Jovis, 12 die Januarii;
10 Gulielmi Tertii.
Barailleau's, &c. Nat.
SIR Rowland Gwyn, according to Order, presented to
the House a Bill for naturalizing Peter Barailleau,
and others: And the same was received; and read the
Resolved, That the Bill be read a Second time.
A Bill for the General Quiet of the Subject, against all
Pretence of Concealment whatsoever, was read a Second
Resolved, That the Bill be committed to Mr. Foley,
Mr. Thornhagh, Sir Richard Cocks, Mr. Perry, Mr.
Lowndes, Sir Robert Cotton, Mr. Hayes, Mr. Lowther,
Mr. Dyott, Mr. Eyre, Sir Edward Hussey, Sir Ja.
Houblon, Sir Barth. Shower, Mr. Mountague, Mr. Brotherton, Sir Wm. Cook, Mr. Rowney, Mr. Bernardiston,
Mr. Davy, Mr. Wynn, Sir John Bolles, Sir Edward Stradling, Mr. Spencer, Sir Jacob Ashly, Mr. Ash, Mr.
Clark, Mr. Cook, Mr. Burrard, Sir Cha. Barrington,
Mr. Thurland, Sir John Thorold, Mr. Harcourt, Mr.
Hughes, Mr. White; and all the Gentlemen of the Long
Robe: And they are to meet this Afternoon at Five a
Clock, in the Speaker's Chambers.
Ordered, That a Memorial of the Commissioners of
Prizes, laid before the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, relating to Prizes taken in the Straits, be laid
before this House.
Preventing Export of Corn, &c.
Mr. Heveningham, according to Order, reported from
the Committee of the whole House, to whom the Bill to
prohibit the Exportation of Corn, Meal, and Bread, for
One Year, was committed, the Amendments, made by the
Committee, to the said Bill; which they had directed him
to report to the House; which he read in his Place; and
afterwards delivered in at the Clerk's Table: Where the
same were once read throughout; and then a Second time,
one by one; and, upon the Question severally put thereupon, agreed unto by the House: And other Amendments
were made by the House to the Bill.
Ordered, That the Bill, with the Amendments, be ingrossed.
Leave of Absence.
Ordered, That Sir Thomas Day have Leave to go into
the Country for a Month, upon extraordinary Occasions.
Ordered, That Mr. Speaker do issue his Warrant to
the Clerk of the Crown, to make out a new Writ, for
electing a Com-Baron to serve in this present Parliament
for the Port of Rye, in the room of Sir John Austen
Sir Robert Rich, from the Lords Commissioners of the
Admiralty, according to Order, presented to the House a
Copy of the Instructions to the Commissioners for Victualling.
And the Title thereof was read.
The Instructions are as follow; viz.
By the Commissioners for executing the Office of Lord
High Admiral of England, Ireland, &c.
Article the Ist.
The said Commissioners for Victualling are to receive
into their Charge, and Possession, all his Majesty's
Houses, Brew-houses, Bake-houses, Mills, Granaries,
Store-houses, &c. as well at Tower-Hill, as at Dover,
Rochester, Portsmouth, (fn. (a)) [Plymouth], and Kinsale in
Ireland, or elsewhere, which have been usually appropriated
for the Service of victualling the King's Navy; together
with all Tenements, Grounds, and Profits, to them belonging, or appertaining; and to make use of them, as
shall be needful, for the Service of the Victualling, and
for the Accommodation of themselves, and their Agents,
employed in that Affair: And such of them as they shall
not have Occasion so to employ, they are to improve, by
Rent or otherwise, as shall be for his Majesty's best Advantage; but not to build, alter, or repair, any Part of
the same, without Order from the Lord High Admiral, or
Lords of the Admiralty, for the Time being, upon a due
Survey and Estimate first had thereof; unless it be done,
for the Advantage of the said Houses, at their own
To receive into their Charge, and Possession, all such
Provision of Victuals, Cask, Iron Hoops, Biscuit-Bags,
and other Materials and Utensils for Victualling, as are
remaining at any of the Victualling Ports, or in any Victualling Ships, or otherwise, for the Use of the Navy;
the same having been first duly surveyed, and appraised;
which they are to make use of in the Service of the Victualling, and to charge themselves therewith upon their
To take care, timely and seasonably, to provide all
such good, wholesome, and serviceable, Provisions of
Victuals, and other Necessaries fitting for victualling the
Seamen, Soldiers, and others, which serve in his Majesty's own, or hired, Ships or Vessels in his Service, either
at Sea, or in Harbour, in such Proportions, and in such
Ports, either in his Majesty's own Dominions, or in
foreign Parts, as they shall, from time to time, be directed (fn. (b)) [by Warrants] from the Lord High Admiral,
or the Lords of the Admiralty, for the Time being, or
the principal Officers and Commissioners of his Majesty's
Navy: Which Provisions of Victualling are to be made
according as is hereafter expressed; viz. Every Man to
have, for his Allowance by the Day, One Pound Avoirdupois of good, clean, sweet, found, well bolted with a
Horse-Cloth, well-baked, and well-conditioned, wheaten
Biscuit; One Gallon, Wine-Measure, of good, wholesome,
warrantable, Beer, of such a Standard as that every Guile,
of Twenty Tons of Iron-bound Beer, shall be brewed
with 20 Quarters of very good Malt, as good as generally is to be had at the Place where the said Beer is
brewed, and a sufficient Quantity of very good Hops, to
keep the same for the Time of its Warranty; and Eighteen
Quarters of the like Malt, with the like Quantity of the
like Sort of Hops, to every Guile of Twenty Tons of
Wood-bound Beer, to be good, sound, wholsome, and
of sufficient Strength, and fitting for the Use of his Majesty's Ships in petty Warrant Victualling: And if any
Complaint shall be made, either of the Sea or Harbour
Beer, then the Truth of the Quantity and Quality of the
Malt, and Hops, that shall have been used in the said Beer,
shall be evidenced by the Oaths of the respective Brewers,
or other credible Persons, if the same shall be required:
Two Pounds Avoirdupois of Beef, killed, and made up
with Salt, in England, of a well-fed Ox, not weighing
less than Five hundred Weight, for what shall be killed
for the Sea Victualling in the Port of London, and Four
and a Half-hundred in any other of the Ports in England
where Victuals shall be provided, for Two of the Four
Days following; viz. Sundays, Mondays, Tuesdays, and
Thursdays; and for the other Two of those Days, One
Pound Avoirdupois of Bacon, or salted English Pork, of
a well-fed Hog, not weighing less than Three Quarters of
a Hundred Weight, and a Pint of Peas, Winchester
Measure, therewith, each of the said Days; and for
Wednesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays, every Man, besides
the aforesaid Allowance of Bread and Beer, to have, by
the Day, the Eighth Part of a full-sized North-Sea Cod,
of 24 Inches long, or a Sixth Part of a Haberdine, 22
Inches long, or a Quarter Part of the same Sort, if but
16 Inches long; provided the Haberdine, that shall be
thus spent on his Majesty's Ships, consist not of more
than a Fish of one Size on board any other Ship; or a
Pound Avoirdupois of well-saved Poor-John; together
with Two Ounces of Butter, and Four Ounces of Suffolk
Cheese, or Two-thirds of that Weight of Cheshire; but
they shall deliver clean, well-dressed, Oatmeal, in lieu of
a sized Fish, at the Rate of One Gallon of Oatmeal for a
sized Fish, where the principal Officers and Commissioners
of the Navy shall direct their so doing. This Method,
in Victualling, to be always duly observed, as well in
Harbour as at Sea; only, there is to be this Difference
between Harbour and Sea Victuals, that the Bread and
Beef to be spent in Harbour, be delivered, the former in
Loaves, and the latter fresh, with Salt to corn it: But if
his Majesty shall order any Ship, or Vessel, to the Southward of the Latitude of 39 Degrees North Latitude,
each Man is to be victualled, in lieu of a Pound of
Biscuit, with a Pound of Rusk of equal Fineness; in
lieu of a Gallon of Beer, a Wine Quart of BeverageWine; and to Ships going to Guinea, or the East or
West-Indies, in lieu of a Gallon of Beer, Half a WinePint of Brandy, for Half the Proportion, at least, of
Drink they shall be ordered to take in; in lieu of a Piece
of Beef, or Pork with Peas, Three Pounds of Flour, and
a Pound of Raisins, not worse than Malaga; or, in lieu of
Raisins, Half a Pound of Currans, or Half a Pound of
Beef-Suet, pickled; in lieu of a sized Fish, Four Pounds
of Milan Rice, or Two Stock-fishes, of, at least, 16
Inches long each; in lieu of a Pound of Butter, or Two
Pounds of Suffolk Cheese, a Wine-Pint of Sweet OliveOil; to be put on board, at all times, in such particular
Species afore-mentioned, and in such Proportions, and no
otherwise than as the principal Officers and Commissioners
of the Navy shall give Directions at the time of their
sending their Warrants for victualling the said Ships.
They are to take particular Care, that all the said Provisions afore mentioned shall be issued, and delivered, in
such Sort, Order, and Manner, and in such good, sound,
wholsome, and well-saved Victuals, as that it shall continue fit, in all respects, for his Majesty's Service, during
the Space of Six Months, from the time of its being received on board: namely, for all that shall be declared to
be spent on this Side the Canary Islands, or Latitude of 27
Degrees North Latitude; and Twelve Months, for what
shall be issued to be spent to the Southward of that Place,
or Latitude: And in case any Provisions shall prove defective within the aforesaid Time, or Beer leaked out by
the Badness of the Cask, and not through any ill Stowage, or Neglect of the Officers or Seamen on board, they
are, upon the Purser's producing a regular Survey thereof,
according to the Custom of the Navy, to issue the like
Quantity of good Provisions to him, in the room of it, or
to give him a Receipt for the same, for his Discharge:
Which defective Provisions they are to dispose of, by Sale
or otherwise, to his Majesty's best Advantage, and to
charge themselves therewith upon their Accounts.
They are to pay unto the Pursers of all such Ships as
they shall be ordered to victual, towards the providing of
Necessaries, such as Wood, Candles, Dishes, Cans,
Lanterns, Spoons, and other Necessaries usually provided by the Pursers of his Majesty's Ships, under the
Title of Necessaries, Nine-pence for every Man per
Mensem, in each Ship bearing Sixty Men and under, and
Six-pence in every Ship carrying above Sixty Men, and
2 s. for every Ship, for Loading-Charges, by the Month;
together with the accustomary Allowance for Drawage,
being 4 d. per Ton, for every Ton of Beer the Purser
indents for; and to all Ships carrying above Sixty Men,
Ten Groats per Mensem, for Adz-money; viz. for so
long time as the Ship shall be victualled for Sea-Service;
and also, for the ordinary Men, and extraordinary Men, in
Harbour, after the Rate of 12 d. per Man a Month; and,
further, they are to pay unto the Purser, after the Rate of
8 d. for every Man per Mensem, for Sea-Service; being
so much allowed them for extra-necessary Money: All
which several Sums are to be paid to the Pursers immediately before the Signing of their Indents for Sea, or
Warrants for Harbour-Victuals.
The Beverage-Wine, to be furnished to Ships upon
foreign Voyages, as above, to be good, sound Wine, not
Vinegar; and of such Strength, as it shall be able to preserve the Water from stinking, when Three times the
Quantity of the Wine shall be added to it in Water.
They are also to allow each Ship they shall be ordered
to victual for the Sea, Four Hogsheads, with Eight Iron
Hoops on each; the said Hoops to be hammered Hoops,
of good Substance, and well wrought; or milled Hoops,
where they shall think them sufficient for his Majesty's
Service, for Water-Cask; with One Bundle of wooden
Hoops, and another of Flags; for every One hundred
Men, a Month; and so proportionably for a greater or
lesser Number of Men; and such further Quantity of
Water-Cask for foreign Voyages, as the Ships can conveniently stow, or shall be thought necessary.
That the Warrants by which the said Commissioners are,
from time to time, to issue the aforesaid Provisions for the
Use of his Majesty's Ships, are to be as follows; viz.
for all Victuals to be spent at Sea, the Warrant of the
Lord High Admiral, or Commissioners of the Admiralty,
for the time being, or of Three or more of the principal
Officers and Commissioners of his Majesty's Navy, or of
a Commander in Chief of a Fleet or Squadron, or of
the particular Commander of any Ship, in Cases only
not admitting of the Time requisite for the procuring
any of those before recited; as also, the Demands
of the Pursers of any of his Majesty's Ships, tendering
to the said Commissioners, or their Agents, a Receipt
under the Hand of any other Purser, to whom he had,
by Order of his Commander, delivered Supplies at Sea;
which Receipt and Order is to be taken up by the said
Commissioners, and shall be a sufficient Warrant unto
them for issuing the Value thereof unto the Purser that
did supply the same; and for Victuals to be spent in
Harbour for the Extra, the Warrant of the Commander
of the Ship, and Clerk of the Cheque of the Port where
the same is to be issued; and for what shall be spent
in Harbour, by the Ordinary, the Warrant of the Clerk
of the Cheque, and Master-Attendant where any is:
And, in the Execution of every of the said Warrants, the
said Commissioners are to cause to be delivered, on board
the Ships, the full Contents of the said Warrants, in
Kind, unless the Commanders and Masters shall, under
their Hands, certify, to the said Commissioners, the Incapacity of their Ships to receive the same; in which Case,
and that only, the said Commissioners are to make good
the Remainder thereof, by such Credits as will be readily
answered unto them on behalf of his Majesty, at the very
next Victualling Port where the same shall be demanded,
unless the Ships victualled be ordered on foreign Voyages;
in which Case alone the Purser shall receive from the said
Commissioners, ready Money for so much of the said
Victualling, and at such Rates, and in such Manner, as
they best can, for his Majesty's Service, without lessening
the Proportions, or Goodness, of the Victuals allowed by
his Majesty to the Seamen serving in his Ships; and that
a distinct Account shall be, from time to time, kept by the
said Commissioners for Victualling, of all Credits by them
so issued, and of the Time and Place of answering the
same; to the end that, upon passing their Accounts, they
may be able to satisfy the principal Officers and Commissioners of his Majesty's Navy, that the said Credits have
been by them effectually made good: All which Victuals,
as well for Harbour as for Sea, the said Commissioners for
Victualling are to take care be delivered, on board his
Majesty's Ships, to the respective Pursers thereof, without
any Charge to the said Pursers for Lighterage, Portage, or
otherwise, and without their coming, or Attendance, for
it; so as that each Purser shall have his Warrant, or
Demand, supplied at the Ship's Side, within 24 Hours for
Harbour-Victuals, and 48 Hours for Sea-Provisions, or
as soon as possible it can be done; and that the Masters
of the Hoys, Lighters, or other Vessels, by whom the
said Provisions shall be sent on board his Majesty's Ships,
shall deliver the same into the Slings and Tackles of the
Ships on board which the same is to be put; and they
are, from time to time, to inform themselves of the State
of each Ship's Victualling, to enable them the better, and
sooner, to comply with such Orders as they shall receive
on that behalf.
They are also to cause to be delivered, in Iron-bound
Cask, hooped with Iron Hoops of good Substance, hammered, and well-wrought Iron, as aforesaid, One complete
Moiety of the Proportion of Beer, ordered to each Ship
designed for the Chanel, or any other Voyage than for
Guinea, or the East or West-Indies; and for any Ship
designed for Guinea, or the East or West-Indies, Threefourths of their Proportion of Beer is to be put in Ironbound Cask, hooped with Iron Hoops of good Substance,
and well-wrought Iron, as above.
The Indents to be taken by the said Commissioners, of
the Pursers, for Victuals which they shall issue to them,
shall be made in the same Form and Manner, as was directed in the Contract with the late Contractors for victualling the Navy; which Indents shall be dated in Words
at Length, and not in Figures, by the Hands of the
Pursers who are to sign them, before their Signing
thereof; and the Provisions which are therein mentioned
to be upon Credit, shall be repeated at the Bottom, or on
the Backside, of the said Indents, and attested by the
Person signing the said Indents; (fn. [a]) [likewise the true
Species delivered, and the Quantities of each, are to be expressed in the said Indents]; and not one thing for another,
as hath been too often practised: And, moreover, the
said Commissioners are to demand One or more Duplicates of the said Indents, or Receipts, signed by the Pursers
at the time of their Indenting, and to send the same to the
Comptroller of the Victualling; viz. within Seven Days
after its Date, for what shall be delivered at the Port of
London, Harwich, Dover, and Portsinouth; and Three
Days after their receiving any from remote Ports; taking
care to quicken their Agents in sending them up, as there
shall be Occasion by any Delay therein.
And in case any of his Majesty's Ships shall return from
Sea, to be laid up, having any Provisions of Victuals remaining on board, the said Commissioners shall immediately, upon Notice given to them by the Pursers of the
said Ships, send Hoys, Lighters, and other fitting Vessels,
to fetch away the same; together with the Casks, Iron
Hoops, and Biscuit-Bags; and cause the Hoyman,
Lighterman, or Masters of the Vessels, that received the
said Victuals, Cask, Iron Hoops, and Biscuit-Bags, to
take an exact Account of the same, and to give the
Purser, or his Instrument, a Receipt for what he shall
receive on board him, before his sailing away, or be debarred his Freight till the same be adjusted, and he produceth a Certificate of what the Purser charged him
with; which Certificate the Purser is obliged to deliver
to the said Hoyman, Lighterman, &c. at the Time of his
Loading; for which Victuals, Casks, Staves, Iron Hoops,
and Biscuit-Bags, so returned, the said Commissioners are
to give a Receipt, as well to the said Pursers, as to transmit, without fail, to the Comptroller of the Victualling,
within 20 Days after the laying up of each Ship, a
Duplicate of the said Receipt, together with the full
Charge upon the Purser, and an exact State of the Account, between themselves and him, for Casks, Hoops,
Biscuit-Bags, &c.; all which Provisions, Cask, Hoops,
Biscuit-Bags, &c. so returned, shall be disposed of, by the
Commissioners, to his Majesty's best Advantage; such
Part thereof as, upon due Survey made of the same,
shall be found sound, sweet, wholsome, and sitting for
his Majesty's Service, to be issued again, either for Sea
or Harbour Victualling, for which the same shall be
found most proper; and the Remainder thereof, which
shall be found defective, to be sold at the best Rate that
may be procured for the same: And, for the Prevention
of any Disputes, touching the Number of Staves of which
each Sort of Cask shall be reputed to consist, in their
Returns which his Majesty's Pursers are obliged to make
thereof, it is hereby declared, That each of the Butts so
to be returned, if shaken, shall consist of (fn. [a]) [no less than]
26 Staves, and every Puncheon 22 Staves, and every
Hogshead 20 Staves, and every Barrel 17 Staves, the
Heading included, whereof Two Pieces of each to be
accounted a Stave, always accounting each Stave above
44 Inches long for a Butt Stave; each Stave of 38 Inches
long, if the same be of old Stuff, to be reckoned for a
Puncheon Stave; and the like for every Stave between
38 and 44 Inches long; and each Stave above 32 Inches
long to 38, including also the 38 Inches if it be a new
Stave, to be reckoned for a Hogshead; and each Stave
under 32 Inches long, as low as 28 Inches, to be reckoned
as a Barrel Stave.
That the said Commissioners are also to take care to
pay all Bills of Exchange which shall be drawn by the
Commanders, and Pursers, for Victuals provided for any
of his Majesty's Ships abroad, in Ports where no Victuals
shall have been ordered to be provided, when the Necessity of his Majesty's Service shall require the taking up
Victuals in the said Ports; as also, that they defray the
Charge of the Freight of all such Provisions as shall, at
any time, be ordered to attend his Majesty's Fleet, or to
be sent to any of his Majesty's Ships abroad, or at home;
and to provide such Water-Ships, for the Service of the
said Fleets, as shall be directed to be taken up; and to
pay such Bills as shall be made out, and assigned upon
them, by the Navy-Board, for the Balance of any Victualling Accounts; and satisfy all other Expences whatsoever, relating to the victualling the Navy; that so the
whole Charge thereof may appear in that Office.
They are to take care that no Beer be issued for victualling his Majesty's Ships in any Port where a sworn
Gauger is to be had, in other Cask than what shall, by
such sworn Gauger, have its Contents in Gallons, Winchester Measure, marked on the Head of it; and that all
other Cask of Provisions have the Contents of the Provisions in each Cask, marked on the Head thereof by some
Person that can, if there shall be Occasion, testify, upon
Oath, that there is, in the said Cask, the Quantity marked
by him on the Head thereof: They are also to take care,
that the Beef, and Pork, which they shall, at any time,
victual his Majesty's Ships with, shall always hold at such
Weight, as that every 28 Pieces of Beef, cut for Four
Pound Pieces, took out of the Cask as they rise, and
the Salt shaken off it, shall weigh One hundred Pound,
net Avoirdupois Weight; and every 56 Pieces of Bacon,
or salted Pork, cut for Two Pound Pieces, and took out
of its Cask, and shaken as in the Beef, shall weigh One
hundred and Four Pounds, net Avoirdupois: After which
Method, upon weighing a whole Cask of the said Beef,
or Pork, in the Presence of Two or more of the WarrantOfficers of the said Ship, the Certificate of the said Officers, such as they shall be ready to make Oath to, shall,
in case of Shortness of Weight, not only impower the
Purser to make Allowance, to the Seamen, in Money, or
Victuals, at the next Victualling-Port, for such Shortness,
but oblige the said Commissioners, their Deputies, Ministers, and Agents, to make present Satisfaction, to the
Purser, without Delay, in the next Victualling-Port
where it shall be demanded.
They are to take care, that no Beef provided, and put
on board his Majesty's Ships, shall be delivered in Pieces
of any other Weight than of Four Pounds; nor of Pork,
than of Two Pounds; of Avoirdupois Weight in each
Piece; and that, at no time, there shall be any unusual
Pieces put up with the other Flesh, or apart for the Use
of the Ships Companies; such as Leg-Bones, Shins of
Oxen, or the Cheeks of Hogs, or Ox Hearts, &c.
The said Commissioners may, if they find it for his
Majesty's Service, issue to the Seamen serving on board
his Majesty's Ships in ordinary, Three Pounds of Beef, in
lieu of Two Pounds of Pork, for the Months of May,
June, July, and August.
The said Commissioners, or any of them, nor any
other Person or Persons on their or any of their behalf,
either directly or indirectly, are not, any manner of way,
to be interested or concerned in Selling of Victuals, or any
other Stores, Necessaries, or Utensils whatsoever, for the
Service of the Victualling, or in any Benefit or Advantage
which may arise thereby, as they will answer the contrary.
They are to manage the Service for the best Advantage
of his Majesty, in all Particulars thereof, according to
their best Skill, Judgment, and Discretion; and to stand
accountable to his Majesty, as well for the providing of
good, sound, and wholsome, Provisions, for the Health
and Satisfaction of the Seamen serving in his Majesty's
Ships and Fleet; as that the whole Service shall be managed with all possible Frugality and good Husbandry,
on his Majesty's behalf.
And to the end the Comptroller of his Majesty's Victualling-Accounts, residing at the Navy-Office, may, at
all times, be enabled to give unto the Lord High Admiral, or Commissioners of the Admiralty, and the principal Officers and Commissioners of the Navy, for the
Time being, a true and perfect State of all Matters relating to the Business of his Majesty's Victualling, both
as to the Receipts and Issues of his Majesty's Treasure,
supplied for that Service; the State of their Magazines
of Provisions, bought, issued, and remaining, with the
Quality of the same; and the good or ill Managements
exercised in the frugal dispensing of his Majesty's Treasure,
and regular answering his Majesty's Service; they are to
send to the aforesaid Comptroller, and to the Comptroller
of the Victualling-Accounts, for the Time being, the respective Accounts following, weekly and monthly, as is
hereafter expressed in each Article; viz.
1st. A Duplicate of the Accounts and Survey of the
Victualling-Stores, and Utensils of all Kinds, remaining at each of his Majesty's Victualling Ports,
and Store-houses, &c. and taken into their Possession,
according to what is directed in the Second Article
of these Instructions.
2dly, They are to cause to be prepared, and presented
to the said Comptroller, by the Cashier for receiving
and paying all Monies relating to the Victualling, a
weekly Account of all his Receipts and Payments of
Monies, in the same Manner and Form as was done
by the Cashier in the Time of the former Commissioners; mentioning, against each Bill, the particular
Fund out of which it was assigned, and paid.
3dly, A monthly Account of what Provisions, and
Stores, of any Kind, shall be bought by them, and
received into any of his Majesty's VictuallingStores; expressing, in distinct Columns, the Time
when, by whom, and Place where received, the
Quality and Quantity of Provisions bought, with
the Rate and Value paid, or to be paid, for the
4thly, Duplicates of all Indents for Sea, Harbour, and
Extra petty Warrant, Victuals; and for broken Proportions and Supplies of Victuals; issued out to any
of his Majesty's Ships and Vessels, according to the
10th Article of these Instructions.
5thly, To cause, at the End of each Month, an Account to be taken of the Quantity and Quality of
the Victualling-Stores, of all Kinds, that shall be
there remaining, in each Victualling-Port; and a
Duplicate thereof to be sent to the aforesaid Comptroller, monthly, as hath been usual.
6thly, A monthly Account of all Provisions, Cask,
Hoops, Bags, &c. that shall be returned into any of
his Majesty's Stores, whether decayed or otherwise,
from any of his Majesty's Ships or Vessels, expressing
therein the Time when, from whence, and to what
Place, together with the Quantity and Quality of
the Stores so received.
7thly, A monthly Account of all Monies payable to
the Treasurer of the Navy, or his Cashier, on his
Majesty's Victualling-Account, for decayed Provisions, or other Provisions sold, and for Tallow,
Hides, Offal, Bran, Small-coals, Grains, Rent of
any of his Majesty's Houses, Wharfs, &c.; and that
so it may be examined whether his Majesty hath
Right done him by the Cashier, in making a due
Charge thereof on his Accounts.
And for preserving his Majesty's Credit for the future,
by preventing all undue Preferences in Payments, in the
Victualling-Office, as is done in the Navy-Office, and to
know the true Debts due to the last of this Month, they
are to cause Bills to be made out, and signed by Three or
more of them, for all Monies that is, or shall be, due to
any Person or Persons, upon the 31st Instant, for any
Kind or Sort of Victuals, Stores, Utensils, Wages, Salaries, or other Disbursements and Payments whatsoever;
and those, and all other Bills that shall be remaining unpaid at that time, duly to number, and enter in Course
into a Book to be kept for that Purpose, under the 6
Columns following; viz.
1st, Number against each Person's Name.
2d, The Persons Names.
3d, Species of Provisions, or Service.
4th, The Quantity.
5th, Rate and Quality.
6th, Total Value of each Bill.
Entering the eldest First with N° 1, and so successively, 2,
3, 4, and according to the respective Times the Money
on the said Bills shall, by their Dates, appear to be due:
Which Bills being so made out, numbered, and entered,
they are to cause a Duplicate thereof, with a Particular of
the Imprest-money that shall be then standing out
against, and uncleared by, any Person, to be transmitted
to the aforesaid Comptroller: And, from that time
forward, they are to continue entering, and numbering,
in the same Book, all such Bills as shall be made out to
any Person or Persons, for Monies due to them from
the said Office, to be assigned upon the Treasurer of the
Navy for Payment in Course, according to their respective
Numbers, out of such Monies or Funds as shall, from
time to time, be appointed for the Service of the Victualling; Monies payable to any Persons by the way of
Bills of Imprest, or Exchange, upon extraordinary Occasions, being to be excepted; the Payment of such Bills,
out of Course, being not to be reckoned any Breach of
the Course: But this Method is not to be used but
where his Majesty's Service indispensably requires it.
And, in order to the coming to a true Knowlege what
each Man's Victuals will stand (fn. (a)) his Majesty in a Day,
they are to take a general Survey at the end of each Year;
viz. In the Month of December; of all the Provisions, and
Utensils, that shall be remaining in each Victualling-Port;
and, by or before the End of March next following, to
cause to be prepared, and presented unto the principal
Officers and Commissioners of his Majesty's Navy, an
Account, signed by themselves, of the Victualling for the
preceding Year; making the said Account Debtor, as well
to the Value of the said Survey, as for what Provisions
shall be returned from any of his Majesty's Ships, or
Vessels, and for such Monies as shall have been received
for the Service of the Victualling in that Year, either
from the Exchequer, or for Victuals, Stores, Tallow,
Hides, Offal, Bran, Small-coals, Grains, by them sold,
and remaining at any of the King's Houses, or Wharfs,
&c.: and also for the Debts of the Victualling, then in
Arrear; and per contra Creditor, for all Victuals issued in
that Year, and the like for all the Remains in his Majesty's respective Victualling-Stores; which being cast into
Money, it will thereby appear at what Rate the Men
serving in his Majesty's Navy have been victualled:
Which said Accounts, being comptrolled, examined, and
passed, by the said principal Officers and Commissioners,
are to remain in the Office of the Comptroller of the
And lastly, Whereas, at the putting of the Victualling of his Majesty's Navy into a Commission, and
settling Instructions for the same, it was ordered, That
the Treasurer of the Navy should issue all such Monies
as should come to his Hands, for the Service of the Victualling, upon Bills to be signed, and assigned, by any
Three of them, in the same manner as he issues the other
Monies which he receives for his Majesty's naval Services,
upon Bills upon the Navy-Board; and that the Cashier
for the Victualling should be the Treasurer's Instrument,
and one for whom he will be responsible; the said Commissioners of the Victualling are to take Notice thereof;
as also, that the said Cashier is, for the future, to keep
his Office in the Treasury-Office at Broad-street, and
make all his Payments there, by the said Bills, and not
WHEREAS this Board have thought fitting to appoint
the foregoing Instructions for your better Government, in
managing the Business committed to your Care, as
Commissioners for victualling his Majesty's Navy; you
are therefore hereby required, and directed, duly and
carefully to observe the said Instructions, in your Management of that Affair, accordingly; for which this shall be
your Warrant. Dated at the Admiralty-Office, this 4th
To the Commissioners for victualling
his Majesty's Navy.
Ordered, That the Consideration of the said Instructions be referred to the Committee of the whole House,
who are to consider further of the State of the Navy.
Drawback on Spirits exported.
Mr. Clark, from the Commissioners of Excise, according to Order, presented to the House an Account of
the Drawbacks paid, and allowed, by the Commissioners
of Excise, for Spirits, exported from London, which were
drawn from Corn, since the Act made for Distilling Low
Wines, and Spirits, from Corn.
And the Title was read.
The said Account is as followeth; viz.
||Gallons of Spirits.
||The Amount in Money.
|From the 24th of December 1690, to the 24th of June 1691, being half a Year.
|Year ended the 24th of June
|From 24th June 1698, to 29 September following
|From said 29 September to 11 January following
Excise-Office, London, 12 January 1698.
Robert Colbatch, Accountant for the London Distillery.
Ordered, That the said Account do lie upon the Table
until the Bill to prohibit the Distilling of Spirits, and low
Wines, from Corn; and to prevent Frauds in Distillers;
be read a Second time.
Mr. Cowper, according to Order, reported from the
Committee of the whole House, who were to consider
further of the Supply to be granted to his Majesty, the
Resolution of the said Committee; which they had directed him to report to the House; which he read in his
Place; and afterwards delivered in at the Clerk's Table:
Where the same was read; and is as followeth; viz.
Resolved, That it is the Opinion of this Committee,
That, towards the Supply to be granted to his Majesty,
the Sum of Eight hundred thousand Pounds be granted
to his Majesty, for the speedy paying, and disbanding, the
Army intended to be disbanded; and for other necessary
The said Resolution being read a Second time;
Resolved, That this House doth agree with the Committee in the said Resolution, That, towards the Supply
to be granted to his Majesty, the Sum of Eight hundred
thousand Pounds be granted to his Majesty, for the speedy
paying, and disbanding, the Army intended to be disbanded; and for other necessary Occasions.
Mr. Lowndes, according to Order, presented to the
House, a Memorial, by the principal Commissioners for
Prizes, for Consul Wescomb to come and adjust his Accounts:
And a Presentment to the Right Honourable the Lords
of the Treasury, for Two Agents for Prizes at Cadiz, in
the room of Martin Wescomb Esquire; with a Representation of his irregular Proceedings.
And the Titles of them were read.
The said Memorial, and Presentment, are as follow;
To the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of
his Majesty's Treasury.
May it please your Lordships,
WE having, in our Presentment of the Month of June
last, laid before your Lordships an Account of the
irregular Proceedings of Consul Wescomb, our Agent at
Cadiz in relation to Prizes carried into that Port; and
there being great Sums of Money in his Hands, for which
he stands accountable; and we being now preparing
our general Accounts, which, in a short time, we shall lay
before your Lordships; we beg Leave to remind you
of the said Presentment; and humbly submit it to your
Lordships Consideration what is sit to be done therein.
28 May 1698.
|The Presentment; viz.
19 June 1697.
|To the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury.
By the principal Commissioners for Prizes.
WE having, some time since, represented to your Lordships several irregular Proceedings committed by Martin
Wescomb Esquire, our present Agent for Prizes at Cadiz;
whereby his Majesty's Affairs, in relation thereunto, have
been very much prejudiced; and Mr. Robert Cholmley
and Richard Ennis, Merchants, having been recommended
unto us to be faithful and able Persons to serve his Majesty
in the Affairs of Prizes in the said Port; we do humbly
present the said Robert Chomley and Richard Ennis, for
your Lordships Approbation, to be constituted, by us,
Agent for Prizes in the said Port of Cadiz, and the Districts
thereof, in the room and place of the said Martin Wescomb; to be rewarded according to the Merit of his Services, without any standing Salary.
To the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners
of his Majesty's Treasury.
May it please your Lordships,
WHILE the Navy Royal was in the Mediterranean,
many rich Prizes came under the Care of Consul Wescomb, our Agent at Cadiz; who acting contrary to our
Instructions, and the Act for the Encouragement of Privateers, we immediately cautioned him to correct his
Actions, and conform himself, as he ought, to the Rules
and Directions of that Act: But he not regarding our
Admonition, we, with your Lordships Approbation, constituted Christopher Kerby Esquire a joint Agent with
him, in that Port; who, finding the Consul positively resolved, neither to join, assist, or inform him how Business,
relating to Prizes, had been managed in that Port, he declined his Commission: And we continued to observe,
how the Consul governed himself, as our sole Agent in
that Port: And we find, that having no Regard to the
Privateer Act, but, without Condemnation, or such Proceedings as are required, he sells on Ship-board (a Place
most fit for such Accounts as he hath sent us); whereby,
Collusion and Combination is highly suspected; and wherein, our Accountant-General observes, he hath sold at a
strange Under-value; with several Particulars of like
Nature, that are not to be passed over without a strict
Examination; which will require the Consul's personal
Presence: And, my Lords, it being of so great Concern,
not only to his Majesty, but to all the Appropriators
interested, by the Privateer Act, in the Sale and Proceed
of all Prizes, we most humbly pray, That Consul Wescomb, our Agent at Cadiz, may be immediately ordered
to bring over all his Books and Vouchers relating to
Prizes: that his Account, from the Beginning of his
Agency, which yet stands open, may be fully examined,
adjusted and cleared; himself discharged: and we justified to have executed our Trust with all Fidelity and
Prize-Office, 19 June 1697.
THE above is a Copy of our Presentment to your
Lordships at Michaelmas last: Since which, we find the
said Consul hath not only continued his usual Course of
Irregularities, but hath refused to give the Merchants any
Account of the Cargoes of the Prizes, nor Time of Sale;
and assumed to himself to charge 300 l. per Annum Salary,
notwithstanding his Deputation is but for a quantum meruit:
He hath never made any Appraisements; and when, by
our Order, he was directed to admit Mr. Ennis, and
Two more, to be joined with him in the Appraisement of
the Bon-Jesus, he refused to obey our Order; and her
Cargo, as we are informed, was clandestinely sold to one
Lindo, a Broker; with whom he, and other Adherents of
his, are jointly concerned: We have also annexed some
further Particulars; and submit all to your Lordships
An Abstract how Consul Wescomb has abused and
wronged his Majesty, as Agent to the Prize-Office
HE has, from the Beginning of his Agency, used his
utmost Endeavours to conceal from the Merchants at
Cadiz, and all others, the Quantity and Value of all Ships
and Cargoes brought in there by Men of War, or any
There has been several of the Merchants there with
him, from time to time, who have desired him to let them
have a particular Account of all Prizes and Cargoes, as
they came in; and that he would appraise, and sell them
fairly, by Inch of Candle, according as the Act of Parliament directs: such Order and Direction, as they did believe, being given him by the Commissioners for Prizes,
in pursuance of the said Act.
He doth not account to the Commissioners of Prizes
for 2,000 l. for the said Ship and Cargoes; though she
was afterwards sold, by the aforesaid Lindow, for above
10,000 l.; on board whereof, particularly was One Parcel
of Prunelloes, qt. 28 Cases; for which he accounted to
the Prize-Commissioners 70 l. whenas the said Consul
Wescomb sold but 25 of the said Cases for 350 l.; as is
here upon Proof, before their Lordships of the Treasury:
And it might be made plainly appear, if there were a
Commission sent out of the High Court of Admiralty, to
make Examinations there, that he has sold and disposed
of all such Ships or Cargoes which have been brought
in there since this War, at that Rate.
Besides, he sold Coffee for 2 Rs. per 1b. which is but
about 13d. when it was worth, in England, at least 8s.;
and Indigo for 4 Rs. which is but about 2s. 2d. per 1b.
which we then sold for upwards of 7s. per 1b. and the
Buyer to pay the Duty: And we may reasonably judge
he sold the Remainder of what Goods came to his Hands,
which was very considerable, after the same Rate.
Ordered, That the Consideration of the said Memorial,
and Presentment, be referred to the Committee of the
whole House, who are to consider further of the State of
Resolutions to encourage a Loan for disbanding the Army.
Resolved, That whoever shall advance or lend a Sum
of Money, not exceeding the Sum of Eight hundred
thousand Pounds, for the disbanding the Army, and other
necessary Occasions, shall be repaid out of the First Aids
to be granted this Session of Parliament.
Ordered, That the Committee of the whole House, to
whom the Bill for the speedy and effectual disbanding the
Land Forces in England and Ireland is committed, have
Power to receive a Clause, pursuant to the said Resolution;
and also to consider what Interest shall be allowed for the
Resolved, That this House will, To-morrow Morning,
resolve itself into a Committee of the whole House, to
consider further of the said Bill.
Suppressing Vice and Immorality.
The House, according to the Order of the Day, resolved itself into a Committee of the whole House, to
consider of the Bill for the more effectual Suppressing of
Vice and Immorality.
Mr. Speaker left the Chair.
Sir John Philips took the Chair of the Committee.
Mr. Speaker resumed the Chair.
Sir John Philips reported from the said Committee,
That they had made some Progress in the Matter to them
referred; and had directed him to move, That they may
have Leave to sit again.
Resolved, That this House will, upon Tuesday Morning next, resolve itself into a Committee of the whole
House, to consider further of the said Bill.
And then the House adjourned till To-morrow
Morning, Eight a Clock.