SPEECHES, DEBATES, &c.
IN THE House of Commons, FROM THE RESTORATION.
BUT tho' the Commissioners had brought this grand
Affair of the Union to an Issue, and her Majesty
had given the Royal Approbation, it was still to be
ratify'd by the Parliaments of the respective Kingdoms.
That of Scotland sat first, where it met with a very stubborn Opposition; more especially from Mr. Fletcher of Salton and the Lord Belhaven, whose Speech on the Occasion
deserves to be for ever remember'd.
Lord Belhaven's Speech against the Union.
'My Lord Chancellor,
'When I consider the Affair of an Union betwixt the two
Nations, as it is expressed in the several Articles thereof,
and now the Subject of our Deliberation at this Time; I
find my Mind crouded with Variety of melancholy Thoughts,
and I think it my Duty to disburden myself of some of them,
by laying them before, and exposing them to the serious
Consideration of this honourable House.
'I think I see a free and independent Kingdom delivering
up that, which all the World hath been fighting for since
the Days of Nimrod; yea, that for which most of all the
Empires, Kingdoms, States, Principalities, and Dukedoms
of Europe, are at this time engaged in the most bloody
and cruel Wars that ever were, to wit, a Power to manage
their own Affairs by themselves, without the Assistance and
Counsel of any other.
'I think I see a national Church, founded upon a Rock,
secured by a Claim of Right, hedged and fenced about, by
the strictest and most pointed, legal Sanction that Sovereignty
could contrive, voluntarily descending into a Plain, upon
an equal Level with Jews, Papists, Socinians, Arminians,
Anahaptists, and other Sectaries, &c.
'I think I see the noble and honourable Peerage of Scotland, whose valiant Predecessors led Armies against their
Enemies, upon their own proper Charges and Expences,
now divested of their Followers and Vassalages, and put upon
such an equal Foot with their Vassals, that I think I see a
petty English Exciseman receive more Homage and Respect
than what was paid formerly to their quondam Mackallamores.
'I think I see the present Peers of Scotland, whose noble
Ancestors conquered Provinces, over-run Countries, reduced
and subjected Towns and fortified Places, exacted Tribute
through the greatest Part of England, now walking in the
Court of Requests like so many English Attorneys, laying
aside their Walking Swords when in Company with the
English Peers, left their Self-defence should be found Murder.
'I think I see the honourable Estate of Barons, the bold
Assertors of the Nation's Rights and Liberties in the worst
of Times, now setting a Watch upon their Lips, and a Guard
upon their Tongues, lest they be found guilty of Scandalum
'I think I see the Royal State of Boroughs walking their
desolate Streets, hanging down their Heads under Disappointmen, wormed out of all the Branches of their old
Trade, uncertain what Hand to turn to, necessitate to become
'Prentices to their unkind Neighbours; and yet after all,
finding their Trade so fortified by Companies, and secured
by Prescriptions, that they despair of any Success therein.
'I think I see our learned Judges laying aside their Practiques and Decisions, studying the Common Law of England,
gravelled with Certioraries, Nisi Prius's, Writs of Error,
Verdicts Indovar, Ejectione Firmae, Injunctions, Demurs, &c.
and frighted with Appeals and Avocations, because of the
new Regulations and Rectifications they may meet with.
'I think I see the valiant and gallant Soldiery either sent
to learn the Plantation-Trade abroad; or at home petitioning for a small Subsistance, as a Reward of their honorable
Exploits; while their old Corps are broken, the common
Soldiers left to beg, and the youngest English Corps kept
'I think I see the honest industrious Tradesman loaded with
new Taxes and Impositions, disappointed of the Equivalents,
drinking Water in place of Ale, eating his saltless Pottage,
petitioning for Encouragement to his Manufactures, and answered by Counter-Petitions.
'In short, I think I see the laborious Ploughman, with
his Corn spoiling upon his Hands, for want of Sale, cursing
the Day of his Birth, dreading the Expence of his Burial,
and uncertain whether to marry or do worse.
'I think I see the incurable Difficulties of the LandedMen, fettered under the golden Chain of Equivalents, their
pretty Daughters petitioning for want of Husbands, and
their Sons for want of Employment.
'I think I see our Mariners delivering up their Ships to
their Dutch Partners; and what through Presses and Necessity, earning their Bread as Underlings in the royal English
'But above all, my Lord, I think I see our ancient Mother Caledonia, like Cæsar, sitting in the midst of our
Senate, ruefully looking round about her, covering herself
with her royal Garment, attending the fatal Blow, and
breathing out her last with an Et tu quoque mi fili.
'Are not these, my Lord, very afflicting Thoughts?
And yet they are but the least Part suggested to me by these
dishonourable Articles. Should not the Consideration of these
Things vivify these dry Bones of ours? Should not the Memory of our noble Predecessors Valour and Constancy rouze
up our drooping Spirits? Are our noble Predecessors Souls
got so far into the English Cabbage-stock and Colliflowers,
that we should shew the least Inclination that way? Are our
Eyes so blinded? Are our Ears so deafned? Are our Hearts
so hardened? Are our Tongues so faltered? Are our Hands
so settered, that in this our Day, I say, my Lord, that in
this our Day, we should not mind the Things that concern
the very Being and Well-being of our ancient Kingdom, before the Day be hid from our Eyes?
'No, my Lord, God forbid! Man's Extremity is God's
Opportunity: He is a present Help in time of need, and a Deliverer, and that right early. Some unforeseen Providence
will fall out, that may cast the Ballance; some Joseph or
other will say, Why do ye strive together, since you are Brethren? None can destroy Scotland, save Scotland itself;
hold your Hands from the Pen, you are secure. Some Judah
or other will say, Let not our Hands be upon the Lad, he is
our Brother. There will be a Jehovah Jireh, and some Rem
will be caught in the Thicket, when the bloody Knife is at
our Mother's Throat. Let us up then, my Lord, and let
our noble Patriots behave themselves like Men, and we know
not how soon a Blessing may come.
'My Lord, I wish from my Heart, that this my Vision
prove not as true as my Reasons for it are probable: I design
not at this Time to enter into the Merits of any one particular Article; I intend this Discourse, as an Introduction to
what I may afterwards say upon the whole Debate, as it falls
in before this honourable House; and therefore, in the farther Prosecution of what I have to say, I shall insist upon
few Particulars, very necessary to be understood, before we
enter unto the Detail of so important a Matter.
'I shall therefore, in the first Place, endeavour to encourage a free and full Deliberation, without Animosities and
Heats: In the next Place, I shall endeavour to make an
Enquiry into the Nature and Source of the unnatural and
dangerous Divisions that are now on foot within this Isle,
with some Motives shewing, that it is our Interest to lay
them aside at this Time: Then I shall enquire into the Reasons, which have induced the two Nations to enter into a
Treaty of Union at this Time, with some Considerations
and Meditations, with relation to the Behaviour of the Lords
Commissioners of the two Kingdoms, in the Management
of this great Concern. And lastly, I shall propose a Method, by which we shall most distinctly, and without Confusion, go through the several Articles of this Treaty, without unnecessary Repetitions or loss of Time. And all this
with all Deference, and under the Correction of this honourable House.
'My Lord Chancellor, the greatest Honour that was done
unto a Roman, was to allow him the Glory of a Triumph;
the greatest and most dishonourable Punishment, was that of
Parricide: He that was guilty of Parricide, was beaten with
Rods upon his naked Body, till the Blood gushed out of all
the Veins of his Body; then he was sewed up in a leathern
Sack, called a Culeus, with a Cock, a Viper, and an Ape,
and thrown headlong into the Sea.
'My Lord, Patricide is a greater Crime than Parricide,
all the World over.
'In a Triumph, my Lord, when the Conqueror was riding in his triumphal Chariot, crowned with Laurels, adorned
with Trophies, and applanded with Huzza's, there was a
Monitor appointed to stand behind him, to warn him, not to
be high-minded, not pussed up with over-weening Thoughts
of himself; and to his Chariot were tied a Whip and a Bell,
to mind him, that for all his Glory and Grandeur, he was
accountable to the People for his Administration, and would
be punished as other Men, if found guilty.
'The greatest Honour amongst us, my Lord, is to represent the Sovereign's sacred Person in Parliament; and in
one Particular it appears to be greater than that of a Triumph; because the whole legislative Power seems to be
wholly entrusted with him: If he give the royal Assent to
an Act of the Estates, it becomes a Law obligatory upon the
Subject, tho' contrary or without any Instructions from the
Sovereign: If he refuse the royal Assent to a Vote in Parliament, it cannot be a Law, tho' he has the Sovereign's
particular and positive Instructions for it.
'His Grace the Duke of Queensbary, who now represents
her Majesty in this Session of Parliament, hath had the Honour of that great Trust, as often, if not more than any
Scotchman ever had: He hath been the Favourite of two
successive Sovereigne; and I cannot but commend his Constancy and Perseverance, that, notwithstanding his former
Difficulties and unsuccessful Attempts, and maugre some
other Specialities not yet determined, that his Grace has yet
had the Resolution to undertake the most unpopular Measures last. If his Grace succeed in this Affair of an Union,
and that it prove for the Happiness and Welfare of the Nation, then he justly merits to have a Statue of Gold erected
for himself; but if it shall tend to the entire Destruction and
Abolition of our Nation; and that we the Nation's Trustees
Wall go into it; then I must say, that a Whip and a Bell,
a Cock and a Viper, and an Ape, are but too small Punishments for any such bold unnatural Undertaking and Complaisance.
'That I may pave a Way, my Lord, to a full, calm, and
free reasoning upon this Affair, which is of the last Consequence unto this Nation; I shall mind this honourable
House, that we are the Successors of our noble Predecessors,
who founded our Monarchy, framed our Laws, amended,
altered, and corrected them from time to time, as the Affairs
and Circumstances of the Nation did require, without the
Assistance or Advice of any foreign Power or Potentate,
and who, during the Time of 2000 Years, have handed
them down to us a free independent Nation, with the Hazard of their Lives and Fortunes: Shall not we then argue
for that which our Progenitors have purchased for us at so
dear a Rate, and with so much immortal Honour and Glory?
God forbid. Shall the Hazard of a Father unbind the Ligaments of a dumb Son's Tongue; and shall we hold our
Peace, when our Patria is in danger? I speak this, my
Lord, that I may encourage every individual Member of this
House, to speak their Mind freely. There are many wise
and prudent Men amongst us, who think it not worth their
while to open their Mouths; there are others, who can
speak very well, and to good Purpose, who shelter themselves under the shameful Cloak of Silence, from a Fear of
the Frowns of great Men and Parties. I have observed, my
Lord, by my Experience, the greatest Number of Speakers
in the most trivial Affairs; and it will always prove so,
while we come not to the right understanding of the Oath
de fideli, whereby we are bound not only to give our Vote,
but our faithful Advice in Parliament, as we should answer to
God; and in our ancient Laws, the Representatives of the
honourable Barons, and the royal Boroughs are termed
Spokesmen. It lies upon your Lordships therefore particularly to take notice of such, whose Modesty makes them
bashful to speak. Therefore I shall leave it upon you, and
conclude this Point with a very memorable Saying of an honest private Gentleman to a great Queen, upon occasion of a
State-Project, contrived by an able Statesman, and the Favourite to a great King, against a peaceful, obedient People,
because of the Diversity of their Laws and Constitutions.
If at this time thou bold thy peace, Salvation shall come to the
People from another Place, but thou and thy House shall perish.
I leave the Application to each particular Member of this
'My Lord, I come now to consider our Divisions. We
are under the happy Reign (blessed be God) of the best of
Queens, who has no evil Design against the meanest of her
Subjects, who loves all her People, and is equally beloved by
them again; and yet that under the happy Influence of our
most excellent Queen there should be such Divisions and
Factions, more dangerous and threatning to her Dominions,
than if we were under an arbitrary Government, is most
strange and unaccountable. Under an arbitrary Prince, all
are willing to serve because all are under a Necessity to obey,
whether they will or not. He chuses therefore whom he
will, without respect to either Parties or Factions; and if he
think fit to take the Advices of his Councils or Parliaments,
every Man speaks his Mind freely, and the Prince receives
the faithful Advice of his People without the Mixture of
Self-Designs: If he prove a good Prince, the Government is
easy; if bad, either Death or a Revolution brings a Deliverance: Whereas here, my Lord, there appears no end of
our Misery, if not prevented in time; Factions are now become independent, and have got footing in Councils, in
Parliaments, in Treaties, in Armies, in Incorporations, in
Families, among Kindred, yea, Man and Wife are not free
from their political Jars.
'It remains therefore, my Lord, that I enquire into the
Nature of these Things, and since the Names give us not the
right idea of the thing, I am afraid I shall have difficulty to
make my self well understood.
'The Names generally used to denote the Factions, are
Whig, and Tory, as obscure as that of Guelfs and Gibelins: Yea, my Lord, they have different Significations, as
they are applied to Factions in each Kingdom; a Whig in
England is a heterogeneous Creature, in Scotland he is all of a
piece; a Tory in England is all of a piece, and a Statesman; in
Scotland, he is quite otherwise, an Anti-courtier and Antistatesman.
'A Whig in England appears to be somewhat like Nebuchadnezzar's Image, of different Metals, different Classes,
different Principles, and different Designs; yet take them
altogether, they are like a piece of fine mixed Drugget of
different threads, some finer, some coarser, which after all
make a comely Appearance, and an agreeable Suit. Tory is
like a Piece of loyal, Home-made English Cloth, the true Staple
of the Nation, all of a Thread; yet if we look narrowly
into it, we shall perceive diversity of Colours, which, according to the various Situations and Positions, make various
Appearances: sometimes Tory is like the Moon in its full,
as appeared in the Affair of the Bill of Occasional Conformity; upon other occasions it appears to be under a Cloud,
and as if it were eclipsed by a greater Body, as it did in
the Design of calling over the illustrious Princess Sophia.
However, by this we may see their Designs are to outshoot
Whig in his own Bow.
'Whig in Scotland is a true-blue Presbyterian, who, without considering Time or Power, will venture their All
for the Kirk: but something less for the State. The greatest difficulty is, how to describe a Scots Tory: Of old,
when I knew them first, Tory was an honest hearted comradish Fellow, who provided he was maintained and protected in his Benefices, Titles and Dignities by the State,
he was the less anxious who had the Government and Management of the Church: But now what he is since jure Divino came in fashion; and that Christianity, and, by consequence, Salvation comes to depend upon Episcopal Ordination, I profess I know not what to make of him; only
this I must say for him, that he endeavours to do by Opposition, that which his Brother in England endeavours by
a more prudent and less scrupulous Method.
'Now, my Lord, from these Divisions, there has got up
a kind of Aristocracy, something like the famous Triumvirate at Rome; they are a kind of Undertakers and Pragmatic Statesmen, who, finding their Power and Strength
great, and answerable to their Designs, will make Bargains
with our gracious Sovereign; they will serve her faithfully,
but upon their own Terms; they must have their own Instruments, their own Measures; this Man must be turned
out, and that Man put in, and then they will make her the
most glorious Queen in Europe.
'Where will this end, my Lord? Is not her Majesty in
Danger by such a Method? Is not the Monarchy in Danger? Is not the Nation's Peace and Tranquillity in Danger?
Will a Change of Parties make the Nation more happy? No,
my Lord, the Seed is sown, that is like to afford us a perpetual Increase; it's not an annual Herb, it takes deep root, it
seeds and breeds; and if not timely prevented by her Majesty's
Royal Endeavours, will split the whole Island in two.
'My Lord, I think, considering our present Circumstances at this Time, the Almighty God has reserved this
great Work for us. We may bruise this Hydra of Division, and crush this Cockatrice's Egg. Our Neighbours in
England, are not yet fitted for any such Thing; they are
not under the afflicting Hand of Providence, as we are; their
Circumstances are great and glorious, their Treaties are prudently managed, both at Home and Abroad, their Generals
brave and valorous, their Armies successful and victorious,
their Trophies and Laurels memorable and surprising; their
Enemies subdued and routed, their strong Holds besieged
and taken, Sieges relieved, Marshals killed and taken Prisoners, Provinces and Kingdoms are the Results of their
Victories; their Royal Navy is the Terror of Europe, their
Trade and Commerce extended through the Universe, encircling the whole habitable World, and rendering their
own capital City the Emporium for the whole Inhabitants of
the earth: And which is yet more than all these Things;
the Subjects freely bestowing their Treasure upon their Sovereign; and above all, these vast Riches, the Sinews of
War, and without which all the glorious Success had proved
abortive, these Treasures are managed with such Faithfulness and Nicety, that they answer seasonably all their Demands, tho' at never so great a Distance. Upon these Considerations, my Lord, how hard and difficult a Thing will
it prove, to persuade our Neighbours to a Self-denying
''Tis quite otherwise with us, my Lord, we are an obscure,
poor People, tho' formerly of better Account, removed to
a remote Corner of the World, without Name, and without Alliances, our Posts mean and precarious; so that I
profess I don't think any one Post in the Kingdom worth
the briguing after, save that of being Commissioner to a
long Session of a factious Scots Parliament, with an antedated
Commission, and that yet renders the rest of the Ministers
more miserable. What hinders us then, my Lord, to lay
aside our Divisions, to unite cordially and heartily together
in our present Circumstances, when our All is at Stake?
Hannibal, my Lord, is at our Gates, Hannibal is come
within our Gates, Hannibal is come the length of this
Table, he is at the Foot of this Throne, he will demolish
this Throne; if we take not notice, he'll seize upon these
Regalia, he'll take them as our spolia opima, and whip us
out of this House, never to return again.
'For the Love of God then, my Lord, for the Safety
and Welfare of our ancient Kingdom, whose sad Circumstances, I hope, we shall yet convert into Prosperity and
Happiness! We want no Means, if we unite; God blessed
the Peace-makers; we want neither Men, nor sufficiency
of all manner of things necessary; to make a Nation happy;
all depends upon Management; Concordia res parvæ crescunt.
I fear not these Articles, tho' they were ten times worse
than they are; if we once cordially forgive one another, and
that, according to our Proverb, Bygones be Bygones, and Fairplay for Time to come. For my Part, in the Sight of God,
and in the Presence of this honourable House, I heartily
forgive every Man, and beg, that they may do the same to
me; and I do most humbly propose, that his Grace my
Lord Commissioner may appoint an Agape, may order a
Love-feast for this honourable House, that we may lay aside
all Self-designs, and, after our Fasts and Humiliations, may
have a Day of Rejoicing and Thankfulness, may eat our
Meat with Gladness, and our Bread with a merry Heart;
then shall we sit each Man under his own Fig-tree, and the
Voice of the Turtle shall be heard in our Land, a Bird famous for Constancy and Fidelity.
'My Lord, I shall make a Pause here, and stop going on
farther in my Discourse, till I see further, if his Grace, my
Lord Commissioner, receive any humble Proposals for removing Misunderstandings among us, and putting an end to
our fatal Divisions: upon Honour, I have no other Design,
and I am content to beg the Favour upon my bended
'My Lord Chancellor, I am sorry that I must pursue
the Thread of my sad and melancholy Story: What remains, I am afraid may prove as afflicting as what I have
said; I shall therefore consider the Motives which have engaged the two Nations to enter upon a Treaty of Union at
this Time. In general, my Lord, I think both of them
had in their View to better themselves by the Treaty; but,
before I enter upon the particular Motives of each Nation,
I must inform this honourable House, that, since I can remember, the two Nations have altered their sentiments upon that Affair, even almost to down-right Contradiction,
they have changed Head-bands, as we say; for England,
till of late, never thought it worth their Pains of treating
with us; the good Bargain they made at the Beginning they
resolve to keep, and that which we call an incorporating
Union, was not so much as in their Thoughts. The first
Notice they seemed to take of us, was in our Affair of Caledonia, when they had most effectually broke off that Design, in a Manner very well known to the World, and unnecessary to be repeated here; they kept themselves quiet
during the Time of our Complaints upon that head. In
which Time our Sovereign, to satisfy the Nation, and allay
their Heats, did condescend to give us some good Laws, and
amongst others that of personal Liberties; but England
having declared their Succession, and extended their Entail,
without ever taking Notice of us, our gracious Sovereign
Queen ANN, was graciously pleased to give the Royal
Assent to our Act of Security, to that of Peace and War
after the Decease of her Majesty, and the Heirs of her Body,
and to give us a Hedge to all our sacred and civil Interests, by declaring it High Treason to endeavour the Alteration of them, as they were then established. Thereupon
did follow the threatning and minatory Laws against us by the
Parliament of England, and the unjust and unequal Character of what her Majesty had so graciously condescended
to in our Favours. Now, my Lord, whether the Desire
they had to have us engaged in the same Succession with
them; or whether they found us, like a free and independent People, breathing after more Liberty than what formerly was looked after; or whether they were afraid of our
Act of Security, in case of her Majesty's Decease; Which
of all these Motives has induced them to a Treaty, I leave
it to themselves. This I must say only, they have made a
good Bargain this Time also.
'For the particular Motives that induced us, I think
they are obvious to be known; we found, by sad Experience,
that every Man hath advanced in Power and Riches, as
they have done in Trade; and at the same time considering,
that no where through the World, Slaves are found to be
rich, tho' they should be adorned with Chains of Gold;
we thereupon changed our Notion of an incorporating Union,
to that of a federal one; and, being resolved to take this Opportunity to make Demands upon them, before we enter into
the Succession, we were content to empower her Majesty to
authorize and appoint Commissioners to treat with the Commissioners of England, with as ample Powers as the Lords
Commissioners from England had from their Constituents,
that we might not appear to have less Confidence in her
Majesty, nor more Narrow-heartedness in our Act, than our
Neighbours of England: And thereupon last Parliament, after her Majesty's gracious Letter was read, desiring us to
declare the Succession in the first Place, and afterwards to appoint Commissioners to treat, we found it necessary to renew
our former Resolve, which I shall read to this honourable
Resolve presented by the Duke of Hamilton last Session of
"That this Parliament will not proceed to the Nomination of a Successor, till we have had a previous Treaty
with England, in relation to our Commerce, and other
Concerns with that Nation. And further it is Resolved,
that this Parliament will proceed to make such Limitations and Conditions of Government, for the Rectification of our Constitution, as may secure the Liberty,
Religion, and Independency of this Kingdom, before
they proceed to the said Nomination."
'Now, my Lord, the last Session of Parliament having,
before they would enter into any Treaty with England, by a
Vote of the House passed both an Act for Limitations, and
an Act for Rectification of our Constitution, what mortal
Man has Reason to doubt the Design of this Treaty was
'My Lord Chancellor, It remains now, that we consider
the Behaviour of the Lords Commissioners at the opening
of this Treaty: And, before I enter upon that, allow me to
make this Meditation; that, if our Posterity, after we are all
dead and gone, shall find themselves under an ill-made Bargain, and shall have Recourse unto our Records, and see
who have been the Managers of that Treaty, by which they
have suffered so much: When they read the Names, they
will certainly conclude, and say, Ah! our Nation has been
reduced to the last Extremity, at the Time of this Treaty;
all our great Chieftains, all our great Peers and considerable
Men, who used formerly to defend the Rights and Liberties of the Nation, have been all killed and dead in the
Bed of Honour, before ever the Nation was necessitate to
condescend to such mean and contemptible Terms: Where
are the Names of the chief Men, of the noble Families of
Stuarts, Hamiltons, Grahams, Campbels, Gordons, Johnstons,
Humes, Murrays, Kers, &c? Where are the two great Officers
of the Crown, the Constables and Marshals of Scotland? They
have certainly all been extinguished, and now we are Slaves
'Whereas the English Records will make their Posterity
reverence the Memory of the honourable Names, who have
brought under their fierce, warlike and troublesome Neighbours, who had struggled so long for Independency,
shed the best Blood of their Nation, and reduced a considerable part of their Country, to become waste and desolate.
'I am informed, my Lord, that our Commissioners did indeed frankly tell the Lords-Commissioners for England,
that the Inclinations of the People of Scotland were much
altered of late, in relation to an incorporating Union;
and that therefore, since the Entail was to end with her
Majesty's Life (whom GOD long preserve) it was proper
to begin the Treaty upon the Foot of the Treaty of 1604
Year of GOD; the time when we came first under one
Sovereign: But this the English Commissioners would not
agree to; and our Commissioners, that they might not seem
obstinate, were willing to treat and conclude in the Terms
laid before this honourable House, and subjected to their
'If the Lords-Commissioners for England had been as civil
and complaisant, they should certainly have finished a federal Treaty likewise, that both Nations might have the
choice, which of them to have gone into, as they thought
fit; but they would hear of nothing but an entire and
compleat Union, a Name which comprehends an Union,
either by Incorporation, Surrrender, or Conquest; whereas
our Commissioners thought of nothing but a fair, equal, incorporating Union. Whether this be so, or no, I leave it to
every Man's Judgment; but as for myself, I must beg liberty to think it no such thing: for I take an incorporating
Union to be, where there is a Change both in the material
and formal Points of Government, as if two Pieces of Metal
were melted down into one Mass, it can neither be said to
retain its former Form or Substance as it did before the Mixture. But now, when I consider this Treaty, as it hath
been explained and spoke to, before us this three Weeks
by past, I see the English Constitution remaining firm, the
same two Houses of Parliament, the same Taxes, the same
Customs, the same Excises, the same trading Companies,
the same municipal Laws and Courts of Judicature; and all
ours either subject to Regulations or Annihilations, only we
have the Honour to pay their old Debts, and to have some
few Persons present, for Witnesses to the Validity of the
Deed, when they are pleased to contract more.
'Good God! What, is this an entire Surrender!
'My Lord, I find my Heart so full of Grief and Indignation, that I must beg Pardon not to finish the last Part
of my Discourse, that I may drop a Tear, as the Prelude
to so sad a Story.
After having sat down, and some Discourses by other
Members intervening, he continued his Discourse
'My Lord Chancellor, What I am now to say, relates
to the Method of Proceeding in this weighty Affair: I hear
it proposed by a noble Member of the other Side, that we
should proceed in the same Order as the Lords-CommissionersTreaters did. In my humble Opinion, my Lord, it is neither the natural Method, nor can it be done without great
Confusion and Repetition. To say, you'll agree to the
Union of the two Kingdoms, before you agree in the Terms
upon which they are to be united, seems like driving the
Plough before the Oxen. The Articles, which narrate the
Condition seem to be the Premisses upon which the Conclusion is inferred; and, according as they are found good
or bad, the Success will follow. When a Man is married
to a Fortune in England, as they call it, I suppose he is
satisfy'd with the Thing before he determines himself to
marry; and the Proposal I have heard of agreeing to the
first Article, with a Proviso, That if the rest of the Articles
shall be found satisfactory, and no otherwise, is of a Piece
with the rest, and looks like beating the Air, and no ways
consistent with fair and square Dealings. Besides, my Lord,
if we were to go upon the first Article; are not all the rest
of the Articles, besides many others not contained in the
Articles, valid Arguments either Pro or Con. against concluding or not concluding the first Article? And no Vote in
this House can hinder a Man from making use of what
Arguments he thinks fit. Moreover, the searching the Records, and the revising the Statute-Books, comparing the
Book of Rates, Customs, Excise, Taxes, of both Nations
one with another, must all be previously considered ere we
determine our selves in one single Article; add to this, that
the prohibitory Clause with Relation to the Trade of both
Nations, must be adjusted, left like Æsop's Dog, we lose
the old, in grasping at the new; the State of the English
Companies must also be exposed, how far we shall have
Liberty into them, and what Advantage we may propose to
ourselves, by trading to these Places where they are secured;
and above all, my Lord, the Security of our national Church,
and all that's dear unto us, must be previously established
to us, if practicable, before we conclude the first Article.
'Therefore, my Lord, though my particular Opinion be,
though we had a Cart-blanch from England; yet the delivering up of our Sovereignty, gives back with one Hand,
what we receive with the other, and that there can be no
Security without the Guarantee of a distinct Independency
betwixt the Parties treating: Yet, my Lord, for further Satisfaction to this honourable House, that every Member may
fully satisfy himself, I humbly propose, that, passing by the
first three Articles, which appear to be much of a Piece, we
begin the fourth Article of the Treaty; and if I be seconded
in this, I desire it may be put to the Question.
While this Struggle continued in the Scottish Parliament,
the following Incident happened without Doors.
An Account of the burning the Articles of the Union
These are to notify to all concerned, what are our Reasons
for, and Designs in, the burning of the printed Articles
of the proposed Union with England, with the Names
of the Scots Commissioners, Subscribers thereof: together
with the Minutes of the whole Treaty, betwixt them and
the English Commissioners thereanent.
An account of burning the articles at Dumfries.
'We have herein no Design against her Majesty, nor
against England, nor any Englishman; neither against our
present Parliament, in their Acts or Actings, for the Interest, Safety and Sovereignty of this our native and ancient
Nation: But to testify our dissent from, discontent with,
and Protestation against, the twenty-five Articles of the said
Union, subscribed by the foresaid Commissioners, as being
inconsistent with, and altogether prejudicial to, and utterly
destructive of this Nation's Independency, Crown-rights, and
our constitute Laws, both sacred and civil. We shall not here
condescend to enlarge upon the particular Prejudices, that do,
and will redound to this Nation, if the said Union should
be carried on, according to the printed Articles: But refer
the Reader to the Variety of Addresses, given in to the present
Parliament, by all Ranks, from almost all Corners of the
Nation against the said Union: Only we must say, and profess,
that the Commissioners for this Nation, have been either
simple, ignorant, or treacherous, if not all three; when the
Minutes of the Treaty betwixt the Commissioners of both
Kingdoms are duly considered; and when we compare
their dastardly Yieldings unto the Demands and Proposals of
the English Commissioners; who, on the contrary, have valiantly acquitted themselves for the Interest and Safety of
'We acknowledge it is in the Power of the present Parliament, to give Remissions to the Subscribers of the foresaid
Articles; and we heartily wish for a good Agreement among all the Members of the Parliament, so as it may tend
to the Safety, and Preservation of both Church and State,
with all the Privileges belonging thereto, within the Kingdom of Scotland.
'But if the Subscribers of the foresaid Treaty and
Union, with their Associates in Parliament, shall presume
to carry on the said Union, by a supream Power, over
the Generality of this Nation: Then, and in that Case, as
we judge, that the Consent of the Generality of the same,
can only divest them of their sacred and civil Liberties,
purchased and maintained by our Ancestors with their
Blood: So we protest, whatever Ratification of the foresaid Union may pass in Parliament, contrary to our fundamental Laws, Liberties, and Privileges, concerning
Church and State, may not be binding upon the Nation,
now nor at any Time to come: And particularly we protest against the Approbation of the first Article of the said
Union, before the Privileges of this Nation, contained in
the other Articles, had been adjusted and secured: And
so we earnestly require, that the Representatives in Parliament,
who are for our Nation's Privileges would give timeous Warning to all the Corners of the Kingdom; that we and our
Posterity become not tributary and Bondslaves to our Neighbours, without acquitting our selves, as becomes Men and
Christians: And we are confident, that the Soldiers now
in martial Power, have so much the Spirits of Scotsmen,
that they are not ambitious to be disposed of at the Pleasure of another Nation: And we hereby declare, that we
have no Design against them in this Matter.
'This was publicly read from the Market-cross of
Dumfries, about One of the Clock in the Afternoon,
the 20th Day of November, 1706, with great Solemnity, in the Audience of many thousands; the
Fire being surrounded by double Squadrons of Foot
and Horse, in martial Order. And, after the burning of the said Books, which were holden up, burning on the Point of a Pike, to the View of all the
People, giving their Consent by Huzza's and chearful Acclamations, a Copy hereof was left affixed on
the Cross, as the Testimony of the South Part of
this Nation against the proposed Union, as moulded
in the printed Articles thereof. This we desire to
be printed, and kept on Record, ad suturam rei memoriam.
But notwithstanding all Opposition in, or Resentment out of
Parliament, the Union was at last carried, agreeable to the
The Articles of the UNION at they passed with Amendments in the Parliament of Scotland, and ratisied by the
Touch of the Royal Scepter at Edinburgh, January 16, 1707,
by James Duke of Queensbury, her Majesty's High Commissioner for that Kingdom.
Note, That the Amendments are in Italic, that they may the
better appear to the Reader's View.
Articles of Union, with their Amendments distinguished.
I. 'That the two Kingdoms of (fn. 1) Scotland and England,
shall, upon the first Day of May next ensuing the Date
hereof, and for ever after, be united into one Kingdom by
the Name of Great-Britain, and that the Ensigns Armorial
of the said united Kingdom, be such as her Majesty shall
appoint; and the Crosses of St. Andrew and St. George be
conjoined in such a manner as her Majesty shall think fit, and
used in all Flags, Banners, Standards, and Ensigns, both
at Sea and Land.
II. 'That the Succession to the Monarchy of the united
Kingdom of Great-Britain, and of the Dominions thereunto
belonging, after her most sacred Majesty, and in default of
Issue of her Majesty, be, remain, and continue to the most
Excellent Princess Sophia, Electress and Duchess Dowager
of Hanover, and the Heirs of her Body, being Protestants,
upon whom the Crown of England is settled, by an Act of
Parliament made in England, in the twelfth Year of the
Reign of his late Majesty King William the Third, entitled, An Act for further Limitation of the Crown, and better securing the Rights and Liberties of the Subject. And
that all Papists, and Persons marrying Papists, shall be
excluded from, and for ever incapable to inherit, possess,
or enjoy the imperial Crown of Great-Britain, and the
Dominions thereunto belonging, or any Part thereof. And
in every such Case, the Crown and Government shall from
Time to Time descend to, and be enjoyed by such Person,
being a Protestant, as should have inherited and enjoyed the
same, in case such Papist, or Person marrying a Papist, was
naturally dead, according to the Provision for the Defcent of
the Crown of England, made by another Act of Parliament
in England, in the first Year of the Reign of their late Majesties King William and Queen Mary, entitled, An Act
declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject, and settliug
the Succession of the Crown.
III. 'That the united Kingdom of Great-Britain be represented by one and the same Parliament, to be stiled the
Parliament of Great-Britain.
IV. 'That all the Subjects of the united Kingdom of
Great-Britain shall, from and after the Union, have full
Freedom and Intercourse of Trade and Navigation, to and
from any Port or Place within the said united Kingdom, and
the Dominions and Plantations thereunto belonging; and
that there be a Communication of all other Rights, Privileges, and Advantages, which do or may belong to the Subjects of either Kingdom, except where it is otherwise expresly
agreed in these Articles.
V. 'That all Ships or Vessels, belonging to her Majesty's
Subjects of Scotland, at the Time of ratifying the Treaty of
Union of the two Kingdoms, in the Parliament of Scotland,
though foreign built, be deemed, and pass as Ships of the
Build of Great-Britain; the Owner, or where there are more
Owners, one or more of the Owners, within twelve Months
after the first of May next, making Oath, that, at the Time
of ratifying the Treaty of Union in the Parliament of Scotland,
the same did, in whole, or in part, belong to him or them,
or to some other Subject or Subjects of Scotland, to be particularly named, with the Place of their respective Abodes;
and that the same doth then, at the time of the said Deposition,
wholly belong to him, or them, and that no Foreigner,
directly or indirectly, hath any Share, Part, or Interest
therein. Which Oath shall be made before the chief Officer or Officers of the Customs, in the Port next to the
Abode of the said Owner or Owners: And the said Officer
or Officers, shall be empowered to administrate the said Oath:
And the Oath being so administrated, shall be attested by
the Officer or Officers, who administrated the same. And, being registered by the said Officer or Officers, shall be delivered to the Master of the Ship for Security of her Navigation; and a Duplicate thereof shall be transmitted by the
said Officer or Officers, to the chief Officer or Officers of the
Customs in the Port of Edinburgh, to be there entered in a
Register, and from thence to be sent to the Port of London,
to be there entered in the general Register of all trading
Ships belonging to Great-Britain.
VI. 'That all Parts of the united Kingdom, for ever,
from and after the Union, shall have the same Allowances,
Encouragements, and Draw-backs, and be under the same
Prohibitions, Restrictions, and Regulations of Trade, and
liable to the same Customs and Duties, and Import and Export. And that the Allowances, Encouragements, and
draw-backs, Prohibitions, Restrictions, and Regulations, of
Trade, and the Customs and Duties on Import and Export
settled in England, when the Union commences, shall, from
and after the Union, take place throughout the whole united
Kingdom:' Excepting and reserving the Duties upon Export
and Import, of such particular Commodities, from which any
Persons, the Subjects of either Kingdom, are specially liberated
and exempted by their private Rights, which, after the Union,
are to remain safe and entire to them in all respects, as before
the same. And that from, and after the Union, no Scots Cattle
carried into England, shall be liable to any other Duties, either
on the public or private Accounts, than these Duties, to which
the Cattle of England are, or shall be liable within the said
Kingdom. And seeing, by the Laws of England, there are Rewards granted upon the Exportation of certain kinds of Grain,
wherein Oats grinded or ungrinded are not expressed, that
from, and after the Union, when Oats shall be sold at fifteen
Shillings Sterling per Quarter, or under, there shall be paid
two Shillings and Six-pence Sterling for every Quarter of the
Oatmeal exported, in the Terms of the Law, whereby, and
so long as Rewards are granted for Exportation of other Grains;
and that the Beer of Scotland, have the same Reward as Barley: And in respect the Exportation of Victual into Scotland
from any Place beyond Sea, would prove a Discouragement to
Tillage, therefore that the Prohibition, as now in Force by the
Law of Scotland, against Importation of Victual from Ireland,
or any other Place beyond Sea into Scotland, do, after the
Union, remain in the same Force as now it is, until more proper and effectual Ways be provided by the Parliament of GreatBritain, for discouraging the Importation of the said Victual
from beyond Sea.
VII. 'That all Parts of the united Kingdom be for ever,
from, and after the Union, liable to the same Excises upon
all excisable Liquors,' Excepting only that the thirty-four
Gallons English Barrel of Beer or Ale, amounting to twelve
Gallons Scots present Measure, sold in Scotland by the Brewer
at nine Shillings Six pence Sterling, excluding all Duties, and
retailed, including Duties, and the Retailers Profit at two
Pence the Scots Pint, or eighth Part of the Scots Gallon, be
not after the Union liable on account of the present Excise upon
excisable Liquors in England, to any higher Imposition than
two Shillings Sterling upon the foresaid thirty-four Gallons English Barrel, being twelve Gallons the present Scots Measure.
'And that the Excise settled in England on all other Liquors,
when the Union commences, take place throughout the
whole united Kingdom.
VIII. 'That, from and after the Union, all foreign Salt
which shall be imported into Scotland, shall be charged at
the Importation there, with the same Duties as the like Salt
is now charged with being imported into England, and to be
levied and secured in the same manner.' But in regard the
Duties of great Quantities of foreign Salt imported, may be very
heavy upon the Merchants Importers, that therefore all foreign
Salt imported into Scotland, shall be cellered and locked up under
the Custody of the Merchant Importer, and the Officers employed
for levying the Duties upon Salt; and that the Merchant may
have what Quantities thereof his Occasions may require, not
under a Weigh or forty Bushels at a Time, giving Security for
the Duty, of what Quantities he receives, payable in six Months.
'But Scotland shall, for the space of seven Years, from the
said Union, be exempted from paying in Scotland for Salt
made there, the Duty or Excise now payable for Salt made
in England; but, from the Expiration of the said seven Years,
shall be subject and liable to the same Duties as Salt made
in England, to be levied and secured in the same manner,
and with proportionable Draw-backs and Allowances as in
England, with this Exception,' That Scotland shall, after the
said seven Years, remain exempted from the Duty of two Shillings and four Pence the Bushel on home-Salt, imposed by an Act
made in England in the ninth and tenth Years of King William
the Third of England; and if the Parliament of Great-Britain
shall, at, or before the expiring of the said seven Years, substitute any other Fund, in place of the said two Shillings and
four Pence of Excise upon the Bushel of home Salt, Scotland
shall, after the said seven Years, bear a Proportion of the said
Fund, and have an Equivalent in the Terms of this Treaty.
'And that, during the said seven Years, there shall be paid in
England for all Salt made in Scotland, and imported from
thence into England, the same Duties upon the Importation,
as shall be payable for Salt made in England, to be levied and
secured in the same manner as the Duties on foreign Salt are to
be levied and secured in England. And that, after the said seven
Years,' how long the said Duty of two Shillings four Pence a
Bushel upon Salt is continued in England, the said two Shillings four
Pence a Bushel, shall be payable for all Salt made in Scotland,
and imported into England, to be levied and secured in the same
manner; and that during the Continuance of the Duty of two
Shillings four Pence a Bushel upon Salt made in England,' no
Salt whatsoever be brought from Scotland to England by
Land in any manner, under the Penalty of forfeiting the
Salt, and the Cattle and Carriages made use of in bringing
the same, and paying twenty Shillings for every Bushel of
such Salt, and proportionably for a greater or lesser Quantity,
for which the Carrier as well as the Owner shall be liable,
jointly and severally, and the Persons bringing or carrying
the same, to be imprisoned by any one Justice of the Peace,
by the space of six Months without Bail, and until the Penalty be paid. And, for establishing an Equality in Trade,
that all Flesh exported from Scotland to England, and put
on Board in Scotland, to be exported to Ports beyond the Sea,'
and Provisions for Ships in Scotland, and for foreign Voyages, may
be salted with Scots Salt, paying the same Duty for what Salt
is so employed, as the like Quantity of such Salt pays in England,
and under the same Penalties, Forfeitures and Provisions, for
preventing of such Frauds as are mentioned in the Laws of England: 'And that, from and after the Union, the Laws and Acts
of Parliament in Scotland for pineing, curing and packing of
Herrings, white Fish and Salmon, for Exportation with foreign Salt only, without any Mixture of British or Irish Salt;
and for preventing of Frauds, in curing and packing of Fish,
be continued in Force in Scotland, subject to such Alterations
as shall be made by the Parliament of Great-Britain; and
that all Fish exported from Scotland to Parts beyond the Seas,
which shall be cured with foreign Salt only,' and without
Mixture of British or Irish Salt, shall have the same Eases,
Premiums and Draw-backs, as are or shall be allowed to such
Persons as export the like Fish from England: 'And that for
Encouragement of the Herring-fishing,' there shall be allowed
and payed to the Subjects, Inhabitants of Great-Britain, during
the present Allowances for other Fishes, ten Shillings five Pence
Sterling for every Barrel of white Herring, which shall be exported from Scotland; and that they shall be allowed five Shillings Sterling for every Barrel of Beef or Pork salted with foreign Salt, without Mixture of British or Irish Salt, and exported for Sale from Scotland to Parts bèyond Sea, alterable by
the Parliament of Great-Britain. 'And if any Matters of
Frauds, relating to the said Duties on Salt, shall hereafter
appear, which are not sufficiently provided against by this Article, the same shall be subject to such further Provisions, as
shall be thought fit by the Parliament of Great-Britain.
IX. 'That whenever the Sum of one Million nine hundred
ninety-seven Thousand, seven Hundred and sixty-three
Pounds, eight Shillings, four Pence Half-penny, shall be
enacted by the Parliament of Great-Britain, to be raised in
that Part of the united Kingdom, now called England, on
Land and other Things usually charged in Acts of Parliament there, for granting an Aid to the Crown by a LandTax; that Part of the united Kingdom, now called Scotland,
shall be charged by the same Act, with a further Sum of
forty-eight thousand Pounds, free of all Charges, as the
Quota of Scotland to such Tax, and so proportionably for
any greater or lesser Sum raised in England, by any Tax on
Land, and other Things usually charged, together with the
Land; and that such Quota for Scotland, in the Cases aforesaid, be raised and collected in the same manner as the Cess
now is in Scotland, but subject to such Regulations in the
manner of collecting, as shall be made by the Parliament of
X. 'That, during the continuance of the respective Duties
on stamped Paper, Vellom and Parchment, by the several
Acts now in Force in England, Scotland shall not be charged
with the same respective Duties.
XI. 'That, during the continuance of the Duties payable
in England on Windows and Lights, which determines on
the first Day of August, one thousand seven hundred and ten,
Scotland shall not be charged with the same Duties.
XII. 'That, during the continuance of the Duties payable
in England on Coals, Culm and Cinders, which determines
the thirtieth Day of September, one thousand seven hundred
and ten, Scotland shall not be charged therewith for Coals,
Culm and Cinders consumed there, but shall be charged
with the same Duties as in England, for all Coals, Culm
and Cinders not consumed in Scotland.
XIII. That, during the continuance of the Duty payable
in England on Malt, which determines the twenty-fourth
Day of June, one thousand seven hundred and seven, Scotland shall not be charged with that Duty.
XIV. 'That the Kingdom of Scotland be not charged
with any other Duties, laid on by the Parliament of England before the Union, except those consented to in this
Treaty; in regard it is agreed, that all necessary Provision
shall be made by the Parliament of Scotland, for the public
Charge and Service of that Kingdom, for the Year one thousand seven hundred and seven; providing nevertheless, that,
if the Parliament of England shall think fit to lay any further Impositions, by way of Custom, or such Excises, with
which, by Virtue of this Treaty, Scotland is to be charged
equally with England; in such Case, Scotland shall be liable
to the same Customs and Excises, and have an Equivalent
to be settled, by the Parliament of Great-Britain, with this
further Provision,' That any Malt to be made and consumed in
that Part of the united Kingdom now called Scotland, shall not
be charged with any Imposition on Malt during this War. 'And
seeing it cannot be supposed, that the Parliament of GreatBritain will ever lay any sort of Burthens upon the united
Kingdom, but what they shall find of necessity, at that Time,
for the Preservation and Good of the whole; and with due
Regard to the Circumstances and Abilities of every Part of
the united Kingdom; therefore, it is agreed, that there be
no further Exemption insisted on for any Part of the united
Kingdom, but that the Consideration of any Exemptions beyond what is already agreed on in this Treaty, shall be left
to the Determination of the Parliament of Great Britain.
XV. 'That whereas by the Terms of this Treaty, the
Subjects of Scotland, for preserving an Equality of Trade
throughout the united Kingdom, will be liable to several
Customs and Excises now payable in England, which will be
applicable towards payment of the Debts of England, contracted before the Union; it is agreed, That Scotland shall
have an Equivalent for what the Subjects thereof shall be so
charged, towards Payment of the said Debts of England, in
all Particulars whatsoever, in manner following, viz. That,
before the Union of the said Kingdoms, the Sum of three
hundred ninety-eight Thousand, and eighty-five Pounds ten
Shillings, be granted to her Majesty by the Parliament of
England, for the Uses after mentioned, being the Equivalent,
to be answered to Scotland, for such Parts of the said Customs,
and Excises upon all excisable Liquors, with which that
Kingdom is to be charged upon the Union, as will be applicable to the Payment of the said Debts of England, according to the Proportions which the present Customs in
Scotland, being thirty thousand Pounds per Annum, do bear
to the Customs in England, computed at one Million, three
hundred forty-one Thousand, five hundred and fifty-nine
Pounds per Annum: And which the present Excises on excisable Liquors in Scotland, being thirty-three thousand and
five hundred Pounds per Annum, do bear to the Excises on
excisable Liquors in England, computed at nine hundred
forty-seven Thousand, six hundred and two Pounds per Annum; which Sum of three hundred ninety-eight Thousand,
eighty-five Pounds ten Shillings, shall be due and payable
from the Time of the Union: And in regard, that, after the
Union, Scotland becoming liable to the same Customs and
Duties payable on Import and Export, and to the same Excises on all exciseable Liquors, as in England, as well upon
that Account, as upon the Account of the Increase of Trade
and People, (which will be the happy Consequence of the
Union) the said Revenues will much improve beyond the
before-mentioned annual Values thereof, of which no present
Estimate can be made; yet, nevertheless, for the Reasons
aforesaid, there ought to be a reasonable Equivalent answered
to Scotland; it is agreed, That, after the Union, there shall
be an Account kept of the said Duties arising in Scotland, to
the end it may appear, what ought to be answered to Scotland, as an Equivalent for such Proportion of the said Increase,
as shall be applicable to the Payment of the Debts of England. And for the further, and more effectual answering the
several Ends hereafter mentioned, it is agreed, That, from
and after the Union, the whole Increase of the Revenues of
Customs, and Duties on Import and Export, and Excises
upon excisable Liquors in Scotland, over and above the annual Produce of the said respective Duties, as above stated,
shall go, and be applied, for the Term of seven Years, to
the Uses hereafter mentioned, and that, upon the said Account, there shall be answered to Scotland, annually, from
the end of seven Years after the Union, an Equivalent in
Proportion to such Part of the said Increase, as shall be applicable to the Debts of England:' And generally, that an
Equivalent shall be answered to Scotland, for such Parts of the
English Debts as Scotland may hereafter become liable to pay,
by reason of the Union, other than such for which Appropriations have been made by Parliament in England, of the Customs
or other Duties on Export and Import, Excises on all exciseable
Liquors, in respect of which Debts, Equivalents are herein before provided. 'And as for the Uses to which the said Sum
of three hundred ninety-eight Thousand, 'eighty-five Pounds
ten Shillings, to be granted as aforesaid, and all other Monies which are to be answered or allowed to Scotland, as said
is, are to be applied, it is agreed, That, in the first place, out
of the foresaid Sum, what Consideration shall be found necessary to be had for any Losses which private Persons may
sustain, by reducing the Coin of Scotland, to the Standard
and Value of the Coin of England, may be made good. In
the next place, that the capital Stock, or Fund of the African and Indian Company of Scotland, advanced together
with the Interest for the said capital Stock, after the Rate of
5 per Cent. per Annum, from the respective Times of the Payment thereof, shall be paid; upon Payment of which capital
Stock and Interest, it is agreed, The said Company be dissolved and cease; and also, that, from the Time of passing
the Act of Parliament in England, for raising the said Sum
of three hundred ninety-eight Thousand, eighty-five Pounds
ten Shillings, the said Company shall neither trade, nor
grant Licence to trade, providing, That if the said Stock and
Interest shall not be paid in twelve Months after the Commencement of the Union, that then the said Company may from
thence forward trade, or give Licence to trade, until the said
whole capital Stock and Interest shall be paid. 'And as to the
Overplus of the said Sum of three hundred ninety-eight
Thousand, eighty-five Pounds ten Shillings, after Payment
of what Consideration shall be had for Losses, in repairing
the Coin, and paying the said capital Stock and Interest;
and also the whole Increase of the said Revenues of Customs,
Duties, and Excises, above the present Value, which shall
arise in Scotland, during the said Term of seven Years, together with the Equivalent which shall become due, upon
the Improvement thereof in Scotland after the said Term of
seven Years: and also, as to all other Sums, which, according to the Agreements aforesaid, may become payable to
Scotland, by way of Equivalent, for what that Kingdom
shall hereafter become liable, towards Payment of the Debts
of England; it is agreed, That the same may be applied in
the manner following, viz. That all the public Debts of the
Kingdom of Scotland, as shall be adjusted by the present Parliament, shall be paid: And that two thousand Pounds per
annum, for the space of seven Years, shall be applied towards
encouraging and promoting the Manufacture of coarse Wool,
within those Shires which produce the Wool; and that the first
two thousands Sterling be paid at Martiumas next, and so
yearly at Martinmas during the Space aforesaid. 'And afterwards the same shall be wholly applied towards the encouraging and promoting the Fisheries, and such other Manufactories and Improvements in Scotland, as may most
conduce to the general good of the united Kingdom. And
it is agreed, That her Majesty be empowered to appoint
Commissioners, who shall be accountable to the Parliament
of Great-Britain, for disposing the said Sum of three hundred ninety-eight thousand and eighty-five Pounds, ten
Shillings; and all other Monies which shall arise to Scotland, upon the Agreements aforesaid, to the Purposes before
mentioned: Which Commissioners shall be empowered to
call for, receive, and dispose of the said Monies in Manner
aforesaid; and to inspect the Books of the several Collectors
of the said Revenues, and of all other Duties, from whence
an Equivalent may arise, and that the Collectors and Managers of the said Revenues and Duties, be obliged to give
to the said Commissioners, subscribed, authentic Abbreviates
of the Produce of such Revenues and Duties arising in their
respective Districts: And that the said Commissioners shall
have their Office within the Limits of Scotland, and shall
in such Office keep Books, containing Accounts of the
Amount of the Equivalents, and how the same shall have
been disposed of from time to time; which may be inspected by any of the Subjects who shall desire the same.
XVI. 'That, from and after the Union, the Coin shall
be of the same Standard and Value throughout the united
Kingdom, as now in England, and a Mint shall be continued in Scotland, under the same Rules as the Mint in
England, and the present Officers of the Mint continued, subject to such Regulations and Alterations as her Majesty, her
Heirs or Successors, or the Parliament of Great-Britain, shall
XVII. 'That, from and after the Union, the same
Weights and Measures shall be used throughout the united
Kingdom, as are now established in England; and Standards of Weights and Measures shall be kept by those Burghs
in Scotland, to whom the keeping the Standards of Weights
and Measures, now in use there, does of special Right belong. All which Standards shall be sent down to such respective Burghs, from the Standards kept in the Exchequer
at Westminster, subject nevertheless to such Regulations as
the Parliament of Great-Britain shall think fit.
XVIII. 'That the Laws concerning Regulation of Trade,
Customs, and such Excises, to which Scotland is, by virtue
of this Treaty, to be liable, be the same in Scotland, from
and after the Union, as in England; and that all other laws
in use, within the Kingdom of Scotland, do, after the Union,
and notwithstanding thereof, remain in the same Force as
before, (except such as are contrary to, or inconsistent with
this Treaty) but alterable by the Parliament of Great-Britain, with this Difference betwixt the Laws concerning public Right, Polity, and Civil Government, and those which
concern private Right; that the Laws which concern public
Right, Polity, and Civil Government, may be made the same
throughout the whole united Kingdom; but that no Alteration be made in Laws which concern private Right, except
for evident Utility of the Subjects within Scotland.
XIX. 'That the Court of Session, or College of Justice,
do, after the Union, and notwithstanding thereof, remain, in
all time coming, within Scotland, as it is now constituted by
the Laws of that Kingdom, and with the same Authority
and Privileges, as before the Union, subject nevertheless to
such Regulations for the better Administration of Justice, as
shall be made by the Parliament of Great Britain; And that
hereafter none shall be named by her Majesty and her Royal
Successors, to be ordinary Lords of Session, but such who have
served in the College of Justice as Advocates, or principal
Clerks of Session for the Space of five Years; or as Writers to
the Signet, for the Space of ten Years; with this Provision,
that no Writer to the Signet be capable to be admitted a Lord
of the Session, unless be undergo a private and public Trial
on the Civil Law before the Faculty of Advocates, and be
found by them qualified for the said Office, two Years before be
be named to be a Lord of the Session: Yet so, as the Qualification made, or to be made, for capacitating Persons to be named
ordinary Lords of Session, may be altered by the Parliament of
Great-Britain. 'And that the Court of Justiciary, do also,
after the Union, and notwithstanding thereof, remain, in all
time coming within Scotland, as it is now constituted by
the laws of that Kingdom, and with the same Authority and
Privileges as before the Union, subject nevertheless to such
Regulations as shall be made by the Parliament of GreatBritain, and without Prejudice of other Rights of Justiciary: And that all Admiralty-Jurisdictions be under the
Lord High Admiral, or Commissioners for the Admiralty of
Great-Britain, for the Time being; and that the Court of
Admiralty, now established in Scotland, be continued, and
that all Reviews, Reductions, or Suspensions of the Sentences in Maritime Cases, competent to the Jurisdiction of
that Court, remain in the same Manner after the Union, as
now in Scotland, until the Parliament of Great-Britain shall
make such Regulations and Alterations, as shall be judged
expedient for the whole united Kingdom, so as there be always continued in Scotland, a Court of Admiralty, such as
in England, for Determination of all Maritime Cases relating to private Rights in Scotland, competent to the Jurisdiction of the Admiralty Court, subject nevertheless to such
Regulations and Alterations, as shall be thought proper to
be made by the Parliament of Great-Britain; and that the
heritable Rights of Admiralty and Vice-admiralties in
Scotland, be reserved to the respective Proprietors, as Rights
of Property; subject nevertheless, as to the Manner of exercising such heritable Rights, to such Regulations and Alterations, as shall be thought proper to be made by the Parliament of Great-Britain; and that all other Courts now in
being within the Kingdom of Scotland, do remain, but subject to Alterations by the Parliament of Great-Britain; and
that all inferior Courts, within the said Limits, do remain
subordinate, as they are now, to the supreme Courts of
Justice within the same in all Time coming; and that no
Causes in Scotland be cognizable by the Courts of Chancery,
Queen's-Bench, Common-Pleas, or any other Court in Westminster-Hall; and that the said Courts, or any other of the
like Nature, after the Union, shall have no Power to cognize, review, or alter the Acts or Sentences of the Judicatures within Scotland, to stop the Execution of the same.
And that there be a Court of Exchequer in Scotland, after
the Union, for deciding Questions, concerning the Revenues of Customs and Excises there, having the same Power
and Authority in such Cases, as the Court of Exchequer has
in England; and that the said Court of Exchequer in Scotland have Power of passing Signatures, Gifts, Tutories, and
in other Things, as the Court of Exchequer at present in
Scotland hath; and that the Court of Exchequer that now
is in Scotland, do remain until a new Court of Exchequer
be settled by the Parliament of Great-Britain, in Scotland,
after the Union; and that, after the Union, the Queen's Majesty, and her Royal Successors, may continue a PrivyCouncil in Scotland. for preserving the public Peace and
Order, until the Parliament of Great-Britain shall think fit
to alter it, or establish any other effectual Method for that
XX. 'That all heritable Offices, Superiorities, heritable
Jurisdictions, Offices for Life, and Jurisdictions for Life, be
reserved for the Owners thereof, as Rights of Property, in
the same Manner as they are now enjoyed by the Laws of
Scotland, notwithstanding this Treaty.
XXI. 'That the Rights and Privileges of the Royal
Boroughs in Scotland as they are, do remain entire after the
Union, and notwithstanding thereof.
XXII. 'That by Virtue of this Treaty, of the Peers of
Scotland, at the Time of the Union, sixteen shall be the
Number to sit and vote in the House of Lords, and fortyfive the Number of the Representatives of Scotland in the
House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain; and
that, when her Majesty, her Heirs, or Successors, shall declare her or their Pleasure, for holding the first or any subsequent Parliament of Great-Britain, until the Parliament of
Great-Britain shall make further Provision therein, a Writ
do issue under the Great Seal of the united Kingdom, directed to the Privy-Council of Scotland, commanding them
to cause sixteen Peers, who are to sit in the House of Lords,
to be summoned to Parliament, and forty-five Members to
be elected to sit in the House of Commons in the Parliament of Great-Britain, according to the Agreement in this
Treaty, in such Manner as by an Act of this present Session
of the Parliament of Scotland, is, or shall be settled;'
Which Act is hereby declared to be as valid as if it were a
Part of, and engrossed in this Treaty: 'And that the Names
of the Persons so summoned and elected, shall be returned
by the Privy-Council of Scotland, into the Court from
whence the said Writ did issue. And that, if her Majesty,
on or before the first Day of May next, on which Day the
Union is to take place, shall declare under the Great Seal
of England, that it is expedient, that the Lords of Parliament of England, and Commons of the present Parliament
of England, should be the Members of the respective Houses
of the first Parliament of Great-Britain, for, and on the Part
of England, then the said Lords of Parliament of England,
and Commons of the present Parliament of England, shall be
the Members of the respective Houses of the first Parliament of
Great-Britain, for, and on the Part of England, And her
Majesty may, by her Royal Proclamation, under the Great
Seal or Great-Britain, appoint the said first Parliament of
Great-Britain, to meet at such Time and Place as her Majesty shall think fit, which Time shall not be less than
fifty Days after the Date of such Proclamation, and the
Time and Place of the Meeting of such Parliament being
so appointed, a Writ shall be immediately issued under the
Great Seal of Great-Britain, directed to the Privy-Council of
Scotland, for the summoning the sixteen Peers, and for electing
forty-five Members, by whom Scotland is to be represented
in the Parliament of Great-Britain: And the Lords of Parliament of England, and the sixteen Peers of Scotland, such
sixteen Peers being summoned and returned in the Manner
agreed in this Treaty; and the Members of the House of
Commons of the said Parliament of England, and the fortyfive Members for Scotland, such forty-five Members being
elected and returned in the Manner agreed in this Treaty,
shall assemble and meet respectively, in their respective
Houses of the Parliament of Great Britain, at such Time
and Place as shall be so appointed by her Majesty, and shall
be the Houses of the first Parliament of Great-Britain, and
that Parliament may continue for such Time only as
the present Parliament of England might have continued,
if the Union of the two Kingdoms had not; been made,
unless sconer dissolved by her Majesty: And that every one
of the Lords of Parliament of Great-Britain, and every Member of the House of Commons of the Parliament of GreatBritain, in the first, and all succeeding Parliaments of GreatBritain, until the Parliament of Great-Britain shall otherways
direct, shall take the respective Oaths of Allegiance and
Supremacy, by an Act of Parliament made in England, in
the first Year of the Reign of the late King William and
Queen Mary, entitled, An Act for the abrogating of the Oaths
of Supremacy and Allegiance, and appointing other Oaths, and
make, subscribe, and audibly repeat the Declaration mentioned in an Act of Parliament made in England, in the
thirtieth Year of the Reign of King Charles the Second, entitled, An Act for the more effectual preserving the King's
Person and Government, by disabling Papists from sitting in
either House of Parliament, and shall take and subscribe
the Oath mentioned in an Act of Parliament made in England, in the first Year of her Majesty's Reign, entitled, An
Act to declare the Alterations in the Oath appointed to be taken
by the Act, entitled, An Act for the further Security of his
Majesty's Person, and the Succession of the Crown in the Protestant Line, and for extinguishing the Hopes of the pretended
Prince of Wales, and all other Pretenders, and their open and
secret Abettors, and for the declaring the Association, to be
determined at such Time, and in such Manner, as the Members of both Houses of Parliament of England, are by the said
respective Acts, directed to take, make, and subscribe the
same, upon the Penalties and Disabilities in the said respective
Acts contained. And it is declared and agreed, that these
Words, this Realm, the Crown of this Realm, and the
Queen of this Realm, mentioned in the Oaths and Declaration contained in the aforesaid Acts, which were intended
to signify the Crown and Realm of England, shall be understood of the Crown and Realm of Great-Britain; and
that in that Sense, the said Oaths and Declaration be taken
and subscribed by the Members of both Houses of the Parliament of Great-Britain.
XXIII. 'That the aforesaid sixteen Peers of Scotland,
mentioned in the last preceeding Article, to sit in the House
of Lords of the Parliament of Great-Britain, shall have all
Privileges of Parliament, which the Peers of England now
have, and which they, or any Peers of Great-Britain, shall
have after the Union; and particularly the Right of sitting
upon the Tryals of Peers: And, in case of the Tryal of any
Peer in time of Adjournment or Prorogation of Parliament,
the said sixteen Peers shall be summoned in the same Manner, and have the same Powers and Privileges at such Tryals, as any other Peers of Great-Britain: And that, in case
any Tryals of Peers shall hereafter happen, when there is
no Parliament in being, the sixteen Peers of Scotland, who
sat in the last preceding Parliament, shall be summoned in
the same Manner, and have the same Powers and Privileges at such Tryals, as any other Peers of Great-Britain,
and that all Peers of Scotland, and their Successors to their
Honours and Dignities, shall, from, and after the Union,
be Peers of Great-Britain, and have Rank and Precedency
next, and immediately after the Peers of the like Orders
and Degrees in England at the Time of the Union, and
before all Peers of Great-Britain, of the like Orders and
Degrees, who may be created after the Union, and shall be
tried as Peers of Great Britain, and shall enjoy all Privileges of Peers as fully as the Peers of England do now,
or as they or any other Peers of Great-Britain may hereafter enjoy the same, except the Right and Privilege of
sitting in the House of Lords, and the Privileges depending
thereon, and particularly the right of sitting upon the Tryals
XXIV. 'That, from and after the Union, there be one
Great Seal for the united Kingdom of Great-Britain, which
shall be different from the Great Seal now used in either
Kingdom; and that the quartering the Arms,' and the Rank
and Precedency of Lyon King of Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland, 'as may best suit the Union, be left to her Majesty:
And that, in the mean Time, the Great Seal of England
be used as the Great Seal of the united Kingdom,
sealing Writs to elect and summon the Parliament of GreatBritain, and for sealing all Treaties with foreign Princes
and States, and all public Acts, Instruments, and Orders
of State, which concern the whole united Kingdom, and
in all other Matters relating to England, as the Great Seal
of England is now used; and that a Seal in Scotland, after
the Union, be always kept, and made use of in all Things
relating to private Rights or Grants, which have usually
passed the Great Seal of Scotland, and which only concern
Offices, Grants, Commissions, and private Rights within
that Kingdom: And that, until such Seal shall be appointed by her Majesty, the present Great-Seal of Scotland shall
be used for such Purposes: And that the Privy-Seal,
Signet-Casset, Signet of the Justiciary Court, Quarter-Seal, and
Seals of Courts now used in Scotland, be continued: But
that the said Seals be altered and adapted to the State of
the Union, as her Majesty shall think fit; and the said Seals,
and all of them, and the Keepers of them, shall be subject
to such Alterations as the Parliament of Great-Britain shall
hereafter make:' And that the Crown, Scepter, and Sword
of State, the Records of Parliament, and all other Records,
Rolls and Registers whatsoever, both public and private,
general and particular, and Warrants thereof, continue to be
kept as they are, within that Part of the united Kingdom now
called Scotland; and that they shall so remain in all Time
coming, notwithstanding of the Union.
XXV. 'That all Laws and Statutes in either Kingdom,
so far as they are contrary to, or inconsistent with the Terms
of these Articles, or any of them, shall, from and after the
Union, cease, and become void, and shall be so declared to
be, by the respective Parliaments of the said Kingdoms.'
The Preamble to the Articles.
'The Estates of Parliament considering that the Articles
of Union of the Kingdoms of Scotland and England, were
agreed on the twenty-second of July, 1706 Years, by
the Commissioners nominated on Behalf of this Kingdom,
under her Majesty's Great Seal of this Kingdom of Scotland,
bearing Date the twenty-seventh of February last past,
in Pursuance of the fourth Act of the third Session of this
Parliament, and the Commissioners nominated on Behalf of
the Kingdom of England, under her Majesty's Great
Seal of England, bearing Date at Westminster, the tenth
Day of April last, in Pursuance of an Act of Parliament made in England the third Year of her Majesty's
Reign, to treat of, and concerning an Union of the said
Kingdoms: Which Articles were, in all Humility, presented
to her Majesty upon the twenty-third of the said Month of
July, and were recommended to this Parliament, by her
Majesty's Royal Letter of the Date of the thirty-first Day
of July, 1706 Years: And that the said Estates of Parliament have agreed to, and approven of the said Articles of
Union, with some Additions and Explanations, as is contained in the Articles hereafter inserted: And sicklike her
Majesty, with Advice and Consent of the Estates of Parliament, resolving to establish the Protestant Religion, and
Presbyterian Church-Government within this Kingdom, has
past in this Session of Parliament, an Act, entitled, An Act
for securing the Protestant Religion, and Presbyterian Church
Government, which by the Tenor thereof is appointed to
be inserted in any Act ratifying the Treaty; and expresly
declared to be a fundamental and essential Condition of the
said Treaty of Union, in all Time coming. Therefore
her Majesty, with Advice and Consent of the Estates of
Parliament, in Fortification of the Approbation of the
Articles as above mentioned, and for the further and better
Establishment of the same, upon full and mature Deliberation
upon the aforesaid Articles of Union, and Act of Parliament,
doth ratify, approve, and confirm the same, with the Additions and Explanations contained in the said Articles,
in manner, and under the Provision after mentioned.'
A State of the Revenues and public Income of the Kingdom of
England, as they stood when the Articles of Union between
England and Scotland were agreed on, viz. The Revenues
appropriated for the better Support of Her Majesty's Houshold,
and of the Honour and Dignity of the Crown (by an Act
1 Annæ Reginæ) during Her Majesty's Life.
The Excise of 2 s. 6 d. per Barrel on Beer, Ale, &c.
excluding 3,700 l. a Week appropriated thereout for public
Uses, and including so much of the Charges of Management,
as is paid by the Cashier, according to a Medium of three
Years last past, amounts to 286,178 l. per Annum.
The further Subsidies of Tonnage and Poundage, and
other Duties upon Wines, Goods and Merchandizes imported
(exclusive of Draw-backs by Debentures and Allowances for
damaged Goods) by a like Medium, is 356,841 l.
The Revenue of the General Letter-Office or Post-Office,
by a like Medium, including Charges of Management paid
by the Receiver, is 101,101 l.
The Produce of the Fines arising in the AlienationOffice, (including the necessary Expences of the Court of
Chancery, and other Charges borne thereout) is by a Medium, 4,804 l.
The past Fines by a Reserved Rent on a Grant thereof in
being, is 2,276 l.
The Produce of the Revenue arising by Wine-Licences, including Charges of Management, by a Medium, is
Sheriffs Proffers communibus annis about 1,040 l.
Composition in Exchequer by a Medium of Three Years,
Seizures of uncustom'd and Prohibited Goods the like,
The Revenue of the Duchy of Cornwal, consisting of
the Custom, Coinage, Duty of Tin, Rents of Lands, Fines
of Leases, and other Revenues, certain and casual, amounts
about 9,869 l.
The Revenue of the Principality of Wales, about
Other Revenues arising by Rents of Lands, and Fines of
Leases, &c. by a Medium of what is paid into the Exchequer in the last three Years, amount to about 2,906 l.
So the Total of the Revenues, reckoning upon a Medium
as aforesaid, and including the said Charges of raising
the same, is about 691204 l.
The other public Income.
Customs and Subsidies of Tonnage and Poundage, by
several Acts of Parliament continue till the first of August,
1710, and are appropriated for discharging such Debts or
Incumbrances as in the said Acts are mentioned. These,
excluding Drawbacks by Debentures, Portage Bills, and
Allowances for damag'd Goods, and including Charges of
Management paid by the Cashier, according to a Medium
of three Years last past, do produce about 345,704 l.
Impositions on Wines, Vinegar, Tobacco, and East-India
Goods, which continue to the said first of August, 1710,
are appropriated for discharging of Debts, as aforesaid, and
excluding Drawbacks by Debentures, and Allowances for
damaged Goods, by a like Medium, are about 373,485 l.
Additional Impositions on Goods and Merchandizes are
continued and appropriated as aforesaid. These, excluding Drawbacks and Allowances, by a like Medium, produce 39,645 l.
The Duties on Coals, Culm, and Cinders, continued till
the 30th September 1710, are appropriated to such Uses, as
in the Acts of Parliament for the same are mentioned, by a
like Medium, 114,688 l.
The 15 l. per Cent. on Muslins, and the Duties on
Coffee, Tea, Spices, Pictures, &c. with the Additional Duties lately imposed thereon, and upon Callicoes, China-Wares,
and unrated Drugs, are all granted and continued to the
24th of June 1710, appropriated for Re-payment of Loans
with Interest, the former Duties, by a Medium of the last
three Years, (excluding Drawbacks and Allowances for damaged Goods) produced 42,475 l. and the new Duties
are estimated at 74,000 l. per Annum, which together is
Twenty-five Pounds per Cent. additional Duty on French
Goods continued for the Residue of a Term of 21 Years from
28th February 1696, is applicable to any Uses of the War,
and the Produce thereof, by a Medium of the last three
Years, excluding Allowances for damaged Goods, is about
Five shil. per Ton on French Shipping granted the 12th
Car. 2di. is to continue so long as the Duty of 50 Sols per
Ton on English Shipping in France, and three Months
longer, and is applicable to any uses of the War: the Medium of the last three Years, amounts to 81 l.
Plantation Duties granted 25 Car. II. on Goods carried
from one Plantation to another, are not particularly appropriated, but applied to the Uses of the War: the said Medium is 877 l.
Four and ½ per Cent. in Specie arising in Barbadoes and
the Leeward Islands, subject to an Annuity payable to the
Heirs and Assigns of the Earl of Kinoul, are applied thereunto, and towards the Support of these Islands, purstiant to an Address of the House of Commons in that
Behalf: a Medium of the Produce of the said Duty by
Sales thereof made herein the last three Years, is 6459 l.
Coinage Duty (being 10 sh. per Ton on Wines imported)
is continued to the 1st of June 1708, and appropriated to
the Use of the Mint, and by a Medium of three Years
(excluding Drawbacks, and Allowances for damaged Wine)
is about 7350 l.
The Duties on Whale-Fins and Scots Linen continued
till the 1st of August 1710, are appropriated for discharging of Loans and other Debts (exclusive of Drawbacks
and Allowances for Damage) by a like Medium may be,
One third additional Tonnage and Poundage granted
for four Years, from the 8th of March 1703, and applicable to the Repayment of Loans and Interest; and by another Act continued from the 8th of March 1706, for
98 Years, for Payment of certain Annuities; the Produce
thereof in the Year ended at Christmas last (exclusive of
Drawbacks and Allowances for damaged Goods) was
Two thirds additional Tonnage and Poundage granted
for four Years, from the 8th of March 1704, are applicable
to the Re-payment of Loans and Interest, the Produce thereof
may be esteem'd to be at least 160,000 l.
Three thousand seven hundred Pound a Week to be taken
out of the Hereditary and Temporary Excise on Beer, Ale,
&c. is appropriated for Payment of Interest to divers Bankers and others for Monies lent by them to King
Charles II. redeemable on Payment of a Moiety of the
Principal, and for Annuities for several Terms of Years
Nine Pence per Barrel Excise on Beer, Ale, &c. by one
Act of Parliament, is to continue till the 17th of May 1713;
and by another Act is granted for a further Term of
95 Years: The Produce is appropriated, in the first Place,
for satisfying Annuities on Lottery Tickets, which will end
at Michaelmas 1710, and afterwards to the Payment of Annuities, by a Medium of last three Years, 164,828 l.
Another 9 d. per Barrel Excise made perpetual for Payment of Annuities; this Grant not containing all the Duties
given by the Act for the 9 d. last mentioned, will produce
by a like Medium, 155,000 l.
Another 9 d. per Barrel for 99 Years, from the 25th of
January 1692, is appropriated for Payment of divers other
Annuities, the like, 55,000 l.
Duties on low Wines and Spirits of the first Extraction
continued till the 24th of June 1710, are appropriated for
Re-payment of Loans with Interest; and by a Medium for the
last three Years, will make 25,267 l.
Duties on Malt, Mum and Cyder, have been continued
from Year to Year for several Years past, and are computed
at 150 000 l,
Memorand. in most Years this Fund proves deficient.
Twelve Pence per Bushel on Salt granted 5th Will.
and M. in Perpetuity, is appropriated till the first of August 1710, towards Payment of Debts and Incumbrances
(exclusive of Drawbacks for Salt and Fish exported) and by
the Produce of the last Year may be reckoned 54,620 l.
Twenty-eight Pence per Bushel on Salt, granted 5th Will.
in Perpetuity, towards Payment of Annuities after the Rate
of 8 per Cent. to the Traders to India by a like Computation,
Rent of Hackney Coaches, being 4 l. per Annum each,
for 700 Coaches, continues for the Residue of a Term of 21
Years, from Midsummer 1694, is applied to the Service of
the War, and amounts to 28,000 l.
Licences to Hawkers and Pedlars continued to the
24th of June 1710, are appropriated towards paying of
Loans with Interest, and by a Medium of three Years, is
Stamp Duties on Vellom, Parchment, and Paper, part
whereof continues till the first of August 1710, and is
appropriated for Re-payment of Loans, the other Part
is granted in Perpetuity towards Payment of Annuities
to the Traders to India by a Medium of three Years,
(excluding Allowances from prompt Payment) have produced 86,110 l.
The Duties on Windows continued to the 1st of August
1710, for Re-payment of Loans and other Debts, produce
about 112,069 l.
The Aid of Four Shillings in the Pound on Land, &c.
for the present Year, is ascertained at 1,997,763 l. 3 s. 4 d. ½.
5,000,599 l. 3 s. 4 d. ½.
Total of the Incomes and Revenue, 5,691,803 l. 3 s. 4 d. ½
Memorandum. The Revenues of the first Fruits and
Tenths, by an Act the first of Queen Anne, were granted for Support of the Civil Government, but are not computed here; because they have been since given in Perpetuity for the Augmentation of the Maintenance of the
Poor Clergy: And also the Money arising by Prizes with
the Perquisites of Admiralty, which have been both applied
to the Uses of the War, are not inserted in this Computation, because the said Prizes cease with the War, and the
Lord High-Admiral hath relinquished his Droits of Admiralty for no longer Time than the War lasts.
A State of the Debts of the Kingdom of England, viz.
Principal Money borrowed on the several Funds under
mentioned, which remain at this Time unsatisfied,
that is to say.
|On 2 / 4 ths Customs granted
||3 W. &M.
|First 4 s. Aid
||4 W.& M.
|Second Quarterly Poll
||5 W. & M.
|Third 4 s. Aid
||6 W. & M.
|Duties on Marriages, &c.
|Fourth 4 s. Aid
These are provided for by an Act of the 8th W. which
continues several Funds therein mentioned to the first of August 1706, 471,704 l. 17 s. 11 d.
There also remains to discharge the Exchequer Bills,
issued by virtue of several Acts of Parliament, (over and
above 230,000 l. computed to be due for Interest) the principal Sum of 534,062 l. 9 s. 8 d.
To satisfy Loans on 3 s. in the Pound granted 8 Will.
(over and above 169,000 l. by Computation for Interest)
the principal Sum 423,098 l. 18 s. 3 d.
To satisfy Loans on the Duties on Paper, Vellom, &c.
granted for two Years, from the first of March, 1696. Anno
Octavo Willielmi, besides 6,160 l. by Computation for Interest, the principal Sum of 15,400 l.
To discharge Malt Tickets, issued 8 W. (besides 254,557 l.
for 6 Years Interest) the principal Sum of 579,000 l.
To satisfy Loans transferred to the Duties on Leather,
granted 8 W. for 3 Years from 20 April 1697, (besides about
105,000 l. for Interest) the principal Sum of 504,438 l.
To satisfy Loans on the quarterly Poll, granted 9 W.
(besides about 73,000 l. for Interest) the principal Sum of
226,770 l. 17 s.
To satisfy Loans on the 3 s. in the Pound granted
10 W. (besides about 5,200 l. for Interest) the principal
Sum of 31,271 l. 6 s. 3 d. ½.
To compleat the Payment wanting at Michaelmas 1701,
on the yearly Sum of 160,000 l. intended to be paid by the
Act 9 W. out of certain Duties on Salt and stampt Vellum
to the Traders to India, 70,872 l. 11 s. 1 d. ½.
Total of the principal Sum 2,384,914 l. 2 s. 4 d. ½.
And the several Computations of Interest, at this time due
as above mentioned, amount to 842,914 l.
These are provided for by an Act, 2 Annæ, by continuing several Funds therein mentioned to the first of August
1720, 3,227,828 l. 2 s. 4 d. ½.
There is further owing on the following Funds, viz.
On Low Wines, &c. granted 13 W. for 5 Years, the principal Sum of 6,674 l. 10 s. 3 d.
Duty on Coals, &c. 2 Annæ, for 5 Years from
14 1703 235,720 l. 4 d.
⅓ Tonnage and Pondage eod. Anno, for 3 Years
55,236 l. 4 s. 6 d.
⅔ Ditto 3 Annæ, for 4 Years from 8 March 1704,
545,957 l. 4s. 0d. ½.
Low Wines, &c. cod. Anno, until 1710, 692,000 l.
These are Debts on Funds not yet expired, and which are
reckoned sufficient to satisfy the same, 1535588 l. 2 s. 9 d. ½.
On Duties on Coals granted 9 W. for 5 Years 16,000 l.
Second 2 s. Aid. 11 W. 12,733 l. 6 s. 8 d.
⅔ 3 s. Aid. 12 W. 9,753 l. 12 s.
6, 4 s. Aid 1 A. 42,399 l. 5 s.
Subsidies or Capitation Duties, eod. Anno, 173,849 l. 7 s.
The Money resting unsatisfied on Debentures, &c. were
charged on the Irish Forfeitures, about 960,000 l.
There are Deficiencies, not yet provided for by Parliament, 1,051,270 l. 13 s. 2 d.
Other Incumbrances, viz.
The 2 d. per Barrel Excise, which was granted for 99
Years from the 25th of January 1692, is charged with
124,866 l. per Annum for Annuities, for which there was
contributed 1,492,379 l. 7 s. and there being now about 13
Years expired, the Remainder of the Term may be estimated
to be a present Incumbrance of 1484575.
The same 9 d. per Barrel is also charged with 7,567 l.
per Annum, for Annuities to the Contributors of 108,100 l.
on the Advantage of Survivorship, till the Number of Survivors be reduced to seven, and then the Share or 7th Part
of each of them as they die to revert to the Crown: This
Estate has an uncertain Termination, but may be reckoned
equal to the Term of thirty Years, and so be an Incumbrance
of about 104,149 l.
The 9 d. per Barrel Excise granted in Perpetuity, is charg'd
too with 5 / 7 Parts thereof with 100,000 l. per Annum to the
Bank of England for 1,200,000 l. advanced by them, this is redeemable on Payment of the said principal Sum, as in the
Act is mentioned, 1,200,000 l.
And the remaining 2 / 7th, is charged with 15336 l. 13 s. 6 d.
per Annum for 176,744 l. 1 s. 9 d. contributed for those Annuities which were at first purchased for one Life, and afterwards turned into Estates certain for 98 Years, from 25 Jan.
1702. which by reason of the small Time elapsed may still
be reckoned an Incumbrance of 176,000 l.
And with the Sum of 10,030 l. 1 s. per Annum, for such
of the Contributors of 170,917 l. 2 s. 3 d. for Annuities for
two Lives as are now in being, and abating out of the Contribution Money so much as was paid for Annuities since failen,
there rests an Incumbrance of 166,917 l. 2 s. 3 d.
And also with 2,093 l. 10 s. 4 d. per Annum, to such of
the Contributors of 21,235 l. 4 s. for Annuities for three.
Lives as are now in being, and abating out of this Contribution, so much as was paid for Annuities of 30 l. since
fallen, there rests an Incumbrance of 10,935 l. 4 s.
The 9 d. per Barrel Excise granted for 16 Years, from
the 17th of May 1697, is charged with the Payment of
140,000 l. per Annum, upon Tickets commonly called the
Million Lottery. Tickets, for the Residue of a Term which
expires at Michaelmas 1710. And the said Annuity being
valued for the four Years and half yet to come, at the Rebate of 6 per Cent. per Annum, compound Interest is worth
The 28 d. per Bushel on Salt, and the additional Stamp
Duties are granted in Perpetuity, and charged with the Payment of 160,000 l. per Annum, to the Traders to India, for
two Millions advanced to the Public, and is redeemable by
Parliament upon paying the said 2,000,000 l.
The 2,700 l. a Week payable out of the hereditary and
temporary Excise, is charged with 39,855 l. 16 s. 0 d.½. per Annum, for Bankers and others, who sent 1,328,526 l. to King
Charles II. redeemable by Parliament upon Payment of a
Moiety of the said Principal, which is 664,263 l.
And with 104,745 l. 10 s. 6 d.½ per Annum, for 1,569,664 l.
18 s. 6 d. contributed for Annuities for 99 Years from LadyDay 1704, 1,569,664 l. 18 s. 6 d.
And also 46,000 l. per Annum, to the Contributors of
690,000 l. for Annuities for 99 Years from Christmas 1705,
The ½ Subsidy from 8 March 1706, and the 9 d. per Barrel
Excise (at present applicable to the Payment of the Million
Lottery Tickets) with an additional Supply till these Funds
come in, are charged with 184,242 l. 13 s. per Annum to the
Contributors of 2,855,761 l. 16 s. 2 d. for Annuities for 99
Years from Lady-day 1706, 11,470,451 l. 11 s.
Total, 17,762,842 l. 17 s. 3 d. ½.
Memorand. That nothing is inserted in this Account as a
Debt on any Land Tax, or Malt Duty, which are annual
Grants, except where any of them have proved Deficient.
Memorand. There is a Claim made by the Assignee of the
Earl of Kinnoul of 17,250 l. out of the 4 and ½ per Cent. on
Account of Arrears on an Annuity of 1000 l. incurred before
her Majesty's Accession to the Crown.
A State of the public Revenue of Scotland, as it was at
the Time that the Articles of Union were agreed on,
and might amount to.
The Excise on Ale and Beer is 2 s. Scotch, and now farm'd
for 33,500 l. Sterling, and if exacted in the same manner as
in England, may amount to 50,000 l.
The Customs have been lett at 34,000 l. and are now in the
time of War let for 28,500 l. with a Condition in the Lease,
That, upon a Peace, the Lords of the Treasury may lett a
new Lease, and may amount to 50,000 l.
The Crown Rents about 5,500 l.
The Casualty of Superiorities and Compositions at the Exchequer, Communibus Annis, about 3000 l.
The Post-Office farm'd at 1,194 l. but if collected, may
amount to 2000 l.
The Impositions for Coinage, 1,500 l.
Land Tax is now 36,000 Pounds, and to make it equal
with the 4 s. per Pound in England, 'tis proposed to be
Total 160,000 l.
The Debts due to the Army, Civil List, and other Charges
of the Government, about 160,000 l.
An Account of the neat Annual Produce of the Customs in
England, from a Medium of three Years ended at Michaelmas 1705, with the respective Times or Terms,
for which they have continuance; and the Uses for
which they are severally appropriated or applied, viz.
For the Civil Government.
Neat Money per Annum.
Customs and Subsidies of Tonnage and Pondage, granted
1 Annæ, during her Majesty's Life, 253,514 l.
Several Branches not appropriated to the Payment of
Twenty-five per Cent. Additional Duty on French Goods,
for the Remainder of a Term of twenty-one Years, from 28
February 1696, is applied toward the Services of the War,
Coinage Duties continues to the first of June 1708, and is
appropriated to the Uses of the Mint, 7,350 l.
One Half per Cent. in Specie from Barbadoes and the Leeward Islands is perpetual, and applied pursuant to an Address of the House of Commons towards the Support of those
Islands, subject also to an Annuity of 1000 l. per Annum, to
the Heirs and Assigns of the Earl of Kinnoul, 6,459 l.
Plantation Duties upon particular Commodities, carried
from one Plantation to a nother, 25 Car. II. made perpetual,
not appropriated to any particular use, 875 l.
Total, 25,480 l.
These under-mentioned are appropriated for Payment of
Debts, till the first of August 1710, tho' the said Debts
charged thereon, will, by Computation be paid off
The Subsidy of Tonnage and Poundage, granted 12 Car. II.
Impositions on Wines and Vinegar, granted 1 Jac. II.
Impositions on Tobbacco, ditto, 100,338 l.
Impositions on East-India Goods, ditto, 150,899 l.
Additional Impositions on several Goods and Merchandizes,
4 Wil. 38,548 l.
Several Impositions and Duties on Whale-Fins and Scotch
Linnen, 5 Wil. 106,219 l.
Total, 706,471 l.
Other appropriated Branches.
Fifteen per Cent. on Muslins, &c. granted by several former Acts, were by an Act 3 Ann. continued to 24 June
1710. And by that Act doubled, and several new Duties
thereby granted; from Feb. 1704, to the said June 1710.
And made a Fund for borrowing 700,000 l. at an Interest
of 6 per Cent. per Annum. And so much of the said Duties
as is under the Management of the Commissioners of the
Customs was estimated in Parliament to amount to about
116,475 l. per Annum.
One Third additional Tonnage and Poundage, 3 Ann.
for 4 Years, from 8 March 1704, are appropriated for Repayment of Loans, not exceeding 636,957 l. 4 s, 0 d. ½. with
Interest after the Rate of 6 per Cent. per Annum. And by
an Act 4 Ann. continued towards Payment of Annuities,
till 30 Septemb. 1710, by the nearest Computation that can
be made, will produce at least 160,000 l.
Tonnage and Poundage, granted 2 Ann.
For three Years, from 18 March 1703, and thereby made
a Fund of Credit for 300,000 l. at an Interest after the Rate of
5 per Cent. per Annum afterwards, 4 Ann. continued for 98
Years, from the 8th of March 1706. Together with 9 d.
per Barrel Excise, appropriated towards Payment of 184,242 l.
14 s. per Annum in Annuities, a Medium of the Produce thereof in the three Years ended at Michaelmas 1705, is,
Neat Money per Annum,
Totals, For the Civil Government, 253,514 l.
Unappropriated, 25,480 l.
Appropriated for Debts to 24 June 1710, 116,745 l.
For other Debts, till 1 Aug. 1710, 706,471 l.
For ditto, till 30 Septemb. 1710, 160,000 l.
For 98 Years, from 8 March 1606, 79,619 l.
Total per Annum, 1,341,559 l.
Duties on Coals, Culm and Cinders, by an Act 1 Ann.
continued from 14 May 1703, to 15 May 1708, and thereby
charged with 500,000 l. and Interest; by another Act 4 Ann.
continued to 30 Septemb. 1710. and appropriated towards
Payment of Annuities; those Duties are collected at the
Custom-House, and by a Medium of three Years ended at
Michaelmas 1705, are per Annum about 110,958 l.
An Account of the Proportions which the present Customs
of Scotland do bear to the several Branches of that Revenue in England, exclusive of the Increase that may
arise by the higher Duties, or greater Importations after
|For the Civil Government,
|Unappropriated as to any Debts,
Appropriated for Debts till 24 June 1710.
|Till 1 August 1710.
|Till 30 Septemb. 1710.
|For 98 Years from 8 March 1706.
|Total English, 1,341,559 l.
An Account of the neat annual Produce of the Excise on
Beer and Ale in England, from a Medium of three
Years, ending at Michaelmas 1705, with the respective
Times and Terms for which the several Branches thereof
have Continuance, and the Uses to which they are severally appropriated or applied, viz.
Two Shillings and Six-pence per Barrel on Beer, Ale, &c.
15 d. whereof is to continue during her Majesty's Life, and
the other 15 d. is Hereditary; these during her Majesty's
Life are appropriated towards defraying the Charge of the
Civil Government, after a Deduction of 3,700 l. a Week
appropriated thereout, for Payment of Annuities, and by a
Medium of three Years ended at Michaelmas, 1705. The
neat Produce into the Exchequer over and above the said
3,700 l. a Week, will be 269,837 l.
For Annuities and other public Debts
Three thousand seven hundred Pounds a Week to be taken
out of the hereditary and temporary Excise during her Majesty's Life, and afterwards out of the hereditary part for ever,
is appropriated for payment of
Thirty-thousand eight hundred fifty-five Pounds 16 s. per
Annum, to Bankers and others for Interest; after the Rate of
three per Cent. for 1,328,526 l lent to King Charles II.
redeemable on Payment of a Moiety of the said Principal, being 664,263 l. and for payment of
One hundred four thousand seven hundred forty-two Pounds
10 s. 6d. per Annum for ninety-nine Years from Lady-Day,
1704, for 1,569,664 l, 18 s. 6 d. contributed for Annuities.
One hundred ninety thousand five hundred ninety-eight
Pounds 6 s. 7 d. and the rest for Charges in paying the said
Annuities. In all, 192,400 l.
Nine Pence per Barrel Excise, granted 4. W. for ninety-nine
Years from 25 January 1692, is charged with 124,866 l.
per Annum for Annuities, for which there are contributed
1,492,379 l. 7 s. and with 7,567 l. per Annum for 108,100 l.
advanced for Annuities on the Advantage of the Survivorship
by a Medium of the neat Produce into the Exchequer in the
said three Years, is 150,106 l.
Another 9 d. per Barrel, 5. W. made perpetual, is appropriated as follows, viz.
Five Sevenths thereof for Payment of 100,000 l. per Annum to the Bank of England, for 1,200,000 l. advanced by
them, which is redeemable on paying the principal Sum, as
in the said Act is mentioned. And,
Two Sevenths, with 15,336 l. 13 s. per Annum, for
176,744 l. 1 s. 9 d. contributed for Annuities, which were,
at first, purchased for single Lives, and afterwards turn'd into
Estates certain for 89 Years, from 25 Jan. 1702.
And also with 20,030 l. 1 s. per Annum, for 170,917 l.
2 s. 3 d. advanced for Annuity for two Lives.
And also with 2093 l. 10 s. 4 d. per Annum, for 21,235 l.
4 s. contributed for Annuities, for three Lives, the Produce
of the 9 d. by a Medium of the said three Years, is 150,094 l.
And one other 9 d. per Barrel, for 16 Years, from 17th
of May, continued 4 Ann. from 17th of May, 1713, for 95
Years, is appropriated for paying 140,000 l. per Annum, on
Million-Lottery-Tickets, for the Remainder of a Term of
16 Years, which will end at Michaelmas 1710, and afterwards towards paying Annuities amounting to 184,242 l. 14 s.
per Annum, purchased for 99 Years, from Lady-Day, 1706.
The neat Produce of this 9 d. (which contains some additional
Duties on Brandy, &c. not granted by the two former Acts)
from a Medium of the said three Years, is 159,898 l.
Low-Wines and Spirits of the first Extraction, continued
by an Act 4 Ann. from 25 March 1706, to 24 June 1710,
are appropriated towards repayment of 700,000 l. authorized
to be borrowed as well upon Credit of these Duties, as upon
an additional Duty of 15 l. per Cent. on Muslins, &c. The
neat Produce hereof, by a like Medium, is 25,267 l.
Total, 677,765 l.
Out of which is to be deducted so much, as, by the aforegoing neat Produce, will be more than sufficient to pay the
above-mentioned Annuities, viz.
A Superplus of the 9 d. per Barrel, for the Remainder of
99 Years, from 25 Jan. 1692, 17,673 l.
A Superplus of the 9 d. per Barrel, for the Bank and others,
A Superplus of the Lottery, 9 d. continued for Annuities,
with the ⅓ Subsidy of Tonnage and Poundage, 55,274 l.
All which are unappropriated, and amount to 85,581 l.
And then the Total of the several Branches of Excise
appropriated for Payment of Debts, is 192,183 l.
14 s. per Annum.
An Account of the Proportions which the present Excise
upon Liquors in Scotland, doth bear to the several Branches
of that Revenue in England, exclusive of the Encrease that
may arise by the higher Duties, or greater Consumption
after the Union.
|English Excise, per Annum.
|cots Excise, per Annum,
|For the Civil Government,
||85,581 l. 6 s.
Three thousand seven hundred Pounds a Week for Payment of Annuities for 99 Years, and in Perpetuity redeemable by Parliament.
|Nine Pence per Barrel for the Remainder of 99. Years, from 25 Jan. 1692.
|Nine Pence per Barrel for the Bank, &c.
|Nine Pence per Barrel for Payment of Lottery-Tickets, and afterwards for Annuities.
|Low Wines, till 24 June 1710.
|Total English, 947,602 l.
An Account of the Value of the Annual Sums contributed
out of the Customs of Scotland, (according to the present
Produce thereof) towards the anticipated Funds of the
Customs of England, viz.
Two thousand six hundred and five Pounds per Annum,
from the 25th of March 1707, until the 24th of June 1710,
estimated in present Money, 7,577 l.
Fifteen thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight Pounds
per Annum, from the 25th of March 1707, to the 1st of
August 1710, estimated at 47,506 l.
Three thousand five hundred and seventy-eight Pounds
per Annum, from the 25th of March 1707, to the 30th of
September 1710, estimated at 11,251 l.
One thousand seven hundred and eighty Pounds per Annum,
from the 25th of March 1707, for 98 Years, commencing
the 28th of March 1708, at the Rate of 15 Years and three
Months Purchase, comes to 7,145 l.
Total, 23,479 l.
A Computation of the Value of the annual Sums contributed
out of the Scotch Excise (estimated at 33,500 l. per Annum)
towards the anticipated Excise Funds in England, viz.
Six thousand eight hundred and two Pounds per Annum, out
of the Excise in Scotland, towards Payment of Annuities for
99 Years, which are charged on the 3,700 l. a Week, arising
out of the hereditary and temporary Excise in England, at
15 Years 3 Months Purchase, comes to 103,730 l. 10 s.
Four thousand six hundred and eighty-two Pounds per
Annum, contributed out of the Excise in Scotland, towards
payment of Annuities, amounting to 132,433 l. per Annum
charged on 9 d. per Barrel Excise in England, whereof
124,866 l. per Annum is for the Remainder of a Term of 99
Years, commencing 25 January 1692, and 7,567 l. per Annum,
for Lives, with the Advantage of Survivorship; so that 3,415 l.
of the 4,682 l. per Annum, will be for the Remainder of the
said Term of 99 Years, and 267 l. thereof for Lives, with
the Advantage of Survivorship; and so much thereof as is
for the Remainder of a Term of 99 Years, being rated at
15 Years and 3 Months Purchase, comes to 67,328 l. 15 s.
and the Remainder, being deem'd of equal Value with a
Term of 30 Years, comes to 3,674 l. in the whole, 71,003 l.
Four thousand eight hundred and sixty Pounds per Annum,
contributed out of the Excise in Scotland, towards payment
of 137,460 l. per Annum, charged on another 9 d. per Barrel
Excise in England, part in Perpetuity, part for 99 Years,
part for three Lives, and part for two Lives, whereof 3,536 l.
of the said 4,860 l. per Annum will be in Perpetuity, 542 l.
for 99 Years, 74 l. for three Lives, and 708 l. for two Lives,
so much as is in Perpetuity, and for 99 Years, being rated
at 15 Years and 3 Months Purchase, so much as is for three
Lives at 12 Years Purchase, and so much as is for two Lives
at 11 Years Purchase, amount in the whole at those Rates
to 70,865 l. 10 s.
Three thousand six hundred and ninety-nine Pounds per
Annum contributed out of the Excise in Scotland, for payment of Annuities charged on another 9 d. per Barrel Excise
in England for 99 Years, at 15 Years and three Months Purchase, comes to 56,409 l. 15 s.
Eight hundred and ninety-three Pounds per Annum contributed out of the Excise in Scotland for three Years and three
Months, commencing 25 March 1707, applicable as the
Duty on Low-Wines in England for that time, is computed
to be worth 2,597 l.
Total, 304,606 l. 10 s.
If the Customs of Scotland now let at 30,000 l. per Annum,
according to the stating of the Equivalent, does contribute
Towards payment of the Debts of England, 23,761 l. Civil
List, 5,669 l. The general Expence or Charge of the
Nation, 570 l.
Every 1,000 l. Encrease on the said Customs will contribute
to the aforesaid-Services, viz.
Towards Payment of the Debts of England, 792 l. Civil
List, 189 l. The general Expence or Charge of the
Nation, 19 l.
Total. 1,000 l.
If the Excise of Scotland, now let at 33,500 l. per Annum,
according to the stating of the Equivalent, does contribute
Towards Payment of the Debts of England 20,936 l. Civil List 9,549 l. The General Expence or Charge of the
Nation 3,025 l.
Total 33,500 l.
Every 1000 l. Increase on the said Excise will contribute to
the aforesaid Services, viz.
Towards Payment of the Debts of England, 625 l. Civil
List 285 l. The General Expence or Charge of the Nation 90 l.
Total 1000 l.
In Pursuance of the Order of the Lords Commissioners of
of both Kingdoms, on the 22d of July for signing the
Books of Journals, the same were accordingly sign'd the
25th Day of July 1706. By us,