian, against the Lord Evre and Justice Berkeley, be 'newed; and Michaelmas given for
further Time to return in Answers and Writings.
Captain Gualter's Petition, for his Arrears.
Upon reading the Petition of Captain Wm. Gualter,
concerning his Arrears: It is Ordered, To be recommended to the House of Commons.
Letter from the Commissioners with the Army.
A Letter from the Commissioners with the Army,
was read, with divers Papers inclosed.
(Here enter them.)
L. Capel's Security.
Ordered, That the Gentleman Usher shall take
the Lord Capell's Security, to render himself in the
same Condition he now is in, at Fourteen Days Warning.
L. Delawar, Leave to be absent.
Ordered, That the Lord Delawarr hath Leave
to be absent, for Ten Days after Tuesday next.
Letter from the Commissioners with the Army, that the Head Quarters are to be at Bedford;—and with the following Papers
"For the Right Honourable Edward Earl of
Manchester, Speaker of the House of Peers
pro Tempore. These.
"May it please your Lordship,
"Yesterday the Head Quarters were removed unto
this Place, and are To-morrow to be at Bedford.
Since our last Dispatch unto you, we have observed
that the Army hath been in very frequent Consultations about the expediting the Particulars which
they have to propound in reference to a General
Settlement, and therein (as we hear) have made
some Progress; but, since their coming to this Town,
they have received Information (which they give
good Credit unto) of some dangerous Contrivance
set on-foot in the City of London, under Pretence
of a Petition and solemn Engagement of the Citizens, Commanders, Officers, and Soldiers of the
Trained Bands, the Auxiliaries, the Young Men and
Apprentices of the City of London and Westm'r, Sea
Commanders, Seamen, and Watermen, together
with divers other Commanders of Officers and Soldiers within the Lines of Communication, tending
very much, as is conceived by the Army, to the
kindling of a new War; and thereupon they have
thought fit to deliver in One Paper unto us, another
to the Committee of the Common Council residing
here; the Copies of both which, together with the
Petition and Engagement itself, and the Information they have received in the same, we held our
Duty immediately to send unto your Lordship; being
very apprehensive of the ill Effects that Things of
this Nature may produce in the Minds of the Army,
if not timely prevented and remedied by the Wisdom of Parliament. Of this the Committee of the
Common Council residing here are so sensible, that
they are gone up with all Speed to London, to give
the City a clear Representation of these Affairs, and
what Operation it is like to have here. We have
no more to add, but that we are, my Lord,
Alisbury, 23 Julii, 1647. at 9 at Night.
Paper from the Commissioners appointed by the Army, about the Covenant entered into in the City, to prevent their nearer Approach, &c.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"We received this inclosed Paper the last Night,
from the Hands of a very-well affected Citizen. It
was delivered him by an Officer of the City Militia,
who, being invited to meet some Citizens at Skinners
Hall upon Wednesday last, with divers others, to sign
the same, and offering to dispute against the Matter
of it, to shew how dangerous and illegal it was,
was silenced, and told, "That it was not to be
disputed, but to be signed and joined in; there being
divers Citizens and others at the same Place for that
Purpose." Which when he understood, he took this
printed Copy away with him; by the Contents of
which, when you read it, you will easily perceive
what it tends to, and how desperate and dangerous
it is to the Hazard of the whole Kingdom, and to
frustrate all those Endeavours of the Parliament, the
Army, and Kingdom, for an happy Settlement; and
likewise to precipitate all into a new and bloody
War: We cannot therefore but acquaint you, that
we look at this as a Business set on-foot by the Malice of some desperate-minded Men, this being their
last Engine for the putting all into Confusion, when
they could not accomplish their wicked End by other
"To this have all secret Listings tended; and we
(fn. *) wish that needless and superfluous Listing of Auxiliaries, and Connivance at the Continuance of the Reformadoes about the Cities of London and Westm'r,
have not had the same Aim: And by this we hope
it will appear that our Jealousies and Fears of some
such desperate Designs to be hatched in and about
the City, considering the Sense of Men there, have
not been groundless; nor our Desires to draw near
the City of London with the Army, to disappoint
and break all such Plots, and to free the Parliament
from the Violence of them, have not been without
just Cause. And we desire all indifferent Men to
judge, whether our withdrawing from the City in
Obedience to the Parliament's Commands was for
theirs and the Kingdom's Security, or not. We
wonder that divers Men did calumniate at our marching so near the City, and put so bad Representations upon it, as that it tended to force the Parliament, or to plunder the City, seeing our doing so
was to break that black Design which now begins
to shew itself in its Colours; whereas indeed our
Consciences witness with us, that our Aims were
clear and honest, tending to restore the Parliament
into its just Liberty, which was much abated in the
Eyes of all the Kingdom, and no Doubt by the
Authors and Contrivers of this new Covenant and
Engagement, some whereof have been so far from
assisting to put the Reformadoes and other dangerous Persons out of the Lines, that now they are
called in to join in this Conspiracy.
"We entreat you to give the Parliament a full Representation of these Things; which that you may
do, we have sent you the Papers, together with such
Informations as may give them an Opportunity to
discover the Bottom of this Business. We were
marching from London, when we received this Information, in Obedience to the Parliament, to give
the City Content, and to stop the Mouths of Slanderers. But if such Designs, so destructive to the
Parliament and the Work in Hand, be suffered to go
on, that the Parliament be interrupted in the Freedom of their Debates and Proceedings, as we hear
within these few Days they were by those that are
invited to partake in this Confederacy, we beg it of
the Parliament, as they tender their own Safety, the
Peace of the Kingdom, and preventing of a Second
War, as they would not have the Kingdom lose the
Fruit and Benefit of all the Blood and Treasure that
hath been spent in this Cause, that they would not
suffer their Freedom and Liberty to be endangered
by such Designs as these; they having an Army,
which, by the Blessing of God, in Spight of theirs
and the Kingdom's Enemies can do, will stand and
fall with them, and be found faithful and obedient
to them in all Things, and as ready to relieve Ireland
when the Peace and Rights of the Kingdom are
"We write not this to desire the Parliament to invite us to march up to them; we care not how great
a Distance we are from London, if it be the Parliament's Pleasure, and consists with their Security, and
the breaking of those Combinations which are
hatched in the Bowels of the City. We are hastening our Proposals, which are for the general Settlement, and which, we are confident, will satisfy all
that love Truth and Peace; but we see plainly we
need more to intend Security than to have Cause
to expect to bring Things to a happy Issue by Treaty,
while such Designs are on Foot. We pray you,
therefore, that the Parliament would speedily and
thoroughly enquire into and break these Designs;
wherein, as in all Things else, we shall be ready to
serve them, as they shall judge it needful, and when
they shall command us.
"By the Appointment of his Excellency
Sir Thomas Fairefax and the Council of
Alisbury, 23 Julii, 1647.
Signed, John Rusworth, Secr.
Copia vera, ex'r
Paper from them, to the Committee from the City residing with the Army, on the same Subject.
"By a printed Paper come to our Hands this Day
(a Copy whereof you receive herewith), we still find,
and clearly and evidently perceive, that some evil
Spirits within the City of London, maliciously disaffected to the Peace of the Kingdom, do secretly and
wickedly endeavour to bring about that Mischief
upon the Kingdom, which we have so much feared,
and by all our several Addresses unto you sought to
prevent; which indeed are of that dangerous Consequence, as we can expect no other Issue from, than
the unavoidable engaging the Kingdom in a Second
War, if not timely and effectually prevented by your
Wisdom and Diligence. We must further observe
unto you, that whatsoever Design is intended in the
aforesaid Paper is contrary to the Authority of Parliament, and in direct Opposition to the Proceedings
of the Army (which the Two Houses have owned as
theirs, and approved of their Fidelity, by committing
the Forces of the Kingdom of England, Dominion of
Wales, and Islands of Guernsey and Jersey, under the
General's Care and Command); and therefore cannot
be effected but by Force of Arms against the Parliament and their Armies, which in Probability may
involve the whole Kingdom in Blood, but must necessarily begin within your own Bowels, and draw
the Seat and Misery of War upon you and your
"Also we desire you would consider, whether we
have not had just Cause to suspect that an evil Party
lurks within the City, ready to distemper it and the
whole Kingdom upon every Occasion; and whether
it be probable such Persons desire an happy Close
between the King and His Parliament (at least such
as will be for the Kingdom's Good), when they take
upon them the Boldness to make new Offers to His
Majesty, with solemn Engagements to make good the
same, during the Time the Parliament hath given us
Leave to make Tender of and treat with their Commissioners about these Things which tend to a general Settlement: And therefore we cannot but desire that you would take a speedy Course timously
to suppress this great Evil, and to prevent all of this
Nature for the future, by making some of these
Examples, who have been active to carry on this
"We have not had Time to enquire into Particulars; but shall give you only One Instance, of a
Meeting at Skynners Hall, concerning this Business,
where some Persons have been very active; the
Names of some of whom we have given to your
Commissioners, and also the Names of other Citizens
who will testify their Carriage there.
"Lastly, we cannot but desire you to concur with
us, in our Desire to the Parliament, to put the Militia into the Hands of those that had it before; without which, we can have no Assurance that the City
will be free from Designs of this Nature, nor can
we expect to see a happy Close.
"By the Appointment of his Excellency
Sir Thomas Fairefax and the Council of
Petition of Citizens, Trained Bands, Watermen, &c. to the Lord Mayor; with the following Covenant:
"To the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor, the
Right Worshipful the Aldermen and Commons, of the City of London, in the Common or Guildhall of the City of London assembled.
"The humble Petition of the Citizens, Commanders, Officers, and Soldiers, of the
Trained Bands and Auxiliaries, the Young
Men and Apprentices, of the Cities of
London and Westm'r, Sea Commanders,
Seamen, and Watermen, together with
divers other Commanders, Officers, and
Soldiers, within the Line of Communication, and Parishes mentioned in the
Weekly Bills of Mortality;
"That your Petitioners (taking into serious Consideration how Religion, His Majesty's Honour and
Safety, the Privileges of Parliament, and Liberties
of the Subject, are at present greatly endangered,
and like to be destroyed; and also sadly weighing
with ourselves, what Means might likely prove the
most effectual to procure a firm and lasting Peace,
without a further Effusion of Christian English Blood)
have therefore entered into a solemn Engagement,
which is hereunto annexed; and do humbly and
earnestly desire, that this whole City may join together, by all lawful and possible Means, as One Man,
in hearty Endeavours for His Majesty's present
coming up to His Two Houses of Parliament, with
Honour; Safety, and Freedom, and that without the
nearer Approach of the Army, there to confirm
such Things as He hath granted in His Message of
the 12th of May last, in Answer to the Propositions
of both Kingdoms; and that, by a Personal Treaty
with His Two Houses of Parliament and the Commissioners of the Kingdom of Scotland, such Things
as yet are in Difference may be speedily settled,
and a firm and lasting Peace established: All which
we desire may be presented to both Houses of Parliament, from this Honourable Assembly.
"And we shall pray, &c."
"A solemn Engagement of the Citizens, Commanders, Officers, and Soldiers, of the Trained
Bands and Auxiliaries, the Young Men and
Apprentices of the Cities of London and
Westm'r, Sea Commanders, Seamen, and Watermen, together with divers other Commanders, Officers, and Soldiers, within the
Lines of Communication, and Parishes mentioned in the Weekly Bills of Mortality.
Covenant entered into by them, to prevent the nearer Approach of the Army to London;— and for bringing up the King to the Parliament:
"Whereas we have entered into a solemn League
and Covenant, for Reformation and Defence of Religion, the Honour and Happiness of the King, and
the Peace and Safety of the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, all which we do evidently perceive not only to be endangered, but ready
to be destroyed; we do therefore, in Pursuance of
our said Covenant, Oath of Allegiance, Oath of every
Freeman of the Cities of London and Westm'r, and
Protestations, solemnly engage ourselves, and vow
unto Almighty God, That we will to the utmost of
our Power cordially endeavour that His Majesty may
speedily come to His Two Houses of Parliament,
with Honour, Safety, and Freedom (and that without the nearer Approach of the Army), there to confirm such Things as He hath granted in His Message
of the 12th of May last, in Answer to the Propositions of both Kingdoms; and that, by a Personal
Treaty with His Two Houses of Parliament and the
Commissioners of the Kingdom of Scotland, such
Things as are yet in Difference may be speedily settled, and a firm and lasting Peace established: For
effecting hereof, we do protest and re-oblige ourselves, as in the Presence of God the Searcher of
all Hearts, with our Lives and Fortunes, to endeayour what in us lies, to preserve and defend His
Majesty's Royal Person and Authority, the Privileges
of Parliament, and Liberties of the Subject, in their
full and constant Freedom; the Cities of London and
Westm'r, Lines of Communication, and Parishes mentioned in the Weekly Bills of Mortality; and all
others that shall adhere with us to the said Covenant,
Oath of Allegiance, Oath of every Freeman of London and Westm'r, and Protestation: Nor shall we by
any Means admit, suffer, or endure, any Kind of
Neutrality, in this common Cause of God, the King,
and Kingdoms, as we do expect the Blessing of Almighty God, whose Help we crave, and wholly
devolve ourselves upon, in this our Undertaking."
Attestations concerning it:
"I, William Rawson, heard Captain Seaman say,
That he had been at Skinners Hall this Afternoon,
where was met together divers Officers of the City,
with others a great Number, who were met together to underwrite a solemn Engagement, as by the
Paper itself you may know what it is; and find
many did underwrite, and that very many Copies
were to be sent abroad, whereby he supposed they
might get many Thousands to underwrite in a very
"I do affirm the same, as it is abovementioned and
London, 21 Julii, 1647.
"I saw Captain Farre go into Skinners Hall; and
divers Captains and Majors, with divers Citizens,
and also Young Men, go into the said Skinners
Letter to Sir T. Fairfax, that the Army may not interrupt the Judges at the Assizes.
"I am commanded, by the Lords in Parliament, to
let you know that, the Judges being now shortly to
go their Circuits, specially to recommend to your
Care, that Order may be given from you, to the
several Quarters of the Army, that in case there be
any Quarters of the Army at the Places where their
several Circuits are to be kept, that there be no Interruption given them in their dispatching the Justice
of the Kingdom, but used with all Civility, both in
their Journey and also at the Places where they are
to stay. This is all I have at present.
"Your Friend and Servant."
Declaration against the Covenant entered into by the Citizens:
"The Lords and Commons, having seen a printed
Paper, intituled, "A Petition to the Lord Mayor,
Aldermen, and Commons, of the Citty of London, in
the Guildhall assembled," under the Name of "Divers
Citizens, Commanders, Officers, and Soldiers of the
Trained Bands, Auxiliaries, and others, Young Men
and Apprentices, Sea Commanders, Seamen, and Watermen," together with a dangerous Engagement of
the same Persons, by Oath and Vow, concerning the
King's present Coming to the Parliament, upon Terms
far different from those which both Houses, after
mature Deliberation, have declared to be necessary
for the Good and Safety of this Kingdom, casting
Reflections upon the Proceedings both of the Parliament and Army, and tending to the embroiling
the Kingdom in a new War; and the said Lords and
Commons taking Notice of great Endeavours used
by divers ill-affected Persons to procure Subscriptions
thereunto, whereby well-meaning People may be
misled; do therefore declare, That whosoever, after
Publication or Notice hereof, shall proceed in, or
promote or set his Name to, or give Consent that
his Name be set unto, or any Way join in, the said
Engagement, shall be deemed and adjudged guilty
of High Treason, and shall forfeit Life and Estate,
as in Cases of High Treason accustomed.
To be published.
"Ordered, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled, That this Declaration be published forthwith, by Order of the Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Committee of the Militia, by Beat of Drum,
and Sound of Trumpet, in the Cities of London,
Westm'r, and within the Lines of Communication."
House adjourned till 10a, Monday next.