DIE Lunæ, 23 Januarii.
Domini tam Spirituales quam Temporales præsentes
Georgius Princeps Walliæ.
Epus. Lich. & Cov.
|Ds. Cowper, Cancellarius.
Comes Rockingham, Præses.
Comes Sunderland, C. P. S.
Dux Bolton, Camerarius.
Dux Bucks & Nor.
Dux Ancaster, Magnus Camerarius.
Viscount Say & Seale.
Ds. Howard Eff.
Message from H. C. to desire the Passages may be cleared.
A Message was brought from the House of Commons,
by the Lord Stanhope and others, as follows:
"The Commons, with their Speaker, do intend to
come to the House of Lords, to demand Judgement
against James Earl of Derwentwater, William Lord
Widdrington, William Earl of Nithisdale, Robert Earl
of Carnwath, William Viscount Kenmure, and William
Lord Nairn; and therefore desire that the Painted
Chamber and Passages to the House of Lords may
To which the House agreed.
And the Commons were called in; and told, "That
the Lords will give Order that the Painted Chamber
and Passages be cleared, as is desired."
Ordered, That the Officers do forthwith clear the
Painted Chamber and Passages accordingly.
The King to be attended with Address.
The Lord Chamberlain acquainted the House, "That
the Lords with White Staves (according to Order)
had waited on His Majesty, humbly to know what
Time His Majesty would be pleased to appoint to be
attended by this House, with their Address; and that
His Majesty had been pleased to appoint this Day, at
Two a Clock, at His Palace of St. James's:"
Porteous versus Fordice.
Upon reading the Petition and Appeal of Andrew
Porteous, in Deboig; complaining of several Interlocutory Sentences, or Decrees, of the Lords of Session in
Scotland, made the 22d, 29th, and 30th of July last,
on the Behalf of Thomas Fordice and Janet Scot his
Wife; praying, "That the same may be reversed;
and that the Petitioner may have such other Relief
as to the House shall seem meet:"
It is Ordered, by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament assembled, That the said Thomas Fordice and his said Wife may have a Copy of the said
Appeal; and shall and are hereby required to put in
their Answer thereunto, in Writing, on or before
Monday the Twentieth Day of February next.
The Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod acquainted
the House, "That the Painted Chamber and Passages
to this House were cleared, according to their Lordships Order."
E. of Wintoun at the Bar, and desires further Time to answer.
The Earl of Winton being brought to the House
(according to Order) by the Lieutenant of The Tower,
the Gentleman Usher was commanded to bring him to
the Bar; where he kneeled until he was directed by
the Lord Chancellor to rise.
And his Lordship acquainted him, "That this was
the peremptory Day, appointed by the House, for his
putting in his Answer to the Articles of Impeachment exhibited against him by the House of Commons;" and asked him, "If he was ready to put in
He thereupon made some Excuses; and desired further
Time for that Purpose.
And was directed to withdraw.
The House being informed, "That the Commons,
with their Speaker, were at the Door:"
They were called in; and Mr. Speaker said,
Judgement demanded against the Six Lords who pleaded guilty.
"By Command of the House of Commons, I do, in
the Name of themselves and of all the Commons of
Great Britain, demand Judgement against James Earl
of Derwentwater, William Lord Widdrington, William Earl of Nithisdale, Robert Earl of Carnwath,
William Viscount Kenmure, and William Lord Nairn,
impeached by the Commons of High Treason, of
which they have confessed themselves guilty."
And then they withdrew.
Forms of proceeding to Judgement to be considered.
Ordered, That, To-morrow Morning, this House
shall be put into a Committee of the whole House, to
consider of the Forms and Methods of proceeding to
Judgement, in a Case of such Nature as that of the Six
Lords who have pleaded guilty to the Impeachment of
the House of Commons; and that the Judges do then
E. of Wintoun to put in his Answer immediately:
Ordered, That the Earl of Winton be called in;
and acquainted, "That this House, upon considering
his Petition on Saturday last, for further Time to put
in his Answer to the Articles of Impeachment exhibited against him, did reject the said Petition; and,
having indulged him more than any other of the
Lords impeached, are still of Opinion (this being the
peremptory Day for putting in his Answer), to allow
him no further Time; and that the Consequence of
his refusing to plead, which will ensue in Law, is,
that Judgement and Execution will be awarded against
him, as if he had pleaded guilty."
Then he was accordingly called in; and the Lord
Chancellor acquainted him with the said Order.
He thereupon delivered in, at the Bar, his Answer,
Which was read, as follows:
"The Answer of George Earl of Wintoun, to the
Articles of Impeachment exhibited against
him by the Honourable House of Commons,
for High Treason and other high Crimes and
"The said Earl, saving to himself all Benefit of
Exception to the Incertainties and Insufficiencies in
the said Articles of Impeachment contained, and also
all Advantages and Privileges belonging to him as a
Peer of Great Britain, for Answer to the said Articles, says, That he cannot but esteem it the greatest
Addition to his Afflictions, to fall under the Displeasure of the Honourable House of Commons; yet, as
his Innocence under these Misfortunes is his Support,
so he hopes it will be his Security. He, being taken
with Persons that were in Arms against the Government, might reasonably be presumed to be equally
guilty, and to be justly joined with them in the same
Impeachment; but when it shall appear how much
the Circumstances of his Case differ from others, he
does not doubt but your Lordships great Justice will
distinguish him in Judgement; and that it will be as
pleasing to that Honourable Body who are his Accusers, to have an innocent Man acquitted, as one
that is guilty condemned. He begs Leave to take
Notice, that he is descended from a very ancient
Noble Family, in whose Blood the Streams of Loyalty
were always pure, never corrupted or polluted with
Treason or Sedition; and he never degenerated so
much from his loyal Ancestors, as to form or carry on
any Design to subvert or alter the Constitution of
these Kingdoms; but, for the Preservation of it, was
upon all Occasions ready to sacrifice his Fortune, and
even his Life. He was so cautious to avoid giving
Occasion to be suspected by the Government, that,
about Eight Years ago, upon his Return from his
Travels, he withdrew from all Conversation, and
confined himself to his House; never corresponded
by Letter with any Person whatsoever: Yet, to his
great Misfortune, he could not be quiet or safe in
his Closet Retirement; for many Persons, both Officers
and others of the Militia of the Shire of Lothian,
under the specious Pretence of serving the Government, but in reality actuated by private Pique and
Revenge, several Times, contrary to Law, forcibly
entered by Night into his Dwelling-house called
Seaton Palace, risled it, turned his Servants out of
Doors, and carried away the Provisions of his Family:
The most sacred Places did not escape their Fury and
Resentment; they broke into his Chapel, defaced the
Monuments of his Ancestors, took up the Stones of
their Sepulchres, thrust Irons through their Bodies,
and treated them in a most barbarous, inhuman, and
unchristianlike Manner; Cannon and Mortars were
brought to demolish his House; and several Troops
of Dragoons having gotten the Possession thereof,
some of them kept Guard there; and when they left
it, many of the Militia entered, and kept Possession
thereof till they were driven from thence by the
Highlanders; by whom he was likewise very ill-treated,
he being the only Person that was plundered by them.
By these and many other Severities, the said Earl was
forced to leave his House, and seek for Shelter among
his Tenants and Neighbours, where he was pursued
from House to House; and at last very unfortunately
driven into the Company of some of the Gentlemen
named in the Impeachment. He presumes to affirm
to your Lordships, that he did not join them with a
traiterous or rebellious Design; but only with an
Intention to preserve himself from being insulted
and assassinated; for he had been once before taken
up without any Warrant or Authority; and having
got from the Persons in whose Custody he was, they
threatened, if they could retake him, to murder him;
and had before imbrued their Hands in the Blood of the
Son of a neighbouring Gentleman. He never intended
to have left his own Country; and when some Gentlemen mentioned coming into England, he opposed it.
He was far from assisting or encouraging them in their
Undertakings. He was not admitted into their Secrets, nor informed of their Designs; and was so
much a Stranger to their Proceedings, that; when they
marched towards Northumberland, he was told, "They
were going along the Skirts of the Hills in Scotland,
to avoid General Carpenter;" but afterwards discovered they were in England, when it was too late;
and to return alone into Scotland was too hazardous;
which he did not attempt, because he had Reason to
believe they would soon go back to Scotland.
"Although he was constrained to keep the other
Lords and Gentlemen Company, yet he never joined
with them in any Act of Hostility, nor assisted in
taking any of the Public Money, or in seizing any
Guns or other warlike Instruments, or countenanced
or abetted them therein. He did not, at Preston or
elsewhere, fire a Pistol, offer Violence to any Person
whatsoever, or in any other Manner sight against or
resist His Majesty's Forces; but with the rest surrendered himself to General Wills. The Honour of a
Peer is more valuable than Life itself; and therefore
he ought to be so much the more cautious that it be
not stained with the least Imputation of Guilt. The
said Earl knows his Innocence; and hopes your Lordships will excuse him, if, in Justice to himself, and
for the Preservation of his Honour, he does not take
upon him the Guilt of Crimes, the very Thoughts of
which were always Strangers to his Breast: And therefore, in Answer to the Impeachment, he says, That he
is not guilty of the Treason and other the Crimes
and Misdemeanors mentioned in the said Articles, or
any of them, in Manner and Form as is therein alledged; and, for his Trial, puts himself on your Lordships, who are his Peers; and begs your Lordships to
believe, that this Answer proceeds from the Sense he
has of the Truth of it, and not from Obstinacy, or
any Inclination to give your Lordships and the Honourable House of Commons any unnecessary Trouble, or from the least Doubt or Mistrust of His Majesty's Clemency; but if, upon his Trial, it shall appear that he hath committed any Act, which, in the
Rigour of the Law, may be construed to amount to
the Crime of High Treason, he hopes the Innocence
of his Heart, and his Ignorance of the Law, will,
by the Power of your Lordships Intercession, render
him an Object of His Majesty's Mercy, which he and
the rest, at the Time of surrendering themselves, were
encouraged by His Majesty's Officers to depend upon.
"The said Earl submits his Case, thus circumstanced, to your Lordships great Wisdom and
Judgement; and humbly prays your Lordships
favourable Interpretation thereof; not doubting
but to make his Innocence appear to your
And then he withdrew.
Ordered, That a Copy of the said Answer be prepared; and, when the same has been carefully examined
by the Clerk, it be sent by a Message to the House of
E. of Wintoun remanded to The Tower.
Ordered, That the said Earl of Wintoun be conveyed back to The Tower of London, by the Lieutenant
of the same, to be kept in safe Custody until he shall
be thence delivered by due Course of Law.
L. Visc. Kenmure, Leave for Persons to come to him.
Upon reading the Petition of William Viscount Kenmure; praying, "That the Lord Forrester, Brigadier
John Steuart a Member of the House of Commons,
Major Ninian Boyd, and Doctor Wellwood, may be permitted to visit him, at such Time, and in such Manner,
as to this House shall seem meet:"
It is Ordered, That the several Persons aforenamed
have Liberty to have Access to the Petitioner once,
severally, at any seasonable Time.
Dominus Cancellarius declaravit præsens Parliamentum continuandum esse usque ad et in diem Martis,
vicesimum quartum diem instantis Januarii, hora undecima Auroræ, Dominis sic decernentibus.
Die Mercurii, 9 Maii, 1716,
hitherto examined by us,
Say & Seale.