Several Papers laid before the House.
The 17th of April, the Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, laid before the House several Papers, relating to the Regiment at Jamaica: And Mr. Secretary Bromley presented to the
House, by her Majesty's Command, pursuant to their Addresses:
An Account of what Instances have been used with the Emperor,
for revoking the Passport granted by him, for the Pretender's
residing in the Dominions of the Duke of Lorrain, or against
renewing the same. 2. A List of Persons Outlaw'd, Attainted,
or that have born Arms in the Service of her Majesty's or the
late King's Enemies, who have had Licences to return into
Great-Britain, or other her Majesty's Dominions, since the Year
1688. 3. The State of the Fortifications and Harbour of
Dunkirk: and what Representations have been made from
Time to Time, by the Engineers and Officers, appointed to
inspect the Demolition thereof, with the Answers thereto,
and Orders given thereupon; with Lists of the Papers relating to the said Demolition. 4. An Account how far
the Peace is complete, between her Majesty's Allies, and
France and Spain, and what is yet wanting to make the
same universal; as also, what Obstructions her Majesty has
met with in her Endeavours, to make the same universal
and complete. 5. A Copy of her Majesty's Commission,
appointing Commissaries to treat with the French, dated
the 13th of December 1713. 6. And Copies of other
Commissions appointing Commissaries in Matters of Trade,
since the Year 1660. The Saturday before (April 10th.)
Mr. Secretary Bromley, presented likewise to the House,
'A Copy and Translation of a Letter from the Bishop of
London, to the Baron Le Begue, Resident to the States
General from the Duke of Lorrain.' All which Papers
were order'd to lie on the Table, to be perused by the
Members of the House.
Account of the State of the several Treaties of Peace.
The most remarkable of these Papers. viz. An Account
of the State of the several Treaties of Peace, between Her
Majesty and her Allies, and France and Spain, with an
Account of the Obstructions her Majesty has met with in
her Endeavours to make the same universal and compleet;
and of what was done relating to the Catalans: Which
was said to be written by the Lord Bolingbroke, was as
In answer to the Addresses of this House, That Her
Majesty will be pleased to order an Account to be laid
before this House, how far the Peace is complete, between
Her Majesty's Allies, and France, and Spain, and what is
yet wanting, to make the same universal; as also what
Obstructions Her Majesty has met with in Her Endeavours, to make the same universal and complete; and
likewise that Her Majesty would please, to order an Account to be laid before this House, of what Endeavours
have been used, that the Catalans might have full Enjoyment, of all their ancient Liberties and Privileges, and that
a full State of all Proceedings, during the Treaty of Peace,
relating thereunto, be likewise laid before this House, Her
Majesty has thought fit to order in, besides the Papers herewith
delivered, the following State of the Treaties, of the Negociations of Peace, and of the Endeavours which she has
used, that the Catalans might have the full Enjoyment of all
their ancient Liberties and Privileges, to be prepared and
laid before this House.
On the 11th Day of April, N. S. 1713, the Ministers
of Great-Britain, of Portugal, of the present King of Sicily,
and of the States-General of the United Provinces, signed
their respective Treaties with the Ministers of his most Christian Majesty at Utrecht.
From that time therefore no Treaties between France
and any of the Allies, remained unfinished, except those
of the Emperor and of the Body of the Empire: The
first of which was executed at Rastadt, on the sixth of the
last Month, N. S. and his Imperial Majesty undertaking
therein, to procure the Consent of the Empire, to all the
Articles of it, the Peace of the latter may in effect be
reckoned, to have been likewise made at the same time,
although a Congress is appointed to meet at Baden, where
the Consent of the Electors, Princes, and States of the Empire,
is to be given in Form, and several particular Claims to
Passports not having been granted to the Ministers of
Spain, till more than Fourteen Months after the Conferences at Utrecht were opened, the Duke d'Ossuna did
not come to the Congress, before the 19th of April, N. S.
1713, nor enter on any Business till the Arrival of his
Collegue, the Marquise de Monteleon, in the Month of
On the 13th of July following, the Treaty of Peace between Her Majesty and the Catholic King was signed; but
the Treaty of Commerce could not be finished, till the 9th
of December, N. S. 1713.
The Peace between Spain and Portugal, Her Majesty
looks upon to be as good as concluded, it appearing by
late Accounts from Utrecht, that the Project thereof had
been drawn up in Form, and sent to the Two Courts to
be approved; and that the Differences which remain were
too inconsiderable, to occasion any new Delay. In the mean
while, her Majesty has taken the most effectual Care of the
Interests of the King of Portugal, having given to that Prince,
on the 18th of August 1713, of her own Motion, and
without any Requisition on his Part, a new Guaranty,
whereby the Queen obliged her self to secure the Restitution, even by Force of Arms, if that should become necessary, of any thing which might be taken from Portugal,
before the Conclusion of the Peace; to procure to that
Crown the Colony of the Sacrament, or in lieu thereof,
such an Equivalent as the King of Portugal himself should
be contented to accept; to obtain Satisfaction to the Portugueze, for what they claim to be due to them, on account of their Assiento or Contract, with the Crown of
Spain; and to set on foot, after the Peace, an amicable
Negociation, for accommodating the Differences which have
arisen, concerning several Estates scituated in Portugal, and
claimed by Subjects of Portugal residing in Spain; and concerning those Spanish Ships which were, about the beginning
of the War, seized by the Portugueze. On these Principles
the Earl of Strafford made a solemn Declaration to the
Ministers of Spain, in February last, when he exchanged with
them, the Instruments of Ratisication of the Treaties, between her Majesty and the Catholick King, That the Peace
which the Queen then ratified, did not dispense with the Obligations which she lay under to the King of Portugal, as well
by her Guarantry lately granted, as by Her defensive Alliance,
made in 1703, and that her Majesty was determined, to assist
and defend this Prince, on the foot of the Pretensions, specified in the said Guaranty, and according to the Tenor of
the said defensive Alliance.
The Treaty of Peace between the Kings of Spain and Sicily, was executed on the same Day, on which her Majesty's
Treaty with the Crown of Spain was sign'd: that is, on
the 13th of July, N. S. 1713.
All the Articles of a Treaty between the Catholic King,
and the States-General, have been long ago adjusted; and
that Treaty would have been executed in Form, had not the
Ministers of the States-General, made and insisted upon a
Declaration, which those of Spain apprehend to be repugnant
to the Terms already settled.
It has not hitherto been possible, so much as to enter on a
Treaty between their Imperial, and Catholic Majesties; the
Emperor having thought fit to withdraw the last of his Ministers from Utrecht, before those of the King of Spain,
could appear and act in that Congress.
This short Account of the present State of the several
Treaties of her Majesty, and her Allies, with France and
Spain, shows how little is wanting, in comparison with what
has been already done, to render the Peace at last as universal
as it would have been long ago, had not continual Obstructions
been thrown in the way of this great Work, at its beginning,
and in every Step of its Progress.
France having complained of the manner of Treating, when
former Treaties were made, to set a Negotiation for a general Peace on Foot; and having for that Reason refused to
make any new Overtures to the States General, her Majesty
received in the Month of April 1711, a Proposal from the
most Christian King, which she immediately communicated, by
her Ambassador, to the Ministers of Holland; assuring them,
that in making Peace, as in making War, she would act in
perfect Concert with the States. The Dutch Ministers, in return to this Mark of Her Majesty's Considence in them, and
Friendship for their Republic, having expressed themselves to
be weary of the War, heartily desirous of Peace, and ready
to join in any Method Her Majesty should think proper to obtain it, gave their Opinion, that the Overture made by France
was too general; That it was necessary the Queen should
make the French explain themselves more particularly; and
that till they had done so, it was not proper to take any
Concert with the rest of the Allies.
As soon as Her Majesty received this Answer from the
Hague, she insisted that the French should be more direct and
particular in their Overtures, and that they should form a
distinct Project of such a Peace as they were willing to
conclude: No time was lost in carrying this Negociation forward, and the utmost care was taken, according to
the Desire of the Ministers in Holland, whom her Majesty
had consulted, to proserve the Secret; but the dilatory Method of Treating, which in those Circumstances was unavoidable, and other Accidents, to which Transactions of
this kind must be always exposed, were the Occasions
that nothing more satisfactory than the first Propositions,
which France had made, could be obtained till the end
of September 1711.
On the 1st of October, the Queen's Instructions were
given to the Earl of Strafford, to repair with all possible
Diligence to Holland, to acquaint the Ministers of the
States, with all that had been done, in consequence of
what they had in the Month of May desired; and to communicate to them the Propositions, signed by Monsieur Mesnager four Days before, to wit, the Twenty-seventh of
September; which Her Majesty looked upon to include, in
their general Expressions, all the particular Demands proper to
be made, in the Course of the Negociation, and to be a sufficient Foundation whereupon to open the Conferences. The
Earl of Strafford was at the same time instructed to assure the
Ministers of Holland, that Her Majesty was determined to accept of no Advantages to her self, repugnant to their Interests; nor of any Peace, unless they had all reasonable Satisfaction, as to their Barrier, as to their Trade, and to every
other Respect: He was likewise to exhort them to join with
Her Majesty, in promoting the strictest Union among all the
Consederates, as the only Means to carry the Negociation
successfully forward; and Communications and Assurances of
the same Nature, were at the same time given to the other
Before these Orders could be executed, and even before
the last Overtures had been made on the Part of France,
or it could possibly be known what had been transacted, the
whole Confederacy was industriously alarmed; and Jealoulousies were every where sown; and even in Britain, the
most licentious Clamours were raised against Her Majesty's
This Behaviour must appear very extraordinary, when,
besides what is above-mentioned, it shall be considered,
that the receiving a Minister from France by Her Majesty,
which was urged as the Reason of the Apprehensions of
the Allies, and which was the only one they pretended to
give, was no more than what the Dutch, and (there
was ground to believe) others of the Confederates, had several Times done; and that the Person sent hither, was
the same Monsieur Mesnager, who, a Year or two before,
had lain concealed in Holland for many Weeks, and had
treated during that time, with the chief Ministers of that
The fatal Consequences, which the least Appearance of
Disunion among the Allies, would necessarily produce, began then to be felt; and Her Majesty found her self obliged
to let the Imperialists, and the Dutch know, that the French
might have been brought to explain themselves further than
they did, had it not been for the extraordinary Uneasiness,
Impatience, and Jealousy, which, upon the first Appearance
of taking any Measures towards Peace, discovered themselves
among the Allies.
From thence are all the Obstructions to the Peace to be
dated, and to those Obstructions alone, such Points, as seem
to fall short of the Expectations of any of the Parties concerned, are to be attributed. The Queen foresaw, that nothing would be left undone to force the Negociation out of her
Hands, as well by those who were against any Peace at all, as
by those who feared that her Majesty, being at the Head of
the Negociation, more Advantages might accrue to Great Britain than they were willing to allow. And therefore the Confederacy, which formed itself in Opposition to what the Queen
had undertaken, instead of altering her Conduct, became the
strongest Reason imaginable to continue it. Things were
already brought to that Extremity, that there was no Middle,
between a steady Pursuit of the true Interest of Great Britain,
in the first place, and abandoning ourselves to be disposed of
in War, or in Peace, as should suit the Conveniency, or gratify the Passions of the Confederates.
Soon after the Earl of Strafford's Departure to Holland,
Monsieur Buys arrived here with the Character of Envoy from
the States General. When a Minister of this Consequence
was sent, Hopes were immediately conceived, that all Jealousies might be cured, and a perfect Harmony be created be
tween the Queen and the States; after which, an Union with
the other Allies would necessarily follow; and the whole Confederacy entring as one Man into the Congress, the Sincerity of the French would have been so tried, and the
Possibility or Impossibility of obtaining a good Peace soon
In order to this End; her Majesty's Servants were instructed
and empower'd to settle with this Minister such Disputes as
related to the reciprocal Interests of the two Nations, and to
prevent, by this previous Concert, any Difference which
might arise in the Course of the Treaty between the Queen
and the States. They were further directed to adjust, in
Confidence with him, such a Plan for the general Peace, as
it might be proper finally to insist upon: And in this Case her
Majesty would have been ready, jointly with the States, to
have broken the Conferences, if these Terms had not been
granted without Exception, and without Delay. But, such
was the public Misfortune at that Time, that this Minister
was only empower'd to hear, and not to speak, and could not
take upon him so much as to conclude, or even sign, sub spe
rati, a new offensive and defensive Alliance betwixt the Queen
and the States, which in these Circumstances of Affairs, he
judged, and her Majesty's Servants concurred with him, to be
By the Conferences which were held with Monsieur Buys
here, by the Accounts which came from abroad, and by the
Representations which some of the Allies made about the same
time to her Majesty, it appeared undeniably evident, not only
that the War was become on the present Foot absolutely impracticable, but also that no Alteration could be attempted,
either in the Method of carrying it on, or in the Views towards which it was directed, without dissolving at once the
Confederacy; and that the Dispute was in Fact, not whether
a Peace, by which Spain and the Indies would be left to
Philip, should be made, but who should have the making
The real annual Expence of this Kingdom amounted to
more than seven Millions; whereas it is certain, that we were
not in a Condition effectually to raise near six Millions in the
Course of a Year. From hence it follows, that if this Proportion had been continued, about nine Millions would have been
the true Charge of a second Year, and about eleven Millions that of a third.
This was the State of our Affairs, while the House of Austria contributed nothing but one Regiment to the War of
Spain; little to that of Italy; had but few Forces, and those
entirely unactive, on the Rhine; and sent none in the Netherlands, except such as those harrassed Provinces were obliged
to maintain, and were thereby render'd unable to furnish
Troops, or make the necessary Provisions for the Operations
of the Army; both which they might otherwise have done,
and both which they did in an eminent Degree, whilst they
were under the Government of the present King of Spain.
The States General bore a considerable Burden; but as
they had from the Year 1708 sent no Supplies of any kind
either to Portugal or to Catalonia, and had drawn themselves
almost entirely out of the Spanish War; as they furnished, in
no Proportion, their Quota for the Sea Service; as they had
reduced their joint Contributions with the Queen in all Payments to one third of the whole; and as they were very backward in answering even this Share of Expence; so the Load
of Great Britain came, upon their Account, as well as upon
the Emperor's, to be vastly increased. As to the rest of the
Allies, all the Troops which they furnish'd were maintain'd
by the Queen, and the States, except a few, and those almost
wholly employ'd in covering their own Frontiers.
In this Situation of Affairs, her Majesty declared to the Imperialists, and to the Dutch, that if they would not allow
France to have given sufficient Grounds for opening the Conferences; if they were desirous to carry on the War, and determined to accept of no Terms of Peace inferior to those
which had been formerly demanded and refus'd, she was, on
her Part, ready to concur with them; but that, in Justice to
herself, and to them, she thought herself bound to let them
know, that she could no longer bear so disproportionate a
Burden; that it was evident, that the common Effort must be
still greater than it was, or that there would remain no Prospect
of arriving at the Ends which they proposed; and that for
these Reasons, it would be incumbent upon them, if the War
continued, to increase their Expences, whilst the Queen reduced hers.
The Ministers of the States General were very candid and
open upon this Head: Monsieur Buys asserted, that his Masters had done their utmost already, and could be obliged to
no more; many of the other had, on several Occasions, declared their Country unable to support the Charge they were
at another Summer; and the Pensionary himself, in a Deputation of the States, appointed to attend the Earl of Strafford
in October, 1711, declared, that it was impossible to think of
continuing the War another Year; that what from the Emperor, and what from the Princes of the North, we should be
in the utmost Danger, should we attempt to do it; and,
finally, that they were Traytors to their Country who were
against the Peace.
Many Instances may be produced, to shew that there was
at least as little Reason to expect from the House of Austria,
as from the States General, a greater Effort than they had
hitherto made. The Peace of Hungary was concluded about
the Month of May, 1711, and that constant Excuse, which
the Ministers of Vienna used to make for all their Deficiencies,
did by Consequence no longer subsist; yet her Majesty found
it impossible, at the latter End of that Year, to obtain a Reinforcement of no more than eight thousand Men from thence,
although her Minister was empower'd to have offer'd forty
thousand Pounds for the March of them; and although the
present King of Sicily, then Duke of Savoy, undertook, if
he might be assured of this Reinforcement, any time before
the Close of the Campaign, to establish his Winter Quarters
on that Side of France: which would have been in that Point
of Time the more decisive; because a Project was then form'd,
and would have been executed, could the States have been in
time induced to have taken even less than their own Share
upon them, her Majesty supplying their Deficiency, as well as
her own Proportion, to have kept a great Body of Horse all
the Winter on the Frontiers of the Low Countries; by which
means Picardy, and the Isle of France, would have been ravaged, no Magazines could have been erected, and the French
must have gone in the Spring a great Way back into their
Country to assemble their Army.
The Imperial Ministers consess'd very freely, that their
Master expected the Queen should furnish all the Money, and
that the utmost he could do, was to send Troops at her Expence; in the same Breath avowing the Emperor's Intention
to break the Negociation of Peace, and to continue the War
till Spain was conquered, the entire Monarchy whereof he
expected: But if there had remained any Doubt of the little
Assistance which was to be hoped for from the House of Austria, who aimed at such great Acquisitions, this Matter would
have been put entirely out of Dispute by the Proposals which
Prince Eugene himself made in Holland first, and afterwards
to the Queen.
These Proposals, it must be thought, were carried at least
as high as his Imperial Majesty judged himself able to make
good; since it is notorious, that he would have stuck at nothing which might have broke the Measures of Peace, and
have encouraged the Resolution of prosecuting the War: And
yet, even by these Proposals, his Imperial Majesty did not
pretend to act in the Field with two thousand Men more than,
in the Year 1702, it was understood that the Emperor Leopold undertook to furnish, although the Expence of a great
Part of these Troops was not to fall upon him, and although
he offer'd to contribute but a Fourth of the Charge of the
Army in Spain, so that the remaining three Fourths, as well
as the whole Transportation and Extraordinary of that War,
would still have been placed to the Queen's Account.
From what has been said, it is manifest, that the Method
in which the War was proposed to be carried on, could no
longer be supported, and that there was not any Glimpse of
Hope left, that the Allies could be brought to make any considerable Augmentation of Force to have prosecuted the War;
therefore in this manner must have been the Ruin of Britain,
to have insisted upon an Impossibility as a Condition, without
which the Queen would not proceed, must have disunited the
Alliance, and suspended the Operations of the Armies in all
Parts; in both these Cases, the Consequences are too evident
to be enlarged upon.
In the beginning of the Year 1711, died the late Emperor
Joseph, and the Eyes not only of the Princes of the Empire,
but of all the Confederates, and of her Majesty, in the first
place, were immediately fixed on his Brother. This Event
occasioned a great Alteration in the Counsels of Europe, and
gave a new Turn to the Sentiments of many Princes.
There was Reason to believe, that the Ministers of Vienna
themselves began to cool, in the Project of recovering Spain
and the Indies: They seemed to intend nothing more than to
get the present Emperor into Germany, and to secure the Possession of Italy to themselves; and the former, as well as the
late Instances they had made, for attempting the Reduction
of Sicily, though at the Expence of diverting part of that
Force which was applied to the War of Spain, pointed the
In Holland, a Partition of the Spanish Monarchy seemed almost the general Scheme, and the Conduct of that Republic,
as well as the Confession of its Ministers, shewed, that the
Project of driving Philip out of Spain was look'd upon there
to be pure Chimera.
Soon after the Death of the Emperor Joseph, her Majesty
had been acquainted, that some of the Princes of the Empire
thought it a Point which deserved the most serious Reflection,
whether they should suffer the Imperial and Spanish Crowns
to be united on the same Head, and whether it might not be
proper, in the Capitulation of the Empire, to insist on the separating of them; other Members of the Grand Alliance,
and those the only two with whom her Majesty had entered into any formal Engagement for recovering the entire
Spanish Monarchy, represented upon the same Occasion,
against placing this Crown on the Emperor's Head. It was
urged by one of the most considerable Princes in the Alliance,
that the Principle upon which he engaged in the War was
now altered, and that, instead of Fighting, to procure the
Spanish Monarchy to the House of Austria, his Interest, and
even his Safety, required that he should fight to prevent it.
The Case therefore stood thus: The present Emperor,
even after his Brother's Death, and his own Election, would
content himself with nothing less than the whole Spanish
Monarchy, and insisted that the War should be prosecuted in
this View. Of the other Allies, some looked on this Prospect as
chimerical, others as dangerous; from whence it follows,
that to keep the Grand Alliance united in this Principle was
impracticable; and it must be allowed, that to have altered
this Principle, to have changed so many Treaties, to have reconciled so many different Interests, and to have formed a
System entirely new, in the midst of the War, was an Experiment too hazardous to be attempted.
In this Situation of Affairs, no Time was to be lost: The
Queen knew very well, that Attempts to open a Treaty with
France, separately from her, were made by those who clamoured the loudest against her Measures; and the present
Emperor had thought fit, on board one of her Majesty's Ships,
and by her own Minister, to send her a Message of the same
nature. She therefore insisted with the Imperialists, and with
the Dutch, that she would be at some Certainty, and that
they should comply with her in the Measures either of War
or of Peace.
How the War became impracticable, has already appeared;
what Obstructions there were to the carrying on a Treaty
of Peace, comes next to be related.
The principal, and indeed the only avowed Disputes between her Majesty and the States at this time, concern the
Method of carrying a Negociation forward. The States pretended, that a fair Opportunity would be given to the Ministers
of France to divide the Confederates, if they were suffered to
meet together in a General Congress before the essential Articles of Peace were settled by Specific Preliminaries. The Use
which had been made of this Method, on a former Occasion,
to evade the concluding of any Peace, when, according to
the Confession of the Dutch Ministers themselves, the Differences on which the Allies and France broke off, did not deserve the Life of a single Soldier, gave no great Encouragement to pursue the same again; besides which, as the Queen
would not take upon her to settle the Interests of others, so
neither would she suffer others to determine those of her own
Kingdoms; and if all the Consederates were to assemble, in
order to adjust a Preliminary Treaty, the Objection made by
the States returned upon them.
In December 1711, The States concurred with her Majesty
in sixing the Place of the Treaty, appointing the Day on
which the Congress should open, inviting the Allies to send
their Ministers thither, and giving the necessary Passports to
the Plenipotentiaries of France. And if nothing had happened to revive the Spirits of those who were bent against the
Peace, it is highly probable, by the little Time which it cost
to conclude most of the Treaties, after the Conferences, that
had been interrupted, were resumed at Utrecht, and the Allies proceeded in earnest to negociate, that the Treaties of all
the Confederates with France might have been finished before
the Season of opening the Campaign in 1712. But, before
Monsieur Buys returned into Holland, or the Conferences
could begin, the Efforts were renewed with the greatest Vigour
to break off the Negociation; the Cry against a Peace, by
which Spain and the Indies should be left to any Branch of
the House of Bourbon, became louder than ever; and Letters and Memorials were not only delivered, but printed, and
Appeal made against her Majesty's Proceedings to all Europe,
and even to her own Subjects.
On these Encouragements, the good Dispositions towards
Peace received a Check, and some of those who had own'd
themselves against the Prosecution of the War, to recover the
whole Spanish Monarchy to the House of Austria, joined now,
under this very Pretence, to break the Measures of Peace.
The Treatment which her Majesty met with at this Time, will
appear in the clearest Light from this Circumstance: The
Minister of the States General proposed to her Majesty's Servants, that, considering the Difficulties which the Queen lay
under, how impossible it was to recover by War, or by Treaty,
the Spanish Monarchy from King Philip, and how impossible
he likewise apprehended it to be, in the present Circumstances
of Affairs, for her Majesty to carry on any Negociation, by
which this Monarchy should be left to Philip, he was ready
to extricate her Majesty from this Dilemma, and to screen her
Ministers in carrying on the Work which they had begun, in
the Name of his Masters, to present a Memorial, by which
the Point of obtaining Spain and the Indies, should be given
up; provided he might be assured that the Dutch should have
an equal Share with her Majesty's Subjects in the Assien to,
which Contract he supposed it was stipulated should be made
with Great Britain.
From the Causes, and by the Steps, which have been here
mention'd, was the Disunion among the Allies, arrived to the
highest Pitch at the Opening of the Conferences in the Month
of January, 1711-12, when the strictest Union amongst them
was more than ever necessary, and when the whole Fruit of
those Successes, wherewith God had blessed their Cause in the
Course of the War, depended on it. They sent their several
Plenipotentiaries to Utrecht, but it was very apparent, that
most of them acted on that Maxim, which one of them professed, that giving into the Measures of Peace, was the surest
Way to continue the War. They flatter'd themselves that
the Imperial Ministers, in Conjunction with those of Britain,
having two Years before baffled the Designs of Holland to
make Peace, it would be at least as easy for the Ministers of
the Emperor, in Conjunction with those of the States General,
to render fruitless, at this time, all her Majesty's Endeavours
to the same End. After this, it will not appear surprizing,
if the utmost Dexterity was exerted to delay the entering on
Business at Utrecht, and to wait for the Events of the Campaign.
On the 29th of January, 1711-12, the first general Conference was held between the Ministers of the Allies and those
of France, and by the beginning of April a Dispute was set
on foot concerning the Method of proceeding, which made
all Treaty impracticable, and which was kept up, till a Quarrel happening between one of the Plenipotentiaries of France,
and one of those of the States, a new Obstruction was created
to take Place, and to answer the Ends of the first.
The French had made their Overtures in Writing; the Allies had likewise given in their Demands in Writing; and the
Question arose, whether the French were obliged to give a
Specific Answer in Writing, or whether they should now proceed in the Negociation, by debating with the several Allies,
agreeably to the Method used in former Congresses? By the
Minutes of the Protocol, to which the French Ministers appealed, it appeared, that they were under no such Obligation;
but between the 2d of April and the 5th Count Sinzendorff
had been at the Hague, where the Resolution was taken to
carry Things to Extremity, that is, not to treat with the Ministers of the most Christian King, unless they gave an Answer
in Writing, and Orders were accordingly sent by the States to
their Plempotentiaries. The Design was laid upon this, to have
broke off all further Treaty; but this Design was disappointed
by the Declaration which the French Ministers made on the
6th, that their Instructions allowed them to go no farther than
they had offered, but that they would write to the King their
Master to know his Pleasure; after which, during 3 Months
time, there was not so much as any Steps made on the Part
of the Allies, for an Answer from the French, though at
the same time the Imperialists were pushing to get the
Congress broke, or at least her Majesty's Ministers excluded.
In August the second Obstruction took place; and that,
trifling, as the Occasion of it may seem, was so managed, that
till the 30th of January, N. S. 1712-13, the Difficulty could
not be overcome.
Ten Months having been lost at Utrecht, and the Success
of the Campaign not having answered the Design of those
who projected the breaking off the Treaty, by the Operations
of the Army, the Ministers of the Allies made no further
Difficulty to proceed in the very Method which her Majesty's
Plenipotentiaries had from the first advised, This Method
succeeded so well, that, in two Months after the Negociation
was resumed, all the Parties in the War made their Peace with
France, except the Emperor and the Empire; and the Ministers of those Powers had likewise brought their Disputes to
so narrow a Compass, that on the 15th of May, 1713, the
only Difference between them was concerning the Marquisate of Burgaw, estimated at the yearly Value of about 12000
In this State of things Monsieur Kirchner, the last of the
Imperial Ministers who continued at Utrecht, left that Place,
and the Emperor's Resolution was declared of supporting that
War single, which, assisted by the Queen and the States, he
had not been able to carry on with any tolerable Vigour.
It was from this Time easy to foresee, that the Emperor
intended to treat no more at Utrecht, and that a separate Negociation between the Courts of Vienna and France, whenever it should happen, would not prove very advantageous to
the Empire, or favourable to the Protestant Interest in Germany, of which her Majesty had taken early, and, as she
hoped, effectual Care, by obliging France to consent, that all
things concerning the State of Religion in the Empire should
be settled conformably to the Tenor of the Treaties of Westphalia; in such manner, as to make it plainly appear, that
the most Christian King neither would make, nor would have
had made any Alteration in the said Treaties. Thus one of
the contracting Parties had already, in effect, yielded to the
Abolition of that Clause, in the fourth Article of the Treaty
of Ryswick, so fatal to the Protestant Religion. And if his
Imperial Majesty had concluded his Treaty at Utrecht, it is
hardly to be believed, that, in the midst of so many Allies,
whose Blood had been shed, and whose Treasure had been
exhausted in his Cause, he would have refused to their joint
Intercession, what France had complied with, on the single Instances of the Queen.
It has been already observ'd, that if the Allies, when the
Congress at Utrecht was open'd in the beginning of the Year,
had, in good earnest, gone about their several Treaties, the
Peace might in all Probability have been made before the Armies could have taken the Field. It may be necessary here
to observe the State of Affairs at another Period of Time, and
another Opportunity lost of Treating with the greatest Advantage on our Side, and with the greatest Probability of
On the 6th of June, 1712, her Majesty communicated to
both Houses of Parliament, upon what Terms a general Peace
might be made. Those who were against any Treaty, and who
entertain'd Hopes, that the Sense of the Nation would not go
along with her Majesty, and that Obstructions would arise, even
in Britain, to the Conclusion of the Peace, might have seen how
vain those Expectations were, by the Returns which the Two
Houses made to this Instance of her Majesty's Condescension,
By the Assurances they gave of their Confidence in her, and
of their entire Reliance on her Wisdom to finish this great
and good Work, and by their humble Desire that she
would please to proceed in the present Negociations for obtaining a speedy Peace.' Those who pretended only to be
against the Method of Treating, and who were fond of Specific Preliminaries, had now the very Thing which they defired, his most Christian Majesty having declared himself explicitly and particularly on the most important Points that
were to be settled in the Treaties of Peace. The Queen was
even at that Time not under the least Obligation, but at full
Liberty to have proceeded in the Negociation, or to have
broke it off, according as the French had behaved themselves.
But France was under the strongest Obligations to her Majesty,
and, by her Majesty's Means, to the Allies. The Concessions
then made on the Part of France, were made without any
Concession whatever on the Part of the Confederates: If
therefore, even then, they could have been prevail'd upon to
unite with the Queen, and with one another, during a short
Cessation of Arms, the general Peace might have been secured, or if that had failed, we should have got by the Cessation, into our Hands, a Place of greater Importance than we
could have expected by the most successful Campaign to conquer. But, instead of applying themselves to improve this
happy Conjuncture, the Ministers who met to treat of Peace,
seemed attentive only to what passed in the Field, and Utrecht
seem'd the Scene of no other Business than unnecessary Disputes concerning the Forms of proceeding, and Negociations to accommodate Differences which the Quarrels of Servants had begun.
From these unhappy Measures were many evil Consequences
derived, and by them were all the subsequent Transactions affected, particularly those which related to the Interest of the
This People had submitted to the present King of Spain,
on his Accession to that Throne; had taken the Oaths of
Fealty to him, and in the Cortes held at Barcelona in the
Years 1701 and 1702, had receiv'd from him a new Establishment of their Privileges; notwithstanding which, they
began in the Year 1704 to shew their Inclinations to a Revolt, and it appears that, in the beginning of the Year 1705;
they made Overtures of this kind to the Queen, and that
Numbers of them were already actually in Arms. In Compliance therefore with what they desired, and encouraged by the
Assurances she received, that not only the Catalans, but other
People in Spain, were ready to declare for his present Imperial
Majesty, as soon as they should see any Prospect of being
supported in their Revolt, the Queen thought fit to give Directions to the Earl of Peterborow and Sir Cloudesly Shovell,
joint Admirals of her Fleet, on the first of May, 1705, to
do the best they could to induce the Catalans to co-operate
with them for the Reduction of Spain. In order to which,
they were empower'd to promise, in the Queen's Name, that
she would secure to them a Confirmation of their Rights and
Liberties from the said Prince, King Charles the Third. But
it appears by the same Instructions, that, instead of giving
these Assurances, the Admirals were to take Measures for annoying the Towns on the Coast of Spain, and for reducing
them by Force, unless suitable Returns from the Catalans and
Spaniards were made to these kind Offers on her Majesty's
Part. This likewise appears to have been the Measure by
which the Queen proceeded from the Commission, Credentials and Instructions which were given to Mr. Crowe, who
was sent to Genoa in March 1705; besides which, it is also
to be observed, that, after the Earl of Peterborow and Sir
Cloudesly Shovell were arrived with her Majesty's Fleet as
Lisbon, it still remain'd, for some Time, uncertain what Design they should prosecute; and this Uncertainty hinder'd
them from pressing the People of Catalonia, whilst King
Charles rather check'd than incited them, so that when the
Queen's Forces proceeded on this Service, the Catalans were
looked upon to be the Principals, and we only Accessories in
the War. From all which it is evident, that the Landing of
the Earl of Peterborow in Catalonia, and her Majesty's entring into that Part of the War, were in Consequence of the
Sollicitations of the Catalans, and other Spaniards, affected to
the House of Austria; and that all the Engagements which
she gave to this People, went no further than the obtaining
from King Charles the Third a Confirmation of their Rights
and Privileges; and although her Majesty offer'd at that Time
to give a Guaranty for the same, and to enter into a Treaty
with that People; yet it does not appear that such a Guaranty
was ever given, or that such a Treaty was ever made. This
being the State of the Queen's Engagements to the People of
this Province, there could have been no doubt of making
them good in every Part, had the Events of the War, and
the Circumstances, render'd the placing his present Imperial
Majesty on the Throne of Spain practicable; and there is as
little doubt, that, besides what has been obtain'd by her Majesty for the Catalans, the Confirmation of all their Privileges would likewise have been procured from his Catholic
Majesty, had not the Conduct of the Emperor singly prevented it.
In the Year 1712, it has been already said, that although
the fairest Prospect of making a General Peace was opened,
yet his Imperial Majesty continued in his Resolution not to
make it. The Queen, on the other hand, was under a Necessity of pursuing the Measures she had taken, and thereby
not only of agreeing to a Cessation of Arms, but also of withdrawing her Troops out of the Province of Catalonia, the
Supplies granted by Parliament for that Year having been so
calculated, that the whole Establishment was given only for
the first Quarter, and one Third of four Millions of Crowns
for the other three Quarters, conditionally, that the Emperor and the States General would take upon themselves the
other two Thirds, which in Fact neither of them did.
Under these Circumstances, it was plain, that the Catalans
would be left without any Terms made in their Behalf, and
that the Empress and Imperial Forces who remain'd in that
Province would be exposed to the greatest Difficulties and
Dangers. The Queen therefore took immediately all the
Care she could to prevent these Misfortunes, and at the same
time to secure and strengthen his Imperial Majesty, as far as
lay in her Power, notwithstanding the Treatment she had receiv'd, and the just Provocation she had to leave him to struggle with the Consequences of his own Measures.
At the latter End of this Year 1712, her Majesty set a
Treaty on Foot for the Evacuation of Catalonia, and for the
Neutrality of Italy. Her Majesty's Aim by the first Part of
this Treaty, was to secure the Return of the Empress and the
Imperial Troops, and since she could no longer support the
Catalans by her Arms, to provide for them by the Terms of
Peace. Her Majesty's Aim in the second Part, was to leave
as little room as possible for France or Spain to attack his Imperial Majesty, when the Treaties between her Majesty and
the States General should be concluded with the most Christian King. The Queen consider'd that these Treaties, and
the Barrier of the States, would secure the Ten Provinces of
the Netherlands from any Invasion, and, by this Convention
for a Neutrality in Italy, the Emperor's Territories in that
Country were likewise cover'd; so that by the Care which
her Majesty took, since he was determin'd to run the Risk of
continuing single in the War, he would lie open in no Frontier but that of the Rhine, where by the same Means he would
be able considerably to increase his Strength, as well with
Draughts out of Italy, as with the Germans and other Forces
which were to be transported from Spain.
It was no sooner than the end of January 1712 / 13, that, by the
good Offices of her Majesty's Ministers at Utrecht, the Imperial
and French Plenipotentiaries were brought to meet upon this
Negociation, and in the mean time her Majesty endeavour'd,
as well by her Ministers at Madrid, as by pressing the Spanish
Minister, who was then here, to induce the Catholic King to
facilitate this Matter as much as possible, and particularly on
the Head of the Privileges of the Catalans, in which the
Minister of France concurr'd with the greatest Earnestness.
But it soon appear'd that his Catholic Majesty, who saw the
Advantage which the Conduct of the Imperial Court gave
him, would hardly be prevail'd upon to grant any thing more
than a General Act of Oblivion, and a Restitution of Honours
On the 14th of March, N. S. 1713, the Convention for
the Neutrality of Italy, and the Evacuation of Catalonia, was
executed by her Majesty's Ministers on behalf of the Emperor, and by those of France, and by those of the King
of Spain, and the Article concerning the Privileges of the
Catalans left undetermin'd, a Right being reserved to her
Majesty to insist, whenever the Emperor should treat of Peace,
that those Privileges should be preserv'd to them; and the
most Christian King declaring that he would concur with the
Queen to the same End.
In May 1713, the Treaty of Peace between her Majesty
and the Catholic King was sign'd provisionally here, and in
July definitively at Utrecht, whereby there is not only an absolute Amnesty, with a full Possession of all their Estates and
Honours, but also the Privileges of the Castilians granted to
the Catalans; which Article is, at least in this respect, considerable, that the People of Catalonia are thereby entitled to hold
any Employments in the West-Indies, or to trade directly
thither, in as full and ample Manner as the People of Castile,
from which they were formerly as much excluded as any Foreign Nation whatever.
The Preservation of their ancient Privileges is neither granted
nor directly refused by this Article; so that the Queen, either
when the Peace shall come to be treated between their Imperial and Catholic Majesties, or on another favourable Occasion which may offer itself, is at Liberty to renew her Applications upon this Head. In the mean time, it is certain, that
the Refusal of the People of this Principality, as well as the
Island of Majorca, to submit to the Catholic King, when, in
Pursuance of the Treaty of Neutrality, these Countries were
evacuated by the Emperor's Forces; and their obstinate Resistance since that Time, must have rendred the obtaining of
their Privileges still more difficult, if that be possible, than it
If the ancient Privileges of these People, in their full Extent,
were not obtain'd, it must be attributed to those who rendred
it impracticable to treat effectually for them, before the withdrawing of the Queen's Forces out of Catalonia; and if their
Condition is become since more desperate, those are only to
answer for it, who have encouraged them not to submit a second Time to their Prince, with the Hopes of Relief, which
they who gave such Hopes must have known themselves in no
Condition of making good.
From this State of the several Treaties between her Majesty, her Allies, and France, and Spain, by this Account of
the general Negociations of Peace, and of the particular Case
of the Catalans, the Reasonableness of all the Steps her Majesty has taken, and those Designs which have been pursued at
first to wrest the Negotiation out of her Hands, and since to
unravel all that had been done, and to throw us into Confusion, will sufficiently appear.
The State of the Nation consider'd, and the Protestant Succession. ; Sir Edward Knatchbull. ; Mr. Secretary Bromley. ; Mr. Walpole. ; Lord Hinchingbrooke. ; Sir Thomas Hanmer. ; Resolutions thereon.
The 15th, the House consider'd the State of the Nation,
with regard to the Protestant Succession, in a Committee of
the whole House, of which Mr. Freeman was chosen Chairman. After the Reading of the several Papers that had been
laid before the House, relating to the Pretender's being removed out of the Duke of Lorrain's Dominions, to the Negociations of Peace, to the Demolition of Dunkirk, and to
Passports granted to Persons Outlaw'd or Attainted, a Motion was made by Sir Edward Knatchbull, and the Question
put, 'Whether the Protestant Succession in the House of Hanover be in Danger under her Majesty's Government?' Mr. Secretary Bromley endeavour'd to prove the Negative, by representing what her Majesty had done for securing that Succession, and removing the Pretender from Lorrain. He was
answer'd by Mr. Walpole, who, with a great deal of Vivacity, shew'd the Protestant Succession to be in Danger, not
from her Majesty, but from the dubious Conduct of some
Persons; and therefore insisted, that her Majesty might not
be mention'd in the Question. Mr. Campion having spoken
in Vindication of the Ministry, was answer'd by the Earl of
Hertford. The Lord Hinchingbrooke express'd likewise his
Fears of the Protestant Succession being in Danger, both
from the Encouragement that was given to the Pretender's
Friends, particularly in North Britain, which his Lordship
had an Opportunity to observe when he was there with the
Regiment in which he had a Troop. After some other
Speeches on both Sides, the Court-Party being apprehensive
that the Question would go against them, endeavour'd to drop
it, by moving, that Mr. Freeman should leave the Chair.
Hereupon Sir Thomas Hanmer, the Speaker, made a memorable Speech, importing in Substance, 'That he was forry to see that Endeavours were used to wave that Question,
and stop their Mouths; but he was of Opinion this was
the proper, and, perhaps, the only Time for Patriots to
speak; that a great deal of Pains were taken to screen some
Persons, and, in order to that, to make them overlook the
Dangers that threatned the Queen, the Nation, and the Protestant Succession; that, for his own Part, he had all the Honour and Respect imaginable for her Majesty's Ministers; but
that he owed still more to his Country than to any Minister;
that in this Debate so much had been said to prove the Succession to be in Danger, and so little to make out the contrary,
that he could not but believe the first; and thereupon he took
Notice of Sir Patrick Lawless being suffer'd to come over
and admitted to an Audience of her Majesty.' This Speech
had a great Influence on all unbyass'd and unprejudic'd Members, but nevertheless after a warm Debate, that lasted till towards Nine a-Clock in the Evening, it was resolved, by a
Majority of 256 Voices against 208; 1. 'That it is the Opinion of this Committee, that the Protestant Succession in the
House of Hanover is in no Danger under her Majesty's Government. 2. That it is the Opinion of this Committee,
That the House be moved humbly to address her Majesty, returning the Thanks of the House to her Majesty, for the Instances she has used for the Removal of the Pretender from the
Dominions of the Duke of Lorrain, and humbly desiring her
Majesty to insist upon, and renew her Instances for his speedy
Removal from thence.
Debate on the Report. ; Mr. Walpole. ; Gen. Stanhope. ; The Protestant Succession voted not to be in Danger, &c.
The next Day Mr. Freeman reported these two Resolutions
to the House, and the first being read a second time, there
arose a Debate, in which Mr. Walpole, Mr. Lechmere, and
General Stanhope made very fine Speeches. Mr. Walpole, among other Things, applauded the public Spirit, the Speaker
' had shewn the Day before, but added, he despair'd of seeing Truth and Justice prevail, since, notwithstanding the
Weight of a Person of his known Integrity, Merit, and Eloquence, the Majority of Votes had carried it against Reason
and Argument.' General Stanhope endeavour'd to prove the
Protestant Succession in Danger by this single, but forcible Induction, or conjunctive Syllogism, 'That as 'twas universally acknowledg'd it had been the French King's Intention, so
it was still his Interest, and he had it now, more than ever, in
his Power, to restore the Pretender.' However, the Question
being put upon the first Resolution, the same was agreed unto,
without a Division; as was also the second Resolution.
Debate about the Lords Address. ; Papers call'd for. ; The Queen's Answer to the Commons Address against the Pretender.
The 17th, upon a Message from the Lords by Mr. Baron
Price, and Mr. Justice Powys, jun. That the Lords had agreed
to an humble Address to be presented to her Majesty, to which
they desir'd the Concurrence of the House; the said Address
was twice read; after which the Messengers who had withdrawn, were call'd in, and acquainted, That this House would
consider of the Address sent from the Lords; and then sent
an Answer by Messengers of their own. This done, some
Members mov'd, that the House would immediately concur
with the Lords in their Address, which was oppos'd by others,
and occasion'd a warm Debate: After which it was resolv'd
to present three Addresses to her Majesty, That she would be
pleas'd to direct the proper Officers to lay before the House,
1. 'The Treaties of Peace and Commerce between her Majesty and the King of Spain, and the Instructions given to her
Majesty's Ambassadors thereupon, together with the Copies of
the King of Spain's Ratifications of the said Treaties, and the
Preliminaries sign'd by the Lord Lexington, and the Marquess
of Bedmar, at Madrid, and all other Agreements and Stipulations which had been made concerning the Commerce between Great Britain and Spain. 2. An Account what Engagements of Guaranty her Majesty has enter'd into by virtue
of any Treaty with any Foreign Prince or State from the Year
1710. And, 3. An Account what Instances had been us'd
by her Majesty for the restoring to the Catalans their ancient
Privileges, and all Letters relating thereunto.' And then it
was also resolv'd, 'To take into further Consideration the
Message that Day sent from the Lords, upon Thursday next
following.' After this, the Consideration of that Part of her
Majesty's Speech relating to Libels, was farther put off to that
Day fortnight; and Mr. Secretary Bromley acquainted the
House, That, pursuant to their Address for the Pretender's
speedy Removal from Lorrain, her Majesty had been pleased
to declare, That she would insist upon, and renew her Instances, as this House desired.
The Commission to treat of Trade with France, voted no new Commission.
The 19th, a Bill for the better regulating the Forces to be
continued in her Majesty's Service, and for the Payment of
the said Forces, and of their Quarters, was presented to the
House, and order'd to be read the next Day. Then Mr.
Bridges laid before the House (by her Majesty's Command,
pursuant to their Address for that Purpose) a State of the Demands of his Highness the Elector of Hanover, upon account
of his Troops, which were in her Majesty's Pay and Service
in the Low-Countries; which was referr'd to the Consideration of the Select Committee about the Supply. After this it
was resolv'd to address her Majesty, for a Copy of the Proposals of Peace, sign'd by the Marquess de Torcy in April 1711.
And then the House resumed the Consideration of the Com
mission granted to Sir Joseph Martyn, James Murray, Esq;
and others, Commissaries, to treat with Commissaries of France,
for settling the Trade between Great Britain and France.
Hereupon the Copy of the Commission to the Earl of Sunderland, and others, dated May 2, 1687, and several Clauses of
an Act of the Sixth Year of her Majesty's Reign, entitled, An
Act for the Security of her Majesty's Person and Government,
and of the Succession to the Crown of Great Britain in the Protestant Line, were read: And 'a Motion being made, and
the Question put, That the Office of the Commissaries, who
are appointed by her Majesty's Commission, dated the 13th of
December 1713, to treat with Commissaries from France, upon Matters of Commerce between the two Kingdoms,' is a
new Office, created or erected since the 25th Day of October
1705, it passed in the Negative.
The Bill for lessening the Drawback on Tobacco, dropt.
Mr. Conyers having reported from the Committee of the
whole House, to whom the Bill for lessening the Drawback
upon Tobacco carried into Ireland, the Amendments they had
made to the Bill, the same were read and agreed to by the
House: But a Motion being made, and the Question put,
That the Bill, with the Amendments, be engross'd, there was
a Division, and the Votes equal, viz. 110 on each Side, upon which the Speaker gave his Casting Vote for the Negative,
and so that Bill was dropt, to the great Disappointment of
Resolutions on Ways and Means. ; The Commons concur with the Lords in their Address.
The 20th, several Papers were laid before the House by
Mr. Secretary Bromley and Mr. Pytts; after which, in a
Grand Committee upon Ways and Means to raise the Supply,
it was resolv'd, 'That two Shillings in the Pound be raised in
the Year 1714, upon all Lands, Tenements, Hereditaments,
Pensions, Offices, and personal Estates, in that Part of Great
Britain call'd England, and a proportionable Cess, according to the 9th Article of the Treaty for the Union, upon
that Part of Great Britain call'd Scotland:' Which Resolutions were the next Day reported, agreed to, and a Bill order'd to be brought in thereupon. Then, according to Order,
the House took into Consideration, the Message from the Lords,
of the Saturday before, upon which there arose a very warm
Debate, that lasted from One, till Six a-Clock in the Afternoon, when it was resolv'd, '1. That the Blank in the Address be fill'd up with the Words, and Commons. 2. That
the House doth agree with the Lords in the said Address, to
be presented to her Majesty:' And order'd, That Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer do carry the Address to the Lords,
and acquaint them with these two Resolutions.
The 24th, both Houses attended her Majesty with the said
Address, which was as follows.
Address of both Houses, upon the Safe, Honourable, and Advantagious Peace.
'Most Gracious Sovereign,
'We your Majesty's most Dutiful and Loyal Subjects, the
Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in Parliament
assembled, beg leave to express the just Sense which we have
of your Majesty's Goodness to your People, in delivering
them, by a Safe, Honourable, and Advantagious Peace with
France and Spain, from the heavy Burthen of a consuming
Land War, unequally carried on, and become at last impracticable. And we do most earnestly intreat your Majesty, That
you will be pleased, with the same Steadiness, notwithstanding
all the Obstructions which have been, or may be thrown in
your Way, to pursue such Measures as you shall judge necessary, for compleating the Settlement of Europe, on the Principles laid down by your Majesty, in your most gracious Speech
from the Throne.'
Her Majesty's (fn. 1) Answer to this grateful Address, was as
Her Majesty's Answer.
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
The State of Public Affairs in Europe, as well as the
Necessities of my own Kingdoms, obliged Me to enter into
a Negotiation of Peace, and, notwithstanding all Obstructions
and Difficulties, I have, by the Blessing of God, brought it
to a happy Conclusion.
'I esteem this Address as the United Voice of my Affectionate and Loyal Subjects; and I return you all the heartiest
Thanks which can be given by a Sovereign, who desires
nothing more, than to see her People Safe and Flourishing.'
Resolutions on the Supply.
The Day before the said Address was presented, the Bill for
the Land Tax was read the first time in the House of Commons;
after which, Sir William Whitlock moved, 'That an Account
might be laid before the House, of the Produce of the several
Duties upon imported Books and Prints, for one Year, before
the 24th of June, 1712: And also the Produce of the said Duties, in one Year, since the 24th of June, 1712; upon which
the Commissioners of the Customs were order'd to lay the said
Accounts before the House. Then, in a grand Committee on
the Supply, it was resolv'd, 1. That 55281 l. 16 s. be granted
for the Charge of the Office of Ordinance, for Land Service,
in the Year 1714. 2. That 8874 l. 13 s. and 10d. be
granted to make good the Deficiency of Principal and Interest,
upon the Act made in the third Year of her Majesty's Reign,
for granting a further Subsidy on Wines and Merchandizes
imported, call'd the Two-third Subsidy: Which Resolutions
were the next Day reported, and agreed to by the House. It
is to be observ'd, that the Commons had appointed that Day,
to consider of the State of the Nation, with Regard to the
Protestant Succession; but, whatever was the Reason, no further Notice was taken of that Matter.
Bill for a Drawback on Salt.
May 5, The engross'd Bill for allowing a Drawback upon
the Exportation of Salt, to be made use of for the Curing of
Fish, taken in the North Seas, or at Iseland, was read the third
Time, pass'd, and sent to the Lords; then the House resum'd
the adjourn'd Consideration of the Residue of the Amendments
made by the Grand Committee to the Land-Tax Bill, which
were agreed to, and the Bill order'd to be engross'd.
Address for a Proclamation to prevent the Running of Wool. ; Resolutions on Ways and Means.
The 6th, upon the Motion made by Sir Edward Knatchbull, it was resolv'd to address her Majesty, ' to issue her Royal
Proclamation, promising such further Reward as she should
think fit, for the discovering any Person or Persons that shall
run or export Wool, or Woollen Yarn, until further Provision
shall be made by Parliament for preventing the same.
Malt Bill order'd to be brought in.
The 10th, in a grand Committee on Ways and Means, to
raise the Supply, it was resolv'd, 'That, towards raising the
Supply granted to her Majesty, the Duties on Malt, Mum,
Cyder, and Perry, which, by an Act of the last Session of Parliament, were granted for one Year, until the 24th of June,
1714, be continued, and charged upon Malt, Mum, Cyder,
and Perry, within the Kingdom of Great Britain, from
the 23d Day of June, 1714, to the 24th Day of June, 1715.'
Which Resolution was, the next Day reported, and agreed to
by the House, and a Bill order'd to be brought in thereupon.
The same Day, upon a Message from the Lords by Sir William
Oldes, Gentleman-Usher of the Black Rod, importing, That
the Lords, authoriz'd by virtue of her Majesty's Commission,
desir'd the immediate Attendance of this Honourable House,
in the House of Peers, to hear the Commission read. Mr.
Speaker, with the House, went up; and being return'd, reported, That the House had been up at the House of Peers,
where her Majesty's Commission was read, notifying and declaring, in her Majesty's Absence, the Royal Assent to several
public Bills, and to one private Bill: And that the Lord
Chancellor of Great Britain, Lord Steward of her Majesty's
Houshold, and other Lords commission'd for that Purpose, did
accordingly notify and declare the Royal Assent to the several
Bills following, viz.
1. An Act for granting an Aid to her Majesty, to be raised
by a Land Tax in Great Britain and Ireland, for the Service of
the Year One thousand seven hundred and fourteen.
2. An Act for allowing a Drawback on the Exportation of
Salt, to be made use of for the Curing of Fish taken at NorthSeas, or at Iseland.
3. An Act for the Building a New Church, or Chappel of
Ease, in Great Yarmouth, in the County of Norfolk, by a Duty
or Imposition on all Coals, Culm, and Cynders, to be landed there.
4. An Act for Repairing the Highways between Shepherds
Shard and Horsley Upright Gate, leading down Bagdon Hill,
in the County of Wilts, and other ruinous Parts of Highways
5. An Act for Repairing the Highway or Road from the City
of Worcester, to the Borough of Droitwich, in the County of
6. An Act for Repairing the Highways between the Bear-Inn
in Reading, in the County of Berks, and a certain Place called
Puntfield, in the said County.
7. An Act for Sale of Part of the Estate of Joseph Oliver,
Gent. lying in the County of Devon and City of Exon, for Payment of his Debts, and for making Provision for Maintenance
and Education of his Daughter.
Bill to prevent the Growth of Schism, order'd to be brought in.
On the 12th, upon a Motion made by Sir William Wyndham, the 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th Sessions, of the Statute of
the 13th and 14th Year of King Charles II, entitled, An Act
for the Uniformity of Public Prayers, and Administration of
Sacraments, and other Rites and Ceremonies, and for Establishing the Form of Making, Ordaining, and Consecrating Bishops,
Priests, and Deacons in the Church of England, were read:
After which it was order'd, That Leave be given to bring in
a Bill to prevent the Growth of Schism, and for the better Security of the Church of England, as by Law Establish'd.
Address intended against the Troops of Hanover.
After this it was resolv'd to (fn. 2) address her Majesty, for a
Copy of the Instructions given to the Earl of Strafford, 'with
relation to the Declaration made by him, on the Part of her
Majesty, to the Ministers of the several Allies, who had any
Troops in her Majesty's Pay, before the Cessation of Arms.'
Bill against the Fishing of Foreigners rejected. ; Bill for taking away Mortuaries, in the Diocesses of Bangor, Landaff, &c.
The 14th, An Engross'd Bill for the effectual preventing the
Importation into England, Wales, and Town of Berwick, of
any fresh Fish caught by Foreigners, was read the third time;
and a Motion being made, and the Question put, that the Bill
do pass: It was carried in the Negative. After this, an Engross'd Bill from the Lords, entitled, An Act for taking away
Mortuaries within the Diocess of Bangor, Landaff, St. David's
and St. Asaph, and giving a Recompence therefore to the Bishops
of the said respective Diocesses; and for confirming several Letters Patents granted by her Majesty for perpetually annexing a
Prebend of Gloucester, to the Mastership of Pembroke-College in
Oxford, and a Prebend of Rochester to the Provosiship of Oriel
College in Oxford, and a Prebend of Norwich to the Mastership
of Catherine-Hall in Cambridge, was read the first Time: And
Mr. Secretary Bromley acquainted the House, That the Mortuaries taken upon the Death of every Clergyman in the Diocesses of Bangor, Landaff, St. David's, and St. Asaph, having
been represented to her Majesty as a great Grievance to the
Clergy of those Diocesses, and a Recompence having been
propos'd to be given to the Bishops in lieu thereof, to her Majesty's Satisfaction; her Majesty had been pleas'd to give her
Consent to the bringing a Bill into Parliament for taking away
the said Mortuaries, and giving the Recompence desir'd to the
Bishops of the said Diocesses respectively: Hereupon it was
resolv'd, That the said Bill be read a second Time.
Amendments made to the Malt Bill.
Then the Order being read, for the House to resolve itself
into a Committee of the whole House, upon the Bill for
charging and continuing the Duties upon Malt, &c. It was
Order'd, 'That it be an Instruction to the said Committee,
1. That they have Power to receive a Clause for transferring
to the Register, which is to be kept in the Exchequer, pursuant to that Bill, the Loans remaining unsatisfied on the Register for the Malt Act; which granted that Duty from the
23d Day of June 1712, to the 24th of June 1713, to be paid,
with the Interest thereof, out of the Monies to arise.' 2. That
they have Power to receive a Clause of Credit. 3. That they
have Power to receive a Clause, for making forth Duplicates
of Exchequer Bills and Lottery Tickets which have been Lost,
Burnt, or Destroy'd. 4. That they have Power to receive a
Clause for the Encouragement of Tillage, and promoting the
Consumption of Malted Corn. Then the House resolv'd it
self into the said Committee; went through the Bill, and made
several Amendments to it, which were order'd to be reported
on Thursday the 20th of May, to which Day the House adjourn'd, by reason of Whitsun Holidays. Accordingly those
Amendments were then reported, and agreed to by the House,
and the Bill order'd to be Engross'd, as was also the Bill for
the better Regulating the Forces to be continued in her Majesty's Pay, &c.
Bill against Schism. ; Bill for enclosing Common Grounds.
The 21st, Mr. Secretary Bromley, acquainted the House,
'That the States General having sent a Letter to her Majesty, upon their Demand of the Arrears due to the thirteen Dutch Regiments, which have formerly serv'd the Crown
of England, she had commanded him to lay a Copy thereof
before this House; which he did accordingly, and the same
was order'd to lie on the Table.' The same Day Sir William
Wyndham presented to the House, a Bill to prevent the
Growth of Schism, and for the further Security of the Church
of England, as by Law Establish'd: Which was read the first,
and order'd to be read a second Time. Then the Bill for
making Enclosures of some Part of Common Grounds, in that
Part of Great Britain call'd England, for endowing poor Vicaridges and Chapelries, for the better Support of their Ministers, was read a second Time, and committed to a Committee of the whole House, who were empower'd to receive
a Clause to exempt the Lands that shall be enclosed by virtue
of the said Bill, from paying Tythes where the Impropriations
are in Lay-Hands.
Bill for resuming Episcopal Lands in Scotland. ; Bill for settling the Militia in Scotland. ; Bill to raise the Militia for the Year 1714. ; Bill for the better Maintenance of Curates.
On the 22d, a Bill was order'd to be brought in, for Vesting the Revenues and Rents which did belong to the Archbishops and Bishops of that Part of Great Britain call'd Scotland, in her Majesty, her Heirs and Successors, to be by them
applied for the Support and Maintenance of such of the Episcopal Clergy there, who shall take and subscribe the Oaths of
Allegiance, Supremacy, and Abjuration, and shall pray for
her Majesty and the Princess Sophia in express Words, and
conform to the Liturgy of the Church of England: And, at
the same time, it was resolv'd to address her Majesty, 'for an
an Account what Rents and Revenues, formerly belonging to
the Archbishops and Bishops in Scotland, are now vested in the
Crown, what Grants have been made out of the same, to what
Uses, and upon what Considerations. Then a Bill was order'd
to be brought in, for settling the Militia in that Part of Great
Britain call'd Scotland. The 24th the Commons order'd a
Bill to be brought in for raising the Militia for the Year 1714,
although the Month's Pay formerly advanc'd be not repaid:
Then the Bill to prevent the Growth of Schism, was read the
third Time, and committed to a Committee of the whole
House: And besides this, and other Bills in favour of the
establish'd Church, another Bill was the same Day order'd to
be brought in for the better Support and Maintenance of Curates within the Church of England, who supply the Places
of Rectors and Vicars not residing upon their Rectories and
Vicarages: With an Instruction to the Gentlemen appointed
to prepare and bring in the said Bill, That they should provide therein, for the preventing the Sale of the next Avoidance
of any Ecclesiastical Living with Cure of Souls. Then, in a
Grand Committee on the Supply, it was resolv'd,
Resolutions on the Supply.
1. That the new additional Duty of 30 per Cent. ad Valorem, laid on all Books and Prints imported into Great Britain,
by an Act of the Tenth of her Majesty's Reign, is a Discouragement to Learning, and prejudicial to the other Duties laid by former Acts of Parliament, on Books and Prints
imported into Great Britain.' 2. That the said new additional Duty of 30 per Cent on Books and Prints imported
into Great Britain, be taken away.'
Bill to take away 30 per Cent. Duty on Foreign Books. Regimental List of Officers order'd to be printed.
'3. That 107831 l. 9s. 2d. be granted to her Majesty,
for maintaining her Majesty's Forces in Flanders and at Dunkirk until Michaelmas, 1714. 4. That 19308 l. 10s. be
granted for maintaining Colonel Handasyd's Regiment at Jamaica, and Colonel Alexander's Regiment in the Leeward
Islands, until Christmas 1714. 5. That 5862 l. 16 s. 2d. be
granted for the Charge of Half-Pay to such Officers who are
allowed it by special Warrant from her Majesty, for the Year
1714. 6. That 123293 l. 19s. 2d. be granted for the
Charge of Half-Pay to the Officers of the Land-Forces and
Marines, being her Majesty's natural born Subjects, or naturalized, for the Year 1714, upon Account. 7. That 57877 l.
11 s. 6d. 2 q. be granted, to satisfy the Arrears due to the
Officers of the Land-Forces and Marines for Half-Pay, at
Christmas, 1713.' Which Resolutions being the next Day
reported, were agreed to by the House; and a Bill was order'd to be brought in upon the two first Resolutions. The
same Day the Malt Bill was read the third Time, pass'd, and
sent to the Lords, after which it was order'd, 'That the Regimental List of the Half Pay Officers, and the List of other
Officers provided for by special Warrants from her Majesty, for the Year 1714, laid before the House, be printed;
and resolv'd to address her Majesty for a List of the Half-Pay
Officers belonging to the Sea-Service for the Year 1714.
Bill to prevent Schism.
On the 26th the House, in a Grand Committee of the
whole House, went through the Bill to prevent the Growth
of Schism, &c. and made several Amendments to it, were
the next Day reported and agreed to; and another Amendment being made by the House to the Bill, the same, with
the Amendments, was order'd to be ingross'd.
The 28th, upon a Message from the Lords, authorized by
her Majesty's Commission, the Commons, with their Speaker,
went up to the House of Peers, where the Lords Commissioners gave the Royal Assent to three Public Acts, viz.
Acts passed by Commission.
First, An Act for Charging and Continuing the Duties upon
Malt, Mum, Cyder, and Perry, for the Service of the Year
1714, and for the Encouragement of Distilling Brandy from
Malted Corn and Cyder, and forth making for Duplicates of
Exchequer Bills, and Lottery Tickets, lost, burnt, or destroy'd;
and to enable the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, and others, to lend Money upon South-Sea Stock.
Secondly, An Act for making more effectual. An Act pass'd
in the 9th Year of her present Majesty's Reign, entituled, An
Act for Repairing the Highways between Dunstable and Hockley, in the County of Bedford.
Thirdly, An Act for making the River Nyne, alias Nen,
Navigable. And to two private Bills.
Papers about the Fortifications of Portsmouth, &c. call'd for.
After which the Commons being return'd to their House,
read the third Time, pass'd, and sent to the Lords, The Bill
for the better regulating the Forces to be continued in her Majesty's Service, &c. After which it was order'd, First, 'That
the Treasurer of the Ordnance do lay before this House. An
Account of what Money is in his Hands, an Account of the
Fortifications intended to be made at Portsmouth, Chatham,
and Harwich. Secondly, That the Commissioners appointed
by her Majesty to make a new Survey of such Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments, as are necessary for the Fortifications now in being at Portsmouth, Chatham, and Harwich,
do attend this House upon Tuesday Morning next.' Then,
in a Committee of the whole House, it was resolved, 'That
a Sum not exceeding 300000 l. be granted to her Majesty,
towards satisfying the Debts due for Seamen's Wages, and to
the Yards, and for the Debt due to the Marines: Which Resolution was reported, and agreed to on Monday the last Day
of May; to which Day the House adjourn'd on the 28th.
Riotous Petition of the Shoemakers.
We may here take Notice, that on the 26th of May, a
vast Multitude of Shoemakers, with their Journeymen and
Prentices, having assembled at Covent-Garden, went from
thence to Westminster, in order to present the following printed
'To the honourable the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses, in
Parliament assembled. The humble Petition of the Cordwainers, inhabiting the Cities of London and Westminster,
and Parts adjacent, in behalf of themselves, and others of
their Trade, in the rest of the Kingdom, sheweth,
'That your Petitioners are far more numerous than any other
Trade, and that in the late War, many Thousands of them
served their Country both by Sea and Land; many of whom,
since the Peace, would have returned to their former Occupation;
but they, to their very great Disappointment, find the Trade
they prosess almost ruin'd: And the Masters who formerly
employ'd a Dozen Men, can hardly now find Work for
Three, whereby Multitudes of your Petitioners are in a starving
Condition, with their Families. Which Decay of their Trade,
is entirely owing to the Drawback of the Duties laid upon
Leather exported, which most evidently cuts off the Majorpart of her Majesty's Revenue arising by the said Duty, and
causes large Quantities of Leather to be exported, to the unspeakable Prejudice of her Majesty's Subjects, who find the Remainder so dear, that very little is manufactur'd here, in comparison of late Times; and that which is worked up, is at so
small a Price, that your Petitioners, who are Journeymen,
and in Work, can't support themselves and Families. And
whereas in Times past, great Quantities of Shoes and Boots
were exported, and now only the Leather unwrought: This
Drawback, if continu'd, does not only deprive this Nation of
that Manufacture, but may inevitably reduce several Thousands of poor Families, who might otherwise support themselves by their Industry.'
'Therefore your Petitioners most humbly pray the Consideration of this August Assembly in the recited Premises,
and with all Humility beg to be relieved, by such proper
Methods as this Honourable House shall think fit. And
your Petitioners, as in Duty bound, shall ever pray, &c.'
Bill for the Maintenance of Curates, and preventing the Sale of Adrowsons. ; Bill against Schism read the third time. ; Debate about it. ; Mr. Stanhope. ; Mr. Bromley. ; Mr. Walpole. ; Mr. Hungerford. ; Mr. Collier. ; Mr. Lechmere.
On the First Day of June Sir Peter King presented to
the House of Commons, A Bill for the better Maintenance
of Curates within the Church of England, and for the preventing the Sale of the next Avoidance of Ecclesiastical
Benefices: Which was receiv'd, read the first Time, and
order'd a second Reading. The same Day, an engrossed
Bill to prevent the Growth of Schism, and for the further
Security of the Church of England, as by Law establish'd,
was read the third Time, and the Question being put, that
the Bill do pass, the same occasion'd a warm Debate.
Mr. Hambden, Mr. Walpole, General Stanhope, Mr. Lechmere, Sir Peter King, and Sir Joseph Jekyl, exerted their
Natural Abilities and Eloquence in opposing this Bill; representing, among other Things, that it tended to raise as great
a Persecution against our protestant Brethren, as the Primitive Christians ever suffer'd from the Heathen Emperors,
particularly Julian the Apostate. Mr. Stanhope shew'd, in
particular, the ill Consequences of this Law, as it would
of Course occasion Foreign Education, which, 'on the one
Hand, would drain the Kingdom of vast Sums of Money;
and, which was still worse, fill the tender Minds of young
Men with Prejudices against their own Country. He illustrated and strengthened his Reasoning by the Example of
English Popish Seminaries abroad, which he said were so
pernicious to Great Britain, that, instead of making New
Laws which will encourage Foreign Education, he could
wish those already in Force against Popish Schools were mitigated.' The chief Sticklers for the Bill were Mr. Bromley,
Principal Secretary of State, Sir William Wyndham, Mr.
Collier, and Mr. Hungerford. Mr. Bromley said, among
Things, That the Dissenters were equally dangerous both to
Church and State: And if the Members who spoke in their
Behalf would have this Bill drop, he would readily consent
to it, provided another Bill were brought in, to incapacitate
them either to sit in that House, or to vote in Elections of
Members of Parliament. Mr. Walpole answer'd this Speech
with a great deal of Vivacity: After which Mr. Hungerford re-capitulated, and labour'd to answer what had been
said by the Whig Members. Mr. Collier back'd Mr. Hungerford; and, in order to expose the Dissenters, he desir'd leave
to read to the House, a Collection of Absurdities and Impious Expressions, which he pretended to have cull'd out of
their Writings. After the reading of Part of his impertinent
Legend, he fell on a Passage taken out of the nonsenfical
Rhapsodies of the late Mr. Hickeringill, Minister at Colchester, wherein Mr. Collier pretended he averr'd, that our
Blessed Saviour, was a Son of a W—At these shocking
Expressions, Mr. Bromley stopt him short, Saying, such im
pious Words ought not to be repeated in that Assembly.
Some other Members observ'd, on the other Hand, First,
That the late Mr. Hickeringill was not a Dissenting Teacher,
but a Minister of the Church of England; and Secondly,
That he was known to be Crack'd-brain'd; so that his Extravagancies and Blasphemies proved nothing against the Dissenters. Mr. Lechmere spoke against the Bill, with a great
deal of Vehemence; and, among other Things, took notice,
'That the Indulgence granted to Protestant Dissenters since
the Revolution, had been so far from hurting the Church,
that it had rather enlarg'd its Pale; and that it was notorious, that some Persons who had been bred among Schismatics, were, or, at least, pretended to be; the strongest
Supports of the Establish'd Church. Several other Speeches
were made for and against the Bill; but whoever got the
better in Point of Reasoning, it was carried by a Majority
of 237 Voices, against 126, That (fn. 3) the Bill do pass; and
Ordered, That Sir William Wyndham, Chancellor of the
Exchequer, who brought in the Bill, should carry it to the
Lords, and desire their Concurrence.
Addresses about the Fortifications at Portsmouth, &c.
On the 2d, the House proceeded to take into Consideration
the Report made to the Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain,
concerning the Fortifications of Portsmouth, Chatham and
Harwich, and the Petition of the Propriators of the said
Land, Tenements and Hereditaments: And the Petitioners,
and their Counsel, and the Commissioners appointed by her
Majesty to make a new Survey of the Lands, Tenements and
Hereditaments, necessary for the Fortifications now in Being,
at Portsmouth, Chatham and Harwich, attending according
to Order, they were called in, and the said Report and Petition were read, and the Counsel were heard thereupon: And
also the said Commissioners were heard: And then they withdrew. After which it was resolved, 'That an humble Ad
dress be presented to her Majesty, that she will be pleased to
to give Directions, that the Purchase-money agreed for as a valuable Consideration for certain Lands and Tenements, vested in
Trustees for the Crown, for the better fortifying and securing the
Docks and Harbours at Portsmouth, be paid, pursuant to the several Contracts made with the Proprietors of the said Lands and Tenements. 2. That another Address be presented to her Majesty,
that she will be pleased to give Directious, that the Purchase-money agreed for as a valuable Consideration for certain Lands and
Tenements, vested in Trustees for the Crown, for the better forifying and securing the Docks and Harbours at Chatham, be
paid pursuant to the several Contracts made with the Proprietors of the said Lands and Tenements.' In this Debate, it was
made appear to the House, that the Fortifications at Portsmouth,
and other Sea-ports, were in so wretched a Condition, that, during the late War, the Enemy might, with an inconsiderable
Force, have made themselves Masters of those important Places.
Order against tumultuous Assemblies.
The same Day, upon Complaint of the riotous Assembly
of the Shoemakers beforementioned, it was ordered, 'That
the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex, and the High Bailiff
of the City of Westminster, do take Care to disperse any disorderly Assembly of Persons crowding to the Palace Yard,
Westminster Hall, and Passages to this House; and to prevent
any such tumultuous Resort for the future.
Bill for Commissioners of public Accompts.
The 3d, the Commons ordered a Bill to be brought in, for
taking, examining and stating the public Accounts of the
Kingdom. And upon a Debate, it was ordered, by a Majority of 179 Voices against 118, 'That it be an Instruction
to the Gentlemen appointed to bring in the said Bill, that they
do provide a Clause or Clauses in the said Bill, for appointing
Commissioners to take, examine and determine the Debts due to
the Army, Transport Service, and the Sick and Wounded.'
Resolutions of the Supply. ; Mr. Harley. ; Mr. Foley.
The next Day, the Commons, in a Grand Committee on
the Supply, resolved, 1. 'That 2188 l. 9 s. 2 d. be granted
to her Majesty for the military Officers and Chaplains that
served in the Train of Artillery in Flanders and Spain, and on
several Expeditions, which, with the Allowance they have on the
Establishment in the Office of Ordnance, is to complete their
Half-pay for the Year 1714. 2. 300000 l. towards satisfying the Debt due on Account to the Land Forces, out of which
the Sum of 60095 l. 9s. 2d. is to be applied to discharge
Bills of Exchange drawn by William Chetwynd Esq; her Majesty's late Envoy at Genoa, for Corn sent to Barcelona. 3.
3000 l. upon Account to be equally distributed among the
Chaplains that served in the Fleet during the late War, and are
not otherwise provided for. 4. 18540 l. 12s. 9d. ¾ to
make good the Interest on Debentures, to the Sufferers at Nevis and St. Christophers, for three Years, to the 25th of December 1714. And 5. 42785 l. 14 s. 4 d. for the Support
of the Royal Hospital of Chelsea, and pay off the Out-pensioners; and for extraordinary Allowance for Forage for Dragoons in North Britain, from the 25th of December, 1713.
to the 24th of December 1714.' These Resolutions were the
next Day reported, and agreed to by the House, and the second of them Nemine contradicente; but it is to be observed,
That, in the Grand Committee, a Motion being made, to pay
the Arrears due to the Troops of Hanover, some Reflections
were cast upon them, for not obeying the Duke of Ormond's
Orders, in the Year 1712. Hereupon, Mr. Auditor Harley,
and Mr. Foley said, 'That whatever Reason the Generals
might have for what they did, they were sure those Troops
had ever done their Duty, and therefore they were supprized
to hear them reflected on:' Which gave Occasion to a WhigMember to say, 'He wondered the Gentlemen of the contrary Side, should fall out among themselves, at a Time,
when they prosecuted so warmly a Bill against Schism.
The same Day, the Lords authorized, by Virtue of her
Majesty's Commission, having sent for the Commons to the
House of Peers, gave the Royal Assent to the following public and private Bills.
An Act for the better regulating the Forces to be continued in
her Majesty's Service, and for the Payment of the said Forces,
and of their Quarters.
An Act for taking away the new Additional Duty of Thirty
per Cent. ad Valorem, imposed upon all Books and Prints imported into Great Britain, by an Act made in the Tenth Year of
the Reign of her present Majesty Queen Anne.
An Act for Upholding and repairing the Bridges and Highways in the County of Edinburgh.
An Act for taking away Mortuaries within the Diocess of
Bangor, Landaff, St. David's, and St. Asaph, and giving a
Recompence therefore to the Bishops of the said respective Diacesses; &c. and three private Bills.
Bill for Commissioners to enquire into the Value of Bishops Lands in Scotland.
The 7th, the Commons ordered a Bill to be brought in,
to appoint Commissioners to enquire into the Value of the
Lands and Revenues which belonged to the Archbishops and
Bishops in that Part of Great Britain, called Scotland; and into the Value of all Grants and Alienations of the same, since
the Year 1689. and to what Uses, and upon what Considerations the same have been granted.
The next Day, Mr. Wikes reported the Resolutions of the
Committee, to whom it was referred to consider of the State
of the Leather Manufactures in this Kingdom, and what farther Encouragement might be proper to be given to the same;
which Resolutions were referred to the Consideration of the grand
Committee on Ways and Means. After this Mr. Bertie, from
the Commissioners for determining the Debts due to the Army,
&c. presented to the House, the Answers of several Persons
concerned in the Report of the Commissioners sent into Spain,
with the Replies of the said Commissioners, for determining the
Debts due to the Army, together with several Books and Accompts relating thereunto: Which Papers were ordered to lie
upon the Table.
Three Addresses to the Queen about the Assiento, the Island of Minorca, and Gibraltar.
The 9th, the Commons resolved to present (fn. 4) three Addresses to the Queen; 1. 'That her Majesty would be graciously
pleased out of her great Goodness to her People to give Directions, That the fourth Part of the Assiento Trade reserved to
her Majesty, by the 28th Article of the Assiento Contract; as
also all such other Benefits or Advantages arising from the Assiento Trade, or the Licenses relating thereto, or from any
Duties or Profits reserved to his Catholic Majesty, as her Majesty may be entitled to, by Virtue of any subsequent Agreement or Assignment from the King of Spain to her Majesty,
may be disposed of for the Use of the Public, and towards the
discharging the Debts of the Nation. 2. That the Revenues
of the Island of Minorca, and the Rents of the Houses at
Gibraltar, may be applied towards the Maintenance and Sup
port of the Garrisons in those Places; and 3. That the Ports
of Mahone and Gibraltar may be made Free Ports.
Address for the Payment of Lands to fortify Harwich. ; Bill in Favour of the Commissioners of the Equivalent.
The next Day, upon the reading of a Petition of the several Proprietors of Lands and Tenements in Harwich; taken
surveyed, and agreed for by her Majesty's Commissioners: It
was resolved to address her Majesty, that she would be pleased
to give Directions, that the Purchase-money agreed for as a
valuable Consideration for certain Lands and Tenements vested
in Trustees for the Crown, for the better fortifying and securing the Docks and Harbours of Harwich, be paid; pursuant to the several Contracts made, with the Proprietors of the
said Lands and Tenements.' After this, the House having
considered the Report from the Committee to whom the general Abreviature of the Receipts and Payments made by
the Commissioners of the Equivalent in North Britain, was referred; a Bill was ordered to be brought in, to discharge and
acquit the Commissioners of Equivalent for the Sum of
381509 l. 15 s. 10d. ½ by them duly issued out of the
398085 l. 10 s. which they had received.
Towards the latter End of April, Mr. William Whiston,
M. A. and Mr. Humphry Ditton, Master of the New Mathematical School in Christ's Hospital, London, having as they
thought, found a new Method, for discovering the Longitude both at Land and Sea, were encouraged by some Gentlemen to apply themselves to the House of Commons for a
Reward, which they did in the following Paper, or Petition.
Petition of Mr. Whiston and Mr. Ditton, for a Reward for Discovery of the Longitude.
'Whereas her Majesty has been pleased, this very Sessions
of Parliament, particularly to recommend the Improvement
of the Trade and naval Force of Great Britain, from the
Throne: And whereas it is known, that nothing can be either at
home or abroad, more for the common Benefit of Trade and
Navigation, than the Discovery of the Longitude at Sea
which has been so long desired in vain, and for want of which
so many Ships and Men have been lost: Whereas also a Proposal for that Purpose has now been offered to the World for
some Time, and has met with Approbation among some of
the best Judges, to whom it has been privately discovered, but,
for Want of any suitable Encouragement, could not hitherto
be communicated to the Public: It is humbly desired, that a
Bill, or Clause of a Bill, may be brought in this Parliament,
to appoint a suitable Reward, for such as shall first lay before
the Public, any sure Method for the Discovery of that Longitude; to be then due, when the most proper Judges, who
may be appointed in the Bill, shall declare that such Method is
both true in it self, and is also practicable at Sea; That the
lowest Reward may be allotted to the discovering the same
within one whole Degree of a great Circle, or seventy measured Miles; a greater to the discovering it within one half;
and a still greater to the discovering it within one Quarter of
that Measure: And that withal, if it be thought fit, proper
Rewards may be also allotted to such as shall afterward make
any farther considerable Improvements for the perfecting so important a Discovery. This is the humble Desire of the Authors of this Invention, as well as of many others; who are
unwilling that this their Native Country of Great Britain should
lose the Honour and Advantage of its first Discovery, Practices
and Encouragement.' April 29, 1714.
Resolutions of the Committee thereupon.
The House appointed a Committee, to consider what
Encouragement was fit to give to such as should find out
the Longitude; which Committee, having on the 4th of
June, asked Mr. Whiston and Mr. Ditton some Questions, in
the Presence of Sir Isaac Newton, Dr. Halley, and some other celebrated Mathematicians, came to these two Resolutions,
1. 'That it is the Opinion of this Committee, that a Reward be settled by Parliament, upon such Person or Persons,
as shall discover a more certain and practicable Method of ascertaining the Longitude, than any yet in Practice, and that
the said Reward be proportioned to the Degree of Exactness to
which the said Method shall reach.' 2. That the House be
moved, that Leave be given for a Bill to be brought in accordingly.
A Bill ordered to be brought in thereupon. ; Resolutions on Ways and Means. ; Recommitted.
The 11th, the House took into their Consideration,
the two Resolutions before mentioned, which were agreed
to, and a Bill was ordered to be brought in, upon the
first. Then, in a Committe of the whole House, on Ways
and Means, the House came to sixty-one Resolutions, for
laying several new Duties on Soap, Paper, Parchment, Pasteboards, &c. imported Linnens, Silks, Callicoes and Stuffs,
&c. for settling a Fund of 112500 l. per Ann. for 32 Years,
for raising the Sum of 1500,000 l. by way of a Lottery:
Which 61 Resolutions being the next Day reported to the
House, it was resolved, that they be recommitted.
Resolutions to appoint New Commissioners of public Accompts. ; Accompt of public Debts, and Interest there upon called for.
Upon the second reading of the Bill for taking, examining,
and stating the public Accompts of the Kingdom, which was
committed to a Committee of the whole House, a Motion was
made, and the Question put, 'That it be an Instruction to
the said Committee, that they do appoint the same Commissioners for executing the Powers contained in the said Bill, who
were appointed to put in Execution the former Act, for taking
examining and stating the public Accompts of this Kingdom,
except Francis Annesley, Esq; who had desired to be excused
from the said Employment.' The said Question passed in the
Negative; and it was resolved, 1. That the Number of the
Commissioners be seven; 2. That they be chosen by way of
Balloting. Then, in a Committee of the whole House, some
Progress was made, in the Consideration of Ways and Means,
which was resumed the next Day; after which Mr. Conyers
reported to the House from the Committee, that they had directed him to move, 'That an humble Address be presented
to her Majesty, that she would be pleased to give Direction,
that an Accompt be laid before this House, of the public Debts
provided for by Parliament, and of what Interest is paid for
such Debts respectively.' This Address was resolved upon, and
ordered to be presented accordingly; which raised an Apprehension in those concerned in the public Funds, That the
Commons being puzzled how to find Ways and Means to
raise the Supply, designed to reduce the high Interest of some
Parliamentary Funds, and put them all on the moderate Rate
of Four or Five per Cent.
Commissioners of public Accompts chosen.
The 16th the House in a Grand Committee considered further of Ways and Means; and the next Day, proceeded to
the Choice of Seven Persons, to be Commissioners of public
Accompts, and having appointed a Committee to examine the
Lists, the said Committee reported, on the 18th, that the
Majority had fallen on Thomas Lyster Esq; James Bulteel, Esq;
Henry Bertie Esq; Sir William Barker, Bart. George Lockart,
Esq; Jonathan Elford, Esq; and Abraham Blackmore, Esq;
whose Names were ordered to be inserted in the Bill.
Notice taken of the Affair relating to the Affiento Trade.
The 18th, the House taking into Consideration certain (fn. 5)
Transactions which had passed the 16th at a General Court of
the South-Sea Company, ordered 'that the Directors of the
South-Sea Company, do lay before this House, an Account
of all Proceedings in the said Company, relating to the Assiento Trade, together with all Orders, Directions, Letters, or
Informations, which the Directors or any Committee of Directors had received concerning the same. At the same time,
the Commons resolved to address her Majesty, 'That she
would be pleased to give Directions, That an Account be laid
before this House, of all Orders that had been sent to the
Lords of the Admiralty, for fitting any Ships to attend the
Service of the South-Sea Company, and what Directions had
been given (fn. 6) for altering the Service, for which such Ships
were under Orders, and what Representations had been made
by the Admiralty upon that Account.
Bill to reduce the Rate of Interest &c. ; Resolutions on Ways and Means. ; Bill for a Lottery.
The 18th, it was proposed in the House of Commons, to
reduce the Interest of Public Funds; but no Member offering
to second that Motion, the same was dropt, and, on the contrary, it was ordered, Nemine contradicente, That a Bill be
brought in, to reduce the Rate of Interest, without any Prejudice to Parliamentary Securities: Which was done, or at
least intended, to encourage People to place their Monies in
the public Funds, and thereby to advance public Credit. The
next Day, the House, in a grand Committee on Ways and
Means, to raise the Supply, came to Forty Resolutions, which
were in Substance, to lay a further Duty upon all Coals exported; Vellum, Parchment, and Paper; Stamps, Soap, Paper, Paste-boards, Milboards, and Scaleboards imported;
Linnens, Silks, Calicoes, and Stuffs, to be printed or stained;
Transfers of Stock; Starch; and Buckrams imported, except
from Ireland, one of those Resolutions was for ' Allowing a
Drawback of the whole Duty of one Penny half-penny per
Pound Weight, on all tanned Leather, manufactured and
actually made into Goods or Wares, and exported out of
Great Britain, to be ascertained out of the Weight of such
Wares or Goods respectively.' The three last Resolutions
were as follow, viz. 'That the said Additional Duty upon
Coals exported into foreign Parts; and upon stampt Vellum,
Parchment and Paper, and upon Soap and Paper, and upon
certain Linnens, Silks, Callicoes and Stuffs, and upon Transfers of Stocks, and upon Starch, and upon Buckrams imported,
be granted to her Majesty for the Term of 32 Years. That
a Fund not exceeding 105,000 l. per Ann. for 32 Years, be set
tled and established, and charged upon, and made payable out
of all the said Duties, for raising a Sum not exceeding
1,400,000 l. by Way of a Lottery. And that, towards raising
the Supply granted to her Majesty, the Surplusages and unappropriated Monies, which after the 12th of June 1714, shall
be paid into the Exchequer for the Use of the Public, be applyed to the Current Service of this Year. These Resolutions
were on the 22d reported, and, with some Amendments to
some of them, agreed to by the House; and a Bill was
ordered to be brought in thereupon.
The same Day Mr. Secretary Bromley acquainted the
House, that their several Addresses following had been laid before her Majesty. viz.
1. That her Majesty would be pleased to give Directions,
that the Purchase Money, for certain Lands, &c. for the better fortifying, &c. Portsmouth, Chatham and Harwich, may
be paid; and that her Majesty was pleased to answer,
'That she will give the Directions which are desired.'
The Queen's Answers to several Addresses.
II. That her Majesty would give Directions, that the fourth
Part of the Assiento Trade, reserved to her Majesty, &c. might
be disposed of for the Use of the Public; and that her Majesty
was pleased to give this Answer, 'That her Majesty gave to
the South-Sea Company the Assiento or Contract she obtained from the Catholic King for importing Negroes into the
Spanish West-Indies, and her Majesty has since thought it necessary, for their further Encouragement, and for removing
Difficulties in the carrying on that Beneficial Trade, to grant
them the fourth Part in the Contract reserved to herself; her
Majesty being of Opinion, that the Encouragement of Trade,
will best enable her Subjects, to discharge the Debts of the
'As to the other Reservations of an inferior Nature, which
may have been under Negociation, if they are obtained, her
Majesty will make such Disposition of them as she shall judge
proper for her Service.'
III. That the Revenues of the Island of Minorca, and the
Rents of the Houses of Gibraltar, might be applied towards
the Maintenance and Support of the several Garrisons in those
Places; and that her Majesty was pleased to say, 'That a
Survey has been taken, by her Majesty's Direction, of the
Island of Minorca, in order to make the Possession thereof
beneficial to this Kingdom; and her Majesty will take Care
that the Revenues of Minorca, and the Rents of the Houses
of Gibraltar, shall be applied for the public Service.'
IV. That the Ports of Mahone and Gibraltar might be
made free Ports; and that her Majesty was pleased to say
That, soon after the Surrender of Gibraltar to her Majesty,
Orders were given, that the Port of Gibraltar should be declared a Free Port; and her Majesty has it now under Consideration, in what Manner Port Mahone may best be established, and declared a Free Port.'
V. That her Majesty would be graciously pleased to confer
some Dignity in the Church upon the Reverend Dr. Pelling,
Chaplain to this House; To which her Majesty was pleased to
answer, 'That she will confer some Dignity in the Church
upon him, as is desired.'
VI. That her Majesty would be pleased to give Directions,
that an Account might be laid before this House of the Public Debts provided for by Parliament, and of what Interest is
paid for such respective Debts respectively; And that her Majesty was pleased to say, 'She will order an Account desired to
be laid before this House.'
VII. That her Majesty would be pleased to give Directions,
That an Account be laid before this House, of all Orders that
have been sent to the Lords of the Admiralty for fitting any
Ships to attend the Service of the South-Sea Company, &c.
And that her Majesty was pleased to say, 'She will order the
Account, Directions and Representations desired, to be laid
before the House.'
An Address of Thanks for the Encouragement given to Trade.
VIII. That her Majesty would be pleased to give Orders for
the reducing the Number of Commissioners of Equivalent, and
that her Majesty said, 'That she will give Orders for reducing the Number of Commissioners for the Equivalent,
and for lessening the annual Charge of that Commission.' It
is to be observ'd, that this last Address was order'd to be presented just the Day before. After the Report of her Majesty's several Answers to those several Addresses, it was
moved by the Court-Party, and resolv'd, 'That an humble
Address be presented to her Majesty, to return the humble
Thanks of this House for the Encouragement which she had
given to Trade, by granting to the South-Sea Company the
fourth Part of the Assiento Contract, reserv'd to her Majesty,
in order to their immediate carrying on that Trade; and to
assure her Majesty, that this House would entirely acquiesce
in all such Dispositions of the future Advantages which her
Majesty should obtain, as she should think proper for the
Benefit and Increase of Trade.'
Two Days after Mr. Secretary Bromley reported, that this
Address had been presented to her Majesty: And that her
Majesty received the same very graciously.
The Lords Amendments read by the Commons. Debate thereupon. ; Mr. Lochmere. ; Mr. Walpole. ; Sir William Wyndham. ; Mr. Campion. ; General Stanhope. ; Mr. Hungerford. ; The said Amendments approved.
The Lords having made certain Amendments to the Schism
Bill, the House put off the Consideration of them to the
23d, when a small Debate ensued. Mr. Lechmere and Mr.
Walpole, among the rest, represented, 'That since the Pro
testant Dissenters of Ireland were made liable to the Penalties
of this Bill, it were but just, either to insert a Clause in it, or
to bring in another Bill, to make them enjoy the Benefit of the
Toleration Act, that was pass'd in England, in the last Reign,
But Sir William Wyndham and Mr. Campion said thereupon, 'That if leave were given to bring in such a Bill, they
hoped they should have leave also to bring in another, to incapacitate Dissenters from voting in Elections for Parliamentmen.' Upon which that Matter dropt, On the other Hand,
General Stanhope proposed, 'That the Tutors in Families of
Members of the House of Commons, might be put on the
same Foot with those who taught in the Families of a Nobleman or Noblewoman; it being reasonable to suppose, that
the Members of that House, many of whom were of noble
Extraction, had as great a Concern as the Lords for the Education of their Children; and an equal Right to take care of
their Instruction.' Several Members of both Parties, were of
Mr. Stanhope's Opinion; but Mr. Hungerford was very plain,
and represented that the least Amendment now made in the
House, might occasion the Loss of the Bill: Which had such
Weight with them who all along promoted it, that the
Question being put, it was carried by a Majority of 168 Votes
against 98, that the Commons agreed to the Lords Amendments; and ordered, That Sir William Wyndham do carry
the Bill to the Lords, and acquaint them therewith.'
A Proclamation for apprehending the Pretender.
A Proclamation having been publish'd, offering a Reward of five thousand Pounds for apprehending the Pretender, the Commons, on the 24th, resolv'd, Nemine Contradicente,
Address of Thanks, &c. on that Occasion.
'That an humble Address be presented to her Majesty,
acknowledging the grateful Sense which this House has of
her Majesty's Concern for the Protestant Succession in the
House of Hanover, by issuing so seasonable a Proclamation,
promising a Sum of five thousand Pounds out of her own
Revenue, as an Encouragement for apprehending the Pretender, whenever he shall land, or attempt to land in any of
her Majesty's Dominions; and to assure her Majesty that this
House will chearfully aid and assist her Majesty, by granting,
out of the first Aids to be given by Parliament, the Sum of
a Hundred Thousand Pounds, as a further Reward to any
who shall perform so great a Service to her Majesty and her
Kingdoms; and also that this House will heartily concur with
her Majesty in all other Measures for extinguishing the Hopes
of the Pretender, and all his open and secret Abettors.'
'Resolv'd, That the said Address be presented to her Majesty by the whole House.'
It is to be observ'd, that Mr. Freeman, Knight of the
Shire for Hertfordshire, made the Motion for this Address,
and was seconded by Mr. Auditor Harley, the Lord Treasurer's Brother, and supported by the Earl of Hertford, Son
to the Duke of Somerset, who proposed the Sum of a Hundred
Thousand Pounds. Some Objections were raised, as if the
promising a Reward so much beyond what was mention'd in
the Queen's Proclamation, were disrespectful to her Majesty:
But the same were over-ruled, and the said Vote pass'd unanimously. On Monday the 28th of June, the Commons, with
their Speaker, waited on her Majesty at Kensington, and presented their humble Address; to which the Queen was pleas'd
to give this Answer:
The Queen's Answer.
'The hearty Concern you shew in this Address for the Security of the Protestant Succession is very agreeable to me.
'I hope your Concurrence will have the desir'd Effect
in removing Jealousies and quieting the Minds of my good
This Answer being reported the next Day, the Commons
resolved, Nemine Contradicente, to return her Majesty the
Thanks of their House for the same.
The 25th, the Secretary of the South-Sea Company laid before the House a Book, containing the Proceedings of the Directors relating to the Assiento Trade, together with all Directions, Letters, and Informations, which the Directors, or
any Committee of Directors, had receiv'd concerning the
same: Which Book was order'd to lie on the Table. The
same Day the Lords, authoriz'd by virtue of her Majesty's
Commission, gave the Royal Assent to the several Bills following.
1. An Act to prevent the Growth of Schism, and for the
further Security of the Churches of England and Ireland, as
by Law establish'd.
2. An Act for encouraging the Tobacco Trade, and to four
local Acts, and four private Acts.
Bill for stating the Publick Accompts, rejected by the Lords.
The 30th, the Commons read the third Time, pass'd,
and sent to the Lords the Bill, for Taking, Examining, and
Stating the Public Accompts of the Kingdom, which was by
July 9, The Queen being come to the House of Peers
with the usual State, and the Commons being sent for up, and
attending, her Majesty was pleased to give the Royal Assent to
several public and private Bills, viz.
1. An Act for laying Additional Duties on Soap and Paper,
and upon certain Linens, Silks, Callicoes, and Stuffs, and upon
Starch, and Exported Coals, and upon Stampt Vellom, Parchment and Paper, for raising 1400000 l. by way of Lottery,
for her Majesty's Supply; and for Allowances of Exporting
Made Wares, of Leather, Sheep-Skins, and Lamb-Skins; and
for Distribution of Four thousand Pounds, due to the Officers and
Seamen for Gun-money; and to adjust the Property of Tickets in
former Lotteries; and touching certain Shares of Stock in the
Capital of the South-Sea Company; and for appropriating the
Monies granted to her Majesty.
2. An Act for raising the Militia for the Year 1714, altho'
the Month's Pay, formerly advanced, be not repaid; and for
rectifying a Mistake in an Act passed in this Session of Parliament, entitled, An Act for the regulating the Forces to be continued in her Majesty's Service, and for the Payment of the said
Forces, and of their Quarters.
3. An Act for the better Maintenance of Curates, within the
Church of England; and for preventing any Ecclesiastical Person from buying the next Avoidance of any Church Preferment.
4. An Act to prevent the enlisting of her Majesty's Subjects,
to serve as Soldiers, without her Majesty's Licence.
5. An Act for rendring more effectual an Act made in the
Third Year of the Reign of King James the First, entitled, An
Act to prevent and avoid Dangers which may grow by Popish
Recusants; and also of one other Act made in the first Year of
the Reign of their late Majesties King William and Queen Mary, entitled, An Act to vest in the two Universities the Presentations of Benefices belonging to Papists; and for vesting in the
Lords of Justiciary, Power to inflict the same Punishment against Jesuits, Priests, and other trafficking Papists, which
the Privy Council of Scotland was empower'd to do, by an Act
passed in the Parliament of Scotland, entitled, An Act for preventing the Growth of Popery.
6. An Act for providing a public Reward for such Person or
Persons as shall discover the Longitude at Sea.
7. An Act for reducing the Laws relating to Rogues, Vagabonds, sturdy Beggars, and Vagrants, into one Act of Parliament, and for the more effectual punishing such Rogues, Vagabonds, sturdy Beggars, and Vagrants, and sending them whither they ought to be sent.
8. An Act to reduce the Rate of Interest, without any Prejudice to Parliamentary Securities.
9. An Act to discharge and acquit the Commissioners of Equivalent, for the Sum of 381509 l. 15 s. 10 d. ½, by them duly
issued out of the Sum of 398085 l. 10 s. which they receiv'd.
10. An Act for the speedy and effectual Preserving the Navigation of the River Thames, by stopping the Breach in the Levels of Havering and Dagenham, in the County of Essex; and
for ascertaining the Coal-measures.
11. An Act to explain, and make more effectual, an Act passed in the Tenth Year of her Majesty's Reign, for preventing
Abuses in making Linen Cloth, and regulating the Length and
Breadth, and equal Sorting of Yarn, in each Piece made in
Scotland; and for Whitening the same.
12. An Act for the preserving all such Ships and Goods thereof, which shall happen to be forced on Shore, or stranded upon
the Coasts of this Kingdom, or any other her Majesty's Dominions.
13. An Act to explain a Clause in an Act of Parliament of
the Tenth Year of her Majesty's Reign, for laying several Duties upon all Soap and Paper made in Great Britain, or imported
into the same; and upon chequer'd and strip'd Linens imported;
and upon certain Silks, Callicoes, Linens, and Stuffs, printed,
painted, or stained; and upon several kinds of stampt Vellom,
Parchment and Paper; and upon certain printed Pamphlets and
Advertisements; for raising the Sum of Eighteen hundred thousand Pounds, by way of a Lottery; and for other Purposes in
the said Act mentioned, so far as the said Act relates to Lawns,
Canvas, Buckrams, Barras, and Silesia Neckcloths.
14. An Act to explain Part of an Act made in the Seventh
Year of her Majesty's Reign, (for enlarging the Capital Stock of
the Bank of England, and for raising a further Supply to her
Majesty, for the Service of the Year 1709) so far as it relates
to Unwrought Incle, imported into this Kingdom.
15. An Act to continue an Act of the Sixth Year of her Majesty's Reign, entitled, An Act to enable her Majesty to make
Leases and Copies of Offices, Lands and Hereditamenes, part of
her Dutchy of Cornwall, or annexed to the same; and 14 local
and private Acts.
After which her Majesty was pleased to make a most gracious Speech to both Houses of Parliament, as followeth, viz.
The Queen's Speech to both Houses.
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
The Progress which has been made in Public Business,
and the Season of the Year, render it both convenient and
necessary, that I should put an End to this Session.
'Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
I return you hearty Thanks for all your good Services to
me, and to your Country, and particularly for the Supplies
you have given me, as well to defray the Expences of the
current Year, as towards the Discharge of the National
'In our present Circumstances it could not be expected,
that a full Provision should be made on both these Heads.
'What you have granted shall be laid out with the best Husbandry, and to the greatest Advantage.
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
I hope early in the Winter to meet you again, and to find
you in such a Temper as is necessary for the real Improvement of our Commerce, and of all the other Advantages of
'My chief Concern is, to preserve to you, and to your
Posterity, our holy Religion, and the Liberty of my Subjects;
and to secure the present and future Tranquillity of my Kingdoms. But I must tell you plainly, That these desirable Ends
can never be attained, unless you bring the same Dispositions
on your Parts; unless all groundless Jealousies, which create
and soment Divisions amongst you, be laid aside; and unless
you shew the same Regard for my just Prerogative, and for
the Honour of my Government, as I have always express'd
for the Rights of my People.'
And afterwards the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain,
by her Majesty's Command, said:
The Parliament prorogued.
'My Lords and Gentlemen,
'It is her Majesty's Royal Will and Pleasure, That this
Parliament be prorogued to Tuesday the Tenth Day of August next: And this Parliament is accordingly Prorogued to
Tuesday, the Tenth Day of August next.'
It may not be amiss to conclude this Tome with the remarkable Letter of the Lord Treasurer Oxford to the Queen,
together with his Recapitulation of the Public Affairs during
his Ministry, by way of Self-justification against the Complaints of the Lord Viscount Bolingbroke.
The Earl of Oxford's Letter to the Queen.
May it please your Majesty,
'I presume, in Obedience to your Royal Commands, to
lay before your Majesty a State of your Affairs. Though I
have very much contracted it from the Draught I made, and
the Vouchers from whence it is taken; yet I find it swell under my Pen in transcribing, being willing to put every thing
before your Majesty in the clearest Light my poor Understanding can attain to. It was necessary to lay it before your
Majesty in the Series of Time, from the beginning to this
present Time; and when that is completely laid before you,
it remains only for me to beg God to direct your Majesty.
And as to myself, do with me what you please, place me
either as a Figure or a Cypher, displace me or replace me, as
that best serves your Majesty's Occasions, you shall ever find
me, with the utmost Devotion, and without any Reserve,
Your most Dutiful, most Faithful, most Humble,
Most Obedient Subject, and Unworthy Servant,