20. THE HOSPITAL OF CASTLE DONINGTON
The Hospital of St. John the Baptist at Castle
Donington is traditionally stated to have been
founded by John, Constable of Chester and Baron
of Halton. (fn. 1) The tradition is supported by the
statement in the Matriculus of the archdeaconry
of Leicester that the hospital was founded by J.,
formerly Constable of Chester, (fn. 2) and it may well
be true. If the account given in the Matriculus
is correct, the founder must have been John,
Constable of Chester, who died in 1190. (fn. 3) It was
further noted in the Matriculus
(fn. 4) that the hospital
ought to have contained thirteen brothers, with a
number of sisters; that the brothers had no regular
habit, and lived under no rule; and that the
hospital received a tithe of nine-tenths of the
sheaves of the constable's demesne at Donington, (fn. 5) besides the tithe of all the hay from the
demesne. In the 13th century the hospital was
receiving payments from the Cheshire manors of
Halton and Runcorn. (fn. 6) It was stated in 1311 that
the hospital held the tithes of the Earl of Lincoln's (fn. 7)
demesne at Donington, with a little property
there, in return for finding a chaplain to celebrate
daily in the chapel of Donington Castle, and for
maintaining twelve poor persons in the hospital. (fn. 8)
Nothing is known of the internal affairs of the
hospital. In 1535 its clear yearly income was
estimated at only £3. 13s. 4d. (fn. 9) The certificate
returned under Henry VIII's Chantry Act (fn. 10)
gives the hospital's annual income as £3, and
states that though the hospital was founded to
sustain certain poor men, none was then in
residence. (fn. 11) The hospital was dissolved under the
Chantry Act of Edward VI. (fn. 12)
Wardens Of Castle Donington Hospital
Elias, occurs before 1190. (fn. 13)
Umfridus, occurs about 1220. (fn. 14)
Henry of Leycestre, appointed about 1315,
ejected 1322. (fn. 15)
John of Wodeford, appointed 1322, (fn. 16) resigned
1343. (fn. 17)
John of Heselarton, appointed 1343. (fn. 18)
John of Maderseye, appointed 1347. (fn. 19)
Richard of Helpryngham, appointed 1348, but
appointment revoked in the same year. (fn. 20)
Thomas le Moigne, appointed 1348. (fn. 21)
John Lucas, resigned 1409. (fn. 22)
William Pollard, appointed 1409. (fn. 23)
Robert Lowes, appointed 1415. (fn. 24)
Thomas Lyserisc, resigned 1444. (fn. 25)
Richard Haysnape, appointed 1444. (fn. 26)
John Menaude, appointed 1474, resigned
1482. (fn. 27)
John Boteler, appointed 1482, (fn. 28) occurs 1485. (fn. 29)
Thomas Burgoyn, occurs 1535. (fn. 30)
No seal is known.
||Nichols, Leics. iii, 780, citing the Donington
Town Bk. of 1634.
Rot. Hugonis de Welles, ed. W. P. W. Phillimore,
Complete Peerage, vii, 677.
||Compiled c. 1220.
||i.e. the hosp. obtained 1 / 0 of all sheaves remaining
after the normal parochial tithe had been taken.
Rot. Hugonis de Welles, i. 252. See also Cal. Close,
1237-42, 223, 411; and Cal. Lib., 1245-51, 245.
||The earl was the descendant of the Constables of
Chest.: Complete Peerage, vii, 677.
||G. F. Farnham and A. Hamilton Thompson,
'Castle Donington', T.L.A.S. xiv, 49; Cal. Inq. p.m.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), iv, 179.
||37 Hen. VIII, c. 4.
||A. Hamilton Thompson, 'The Chant. Cert. for
Leics.', Assoc. Arch. Soc. Rep. and Papers, xxx, 505.
||For the sale of the hosp.'s lands, see ibid. xxx,
||Nichols, Leics. iii, 780.
Rot. Hugonis de Welles, i, 252. Ric. of Stavensby,
said to have been warden in 1226 (Nichols, op. cit.
iii, 780), was the parson of the par. ch. of Donington:
Rot. Hugonis de Welles, ii, 305.
T.L.A.S. xiv, 50.
Cal. Pat., 1321-4, 95.
||Ibid., 1343-5, 33. He exchanged benefices with
Cal. Pat., 1345-8, 266.
||Ibid., 1348-50, 87, 101.
||R. Somerville, 'D. of Lanc. Presentations, 13991-485', Bull. of Inst. of Hist. Research, xviii, 74.
Rot. Parl. vi, 373.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), iv, 179.