127. [Add. Ms. 27810, ff. 5-8. Printed.]
Address. The Metropolitan Parliamentary Reform
This Association proposes nothing new, nor any thing which has not
received the sanction of, and been supported by, many of the best and wisest
men of the last century.
This address is made to the men of the present day, in the hope that the
plan of Reform proposed by the Association, will be adopted and carried
on steadily, until, in due time, its objects shall be peaceably, but fully
The first attempt, free from all party bias, to induce the people to concur
in efforts to obtain a radical reform of the Commons House of Parliament,
was made by the late Major John Cartwright in the year 1776, in a pamphlet entitled 'Take your Choice', which he greatly enlarged and re-published
in 1777, heading the title page—'Legislative Rights'.
Speaking of the composition of the then House of Commons, the major
'Whether, indeed, the House of Commons be in a great measure filled
with idle school-boys, insignificant coxcombs, led-captains, and toadeaters, profligates, gamblers, bankrupts, beggars, contractors, commissaries, public plunderers, ministerial dependants, hirelings, and wretches
that would sell their country, or deny their God for a guinea, let every one
judge for himself. And whether the kind of business very often brought
before the House, and the usual manner of conducting it, do not bespeak this to be the case? I likewise leave every man to form his own
Speaking of the Election of Members, he says:—'All men will grant that
the lower House of Parliament is elected only by a handful of the commons
instead of the whole, and this chiefly by means of bribery and undue
influence. Men who will employ such means are villains; an assembly of
such men is founded on iniquity; and, consequently, the fountain of such
legislation is poisoned.'
Speaking of the corrupt proceedings of the House, he says:—'This has
been, more or less, the condition of our Government ever since we have had
long Parliaments We see the same corrupt, or impolitic, proceedings going
on in the administration of a Harley, a Walpole, a Pelham, a Bute, a
Grafton, and a North; and we see every Parliament implicitly obeying the
orders of ministers. Some ministers we see more, some less, criminal; some
parliaments more, some less, slavish; but we see all ministers, and all
parliaments, guilty; inexcusably guilty, in suffering the continual and
increasing prevalency of corruption from ministry to ministry.'
Whether or not the words of the honest patriot be applicable to the
House of Commons in 1842, we also leave every man to form his own
The efforts made by the Major at that time were not lost; his opinions
were adopted and acted upon; several noblemen, and many gentlemen,
headed by the Reverend Christopher Wyvill, held meetings in various
English counties, and appointed delegates, who met in convention, from
time to time, at the Thatched House Tavern, and at the St Alban's Coffee
House, in St James's.
At the commencement of the year 1780, just sixty-two years ago, a great
public Meeting of the Inhabitants of the City and Liberty of Westminster
was held, for the purpose of promoting a Reform in the House of Commons,
and at this meeting a general committee, consisting of a large number of
persons, was elected; this committee met, and appointed a sub-committee,
which, in the month of April, made a report to the general committee, in
which they recommended:—
1 Annual Parliaments 2 Universal Suffrage 3 Voting by Ballot 4 Equal
Polling Districts 5 No Money Qualification of Members 6 Payment of
Members for their Attendance.
For each of these six propositions the committee gave satisfactory
The report was adopted, was printed in very large numbers, and copies
sent to every political body in the kingdom, and to very many private
In the same month, the 'Society for Constitutional Information' was established in London; at the head of this society was
The Duke of Richmond, President
The Earl of Derby,|
The Earl of Effingham,
The Earl of Surrey,
|The Earl of Selkirk,|
and Lord Kinnaird;
by eleven members of the House of Commons, all of whom were well known
and popular; by a considerable number of gentlemen, many of whom were
eminent in various professions; and by many who afterwards became conspicuous for their great talents and eminent services. The number of members was 166.
This society adopted the 'report of the sub-committee of Westminster',
reprinted it in great numbers, and distributed it to the utmost extent in their
The report, in some cases, with an extension of the duration of Parliaments, was also adopted by several associated bodies of Reformers, and by
At this time there was no political public, and the active friends of
parliamentary Reform consisted of noblemen, gentlemen, and a few tradesmen.
Neither these societies nor the other political bodies at that period had
any continuous existence; they met occasionally, talked over the concerns
of the moment, ordered a tract to be printed or an advertisement to be
inserted in the newspapers. Their proceedings were neither adapted for, nor
were they addressed to, the working people, who, at that time, would not
have attended to them.
Efforts to procure a reform in the House of Commons were made in
many places. The number of public meetings and of petitions to the House
of Commons increased continually, when the coalition of Lord North and
Charles James Fox, in the spring of 1783, caused an opinion to be generally
entertained that no faith could be reposed in public men, and suspended all
active proceedings in favour of parliamentary Reform; which lingered on,
and were, at length, nearly extinguished.
In this state of things, in November 1792, the London Corresponding
Society was founded. This was the first attempt ever made to induce the
working people to interfere in political matters, which it has ever been
contended, they were incompetent to understand. Hitherto, they had never,
of their own will, interfered in any political concern, but as supporters of
some party or person; and then only as mobs, or as tools, when they were
ill-used, or sacrificed to party interest.
The London Corresponding Society was established on a plan for doing
business; it soon extended, and was formed into small portions, called
divisions; every division met once a week at a time certain, and as much
oftener as it pleased. Each division had a secretary, and other officers, to
form a general committee, which met once a week. This committee was the
legislative body. The divisions also elected five members, who formed the
executive committee, which made a weekly report of its proceedings to the
general committee. Each division elected a secretary, an assistant secretary,
and a treasurer.
The secretaries and treasurer were bound to attend the general committee. (fn. 1)
In its arrangements for business and in some other particulars, the society
differed from all others which preceded it, as it did from all which succeeded
it, excepting some few of the political unions during the time the Reform
Bills were before parliament in 1831-2. . . .
The men who originated and those who conducted the London Corresponding Society, did not expect to carry any reform for a number of years;
their first business was to form a political public of the middling and smaller
tradesmen, and others whose circumstances were similar, and of the working
people. This could only be done by giving them such political information
as should induce them to detach themselves from the control of political
adventurers, and enable them to see their own welfare and the prosperity of
their country in a House of Commons, as independent of the aristocracy as it
could be made. They, therefore, confined their agitation to the two points
only which, under their circumstances, were the most easily understood, and
the most likely to be adopted, namely:—
1 Universal Suffrage; and,
2 Annual Parliaments.
In 1793, the Society sent two of its members as delegates to a convention
about to be held at Edinburgh, where one had previously met; several of the
delegates, including the two from the Society, were seized, tried on charges
of sedition, and transported for fourteen years.
That atrocious stretch of power terminating so favourably to the government, induced them to expect that London juries would follow the example
set by the Scotch courts; and, making too sure of their victims, they, on the
12th May, 1794, seized eleven men, nearly all of whom were members of
the London Corresponding Society, and caused these men, of unexceptionable conduct in life, to be indicted for high treason. Three of them were
tried at the Old Bailey, and acquitted; and the remainder were discharged
from the close confinement to which they had been subjected during seven
This was a great mortification to ministers, and compelled them to
abandon their list of proscriptions, of the existence of which no doubt has
been entertained, and, with it, their project for further abridging the freedom of the people.
Disappointed and vexed beyond endurance, the bad Government, at the
head of which were Pitt, Grenville, and Dundas, the session in the Autumn
of 1795 was commenced by the introduction of two bills, one in the Lords
by Lord Grenville, enacting 'new-fangled treasons'—the other in the
Commons, by Mr Pitt, enacting new seditions, and both for the purpose of
coercing the people to the greatest possible extent. Pitt's Bill limited the
number of persons who should be permitted to meet for any political
purpose to fifty, and thus extinguish the London Corresponding Society;
but ministers were again to be disappointed; the Society altered its arrangements, and conformed to the law; rapidly increased its numbers and its
importance, and was gradually forming a political public. This could not be
borne, and, therefore, in 1798, ministers again 'exerted a vigour beyond the
law'; they caused a very large number of persons to be seized, and confined them in various prisons; they suspended the Habeas Corpus act, and
these persons, against whom no offence could be alleged, were detained in
prison nearly three years; they were then discharged, without trial or public
A Bill was laid before Parliament, and, with the same indecent haste with
which that to suspend the Habeas Corpus act had been passed, the two
Houses of Parliament passed the bill to put down political societies, naming
the London Corresponding Society as the society especially to be extinguished.
All the stringent enactments of that bad law were re-enacted and made
more stringent by Lord Castlereagh's Act of 1817.
These acts do not, however, forbid the existence of associations for
procuring a reform of the House of Commons; and this Society will conform
to the Pitt and Castlereagh laws, bad as they are, and disgraceful to the
nation as is their continuance in the Statute Book.
From the commencement of the London Corresponding Society to the
present time, there has been a steady increase of political knowledge among
all ranks of people.
The lessons so carefully and wisely taught by the London Corresponding
Society, have been well learned by vast numbers of people; and, notwithstanding the late irregularities of bodies of men whose information is still
imperfect, the strong conviction that the future prosperity of the people
must depend upon their having a House of Commons, fairly elected by the
whole body of the people, has continually increased, and is increasing.
It was expected that the Reform Bill, brought into Parliament in 1831,
would put an end to the corruptions of the House of Commons; but in the
progress of the bill through the House, clauses were inserted in it which,
together with the small number of electors in very many of the boroughs,
made the elections of members mere matters of influence and money; and
the House of Commons is now as corrupt as it was when in the power of the
boroughmongers before the Reform Bill was passed in 1832.
The unjust laws which the corrupt House of Commons have suffered to
remain, have prevented the improvement of agriculture, limited trade,
commerce, and manufactures, and, consequently, reduced the employment of the people and the real amount of their wages; they have destroyed
the small comforts of millions, deprived hundreds of thousands of a portion
of their food, the forerunner of disease and death, and compelled them to
believe that no remedy for any of these evils can be found but in a House of
Commons elected by the whole people.
The extent of information amongst the people appears to warrant the
conclusion that the time has come when Associations, to procure a thorough
Reform of the House of Commons, may be formed, without reference to
classes or parties, and free from any particular denomination, excepting
that of parliamentary Reformers. That such associations may be expected to be very numerous, and be composed of every rational man, who
wishes for good government, to promote and sustain the well being of the
A plan, which, while it can give no offence to any person who really
believes that a House of Commons truly representing the people is necessary
to their welfare, has been adopted by several public men, and others; an
Association will be commenced immediately, and the good work carefully,
honestly, and vigorously carried on.
The plan of the Society is as follows:—
Metropolitan Parliamentary Reform Association
1 To obtain for each man of twenty-one years of age the right of voting
for a representative to serve in the Commons House of Parliament.
To secure to each man this important right, it is necessary—
That every man, whether he be the occupier of a whole house, or a
lodger in some part of a house, who has been rated to any parliamentary,
county, municipal or parish rate for six months, shall be rated to an election
rate, and be put upon the voting register, for the polling district in which he
resides; and every such person, so qualified, shall receive his voting card,
entitling him to vote at all elections within that district.
That every man, whether he be the occupier of a whole house, or a
lodger in some part of a house, or a servant or inmate, not being rated as
above directed, shall have the right to cause himself to be rated to the
election rate; and when he has been rated for six months, he shall be put
upon the voting register for the polling district in which he resides, and
every such person so qualified, shall receive his voting card, entitling him to
vote at all elections within that district. (fn. 2)
2 That the country be divided into as many polling districts, as there
may be representatives in the House of Commons.
3 That the duration of Parliaments may be shorter, but shall not be
longer than three years.
4 That every elector shall be eligible to be elected.
5 That the right of voting for a representative shall be exercised secretly
6 That each representative of the people shall be paid for his services.
For the purpose of carrying this plan into effect generally, it is necessary
that a sufficient amount of money be raised, to enable the Association to
take rooms in an eligible situation for offices.
To employ a well-qualified man to act as Secretary.
To employ as many assistants as may be necessary to carry on the business
with precision, punctuality, and energy.
To correspond with as many individuals in every part of the country for
the purposes of the society, and for the promotion of other similar societies
in as many places as possible.
To devise and carry into effect a plan, by which a weekly account of the
proceedings of every such society may be published, and thus to make the
proceedings of all known to all, without in any way breaking the obnoxious
laws which limit the intercourse of reformers in different parts of the
It is believed that the time has arrived when this comprehensive plan of
Parliamentary Reform will be acceptable to very large numbers of persons
in every part of the country, and that it will be eminently successful.
One great advantage of the plan, is its easy adaptation to every man's
means, inasmuch as the rate of subscription of each particular society, to
support its necessary expenses, may be made to conform to the particular
circumstances of the Members and of the locality. No expense can be
incurred in any society, unless it originates within the particular Association, and at the will of the Members thereof.
By order of the Committee,
Office, 9 John Street, Adelphi
P. A. Taylor, Chairman
J. Roberts Black, Secretary
128. [Add. Ms. 27810, ff. 203-4. Printed.]
The Metropolitan Parliamentary Reform Association to
the People of Great Britain
The Reform Bill has been tried for ten years.
Four General Elections, and a number of intermediate contests have
fairly and fully brought it to the test of experience. And what has it done
for you? Are you represented? Have you obtained the long desired blessings of good and cheap government? The very questions seem like a
In the worst days of the unreformed Parliament, the great mass of the
people never were further from the possession of their rights, and the
enjoyment of legislative security for their interests, than they are at the
present moment. Never was the country more entirely under the domination
of a class. The landed proprietary overrides both the political parties in
Parliament; untaxing itself, and taxing all others, at its own sovereign
pleasure. We are enthralled in a sordid slavery, of which the worst feature
is, that it can be enforced under the forms of a reformed representation.
Nay, it is through the agency of those forms that the landed oligarchy has
attained its absolute and unprecedented ascendancy.
Such is the reward of the magnanimous efforts by which you necessitated a change in the old system of corruption and nomination. That
a change took place, was your work. In May 1832, the Whig Ministry
shewed its weakness, and the Court its treachery. But the political unions
mustered in their strength; the people every where evinced their determination, and their energy; the momentary triumph of corruption was baffled;
and the Bill was carried,—which has disappointed all your just expectations.
What have you got by the Reform Bill? In the first Parliament elected
under it, an overwhelming majority for the Whig Ministry was returned.
And what did that majority do for you? It passed the infamous Irish
Coercion Bill; a measure worthy of the worst days of Pitt and Castlereagh.
It left untouched the atrocious laws against popular meetings and associations. It voted the continuance of flogging in the army, and of impressment
in the navy. It peremptorily refused the Ballot, and proclaimed the antireform and absurd doctrine of finality. These were the first-fruits of the
Reform Bill, while the popular enthusiasm that procured its enactment was
yet unabated, while Toryism was yet stunned and prostrate; and while the
authors of the Bill had ample power to carry through Parliament whatever
it pleased them to propose.
What did you get by the Reform Bill when the crisis came of a Tory invasion of the Government in 1835? The demon which politicians dreamed had
been laid for ever, arose and stared you in the face. What power confronted
this prompt and insolent attempt? The new system gave a majority of just
ten votes against the old oppressors. That paltry majority sufficed to
restore the Whigs to office, and it also sufficed to show that you had gained
no security against misgovernment. The feebleness of the ministry became a
constant apology for disgraceful concessions to Toryism; it never acted as a
motive for the extension of popular rights. Even in what was called the
Repeal of the Taxes on Knowledge, there was a spirit analogous to that of
Sir Robert Peel in his proposed revision of the Corn Laws; the working
people were deprived, by severe restrictions, of such publications as had
circulated amongst them; and the daily press was preserved, an untouched
and inpenetrable monopoly.
Another election came, in consequence of the demise of the king. The
Whigs had now the advantage of court favour. But the result was, the same
little majority; the same vacillating and imbecile conduct. What did you,
the People, gain by the last Parliament, the third under the Reform Act?
What one great measure in your favour did it entertain? Its course ended
by rejecting even a Government proposition, for partially, and only
partially, untaxing your daily bread.
And now, the last election has delivered you up, bound hand and foot,
into the power of those who seem disposed to turn the screw so long as a
drop of blood is to be squeezed out of your veins. Tory faction and landed
oligarchy are triumphant and uncontrolled. So much for the working of the
Reform Bill of 1832. Is it not time we had another, and a better?
The causes of this miserable failure may be easily traced. The Reform
Act never realized even the limited extent of the Elective Franchise it professed to establish. Two large classes of dependent or corrupt voters were
added to the original scheme,—the corrupt freemen of corporate towns, and
the agricultural tenants-at-will. Protected by the Ballot, both might have
voted honestly, and been practically taught political integrity. Without
such protection, they have unavoidably become the tools of the profligate
wealthy. Over other classes of voters, all the corrupt influences have been
preserved in their full force. To these have been added the expense and
annoyances of a complicated and vexatious system of registration. Some
have been disfranchised, and others enfranchised, no one could tell why or
wherefore. The rights and duties of citizenship are surrounded by a hedge of
thorns; the money power, which is the power of corruption, guarding the
only access. Venal boroughs, with small numbers of electors, have sprung
up to supply the place of nomination boroughs; and have been defended
by the authors of the Reform Bill, on the same grounds and with the same
arguments. There has been no representation of the people; nor can there
be under the present system. In its practical working, it has given various
results; a large majority for Whigs; an even balance of parties; and a large
majority for Tories; but it has never given a real House of Representatives,
guarding and extending the rights of the people, and promoting their
The time, then, is come to demand a new Reform Bill. In the statement
of the objects of the Metropolitan Parliamentary Reform Association, we
have described the provisions which, in our opinions, would secure a true
and full representation. It is inconceivable to us that the existence of a
slave class should be necessary to national freedom. We aim at obtaining
a vote for every man, free voting, proportionate representation, and
responsible Parliaments: that the nation may be well-governed. It cannot
be worse governed than it has been by factions. Even the authors of the
Reform Bill compromise, must now feel that it is a failure. After progressively changing the relative position of parties in favour of Toryism, its last
result has been to give a commanding majority, for the express purpose of
upholding a bread tax. Do you require further demonstration? The present
Government and Parliament bid fair to furnish it.
People of Great Britain, are you content with this state of things? If you
are, we can only make our own solitary and unavailing protest against a
policy which threatens with speedy destruction our commercial and manufacturing interests, starving the workman, and ruining the capitalist;
against a class ascendancy, which sacrifices the many to the few, and permanently impoverishes the nation for the sake of temporarily enriching the
landowners; against a legislation in which every great public object is made
subordinate to the tactics, and the ambition of political parties; and against
a nominal representation, the root of all these evils, which distinguishes
the privileged from the enslaved, by no plausible or consistent test whatever,
but trampling upon principle, makes a mockery of the forms of freedom,
and debases humanity in the name of all that should secure its elevation
and its progress.
For you, People of Great Britain, we demand a real Representation. It is
for you to decide whether we do it effectually, or only so as to clear ourselves by denouncing a servility, degradation, and ruin, the tide of which
we cannot stay. It is obviously vain any longer to put your trust in political
parties; or to seek relief from the guidance of party leaders. The folly of
compromising measures is amply demonstrated by experience. There is no
hope but in the simple, broad, first principles of representation. They are
our watch-word; whoever shrinks from it, or whoever abuses it. They are
our standard, and we nail it to the mast. For real representation we associate; for nothing else, and nothing less. The nation has no other hope.
Without it, the millions of this great people, so long esteemed an heroic
race, have no chance or prospect but that of being plundered, cheated,
insulted, spurned, despised, and ruined. Will you associate with us to work
out our deliverance? We will shew you how to do so legally. If you come
forward like men, we cannot but do so triumphantly.
Union is strength. Let us fairly try its force. We need no arms, no illegal
combination, no secret confederation. Our objects and plans, our numbers,
proceedings and determination, will all be bared to heaven and earth. It is
for those who are ashamed, or fearful, or intent on sinister purposes, to
shun the light. With us, the end and the means are alike honourable. We
seek the freedom of a citizen for each, and the prosperity of a community
for all. Join with us; arouse yourselves, People of Great Britain! in a spirit
worthy of your national character; associate, with the resolve never to relax
or compromise, until you have a complete, free, and equal Representation;
and the day of triumph over the sordidness of faction, the servility of forms,
and the insolence of aristocracy, will not be far distant.
By order of the Committee,
Office, 9, John Street, Adelphi,
15th April, 1842
P. A. Taylor, Chairman
J. Roberts Black, Secretary
129. [Add. Ms. 27810, f. 28]
9 John Street, Adelphi
May 7th 1842
The subjoined list, in which your name is included, is proposed for the
General Committee of the Metropolitan Parliamentary Reform Association for the current year.
Should you have any objection to your name standing as one of that
Committee, will you have the goodness to inform me of it by Tuesday
I am Sir,
Your obedient Servant,
J. Roberts Black
|Ashurst W. H.
Brown, F.C. M.P.
Bowring Dr M.P.
Ellis Wynn M.P.
Elphinstone Howard M.P.
Gibson, T.M. M.P.
Hume Jos. M.P.
Leader J. Temple M.P.
Roebuck J. Arthur
Scholefield J. M.P.
Tayler P.A. junior
Williams Wm M.P.
Crawford W. Sharman M.P.
130. [Add. Ms. 27810, f. 29. Meeting of the Committee of the Metropolitan Parliamentary Reform Association, 19 May 1842.]
Secretary reported that he had sent out 47 circulars to persons nominated on the General Committee, 41 of whom had consented to serve.
That he had sent out 923 general circulars enclosing No. 1 and 2 printed
papers, and read an abstract of the answers already received, which are very
That he had called, according to a list handed in by him, upon a number
of persons for donations without much success.
131. [Add. Ms. 27810, ff. 39-42. Metropolitan Parliamentary Reform
At a meeting of the Business Committee held at the office of the Association on Friday June 3rd 1842, there were present:—Francis Place (in
the chair), P. A. Taylor, S. Harrison, H. Hetherington, J. R. Black
The business sheet being laid before the chairman, and the minutes read
1 The Secretary laid before the Committee the address of the Association to the inhabitants of Nottingham, which was read, and ordered to be
sent immediately with a number of the printed papers no. 1.2.3.
2 The Secretary read the titles of the newspapers as far as has yet been
ascertained who had noticed the proceedings of the Association,
Favourably. Weekly Dispatch, Morning Advertiser, Spectator, Examiner, Morning Sun, Evening Sun, British Statesman, Bell's Life in London,
National Association Gazette, Morning Chronicle, Globe, Cambrian,
North Staffordshire Mercury, Stockport Chronicle, Gateshead Observer,
Doncaster Gazette, Hull Rockingham, Suffolk Chronicle, Leceistershire
(sic) Mercury, Welshman, Sheffield Iris, Aylesbury News, Kent Herald,
Hampshire Independent, Gloucester Journal.
Unfavourably. Morning Post, Yorkshire Gazette,
3 A list of letters received was read as follows:—
From Geo. Burton, Stamford sending a list of names of active men in
From Sir John Morris, Skilly Park, agreeing on the necessity of a union
of all classes for a Reform of the House of Commons, but being as yet
unwilling to extend the Suffrage as far as the Association proposes.
From Mr Beadon, Taunton sending a list of names, and stating that he
& others are busy in establishing an Association.
From Thomas Gibson, Morpeth sending names, and engages to go to
work to persuade the chartists there to join him in cooperation with us.
From E. Clarke, Snaresbrook, sending names, & expressing his great
interest in the movement.
From P. R. Arrowsmith, Bolton, sending names, and will endeavour to
establish an Association there.
From J. Noble, Boston, sending names of active reformers there.
From Geo. Lea Pringrose [?], Cambridge, expressing strongly his
approbation of our plans & promising to aid in Cambridge.
From Thomas Thompson, Bishop Wearmouth, sending names, saying
chartists are very strong there.
From Provost Little, Annan, saying that they are about to form an
Association there, a provisional committee being appointed composed of
half electors & half non-electors.
From J. Lotherington, Sunderland, sending names of active reformers,
& saying the prejudices against chartists operate for the moment against
the formation of an Association there.
From J. Holebrooke, Slateford, sending names of active reformers, and
From S. Donkin, Bywell, Northumberland, sending names of active
reformers & will try to form an Association & do any thing in his power for
From Wm Thomason, a delegate of late Chartist Convention, now on
a Chartist tour, favourable to our Association.
From C. Phillips, Bridgenorth, who will endeavour to form an Association there.
From J. D. Bassett, Ilfracombe, offering a donation of £20 & promising
active aid in Devonshire.
From Sir F. McKenzie, Chateau Talhoiret, France, respecting the system
of French Electoral Colleges.
4 The Secretary reported that he had held a second meeting of the
Lecture Class on Thursday evening, when three more members had been
added to the class, making now 11.
Also, that Mr Prout was to make arrangements for a Lecture at Wandsworth; that P. A. Taylor jun'r had agreed to lecture for the Association,
and that Jonathan Duncan, had likewise agreed to do so, and would go to
Deptford to arrange with Mr Wade, for delivering a lecture there, and that
it was probable Mr Roebuck would agree to deliver a lecture at the Crown
And that, some doubts having been raised as to the legality of lecturers
going forth by authority of the Association, he had written to Mr Roebuck
& since waited upon him, as counsel of the Association, for his opinion.
5 Mr Hume's letter to the Secretary, Mr Hume's letter to Mr Prout, and
Mr Prout's letter to Mr Hume, were read, and ordered to [be] placed
together in the letter book (see letter book p5) The secretary was directed to
write to Mr Prout requesting him to press Mr Hume for an answer to his
6 The Secretary reported that he had made applications to nearly all
those gentlemen who had not yet paid their donations.
7 Mr Huggett's report was read. Friday visited 17 persons, with no
result. Saturday visited 26 persons, with no result. Monday visited 32
persons, with no result except 2 declining. Tuesday visited 17 persons,
with no result, except one declining. Wednesday visited 22 persons, of
whom one will be a member, 4 decline, & 17 as yet no result. Friday
visited 21 persons, of whom 9 will be members, 1 declines & 11 as yet no
8 Accounts were examined & passed, the expenses for the week being
Adjourned. [signed] Francis Place.
132. [Add. Ms. 27810, ff. 55-6. Metropolitan Parliamentary Reform Association.]
At a meeting of the Business Committee on Monday March 6th 1843.
there were present:—Francis Place (in the chair) P. A. Taylor, S. Harrison,
J. Robts Black.
The business sheet being laid before the chairman and the minutes confirmed.
1 The secretary read the annexed report. [Missing]
2 The accounts were examined & approved.
3 Cheque No. 33 was drawn for Forty seven Pounds, 17/11 signed by
F. Place, P. A. Taylor & J. R. Black.
4 Cheque No. 34 was drawn for Fourteen Pounds 14/- & signed by
F. Place, P. A. Taylor & J. R. Black.
5 The following outstanding accounts were ordered to be paid.
Mitchell for printing||£ 4.||3.||0|
|Westerton||do & stationery||1||8||0|
|Stiles||hire of seats||15||0|
|Bowket||hire of room||5||0|
6 The secretary was directed to write to the auditors requesting their
attendance at the office of the association on Thursday next at one o clock
to audit the accounts of the association.
7 Mr Place undertook to audit them previously, that he might be able
to answer for their correctness should the auditors fail to attend on next
8 The secretary was directed to summon all the members of the association who had paid their subscriptions, to a General Meeting, on Friday
next, at 12 o'k precisely, to consider the propriety of dissolving the association.
9 The secretary was directed to prepare an address in anticipation of the
dissolution of the association.
10 The ballance [sic] of cash on hand after paying outstanding accounts,
and rent becoming due, with the proceeds of the furniture if the association
be dissolved, to be paid to the secretary as all he is to receive for the settlement of his unpaid salary.
133. [Add. Ms. 27810, ff. 56-8. Metropolitan Parliamentary Reform
At an adjourned special general meeting of the association, held at the
offices, on Friday Mar. 17th 1843, to consider the propriety of dissolving
the association there were present:—H. Warburton Esq. in the chair,
F. Place, P. A. Taylor, Samuel Harrison, Thos Prout, Geo. Beacon, J. Lyon,
C. Elf, J. Dawes, J. Duncan, Dr Wade, A. Morton, C. Westerton, B. Wills,
W. D. Saul, Dr Bowkett, Dr Latzky, Muntz, J. B. Brown, J. R. Black.
1 The accounts up to Mar. 4th as audited by W. Williams Esq. M.P.
were examined. Mr Place requested that any member not satisfied would
ask whatever question he liked relating to the accounts in order that the
most satisfactory explanations might be given. After some questions and
explanations, and the Secretary had read the 10th entry of the last mtg of
Bus. Com., the accounts appearing satisfactory to the meeting they were
2 The Secretary was directed to read the Report of the Business Committee, narrating the proceedings of the association, & recommending its
discontinuance till circumstances arise more favourable to the prosecution
of its objects.
3 Mr P. A. Taylor moved 'That this Association be dissolved'. Mr F.
Place, seconded the motion.
4 Mr Prout opposed to the dissolution & would move an amendment,
which Mr Wills seconded. 'That a committee be appointed to procure an
Honorary Secretary, & to make arrangements for the occasional meeting of
the association, at some room not incurring any considerable expenses.'
After much discussion the amendment was substituted for the resolution
of Mr Taylor.
5 When Mr Warburton proposed that the resolution should be shaped
differently, to which the meeting assented. And it was resolved 'That the
meetings and expenses of this Association be for the present discontinued.'
'That a committee be appointed for the purpose of finally auditing and
paying the outstanding accounts.'
'That the present Business Committee, with Messrs Wade & Beacon be
6 Mr Prout then moved and Mr Duncan seconded 'That a committee be
appointed to procure an honorary secretary and to consider further proceedings, with a view to occasional meetings in order to be in readiness for
action when necessary', which was carried; the following gentlemen being
appointed the committee: Thos Prout, Dr Wade, Dr Latzky, Mr Mentz
[sic], Mr Morton, Jon. Duncan, Dr Bowkett.