From the Dissolution at Oxford, March 28, 1681, to the
Death of Charles II. which happened Feb. 6, 1684-5,
Parliaments seem hardly to be thought of: But being necessary to his Successor, one was summon'd to meet at Westminster May 19, when His Majesty being come to the
House of Peers, commanded the Gentleman-Usher of the
Black-Rod (viz. Sir Thomas Duppa Knight) to acquaint
the House of Commons, that 'tis His Majesty's Pleasure
they attend him immediately, who being come to the Bar
of the Lords House, Sir Francis North, Baron of Guilford, and Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England, having first received His Majesty's Pleasure, spoke to this
Lord Keeper North's Speech.
'My Lords, and you, the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of the House of Commons, I am Commanded by His
Majesty, to acquaint You, that there are divers Preliminaries for You to do, and several Oaths required by Act of
Parliament, for us all to take, before you can proceed to
Business. It is therefore His Majesty's Pleasure, that you,
Gentlemen of the House of Commons, do go back to your
House, and make choice of a Speaker, and come and present him to His Majesty at Four of the Clock, and when
you have done that, and taken the usual Oaths, His
Majesty will then acquaint you with the Reasons why he
call'd you together.'
Sir John Trevor chosen Speaker.
The Commons being returned to their own House, my
Lord Middleton named Sir John Trevor, as a fit Person for
their Speaker, and one that would be acceptable to His
Majesty; whereupon the Commons unanimously made Choice
of Sir John Trevor, who took the Chair, and the House
adjourned 'till Four of the Clock.
Post Meridiem. His Majesty being again seated on his
Royal Throne, adorn'd with the Royal Ornaments, &c.
sent the Usher of the Black-Rod, to command the Commons to attend him immediately in the House of Lords;
where being come, the Commons presented Sir John Trevor, whom they had unanimously chose their Speaker. Sir
John endeavoured to excuse himself to His Majesty, as being not capable of undertaking a Place of that great Weight
and Importance, as the Office of a Speaker requires; but
the Excuse not being allowed, the Lord Keeper, by His
Majesty's Command, ratified and confirmed him Speaker;
adding, that His Majesty was well satisfied of his Experience and Ability, and that he was every way sitted and
qualified for that Employment. Mr. Speaker, after having
made a short Speech, giving His Majesty Thanks for his
Gracious Acceptance of him, made these humble Petitions
1. That they and their Servants might be free from Arrests.
2. That they might have freedom of Speech.
3. Access to His Majesty.
4. That all their Proceedings might receive favourable
All those the Lord Keeper told him were readily granted
by His Majesty. Which being done, the Commons returned to their House, and adjourned.
The 22d, His Majesty being come to the House of Peers,
and seated on the Throne, &c. sent the Gentleman-Usher
of the Black-Rod to command the House of Commons to
attend him immediately at the Bar of the Lords House,
where His Majesty made a Speech to them.
The House being returned, Mr. Speaker reported His
Majesty's Speech, which was read at the Clerks Table as
The King's Speech to both Houses.
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
After it pleased Almighty God, to take to his Mercy
the late King my dearest Brother, and to bring me to
the peaceable Possession of the Throne of my Ancestors, I
immediately resolved to call a Parliament, as the best
Means to settle every thing upon those Foundations, as
may make my Reign both easy and happy to you: Towards which, I am disposed to contribute all that is fit for
me to do.
'What I said to my Privy-Council at my first coming
there, I am desirous to renew to you, wherein I fully declare my Opinion concerning the Principles of the Church
of England, whose Members have shewed themselves so
eminently Loyal in the worst of times, in Defence of my
Father, and Support of my Brother, of Blessed Memory;
that I will always take care to defend and support it. I
will make it my Endeavour to preserve this Government
both in Church and State, as it is now by Law Established; and as I will never depart from the just Rights and
Prerogatives of the Crown, so I will never invade any
Man's Property; and you may be sure, that having heretofore ventur'd my Life in the Defence of this Nation, I
will still go as far as any Man in preserving it, in all its
just Rights and Liberties; and having given you this Assurance concerning the Care I will have of your Religion
and Property, which I have chose to do in the same Words
which I us'd at my first coming to the Crown; the better
to evidence to you, that I spoke them not by Chance, and
consequently that you may firmly rely upon a Promise so
'I cannot doubt that I shall fail of suitable Returns from
you, with all imaginable Duty and Kindness on your part,
and particularly to what relates to the settling of my Revenue, and continuing it, during my Life, as it was in the
Life-time of my Brother. I might use many Arguments to
enforce this Demand, for the Benefit of Trade, the Support of the Navy, the Necessity of the Crown, and the
Well-being of the Government it self, which I must not
suffer to be precarious, but I am confident, your own Consideration of what is just and reasonable, will suggest to
you whatsoever might be enlarged upon this occasion.
'There is one Popular Argument which I foresee, may
be used against what I ask of you, from the Inclination
Men have for frequent Parliaments, which some may
think would be the best Security, by feeding me from
time to time by such Proportions as they shall think convenient; and this Argument, it being the first time I speak
to you from the Throne, I will answer once for all, that
this would be a very improper Method to take with me,
and that the best way to engage me to meet you often, is
always to use me well.
'I expect therefore, that you will comply with me in
what I have desired; and that you will do it speedily, that
this may be a short Session, and that we may meet again to
all our Satisfactions.
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
'I must acquaint you that I have had News this Morning from Scotland, that Argyle is landed in the West
High-lands, with the Men he brought with him from
Holland; that there are two Declarations published, one
in the Name of all those in Arms, the other in his own;
it would be too long for me to repeat the Substance of
them, it is sufficient to tell you, I am charged with Usurpation and Tyranny, the shorter of them I have directed
to be forthwith communicated to you.
'I will take the best care I can, that this Declaration of
their own Faction and Rebellion may meet with the Reward it deserves, and I will not doubt but you will be the
more zealous to support the Government, and give me my
Revenue as I have desired it without delay.'
Resolved, nemine contradicente. That the humble Thanks
of this House be given to his Majesty for his most gracious
Speech, and that the Lords Concurrence be desired thereto.
A Message to the Lords to acquaint them with the Vote
of Thanks of this House, and to desire their Concurrence
The Messengers being returned, acquainted the House,
that their Lordships had agreed to the Vote of Thanks for
his Majesties most gracious Speech, and that their Lordships
had attended his Majesty to know his Pleasure when he would
be attended therewith, and his Majesty had appointed 4 of the
Clock this Afternoon, to be attended in the Banqueting House
at White hall by both Houses of Parliament.
The late King's Revenue granted for Life.
Resolved, nemine contradicente, That all the Revenue given
to his late Majesty, and enjoyed by him at his Death, be
given and granted to his present Majesty King James the IId,
and settled upon him during his Life.
Ordered, That Mr. Solicitor do bring in a Bill to settle the
Revenue on his Majesty during Life.
The 23d M.r. Speaker reports his Majesties Answer to their
Vote of Thanks for his most gracious Speech, to this Effect.
That his Majesty could say no more to them than what he
had said, but that he would be as good as his word. And
that he did not doubt but with the Assistance of both Houses,
to maintain the Government against all Rebels and Traitors.
The Earl of Middleton delivered a Paper from his Majesty, entitled, The Declaration of Archibald Earl of Argyle,
and others now in Arms, &c. viz.
Earl of Argyle's Declaration.
The Declaration of Archibald Earl of Argyle, Cowall and Campbel,
Lorn, &c. Heretable Sheriff and Lieutenant of Argyle and Tarbet, and Heretable Justice General of the said Shires, and of
the West Isles, and others; with his Orders to his Vassals and
others in the said Shires, and under his Jurisdiction, to concur
for Defence of their Religion, their Lives and Liberties.
I Shall not mention my Case published in Print in
Latin and Dutch, and more at large in English, nor
need I repeat the printed Declaration emitted by seveveral Noblemen and Gentlemen, and others of both
Nations now in Arms; but because the Sufferings of me and
my Family are therein mentioned, I have thought fit to declare for myself, that as I go to Arms with those that have appointed me to conduct them for no private or personal end,
but only for those contained in the said Declaration, I have
concorded with them and approved of their Design, so I claim
Interest but in what I had before, the pretended Forfeitures
of my Friends, and have sufficient Right to.
And that I do freely, fully, and as a Christian forgive
all Personal Injuries against my Person and Family, to all
that shall not oppose, but join and concur with Us in our
present Undertaking, for the mentioned Reasons in the said
Declaration. And hereby I oblige myself never to pursue
them in Judgment.
And I farther Declare, that, obtaining the peaceable and
quiet Possession of what belonged to my Father and myself
before our pretended Forfeitures, I shall satisfy all Debts
due from my Father and myself, and as my Faithfulness to
his late Majesty and his Government hath sufficiently appeared
to all unbiassed Persons void of Malice, so I do with Grief
acknowledge my former too much complying with, and conniving at the Methods taken to bring us to the sad Condition
we are now in, tho' (God knows) never concurring in the
Design. I have now, with God's Strength, suffered patiently
my unjust Sentence and Banishment three Years and a half,
and have never offered to make any Uproar or Defence by
Arms, to disturb the Peace, upon my private Concerns. But
the King being now dead, and the Duke of York having
taken off his Masque, and having abandoned and invaded our
Religion and Liberties, resolving to enter into the Government, and exercising contrary to Law, I think not only
just, but my Duty to God and my Country, to use my utmost
Endeavours to oppose and repress his Usurpation and Tyranny.
And therefore being assisted and furnished very nobly by
several good Protestants, and invited, and accompanied by
several of both Nations to head them, I resolve, as God shall
enable me, to use their Assistance of all kinds towards the
ends expressed in the said Declaration.
And I do hereby earnestly invite and oblige all honest
Protestants, and particularly all my Friends and Blood Relations to concur with us in the said Declaration.
And as I have written several Letters, so having no other
way fully to intimate my Mind to others,
I do hereby Command all my Vassals every where, and all
within my several Jurisdictions, with defensable Men in their
Commands, to go to Arms, and to join with us according
to the said Declaration, as they will be answerable at their
Perils, and to obey the particular Orders they shall receive
from me, from time to time.
Resolved, nemine contradicente, That this House will stand
by and assist his Majesty with their Lives and Fortunes in Defence of his Royal Person, against Archibald Campbel the
pretended Earl of Argyle and his Adherents, and all other
Rebels, and Traytors, and others whatsoever, that shall assist
them or any of them.
And such Members that are of his Majesty's Privy Council
are desired to wait on his Majesty, and to know his Pleasure
when this House shall attend him with this Vote.
The Earl of Middleton reports that his Majesty had been
attended, and that 4 of the Clock was appointed to attend
upon his Majesty at the Bar of the House of Lords.
Adjourn'd till 4. a-clock.
Presented to his Majesty.
Post Meridiem 4. The House attended his Majesty—
And Mr. Speaker acquainted his Majesty with the Vote of the
House (as aforesaid) to which his Majesty was pleased to
make this Answer, viz.
'I could expect no less from a House of Commons so
composed, as (God be thanked) you are: I rely on the
Assurances you have given me, which are the natural
Effects of Monarchical Church of England Men. I shall
stand by all such, and, so supported, have no reason to fear
any Rebels, or Enemies I now have or may have.'
The Commons returned to their House, and adjourned.
The 25th, A Bill for settling the Revenue on his Majesty during Life, was read a second time, and committed
to a Committee of the whole House.
Immediately Mr. Speaker left the Chair, and the Committee went through the said Bill with Amendments. The
House reassum'd— Mr. Speaker reported the said Bill
with the Amendments— To which the House agreed.
Ordered, That the Bill be engrossed by to-morrow
The 26th, the engrossed Bill for settling the Revenue on
his Majesty, during Life, was read a third time, and
Ordered, That the Bill be sent up to the House of Lords,
which was accordingly done.
Resolved, That the House do resolve itself into a Grand
Committee this Afternoon about Religion.
The 27th, Sir Thomas Meers Chairman of the Committee for Religion, reports, That the Committee had drawn
up two Votes (viz.) That it is the opinion of the Committee,
that this House will stand by his Majesty with their Lives
and Fortunes, according to their bounden Duty and Allegiance, in Defence of the Reformed Religion of the Church
of England, as it is now by Law established. That an
humble Address be presented to his Majesty, to desire him
to issue forth his Royal Proclamation, to cause the penal
Laws to be put in execution, against all Dissenters from the
Church of England, whatsoever.
The previous Question being whether the Question should
be then put, for the House to agree with the Committee:
It was carried in the Negative.
Resolved, Nemine Contradicente, That this House doth acquiesce, and entirely rely, and rest wholly satisfied on his
Majesty's gracious Word, and repeated Declaration to support and defend the Religion of the Church of England, as
it is now by Law established, which is dearer to us than our
A Message from the Lords to acquaint the House, That
their Lordships have passed the Bill for settling the Revenue
on his Majesty, during Life, without any Amendments.
Ordered, That Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Sir Thomas Player,
Colonel Whiteley, and Colonel Birch, Commissioners appointed by the late Act of Parliament for disbanding the
late Forces, do bring in their Accounts to this House, on
Saturday Morning next.
The 30th, Sir Thomas Player, and Colonel Whiteley appearing, were called in, who gave some account of their
Proceedings in disbanding the Army, and were ordered to
attend again on Monday Morning next.
And also that their Accounts and Vouchers be brought in
by the Auditor at the same time. And that Mr. Speaker be
desired to write to Sir Gilbert Gerrard and Colonel Birch,
who are in the Country, requiring them to bring in their
A Bill for Continuance of an Act for Re-building of
Northampton, read, and ordered a second Reading.
A Message from his Majesty by the Usher of the Black
Rod, for commanding this House immediately to attend
him in the House of Peers. Where, being come, Mr.
Speaker presented his Majesty with the Revenue-Bill, in hæc
The Speaker's Speech at presenting the Bill of Tunnage.
'May it please your sacred Majesty, The Commons of
England have here presented your Majesty with the Bill of
Tunnage and Poundage, with all Readiness and Chearfulness, and that without any Security for their Religion, tho'
it be dearer to them than their Lives, relying wholly on
your Royal Word for the Security of it; and humbly beseech your Majesty to accept this their Offer; and pray
that God would bless you with a long Life, and prosperous
Reign over them.
Upon this, his Majesty gave his Royal Assent to the said
Bills, and made a Speech, as follows.
The King's Speech thereupon.
'My Lords, and Gentlemen,
I Thank you very heartily for the Bill you have presented me this day, and I assure you, the Readiness
and Chearfulness that hath attended the Dispatch of it, is
as acceptable to me as the Bill itself.
'After so happy a Beginning, you may believe I would
not call upon you unnecessarily for an extraordinary Supply: But when I tell you the Stores of the Navy are extreamly exhausted, that the Anticipations upon several
Branches of the Revenue, are great and burthensome;
and the Debts of the King, my Brother, to his Servants
and Family, are such as deserve Compassion; that the Rebellion in Scotland, without putting more weight upon it
than it really deserves, must oblige me to a considerable
Expence extraordinary: I am sure such Considerations
will move you to give me an Aid to provide for those
things, wherein the Security, the Ease, and the Happiness
of my Government are so much concern'd. But above all, I
must recommend to you the Care of the Navy, the Strength
and Glory of this Nation, that you will put it into such
a condition, as will make us considerable and respected
abroad. I cannot express my Concern upon this occasion
more suitable to my own Thoughts of it, than by assuring
you I have a true English Heart, as jealous of the Honour
of the Nation as you can be; and I please myself with
the Hopes, that, by God's Blessing and your Assistance, I
may carry its Reputation yet higher in the World, than
ever it has been in the time of any of my Ancestors.
'And as I will not call upon you for Supplies, but when
they are of public Use and Advantage, so I promise you,
that what you give me upon such occasions, shall be managed with good Husbandry: And I will take care it shall
be employed to the Uses for which I ask them.'
A Supply voted.
Resolved, Nemine Contradicente, That a Supply be given
to his Majesty for Repair of the Navy, Ordnance, and Stores,
and in Defence of the same, for all other Occasions mention'd
in his Majesty's Speech.
Resolved, That an Imposition on all Wines and Vinegar
be given to his Majesty; and that it be the same which was
given to his late Majesty King Charles the Second, in the
22d Year of his Reign.
Ordered, That Mr. Solicitor do bring in a Bill for that
Resolved, That this House doth resolve itself into a Committee of the whole House on Monday, to consider of a farther Supply for his Majesty.
June 1st, A Bill for the additional Duty of Excise upon
Wines and Vinegar, towards a Supply to be given his Majesty for Repair of the Navy, and Ordnance, and Stores for
the same, and for Supply of his Majesty's Occasions, mention'd in his last Speech, read, and ordered a second Reading
The House then resolved itself into a Committee of the
whole House, to consider of a farther Supply for his Majesty.
Mr. Speaker left the Chair.
Mr. Sollicitor took the Chair.
Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Committee, that
a farther Supply be given to his Majesty, and that the same
be raised out of Sugars and Tobacco.
The House reassumed, and Mr. Sollicitor reported the
Votes of the Committee, as followeth, viz.
On Spanish and other Foreign Tobacco 6d. per Pound,
be paid more than what is now paid.
On Tobacco of the Growth of English Plantations 3d. per
Pound, more than what is now paid.
On Muscovado and Pannel Foreign Sugar, ½d. per Pound
more than what is now paid.
On Foreign White Sugars, 1d. ½ per Pound more, &c
On Muscovado Sugars of English Product ¼ per Pound.
All Sugars else of English Plantations ¾ per Pound.
To which the House agreed, and ordered, That Mr. Solicitor do bring in a Bill for a farther Supply for his Majesty, to be raised out of Tobacco and Sugars, to-morrow
The Accounts of Sir Thomas Player and Colonel Whiteley,
with part of the Accounts of Sir Gilbert Gerrard and Colonel Birch, for disbanding the late Forces, were this day
brought into the House, and referred to a Committee to
examine the same, and report their Opinions therein speedily
to the House. Adjourn'd till eight to-morrow.
The 2d, Several Petitions complaining of undue Elections, read and referred to the Committee of Elections.
The Cause between Sir Jos. Williamson, and Mr. Heveningham about the Election for Thetford, was heard at
the Bar. And then resolved, that no Mayor can duly return
himself a Burgess to serve in Parliament for the same Borough for which he is Mayor at the time of Election.
Resolved, That Henry Heveningham Esq; is not duly returned to serve in this present Parliament, for the Borough
of Thetford, he being Mayor of the Town.
The Bill for Importation of Wines and Vinegar, was read
a second time, and committed to a Committee of the whole
House, who immediately went through the several Paragraphs, and amended the same.
Mr. Sollicitor reported the said Bill, and Amendments,
to which the House agreed.
Ordered, That the said Bill with the Amendments be engrossed.
Adjourn'd till 8 to-morrow.
The 3d, the House entring into Debate, whether the Election for Thetford should fall on Sir Jo. Williamson, or
not; the House divided, and it was carried by five Voices,
that Sir Joseph was not duly elected.
Ordered, That a Writ be issued out for a new Election.
The Bill for providing better Conveniencies for the King's
Carriages, was read, and ordered a second Reading.
The engrossed Bill for the Imposition on Wines and Vinegar, was read a third time, and passed.
Ordered, That Mr. Sollicitor do carry the said Bill up to
The 4th, A Message from the Lords, with an engrossed
Bill, to reverse the Attainder of William Lord Viscount
The 5th, A Bill for Reversing the Attainder of William,
late Viscount Stafford, read a first Time, and Ordered a second Reading, which Bill is as follows,
The Bill for Reversing Lord Stafford's Attainder.
'Whereas William, late Viscount Stafford, was impeached of High-Treason, for Conspiring the Death of his
late Majesty King Charles the Second of Blessed Memory,
and the Subversion of the Government:
'And was Arraigned and Tried before the Peers in
Parliament, for the said High-Treason, and was found
guilty thereof, and condemned and executed:
'And whereas it is now manifest, That the said William,
late Viscount Stafford, was innocent of the Treason laid to
his Charge, and the Testimony whereupon he was found
'Be it Enacted, by the King's most excellent Majesty,
by, and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual
and Temporal, and Commons in Parliament Assembled,
and by the Authority of the same: That the said Judgment and Attainder, and all and every Act and Acts of Attainder of Treason, of, or against the said late Viscount
Stafford, shall be, and now is hereby reversed, repealed,
revoked, annulled and made void to all Intents and Purposes, as f the same had never been.'
The 10th, The Case of Cricklade Election was reported,
and it appearing that Mr. Freak had sometime abated one of
the Electors 20 l. on Condition that he and his Friends will
give their Votes for him:
The Question was put, Whether it was not a Bribe.
It was carried in the Affirmative: Yeas 224, Noes 60.
Resolved, That Mr. Freak is not duly Elected to serve in
That Edward Wobb, and Charles Fox, Esquires, are
duly Elected for Cricklade.
A Message from his Majesty to this House by Sir John
A Message from the King, by Sir John Ernley.
'That his Majesty did heartily Thank the House for
their Readiness in his Supplies. That he desired no more
this Session than what they are about. That he would
make Trial of the Impositions on Sugars and Tobacco,
but if he should find them injurious to his Plantations,
he would not make use of them, but hoped they would
supply him some other Way.'
Report from the Committee, concerning the Prices of Corn, and Wool.
The 12th, Sir Richard Temple reports from the Committee appointed to consider of the Means to keep up the
Price of Wool and Corn,
That it is the Opinion of the Committee,
That a Bill be brought in to supply the Defects in an
Act for Improvement of Tillage and Breed of Cattle.
That all Persons be obliged to wear the Woollen Manufacture for six Months in the Year.
That the East-India Company by importing raw Silks is
prejudicial to the Woollen Manufacture.
That Callico and East-India wrought Silks, are likewise
prejudicial to the Woollen Manufacture
That all Women under the Degree of Gentlewomen, do
wear Hats made of Wool, as formerly.
That all Coaches be lined with Cloath.
That all Shrouds used in Burials do weigh six Pounds.
To which the House agreed.
Ordered, That a Bill be brought in for the same Purpose.
The House Resolved into a Committee of the whole
House, to consider of the Bill for Impositions on Sugar and
Whereupon Alderman Jeffreys, and others, were call'd
in, and gave their Reasons, why the said Imposition on Tobacco would be prejudicial to the King's Customs, and the
Dealers in Tobacco.
Sir Jo. Knight, and the Merchants of Bristol gave their
Reasons also against the Imposition on Sugars.
They being dismiss'd— The House reassum'd.
And after several Amendments, the Bill was reported,
and with the Amendments, Ordered to be Engrossed.
The 13th, The Engrossed Bill sent from the Lords for
the Naturalization of several Persons therein mention'd, was
read, and Ordered a second Reading.
Leave given to bring in a Bill for Conveying of fresh
Water through several Grounds to the City of Rochester.
The Earl of Ossory's Bill read a third Time, and passed.
A Bill to prohibit the Importation of Gun-Powder, and
small Arms, read, and Ordered a second Reading.
A Bill to enable Protestant Strangers to exercise their
Trades in Westminster and elsewhere, &c. read, and Ordered a second Reading.
A Message from his Majesty by the Earl of Middleton,
that the Duke of Monmouth and several of his Adherents
were landed at Lyme in Dorsetshire, and had there set up
Mr. Thorold and Mr. Dassel, the one Mayor of Lyme,
the other an Officer belonging to the Customs, being in
the Lobby of the House of Commons, were called into the
House, where they gave this Account of the Landing of
the Duke of Monmouth, as followeth, viz.
Account of the Duke of Monmouth's Landing.
That on Thursday Night about six or seven of the Clock,
they discerned two Vessels and a Dogger at Sea, hovering
near their Shore.
That they sent a Messenger in a Boat to know their
meaning, and see who they were; but they took the Messenger on board and bound him.
That about half an hour after, they sent another Messenger in a Boat, and they kept him likewise; that about
nine a Clock at Night they failed into the Cobb, and the
Duke of Monmouth came on Shore with divers Men all
well armed, and genteel in their Habit.
That the Duke led them on to the Market-place, or
Cross of the said Town, and there set up his Standard, being a blue Flag, and exercised the Men himself, who were,
as these Informants do guess, near 150, or thereabouts.
That the said Duke of Monmouth and his Men being
asked what they came there for, said, to settle the Protestant
Religion, and to destroy Popery: Inviting all Persons that
would, to come and join with them; being told, there were
no Roman-Catholicks there, but Protestants, and there was
no need for them to come there.
That these Informants came away from Lyme about ten
of the Clock that Night, and that they met many People
on the Road, who said, they were going to join them.
After which Relation, Thorold and Dassel withdrew.
Resolved, That this House do wait on his Majesty, and
give their Thanks for his Favour in imparting the said Intelligence to this House, and do humbly offer to assist and
stand by his Majesty with their Lives and Fortunes, against
the said Duke of Monmouth, and all Rebels and Traitors,
and all other his Majesty's Enemies, whatsoever.
Ordered, That a Committee do withdraw immediately,
and draw up an humble Address for this Purpose, and that
his Majesty be advised to take care of his Royal Person.
Resolved, That a Bill be brought in for the Attainder of
Jam s Duke of Monmouth of High-Treason, praying his
Majesty to issue out his Royal Proclamation, promising a
Reward of 5000 l. to any that shall bring in the Body of
the Duke of Monmouth dead or alive.
A Message from the Lords.
The 16th the House receiv'd the following Message from
the Lords, viz. 'Mr. Speaker, the Lords, by the King's
Command, have had communicated to them, a traitorous
/?/er, entitled, A Declaration of James Duke of Monmouth, &c.
upon which they have made this Order, and their Lordships desire the same may be return'd to them, as soon as
the same shall be read, in regard it is to be burn'd by the
Hands on the Common-Hangman, this day at one o'clock,
Monmouth's Declaration, order'd to be burnt by the Common-Hangman.
The said Paper and Order being then read, Resolved,
nem. con. That this House doth agree with the Lords, and
that the said Paper be burnt by the Hands of the CommonHangman accordingly.
The same day, Mr. Speaker reported to the House, his
Majesty's Cracious Answer to their last Address, which was
to this Effect:
'That he thank'd the House for their loyal Address; and
particularly for their Care of his Royal Person: That he
would venture his Life for the Defence of his People, and
for their Peace. And that he did not doubt, but, with
God's Blessing, and the Assistance of his loyal Subjects, to
quell all Traitors and Rebels.'
After which, the House added a Clause to the Bill of
Supply, making it High-Treason to assert the Legitimacy
of the Duke of Monmouth, or Pretence to the Crown.
The 16th, A Message from the Lords that they had
passed the Bill of Attainder of James Duke of Monmouth
without any Alteration.
A Message by the Usher of the Black-Rod, commanding
the House to attend his Majesty immediately in the House
of Peers.— Where being come,
'His Majesty was pleased to give his Royal Assent to
these five Bills following, viz. The Bill for Imposition on Wines
and Vinegar. The Bill for Imposition on Sugars and Tobacco.
The Bill for Attainder of James Duke of Monmouth. The Earl
of Ossory's Bill, to enable him to make a Jointure. A Bill for
Naturalization of several Persons.
The 17th, A Petition of the Weavers in London and Parts
adjacent, was read, praying Leave to bring in a Bill for encouraging the Weaving-Trade.
Ordered, That Leave be given accordingly.
A Motion being made for a Supply to his Majesty,
Resolved, That the House immediately do resolve itself
into a Committee of the whole House, to consider of the said
Resolutions to lay a Tax on New Buildings.
Reports were made from the Committee, That a Tax be
laid upon such new Buildings as have been erected within
the Bills of Mortality, except such Houses as have been
built within the Compass of the late several Fires in London and Southwark.
That no Buildings be erected on new Foundations, which
are not already laid: And that a Bill be brought in accordingly. To which the House agreed.
The 18th, a Bill for Improvement of Tillage and Breed
of Cattle, read, and ordered a second Reading.
Leave given to bring in a Bill, to make the Rivers Wye
and Lugg navigable.
A Bill for conveying fresh Water to Rochester and Chatham, read, and ordered a second Reading.
A Message from his Majesty desiring a present Supply.
A Message from his Majesty by the Earl of Middleton,
acquainting the House, 'That he judges it necessary for the
Members (on whose Loyalty and Affection he depends
wherever they are) to be present in their respective Counties, and therefore designs there shall be a Recess in a very
few days; but because the Rebellion in the West will occasion an extraordinary Expence, his Majesty desires there
may be a good Fund for a present Sum of Money, to answer the immediate Charge his Majesty must be at, and to the
end the Bills now depending may not be prejudiced, his
Majesty is pleased this Separation shall be an Adjournment,
and for some short time only.'
400,000 l. granted.
Resolved, That a Supply not exceeding 400,000 l. be
given to his Majesty for his present extraordinary Occasions.
'The House then resolved into a Committee of the whole
House, to consider of the King's Message and Supply.
The House upon Report of the Grand Committee, appointed a Committee to bring in an Estimate of what the new
Buildings (intended to be taxed) will raise at two Years
A Bill for taking off the Prohibition of French Commodities, read, and ordered a second Reading.
The Bill for settling the Queen's Jointure read.
A Bill sent down from the Lords for settling the Queen's
Jointure, read, and ordered a second Reading; by consolidating the Estates-Tail and Reversion in Fee, which his
Majesty hath in the Post-Office, and 24000 l. per Annum
out of the hereditary Excise.
A Bill for Preservation of his Majesty's Person and Government, was read twice, and committed to a Committee
of the whole House to-morrow Morning.
The 20th, the Bill sent down from the Lords for consolidating and settling the Estate of his Majesty in the PostOffice, and 24000 l. per Ann of the Excise, and the Bill to
enable his Majesty to make Leases of Lands in the Dutchy
of Cornwal, were read a second time, and ordered to be
read a third time.
The House resolved into a Committee of the whole House,
to consider of a Fund to raise the Supply not exceeding the
400,000 l. to his Majesty.
Report from the Committee of the Supply.
Upon Report of the Committee of the whole House,
That French Linnens pay double Duties according to the
Book of Rates.
That single Brandy imported pay double Duty.
That all Brandy above double Proof, pay Duty above
what is now to be laid on single Brandy.
That 4 d. per Gailon be paid for all homeward Spirits,
above what is now paid.
That Callicoes and other Linnens, imported from the
East-Indies, pay 12 d. per Piece above what they now pay,
to be repaid upon Exportation.
That wrought Silks imported from the East-Indies, pay
10 l. per Cent. above what they now pay, to be repaid upon Exportation.
That all Foreign wrought Silks pay 7 l. per Cent. above
what they now pay, to be repaid upon Exportation: To
which the House agreed, and order'd a Bill to be brought
in accordingly. Adjourn'd.
The 22d, Ordered, That Leave be given to bring in a Bill
for the Encouragement of the Manufacture of Paper in
The two Bills sent from the Lords, one for consolidating
his Majesty's Interest in the Post-Office, and 24,000 l. per
Annum in the Excise; the other, to enable his Majesty to
make Leases of Lands in the Dutchy of Cornwal; were
read a third time, and passed.
The Lord Middleton acquaints the House from his Majesty, that Argyle is taken.
Ordered, That the Thanks of the House be presented to
his Majesty, for his gracious Communication, which they
receiv'd with great Joy and Satisfaction.
The 24th, the Bill for an Imposition on Silks, Brandies,
East-India Commodities, &c. read a second time, and committed to a Committee of the whole House, to consider of
the Bill, with power to bring in a Clause of Credit to raise
Money for his Majesty's Supply.
Mr. Sollicitor reported the said Bill, with some Amendments: The Bill commencing from the first of July, 1685,
till the first of July 1690. And a Clause to be added for
giving the King a Credit for raising a Sum on this Revenue,
at Interest, not exceeding the Rate of 81. per Cent.
Ordered, That the Bill and Clause be engrossed.
Adjourn'd till 9 to-morrow.
The 25th, the engrossed Bill for repealing a Clause for
prohibiting French Commodities, passed.
For re-building St. Paul's passed.
The 25th, the Bill for an Imposition on Silks, Brandies,
Linnens, &c. with the Clause of Credit to his Majesty, passed,
and carried up to the Lords.
Several Bills passed.
The 27th, his Majesty sent for the Commons to the House
of Peers, and there the Bill for his Majesty's Supply, and several other Bills passed the Royal Assent.
The 29th, An engrossed Bill for the Preservation of his
Majesty's Person and Government, read a third time, and
July 2d, The House being met, the Gentleman-Usher
of the Black Rod commanded the Commons to attend his
Majesty in the House of Peers immediately; where being
come, his Majesty gave his Royal Assent to these following
An Act for the Improvement of Tillage, &c.
An Act for making St. James's a distinct Parish.
An Act for Encouragement of Building Ships.
An Act for reviving several Acts expired, or near expiring.
An Act for the Augmentation of the Vicaridges in the Bishoprick
The Parliament adjourn'd by Command.
Then my Lord-Keeper spake to this effect:
'My Lords and Gentlemen, I am commanded to let you
know, that it is his Majesty's Pleasure, that both Houses adjourn forthwith, till Tuesday the 4th of August next; not that
his Majesty intends that then there shall be a Session, but
that the Members that are about Town, shall then meet,
and adjourn themselves from time to time, as there shall be
occasion till Winter. And when his Majesty would have a
full House, he will give notice of it by Proclamation.
The Lords immediately adjourn'd.
The Commons returned to their own House, and adjourn'd accordingly.
Monday Nov. 9, Both Houses of Parliament met, pursuant
to the last Adjournment, His Majesty being seated in his Royal
Throne in his House of Peers, commanded the GentlemanUsher of the Black-Rod to give Notice to the House of
Commons, that they immediately attend his Majesty in the
House of Peers. Where being come, his Majesty was
pleased to make a most Gracious Speech to both Houses of
After which, the House of Commons returned to their
own House, and Mr. Speaker reported His Majesty's Speech
to the House, which being read at the Clerk's Table, is as
The King's Speech to both Houses.
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
'After the Storm that seemed to be coming upon us
when we parted last, I am glad to meet you all again in so great Peace and Quietness; God Almighty be
praised, by whose Blessing that Rebellion was suppressed:
But when I reflect what an inconsiderable number of Men
begun it, and how long they carried it on without any Opposition, I hope every body will be convinced, that the
Militia, which have hitherto been so much depended on,
is not sufficient for such Occasions, and that there is nothing
but a good Force of well-disciplined Troops in constant
Pay that can defend us, from such as either at home or
abroad are disposed to disturb us. And in truth, my Concern for the Peace and Quiet of my Subjects, as well as
for the Safety of the Government, made me think it necessary to increase the number to the proportion I have done:
That I owed as well to the Honour as the Security of the
Nation, whose Reputation was so infinitely exposed to all
our Neighbours, by having lain open to this late wretched
Attempt, that it is not to be repaired without keeping such
a Body of Men on foot, that none may ever have a thought of
finding us again so miserably unprovided. It is for the
Support of this great Charge, which is now more than
double to what it was, that I ask your Assistance in giving
me a Supply answerable to the Expences it brings along
with it; and I cannot doubt but what I have done so much to
the Honour and Defence of the Government, will be continued by you with all chearfulness and readiness that is
requisite for a Work of so great Importance. Let no Man
take exception, that there are some Officers in the Army
not qualified according to the late Test for their Employment: The Gentlemen, I must tell you, are most of them
well known to me, and, having formerly served me on
several Occasions, and always approved the Loyalty of
their Principles by their Practices, I think them now fit
to be employed under me, and will deal plainly with you,
that, after having had the Benefit of their Services in such
time of need and danger, I will neither expose them to
disgrace, nor my self to the want of them, if there
should be another Rebellion to make them necessary to
'I am afraid some Men may be so wicked to hope and
expect that a difference may happen between you and me
upon this Occasion, but when you consider what Advantages have risen to us in a few Months by the good Understanding we have hitherto had, what wonderful Effects it
hath already produced in the change of the whole Scene
of Affairs abroad, so much more to the Honour of the
Nation, and the Figure it ought to make in the World,
and that nothing can hinder a further Progress in this way
to all our Satisfactions, but Fears and Jealousies amongst
our selves; I will not apprehend that such a Misfortune
can befall us as a Division, or but a Coldness between You
and Us; nor that any thing can shake you in your Steadiness and Loyalty to me, who by God's Blessing will ever
make you all returns of Kindness and Protection, with a
Resolution to venture even my own Life in the Defence of
the true Interest of this Kingdom.'
The Earl of Middleton, a Member of the House of
Commons, and one of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of
State, moved, that the House would immediately return
their Thanks to His Majesty for his most Gracious Speech,
and also proceed to the Consideration of answering the Ends
After some Debate, it was resolved, That the House resolve it self into a Committee of the whole House on Thursday Morning next at Ten of the Clock, to take into Consideration. His Majesty's Speech: And the House adjourned
till Thursday the 12th Instant, Ten o'Clock in the Morning.
The 12th, the House resolved it self into a Committee of
the whole House to take into Consideration His Majesty's
Mr. Sollicitor in the Chair.
The King's Speech was read.
The Lord Middleton moved to have it considered by Paragraphs.
Sir William Clifton.
'Some other Force than the Militia is necessary to be
found'; and moved a Supply for the Army.
'We have lately had an unfortunate Proof how little we
are to depend upon the Militia, and therefore sure we must
all approve of His Majesty's increasing the Forces to what
they are. France is formidable, now Holland's Forces are
greatly increased, and we must be strong in proportion, for
preservation of our selves and Flanders, and toward that
the good Harmony betwixt the King and this House hath
greatly contributed. It has had two other great Effects abroad:
'1. The French King's Army last Spring was marching
towards Germany, Crequi was far advanced; but when the
King of France heard the Kindness of this House to the
King, and the Defeat of Monmouth, he recalled them.
'2. The French and Spaniard had also a difference about
Huy and Fontarabia: The French advanced their Troops;
and recalled them on this News.
'This is the noble effect of the Harmony between the
King and this House, who have (I hope) brought the same
Heart and Loyalty they had the last time here.
'Hence we may conclude, these Levies made by the King
are just, reasonable, and necessary. And so let us vote a
Supply, to answer His Majesty's present Occasions.'
'The Question is, whether a Supply or not. I do not
intend to arraign the Militia, but seeing a Soldier is a
Trade, and must (as all other Trades are) be learned, I'll
shew you where the Militia has failed, viz. At Chatham,
and in June last, when the late Duke of Monmouth landed,
and had but 83 Men, and 300 l. in Money; who in spight
of the Militia, nay, in spight of such other Force as the
King could spare hence, brought it so far as he did.
'If the King of France had landed then, what would
have become of us? I say, the Militia is not insignificant,
but an additional Force is necessary, and so a Supply that is
answerable to it.'
Sir T. Clarget.
'If it shall appear to you, that the King's Revenue he
hath already, be sufficient to supply all his Occasions, what
then need we give him more?
'Tis moved we should proceed by Paragraph.
'To come first to the Militia, who (let me tell you) did
considerable Service in the late Rebellion, and if a great
Nobleman of this Kingdom had been supplied and assisted,
it had soon been quelled.
'A Confidence betwixt the King and his People is absolutely needful, let it come whence it will, our Happiness
consists in it.
'His Majesty, on his first entrance on the Crown, told us,
he had been misrepresented, and that he would preserve the
Government in Church and State now established by Law,
and to maintain us in all our just Rights and Privileges.
'Over-joyed at this, we run hastily in to him, we gave
four Millions (reckoning what we added to him for Life
was worth) at once.
'The present Revenue is 1,900,000 l. or two Millions
yearly; the Charge of the Government (admitting this Army
kept up) is but 1,300,000 l. yearly: And pray let us not
forget that there was a Bill of Exclusion debated in this
House; I was here, and shewed my self against it; the
Arguments for it were, that we should, in case of a Popish
Successor, have a Popish Army.
'You see the Act of the Test already broken, but pray
remember what the late Lord Chancellor told you when the
late King (of Blessed Memory) past that Act; (the Words
were to this effect:) By this Act you are provided against
Popery, that no Papist can possibly creep into any Employment. I am afflicted greatly at this Breach on our Liberties,
and seeing so great difference betwixt this Speech and those
heretofore made, cannot but believe this was by some others
'This struck at here, is our All; and I wonder there
have been any Men so desperate, as to take any Employment not qualified for it, and would have therefore the
Question put, That a standing Army is destructive to the
Sir J. Ernley.
'The number of the standing Forces is about 14 or 15000
Men, and they were about half so many before, and I conceive we are not safe without these Forces to aid and help the
Militia. I am not for laying the Militia aside, but I say,
there is a necessity for a standing Force.
'Half the Charge of those Forces is about 300000 l.
yearly, the whole, being 600000 l. yearly, I conceive is all
we need to give for it; of that there remains 200000 l, unreceived of the 400000 l. given last; so that 200000 l. may
go towards it, and the rest may be supplied by a Tax on such
Commodities, as, for balancing of Trade, may better be
charged than not. I am for a Supply.'
Sir Hugh Cholmondely.
'I stand up for, and would not have the Militia reflected
on, it was very useful in the late Rebellion of Monmouth,
it kept him from Bristol and Exeter, and is as good as any
Army we can raise against any at home. I am for the
'I see just cause for a Supply, and would give it, and
to reward the Officers not qualified, or take them off some
'I dread a standing Army, but am for a Supply.'
'Kings in old time used to send not only an account of
their Revenues, but of the Charge they were going to be at,
to the Parliament, when they demanded Aids. Henry the
Vth had but 56000 l. and Queen Elizabeth had 160000 and
odd pounds yearly. I am for a Bill for making the Militia
useful, and would know if we give Money, that it be not
for setting up a standing Army.'
Sir William Twisden.
'I am for good Guards, the Kingdom guarded by Law;
we are now in perfect Peace; the King is both feared and
loved; an Army little needed; Men justly afraid: That
which made the last Rebellion as it was, the Man that headed
it, was a Favourite of the Faction, and though he had got
such a number, he was beaten by 1800 Men only. I am
against an Army.'
'This last Rebellion has contributed to our future Peace,
and those engaged in it have sung their Penitential Psalm,
and their Punishment is rejoiced at by all good Persons. I do
not commend the Militia, yet it is not to be rejected, but to
be new modelled; and for my part, I had rather pay double
to these, (meaning for keeping up the Militia) from whom I
fear nothing, than half so much to those, of whom I must
ever be afraid; and say what you will, 'tis a standing
'The last Force preserved the Peace, and was sufficient
to do it in the late King's time, and is now; all the profit
and security of this Nation is in our Ships, and had there
been the least Ship in the Channel, it would have disappointed him.
'Supporting an Army, is maintaining so many idle Persons to lord it over the rest of the Subjects.
'The King declared, no Soldiers should quarter in Private Houses, but that they did; that they should pay for all
things they took, but they paid nothing for almost all they
'And for Officers employed not taking the Tests, is dispensing with all the Laws at once; and if these Men be
good and kind, we know not whether it proceeds from their
Generosity or Principles, for we must remember, 'tis Treason for any Man to be reconciled to the Church of Rome,
for the Pope by Law is declared Enemy to this Kingdom.
'A Supply given as moved for, is a kind of an establishing an Army by Act of Parliament, and when they have
got the Power into their Hands, we then are to derive it
from their Courtesy; and therefore I would have the Question be,
'That the Safety of the Kingdom doth not consist with a
standing Force, and this, it may be, will disappoint those Persons that make it their Business this way to make themselves
Sir T. Clarges.
'Then moved for an Address.'
Sir T. Meers.
'I am first for a Supply, that hinders not an Address;
His Majesty in his Speech only says, that the Militia is not
'The late long Parliament always owned some Force
necessary, we are not to name the number, the King is best
Judge of that, a great Soldier, and a good Prince.
'For I hear the number is 14 or 15000, and I am for a
Supply, and never saw but Money was always one part of
the Business of every Parliament.
'There was a bitter Spirit in the three last Parliaments,
not yet well allay'd, and so I conclude a considerable Force
needful besides the Militia. I call those raised, Guards, and
would have a Supply given to support his Majesty's Extraordinary Occasions.'
'The Navy wants 6 or 800000 l. and I would give any
Reason for it, so a Supply may without a Negative be given.'
'There is already a Law, that no Man shall, on any Occasion whatever, rise against the King. Lords and DeputyLieutenants have power to disarm the disaffected: If you
give thus a Supply, it is for an Army, and then may not
this Army be made of those that will not take the Test?
which Act was not designed as a Punishment for the Papists,
but a Protection for ourselves, and giving this Money is for
an Army, I am against it.'
Sir Richard Temple.
'I must concur with the King, that the Militia, is not
sufficient; I am for mending the Militia, and to make it such
as the King and Kingdom may conside in it; to trust to
mercenary Force alone, is to give up all our Liberties at
'If you provide a constant Supply to support them, by
setting up an Army, Sir Thomas Meers has turned it into a
Supply for the Navy.
'There is no Country in the World has a Law to set up
an Army, we have already made an ample Supply for the
Government. Tis for Kings to come to the House from
time to time on extraordinary Occasions, and if this Army
be provided for by Law, they will never more come to this
'I am for giving for the extraordinary Charge past.
Armies are useful when occasion is for them, but if you
establish them, you can disband them no more.
'I am for a Supply, but not on this score of the Militia;
there was not a Company formed till 1588, and as soon as
Queen Elizabeth had done with her Army, she disbanded it.
Armies have been fatal often to Princes. The Army in the
late King's time often turned out their Leaders. I am for
moving the House for leave for a Bill to mend the Militia.'
Sir William Clifton.
'The Beef-eaters at this Rate may be called an Army.'
Mr. Thomas Howard.
'The Colonel may say what he will of the Beef-eaters,
as he nick-names them, but they are establish'd by Act of
'I can make out that the King's Revenue is sufficient to
maintain the Force on foot.'
The Question, That a Supply be given to his Majesty.
Sir Thomas Clarges moved, that the Words (toward the
Support of the additional Forces) may be added.
The Committee divided. Yeas 156. Noes 225. It
was carried in the Negative, and then these Votes past.
That a Supply be given to his Majesty, and that the House
be moved to bring in a Bill to make the Militia useful.
And then adjourned.
The 13th, A Motion being made by the Earl of Middleton, that the House should proceed to the further Consideration of his Majesty's Speech.
The House thereupon resolved itself into a Committee of
the whole House, and the previous Question being then
put for the House to go on with the Supply, or proceed to
the next Paragraph. The House divided.
For proceeding to the Supply—182.
For proceeding to the next Paragraph.—183.
Then the House adjourned.
The 14th, An Address was moved in the Committee by
Sir Edward Jennings.
The House resolved itself into a Committee on that Paragraph of his Majesty's Speech, which next follows the Supply.
When Sir Edward Jennings moved for an Address humbly
shewing: That those Officers of the Army who are not
qualified for their Employments, by the Acts for preventing
Dangers which may happen, from Popish Recusants cannot,
by Law, be capable of the said Employments, and that it be
part of the said Address: That his Majesty would be pleased
not to continue them in their Employments.
Others moved the inconveniency of it, if not granted, and
so let it alone. Others to have the Catholics, who had
been so useful and well known to his Majesty, named and
compensated. Some seemed to doubt his Majesty's Compliance. Others that it was not to be doubted, when addressed
by such a House.
At last it came to this Conclusion, That Instructions be
given to a Committee, to draw an humble Address to his
Majesty; wherein the last Words in the above Motion were ordered to be alter'd as follows. That his Majesty would be graciously pleased to give such Directions, that no Apprehensions,
or Jealousies may remain in the Hearts of his Majesty's good
and faithful Subjects.
Then the House adjourn'd.
The 16th, Mr. Sollicitor reports, That the Committee appointed had drawn up an Address to his Majesty: which was
read and agreed to, and is as follows, viz.
The Commons Address.
'Most Gracious Sovereign, We your Majesty's most loyal and faithful Subjects, the Commons in Parliament assembled, do in the first place (as in Duty bound) return your
Majesty our most humble and hearty thanks for your great
Care and Conduct in suppressing the late Rebellion, which
threatned the Overthrow of this Government, both in Church
and State, to the Extirpation of our Religion as by Law
establish'd, which is most dear unto us, and which your Majesty hath been pleased to give us repeated Assurances you
will always defend and maintain, which with all grateful
Hearts we shall ever acknowledge.
'We further crave leave to acquaint your Majesty, that
we have with all Duty and Readiness taken into our Consideration your Majesty's Gracious Speech to us: And as to that
Part of it, relating to the Officers in the Armies not qualified
for their Employments according to an Act of Parliament
made in the 25th Year of the Reign of your Royal Brother, Entitled, An Act for preventing Dangers which may happen from Popish Recusants.
'We do out of our bounden Duty, humbly represent
unto your Majesty,
'That these Officers cannot by Law be capable of their
Employments, and that the Incapacities they bring upon
themselves that Way, can no way be taken off but by an
Act of Parliament.
'Therefore out of that great Reverence and Duty we
owe unto your Majesty, who has been graciously pleas'd
to take notice of their Services to your Majesty, we are
preparing a Bill to pass both Houses, for your Royal Assent,
to indemnify them from the Penalties they have now incurred, and because the continuing of them in their Employments may be taken to be a dispensing with that Law
without an Act of Parliament, the Consequence of which
is of the greatest Concern to the Rights of all your Majesty's Subjects, and to all the Laws made for the Security
of their Religion.
'We therefore, the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of
your Majesty's House of Commons, do most humbly beseech
your Majesty, that you would be most graciously pleased to
give such Directions therein, that no Apprehensions or Jealousies may remain in the Hearts of your Majesty's most
A Motion being made for going to the Lords for their
Some debated, that it would carry with it the greater
Weight, and be more likely to have good Effect, and if
the Concurrence of the Lords were asked, the Judges in
the Lords House would have an Opportunity of speaking
their Opinion to it.
Others oppos'd it, for the Lords having already given
their Thanks to the King for his Speech, as being contented therewith, and that it would be more for the Honour
of the House of Commons to Address alone.
Those that were against the thing itself when it past
first, were about going to the Lords for their Concurrence.
The House divided. For asking Concurrence, Yeas 138,
Noes 212. It pass'd in the Negative. Then the Members
of the House that were of his Majesty's Privy-Council, were
ordered to know when his Majesty would be pleas'd to be
Mr. Sollicitor in the Chair. The House being resolved
into a Committee of the whole House, to consider of a
Supply for his Majesty.
Debates on the Supply. ; Lord Campden.
'Moved, 200,000 l. to be given to the King for a Supply, which with 200,000 l. confessed of what was given for
suppressing the late Rebellion, makes 400,000 l.'
Sir J. Ernley.
'Moved, that 1,200,000 l. was needful, and that such a
Sum had been given before in the same Session, when there
was an Address of this kind made to the late King.'
Sir T. Courtenay.
'We have this Session already given Customs and Excises
for his Majesty's Life.'
Additional Duty on Wines 8 Years
||Yearly 150,000 l.
|Tax on Sugar and Tobacco 8 Years
||Yearly 200,000 l.
|Tax on Linnen and East-India Commodities 5 Years.
||Yearly 12,000 l.
In all six Millions.
'Let us give little now, to have Opportunity to give more
another time; for if we give too much now, we shall have
nothing left to give; and if we proceed thus, what we have
more will be taken from us.'
Sir Edmund Jenkins.
'To give 1,200,000 l. now, because such a Sum has been
given, is no Argument; once 2,400,000 l. was given here,
and therefore should it be so now? 200,000 l. with what is
already confess'd to be in Cash, makes 400,000 l. and that
will maintain the Charge one Year and better; and giving
all at once is doubting the Affection of the People'
'You unanimously voted a Supply last Night, and naming
so little now, is not so ingenuous a Way of proceeding. We
are told six Millions have been this Sessions given; I would
have you, Gentlemen, take notice, the giving his Majesty
what the late King had, is but settling a Revenue that before was not sufficient for the Support of the Government;
what was given besides, was part for the late King's Servants, part for the Fleet and Stores, and part for suppressing
the late Rebellion.
'To give so little now, is not to enable the King to defend
and preserve us, which he has promised to do. I am for
'The Question is for 200,000 l. or for 1,200,000 l.
'What has been given already, ought not to be weighed
in this Matter at all; and what is called six Millions, had
all Uses (when given) tack'd to it.
'The Revenue his Brother had, had Uses enough, as—
The Wine and Vinegar Act, rated at yearly 150,000 l.
For the Fleet, Stores, Ordnance, and Servants.
The Sugar and Tobacco Act, rated at yearly 200,000 l.
For the said Stores, Ordinary, and Fleet—
'And the Additional Duty on French Linnen and East-India
Commodities, rated at yearly 120,000 l. was employ'd
'For suppressing the late Rebellion—
So there are Uses for all that; and what is now given, must
be taken for supporting the Forces.—
And therefore I am for 1,200,000 l.'
Sir William Clifton.
'Two hundred thousand Pounds is much too little: Soldiers move not without Pay. No Penny, no Pater Noster.'—
'Moved for 700,000 l. and mention'd to have it rais'd
upon the new Buildings, which might produce 400,000 l.
and a Poll-Bill for the other 300,000 l.'
'If I knew the King's Revenue were short, I would give
as far as any Man; but now we are going for this particular
Use, and if this 200,000 l. will not do, how can we be sure
that 1,200,000 l. will?—
'If we give too little now, hereafter, if we see Occasion,
we may give more; but if we now give too much, I do not
see how we shall ever have it again, though I have heard
of such a thing in Queen Elizabeth's time,
'The King (reckoning what he had of his own into it)
has 600,000 l. yearly, more than the late King had, and
when there is need, I am for more; but now only 400,000 l.
and to raise that easy you will be put to it: How will you
'If you lay it upon Trade, that will make it Revenue,
and when once in the Crown for some time, it will never
get out again. I am for only 400,000 l.'
'If the King wants 200,000 l. I would give him 200,000 l.
but I am for giving no more than he really wants.—'
Mr. Wyndham, of Salisbury.
'We give because we are ask'd; I am for the least Sum,
because for an Army, and I would be rid of them as soon
as I could; and am more now against it than I lately was,
being satisfy'd that the Country is weary of the Oppression
of the Soldiers, weary of free Quarters, Plunder, and some
Felonies, for which they have on Complaint, no Redress:
And since I heard Mr. Blathwaite tell us, how strict Rules
were prescribed them by the King, I find by their Behaviour, the King cannot govern them himself, and then
what will become of us?
Sir William Honeywood.
'The Rebellion is suppress'd, and the Army is urged to
be small, but it is so thick of Officers, that by filling up
the Troops, which is easily at any time done, increases their
Number to a third Part more. I am for providing for
them but one whole Year only, and only for 400,000 l.'
'I agree to the 400,000 l. We owe besides that, a Duty to our Country, and, are bound in Duty to leave our
Posterity as free in their Liberties and Properties as we can;
and there being Officers now in the Army, that have not
taken the Test, greatly flats my Zeal for it, and makes me
esteem the Militia; which, if we well modelled, and placed
in Men's Hands of Interest in their Country, we are certain of, and so is the King secure; for there is no such Security of any Man's Loyalty, as a good Estate.
'Reasons I have heard given against Armies, that they
debauch'd the Manners of all the People, their Wives,
Daughters, and Servants.
'Men do not go to Church where they Quarter, for
fear Mischief should be done at their Houses in their Absence.
'Plowmen and Servants quit all Country Employments
to turn Soldiers; and then a Court-Martial in time of
Peace, it most terrible.
'In Peace, Justices of it, and the Civil Magistrate ought
to punish, if applied to.
'And what Occasion then can be for them?
'Is it to suppress a Rebellion in time of an Invasion?
All then will go towards that.
'Or is it to assist Allies? The House will give aid when
wanted on that Score.
'The Guards I am not against, those shewed themselves
useful in Venner's Business, and the late Rebellion; I am
not against them, I only speak of those that have been new
'I'll tell you the Use of these Forces; they expected the
rising of a great Party, and were not these Forces standing,
to prevent a Rebellion, you would have one in few days.
'If any Disorders have been committed, it is not yet
too late to have them redress'd; and Martial Law (if by
that clear'd) does not hinder proceeding at Common-Law
for the same thing.
'Four hundred thousand Pound is not enough; no State
near us in Proportion, but what exceeds this small number
Sir Thomas Chages.
'There are seven Millions of Souls in England; but the
Strength of England consists in our Navy, in which (for want
of Men) France can never equal us; their Trade will not
breed them; a Ship of 50 Tuns will carry 100,000 l. of
their Goods, Linnen and Silks. Ours are bulky Goods, and
employs twenty times more, unless you (by burdening of
Trade) let them into the West-Indies. Armies are not
manageable, Commanders have been very often known to
rebel: The Measure of our Supply is our Security.
'His Majesty's Declaration says, if on Complaint, the
Officers give no Redress, then complain to the King; and
so Justice is baulked by that Hardship put upon the Complainant.'
Sir William Twisden.
'Moved to have it temporary for two Years.'
Sir Christopher Musgrave.
'Let it be to enable His Majesty to preserve us in Peace
at home, and to make His Majesty formidable abroad: I am
for 1,200,000 l. as a Supply answerable to the Loyalty of
Sir Hugh Cholmondeley.
'This House was so forward to give last Time, that the
King's Ministers gave their Stop to it.'
Sir Jo. Williamson.
'The Use is to direct the Quantum. I see a present Necessity for continuing these Forces till the Militia is made
useful; I am for trying two Years, and so for 400,000 l.
and so leave the Door open for coming hither to give another time.'
Sir Thomas Meers.
'The Principle of the Rebel-Party is never to repent.
I am for 1,200,000 l, and if so much be given, I would have
you, Gentlemen, to remember the Fanatics are the Cause
'An Island may be attacked notwithstanding any Fleet.
Ours is much mended, a thousand Men daily at work, ever
since we gave Money for it, and not one Man in it an Officer, that has not taken the Test.'
'New Troops are not so good as old, and more subject to
commit Disorders, but will be less so, when they are longer
under Discipline. The King of France never sends Troops
to his Army, till they have been two or three Years on foot
in a Garrison.'
Sir Thomas Clarges.
'The Trained Bands at Newbury-Fight did brave
Then the Question was put, That a Sum not exceeding
400,000 l. should be given to the King.
The Previous Question being put. Yeas 167. Noes 179.
It passed in the Negative.
700,000 l. voted.
Then the Question was put for 700,000 l. and no more.
Yeas—212. Noes—170. So it passed in the Affirmative.
The Words not exceeding the Sum being added, instead of
the Words and no more.
The Question for 1,200,000 l. being thus waved, it was
Ordered, that the Committee of the whole House should tomorrow proceed on his Majesty's Supply, and on Wednesday
to consider of Heads for a Militia-Bill.
The 17th, The House resolved itself into a Committee of
the whole House, to consider the way of raising his Majesty's Supply.
Farther Debates on the Supply. ; Sir John Ernley.
Mr. North in the Chair.
Moved, that such an additional Duty might be upon Wines
as might yield 400,000 l. yearly; and upon other Goods he
named, as might raise about 600,000 l. Yearly; which with
the Continuance for some Years of the late Act of Imposition of French Linnens, and East India Silks, &c. might make
up the Sum; and told the House, he propos'd this way, to
avoid a Land-Tax.
The Goods he named to be rated, were Soap, Pot-ashes,
to pay 7 d. ½ to treble; unwrought Silks, Deals, Planks, and
other Boards to double. Raisins and Prunes 2 s. per Cent. to
double. Iron now pays 7 s. per Cent. to double. Copperas
18 s. per Cent. to double. Oils to 8 or 10 per Tun, pay now
30 s. Drugs will bear ⅔ more than rated. Drugs and Spice
from Holland, Salt, and all prohibited Goods, 20 l. per Cent.
And this I hope may do what is now intended to be rais'd
at this time, supposing 4 l. per Cent on French Wines.
Sir Dudley North.
Moved much to the same effect, and enlarged on it, and
said, the Book of Rates had been well consider'd, and these
Goods were capable of bearing the Duties propos'd; but if
the King took the 4 l. per Tun on French Wines at above
twenty thousand pounds Yearly, he would be a loser by it.
Other Gentlemen insisted on having French Linnen higher
'The Pepper that is expended here, paying one Penny a
Pound, might pay one Penny more, and so yield 70 or 80000 l.
yearly; and that Bullion exported to the Indies, might bear
5 l. per Cent. and encourage the sending of other Goods (in
some measure) instead of it thither.'
Sir Richard Temple.
Moved Subsidies or Land Tax; but the House inclining to
what was first propos'd, and being consented to by the King's
Ministers, seem'd contented with it; so was voted, That an Act
for laying an Imposition on French Linnens, East-India Goods,
Brandy, &c. should be continued for five Years from Midsummer 1690. and be given to his Majesty as 400,000 l. And that
An Imposition of 4 l. per Tun be laid upon all French
Wines, on which to be rais'd 300,000 l. which makes up the
The time how long this 4 l. per Tun shall be laid, is not
yet determined, an Account being first to be brought from
the Custom-House Books, of what Number of Tuns are yearly imported; 'twas said 100,000 Tuns: Others affirm'd, there
were near double so many.
The House seemed to incline to 8 or 10 Years, and that
the Duties already on it should still continue for the same
time; which 4 l. per Tun, with the Duty it already pays, is
near 20 l. per Tun.
The 18th, Mr. Speaker acquaints the House, that his
Majesty having been yesterday attended in the BanquetingHouse at Whitehall with the Address of Thanks from this
House for his great Care and Conduct, in suppressing the
late Rebellion; and likewise concerning the Officers of the
Army not qualified for their Employments, was graciously
pleased to return an Answer, to the effect following.
The King's Answer to the Address.
'My Lords and Gentlemen, I did not expect such an Address from the House of Commons. For, having so lately
recommended to your Consideration the great Advantages
a good Understanding between us had produc'd us in a very
short time, and given you warning of Fears and Jealousies
amongst ourselves; I had reason to hope, that the Reputation God had blessed me with in the World, would have
seated and confirmed a good Confidence in you for me,
and of all that I say to you.
'But however you proceed on your Part, I will be steady
in all my Promises I have made to you, and be just to my
Word in this, and all my other Speeches.'
The said Answer was read with all due Reverence and Respect, and there being a profound silence in the House for
some time after it;
Mr. Wharton moved, that a Day might be appointed to
consider his Majesty's Answer to the late Address of this
House, and named Friday next.
Mr. Coke stood up and seconded that Motion, and said,
I hope we are all Englishmen, and not to be frighted out
of our Duty by a few high Words.'
Lord Preston took present Exceptions against the Words,
which, as is usual, were writ down by the Clerk, and Mr.
Coke call'd upon to explain—
Mr. Coke said, 'he intended no ill by it; and that he did
not believe these the Words: And that if he had said any
thing that had given that House Offence, he was sorry, and
would ask them Pardon for it.'
Sir Christopher Musgrave.
'It is not enough to say these were not the Words, but
you are to say what the Words were.'
'I do not make set Speeches: I cannot repeat them; and
if they did drop from me, I ask the King and you Pardon.'
So these being took for granted to have been the Words,
Mr. Coke, as the Custom is in such Cases, withdrew into the
Sir J. Talbot.
'Not our own Honour, but the King is concern'd in this;
and moved, that he should be brought to the Bar, and there
to receive a Reprimand from Mr. Speaker for it.'
Sir H. Cholmondeley.
'He is a Gentleman of great Loyalty, never before of the
House; I do desire he may have what Favour may be.'
'A great Reflection upon this House, if this be let pass.
Several spoke of his Loyalty, but none to excuse him for this'
'Send him to the Tower.'
'The meaning of this seems like an Incendiary. The
Lord P. Lord Middleton. Mr. Solicitor.
'This needs no Aggravation; a Reprimand for an Offence to this House, might do; but this does not end there,
and 'tis a question whether it be in the power of the House
to pass it by; the Offence is given to the King as well as
you: I am for calling him to the Bar in the first place.'
Mr. Coke sent to the Tower.
But 'twas then order'd, that Mr. Coke for his undecent
Speech, should be sent to the Tower.
'Now this is over, I cannot but consent to those that
moved for a day, to consider of His Majesty's Answer; nor
think my self as honest as I should be, if I now hold my
'And if we do take this Matter into Consideration, I
doubt not but we shall behave our selves with that decency
to His Majesty, that we may hope for a more satisfactory
Answer, than as yet this seems to be to me.'
Sir J. Ernley.
'I did hope the Acquiescence that was this Morning in
this House, on reading His Majesty's Answer, had ended this
Matter. I do think the King will do all what he promised,
and am for resting there.'
Sir T. Meers.
Mov'd to adjourn, and said, 'he did not know what to
say to it.'
Sir T. Clarges.
'For that very Reason I move for a Day to consider of it;
and I do not think we shew that Respect we ought to do to
the King, if we do not.' Adjourn'd.
Proceedings on the Supply.
The 19th, The Committee appointed to search the Custom-House Books, how many Tuns of French Wines were
yearly imported, report to the House, That 4 l. per Tun
laid upon French Wines, would, all Deductions allowed,
bring in yearly 350,000 l.
Mr. Sollicitor took the Chair.
And 'twas thereupon resolved, That the 4 l. per Tun, to
be laid on French Wines, for the raising of 300,000 l. be
continued from the first of December 1685 yearly, for nine
Years and a half.
To which the House agreed, and Mr. Sollicitor was order'd to bring in a Bill on the Debates of the House, with a
Clause of Loan for the said Imposition of 4 l. per Tun for
the said nine Years and a half, from the first of December
1685. And then adjourn'd.
The 20th, A Message from the King by the GentlemanUsher of the Black-Rod.
'Mr. Speaker, It is His Majesty's Pleasure, this Honourable House do attend him immediately in the House of
Peers.' Where being come, the Lord Chancellor, by His
Majesty's Directions, said as followeth.
Lord Chancellor prorogues the Parliament.
'My Lords, and you the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of the House of Commons, I am commanded by His
Majesty to let you know, that it is His Majesty's Pleasure,
for many weighty Reasons, that this Parliament be prorogued till the 10th day of February next: And accordingly
this Parliament is prorogued till the 10th day of February
'Tis remarkable the King lost 700,000 l. by this Prorogation; to which he added three more; and, after trying all
sorts of Practices to render the Members more ductile in
vain, dissolv'd the Parliament July 2. 1687.
Prince of Orange lands. ; The King withdraws. ; House of Lords meets. ; Their Address to the Prince of Orange.
The next Year the Prince of Orange came over by Invitation
from the People, and the King being deserted by his Army,
Friends, and Children, withdrew to France; which was no
sooner known, but the House of Lords exerted their Authority, and immediately assembled themselves in their
House at Westminster; where, after a long Debate, relating
chiefly to the Prerogatives of a King of England, they resolv'd to begin with the following Address to the Prince of
Orange: 'We the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, assembled in this Conjuncture, do desire your Highness to take
upon you the Administration of Public Affairs both Civil
and Military, and the Disposal of the Public Revenue, for
the Preservation of our Religion, Rights, Laws, Liberties
and Properties, and of the Peace of the Nation; and that
your Highness will take into your particular Care the present Condition of Ireland, and endeavour by the most speedy
and effectual Means to prevent the Dangers threatning that
Kingdom: All which we make our Requests to your Highness to undertake and exercise, till the Meeting of the intended Convention, the 22d day of January next; in which,
we doubt not, such proper Methods will be taken, as will
conduce to the Establishment of these things upon such sure
and legal Foundations, that they may not be in danger of
being again subverted.' Dated at the House of Lords,
Westminster the 25th of December.
Having made this first Step, their Lordships proceeded to
consider of the most effectual Way for summoning the said
Convention, and the same Day drew up their Opinions, in
this second Address to the Prince: 'We the Lords Spiritual
and Temporal, assembled at Westminster in this extraordinary Conjuncture, do humbly desire your Highness to cause
Letters to be written, subscrib'd by your self, to the Lords
Spiritual and Temporal, being Protestants; and to the several
Counties, Universities, Cities, Boroughs, and Cinque-Ports
of England, Wales, and the Town of Berwick upon Twede:
The Letters for the Counties to be directed to the Coroners
of the respective Counties, or any one of them; and in default of the Coroners, to the Clerk of the Peace of the respective Counties: And the Letters for the Universities, to
be directed to every Vice-Chancellor: And the Letters to
the several Cities, Boroughs and Cinque-Ports, to be directed to the Chief Magistrate of each respective City, Borough
and Cinque-Port; containing Directions for the chusing, in
all such Counties, Cities, Universities, Boroughs and CinquePorts, within ten Days after the Receipt of the respective Letters, such a Number of Persons to represent them,
as are of Right to be sent to Parliament: Of which Elections, and the Times and Places thereof, the respective Officers shall give Notice, within the space of five Days in
the least. Notice of the intended Elections for the Counties, to be publish'd in the Churches, immediately after the
Time of Divine-Service, and in all the Market-Towns
within the said respective Counties: And Notice of the intended Elections for the Cities, Universities, Boroughs and
Cinque Ports, to be publish'd within the said respective
Places. The said Letters, and the Execution thereof, to be
return'd, by such Officer and Officers who shall execute
the same, to the Clerk of the Crown in the Court of Chancery; so as the Persons so to be chosen may meet and sit at
Westminster, on the 22d day of January next.' These two
Addresses were subscrib'd by about ninety Lords, that were
then present in the House.
The Proceedings of the Prince of Orange. ; He summons the Commons, &c.
In the mean time the Prince of Orange proceeded with
all Vigour and Diligence. His Highness seem'd never to
doubt a considerable Party among the Peers; therefore the
regular Concurrence of the Commons of England appear'd
the most important Point; and to assemble them after a legal
Manner, was no small Difficulty. There was no King in
the Nation, nor any particular Style or Form of Government; the Writs were destroy'd, and the Great Seal thrown
away and lost. After a long Consultation upon this weighty
and knotty Affair, a late Precedent was produc'd, which
seem'd to agree with the present Exigency. About the latter End of the Year 1659, General Monk, with the Nobility and Gentry that labour'd for King Charles's Restoration,
in opposition to the Rump Parliament, who pretended to
continue sitting, issu'd forth their Summons in the Names of
the Keepers of the Liberties of England, for a Convention
or Parliament, to meet on the 25th of April, 1660. And
tho' this was done by unqualify'd Persons, without the formal Consent of the People, yet after the King's Return, he
was so well satisfy'd with their Proceedings, that it was Enacted by the King and the Three Estates of the Realm,
'That the Lords and Commons then sitting were the two
Houses of Parliament; notwithstanding any Want of the
King's Writs, or any other Defect whatsoever.' From
whence his Highness's Council inferr'd, 'That if the Necessity of Affairs was a forcible Argument in 1659, it was
certainly of a greater Force in the present Conjuncture:'
Now because the Commons of England have not the same
Power to assemble as the Peers, the Prince publish'd this
following Order; 'Whereas the Necessity of Affairs does
require speedy Advice; We do desire all such Persons as
have serv'd as Knights, Citizens or Burgesses in any of the
Parliaments that were held during the Reign of the late
King Charles the Second, to meet us at St. James's, upon
Wednesday the 26th of this Instant December, by ten of
the Clock in the Morning. And we do likewise desire,
That the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen of the City
of London would be present at the same time; and that the
Common-Council wou'd appoint fifty of their Number to be
there likewise. And hereof we desire them not to fail.'
His Speech to them.
Pursuant to this Summons, many Members of the Parliaments in King Charles's Reign, to the Number of about a
hundred and sixty, and the Aldermen and Deputies of the
Common-Council of the City of London, assembled at St.
James's, on Wednesday the appointed Day; where the
Prince made this following Speech to them: 'You, Gentlemen, that have been Members of the late Parliaments, I
have desired you to meet me here, to advise the best Manner how to pursue the Ends of my Declaration, in calling
a Free Parliament, for the Preservation of the Protestant
Religion, and the Restoring the Rights and Liberties of
the Kingdom, and settling the same, that they may not be
in danger of being again subverted. And you the Aldermen and Members of the Common-Council of the City
of London, I desire the same of you. And in regard
your Numbers are like to be great, you may, if you
think fit, divide your selves, and sit in several Places.'
The Lord Mayor being absent, upon the account of his
Indisposition, the Prince gave the Copy of his Speech to
Sir Thomas Allen, as being eldest Alderman, and styled Father of the City, desiring that he and the rest wou'd take
that Paper into immediate Consideration.
They form themselves into a House.
Accordingly, by Agreement, they all repair'd to the
Commons House in Westminster; where being seated, and
having chosen Henry Powle Esq; for their Chairman, the
first Question they debated, was, What Authority they had
to assemble? Upon which it was soon agreed, That the
Request of his Highness the Prince was a sufficient Warrant. The next Question of Moment was, How his Highness cou'd take upon him the Administration of Affairs without a distinguishing Name or Title? Which Objection
being started by Sir Robert Southwell, was sufficiently answer'd by Serjeant Maynard, who said, That the Assembly
wou'd lose a great deal of time, if they waited till Sir Robert cou'd conceive how that was possible. A Temporary
Offer of the Government being made to his Highness, one
propos'd that it shou'd be, not for a Month only, but for a
whole Year; to whom it was answer'd, that the Convention ought only to consider of that. Others mov'd that the
Association, that had been sign'd by the Lords, might likewise be subscrib'd by this Assembly; but it was carry'd,
that the said Association shou'd be left upon the Table, and
every one be at liberty to sign it or not. After these previous Debates, they resolv'd upon Heads for an Address to
be made to his Highness, and appointed Persons to draw
up and prepare the same; and in the Afternoon it was done
accordingly, and read and approv'd in this Form:
Their Address to the Prince.
'We who have serv'd as Members of Parliaments during
the Reign of the late King Charles the Second, together
with the Court of Aldermen, and Members of the Common-Council of the City of London, assembled at your
Highness's Desire, in this extraordinary Conjuncture, do,
with an unanimous Consent, tender to your Highness our
humble and hearty Thanks, for you coming into this Kingdom, and exposing your Person to so great Hazards, for
the Preservation of our Religion, Laws, and Liberties,
and rescuing us from the Miseries of Popery and Slavery:
And desire your Highness, (for the Pursuance of these
Ends, and for the Preservation of the Peace of the Nation)
will take upon you the Administration of Public Affairs,
both Civil and Military, and the Disposal of the Public
Revenues. We do also desire, that your Highness will take
into your particular Consideration, the present Condition of
Ireland; and endeavour, by the most speedy and effectual
Means to prevent the Dangers threatning that Kingdom.
All which, we desire your Highness to undertake and
execute, until the Meeting of the intended Convention, the
22d day of January next.' Then, for the Chusing of
Members for the said Convention, they propos'd the same
which has been mention'd in the Lords Address; and so
concluded in these Words, 'This we humbly offer to your
Highness, as our best Advice, in this Exigency of Affairs,
for attaining the Ends of your Highness's Declaration; and
as the best Means tending to such an Establishment, as that
our Religion, Laws and Liberties, may not be in danger of
being again subverted.'
His Highness's Answer to the Lords, and their Address.
His Highness having appointed to receive the Address the
next Morning, he was then attended by a Body of them;
and the Address was presented and read by Mr. Powle to
his Highness; who was pleas'd to declare, That it being a
Matter of Weight, he wou'd consider thereof, and give his
Answer the next Day. Accordingly, on Friday Morning,
December 28, his Highness first gave the following Answer
at St. James's to the Lords Spirtual and Temporal: 'My
Lords, I have consider'd of your Advice; and, as far as
I am able, I will endeavour to secure the Peace of the
Nation, until the Meeting of the Convention in January
next; for the Election whereof I will forthwith issue Letters, according to your Desire. I will also take care to
apply the Public Revenue to the most proper Uses that
the present Affairs require; and likewise endeavour to put
Ireland into such a Condition, as that the Protestant Religion and English Interest may be maintain'd in that
Kingdom. And I further assure you, That as I came
hither for the Preservation of the Protestant Religion, and
the Laws and Liberties of these Kingdoms; so I shall always be ready to expose my self to any Hazard, for the
Defence of the same.' And in the Afternoon, his Highness
was pleas'd to return the very same Answer to the Commons.