22. HOSPITAL OF ST. JOHN BAPTIST, BUCKINGHAM
The hospital of St. John Baptist is mentioned only once, under the year 1279, in the
Hundred Rolls of this county, (fn. 1) where it is
stated that the master held one acre of land
for which he paid 1d. yearly. It is just possible that the chapel of St. John Baptist, belonging to the hospital of St. Thomas of Acon
in London, (fn. 2) and endowed with a chantry by
Matthew Stratton in 1268, (fn. 3) may have originally been the chapel of this hospital; but
this is mere conjecture.
23. HOSPITAL OF ST. LAURENCE, BUCKINGHAM
The hospital of St. Laurence was founded,
for the purpose of sheltering lepers, probably
during the thirteenth century, though it is
not mentioned earlier than the fourteenth.
The master and brethren received an indulgence in 1321 from Bishop Burghersh, to induce the faithful of the neighbourhood to
contribute to their necessities. (fn. 4) In 1337 it
was stated that they had not enough for their
livelihood unless they could be relieved by
contributions from a somewhat wider circle,
and they were consequently allowed to seek
alms from those outside the town of Buckingham. (fn. 5) In 1347 a certain Gilbert of Buckingham endowed the hospital with lands of the
value of 10 marks, out of compassion for the
poverty of the master and brethren. (fn. 6) The
depreciation of property after the Great Pestilence probably made it impossible for the
house to be maintained any longer. Nearly
all the hospitals of the county came to an end
at this period.
Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), ii. 341.
||Chant. Cert. 5, n. 9.
||Ibid. and Browne Willis, History of Buckingham, 73.
||Linc. Epis. Reg. Memo. Burghersh, 39d.
||Pat. 10 Edw. III. pt. i., m. 37. See also Ibid. 2
Edw. III. pt. i., m. 10 and 4 Edw. III. pt.i., m. 23.
||Browne Willis, History of Buckingham, 40.