DIE Martis, 30 die Januarii.
Lords present this Day:
Ds. Grey de Warke, Speaker.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Report of the Conference concerning the Scottish Affairs.
Scotch Army of 21,000 Men near Alnwick.
The Speaker reported the Effect of the Conference
with the House of Commons last Night, where Sir Henry
said, "That they had received an Express
from the Commissioners in Scotland; and the Messenger
that brought this Express made a Narrative at this
Bar of the marching of the Scottish Army into this
Kingdom; and that he laft the Scottish Army within
Seven Miles from Anwicke, consisting of Eighteen
Thousand Foot, Three Thousand Horse and Dragoons:
"And next these Particulars were read,
"1. A Letter to the Speaker of the House of Commons, written from the Committees of Parliament,
dated at Barwicke, the 22 January, 1643.
(Here enter it.)
"2. Was read, A Letter sent to Sir Thomas Glemham, Governor of Newcastle, from the Committees
at Barwicke. (Here enter it.)
"3. Was read, A Declaration of the Kingdom of
Scotland, for Information and Satisfaction to their
Brethren of England, concerning the present Expedition into England. (Here enter it.)
"4. A Paper of the Commissioners of Scotland was
read. (Here enter it.)
"5. Was read, The Declaration of the Kingdoms of
England and Scotland, joined in Arms for the Vindication and Defence of their Religion, Liberties, and
Laws, against the Popish, Prelatical, and Malignant
"This Declaration hath passed the Convention of the
Kingdom of Scotland, and the House of Commons;
and their Lordships Concurrence herein was desired."
Scotch Commissioners coming up.
Next, it was reported, "The Lord Lowdon Chancellor of Scotland, the Lord Warriston, and Mr. Barckley, are come to Yarmouth; and the House of Commons thinks it fit that some Members of both Houses
may be appointed to meet the said Commissioners, to
shew the Respect and Honour to them as the Houses
bears to them.
"The Lord Maitland is One other of the Commissioners; and the Lord Lowdon will not come yet this
Lords appointed to meet them.
Hereupon this House Ordered, That the Earl of
Stamford and the Lord Howard are appointed to go,
with a proportionable Number of the House of Commons, to meet the Scottish Commissioners; and to take
their own Time.
Declaration of both Kingdoms joined for Defence of Religion, &c.
Ordered, That the Declaration of the Two Kingdoms is referred to the Consideration of these Lords following, who are presently to consider of it:
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Message from the H. C. to tender the Covenant to Officers in Courts of Justice;
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Mr. Nicolls, &c.
To desire their Lordships (fn. *) Concurrence in these Particulars following:
1. For the tendering the Covenant to Officers in Courts
and with Orders, &c.
2. An Order concerning Salt-petre.
3. An Order for taking the Accompts of the Kingdom.
4. An Ordinance for bringing Currants.
5. An Ordinance for securing Eight Thousand Pounds
to the Merchants trading in the Levant Seas.
6. An Ordinance for appointing of Worcester-House
to be for the Commissioners of Scotland.
Agreed to, with a small Addition.
Committee for the Revenues of the King, &c.
And it is Ordered, That these Lords following be
added to be Committees, with the House of Commons,
for to be Committees for the King's and Queen's and
|L. Visc. Say & Seale, and
And to send to the House of Commons, to desire their
Declaration of both Kingdoms joined in Defence of Religion, &c.
The Lord Wharton reported from the Committee,
That they have considered of the Declaration of the
Two Kingdoms; and they (fn. *) think that it may (fn. †) pass
as it is, without any Alterations; and they think it
fit that it may be printed by Directions of this House,
and by no other Printer, and subscribed by the Clerk
of the Parliament; and they think it fit that a Committeee be appointed, to consider of what Ways and
Means are fit to divulge it through the Kingdoms."
To be printed.
And this House agreed to this Declaration with a
general Consent; and that it be printed by the Printer
of this House, and none other upon their Peril.
(Here enter it.)
Committee to open a Packet sent from Oxford to the Lord General.
The Lord General acquainted this House, "That he
received a Packet, by a Trumpeter, from the King;
which being not opened, he desired the Direction of
this House what to do herein, he perceiving that
some Hands (fn. ‡) of Lords and Gentlemen at Oxford were
And this House Ordered, That
The Earl of Northumb.
Earl Manchester, and
The Lord Wharton,
With a Committee of the House of Commons, shall
meet, and open the Packet; and have hereby
Power to do what they think fit to be done in
Message to the H. C. to appoint a Committee to join them.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Sir Rob't Rich and Mr. Page:
To let them know, that the Lord General hath received
a Packet from the King; and this House hath appointed
a Committee of Five Lords, to open the Packet, and
have Power to do what they think fit upon the reading
of them; and to desire the House of Commons to appoint a proportionable Number of their House to meet,
with the like Power; and to meet presently.
Message to them, about Worcesterhouse; and the Committee for the King's, &c. Revenues;
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Serjeant Fynch and Dr. Aylett:
To let them know, that this House agrees to the Ordinance for appointing Wor'ster House for the Scotts Commissioners, with a few Alterations, wherein they desire
Concurrence; and that the Committee of Five Lords may
be added to the Committee for the King's Revenue.
for publishing the Declaration of the Two Kingdoms;
2. To let them know, that the Declaration of the
Kingdoms of England and Scotland hath been passed
this House with an unanimous Consent; and that their
Lordships have Ordered the same to be printed, and
that none shall print the same but the Printer of this
House; and that their Lordships think it fit that a Committee of both Houses may be appointed to consider of
what Way and Means (fn. ||) is fittest to disperse and publish
the said Declaration through the Kingdoms.
to sit P. M.
3. To desire them to sit at Four of the Clock this
The Messengers return with this Answer from the
House of Commons:
Answer from the H. C.
That they have appointed a Committee to join with
the Five Lords, to open the Packet of Letters sent from
the King; and they will meet presently.
Ordinance from the H. C. for Concurrence.
Next was read, The Order for the Covenant (fn. *) to be
tendered to all Officers of Courts of Justice; and it was
Agreed to. (Here enter it.)
Next was read, An Ordinance for the securing of
Eight Thousand Pounds to the Merchants trading in the
Levant Seas. (Here enter it.)
Next was read, an Ordinance for the bringing of
Currants. (Here enter it.)
Agreed to, with this Alteration; in the 21th Line,
instead of ["November"], put in ["February."]
Next was read, The Ordinance concerning Mr. Courten's Salt-petre. (Here enter it.)
Answer from thence.
Serjeant Fynch and Dr. Aylett return with this Answer
from the House of Commons:
That they agree to the Printing of the Declaration of
both Kingdoms; and that none do print the same but
such as their Lordships have appointed; and that they
have nominated a Committee, to join with the Committee
of Five Lords, to consider of the divulging of it.
(Here enter it.)
And concerning the Order for Worcester House,
they do agree with their Lordships in the Alterations;
but concerning the adding of the Committee of Lords
to the Committee for the Revenue, they will send an
Answer by Messengers of their own.
And lastly, that they intend to sit at Four of the
Clock this Afternoon.
Upon reading the Petition of Symon Curnock: It is
Ordered, That this House grants the said Petition
accordingly as is desired. (Here enter it.)
Report of the opening the Packet sent from Oxford to the L. General.
The Earl of Northumb. reported, "That the Committee have opened the Packet to the Lord General,
wherein is a large Parchment, signed by divers Lords
and Gentlemen at Oxford, with a Letter from the
Earl of Forth; and because it is without Directions to
the Parliament, the Opinion of the Committee is, That
it be left to the Lord General, to return an Answer
to the Earl of Forth; and that, in his Packet, he send
inclosed the Two Declarations passed this Day:"
Which Opinion this House approved of, and Ordered
the same accordingly. (Here enter the Order.)
Commissioners Letter from Berwick, that the Scotch Army is advancing towards Alnwick.
"By the Letters which herewith you shall receive,
it may appear that no Neglect of ours, but the Crossness of the Winds, hath hindered your expected Intelligence, which we have been, and shall be, careful to
give you of our Proceedings, as Opportunity shall
permit. His Excellency the Earl of Leven came to
Barwick the 11th of this Instant, and the Marquis of
Argyll with others of the Committee the 13th, and
had been here sooner had not some unexpected Business required their Presence at the Convention for
some Time longer than they intended; some further
Impediments have arisen by contrary Winds, hindering
the bringing of the Ordnance and Ammunition which
was to come by Sea, and by Snowy Weather something
retarding the Marches of the Foot; yet a considerable Number both of Horse and Foot are already
entered upon the 19th of this Instant, some by the
Way of Berwick, others by Kelsay with Lieutenant
General Bayley. The Enemy gives Way, and are
retired to Alnewick, where Sir Thomas Glemham now
is, to whom the Committees thought fit to send a
Letter, the Copy whereof, together with his Answer,
we send herewith. You may confidently expect all
possible Endeavours from this Army, and (with God's
Blessing) a Success: The Country stands well disposed
to their Entertainment; and divers of them have already
joined themselves to Colonel Welden, whose Horse
wait upon the Lieutenant General. The Major General of the Horse this Day marches on towards Alnewick, as his Intelligence shall give him Leave; and
the Foot follow on as fast as may be, to make good
what the Horse gain; but, in regard of the Impossibility of lying abroad in this Extremity of Weather,
the Army cannot march in a Body; but, so as they may
have some reasonable Quarters, the Soldiers go on
very chearfully; and we hope shortly (especially if
Order be taken that some little Passage Vessels be
sent to us, whereof we have none at present) to give
you a good Account of their Proceedings.
"We have also herewith sent you a Result of both
Committees concerning a Declaration, and together
with it a Copy of the Declaration itself, as it hath
been read and approved in the Convention of Estates,
that it may receive the Resolution of both Houses;
which is all we have to trouble you with at this Time:
So we remain,
"Your humble Servants,
Barwick, 22th January, 1643.
"To Our Honoured Friend Wm.
Lenthall Esquire, Speaker of
the House of Commons."
Letter from the Commissioners at Berwick, to Sir Thomas Glemham, &c. not to oppose the Scotch Army going to the Assistance of the Two Houses.
"Although we justly presume that the Solemn mutual Covenant entered into by both Kingdoms hath
long since come to your Hands, and likewise that you
have had Notice of the raising of this Army desired
by the Parliament of England for the Prosecution of
those Ends therein expressed; videlicet, the Preservation and Reformation of Religion, the true Honour
and Happiness of the King, and the Public Peace and
Liberty of His Dominions; yet, that it may appear
both to you and all the World, how unwilling we are
to make a forceable Use of those Arms which we
have been constrained (by the Disappointment of all
other Means of Safety) to take up, we the Commissioners and Committees of both Kingdoms have
thought fit, besides that Declaration (a Copy whereof
we herewith send) lately (fn. *) emitted in the Name of
the Kingdom of Scotland, for the Satisfaction of the
People concerning the Entrance of this their Army,
to take more particular Notice of you the Chief Gentlemen and Commanders; hoping likewise that Things
of so great and considerable Consequence will find
with you such Entertainment as may answer the
Weight and Importance of them.
"We will not so much wrong the Cause we have
undertaken, as to go about, after so many evident Demonstrations of the Necessity of our present Posture,
to dispute it with you; but rather, instead of Arguments, we think it reasonable to acquaint you with
our well-weighed Resolutions, which are, through
the Assistance of that God in whose Cause we are
engaged, and whose Strength alone we trust in, with
our utmost Industry and Hazard, to endeavour the
Prevention of that imminent Danger, not only of Corruption, but of Ruin, which we see evidently intended
to the true Protestant Religion, by the Popish and Prelatical Faction, who never wanted Will, but now think
they want not Strength and Opportunity, to accomplish it; as also the rescuing His Majesty's Person
and Honour, so deeply and unhappily entangled in
the Counsels and Practices of them whose Actions
speak their Ends to be little better than Popery and
Tyranny; and the redeeming the Peace and Liberty
of His Dominions, in which the Irish Rebellion and
the sad and unnatural Divisions in England have made
so great a Breach.
"To the Accomplishment of these so just and honourable Designs, we have Reason to expect the Concurrence of all Men, who either owe or pretend a
due Love to their Religion, King, and Country; and
shall be very sorry to want yours: But if Misinformation, or any other unhappy Grounds, shall so far prevail with you as to reckon us in the Number of your
Enemies (which certainly we are not, if you be
Friends to those Ends mentioned in our Covenant);
and if, instead of that Concurrence with us, which
we with, and hope to deserve, we find from you
Opposition and Acts of Hostility; the Law of Nature
and your own Reason will tell you what you are to
"We only add, that, though it will not a little trouble us to see Men withstanding not only us, but their
own Good and Happiness, yet it doth in good Measure satisfy us, that we have not neglected this or any
other Means, to the best of our Power or Understanding, to prevent their Inconveniencies and Mischiefs that may arise from the Acts of Force which
we shall be necessitated unto.
"Subscribed at Barwick, the 20th of January,
1643, by the Warrant, and in the Name, of
the Committees of both Kingdoms, by us,
"For Sir Tho. Glemham, and the rest of the Commanders with him at Anwick, or elsewhere: These."
Another to Colonel Grey.
The like was also sent, with a printed Declaration
inclosed, unto Colonel Grey, directed, "For Colonel
Edward Grey, and the rest of the Gentlemen of Northumberland: These."
Wm. Roe, Secr. Commiss.
Sir Thomas Glemham's Answer to the Commissioners.
"I have received, by your Trumpeter, a Letter
from your Lordship and Sir Wm. Armyne: It is long,
and of great Concernment; and the other directed
to Colonel Grey, who, for the Reason beforementioned, and for that here are none but Officers, he cannot return you an Answer so suddenly by your Trumpeters: But I will send presently to Gentlemen of
the Country, to come hither; and then you shall receive my Answer with the Officers, and theirs by
themselves, by a Trumpeter of mine own. So I rest
Alnewick, 20th January, 1643.
His Pass for their Messengers.
"Thomas Glemham Knight, Governor of the City
and Garrison of Yorke, Colonel General of
the Foot, and Commander in Chief of the
Four Northern Counties:
"To all Officers and Soldiers under my
"You, and every of you, are hereby required to permit and suffer the Bearer hereof, Symond Stevens,
Trumpeter to the Earl of Argyle, to pass all your
Guards, Scouts, and Centinels, to Barwick, with a
Letter to the said Earl and Sir William Armyne, without any of your Molestation or Interruption: Hereof
you may not fail at your Perils.
"Given under my Hand and Seal at Alnewick, the
20th Day of January 1643.
William Roe, Secr. Commiss.
"A short Declaration of the Kingdome of Scotland,
for Information and Sattisfaction to their Brethren of England, concerning the present Expedition into England.
Declaration of the Kingdom of Scotland, concerning the marching their Army into England.
"Although wee have Reason to beleeve that the
bloody and barbarous Attempts of the Papists and
theire Faction, both in England and Ireland, and the
manifould Oppressions and Miseryes indured by those
that stand well-affected to the Protestant Religion
and theire Countryes Liberty, have made Way in the
Hearts of Men for the ready Entertainment of Assistance from theire Brethren, whose earnest Desire it
is, and whose utmost Endeavour it shall bee, to preserve and restore both unto them: yet, knowing how
industrious the Malice of the Devill and his Instruments are, in raiseing Prejudices and fomenting Jealousyes betwixt them whose Hearts and Mindes ought
to bee One, because theire Happines is the same, and
particulerly betwixt us and our Brethren of England,
that, by dividing us from each other, they might destroy us both; and that this our Second Expedition
into England (which wee doubt not but God will
blesse to the Advantage of that Nation, as He did
our First to the Happines of our owne), instead of
Wonder and Opposition, may finde the cheerefull
Concurrence of all those, who, together with us, desire
the Preservation and Reformation of Religion, the
Honnor and Happines of the King, the Peace and
Liberty of the Kingdomes; wee thought fitt to permitt
this short, but free and ingenuous Declaration of our
Grounds and Intentions in this our present Undertakeing, that soe wee may meete with none but such as
wee may either finde peaceable or leave inexcusable.
"Whereas, therefore, the greatest Questions that
are like to arise in this Busines may bee reduced to
these Three Particulers; videlicet, the Justnes of our
Cause, the Lawfullness of our Calling thereto, and for
the Faithfullnes of our Carriages therein; wee shal (fn. *)
hereby endeavour to give Sattisfaction in them all,
and doubt not to doe it, unlesse there remaine some
whose inveterate Malice hath produced in them a
Resolution to bee unsattisfyed.
"As for the Cause and Ground of this Undertakeing, wee are not ignorant with how much Earnestnes the Sons of Slander and Perdition (whose Custome is to traduce those Proceedings which they knowe
not how to disappointe) doe endeavor to possesse the
Hearts of our Brethren, that wee are comeing to fish
in the troubled Waters of England, to seeke and take
our owne Advantages in the Midest of your Necessityes:
But suffer not your Eares, much lesse your Hearts, to
bee open to any such Delusions, whereof wee trust (fn. †)
your Eyes shall shortly wittnes the Falshood: For
as heareafter wee doubt not to appeale to our Carriages and your Consciences, besides your late Experience
of our Religious Observance of our former Declarations of this Kinde; soe in the meane Tyme give us
Leave to appeale to the Greate Searcher of Hearts,
who knowes that, had not the Love of Christ, requireing Christians to beare one annother's Burden,
and the Lawe of Nature, challenging our utmost Care
and Endeavor for the Prevention of our owne Danger and Ruine, which an ordinary Understanding will
easily see to bee wrapped upp in our Neighbours, and
our Duty and Desire of rescueing the King from the
Dangers wherein Hee is involved by the Company and
pernicious Councell of those who are Enemyes to Religion, His Majesty's Happinesse, and Peace of His
Dominions, called and compelled us to this Service,
wee could with farre more Content and Sattisfaction to
ourselves have enjoyed with Quietnesse our dry Morsell, then entered into your Houses full of Sacrifices
of Striffe; which yet since wee are required and necessitated to, by that just Calling heareafter to bee mentioned, wee professe before God and the World, That
our Hearts and Thoughts are cleane and free from
any other Intentions then those expressed in our Solemne League and Covenant, in which wee are confederate with England; videlicet, the Preservation and
Reformation of Religion, the Honnor and Happinesse
of the King, and the Peace and Libertyes of the Kingdomes; all which wee now apprehend to be deepely
indangered, by the Councells and Confederacyes of
Papists, Prelats, Malignants, and theire Adherents,
soe prevalent in England and Ireland; and wee shall
noe otherwise desire a Blessing upon our Endeavors,
then as they shal bee directed to the Conservation
and Establishment thereof.
"And because it is not sufficient to bee ingaged in a
good Cause, unlesse by a good Calling; wee doe hereby further Declare, That though the inseperable Interests of both Nations in theire Religion and Libertyes,
which haveing the same comon Enemyes must looke
to stand and fall together, might have given us sufficient Warrant to have endeavoured the Prevention
of our owne Ruine, by preserving our Freinds and
Brethren from Destruction; yet, that wee might bee
the more fully and formaly obliged to this Christian
Duty and Service, and soe the Mouth of Slander and
Malice bee stopped, God hath soe Ordered Things in
His wise and just Providence, that the Parliament of
England, who (beside theire Interest in the Preservation and Reformation of Religion, and the Defence of
the Lawes and Libertyes of the Kingdome, to which
our Helpe is required) have a particular Obligation
upon this Nation (as wee have formerly declared our
Intentions published before our last Expedition) for
refuseing to countenance or maintaine a Warre against
us in the Yeare 1640, have thought fitt, by theire
Commissioners enabled to that Effect, to desire a firme
Union with us, and this just and necessary Assistance
from us: And whereas it is to obyious to an Objection, that, the King's Commaund or Consent being noe
Ingredient, our Calling is thereby rendred deficient;
wee answere, that though, through the Injury of mischeivous Councells, both His Person and Personall
Commaunds are withheld from us, yet His Honnor,
His Happinesse, His Posterity, His Greate Councell,
and the Welfare of His Kingdomes, call importunately
to us for this tymely interposeing; soe that, unlesse
wee can (which God forbidd) blott out of our Thoughts
the Sence of Piety and Religion towards God, of
Honnor and Duty towards our Soveraigne, and of
Gratitude toward the Parliament and Kingdome of
England, wee can in noe Wise resist our present Call to
this Undertakeing. And lastly, for what concernes
the Manner of the Pursuance of this just Cause and
lawfull Calling; although the many frustrate Petitions and Remonstrances from both Kingdomes presented to His Majesty have left us only this Way,
which yet is not intended against His Majesty's Person, nor any of His good Subjects, but those Enemyes
of the King and Kingdomes with whome noe other
Meanes can prevaile; yet wee shall dilligently endeavor soe to order the Affaires of our Army, that all
Insolencyes, Rapines, Plunderings, and those other Calamityes that usually attend upon Warre, may bee prevented; and herein as with noe small Content to ourselves, soe with noe less Sattisfaction to you, are wee
able to referre you to the Experience of our former
Expedition (when our owne Necessity drove us into
England, as now yours doe call us), to consider how little Damage was occasioned by our Meanes, how little
Disorder was committed by us in any Place where wee
came; and wee hereby promise the like Care and
Dilligence shall bee renewed, and if possible double to
that Effect: And that wee may not bee looked (fn. *) on with
the Prejudice of Strangers, which wee hope the firme
Union of this mutuall Covenant will weare out, there
is a Committee of your owne Nation, the most of which
are Parliament Men, such to whome you have committed the Trust and Care of your Religion, Lawes,
and Libertyes, joyned with us, without whose Concurrence nothing that concernes you is to bee transacted: And to free you of all unjust Suspition, which
if your Mindes are not ready to conceive, yet the malicious Mouthes of our Adversaryes and yours are
ready to suggest, that, notwithstanding this Declaration, wee have some sinister and secrett Ends, which
may prove prejudiciall to your Rights and Happines,
bee it hereby made knowne unto you, That wee have
freely ingaged ourselves, by an Article of the late
Treaty betwixt the Nations, to give the Publique Faith
of the Kingdome of Scotland unto the Kingdome of
England, that neither our Enterance into, nor Continuance in, that Kingdome shall bee made Use of to
any other Ends then expressed in the Covenant, and
that Treaty subscribed to us by the Commissioners of
both Kingdomes, which wee are resolved, to the Honnor of God and of this Nation, to keepe inviolate.
And as our Freinds and Brethren may looke for Actions conforme to the Expressions of this Declaration,
soe (fn. *) must the Malignants and implacable Opposers of
the Ends declared in our Covenant expect nothing
but an impartiall and vigorous Prosecution of the
same; in which if any Evill befall them, wee are
confident that the Judgment of wise and indifferent
Men will reduce it to themselves, as the willfull Authors thereof.
"And finally wee Declare (against all false and artificall Relations), That wee are soe farre from desireing
Harme or Losse to any of our Brethren of England,
that our sincere and reall Intentions are not to add
Fuell, nor bring Oyle, but Water to extinguish these
lamentable Combustions and Fires, which wee have
with soe much Duty and Love laboured to quench;
that our takeing of Armes is not to make Warres (if
wee be not necessitated), but to obtaine a better Ground
and a more durable Peace, for enjoying of our Religion and Libertyes in all the Three Kingdomes; and
that, the Wicked (who are the unworthy Authors of
all our Troubles) being removed from our King, a right
Understanding may bee established betwixt His Majesty and His People: And as wee have solemnely
sworne to protect and defend all who shall enter in
and adhere to this Covenant, soe doe wee certainly
expect that our Brethren in England, who are zealous
for the true Protestant Religion, loyall to the King,
and faithfull for theire Country, will joyne and concurre
with us in the most noble and just Wayes of procureing
these just Desires; which being obtained, wee shall
bee most willing and ready to retourne to our native
Country; esteeming it our greatest Happines, that
Truth with Peace may bee established in all His Majesty's Dominions.
"Edinburgh, 26 December, 1643.
Paper from the English Committee and Scotch Commissioners, for a Declaration to be drawn, to avoid shedding Blood, and to distinguish Malignants from those that are misguided.
"Whereas the Two Houses of the Parliament of
England, and the Convention of Estates of Scotland,
have conferred special Power and Trust upon us their
respective Committees and Commissioners, in those
Things that concern the Conduct of the Scottish Army, raised conform to the Articles of the Treaty, in
Pursuance of the Ends contained in the Covenant;
we the said Commissioners and Committees, esteeming
it agreeable to the Rules of Piety, that all possible Means
may be used to avoid the shedding of Blood, and
to reduce those that are misguided from such Errors
as are so prejudicial to Religion, the Honour and
Happiness of the King, the Liberties and Peace of
the Kingdoms; and also thinking it agreeable to the
Rules of Justice and Policy, that a due Distinction be
made and observed, as betwixt the well-affected and
those that have been or are malignant Opposers of
those Ends declared in our Solemn Covenant, so likewise betwixt those Malignants themselves, according
to their several Degrees of Enmity; have agreed,
that a Declaration to the Ends and Purpose aforesaid be drawn, and also that this annexed Form be
presented to the Houses of Parliament in England,
and the Convention of Estates of Scotland, to the
End it may receive their respective Resolution; and
if they shall approve thereof, it may be forthwith
published by them, in the Name of both Kingdoms.
Wm. Roe, Secr. Commiss.
Ordinance for securing 8000 l. advanced by the Turkey Company.
"Whereas the Governor and Company of Merchants
of London, trading into The Levant, have advanced,
by Way of Loan, the Sum of Eight Thousand Pounds,
for the Supply of the pressing Wants and Necessities
of the Navy: It is therefore Ordered, by the
Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, That
the said Eight Thousand Pounds, with Interest after
the Rate of Eight per Cent. per Annum, shall be repaid and reimbursed out of the Excise or new Impost on Flesh and Salt, being appropriated for the
Use of the Navy, within Six Months after the
Date of this Ordinance, unto the said Governor and
Company of Merchants trading into The Levant, or
unto their Treasurer for the Time being; whose Receipt, with the Common Seal of the said Governor
and Company, shall be a sufficient Discharge for the
whole or any Part or Parcel thereof, unto the Commissioners of the said Excise or new Impost, who are
hereby authorized to make due Payment thereof accordingly."
Ordinance for the Officers of the Courts of Justice, Lawyers, &c. to receive the Covenant.
"It is this Day Ordered, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled, That the Commissioners for the Great Seal of England be authorized,
and are hereby required, to call before them all and
every the Officers and Ministers, and all other Attendants, on the Great Seal, or Court of Chancery,
King's Bench, Common Pleas, Exchequer, and Court
of Wards and Liveries, and to tender unto every of
them the Solemn League and Covenant for Reformation and Defence of Religion, the Honour and Happiness of the King, and the Peace and Safety of the
Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland;
and such as shall either refuse or neglect to take the
same, and all such as shall not make their Appearance, and give their Personal Attendance, in their
several Places and Offices, before the last Day of this
Term, not having a just Excuse for their Absence,
shall forfeit their several and respective Offices and
Places; and the same shall be determined, and become absolutely void to all Intents and Purposes, as
if such Persons, Officers, and Ministers, were naturally
dead: And it is further Ordered, by the said Lords
and Commons, That no Serjeant at Law, or other
Lawyer, Attorney, Clerk, or Solicitor, shall be admitted to practise before the said Commissioners, in the
Court of Chancery, or in the King's Bench, Common
Pleas, Exchequer, or Court of Wards and Liveries,
or to prosecute or solicit any Cause in any of the said
Courts of [ (fn. *) Law or] Chancery, before he shall have
taken the said Solemn League and Covenant; which
the said Commissioners are hereby likewise authorized
and required to tender and administer unto them."
Ordinance concerning Salt-petre.
"Whereas there is a present Use for Gunpowder
for the Service of the State, both by Land and Sea;
for providing whereof, the Committee for the Safety
of the Kingdom have contracted with William Courten
Esquire, for all the Salt-petre he now hath, being
the whole Parcels brought from The East Indies in the
Ships called The Loyalty and Unity, by Estimation
3600 (fn. *) Hundred Weight of rough Salt-petre, or
thereabouts, which he the said William Courteene is to
deliver Double-refined, fit to make serviceable Powder, according to The Tower Proof, at the Rate of
Five Pounds the Hundred Weight, each Hundred containing One Hundred and Twelve Pounds Weight (as
amongst other Articles hereunto annexed for the
Delivery thereof, signed and agreed to both by the
Committee for the Safety of the Kingdom and the
said Mr. Courteene, more fully appeareth): It is
therefore Ordained, by the said Lords and Commons
in Parliament assembled, That the said William Courteene, or his Assigns, shall be duly paid for his Saltpetre, according to the Articles aforementioned, out
of the Monies arising by the several Excises of the
11th of September last, and of the 10th of January
Instant; videlicet, Five Thousand Pounds shall be
paid out of the Ordinance of Excise of the 11th of
September, and Five Thousand Pounds more shall be
paid out of the Ordinance of Excise of the 10th of
January; and if the said Salt-petre shall amount unto a greater Sum than Ten Thousand Pounds, he
shall be then further paid such Surplus out of the
said Two Ordinances, equally to be divided as aforesaid; and the said Officers and Collectors of the said
respective Excises are hereby authorized and required to make Monthly Payments to the said William
Courteene, or his Assigns, after the Rate aforementioned, for such Quantities as shall be Monthly delivered in according to his Articles, and certified under
the Hand-writing of Henry Parker Esquire, being appointed Register for that Purpose by the Committee
aforesaid; whose Certificate of the Quantities delivered from Time to Time, together with the said
Wm. Courteen's Receipts, or his Assigns, for the respective Sums of Money paid to him or his Assigns,
shall be a sufficient Discharge to the said Officers or
Collectors of the respective Excises, for Payment
"And to the End that the Salt-petre delivered in
from Time to Time by Mr. Courteene may be refined
to the just Height as is agreed upon by the Articles;
(fn. †) it is further appointed, that Nathaniell Sickes a
Salt-petre-man be authorized to make (fn. ‡) Proof thereof, who is to take Care that the several Quantities of
the said Salt-petre be refined in all respects as by the
Articles it ought to be."
"Articles agreed upon between the Honourable
Committee for the Safety of the Kingdom and
William Courteene Esquire, January 1643.
Courteen's Agreement; with the Committee of Safety for Salt-petre.
"That the said William Courteene shall, at his Cost
and Charges, cause to be Double-refined, fit to make
Gunpowder, the Parcels of East India Salt-petre, of
about Weight, received and imported the
last Summer, by the Ships Loyalty and Unity from The
East Indias, and now lying (fn. ||) in Warehouses at Summers Key and Horsey Downes.
Which Salt-petre, so refined, the said Mr. Courteen
shall cause to be delivered in a Storehouse at Broken
Wharse, in good and sufficient Cask, no Cask exceeding the Bulk of a Hogshead, and there to be weighed,
at his Charge, likewise where it shall be proved
by Nathaniell Sickes; and if upon Proof it be found
defective of its aforesaid Goodnefs, then such Abatement of Weight to be made by the said William Courteene upon every Cask as by the said Mr. Henry Parker and Mr. Nathaniell Sickes shall be thought indifferent.
"That the said William Courteene give Notice Two
or Three Days before he intend to deliver or weigh
his Salt-petre, that Attendance may be given for Receipt and Weighing thereof accordingly.
"That the Delivery of the Salt-petre aforesaid be
in Manner following; videlicet, One Quarter of the
whole Parcel within after the Date of
the Ordinance for Payment, One other Quarter within Two Months, One other Quarter within Three
Months, and the Remainder within Four Months.
"That the Committee shall pay, or cause to be paid,
unto the said William Courteene, or his Assigns, after
the Rate of Five Pounds the Hundred Weight, containing One Hundred and Twelve Pounds of Doublerefined Salt-petre, fit to make Gunpowder, according
to The Tower Proof.
"That the said William Courteene shall not sell or
dispose of any Part of the said Parcels to any Persons whatsoever, without the Consent of the said
Order for Worcester House to be fitted up for the Scots Commissioners.
"It is this Day Ordered, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled, That Worcester House
be forthwith fitted and prepared for the Receipt and
Accommodation of the Commissioners and Committees
sent from our Brethren of Scotland; and that all Manner of Household Stuff, Linen, and other Necessaries
for the same, be provided and supplied out of any of
His Majesty's Wardrobes and other Stores, to make
up what is wanting at the present in the said House;
and in case there be not found sufficient in all Particulars in the said Wardrobes, the Residue shall then be
supplied out of the sequestered Goods at Cambden House,
or elsewhere; and the [ (fn. *) Care of the] Premises is
committed unto Cornelius Holland, Michaell Holdesworth, Esquires, Members of the House of Commons,
and Mr. Kendall, Mr. Steele, and Mr. Ball; and they,
or any Two or more of them, are, by virtue of this
Order, to demand and receive such Household Stuff,
Linen, and other Necessaries as aforesaid, out of the
Wardrobes or Places abovementioned; and are to
cause true Inventories to be made of what shall
be delivered as aforesaid, which, subscribed by the
said Committee, shall, by virtue hereof, be a sufficient Warrant to all Persons whom it may concern,
for the Delivery of the Premises, for the Uses aforesaid: And the said Committee are hereby directed to
require the Aid and Assistance of all such Persons in
whose Charge the aforesaid Wardrobe Stuff and Stores
are; and that the Committee for the King's Revenue
do supply all such Monies as shall be found necessary
for the said Service, by the Advice of this Committee."
Ordinance to allow the Importation of Currants from the Turks Dominions.
Whereas, by an Ordinance of both Houses of Parliament, made the 26th Day of August 1642 (for the
Reasons in the said Ordinance mentioned), the Importation of Currants from any Part beyond the Seas
was utterly inhibited and forbidden: Now forasmuch
as the Lords and Commons in Parliament, upon the
humble Petition of The Levant Company, are informed,
that the Reasons upon which the said Ordinance was
grounded doth not extend to the Currants of the
Growth of The Morea, within the Dominions of the
Grand Signior, where is a great Vent of many Thousand Broad Cloths Yearly of the Manufactures of
this Kingdom, exported by the said Company, as
well into The Morea as other Places within the Dominions of the Grand Signior, and the Rates and Taxes
put on those Currants far more reasonable than those
under the Government of the State of Venice: It is
therefore Ordered, That it shall and may be lawful to and for The Levant Company, at all Time and
Times, from and after the 1st Day of February
1643, to bring into this Kingdom all such Currants
as are of the Growth of The Morea; and, after due
Entries of the said Currants made in the Customhouse, and the Duties and Customs for the same
duly paid, the said Company shall have Power to
land and put to Sale all such Currants, any Act or
Ordinances of Parliament to the contrary in any Wise
notwithstanding: Provided, That Oath be made in
the Custom-house where such Entries shall be made,
that the said Currants so entered were laden from
The Morea, or some other Place within the Grand Signior's Dominions."
Lord General to send the Declaration of Scotland, Covenant, and other Papers, to the Earl of Forth.
Ordered, That my Lord General shall be desired
to send to the Earl of Forth the Declaration of the
Kingdom of Scotland concerning their coming into England, and the Declaration lately passed both Kingdoms,
and the National Covenant, and such other Matters as
his Excellency in his Wisdom shall think fit.
House adjourned till 9a, Thursday next.