Proceedings on the Union.
During this Recess the grand Affair of the Union of the
two Kingdoms took place; the first meeting of the Commissioners for that purpose being at the Cockpit, April 16. at
which were present for Scotland the Earl of Seafield LordChancellor, Duke of Queensbury, Earl of Mar, Earl of London, Earl of Sutherland, Earl of Wemyss, Earl of Leven,
Earl of Stair, Earl of Rosebury, Lord Archibald Campbel,
Lord Viscount Duplin, Lord Ross, Lord President of Session,
Lord Justice Clerk, Mr. Francis Montgomery, Sir Alex.
Ogilvie, Sir Patrick Johnston, Sir James Smollet, George
Lockhart of Carnwath, William Seton of Pitmedden,
John Clark, Daniel Stewart, Daniel Campbell.
Those for England, who appeared on this solemn Occasion, were the Lord Keeper, Lord High-Treasurer, Lord
President, Lord Privy-Seal, Duke of Somerset, Duke of
Bolton, Earl of Sunderland, Earl of Kingston, Earl of Orford,
Lord Viscount Townsend, Lord Wharton, Lord Grey, Lord
Powlet, Lord Somers, Marquiss of Hartington, Sir Charles
Hedges, Mr. Harley, Secretaries of State; Mr. Boyle, Lord
Chief-Justice Holt, Lord Chief-Justice Trevor, Mr. Attorney-General, Mr. Sollicitor-General, Sir John Cook, Doctor
When after the Lords Commissioners for both Kingdoms
had taken their Places, the Commissions were opened, and
read by the respective Secretaries, and then the Lord-Keeper
of the Great-Seal of England, addressing himself to the Lords
Commissioners for Scotland, spoke in these Words.
Lord Keeper's Speech to the Scots Commissioners of the Union.
'My Lords, We the Commissioners appointed by her
Majesty, and authoriz'd by the Parliament of England to
consult and treat with your Lordships, as empowered in like
manner, by her Majesty and the Parliament of Scotland, concerning an Union of the two Kingdoms, and such other
things as we, the Commissioners on both Parts, shall think convenient and necessary for the Honour of her Majesty, and
the common Good of both Kingdoms, do apprehend there
never was (in any Assembly of this nature) so little Occasion as
at present, for the Commissioners of England to give any verbal Assurances of their Zeal to promote and complete (so far
as in their Power) the great and good Design we are met
about, since it cannot be doubted, but that we bring along
with us the same Sentiments, which so lately appeared in
the Parliament of England, when they took care to manifest,
by a solemn Act, that they did postpone all other Considerations to their evidencing a good and friendly Disposition towards the Kingdom of Scotland.
The Parliament of England, in making that unexpected
Advance, seem'd resolved, if possible to attain that Union,
which hath been so long thought necessary, by all that wish
well to the Prosperity of both Nations.
And we most sincerely assure your Lordships, that we accordingly meet your Lordships with Hearts fully resolv'd to use our
utmost Endeavour to remove all Difficulties in this Treaty, to
prevent all Misunderstandings, to cherish and improve the good
Dispositions to one another we meet with, to have the general
and joint Good of both Kingdoms solely in our View, and
not the separate of either, but to act as if we were already
united in Interest, and had nothing left to consider but what
Settlements and Provisions are most likely to conduce to the
common Safety and Happiness of this whole Island of Great-Britain.
'Which Measures, if pursued on both Parts, we hope
may enable us to prepare such Terms of Union as may prove
satisfactory to her Majesty and her Parliaments of both Kingdoms.'
To which the Earl of Seafield, Lord-High-Chancellor of
Scotland, on the Part of the Lords Commissioners for that
Kingdom, reply'd as followeth.
Answer'd by the Lord-Chancellor of Scotland.
My Lords, the Lords Commissioners for Scotland have
desired me to assure your Lordships that they meet you on
this Occasion, with great Willingness and Satisfaction, to
treat of an Union between the two Kingdoms, and of such
other Matters and Concerns as may be for her Majesty's Honour, and the maintaining a good Understanding between
the two Nations.
We are convinced that an Union will be of great Advantage to both; the Protestant Religion will be thereby
the more firmly secured; the Designs of our Enemies effectually
disappointed, and the Riches and Trade of the whole Island
'This Union has been often endeavoured, before and since
the Kingdoms were united in Allegiance under one Sovereign; and several Treaties have been set on Foot for that
End, tho' without the desired Success; but now we are hopeful that this shall be the happy Opportunity of accomplishing
it; her Majesty hath frequently signified her good Inclinations towards it; and we are the more encouraged to expect
Success in this Treaty, by the good Disposition which appeared
in the Parliament of Scotland for it, and by the friendly Proceedings in the last Session of the Parliament of England,
which gave general Satisfaction. We have great Confidence
in your Lordship's good Intentions, and we shall be ready
on our Parts to enter into such Measures with you as may
bring the Treaty to such a Conclusion as may be acceptable to
her Majesty, and to the Parliaments of both Kingdoms.'
At their next Meeting, The Lord-Keeper, in the Name
of the Lords Commissioners for England, delivered to the
Board certain Preliminary-Articles which were read as followeth, and afterwards agreed to:
Preliminary Articles of the Union-Treaty.
I. That all Proposals made by either side, be made in
Writing, and every Point agreed on shall be reduced into
II That no Point, tho' agreed on, and reduced into
Writing, shall be Obligatory on either side, till all Matters
be adjusted in such Manner as will be proper to be laid before the Queen and the two Parliaments for their Approbation.
III. That there be a Committee appointed, consisting of a
certain Number of each Commission to revise the Minutes of
what passes, which are not to be inserted by the Secretaries
in their respective Books, but by Order of the said Committee, having first made Report thereof to the respective
Commissioners, and received their Approbation of the same.
IV. That all the Proceedings of the Commissioners of
both Kingdoms, during the Treaty, be kept secret.
First Proposals by the English.
The Lord-Keeper also delivered to the Board the following Proposals, which may be look'd upon as the Basis of the
Union. 'That the two Kingdoms of England and Scotland
be for ever united into on Kingdom by the Name of Great-Britain; That the United Kingdom of Great-Britain be represented by one and the same Parliament, and that the Succession to the Monarchy of the united Kingdom of Great-Britain, in case of Failure of Heirs of her Majesty's Body,
be, according to the Limitations mentioned in an Act of Parliament, made in England, in the 12th and 13th Years of the
late King William, entitled, An Act for the further Limitation
of the Crown, and the better securing the Rights and Liberties of
May 9, Her Majesty came to the Meeting, and being
seated in her Chair, spoke to the Lords Commissioners as
Queen's Speech to the Commissioners,
'I Am so much concern'd for the Union of the two Kingdoms, that I could not satisfy myself without coming, before I went cut of Town, to see what Progress you had
made in the Treaty, and to recommend very earnestly to
you the bringing it to a happy Conclusion, with as much
Dispatch as the Nature of it will admit; not doubting of
the general Satisfaction which my Subjects of both Kingdoms will receive in finding you overcome all Difficulties
to attain so great and public a Good.'
When her Majesty had done speaking, the Lord-Keeper
desired to know of her, if she would be pleased to hear the
Proposals made on either side, and the Resolutions hitherto
taken thereupon, read by the respective Secretaries; which
her Majesty was pleased to allow of.
June 26, Her Majesty came again to the Meeting, and
being seated in her Chair, spoke to the Lords-Commissioners
Queen's second Speech to the Commissioners.
'I Am come hither once more to see what further Progress
you have made in this Treaty, and to press a speedy
Conclusion of it, in regard my Servants of Scotland cannot without great Inconvenience, be much longer absent
from that Kingdom.'
After which, her Majesty was pleased to direct, that the
Proceedings of the Commissioners for both Kingdoms (from
the time of her being here) should be read, which was accordingly done by the respective Secretaries, and then her
Majesty went away.
July 23d, The Treaty being happily finish'd the Lords
Commissioners for both Kingdoms went from the Cockpit
to attend the Queen to St. James's, where the Lord-Keeper,
in the Name of the Lords-Commissioners for England made
the following Speech, and presented to her Majesty one of
the signed and sealed Instruments or Writings, containing
the Articles of Union on the Part of England.
Lord-Keeper's Speech to the the Queen, upon presenting the Articles of the Union.
May it please your Majesty, We the Commissioners appointed by your Majesty, in pursuance of the Act of Parliament passed in your Kingdom of England, to treat concerning an Union of the two Kingdoms, with the Commissioners for Scotland, do (according to our Duty) humbly beg
leave to present to your Majesty these the Effects of our continued and faithful Endeavours towards that End.
They are Articles agreed upon between your Commissioners of both Kingdoms, as the Terms or Conditions
upon which the intended Union is to take Place, if your
Majesty, and the Parliaments of both Kingdoms shall think
fit to approve and confirm the same.
In these we have come to an Agreement on every Point,
we judged necessary to effect a complete and lasting Union,
and we have endeavoured not to stir into any Matter we had
reason to think was not so.
And altho' we have unanimously carried this Treaty
thus far, purely from a Conviction, that we have done therein to God, your Majesty, and our Countries good Service;
yet we are far from thinking, that what we have done will
or ought to be of any Weight or Authority elsewhere; but
do most entirely submit these our Labours to the high Wisdom of your Majesty, and both your Parliaments, to stand
or fall by the Reason, Justice, and public Utility on which
they are founded.
Your Majesty's Royal Presence and seasonable Admonitions to us at the fittest Junctures were (we most thankfully
acknowledge) a very great Encouragement and Assistance to
us in the Difficulties we met with.
Your Majesty's Glory is already perfect, and the finishing this Work is all that is wanting to complete as well as
secure the Happiness of so great a People, as your Subjects
may row without any Arrogance pretend to be.
May your Majesty live not only to give a Sanction of
this universal Blessing to all your People, but also to see, in
a long and prosperous Reign over us, the many immediate
(or near) good Effects of it: But, as for that great and main
Consequence of it, for which your Majesty is making, by a
most gracious and charitable Foresight, this only effectual
Provision, I mean the Continuance of Peace and Tranquility
in this stand, upon a Descent of the Crown instead of that
Blood-shed and Distraction, which would probably follow
upon the fatal Division of it;
'May we be so happy, as never in our Days, to experiment the Fitness of these Measures your Majesty is now
taking so that End? But may late, very late Posterity only,
in that respect, reap the Advantage of them.'
This done the Lord Chancellor of Scotland in the Name
of the Lords Commissioners for Scotland, made the following Speech, and presented also to her Majesty one of the
sign'd and seal'd Instruments or Writings, containing the
Articles of Union on the Part of Scotland.
Lord Chancellor of Scotland's Speech to the Queen on the same Occasion.
May it please your Majesty, the Commissioners appointed
by your Majesty for the Kingdom of Scotland, to treat of an
Union of your two Kingdoms of Scotland and England, have
commanded me to return your Majesty their most humble
and dutiful Acknowledgments, for the Honour your Majesty
has conferred on them, in employing them to negotiate this
most important Affair, which is of the greatest Consequence
to all your Majesty's Subjects.
We have endeavour'd to discharge this Trust with all
Fidelity, and are now come humbly to lay before your Majesty, the Articles and Conditions of Union which we have
treated of, and agreed upon, and do submit them to your
It is a great Satisfaction to us, that what we have concluded in this matter, has been done with Unanimity; and we must
own, that the Knowledge we had of your Majesty's great
Concern for uniting your two Kingdoms, and the Earnestness with which your Majesty has been most graciously pleased
to recommend it, hath enabled us to bring this Treaty to a
happy and speedy Conclusion, to the mutual Satisfaction of
the Commissioners on both sides; and we shall esteem it our
greatest Happiness, if what we have prepared be acceptable
to your Majesty, and ratified by the Parliaments of both
Kingdoms, without which, what we have done can be of no
An Union of the two Kingdoms has been long wish'd
for, it being so necessary for establishing the lasting Peace,
Happiness and Prosperity of both Nations: And tho' it has
been frequently endeavoured by your Majesty's Royal Predecessors, without the desired Success; yet the glorious Successes, with which God has bless'd your Majesty's Endeavours
for the Happiness of your People, make us hope that this
great Work is reserved to be accomplished in your Majesty's
After which, her Majesty was graciously pleased to make
the following Speech.
Queen's Speech, in Answer to both.
'I Give you many Thanks for the great Pains you have
taken in this Treaty, and am very well pleased to find
your Endeavours and Applications have brought it to so
good a Conclusion. The Particulars of it seem so reasonable, that I hope they will meet with Approbation in the
Parliaments of both Kingdoms. I wish therefore, that
my Servants of Scotland may lose no time in going down
to propose it to my Subjects of that Kingdom: And I shall
always look upon it as a particular Happiness, if this Union
(which will be so great a Security, and Advantage to both
Kingdoms) can be accomplished in my Reign.'