DIE Lunæ, 23 die Septembris.
PRAYERS, by Mr. Rayner.
Ds. Grey de Warke, Speaker.
L. Viscount Say & Seale.
Lady Drake's Petition for a Maintenance.
Upon reading the Petition of Dame Hellen Drake, the
Relict of Sir John Drake, late of Ash, in the County of
Devon, Knight; shewing "her great Losses she hath
sustained by (fn. *) adhering to the Parliament; desiring that
the Houses would please to take (fn. †) her Necessity into
their Consideration, and allow her some Maintenance
for herself and Family."
Hereupon this House Ordered, That this Petition
be recommended to the House of Commons; and that she
may have assigned to her the House of Sir Thomas Reynolds to live in, ready furnished.
Message to the H. C. for Committees to prepare an Answer to the Paper of The States Ambassadors.
A Message was sent to the House of Commons, by
Mr. Doctor Aylett and Mr. Doctor Heath:
To let them know, that the Lords, having received
Advertisement that The States Ambassadors have this
Morning in Person to their Lord Speaker renewed their
Desire of an Answer, concerning their Endeavours of a
Mediation for Peace, do think fit that the Committee
of both Houses formerly appointed to treat with The
States Ambassadors concerning the Ships, as also to
whom this Business concerning Peace was formerly referred, shall prepare a fitting Answer to be made to
them, concerning their said Desire, and to present the
same to both Houses; and the Lords do desire the House
of Commons to join with them herein.
and with Lady Drake's Petition.
2. To deliver to them the Petition of Dame Hellen
Drake; and to let them know, that this House recommends the Particulars in the same to their Consideration;
and that this House desires their Concurrence, that she
may have assigned to her the House of Sir Thomas Reynolds, ready furnished, to live in.
Ordination of Ministers.
Next, the Ordinance for Ordination of Ministers was
read the Second Time, and Ordered to be committed
to a Committee of the whole House.
Message from the H. C. with Letters from Sir T. Middleton & al. about the Surrender of Montgomery Castle, &c.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by Mr. Holles Esquire, &c.:
To communicate to their Lordships divers Letters
from Sir Thomas Middleton, Sir Wm. Brereton, and Sir
John Meldrum; wherein is expressed the good Success
God hath given the Forces under them, against the Enemy, before Mountgomcry Castle; also there is signified the
good Service the Lord Herbert of Cherbury hath done, in
delivering up the said Castle into the Hands of the Parliament Forces, which else would have caused much Blood;
and likewise there is an Agreement mentioned between
Sir Thomas Middleton and the said Lord Herbert. The
House of Commons, taking these Particulars into Consideration, (fn. *) do think fit that the Sequestration be
forthwith taken off the said Lord Herbert's Estates;
and that the Agreement be confirmed, wherein the House
of Commons desire their Lordships Concurrence.
and with an Ordinance.
2. To desire Concurrence in an Ordinance concerning One Half per Cent. to be laid upon Goods, for the
Maintenance of the Town and Garrison of Plymouth, &c.
(Here enter it.)
The Agreement was read. (Here enter it.)
The Letter was read from Sir Wm. Brereton.
(Here enter it.)
Sir John Meldrum's Letter was read. (Here enter it.)
Next, Sir Tho. Middleton's Letter was read, with a
List of Prisoners. (Here enter it.)
Ld. Herbert of Cherbury's Sequestration taken off.
"It is this Day Ordered, by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled, That the Sequestration
of the Estate of the Lord Harbert of Cherbury be
forthwith discharged and taken off; and that the
Goods and Books of the said Lord Herbert of Cherbury,
now under Sequestration, be forthwith restored unto
the said Lord Herbert; and the Sequestrators at Campden House are required to take Notice hereof."
The Answer returned was:
Answer to the H. C.
That this House agrees to all the Particulars brought
up in this Message.
Ordinance for a Duty of One and a Half per Cent, on Goods, for Relief of Plymouth.
"The Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled,
being fully assured and satisfied of the exceeding Faithfulness of the Inhabitants of the Town of Plymouth,
and of the very great Charge and Expence they have
been put unto, in Defence of themselves and that
Place; and being most sensible of the manifold Miseries and Sufferings that Place hath undergone, by several long and strict Sieges, by Means whereof they
are in no sort able of themselves longer to defend
that Place; and knowing likewise the imminent Danger that Town now is in, and of what Consequence
the Preservation of it is to the whole Kingdom, and
how the Interest of Trade is concerned therein; and
finding that the Provisions already made are in no
sort proportionable to defray the Charge of that
Garrison, nor to supply the present Necessities of that
Town; do Order and Ordain, That where any Subsidy, Custom, or other Duty, is or shall be laid or
imposed, by Authority or Ordinance of both Houses
of Parliament, upon any Goods, Wares, or other
Merchandizes, of what Nature, Kind, or Quality soever, to be exported out of, or imported into, the
Kingdom of England, or Dominion of Wales, that
there One Tenth Part more (over and above the
Tenth Part formerly imposed by Ordinance of Parliament of the 15th of November last, for the Defence
of the Towns and Ports of Plymouth, the Isle of St.
Nicholas, the Towns of Poole and Lyme, and Places
nigh adjacent) of the Rate of the Custom, Subsidy, or
Duties, now paid, or according to the Book of Rates
now by such Authority or Ordinance established, be
paid and answered, over and above the said Custom,
Subsidy, or Duty, from and after the 29th Day of
September Instant, of and from all and every such
Goods, Wares, and other Merchandize, so to be exported or imported; (that is to say) where Ten Shillings now is paid, there hereafter shall be paid One
Shilling more, and after that Rate for more or less,
to continue for the Space of Six Months, and no longer; and to be received, collected, and taken, by Nathan Wright and Francis Lenthall, of London, Merchants, their Deputy or Deputies, to be employed
and disposed of for, in, and about, the Defence of the
said Town and Port of Plymouth, and Island of St. Nicholas, and Places adjacent, in such Manner as by the
Committee of Lords and Commons appointed for the
Safety of those Places, shall be Ordered and Directed;
and the said Subsidy and Imposition to be paid under
such Penalty and Seizures as are established by an Ordinance or Act now in Being, for other Customs and Subsidies already established; and the Collectors shall hereby
be secured and saved harmless, by Authority of both
Houses of Parliament, in what they shall do in Execution of the Premises: Provided always, That, as
touching the Duty hereby imposed, there be no Deduction or Defalcation of Fifteen Pounds per Cent.
"And it is further Ordered, That all Customers,
Comptrollers, and other Officers whom it may concern, in the Port of London, and other the Out Ports,
do take particular Notice of this Ordinance; who are
to pass no Entry until the said Duty hereby imposed
be fully and duly satisfied and paid to the said Collectors, or their Deputies, and signified under their Hands
in Writing: And it is further Ordained, That there
shall be allowed, out of every Twenty Shillings so
paid, the Sum of Six Pence, for such Collection.
"And it is lastly Ordained, That this Tenth Part
now granted is intended, and shall be construed, to
extend only unto, and to be taken of, such Duties,
Customs, and Subsidies, as were granted, and in Being,
before the 15th Day of November, 1643, and before
the former Tenth Part formerly mentioned was granted."
Agreement on the Surrender of Montgomery Castle by Lord Herbert.
"I James Till, Gentleman, Lieutenant Colonel of
Horse, do hereby, in the Name of Sir Thomas Middleton Knight, promise and undertake, That no Violence
shall be offered to the Person or Goods of Edward
Lord Herbert, or any Person or Persons within his
Castle of Mountgom'y; and that they shall have free
Liberty to go out of the said Castle, and carry away
their Goods and Money, whensoever they will; and
that a good Convoy shall be granted, for the safe
doing thereof, as far as Coventry; and Recommendations given to the Officers there, for the further conveying of the said Persons and Goods to London, if
it be required; and that, in the mean while, a true
Inventory shall be taken of all the Household Stuff
used in the said Castle; and of all the Books, Trunks,
and Writings, in the said Castle; and (fn. *) of all the
Horses and Cattle in and about the said Castle, and
all Provisions of Victuals."
(fn. †) "Letters from Sir William Brereton, Sir Thomas
Middleton, Sir John Meldrum, of the great Victory (by God's Providence) given them, in raising the Siege from before Mountgomery Castle;
and how they routed and totally dispersed His
Majesty's Forces, under the Command of the
Lord Byron, where they took all their Carriages,
Arms, and Ammunition, and made them fly to
Shrewsbury and Chester; with a List of the
Names of all the Commanders and Officers
taken and killed in the said Service.
Letter from Sir Wm. Brereton, with an Account of the Victory over the King's Forces near Montgomery.
"To the Right Honourable the Lords and others
of the Committee of both Kingdoms, sitting at
Darby House, in Westminster.
"That God who is most glorified by working by
the weakest and unworthiest Instruments, hath this
Day given a most glorious Victory, and as much ma
nifested His Power therein as in any Day I have been
engaged since the Beginning of these Wars.
"We have relieved Mountgomery Castle, wherein
there was closely besieged, and much distressed, the
Lord Herbert of Cherbury, Colonel Price, and most of
Sir Tho. Middleton's Officers, and near Five Hundred
"We were so very hard tasked by the Multitude
of our Enemies (who did much exceed us in Number),
as that, if the Commanders and Soldiers had not engaged and behaved themselves very gallantly, or if
we had wanted any Part of our Forces, it might have
hazarded our Army, for it was very dubious and uncertain which Way the Lord would incline the Victory. It came to Push of Pike, wherein they were
much too hard for us, having many more Pikes.
Our Horse also, at the Beginning of the Battle, were
worsted, and retreated; but there was, I do believe,
an unanimous Resolution both in Horse and Foot to
sight it out to the last Man. Indeed there could be
no other Hope or Expectation of Safety or Escape,
there remaining no Way of Retreat, all Passages
being entirely in the Enemy's Power (if Masters of the
Field); and truly, if God had not infatuated, they
might easily have interrupted our Passage, and made
good divers Passes against us. But our Extremity was
God's Opportunity to magnify His Power; for when
it was most dubious, the Lord so guided and encouraged our Men, that with One fresh valiant Charge
we routed and put to Retreat and Flight their whole
Army, pursued them many Miles even in the Mountains, and did perform great Execution upon them;
slew (I do believe) Five Hundred, wounded many
more, took near Fifteen Hundred Prisoners, and
amongst them Colonel Broughton and Colonel Tilsley,
who they report to be General Majors. There were
also taken Lieutenant Colonels, Majors, and Captains,
more than Twenty; and all their Carriages, and near
Twenty Barrels of Powder, wherein they were furnished the Night before the Battle. We took also
(as was conceived) near Fifteen Hundred or Two
Thousand Arms, most for Foot. Most of their Horse
escaped towards Shrewsbury and Chester.
"The Enemy's Army was reported (and I do believe
it) was no less than Four Thousand, the Foot being
the old Irish, who came out of Ireland with Col.
Broughton, Warren, Tyllier, and some of Colonel Ellis,
and some of Colonel Sir Michael Woodhouse's, and Sir Michael Ernly's Regiment, from Shrewsbury, Chester, and
Ludlow. Our Army consisted of about Fifteen Hundred Foot and Fifteen Hundred Horse. We lost not
Forty Men slain, and I do believe there was not Sixty
wounded. Our greatest Loss was of Sir Wil. Fairfax and Major Fitz-Simons, most gallant Men. Sir John
Meldrum did with much Judgement order and command these Forces, and therefore deserves a large
Share in the Honour of this Day's Success. But indeed the whole Honour and Glory is to be given and
ascribed to God, the Giver of Victories, and who is
most deservedly stiled The Lord of Hosts.
"What remains further to be done in Prosecution
of this Victory shall not be omitted; and, if it please
God that Newcastle be delivered, and some Scottish
Forces assigned to assist to the taking in of Chester, I
hope, through God's Mercy, there may be a good
Account given of all these Parts of the Kingdom:
To effect which, no Man shall serve you with more
Mountgomery, Sept. 18. 1644.
"Your humble Servant,
"We know not how to dispose of these common
Prisoners, unless it would please you to order
some of them that will take the Covenant to
be shipped (if God gives us Liverpoole) and
transported over into Ireland, to serve you
"We have left Sir Tho. Middleton in a good Condition in Mountgomery Castle; and the Gentlemen of the Country begin to come in unto
him. Sir John Price is already come unto
him before I came thence. The Lord Herbert
is come away with us towards Oswestry."
Letter from Sir Thomas Middleton, on the same Subject.
"For the Right Honourable the Committee for
both Kingdoms, at Darby House, in Westminster.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"I formerly acquainted you of our coming hither,
and of our Proceedings in these Parts, and also of the
good Success it pleased God to bestow upon us; since
which Time the Enemy hastened to come upon us,
before we could bring in Provision for our Garrison;
by reason whereof, I was enforced to retreat with my
Horse unto Oswestry, with some small Loss only of
Stragglers that lay loitering behind, leaving all my
Foot in the Castle, and hastened into Cheshire to procure Relief, and likewise into Lancashire to Sir John
Meldrum, from whom I found a great deal of Readiness to relieve us in our Distress, and to preserve
what we had gotten from the Enemy, being Thirtyseven Barrels of Powder, and Twelve of Brimstone,
both which they exceedingly wanted. Sir John Meldrum, with Sir William Brereton and Sir William Fairfax, marched with Three Thousand Horse and Foot
towards Mountgomery, and came thither on the 17
of this Instant September, where we lay that Night in
the Field that was most advantageous for us; which the
Enemy had possessed themselves of before, and deserted at our coming thither, placing themselves upon the Mountain above the Castle, a Place of great
Advantage for them. We resolved not to go to them,
but to endeavour the victualling of the Castle, whereupon we sent out Parties for the bringing in of Provisions; which the Enemy perceiving, they marched
down in a Body both Horse and Foot, being in Number about Five Thousand, and came up to our Ground,
and gave us Battle; wherein, after an Hour's Fight,
it pleased God we obtained a glorious Victory, having taken many Officers, One Thousand Four Hundred common Soldiers, slain Four Hundred, and taken
their Ammunition, with a great Part of their Arms,
and some few Horse, the rest all flying away. The
Lord Byron commanded in Chief the Enemy's Forces,
and Sir John Meldrum the Parliament's Forces, who
behaved himself most bravely and gallantly; and Sir
William Fairfax, who had the Command of the Horse,
did most valiantly set upon their Horse, and engaged
himself so far that he was taken Prisoner, but presently fetched off by the Valour of our Men, but sore
wounded. Our Men issued also out of the Castle,
and fell upon the Enemies in their Trenches, and
took divers of their Officers and Soldiers, which they
had left to keep their Works. Sir William Brereton,
with the Cheshire Foot, did most bravely behave
themselves that Day, and did beat the best Foot in
England, as they the very Enemies confess, being all
Prince Rupert's Foot, and the chosen Foot out of all
their Garrisons. I shall make it still my humble Suit,
that you will please to afford me some speedy Course
for present Money, for the Payment of my Soldiers,
for without that I shall not be able to keep them together; and for the present, I shall take upon me
the Boldness to subscribe myself,
Mountgomery Castle, Septemb. 19, 1644.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
Your humble Servant,
"Since the writing of this Letter, it hath pleased
God to take to His Mercy Sir W. Fairfax,
who is even now dead."
And one from Sir John Meldrum.
"For the Right Honourable the Lords and others
of the Committee of Safety for both Kingdoms.
"I have thought fit to give your Lordships a brief
Account of some Passages of Businesses here in Wales,
forbearing a larger Relation till I shall have a further
Time and larger Subject, which, in all Probability,
by God's Assistance, may offer itself within a short
Time. I was, by the earnest Invitations of Sir William Brereton and Sir Thomas Middleton, easily persuaded to concur with them for the Relief of Mountgomery Castle, besieged by the King's Forces. I resolved
to contribute my best Endeavours in that Expedition,
as well in regard of the Importance of the Service,
as that Leverpoole was not to be attempted suddenly
by such Forces as I had (being in Number inferior to
the Forces within the Town); whereupon I went along
with the Yorkshire, Lancashire, Cheshire, and Staffordshire
Forces (amounting to Three Thousand Horse and Foot),
and marched to Mountgomery Castle in Wales, which
was by a great deal of Industry and Resolution taken
in by Sir Thomas Middleton, together with a great
deal of Powder, Match, and Brimstone, which (coming from Bristoll) was prepared for the Relief of
Shrewsbury, Chester, and Leverpoole. Upon our Approach towards the Castle, the Enemy did withdraw
themselves in some Disorder. The next Day after,
being the 18th of September, they did take the Advantage of the Weakness of our Quarters, the Third
Part of our Horse being employed abroad for Victuals and Forage. Their Horse and Foot came on
with great Courage, resolving to break through our
Forces, and to make themselves Masters of a Bridge
we had gained the Night before, which would have
cut off the Passage of our Retreat. It pleased God to
dispose so of the Issue of the Business, that (by the Resolution of the Officers and Soldiers of Horse and Foot)
the Enemy did lose the Advantage they had in the Beginning, and were shamefully routed by the Pursuit
of the Victory, which continued for the Space of
Three Miles. There are found dead upon the Place
Five Hundred, besides many Officers of Quality killed
and wounded, and Twelve Hundred Prisoners. Sir
William Fairfax and Major Fitsimons (who carried
themselves most bravely) are deadly wounded, without great Hope of Recovery, with some other Captains and Officers of our Horse. The Cheshire Foot,
with their Officers, carried themselves more like Lions
than Men, especially Major Lowthian, who commanded as Major General. The Castle is relieved with
Victuals; Sir Thomas Middleton's Soldiers, who were
before as Prisoners, are made free, together with the
Lord Herbert of Cherberie. Amongst the Prisoners,
Major General Tilliseley, Colonel Broughton, and divers
Lieutenant Colonels and Majors, with many Captains
and Lieutenants; so that, by the Blow given here, the
best of their Foot are taken away; Shrewsbury, Chester,
and Leverpoole, unfurnished with Ammunition; and
North Wales (which formerly hath been the Nursery
for the King's Armies) in all Likelihood will shake off
that Yoke of Servitude which formerly did lie upon
their Neck, and will be reduced to the Obedience of
King and Parliament, by the Example of Montgomery Castle, which is One of the goodliest and strongest
Places that ever I looked upon. The Personal Carriage and Endeavours of Sir William Brereton and Sir
Thomas Middleton hath been exceeding great in the
Advancement of this Service. There is good Hope
that Leverpoole by Famine will be soon rendered;
and that Shrewsbury and Chester will be at the last
Gasp; whereof, by God's Assistance, there shall be
a short Trial made. So having no further for the
present to impart to your Lordships, I shall cherish
all Occasions wherein I may approve myself,
Montgomerie Castle, Septemb. 19, 1644.
Most humble Servant,
"The Intelligence I have had since the closing of
my Letter, of a Body of Horse and Colonel
Hunks Regiment of Foot, that are marched to
Shrewsbury; and that the Lords Biron and
Mullinax are gone back to Chester; I have altered my Resolution touching Shrewsbury,
which at the best had no other Inducement
but the Hope of a Party within the Town,
and the Scarcity of Soldiers there. I am,
"Your Lordships most humble Servant,
List of Prisoners taken at the Battle near Montgomery Castle.
"A List of the Prisoners taken and slain at the
Battle near Mountgomery, upon the Eighteenth
of September, 1644.
Sir Th. Tilsley Colonel.
Lieut. Colonel Bladwell.
Evan ap Humphrey.
DIE Lunæ, 23 Septemb. 1644.
"Ordered, by the Lords in Parliament assembled,
That these Letters be forthwith printed and published.
"J. Brown, Cler. Parliamentorum."
House adjourned till 9a cras.