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'References', Survey of London: volumes 29 and 30: St James Westminster, Part 1 (1960), pp. 550-599. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=40630 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Contents

References
General Introduction CHAPTER I (pp. 21–28) The Bailiwick of St. James CHAPTER II (pp. 29–30) The Parish and Vestry of St. James CHAPTER III (pp. 31–55) St. James's Church, Piccadilly CHAPTER IV (pp. 56–76) St. James's Square CHAPTER V (pp. 77–210) St. James's Square : Individual Houses CHAPTER VI (pp. 211–214) The Haymarket, West Side CHAPTER VII (pp. 215–222) St. James's Fair, St. James's Market and Surrounding Streets CHAPTER VIII (pp. 223–250) The Haymarket Opera House CHAPTER IX (pp. 251–270) Piccadilly, South Side CHAPTER X (pp. 271–284) Jermyn Street CHAPTER XI (pp. 285–287) Duke of York Street CHAPTER XII(pp. 288–294) Charles II Street CHAPTER XIII (pp. 295–307) King Street CHAPTER XIV (pp. 308–312) Duke Street CHAPTER XV (pp. 313–316) Bury Street CHAPTER XVI (pp. 317–321) Ryder Street CHAPTER XVII (pp. 322–324) Pall Mall CHAPTER XVIII (pp. 325–338) Pall Mall, North Side, Past Buildings CHAPTER XIX (pp. 339–345) Pall Mall, North Side, Existing Buildings CHAPTER XX (pp. 346–384) Pall Mall, South Side, Past Buildings CHAPTER XXI (pp. 385–426) Pall Mall, South Side, Existing Buildings CHAPTER XXII (pp. 427–430) Warwick House Street and Carlton Mews CHAPTER XXIII (pp. 431–432) St. James's Street CHAPTER XXIV (pp. 433–458) St. James's Street, East Side CHAPTER XXV (pp. 459–471) St. James's Street, West Side, Past Buildings CHAPTER XXVI (pp. 472–486) St. James's Street, West Side, Existing Buildings CHAPTER XXVII (pp. 487–509) Cleveland Row CHAPTER XXVIII (p. 510) Little St. James's Street and Catherine Wheel Yard CHAPTER XXIX (pp. 511–541) St. James's Place CHAPTER XXX (pp. 542–545) Park Place, South Side APPENDIX (pp. 546–549) Some Distinguished Residents and Lodgers not mentioned in the Text

References

General Introduction

(pp. 1–19)

1. W.P.L., D1756, 1 Aug. 1693.

2. P.R.O., Works 5/2, Nov. 1661.

3. For example, see ibid., C7/464/2.

4. Ibid., Works 5/6, April 1664.

5. B.M., Add. MS. 22063.

6. P.R.O., C7/326/101.

7. Ibid., C8/553/16.

8. E.g., ibid., C8/251/14.

9. Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/2.

10. Edward Chamberlayne, Angliae Notitia, 1671, p. 493.

11. Notes and Queries, eleventh series, vol. ix, 14 Feb. 1914, p. 126.

12. H.M.C., Leyborne-Popham MSS., 1899, p. 260.

13. P.R.O., C7/263/42.

14. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 633/1, p. 20.

15. P.R.O., C7/538/1 ;C8/322/39.

16. C.E.O., file 11274.

17. John Gwynn, London and Westminster Improved, 1766, pp. 85–7.

18. The Builder, 11 Nov. 1848, p. 544.

19. 34 Geo. III, c. 75, public.

20. C.E.O., file 10655, 10 May 1854.

21. S. E. Rasmussen, London: the Unique City, 1937, p. 192.

22. C.E.O., file 15424.

23. The Builder, 26 Aug. 1893, p. 153.

24. N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England, London, The Cities of London and Westminster, 1957, P. 571.

CHAPTER I (pp. 21–28)

The Bailiwick of St. James

1. 23 Henry VIII, c. 24 (House of Lords Act No. 30).

2. 28 Henry VIII, c. 49 (House of Lords Act No. 34); P.R.O., E318/Misc./Chas. I, No. 144; Cal. L. and P. Henry VIII, vol. v, p. 287, No. 627 (23).

3. 28 Henry VIII, c. 42 (House of Lords Act No. 48); P.R.O., C66/1887, C66/3005.

4. C. L. Kingsford, The Early History of Piccadilly, Leicester Square, Soho . . ., 1925, p. 15.

5. P.R.O., E371/724, No. cxxvi.

6. Ibid., SP16/109, Nos. 55–6; E318/Misc./Chas. I, No. 144; E156/7; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1628–9, p. 198.

7. P.R.O., LRRO63/5, pp. 242–4.

8. Edward, Earl of Clarendon, The History of the Rebellion, 1702–4 ed., vol. iii, p. 343.

9. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iv, pp. 337–8.

10. D.N.B.; G.E.C.

11. P.R.O., LR1/61, ff. 78–80.

12. Ibid., LR1/61, ff. 82–6.

13. Ibid., LR1/62, ff. 59–65.

14. Ibid., C66/3005.

15. Ibid., C66/3077.

16. Ibid., LRRO60/1656, memorial of Thomas Walker.

17. P.C.C., 36 Hare.

18. P.R.O., LRRO63/14, p. 65.

19. Ibid., LRRO63/18, p. 239.

20. Westminster Abbey Muniments, Register Book II, f. 274b; ibid., Nos. 17126–7; P.R.O., LR1/55, f. 149; Cal. L. and P. Henry VIII, vol. iv, part ii, p. 1774.

21. J. V. Kitto, St. Martin in the Fields, The Accounts of the Churchwardens 1525–1603, 1901, p. 579.

22. P.R.O., LR1/47, f. 129.

23. Ibid., E317/Midd. 71.

24. Ibid., LRRO63/5, p. 318.

25. Cal. L. and P. Henry VIII, vol. v, p. 655.

26. P.R.O., SC6/Hen. VIII/2102–4; E317/Midd. 71.

27. P.R.O., C66/2348.

28. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1660–1, p. 21.

29. P.R.O., C66/2937, No. 24.

30. Ibid., SP29/68, No. 118.

31. Ibid., Index 4621, p. 207; N. Luttrell, A Brief Historical Relation of State Affairs, 1857, vol. iv, pp. 280–1.

32. P.R.O., T1/252, No. 67, ff. 322–3.

33. Ibid., LR1/283, f. 112.

34. Twelfth Report of the Commissioners of Woods, Forests and Land Revenues of the Crown, 1835, Appendix 26, pp. 182–3.

35. Chas. Wriothesley, A Chronicle of England . . . 1485–1559, ed. W. D. Hamilton, in Camden Society, N.S., vol. xx, 1877, pp. 63–4.

36. H.M.C., MSS. of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, vol. iii, 1926, p. 3.

37. Wriothesley, op. cit., p. 110.

38. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1640, p. 167.

39. A. Way, Notices of the Game of Pall Mall, in Archaeological Journal, vol. xi, 1854, pp. 253– 260.

40. British Museum, A Guide to . . . the Department of British and Mediaeval Antiquities, 1924, p. 101; The Builder, 11 March 1854, p. 135.

41. J. Lauthier, Nouvelles Regies pour le jeu de Mail, Paris, 1722 (copy in B.M.).

42. Robert Dallington, A Method for Travell, London, ? 1605 (copy in B.M.).

43. Cal. S.P. (Scottish) 1563–69, p. 558, No. 902.

44. The Basilicon Doron (1603 ed.), ed. James Craigie, in Scottish Text Society, 1944, pp. 120–1.

45. The Travels of Peter Mundy . . . 1608–1667, in Hakluyt Society, vol. iv, p. 44.

46. Edmund Waller, A Poem on St. James's Park as lately improved by His Majesty, 1661 (copy in B.M.).

47. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1631–3, p. 240.

48. P.R.O., LC5/132, f. 192.

49. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1660–1, p. 292.

50. Ibid., 1635, p. 404.

51. Ibid., 1660–1, p. 240.

52. P.R.O., LR1/56, f. 226.

53. Ibid., E317/Midd. 42.

54. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1625–6, p. 577.

55. P.R.O., C9/31/67.

56. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1638–9, p. 75.

57. D.N.B.; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1660–1, p. 290; Cal. Treasury Books, 1681–5, p. 1574.

58. P.R.O., E317/Midd. 71; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1660– 1661, p. 290; M.L.R. 1721/2/298.

59. P.R.O., MPE/505.

60. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1656–7, pp. 70–1.

61. Ibid., 1654, pp. 39, 311.

62. P.R.O., C7/474/57.

63. Ibid., C7/46/65.

64. Ibid., C7/671/19.

65. Ibid., C10/487/65.

66. Ibid., C7/671/19.

67. Ibid., C10/107/81.

68. Ibid., C5/43/116.

69. Ibid., C7/448/81; C7/448/96; C10/73/104.

70. Ibid., C7/671/19; C7/46/65; C5/43/116; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1654, p. 311, No. 84.

71. P.R.O., C5/614/75;C7/448/96;C10/487/65; C10/73/104; C10/107/81.

72. Ibid., C66/3099, No. 8.

73. William Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, 1830 ed., vol. vi, part ii, pp. 637–8.

74. 23 Henry VIII, c. 24 (House of Lords Act No. 30); Cal. L. and P. Henry VIII, vol. v, p. 201.

75. Cal. Pat. Rolls 1446–52, p. 296; ibid., 1467– 1477, pp. 62–3.

76. Eton College Records, Lease Book Register 1445–1529, ff. 80, 140, 159, 179.

77. P.R.O., SC6/Henry VIII/2103.

78. Ibid., LR1/41, f. 190.

79. Ibid., and LR1/40, f. 72.

80. Kitto, op. cit. (21 above), pp. 581–2.

81. Ibid., p. 326.

82. B.M., Lansdowne MS. 71, items 18–20, 22, 24.

83. P.R.O., LR1/50, ff. 15–16.

84. Ibid., LR1/48, f. 204.

85. Kitto, op. cit. (21 above), p. 450.

86. B.M., Lansdowne MS. 71, item 22.

87. P.R.O., C66/1812; C66/1887.

88. Ibid., LR1/60, f. 118.

89. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1645–7, p. 456.

90. P.C.C., original will; P.R.O., LR1/61, f. 78.

91. W. A. Shaw, The Knights of England, 1906, vol. ii, p. 227.

92. Cal. Treasury Books 1660–7, p. 10.

93. P.R.O., LR1/60, ff. 78–80; C66/3099, No. 8.

94. Ibid., LRRO63/8, p. 118.

95. L.C.C. R.O., E/Pym/1.

96. P.R.O., LRRO63/14, p. 139.

97. P.C.C., 172 Vere.

98. 7 Geo. I, c. 15, private (House of Lords Act No. 34).

99. P.R.O., LR1/283, ff. 1–8.

100. C.E.O., London lease book 38, pp. 292–314.

CHAPTER II (pp. 29–30)

The Parish and Vestry of St. James

1. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. viii, p. 544.

2. Ibid., vol. viii, pp. 558, 570, 572.

3. Ibid., vol. ix, pp. 96, 165.

4. Ibid, vol. viii, pp. 558, 572; C. Robbins, The Diary of John Milward, 1938, p. 298; W.P.L., F2004, 3 April 1677; the Hon. A. Grey, Debates of the House of Commons, vol. i, 1667–71, p. 300.

5. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. ix, p. 120.

6. Ibid., p. 727.

7. W.P.L., F42, 18 June 1685.

8. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. ix, pp. 742, 746, 753–4.

9. 1 Jas. II, c. 22, public.

10. The Builder, 18 May 1861, p. 343.

11. 2 Geo. III, c. 21, public.

12. 2 Geo. III, c. 58, public.

13. 11 Geo. III, c. 22, public.

14. 30 Geo. III, c. 53, public.

15. 59 Geo. III, c. 23, public.

16. 5 William IV, c. 18, local.

17. 8 Geo. II, c. 15, public.

18. W.P.L., D1760 passim.

19. Ibid., D1763, 6 Oct. 1774.

20. Ibid., D1766, 7 Dec. 1793.

21. Ibid., D1766, 2 June 1796, 26 Jan. 1797.

22. Ibid., D1771, 10 Aug. 1829.

23. Ibid., D1756, 5 Oct. 1685.

24. Ibid., D178.

25. London Topographical Record, vol. v, p. 117.

26. W.P.L., D1764, 27 April 1776.

27. Ibid., D1764, 1 March 1777, 12 Feb. 1778.

28. P.R.O., MR271, 872.

29. W.P.L., D1835A.

30. Ibid., D1836.

CHAPTER III (pp. 31–55)

St. James's Church, Piccadilly

1. Christopher and Stephen Wren, Parentalia, 1750, pp. 318–21.

2. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1673–5, 18 Aug., 23 Oct. 1674.

3. Notes and Queries, eleventh series, vol. ix, 14 Feb. 1914, p. 126.

4. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/18, ff. 15–19.

5. J. Lambert, Guide to St. James's Church, Piccadilly, 1958.

6. The Diary of Robert Hooke, 1672–80, ed. H. W. Robinson and W. Adam, 1935, p. 224.

7. P.R.O., C8/359/103.

8. Survey of London, vol. xx, 1940, The Parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Part III, p. 23 n.

9. Wren, op. cit., p. 261.

10. W.P.L., D1756, 26 Feb. 1686/7.

11. Ibid., D1756, 12 May, 7 Oct. 1686.

12. P.R.O., C8/359/103.

13. W.P.L., D1756, 14 Dec. 1686.

14. Ibid., D1756, 2 Feb. 1686/7, 9 Sept. 1685, 12 May 1686.

15. 1 Jas. II, c. 22, public; W.P.L., D1756, 29 March 1687.

16. Wren Society, vol. x, p. 54.

17. 1 Jas. II, c. 22, public.

18. P.R.O., LRR063/13, pp. 244–7; Cal. S.P Dom. 1683–4, 3 Nov. 1683.

19. W.P.L., D1756, copy of Letters Patent, 31 May, 36 Chas. II.

20. P.R.O., C54/4864, No. 29.

21. W.P.L., F2005, 16 July 1684; D1756, 5 Oct. 1685.

22. Ibid., F42, 1685.

23. Ibid., D1756, 7 July 1685.

24. Ibid., D1756, 2 Oct. 1689.

25. Ibid., F2005, 18 Sept. 1684.

26. M.C.R.O., Wills proved in Archdeaconry Court of Middlesex, will of Henry Murrell, 1683.

27. P.R.O., C6/252/37.

28. W.P.L., D1756, 12 May 1686, 13 April 1687.

29. P. Muilman, A New and Complete History of Essex, 1770, vol. ii, p. 62.

30. W.P.L., D1756, 12 Aug. 1685; C.W.A. (178), 1685.

31. Ibid., D1756, 16 Sept. 1685; C.W.A. (178), 1685.

32. Ibid., D1756, 5 Oct. 1685; P.R.O., C6/252/37.

33. W.P.L., D1756, 18 Dec. 1685.

34. Ibid., D1756, 13 Jan. 1685/6.

35. Ibid., C.W.A. (178), Jan. 1685/6.

36. Wren Society, vol. ix, Plate .

37. The Architects' Journal, 23 Sept. 1954, p. 365.

38. W.P.L., D1756, 3 Feb. 1685/6.

39. Wren Society, vol. x, p. 52.

40. W.P.L., F2004, 30 April 1674.

41. Ibid., D1756, 9 Sept., 5 Oct. 1685.

42. P.C.C., 55 Foot.

43. W.P.L., D1756, 24 Feb. 1685/6.

44. Ibid., C.W.A. (178), April? 1686.

45. Ibid., D1756, 12 May 1686.

46. Ibid., D1756, 20 Aug. 1686.

47. Ibid., D1756, 1 June 1686.

48. Ibid., C.W.A. (179), 3 Nov. 1686.

49. Ibid., D1756, 7 Oct. 1686.

50. Ibid., D1756, 2 Feb. 1686/7.

51. Ibid., D1756, 14 Feb. 1686/7.

52. Ibid., D1756, 19 Feb. 1686/7.

53. Ibid., D1756, 26 Feb. 1686/7.

54. Ibid., C.W.A. (179), 16, 20 Feb. 1686/7.

55. P.R.O., C5/119/11.

56. Guildhall Library, MS. 917, box 7.

57. W.P.L., D1756, 22 March 1686/7.

58. Ibid., D1756, 29 March 1687.

59. Ibid., D1756, 13 April 1687.

60. L.C.C.R.O., Westminster Commissioners of Sewers, Orders of Court, vol. 7, p. 58.

61. W.P.L., D1756, 14 Dec. 1691.

62. Ibid., D1756, 29 March 1692.

63. Ibid., D1756, 7 Sept., 14 Dec. 1691.

64. Ibid., C.W.A. (181), 30 June, 27 Nov. 1688.

65. Ibid., D1757, 26 Dec. 1696.

66. Ibid., A2202, A2202A, A2086.

67. Ibid., D1757, 6 April 1699.

68. Ibid., C.W.A. (187), 16 March 1699/1700.

69. Ibid., C.W.A. (187), 19 March 1699/1700.

70. Ibid., C.W.A. (189), 20 Oct. 1700.

71. Ibid., C.W.A. (189), 22 Dec. 1700.

72. Ibid., C.W.A. (189), 1700/1.

73. Ibid., D1756, 18 May, 13 June 1688, 13 Dec. 1689.

74. Ibid., D1757, 6 Oct. 1694.

75. Ibid., D1756, 17 Feb. 1692/3.

76. Ibid., D1756, 19 May 1693.

77. P.R.O., C8/359/103.

78. W.P.L., D1757, 4, 25 Nov. 1695.

79. Ibid., D1757, 2 Jan. 1695/6.

80. Ibid., D1757, 7 Jan. 1695/6.

81. Ibid., D1757, 15, 29 Jan. 1695/6.

82. Ibid., D1757, 7 Feb. 1695/6.

83. Ibid., D1757, 28 April 1696.

84. 7 and 8 William III, c. 17, public.

85. W.P.L., D1757, 22 Dec. 1696.

86. Ibid., D1758, 27 June 1710.

87. Ibid., D1757, 7 April 1702.

88. Ibid., D1756, 1 March 1687/8.

89. Ibid., D1756, 9 March 1687/8.

90. Ibid., D1756, 9 Jan. 1690/1.

91. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. v, p. 542 (18 July 1703).

92. James Macky, A Journey through England, 1722, vol. i, pp. 305–6.

93. W.P.L., D1756, 19 May 1693.

94. Boswell's London Journal 1762–1763, ed. Frederick A. Pottle, 1950, p. 54.

95. Narcissus Luttrell, A Brief Historical Relation . . ., 1857, vol. i, p. 313; The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iv, p. 397; E. Hatton, A New View of London, 1708, vol. i, pp. 298–9.

96. W.P.L., D1757, 18 Feb. 1703/4; D1759, 24 July 1722; D1761, 17 May 1751, etc.

97. Ibid., D1761, 17 May 1751; D1762, 19, 24 April 1764, etc.

98. Ibid., D1760, 2 June 1740.

99. Ibid., D1756, 1 March 1687/8.

100. Ibid., D1756, 19 Dec. 1688.

101. Ibid., D1762, 19 April 1764.

102. Ibid., D1761, 9 April, 17 May, 3 June 1751, 27 Jan. 1752.

103. Ibid., D1761, 2 June 1752.

104. Ibid., D1762, 2 July 1760.

105. Ibid., D1761, 1 May 1756.

106. Ibid., D1756, 13 April, 1 May 1756, 2 May, 2 June 1757.

107. See for instance J. W. Maitland, The History and Survey of London, 1756, vol. ii, Plate facing P. 1337.

108. W.P.L., D1762, 19 April 1764.

109. Ibid., D1762, 17 May 1764; D1763, 10 June 1771.

110. Ibid., D1762, 4, 19 Feb. 1765.

111. Ibid., D1762, 26 Jan. 1765.

112. Ibid., D1765, 19 June 1788, 19 Feb. 1789.

113. Soane Museum, journal No. 1, p. 78; ledger A, f. 166; W.P.L., D1765, 19 Feb. 1789.

114. W.P.L., D1765, 1 Aug. 1789, 11 Feb. 1790.

115. Ibid., D1767, 2 May 1803.

116. Ibid., D1767, 26 March, 7 April 1803.

117. Ibid., D1767, 7 April 1803.

118. Ibid., D1767, 4 July 1804.

119. Ibid., D1767, 22 Nov. 1804.

120. Ibid., D1767, 8 July 1805.

121. Ibid., D1768, 16 April 1811.

122. Ibid., D1765, 19 Feb. 1789; D1771, 26 Jan. 1829.

123. Ibid., D1769, 10 Aug. 1821.

124. Ibid., D1769, 21 Sept. 1820.

125. Ibid., loc. cit., and 18 Oct. 1821.

126. The Builder, 14 Jan. 1871, p. 24.

127. W.P.L., D1769, 3 Dec. 1821.

128. Ibid., D1770, 6 Dec. 1827.

129. Ibid., D1771, 1 May, 4 Oct. 1830.

130. The Builder, 20 Dec. 1856, pp. 690–1; 14 Feb. 1857, pp. 94–6.

131. Ibid., 25 May 1878, p. 549.

132. Ibid., loc. cit., and 26 Oct. 1878, p. 1130.

133. Ibid., 21 June 1884, p. 912.

134. The National Builder, May 1954, pp. 348–50; information supplied by Sir Albert E. Richardson.

135. Ibid., and The Illustrated London News, 3 July 1954, pp. 16–17.

136. W.P.L., D1756, 28 Sept. 1693.

137. Wren, op. cit. (1 above), p. 320.

138. W.P.L., D1759, 11 June 1714.

139. Ibid., D1771, 13 April 1830.

140. Ibid., D1773, 23 March 1837; The Builder, 4 June 1859, p. 373.

141. The Builder, 4 June 1859, p. 373.

142. W.P.L., D1756, 13 July 1685.

143. Ibid., D1762, 27 Oct. 1764; D1766, 8 Dec. 1801; D1769, 12 June 1822.

144. Ibid., D1769, 6 Sept. 1821.

145. Ibid., D1756, 24 Nov. 1693.

146. Ibid., D1756, 6 Dec. 1693.

147. Ibid., D1760, 26 Jan. 1742/3.

148. Ibid., D1762, 24 April, 1, 17 May 1764.

149. The Builder, 14 Feb. 1857, p. 94.

150. W.P.L., D1767, 10 March 1810.

151. Ibid., D1767, 15 April 1813.

152. Ibid., loc. cit., and D1768, 1 May 1813.

153. Ibid., D1769, 9 July 1819.

154. Ibid., D1769, 2, 15 June 1821.

155. The Builder, 16 Aug. 1845, p. 389.

156. Ibid., 23 Aug. 1845, p. 397.

157. Ibid., 30 Aug. 1845, p. 415; 4 Oct. 1845, p. 482; 25 July 1846, p. 353; 8 Aug. 1846, pp. 382–3; 26 June 1852, pp. 403–4; 2 June 1855, p. 257.

158. Ibid., 23 Aug. 1845, p. 397; 13 Sept. 1845, p. 441.

159. Ibid., 11 July 1846, p. 331.

160. Ibid., 14 Feb. 1857, pp. 94–6.

161. Ibid., 25 Aug. 1888, pp. 140–1.

162. The National Builder, May 1954, p. 349.

163. J. Britton and A. Pugin, Illustrations of the Public Buildings of London, 1825, vol. i, p. 180.

164. W.P.L., D1758, 26 Dec. 1704.

165. Wren Society, vol. ix, Plate .

166. James Elmes, Memoirs of . . . Sir Christopher Wren, 1823.

167. Britton and Pugin, op. cit., vol. i, pp. 181–2.

168. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 82.

169. E. Hatton, A New View of London, 1708, vol. i, p. 298.

170. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iv, p. 397.

171. W.P.L., D1769, 12 June, 21 Sept. 1820.

172. Ibid., D1769, 26 Jan. 1821; Gunnis.

173. W.P.L., D1769, 8 Feb. 1821.

174. Ibid., D1769, 26 Jan. 1821; C.W.A., 1821–2.

175. The Builder, 24 Oct. 1846, p. 509; 4, 18 April 1857, pp. 196, 223.

176. Ibid., 17 Nov. 1866, p. 845.

177. Ibid., 26 Oct. 1878, p. 1130.

178. G. H. Birch, London Churches of the XVIIth and XVIIIth Centuries, 1896, Plate XXXIX.

179. W.P.L., D1756, 14 Feb. 1686/7, 13 April 1687; D1759, 26, 31 March 1719; C.W.A. (189), 11 Nov. 1700.

180. W.P.L., D1761, 17 May 1751; D1762, 21 July 1764; D1765, 11 June 1789.

181. Ibid., D1767, 5 July 1803.

182. Ibid., D1769, 5 Jan. 1822.

183. Soane Museum, Soane drawings, drawer 47, set 8, Nos. 6–9.

184. Victoria and Albert Museum, E572, 1929.

185. Tablet in situ.

186. The Building News, 5 Dec. 1902, p. 795.

187. The National Builder, May 1954, pp. 348–50.

188. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), West London, 1925, p. 105.

189. Information supplied by the London Diocesan Fund.

190. L.C.C. Print Collection, Westminster, CB7238.

191. W.P.L., D1756, 27 April 1687.

192. E. W. Brayley, Londiniana, 1829, vol. 2, p. 282.

193. See The Builder, 14 Feb. 1857, p. 95, etc.

194. Ibid., 26 Oct. 1878, p. 1130.

195. W.P.L., D1760, 19 Feb. 1749/50.

196. Ibid., D1761, 11 June, 27 July 1757.

197. Ibid., D1756, 6 Aug. 1688.

198. Ibid., D1765, 12 March 1789.

199. The Architectural Review, vol. xxxiv, July-Dec. 1913, p. 37.

200. W.P.L., D1756, 17 April 1690.

201. Survey of London, vol. xiii, 1930, The Parish of St. Margaret, Westminster, Part II, pp. 106–7, 110, 116.

202. W.P.L., D1756, 7 Sept. 1691.

203. Ibid., D1756, 17 Oct. 1691.

204. Ibid., D1756, 22 March 1691/2.

205. Ibid., D1756, 21 July 1692.

206. Ibid., D1757, 14 Aug. 1695.

207. Ibid., D1758, 6 April, 14 May, 27 Dec. 1708.

208. The Builder, 20 Dec. 1856, p. 691.

209. Ibid., 14 Feb. 1857, p. 96.

210. The Illustrated London News, 16 Oct. 1852, p. 317.

211. B. D. Hylton Stewart, The Organ in St. James's, Piccadilly, in St. James's Church, Piccadilly, Parish Magazine, March 1955, pp. 8–11.

212. W.P.L., D1759, 26 Dec. 1729.

213. D.N.B.

214. W.P.L., D1763, 10 June 1772.

215. Ibid., D1761, 27 Jan. 1752; D1763, 12 June 1771.

216. Ibid., C.W.A. (179), 1 March 1686/7.

217. Ibid., C.W.A. (181), 20, 24, 27 Oct., 12 Nov. 1688.

218. Ibid., D1757, 18 Feb. 1703/4.

219. Ibid., D1762, 20 Feb., 26 Dec. 1764.

220. Ibid., D1756, 14 Dec. 1686; D1760, 6 June 1739; D1762, 21 July 1764.

221. Ibid., D1760, 9 May 1746; D1762, 27 Oct. 1764.

222. Ibid., D1760, 2 June 1740.

223. Ibid., D1760, 9 June 1747; D1762, 21 July 1764; D1765, 11 June 1789.

224. Ibid., D1762, 27 Oct. 1764.

225. Ibid., D1767, 30 Sept. 1803.

226. Ibid., D1773, 24 Dec. 1835.

227. Ibid., D1773, 23 March 1837.

228. H.M.C., 8th Report, Appendix I, 1881, p. 233b.

229. W.P.L., D1756, copy of Letters Patent 31 May, 36 Chas. II; D1762, 2 June 1763; D1765, 28 July 1784; D1769, 26 Jan. 1820.

230. Ibid., D1757, 19 May, 22 Nov. 1704; D1760, 11 June 1738.

231. Ibid., D1756, 12 Nov. 1688.

232. Ibid., D1756, 13 Aug. 1691; P.R.O., C105/39.

233. P.R.O., C105/39.

234. W.P.L., D1757, 18 Feb. 1703/4.

235. Ibid., D1757, 19 May 1704; D1758, 22 Nov. 1704.

236. 20 Geo. II, c. 29, public.

237. W.P.L., D1760, 5 March 1747/8, 26 May 1748, 23 March 1748/9.

238. 2 Geo. III, c. 58, public; W.P.L., D1762, 20 Feb., 4 March 1762.

239. Cal. Treasury Books and Papers 1735–8, pp. 528, 532, 537.

240. W.P.L., D1762, 2 June 1763, 25 June 1764.

241. Ibid., D1760, 5 March 1747/8; D1762, 2 June 1763, 1 May 1767.

242. Stone tablet in garden.

243. The Builder, 7 May 1937, p. 971.

244. W.P.L., C.W.A. (178), 10 Sept. 1685; D1756, 1 Oct. 1686.

245. Ibid., D1756, 9 Sept., 18 Dec. 1685, 1 Sept. 1686.

246. Ibid., D1760, 11 Sept. 1739.

247. The Builder, 24 Oct. 1846, p. 509.

248. L.C.C.R.O., M.B.O.,vol. 148, Cases of Information and Reference, pp. 80–90.

249. B.A. 14550; T.P. 14463.

250. National History and Views of London, 1837, vol. i, Plate facing p. 123.

251. W.P.L., D1756, 5 Oct. 1687; C.W.A. (180), 20 Oct. 1687.

252. Ibid., D1756, 17 April 1688.

253. Ibid., D1756, 21 June 1690.

254. Ibid., D1756, 22 Dec. 1690.

255. Ibid., D1756, 15 Dec. 1690.

256. Ibid., D1756, 15 Aug. 1690.

257. Ibid., D1757, 27, 29 Dec. 1697.

258. Ibid., D1756, 12 Aug. 1685; C.W.A. (178), 30 Sept. 1685.

259. Ibid., C.W.A. (180), 29 Nov.–12 Dec. 1687; 7 Jan. 1687/8–6 July 1688.

260. Ibid., D1756, 14 May 1692.

261. Ibid., D1756, 14 May, 3, 8 June 1692.

262. Ibid., D1756, 2 Aug. 1692.

263. Ibid., D1762, 5 March 1764, I May 1766.

264. Ibid., D1762, 2 June 1763.

265. Ibid., D1762, I May 1766.

266. Ibid., D1762, 1 May 1767, 25 June 1768; D1763, 26 Jan. 1769.

267. Ibid., D1758, 19 Oct. 1704.

268. Ibid., C.W.A. (179), 24 June 1686.

269. Hatton, op. cit. (169 above), vol. ii, p. 761.

270. New Remarks of London by the Company of Parish Clerks, 1732, pp. 265–6.

271. W.P.L., D1762, 26 Jan. 1767; D1763, 23 Aug. 1771.

272. Ibid., C.W.A. (1705), 19 April 1698.

273. Ibid., D1760, 26 Jan. 1742/3.

274. Ibid., D1765, 1 Aug. 1789.

275. Ibid., D1768, 13 Feb., 26 March, 18 April 1812, 12 April 1814.

276. The Builder, 18 May 1861, p. 343.

277. Ibid., loc. cit., and 4 Oct. 1862, p. 721; British Almanac and Almanac Companion, 1863, p. 272.

278. P.O.D.

279. W.C.C. Minutes, 15 Dec. 1921.

280. Ibid., 6 April, 18 May 1922.

281. Ibid., 28 July 1921, 12 Oct. 1922, 26 April 1923.

282. Ibid., 18 May 1922.

283. The Building News, 28 Sept. 1900, pp. 425, 439, sketch shows date on plaque now disappeared.

284. The National Builder, May 1954, pp. 348–50; T.P. 14463.

CHAPTER IV (pp. 56–76)

St. James's Square

1. P.R.O., C66/3005.

2. B. de Monconys, Journal des Voyages, Lyons, 1666, p. 11.

3. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. viii, pp. 499, 509.

4. P.R.O., SP29/75, No. 27.

5. Diary of Samuel Pepys, 2 Sept. 1663.

6. P.R.O., SP44/13, p. 340.

7. A. I. Dasent, The History of St. James's Square, 1895, pp. 63–4.

8. [Samuel Sorbière], Relation d'un Voyage en Angleterre, Paris, 1664, p. 38.

9. A Parallel of the Antient Architecture with the Modern . . . written in French by Roland Freart, Sieur de Chambray; made English . . . by John Evelyn . . ., 1664, dedication to Charles II.

10. P.R.O., SP29/85, No. 80.

11. Ibid., SP44/16, pp. 235–8, 313; SP44/72, pp. 490–501; SP38/22, No. 108.

12. Ibid., SP29/116, No. 17.

13. Ibid., C66/3077, No. 5, printed in Dasent, op. cit., pp. 268–79.

14. Ibid., MPE 556.

15. Ibid., SP44/16, pp. 235–8.

16. Dasent, op. cit., pp. 274–5.

17. P.R.O., SP29/361, No. 204.

18. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 6 Feb. 1726/7.

19. Ibid., 29 Jan. 1818, 4 June 1821, 4 July 1822.

20. Report of Royal Commission on London Squares, 1928, Appendix III, p. 160.

21. P.R.O., LRRO60/1656; MPE 505, 556.

22. Ibid., LRRO60/1656.

23. Ibid., LRRO63/72.

24. C. L. Kingsford, The Early History of Piccadilly, Leicester Square, Soho, 1925, p. 137; B. H. Johnson, Berkeley Square to Bond Street, 1952, p. 207; Dasent, op. cit., pp. 281–3.

25. P.R.O., G and D32/42, pp. 450–3.

26. R.B.

27. Dasent, op. cit., p. 159.

28. Gladys Scott Thomson, The Russells in Bloomsbury 1669–1771, 1940, p. 44.

29. Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Leeds, Newburgh Priory MSS., calendared in H.M.C., Various Collections, vol. ii, 1903, p. 119.

30. P.R.O., LRRO63/5, p. 244.

31. Ibid., C5/629/8.

32. Dasent, op. cit., p. 27.

33. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. ix, pp. 442–505.

34. The Poems and Letters of Andrew Marvell, ed. H. M. Margoliouth, 2nd ed., 1952, vol. ii, Letters, p. 215.

35. Hertfordshire County Record Office, Cowper (Panshanger) Collection, C4252.

36. B.M., pressmark 491 K.4(5).

37. P.R.O., C54/4196, No. 31.

38. Ibid., deed in C104/148.

39. Colvin, p. 382.

40. P.C.C., 36 Hare.

41. P.R.O., C54/5404, Nos. 14–15.

42. Ibid., C54/5404, No. 16.

43. P.C.C., 132 Barrett.

44. M.L.R. 1713/4/20.

45. For this and following see P.R.O., C10/224/29.

46. Cal. Treasury Books 1672–1675, pp. viii–xv.

47. P.R.O., LRRO63/11, p. 197.

48. Ibid., G and D32/42, p. 86.

49. Cal. Treasury Books 1681–5, p. 1278.

50. P.R.O., C54/5013, No. 27; B.M., Harl. MS. 2264, No. 151.

51. M.L.R. 1734/3/194–5, 238–9, 325–6.

52. 12 Geo. I, c. 25, public.

53. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1663–4, pp. 588, 599.

54. P.R.O., LR1/62, lib. 3, ff. 19–21.

55. Wren Society, vol. xviii, pp. 36–7; Survey of London, vol. xvm, The Parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Part II, 1937, p. 48 and notes.

56. P.R.O., C105/39.

57. L.C.C.R.O., Westminster Commissioners of Sewers, Orders of Court, vol. iv, p. 170.

58. P.R.O., C104/148; Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Leeds, Newburgh Priory MSS., calendared in H.M.C., Various Collections, vol. ii, 1903, p. 119.

59. Dasent, op. cit. (7 above), p. 49.

60. P.R.O., C10/494/114.

61. The Postman, 28–31 Aug. 1703.

62. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 15 March 1726/7.

63. Dasent, op. cit. (7 above), chapter IV.

64. Votes of the House of Commons, 1725, pp. 67, 73, 79, 89, 112, 123; Journals of the House of Lords, vol. xx, pp. 635–6, 638, 641, 648, 664.

65. Report of the Royal Commission on London Squares, 1928, p. 12, and Appendix IV.

66. 12 Geo. I, c. 25, public. Its provisions are summarized in Dasent, op. cit., pp. 53–4.

67. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 9 May, 2 Oct. 1728, May 1733.

68. Ibid., 2 April, 28 June 1816, 22 May 1830.

69. Ibid., 23 June 1726.

70. Bedfordshire Record Office, Lucas correspondence, No. 90.

71. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 11 Nov. 1726.

72. Henry E. Huntington Library, California, Stowe (Brydges) MS. 57, vol. 27, p. 346.

73. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, April 1748.

74. Ibid., 6 Feb., 2 March 1726/7, 27 March 1727.

75. Ibid., 15 March 1726/7.

76. Ibid., 6 Feb., 15 March 1726/7.

77. Ibid., 15 Feb. 1727/8.

78. Dasent, op. cit. (7 above), p. 59.

79. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 9 May 1728.

80. Narcissus Luttrell, A Brief Historical Relation of State Affairs . . ., 1857, vol. iv, p. 316.

81. The Post Boy, 11–14 Dec. 1697.

82. P.C.C., 100 Barnes.

83. J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, 1807, vol. iv, p. 326.

84. P.C.C., 238 Romney.

85. Brice's Weekly Journal (Exeter), 8 Oct. 1725; The Weekly Journal or British Gazetteer, 20 Oct. 1725.

86. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 16 March 1726/7.

87. New Remarks of London . . . by the Company of Parish-Clerks, 1732, p. 264.

88. Dasent, op. cit. (7 above), p. 59.

89. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 12 April 1753.

90. William Salt Library, Stafford, D.1778.V.1257.

91. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 30 April 1794.

92. H.M.C., MSS. of Earl of Dartmouth, vol. iii, 1896, p. 275.

93. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 16 April 1795.

94. Malcolm, op. cit., vol. iv, p. 327.

95. The European Magazine, vol. 54, July 1808, p. 37, and frontispiece.

96. The Gentleman's Magazine, Sept. 1799, p. 810.

97. Rev. Richard Cecil, Memoirs of John Bacon . . ., 1801, p. 19.

98. L.C.C.R.O., E/BN.26.

99. N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England, London, the Cities of London and Westminster, 1957, p. 565.

100. 17 and 18 Vict., c. 33, public.

101. G. Dixey and Co., St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 3 April 1911.

102. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 4 May 1759.

103. Ibid., 26 April 1770.

104. Ibid., 20 April 1769, 26 April 1770, 18 April 1771.

105. Ibid., 14 May 1799.

106. Ibid., 28 June 1816, 7 June 1817.

107. Ibid., 25 March 1819.

108. Ibid., 18 June 1817.

109. Ibid., 21 June, 17 Oct. 1817.

110. Ibid., 2, 4 Sept. 1817.

111. Ibid., 18, 23 May, 1 June 1818.

112. Ibid., 1, 6, 8 June 1818, 10 March 1819. The layout of the plantation is shown on a plan of 1831–6 in W.P.L., D1835A.

113. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 13 May 1819.

114. Ibid., 4 July 1822.

115. Ibid., 4, 26 July 1822, 7 June, 28 July 1823.

116. Ibid., 5 June 1824.

117. Ibid., 28 June, 4 July 1825.

118. The Builder, 10 Dec. 1853, p. 752.

119. G. Dixey and Co., St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 20 May 1854, and cash books.

120. Dasent, op. cit. (7 above), p. 61.

121. G. Dixey and Co., St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 1854, 'Additional Minutes'.

122. Ibid., 3 April 1911.

123. Ibid., 24 Oct. 1911.

124. Ibid., 18 April 1912.

125. Ibid., 9 Oct. 1917.

126. Ibid., 12 May 1921.

127. Ibid., 7 June 1923.

128. Information supplied by the Earl of Iveagh.

129. The Times, 3 May 1923.

130. G. Dixey and Co., St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 24 May 1922.

131. Ibid., 18 May 1933.

132. Ministry of Transport, Report of the Working Party on Car Parking in the Inner Area of London, H.M.S.O., 1953.

133. G. Dixey and Co., St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 31 May 1935.

134. H.M.C., Ormonde MSS., N.S., vol. vi, 1911, p. 502.

135. The Builder, 21 Sept. 1844, p. 481.

136. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 7 June 1833; G. Dixey and Co., St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 1855, 11 June 1864.

137. The Builder, 20 May 1876, p. 475.

138. Dasent, op. cit. (7 above), pp. 208–9.

139. Particulars and Conditions of Sale of. . . Norfolk House, Hampton and Sons, 1930 (copy in London Library).

140. Sir John Fielding, A Brief Description of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1776, p. 18.

141. B.A. 35101.

142. G. Dixey and Co., St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 6 April 1914.

143. 20 and 21 Geo. V, c. 158, public.

144. 22 and 23 Geo. V, c. 48, public.

145. L.C.C. minutes, Jan.—June 1935, p. 795.

146. Dasent, op. cit. (7 above), pp. 103–4.

147. J. Ralph, A Critical Review of the Publick Buildings . . . in and about London, 1734, p. 32.

148. M.L.R. 1737/3/516, and see Horwood's map.

149. J. Gwynn, London and Westminster Improved, 1766, pp. 85–6.

150. The Builder, 15 March 1851, p. 170.

151. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 9 May 1728, 15 April 1736.

152. Ibid., 22 Feb. 1727/8, 25 April 1760, 4 Sept. 1817.

153. Ibid., 17 April, 2 May 1766.

154. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 46, No. 16.

155. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 20 April 1809.

156. Ibid., 7 March 1818.

157. Ibid., 2, 4 Sept. 1817.

158. Ibid., 10 March 1819.

159. G. Dixey and Co., St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 24 May 1922.

160. R.B.; The Sunday Times, 25 May 1930; T.P. 8812.

161. P.R.O., C66/3077, No. 5.

162. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 81.

163. P.R.O., C10/507/62; FEC1/022; M.L.R. 1715/5/82.

164. P.R.O., MR271.

165. Ibid., LRRO60/641.

166. M.L.R. 1731/4/138–9.

167. Ibid., 1728/2/14; 1728/6/274.

168. London Evening Post, 2–4 Aug. 1748.

169. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 633/1, p. 20.

170. M.L.R. 1728/5/355–6, 382–3.

171. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 188, 272; P.R.O., C7/532/65; C8/333/123; C8/406/49; M.L.R. 1731/5/228;cf.M.L.R. 1720/1/266.

172. B.M., Crace Collection Maps, portfolio xii, No. 4.

173. Ibid., No. 12.

CHAPTER V (pp. 77–210)

St. James's Square : Individual Houses

1. P.R.O., deed in C104/148.

2. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 206.

3. P.R.O., C54/4196, No. 31, and deed in C104/148.

4. Ibid., C8/253/46.

5. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 328/2/1.

6. R.B.

7. H.M.C., MSS. of the House of Lords, 1689–90, 1889, p. 36.

8. Cal. Treasury Books 1697–8, p. 362; ibid., 1698–9, p. 124.

9. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1698, p. 214.

10. P.R.O., deed in C104/150.

11. Ibid., in C104/81 and 116.

12. Cal. Treasury Papers 1702–7, pp. 195, 382, 391; Cal. Treasury Books 1703, p. 366; ibid., 1704–5, p. 538; B.M., Add. MS. 38464, ff. 20, 32, 36, 48.

13. P.R.O., C10/540/11; B.M., Add. MS. 38464, f. 82.

14. P.R.O., C10/540/11.

15. Ibid., loc. cit., and in C104/116.

16. Ibid., C111/33.

17. B.M., Add. MS. 38464, f. 120.

18. P.R.O., C10/540/11, C104/113; see also C7/43/25.

19. Ibid., in C104/81.

20. Ibid., in C104/83.

21. Ibid., printed receipts signed by Giacomo Leoni, in C104/83, bundle S.

22. Ibid., in C104/82.

23. R.B. sub Charles Street.

24. P.R.O., C105/21. This reference was kindly supplied by Mr. H. M. Colvin.

25. The Daily Journal, 24 June 1726.

26. Letter-Books of John Hervey, First Earl of Bristol, 1894, vol. iii, p. 36.

27. Walpole Society, vol. 22, 1934 (George Vertue Note Book III), p. 95; Fog's Weekly Journal, No. 128, 6 March 1730/1.

28. Walpole Society, vol. 22, 1934, p. 95; ibid., vol. 19, 1931, Geoffrey Webb, The Letter and Drawings of Nicholas Hawksmoor Relating to the Building of the Mausoleum at Castle Howard 1726–1742, p. 128.

29. Walpole Society, vol. 22 (George Vertue Note Book III), p. 51.

30. Ibid., p. 61.

31. Horace Walpole, Anecdotes of Painting in England, ed. R. N. Wornum, 1888, vol. ii, pp. 327–9.

32. Walpole Society, vol. 19, p. 128.

33. Ibid., vol. 22, p. 162.

34. John Summerson, Georgian London, 1945, p. 86.

35. Westminster Bank deeds, abstract of tide 1757.

36. Ibid., 28 Jan. 1756.

37. Ibid., 11 May 1758.

38. Ibid., 30 April 1845.

39. Ibid., 1 Oct. 1805.

40. Ibid., 1864, 12 May 1875.

41. O.S., 1870, 1895.

42. Ingleson C. Goodison, 'Four Georgian Mantelpieces', in The Architectural Review, 1913, pp. 81–2.

43. Information supplied by Viscountess Falmouth, Nov. 1958.

44. Information supplied by Canada Life Assurance Company, Jan. 1956.

45. T.P. 61524.

46. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 373.

47. P.R.O., C54/4384, No. 17; L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 328/2/2.

48. P.R.O., C10/494/114.

49. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 328/2/5–6.

50. Ibid., B.R.A. 328/2/7–8.

51. Ibid., B.R.A. 328/2/10–12.

52. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 370.

53. A. I. Dasent, The History of St. James's Square, 1895, p. 221.

54. Ibid., p. 225.

55. National Library of Ireland, MS. 2522, ff. 151– 188.

56. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 328/2/15–16.

57. East Sussex Record Office, Ashburnham MS. 3000.

58. The Letters of Sir John Vanbrugh, ed. Geoffrey Webb, 1928, pp. 171–2.

59. Survey of London, vol. iii, The Parish of St. Giles-in-the-Fields, Part I, 1912, pp. 48–56.

60. Ibid., vol. xx, The Parish of St. Martin-in-theFields, Part III, 1940, pp. 67–8.

61. The Daily Post, 18 Dec. 1925.

62. East Sussex Record Office, Ashburnham MS. 4190.

63. Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/12 (Hand-in-Hand Fire Insurance Society, Policy Register).

64. East Sussex Record Office, Ashburnham MSS. 3000, 4190.

65. M.L.R. 1730/5/96.

66. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 328/2/21.

67. Soane Museum, Soane drawings, drawer 36, set 7, ff. 8, 9; private correspondence, division XIII, G No. 2.

68. Ibid., drawer 36, set 11, f. 30; B.M., Add. MS. 36278, L.

69. Soane Museum, abstract book No. 5.

70. Ibid., Soane notebooks.

71. Ibid., private correspondence, division XIII, G No. 22.

72. Ibid., journal No. 6, 1813–30, p. 399.

73. Ibid., notebook of work done for the Earl of Hardwicke, 1818–19.

74. Ibid., private correspondence, division XIII, G No. 54.

75. Ibid., loc. cit., No. 33.

76. Ibid., loc. cit., No. 17.

77. G.E.C.

78. Soane Museum, notebook of work done for the Earl of Hardwicke, 1818–19; bill book H, 1814–20.

79. Ibid., bill book H, 1814–20.

80. Ministry of Works, Historic Plans, GD/BA:1.

81. P.O.D.

82. Notes and Queries, 21 June 1930, p. 439.

83. B.A. 64605.

84. The Times, 11 Feb. 1933.

85. Ibid., 26 Sept. 1933.

86. Ibid., 6 Dec. 1934.

87. P.R.O., C54/4429, No. 31; B.M., Add. MS. 22254, ff. 1–2.

88. P.R.O., C8/231/11.

89. Bedfordshire Record Office, Lucas archives, in L1026/1/1.

90. Ibid., Lucas archives, L21/30.

91. The Daily Journal, 14 Dec. 1725; The Daily Post, 14, 18 Dec. 1725; B.M., Add. MS. 22227, ff. 50–5 (two letters to the Earl of Strafford from his brother, Peter Wentworth, 14, 23 Dec. 1725).

92. Earl de Grey, Memoirs of the Family of de Grey, 1846, quoted by M. J. McR(obert), Some Notes on the History of No. 4 St. James's Square, The Arts Council of Great Britain, 1951.

93. Bedfordshire Record Office, Lucas archives, in L1026/2/1.

94. Ibid., Lucas archives, case 4, file 145 (Book of Bills, 1727–8, and House Account, July-Dec. 1728); R.B.

95. Bedfordshire Record Office, Lucas archives, case 4, file 145 (Books of Bills 1725–6, 1727– 1728).

96. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. III.

97. B.M., SC426. Kerry Downes, 'Hawksmoor's Sale Catalogue', in The Burlington Magazine, Oct. 1953, vol. xcv, No. 607, pp. 332–5.

98. M. J. McR(obert), Some Notes on the History of No. 4 St. James's Square, 1951, p. 4.

99. The Daily Post, 12 May 1726.

100. Memorial inscription at Flitton, Beds. (information supplied by Mr. Rupert Gunnis).

101. Bedfordshire Record Office, Lucas correspondence, No. 1245.

102. Ibid., No. 1160.

103. WaIpole Society, vol. 16, 1928, Horace Walpole's Journals of Visits to Country Seats, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, pp. 39–40.

104. R.I.B.A. Library, Sir William Chambers correspondence, 18 May 1767.

105. Bedfordshire Record Office, Lucas archives, case 7–8, file 132.

106. Letters from G. Byfield to Marchioness Grey, 2, 14 Aug. 1790, in Lucas archives (information supplied by Mr. H. M. Colvin).

107. The Builder, 20 May 1876, p. 476.

108. Victoria County History of Bedfordshire, vol. ii, 1908, p. 325.

109. M. J. McR(obert), op. cit., pp. 16–19.

110. W.P.L., D1835A (plan).

111. M. I. Webb, Michael Rysbrack, Sculptor, 1954, p. 218.

112. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), facing p. 105.

113. M.L.R. 1730/6/73–5.

114. B.M., Add. MS. 22253, f. 21.

115. The Diary of Robert Hooke, 1672–80, ed. H. W. Robinson and W. Adams, 1935, p. 27.

116. W.P.L., D1756, 14 Feb. 1686/7.

117. B.M., Add. MS. 22253, f. 21.

118. Ibid., loc. cit., f. 22.

119. M.L.R. 1711/1/128–9.

120. B.M., Add. MS. 22226, ff. 3, 5, 17, 21.

121. Ibid., Add. MS. 22254, ff. 3–11.

122. Ibid., Add. MS. 22220, ff. 84, 88, 91, 93, 101.

123. Ibid., Add. MS. 22227, ff. 50–5.

124. The Daily Journal, 14 Dec. 1725.

125. B.M., Add. MS. 22254, ff. 14, 16.

126. Horace Walpole's Books of Materials in possession of Mr. W. S. Lewis of Farmington, U.S.A., vol. 2, p. 45.

127. B.M., Add. MS. 22254, ff. 22–47.

128. Colvin.

129. Horace Walpole, Anecdotes of Painting in England, ed. R. N. Wornum, 1888, vol. ii, p. 332.

130. Information supplied by Lady Elizabeth Byng; R.B.

131. Ickworth MSS., S3, 1–2 April 1675.

132. Ibid., 25–26 June 1677.

133. Ibid., and P.R.O., C54/4484, No. 21.

134. Walpole Society, vol. 25, 1937, M. I. Batten, The Architecture of Dr. Robert Hooke, F.R.S., pp. 107–8; The Diary of Robert Hooke, 1672– 1680, ed. H. W. Robinson and W. Adams, 1935, pp. 290, 308.

135. Ickworth MSS., R2, will of John Hervey of Ickworth.

136. The Diary of John Hervey, First Earl of Bristol, . . . ed. S. H. A. H(ervey), 1894, for 22 Dec. 1698.

137. Ickworth MSS., Diary of John Hervey, first Earl of Bristol, 24 Dec. 1708, 24, 31 Dec. 1709, etc.; The Diary of John Hervey, First Earl of Bristol, ut supra, p. 134.

138. Ickworth MSS., Letters and Verses between the Earl and Countess of Bristol, 1721–37, 14 Jan. 1728/9, quoted in Letter-Books of John Hervey, First Earl of Bristol, ed. S. H. A. H(ervey), 1894, vol. iii, p. 35.

139. Ickworth MSS., op. cit., 10, 14, 28 June 1729.

140. Ibid., Diary of John Hervey, first Earl of Bristol, 19–22 April 1731, 5 April 1732; The Diary . . ., etc., pp. 135–6.

141. Ickworth MSS., bound vol. 2, Letters from John Lord Hervey to Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and his Mother, etc., 1722–43, 12 Sept. 1741, 4 April 1743.

142. Ibid., bundle S3 ; B.M., Add. MS. 22254, ff. 17– 19; Letter-Books of John Hervey, First Earl of Bristol, etc., vol. iii, pp. 348–9, 351–2, 355.

143. Soane Museum, Holland price book 1767–72, pp. 46–50.

144. Ibid., Dance cabinet, slider 3, set 7, Nos. 9–13.

145. Johnstone's Commercial Guide, 1817; Robson's Directory, 1820, 1830, 1835, 1838; P.O.D., 1842, 1850, 1853.

146. For following see Ickworth MSS., Letters from John Field to the Earl of Bristol.

147. B.A. 40570.

148. The History and Treasures of Ickworth, Suffolk, pub. Pitkin Pictorials Ltd., p. 8 (information supplied by Mr. Douglas Davidson, Jan. 1960).

149. P.R.O., C10/413/11.

150. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 382.

151. Batten, loc. cit. (134 above); The Diary of Robert Hooke, etc. (134 above), pp. 332, 335, 340, 348.

152. P.R.O., C5/211/11.

153. P.C.C., 196 Richmond; M.L.R. 1713/4/71–2; 1717/4/244–7; 1724/6/230–1.

154. Walpole Society, vol. 18, 1930 (George Vertue Note Book 1), pp. 131–2.

155. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 145.

156. Soane Museum, Holland notebooks, R. Pearce's price book, pp. 127–9.

157. M.L.R. 1782/1/215–16.

158. Dorothy Stroud, Capability Brown, 1950, pp. 197–8.

159. Hampshire Record Office, Clarke Jervoise Collection, box 2, bundle 17.

160. M.B.W. minutes, 19 Dec. 1856, p. 735.

161. Christopher Hussey, The Life of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, pp. 294, 432.

162. A. S. G. Butler, The Architecture of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, vol. ii, p. 27, and figure 116.

163. Hussey, op. cit., pp. 294, 360–1, 432; Butler, op. cit., vol. iii, p. 15.

164. T.P. 39862.

165. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 384.

166. W.P.L., D1756, 2 April 1689.

167. M.L.R. 1722/5/307–8.

168. Ibid., 1768/7/86.

169. Soane Museum, Holland notebooks, R. Pearce's price book, pp. 112–13, 119–23.

170. Ibid., Soane drawings, drawer 36, set 7, No. 5.

171. The Sports Club, 1893–1938.

172. R.B.; The Story of Wedgwood 1730–1930, p. 41.

173. M.L.R. 1833/7/36.

174. G. Dixey and Co., St. James's Square Trustees' minutes, 1877–9; O.S. 1871 and 1895.

175. T.P. 14515.

176. Ibid.; East India and Sports Club deeds.

177. Register of the Church of St. Martin Organ . . ., ed. W. and S. Minet, the Publications of Huguenot Society, vol. xxxvii, 1935, Introduction.

178. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 153.

179. B. Ward, The Dawn of the Catholic Revival in England, 1781–1803, 1909, vol. i, pp. 24–7.

180. Ibid., p. 154; B. Ward, Catholic London a Century Ago, 1905, opp. p. 184.

181. The London Chronicle for 1790, 5–7 Jan., p. 18a.

182. Ward, The Dawn of the Catholic Revival, etc., vol. i, pp. 27, 301.

183. D.N.B. sub Rev. Joseph Proud; Rev. Joseph Proud, The Aged Minister's Last Legacy, 2nd ed., with memoir by the Rev. E. Madeley, 1854.

184. Walter Wilson, The History . . . of Dissenting Churches . . . in London . . ., 1810, vol. iv, pp. 54–5.

185. W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, 1612– 1928, N.D., p. 134.

186. M.L.R. 1833/7/36.

187. The Monthly Repository, Dec. 1824, p. 757.

188. G. A. Cooke, Walks Through London, 1832, p. 275.

189. The Unitarian Chronicle, 1833, pp. 150–2.

190. For this and the following see D.N.B. and L. P. Jacks, Life and Letters of Stopford Brooke, vol. i, 1917.

191. Jacks, op. cit., vol. i, p. 213.

192. J. H. Dixon in Notes and Queries, fifth series, vol. ii, pp. 406–7, 21 Nov. 1874.

193. The Builder, 20 May 1876, p. 476.

194. H.M.C., Ormonde MSS., N.S., vol. vi, 1911, p. 488.

195. P.R.O., C54/4432, Nos. 5 and 6.

196. Ibid., loc. cit.; C54/4433, No. 19.

197. Ibid., C10/507/62.

198. H.M.C., Ormonde MSS., N.S., vol. vi, 1911, pp. 488, 502, 506.

199. P.R.O., FEC1/P.73.

200. National Library of Ireland, MS. 2522, ff. 81– 142.

201. See H.M.C., Ormonde MSS., N.S., vol. vii, 1912, pp. xix, 78.

202. T. Carte, The Life of James, Duke of Ormond, 1857 ed., vol. iv, p. 700.

203. B.M., Add. MS. 22267, ff. 68–71.

204. National Library of Ireland, MS. 2544, ff. 9, II, 37.

205. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1698, pp. 10, 156; R.B.

206. National Library of Ireland, MS. 2525.

207. P.R.O., FEC1/O.16.

208. Ibid., FEC1/A.74.

209. Journals of the House of Lords, vol. xx, pp. 154–7, 176.

210. P.R.O., FEC1/A.69, 71, 73.

211. C. H. Collins Baker and M. I. Baker, The Life and Circumstances of James Brydges, First Duke of Chandos, 1949, p. 215.

212. P.R.O., FEC1/O.23.

213. Ibid., FEC1/O.21.

214. The Weekly Journal or Saturday's Post, 2, 9 May 1719; The Original Weekly Journal, 2 May 1719; The Weekly Journal or British Gazetteer, 2 May 1719.

215. The Weekly Packet, 23–30 Nov. 1717, quoted in Baker, op. cit., p. 212.

216. Henry E. Huntington Library, California, Stowe (Brydges) MSS., cited in Baker, op. cit., p. 214.

217. Baker, op. cit., p. 214.

218. P.R.O., FEC1/O.22.

219. Cal. Treasury Papers 1720–28, pp. 235–6.

220. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 93.

221. J.R. Robinson, The Princely Chandos, 1893, p. 93.

222. Henry E. Huntington Library, Stowe (Brydges) MS. 83.

223. Baker, op. cit., p. 198.

224. Northamptonshire Record Office, Temple(Stowe) collection, box 450, Duke of Chandos, Ledger 1719/20–1723, pp. 32, 25r., 47r.

225. Ibid., p. 103.

226. Victoria and Albert Museum, Dept. of Engraving and Design, box A.156, No. 3436–321; the attribution to Christopher Cass is owed to Mr. John Harris.

227. Baker, op. cit., p. 217.

228. E. K. Waterhouse, Painting in Britain, 1530– 1790, 1953, p. 92.

229. For following see Baker, op. cit., pp. 214–16, 282.

230. Henry E. Huntington Library, Stowe (Brydges) MS. 57, vol. 27, p. 346; J. R. Robinson, op. cit., pp. 118–20.

231. Henry E. Huntington Library, Stowe (Brydges) MS. 57, vol. 33, pp. 247–8.

232. J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, 1807, vol. iv, p. 326.

233. Henry E. Huntington Library, Stowe (Brydges) MSS., Duke of Chandos to Lord Carnarvon, 5 Nov. 1733.

234. Deeds of Royal Institute of International Affairs, recited in deed of 10–11 May 1736.

235. For following see R.I.B.A. Library, MS. deed box 728.3 (42.13)C.

236. Deeds of Royal Institute of International Affairs, deed of 10–11 May 1736.

237. M.L.R. 1765/6/136.

238. The Builder, 15 Feb. 1890, p. 124, 14 June 1890, p. 429.

239. B.A. 20717.

240. Deeds of Royal Institute of International Affairs.

241. Basil Williams, The Life of William Pitt, 1913, vol. ii, p. 126.

242. Correspondence of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, 1838, vol. i, pp. 227, 239, 256.

243. Soane Museum, Dance cabinet, slider 3, set 6.

244. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 177.

245. R. R. Madden, The Literary Life and Correspondence of the Countess of Blessington, 1855, vol. i, pp. 69, 71, 168.

246. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 178 n.

247. B.A. 20717; Sir Herbert Baker, Architecture and Personalities, 1944, p. 143.

248. M.L.R. 1766/5/53.

249. Ibid., 1766/5/58–9.

250. M. W. Brockwell, Catalogue of the Pictures and other Works of Art . . . at Nostell Priory, 1915; Sale Catalogue at Nostell, information supplied by Major T. L. Ingram.

251. Brockwell, op. cit., pp. 21–2.

252. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 41, No. 49.

253. Brockwell, op. cit., pp. 22–3.

254. Nostell Papers, A1, 5A, information supplied by Major T. L. Ingram.

255. Ibid., C4, I. 12.

256. M.L.R. 1787/4/132–3.

257. The Builder, 20 May 1876, p. 476.

258. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 123.

259. M.B.W. minutes, 15 Dec. 1876, p. 784.

260. P.R.O., C54/4433, No. 19.

261. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 377.

262. H.M.C., Ormonde MSS., N.S., vol. iii, 1904, p. 343.

263. P.C.C., 57 Price.

264. Colvin, p. 474.

265. Information supplied by Sir John Summerson.

266. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 376.

267. P.R.O., C54/4505, No. 36.

268. B.M., Add. Ch. 65730.

269. M.L.R. 1735/2/78–9.

270. H.M.C., MSS. of Earl of Carlisle, 1897, p. 159.

271. P.R.O., C108/362, Matthew Brettingham's notebook, March 1753 and memorandum near end.

272. Soane Museum, copies of bills 1785, f. 3.

273. A Short Account of the Windham Club from its Formation in 1828, 1923, p. 34 (B.M. pressmark 10349. W.1).

274. Deed of Legal and General Assurance Society, 12 July 1836.

275. A Short Account, etc., pp. 10–12.

276. Gunnis, p. 224.

277. A Short Account, etc., p. 28.

278. Ibid., pp. 15–16.

279. M.B.W. minutes, 1877, p. 551, para. 99.

280. A Short Account, etc., pp. 12–13, 28.

281. Ibid., p. 16.

282. The Marlborough-Windham Club, Rules and List of Members, 1947.

283. Information supplied by Legal and General Assurance Society Ltd.

284. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 633/1; B.M. Add. MS. 22063, item 371.

285. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 633/1; P.R.O., C5/470/76.

286. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 235.

287. For following see P.R.O., C5/470/76.

288. Isaac Ware, The Complete Body of Architecture, 1756 ed., p. 346.

289. H.M.C., 11th Report, Appendix part II, MSS. of the House of Lords, 1678–1688, 1887, p. 267.

290. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 633/1.

291. P.R.O., C8/336/182; John Dunkin, Oxfordshire (Hundreds of Bullington and Ploughley), 1823, pp. 200–1.

292. Dunkin, loc. cit.

293. H.M.C., Downshire MSS., vol. i, part ii, 1924, p. 909.

294. Bedfordshire Record Office, L1O26/2/1.

295. John Aheron, A General Treatise of Architecture, Dublin, 1754.

296. Peter Nicholson, The Architectural Dictionary, 1812–19.

297. Essex Record Office, D/DD c, A.18.

298. Ibid., D/DD c, A.12, f. 73.

299. Ibid., D/DD c, A.80, bill of Robert Taylor, statuary. This reference is owed to Mr. Rupert Gunnis.

300. Ibid., bills of William Hallett, cabinet-maker.

301. Ibid., bill of Thomas Burnett, upholsterer.

302. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 8, No. 112; vol. 20, Nos. 100–1; vol. 30, Nos. 100–4.

303. London Library deeds.

304. London Exhibited in 1851, ed. John Weale, p. 585.

305. R.I.B.A. Journal, 11 Feb. 1928, p. 275; C. T. Hagberg Wright, The London Library, 1926, p. 14.

306. B.A. 46628; Sir C. Hagberg Wright, The London Library, A Survey 1913–40, 1941, p. 6.

307. Sir C. Hagberg Wright, op. cit., p. 8.

308. Ibid., p. 6.

309. T.P. 33648.

310. Hertfordshire County Record Office, Cowper (Panshanger) Collection.

311. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 372.

312. R.B.; Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 24.

313. Hertfordshire County Record Office, Cowper (Panshanger) Collection, C.4247–8; P.R.O., C6/227/27.

314. M.L.R. 1748/1/122–3.

315. P.R.O., C108/362 (Matthew Brettingham's account book).

316. P.C.C., 230 St. Eloy.

317. Anson MSS.

318. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 125 n.

319. Colvin, p. 515.

320. P.C.C., 144 Stevens.

321. Diary of Lady Shelburne, 13 April 1768, quoted by A. T. Bolton, 'Lichfield House, No. 15 St. James's Square', in Country Life, 12 May 1917.

322. Notes and Queries, third series, vol. vi, 2 July 1864, pp. 71–2.

323. James Stuart and Nicholas Revett, The Antiquities of Athens, vol. ii, 1787 (published 1789), chapter II.

324. Ibid., vol. iii, 1794, chapter IV, Plate .

325. Christopher Hussey, 'Shugborough, Staffordshire', in Country Life, 25 Feb., 4, 11 March 1954.

326. Deed of Clerical, Medical and General Life Assurance Society.

327. MSS. of Clerical, Medical and General Life Assurance Society.

328. Edward Croft-Murray, Lecture on 'Biagio Rebecca and No. 15 St. James's Square', given at No. 15 in 1952 (copy at No. 15).

329. The Antiquities of Athens, vol. iv, 1816, headpiece to chapter I.

330. Ibid., vol. iii, 1795, chapter IX.

331. Ibid., vol. i, 1762, chapter IV.

332. Rebecca's bill, 16 June 1794, in possession of Clerical, Medical and General Life. Assurance Society.

333. A. T. Bolton, 'Lichfield House, No. 15 St. James's Square', in Country Life, 12 May 1917.

334. Soane Museum, Soane notebook transcript, vol. v, pp. 81–2; plan in Soane drawings, drawer 36, set 7, No. 1.

335. Ibid., Soane notebook transcripts, vol. vii, p. 53; journal No. 5, f. 128; Soane drawings, drawer 36, set 7, Nos. 2–4; plans of town houses, ff. 102–3.

336. Christopher Hussey, 'Shugborough, Staffordshire', in Country Life, 11 March 1954.

337. Sale catalogue in possession of Clerical, Medical and General Life Assurance Society.

338. The Builder, 31 May 1851, p. 353; 28 June 1851, p. 411; 30 Aug. 1851, p. 545.

339. Correspondence of Clerical, Medical and General Life Assurance Society.

340. Correspondence and deeds of Clerical, Medical and General Life Assurance Society.

341. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 125 n.

342. One Hundred Tears at Lichfield House 1856– 1956 (brochure of Clerical, Medical and General Life Assurance Society).

343. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 385.

344. Survey of London, vol. xiv, 1931, The Parish of St. Margaret, Westminster, Part III, p. 102 n.; see also P.R.O., Works 5/14 (March-June 1669).

345. P.C.C., 16 Irby.

346. Wren Society, vol. vii, 1931, p. 14.

347. P.R.O., C10/304/2; M.L.R. 1726/4/57–8; 1730/4/29; deed of Clerical, Medical and General Life Assurance Society, 4 Jan. 1785.

348. M.L.R. 1730/4/29.

349. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), facing p. 134.

350. Victoria County History of Surrey, vol. iii, 1911, p. 416; The Book of Yearly Recollections of Samuel Thornton Esq., privately printed, N.D. [1891], p. 178.

351. R.B.; The London Clubs, 1853.

352. An Account of the East India United Service Club, [March 1919], p. 3.

353. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 124 n. 2.

354. An Account, etc., p. 5; M.L.R. 1862/7/422.

355. The Builder, 3 March 1866, p. 153; P.O.D. 1865.

356. An Account, etc., p. 6.

357. The Times, 15 Sept. 1949; T.P. 22221.

358. National Buildings Record, photograph of 1938.

359. MSS. of the Earl of Bradford, box 6/61, abstract of title to No. 17 St. James's Square.

360. P.R.O., C54/4287, No. 28; B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 260.

361. Newburgh Priory MSS. in possession of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Leeds, calendered in H.M.C., Various Collections, vol. ii, 1903, p. 119.

362. H. C. Foxcroft, A Character of the Trimmer, 1946, p. 51.

363. The Daily Post, 26 June 1724.

364. 5 Geo. I, c. 4, private.

365. Nottinghamshire County Record Office, D.D.S.R. 211/246/5.

366. MSS. of the Earl of Bradford, abstract of title to No. 17 St. James's Square; M.L.R. 1724/ 3/197–9.

367. Notts Co. Record Office, D.D.S.R. 211/246/1–7; 215/3/1–16, 66.

368. Ibid., D.D.S.R. 215/3/15, 16.

369. Ibid., D.D.S.R. 215/3/2.

370. Ibid., D.D.S.R. 215/3/1.

371. P.R.O., SP44/16, p. 235A; see Notts Co. Record Office, D.D.S.R. 215/3/12.

372. The Daily Journal, 2 June–4 July 1724.

373. M.L.R. 1726/1/136–8; MSS. of the Earl of Bradford, abstract of title of No. 17 St. James's Square.

374. London Library, St. James's Square Trustees' minutes 1726–1835, 3 Aug., 11 Nov. 1726.

375. Ibid., 12 June 1727.

376. M.L.R. 1726/1/384–6; 1727/1/422–3.

377. Ibid., 1727/1/422–3.

378. Ibid., 1733/5/91–2.

379. L.C.C.R.O., M.B.O., vol. 140, Cases of Information and Reference, pp. 552–91, 8 Oct. 1845; cf. W.P.L., D1835A.

380. M.L.R. 1726/1/151–4; MSS. of the Earl of Bradford, abstract of title of No. 17 St. James's Square.

381. MSS. of the Earl of Bradford, box 4/1.

382. Account book of Sir Philip Francis, vol. i, 1781–92, 14 May 1790, in possession of Mr. H. W. S. Francis; schedule in covenant to produce deeds, 1864, in deeds in possession of Lawrence Graham and Co.

383. Account book, ut supra, June 1791.

384. The Francis Letters, ed. Beata Francis and Eliza Keary, vol. ii, N.D., p. 386.

385. M.L.R. 1839/5/755–6.

386. L.C.C.R.O., M.B.6., vol. 140, Cases of Information and Reference, pp. 552–91.

387. R.B.; P.O.D.

388. L.C.C.R.O., M.B.O., vol. 140, Cases of Information and Reference, pp. 552–91, Marsh Nelson to John Howell, 8 Oct. 1845.

389. M.L.R. 1863/19/96.

390. Ibid., 1733/5/91–2.

391. Soane Museum, Soane letter book, 1802–15, p. 42.

392. Deeds of Hawker Siddeley Group Ltd.; M.L.R. 1830/2/35.

393. Deeds of Hawker Siddeley Group Ltd.; R.B.

394. L.C.C.R.O., M.B.O., vol. 140, Cases of Information and Reference, pp. 552–91, and plan 65.

395. Deeds of Hawker Siddeley Group Ltd.

396. L.C.C.R.O., M.B.O., plan 65.

397. The Journal of the London Society, No. 344, Nov. 1958, pp. 41–2.

398. Deeds of Westminster and Kensington Freeholds Ltd.

399. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 24.

400. B.M., Add. Ch. 65725; P.R.O., 30/26/76.

401. P.R.O., C66/3236, No. 44.

402. B.M., Add. Ch. 65727.

403. Essex Record Office, D/DPT 275.

404. See Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 99.

405. W.P.L., D1835A (plan).

406. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), pp. 103–4.

407. W.P.L., D1305–10 (plans).

408. B.A. 13307; W.P.L., D1302–3 (plans).

409. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 367.

410. Deeds of Winchester House Property Co. Ltd.

411. 12 Geo. III, c. 10, private.

412. National Library of Wales, Wynnstay MSS. (1952 collection).

413. Ibid., 115/25.

414. Ibid., 115/4, p. I.

415. Ibid., 115/4, p. 14.

416. Ibid., 115/4, pp. 12, 35.

417. Ibid., 115/5, p. 10.

418. Ibid., 115/6, p. 30.

419. Ibid., 115/6, pp. 13, 46.

420. Ibid., 115/7, p. 6.

421. Ibid., 115/7, p. 38.

422. Ibid., 115/8, p. 16.

423. Ibid., 115/4, p. 28.

424. Ibid., 115/9, pp. 33–6.

425. Ibid., 115/17.

426. Eliza Meteyard, Life of Josiah Wedgwood, 1866, vol. ii, pp. 132–3. 357, 370–2.

427. National Library of Wales, Wynnstay MSS. (1952 collection), 115/7, 115/17.

428. Ibid., 115/24.

429. T.P. 7487; Arthur Oswald, 'The Preservation of an Adam House, No. 20 St. James's Square', in Country Life, 5 Aug. 1939; 'The Old—and the New—Adam', in The Architectural Review, Aug. 1938, pp. 104–6; Distillers House (booklet of Distillers Company), 1954.

430. Works in Architecture of Robert and James Adam, vol. ii, 1779, part ii, explanation of plate.

431. National Library of Wales, Wynnstay MSS. (1952 collection), 115/7, 115/24.

432. Ibid., 115/7, pp. 33–5.

433. Dictionnaire Critique et Documentaire des Peintres et Graveurs et Sculpteurs, Paris, 1911–23, new ed. 1948–55; Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, revised G. C. Williamson, 1919.

434. National Library of Wales, Wynnstay MSS. (1952 collection), 115/7.

435. Deeds of Westminster and Kensington Freeholds Ltd. (title-deed to No. 19 St. James's Square, 1674); D.N.B.

436. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 379; R.B.

437. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 152.

438. The Wentworth Papers 1705–1739, ed. J. J. Cartwright, 1883, pp. 168–9.

439. H.M.C., 7th Report, Appendix, 1879, p. 536b.

440. Ibid., Ormonde MSS., N.S., vol. vi, 1911, p. 339.

441. M.L.R. 1721/6/334; 1725/4/474–5.

442. Original Letters Illustrative of English History, ed. Henry Ellis, 2nd series, 1827, vol. iv, p. 91.

443. M.L.R. 1723/6/189–90.

444. J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, 1807, vol. iv, p. 326.

445. M.L.R. 1725/4/474–5.

446. Ibid., 1740/2/393–4.

447. Colvin, p. 96.

448. Soane Museum, journal No. 3, 1794–6, f. 228.

449. Ibid., letter book 1793–5, p. 41.

450. Ibid., journal No. 2, 1793, f. 50.

451. Ibid., journal No. 2, 1793, f. 360.

452. Ibid., Soane drawings, folio XI, ff. 46–54.

453. Ibid., Soane drawings, folio XI, ff. 41–5.

454. Ibid., journal No. 2, 1793, ff. 50, 71, 77, III; No. 3, 1794–6, ff. 107, 226, 228; No. 4, 1797–1804, f. 87.

455. Ibid., journal No. 2, 1793, f. III.

456. Ibid., Soane notebooks; journal No. 3, 1794–6, f. 226.

457. Ibid., bill book, 1794–7, ff. 164–8.

458. Ibid., bill book, 1794–7, f. 167b; ledger C, f. 382.

459. Church Commissioners, file 51447, printed particulars of sale.

460. Soane Museum, journal No. 2, 1793, ff. 77, 111; plans of town houses, f. 89.

461. Ibid., journal No. 2, 1793, ff. 71, 77.

462. Ibid., journal No. 3, 1794–6, f. 226.

463. Ibid., Soane drawings, drawer 36, set 7, No. 10.

464. Ibid., correspondence, division XIII, A. and B. 18(1), quoted in A. T. Bolton, The Portrait of Sir John Soane R.A., 1927, p. 90. The undated letter is assigned by Bolton, on the evidence of a later endorsement, to 1800, but it must be earlier as the Duke died in January 1799.

465. Ibid., sale catalogues 48, No. 6.

466. Marie P. G. Draper, 'The Building of the Church of St. John at Hackney', a lecture given to the R.I.B.A. Library Group, 10 Feb. 1958 (copy in the R.I.B.A. Library).

467. M.L.R. 1802/3/709.

468. Survey of London, vol. xxvi, 1956, The Parish of St. Mary, Lambeth, Part II, p. 161.

469. The Farington Diary, ed. James Greig, 1923, vol. ii, p. 80.

470. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 165.

471. L.C.C.R.O., U.L. deeds, box F.

472. M.L.R. 1820/4/572.

473. Edith, Marchioness of Londonderry, Frances Anne, the Life and Times of Frances Anne, Marchioness of Londonderry, 1958, pp. 71–2.

474. M.L.R. 1830/5/799.

475. Church Commissioners, file 41693, part i.

476. 38 and 39 Vict., c. 34, public.

477. Church Commissioners, file 51447.

478. P.O.D.; The Observer, 21 Oct. 1923.

479. B.A. 70264.

480. Guy Deghy, Noble and Manly. The History of the National Sporting Club, 1956, pp. 202–3.

481. Notes and Queries, 1 July 1934, p. 45.

482. Deghy, op. cit., p. 204.

483. T.P. 7487.

484. P.R.O., C54/4382, No. 35.

485. Ibid., C54/4384, No. 27.

486. Deeds of Army and Navy Club, bundle 5.

487. Victoria County History of Hertfordshire, vol. ii, 1908, p. 408.

488. B.M., Add. MS. 41133, f. 41.

489. Ibid., f. 44.

490. Ibid., f. 66 verso.

491. Soane Museum, bill book B, 1799, pp. 157–63.

492. Deeds of Army and Navy Club, 19–20 March 1799.

493. The Book of Yearly Recollections of Samuel Thornton Esq., privately printed, N.D. [1891], p. 105.

494. Soane Museum, journal No. 4, 1797–1804, p. 18.

495. Ibid., bill book B, 1799, pp. 134–63.

496. Ibid., journal No. 4, 1797–1804, p. 19; Soane drawings, drawer 36, set 11, Nos. 75–80.

497. The Book of Yearly Recollections . . ., p. 107.

498. Soane Museum, bill book H, 1814–20, pp. 77– 92.

499. The Book of Yearly Recollections . . ., p. 178.

500. Deeds of Army and Navy Club, bundle 4.

501. The Rules and Regulations, with an alphabetical list of the Members of the Army and Navy Club, 1865.

502. C. W. Firebrace, The Army and Navy Club, 1837–1933, 1934, pp. 8–9.

503. Ibid., pp. 10–12.

504. Ibid., pp. 25–6.

505. The Builder, 9 Jan. 1847, p. 18.

506. Ibid., 27 Feb. 1847, pp. 96–7.

507. Ibid., 24 April 1847, p. 199; 1 May 1847, p. 205.

508. Ibid., 1 May 1847, p. 205; 8 May 1847, pp. 213–15.

509. Ibid., 15 May 1847, p. 225; Firebrace, op. cit., pp. 39–40.

510. The Builder, 12 June 1847, p. 279; 31 July 1847, p. 361.

511. Ibid., 8 May 1847, pp. 218–21; 14 Aug. 1847, p. 385.

512. Ibid., 11 March 1848, p. 130; Firebrace, op. cit., p. 41.

513. Firebrace, op. cit., pp. 41–2. The Rules and Regulations . . . states that the foundation stone was laid on 13 May 1848.

514. The Builder, 18 Aug. 1849, p. 395.

515. Firebrace, op. cit., p. 44.

516. The Builder, 19 April 1851, p. 250.

517. The Illustrated London News, 8 March 1851, pp. 190–1.

518. Firebrace, op. cit., p. 43.

519. Ibid., pp. 52–6.

520. Ibid., pp. 62–3.

521. The Builder, 16 Aug. 1856, p. 452.

522. Firebrace, op. cit., p. 88.

523. The Builder, 22 Feb. 1879, p. 215; Firebrace, op. cit., pp. 76–7, 80–1.

524. Firebrace, op. cit., pp. 109, 137–8, 142.

525. Ibid., pp. 142–3.

526. Ibid., pp. 140–6.

527. The Builder, 8 March 1851, p. 154.

528. Gunnis, p. 64.

529. P.C.C., 430 Collier.

530. R.B.; deed of Canada Life Assurance Company for No. 9 Charles II Street, 25 March 1809.

531. T.P. 10090.

532. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), pp. 66–7.

533. Ibid., p. 10.

534. B.M., Add. MS. 21947, f. 123.

535. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), pp. 17, 62.

536. H.M.C., MSS. of R. R. Hastings, vol. iii, 1934, p. 29.

537. Dasent, op. cit., (53 above) p. 218.

538. P.R.O., C54/4457, No. 8; C54/4459, No. 13.

539. Travels of Cosmo the Third . . ., trans. G. Magalotti, 1821, pp. 163, 371, 395.

540. B.M., Add. Ch. 65723.

541. P.R.O., C54/4457, No. 8; recital in C54/4483, No. 31.

542. P.R.O., C54/4459, No. 13; C10/207/25; Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), pp. 65–7.

543. P.R.O., C10/207/25.

544. Ibid., C54/4805, No. 34.

545. Ibid., LRRO63/16, p. 134.

546. D.N.B.

547. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 210; T. B. Macaulay, History of England, 1849 ed., vol. v, pp. 28–32; see also H.M.C., 10th Report, Appendix, part IV, 1885, p. 333.

548. The Wentworth Papers 1705–39, ed. J. J. Cartwright, 1883, pp. 64–5, quoted in part by Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), pp. 13, 70–1.

549. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 72.

550. M.L.R. 1722/1/54–6.

551. P.R.O., C54/4287, No. 29; The Wentworth Papers, etc., p. 64.

552. The Wentworth Papers, etc., pp. 349–57.

553. John Macky, A Journey through England, 1714, vol. i, p. 119.

554. Walpole Society, vol. 18, 1930 (George Vertue Note Book 1), p. 38.

555. The Architectural Review, July-Dec. 1913, p. 92; Arthur Oswald, 'Norfolk House, St. James's Square', in Country Life, 25 Dec. 1937; F. J. B. Watson, 'English Villas and Venetian Decorators', in R.I.B.A. Journal, March 1954, pp. 172–3.

556. M.L.R. 1722/1/57–8.

557. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 73; J. T. Smith, Nollekens and his Times, 1829, pp. 170–1.

558. H.M.C., Egmont MSS., Diary of Viscount Percival, vol. ii, 1923, p.435; Lord Hervey and his Friends 1726–38, ed. the Earl of Ilchester, 1950, p. 273.

559. The Daily Post, 25 May 1738.

560. J.T. Smith, op. cit., 1829, pp. 170–1.

561. P.R.O., T55/5, pp. 118, 129–31.

562. H.M.C., MSS. of Earl of Carlisle, 1897, p. 197.

563. P.R.O., C54/4287, No. 29.

564. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), pp. 49, 77.

565. Will of Lord Belasyse, P.C.C. 165 Dyke.

566. The Daily Post, 26 Jan. 1726(/7).

567. M.L.R. 1727/1/426–7.

568. The Letters and Papers of the Banks Family of Revesby Abbey, 1704–60, ed. J. W. F. Hill, Lincoln Record Society, 1952, pp. xxviii, 133.

569. 21 Geo. II, c. 19, private.

570. P.R.O., C108/362.

571. The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, 1st series, 1861, vol. iii, p. 409.

572. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. iii, 1903, p. 396.

573. Anon. (? James Stuart), Critical Observations on the Buildings and Improvements of London, 1771, p. 28.

574. C.E.O., sale book No. 1, pp. 326–32; No. 2, pp. 71–5.

575. Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/145, f. 114.

576. Plan in Soane Museum, Soane drawings, drawer 7, set 1.

577. M.L.R. 1730/6/20.

578. P.C.C., 430 Collier.

579. Report of Commissioners of Woods, Forests, and Land Revenues to the Treasury, I 3 July 1813, in Soane Museum, correspondence, cupboard 1, division VII, F; Church Commissioners, file FP132, 16 April 1815.

580. H.M.C., MSS. of J. B. Fortescue, vol. x, 1927, p. 446.

581. Church Commissioners, file FP13 2, 15 Sept. 1819.

582. The Creevey Papers, ed. Sir Herbert Maxwell, 1903, vol. i, p. 335.

583. Colvin; London Exhibited in 1851, ed. John Weale, p. 355; Catalogue of. . . the Remaining Contents of Norfolk House, 1938, Messrs. Christie, Manson and Woods, p. 3.

584. Elizabeth, Lady Holland to her Son, 1821– 1845, ed. the Earl of Ilchester, 1946, pp. 228– 229.

585. Church Commissioners, file 4316, part 4.

586. Particulars and Conditions of Sale of. . . Norfolk House, Hampton and Sons, 1930.

587. Country Life, 19 Jan. 1945, p. 125.

588. The Times, 15 Nov. 1937.

589. Country Life, 26 Feb. 1938, p. xxx; deed of U.K. Temperance Provident Institution.

590. For following see T.P. 19056.

591. Catalogue of. . . the Remaining Contents of Norfolk House, 1938, Messrs. Christie, Manson and Woods; The Times, 8–12 Feb. 1938.

592. Deed of U.K. Temperance Provident Institution.

593. N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England, London, the Cities of London and Westminster, 1957, p. 568.

594. P.R.O., C54/4287, No. 29.

595. Sutton Nicholls's view of the square of c. 1722.

596. The Universal Spectator and Weekly Journal, 25 Nov. 1732; Survey of London, vol. xiv, 1931, The Parish of St. Margaret, Westminster, Part III, p. 129 n., quoting The London Daily Post, 23 Sept. 1735; Watson's Court Calendar, 1733 and 1734.

597. H.M.C., Egmont MSS., Diary of Viscount Percival, vol. ii, 1923, p. 144.

598. Deed of Prudential Assurance Co. Ltd., 10 July 1766.

599. Ibid., 18–19 Jan. 1771; A. E. Richardson, Robert Mylne, Architect and Engineer, 1955, pp. 85–6.

600. Church Commissioners, file FP 132; Soane Museum, correspondence, cupboard 2, division XIII, D.I.

601. Soane Museum, correspondence, cupboard 1, division VII, F No. 14.

602. Church Commissioners, file FP 132.

603. Soane Museum, correspondence, cupboard 2, division XIII, D.1, 59, 62.

604. For this and following see Church Commissioners, file FP 132.

605. 59 Geo. III, c. 45, private.

606. Articles of Agreement, and 'Nominees Account' in possession of Registrar of Diocese of London.

607. Plans and section in the possession of Mr. Walter Ison.

608. The Builder, 27 May 1854, p. 276.

609. Records in possession of Registrar of Diocese of London.

610. Church Commissioners, file 4316, part 2.

611. Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 156.

612. Church Commissioners, file 4316, parts 3 and 4.

613. B.A. 35106.

614. The London Gazette, 29 July 1930.

615. Church Commissioners, file 4316, part 5.

616. Notes and Queries, 31 Jan. 1931, p. 79.

617. Ibid., 23 April 1932, vol. 162, p. 297.

618. Deeds of Prudential Assurance Co. Ltd.

619. R.B.; Dasent, op. cit. (53 above), p. 221.

620. Bowles's view of c. 1752.

621. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 12, Nos. 38–40; vol. 22, Nos. 278–9; vol. 44, Nos. 14–18; vol. 53, Nos. 13–14.

622. Ibid., Adam drawings, vol. 44, No. 14.

623. Ibid., journal 4, 1797–1804, f. 451.

624. M.L.R. 1805/2/773.

625. Soane Museum, miscellaneous drawings F.5, Nos. 85, 87, 88; drawer 34, set 2.

626. Ibid., letter book 1802–1 5, p. 61; journal No. 5, 1804–12, ff. 32–4; bill book D, 1801–6, ff. 418–48; abstract book No. 3, ff. 141–2.

627. Ibid., journal No. 6, 1813–30, f. 58; correspondence, cupboard 1, division VII, F.14; drawings, drawer 7, set 1.

628. Ibid., correspondence, cupboard 2, division XIII, D.1, No. 1.

629. Church Commissioners, file FP 132, 16 April 1815.

630. Soane Museum, correspondence, cupboard 2, division XIII, D.I, No. 24.

631 Church Commissioners, file FP 132, 9 Oct. 1816.

632. Soane Museum, correspondence, cupboard 2, division XIII, D.I, No. 37.

633. Ibid., loc. cit., No. 39; abstract book No. 5, f. 11; drawings, drawer 7, set 1.

634. Ibid., correspondence, cupboard 2, division XIII, D.I, No. 46.

635. Ibid., loc. cit., No. 41.

636. Ibid., bill book H, 1814–20, ff. 171–91, 197–9; book I, 1819–20, ff. 182–215, 346–80, 553–5; book K, 1820–6, f. 97.

637. Ibid., Soane notebook, 27 July 1821.

638. Ibid., drawings, drawer 34, set 2.

639. Deeds of Prudential Assurance Co. Ltd.; B.A. 35106.

640. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 22, No. 278.

641. Ibid., vol. 12, No. 38.

642. Ibid., vol. 12, No. 39.

643. Ibid., vol. 12, No. 40.

CHAPTER VI (pp. 211–214)

The Haymarket, West Side

1. Reproduced in C. L. Kingsford's The Early History of Piccadilly, Leicester Square, Soho . . ., 1925.

2. Ibid., p. 92.

3. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. VI, p. 83.

4. Sir Ambrose Heal, The London Goldsmiths 1200– 1800, 1935, p. 140.

5. P.R.O., LRRO60/616.

6. Rev. George Reeves, A New History of London, 1764, p. 181.

7. Roach's London Pocket Pilot, 1793, p. 53.

8. W.P.L., A. M. Broadley, The Story of the Haymarket, 1911 : The Street, pp. 230–8.

9. James Ralph, A Critical Review of the Public Buildings . . . in and about London and Westminster, 1783 ed., p. 177 ; the Haymarket is not mentioned in the edition of 1734.

10. M.C.R.O., Haymarket miscellaneous accounts.

11. Third Report of the Commissioners of His Majesty's Woods, Forests and Land Revenues, 1819, p. 16.

12. II Geo. IV, c. 14, public general.

13. C.E.O., files 15430, 15433.

14. Ibid., file 15430; F. H. Howson, London's Underground, 1951, p. 45; W. J. Passingham, Romance of London's Underground, [1932], p. 62.

15. C.E.O., file 15430; Passingham, op. cit., p. 71.

16. C.E.O., file 15430.

17. The Builder, 17 March 1906, p. 280.

18. C.E.O., files 15433, 15647, 16969.

19. Ibid., files 15647, 17872.

20. Passingham, op. cit., pp. 84–5.

21. Inscription in concourse of station.

22. C.E.O., file 16969.

23. Ibid., file 12698; The Builder, 22 April 1876, p. 398; P.O.D.

24. C.E.6., file 11769.

25. Ibid., building agreement book 6, pp. 265, 269.

26. Ibid., file 16690.

27. The Times, 28 April 1927.

28. The Builder, 27 April 1927, p. 682.

29. Information supplied by Mr. Walter Ison.

30. C.E.O., file 17033.

CHAPTER VII (pp. 215–222)

St. James's Fair, St. James's Market and Surrounding Streets

1. Cal. Charter Rolls 1257–1300, p. 353.

2. Eton College records, Lease Book Register, 1445–1 529, ff. 80, 140, 159, 179.

3. P.R.O., Req. 2/12/95.

4. L.C.C.R.O., Harben X 38, recital in deed of 18 Aug. 1683.

5. P.R.O., LR1/40, f. 72.

6. Ibid., LR1/41, ff. 190–1.

7. Ibid., LR1/50, f. 15.

8. Acts of the Privy Council 1592–3, N.S., vol. 24, p. 348; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1603–10, p. 20; ibid., 1635–6, p. 553.

9. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1648–9, p. 206.

10. P.R.O., C8/110/167.

11. B.M., Add. MS. 10116, pp. 424–5.

12. The Newes, 1 June 1665.

13. P.R.O., C66/3035/50; SP29/71/51 and 51.1.

14. R.B.

15. P.R.O., C54/4790/4.

16. Ibid., C104/148.

17. The Newes, 22 Sept. 1664.

18. P.R.O., C66/3077.

19. The Diary of Samuel Pepys, 1 April 1666.

20. Richard Baxter, A Breviate of the Life of Margaret . . . Baxter, 1681, p. 54.

21. Reliquiae Baxterianae, 1696, part iii, p. 151.

22. Baxter, op. cit., pp. 54–5.

23. P.R.O., LRRO63/19, p. 255.

24. W.P.L., D138 Haymarket (1).

25. P.R.O., LRRO53/140.

26. Ibid., MR271.

27. Ibid., LRRO53/246.

28. Ibid., C114/173.

29. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 83.

30. Robert Seymour, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1735, vol. ii, p. 663.

31. Rev. J. Richardson, Recollections of the Last Half Century, 1856, vol. i, pp. 4–5.

32. E. W. Brayley, J. Nightingale and J. N. Brewer, London and Middlesex, 1815, vol. iii, pt. ii, p. 656.

33. P.R.O., LRR053/39.

34. Ibid., LRRO53/1, 2.

35. C.E.O., London lease book 6, p. 458.

36. Ibid., file 13678.

37. Ibid., plan 34/80.

38. Ibid., file 15990.

39. Ibid., files 16486, 16553, 16622.

40. The Builder, 6 March 1925, p. 376.

41. C.E.O., file 16622.

42. The Times, 3 Feb. 1927.

43. C.E.O., file 17539.

44. The Times, 5 Feb. 1937.

45. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 37.

46. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, vol. ii, 1897, The Journal to Stella, p. 85.

47. Memoirs of William Hickey, ed. Alfred Spencer, 1913, vol. i, pp. 1–2, 271.

48. P.R.O., LRRO63/121, p. 289.

49. W.P.L., D1824.

50. Ordnance Survey, sheet dated 1869–71.

51. A.P.S.D.; The Builder, 1 Oct. 1870, p. 789.

52. C.E.O., file 14547.

53. The Builder, 1 Oct. 1870, p. 789.

54. Ibid., 10 June 1865, p. 420; 1 Oct. 1870, p. 789.

55. C.E.O., files 14547, 15951.

56. Ibid., files 14469, 14824.

57. Ibid., files 17117, 14824; inscription on building.

58. C.E.O., file 14905.

59. Ibid., files 17117, 14905.

60. Ibid., files 11773, 15493.

CHAPTER VIII (pp. 223–250)

The Haymarket Opera House

1. Colvin.

2. An Apology for the Life of Mr. Colley Cibber, ed. R. W. Lowe, 1889, vol. i, pp. 315, 319.

3. The Rehearsal of Observator, 5–12 May 1705.

4. The Diary of John Hervey, First Earl of Bristol . . . 1688 to 1742, 1894, p. 157.

5. P.R.O., LRR063/23, pp. 354–7.

6. Ibid., C6/338/78.

7. Ibid., LRRO63/23, pp. 354–7; L.C.C.R.O., E/Woo/1.

8. The Complete Works of Sir John Vanbrugh, ed. Bonamy Dobrée and Geoffrey Webb, 1928, vol. iv, p. 8.

9. Ibid., p. 9.

10. P.R.O., C10/507/78.

11. Ibid., C33/301, f. 421v.

12. M.L.R. 1720/2/241.

13. Wren Society, vol. vi, 1929, pp. 31, 42–3, 66.

14. Ibid., vol. xv, 1938, p. xviii.

15. The Complete Works of Sir John Vanbrugh, etc., vol. iv, p. 150.

16. Kingston-on-Thames Borough records, D. iv, d. i.

17. Robert Wilkinson, Londina Illustrata, 1825, vol. ii, p. 163, 163 n.

18. Percy Fitzgerald, A New History of the English Stage, 1882, vol. i, p. 238 n.

19. P.R.O., LC5/154, p. 35.

20. Laurence Whistler, Sir John Vanbrugh, Architect and Dramatist, 1938, p. 107.

21. P.R.O., C7/668/31.

22. Ibid., LC5/154, pp. 299–300.

23. The Complete Works of Sir John Fanbrugh, etc., vol. iv, p. 24.

24. O. E. Deutsch, Handel, A Documentary Biography, 1955, p. 34.

25. An Apology for the Life of Mr. Colley Cibber, etc., vol. ii, p. 108.

26. D.N.B.

27. Country Life, 2 Sept. 1949, pp. 672–5.

28. P.R.O., LR1/282, ff. 32–3.

29. Ibid., LR1/282, ff. 190–1.

30. Whistler, op. cit., pp. 247–51.

31. M.L.R. 1719/6/323.

32. P.R.O., LR1/282, ff. 142–4.

33. Ibid., LC7/3, minutes of the Royal Academy of Music.

34. The Complete Works of Sir John Vanbrugh, etc., vol. iv, p. 123.

35. An Apology for the Life of Mr. Colley Cibber, etc., vol. i, pp. 321–2.

36. The British Journal, 21 Sept. 1723.

37. M.L.R. 1722/2/109.

38. Soane Museum, Opera House plans, note on plan of 1790 in drawer 38, set 3. See also W.P.L., A. M. Broadley, Annals of the Haymarket, King's Theatre volume, p. 53, articles of agreement of 1 Sept. 1747 between J. J. Heidegger and Robert Arthur.

39. Soane Museum, Soane drawings, drawer 38, set 3, No. 9.

40. The Case of the Opera House Disputes Fairly Stated, 1784, pp. 31–2 (copy in B.M., pressmark 641 d 31(20)).

41. P.R.O., LC7/3, letter of 20 Nov. 1784 to the Lord Chamberlain.

42. This engraving is in Parallele de Plans des Plus Belles Salles de Spectacles d'Italie et de France par le Sieur Dumont, c. 1774, where the plan has been incorrectly reversed by the engraver. There is a copy of this book in the R.I.B.A. Library.

43. P.R.O., LRRO63/70, p. 200.

44. B.M., Dept. of Prints and Drawings, Burney Collection of Theatrical Portraits, vol. ix, p. 65, No. 101.

45. Ibid., Crace Collection Views, portfolio XI, sheet 51, No. 112.

46. Quoted in Whistler, op. cit., p. 110.

47. Wren Society, vol. xii, 1935, Plate XXIII.

48. J. Mainwaring, Memoirs of the Life of the late George Frederic Handel, 1760, pp. 96–7.

49. Deutsch, op. cit., pp. 96–7, 226.

50. H.M.C., Egmont MSS., Diary of Viscount Percival, vol. iii, 1923, p. 329.

51. Deutsch, op. cit., pp. 248, 368, 437.

52. P.R.O., LC5/161, p. 97.

53. Deutsch, op. cit., pp. 520, 642.

54. W.P.L., A. M. Broadley, Annals of the Haymarket, King's Theatre volume, p. 53, articles of agreement of 1 Sept. 1747.

55. P.C.C., 284 Lisle.

56. P.R.O., LC5/161, p. 327.

57. R. B. O'Reilly, An Authentic Narrative of the Principal Circumstances relating to the OperaHouse in the Hay-Market, 1791, p. 3 (copy in B.M., pressmark 641 f 28).

58. P.R.O., LC5/161, p. 343.

59. Ibid., LC5/162, p. 92.

60. Ibid., LR1/286, ff. 9, 10.

61. P.C.C., 84 Plymouth.

62. P.R.O., LR1/67, ff. 124–6.

63. P.C.C., 182 Seymer.

64. P.R.O., LRRO63/52, pp. 449–51, 458–9.

65. Ibid., LR1/289, ff. 37–9.

66. Ibid., LR1/291, ff. 217–18.

67. Ibid., LC7/88, recited deeds of 24 March 1755, 1 Sept. 1761.

68. Ibid., LC7/88, recited deeds of 25 Nov. 1765, 1 April 1767.

69. Ibid., LC7/88, recited deeds of 30 June, 30 Sept. 1769.

70. Ibid., LRRO63/121, p. 257.

71. Ibid., LC7/88, recited deeds of 11 Jan., 17 Feb. 1773.

72. Ibid., LC7/88, recited deeds of 24 March 1775, 4 July 1777.

73. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 5.

74. Ibid., pp. 5–6; P.R.O., LC7/88, recited deeds of 26 Jan., 24 June 1778.

75. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 6.

76. P.R.O., LC7/88, recited deed of 24 June 1778.

77. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 7.

78. P.R.O., C12/947/18.

79. The Morning Chronicle, 25 Nov. 1778.

80. The Morning Post, 30 Nov. 1778.

81. Thomas Pennant, The History and Antiquities of London, 1814, p. 84.

82. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 8; Wilkinson, op. cit. (17 above), vol. ii, pp. 165–6. P.R.O., LC7/3, State of the title of the Opera House, gives the date as 1781.

83. O'Reilly, loc. cit.; Wilkinson, loc. cit.

84. O'Reilly, op. cit., pp. 9–11.

85. P.R.O., LC7/3, State of the title of the Opera House.

86. Ibid., C12/947/18; LC7/88, recited deeds of 25 Aug., 7 Nov. 1781; O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 15, gives the same information.

87. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1825, part i, p. 476.

88. The Case of the Opera House, etc. (40 above), p. 5.

89. John Ebers, Seven Years of the King's Theatre, 1828, p. 10.

90. Opera House. A Review of this Theatre, by Veritas, N.D., p. 51 (copy in B.M., pressmark 839 h 14).

91. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 19.

92. Ebers, op. cit., pp. 16–18, 27.

93. Henry Stocks Smith, The Parliaments of England, 1844, vol. i, p. 143.

94. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 16.

95. The London Chronicle, 26–29 Oct., 2–5 Nov. 1782.

96. George Saunders, A Treatise on Theatres, 1790, pp. 79–81.

97. Copy in the Enthoven Theatrical Collection in the Victoria and Albert Museum.

98. The London Chronicle, 2–5 Nov. 1782.

99. B.M., volume of theatrical press cuttings T.C. 42, 25 July 1789.

100. The Case of the Opera House, etc. (40 above), p. 12.

101. Ibid., pp. 12–15; P.R.O., LC7/3, State of the title of the Opera House.

102. The Case of the Opera House, etc. (40 above), p. 9.

103. Ibid., p. 29.

104. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 28.

105. The Case of the Opera House, etc. (40 above), pp. 25–8.

106. B.M., volume of theatrical press cuttings T.C. 41, 20 Aug. 1785.

107. O'Reilly, op. cit., pp. 31–2.

108. B.M., volume of theatrical press cuttings T.C. 42, July 1788.

109. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1789, pp. 755–6.

110. The Builder, 11 Feb. 1865, p. 103.

111. B.M., volume of theatrical press cuttings T.C. 42, 22 June 1789.

112. Opera House. A Review of this Theatre, etc., p. 3, 3 n.; see also the MS. note on William Capon's drawing in Crace Collection Views, portfolio XI, sheet 51, No. 112.

113. William Taylor, A Concise Statement of Transactions and Circumstances respecting the King's Theatre in the Haymarket, 1791, p. 4 (copy in B.M., pressmark 641 d 31(21)).

114. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 48.

115. Ibid., p. 56.

116. Taylor, op. cit., pp. 7–8.

117. O'Reilly, op. cit., pp. 49–52.

118. Ibid., pp. 53–4.

119. Taylor, op. cit., pp. 13–15.

120. O'Reilly, op. cit., pp. 56–7.

121. Ibid., pp. 58–9.

122. Ibid., loc. cit.; Taylor, op. cit., pp. 9–11.

123. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 60.

124. Taylor, op. cit., pp. 19–26.

125. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 61.

126. Ibid., p. 62.

127. P.R.O., LC7/88, articles of agreement of 1 Feb. 1790 recited in deed of 24 Aug. 1792.

128. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 63; Taylor, op. cit., p. 33; The London Chronicle, 16–18 March 1790.

129. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 63.

130. The London Chronicle, 3–6 April 1790.

131. Ebers, op. cit. (89 above), pp. 3–6.

132. Opera House, etc. (90 above), title-page.

133. Taylor, op. cit., pp. 33–5; The London Chronicle, 13–15 April, 20–22 April, 24–27 April 1790.

134. O'Reilly, op. cit., pp. 63–4.

135. The London Chronicle, 10–12 Aug. 1790.

136. O'Reilly, loc. cit.; P.R.O., LC7/88, deed of 24 Aug. 1792.

137. The London Chronicle, 5–7 Oct. 1790.

138. O'Reilly, op. cit., pp. 66–7.

139. Ibid., p. 64.

140. Taylor, op. cit., pp. 35–6.

141. Deryck Lynham, The Chevalier Noverre, 1950, p. 108.

142. Wilkinson. op. cit. (17 above), vol. ii, p. 166.

143. William C. Smith, The Italian Opera and Contemporary Ballet in London, 1789–1820, 1955, pp. 20–1.

144. British Museum Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, No. 8010; see also Nos. 7840, 8007–8.

145. Reminiscences of Henry Angelo, 1830, vol. ii, pp. 100–1.

146. The Builder, 28 Jan. 1865, p. 69.

147. Benjamin Lumley, Reminiscences of the Opera, 1864, p. 3.

148. P.R.O., LC7/88, deed of 24 Aug. 1792.

149. Ibid., LR1/294, ff. 136–42.

150. The Universal British Directory, 1790.

151. Survey of London, vol. XXVI, 1956, The Parish of St. Mary Lambeth, Part II, pp. 28, 87.

152. P.R.O., LRRO60/61 5, letter of 5 April 1799.

153. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 65.

154. P.R.O., LR1/294, ff. 159–69.

155. Ibid., LR1/294, ff. 153–5.

156. Ibid., LC7/88, deed of 1 Aug. 1792.

157. M.L.R. 1798/2/115.

158. P.R.O., LC7/88, deed of 9 Jan. 1800.

159. William C. Smith, op. cit., p. 24.

160. Memoirs of Lorenzo Da Ponte, trans. L. A. Sheppard, 1929, pp. 15–16.

161. Opera House, etc. (90 above), p. 28; Henry Stocks Smith, loc. cit. (93 above).

162. Ebers, op. cit. (89 above), pp. 11–12.

163. Opera House, etc. (90 above), pp. 40, 51; J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, 1807, vol. iv, p. 317.

164. Ebers, op. cit. (89 above), pp. 23, 28–9.

165. E. Waters, The Opera Glass, 1808, pp. 23, 31 (copy in B.M., pressmark 840 h 26).

166. Ibid., pp. 115–18.

167. B.M., volume of theatrical press cuttings T.C. 42, Oct. 1807.

168. Ibid., volume of theatrical press cuttings T.C. 43, undated.

169. Waters, op. cit., pp. 138–42; Ebers, op. cit. (89 above), p. 14.

170. The Examiner, 30 Dec. 1810.

171. Ebers, op. cit. (89 above), p. 27.

172. Ibid., pp. 28–34; In Chancery. The King's Theatre or Opera House. Chambers v. Waters and Executors of late William Taylor, 1829, p. 21 (copy in B.M.).

173. B.M., volume of theatrical press cuttings T.C. 41, undated; R.B.

174. Karl Geiringer, Haydn, A Creative Life in Music, 1946, p. 132.

175. Opera House, etc. (90 above), p. II; P.R.O., LRRO60/615, rough undated notes 'Novosielski in money in second Building in 1793, £9000'.

176. P.R.O., LRRO63/121, pp. 336–7.

177. William C. Smith, op. cit. (143 above), p. 36.

178. P.R.O., LC7/88, deed of 10 Nov. 1796; The Universal Directory, 1790.

179. P.R.O., LC7/88, deed of 2 Aug. 1797.

180. B.M., volume of theatrical press cuttings T.C. 42, 8 Jan. 1797.

181. John Summerson, John Nash, Architect to King George IV, 1935, p. 102.

182. P.R.O., LRRO63/121, p. 288.

183. Ibid., LRRO60/615, plan and rough jottings.

184. P.R.O., LRRO63/121, p. 289.

185. Algernon Graves, The Royal Academy of Arts, A Complete Dictionary of Contributors, 1906, vol. v, p. 48.

186. P.R.O., LRRO63/121, pp. 289–90.

187. Soane Museum, Soane correspondence, cupboard 2, division XII, C/5.

188. P.R.O., LRRO60/615, letter from Taylor of 1 July 1799.

189. C.E.O., plan 84/16.

190. 39 Geo. III, c. 74, local and personal.

191. Copy in B.M., Burney Collection of Theatrical Portraits.

192. J. Britton and A. Pugin, Illustrations of the Public Buildings of London, 1825, vol. i, pp. 73–4.

193. Copies of these engravings are in Dr. Richard Southern's collection, and in the Enthoven Collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum.

194. William C. Smith, op. cit. (143 above), pp. 40, 55.

195. John Feltham, The Picture of London for 1806, pp. 259–61 (copy in the Guildhall Library).

196. William C. Smith, op. cit. (143 above), p. 55.

197. The Theatrical Inquisitor, April 1813, quoted in William C. Smith, op. cit., p. 120.

198. P.R.O., LRRO60/615, notes by Leverton.

199. T. Malton, A Picturesque Tour Through the Cities of London and Westminster, 1792.

200. P.R.O., LRRO60/615, plan and letter dated 12 Jan. 1811.

201. First Report of His Majesty's Commissioners of Woods, Forests and Land Revenues, 1812, p. 14.

202. P.R.O., LRRO63/121, pp. 290–1.

203. They are listed as No. 80/24 in the catalogue of plans in the Crown Estate Office.

204. First Report, etc., p. 14, and Appendix 12(B), p.89.

205. Summerson, op. cit., pp. 128–31.

206. P.R.O., LRRO63/121, pp. 294–300.

207. Ibid., LRRO63/121, pp. 252–74.

208. Ibid., LRRO63/121, p. 344.

209. C.E.O., London lease book 5, pp. 576–619.

210. James Elmes, Metropolitan Improvements, 1827, p. 148.

211. Gunnis.

212. Ebers, op. cit. (89 above), pp. 125–7.

213. Ibid., pp. 347–8; D.N.B.

214. Ebers, op. cit., pp. 239–42.

215. Soane Museum, Soane correspondence, cupboard 2, division XII, C5/16.

216. Lumley, op. cit. (147 above), pp. 4–5.

217. Ibid., p. 19.

218. Ibid., pp. 12–16.

219. Ibid., pp. 9, 157.

220. Ibid., pp. 129–30, 132.

221. The Builder, 24 March 1849, p. 141; The Illustrated London News, 8 May 1847, p. 301, where there is an engraving of the new ceiling.

222. Lumley, op. cit. (147 above), pp. 156–8.

223. Ibid., p. 179.

224. Ibid., pp. 355, 359.

225. Ibid., pp. 362–3; D.N.B.

226. Lumley, op. cit., pp. 434, 446.

227. The Builder, 21 April 1860, p. 255.

228. J. H. Mapleson, The Mapleson Memoirs, 1888, vol. i, p. 33.

229. Ibid., vol. i, pp. 40–1.

230. The Builder, 21 March 1863, p. 212; 28 Jan. 1805, p. 69.

231. Mapleson, op. cit., vol. i, pp. 67–71, 87.

232. C.E.O., file 14444.

233. Ibid., file 13390; see also The Builder, 26 June 1869, pp. 507, 509.

234. C.E.O., plan 78/54.

235. Ibid., plan 77/93; file 13390; P.O.D.

236. The Times, 7, 9 Dec. 1867.

237. The Builder, 21 Dec. 1867, p. 929.

238. Mapleson, op. cit., vol. i, pp. 117, 124, 192.

239. The Builder, 28 Nov. 1868, p. 872; 26 June 1869, pp. 508–9; 4 Sept. 1880, p. 301.

240. Ibid., 26 June 1869, pp. 508–9.

241. The Times, 4 June 1892.

242. Mapleson, op. cit., vol. i, pp. 192–3, 197.

243. C.E.O., file 11213.

244. The Builder, 23 May 1874, p. 447.

245. This and the following paragraphs are based on C.E.O., files 13390, 14341, 14444, 14684, 14774, 14780, 14807, 14926, except where otherwise stated.

246. The Times, 4 June, 25 July 1892.

247. C.E.O., plan 35/14.

248. Ibid., plan 35/17.

249. The Builder, 1 Aug. 1896, p. 103; 8 May 1897, p. 421.

250. The Times, 29 April 1897.

251. Hesketh Pearson, Beerbohm Tree, His Life and Laughter, 1956, pp. 142, 236–9. Two photographs of the banqueting-hall are reproduced in the Supplement to The Sketch, 12 Sept. 1906.

252. The Builder, 24 July 1897, p. 75.

253. C.E.O., plan 35/18.

254. The Times, 11 July 1899.

255. Edwin O. Sachs, Modern Opera Houses and Theatres, 1897, vol. ii, p. 36.

CHAPTER IX (pp. 251–270)

Piccadilly, South Side

1. Reproduced in C. L. Kingsford, The Early History of Piccadilly, Leicester Square, Soho . . ., 1925.

2. 14 Chas. II, c. 2, public.

3. Kingsford, op. cit., pp. 97–8.

4. I Jas. II, c. 22, public.

5. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 83.

6. P.R.O., LR1/62, lib. 4, ff. 55–6.

7. W.P.L., D1756, copy of Letters Patent, 31 May 36 Chas. II.

8. C.E.O., London lease book 46, pp. 52–75.

9. Kingsford, op. cit., p. 101.

10. B.M., Add. MS. 22063.

11. J. Ralph, A Critical Review of the Publick Bumings in and about London and Westminster, 1734, p. 34.

12. The Daily Post, 15 March 1726.

13. C.E.O., London lease book 90, p. 355.

14. The Times, 15 Aug. 1905.

15. C.E.O., file 15379.

16. R.B.

17. D.N.B.

18. R.B., D.N.B.

19. P.O.D.

20. D.N.B., P.O.D.

21. Kingsford, op. cit., p. 101; see also H. B. Wheatley, Round About Piccadilly and Pall Mall, 1870, p. 45, who cites an unidentified source in the records of the Parish of St. Martin in the Fields.

22. P.R.O., LRRO63/29, p. 162.

23. Ibid., LRRO63/31, pp. 25–9.

24. Ibid., LRRO63/47, pp. 114–16, 210–13.

25. M.C.R.O., LV(W)68/22.

26. P.R.O., LRRO63/33, pp. 16, 167–8.

27. Ibid., LRRO63/47, pp. 114–16.

28. Ibid., LRRO63/62, pp. 76–9.

29. The Universal British Directory, 1790, pp. 510– 511.

30. Nollekens and His Times, by John Thomas Smith, ed. Wilfred Whitten, 1920, vol. i, p. 158; vol. ii, pp. 147–8.

31. C.E.O., file 12379.

32. Ibid., file 11993; The Builder, 24 Dec. 1870, p. 1023.

33. The Builder, 25 March 1871, p. 220.

34. Ibid., 8 July 1871, pp. 526–7.

35. Ibid., 8 July 1871, p. 534; 15 Nov. 1873, p.900.

36. Ibid., loc. cit.; C.E.O., file 11993.

37. C.E.O., file 11993; The Builder, 18 Jan. 1879, pp. 72–6.

38. The Builder, 18 Jan. 1879, pp. 72–6; N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England, London, except the Cities of London and Westminster, 1952, p. 259.

39. The Builder, 15 Nov. 1873, p. 900; 18 Jan. 1879, pp. 72–6.

40. The Times, 10 Nov. 1873.

41. C.E.O., file 11993.

42. The Builder, 13 April 1878, p. 394; 6 Dec. 1879, p. 1342.

43. Ibid., 15 Nov. 1879, p. 1275; 6 Dec. 1879, p. 1342.

44. Ibid., 6 Dec. 1879, p. 1342.

45. C.E.O., file 11993; The Builder, 11 Nov. 1882, p. 632.

46. The Builder, 19 April 1884, p. 558.

47. C.E.O., file 13762.

48. The Times, 30 Aug. 1895.

49. C.E.O., file 15491.

50. Ibid., file 16480.

51. Ibid., file 10267.

52. Information from plaque on the premises.

53. C.E.O., file 10675a.

54. Ibid., plan 75/99.

55. Ibid., file 12298; The Builder, 21 June 1873, p. 488; P.O.D.

56. C.E.O., file 12298.

57. Ibid., plan 76/44.

58. Ibid., file 13490.

59. Ibid., files 13490, 14435.

60. Ibid., file 14435; The Building News, 18 May 1894, p. 698.

61. C.E.O., file 15008.

62. Ibid., files 14435, 15008.

63. Ibid., file 15822.

64. Ibid., files 14500, 15133, 15167, 15169, 15245.

65. Ibid., file 15167.

66. Ibid., file 15245.

67. Ibid., files 15167, 15169; P.O.D.

68. C.E.O., plan 87/7.

69. Westminster City Council Minutes, 15 Dec. 1921. 18 May 1922.

70. The Builder, 5 Jan. 1923, p. 15; 26 Sept. 1924, p. 472.

71. Westminster City Council Minutes, 22 June 1922.

72. Ibid., 12 Oct. 1922.

73. Ibid., 26 April 1923, 22 Jan. 1925.

74. The Building News, 2 Jan. 1925, p. 12.

75. The Builder, 9 July 1881, p. 63; 28 April 1883, p. 568.

76. Information supplied by Mr. Reginald Blackmore, secretary of the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours.

77. The Builder, 28 April 1883, p. 568.

78. E.S. 60958.

79. M.C.R.O., LV(W)77/548.

80. Minutes of the General Committee of Bridewell and Bethlem Hospitals, 1878–1900, pp. 449– 450, 476.

81. National Buildings Record, photograph of the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours.

82. Arthur L. Humphreys, Piccadilly Bookmen: Memorials of the House of Hatchard, 1893, pp. 5–10; James Laver, Hatchards of Piccadilly 1797–1947, 1947, pp. 4–11.

83. Humphreys, op. cit., p. 6.

84. Ibid., p. 34; Laver, op. cit., p. 20.

85. Holden's Triennial Directory, 1805–7.

86. Laver, op. cit., p. 12.

87. Humphreys, op. cit., p. 73.

88. Laver, op. cit., p. 28.

89. Ibid., pp. 30–1, 47.

90. E.S. 47806.

91. Laver, op. cit., p. 46.

92. Court and Private Life in the Time of Queen Charlotte, being the Journals of Mrs. Papendiek . . ., ed. Mrs. Vernon Delves Broughton, 1887, vol. ii, p. 28.

93. M.L.R. 1733/4/220; 1736/1/141; 1737/5/268; 1739/1/29.

94. M.C.R.O., LV(W)49/19–29; 49/95.

95. P.C.C., 787 Norwich, will of John Mason.

96. P.R.O., LS2/33–4; 13/326; 2/40–1.

97. P.C.C., 185 Pakenham.

98. M.L.R. 1835/1/386–7; R.B.

99. M.L.R. 1835/1/386.

100. P.C.C., 1846/22, will of Richard Fortnum; P.O.D.

101. P.C.C., 1846/22.

102. E.S. 16184.

103. C.E.O., file 10262; London lease book 62, p. 452.

104. Ibid., file 10262.

105. Ibid., file 15514; P.O.D.

106. C.E.O., files 15514, 17743.

107. Ibid., file 15628; P.O.D.

108. The London Gazette, 25–29 May 1699; see also P.R.O., LRRO63/48, pp. 84–92.

109. P.R.O., LRRO63/48, pp. 69–72.

110. Ibid., LRRO63/77, pp. 100–8.

111. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1747, p. 152.

112. M.C.R.O., LV(W)68/24, 234.

113. P.R.O., LRRO63/57, pp. 438–41.

114. Kent's Directory, 1780, p. 114.

115. P.R.O., LRRO63/77, pp. 21–5.

116. Ibid., LRRO63/100, pp. 187–99, which includes Leverton and Chawner's unexecuted elevation.

117. Ibid., LRRO63/115, pp. 8–19.

118. Information supplied from Liverpool Record Office.

119. William Bullock, A Companion to the Liverpool Museum, sixth edition, 1808, title-page (copy in the British Museum).

120. William Bullock, A Companion to Mr. Bullock's London Museum and Pantherion, etc., twelfth edition, 1812, title-page (copy in the British Museum).

121. Bullock, A Companion to the Liverpool Museum, etc., pp. 1–5.

122. D. Murray, Museums, Their History and Their Use, 1904, vol. i, pp. 174–5, 178.

123. William Bullock, A Companion to the Liverpool Museum, seventh edition, 1809, title-page (copy in the British Museum).

124. R. Ackermann, The Repository of Arts, etc., vol. iii, June 1810, Plate .

125. A. T. Gage, A History of the Linnean Society of London, 1938, p. 141.

126. C.E.O., London lease book 4, pp. 475–87.

127. James Elmes, Metropolitan Improvements, 1827, p. 157.

128. Colvin.

129. Gunnis.

130. Ackermann, op. cit., vol. vii, April 1812, p. 227.

131. E. W. Brayley, J. Nightingale, and ]. N. Brewer, London and Middlesex, 1815, vol. iii, part ii, pp. 643–56.

132. Ibid., loc. cit.; D.N.B.

133. Ackermann, op. cit., second series, vol. viii, 1 Sept. 1819, pp. 153–4.

134. William Bullock, A Companion to Mr. Bullock's London Museum and Pantherion, twelfth edition, 1812, pp. 1–2.

135. Ibid., passim.

136. Ackermann, op. cit., second series, vol. i, 1 Feb. 1816, pp. 99–103; Brayley, Nightingale, and Brewer, loc. cit.

137. J. T. Tussaud, The Romance of Madame Tussaud's, 1921, pp. 81–7.

138. The Times, 20 March 1925.

139. William Bullock, Descriptive Synopsis of the Roman Gallery, etc., 1816, pp. 4–14, 18–19 (copy in the British Museum); Brayley, Nightingale, and Brewer, loc. cit.

140. William Bullock, Catalogue . . . of the Roman Gallery, etc., 1819 (copy in the British Museum); Murray, op. cit., vol. i, p. 178 n.

141. Murray, op. cit., vol. i, pp. 158, 178, 178 n.

142. Ackermann, op. cit., second series, vol. viii, 1 Sept. 1819, pp. 153–4; Notes and Queries, fifth series, vol. iii, 10 April 1875, pp. 254–5.

143. Ackermann, op. cit., second series, vol. x, 1 July 1820, pp. 48–50.

144. Ibid., second series, vol. xi, 1 June 1821, pp. 375– 376; D.N.B.

145. Ackermann, op. cit., second series, vol. xiii, 1 Feb. 1822, pp. 108–10.

146. Copy in L.C.C. print collection.

147. William Bullock, Six Months' Residence and Travels in Mexico, 1824, p. I.

148. Ackermann, op. cit., third series, vol. iv, 1 Dec. 1824, pp. 356–7.

149. H. B. Wheatley and P. Cunningham, London Past and Present, 1891, vol. ii, pp. 7–8; D.N.B.

150. William Bullock, Sketch of a Journey through the Western States of North America, 1827, pp. v, xxxi.

151. Notes and Queries, fifth series, vol. iii, 17 April 1875, pp. 302–3.

152. John Timbs, Curiosities of London, 1855, pp. 266– 268.

153. P.R.O., LRRO60/732.

154. The Builder, 3 Jan. 1903, p. 12.

155. Wheatley and Cunningham, op. cit., vol. ii, pp. 7–8.

156. Ibid., loc. cit.; L.C.C.R.O., M.B.O., vol. 81, Cases of Special Supervision, pp. 274–91; Country Life, 7 Jan. 1954, pp. 38–9.

157. C.E.O., plan 82/41.

158. Wheatley and Cunningham, loc. cit.; The Builder, 30 Oct. 1869, p. 861; 12 March 1881, p. 301.

159. C.E.O., plan 82/41; The Builder, 2 Jan. 1904, p. 6; London and Fashionable Resorts, 28th edition, 1899, p. 152.

160. L.C.C.R.O., M.B.O., vol. 81, Cases of Special Supervision, pp. 122–43, 274–91.

161. Wyatt Papworth, John B. Papworth, Architect to the King of Wurtemburg, 1879, p. 48.

162. The Builder, 2 Feb. 1884, p. 183.

163. C.E.O., file 14742; plan 82/41.

164. E.S. 33674; P.O.D.

CHAPTER X (pp. 271–284)

Jermyn Street

1. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, passim.

2. Ibid., Add. MS. 22063, item 89.

3. Ibid., Add. MS. 22063, item 358.

4. D.N.B.

5. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 335–6, 339.

6. W.P.L., deed 10/67.

7. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 271.

8. P.R.O., C54/4598, No. 6.

9. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Martin's parish.

10. Third Report of the Commissioners of His Majesty's Woods, Forests and Land Revenues, 1819, p. 16.

11. C.E.O., London lease book 46, pp. 52–7 5; E.G. O'Donoghue, The Story of Bethlehem Hospital, 1914, pp. 335–8.

12. Bethlem and Bridewell Hospitals, London estates sub-committee minute book, 1836–44, 21 Nov. 1836.

13. The Letters of Thomas Gray, ed. Duncan C. Tovey, 1904, vol. i, p. 245 n.; vol. ii, p. 289.

14. The Epicure's Almanack, 1815, p. 199.

15. J. G. Lockhart, The Life of Sir Walter Scott, 1903 ed., vol. x, pp. 178–82.

16. P.O.D.

17. C.E.O., file 14848.

18. Ibid., file 14115.

19. Sir John Smith Flett, The First Hundred Years of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 1937, pp. 24–5, 245.

20. P.R.O., Works 17/7/1.

21. Flett, op. cit., pp. 33–4, 50.

22. Ibid., p. 50.

23. Ibid., p. 53; The Builder, 7 June 1845, p. 267.

24. C.E.O., file 12789.

25. 8 and 9 Vict., c. 104, public general.

26. The Builder, 27 March 1847, p. 141.

27. P.R.O., LRRO60/569.

28. The Times, 13 May 1851.

29. Flett, op. cit., p. 52.

30. Accounts and Papers, 1851, XXXI, pp. 371–4.

31. The Builder, 18 Nov. 1848, pp. 558–9.

32. K. R. Towndrow, Alfred Stevens, 1939, p. 81.

33. Victoria and Albert Museum, Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design, No. 8068.

34. The Builder, 3 March 1860, p. 133.

35. Flett, op. cit., p. 33.

36. Ibid., p. 54.

37. P.R.O., Works 17/7/3; C.E.O., plan 75/58.

38. C.E.O., file 16882.

39. Flett, op. cit., p. 190.

40. Ibid., pp. 192–3, 197.

41. The Times, 28 March 1935.

42. C.E.O., file 12217.

43. Ibid., London lease book 53, p. 482.

44. A.P.S.D., vol. vii, 1887, p. 39.

45. C.E.O., file 12217; R.B.; P.O.D.

46. The Builder, 16 Jan. 1925, p. 125.

47. C.E.O., file 12903.

48. The Building News, 30 April 1880, p. 514; C.E.O., file 12903; P.O.D.

49. C.E.O., files 13303, 13760, 13840A; The Building News, 6 Nov. 1885, p. 728.

50. C.E.O., file 13303.

51. Ibid., file 13840A.

52. Ibid., file 15190.

53. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 346; P.R.O., LRRO63/34, pp. 4–5; LRRO63/50, pp. 92– 96.

54. P.R.O., LRRO63/76, pp. 123–9.

55. Ibid., LRRO63/77, pp. 29–36.

56. M.L.R. 1835/1/422.

57. M.C.R.O., LV(W)75/666.

58. P.O.D. sub. No. 21 Duke Street.

59. Photograph in The Architect's Journal, 4 Sept. 1941.

60. P.R.O., LRRO63/29, p. 52; R.B.

61. R.B.

62. P.R.O., LRRO63/50, pp. 92–6; LRRO63/65, pp. 306–9.

63. Ibid., LRRO63/69, pp. 187–8.

64. Ibid., LRRO63/130, pp. 3–23; R.B.

65. P.R.O., LRRO63/130, pp. 3–23.

66. C.E.O., London lease book 5, p. 622.

67. Bethlem and Bridewell Hospitals, minutes of General Courts, Nov. 1900–April 1919, p. 247.

68. The Times, 7 Dec. 1956.

69. M.L.R. 1727/3/309; P.R.O., LR1/282, ff. 176– 180; ibid., LRRO63/46, pp. 326–9.

70. P.R.O., LRRO63/134, pp. 62–80.

71. C.E.O., London lease book 7, pp. 146–61.

72. P.R.O., LR1/282, ff. 176–80.

73. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 359–64.

74. R.B.; D.N.B.

75. R.B.; L.C.C. Members' Library, file 50.

76. M.L.R. 1730/3/257.

77. R.B.; P.O.D.

78. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 359.

79. Ibid., Add. MS. 22063, item 360.

80. The Builder, 10 Feb. 1883, p. 195.

81. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 363.

82. The Builder, 16 Sept. 1882, p. 385.

83. M.L.R. 1729/1/208.

84. Information supplied by the assistant secretary of the R.S.P.C.A.

85. Ibid; deeds in possession of the R.S.P.C.A.; The Builder, 15 May 1869, p. 393.

86. Deeds in possession of the R.S.P.C.A.

87. B.A. 23086.

88. E.S. 18993.

89. The Building News, 24 Aug. 1900, p. 251.

90. C.E.O., file 15097; information supplied by Standen and Co.; P.O.D.

91. C.E.O., file 15097.

CHAPTER XI (pp. 285–287)

Duke of York Street

1. R.B.

2. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Martin's parish.

3. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 83.

4. R.B.; The British Directory, 1790.

5. R.B.; Kent's Directory.

6. P.O.D.

7. M.L.R. 1788/8/213.

8. Deeds in the possession of Meux's Brewery Co. Ltd.

9. The Architectural Review, Oct. 1949, p. 251.

CHAPTER XII(pp. 288–294)

Charles II Street

1. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 151, 157, 166, 171, 173, 177, 181, 186, 190, 222–3, 234, 261, 273–4.

2. Ibid., item 173; Colvin.

3. W.P.L., deed 10/67; B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 273–4.

4. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 190.

5. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 83.

6. Colvin.

7. P.R.O., LRRO63/121, p. 288.

8. 39 Geo. III, c. 74, local and personal.

9. Third Report of the Commissioners of His Majesty's Woods, Forests and Land Revenues, 1819, p. 16.

10. John Nichols, The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester, 1815, vol. i, part ii, p. 528; G.E.C.

11. P.R.O., LRRO63/68, pp. 35–7, 58–63.

12. R.B.

13. Algernon Graves, The Society of Artists of Great Britain, 1760–1791: The Free Society of Artists 1761–1783, 1907, p. 131.

14. R.B.; G.E.C.

15. R.B.; D.N.B.

16. Second Report of the Commissioners of His Majesty's Woods, Forests and Land Revenues, 1816, Appendix 27, p. 127.

17. Third Report, etc., 1819, p. 16; Fourth Report, etc., 1823, p. 22; D.N.B.

18. D.N.B.; Directories.

19. Burke's Peerage; Directories.

20. C.E.O., file 14797.

21. Ibid., file 15711.

22. P.O.D.

23. C.E.O., file 11921.

24. Wyatt Papworth, John B. Papworth, Architect to the King of Wurtemburg, 1879, p. 75 ; C.E.O., file 11921.

25. Papworth, op. cit., pp. 32, 75.

26. R.I.B.A. library, Papworth drawings.

27. R.B.; Directories; C.E.O., file 12799.

28. C.E.O., file 12799.

29. Major-General Sir Louis C. Jackson, History of the United Service Club, 1937, pp. 1–9.

30. United Service Club committee minutes, 22 Feb. 1816.

31. Ibid., 14, 21 May 1816.

32. Ibid., 18 Feb. 1817.

33. Jackson, op. cit., p. 13.

34. United Service Club committee minutes, 12 Aug. 1817.

35. Ibid., 27 Jan., 3 Feb. 1818, 2 March 1819, and undated meeting of club trustees.

36. Jackson, op. cit., p. 14.

37. United Service Club committee minutes, 2, 16 March 1819.

38. G. F. Crutchley, Picture of London, 1831, p. 122.

39. United Service Club committee minutes, 20 April 1822, 28 Feb. 1826.

40. Ibid., 7 March 1826.

41. R. H. Firth, The Junior, A History of the Junior United Service Club from its Formation in 1827 to 1929, 1929, pp. 3–5.

42. Ibid., p. 5; United Service Club committee minutes, 12 April 1827.

43. Firth, op. cit., pp. 7, 12.

44. Ibid., pp. 7–8, 12, 16–18.

45. Ibid., pp. 20–3.

46. United Service Club committee minutes, 12 Aug. 1828.

47. C.E.O., file 11357; Firth, op. cit., p. 26.

48. C.E.O., file 11357; Firth, op. cit., pp. 38–40.

49. C.E.O., files 11357, 10577; Firth, op. cit., pp. 44–7.

50. C.E.O., plan 77/8.

51. Ibid., file 10577.

52. Firth, op. cit., pp. 46–7.

53. The Building News, 27 Feb. 1857, p. 209.

54. Firth, op. cit., pp. 49–50, 119.

55. The Illustrated London News, 18 April 1857, p. 352; John Timbs, Clubs and Club Life in London, 1872, p. 239.

56. The Building News, 17 April 1857, p. 380.

57. Firth, op. cit., pp. 47–8, 53.

58. The Builder, 30 May 1857, pp. 306–7.

59. Ibid., 15 March 1856, p. 142.

60. Firth, op. cit., pp. 70–1; The Builder, 11 Feb. 1871, p. 114.

61. C.E.O., file 13783.

62. The Builder, 8 May 1914, p. 556; Firth, op. cit., p. 105.

63. C.E.O., file 15328.

64. The Times, 11 Dec. 1952.

65. Ibid., 24 Aug. 1955.

CHAPTER XIII (pp. 295–307)

King Street

1. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 264–6, 275, 277– 279, 281, 297–8, 317.

2. M.L.R. 1721/2/298.

3. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 81.

4. The Builder, 21 Sept. 1844, p. 481.

5. 7 Geo. IV, c. 77, public general.

6. C.E.O., London lease book 55, pp. 487–506.

7. Sixth Report of His Majesty's Commissioners of Woods, Forests and Land Revenues, 1829, Appendix 17(B), pp. 164–5; P.R.O., LRRO60/647.

8. 1 and 2 William IV, c. 29, public general.

9. P.R.O., MR271.

10. Deeds in the possession of the Hawker Siddeley Group Ltd.

11. F. A. Simpson, The Rise of Louis Napoleon, 1950 ed., pp. 258, 294; R.B.

12. C.E.O., file 14525.

13. Ibid., file 15656.

14. P.O.D.

15. H. C. Marillier, Christie's, 1766–1925, 1926.

16. Marillier, op. cit., p. 4.

17. Messrs. Christie's, Catalogues, vol. i, 1766–7, No. 1.

18. C.E.O., deeds, Middlesex 574.

19. Messrs. Christie's, Catalogues, vol. i, 1766–7, Nos. 13–24.

20. Ibid., No. 16.

21. Walpole Society, vol. xxvii, 1939, Notes by Horace Walpole, Fourth Earl of Orford, etc., p. 59.

22. P.R.O., LRRO63/77, pp. 130–3.

23. Ibid., LRRO60/717; C.E.O., London lease book 12, pp. 325–40.

24. R.B.

25. C.E.O., London lease book 6, pp. 108–17.

26. L.C.C.R.O., U.L. deeds, box H, deed of 22 June 1843.

27. R.B.; E. W. Brayley, J. Nightingale and J. N. Brewer, London and Middlesex, vol. iii, part ii, 1815, p. 641.

28. C.E.O., London lease book 78, pp. 209–14.

29. Ibid., files 13007, 13104.

30. Ibid., file 13768.

31. Ibid., files 14248, 17475.

32. Ibid., file 14563; P.O.D.

33. C.E.O., file 13104.

34. Ibid., file 14270.

35. Deeds in the possession of Mrs. E. M. Watson.

36. Correspondence of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, ed. Charles William, Earl Fitzwilliam, and Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Bourke, 1844. vol. iv, p. 289.

37. The Dispatches and Letters of Vice Admiral Lord Viscount Nelson, ed. Sir Nicholas Harris Nicholas, 1845, vol. iv, p. 268.

38. R.B.; The Epicure's Almanack, 1815, p. 193.

39. W. Macqueen Pope, St. James's, Theatre of Distinction, 1958, pp. 19–25; D.N.B.

40. P.R.O., LC1/18/1461; The Mirror, 29 Oct. 1836, pp. 273–5 (copy in the Enthoven Collection, Victoria and Albert Museum).

41. P.R.O., LC1/18/1462.

42. Theatre Notebook, vol. 10, No. 3, April-June 1956, pp. 86–9.

43. P.R.O., index volume of theatrical references, p. 156.

44. Ibid., LC1/19/1525.

45. The Mirror, loc. cit.

46. Ibid., loc. cit.; The Times, 15 Dec. 1835.

47. D.N.B.

48. A Chronicle of the St. James's Theatre (copy in the Enthoven Collection, Victoria and Albert Museum).

49. Macqueen Pope, op. cit., pp. 39–41; P.O.D.

50. The Pictorial Times, 19 May 1844 (copy in the Enthoven Collection, Victoria and Albert Museum).

51. The Building News, 14 May 1869, p. 447.

52. L.C.C.R.O., U.L. deeds, box I.

53. Macqueen Pope, op. cit., pp. 59–61.

54. Ibid., p. 71.

55. The Times, 7 Oct. 1879; The Builder, 25 Oct. 1879, p. 1184.

56. Macqueen Pope, op. cit., pp. 90, 98, 119, 131, 139.

57. Ibid., p. 154; A Chronicle of the St. James's Theatre.

58. Macqueen Pope, op. cit., pp. 190–203, 205–10.

59. The Times, 11 Jan. 1955.

60. Macqueen Pope, op. cit., p. 25.

61. Ibid., p. 210.

62. M.C.R.O., LV(W)49/24.

63. R.B.; P.R.O., MR271.

64. Deeds in the possession of Meux's Brewery Co. Ltd.

65. M.L.R. 1764/4/435; 1765/6/573–4.

66. Ibid., 1764/3/396.

67. Ibid., 1765/5/474.

68. W.P.L., D. Foster's club and tavern collection, vol. i, f. 232.

69. A. E. Richardson, Robert Mylne, Architect and Engineer, 1955, p. 63.

70. Letters of the First Earl of Malmesbury, 1870, vol. i, p. 107.

71. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. vii, 1904, pp. 292–3.

72. Memorials of Brooks's, 1907, p. 4.

73. Ibid., p. 3; G.E.C.

74. Richardson, op. cit., pp. 63–4.

75. Ibid., p. 65.

76. The Public Advertiser, 15 Nov. 1764.

77. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1765, p. 95.

78. Richardson, op. cit., pp. 66–7.

79. M.L.R. 1765/6/573–4.

80. The Letters of Horace Walpole, etc., vol. vi, 1904, p. 157.

81. Ibid., vol. vi, 1904, p. 190.

82. J. H. Jesse, George Selwyn and his Contemporaries, 1882, vol. i, p. 360.

83. Ibid., vol. i, p. 369.

84. A.P.S.D., vol. v, p. 151.

85. George A. Selwyn, His Letters and Life, ed. E. S. Roscoe and Helen Clergue, 1899, p. 42.

86. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1781, p. 46.

87. P.C.C., 2 Webster.

88. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1781, p. 146.

89. P.C.C., 136 St. Eloy, will of John Almack.

90. John Thomson, An Account of the Life, Lectures and Writings of William Cullen, M.D., 1859, vol. i, p. 559.

91. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1806, part ii, p. 1169.

92. M.L.R. 1781/2/372–3.

93. Ibid., 1802/6/573; 1802/6/590; 1803/7/525.

94. Ibid., 1807/3/549.

95. Ibid., loc. cit.; 1807/2/440.

96. P.C.C., 396 Loveday.

97. Ibid., 486/1844.

98. Constance Pitcairn, The History of the Fife Pitcairns, 1905, p. 452a.

99. Deeds in the possession of the Legal and General Assurance Society Ltd.

100. Marriage Register of St. James's, Piccadilly, 1768, No. 147; Notes and Queries, third series, vol. x, 1866, pp. 37–8.

101. P.C.C., 115 Holman.

102. R.B.; P.O.D.

103. P.C.C., 545 Vaughan.

104. The Reminiscences of Captain Gronow, 1892, vol. i, pp. 31–2.

105. Almack's. A Novel, 1826 (copy in B.M., pressmark N 383–4).

106. Key to 'Almack's', 1826 (copy in B.M., pressmark T 1207 (6)).

107. The Gentleman s Magazine, 1847, part i, p. 215; P.C.C., 87/1847.

108. P.C.C., 545 Vaughan; ibid., 87/1847; Directories.

109. The Builder, 25 Feb. 1860, p. 126.

110. H. B. Wheatley, London Past and Present, 1891, vol. i, p. 38.

111. The Builder, 31 Aug. 1889, p. 152; P.O.D.

112. B.A. 58189; R. S. Mylne, The Master Masons of the Crown of Scotland, 1893, p. 269.

113. Edward Walford, Old and New London, N.D., vol. iv, p. 199.

114. Pierce Egan, Life in London, 1821, facing p. 310.

CHAPTER XIV (pp. 308–312)

Duke Street

1. C.E.O., London lease book 46, pp. 52–75.

2. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 292–3, 307, 318, 324, 326–8, 345–6, 350–1.

3. Ibid., Add. MS. 22063, item 307.

4. P.R.O., C103/193.

5. Colvin.

6. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 324.

7. P.R.O., C54/4598, No. 6.

8. W.P.L., deed 10/67.

9. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 350–1.

10. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 81.

11. The Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. J. E. Norton, 1956, vol. i, p. 353.

12. Deeds in the possession of Lawrence Graham and Co.

13. E.S. 57159; The Building News, 4 Oct. 1912, p. 469; P.O.D.

14. B.A. 49529; E.S. 91323.

15. M.C.R.O., LV(W)49/19–29; R.B.

16. R.B.

17. M.C.R.O., LV(W)68/77.

18. Ibid., LV(W)68/492.

19. Memoirs, Journal and Correspondence of Thomas Moore, ed. Lord John Russell, 1854, vol. vi, pp. 313. 327.

20. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 346; P.R.O., LRRO63/34, pp. 4–5; LRRO63/50, pp. 92– 96.

21. P.R.O., LRRO63/130, pp. 3–23.

22. C.E.O., London lease book 5, p. 622.

23. M.L.R. 1835/2/529–30.

24. C.E.O., file 11274; P.O.D.

25. Ibid., files 12174, 13415.

26. Ibid., files 13149, 13415, 13489; P.O.D.

27. C.E.O., file 13489.

28. The Builder, 2 Sept. 1882, p. 320.

29. C.E.O., file 18120.

CHAPTER XV (pp. 313–316)

Bury Street

1. E. Beresford Chancellor, Memorials of St. James's Street, 1922, p. 63.

2. The Historical Register, 1735, vol. xx, chronological diary, p. 52.

3. B.M., Add. MS. 22063.

4. P.C.C., 221 Ducie.

5. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Martin's in the Fields parish.

6. See R.B. of 1686.

7. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 81.

8. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. iii, 1903, pp. 288–9.

9. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, vol. ii, 1897, The Journal to Stella, pp. 12, 17–18, 432–3.

10. The Correspondence of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. F. Elrington Ball, 1912, vol. iii, p. 303 n.

11. The Correspondence of Richard Steele, ed. Rae Blanchard, 1941, pp. 210, 273.

12. Ibid., pp. 217–18.

13. R.B.

14. Captain Jesse, The Life of George Brummell Esq., 1886, vol. i, pp. 16–17; William Connelly, The Reign of Beau Brummell, 1940, pp. 4–9.

15. Memoirs, Journal and Correspondence of Thomas Moore, ed. Lord John Russell, 1853–4, vol. i, pp. 178, 244, 263; vol. v, p. 266.

16. C.E.O., London lease book 72, pp. 152–8.

17. Memoirs . . . of Thomas Moore, vol. iv, p. 299.

18. Correspondence of Daniel O'Connell, ed. W. J. Fitzpatrick, 1888, vol. i, pp. 173–90.

19. The Poetical Works of the Rev. George Crabbe, ed. the Rev. George Crabbe, 1834, vol. i, p. 242.

20. The Creevey Papers, ed. Sir Herbert Maxwell, 1903, vol. ii, pp. 242, 286.

21. C.E.O., files 14632, 15127.

22. Ibid., file 13107.

CHAPTER XVI (pp. 317–321)

Ryder Street

1. P.C.C., 61 Drax.

2. Colvin.

3. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 305–6, 308, 3152.

4. P.R.O., C103/193.

5. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 63, 95.

6. Ibid., loc. cit., items 282, 305–6, 308, 312, 316, 352; P.R.O., C103/193.

7. Lincolnshire Record Office, Sheffield D/1/28.

8. P.R.O., LRRO63/44, pp. 304–6, 317–20.

9. C.E.O., file 10443.

10. Ibid., file 16749.

11. Ibid., file 15299; P.O.D.

12. P.O.D.

13. C.E.O., file 13007.

14. Ibid., file 14403.

15. Ibid., file 15130.

16. Ibid., file 15130; P.O.D.

17. C.E.O., files 15535, 15299.

18. Ibid., files 10443, 16749, 15299.

19. Ibid., files 15299, 16749; P.O.D.

20. C.E.O., file 13078.

21. Ibid., files 12002, 13418; P.O.D.

22. C.E.O., file 11958A.

CHAPTER XVII (pp. 322–324)

Pall Mall

1. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), Roman London, 1928, p. 53; J. A. Robinson, Gilbert Crispin, Abbot of Westminster, 1911, pp. 167–9; I. D. Margary, Roman Roads in Britain, 1955, vol. i, p. 48.

2. W. J. Hardy and W. Page, A Calendar to the Feet of Fines for London and Middlesex, 1892, vol. i, pp. 2, 27.

3. I Jas. II, c. 22, public.

4. Acts of the Privy Council 1619–1621, pp. 266, 574.

5. W.P.L., F2001, f. 147.

6. B.M., Add. MS. 10116, p. 448.

7. P.R.O., Works 5/2.

8. H.M.C.,MSS. of F. W. Leyborne-Popham, 1899, p. 195.

9. P.R.O., C66/3077.

10. 14 Chas. II, c. 2, public.

11. P.R.O., C9/31/67.

12. Ibid., LRRO63/14, p. 72.

13. Ibid., C8/255/89; LR1/63, part i, f. 22; LRRO63/14, p. 257; LRRO63/37, p. 6.

14. Ibid., T1/331, No. 42.

15. Ibid., LRRO60/1656.

16. R.B.

17. John Macky, A Journey through England, 1714, vol. i, p. 107.

18. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 81.

19. Rev. George Reeves, A New History of London, 1764, p. 182.

20. Thomas Shotter Boys, Original Views of London As It Is, with descriptive notes by Charles Oilier, N.D.

CHAPTER XVIII (pp. 325–338)

Pall Mall, North Side, Past Buildings

1. P.R.O., LRRO63/47, pp. 16–23.

2. Ibid., LRRO63/46, pp. 316–19.

3. R.B.

4. The Builder, 19 May 1860, p. 306; 26 May 1860, p. 323.

5. C.E.O., plan 84/16.

6. Ibid., London lease book 46, pp. 263–78.

7. P.O.D.

8. C.E.O., file 12727.

9. Ibid., file 15754.

10. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 64,

Nos. 15–21; vol. ii, Nos. 173–4.

11. D.N.B.

12. R.B.; D.N.B.; The Letters of Sir Walter Scott 1826–1828, ed. H. J. C. C. Grierson, 1936, vol. x, pp. 119 n., 133.

13. Soane Museum, Soane drawings, drawer 26, set 10.

14. Information supplied by Mr. R. F. Bergh, manager of the West End branch of the Royal Exchange Assurance, 44–5 Pall Mall.

15. Rules and Regulations of the Junior Carlton Club.

16. John Nichols, The History and Antiquities of the County of Leicester, 1815, vol. i, part ii, p. 528.

17. The Builder, 28 April 1866, p. 315.

18. Ibid., 18 Oct. 1884, p. 517; 24 April 1886, p. 628.

19. J. H. Jesse, George Selwyn and his Contemporaries, vol. i, 1843, p. 369.

20. Robert Kerr, Memoirs of the Life of William Smellie, 1811, vol. i, pp. 436–7.

21. P.C.C., 136 St. Eloy.

22. Ibid., 2 Webster.

23. Yorkshire Parish Register Society, vol. 42, 1911, pp. 76, 251.

24. Notes and Queries, third series, vol. ix, 1866, p. 299; John Thomson, An Account of the Life, Lectures and Writings of William Cullen, M.D., 1859, vol. i, pp. 22, 544, 547, 551, 553, 559.

25. D.N.B.; Rev. Charles Rogers, Familiar Illustrations of Scottish Life, 1866, pp. 112–13.

26. Thomson, op. cit., vol. J, pp. 1, 11, 17.

27. Ibid., vol. i, p. 22.

28. M.C.R.O., LV(W)70/188; 75/192.

29. Ibid., LV(W)75/516.

30. Colvin.

31. M.L.R. 1760/2/214.

32. Ibid., 1762/3/211–12.

33. Deeds in possession of Prudential Assurance Company.

34. B. H. Johnson, Berkeley Square to Bond Street, 1952, pp. 93, 129–30.

35. Johnson, op. cit., p. 179.

36. M.L.R. 1765/4/338, 509–10.

37. Ibid., 1765/4/339.

38. Ibid., 1763/3/459–60.

39. Soane Museum, Holland notebooks, R. Pearce's price book, pp. 26–32.

40. M.L.R. 1764/3/397.

41. A. E. Richardson, Robert Mylne, Architect and Engineer, 1955, p. 63.

42. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. v, 1904, p. 49.

43. Records in possession of Boodle's: 'Almack's book'.

44. Walpole, op. cit., vol. v, 1904, p. 444; A Letter to a Noble Member of the Club in Albemarle Street from John Wilkes, Esq., at Paris, 1764 (copy in B.M., T1554).

45. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1764, p. 394.

46. Records in possession of Brooks's: book of rules and members 1764–72; Memorials of Brooks's, 1907, pp. 3–13.

47. Records in possession of Brooks's: books of rules and members 1764–72, 1772–8.

48. Memorials of Brooks's, 1907, p. x.

49. Walpole, op. cit., vol. vii, 1904, p. 365.

50. G. O. Trevelyan, The Early History of Charles James Fox, 1880, pp. 481–5; Memorials of Brooks's, p. 13.

51. Private Letters of Edward Gibbon 1753–1794, ed. Rowland E. Prothero, 1897, vol. i, pp. 283–5; Memorials of Brooks's, p. 21.

52. M.L.R. 1778/2/421.

53. Ibid., 1775/7/540; 1778/5/460; W.P.L., ratebooks of St. George's, Hanover Square.

54. George Selwyn, His Letters and Life, ed. E. S. Roscoe and Helen Clergue, 1899, pp. 92– 93.

55. Quoted in Private Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. Rowland E. Prothero, 1897, vol. i, p. 376 n.

57. M.L.R. 1778/2/421–4.

58. J. H. Jesse, George Selwyn and his Contemporaries, vol. iii, 1844, p. 332.

58. H.M.C., MSS. of the Earl of Carlisle, 1897, p. 371.

59. P.C.C., Admon. 1782.

60. Rev. J. Richardson, Recollections of the Last Half Century, 1856, vol. ii, p. 209.

61. R.B.; deeds in possession of the Legal and General Assurance Society Ltd.

62. The Universal British Directory, 1790.

63. M.L.R. 1785/2/352–3.

64. Ibid., 1821/6/501.

65. P.C.C., 486/1844.

66. Deeds in possession of the Prudential Assurance Company.

67. Notes and Queries, 29 April 1939, p. 301.

68. A Letter to a Noble Member of the Club in Albemarle Street from John Wilkes, Esq., at Paris, 1764 (copy in B.M., T1554).

69. The Daily Advertiser, 10 Feb. 1772; records in possession of Boodle's: 'Boodle's book'.

70. P.C.C., 42 Taverner, Edward Boodle's will.

71. Memoirs of William Hickey 1749–1775, ed. Alfred Spencer, 1913, vol. i, pp. 299–300.

72. M.L.R. 1768/2/598.

73. Private Letters of Edward Gibbon, op. cit., vol. i, pp. 89, 108.

74. Records in possession of Boodle's: 'Boodle's book'.

75. The Daily Advertiser, 10 Feb. 1772.

76. Victoria County History of Essex, vol. iv, 1956, p. 164.

77. Records in possession of Boodle's: 'Harding's book'.

78. M.L.R. 1772/2/254.

79. Walpole, op. cit., vol. v, 1904, pp. 449–50.

80. Ibid., vol. vi, 1904, p. 157. See also H.M.C., MSS. of the Marquis of Lothian, 1905, pp. 253– 254.

81. The Town and Country Magazine, May 1772, pp. 242–3.

82. The Macaroni and Theatrical Magazine, Oct. 1772 (copy in Enthoven Collection, Victoria and Albert Museum).

83. The Town and Country Magazine, Dec. 1772, p. 635.

84. Walpole, op. cit., vol. viii, 1904, p. 310.

85. Ibid., vol. vii, 1904, p. 381.

86. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1770, pp. 414–15.

87. The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, 2nd series, 1862, vol. i, pp. 261–2.

88. Letters of the First Earl of Malmesbury, 1870, vol. i, pp. 202–3.

89. Walpole, op. cit., vol. viii, 1904, pp. 116–17.

90. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. George's, Hanover Square.

91. P.R.O., C12/1250/13; C12/114/35; H.M.C., MSS. of the Earl of Carlisle, 1897, p. 511. For other references to this club see The Gentleman's Magazine, 1770, p. 263; The Macaroni and Theatrical Magazine, Oct. 1772; 'A Georgian Ladies' Club'in The Times Literary Supplement, 11 Aug. 1932, the author of which appears to have confused the political club of 1764 in Albemarle Street with the Ladies' Club established in 1769. There was almost certainly no connexion beyond their successive occupancy of the same house—see ratebooks of St. George's, Hanover Square, and J. Almon, Biographical, Literary and Political Anecdotes, 1797, vol. ii, pp. 37–9.

92. William Eraser, The Scotts of Buccleuch, 1878, vol. i, p. 568.

93. Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England, 1850, vol. iii, p. 139.

94. G.E.C.

95. P.C.C., 244 Bellas.

96. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1775, p. 607.

97. H.M.C., MSS. of the Earl of Carlisle, 1897,. pp. 228, 231, 240, 302.

98. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1776, p. 75.

99. D.N.B. sub Canning; E. Walford, Old and New London, 1897, vol. iv, p. 142, contains an account of Scott's gambling technique.

100. Soane Museum, Holland notebook, R. Pearce's price book, pp. 16–20, 33–40, 48–9.

101. B.M., Pantheon Collection (pressmark 840 m. 30) and Ranelagh Collection (pressmark LR 282 b. 7).

102. H.M.C., MSS. of the Earl of Carlisle, 1897, p. 555.

103. George Selwyn, His Letters and Life, ed. E. S. Roscoe and Helen Clergue, 1899, p. 191.

104. Robert Isaac and Samuel Wilberforce, The Life of William Wilberforce, 1838, vol. i, pp. 17– 18.

105. J. Holland Rose, William Pitt and National Revival, 1911, p. 89.

106. Hampshire Record Office, 37M, 48/49.

107. R.B.; D.N.B.

108. Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. G. B. Hill, 1887, vol. i, p. 182; vol. iii, p. 405.

109. M.L.R. 1787/3/197.

110. Ibid., 1788/6/406.

111. Letters of Sir Joshua Reynolds, ed. F. W. Hilles, 1929, p. 174.

112. Catalogues of the Shakespeare Gallery (copies in B.M.).

113. Signature, new series, 1949, No. 8, pp. 3–22.

114. Illustrations of the exterior of the gallery are in B.M., Crace Views, portfolio XI, sheet 20, No. 47; Soane Museum, Soane drawings, drawer 18, set 7, No. 14; C. F. Bell, Annals of Thomas Banks, 1938, Plate XIV.

115. Gunnis.

116. T. Smith, Recollections of the British Institution, 1870, pp. 17–20.

117. H. Repton, The Bee or a Companion to the Shakespeare Gallery, 1789.

118. T. Wright, Caricature History of the Georges, [1867], pp. 570–2.

119. 44 Geo. III, c. 6, local and personal.

120. Information supplied by Dr. Levi Fox, Director of Shakespeare's Birthplace Trust, Stratfordupon-Avon.

121. M.L.R. 1805/5/651; Smith, op. cit., p. 10.

122. J. Pye, Patronage of British Art, 1845, p. 302.

123. The Original Picture of London, ed. J. Britton, 26th ed., 1828, pp. 313–14.

124. Smith, op. cit., pp. 12, 22.

125. C. Knight, London, 1843, vol. v, p. 273.

126. J. E. Hodgson and F. A. Eaton, The Royal Academy and Its Members, 1905, pp. 181–2.

127. Smith, op. cit., passim.

128. Hodgson and Eaton, loc. cit.; The Original Picture of London, loc. cit.

129. The Builder, 30 May 1868, p. 400.

130. M.L.R. 1733/5/425.

131. John Macky, A Journey Through England, 1722, vol. i, pp. 167–9.

132. The Tatler, ed. George A. Aitken, 1898, vol. i, p. 92.

133. Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 209–10.

134. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, 1897, vol. ii, The Journal to Stella, pp. 33, 56, 124.

135. M.C.R.O., LV(W)49/37; 68/21; 68/230.

136. R.B.; see also M.C.R.O., LV(W), unlisted recognizance of 1765.

137. R.B.; The Universal British Directory, 1790.

138. The Epicure's Almanack, 1815, pp. 205–6; see also The Original Picture of London, ed. J. Britton, N.D., p. 369.

CHAPTER XIX (pp. 339–345)

Pall Mall, North Side, Existing Buildings

1. C.E.O., file 14335A.

2. The Builder, 23 July 1892, p. 78.

3. M.B.W., minutes July-Dec. 1878, p. 299; deeds in possession of the Scottish Amicable Life Assurance Society; P.O.D.

4. P.O.D.

5. Rules and Regulations of the Junior Carlton Club; D.N.B.

6. Rules and Regulations, etc.

7. The Builder, 20 July 1867, pp. 529–33.

8. Ibid., loc. cit., and 28 April 1866, p. 315; 9 June 1866, p. 435.

9. Ibid., 18 Aug. 1866, p. 620; 20 July 1867, pp. 529–33.

10. Ibid., 20 July 1867, p. 531; compare with the engraving in The Illustrated London News, 12 Sept. 1868, p. 260.

11. The Builder, 17 April 1869, p. 314.

12. Ibid., 24 May 1873, p. 416.

13. Ibid., 24 April 1886, p. 628.

14. Ibid., 18 Oct. 1884, p. 517; 24 April 1886, p. 628, which wrongly gives the total frontage of the enlarged club-house as 120 feet.

15. Rules and Regulations, etc.; T.P. 10134; B.A. 49876.

16. Information supplied by the secretary of the Junior Carlton Club.

17. Gunnis.

18. The Builder, 9 March 1850, p. 119.

19. R.B.; M.C.R.O., LV(W)54/187; P.O.D.

20. M.C.R.O., LV(W)38/22.

21. R.B.; P.O.D.

22. The Builder, 26 May 1860, p. 323.

23. E.S. 7534; B.A. 9224; P.O.D.

24. Country Life, 25 Feb. 1954, pp. 504–5.

25. Sir Sidney Lee, King Edward VII, 1925, vol. i, p. 177, 177 n.

26. The Builder, 30 May 1868, p. 400; 13 May 1871, p. 359.

27. G. J. Ivey, The Club Directory, 1879, p. 50.

28. B.A. 66000; E.S. 110107; T.P. 13035.

29. Rob son's Directory; P.O.D.

30. B.A. 1777; deeds in the possession of the Legal and General Assurance Society Ltd.

31. The Building News, 26 May 1882, p. 634.

32. Deeds in the possession of Messrs. Goddard and Smith.

CHAPTER XX (pp. 346–384)

Pall Mall, South Side, Past Buildings

1. Lionel Cust and Sidney Colvin, History of the Society of Dilettanti, 1914, p. 52.

2. W. Sandby, The History of the Royal Academy of Arts, 1862, vol. i, pp. 28–30; Cust and Colvin, op. cit., p. 54.

3. Walpole Society, vol. vi, 1918, The Papers of the Society of Artists of Great Britain, p. 116.

4. Ibid., pp. 118–19.

5. Sandby, op. cit., pp. 33–4.

6. Walpole Society, op. cit., p. 123.

7. Survey of London, vol. xx, 1940, The Parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Part III, p. 67.

8. Sandby, op. cit., pp. 35–6; J. E. Hodgson and F. A. Eaton, The Royal Academy and Its Members 1768–1830, 1905, p. 10.

9. Hodgson and Eaton, op. cit., p. 10.

10. Walpole Society, vol. xxvii, 1939, p. 59.

11. Sir W. R. M. Lamb, The Royal Academy, 1951 ed., p. 8.

12. Ibid., loc. cit.; Colvin.

13. The Royal Academy, General Assembly Minutes, 14 Dec. 1768.

14. Lamb, op. cit., pp. 8, 193.

15. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1768, supplement, pp. 602–3.

16. P.R.O., LRR063/57, p. 34.

17. C.E.O., deeds, Middlesex 574.

18. D.N.B.

19. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1791, part i, p. 188.

20. Sandby, op. cit., p. 41.

21. Robert Strange, An Inquiry into the Establishment of the Royal Academy of Arts, 1775, ed. William Coningham, 1850, pp. 43–5.

22. John Pye, A Glance at the Rise and Constitution of the Royal Academy of Arts of London, 1859, p. 4.

23. The Royal Academy, Council Minutes, 27 Dec. 1768.

24. C.E.O., deeds, Middlesex 580/1.

25. The Royal Academy, General Assembly Minutes, 2 Jan. 1769.

26. Ibid., 17 Dec. 1768.

27. Ibid., 26 Feb. 1770.

28. Ibid., Council Minutes, 27 Dec. 1770, 7 Jan. 1771; Lamb, op. cit., pp. 10–11.

29. The Royal Academy, Council Minutes, 27 May 1769.

30. C.E.O., deeds, Middlesex 580/2.

31. Ibid., deeds, Middlesex 581.

32. Ibid., deeds, Middlesex 582.

33. The Royal Academy, Council Minutes, 14 July 1780.

34. R.B.

35. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1793, part ii, p. 1053.

36. James Paine, Plans, Elevations, and Sections of Noblemen and Gentlemen's Houses, 1783, vol. ii, p. 28.

37. P.R.O., MR271.

38. C.E.O., file 11337.

39. Sir Charles Holmes and C. H. Collins Baker, The Making of the National Gallery 1824–1924, 1924, pp. 51–2.

40. P.R.O., LRRO63/57, p. 255; R.B.

41. Gunnis.

42. Soane Museum, journal No. 2, p. 279; bill book D, p. 284; letter book 1793–5, pp. 20, 40.

43. C.E.O., London lease book 56, pp. 247–68.

44. P.O.D.

45. P.R.O., LRRO60/715.

46. Soane Museum, journal No. I, p. 89; bill book 3, pp. 214–36.

47. C.E.O., files 12204–5.

48. Holmes and Baker, op. cit., p. 50.

49. Ibid., pp. 2–4.

50. C.E.O., file 10068.

51. Holmes and Baker, op. cit., p. 50, 50 n.

52. Survey of London, vol. xx, 1940, The Parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Part III, p. 15.

53. C.E.O., file 12204.

54. Holmes and Baker, op. cit., p. 51.

55. M.C.R.O., LV(W)75/438, 459.

56. Ibid., LV(W)69/628; 75/637.

57. Ibid., LV(W)68/233.

58. Ibid., LV(W)54/187.

59. Notes and Queries, tenth series, vol. x, p. 244; P.O.D.

60. M.C.R.O., LV(W)75/438.

61. Cust and Colvin (1 above), op. cit., pp. 23, 61.

62. The Annual Register, 1765, pp. 208–12.

63. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, 1897, vol. ii, The Journal to Stella, p. 357.

64. Roger Mortimer, The Jockey Club, 1958, p. 10.

65. J. H. Jesse, George Selwyn and his Contemporaries, vol. i, 1843, p. 252.

66. H. S. Altham, A History of Cricket, 1926, pp. 28, 30, 53.

67. British Museum Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, vol. iv, 1883, No. 4698.

68. Cust and Colvin (1 above), op. cit., pp. 61, 141.

69. The Epicure's Almanack, 1815, pp. 206–7.

70. R.B.; P.C.C., 228 Wynne.

71. R.B.; D.N.B.

72. R.B.; Pigot's Directory, 1823–4.

73. D. Chandler and A. D. Lacey, The Rise of the Gas Industry in Great Britain, 1949, p. 25; S. Everard, The History of the Gas Light and Coke Company, 1949, p. 15.

74. W. Matthews, An Historical Sketch of the Origin, Progress & Present State of Gas-Lighting, 1827, p. 28.

75. The Times, 21 Sept. 1804.

76. Chandler and Lacey, op. cit., pp. 25–30.

77. W. Hanna, Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Thomas Chalmers, D.D., LL.D., 1849, vol. i, p. 115.

78. Chandler and Lacey, op. cit., p. 101.

79. John Williams, An Historical Account of Sub-ways in the British Metropolis, 1828, p. 261.

80. The Monthly Magazine, 1807, p. 520.

81. W.P.L., D1918, 1 Oct. 1807.

82. The Athenaeum, 1808, p. 74.

83. R. Ackermann, The Repository of Arts, etc., vol.i, 1809, Plate 27, facing p. 399.

84. Chandler and Lacey, op. cit., p. 117.

85. W.P.L., D1918, 1 June 1808.

86. Chandler and Lacey, op. cit., p. 119.

87. W.P.L., D1919, 14 Dec. 1808.

88. Chandler and Lacey, op. cit., pp. 29, 31, 37.

89. Everard, op. cit., pp. 22–4.

90. W.P.L., D1920, 26 Oct., 16 Nov. 1814.

91. Ibid., D1922, 24 July, 13 Oct. 1819.

92. Ibid., D1922, 22 Dec. 1819, 19 Jan. 1820.

93. R.B.; E. W. Brayley, J. Nightingale and J. N. Brewer, London and Middlesex, 1815, vol. iii, part ii, p. 356.

94. Chandler and Lacey, op. cit., pp. 43–6.

95. Norman Gash, Politics in the Age of Peel, 1953, pp. 395–7; A. Aspinall, Politics and the Press, c. 1780–1850, 1949, pp. 336–7.

96. Sir Charles Petrie, The Carlton Club, 1955, p. 39.

97. Gash, op. cit., pp. 397–8.

98. Petrie, op. cit., p. 41.

99. C.E.O., file 12204.

100. Petrie, op. cit., p. 215.

101. Ibid., p. 42.

102. Conservative Club minutes (now in possession of the Bath Club), 14, 21 April 1842.

103. The Builder, 4 May 1844, p. 233; 11 May 1844, p. 245; 31 May 1845, p. 269.

104. Ibid., 31 May 1845, p. 269.

105. Some of his designs are in the R.I.B.A. Library, and others in the London Museum.

106. The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, vol. viii, 1845, p. 279.

107. The Builder, 26 July 1845, p. 359.

108. Colvin.

109. The Builder, 8 May 1847, pp. 218–19.

110. C.E.O., file 12205.

111. The Builder, 12 Feb. 1848, p. 73.

112. Ibid., 23 Oct. 1847, p. 502.

113. L.C.C.R.O., Stowe MSS., box 5.

114. The Builder, 5 Nov. 1853, pp. 684–5.

115. Ibid., 22 April 1854, p. 209; 27 May 1854, p. 278; 10 June 1854, p. 311.

116. Ibid., 16 June 1855, pp. 282–3; 14 July 1855, pp. 330–1; C.E.O., file 12205.

117. The Builder, 12 Nov. 1864, p. 823.

118. The Times, 2 March 1896.

119. The Builder, 18 April 1924, p. 628.

120. Petrie, op. cit., pp. 195, 200.

121. The Architectural Review, July-Dec. 1914, pp. 15–17.

122. The Times, 2 May 1958.

123. C.E.O., file 11341; R.B.

124. Colvin; A.P.S.D.

125. The War Office List, 1927 ed.

126. C.E.O., file 10520.

127. The Builder, 12 April 1856, p. 208.

128. C.E.O., file 11678; P.O.D.

129. The Builder, 29 Dec. 1906, p. 747.

130. H.M.C., MSS. of J. B. Fortcscue Esq., vol. i, 1892, pp. 50–75 passim; D.N.B.

131. H.M.C., MSS. of the Earl of Denbigh, part v, 1911, p. 241.

132. G.E.C.

133. L.C.C.R.O., Stowe MSS., box 4, bill 1781.

134. P.R.O., LRRO63/82, pp. 85–90.

135. A.P.S.D., based on information supplied by his pupil, George Smith.

136. Soane Museum, journal No. 2, p. 358; letter book 1793–5, p.77.

137. Sir John Soane, Memoirs of the Professional Life of an Architect, privately printed, 1835, p. 24.

138. P.R.O., LRRO60/717.

139. Soane Museum, journal No. I, pp. 26, 116; journal No. 2, pp. 196–7.

140. Ibid., private correspondence, cupboard 2, division XIII, portfolio C2, letter of 13 Feb. 1830.

141. Ibid., copies of bills, vol. 5, pp. 1–70, 217–24.

142. Ibid., loc. cit., pp. 17–24; letter book 1793–5, p. 17.

143. Ibid., copies of bills, vol. 5, p. 25.

144. Ibid., private correspondence, cupboard 2, division XIII, portfolio C1.

145. Ibid., private correspondence, cupboard 2, division XIII, portfolio C2.

146. Clerical, Medical and General Life Assurance Society, correspondence.

147. P.R.O., LRRO60/717; R.B.

148. The Builder, 7 July 1855, p. 322.

149. C.E.O., files 11849, 15526; building agreement book 4, pp. 33–40.

150. Ibid., file 11340.

151. Soane Museum, Soane drawings, drawer 33, set 1, Nos. 1 and 2.

152. Ibid., misc. drawings, folio 7, No. 63.

153. Ibid., misc. drawings, folio 7, Nos. 59–60.

154. Ibid., drawer 12, set 5.

155. Victoria and Albert Museum, E3307, 89–92.

156. Soane Museum, plans of town houses, p. 62.

157. Information supplied by Mr. Anthony Wagner.

158. The Architectural Magazine, vol. iii, 1836, p. 329.

159. The Builder, 14 Jan. 1871, p. 24; Robson's Directory.

160. L.C.C. Photograph Library.

161. P.R.O., LRRO60/714.

162. Vitruvius Britannicus (ed. Woolfe and Gandon), vol. iv, 1767, Plates 5–7 (Plate 6 has 'Brickingham').

163. P.R.O., C108/362.

164. Ibid., LRRO63/66, pp. 230–4.

165. W. Harrison, A . . . History . . . of London, etc., 1776, p. 531.

166. The London and Westminster Guide, 1768, p. 34.

167. P.C.C., 398 Legard.

168. P.R.O., LRRO63/66, pp. 230–4; LRRO63/82, pp. 130–5.

169. Ibid., LRRO63/82, pp. 329–31; C.E.O., file 11340.

170. C.E.O., file 10445.

171. J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, 1807, vol. iv, p. 317.

172. C.E.O., file 11341.

173. The Builder, 15 Feb. 1851, p. 100.

174. C.E.O., file 11341; D.N.B.

175. The Times, 24 March 1908; C.E.O., file 11776.

176. C.E.O., building agreement book 4, pp. 166–70.

177. Ibid., file 11849.

178. Listed in A. T. Bolton, The Architecture of Robert and James Adam, 1922, vol. ii, Topographical Index, p. 43.

179. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 49, No. 14.

180. R.B.; B.M., Add. MS. 22063.

181. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iv, p. 124; H. W. Robinson and W. Adams, The Diary of Robert Hooke, 1935, pp. xvi-xvii, 247, 280–1, 286, 288, 290, 313– 314.

182. G.E.G.; D.N.B.

183. W.P.L., deed 15/82.

184. P.R.O., LRRO60/717; ibid., War Office, Ordnance, index to in-letters; R.B.

185. C.E.O., file 13598.

186. L.C.C.R.O., M.B.O., vol. 87, Cases of Special Supervision, pp. 181–9; The Builder, 16 Aug. 1851, p. 515.

187. C.E.O., file 11776; P.O.D.

188. C.E.O., file 11776.

189. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 196–7.

190. P.C.C., 12 Dyke.

191. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, items 196–7; G.E.C.

192. R.B.; G.E.C.

193. P.C.C., 63 Box.

194. Narcissus Luttrell, A Brief Historical Relation of State Affairs . . ., 1857, vol. ii, p. 25.

195. Ibid., vol. ii, p. 213.

196. Ibid., vol. iv, p. 143.

197. Ibid., vol. iv, p. 447.

198. L.C.C.R.O., Westminster Commissioners of Sewers, Orders of Court, vol. 9, p. 31.

199. B. Marsh, Records of the Worshipful Company of Carpenters, 1913, vol. i, p. 133.

200. Wren Society, vol. xiv, 1937, p. iv.

201. Walpole Society, vol. XX, 1932 (George Vertue Note Book II), pp. 85–6.

202. Reproduced in W. T. Whitley, Artists and their Friends in England 1700–1799, 1928, Plate 5.

203. Reproduced in A. E. Richardson and C. L. Gill, London Houses from 1660 to 1820, 1911, Plate XVIII.

204. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), West London, 1925, p. 135.

205. Copy in L.C.C. Members' Library, Westminster DE 23, 1269.

206. Ibid., Westminster EH 7, 320.

207. Luttrell, op. cit., vol. iv, p. 467.

208. Letters . . . 1696 to 1708 Addressed to the Duke of Shrewsbury by James Vernon Esq., Secretary of State, ed. G. P. R. James, 1841, vol. ii, p. 319.

209. Luttrell, op. cit., vol. v, p. 337.

210. P.R.O., LRRO63/32, pp. 66–8.

211. Ibid., LRRO63/54, pp. 272–4.

212. Cust and Colvin (1 above), op. cit., pp. 17–19.

213. P.R.O., LRRO63/62, pp. 12–16.

214. R.B.; P.O.D.

215. Directories.

216. Country Life, 15 May 1958, pp. 1058–9.

217. C.E.O., file 11680; P.O.D.

218. C.E.O., file 11680.

219. E. Edwards, Anecdotes of Painters, 1808, p. 124.

220. J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, 1807, vol. iv, p. 316.

221. W. T. Whitley, Thomas Gainsborough, 1915, p. 108.

222. J. Graham, An Address to the Inhabitants of Great Britain, London, 1775.

223. J. Graham, The General State of Medical and Chirurgical Practice Exhibited, Bath, 1778.

224. Survey of London, vol. xviii, 1937, The Parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Part II, pp. 105, 113, 136.

225. J. Graham, Medical Transactions at the Temple of Health in London, 1782.

226. L.C.C. Members' Library, newspaper cutting, Westminster b. 30.

227. J. Graham, A Lecture on the Generation, Increase and Improvement of the Human Species, 1783.

228. J. Graham, The Guardian Goddess of Health, N.D. (? 1782).

229. W.P.L., D1764, 29 March 1783.

230. A Poetical Epistle to the very celebrated Doctor Graham, Derby, printed for the author, 1783.

231. J. T. Smith, Nollekens and his Times, 1829 ed., vol. ii, p. 401; D.N.B.

232. Smith, op. cit., vol. ii, pp. 402, 404–5.

233. Survey of London, vol. xxiii, 1951, The Parish of St. Mary Lambeth, Part I, Plate .

234. Ibid., vol. xxii, 1950, The Parishes of St. Saviour and Christ Church, Southwark, Plate .

235. Smith, op. cit., vol. ii, p. 404; R.B.; W.P.L., deed 10/301; D.N.B.

236. P.R.O., LRRO63/95, pp. 244–9.

237. W.P.L., deed 10/301.

238. C.E.O., file 11680; D.N.B.; R.B.

239. Edwards, op. cit., p. 139.

240. C.E.O., London lease book 63, pp. 96–137.

241. Survey of London office files, printed particulars of sale, 19 May 1857.

242. Pierpoint Morgan Library, New York, MA 179A.

243. Ibid., MA 176B.

244. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iii, p. 234.

245. Camden Society, Savile Correspondence, ed. W. D. Cooper, 1858, p. 20.

246. The Diary of Samuel Pepys, 28 Oct. 1667.

247. P.C.C., 164 Foot.

248. Letters to Sir Joseph Williamson, ed. W. D. Christie, 1874, vol. i, p. 184.

249. Letters between Rev. James Granger, M.A. . . . and many of the literary men of his time, ed. J. P. Malcolm, 1805, p. 308.

250. Pierpoint Morgan Library, New York, MA 176E.

251. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 419/1–2.

252. Deeds in the possession of the Eagle Star Insurance Company.

253. Paine, op. cit. (36 above), vol. ii, Plates LXXVI– LXXVIII.

254. P.R.O., LRRO63/36, pp. 201–3.

255. Ibid., LRRO63/47, pp. 32–3; R.B.

256. P.R.O., LRRO60/713.

257. London and Its Environs Described, printed by R. and J. Dodsley in Pall Mall, 1761, vol. iv, p. 263.

258. Cal. Treasury Papers 1720–1728, pp. 349–50.

259. Arthur H. Beavan, Marlborough House and Its Occupants, 1896, p. 238.

260. Private Correspondence of Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, 1838, vol. ii, pp. 452–72.

261. P.R.O., LRRO63/36, pp. 201–3, 224.

262. Ibid., LRRO63/36, pp. 204–6, 230.

263. Ibid., LRRO63/47, pp. 32–3.

264. Ibid., LRRO63/57, p. 40.

265. Ibid., LRRO63/47, pp. 32–3, 77–85.

266. C.E.O., file 11339.

267. G. J. Ivey, The Club Directory, 1879, p. 32.

268. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. George's, Hanover Square.

269. London Exhibited in 1851, N.D., ed. John Weale, p. 300.

270. C.E.O., file 13937.

271. P.R.O., LRRO63/65, pp. 102–4, 217–21.

272. Ibid., LRRO63/93, pp. 275–82.

273. P. W. Matthews and A. W. Tuke, History of Barclays Bank Limited, 1926, pp. 52–4.

274. R.B.; F. G. Hilton Price, A Handbook of London Bankers, 1890–1, p. 77.

275. C.E.O., file 14160.

276. P.C.C., 46 Simpson.

277. P.C.C., 49 Oxford; The Gentleman's Magazine, 1811, vol. LXXXI, p. 660; F. J. Britten, Old Clocks and Watches and their Makers, 1932, p.853.

278. C.E.O., file 11965.

279. 1 and 2 William IV, c. 11, public general.

280. 13 and 14 Vict., c. 78, public general.

281. Beavan, op. cit. (259 above), p. 54.

282. The Builder, 2 Jan. 1875, p. 10.

283. C.E.O., file 12378.

284. Ibid., files 12378, 12657.

285. Ibid., file 12657.

286. Ivey, op. cit., corrigenda page.

287. P.R.O., LRRO63/37, p. II; ibid., T1/331, No. 42;R.B.

288. R.B.; P.C.C. 103 Marlbro.

289. John Macky, A Journey through England, 1722, vol. i, pp. 167–9.

290. William Byrd of Virginia. The London Diary (1717–1721) and Other Writings, 1958, ed. Louis B. Wright and Marion Tinling, pp. 96, 98, 123, 141.

291. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, 1897, vol. ii, The Journal to Stella, p. 363.

CHAPTER XXI (pp. 385–426)

Pall Mall, South Side, Existing Buildings

1. C.E.O., file 13411.

2. The Builder, 4 June 1881, p. 711; P.O.D.

3. P.O.D.

4. The Builder, 4 June 1881, p. 704.

5. C.E.O., file 18113.

6. Ibid., files 16914, 17359.

7. The Builder, 20 Nov. 1931, p. 826.

8. C.E.O., file 17359.

9. The Architectural Review, Nov. 1931, p. 170.

10. The Builder, 20 Nov. 1931, p. 826; The Architect and Building News, 27 Nov. 1931, pp. 263–4.

11. A. S. G. Butler, The Architecture of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, vol. iii, contains plans and elevations (Plates ) and photographs (Nos. 77–81) of the building, and comment on it (pp. 31–2).

12. Humphrey Ward, History of the Athenaeum 1824–1925, 1926, plan facing p. 32.

13. 7 Geo. IV, c. 77, public.

14. P.R.O., LRRO53/67.

15. Sixth Report of the Commissioners of His Majesty's Woods, Forests and Land Revenues, 1829, pp. 12–13, 162.

16. United Service Club committee minutes, 28 Feb. 1826.

17. Major-General Sir Louis C. Jackson, History of the United Service Club, 1937, pp. 125–6.

18. United Service Club committee minutes, 7 March 1826; D.N.B.

19. Ward, op. cit., p. II.

20. Ibid., pp. 13, 21.

21. Athenaeum committee minutes, 20 July 1824.

22. Ibid., loc. cit; D.N.B.

23. Athenaeum committee minutes, 18 Aug., 14 Dec. 1824.

24. Ibid., 14, 28 Dec. 1824, 1 March 1825.

25. Ibid., 5 Dec. 1825.

26. P.R.O., LRRO52/31.

27. United Service Club committee minutes, 7 March 1826.

28. P.R.O., LRRO60/711.

29. The Sunday Times, 11 June 1826.

30. Survey of London, vol. xx, 1940, The Parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Part III, p. 15.

31. The Builder, 23 May 1857, p. 288.

32. Athenaeum committee minutes, 20 May 1826.

33. Athenaeum annual reports, report of 8 May 1826.

34. P.R.O., LRRO60/710.

35. Athenaeum committee minutes, 20 June 1826.

36. Ibid., 27 June 1826.

37. P.R.O., LRRO60/711; LRRO45/6, pp. 193–4; United Service Club committee minutes, 17 Oct. 1826.

38. Athenaeum committee minutes, 22 Aug. 1826.

39. United Service Club committee minutes, 17 Oct. 1826.

40. Athenaeum committee minutes, 24 Oct. 1826.

41. P.R.O., LRRO45/6, pp. 240–1.

42. D.N.B.

43. P.R.O., LRRO45/6, p. 261.

44. Athenaeum committee minutes, 19 Dec. 1826.

45. Ibid., 16 Jan. 1827; D.N.B.

46. P.R.O., LRRO45/7, p. 18.

47. Ibid., LRRO45/7, pp. 73–4.

48. Ibid., LRRO45/9, pp. 91–2.

49. United Service Club committee minutes, 6 Feb., 12 April, 5 June 1827.

50. Ward, op. cit., p. 36.

51. Athenaeum annual reports, report of 12 May 1828.

52. Athenaeum building contract.

53. P.R.O., LRRO45/8, pp. 187–8.

54. Ibid., LRRO45/8, pp. 202–3.

55. Athenaeum committee minutes, 26 Feb. 1828.

56. P.R.O., LRRO45/9, pp. 47–8.

57. Ibid., LRRO45/9, pp. 58–9.

58. Ibid., LRRO60/710; LRRO45/9, pp. 91–2.

59. Ibid., LRRO45/9, pp. 78–9.

60. Ibid., LRRO60/710; LRRO45/9, p. 105.

61. Ward, op. cit., pp. 37–8.

62. Gunnis.

63. United Service Club committee minutes, 11 Nov. 1828.

64. Ibid., 25 March, 1 April 1828.

65. Athenaeum annual reports, report of 11 May 1829.

66. Athenaeum committee minutes, 11 May 1829.

67. P.R.O., LRRO60/710; Athenaeum building box papers, table of extra works and works omitted, 1830; Ward, op. cit., p. 47.

68. Athenaeum annual reports, report of 9 May 1831.

69. Ward, op. cit., p. 47.

70. Athenaeum committee minutes, 2 March 1830.

71. The Builder, 5 Oct. 1844, p. 503.

72. United Service Club committee minutes, 8 May 1834; general meeting minutes, 17 June 1834.

73. Ibid., general meeting minutes, 3, 17 May 1842.

74. Ibid., 21 May 1844; P.R.O., LRRO60/711.

75. United Service Club general meeting minutes, 4 May 1858; C.E.O., file 11338; Jackson (17 above), op. fit., pp. 57–9.

76. United Service Club general meeting minutes, 18 May 1858; committee minutes, 3 Aug. 1858, 9 March 1859.

77. Ibid., committee minutes, 13 July 1886; Jackson (17 above), op. cit., p. 86.

78. Jackson (17 above), op. cit., pp. 116–18.

79. Ibid., pp. 120–1.

80. C.E.O., plan 64/77.

81. Ibid., file 11338.

82. Ward (12 above), op. cit., p. 66.

83. Athenaeum annual reports, report of 9 May 1831.

84. Ibid., report of 8 May 1843.

85. Ibid., report of 9 May 1856.

86. Ibid., passim.

87. Athenaeum. A Letter to the Committee from Mr. Decimus Burton on the subject of Plans for altering the House, 1854.

88. C.E.O., file 10655.

89. Ibid., loc. cit., and plan 63/13.

90. Athenaeum annual reports, 1858.

91. Ibid., 1864.

92. Ibid., 1865, 1866.

93. Ibid., 1868; C.E.O., file 12521.

94. Athenaeum annual reports, 1870; C.E.O., file 12521.

95. Athenaeum annual reports, 1881, 1883, 1884.

96. Ibid., 1887, 1888, 1895;C.E.O., file 12521.

97. D.N.B.; Who was Who 1916–28.

98. Athenaeum annual reports, 1892.

99. Ward (12 above), op. cit., p. 88.

100. Athenaeum annual reports, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1905, 1908, 1911.

101. The Observer, 14 Aug. 1932, quoting the secretary of the club.

102. Athenaeum annual reports, 1899, 1900, 1901; Ward (12 above), op. cit., p. 89.

103. The Architectural Review, July-Dec. 1913, pp. 54–8.

104. Studies and Examples of the Modern School of English Architecture, The Travellers' Club House, published by John Weale, with an essay by W. H. Leeds, 1839, p. 29.

105. Travellers' Club committee minutes, passim.

106. Ibid., 5 May 1819.

107. Ibid., loc. cit.; D.N.B.

108. P.R.O., LRRO60/712.

109. P.C.C., 202 Teignmouth.

110. Ibid., 1859/118.

111. Copy of sale catalogue in London Library (pamphlet 722).

112. Travellers' Club committee minutes, 24 Aug., 30 Nov. 1820.

113. Ibid., 21 June, 13 Sept., 5, 10, 31 Oct. 1821.

114. Ibid., 13 May 1822.

115. George Thomas, Earl of Albemarle, Fifty Years of My Life, 1876, vol. ii, p. 243.

116. Travellers' Club committee minutes, 25 April, 8, 22 May 1826. For another account of the building history of the club-house, see the article by Marcus Whiffen in The Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects, Sept. 1952.

117. Travellers' Club committee minutes, 13 July 1826.

118. Ibid., 28 June, 5, 6, 25 July 1827.

119. Soane Museum, private correspondence, cupboard 2, division xiii, portfolio C2.

120. Travellers' Club committee minutes, 20 Dec. 1827, 26 March 1828.

121. Ibid., 1 March, 24 Dec. 1828.

122. Ibid., 5 May 1828.

123. Ibid., 7 May 1828.

124. Ibid., 14, 21 May 1828.

125. Ibid., 7, 14, 17 July 1828.

126. Ibid., 23 July, 20 Aug. 1828.

127. Ibid., 24, 31 Dec. 1828, 11 Feb., 6 May 1829.

128. Travellers' Club building committee minutes, 19 May 1829.

129. Ibid., 2 June 1829.

130. Ibid., 12 June 1829.

131. Ibid., 15, 25, 30 June, 2, 6 July 1829.

132. P.R.O., LRRO1/913.

133. Travellers' Club building committee minutes, 25 Nov., 2 Dec. 1829, 1 May, 3 June 1830.

134. Sir Almeric FitzRoy, History of the Travellers' Club, 1927, p. 31.

135. The Travellers' Club House, etc., published by John Weale, 1839, p. 29.

136. London Exhibited in 1851, ed. John Weale, N.D., pp. 295–6.

137. The Builder, 9 Sept. 1843, p. 372.

138. The Athenaeum, 12 Aug. 1843, pp. 737–8.

139. London Exhibited in 1851, ed. John Weale, N.D., p. 297 n.

140. FitzRoy, op. cit., p. 51.

141. The Builder, 28 Dec. 1867, p. 946; C.E.O., file 10623.

142. C.E.O., file 10623.

143. Travellers' Club building committee minutes, 15 April 1831.

144. FitzRoy, op. cit., p. 38.

145. The Travellers' Club House, etc., published by John Weale, 1839, p. 28.

146. FitzRoy, op. cit., p. 112.

147. Ibid., pp. 118–19; The Architectural Review, July-Dec. 1913, pp. 29–32.

148. The Builder, 10 Dec. 1870, p. 980.

149. Norman Gash, Politics in the Age of Peel, 1953, pp. 402–4.

150. Louis Fagan, The Reform Club, 1887, pp. 19–21, 29–31.

151. Gash, op. cit., pp. 403–9, which contains a full account of the events leading up to the establishment of the Reform Club.

152. Ibid., p. 423.

153. C.E.O., file 10445.

154. P.R.O., LRRO63/57, p. 255; R.b.

155. C.E.O., London lease book 56, pp. 247–68.

156. Fagan, op. cit., pp. 32, 34–6.

157. Gash, op. cit., pp. 410–11.

158. Fagan, op. cit., p. 37.

159. Reform Club general meeting minutes, 17 May 1837.

160. Ibid., building committee minutes, 7, 8 June 1837.

161. Ibid., 13 July 1837.

162. Ibid., 17, 25, 28 Nov., 13 Dec. 1837.

163. Ibid., 15 Dec. 1837; D.N.B.

164. Reform Club building committee minutes, 18 Dec. 1837, 23 Jan., 4 April, 1 May 1838.

165. Ibid., 9 July 1838; general meeting minutes, 2 May 1838.

166. Fagan, op. cit., pp. 45, 70. For an account of Gwydyr House see Survey of London, vol. xiii, 1930, The Parish of St. Margaret, Westminster, Part II, pp. 223–7.

167. Fagan, op. cit., p. 70.

168. Reform Club building committee minutes, 23 Jan., 10 April, 1 May 1839; 15 June 1840.

169. Ibid., 26 June, 24 Sept., 30 Oct., 17, 20, 25 Nov., 27 Dec. 1840.

170. Ibid., 27 Dec. 1840.

171. Fagan, op. cit., pp. 56, 60, 62, 65.

172. Reform Club building committee minutes, 1 May, 9 July 1838.

173. Ibid., 4 May 1841; general meeting minutes, 4 May 1842.

174. Fagan, op. cit., p. 72.

175. Reform Club building committee minutes, 14 June 1837.

176. Marcus Whiffen, 'The Reform Club', in Country Life, 3 Nov. 1950, pp. 1498–9.

177. Fagan, op. cit., pp. 72–3.

178. Ibid., pp. 92, 106, 117.

179. Ibid., p. 49.

180. London Interiors, 1841, p. 148.

181. Ibid., p. 149.

182. Royal Automobile Club Guide and Handbook, 1958, p. 5.

183. C.E.O., file 15526.

184. The Builder, 28 April 1911, pp. 511–13; 5 May 1911, pp. 538–40.

185. C.E.O., file 11776; building agreement book 4, pp. 166–70.

186. Ibid., file 15677.

187. Deeds and papers in the possession of the Eagle Star Insurance Co. Ltd.; P.O.D.

188. Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects, 3rd series, vol. 4, pp. 144–5.

189. C.E.O., file 11412.

190. The Times, 8 May 1917.

191. R.B.

192. L.C.C.R.O., U.L. deeds, box C; M.L.R. 1724/6/40; R.B.

193. P.R.O., LRRO63/64, pp. 79–81; LRRO63/91, pp. 198–203.

194. C.E.O., file 18365.

195. Ibid., London lease book 56, pp. 129–42.

196. Ibid., file 11412.

197. Ibid., file 11433.

198. The Builder, 7 March 1863, p. 179.

199. C.E.O., file 11412; London lease book 56, pp. 129–42.

200. Ibid., file 11433, supplement.

201. Oxford and Cambridge University Club minutes, 17 May 1830.

202. Ibid.; D.N.B.

203. Club minutes, 2, 17 June 1830.

204. Ibid., 16, 22 June 1830.

205. Ibid., 13 March 1834.

206. P.R.O., LRRO60/717.

207. Club minutes, 20, 27 Nov., 4 Dec. 1834.

208. P.R.O., LRRO45/17, pp. 239–40.

209. Club minutes, 13, 18, 28 May 1835.

210. Ibid., 1 June 1835.

211. Ibid., 16, 18 June 1835.

212. Ibid., passim; D .N.B.

213. Club minutes, 16, 23, 30 July 1835.

214. Ibid., 28 Oct. 1835.

215. Ibid., 26 May, 15 June 1836; annual general meeting, May 1836.

216. Ibid., 10, 15, 17, 24 Nov., 8 Dec. 1836.

217. Ibid., 25 Jan. 1838.

218. Club annual accounts, 1836, 1837, 1838; annual report, 17 May 1838; minutes, 26 April 1838.

219. The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1837–8, vol. i, p. 15 (perhaps the authority for all later assertions to the same effect); The British Almanac, 1838, p. 235.

220. Club minutes, 15 Oct. 1835.

221. Ibid., 25 May 1838.

222. C.E.O., file 10654.

223. Club annual report and memorandum, 1907; annual general meeting, 1907; annual report, 1908 ; Blomfield's drawings in the club archives.

224. The Daily Telegraph, 2 Nov. 1907.

225. Club annual report and memorandum, 1912; annual general meeting, 1912; minutes, 1912 passim; annual report, 1913; Blomfield's drawings (though dated 1907) in the club archives.

226. The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1837–8, vol. i, pp. 15–16.

227. Club minutes, 26 April 1838.

228. Ibid., loc. cit.; The Gentleman's Magazine, 1845, vol. i, p. 319; The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1837–8, vol. i, p. 15.

229. Based on The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, loc. cit.; the bas-reliefs; also The British Almanac, 1838, p. 236.

230. Blomfield's drawings in the club archives.

231. The Architectural Review, June 1927, p. 222.

232. For an account of this building see A. S. G. Butler, The Architecture of Sir Edwin Lutyens, 1950, vol. iii, pp. 32–3, Plate , photograph 82.

CHAPTER XXII (pp. 427–430)

Warwick House Street and Carlton Mews

1. W.P.L., D1767, 21 Nov., 23 Dec. 1808; D1919, 30 Nov. 1808.

2. D.N.B.

3. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1670, p. 678.

4. P.R.O., LR1/61, ff. 307–8.

5. The Architecture of Sir Roger Pratt, ed. R. T. Gunther, 1928, p. 231.

6. Ibid., p. 259.

7. The Diary of Samuel Pepys, 3 Jan. 1665.

8. P.R.O., LRRO63/22, pp. 339–42.

9. R.B.

10. G.E.C.

11. P.R.O., LR1/64, f. 111.

12. L.C.C.R.O., Westminster Commissioners of Sewers, Durham Yard Sewer ratebook, 1710– 1731.

13. P.C.C., 45 Tenison.

14. R.B.; G.E.C.

15. M.L.R. 1792/4/510.

16. Autobiography of Miss Cornelia Knight, 1861, vol. i, pp. 199–200.

17. D. M. Stuart, Daughter of England, 1950, passim.

18. P.R.O., Works 19/11/5.

19. Ibid., LRRO60/533.

20. Ibid., LRRO60/534, 535.

21. Ibid., LRRO60/533; C.E.O., file 10289.

22. P.R.O., LRRO60/534.

23. Ibid., LRRO60/711; C.E.O., file 10778.

24. P.R.O., LRRO60/534, 535; C.E.O., file 10778.

CHAPTER XXIII (pp. 431–432)

St. James's Street

1. P.R.O., LR1/41, f. 190.

2. Reproduced in C. L. Kingsford, The Early History of Piccadilly, Leicester Square, Soho . . ., 1925.

3. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Martin's parish.

4. B.M., Add. MS. 22063 passim.

5. 14 Chas. II, c. 2, public.

6. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iii, p. 328.

7. W. J. Hardy, Middlesex County Records. Calendar of the Sessions Books, 1689 to 1709, 1905, p. 5; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1689–90, p. 431.

8. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 78.

9. 5 Geo. III, c. 50, public.

10. The London Chronicle, 15–17 Aug. 1765.

11. J. P. Malcolm, Anecdotes of the Manners and Customs of London during the Eighteenth Century, 1808, pp. 471–2.

12. Rev. George Reeves, A New History of London, 1764, p. 182.

13. E. W. Brayley, J. Nightingale, and J. N. Brewer, London and Middlesex, 1815, vol. iii, part ii, pp. 639–40.

CHAPTER XXIV (pp. 433–458)

St. James's Street, East Side

1. B.M., Add. MS. 22063, item 248; building agreement of 1731 in the possession of Messrs. Berry Brothers and Rudd Ltd.

2. R.B.

3. Ibid.; H. Warner Alien, Number Three Saint James's Street, 1950, pp. 45–7.

4. Building agreement of 1731 in possession of Messrs. Berry Brothers and Rudd Ltd.; M.L.R. 1727/3/401.

5. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1734, p. 512.

6. D.N.B.

7. Building agreement in the possession of Messrs. Berry Brothers and Rudd Ltd.

8. R.B.; Warner Alien, op. cit., p. 55.

9. M.L.R. 1732/1/397.

10. Warner Alien, op. cit., p. 75.

11. Ibid., p. 187.

12. Ibid., p. 52.

13. Information supplied by Messrs. Berry Brothers and Rudd Ltd.

14. W.P.L., D1761, pp. 40, 84, 94.

15. St. James's Marriage Registers, 1757, No. 778.

16. R.B.; P.C.C., 51 Arran.

17. Deeds in possession of James Lock and Co.; R.B.

18. H. L. Morgan, The History of James Lock and Co., 1948, passim.

19. P.R.O., LRRO60/647.

20. C.E.O., London lease book 55, pp. 487–506.

21. Colvin.

22. The Builder, 16 Sept. 1871, p. 717.

23. P.R.O., LRRO60/647; C.E.O., file 13529.

24. G. A. Cooke, Walks through London, 1832, p. 281.

25. C.E.O., file 13529.

26. Ibid., loc. cit.; P.R.O., LRRO1/927.

27. C.E.O., file 13534.

28. Ibid., loc. cit.; The Builder, 20 Jan. 1883, p. 93.

29. G. J. Ivey, The Club Directory, 1879, p. 39.

30. C.E.O., file 14865.

31. Ibid., file 15474.

32. Ibid., file 15891; plan 95/38.

33. Ibid., file 14172.

34. Ibid., loc. cit.; The Building News, 6 Oct. 1915, p. 379.

35. C.E.O., files 14172, 15801; The Building News, 7 June 1912, p. 811; 6 Oct. 1915, p. 379.

36. C.E.O., file 15801.

37. Ibid., file 16139.

38. Ibid., file 16779.

39. The Correspondence of Richard Steele, ed. Rae Blanchard, 1941, pp. 305–6, 310, 367; R.B.

40. The Correspondence of Richard Steele, etc., p. 367.

41. Ibid., p. 372.

42. George Aitken, The Life of Richard Steele, 1889, vol. ii, pp. 187–8.

43. The Correspondence of Richard Steele, etc., pp. 372, 387. See also Survey of London, vol. xviii, 1937, The Parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Part II, p. 62.

44. C.E.O., files 12746, 15300, 15301.

45. Memoirs of William Hickey 1749–1775, ed. Alfred Spencer, 1913, vol. i, p. 128.

46. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1768, p. 450.

47. British Museum Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, vol. iv, 1883, No. 4698.

48. The Macaroni Savoir Vivre, and Theatrical Magazine, April 1773, pp. 321–3, 328–30 (copy in the Enthoven Collection, Victoria and Albert Museum).

49. The Gentleman s Magazine, 1773, p. 147.

50. B.M., Pantheon Collection (pressmark 840 m 30).

51. Ibid., Ranelagh Collection (pressmark L.R. 282 b 7).

52. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. ix, 1904, p. 198.

53. Reginald Blunt, Thomas Lord Lyttelton, 1936, pp. 102–3, 133, 135.

54. The Dublin University Magazine, Jan. 1856, p. 15.

55. The Memorial of Richard Miles, Proprietor and Conductor of one of the Principal Club Houses in St. James's Street for upwards of thirty years, quoted in Arthur Bolton's article 'London Clubs: Boodle's' in Country Life, 9 Dec. 1916, pp. 12*–20*. There is a copy of this apparently rare number of Country Life in the British Museum. The copy of The Memorial. . . consulted by Bolton was in the possession of Boodle's and cannot now be found; no other copy is known to exist.

56. P.R.O., LRRO63/95, pp. 252–69.

57. T. Malton, A Picturesque Tour through the Cities of London and Westminster, 1792, vol. i, p. 107.

58. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. ix, 1904, p. 338.

59. Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. G. Birkbeck Hill, 1887, vol. iii, p. 23.

60. Memoirs of William Hickey, ed. Alfred Spencer, 1913, vol. i, pp. 236–7.

61. The Jockey Club, 1792, pp. 33–4 (copy in B.M., pressmark 785 e 14).

62. Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England, 1850, vol. iii, p. 94.

63. Last Journals of Horace Walpole during the Reign of George III from 1771–1783, ed. A. Francis Stewart, 1910, vol. i, pp. 545–6.

64. Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of both Houses of the British Parliament, 1807, vol. ii, p. 287.

65. The Morning Chronicle and London Advertiser, 10 June 1776.

66. Memorials of Brooks's, 1907, p. 25.

67. Henry Stooks Smith, op. cit., vol. iii, pp. xi, 3; P.C.C., 660 Marriott.

68. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1803, p. 696.

69. P.C.C., 660 Marriott.

70. P.R.O., C12/921/6.

71. M.L.R. 1777/3/234.

72. Records in possession of Boodle's: 'Harding's book'.

73. Ibid., auction sale particulars.

74. Ibid., loc. cit.; Malton, loc. cit.

75. The Epicure's Almanack, 1815, pp. 203–4.

76. P.C.C., 786 Howe.

77. Ibid., 489 Beard; R.B.

78. P.C.C., 489 Beard.

79. Robson's London Directory, 1830; P.O.D.

80. The Builder, 28 Sept. 1844, p. 492.

81. Wyatt Papworth, John B. Papworth, Architect to the King of Wurtemburg, 1879, p. 50.

82. Ibid., p. 49.

83. Ibid., p. 51.

84. Ibid., loc. cit.; C.E.O., file 13034; Papworth drawings in R.I.B.A. Library.

85. P.O.D.

86. C.E.O., files 13034, 13041; plan 75/80.

87. Malton, op. cit. (57 above), Plate .

88. R.I.B.A. Library, Papworth drawings.

89. Reproduced in S. C. Ramsey's article on Boodle's in The Architectural Review, Oct. 1913, p. 74.

90. Arthur T. Bolton's article in Country Life, 9 Dec. 1916, p. 20* (see 55 above); S. C. Ramsey's article in The Architectural Review, Oct. 1913, p.75.

91. Country Life, 24 Dec. 1932, pp. 719–20.

92. C.E.O., file 15303; P.O.D.

93. Duke of Northumberland's MSS. at Alnwick Estate Office, XII 26(1).

94. P.R.O., LR1/62, lib. 4, ff. 55–6.

95. R.B.; Burke's Peerage.

96. Duke of Northumberland's MSS. at Alnwick Estate Office, XII 26(2).

97. M.L.R. 1720/6/156–7.

98. Ibid., 1755/2/225–6.

99. Ibid., 1755/2/228.

100. W.P.L., A. M. Broadley, Annals of the Haymarket, King's Theatre volume, p. 53, articles of agreement, 1 Sept. 1747.

101. P.C.C., 284 Lisle.

102. P.R.O., LS13/246.

103. P.C.C., 335 Cheslyn.

104. W.P.L., D1762, 26 Dec. 1761.

105. M.L.R. 1755/2/225–7; The History of White's, published by the Hon. Algernon Bourke, 1892, vol. i, p. 117. The British Museum Catalogue states that the author of this book was W. B. Boulton.

106. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. ix, 1904, p. 66; vol. xi, 1904, p. 310.

107. Ibid., vol. vi, 1904, p. 173.

108. J. H. Jesse, George Selwyn and His Contemporaries, 1843. vol. i, p. 366.

109. H.M.C., MSS. of the Earl of Carlisle, 1897, p. 452.

110. Bourke, op. cit., vol. i, pp. 137–40.

111. Ibid., vol. i, p. 167.

112. Jesse, op. cit., vol. i, p. 217.

113. P.C.C., 388 Ellenbro; P.R.O., C12/1040/32, which contains much information about his affairs there.

114. M.L.R. 1770/3/16.

115. Henry Stocks Smith, op. cit. (62 above), vol. i, 1844. p. 63; vol. iii, 1850, p. 53.

116. P.R.O., C12/584/28.

117. Notes and Queries, third series, vol. ii, pp. 127–8.

118. M.L.R. 1789/7/46–7; P.R.O., LRRO63/81, pp. 218–20.

119. M.L.R. 1797/2/686.

120. Ibid., 1800/1/458.

121. Ibid., 1801/1/34.

122. Ibid., 1814/3/651.

123. R. C. Rome, Union Club, 1948, p. 6.

124. Bourke, op. cit., vol. i, p. 190.

125. Ibid., vol. i, pp. 227–31.

126. Ibid., vol. i, pp. 231–2, 238.

127. The Builder, 11 March 1871, p. 194.

128. Bourke, op. cit., vol. i, pp. 238–40.

129. Percy Colson, White's 1693–1950, 1951, p. 114.

130. W.P.L., ratebooks of the parish of St. George's, Hanover Square.

131. The Builder, 17 April 1852, p. 241; see also Peter Cunningham, Hand-Book of London Past and Present, 1850, p. 545.

132. Bourke, op. cit., vol. i, p. 160.

133. E. Beresford Chancellor, The West End of Yesterday and Today, 1926, p. 153.

134. John Timbs, Clubs and Club Life in London, 1872, facing p. 80.

135. British Museum Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires, vol. vii, 1942, No. 8826.

136. Bourke, op. cit., vol. i, p. 189.

137. The Builder, 17 April 1852, p. 241.

138. Wyatt Papworth, op. cit. (81 above), p. 93.

139. The Builder, 17 April 1852, p. 241 and engraving on p. 249.

140. Ibid., 12 Aug. 1882, p. 227; 4 Nov. 1882, p. 603.

141. Bourke, op. cit., vol. i, pp. 241–2, and plans on succeeding pages.

142. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 36.

CHAPTER XXV (pp. 459–471)

St. James's Street, West Side, Past Buildings

1. P.R.O., C66/3391, No. 5.

2. B.M., Add. MS. 22067, f. 15.

3. P.C.C., 190 Fane.

4. P.R.O., LRRO63/19, p. 344.

5. W.P.L., deeds 15/64; M.L.R. 1715/3/24; R.B.

6. M.L.R. 1715/3/24.

7. W.P.L., D1760, 12 April 1748; R.B.

8. R.B.

9. E. Hatton, A New View of London, 1708, vol. ii, p.793.

10. M.L.R. 1734/1/300.

11. Z. C. Von Uffenbach, London in 1710, trans. and ed. W. H. Quarrell and M. Mare, 1934, p. 171.

12. L.C.C.R.O., Harben/X39.

13. Deeds in the possession of Messrs. Fisher, Dowson and Wasborough.

14. P.O.D.

15. The Journal of Benjamin Moran, ed. S. A. Wallace and F. E. Gillespie, 1949, vol. ii, pp. 1129, 1133, 1326.

16. Walburga, Lady Paget, Embassies of Other Days, 1923, vol. i, p. 84.

17. R.B.; P.O.D.

18. W.P.L., deeds 15/64.

19. Cal. Treasury Books 1669–72, pp. 1193, 1202.

20. Ibid., p. 1288; Cal. S.P. Dom. 1672–3, p. 171.

21. R.B.; D.N.B.

22. P.R.O., C54/4557, No. 9.

23. Narcissus Luttrell, A Brief Historical Relation of State Affairs, 1857, vol. iv, p. 142.

24. P.R.O., C54/4830, No. 3.

25. M.L.R. 1720/2/50.

26. Report on Endowed Charities (County of London), 1901, vol. iv, p. 399.

27. H.M.C., MSS. of Earl Cowper, vol. ii, 1888, p. 373.

28. P.R.O., LRRO63/41, pp. 106–12.

29. M.C.R.O., LV(W)68/293, 343, 400, 442, 498, 539.

30. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, vol. v, 1901, p. 480.

31. John Macky, A Journey through England, 1722, vol. i, pp. 167–9.

32. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. ii, 1903, p. 207.

33. Information supplied by Mr. B. Lillywhite from an original letter of 10 Oct. 1787 addressed to 'Mr. Griffith, Pall Mall, London'.

34. Gibbon's Journal, introd. D. M. Low, 1929, p. 185.

35. Correspondence of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham, ed. W. S. Taylor and J. H. Pringle, 1838, vol. ii, p. 309.

36. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. xi, 1904, p. 126.

37. M.C.R.O., unlisted licensed victuallers' recognizances for St. James's parish, 1793.

38. H.M.C., MSS. of the Earl of Carlisle, 1897, pp. 555, 575–6, 579–80.

39. Memorials and Correspondence of Charles James Fox, ed. Lord John Russell, 1854, vol. iii, p. 427.

40. Thomas Moore, Letters and Journals of Lord Byron, 1833, vol. i, p. 385.

41. John Timbs, Clubs and Club Life in London, 1872, p. 69.

42. B.A. 17295; P.O.D.

43. E.S.99953.

44. The Daily Mail, 11 Aug. 1932.

45. W.P.L., photographs of adjoining premises.

46. Notes and Queries, vol. clxxii, 1937, p. 171; Ralph Nevill, London Clubs, 1911, p. 128.

47. Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. G. Birkbeck Hill, revised by L. F. Powell, 1934, vol. iii, pp. 325, 525.

48. P.R.O., LRRO63/39, pp. 65–7.

49. P.C.C., 40 Young, will of Francis White.

50. W.P.L., D1757, 24 July 1702.

51. The London Gazette, 13–17 March 1678/9.

52. P.C.C., Admon. 1724; The Daily Post, 15 Aug. 1724.

53. The Daily Post, 11 April 1724.

54. M.C.R.O., LV(W)38/47.

55. R.B.; M.L.R. 1726/1/96.

56. P.R.O., LRRO63/52, p. 6.

57. M.C.R.O., LV(W)43/6.

58. H.M.C., Egmont MSS., Diary of Viscount Percival, vol. i, 1920, p. 369.

59. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1733, p. 213.

60. Read's Weekly Journal, 5 May 1733.

61. The Country Journal, 5 May 1733.

62. The Daily Post, 3 May 1733.

63. The History of White's published by the Hon. Algernon Bourke, 1892, vol. i, pp. 18–20. The British Museum catalogue states that the author of this work was W. B. Boulton.

64. Ibid., vol. i, pp. 21–32.

65. Ibid., vol. i, p. 34.

66. Ibid., vol. i, pp. 35, 67–9.

67. The Polite Gamester: or, The Humours of Whist, 1753, p. 11 n. (copy in B.M., pressmark 161 e 27).

68. H.M.C., MSS. of the Earl of Carlisle, 1897, p. 548.

69. P.R.O., LRRO63/79, pp. 63–5.

70. Ibid., LRRO63/71, p. 289.

71. The Memorial of Richard Miles, Proprietor and Conductor of one of the Principal Club Houses in St. James's Street for upwards of Thirty Years, quoted in Arthur Bolton's article 'London Clubs: Boodle's', in Country Life, 9 Dec. 1916, pp. 12*–20*. There is a copy of this apparently rare number of Country Life in the British Museum. The copy of The Memorial . . . which Bolton consulted at Boodle's cannot now be found, and no other copy is known to exist.

72. Robert Isaac and Samuel Wilberforce, The Life of William Wilberforce, 1838, vol. i, p. 16.

73. R. C. Rome, Union Club, 1948, p. 6.

74. P.R.O., MR325.

75. B.M., Add. MS. 22064.

76. R.B.;P.C.C, 172 Vere.

77. P.R.O., C10/387/1; C7/38/26; C7/646/2; C7/263/42.

78. R.B.; The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, 2nd series, 1862, vol. i, pp. 182–3.

79. M.L.R. 1711/2/48; 1713/4/62; 1719/5/17; 1721/2/113.

80. A Comparison between the Two Stages, ed. Staring B. Wells, 1942, p. 6.

81. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift. D.D., ed. Temple Scott, vol. ii, 1897, The Journal to Stella, p. 306.

82. R.B.; M.L.R. 1724/6/270; 1773/6/432; P.R.O., MR271.

83. M.C.R.O., LV(W)68/88.

84. Ibid., LV(W)71/378.

85. Marriage Register of St. James's, Piccadilly, 1768, No. 147; Notes and Queries, third series, vol. x, pp. 37–8.

86. M.L.R. 1724/2/437; 1725/1/108; 1726/1/215; 1729/1/64; 1729/4/2.

87. Ibid., 1773/6/432–3.

88. P.C.C., 115 Holman.

89. Ibid., 545 Vaughan.

90. D.N.B.

91. C.E.O., London lease book 3, pp. 499–510.

92. P.C.C., 87/1847; The Gentleman's Magazine, 1847, part i, p. 215.

93. P.C.C., 545 Vaughan; ibid., 87/1847; R.B.; P.O.D.

94. C.E.O., file 11707.

95. Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. G. Birkbeck Hill, revised by L. F. Powell, 1934, vol. i, p. 479, 479 n.

96. Lionel Cust and Sidney Colvin, History of the Society of Dilettanti, 1914, pp. 141–2, 192– 193.

97. Viscount Gladstone, The Story of the Noblemen and Gentlemen's Catch Club, 1930, pp. 48–9.

98. James Gandon, The Life of James Gandon, 1846, p. 295.

99. E. Beresford Chancellor, Memorials of St. James's Street, 1922, p. 161.

100. Major-General Sir Louis C. Jackson, History of the United Service Club, 1937, pp. 1–9.

101. Norman Gash, Politics in the Age of Peel, 1953, p. 397.

102. Sheila Birkenhead, Peace in Piccadilly, The Story of Albany, 1958, pp. 47–8.

103. R.B.; D.N.B.

104. C.E.O., deed, Middlesex 597; R.B.

105. M.C.R.O., LV(W)74/524; 75/651; 77/620; 80/444.

106. John Forster, The Life and Times of Oliver Goldsmith, 1854, vol. ii, pp. 446–59.

107. Private Letters of Edward Gibbon 1753–1794, ed. R. E. Prothero, 1897, vol. i, p. 152.

108. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1785, p. 316.

109. C.E.O., deed, Middlesex 597.

110. M.C.R.O., LV(W) St. James's parish, 1793– 1811.

111. The Farington Diary, ed. J. Greig, N.D., vol. i, p. 138; Cust and Colvin, op. cit., pp. 141–3.

112. Lincolnshire Record Office, Nelthorpe 4/19/2.

113. Ibid., Nelthorpe 4/19/8.

114. Ibid., Nelthorpe 4/19/9.

115. P.R.O., LR1/282, f. 68.

116. M.L.R. 1765/5/259–60.

117. R.B.; H.M.C., MSS. of the Duke of Portland, vol. v, 1899, p. 513.

118. Lincolnshire Record Office, Nelthorpe 3/11/7.

119. P.R.O., LRRO63/43, pp. 272–7.

120. H.M.C., MSS. of the Duke of Portland, vol. iv, 1897, p. 577.

121. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, vol. ii, 1897, The Journal to Stella, pp. 7, 25, 56.

122. The Works of Joseph Addison, ed. Richard Hurd, 1902, vol. iii, p. 380.

123. R.B.; M.L.R. 1765/5/260.

124. M.L.R. 1765/5/259–60; Lincolnshire Record Office, Nelthorpe box VI/33/2 and 3.

125. M.C.R.O., LV(W), St. James's parish, 1770, unlisted.

126. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1776, p. 75.

127. P.R.O., LRRO63/92, pp. 82–7.

128. The Builder, 7 Dec. 1850, p. 584.

129. Lincolnshire Record Office, Nelthorpe VI/33/4.

130. Captain Gronow's Last Recollections, 1866, pp. 35–7.

131. Lincolnshire Record Office, Nelthorpe box VI/33/5;R.B.

132. Lincolnshire Record Office, Nelthorpe box VI/33/7 and 8; R.B.

133. Lincolnshire Record Office, Nelthorpe 4/20/4; Conservative Club minutes (in the possession of the Bath Club), 31 Oct. 1840.

CHAPTER XXVI (pp. 472–486)

St. James's Street, West Side, Existing Buildings

1. The Builder, 5 May 1933, p. 720; B.A. 72146.

2. The Building News, 20 July 1888, p. 71; information supplied by J. Lyons and Co. Ltd.

3. The Building News, 20 July 1888, p. 71.

4. Ibid., 30 March 1888, p. 485.

5. P.O.D.

6. T.P. 4322.

7. E.S. 1741.

8. R.B.

9. Deeds in the possession of the Phoenix Assurance Co. Ltd.; B.A. 14336; P.O.D.

10. Deeds of Messrs. Chubb and Sons; B.A. 16509; P.O.D.

11. D.N.B.; Joseph Foster, The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of the British Empire, 1880, p. 309.

12. Robson's London Directory, 1828.

13. Complete List of Members of Arthur's Club from May 8th 1811 to June 12th 1912 (copy in possession of Lieutenant-Colonel Noel Campbell, formerly secretary of the club).

14. R. C. Rome, Union Club, 1948, pp. 4–12.

15. John Timbs, Clubs and Club Life in London, 1872, p. 91.

16. P.R.O., LRRO63/71, p. 289; LRRO63/79, pp. 63–5.

17. C.E.O., file 13032.

18. P.R.O., LRRO45/6, pp. 124–6.

19. C.E.O., London lease book 38, pp. 292–314.

20. Ibid., London lease book 57, pp. 45–62.

21. Colvin.

22. Drawings in C.E.O., file 13032.

23. P.R.O., LRRO45/6, pp. 244–5.

24. C.E.O., file 13032; Robson's London Directory, 1830.

25. P.R.O., LRRO45/6, pp. 309–10.

26. The Builder, 11 Oct. 1856, p. 564.

27. Country Life, 1 June 1940, where there is an account of the club-house by Arthur Oswald.

28. C.E.O., file 15520.

29. The Building News, 24 March 1911, p. 419; P.O.D.

30. Madame Prunier, La Maison, The History of Pruniers, 1957, p. 222.

31. The Architect and Building News, 1 Feb. 1935, p. 162.

32. Prunier, op. cit., pp. 217–18.

33. Conservative Club minutes (in the possession of the Bath Club), 29 July, 6 Aug. 1840.

34. Ibid., 29 July 1840.

35. Norman Gash, Politics in the Age of Peel, 1953, p. 401.

36. Ibid., pp. 197, 250, 281; Boyle's Court Guide, 1840, pp. 727–35.

37. Conservative Club minutes, 4 Aug., 31 Oct., 28 Nov. 1840, 2 Jan., 3 May 1841.

38. Ibid., 24 Aug. 1840.

39. C.E.O., London lease book 3, pp. 499–510.

40. P.R.O., MR271.

41. Ibid., loc. cit.; C.E.O., London lease book 59, pp. 388–406.

42. C.E.O., London lease book 59, pp. 388–406; London lease book 38, pp. 292–314.

43. Conservative Club minutes, 13 Feb. 1841.

44. P.R.O., LRRO60/820.

45. Conservative Club minutes, 26 Aug. 1841.

46. Ibid., 18 Jan. 1842; P.R.O., LRRO60/820.

47. Conservative Club minutes, 5, 17, 24 Feb., 3, 8 March, 7 April 1842.

48. Ibid., 8 March, 14, 21 April 1842.

49. Ibid., 16 June, 29 July 1842.

50. Ibid., 27 May, 22 June 1843.

51. The Builder, 18 Sept. 1858, p. 632.

52. Rules and Regulations of the Conservative Club, 1871.

53. The Illustrated London News, 10 Feb. 1844, p. 85.

54. Conservative Club minutes, 27 Feb. 1845.

55. The Architectural Review, vol. 35, 1914, pp. 56–9; see also Colvin sub Basevi.

56. The Illustrated London News, 10 Feb. 1844, p. 85; 22 Feb. 1845, pp. 121–2; The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1844, p. 43.

57. The Builder, 17 May 1845, p. 229.

58. The Illustrated London News, 22 Feb. 1845, pp. 121–2.

59. Conservative Club minutes, 17 April 1845.

60. The Builder, 2 Feb. 1861, p. 82.

61. The Architectural Review, vol. 35, 1914, pp. 56–59.

62. C.E.O., file 12711.

63. See also The Connoisseur Period Guides. The Early Victorian Period, 1958, article on furniture by Peter Floud, pp. 35–50.

64. C.E.O., files 11706–7.

65. Ibid., file 11706; P.O.D.

66. C.E.O., file 11706; G. J. Ivey, The Club Directory, 1879, p. 72.

67. C.E.O., file 18075; R. C. Rome, Union Club, 1948, pp. 70, 73.

68. C.E.O., files 15145, 15320.

69. The Builder, 19 May 1906, pp. 556–7.

CHAPTER XXVII (pp. 487–509)

Cleveland Row

1. The Builder, 15 June 1850, p. 281; 28 Sept. 1850, p. 464; 23 Nov. 1850, p. 560.

2. Rev. A. Barry, The Life and Works of Sir Charles Barry, 1867, p. 286.

3. Colvin.

4. B.A. 28111.

5. P.R.O., MPE506; LRRO63/8, pp. 119–20.

6. Lincolnshire Record Office, Nelthorpe 4/19/2.

7. R.B.; P.R.O., MPE506; LRRO63/8, pp. 119– 120; C.E.O., London lease book 16, p. 527.

8. C.E.O., London lease book 16, p. 527.

9. R.B., D.N.B. (unless otherwise stated).

10. Cat. Treasury Books 1693–6, p. 1267.

11. P.R.O., LRRO63/32, passim.

12. M.L.R. 1717/2/188.

13. C.E.O., file 15424; B.A. 28111.

14. The Builder, 30 June 1906, p. 734; P.O.D.

15. C.E.O., files 11953, 15342.

16. Ibid., file 15424; E.S. 3177.

17. The Builder, 30 June 1906, p. 734.

18. C.E.O., files 15424, 15562.

19. Ibid., file 18323.

20. P.R.O., MR325.

21. Ibid., LR1/60, f. 117–18.

22. B.M., Add. MS. 22064.

23. R.B.

24. P.R.O., LRRO60/1656; R.B.

25. G.E.C.

26. P.R.O., LRRO60/1656.

27. Ibid., LRRO63/14, pp. 135–7; MPE506.

28. T. Birch, The Court and Times of Charles I, 1848, vol. i, p. 457.

29. Calendar of Papers of Committee for Compounding, vol. iii, p. 1967.

30. A Collection of the State Papers of John Thurloe, ed. Thomas Birch, 1742, vol. ii, 1653–4, p. 247.

31. P.R.O., Works 5/6, March 1664/5, 'Berksheire House'; Works 5/7, March-May 1665, 'Barkshire House'.

32. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iii, p. 470; The Diary of Samuel Pepys, 19 Nov. 1666; H.M.C., MSS. of A. G. Finch, vol. i, 1913, p. 434.

33. Cal. S.P. Dom. Nov. 1667–Sept. 1668, p. 243.

34. Ibid., Oct. 1668–Dec. 1669, p. 640.

35. D.N.B.

36. T. Carte, The Life of James, Duke of Ormond, 1851 ed., vol. iv, pp. 152–3.

37. P.R.O., C54/4250.

38. G.E.C.; D.N.B.

39. P.R.O., Works 5/3, Dec. 1662, Jan. 1662/3.

40. The Diary of Samuel Pepys, 1668–9, passim.

41. Cal. Treasury Books 1678–80, p. 229.

42. P.R.O., LRRO63/14, pp. 135–7.

43. The Diary of Samuel Pepys, 8 May 1668.

44. Cal. Treasury Papers 1672–5, p. 864.

45. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iv, p. 190.

46. Cal. Treasury Books 1672–5, pp. 81, 96, 432.

47. G. Steinman Steinman, A Memoir of Barbara, Duchess of Cleveland, 1871, pp. 125–6.

48. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iv, p. 190; P.R.O., C10/509/44.

49. P.R.O., C10/509/44.

50. Cal. Treasury Books 1685–9, p. 2085; ibid., 1702, p. 530.

51. P.R.O., C5/459/8.

52. The Diary of Robert Hooke 1672–1680, ed. H. W. Robinson and W. Adams, 1935, pp. 23, 145, 147; L.C.C.R.O., Westminster Commissioners of Sewers, Orders of Court, vol. 6, pp. 129, 155.

53. P.R.O., C6/307/47.

54. Northamptonshire Record Office, Ellesmere (Brackley) Collection, Box 465.

55. P.R.O., LRRO63/14, pp. 135–7; Cal. Treasury Books 1685–9, p. 2085.

56. P.R.O., LR1/63, part i, f. 54; Northamptonshire Record Office, Grafton (Wakefield) Collection, G.3184.

57. 3 & 4 William and Mary, House of Lords Act No. 11; P.C.C., 182 Dyke.

58. P.R.O., C54/4760/33.

59. Ibid., C8/298/16.

60. Ibid., C8/588/78.

61. Ibid., C5/628/62.

62. Cal. Treasury Books 1689–92, pp. 26, 28; ibid., 1702, p. 530.

63. R.B.; G.E.C.; D.N.B.

64. R.B.; G.E.C.

65. The Connoisseur, vol. vi, May 1903, pp. 3–10.

66. R.B.; Northamptonshire Record Office, Ellesmere (Brackley) Collection, Box 1740, parcel 2.

67. Hertfordshire Record Office, A.H. 1732–1766.

68. E. W. Brayley, J. Nightingale and J. N. Brewer, London and Middlesex, vol. iii, part ii, 1815, p. 631.

69. John Britton, Catalogue Raisonné of the Pictures . . . in the Gallery of Cleveland House 1808 (copy in Soane Museum).

70. J. Pye, Patronage of British Art, 1845, p. 278; The Connoisseur, vol. vi, May 1903, pp. 3–10.

71. Hertfordshire Record Office, A.H. 1768, 1770.

72. Britton, op. cit.; The Farington Diary, ed. J. Greig, vol. iii, p. 236.

73. R.B.; Kearsley, Stranger's Guide [N.D.], p. 21.

74. Hertfordshire Record Office, A.H. 1766.

75. P.R.O., C54/4863.

76. Northamptonshire Record Office, Ellesmere (Brackley) Collection, Box 1740, parcel 2.

77. P.R.O., C54/4833.

78. 5 & 6 Vict., c. 30, private.

79. W.P.L., deeds 15/27, 28.

80. R.I.B.A. Library, Barry Collection, No. 29, Diary 1845, 2 Jan.

81. P.R.O., MR271;R.B.

82. 5 & 6 Vict., c. 30, private; R.B.

83. Royal Academy, Catalogue No. 981.

84. The Builder, 15 July 1843, p. 277; 10 Vict., c. 2, private; Northamptonshire Record Office, Ellesmere (Brackley) Collection, Box 1740, parcel No. 2.

85. 10 Vict., c. 2, private.

86. The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, vol. 4, June 1841, p. 179.

87. R.I.B.A. Library, Barry Collection, No. 29, Diary 1845, 2, 3 Jan.

88. Ibid., 11 July.

89. Ibid., Nov. and Dec.

90. Ibid., No. 31, Journal, 4 Nov. 1845.

91. Ibid., 12 Jan. 1846.

92. Ibid., 22 Jan. 1846.

93. The Builder, 16 Sept. 1848, p. 445.

94. Marcus Whiffen, 'Bridgewater House, St. James's', in Country Life, 13 May 1949.

95. The Builder, 11 Jan. 1851, p. 28; 31 May 1851, p. 353.

96. Gunnis.

97. N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England, London, The Cities of London and Westminster, 1957, pp. 502, 502 n.

98. Rev. A. Barry, The Life and Works of Sir Charles Barry, 1867, p. 98.

99. C.E.O., file 14747.

100. Ibid., London lease book 63, pp. 148–59.

101. P.R.O., LR1/63 part i, f. 54.

102. Deeds of Mr. Maxwell Morris, 12 Cleveland Row.

103. P.R.O., LRRO63/62, pp. 167–72; G.E.C. under Ann, Viscountess Bateman.

104. A History of Northumberland, ed. Northumberland County History Committee, 1897, vol. iv, pp. 193, 205.

105. P.R.O., LRRO63/62, pp. 167–72.

106. Ibid., pp. 269–79.

107. B.M., Add. MS. 41133, ff. 14, 24, 61V.

108. Ibid., f. 31V; see also Gunnis, p. 412, where the work is incorrectly attributed to a house in Norfolk.

109. B.M., Add. MS. 41133, ff. 51V, 54.

110. Edgar Sheppard, Memorials of St. James's Palace, 1894, vol. i, p. 54.

111. W.P.L., Ratebooks of St. Martin's; History of Northumberland, op. cit., vol. iv, p. 205.

112. C.E.O., file 14157; D.N.B.

113. C.E.O., file 13058.

114. Ibid., file 14157.

115. P.O.D.

116. P.R.O., LRRO63/88, pp. 37–48.

117. L.C.C.R.O., Stowe MSS., box 4.

118. Sheppard, op. cit., p. 55.

119. See P.R.O., Works 1/5, f. 134, for a letter by Samuel Wyatt dated 3 Oct. 1794 in which he refers to his 'Being employed by Lord Grenville to build a house' at the west end of Cleveland Row.

120. C.E.O., LRRO63/88, p. 46; 63/90, pp. 50–63.

121. P.O.D.; C.E.O., file 13058.

122. C.E.O., file 13058.

CHAPTER XXVIII (p. 510)

Little St. James's Street and Catherine Wheel Yard

1. P.R.O., MR271.

2. Ibid., MR325.

3. Ibid., LRRO62/14, p. 140.

4. M.L.R. 1722/4/104.

5. P.R.O., LR1/60, f. 118.

6. B.M., Add. MS. 22064.

7. P.R.O., C5/209/47; M.L.R. 1717/1/130; 1721/2/101;1729/2/255.

8. M.L.R. 1721/2/52; 1722/3/100, 366; 1722/ 4/103–8;1724/4/202.

9. Colvin.

10. M.L.R. 1721/2/52; 1722/4/108; 1724/4/202.

11. P.R.O., LRRO60/816.

CHAPTER XXIX (pp. 511–541)

St. James's Place

1. P.R.O., LR1/64, f. 119.

2. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. ii, bk. vi, p. 78.

3. P.R.O., C8/349/119.

4. Ibid., C5/209/47.

5. R.B.

6. M.L.R. 1726/4/141.

7. Ibid., 1718/1/78; 1726/4/141; P.R.O., C5/323/12; C8/349/119.

8. M.L.R. 1733/5/122.

9. Ibid., 1728/6/301.

10. P.C.C., 27 Pett; L.C.C.R.O., Harben X214; D.N.B.

11. M.L.R. 1718/1/78; 1722/3/240; L.C.C.R.O., Harben X214.

12. M.L.R. 1721/3/90–1.

13. Ibid., 1736/4/363–4. 435–6.

14. L.C.C.R.O., Harben X214.

15. M.L.R. 1788/7/249.

16. Ibid., 1771/2/306.

17. Ibid., 1788/7/249; deeds in the possession of Messrs. Fisher, Dowson and Wasbrough.

18. P.C.C., 388 Ellenbro.

19. Deeds in the possession of Messrs. Fisher, Dowson and Wasbrough, annotated copy of sale particulars.

20. R.B.; D.N.B.

21. The Private Letters of Edward Gibbon 1753– 1794, ed. R. E. Prothero, 1897, vol. i, pp. 82–83.

22. R.B.; The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, 2nd series, 1862, vol. i, pp. 341, 381.

23. P.R.O., C54/4715.

24. D.N.B.

25. P.R.O., C54/4715,4746.

26. 7 Geo. I (House of Lords Act No. 29).

27. G.E.C.

28. 16 Geo. II (House of Lords Act No. 26).

29. P.R.O., C5/323/12;R.B.

30. M.L.R. 1725/4/264; 1741/1/505–6; P.R.O., C10/504/97.

31. M.L.R. 1741/1/505–6.

32. P.R.O., C5/323/12.

33. H.M.C., MSS. of Earl Cowper, vol. ii, 1888, pp. 371–80.

34. Ibid., vol. i, p. vi.

35. Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 390–2.

36. Gunnis.

37. R.B. up to 1705; H.M.C., MSS. of Earl Cowper, 1889, vol. iii, pp. 80–1.

38. R.B.; P.O.D.; D.N.B.

39. Gunnis; the reference to St. James's Square should presumably be to St. James's Place. Sir John Evelyn was never rated for and never owned a house in the square.

40. Deeds in the possession of McMullen and Son, Hertford.

41. P.O.D.

42. M.L.R. 1713/5/25; 1724/5/308; W.P.L., deed 15/26.

43. R.B.; D.N.B.; M.L.R. 1724/5/308; 1733/2/144.

44. R.B.; D.N.B.; deeds in the possession of McMullen and Son, Hertford.

45. R.B.; P.O.D.; C.E.O., deeds, Middlesex 23/17.

46. Information supplied by secretary.

47. Guildhall Library, MS. 2069; P.R.O., C54/4789, No. 15.

48. Home Counties Magazine, vol. 10, 1908, p. 234.

49. M.L.R. 1745/3/137–9.

50. P.R.O., LRRO63/49, pp. 193–7, 63/52, p. 43.

51. Burlington Fine Arts Club, Catalogue of . . . Drawings and Pictures of London, 1920, Plate .

52. Letters of Mary Lepel, Lady Hervey, 1821, Letter XCI, p. 281 n.

53. The Builder, 25 Feb. 1871, p. 142; R.B.

54. P.R.O., LRRO60/816.

55. Colvin.

56. Letters of Mary Lepel, Lady Hervey, 1821, Letter LXI, p. 207.

57. Deeds of Earl Spencer at Althorp.

58. P.R.O., LRRO60/596.

59. The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, 1st series, 1861, vol. iii, p. 445.

60. Horace Walpole's Books of Materials in possession of W. S. Lewis of Farmington, Connecticut, vol. 2, p. 45.

61. T. F. Dibdin, Aedes Althorpianae, 1822, p. lx n.

62. R.I.B.A. Library, I T9/32.

63. Earl Spencer, 'Spencer House', in Country Life, 30 Oct., 6 Nov. 1926.

64. Lionel Cust and Sidney Colvin, History of the Society of Dilettanti, 1914, pp. 5, 11–13, 108, 263.

65. Ibid., p. 77.

66. E. Croft-Murray, 'A Drawing by "Athenian" Stuart for the Painted Room at Spencer House' in British Museum Quarterly, vol. xxi. No. I, March 1957, pp. 14–15.

67. M. Jourdain, 'Furniture designed by James Stuart at Althorp', in Country Life, 24 Aug, 1935.

68. Gunnis; (Sir) William Chambers, A Treatise on Civil Architecture, 1759, p. 63.

69. Arthur Young, A Six Weeks Tour through the Southern Counties of England and Wales, 2nd ed., 1769, pp. 354–61.

70. J. Gwynn, London and Westminster Improved, 1766, p. 44 n.

71. Thomas Malton, A Picturesque Tour through the Cities of London and Westminster, 1792, vol. ii, p. 108.

72. Information supplied by Earl Spencer.

73. E.S. 84083.

74. P.R.O., LRRO63/88, p. 126.

75. C.E.O., file 14747.

76. P.R.O., C54/4746.

77. Ibid., C5/151/71.

78. Ibid., C5/151/71, C5/288/43, C8/588/78;R.B.

79. P.R.O., C8/588/78.

80. M.L.R. 1795/1/398.

81. R.B.; deeds of Earl Spencer at Althorp.

82. National Buildings Record, photograph.

83. B.M., Add. MS. 10116, p. 210.

84. Edmund Waller, A Poem on St. James's Park As lately improved by his Majesty, 1661.

85. P.R.O., Works 5/9.

86. Ibid., Works 5/11.

87. Wren Society, vol. xviii, 1941, pp. 70–2.

88. Ibid., loc. cit.; Cal. Treasury Books 1689–1692, pp. 1048, 2012.

89. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1690–1, p. 544.

90. Cal. Treasury Books 1689–92, pp. 1402–3.

91. Ibid., loc. cit.; P.R.O., LR1/63, part ii, f. 67.

92. P.R.O., LR1/64, ff. 119–21.

93. Ibid., LRRO63/14, pp. 135–7.

94. Ibid., LR1/63, part i, f. 54.

95. Ibid., C54/4760, No. 33.

96. Ibid., C54/4864, No. 37.

97. R.B.; G.E.C.

98. P.R.O., C5/215/41.

99. R.B.; M.L.R. 1733/1/337.

100. Soane Museum, plans of town houses, No. 95.

101. C.E.O., deeds, Middlesex 23/17; W. Harrison, Memorable London Houses, 1890, p. 34.

102. C.E.O., deeds, Middlesex 23/17.

103. M.L.R. 1733/5/350–1; R.B.

104. P.R.O., LRRO63/95, pp. 152–69.

105. Ibid., pp. 171–2.

106. A.P.S.D.

107. W. Harrison, op, cit., 1890, p. 34.

108. The Illustrated London News, 5 Jan. 1856, p. 5.

109. S. Rogers, Recollections, ed. W. Sharpe, 1859, Preface, pp. xi–xv.

110. Catalogue of the celebrated collection . . . of the late Samuel Rogers, 1856.

111. Sir G. O. Trevelyan, Life and Letters of Lord Macaulay, Nelson ed., 1908, vol. i, chapter IV, pp. 257–8.

112. P.R.O., LRRO63/95, pp. 168–9.

113. R.B.; D.N.B.; P.O.D.; Burke's Peerage.

114. The Illustrated London News, 29 Dec. 1855, p. 768; N. Braybrooke, London Green, 1959, Plate .

115. P.R.O., LRRO63/78, pp. 284–7; 63/79, pp. 231–3.

116. Ibid., LRRO63/85, pp. 165–70; 63/134, pp. 80–90.

117. Soane Museum, wine cellar, surveys of town houses.

118. P.R.O., LRRO63/134, pp. 80–90.

119. Letters of Mary Lepel, Lady Hervey, 1821, Letter XXXVII, p. 125.

120. Ibid., Letters XLVI, p. 159, xxxiv, p. iii.

121. Ibid., Letter XLII, pp. 138–9.

122. Ibid., Letters XXXV, p. 117, xxxiv, p. iii.

123. Ibid., Letter XXXVII, p. 125.

124. Ibid., Letter XLVI, p. 159.

125. Ibid., Letter L, pp. 170–1.

126. Ibid., Letter LXXXIV, p. 261.

127. Ibid., pp. ix–x; R.B.

128. R.B.; D.N.B.; G.E.C.

129. Berkshire Record Office, D/EBU, A18.

130. Wren Society, vol. xviii, 1941, p. 81.

131. Cal. Treasury Books 1699–1700, p. 169.

132. P.R.O., LRRO63/22, pp. 226–7.

133. Ibid., LRRO63/36, p. 308.

134. Ibid., LRRO63/73, pp. 224–8.

135. Ibid., LRRO63/49, pp. 193–7, 211.

136. Ibid., LRRO63/78, pp. 284–7.

137. Ibid., LRRO63/85, pp. 49, 79.

138. Ibid., LRRO63/85, pp. 79–86; MPE484.

139. Ibid., LRRO63/85, 86, 88 passim.

140. C.E.O., file 13060.

141. The Daily Journal, 21 Dec. 1726.

CHAPTER XXX (pp. 542–545)

Park Place, South Side

1. Cal. Treasury Books 1679–80, p. 220.

2. D.N.B.

3. P.R.O., C66/3099, No. 8.

4. Ibid., LRRO63/14, p. 137.

5. Cal. Treasury Books 1681–5, p. 377.

6. Ibid., 1697, p. 92.

7. L.C.C.R.O., Westminster Commissioners of Sewers, Orders of Court, vol. vi, pp. 71, 149.

8. R.B.

9. L.C.C.R.O., Westminster Commissioners of Sewers, Orders of Court, vol. vi, p. 71.

10. P.R.O., C54/4760/33.

11. 3 and 4 William and Mary, House of Lords Act No. 11.

12. Northamptonshire Record Office, Grafton (Wakefield) Collection, G2706.

13. M.L.R. 1728/1/252–3.

14. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 432/11; M.L.R. 1742/2/ 4–5.

15. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 432/12.

16. Ibid., B.R.A. 432/11.

17. 15 Geo. II, House of Lords Act No. 45.

18. P.R.O., C54/5686; M.L.R. 1742/3/274–7, 332–7.

19. M.L.R. 1742/3/277.

20. R.B.; D.N.B.

21. The Creevey Papers, ed. Sir Herbert Maxwell, 1903, vol. i, pp. 28–9; R.B.

22. R.B.; D.N.B.; P.O.D.

23. Deeds in possession of the Hearts of Oak Benefit Society; B.A. 3598.

24. R.B.; G.E.C.

25. L.C.C.R.O., Ac. 58.72, Bowater Co. deeds; R.B.;G.E.C.

26. R.B.; P.O.D.

27. W.P.L., deed 51/1; R.B.

28. Church Commissioners, deeds 171645, 19 Nov. 1755; 171646, 17 Nov. 1756; 171655, 21 Nov. 1765.

29. Adrian Daintrey, 'Pratt's', in The Queen, 9 Dec. 1958, p. 81.

30. P.O.D.

31. P.C.C., Admon. 23 Aug. 1860.

32. Ibid., loc. cit., and 1887/1075, will of Sophia Pratt; Messrs. Currey and Co., deeds of 14 Park Place.

APPENDIX (pp. 546–549)

Some Distinguished Residents and Lodgers not mentioned in the Text

1. The Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. J. E. Norton, 1956, vol. i, p. 109.

2. Correspondence of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, ed. Charles William, Earl Fitzwilliam, and Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Bourke, 1844, vol. iii, pp. 180, 201; vol. iv, p. 221.

3. Memoirs, Journal and Correspondence of Thomas Moore, ed. Lord John Russell, 1853–4, vol. iv, pp. 161, 326; vol. vi, pp. 313–27.

4. Life and Letters of Thomas Campbell, ed. William Beattie, 1849, vol. ii, p. 122.

5. Florence Marryat, Life and Letters of Captain Frederick Marryat, 1872, vol. ii, p. 74.

6. D. E. Williams, The Life and Correspondence of Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1831, vol. i, pp. 96–137.

7. Martin Archer Shee, The Life of Sir Martin Archer Shee, 1860, vol. i, pp. 148,194.

8. A Memoir of the Reverend Sydney Smith, by his daughter, Lady Holland, ed. Mrs. Austin, 1855, vol. ii, p. 88.

9. A. I. Dasent, The History of St. James's Square, 1895, p. 178 n.

10. The Creevey Papers, ed. Sir Herbert Maxwell, 1903, vol. ii, pp. 311, 334–6.

11. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, vol. ii, 1897, The Journal to Stella, p. 12.

12. Lewis Melville, The Life and Letters of Laurence Sterne, 1911, vol. i, pp. 248–9.

13. The Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. J. E. Norton, 1956, vol. i, pp. 232–3, 248, 263.

14. Ibid., vol. i, pp. 350, 360, 362.

15. Ibid., vol. iii, pp. 81–2.

16. Marryat, of. cit., vol. ii, pp. 112, 156, 158.

17. The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., ed. Temple Scott, vol. ii, 1897, The Journal to Stella, p. 399.

18. Guildhall Library, MS. 3070.

19. Lord Broughton, Recollections of a Long Life, ed. Lady Dorchester, 1909, vol. i, p. 85.

20. Christopher and Stephen Wren, Parentalia, 1750, p. 344.

21. John Ward, Lives of the Professors of Gresham College, 1740, quoted in Wren Society, vol. xviii, 1941, p. 182.

22. Weekly Journal or British Gazetteer, 9 March 1723, quoted in Wren Society, vol. xviii, 1941, p. 181.

23. The Correspondence of Alexander Pope, ed. George Sherburn, 1956, vol. ii, p. 232.

24. The Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. J. E. Norton, 1956, vol. iii, pp. 357, 364, 369.

25. Thomas Moore, Letters and Journals of Lord Byron, 1833, vol. i, pp. 232–3, 254, 267.

26. R.B.; D.N.B.

27. The Creevey Papers, ed. Sir Herbert Maxwell, 1903, vol. ii, pp. 308–9.



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