DIE Sabbati, 9 die Martii.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Greene.
Lords present this Day:
Ds. Grey de Warke, Speaker this Day.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Answers from the H. C.
Sir Edward Leech and Mr. Page, sent to the House
of Commons Yesterday, return with this Answer:
That they will send an Answer, by Messengers of
their own, concerning the Ordinance touching Mr.
Vyncs to be appointed to supply the Cure of St. Clements.
Mr. Serjeant Whitfeild and Mr. Page, sent to the
House of Commons Yesterday, return with this Answer:
That they will send an Answer, by Messengers of
their own, touching the Ordinance for the raising of
Monies in the Four associated Counties of Kent, &c.
and to the Ordinance concerning the King's Goods at
Report of the Conference concerning Scotch Affairs.
The Lord Wharton this Day reported the Effect of
the Conference with the House of Commons on Thursday last; which was, "That the House of Commons
acquainted their Lordships with some Papers, which
they had received from the Scotts Commissioners; to
which the House of Commons have made Resolutions upon them, which they offer to their Lordships Considerations:
1. The Paper of the Scotts Commissioners was
read, dated the 17 February, 1643.
"2. Was read, the Answer of both Houses to the
"3. Instructions to the Committees of both Houses
in Scotland were read, with the Approbation of Colonel Hume, by Committees of both Kingdoms, to be
Governor of Berwicke."
4. Was read, A Result of the Committees of both
Kingdoms, concerning the Demands, and about
(fn. *) the Scottish Army in Ulster.
"5. Were read, the Answers to the aforesaid Demands."
"6. Two Letters, directed to the Speaker of the
House of Commons, were read."
Message to the H. C. about them.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Sir Edward Leach and Mr. Page:
To let them know, that this House agrees with them
in all the Papers brought up by them at the last Conference, and concerning the Scottish Affairs.
Message from thence, for a Conference about the Letter from the King.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Sir Rob't Pye and others:
To desire a Conference, so soon as may stand with
their Lordships Conveniency, concerning the Letter
sent from the King.
The Answer returned was:
That this House will give a present Conference in
the Painted Chamber as is desired.
The Lord Wharton is appointed to report this Conference.
Report from the Committee of both Kingdoms of a Letter to be sent to the King.
The Earl of Northumb. reported, "That the Committee of both Kingdoms, taking into Consideration
the drawing of a Letter to be sent to the King, upon
somewhat that was then in Debate; the Scotts Commissioners have presented a Paper to the Houses of
Parliament:" Which Paper was read.
(Here enter it.)
And further it was reported, "That, notwithstanding
the Scotts Commissioners could not yet give their Advice in some Particulars, yet the Committee have
thought fit to make a Draught of a Petition to His
Majesty upon those Heads which the Scotts Commissioners gave their Advice in:" Which was commanded to be read.
Message from the H. C. with Peers and Assistants Names to be examined at the Abp. of Cant's Trial;
A Message was brought from the House of Commons, by Mr. Serjeant Wylde and others:
1. To desire that these Members and Assistants of
this House may be examined, as Witnesses, at the Trial
of the Bishop of Canterbury:
Earl of Warwicke.
Earl of Pembrooke.
Earl of Sarum.
Earl of Lyncolne.
Mr. Baron Trevor.
and with Orders.
2. To desire Concurrence in an Order to pay Two
Thousand Pounds to Windsor Castle, out of the Excise.
3. An Order to pay One Thousand Pounds for
Windsor, out of the King's Revenue.
4. An Order to pay to Mr. Peters One Hundred
5. An Order to pay Two Hundred Pounds to the
Treasurer for maimed Soldiers.
The Answer returned was:
That this House agrees to their Desire for those
Lords and Assistants of this House to be examined at
the Trial of the Bishop of Cant. and to all the rest
of the Particulars, this House will send them an Answer by Messengers of their own.
The House was adjourned during Pleasure, and the
Lords went to the Conference; which being ended, the
House was resumed.
Report of the Conference about the Letter from the King.
"And the Lord Wharton reported the Effect of this
Conference; which was, "That, according to the late
Conference touching the King's Letter, it was referred to the Committees of both Kingdoms, to advise of a Letter to be sent to the King; and the
Committee desiring the Advice of the Commissioners
of Scotland therein, they agreed in all Particulars,
excepting to that Clause of setting the King a Day
to come (fn. *) to His Parliament; concerning which, they
have presented a Paper to the Two Houses of Parliament: And the Committees have drawn up a Letter according to those Particulars as the Scotts Commissioners agreed to, which the House of Commons
have (fn. †) approved of, and desire their Lordships Concurrence therein."
The said Letter to His Majesty was commanded to
be read, as followeth. (Here enter it.)
Ordered, That this House agrees to this Letter to
be sent to the King.
Next were read, some Resolutions of the House of
Commons, wherein they desire their Lordships Concurrence:
Scots Commissioners to have Time to receive Directions about fixing the Day for the King's Return.
"That this House doth Agree, That the Scotts
Commissioners, according to a Clause in their Paper,
may have Time to communicate to those that sent
them, and receive their Directions concerning that
Business of giving Day to the King to come to His
Parliament; and that it be referred to the Committee of both Kingdoms to acquaint the Scotts Commissioners herewith."
No Copies to be taken of the Answer to the King's Letter.
"Ordered, That no Copies be taken of this Answer to the King's Letter, nor the Letter divulged,
until such Time as it may be probably conceived that
it may come to His Majesty; and that it be desired
that Strangers may be kept out of the Painted Chamber at this Conference."
Agreed to, and Ordered accordingly.
Declaration to be issued on these Letters.
"That it be referred to the Committee of both Kingdoms, to prepare and expedite the Declaration to
be sent forth to the Kingdoms upon this Letter from
the King, and the other Letters."
Agreed to, and Ordered accordingly.
"That this Letter shall be signed by the Speakers
of both Houses; and the Lord General be desired to
send this Letter speedily away."
Scots Commissioners Paper, for Time to receive Directions about fixing a Day for the King to return to the Parliament.
"Whereas, in this Matter, which soe much concerneth the Happines of both Kingdomes, our Councell and Advise, who are Commissioners from the
Kingdome of Scotland, is desired, according to the
Intent of the Covenant, the Articles of the Treaty
lately agreed upon, the common Declaration of both
Kingdomes, and our owne particuler Commission and
Instructions; wee doe fully consent unto and approve of the Observations made upon His Majesty's
Letter; wee are alsoe, and shal bee ready at all
Occasions, by Word and Writing, to witnes (what
the Kingdome of Scotland hath many Tymes done by
theire Declarations, and doth now by theire Armes)
that there is a full and free Convention of Parliament, established by Lawe passed by the King Himselfe, which, as all other Lawes of the Kingdome, He
is sworne to maintayne, as the Subjects are sworne
to theire Allegiance; to disclaime and oppose that
Meiting at Oxford, made upp of such Persons as,
contrary to theire Duty, have deserted the Parliament, and have bin the Instruments of much Dishonnor to the King, and of many greate Miseryes
to His Dominions, of which neither they, nor such
of (fn. *) our Countrymen as have joyned with them, have
to this Day given any Signe of Repentance; to use
our uttermost Endeavors for procureing a just and
wel-grounded Peace; and heartily to testify our Desires, that His Majesty may retourne to His Parliament, in such Manner, and with such Intentions and
Resolutions, as may, by the joynt Advise of both
Kingdomes, bee for the Good of Religion, Safety
to Himselfe and His Kingdomes, and Sattisfaction
to His good People: In all those, and what more
shal be conceaved by the Wisdome of the Honnourable Houses of Parliament to bee conduceable for the
Peace and Preservation of the Kingdomes, and the
Ends expressed in the Covenant, as wee shall joyne
with our best Affections and Endeavors, according
to the Trust committed unto us, soe doe wee give Assurance, in Name of the Kingdome of Scotland, of
theire constant Resolutions, with their Lives and
Fortunes, to stand in Defence of this common Cause
against all Opposition, and without Respect of any
Persons whatsoever, as is contained in our Paper of
the 5th and 17th of February, and unto which all
the Members of the Committees of Estates, the Generall Officers and Colonells of the Army, have
particulerly sworne and subscribed; only concerning
the nameing of the Day for His Majesty to come
to His Parliament, and the Course to bee taken for
the Preservation of Religion and the Kingdomes, if
His Majesty shall not come at the Day to bee named,
they being Matters which doe import either the entring into a Way of present Peace, or a more
irreconciliable Warre, and therefore such as wee
have not nor could forsee to have particuler Instructions concerning them, wee must desire soe
much Tyme as wee may acquaint the Committees of
the Estates from which wee are sent, which shal bee
done by us with all Speede and Faithfullnes; and
in the meane Tyme wee conceave it necessary, that
a Declaration bee emitted to the People, and a
Letter sent to His Majesty, agreeable in Substance
to what is expressed by the Honnourable Houses,
saveing in these Particulers wherein wee have desired Tyme to advertise these that have sent us, and
receave theire Directions.
"Jo. Cheissly, Cl. Commiss."
March 8th, 1643.
Answer from both Houses to the King's Letter.
"May it please Your Majesty,
"We the Lords and Commons assembled in the
Parliament of England, taking into our Consideration a Letter sent from Your Majesty, dated the
Third of March Instant, and directed "To the Lords
and Commons of Parliament assembled at Westm."
(which, by the Contents of a Letter from the Earl
of Forth unto the Lord General the Earl of Essex, we
conceive was intended to ourselves), have resolved,
with the concurrent Advice and Consent of the Commissioners of the Kingdom of Scotland, to represent
to Your Majesty, in all Humility and Plainness, as
"That, as we have used all Means for a just and
safe Peace, so will we never be wanting to do our
utmost for the procuring thereof; but, when we
consider the Expressions in that Letter of Your Majesty's, we have more sad and despairing Thoughts
of attaining the same than ever; because thereby
those Persons now assembled at Oxford, who, contrary
to their Duty, have deserted Your Parliament, are
put into an equal Condition with it; and this Parliament,
convened according to the known and fundamental
Laws of the Kingdom (the Continuance whereof is
established by a Law consented unto by Your Majesty), is in Effect denied to be a Parliament; the
Scope and Intention of that Letter being to make
Provision how all the Members (as is pretended) of
both Houses may securely meet in a full and free
Convention of Parliament; whereof no other Conclusion can be made, but that this present Parliament is not a full nor free Convention; and that,
to make it a full and free Convention of Parliament, the Presence of those is necessary, who, notwithstanding that they have deserted that great Trust,
and do levy War against the Parliament, are pretended to be Members of the Two Houses of Parliament.
"And hereupon we think ourselves bound to let
Your Majesty know, that, seeing the Continuance
of this Parliament is settled by a Law (which, as
all other Laws of Your Kingdoms, Your Majesty
hath sworn to maintain, as we are sworn to our Allegiance to Your Majesty, these Obligations being
reciprocal); we must in Duty, and accordingly are
resolved, with our Lives and Fortunes, to defend
and preserve the just Rights and full Power of this
Parliament; and do beseech Your Majesty to be assured, that Your Majesty's Royal and hearty Concurrence with us herein will be the most effectual
and ready Means of procuring a firm and lasting
Peace in all Your Majesty's Dominions, and of be
getting a perfect Understanding between Your Majesty and Your People, without which Your Majesty's most earnest Professions and our most real Intentions concerning the same must necessarily be
frustrated; and in case Your Majesty's Three Kingdoms should, by reason thereof, remain in this sad
and bleeding Condition by the Continuance of this
unnatural War, to their Ruin, Your Majesty cannot
be the least nor the last Sufferer. God in His
Goodness incline Your Royal Breast, out of Pity
and Compassion to those deep Sufferings of Your innocent People, to put a speedy and happy Issue to
these desperate Evils, by the joint Advice of both
Your Kingdoms, now happily united in this Cause
by their late Solemn League and Covenant; which,
as it will prove the surest Remedy, so it is the earnest Prayer of Your Majesty's loyal Subjects the
Lords and Commons assembled in the Parliament of
"Wm. Lord Grey De Warke,
Speaker of the House of
Peers in Parliament, pro
Wm. Lenthall, Speaker
of the Commons House
Paper from the Scots Commissioners, about the Covenant, and for Supplies for their Armies.
"Haveing the Honnor and Happines to meete
with your Lordships and these noble Gentlmen of
the House of Commons, as a joynt Committee of
both Kingdomes; wee cannott neglect at this Occasion heartily to acknowledge, in the Name of the
Kingdome of Scotland, the good Providence of God,
and the Favour and Care of the Honnourable Houses
of Parliament, in joyning the Councells of both Nations; which if the Lord shal bee pleased (according to our Prayers and Hopes) to blesse with Unity,
Direction, and Successe, it may prove One of the
most effectuall Meanes of carrying on a prosperous
Warre, and thereby (all other Wayes failing) of procureing a religious, righteous, and sollid Peace to
these Dominions; and to assure this Honnourable
Committee, that wee shall bee most willing and ready,
by God's Assistance, to contribute our best Endeavors in Pursuance of the Covenant, Treaty, and
common Interest of both the Kingdomes, with all
Truth of Heart and Faithfullnes, without particuler
Respects or Interests whatsoever: And, that noe Tyme
may bee lossed, wee resolve herewith to comunicate to this Honnourable Committee these our Desires, which are most pressing, can least admitt of
Delayes; and will take upp most Tyme for theire
Dispatch, although wee must acknowledge the provident Care of the Parliament hath taken such Course
concerning some of them as wee neede not much to
"Wee are commaunded first of all earnestly to desire that the Covenant may bee sworne and subscribed
throughout the whole Kingdomes of England and
Ireland, whereof the last Part is only now to bee
taken to Consideration; seeing the Honnourable
Houses, by theire late Ordinances sent unto the severall Countyes, have taken Course for the First,
which wee desire may bee earnestly prosecuted.
"Likeas wee are directed earnestly to remonstrate
to the Honnourable Houses of Parliament, and the
Reverend Assembly of Divines, the greate and manyfold Necessity of ripening and hastening with all
convenient Speede the Setling of Church Affaires,
for bringing the Churches within these Nations to
Unity, and the neerest Uniformity in Religion and
Church Government, and for Extirpation of Popery,
Prelacy, Superstition, Schisme, Heresy, and Prophanesse, as is exprest in the Covenant; concerning
which wee have alsoe heard of an Order already
directed from the Honnourable Houses, for quickening the Assembly; and therefore wee shall only desire this Honnourable Committee, in theire Wisdome,
to thinke upon the best and readiest Meanes of a
speedy Dispatch, which may bee a Ground of Resolution to doubting Mynds, and a Principle of much
Activenes for the Publique Good.
"Wee are alsoe directed seriously to remonstrate
the Necessity, and effectually to endeavor the
hastening doune unto the Army, what is already or
shall heareafter become due unto them, according
to the Treaty; and especially seing wee knewe before our comeing away, that the vast Charges of the
levying of the Horse and Foote in such an unseasonable Tyme of the Yeare, outreacking of the Artillery, makeing some Provision of Victuall, and
many other Things, sufficiently knowne here by the
like Experience (and whereof the Particulars are
fully comunicate to the Committee of the Parliament with the Army), to bee necessary to make soe
greate a Body to live and move, joyned with the
Supplyes sent unto Ireland, had soe exhausted the extraordinary Loane of Scotland, and the most Part of
the Moneyes sent from hence, that there remained
not in the Hands of the Treasurer of the Army, at
the crossing of Tweede, on Fourthnight's Allowance in Money for a newe leavyed Army, at the Begining of theire March, in a Winter Season, through
a County before wasted by the Enemy: Therefore
wee most earnestly desire this Honnourable Committee tymously to advise, and effectually to deale, with
the Honnourable Houses of Parliament, for a speedy
dispatching, in Money and other necessary Provisions,
the Remainder of that, which, according to the
Treaty, should bee advanced; and withall, in Foresight of there Necessityes, to lay downe the solid
Way of furnishing to them readily theire following
"The Necessityes of the Scottish Armys in Ireland
have beene soe often remonstrate to the Parliament,
both by Papers and Messengers, and theire late Miseryes, to the very starving of many by Hunger and
Could, with the greate Inconveniencyes either of the
utter undoeing them there, or recalling them to the
Losse of that Kingdome, both unto that Crowne, of
this, and to the Crowne of England, are soe farre
beyond our Expression; and the Charges and Troubles of this Nation have beene soe greate, as to retard for above Eighteene Monethes together all
Remedyes and Supplyes of Money, Cloathes, or
Victuall, from this Nation; and the Kingdome of
Scotland is soe exhausted by theire by-gone Supplyes
for theire Entertainment, as they are not able to
continue any longer under that unsupportable Burden; that wee knowe not now what to say, but, as
wee were then directed when wee came away, earnestly to desire, and speedily to procure, the tymous
Accomplishment of the Propositions sent upp to the
Parliament from both Committees concerning them,
and the Payment of the Bills of Exchange that have
followed thereupon, which wee heare are accepted
of by the Two Receivors of the Committee at Goldsmith Hall; and withall to shewe that, if, for Want
of tymeous necessary Supplyes of Money, Victuall,
and Clothes, they bee constrayned (which God forbidd) by an absolute Necessity to come away (as
was remonstrate in the Result of the Committee of
both Kingdomes sent hether before), whatsoever Inconvenience, may fall out, it is neither Default of
the Kingdome of Scotland nor there Army, who
are most willing (in case of competent Maintenance)
to spend theire Lives in Prosecution of that Cause,
against the bloody Rebells, in Opposition to the Cessation, and in the Protection of the poore Protestants
"Jo. Cheislie, Cler. Commiss."
17 February, 1644.
Answer to it.
"The Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament
do order the Committee by them appointed to join
with the Commissioners of Scotland, to return this Answer following to the Paper of the said Scottish Commissioners, dated the 17th of February, 1643, and presented to both Houses:
"That the Parliament do esteem themselves very
happy in the Means which the Kingdom of Scotland
have afforded them for the joining of the Counsels of
both Kingdoms in this common Cause, by sending
their Commissioners to reside near unto them, and
those such Persons in whom the Parliament and
Kingdom of England hath so good Cause to confide,
not only from the former Experience they have had
of them, but also from later Observations, with what
Prudence and Fidelity they have demeaned themselves in the great Trust reposed in them; that there
shall nothing be wanting in the Parliament, upon all
Occasions, to testify the true Sense they have of the
ready Affections which they find in their Brethren of
Scotland, to engage themselves so unanimously and
chearfully for their Assistance, notwithstanding the
many Hardships and Difficulties, which, partly from
the Season of the Year, partly through the great
Wants and Exigents this Kingdom is reduced unto,
they cannot but foresee they must needs meet with;
and they do not doubt but, by the Blessing of God
upon the joint Endeavours of both Nations in so good
a Cause, the Issue out of these unhappy Troubles and
Distractions will be such, as will lay a firmer Foundation for the settling our Religion in its Purity, and
our Laws and Liberties in their Vigour, than ever.
"That (fn. *) to the several Particulars contained in the
Paper of the Scotts Commissioners, this Answer is to
"1. That the Two Houses have appointed, by an
Ordinance of Parliament (herewith presented), the
swearing and subscribing the Covenant throughout
the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales;
and do approve well that some Course be thought
upon, for the doing the like throughout the Kingdom of Ireland; for which Purpose, they have referred the Consideration hereof to the Committee of
"2. That as the Parliament have already, by their
Order (a Copy whereof is herewith tendered), thought
fit to quicken the Assembly of Divines in their Proceedings, whereby the Affairs of the Church with all
convenient Speed may be settled; so will they call
upon them from Time to Time concerning the same,
as being fully sensible of the Necessity thereof.
"3. That, for the Supplies mentioned to be speeded
away to the Forces of our Brethren now in England,
there is a Committee appointed at Gouldsmiths Hall,
whose constant Labour and Work it is, that the said
Committee, being enabled by an Ordinance of both
Houses, have and do use their utmost Diligence
to procure the Hundred Thousand Pounds agreed
by the Treaty, and by their Endeavours have already dispatched away to Scotland the Sum of Fifty
Thousand Pounds, or thereabouts, in Money, Four
Thousand Pounds in Victuals, and have accepted a
Bill of Exchange here of Three Thousand Pounds,
for the Accompt of that Army; so that what is now
remaining to be paid amounts only to the Sum of
Forty-three Thousand Pounds, for the speedy procuring of which all possible Diligence is and will be
used: And to the End the Army in the mean Time
may be provided and supplied with their Monthly
Pay, according to the Treaty, the Parliament have
passed full and ample Instructions to their Commissioners residing in the Scottish Army, for the levying
and raising Monies in those Counties, which are forthwith to be sent to them.
"4. That the Parliament is extremely sensible of the
Necessities of the Scottish Army in Ireland, and have,
so far forth as hath lyen in their Power, taken Care
for the Supplies thereof; though, by reason of their
own great Extremities here at Home, they have been
hindered therein far beyond their Expectation.
"That they have seen the Result of the Committees
of both Kingdoms concerning the Supplies desired
for that Army, some Particulars whereof they have
consented unto, as will appear by their Votes herewith offered; the rest they hold necessary to refer to
the Consideration of the Committee of both Kingdoms here, before they do give a Resolution to them.
"That they have committed the Care of the supplying the Necessities of this Army likewise to the
Committee at Gouldsmithes Hall, who have accepted
Bills of Exchange out of Scotland to the Value of
Twelve Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifty-five
Pounds, for Ten Thousand Bolls of Meal, and some
Cloaths provided from thence; they have also
agreed for, and provided here, Six Thousand Suits
of Cloaths, Ten Thousand Pair of Shoes and Stockings, which they hope very speedily to have shipped
"That, for the Ten Thousand Pounds present, and
Fifty Thousand Pounds in February last, desired in
the Result of the Committees of both Kingdoms,
the Wants and Extremities of this Kingdom are so
great, that the Monies expected to supply the same
are not yet come in to the Treasurers Hands at
Goldsmiths Hall, notwithstanding the Course settled
by the Parliament for the effecting thereof, and constant Care of the Committee in that Behalf.
"That the Parliament is willing and ready, by any
Means possible, to hasten away the said Sum of Sixty
Thousand Pounds for that Army, and do hope within
some short Time it will be done.
"That, therefore, they do desire that the Kingdom
of Scotland would co-operate with them, so far as
lies in their Power, to keep the said Army in Ireland,
for the Prosecution of the War against those bloody
Rebels; and so far as is possible for the Parliament
of England to do, for the speedy providing the said
Sixty Thousand Pounds, for helping them to a necessary Subsistence in the mean Time, and for settling
a future Course for the same, they will apply themselves thereunto with all Readiness and Care."
"Additional Instructions, the Ninth of March,
1643, by the Lords and Commons assembled
in Parliament, for John Earl of Rutland, Sir
William Armyne Baronet, Sir Henry Vane Junior, Knight, Thomas Hatcher, Henry Darley,
Robert Goodwin, Bryan Stapleton, and Robert
Fenwick, Esquires, Mr. John Kendrick Alderman, and Mr. Francis Allen.
Additional Instructions for the Commissioners in Scotland.
1. You shall make known to our Brethren of
Scotland, that the several Treaties concerning the Assistance desired from the Kingdom of Scotland by the
Parliament of England, and concerning the Garrison
of Barwick, are assented unto, confirmed, and approved, by both Houses, in the Manner and Form they
were subscribed by the Committees of both Kingdoms, and sent from them to both Houses, whereof
you shall receive Copies under the Clerks Hands;
and that Colonel Hume is approved of by both Houses
to be Governor of Barwick, pro Tempore.
"2. You are also to declare to our Brethren of Scotland, that the Parliament have settled a Course for
the taking of the late Solemn League and Covenant
throughout this Kingdom, and Dominion of Wales;
and we do hereby give you full Power and Authority,
by yourselves or such as you shall appoint, to cause the
said League and Covenant to be taken throughout
the several Places and Counties where you shall come,
where it hath not been already taken, and to such
Persons as have not taken the same; and for your
better Direction herein, you have herewith sent you
the Ordinance of Parliament appointing the taking
thereof as aforesaid.
"3. And whereas we are credibly informed, that
many Ministers, in the several Counties of Nottingham, Yorke, Bishoprick of Durham, Northumberland,
Cumberland, and Westm'land, the Town and County of
Newcastle upon Tyne, the City and County of the
City of Yorke, and the Town of Nottingham, are not
only of scandalous Life and Conversation, but, leaving
their Charges and Cures, have withdrawn themselves
wilfully from the same, and have joined with such
Forces as are raised against the Parliament and Kingdom, and have aided and assisted the said Forces;
and that many that would give Evidence against such
scandalous Ministers are not able to travel to London,
nor bear the Charges of such a Journey; you have
therefore hereby full Power and Authority given you,
to call before you all Ministers, in any of the Counties and Places aforesaid, and all School-masters, that
are scandalous in their Lives and Conversations, or
ill-affected to the Parliament, or Fomenters of this
unnatural War, or that shall wilfully refuse Obedience to the Ordinances of Parliament, or that have
deserted their ordinary Places of Residence, not being
employed in the Service of the King and Parliament;
and likewise to send for any Witnesses, and to examine
any Complaint or Testimony against them, upon
Oaths of such Persons as shall or may be produced
to give Evidence against them; and to eject such as
you shall judge unfit for their Places, and to sequester
their Livings and Spiritual Promotions, and to place
others in their rooms, such as shall be approved,
Godly, Learned, and Orthodox Divines, who shall
enjoy the Benefit of the said Livings accordingly;
and further you shall have Power to dispose a Fifth
Part of all such Estates as you shall sequester, for the
Benefit of the Wives and Children of any the aforesaid Persons, and likewise to examine and inhibit all
such as do obstruct the Reformation now endeavoured
by the Parliament and Assembly of Divines.
"And you are to take Notice, that, by this Instruction, it is not our Intention to abridge (nor are you
by virtue hereof to do any Thing that may abridge)
any Power granted by us in this Behalf unto the
Right Honourable the Lord Fairefax, within the
County of Yorke; but that the same shall be fully reserved unto him, any Thing herein contained notwithstanding.
"4. And because it hath not been possible, in regard of the great Streights and Extremities under
which this Kingdom labours (notwithstanding all the
Diligence which hath been and still is used), to send
as yet the Remainder of the Hundred Thousand
Pounds according to the Treaty, for the Supply of
the Forces of our Brethren of Scotland, now entered
into this Kingdom for our Aid and Assistance; and
yet, forasmuch as the Parliament is desirous to testify
how ready they are to give all Manner of Encouragement to those Forces, which, through so many Hardships and Difficulties, are come in to their Aid, you
are therefore further to acquaint our Brethren of
Scotland, that the Parliament have herewith sent you
full and ample Instructions, to enable the Maintenance and Payment of those Forces aforementioned,
besides what is provided in your last Instructions, out
of the Sequestrations; to the End that no Means
may be omitted, which lies in their Power, for the
Monthly Payment of Thirty-one Thousand Pounds
according to the Treaty, nor any fitting Encouragement may be wanting which they can give them.
"For which Purpose;
"5. You have hereby full Power and Authority
given you, in such Places and Counties where you
shall come, to receive such voluntary Loans and
Contributions, from any Person or Persons that shall
be willing to lend or contribute any Sum or Sums of
Money for the Good of the Kingdom and Parliament; to every which Persons, upon the Payment of
the said Sum or Sums of Money to you, or such as
you shall appoint Collectors for the same, you, or
the Collectors by you appointed, shall give an Acquittance, testifying the Receipt thereof; which
Acquittance, by the said Persons, or any of them, being produced, shall be a sufficient Warrant for every
of them to demand the Re-payment of the same
upon the Public Faith of the Kingdom, and shall
oblige the Re-payment thereof according to the Propositions of both Houses in that Behalf formerly set
"6. You have further Power and full Authority
given you, to rate, tax, and levy, upon the several
Counties of Nottingham, Yorke, Bishoprick of Durham, Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmerland,
the Town and County of Newcastle upon Tyne, the
City and County of the City of Yorke, the Town and
County of the Town of Nottingham, such moderate
Taxes and Rates as you shall hold fit and requisite
Weekly to be collected, or otherwise; and for the
more equal and indifferent rating and taxing any
Sum or Sums of Money upon every or any the
Counties aforesaid, you shall call to your Assistance
Six or more Persons of Integrity of every County as
aforesaid, which shall be so rated and taxed; which
said Persons, or any Six or more of them, by you
called or nominated, are hereby authorized to be a
Standing Committee in the County for which they
are called; and are hereby required to distribute and
proportion the Sums by you rated and taxed as aforesaid upon that County, into the several Limits and
Divisions thereof, with all Equality and Faithfulness;
and have hereby Power to nominate and appoint fit
and able Persons, within every Limit and Division
as aforesaid, to subdivide, rate, and tax, the Sums
so distributed and appointed as aforesaid, upon the
several Persons chargeable within the same; as also to
nominate and appoint, in every Limit and Division,
Collectors, who shall collect the said Monies so rated
and assessed, and pay the same unto you, or such
Persons as shall be by you appointed and authorized
for that Purpose.
"And if any Person or Persons chargeable as aforesaid shall not, upon Demand, pay the Sum or Sums
of Money on him or them rated and assessed; it shall
be lawful for the said respective Collectors, or any
One of them, to levy the same by Way of Distress
and Sale of the Goods of the Persons so assessed; and
to call to their Assistance any Person or Forces in
the said respective Counties, who are hereby required
to be aiding and assisting to the Collectors in the
Premises, as they will answer the contrary at their
Perils; and hereof you are to cause true Accompts
to be made and kept, and to be returned in Writing,
from Time to Time, to both Houses.
"7. You are also further authorized to cause the
several Ordinances of Excise, which are or shall be
made by the Parliament, to be put in Execution in
the Counties and Places aforesaid (where the same is
not already settled), according to such Commissions
and Directions as you shall receive from the Commissioners of Excise for the Time being, or, in Default thereof, by such Officers, and according to such
Directions, as you shall think fit, and find requisite
for the Service, and shall be of most Advantage to the
State; and the Monies arising from the same you have
hereby Power, by yourselves or such as you shall appoint, to receive from the Officers and Collectors
thereof; and are to cause true Accompts to be made
and kept of the same, and Duplicates thereof to be
returned as well to the Parliament as to the Commissioners of Excise; and your Acquittances, testifying
the Receipt of any such Sum or Sums of Money as
aforesaid, shall be a sufficient Discharge to those whom
it may concern.
"8. You have likewise full Power and Authority given you, to demand and receive, by yourselves or such
as shall be by you authorized thereunto from the Receivers appointed, or to be appointed, by the Committee of Parliament for the Revenue, their Agents
or Deputies, within the Counties aforesaid, all such
Sum or Sums of Money as shall arise or grow due
out of any of the Revenues whatsoever, of or belonging to the King, Queen, or Prince, in those Counties; and are to give your Receipts or Acquittances
for the same, by yourselves or such as shall be by
you authorized for that Purpose; which said Acquittances shall be allowed by the said Committee,
of the Revenue to the said Receivers, their Agents
or Deputies, in as full Discharge as if the said Sums
had been paid in to the said Committee, any Ordinance to the contrary hereof notwithstanding; and
you are to be assisting to the said Receivers, their
Agents or Deputies, for the better Collection of the
Monies aforesaid, as there shall be Cause, according
to the Direction of the Ordinance concerning the
Revenue; and are to keep true Accompts of what
you shall receive by virtue hereof, and to cause the
same to be returned, from Time to Time, unto the
said Committee of the Revenue.
"9. And all the Monies arising out of the aforesaid
Collections, Taxes, and Assessments whatsoever, in
the Counties aforesaid, are by you to be employed
for the Payment of the Monthly Pay of the Scottish
Forces, and such other Forces as are or shall be raised by Authority of Parliament in the said Counties,
and otherwise, as is or shall be directed by both Houses
"10. And, to the End the said Counties be not
overburdened by the free Billeting of the Soldiers,
whilst they are subject to the Rates and Taxes abovementioned, (fn. *) you are to take Care that whatsoever the
Soldier shall owe upon free Billet be duly brought to
Accompt; and that the Country receive Satisfaction,
by Defalcations out of their Assessments, or otherwise as you shall see Cause; and that the said free
Billet or Provision be accounted as Money, in Part
of Pay unto the Soldier; and in case the Country
be not able to pay their Rates and Assessments in
Money, you are to allow the same in whole or in
Part, as you shall see Cause, in such free Billet or
Provisions as shall be taken up for the Soldier by your
Direction, or by the Direction of the Committees of
"11. And because it will be necessary, for the better
putting in Execution of the Premises, to employ several Persons as Officers, to whom reasonable Allowances must be made for their Pains in this Service,
you have hereby full Power and Authority given
you, to nominate and appoint all such Officers as you
shall find necessary or requisite for the Execution of
the Premises, and to make such reasonable Allowances unto them for the same as shall be meet; and
likewise to make Allowances to yourselves, out of the
Monies aforesaid, for the defraying of your Public
Charges, in the Service of the Parliament and Kingdom, the Sum of Four Hundred Pounds Monthly;
and shall, from Time to Time, give an Accompt in
Writing of your Proceedings herein to both Houses.
12. And forasmuch as the Parliament hath thought
it necessary that the Two Kingdoms should be joined together in their Counsels as well as in their
Forces, in this common Cause; you are therefore
further authorized and appointed, as a joint Committee with the Committees of our Brethren, to advise and direct concerning the Premises in all Things
that may conduce to the better carrying on of this
Service, and to consider of any other Ways or Means
(if those beforementioned shall not be found sufficient)
to maintain the Forces aforesaid, and those to present
to both Houses with all convenient Speed; and are
to give frequent Advertisement of your Proceedings;
in all the Affairs committed to your Charge, to the
Two Houses of Parliament, or to the Committees of
both Kingdoms residing with them.
"13. And you have further Power and Authority
given you, to nominate and appoint Collectors and
Receivers of the Arrears of Recusants Estates in the
said Counties, upon Leases thereof made, upon Seizures or Compositions heretofore due or compounded for, with His Majesty, or any other Arrears remaining in the Charge of the Court of the Exchequer, or Sheriffs Accompts, which will appear by
the Estreats which shall be sent unto you; and the
Monies thereof arising you are to employ to the Uses
expressed in these Instructions; and you are, by yourselves or such as you shall appoint, to give Acquittances for the Receipts of any of the Monies as aforesaid, which shall be a sufficient Discharge to the Parties whom it may concern; and you are to cause
true Accompts hereof, from Time to Time, to be
kept, and returned to both Houses of Parliament."
"Edenburgh, 7th December, 1643.
Approbation of Colonel Hume; by Committees of both Kingdoms, to be Governor of Berwick.
"Whereas the Two Houses of the Parliament of
England, and the Convention of the Estates of Scotland, have given Power to us their respective Committees and Commissioners, to settle the Town and
Garrison of Barwick, according to the Articles of the
Treaty in that Behalf by them agreed to, and by us
their Commissioners formally concluded; and whereas, by the First Article of that Treaty, it is agreed
that there should be forthwith, by the mutual Advice
and Consent of both Kingdoms, a Garrison of the
Scottish Nation placed in that Town, and the Governor and Prime Officers thereof to be approved by
the Two Houses of the Parliament of England, or
their Commissioners in that Behalf appointed: We
the Committee of Estates do hereby nominate Colonel Hume, pro Tempore, to be Governor of the said
Town and Garrison; and we the Commissioners of
the Parliament of England do, on their Behalf, approve of the said Colonel Hume as Governor of the
said Town, and shall give Warrant to Mr. Darley,
who hath the present Charge thereof, to deliver up the
Government unto him.
"And whereas, in the same Article of the said Treaty, it is further agreed, that the said Garrison shall
be Part, and paid as Part, of the Scottish Army,
which, according to the Grounds of the Covenant
and Treaty, being mutually agreed unto, they are to
bring into England, for the Aid and Assistance of their
Brethren; we the said Committees and Commissioners, do hereby agree, that, from the Time of the
Receipt of the Five Thousand Pounds, Part of the
Advance-money sent from England, that is, from the
22th Day of November inclusive, 1643; the said Garrison shall be paid by the Kingdom of Scotland; and
so for the Time to come.
Will'm Roe, Secr. Commiss."
"Edenburgh, 28 November, 1643.
Propositions from the Committees of both Kingdoms, concerning the Demands about the Scottish Army, 27 November.
"Commissioners from the Parliament of England
having given in a Paper of the 22th November Instant, to the Committee of Convention of Estates in
Scotland, declaring that, by their Instructions, they
were to consider with the said Committee of the fittest
and best Ways and Means for the ordering of the
Scottish and Brittish Forces in Ireland, at the easiest
Expence and Charge of both Kingdoms, and in such
Manner as might best conduce to the Prosecution of
that War, according to the Ends expressed in the
Covenant; whereupon the said Committee of Estates,
advising with the Commissioners and Officers sent from
the Scottish Army in Ireland, delivered unto the said
Commissioners of the Parliament of England certain
Demands, unto which they returned Answer in Writing; and, upon serious Debate, and mature Deliberation upon the whole Matter, between the said
Committees of both Kingdoms, these ensuing Propositions were agreed upon, to be presented to (fn. *) both
Houses of the Parliament of England:
"1. It is Agreed, That the Accompts of the Scottish Army in Ireland shall be presently made up and
"2. That there be a present providing of Ten Thousand Suits of Cloaths and Shoes, Ten Thousand Bolls
of Meal, and Ten Thousand Pounds in Money (as
Part of the Sixty Thousand Pounds formerly promised by the Parliament of England to the Scottish
Army in Ireland, in Part of their Arrears); the which
the English Commissioners and Committee of Estates
must presently undertake and advance, that the Army
may be able to subsist in some Measure without
Starving, till the Money hereafter specified and
other Provisions come to them.
"3. The English Commissioners do Agree, That,
betwixt this and the 1st of February next, there shall
be paid and delivered, at Carrickfergus or Leith, for
the Use of the said Army, in Part of Payment of
their by-gone Arrears, the Sum of Fifty Thousand
Pounds Sterling, being the Remainder of the said
Three Score Thousand Pounds formerly demanded
"4. The said Commissioners Agree, That he who
doth or shall command in Chief over the said Army, by
joint Advice of both Kingdoms, shall also command
the rest of the Brittish Forces in Ireland; and, for the
managing of that War, and prosecuting of the Ends
expressed in the Covenant, that the same be done by
joint Advice, with the Committees of both Kingdoms.
"5. And in respect of the great Extremities the said
Army hath been put to, for Want of their by-gone
Pay, it is therefore now Agreed, That, in case the
said Fifty Thousand Pounds shall not be really paid
and delivered at the Day aforesaid, or that Assurances
and Security shall not be granted for the future
Monthly Pay, the said Army shall be transported,
upon the Parliament of England's Charge, to such
Parts of England as they shall receive Orders for,
from the General of the Scottish Army with Advice
of the Committees of both Kingdoms, where they
shall be maintained in the same Manner, and according to the same Establishment, as shall be appointed
for the Scottish Army now raised, and that at the
Charge of the Parliament of England; as also that
the said Parliament of England shall provide, for
the Use of the said Army, a considerable Sum of
Money to be delivered, and a competent Number of
Ships for the transporting of them, the Money to be
accounted in the Transport-money appointed by the
Treaty; and what is over and above to be allowed
in Part of the Arrears: And in like Manner it is
Agreed, That, if the said Sum be not paid, and Assurances given for the future Maintenance, as is before mentioned (in Default whereof they will be constrained to come away), the Two Houses of the Parliament of England shall stand still obliged (according to the Treaty) for the whole Arrears, which shall
be due and payable to the said Army at the Time
of the Transport, in such Manner and Form as the
Parliament hath formerly declared.
"6. That there be sent over to Carrickfergus, from
England, to the Use of the Scottish Army, and the
Troops appointed to attend them, whether they stay
there or come from thence, the Number of Five
Thousand Arms, whereof Three Thousand Muskets,
One Thousand Five Hundred Pikes, and Five Hundred Pair of Pistols, and other Furniture for Horsemen, and Ammunition suitable to the Service.
"7. And lastly, so long as the Brittish Regiments
shall remain in the Service of the King and Parliament, the Two Houses of the Parliament of England
are likewise to give Satisfaction to them for their
Wm. Roe, Secr. Commiss."
Answer to Result of the Committee of both Kingdoms.
"Resolved, upon the Question, by the Lords and
Commons assembled in Parliament,
"That the Brittish and Scottish Forces in Ireland shall
be under One Commander in Chief.
"The First, Second, and Fourth Result of the
Committees of both Kingdoms, concerning the Demands about the Scotts Army in Ireland, were put
to the Question, and assented unto by the Houses;
"It is Agreed, That the Accompts of the Scotts
Army in Ireland shall be presently made up and concluded.
"That there be present providing of Ten Thousand
Suits of Cloaths and Shoes, Ten Thousand Bolls of
Meal, and Ten Thousand Pounds in Monies, as Part of
the Sixty Thousand Pounds formerly promised by the
Parliament of England to the Scotts Army in Ireland,
in Part of their Arrears.
"The which the English Commissioners and Committee of Estates must presently undertake and advance, that the Army may be able to subsist in some
Measure without Starving, till the Money hereafter
specified and other Provision is come to them.
"The said Commissioners do Agree, That he who
doth or shall command in Chief over the said Army,
by joint Advice of both Kingdoms, shall also command the rest of the Brittish Forces in Ireland; and,
for the further managing of that War, and prosecuting the Ends expressed in the Covenant, that the
same be done by joint Advice with the Committees of
"That, touching the Fifty Thousand Pounds desired
in the Third Demand about the Scotts Army in Ireland, the Answers of the Houses are expressed in the
Paper returned by Way of Answer to the Paper of the
"That the Fifth Article of the Result of the Committees of both Kingdoms, concerning the Demands
about the Scotts Army in Ireland, be referred to the
Consideration of the Committee of both Kingdoms
here, who are to present their Opinions upon it with all
"That the Houses do assent unto the Sixth Article
of the Treaty, concerning the sending of Five Thousand Arms to Carrickfergus, for the Use of the Scotts
"That the Houses do agree to the last Article, that
as long as the Brittish Regiments shall remain in the
Service of the King and Parliament, that the Two
Houses of Parliament do give Satisfaction to them
for their Maintenance.
"That the Manner of tendering and taking the National League and Covenant in the Kingdom of Ireland be referred to the Consideration of the Committee of both Kingdoms."