DIE Lunæ, 25 die Martii, 1644.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Coleman.
Lords present this Day:
Ds. Grey de Warke, Speaker.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Captain Kettelby's Petition.
Upon reading the Petition of Captain Tho. Kettelby:
It is Ordered, That it be recommended to the House
of Commons, that the Committee of the Navy may
pay him Fifty Pounds, for Part of his Arrears, for the
Relief of his Wife and Children, which are in Want by
reason of his Imprisonment.
Ordinance for making Saltpetre.
Next, the Ordinance for making Salt-petre and Gunpowder was read Twice, and committed to these Lords
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
|Any Three, to meet when and where they please.
Mr. Serjeant Whitfield to attand.
March's Petition, about the Earl of Arundel's Assessment.
The Petition of Wm. March Gentleman, Servant to
the Right Honourable Thomas Earl of Arundell and
Surry; sheweth, "That the Petitioner being informed
that his Lord is assessed One Thousand Pounds by
this House, for the Twentieth Part of his Lordship's
Estate; therefore he humbly desired, in regard his
Lordship hath had but Three Hundred Pounds of his
Revenue these Six Months to subsist withall, to forbear the Prosecution of that Assessment until such
Time as the Petitioner may write to the said Lord to
receive his Lordship's Directions."
Earl of Arundel, and other Peers beyond the Sea, to be sent for Home.
Hereupon this House Ordered, That Five Hundred
Pounds, being Half of the One Thousand Pounds assessed upon the Earl of Arrundell for his Twentieth Part,
shall be laid down, and paid, according to the Ordinance; and concerning the other Five Hundred Pounds,
this House gives him Three Weeks Space to be heard
concerning the paying of the rest; and what he shall offer to this House to be just Grounds for Mitigation:
And it is further Ordered, That the Earl of Arrundell,
and all other Peers that are beyond the Seas, shall be sent
for, and have Notice to give their Attendance on this
Ordinance for recruiting the Lord General's Army.
Next, the House was adjourned into a Committee
during Pleasure, to take into Consideration the Ordinance for perfecting and maintaining the Lord General's
The House being resumed;
The said Ordinance was read again, and Agreed to,
with a Proviso, That the Rates assessed upon the Members of both Houses, and their Assistants and Attendants,
shall be presented to the Houses, and approved of before they be levied.
Lord Petre's Sequestration.
Upon reading the Petition of the Lady Peter, Mother to the now Lord Peters, concerning his Estate: It
is Ordered, To send it down to the House of Commons, and to desire that it may (fn. *) be referred to the Committee of Lords and Commons for Sequestrations, to
examine whether the Lord Peter's Estate is liable to Sequestration or not, and to consider of the rest of the
Particulars in the Petition.
Message to the H. C. with the Ordinance for recruiting the Lord General's Army;
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Sir Edw. Leech and Doctor Aylett:
To deliver to them the Ordinance for perfecting the
Lord General's Army, and to desire their Concurrence
in the Proviso.
and with Two Petitions.
Also to deliver to them the Petition of the Lady
Peters, and the Petition of Captain Ketteby, with their
Lordships Desires upon them.
Message from thence, about the Dutch Papers.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Sir Tho. Barrington and others:
To desire their Lordships would give Expedition to
the Business concerning the Papers received from The
and Sir William Brereton's Ordinance.
2. To desire Expedition in the Ordinance concerning
Sir Wm. Brereton.
The Answer returned was:
That this (fn. *) House will take the Particulars of this
Message into Consideration, and return an Answer by
Messengers of their own.
Declaration to the Kingdom, concerning Overtures from the King for a Peace.
Next, the Declaration to be published through the
Kingdom was read, and Agreed to. (Here enter it.) And
Ordered, To send down to the House of Commons, to
let them know, that this House agrees to it.
Ordered, That this Declaration be forthwith printed
and published, by the Printer appointed for this House;
and that it be sent (fn. †) to Mr. Recorder, to receive his
Directions for the Manner of printing it.
Report of the Conference, concerning the Grounds of a Peace, and the Dutch Papers.
Next the Speaker reported the Effect of the Conference with the House of Commons on Saturday last,
concerning the Grounds of Peace.
The Reasons of the House of Commons were read.
(Here enter them.) And after Debate;
This House agreed with the House of Commons in
the Particulars concerning this Business, excepting to the
And this Question was put, "Such of your Lordships as are of Opinion, to adhere to the Vote of
chusing the Committee of Nine Lords for this Purpose, say, "Content;" and such as are of another
Opinion, say, "Not Content."
And it was Resolved in the Affirmative.
Message to the H. C. for a further Conference about them.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by Sir
(fn. *) and Doctor Aylett:
To desire a Conference, concerning the late Conference concerning the Grounds for Peace.
Message from thence, for One on the Ordinance for the Weekly Meal.
A Message came from the House of Commons, by Sir
Rob't Pye Knight, and others:
To desire a Conference, concerning the Ordinance
touching the Weekly Meal, so soon as may stand with
their Lordships Conveniency.
The Answer returned was:
That their Lordships will give a present Conference,
in the Painted Chamber, as is desired.
Ordered, That these Lords following are appointed
to consider what is fit to be said at the next Conference
with the House of Commons.
|And accordingly they withdrew presently.
Sir Thomas Dawes and Jennings.
Ordered, That the Cause between Mr. Jennyns
and Sir Tho. Dawes shall be heard this Day Sevennight.
Answer from the H. C.
The Messengers sent to the House of Commons return
with this Answer:
That they will give a present Conference, as is desired; and that they agree to the Lord General's Ordinance, with the Proviso. (Here enter it.)
The Earl of Lyncolne reported what the Committee
had drawn up as fit to be delivered at the next Conference with the House of Commons; which was read,
and approved of; videlicet,
Meads for the Conference concerning the Grounds of a Peace, and the Dutch Papers.
"The Lords having, on Saturday, at a Conference, received the Resolution of the House of Commons to
adhere unto their Votes concerning the Grounds of
Peace; and having this Day received a Message from
you, to hasten an Answer concerning the Propositions
made by the Dutch Ambassadors, which my Lords are
desirous to do with all possible Expedition; have therefore thought fit to let you know, at this Conference,
that they do agree with you totally in the Matter;
but, upon Debate of your Reasons, they do not find
any Cause but that they should adhere to their former Votes, concerning the Committee of Nine which
they have nominated.
"The Lords, having agreed with you in the Substance, would be loth there should be any Difference
in a Circumstance, to hinder a Business of so high
Importance; therefore they do not doubt but, as
they have often yielded to give you Satisfaction in
many Things formerly, so you will now manifest a
mutual and reciprocal Yielding to them in this Particular, whereupon (if Time would permit) they could
shew you sufficient Reasons that they have just Cause
to insist; but have forborn that at this present, to avoid
any further Delays."
It being put to the Question; it was Resolved, That
this Paper be propounded to the House of Commons, at
The Lords went to the Conference; and the House
was adjourned until 9 a cras.
"The Reasons of the House of Commons, why
they adhere unto their Votes concerning the
Grounds of Peace.
Reasons of the H. C. for adhering to their Resolution about referring the Propositions for a Peace, and the Dutch Papers, to the Committee of both Kingdoms.
"The House of Commons, out of a Desire of keeping a good Correspondence between the Two Houses,
have been always very tender, and are so still, of
pressing your Lordships with any Thing, but what in
their Apprehensions greatly concerns the Good of the
Kingdoms; and therefore should be ready to acquiesce in the Answer received from your Lordships, but
that they find it would turn very much to the Disservice of the Public: By what the House of Commons have received from your Lordships, it doth appear that your Lordships Desire is, that a Committee may be appointed, to treat with the Scotts Commissioners, to consider and prepare Grounds whereby all
His Majesty's Dominions may enjoy a happy and a
safe Peace, and that this may be by another Committee than what the House of Commons desired;
which the House of Commons taking into their Consideration, do observe that your Lordships do as well
differ in the Matter of the Votes sent up by them,
as in the Way which they propounded for the managing thereof.
"First, for the Matter:
"That whereas the House of Commons have desired
that the Grounds of the just and safe Peace propounded should be such as both Kingdoms might consent unto and prosecute; your Lordships having left
these Words out, it doth not appear that your Lordships do agree that the Grounds of the Peace should
be such whereto the joint Consent and Prosecution
of both Kingdoms should be desired; and the House
of Commons, considering the Treaty with our Brethren of Scotland, and their present Engagement in
the same Cause, do think it very necessary to adhere
to their Vote in that Particular.
"As concerning the Way propounded by your Lordships, it is in the First Place, that a Committee be
nominated by the Houses, only to treat with the Commissioners of Scotland in this Business, which puts the
Transaction thereof in a Way of that Delay and Distance between the Two Kingdoms, as if they were
not united in One common Cause, or that it should
not be managed by a joint Committee of both Nations;
which was, and still is, the Desire of the House of
"The Second Thing wherein your Lordships differ
from the House of Commons in the Way of managing
this Business is, that whereas the House of Commons
have desired it might be referred to the Committee
of both Kingdoms, &c. your Lordships desire that
another Committee may be appointed; it being alledged by your Lordships, that some of those Persons
of the Committee of both Kingdoms, by reason of
their other Employments, will be necessitated to be
absent from this.
"In Answer to which:
"The House of Commons do conceive, that both
Houses, foreseeing that divers of that Committee, by
reason of their Places of Public Service, might be
employed elsewhere, did therefore nominate a greater
Number of Persons of each House than otherwise they
would have done; and they then conceived that the
Number of Six, whereof One to be of the House of
Peers, and Two of the House of Commons, were sufficient for the transacting of the Matters contained in
that Ordinance; and, considering that the Members
of either House that are likely to remain, notwithstanding the Absence of those that have such Public
Employments elsewhere, will much exceed that Quorum, they do not see any Reason for the present to
recede from their former Resolution in that Particular.
Another Reason of your Lordships dissenting from
referring this Business to the Committee propounded
by the House of Commons is, that your Lordships desired to retain the ancient approved Parliamentary
Way, for each House to nominate their own Members as Committees, this being a new Power to be
given to them.
"In Answer to which, the House of Commons do
conceive it to be the usual Way in Parliament, that
when both the Houses have nominated a Committee
of the Members of both Houses, that either House may
desire to refer any other subsequent Thing to the
same Committee, which hath been in all Times accordingly practised; neither can they consent that it
is improper to refer this Business to the Committee
desired by them, upon your Lordships Reason, that
the Ordinance that came from them did restrain the
Committee of both Kingdoms in Matters of Peace, in
respect that by the Ordinance it doth appear, that
such Matters, by Directions of the Houses, might be
referred to them; and the Restraint mentioned by your
Lordships in that Ordinance doth rather imply that
the Houses intended the Reference of Businesses of
this Nature to this Committee, than the Constructions
your Lordships put upon it.
"And the House of Commons, in further Maintenance of their Votes, do propound it to your Lordships Consideration, that the Committee to which the
House of Commons have referred this Business is a
joint Committee, by Ordinance of Parliament, with
the Scotts Commissioners, and therefore cannot proceed in the managing the War, &c. without their
Presence; and in respect the Number of the Scotts
Commissioners here is so small, that they have not a
sufficient Quorum for both Committees (in case the
Committee desired by your Lordships should be agreed
unto by the House of Commons), it must necessarily
follow that the Businesses of One or both Committees
must be very much retarded, if not wholly laid aside:
And this likewise answers your Lordships Objection,
that the adding this new Power to the Committee of
both Kingdoms would be prejudicial to the managing
of the War, and the Service of the Public; the contrary whereof doth appear.
"So that, although your Lordships have not as yet
thought fit to concur with the House of Commons in
their Votes concerning this Business; yet, hoping that
they have now given your Lordships full Satisfaction,
they do continue their former Desires of your Lordships Concurrence, and that with all convenient Speed,
since it is a Business, as your Lordships acknowledge,
which much concerns the Good of the Three Kingdoms, and that it now rests with your Lordships.
"And as the House of Commons do adhere for the
referring of the preparing the Grounds of Peace to
the Committee of both Kingdoms; so likewise, for the
same Reasons, they do adhere to their former Vote, for
the referring the Paper from The States Ambassadors
to the same Committee, and desire likewise your Lordships Concurrence with them therein."
Declaration of both Houses to the Kingdom, concerning Overtures of Peace from the King.
"We the Lords and Commons in this present Parliament assembled, having Notice given us by the Earl
of Essex, Lord General of the Forces raised for the
Defence of the King and Parliament, of divers Letters
sent unto him by the Earl of Forth, and of a Writing in Parchment, dated at Oxon, and subscribed by
divers Lords and Gentlemen, inclosed in One of those
Letters, and directed to the said Earl of Essex; and
likewise of another Letter, subscribed by His Majesty,
and directed thus, "To the Lords and Commons of
Parliament, assembled at Westminster;" which, by the
Intimation given by the Earl of Forth in his Letter,
wherein it was inclosed, seemed to be intended for
the Two Houses of Parliament, all which we have
caused to be herewith printed; did take the same into our serious Consideration; and the rather, because
it carried with it a Rumour and Pretence of a Treaty
of Peace, which (being accompanied with Truth) hath
always been our earnest Desires, and shall be our
faithful Endeavours to effect; and having truly weighed the same, with the Circumstances thereof, do find
it so far from any Aim or Intention to Peace, that,
under the Mask and Title thereof, it appears to be
an Endeavour to make our unhappy Distractions and
Miseries more lasting, and the War more irreconcileable; for now, what the Authors and Fomentors of
our sad Calamities from the Beginning intended, they
have procured to be in Substance openly professed;
that is, the Overthrow and Destruction of this present
Parliament, being (under God) the only Basis and
Support of our Religion and Liberty, and the very
Bulwark between us and Tyranny, Popery, and Superstition, which are pressing hard to overrun all the
Three Kingdoms; and because they foresaw the Subversion of this Parliament would be of a hard Digestion with the People, they would first present it
under the Disguise of Peace; and therefore His Majesty, in His Application thereunto, must by His
Letter deny the Freedom and Continuance thereof,
and make Way to the setting up of another at Oxon;
in stiling that Convention by the Name of "The
Lords and Commons of Parliament assembled at Oxon,"
being the same Title which is therein given to the
Parliament, and owning this Proceeding toward Peace
to be by their Advice; and then, if upon these Terms
the Two Houses entertained this Overture, they have
gained an Acknowledgement from us of being no
Parliament, or at leastwise a tacit Consent of the
Assembly at Oxford to be in equal Condition with us;
but, in case this Address should be rejected, then they
would take the Advantage thereby to persuade the
World, that they at Oxon did labour for, and the Parliament was averse to Peace, and so, by this subtil
Insinuation, poison the Affections of the People, to
make the better Way to ruin both Parliament and
People: And therefore, that the Sincerity of our
Actions, and the Malice and Subtilty of our Adversaries, may be the more clearly discovered, we thought
it our Duty (with the Advice and Concurrence of the
Commissioners of the Kingdom of Scotland) to publish our Proceedings to the Kingdom; and to declare,
That, as it hath always been, and ever shall be, our
earnest and faithful Endeavours, to put an End to
the Troubles and dangerous Distempers of this Kingdom, by a happy and well-grounded Peace, so is it
our settled Resolution, in Discharge of the Trust reposed in us, never to purchase it with the Loss
and Ruin of our Religion and Liberty; having before our Eyes the sad Spectacle of that woeful
Kingdom of Ireland, which, after the Expence of
so much innocent Blood in Defence of the Protestant Religion, is, under the false Gloss of Peace,
subjected and brought under the Power of Popery
and Superstition; and those bloody Rebels, having
effected their Ends in that Kingdom, (fn. *) are brought
over hither, to bring us under the same Yoke, which
upon this Occasion we are necessitated to publish,
being now tempted by that specious Pretence to
acknowledge the Dissolution of this Parliament;
which had we assented to, would not only deprive
us and our Posterity of the present, but of the Hopes
and Capacity of any future Parliament, and so at
One Blow cut in sunder the chief Support and Pillar
of our Laws and Liberties; for what better Assurance can we have, either of our present or future
Liberties, than the Laws and Statutes of the Kingdom? and what greater Obligation can we expect for
the Observance thereof, than His Majesty's Personal
Consent to that Law, and His sacred and solemn
Oath to observe the Laws? And yet both these are
not thought Holds strong enough to secure us our
own; insomuch that not only this present Parliament, convened according to the common Law and
Usage of the Realm, and enacted by a Law consented
unto by Himself to have Continuance, and herewith
printed, is attempted to be dissolved, but another
endeavoured to be set up at Oxon; and if the King,
notwithstanding all these Obligations, shall at His
Pleasure dissolve this, the Kingdom is not only deprived of the present, but made incapable of enjoying the Benefit of any future Parliament or Laws,
any longer than shall stand with the Will and Pleasure
of the King; and consequently the Fundamentals of
all our Laws and Government are subverted: And
we very well know this Design to be long since contrived at Oxon, as appeareth by the Lord Digby's
intercepted Letter, dated the 27th of December last
(which we have caused to be herewith printed), and
of such Expectation, that he in that Letter expresseth
it to carry along with it Probability of the surest and
readiest Way, &c. of any Course that hath been yet
taken; knowing very well that the Evils and Miseries himself and his wicked Confederates have brought
upon this distressed Kingdom can expect no Safety
but by attempting more; and truly, they could not
think of any more likely to involve themselves in the
same Guilt, than those Lords and Gentlemen now
met at Oxon, who had already (contrary to their Duty,
and the Trust reposed in them by their Country)
deserted the Parliament, and assisted a War against
it; and had there been any Doubt or Suspicion of
their Concurrence in that Design, the very Place of
Meeting, being the Head Quarters of a Popish Army,
whose Cause they were there to consult of, would be
a Rod sharp enough to secure them from that Fear:
And it doth sufficiently appear that they have answered
their Expectation; for they have assumed the Form
and exercised the Power of a Parliament; they sit in
Two distinct Places, terming the one the House of
Peers, and the other the House of Commons; and
they have made the Lord Littleton Speaker of that
which they call the House of Peers, and Serjeant
Eure of the other which they name the House of
Commons; they have granted the Sum of One Hundred Thousand Pounds, for the Maintenance and
Recruiting of the Forces raised against the Parliament and Kingdom, and have advised the same to be
levied upon the People in an Arbitrary Way, by Privy
Seal, under the Colour of Loan, which, by their
Consent and pretended Authority, is accordingly put
in Execution, as appeareth by the Privy Seals themselves, signed by the said Lord Littleton and Serjeant
Eure, a Copy of One of them we have caused to be
herewith printed; and, what is beyond all, and without the Power and Capacity of a Parliament, they
have declared another Kingdom and the Parliament
itself guilty of High Treason; having voted our
Brethren of Scotland, who, upon our Invitation, and
according to the Act of Pacification, are come in to
assist us in Maintenance of our Religion and just Privileges, and the Two Houses, who have raised Forces
for their own just Defence, and the Maintenance of
their Religion and Liberty, Traitors and Rebels:
And now we refer it to any sober and indifferent
Judgement, whether there can be a higher Attempt
to shake off and cut in sunder all Bands of Law and
Government, and to bring the People under the Yoke
and Bondage of an absolute Tyranny, than this is;
and we cannot chuse but admire and lament that this
Kingdom should produce such unnatural Monsters,
who, like Vipers, to make Way for their own Safety,
would destroy the Womb that bare them; and, because themselves are justly cut off as rotten and destructive Branches of the Representative Body of the
Kingdom, would therefore pluck up the Tree by the
Root, and destroy both Parliament and Kingdom:
But, when we consider the Persons this Idol is composed of, it produceth no great Wonder; consisting
not only of such who, for betraying the Trust reposed
in them by their Country, and their Duty to the
Commonwealth, have been justly excluded the Parliament, but of the Lord Digby, Piercy, Jermyn, and
others, who, even before these unhappy Differences,
have been legally impeached, or questioned in Parliament for High Treason, and, being convinced in their
own Consciences of the Guilt thereof, sled the Kingdom, to avoid their Trial, and therefore, by Proclamations in His Majesty's Name, when His Majesty
was here present, summoned to appear, to answer to
that Charge: But our greatest Grief is, that their
Counsels should so far prevail, as to procure
His Majesty (under the Pretence of Peace) to be their
Instrument to an Attempt so destructive to Himself,
Kingdom, and People, and to endeavour the Consent
of the Parliament to destroy itself, and their own Religion and Liberties; an Attempt not to be paralleled
by the Precedent of the most pernicious Times, and,
if effected, would in the End prove as dangerous to
His Majesty as to the Kingdom, which may be made
apparent by the Example of some of His Predecessors, unhappily missed by the desperate Counsels
of private and ill-affected Persons; which Consideration necessitated us to return His Majesty the Answer
herewith printed, wherein we take the Boldness with
all Humility and Plainness to declare, as well the Duty
we owe unto our Country for whom we are intrusted,
as the Allegiance we owe to Him; and that, without
apparent Breach of both, we could not assent to any
Treaty upon the Terms expressed in His Majesty's
Letter; and likewise to tender unto Him our humble
Advice of a safe and ready Way to put an End to the
present sad Conditions of His Majesty's Dominions:
and we shall never cease, by our continual and earnest
Prayers to Almighty God, to implore Him, that yet
at length He would incline His Royal Heart to be
throughly sensible of these unhappy Divisions, that
have occasioned so much innocent Blood to stain the
Land, and, by hearkening to the joint Advice of
both Kingdoms, now happily united in this common
Cause by their late Solemn League and Covenant,
put an happy Issue to all these Troubles.
"This we thought necessary to declare, to the End
the World may see as well our own real Endeavours
to attain a safe and a just Peace, as the indefatigable
Practices of those Popish and Jesuitical Counsels (the
Instruments of all our Miseries), who are content to
appear in all Shapes, and leave no Means unattempted,
to compass their own Ends: First, they would have
undermined us by secret Practices; then they would
have forced us by open War; and now they would
allure us, by the specious Pretence of Peace, to disavow this Parliament, and our just Rights and Privileges, and consequently resign ourselves, Religion,
Laws, and Liberties, to the Power of Idolatry, Superstition, and Tyranny.
"But we are constantly resolved, in Discharge of the
Duty we owe to our God, the Trust reposed in us
by our Country, and our late Solemn Oath and Covenant, with the Hazard of our Lives and Fortunes,
to defend our lawful Rights and Liberties, the Freedom and Privileges of this present Parliament, and,
which is above all, the true Protestant Religion,
wherein we shall not doubt but to receive the hearty
Concurrence and Assistance of all well-affected Protestants, and true Lovers of their Country and Liberty; and the Lord of Hosts, whose Cause it
is we stand for, and upon whose Assistance we principally rely, grant our Endeavours a blessed and