References for volumes 33 and 34

Sponsor

English Heritage

Publication

Author

F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor)

Year published

1966

Supporting documents

Pages

313-338

Addenda / corrigenda

Any material between chevrons <> has come to light since publication. Anyone interested in the sources for this new material should contact the Survey of London

Citation Show another format:

'References for volumes 33 and 34', Survey of London: volumes 33 and 34: St Anne Soho (1966), pp. 313-338. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41131 Date accessed: 30 July 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

References

General Introduction

(pp. 1–19)

1. Robert Steele, Tudor and Stuart Proclamations, 1485–1714, 1910, vol. I, no. 749.

2. Ibid., vol. I, no. 3321.

3. Wren Society, vol. XVIII, 1941, pp. 18–19.

4. Copy in Guildhall Library, Small collections, 1671 (summarized in Steele, op. cit., vol. I, no. 3549).

5. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 139.

6. Warren C. Scoville, The Persecution of Huguenots and French Economic Development 1680– 1720, 1960, pp. 28–9, 35, 61–2.

7. P.R.O., PC2/69, p. 338.

8. Scoville, op. cit., pp. 7, 120–3n.

9. Survey of London, vol. XXVII, 1957, p. 3.

10. P.R.O., SP29/16, p. 191; SP29/32, pp. 59–61.

11. Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. VIII, 1905–8, p. 17; Survey of London, vol. XXVII, 1957, p. 4n.

12. W.P.L., A.2202a, 2 Nov. 1711.

13. A View of London and Westminster: Or, The Town Spy … The Second Edition. By a German Gentleman, 1725 (copy in B.M., pressmark 1080 i 4(1)).

14. J. S. Burn, The History of the French, Walloon, Dutch and other Foreign Protestant Refugees settled in England, 1846, p. 258.

15. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 85.

16. William Maitland, The History of London, 1739, vol. II, bk. VII, p. 716.

17. H.M.C., Hastings MSS., vol. III, 1934, p. 65.

18. R.B.; Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2.

19. R.B.

20. Court Kalendar, 1733 (copy in B.M., pressmark 2506 g aa).

21. Court and City Register, 1762.

22. The Universal British Directory, 1793.

23. J. T. Smith, An Antiquarian Ramble in the Streets of London, 1846, vol. I, p. 126.

24. Census of England and Wales, 1801, vol. I, p. 215 ; Census of Great Britain, 1851, vol. I, division I, p. 14.

25. Report from the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Town Holdings, 1887, p. 447.

26. Supplementary Report of the Engineer and Surveyor and Medical Officer of Health presented to the Strand District Board of Works, 1901, pp. 62, 64 (copy in G.L.C. Members' Library).

27. Joseph Rogers, Reminiscences of a Workhouse Medical Officer, ed. Thorold Rogers, 1889, p. 2.

28. D. Forbes-Winslow, Daly's, 1944, epilogue by W. Macqueen-Pope, p. 204.

29. The Builder, 5 July 1873, p. 521.

30. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 104.

31. Saint Anne's Soho Monthly Paper, no. 105, vol. IX, Nov. 1899, pp. 285–90 (copy in B.M., pressmark PP343 ia); Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, p. 43.

32. Soho Monthly Paper, March 1903, pp. 64–5.

33. Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, p. 43.

34. Census of England and Wales, 1881, vol. I, p. 252; ibid., 1891, vol. I, p. 228.

35. Census of England and Wales, 1951, County Reports, London, p. 7.

36. Smith, op. cit., vol. I, p. 119.

37. Routledge's Guide to London, 1869, p. 45.

38. The Builder, 5 July 1873, pp. 521–2.

39. Lewis Jefferis, The American's Guide to London, [1872], p. 60.

40. John Galsworthy, The Forsyte Saga, 1923 ed., p. 473.

41. A Pictorial and Descriptive Guide to London, publ. Ward, Lock and Co., 1909, pp. xxxi, xxxiii.

42. Short Guide to London, ed. Findlay Muirhead, 1924, p. 66.

CHAPTER I (pp. 20–6)

Estate and Parish History

1. 28 Henry VIII, c. 42 (House of Lords Act no. 48).

2. P.R.O., LR1/62, ff. 59–65.

3. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds C 181.

4. P.R.O., C66/3181, no. 24.

5. Ibid., C66/3403, no. 1.

6. C.E.O., sale book 55, p. 209.

7. W.P.L., F.2062, ff. 250–5, 261–5.

8. P.R.O., LR1/283, ff. 1–8.

9. C.E.O., London lease book 38, pp. 292–314; Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 28.

10. P.R.O., C66/880, m. 32–3.

11. Ibid., LR1/42, f. 97.

12. Ibid., C66/2313, no. 5.

13. Ibid., C66/3184, no. 4.

14. Ibid., C54/5365, no. 22.

15. Ibid., C54/1961, no. 33.

16. Ibid., CP43/108, m. 31; CP25(2)/323, 7 Jac. I, Hil.; Cecil MSS., deeds 122/14–16, 163/8–10; box 22/43.

17. P.R.O., C54/2849, no. 39.

18. Ibid., C54/3410, no. 12.

19. Ibid., C54/3018, no. 23.

20. Ibid., CP25(2)/575 Midd., Hil. 1654.

21. Ibid., C6/342/50.

22. 28 Henry VIII, c. 42 (House of Lords Act no. 48); P.R.O., E315/202, f. 3; LR1/43, f. 62; LR1/41, ff. 193–4.

23. Survey of London, vol. XIII, 1930, pp. 261–2.

24. Cal. L. and P. Henry VIII, 1542, p. 105.

25. Cecil MSS., box U/89.

26. W.P.L., F.2004, p. 185.

27. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds C181; P.R.O., KB27/2040, no. 1186.

28. W.P.L., F.2004, p. 209.

29. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. IX, pp. 451, 455, 475.

30. W.P.L., F.2O04, p. 213.

31. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. IX, pp. 475, 483; Journals of the House of Lords, vol. XIII, p. 289.

32. 30 Car. II, c. 7, private.

33. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/18, f. 47.

34. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. IX, p. 725.

35. Journals of the House of Lords, vol. XIV, p. 65.

36. 1 Jac. II, c. 20, private.

37. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/18, ff. 47–8.

38. Camden Society, no. XXXII, 1845, The Autobiography of Sir John Bramston, K.B., p. 223.

39. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. XXIV, p. 118.

40. S. and B. Webb, English Local Government … The Parish and the County, 1906, pp. 256–260.

41. W.P.L., A.2203, 24 Jan. 1743/4.

42. Minutes of Evidence from the Select Committee appointed to inquire into … Select and other Vestries, 1830, p. 86.

43. W.P.L., A.2203, 28 Jan., 10 March 1743/4; 27 March, 11, 21 May 1724.

44. Ibid., A.2204, 10 Jan. 1788.

45. Ibid., A.2204, 6 Dec. 1790.

46. 58 Geo. III, c. 69, public.

47. 59 Geo. III, c. 12, public.

48. W.P.L., A.2206, 21 April 1819.

49. 1 and 2 Gul. IV, c. 60, public.

50. 18 and 19 Vict., c. 120, public.

51. 62 and 63 Vict., c. 14, public.

52. 9 Geo. II, c. 19, public.

53. William Maitland, The History of London, 1739, vol. II, bk. VII, p. 716.

54. 2 Geo. III, c. 21, public.

55. II Geo. III, c. 22, public.

56. 23 Geo. III, c. 43, public.

57. W.P.L., F.363.

58. G.L.R.O. (M), sessions book 24, p. 12.

59. Ibid., sessions book 30, pp. 6, 15.

60. P.R.O., E317/Midd. 39.

61. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 230.

62. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1754 ed., vol. I, bk. I, p. 26.

63. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p 36.

64. Transactions of the Birmingham Archaeological Society 1871, 1872, p. 25; H. W. Dickinson, Matthew Boulton, 1937, p. 44.

65. Thomas Allen, The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark …, 1839, vol. IV, p. 308.

CHAPTER II (pp. 27–36)

The Development of Soho Fields

1. 28 Henry VIII, c. 42 (House of Lords Act no. 48).

2. P.R.O., LR1/51, f. 70.

3. Ibid., C66/2435, no. 7.

4. Ibid., LR1/62, ff. 59–65.

5. Ibid., E317/Midd. 38.

6. Ibid., C6/259/81.

7. Ibid., E13/366, no. 34.

8. Ibid., C8/339/256.

9. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds C181.

10. P.R.O., KB27/2040, no. 1186.

11. Ibid., loc. cit.; G.L.R.O., Harben deeds C181.

12. P.C.C., 117 Hale.

13. Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/2.

14. P.R.O., C66/3181, no. 24.

15. Ibid., C82/2484.

16. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 139.

17. Ibid., vols. XXIX–XXX, 1960, pp. 62, 468–9.

18. G.L.R.O., E/Pym, passim.

19. B. H, Johnson, Berkeley Square to Bond Street, 1952, chapters 14–18.

20. Ibid., p. 88.

21. P.R.O., KB27/2040, no. 1187.

22. Johnson, op. cit., p. 89.

23. P.R.O., C7/93/73.

24. Johnson, op. cit., p. 117.

25. Ibid., p. 86, incorrectly quoting C7/601/11<should be Hamilton 262/30>.

26. P.C.C., 235 Fox.

27. P.R.O., C5/129/32.

28. Ibid., C5/85/41.

29. Ibid., C5/178/15.

30. Johnson, op. cit., pp. 147–8.

31. P.R.O., C5/548/63.

32. Ibid., C6/86/78.

33. G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

34. Ibid., Harben deeds C181; P.R.O., C8/409/95; Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/2–3.

35. P.R.O., C8/409/95; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

36. P.R.O., C8/409/95.

37. G.L.R.O., WCS42, pp. 193, 204.

38. Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/2.

39. P.R.O., C6/259/81; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577; P.C.C., 56 North.

40. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds C181; ibid., E/Pym/577.

41. Ibid., E/Pym/79; P.R.O., C7/590/95.

42. P.C.C., 250 Barnes.

43. G.L.R.O., C96/967 (will of Sir John Crosse, son of Sir Thomas Crosse).

44. Ibid., E/Pym/33; P.C.C., 235 Fox.

45. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

46. P.R.O., C7/112/96.

47. Ibid., T54/15, ff. 270–1; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577

48. P.R.O., C6/259/81; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

49. P.R.O., C6/259/81; C66/3403, no. 1.

50. Ibid., C6/259/81; C8/408/55; C66/3403, no. 1; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

51. P.R.O., C10/228/36.

52. Ibid., C8/408/55; Johnson, op. cit., p. 88.

53. P.R.O., C7/590/95; R.B.

54. R.B.

55. P.R.O., C10/500/92.

56. Journals of the House of Lords, vol. XIII, p. 438.

57. P.R.O., T54/9, pp. 288–9.

58. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 231.

59. P.R.O., T48/45; CREST 6/20, pp. 142–50.

60. Bodleian Library, Rawlinson MS. C514, printed as appendix II in James Dallaway, Inquiries into the Origin and Progress of the Science of Heraldry in England, 1793.

61. P.R.O., C7/590/95, quoted in Johnson, op. cit., p. 87.

62. Ibid., C7/590/95.

63. Ibid., C6/244/45.

64. Ibid., C5/173/3.

65. Ibid., C5/149/17.

66. Survey of London, vol. XVIII, 1937, pp. 77–8, 133.

67. For the following see P.R.O., C6/237–118; C8/252/13; Johnson, op. cit., p. 117.

68. P.R.O., C8/252/13.

69. Ibid., T48/45.

70. Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/2–3.

71. D.N.B.

72. P.R.O., Ind. 4620, p. 147; Ind. 4621, p. 89; T54/13, pp. 206–7; Cal. S. P. Dom. 1689–1690, p. 478.

73. P.R.O., C66/3390, no. 7.

74. Ibid., C66/3403, no. 1.

CHAPTER III (pp. 37–41)

The Portland Estate in Soho Fields

1. P.R.O., C54/4808, no. 10.

2. Ibid., T29/10, p. 72; CREST 6/20, pp. 142–50.

3. Cal. S. P. Dom. 1698, pp. 96–7.

4. P.R.O., C66/3403, no. 1.

5. Ibid., C104/157, abstract of title.

6. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

7. 1 Geo. II, c. 5, private.

8. Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, p. 453.

9. Ibid., p. 231.

10. Marion E. Grew, William Bentinck and William III, 1924, p. 416; A. S. Turberville, A History of Welbeck Abbey and its Owners, vol. II, 1939, p. 15.

11. B.M., Egerton MS. 1708, f. 276.

12. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., William Blake's account, 1759.

13. P.R.O., T48/45.

14. 12 Geo. II, c. 18, private.

15. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Pl. Ea. 9.

16. R.I.B.A., letter, S. P. Cockerell, 1796, in 'Society of Architects' MSS. (Information kindly supplied by Miss P. Metcalf).

17. Turberville, op. cit., vol. II, 1939, pp. 317–19, 346n.

18. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., rental and valuation, 1798–9.

19. Report from Select Committee on Town Holdings, 1887, pp. 446–7.

CHAPTER IV (pp. 42–127)

Soho Square

1. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds C181.

2. P.R.O., KB27/2040/1186–7.

3. Ibid., KB27/2040/1186.

4. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 250.

5. W.P.L., F.411.

6. Ibid., F.3673.

7. A Catalogue of Maps, Prints, Books, and Books of Maps, which are Printed for and Sold by John Bowles, 1728 (copy in B.M., pressmark 11902 bbb 33).

8. A Catalogue of Maps, Plans, and Views of London, Westminster and Southwark, collected and arranged by Frederick Crace, ed. John Crace, 1878, p. 543.

9. W.P.L., F.411.

10. Ibid., F.412.

11. Ibid., F.413.

12. Thomas Shadwell, The Scowrers, 1691, p. 6.

13. The Spectator, Everyman ed., 1950, vol. I, p. 6.

14. P.R.O., C66/3403, no. 1.

15. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho Square bundle.

16. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 87.

17. P.R.O., C6/291/12.

18. Gunnis.

19. John Thomas Smith, Nollekens and His Times, 1829, vol. I, p. 40.

20. J. Ralph, A Critical Review of the Publick Buildings In and About London and Westminster, 1734, pp. 101–2.

21. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

22. Ibid., Portland MSS., Soho Square bundle; E. F. Rimbault, Soho and Its Associations, 1895, pp. 15–20.

23. B.M., Add. MS. 39167 G(2), ff. 143–6.

24. J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, 1803, vol. II, p. 345.

25. Rev. Joseph Nightingale, London and Middlesex, 1815, vol. III, part II, pp. 657–8.

26. Edward Walford, Old and New London, N.D., vol. III, p. 185.

27. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 29; The Builder, 8 May 1875, p. 425; 9 Oct. 1875, p. 918; 29 July 1876, p. 746.

28. Report of the Metropolitan Public Garden Association, 1893, p. 24.

29. The Times, 22 Feb. 1938.

30. Westminster City Council Minutes, 24 July 1952, pp. 149–50; 29 April 1954, p. 94.

31. Ibid., 25 June 1959, p. 185; 17 March 1960, p. 45.

32. Kensington and Chelsea Public Library, deeds 935–6.

33. R.B.

34. Hertfordshire Record Office, Gorhambury MSS., XI, 21; G.L.R.O., WCS 677/1.

35. M.L.R. 1735/4/285; The Writings of 'Colonel William Byrd', ed. John Spencer Bassett, 1901, p. lxxvii.

36. M.L.R. 1744/2/62.

37. Ibid., 1735/4/284; R.B.

38. R.B.; G.E.C.

39. R.B.; Westminster City Council Minutes, 3 Nov. 1904, p. 1202; 22 Dec. 1904, p. 1450.

40. P.R.O., C8/409/95; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

41. P.R.O., C10/258/38.

42. Ibid., loc. cit.; R.B.

43. M.L.R. 1735/4/287.

44. Ibid., 1736/5/52.

45. R.B.; information supplied by Exeter City Librarian.

46. Leases recited in P.R.O., C10/228/36 and KB27/2040/1187.

47. P.R.O., KB27/2040/1187.

48. Ibid., C10/228/36.

49. Ibid., loc. cit.; C6/291/12.

50. East Suffolk and Ipswich Record Office, HA49.

51. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; R.B.

52. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1903, no. 1462.

53. M.L.R. 1726/5/31.

54. Ibid., 1725/5/88–9.

55. Ibid., 1726/5/30–1.

56. Ibid., 1727/2/170.

57. Ibid., 1726/5/30.

58. Ibid., 1728/1/133; R.B.

59. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. XXIV, p. 205.

60. D.N.B.

61. Rev. Joseph Nightingale, London and Middlesex, 1815, vol. III, part II, p. 666.

62. Rev. Joseph Nightingale, The Bazaar, 1816, passim.

63. Thomas Allen, The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster and Southwark, continued by Thomas Wright, 1839, vol. IV, p. 309.

64. John Timbs, Curiosities of London, 1868, pp. 40–1.

65. The Farington Diary, ed. James Greig, 1922–8, vol. I, p. 218n.

66. London, ed. Charles Knight, 1843, vol. V, p. 396.

67. The Builder, 2 Aug. 1890, p. 97; J.D.N., Adam and Charles Black 1807–1957, 1959, pp. 51–4.

68. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Pl DM 37.

69. M.L.R. 1746/2/273.

70. W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, N.D., pp. 134–5.

71. B.A. 64651.

72. M.L.R. 1725/3/406.

73. Martin Clare and the Reverend Cuthbert Barwis, Rules and Orders for the Government of the Academy in Soho Square, N.D., passim.

74. Dr. William Barrow, An Essay on Education, 1804, vol. II, pp. 287n.–289n.

75. N. Hans, New Trends in Education in the Eighteenth Century, 1951, pp. 87–92; D.N.B.; Colvin.

76. P.C.C., 440 Gostling.

77. David Morrice, The Art of Teaching …, 1801, dedication.

78. National Register of Archives, list of Onslow deeds; R.B.

79. The Archaeological Journal, vol. LXXXIV, 1930, pp. 386–9.

80. French Protestant Church Library, Consistoire Minutes, 1888–91; The Builder, 26 Feb. 1891, p. 179; 23 May 1891, p. 407; 27 June 1891, p. 508.

81. P.R.O., C10/261/35.

82. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 250–1.

83. Edward Croft-Murray, Decorative Painting in England 1537–1837, vol. I, 1962, p. 258; R.B.

84. P.R.O., C10/261/35; R.B.

85. P.R.O., C7/230/68.

86. M.L.R. 1711/5/45.

87. Ibid., 1717/6/11–12.

88. Ibid., 1746/1/168.

89. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), West London, 1925, p. 144.

90. M.L.R. 1734/4/330; R.B.

91. P.R.O., C5/178/15.

92. P.C.C., 34 Fane.

93. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; R.B.

94. R.B.; G.L.C. print collection.

95. The Builder, 31 Oct. 1896, p. 358.

96. G.L.R.O., WCS 677/1.

97. M.L.R. 1738/1/315.

98. The Builder, 24 Feb. 1883, p. 264.

99. P.C.C., 87 Dyer.

100. John Timbs, Curiosities of London, 1855, p. 685.

101. C. E. Vulliamy, The Onslow Family, 1953, p. 127.

102. Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. G. B. Hill, revised by L. F. Powell, vol. v, 1950, p. 396.

103. P.C.C., 387 Jenner.

104. M.L.R. 1771/3/426.

105. Letters of Patrick Grant, Lord Elchies, ed. H. D. Macmillan, 1927, p. 27; D.N.B.

106. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 12, nos. 104–11; vol. 17, nos. 179–80; vol. 22, nos. 293–4; vol. 42, nos. 48–53; vol. 53, nos. 16–17.

107. G.L.R.O., Q/Wil/186.

108. M.L.R. 1773/2/196.

109. P.C.C., 17 Hay; R.B.

110. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 42, no. 49.

111. Ibid., Adam drawings, vol. 42, nos. 52–3.

112. In the collection of the G.L.C.

113. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 22, nos. 293–4.

114. Timbs, loc. cit.; Notes and Queries, First Series, vol. II, 1850, p. 227.

115. M.L.R. 1804/4/535; R.B.

116. The Picture of London for 1803, p. 356.

117. Bryant Lillywhite, London Coffee Houses, 1963, p. 186.

118. R.B.; P.O.D.

119. The Square Magazine: The Magazine of the House of Crosse and Blackwell, Feb. 1920 (copy in G.L.C. Historic Buildings Section).

120. The Architect, 23 Oct. 1925, p. 287.

121. M.L.R. 1745/3/397.

122. R.B.; D.N.B.; Burke's Peerage.

123. Monumental Inscriptions … at St. Anne's Church, Soho, ed. W. E. Hughes, 1905, p. 12.

124. Walpole Society, vol. 24, 1936 (George Vertue Note Book IV), pp. 11–13, 162; Nostell Priory (published by Country Life), 1954, p. 9.

125. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and Its Associations, 1895, p. 29.

126. Westminster City Council Minutes, 10 Nov. 1927, pp. 613, 626; P.O.D.

127. M.L.R. 1753/3/130; R.B.

128. M.L.R. 1755/2/98.

129. P.R.O., SP100/28; R.B.

130. P.R.O., C12/1585/16.

131. Ibid., loc. cit.; The Memoirs of Jacques Casanova, trans. Arthur Machen, 1940, vol. III, pp. 381–2; vol. VI, p. 250.

132. P.R.O., C12/1471/1; C12/1585/16.

133. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Public Advertiser, 30 Dec. 1760.

134. P.R.O., C12/1471/1.

135. Ibid., C12/1289/16.

136. W.P.L., cutting in A.132.1.

137. Rev. Dean Vere, History of St. Patrick's Church, 1897, p. 18.

138. Tobias Smollett, The Expedition of Humphry Clinker, 1955 ed., p. 99.

139. P.R.O., C107/149; Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. E. Blom, 1954.

140. P.R.O., C12/1471/1; Survey of London, vol. XXX, 1960, p. 462.

141. Rimbault, op. cit., pp. 41–63.

142. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 305.

143. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. VI, 1904, p. 157.

144. Mrs. Cornelys' Entertainments, N.D., pp. 6–7 (B.M. pressmark 10351 e 3).

145. P.R.O., B1, vol. 59, pp. 164–9.

146. Frances Burney, The Early Diary, 1889 ed., vol. I, p. 83.

147. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. VIII, 1904, pp. 12–13.

148. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Gazeteer and New Daily Advertiser, 15 Feb. 1771.

149. G.L.R.O.(M), SR3240.

150. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1771, p. 92.

151. The Universal Magazine, vol. XLVIII, 1771, p. 109.

152. P.R.O., SP37, bundle 7, f. 332.

153. Ibid., C12/1518/6.

154. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, pp. 333–4.

155. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Daily Advertiser, 17 Dec. 1772.

156. W.P.L., cuttings in A. 132.1 and in box 47, no. 21.

157. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Public Advertiser, 10 July 1777.

158. Rimbault, op. cit., p. 60.

159. Ibid., p. 62.

160. Samuel Curwen, Journal and Letters, 1842, pp. 289–90.

161. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Morning Chronicle, 11 Sept. 1783.

162. Westminster Cathedral, deeds of St. Patrick's Church; R.B.

163. MS. at St. Patrick's Church.

164. Westminster Cathedral, deeds of St. Patrick's Church.

165. Rev. Thomas R. England, The Life of the Reverend Arthur O'Leary, 1822, pp. 236–8.

166. Tablet in entrance to gallery of St. Patrick's Church.

167. Vere, op. cit., pp. 19, 21; The Builder, 18 July 1885, p. 107; 16 May 1891, p. 388.

168. P.R.O., C7/379/41.

169. Ibid., C8/556/38; R.B.; G.E.C.

170. P.R.O., C7/379/41; C8/556/38.

171. H.M.C., Portland MSS., vol. VIII, 1907, p. 59.

172. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. VII, 1904, p. 375.

173. William J. Maloney, George and John Armstrong of Castleton, 1954, pp. 59, 68; A General Account of the Dispensary for … The Infant Poor, N.D. (B.M. pressmark T 54(12)).

174. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Gazetteer and New Daily Advertiser, 9 Oct. 1772.

175. Maloney, op. cit., pp. 80–5; B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Public Advertiser, 5 July 1780.

176. E.S. 70543; deeds in possession of Dunsmark Investment Ltd.

177. T.P. 8837.

178. M.L.R. 1734/4/200; G.L.R.O., WCS 701; R.B.

179. Leeds Central Library, Archives Dept., NH 2787A.

180. M.L.R. 1760/3/233.

181. Leeds Central Library, Archives Dept., NH 2785A, 2787A, 2882.

182. M.L.R. 1760/3/233–4.

183. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1841, part II, p. 96.

184. W.P.L., BRA deeds, BA/107/1.

185. M.L.R. 1728/6/415.

186. T. E. S. Clarke and H. C. Foxcroft, A Life of Gilbert Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury, 1907, p. 401.

187. G.L.R.O., WCS 678/7.

188. The Diary of Ralph Thoresby, ed. Rev. Joseph Hunter, vol. II, 1830, p. 27.

189. Clarke and Foxcroft, op. cit., p. 439.

190. Walpole Society, vol. 26, 1938 (George Vertue Note Book V), pp. 126–7.

191. Leeds Central Library, Archives Dept., NH 2785A.<Chippendale's accounts are published in Christopher Gilbert, The Life and Work of Thomas Chippendale, 1978.>

192. Ibid., NH 2785A, 2787A, 2881.

193. Colvin.

194. Leeds Central Library, Archives Dept., NH 2881.

195. Ibid., NH 2785A, 2881, 2882.

196. Ibid., NH 2785A, 2787A.

197. M.L.R. 1764/3/497; R.B.; D.N.B.

198. W.P.L., BRA deeds, BA/107/1; R.B.

199. M.L.R. 1742/2/216.

200. W.P.L., A.1403.

201. M.L.R. 1742/1/210.

202. P.R.O., Ind. 22643, f. 287.

203. M.L.R. 1744/2/108.

204. Ibid., 1744/2/108–9.

205. Ibid., 1745/2/10.

206. Deeds in possession of the House of St. Barnabas-in-Soho.

207. M.L.R. 1747/1/76.

208. Ibid., 1754/1/181.

209. Ibid., 1754/4/85–6.

210. Information kindly supplied by the Registrar-General, Island Record Office, Jamaica.

211. The History of Parliament. The House of Commons 1754–1790, ed. Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke, 1964.

212. W.P.L., A.207.

213. Ibid., A.209.

214. P.C.C., 59 Glazier; The Gentleman's Magazine, 1756, p. 91.

215. Deed in possession of the House of St. Barnabasin-Soho, enrolled in abbreviated form in M.L.R. 1756/2/61.

216. Deed in possession of the House of St. Barnabasin-Soho, enrolled in abbreviated form in M.L.R. 1762/1/209.

217. Ibid., loc. cit.; R.B.

218. G.L.R.O., WCS63, pp. 40, 190.

219. Ibid., WCS P70; R.B.

220. M.B.W. Minutes, 1861, pp. 630, 761.

221. Peter Winckworth, The House of St. Barnabas-in-Soho, 1960 ed., pp. 3–9.

222. The Builder, 7 June 1862, pp. 406–7.

223. MSS. in possession of the House of St. Barnabas-in-Soho.

224. Country Life, 6 July 1961, pp. 18–21.

225. Information kindly supplied by Mr. A. E. Reffold.

226. Photograph in N.M.R. collection.

227. G.L.R.O., WCS P70.

228. A. Stratton, The English Interior, 1920, p. XXIII.

229. Survey of London, vol. III, 1912, p. 39.

230. The Topographer, Feb. 1791, p. 83; according to this, the mausoleum was erected by Sir James's elder brother, Robert, and not, as in Colvin, by Sir George.

231. The Ecclesiologist, 1862, p. 61.

232. E.S. 98674.

233. P.R.O., C12/114/26.

234. Ibid., C10/287/49.

235. Walpole Society, vol. 18, 1930 (George Vertue Note Book I), p. 40.

236. Ibid., vol. 22, 1934 (George Vertue Note Book III), pp. 34–5; R.B.

237. Colvin, citing Bodleian Library, MS. Eng. Hist. c. 298; R.B.

238. The Collected Writings of Thomas De Quincey, ed. David Masson, vol. III, 1890, pp. 350, 358–9.

239. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K), bundle 58; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

240. P.R.O., C10/502/106.

241. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K), bundle 58; Survey of London, vol. XX, 1940, p. 109.

242. P.R.O., C7/71/26.

243. Calendar of Treasury Books 1685–1689, p. 1652; Colvin.

244. P.R.O., C10/502/106; C5/69/49 contains details of these craftsmen's outlay at Monmouth House.

245. Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/3.

246. Cal. S. P. Dom., Oct. 1683–April 1684, p. 234.

247. Ford, Lord Grey, The Secret History of the RyeHouse Plot, 1754, p. 61; Copies of the Informations … relating to the … Conspiracy against the Late King, 1685, p. 34 (B.M. pressmark 599 b 23).

248. W.P.L., F.3673.

249. P.R.O., CREST 6/16, pp. 134 et seq.

250. Ibid., C66/3247, no. 6; Elizabeth D'Oyley, James Duke of Monmouth, 1938, p. 141; D.N.B.

251. P.R.O., C66/3247, no. 6.

252. H.M.C., Downshire MSS., vol. I, part I, 1924, p. 224.

253. P.R.O., C66/3301, no. 6.

254. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K), bundle 57.

255. The London Gazette, 7 Sept. 1693.

256. Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. VIII, 1909, p. 36; Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. XXXI, 1928, pp. xix–xxi.

257. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 225.

258. Lambeth Palace Library, NC1, pp. 9, 16, 27.

259. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K), bundle 58.

260. Horace Walpole, Anecdotes of Painting, ed. R. N. Wornum, vol. III, Addenda, 1888, p. 116.

261. P.C.C., 209 Tenison; John Carswell, The South Sea Bubble, 1960, pp. 274, 276; Colvin; Burke's Landed Gentry.

262. The Chronological Register, 1718, p. 42.

263. M. Misson's Memoirs and Observations in his Travels over England … translated by Mr. Ozell, 1719, foreword.

264. P.C.C., 209 Tenison.

265. Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/20.

266. P.R.O., CREST 6/62, p. 89.

267. B.M., Department of Prints and Drawings, Crowle's extra-illustrated copy of Pennant, vol. IV, item 102.

268. Wren Society, vol. XII, 1935, p. 16; Marcus Whiffen, Thomas Archer, 1950, pp. 34–5.

269. Colvin.

270. J. T. Smith, Nollekens and His Times, ed. Wilfred Whitten, vol. I, 1920, pp. 28–9.

271. Edward Croft-Murray, Decorative Painting in England 1537–1837, vol. I, 1962, p. 269.

272. J. Ralph, A Critical Review of the Publick Buildings In and Around London and Westminster, 1734, p. 102.

273. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Daily Journal, 3 June 1724.

274. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and Its Associations, 1895, p. 132.

275. W.P.L., A.241.

276. B.M. pressmark 8308 f 24.

277. Letters of Josiah Wedgwood 1772 to 1780, ed. Lady Farrer, privately printed 1903, p. 6.

278. P.R.O., CREST 6/62, pp. 157–8.

279. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K), bundle 59; R.B.

280. R.I.B.A. Library, L6/6.

281. M.L.R. 1862/12/355.

282. C.E.O., sale book 15, pp. 196–8.

283. Hospital for Women, Minutes, 13 March 1867.

284. P.R.O., C8/349/173.

285. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/18, ff. 50–2.

286. M.L.R. 1730/4/166; R.B.

287. Annual Report of the Hospital for Women, 1898 (copy in G.L.C. Members' Library); Hospital Minutes, 25 March 1852; Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 54, 1961, pp. 191–8.

288. Annual Report, etc., 1898; Hospital Minutes, 13 March 1867.

289. Annual Reports, etc., 1898, 1907.

290. Ibid., 1905.

291. Ibid., 1909, 1910; G.L.R.O., A/KE/250/2.

292. T.P. 11688; P.O.D.

293. P.R.O., KB27/2040/1186; G.L.R.O., Harben deeds C 181.

294. P.R.O., C10/514/98.

295. Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/2 and 3.

296. Memoirs of the Duke of Ripperda, 1740, pp. 243–4, 253; Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th ed.

297. R.B.; Colvin.

298. F. G. Hilton Price, A Handbook of London Bankers, 1890–1, pp. 41–2.

299. See Country Life, 27 Sept. 1913, Supplement, pp. 7*–13*; M. Jourdain, English Decoration and Furniture of the later XVIIIth Century, 1922, pp. 33, 112; M. Jourdain, English Interiors in Smaller Houses from the Restoration to the Regency, 1660–1830, 1923, p. 65.

300. Country Life, 27 Sept. 1913, Supplement, pp. 7*–13*.

301. In the possession of the G.L.C.; see also Jourdain, English Interiors in Smaller Houses, etc., p. 65.

302. H.C. Cameron, Sir Joseph Banks, 1952, pp. 254, 259; Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, p. 568; R.B.

303. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. XIV, 1905, p. 386.

304. The Letters of Sir Charles Bell, 1870, p. 21.

305. Cameron, op. cit., pp. 263–4.

306. The Torrington Diaries, ed. C. B. Andrews, vol. II, 1935, p. 376.

307. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1815, part I, p. 272.

308. Cameron, op. cit., p. 269.

309. Sutro Library, San Francisco, Banks MSS., HE 1–5.

310. P.C.C., 510 Kent.

311. R.B.; D.N.B.

312. Archives of the Linnean Society.

313. Ibid.; A. T. Gage, A History of the Linnean Society of London, 1938, p. 27.

314. Law Reports, Queen's Bench, 1854, vol. III, pp. 793–807.

315. Gage, op. cit., pp. 50–1.

316. Annual Report of the National Hospital for Diseases of the Heart and Paralysis, 1910, pp. 18–19; 1913, p. 11; R.B.; P.O.D.

317. The Sunday Times, 14 Feb. 1937.

318. The Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, vol. XXX, part II, no. 141.

319. P.R.O., C5/90/114.

320. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; R.B.

321. The Letters of Sir Charles Bell, 1870, pp. 101, 187–188n., 227, 232n., 327; R.B.; D.N.B.

322. B.A. 76042.

323. T.P. 76914.

324. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. VIII, 1904, p. 103.

325. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and Its Associations, 1895, pp. 71–2.

326. R.B.; P.R.O., E317/Midd. 38; Faithorne and Newcourt's map of 1658.

327. Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2.

328. M.L.R. 1725/6/296–7.

329. Ibid., 1722/2/78–81; 1722/6/61.

330. Ibid., 1726/3/247–50.

331. Ibid., 1732/3/295.

332. Ibid., 1736/3/390.

333. Ibid., 1735/2/121.

334. Ibid., 1735/1/183.

335. Ibid., 1725/1/242–3; 1725/2/285; 1725/3/269; 1725/6/296–7.

336. Ibid., 1735/3/301.

337. Ibid., 1725/2/285; 1725/3/269; 1725/6/296–7.

338. Ibid., 1725/3/269.

339. Ibid., 1735/4/65.

340. Ibid., 1746/2/716.

341. Ibid., 1736/3/390.

342. Ibid., 1743/1/157.

343. Ibid., 1740/4/215.

344. Ibid., 1739/4/405.

345. Ibid., 1739/3/405; Colvin.

346. M.L.R. 1735/2/31.

347. Ibid., 1732/3/190.

348. Ibid., 1724/1/325.

349. Ibid., 1739/3/405.

350. The Builder, 21 June 1890, p. 459.

351. E.S. 102802.

352. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 307.

353. B.A. 79531.

CHAPTER V (pp. 128–50)

Dean Street Area: Portland Estate

1. 30 Car. II, c. 7, private.

2. The Builder, 5 July 1873, p. 523.

3. W.P.L., F.42, F.2004; Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 116, 119.

4. W.P.L., A.2202a, 10 March 1702/3; Rocque's map of 1746.

5. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and its Associations, 1895, p. 92.

6. P.R.O., C8/408/55.

7. Ibid., C6/259/81; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

8. P.R.O., T54/15, pp. 270–1; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

9. P.R.O., C7/620/44; C7/649/7; C8/346/41; C8/425/9; C8/491/17.

10. R.B.; Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2.

11. P.R.O., C6/259/81; C66/3403, no. 1.

12. Ibid., C6/259/81; C8/408/55; C66/3503, no. 1; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

13. P.R.O., LR1/283, ff. 1–8.

14. Ibid., C10/500/92; R.B.

15. P.R.O., C7/605/64; C10/517/38; C108/409, deed of 24 May 1699.

16. Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2.

17. P.R.O., C5/173/3; C8/556/17.

18. Ibid., C5/149/17.

19. Ibid., C7/649/7; C8/425/9.

20. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 86.

21. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)37/52, 50/1, 67/15/9, 67/15/14.

22. M.L.R. 1726/3/160.

23. Ibid., 1738/2/46; W.P.L., BA.152/40.

24. C. E. Vulliamy, Mrs. Thrale of Streatham, 1936, pp. 47–8, 52; James L. Clifford, Hester Lynch Piozzi (Mrs. Thrale), 1952, pp. 19, 46.

25. Diary and Letters of Madame D'Arblay, vol. II, 1842, p. 284.

26. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1799, part I, p. 439.

27. Ibid., 1801, part I, p. 480.

28. Boyle's Court Guide.

29. R.B.

30. Ibid.; The Builder, 1 Sept. 1877, p. 896.

31. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The General Advertiser, 21 March 1750.

32. W.P.L., newspaper cuttings in box 47, no. 13.

33. O.E. Deutsch, Handel. A Documentary Biography, 1955, passim.

34. M.L.R. 1761/3/419.

35. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1751/2/416; R.B.

36. W.P.L., A.2376; R.B.

37. Rimbault, op. cit., p. 185.

38. MSS. at St. Patrick's R.C. Church, Soho Square; R.B.

39. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 53.

40. MSS. at St. Patrick's R.C. Church, Soho Square.

41. R.B.; P.O.D.

42. R.B.; G.L.R.O., M.B.O. 15, no. 1204; M.B.O. 25, pp. 302–7; The Builder, 7 Sept. 1850, p. 431.

43. G.L.R.O., M.B.O.25, p. 303.

44. M.L.R. 1872/6/364; 1872/7/391; Endowed Charities (London), vol. V, 1903, pp. 3–4.

45. J. H. Cardwell, The Story of a Charity School, 1899, pp. 99–104.

46. Ibid., p. 41.

47. W.P.L., A.2202a, 31 July 1711.

48. J. H. Cardwell, The Story of a Chanty School, 1899, p. 22; R.B.

49. J. H. Cardwell, The Story of a Chanty School, 1899, pp. 23, 25.

50. Information kindly supplied by the National Society.

51. J. H. Cardwell, The Story of a Charity School, 1899, pp. 27–8; Endowed Charities, loc. cit.

52. Endowed Charities, ut supra, pp. 4–5.

53. Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, pp. 88–90.

54. L.C.C. Education Committee Minutes, 21 June 1939, p. 270.

55. P.O.D.

56. T.P. 62486.

57. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 20.

58. M.L.R. 1751/2/416; R.B.

59. William Collins, Memoirs of a Painter, 1805, vol. II, p. 132.

60. G. C. Williamson, George Morland, 1904, p. 3.

61. Collins, op. cit., pp. 103, 118; G. Dawe, The Life of George Morland, 1807, p. 164.

62. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, pp. 255–7; D.N.B.

63. M.L.R. 1734/1/72; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

64. M.L.R. 1734/1/94–6; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

65. B. Nicolaievsky and O. Maenchen-Helfen, Karl Marx. Man and Fighter, 1936, pp. 237–8.

66. Karl Marx, Works, vol. XXV, Moscow, 1936, pp. 73, 76; Marx-Engels Werke, Berlin, vol. 27, 1963, pp. 146, 527, 534.

67. F. Mehring, Karl Marx, 1936, pp. 85, 206; P.R.O., HO107/1510/2, 4.

68. Marx-Engels Werke, Berlin, vol. 27, 1963, pp. 168, 182.

69. Wilhelm Liebknecht, Biographical Memoirs, Chicago, 1901, pp. 174–5.

70. D.N.B. sub Julia Kavanagh.

71. P.R.O., HO107/1510/2, 4.

72. E. H. Carr, Karl Marx. A Study in Fanaticism, 1934, pp. 88–92.

73. Gustav Mayer, 'Neue Beiträge zur Biographie von Karl Marx', Archiv für die Geschichte des Sozialismus und Arbeiterbewegung, Zehnter Jahrgang, Leipzig, 1922, p. 58.

74. Marx-Engels Werke, Berlin, vol. 29, 1963, pp. 71, 74, 79.

75. M.L.R. 1739/5/57; W.P.L., deed 96/12.

76. J. T. Smith, Nollekens and His Times, 1829 ed., vol. I, pp. 2, 39 (where Smith wrongly identifies Nollekens's birthplace as No. 28).

77. Smith, op. cit., vol. I, pp. 2–3.

78. Graves.

79. M.L.R. 1734/1/18.

80. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and its Associations, 1895, p. 192; B. Lillywhite, London Coffee Houses, 1963, pp. 280–1.

81. The Builder, 8 Sept. 1849, p. 431.

82. D.N.B. sub J. A. Thorold Rogers.

83. The Times, 14 Dec. 1904.

84. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 70; R.B.; Directories.

85. Information kindly supplied by University College Hospital.

86. M.L.R. 1730/1/249; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

87. M.L.R. 1734/1/418.

88. The Builder, 12 Sept. 1863, p. 653.

89. M.L.R. 1725/6/496.

90. Ibid., 1733/5/400; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

91. M.L.R. 1734/5/322.

92. Ibid., 1734/5/320.

93. Ibid., 1734/5/322; R.B.

94. M.L.R. 1759/2/350.

95. R.B.; D.N.B.

96. D.N.B.; Graves.

97. Downman's Bulletin, no. 2, Dec. 1911.

98. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)48/1; R.B.

99. M.L.R. 1735/2/469; 1735/3/487.

100. Ibid., 1721/1/151.

101. Ibid., 1800/4/658; R.B.

102. P.R.O., MPZ10.

103. R.B.; Directories.

104. M.L.R. 1756/3/127; 1757/2/181; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

105. R.B.; D.N.B. sub Domenico Corri and Sophia Dussek; J. Doane (ed.), A Musical Directory for the Year 1794; Directories.

106. D.N.B.; Colvin.

107. Annals of the Fine Arts, 1816–19, ed. James Elmes; Graves; Colvin; Directories.

108. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Historic Buildings Section, file 35.

109. M.L.R. 1756/3/127; 1757/2/181.

110. Sun Insurance Company records (information kindly supplied by Miss Natalie Rothstein); R.B.

111. Boyle's Court Guide.

112. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1813, part I, p. 590.

113. Larousse du XXe Siècle, 1928, sub Béhague; Comte Georges de Lhomel, Jean-Pierre-Antoine, Comte de Béhague, Abbeville, 1907.

114. Gunnis, p. 45.

115. Deeds in the possession of Paddington General Hospital, W.E.H.7.

116. Ibid., W.E.H.8; M.L.R. 1862/9/714.

117. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 73.

118. M.L.R. 1758/2/13; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

119. Lowndes' Directory, 1792.

120. Kent's Directory, 1796.

121. P.R.O., HO107/1510/2, 4; R.B.

122. P.R.O., MR325.

123. Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. VIII, 1909, pp. 27–8; Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. XXIX, 1926; Survey of London, vol. XX, 1940, p. 110.

124. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 225.

125. Huguenot Library, Le Quarré account book, 1762–97.

126. Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. VIII, 1909, p. 37; ibid., vol. XIV, 1933, pp. 101–3; P.O.D.

127. P.R.O., LR1/283, ff. 1–8; C5/181/54; C5/358/58; C8/359/21; M.L.R. 1715/6/31; 1719/6/187.

128. M.L.R. 1735/2/469; 1735/3/487; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

129. M.L.R. 1736/1/23.

130. Ibid., 1735/2/472–3.

131. Ibid., 1735/2/470–1.

132. Ibid., 1736/1/24.

133. Ibid., 1735/3/394, 464; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

134. P.R.O., C10/500/92; C108/409, deed of 24 May 1699.

135. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, pp. 86–7.

136. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; R.B.

137. Royal Academy Catalogues.

138. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and its Associations, 1895, p. 70; Gunnis.

139. Rimbault, loc. cit.

140. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

141. The Musical Times, March 1955, pp. 132–4; R.B.

142. J. Timbs, Curiosities of London, 1855, p. 391.

143. M.L.R. 1723/2/324.

144. P.R.O., C10/500/92.

145. P.C.C., 77 Tenison.

146. M.L.R. 1756/2/492.

147. P.C.C., 77 Tenison; R.B.

148. M.L.R. 1758/4/444.

149. Ibid., 1764/2/68; R.B.

150. J. D. Aylward, The House of Angelo, 1953, passim.

151. Rimbault, op. cit., p. 26.

152. T.P. 48659; B.A. 30025.

153. M.L.R. 1735/4/286; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; R.B.

154. P.R.O., C7/605/64; C10/517/38; C108/409, deed of 24 May 1699.

155. Ibid., C7/605/64; C10/517/38.

156. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 87.

157. E.g. M.L.R. 1738/2/110.

158. Ibid., 1737/2/229–30; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

159. M.L.R. 1737/3/124.

160. Ibid., 1737/3/135.

161. Ibid., 1737/2/544–5; 1737/3/75; 1737/4/47–8.

162. Ibid., 1737/3/45.

163. Ibid., 1737/3/121.

164. Ibid., 1738/1/241; 1738/2/46.

165. Notes and Queries, eighth series, vol. V, 1894, p. 43.

166. P.R.O., C7/605/64.

167. Ibid., C10/517/38; C108/409, deed of 24 May 1699.

CHAPTER VI (pp. 151–69)

Frith Street and Bateman Street: Portland Estate

1. P.R.O., C7/620/44.

2. Ibid., C6/237/118; C8/252/13.

3. R.B.

4. W.P.L., cutting in box 47, no. 13; E. F. Rimbault, Soho and its Associations, 1895, pp. 74, 108.

5. John Strype, A Surrey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 87.

6. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho estate plans.

7. P.O.D.

8. Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2.

9. Calendar of Treasury Books 1698–1699, p. 210.

10. H.M.C., 8th Report, Appendix, part i (sec. ii), 1908, p. 396.

11. Ibid., Copper MSS., vol. III, 1889, p. 117.

12. The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

13. Henry Angelo, Reminiscences, vol. I, 1828, pp. 298–9.

14. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and its Associations, 1895, p. 106.

15. James Boaden, Memoirs of Mrs. Inchbald, 1833, vol. I, pp. 258, 269–70, 290, 299–300.

16. J. T. Smith, Remarks on Rural Scenery, 1797, preface.

17. Rimbault, op. cit., p. 96.

18. The Times Literary Supplement, 1 Nov. 1963, H. A. Hammelmann, The Comte de Caumont, p. 896.

19. Rimbault, op. cit., p. 107.

20. Annals of the Fine Arts, 1816–18, ed. James Elmes.

21. Boyle's Court Guide.

22. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1728/2/438.

23. M.L.R. 1729/5/228–31; 1732/2/182.

24. H.M.C., Portland MSS., vol. VI, 1901, pp. 38–9.

25. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 190–1.

26. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K), bundles 57–8.

27. Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/19, f. 35.

28. M.L.R. 1719/6/189–93.

29. Ibid., 1719/2/195.

30. P.R.O., CREST 2/835.

31. G.L.C., Members' Library, file 169.

32. M.L.R. 1719/6/192.

33. R.B.; M.L.R. 1719/2/195.

34. W. Carew Hazlitt, Memoirs of William Hazlitt, 1867, vol. II, pp. 235, 237–8; P. P. Howe, The Life of William Hazlitt, 1949 ed., p. 417.

35. Herschel Baker, William Hazlitt, 1962, p. 469.

36. Graves.

37. Connaught Estate, deed, 2 March 1829; Seventh Report of the Commissioners of … Woods, Forests and Land Revenues, 1830, p. 53; Eighth Report, 1831, p. 49.

38. P.R.O., CREST 2/835, 7 Feb. 1822.

39. Ibid., CREST 2/835, 7 Feb. 1822, 25 March 1823.

40. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K), bundle 57.

41. Connaught Estate, deed, 15 April 1826.

42. G.L.C., Print Collection.

43. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Historic Buildings Section, file 494.

44. G.L.C., loc. cit.; Register of Historical Records, vol. I, p. 104; Photograph Library.

45. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1732/5/480–4; 1733/3/112; R.B.

46. R.B.; Directories.

47. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1735/2/167–8; 1736/3/409–11; R.B.

48. M.L.R. 1736/3/412–13; R.B.

49. R.B.; Memoirs of the late Sir Samuel Romilly, M.P., 1818, p. 7; C. G. Oakes, Sir Samuel Romilly, 1757–1818, 1935, p. 13.

50. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., vouchers, 1800.

51. R.B.; cf. M.L.R. 1731/1/37; 1734/3/390.

52. Leopold Mozart Reise-Aufzeichnungen, 1763–1771, 1920, pp. 34, 36; W.P.L., A.2203, 2 May 1768.

53. The Musical Standard, 7 Sept. 1907.

54. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Public Advertiser, 30 May 1765.

55. Leopold Mozart, ut supra, p. 13.

56. L. R. von Köchel, Chronologisch-thematisches Verzeichnis, 6th ed., 1964.

57. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Public Advertiser, 11 March 1765.

58. The Musical Standard, 3 Oct. 1908.

59. Ronald F. Tiltman, Baird of Television, [1933], pp. 67, 71, 87, 93, 98.

60. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1735/1/20; R.B.

61. M.L.R. 1730/4/322; 1743/2/192; 1743/3/114.

62. Ibid., 1758/4/465; R.B.

63. Annals of the Fine Arts, 1817–19, ed. James Elmes.

64. R.I.B.A. Library, Papworth Collection, Drawer C; Wyatt Papworth, John B. Papworth, Architect to the King of Wurtemburg, 1879, pp. 68–9.

65. Tallis's London street views, 1838–40.

66. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1731/2/370–1; R.B.

67. E. F. Rimbault, op. cit. (no. 14), p. 99.

68. R.B.; P.O.D.

69. P.R.O., C5/149/17; C5/177/13; C5/301/11.

70. Narcissus Luttrell, A Brief Historical Relation, vol. IV, 1857, p. 169.

71. P.R.O., C5/177/13; G.E.C.

72. P.R.O., C5/142/13.

73. Ibid., C5/301/11.

74. Ibid., C5/177/13.

75. Ibid., C5/142/13; R.B.

76. D.N.B.

77. Graves; Boyle's Court Guide.

78. G.L.C., Photograph Library.

79. M.L.R. 1734/3/332–3, 345–6; R.B.

80. Annals of the Fine Arts, 1816–18, ed. James Elmes; Graves.

81. Macready's Reminiscences, ed. Sir Frederick Pollock, 1875, vol. I, p. 125.

82. Northamptonshire Record Office, BH(K), bundle 58.

83. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1731/4/69; 1734/2/18; R.B.

84. Nottingham University, ut supra; M.L.R. 1733/3/179, 278–83.

85. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)49/94; 67/32/1; R.B.

86. Nottingham University, ut supra; M.L.R. 1739/4/92; R.B.

87. P.C.C., 206 Pinfold.

CHAPTER VII (pp. 170–92)

Greek Street Area: Portland Estate

1. P.R.O., KB 27/2040, no. 1186.

2. R.B.

3. P.R.O., C6/244/45; R.B.

4. Survey of London, vols. XXXI–XXXII, 1963, index entry on p. 608.

5. W.P.L., BA.72/27; M.L.R. 1723/4/407.

6. M.L.R. 1718/1/146; 1725/1/174; R.B.

7. P.R.O., C7/366/42; R.B.

8. Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/2.

9. W.P.L., A.2077–8.

10. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)67, 1742–52; Bodleian Library, Douce, Addit. vol. 138, no. 89; Bryant Lillywhite, London Coffee Houses, 1963, pp. 84–5, 612.

11. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)45/1; R.B.

12. P.R.O., C104/150.

13. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)38/29; R.B.

14. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 87.

15. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho estate plans.

16. Calendar of Treasury Books 1693–1696, p. 618.

17. Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2.

18. H.M.C., Downshire MSS., vol. I, part II, 1924, p. 909.

19. M.L.R. 1753/3/130.

20. The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

21. Ibid.; Graves.

22. Horace Bleackley, Casanova in England, 1923, pp. 217, 220–2; The Memoirs of Jacques Casanova, ed. Arthur Machen, vol. VII, 1940, pp. 95, 100.

23. Graves.

24. H.M.C., Hastings MSS., vol. III, 1934, p. 201.

25. M.L.R. 1747/1/24.

26. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1726/5/81; 1731/1/481; 1734/4/475.

27. H.M.C., Portland MSS., vol. III, 1894, p. 408.

28. Cal. S. P. Dom. 1686–1687, p. 351.

29. W.P.L., F.2005, 19 Dec. 1692; H.M.C., 7th Report (Egmont MSS.), 1879, p. 246; H.M.C., Fortescue MSS., vol. I, 1892, p. 13.

30. P.C.C., 181 Fox.

31. M.L.R. 1729/1/323; H.M.C., Portland MSS., vol. V, 1899, pp. 451, 457; H.M.C., Stuart Papers, vol. II, 1904, pp. 338, 458; vol. III, 1907, p. 99.

32. M.L.R. 1729/1/323.

33. W.P.L., F. 2007, 10 Feb. 1741/2.

34. M.L.R. 1729/1/325.

35. Ibid., 1744/1/97.

36. P.R.O., C12/114/26.

37. M.L.R. 1767/5/54.

38. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 334.

39. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Public Advertiser, 20 Feb., 9 April 1771.

40. Deed in the possession of Josiah Wedgwood and Sons Limited, 11 May 1779.

41. Eliza Meteyard, The Life of Josiah Wedgwood, vol. II, 1866, pp. 290–1, 293, 299–300.

42. Ibid., vol. II, p. 415.

43. Ibid., vol. II, pp. 221, 289.

44. Letters of Josiah Wedgwood 1772 to 1780, 1903, p. 6.

45. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Public Advertiser, 8 June 1774; Meteyard, op. cit., vol. II, pp. 293, 298; George C. Williamson, The Imperial Russian Dinner Service, 1909, p. 32.

46. The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, ed. Lady Llanover, 2nd series, 1862, vol. I, p. 593.

47. Archives of Josiah Wedgwood and Sons, 28757–44, and uncatalogued inventory (information kindly supplied by W. A. Billington, Curator).

48. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 220.

49. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 115.

50. Boyle's Court Guide; Graves.

51. G.L.R.O., M.B.O., District Surveyors' Returns, Sept. 1846.

52. Horwood's map of London, 1792–9; O.S. map, 1869–74.

53. G.L.C., Photograph Library.

54. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, record card; see Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), West London, 1925, p. 144.

55. R.B.; D.N.B.; B. Higgins, A Syllabus of Chemical and Philosophical Enquiries, N.D., Advertisement (B.M. pressmark T.445(5)).

56. B.M., Egerton MS. 1719, f. 34.

57. P.C.C., 100 Fane.

58. R.B.; B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Morning Herald, 27 April 1792; Charles Clagget, Musical Phoenomena, 1793 (B.M. pressmark 7890 bb. 27/1); E. F. Rimbault, Soho and its Associations, 1895, pp. 111–15.

59. P.O.D.

60. R.B.; P.O.D.; The Builder, 12 Sept. 1863, p. 653.

61. The Daily Worker, 28 Sept. 1964; Répertoire International de Sources pour l'Étude des Mouvements Sociaux aux xixe et xxe Siècles, tom 2. La Première Internationale. Imprimés 1864–1876, Paris, 1961, pp. 18–19.

62. Archives of Hopkins, Purvis and Sons Limited; R.B.; P.O.D.

63. R.B.; P.C.C., 115 Bogg.

64. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1737/5/380.

65. M.L.R. 1741/1/243; 1741/3/212–13; 1742/1/482; 1742/2/494.

66. P.C.C., 115 Bogg.

67. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Historic Buildings Section, file 384, letter from Arthur B. Hayward.

68. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1735/5/36; 1737/2/36; R.B.

69. P.C.C., 268 Pinfold; The History of Parliament. The House of Commons 1754–1790, ed. Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke, 1964, vol. II, p. 279.

70. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1754, pp. 340, 484.

71. M.L.R. 1734/3/484–5; R.B.

72. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1718/1/146; 1725/1/174; R.B.

73. D.N.B.

74. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1735/2/265; 1747/1/108.

75. The History of Parliament, etc., vol. II, p. 119.

76. Ibid., vol. III, p. 398.

77. Ibid., vol. II, p. 24.

78. D. E. Williams, The Life and Correspondence of Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1831, vol. I, pp. 106–7, 168; The Builder, 9 Sept. 1865, p. 640.

79. Williams, op. cit., vol. I, pp. 106–7.

80. D.N.B.; Graves.

81. Douglas Goldring, Regency Portrait Painter, the Life of Sir Thomas Lawrence, P.R.A., 1951, pp. 244–5.

82. Dennis Farr, William Etty, 1958, p. 14.

83. Goldring, op. cit., p. 194; Graves.

84. M.L.R. 1853/18/36; Endowed Charities (London), vol. III, 1900, p. 759.

85. Inscription on building; The Builder, 26 Dec. 1857.

86. Endowed Charities (London), loc. cit.

87. G.L.C., Print Collection.

88. G.L.R.O., WCS43, pp. 104–5, 281.

89. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)49/16; ibid., 60/16; M.L.R. 1745/3/88.

90. G.L.R.O., WCS43, pp. 104–5, 281; ibid., 44, pp. 12, 268; M.L.R. 1722/6/135–6.

91. M.L.R. 1717/3/133.

92. The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany, 1st series, 1861, vol. I, p. 61.

93. W.P.L., A.2202, 26 March 1697; A.2202a, 19 Feb. 1710/11.

94. Ibid., A.2235; R.B.

95. W.P.L., A.2235.

96. Ibid., A.2203, pp. 225–7; R.B.

97. W.P.L., A.2203, pp. 273–8.

98. Ibid., A.2203, pp. 292–3, 309, 312, 314–16.

99. Ibid., A.2203, pp. 324–5, 350–7.

100. Ibid., A.2203, pp. 299, 329–33.

101. Ibid., A.2203, pp. 348–9.

102. Ibid., A.2203, pp. 324–5, 355–7.

103. G.L.R.O., Strand Union Minutes, vol. II, p. 362.

104. W.P.L., A.2204, pp. 518–19.

105. Ibid., A.2206, pp. 140–53; A.2207, pp. 285, 468, 536.

106. Ibid., A.2206, pp. 361–9.

107. Ibid., A.2206, pp. 140–53.

108. Ibid., A.2208, 26 Oct. 1837; G.L.R.O., Strand Union Minutes, vol. I, p. 29.

109. G.L.R.O., Strand Union Minutes, vol. II, p. 362; ibid., vol. III, p. 24.

110. W.P.L., A.2208, 27 Dec. 1838.

111. Directories.

112. M.L.R. 1731/2/112–13 (where Richmond is called a wax-chandler).

113. J. H. Cardwell, The Story of a Charity School, 1899, p. 22.

114. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book sub Hog Lane.

115. Faithorne and Newcourt's, Ogilby and Morgan's, and Blome's maps.

116. G.L.R.O., WCS43, pp. 99, 101–2, 150, 352; ibid., 44, p. 97.

117. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. IV, p. 76; vol. II, bk. VI, p. 87.

CHAPTER VIII (pp. 193–207)

Old Compton Street Area: Portland Estate

1. P.R.O., C7/93/73; C10/500/69; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/79.

2. P.R.O., C82/2484.

3. G.L.R.O., E/Pym/79.

4. Ibid., loc. cit.; P.R.O., C10/500/69.

5. P.R.O., C7/112/96.

6. Ibid., C6/237/118; C8/252/13.

7. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 86.

8. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho estate plans.

9. Enid Starkie, Arthur Rimbaud, 1947 ed., p. 234.

10. Soho Monthly Paper, April 1903, p. 87, quoting The Daily Mail.

11. P.O.D.

12. Pierre Berault, Bouquet ou Un Amas de plusieurs veritez Theologiques, 1685 (B.M. pressmark 4410.aa.6).

13. H.M.C., Cowper MSS., vol. II, 1888, p. 360.

14. Ibid., House of Lords MSS., vol. IV, new series, 1908, p. 128.

15. J. H. Cardwell and others, Men and Women of Soho, [1903], pp. 300–1.

16. Survey of London, vol. II, 1909, p. 86; vol. IV, 1913, p. 59.

17. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and its Associations, 1895, p. 83.

18. Richard Wagner, My Life, 1911, vol. I, pp. 203–204.

19. Edward Edwards, Anecdotes of Painters, 1808, An Account of the Life of Mr. Edwards.

20. Rimbault, op. cit., p. 82.

21. R.B.

22. Archives of Stevens Properties Limited; L.C.C. Minutes, 16 Feb. 1904, p. 220; Nikolaus Pevsner, London: The Cities of London and Westminster, 1962 ed., p. 319, where the architect is wrongly given as R. J. Worley.

23. W.P.L., A.2269 passim; R.B.

24. W.P.L., A.2269, p. 134.

25. Ibid., p. 140.

26. Graves.

27. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

28. Ibid., loc. cit.; M.L.R. 1726/3/63; 1728/1/136; R.B.

29. M.L.R. 1733/1/41.

30. Ibid., 1732/4/308–9; 1733/1/42; 1735/5/524; Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; R.B.

31. R.B.; G.L.R.O.(M), Archdeaconry of Middlesex Wills, Index 1608–1810.

32. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book sub King's Square Court.

33. Ibid., Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1722/4/128; 1724/5/58; R.B.

34. M.L.R. 1729/2/61.

35. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1729/2/236; R.B.

36. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Public Advertiser, 12 Feb. 1761.

37. The Builder, 22 Feb. 1890, p. 145; Royal Academy Catalogue, 1890, no. 1891.

38. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1731/4/307, 339–40, 366; R.B.

39. Rimbault, op. cit., p. 79.

40. Ibid., pp. 82–3; Graves; Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. XIV, 1931, pp. 161–3.

41. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; R.B.

42. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)43/1.

43. Enthoven Theatre Collection.

44. The Builder, 11 Oct. 1845, p. 496.

45. M.L.R. 1735/2/132; 1738/5/350.

46. Archives of Stevens Properties Limited.

47. P.R.O., C8/252/13.

48. Brian Russell, St. John's Hospital for Diseases of the Skin, 1863–1963, 1963, pp. 1–2, 5.

49. The London Gazette, 8–11 May 1704; F. J. Britten, Old Clocks and Watches and Their Makers, 7th ed., 1956, p. 363.

50. Wilhelm Liebknecht, Karl Marx, Biographical Memoirs, trans. E. Untermann, 1901, p. 169.

51. The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

52. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1734/2/236; 1734/3/210; R.B.

53. T. H. Shepherd, London and its Environs in the Nineteenth Century, 1829, plate 123.

54. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1729/6/285; R.B.

55. M.L.R. 1744/1/45.

56. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1761/2/413.

57. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1732/5/264; 1733/5/104; P.R.O., C103/172, deed of 23 March 1740.

58. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1765/1/369.

59. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1760/1/465; R.B.

60. N. M. Penzer, Paul Storr, 1954, pp. 51–2, 55, 81.

61. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1735/3/287; R.B.

62. Reprint of Two Tracts by Jean Paul Marat, ed. James Blake Bailey, 1891.

63. M.L.R. 1736/3/468.

64. L.C.C. Minutes, 30 Nov. 1897, p. 1311; R.B.

65. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)67/1/5; 67/3/3; 75/57.

66. 30 Car. II, c. 7, private.

67. P.R.O., C7/590/95.

68. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book; M.L.R. 1733/2/467.

69. Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, pp. 546–7.

70. Berkshire County Record Office, D/ED. F. 152.

71. M.L.R. 1716/1/118.

72. Ibid., 1713/4/153.

73. Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2.

74. Guildhall Library, MS. 10731/2.

75. Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, pp. 19–20.

CHAPTER IX (pp. 208–55)

The Pitt Estate in Dean Street

1. D.N.B.

2. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds C181.

3. P.R.O., C5/548/63; C6/86/78.

4. Ibid., C6/259/81; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

5. P.R.O., T 54/15, pp. 270–1; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/577.

6. P.R.O., C7/649/7; C8/346/41; C8/491/17.

7. R.B.

8. P.R.O., T54/15, pp. 270–1; C10/270/12.

9. Ibid., C66/3390, no. 7.

10. Ibid., SP44/238, pp. 102–3.

11. P.C.C., 88 Plymouth.

12. B.M., Add. MS. 36178, f. 256; H.M.C., Fortescue MSS., vol. I, 1892, p. 76 et seq.; Sir C. N. Dalton, The Life of Thomas Pitt, 1915, p. 560 et seq.; Sir T. Lever, The House of Pitt, 1947, p. 58.

13. The History of Parliament. The House of Commons 1754–1790, ed. Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke, 1964, vol. III, pp. 285–6.

14. M.L.R. 1730/4/135.

15. P.R.O., CREST 2/831.

16. M.L.R. 1729/5/154.

17. W.P.L., A.2202a, 3 April 1740; M.L.R. 1742/2/265; R.B.

18. M.L.R. 1744/2/62.

19. Ibid., 1732/5/428; 1733/1/405; 1734/3/38, 440.

20. P.R.O., CREST 2/831, abstract of title in item of 9 March 1818.

21. Ibid., loc. cit.; M.L.R. 1765/4/278.

22. P.R.O., CREST 6/158, pp. 143–9.

23. Ibid., pp. 149–58.

24. Ibid., CREST 2/831, 18 April 1822.

25. C.E.O., London lease book 38, pp. 292–314; Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 28.

26. C.E.O., London lease book 48, pp. 404–21.

27. P.R.O., CREST 2/831, sale particulars, 7 June 1833.

28. C.E.O., Crown Lands sale book 13, p. 366.

29. P.R.O., CREST 2/831, 7 June 1833.

30. Boyle's Court Guide.

31. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 263, 263n.

32. The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

33. R.B.; J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 212.

34. A Century and a Half in Soho. A Short History of the Firm of Novello, 1961, p. 68.

35. Ibid., p. 76.

36. M.L.R. 1875/7/262.

37. P.O.D.; Cardwell and others, loc. cit.

38. Deeds in the possession of the Legal and General Assurance Society Ltd.; B.A.28888.

39. John Hutchins, History and Antiquities of the County of Dorset, 3rd ed., vol. III, 1868, pp. 304–6.

40. G.L.C., Photograph Library.

41. Ibid., Survey of London file.

42. R.B.; W.P.L., BA.69/42; E. F. Rimbault, Soho and its Associations, 1895, pp. 94–5.

43. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Theatre Section, case 444.

44. W.P.L., BA.69/42.

45. R.B.; D.N.B.; Graves; Edward Edwards, Anecdotes of Painters, 1808, p. 216.

46. R.B.; D.N.B.

47. M.L.R. 1848/1/275.

48. B.M., Dept. of Prints and Drawings, National Photographic Record, box 32.

49. Memoirs of the Life of Madame Vestris, 1830, p. 8 (B.M. pressmark 1203. c. 20).

50. R.B.; Kent's Directory, 1796.

51. C.E.O., London lease book 48, pp. 404–21.

52. P.R.O., Lord Chamberlain's MS. theatrical index, vol. II, f. 209; Basil Francis, Fanny Kelly, 1950, p. 148.

53. See for example F. G. Tomlins, A Brief View of the English Drama … with suggestions for Elevating the Present Condition of the Art and of its Professors, 1840, pp. 146–8.

54. P.R.O., Lord Chamberlain's MS. theatrical index, vol. I, f. 53.

55. Francis, op. cit., p. 156.

56. P.R.O., LC1/19, no. 1601.

57. Architectural Publication Society Dictionary, 1852–92; Francis, op. cit., pp. 163–5, quoting Devonshire MSS. at Chatsworth, 1st series, 1276.1.

58. Francis, op. cit., pp. 163–5.

59. P.R.O., Lord Chamberlain's MS. theatrical index, vol. I, ff. 55–8.

60. The Times, 22 Nov. 1895.

61. Ibid., 27 May 1840.

62. Pat. no. 8404 (information kindly supplied by the Patent Office).

63. The Civil Engineer and Architect' s Journal, vol. III, 1840, p. 363; vol. IV, 1841, p. 430; The Theatrical Journal and Musical Intelligencer, 9 May 1840, p. 179; The Era, 24 May 1840, p. 417; and see quotations prefixed to R. M. Stephenson, Machinery for Theatres, N.D. (copy in R.I.B.A. Library).

64. P.R.O., LC1/21, no. 1921.

65. Ibid., LC1/22, no. 1944.

66. Ibid., Lord Chamberlain's MS. theatrical index, vol. I, f. 58; vol. II, ff. 215–16; LC1/22, nos. 1944, 1956.

67. The Times, 27 May 1840.

68. The Theatrical Journal and Musical Intelligencer, 9 May 1840, p. 179.

69. London Museum, A17528, box 16B.

70. The Times, 26 May 1840; The Era, 31 May 1840, p. 429.

71. The Morning Herald, 1 June 1840.

72. H. Barton Baker, The London Stage from 1576 to 1888, 1889, vol. II, pp. 137–8.

73. The Times, 26 May 1840.

74. Ibid., 22 Feb. 1841.

75. Stephenson, op. cit.

76. Francis, op. cit., plate XXVI; The Morning Herald, 26 May, 1 June 1840; The Era, 28 Feb. 1841.

77. The Times, 22, 24 Feb. 1841; The Era, 21, 28 Feb. 1841.

78. Enthoven Theatre Collection.

79. M.L.R. 1848/1/276.

80. The Times, 17 Nov. 1849; Francis, op. cit., pp. 178, 186; L. E. Holman, Lamb's 'Barbara S—', 1935, pp. 104–5.

81. Francis, op. cit., pp. 186–95.

82. The Letters of Charles Dickens, ed. Walter Dexter, vol. I, 1938, p. 687; Enthoven Theatre Collection.

83. The Builder, 2 Feb. 1850, p. 58; 25 Jan. 1873, p. 62.

84. G.L.R.O., M.B.O. District Surveyors' Returns, Oct. 1851.

85. M.L.R. 1852/13/282–3.

86. Ibid., 1864/17/546; 1875/9/44.

87. Enthoven Theatre Collection; The Pictorial Handbook of London, [c. 1861], p. 772.

88. Enthoven Theatre Collection; The Times, 14 Nov. 1861.

89. Enthoven Theatre Collection; The Times, 14 Nov. 1861; The Illustrated London News, 23 Nov. 1861, p. 520.

90. The Era, 17 Nov. 1861.

91. Guildhall Library, theatre programme; The Times, 29 March 1875; R. Mander and J. Mitchenson, A Picture History of Gilbert and Sullivan, 1962, pp. 47, 90–1.

92. M.L.R. 1895/38/619.

93. Guildhall Library, Crowther Collection, W3/24.

94. G.L.C., M.B.W., Report … on the Condition of Various Theatres in London, 1882, pp. 261–70.

95. Guildhall Library, theatre programme.

96. The Stage, 27 April 1883.

97. Enthoven Theatre Collection; Baker, op. cit., p. 141.

98. Cardwell and others, op. cit., p. 291.

99. The Times, 14 March 1891.

100. See J. T. Grein, The Story of a Pioneer, 1862–1935, by his Wife, 1936, pp. 79, 93.

101. Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, p. 118.

102. The Times, 22 Dec. 1892; Jevan Brandon-Thomas, Charley's Aunt's Father, 1955, pp. 175–80.

103. The Times, 10 Dec. 1892.

104. Ibid., 10 Nov. 1893; see also A. C. Sprague, 'Shakespeare and William Poel', University of Toronto Quarterly, Oct. 1947, p. 31; Robert Speaight, William Poel and the Elizabethan Revival, 1954, p. 90 and photograph of this production facing p. 192.

105. The Times, 5 May 1894; J. T. Grein …, op. cit., p. 141.

106. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Theatre Section, case 444; Cardwell and others, op. cit., p. 291.

107. Cardwell and others, op. cit., p. 291; D.N.B.

108. The Incorporated Stage Society. Ten Years. 1899 to 1909, Chiswick Press, 1909; Allardyce Nicoll, A History of English Drama, vol. V, 1959, p. 562.

109. Mrs. Patrick Campbell, My Life and Some Letters, N.D., p. 146; Alan Dent, Mrs. Patrick Campbell, 1961, pp. 170–1; D.N.B.

110. Enthoven Theatre Collection; The Times, 2 Nov. 1903, 1, 21 March 1904.

111. Enthoven Theatre Collection; The Times, 15, 22, 29 Nov. 1904.

112. D.N.B. sub William Poel; The Times, 11 May 1905.

113. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Theatre Section, case 444 (London Fire Brigade papers).

114. L.C.C. Minutes, 17 Oct. 1905, pp. 1264–5; 21 Nov. 1905, pp. 1738–9; B.A.27827; Enthoven Theatre Collection.

115. The Times, 5 Jan. 1906.

116. Ibid., 15 Feb. 1911; W. Macqueen-Pope, Carriages at Eleven, 1947, pp. 196–7.

117. The Times, 6 March 1912, 14 Aug. 1913; J. C. Trewin, The Theatre Since 1900, 1951, p. 95.

118. The Times, 28 June 1921.

119. Ibid., 17 Dec. 1924.

120. Ibid., 17 Nov. 1925.

121. Ibid., 20 Jan. 1932.

122. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Theatre Section, case 444; B.A.27827.

123. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Theatre Section, case 444; ibid., Theatre Section, Royalty Theatre, Dean Street, plans.

124. M.L.R. 1733/1/405.

125. James Dallaway, A History of the Western Division of the County of Sussex, vol. I, 1815, Parochial Topography, pp. 163–70; John Comber, Sussex Genealogies, Lewes Centre, 1933, p. 155; Victoria County History of Sussex, vol. IV, 1953, pp. 97–8.

126. P.C.C., 191 Derby.

127. M.L.R. 1726/2/405.

128. A. I. Dasent, A History of Grosvenor Square, 1935, p. 225.

129. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 232–5, Plate 145c.

130. M.L.R. 1745/1/425.

131. P.C.C., 68 Brodrepp; R.B.

132. G.E.C.

133. R.B.; Boyle's Court Guide.

134. M.L.R. 1802/6/487.

135. N. M. Penzer, Paul Storr, 1954, pp. 59–77; information about the firm or Rundell, Bridge and Rundell kindly supplied by Mrs. S. J. Bury of the Victoria and Albert Museum.

136. M.L.R. 1802/6/487; 1807/6/300.

137. Ibid., 1807/6/300, 622.

138. D.N.B.; Gunnis; B.M., Dept. of Prints and Drawings, 200 a1 (Mrs. S. J. Bury kindly drew attention to this reference).

139. R.B.; P.O.D.

140. Graves; Annals of the Fine Arts, 1816, ed. James Elmes; The Farington Diary, ed. James Greig, 1922–8, vol. VII, pp. 11, 34, 147.

141. Penzer, op. cit., p. 61; Directories.

142. P.R.O., CREST 2/831, sale particulars, 7 June 1833; R.B.

143. Philip James, Early Keyboard Instruments, 1930 (repr. 1960), p. 73; Directories.

144. M.L.R. 1842/4/559.

145. Ibid., 1858/11/234; P.O.D.

146. R. and S. Redgrave, A Century of Painters of the English School, 1866, vol. I, pp. 59–61; Cardwell and others, op. cit., p. 263.

147. Rimbault, op. cit., p. 92n.

148. R. and S. Redgrave, loc. cit.; The Times, 13 Jan. 1914 (letter from Gilbert R. Redgrave).

149. Cardwell and others, op. cit., p. 263.

150. House of Lords Record Office, House of Lords, Private Bill Evidence, 1914, Ancient Monuments Preservation Order Confirmation (no. 1) Bill, 21 May, p. 10.

151. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Historic Buildings Section, Register of Historical Records, vol. 2, pp. 70, 106–7; ibid., file 35.

152. House of Lords Record Office, op. cit., 22 May, pp. 7–9.

153. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Historic Buildings Section, Register of Historical Records, vol. 3, pp. 101–6.

154. House of Lords Record Office, op. cit., 21 May, p. 9; 22 May, pp. 85, 98.

155. Ibid., 22 May, pp. 77–8, 95.

156. Ibid., 22 May, p. 93.

157. Ibid., 21 May, p. 15; 22 May, pp. 29, 65, 123.

158. The Times, 16 Jan. 1914.

159. House of Lords Record Office, op. cit., 22 May, pp. 19–31, 62–74.

160. The Manchester Guardian, 16 Dec. 1912; The Spectator, 21 Dec. 1912; The Architectural Review, March 1913, pp. 53–4.

161. House of Lords Record Office, op. cit., 22 May, pp. 89, 123.

162. The Times, 9, 14, 15, 16 Jan. 1914; The Daily Chronicle, 16 Jan. 1914.

163. 3–4 Geo. V, c. 32, public.

164. The Times, 17 Jan. 1914.

165. Ibid., 17, 19 Jan. 1914.

166. Journals of the House of Lords, vol. CXLVI, p. 30.

167. House of Lords Record Office, op. cit., 21–22 May.

168. Ibid., 21 May, pp. 6–7.

169. Ibid., 21 May, p. 30.

170. G.L.C., Report of Clerk to Records and Museums Sub-Committee of L.C.C., 22 Jan. 1914.

171. House of Lords Record Office, op. cit, 21 May, p. 32.

172. Ibid., 21 May, p. 22.

173. Ibid., 22 May, pp. 133, 136.

174. Ibid., 22 May, p. 136.

175. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Historic Buildings Section, file 35.

176. The Times, 3 May 1919.

177. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Historic Buildings Section, file 99.

178. Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago, vol. XLIV, no. 2, April-May 1950, p. 27; unpublished article in the possession of the Art Institute of Chicago on the Crane Memorial prepared by Bates Lowry, 30 March 1950; information kindly supplied by the Art Institute of Chicago.

179. Westminster Public Library, St. Marylebone branch, ratebooks.

180. Christopher Hussey, 'Painted Staircases at 8 Clifford Street and 76 Dean Street, London', Country Life, 14 March 1947, p. 471.

181. Camden Borough Library, Joint Vestry Minutes of St. Giles in the Fields and St. George, Bloomsbury, 3 Dec. 1800.

182. Ibid., 19, 26 July 1800; M.L.R. 1800/5/521.

183. W.P.L., A.2204, 10 Dec. 1800, 2 Jan. 1801.

184. Camden Borough Library, Joint Vestry Minutes, etc., 4 June 1801.

185. Ibid., 31 March, 7 July 1800, 7 May 1808, 22 March, 28 July 1809; R.B.

186. Camden Borough Library, Joint Vestry Minutes, etc., 15 June 1810.

187. Annals of the Fine Arts, 1818–19, ed. James Elmes; Graves; Gunnis.

188. Deeds in the possession of the Eagle Star Insurance Company, 12 Oct. 1833.

189. M.L.R. 1847/11/47; P.O.D.

190. Norfolk and Norwich Record Office, NRS 17131, 32E3; 21089, 71X3; 21140, 75X3.

191. R.B.; Rimbault, op. cit., p. 93.

192. P.O.D.

193. House of Lords Record Office, op. cit., (150 above), 21 May, pp. 36, 50.

194. W.P.L., box A.138.

195. J. Fitzgerald Molloy, The Life and Adventures of Peg Woffington, 1884, vol. I, pp. 21–2, 48; Janet Camden Lucy, Lovely Peggy, 1952, pp. 33–4, 37.

196. Memoirs of the Celebrated Mrs. Woffington, 2nd ed., 1760, pp. 16–25 (B.M. pressmark 641 e.25).

197. Joseph Knight, David Garrick, 1894, p. 57; Margaret Barton, Garrick, 1948, p. 66; D.N.B.

198. Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. G. B. Hill, 1887, vol. III, p. 264.

199. W.P.L., H.50, 52, 54–5, 57, 60.

200. Margaret Barton, op. cit., p. 80; Carola Oman, David Garrick, 1958, p. 57.

201. R.B.; Boyle's Court Guide; D.N.B.; J. Menzies Campbell, John Hunter, 1952, p. 11.

202. Deeds in the possession of W. J. Fraser and Son, 16 Oct. 1833.

203. P.R.O., HO107/1510/2, 4; Directories.

204. Graves.

205. R.B.; P.R.O., SP100/54; H.M.C., Eglinton MSS., 1885, p. 339.

206. G.L.R.O., M.B.O., District Surveyors' Returns, Sept. 1849.

207. Annals of the Fine Arts, 1816–19, ed. James Elmes; Graves.

208. Graves; Directories.

209. P.R.O., CREST 2/831, 7 June, 20 Oct. 1833.

210. R.B.; Directories.

211. M.L.R. 1730/3/16–19.

212. Ibid., 1730/3/20–1.

213. Ibid., 1730/3/17; R.B.

214. M.L.R. 1730/3/15, 19.

215. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 86.

216. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 214–17.

217. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

218. W.P.L., A.2061.

219. P.C.C., 190 Browning.

220. M.L.R. 1710/3/16–17.

221. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 63–4.

222. H. M. Colvin, 'Fifty New Churches', The Architectural Review, March 1950, pp. 195–6.

223. Wren Society, vol. XV, 1938, pp. 219–26; vol. XVI, 1939, p. 118.

224. P.C.C., 125 Edmunds.

225. M.L.R. 1750/2/157.

226. Edward Edwards, Anecdotes of Painters, 1808, p. 216.

227. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. XXIV, p. 205–6.

228. W. Dale, Tschudi The Harpsichord Maker, 1913, p. 28.

229. Directories.

230. Batty Langley, The City and Country Builder's and Workmen's Treasury of Designs, 1740.

231. Batty and Thomas Langley, Ancient Architecture, Restored and Improved …, N.D.

232. Batty Langley, The Builder's Bench-Mate, 1747.

233. Batty Langley, A Survey of Westminster Bridge, 1748.

234. Batty Langley, The London Prices of Bricklayers Materials and Works, 1748.

235. Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. G. B. Hill, 1887, vol. IV, p. 103; The Proceedings … at … the Old-Bailey, 1758, no. 7, part 2, p. 278 (B.M. pressmark PP 1349).

236. The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763; O. E. Deutsch, Handel. A Documentary Biography, 1955, p. 581.

237. M.L.R. 1731/4/16.

238. J. H. Cardwell and others, Men and Women of Soho, [1903], p. 117.

239. R.B.; Graves.

240. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, Mist's Weekly Journal, 17 Feb. 1727/8; Rimbault, op. cit., p. 128; D.N.B.

241. Rimbault, op. cit., p. 128.

242. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 118.

243. Memoirs of Mr. John Stevens, 1848, pp. 27, 41, 61.

244. P.R.O., CREST 2/833.

245. The Builder, 12 July 1879, p. 787; J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 61.

246. P.O.D.; J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 61.

247. G.L.R.O.(M), Archdeaconry of Middlesex Wills, 1734–40, p. 928.

248. Survey of London, vols. XXXI–XXXII, 1963, pp. 190n., 557; M.L.R. 1729/5/154.

249. M.L.R. 1744/3/318.

250. Ibid., 1726/2/405; 1726/6/319; 1729/3/291–6.

251. W.P.L., A.2095.

252. M.L.R. 1744/2/63.

253. Alexander Stephens, Memoirs of John Horne Tooke, 1813, vol. II, pp. 28, 109.

254. R.B.; P.R.O., MPZ10; Annals of the Fine Arts, 1816–19, ed. James Elmes.

255. M.L.R. 1732/5/428.

256. Ibid., 1765/4/278.

257. Ibid., 1756/3/231.

258. Ibid., 1759/1/162.

259. Ibid., 1765/4/278.

260. Ibid., 1759/1/74.

261. Ibid., 1732/5/776.

262. Ibid., 1733/2/19.

263. Ibid., 1733/1/105.

264. Ibid., 1742/2/265.

265. Ibid., 1736/1/23.

266. P.R.O., CREST 2/831.

267. M.L.R. 1733/5/395.

CHAPTER X (pp. 256–77)

St. Anne's Church

1. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 31.

2. W.P.L., F.2004, 6 Aug. 1676.

3. Ibid., 6 Feb. 1677/8.

4. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds C181.

5. W.P.L., F.2004, 3 April 1677.

6. Ibid., F.404, f. 204; P.R.O., KB27/2040, no. 1186.

7. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/18, f. 47.

8. R.I.B.A. Library, Drawing Collection, AF 1/7–9; see John Summerson, 'Drawings for the London City Churches', Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects, third series, vol. 59, no. 4, Feb. 1952, pp. 126–9; Viktor Fürst, The Architecture of Sir Christopher Wren, 1956, pp. 18–20. Two of the three sheets on which the designs are made are inscribed in an early hand 'St Ann' or 'St Ann, Wstmr', and the third gives an east elevation certainly of St. Anne's.

9. Wren Society, vol. IX, 1932, plate 2.

10. Fürst, op. cit., p. 192, n. 256.

11. Ibid., pp. 107–8.

12. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, Plate 9b.

13. Ibid., Plate 10a.

14. Fürst, op. cit., p. 192, n. 271; Wren Society, vol. IX, 1932, Clayton drawings, p. 9, no. viii.

15. Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects, loc. cit.

16. Colvin, p. 711.

17. Colin Campbell, Vitruvius Britannicus, vol. I, 1715, plates 90, 91.

18. M. D. Whinney, 'William Talman', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, vol. XVIII, 1955, p. 123; John Harris, 'Thoresby House, Nottinghamshire', and 'Thoresby Concluded', Architectural History, vols. IV, 1961, and VI, 1963.

19. W.P.L., A.2207, 23 July 1830 (partly quoted in J. H. Cardwell and others, Men and Women of Soho, [1903], p. 150n.).

20. Ibid., F.2004, 6, 12 Feb. 1677/8.

21. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. IX, pp. 451, 455, 475.

22. W.P.L., F.2004, 10 March 1677/8.

23. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. IX, pp. 475, 483, 486, 505; Journals of the House of Lords, vol. XIII, p. 289.

24. 30 Car. II, c. 7, private.

25. H.M.C., House of Lords MSS., 1678–1688, 1887, p. 194.

26. P.R.O., C8/351/237.

27. Ibid., C8/568/19.

28. Ibid., C6/293/132; C8/351/237.

29. P.C.C., 44 Vere.

30. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. IX, pp. 725, 739; Journals of the House of Lords, vol. XIV, pp. 60, 65.

31. 1 Jac. II, c. 20, private.

32. E. Hatton, A New View of London, 1708, vol. I, p. 132.

33. Guildhall Library, MS. 9657, box 4, envelope 8.

34. P.R.O., C10/228/36; H.M.C., Hastings MSS., vol. I, 1928, p. 409.

35. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, pp. 4–5; St. Anne's Chronicle, Nov. 1930, p. 10.

36. Camden Society, no. XXXII, 1845, The Autobiography of Sir John Bramston, K.B., p. 223.

37. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/18, ff. 50–2; MS. 9657, box 4, envelope 8.

38. Ibid., loc. cit.; W.P.L., A.2202a, index, 1689, and 17 May 1704.

39. The Bombed Buildings of Britain, ed. J. M. Richards, 2nd ed., 1947, p. 36; cf. J. G. Davies, The Origin and Development of Early Christian Church Architecture, 1952, figs. 12, 23, 24, 31, 35.

40. Thomas Allen, The History and Antiquities of London, vol. IV, 1828, p. 306.

41. William Maitland, The History of London, 1756 ed., vol. II, bk. VII, facing p. 1337.

42. Hatton, op. cit., vol. I, pp. 130–1.

43. James Paterson, Pietas Londinensis, 1714, p. 27.

44. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, pp. 85–6.

45. W.P.L., A.2107.

46. Maitland, op. cit., 1739 ed., vol. II, bk. VII, p. 716.

47. B.M., Add. MS. 4194, f. 49v.

48. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. IV, pp. 544–7, 652–4; vol. V, pp. 2–6, 16–22.

49. W.P.L., A.2202a, 6 Nov. 1718.

50. Windsor, Establishment Book P5 (Townshend MSS.), Mich. 1719–Mich. 1721.

51. W.P.L., A.2061.

52. Ibid., D.I 7 56, 13 Jan. 1685/6; Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 45.

53. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. X, p. 596.

54. Ibid., vol. X, p. 584; H.M.C., House of Lords MSS., 1690–1691, 1892, pp. 494–6.

55. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. X, pp. 602–3; Journals of the House of Lords, vol. XV, pp. 6, 9, 17.

56. H.M.C., House of Lords MSS., 1690–1691, 1892, p. 496.

57. W.P.L., D.I757, 26 Dec. 1696; Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 35.

58. W.P.L., A.2202a, 26 March 1705; A.2076–7.

59. Ibid., A.2202a, 14 June 1714, 31 Jan., 3 Feb. 1717/18; A.2086.

60. J. H. Cardwell, The Story of a Charity School, 1899, p. 21.

61. W.P.L., A.2202a, 8, 17 July, 18 Dec. 1734; A.2102.

62. Ibid., A.2203, 8, 14 July 1743, 21, 28 May 1744; A.2111–2.

63. Ibid., A.2203, 20, 23 July, 26 Aug. 1756; A.2124; Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 6, f. 236v.

64. W.P.L., A.2129, 2131–2, 2135.

65. Ibid., A.2203, 21 May 1787; A. 2151.

66. Guildhall Library, MS. 10731/2.

67. Graves.

68. W.P.L., A.2204, 20 May 1800.

69. Ibid., A.2036, 27 Dec. 1802, 25 July 1828.

70. Ibid., A.2204, 9 June 1800.

71. Ibid., A.2036, 9 June 1800.

72. Ibid., A.2036, 17 July 1800, 10 Sept. 1802.

73. Ibid., A.2204, 19 Feb. 1801.

74. Ibid., A.2036, 10 March 1801.

75. Ibid., A.2036, 24 March 1801.

76. Ibid., A.2204, 31 March 1801.

77. Ibid., A.2204, 27 April 1801.

78. Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 9, ff. 150–6.

79. W.P.L., A.2036, 28 Oct. 1801.

80. Ibid., A.2036, 19, 22, 27 March, 30 April 1802.

81. 42 Geo. III, c. 72, public.

82. W.P.L., A.2036, 29 June, 13 July 1801.

83. Ibid., A.2036, 20 July 1801; A.2036c.

84. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1801, no. 859.

85. W.P.L., A.2036, 5 April 1802.

86. Ibid., A.2036d.

87. Ibid., A.2036, 30 April, 4, 7, 22 May, 2 June 1802, 25 July 1803.

88. Ibid., A.2036, 9 March 1803.

89. Ibid., A.2036, 4, 11 May 1803.

90. Ibid., A.2036, 9 March, 13, 15, 20 April 1803.

91. Ibid., A.2036, 25 May 1803.

92. Ibid., A.2204, 23 Aug. 1803.

93. Ibid., A. 2036, 1 June 1803.

94. Ibid., A.2036, 6, 12, 22, 29 Aug., 28 Sept., 12 Oct. 1803.

95. Ibid., A.2036, account, 1802–11.

96. Ibid., A.2036, 15 Jan. 1808.

97. Ibid., A.2036, 25 May, 12 Aug., 21 Sept. 1803.

98. Holden's Triennial Directory 1802–4, p. 244.

99. W.P.L., A.2036, 2 Sept. 1803, 22 Aug. 1810, accounts 1802–11.

100. J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, vol. II (1803 on title page but Advertisement dated March 1805), p. 342.

101. Thomas Allen, The History and Antiquities of London, vol. IV, 1828, pp. 307–8.

102. W.P.L., A.2036, 28 Sept., 7 Dec. 1803.

103. Ibid., A.2036, 29 May 1805.

104. Ibid., A.2036, 25 July 1828.

105. Ibid., A.2036, 22 Aug. 1803, account 1802–11.

106. Ibid., A.2205, 21 June 1816; A.2206, 20, 28 May 1817; A.2179–81.

107. Ibid., A.2205, 2 Jan. 1808.

108. Ibid., A.2206, 15, 24 Sept., 10 Dec. 1823; A.2187; A.2312/213, 222.

109. Ibid., A.2188.

110. Ibid., A.2207, 13 May 1830.

111. Ibid., A.2193.

112. Ibid., A.2207, 20 June 1833.

113. Ibid., A.2207, 23, 29 July, 5 Aug. 1830.

114. Ibid., A.2207, 15 March 1831.

115. Ibid., A.2207, 20 June 1833.

116. Ibid., A.2208, 17 July 1845.

117. J. H. Cardwell and others, Men and Women of Soho, [1903], pp. 162–9.

118. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 7; The Builder, 21 Feb. 1863, p. 139.

119. W.P.L., A.2209, 20 Oct. 1864, 12 Jan., 9 Nov. 1865, 23 Jan. 1866.

120. Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 14, ff. 114–15.

121. W.P.L., A.2209, 12, 26 July 1866.

122. The Builder, 3 Nov. 1866, pp. 817–18.

123. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 11.

124. Ibid., p. 7.

125. Saint Anne's Soho Monthly Paper, vol. 5, 1895, pp. 211–12.

126. Church Commissioners, file 58694.

127. Ibid., loc. cit.; J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, pp. 7–8; Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, pp. 36–40.

128. Bombed Churches as War Memorials, The Architectural Press, 1945, pp. 31–48.

129. T.P. 43228.

130. The London Gazette, 27 Feb. 1953.

131. The Times, 7 July 1953; The Daily Telegraph, 27 July 1953.

132. T.P. 43228; The Daily Telegraph, 8 April 1961.

133. 13–14 Eliz. II, c. 5, private.

134. P.R.O., T29/11, p. 121; T52/20, p. 124.

135. W.P.L., A.2071.

136. Ibid., A.2202, 9 Oct. 1699.

137. Ibid., A.2202a, 23 July 1703, 17 April, 5 May 1704.

138. Ibid., A.2203, 23 July 1756.

139. Ibid., A.2203, 24 Jan. 1782; A.2145–6.

140. Ibid., A.2204, 3 March 1794.

141. Ibid., A. 2313, 6 March, 17 April 1794, 27 April, 4, 8 May 1795, 15 Feb., 7 May 1796; A.2159.

142. James Elmes, A Topographical Dictionary of London, 1831, p. 18.

143. Guildhall Library, MS.601/2, 8 Sept. 1797 et seq.

144. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1844, part II, pp. 145–7.

145. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 11; Charles Mackeson, A Guide to the Churches of London, 1889; P.O.D.

146. Wren Society, vol. IX, 1932, plates 2, 3.

147. Ibid., vol. IX, 1932, Clayton drawings, p. 2, no. ii, and plate 2.

148. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), West London, 1925, p. 104.

149. Victoria and Albert Museum, Dept. of Prints and Drawings, A.A.l.a.

150. John Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530 to 1830, 4th ed., 1963, p. 359.

151. W.P.L., A.2139.

152. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, op. cit., pp. 104–6.

153. N.M.R.

154. Monumental Inscriptions … at St. Anne's Church, Soho, ed. W. E. Hughes, 1905.

155. Guildhall Library, MS.9531/18, f. 51.

156. Ibid., MS. 9532, vol. 2, f. 8.

157. W.P.L., A.2202a, 23 May 1732.

158. Ibid., A.2036, 2 Nov. 1803; A.2204, 18 April 1804.

159. Ibid., A.2204, 14 Sept. 1801.

160. Ibid., A.2204, 14 Sept. 1801; A.2036, 23 Sept., 8 Oct. 1801, 10 Nov. 1802, account 1802–11.

161. Ibid., A.2204, 11 Feb. 1802.

162. The Builder, 12 July 1851, p. 440.

163. W.P.L., A.2208, 2 April 1852.

164. Ibid., A.2208, 2 April 1852, 25 Aug. 1853, 8 Feb. 1855.

165. Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 14, ff. 245–6.

166. The Builder, 5 July 1873, p. 522.

167. Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 17, ff. 320–2; The Times, 27 June 1892; Soho Monthly Paper, Aug. 1903, pp. 185–6; Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, pp. 10, 13–14.

168. Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, pp. 19–20.

169. Church Commissioners, file 78983; Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 19, ff. 20–4.

170. Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 19, ff. 172–5; Soho Monthly Paper, Aug. 1903, pp. 185–6, 194.

171. W.P.L., A.2202a, 12 Feb. 1704/5.

172. Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2.

173. Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 2, f. 8; MS. 9657, box 3.

174. W.P.L., A.2202a, 18 June 1705, 19 May 1707.

175. Ibid., A.2202a, 4 Dec. 1705, 20 May 1708; A.2078.

176. Ibid., A.2077.

177. Ibid., A.2202a, 19 May 1707.

178. Ibid., A.2202a, 20 May 1708.

179. J. H. Cardwell and others, Men and Women of Soho, [1903], p. 151.

180. M.L.R. 1862/2/35.

181. Church Commissioners, file 58694; J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 95.

182. P.O.D.

183. T.P. 41060.

184. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, op. cit., p. 144.

185. W.P.L., A.2074; Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 2, f. 8.

186. W.P.L., A.2202a, 18 June 1705.

187. Ibid., A.2036f.

188. Ibid., A.2063–4.

189. Ibid., A.2203, 4 May 1778; A.2142.

190. Ibid., A.2203, 12 Feb. 1784.

191. Ibid., A.2204, 31 March 1801; A.2161.

192. Ibid., A.2036h and i.

193. Ibid., A.2036, 30 Nov. 1801.

194. Ibid., A.2204, 14 April 1802.

195. Ibid., A.2036, 28 Sept. 1803.

196. Ibid., A.2036h.

197. Ibid., A.2207, 28 March 1827.

198. Ibid., A.2209, 13 March, 2 May, 12 June 1856.

199. Soho Monthly Paper, 1903, pp. 159, 185–6, 194; Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, pp. 65–6.

200. Church Commissioners, file 78983.

201. Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, p. 108.

202. Ibid., p. 147; St. Anne's, Soho, Services and Laying of the Foundation Stone of the Parish Hall and Clergy House, 1910 (B.M. pressmark 3477. a.77/3).

203. The Builder, 10 Feb. 1911, p. 181.

CHAPTER XI (pp. 278–87)

The Greek Church (later St. Mary's, Crown Street) and St. Martin's Almshouses

1. The Archbishop of Samos, An Account of his building the Grecian Church in So-hoe Feilds, 1682 (B.M. pressmark 816.m.9(118)).

2. P.R.O., PC2/64, p. 341.

3. Cal. S. P. Dom. 1673–1675, p. 591.

4. Joseph Georgirenes, A Description of The Present State of Samos …, 1678, p. 37 (B.M. pressmark 10125.a.33).

5. P.R.O., KB27/2040, no. 1186; W.P.L., F.404, f. 204.

6. Bodleian Library, Tanner MS. 33, f. 59.

7. Edward Carpenter, The Protestant Bishop, 1956, chapter 19.

8. Bodleian Library, Tanner MS. 33, f. 58.

9. P.R.O., SP44/46, p. 164.

10. Joseph Georgirenes, Epistle Dedicatory in A Description, ut supra; inscription on Greek church, now removed to cathedral of Aghia Sophia, Moscow Road.

11. Inscription, ut supra; P.R.O., KB27/2040, no. 1186; H.M.C., 7th Report, 1879, p. 494b.

12. Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/2.

13. P.R.O., SP44/40A, f. 223.

14. Bodleian Library, Tanner MS. 33, f. 59; House of Lords Record Office, Examination Book (Popish Plot), no. 1, 23 Oct. to 12 Dec. 1678, p. 88.

15. P.R.O., SP44/51, p. 94; House of Lords Record Office, Journall, 7 May to 30 Dec. 1678, 30 Nov. 1678; Journals of the House of Lords, vol. XIII, p. 395.

16. H.M.C., 4th Report, part 1, Appendix, 1874, p. 234.

17. P.R.O., SP44/51, p. 94.

18. Journals of the House of Lords, vol. XIII, p. 395.

19. Ibid., p. 430.

20. Ibid., p. 438; P.R.O., SP29/408, no. 93; The Tryals of Robert Green, Henry Berry, & Lawrence Hill, For the Murder of Sr Edmondbury Godfrey Knt, 1679 (B.M. pressmark 6495. i. 12); Miles Prance, A True Narrative and Discovery of … the Horrid Popish Plot, 1679 (B.M. pressmark 515.1.19(1)).

21. H.M.C., 14th Report, Appendix, part viii, 1895, p. 107; H.M.C., Rutland MSS., vol. IV, 1905, p. 553.

22. The London Gazette, 9–12 Feb. 1679 (1679/80).

23. Cal. S. P. Dom. 1685, p. 434.

24. H.M.C., Finch MSS., vol. II, 1922, pp. 65, 148–50.

25. Thomas Smith, An Account of the Greek Church, 1680.

26. W.P.L., F.2004, 7 Dec. 1681; The Archbishop of Samos, An Account, ut supra (no. 1 above).

27. W.P.L., F.2004, 19, 26 Jan. 1681/2.

28. P.R.O., C66/3245, no. 30.

29. W.P.L., F.2062, ff. 261–5.

30. Ibid., F.2004, 26 Jan., 21 Feb., 2 March, 1681/2; F.2062, ff. 240–4.

31. Ibid., F.2062, f. 245; F.42.

32. E. Hatton, A New View of London, 1708, vol. II, p. 747; Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/18, f. 52.

33. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/18, ff. 52–3.

34. W.P.L., F.42.

35. Ibid., F.2062, ff. 469–77.

36. Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. XXXIV, 1931, pp. 162–3, 165; P.C.C., 116 Potter.

37. W.P.L., F.2005, 3 May 1692; E. Hatton, op. cit., vol. II, p. 579; James Paterson, Pietas Londinensis, 1714, p. 101.

38. W.P.L., F.2005, 2 May, 10 Aug. 1700; F.2062, ff. 469–77.

39. J. S. Burn, The History of the … French Protestant Refugees, 1846, p. 113; Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. II, 1889, p. 505; vol. VIII, 1909, pp. 19–20.

40. Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. XXVI, 1922.

41. Rev. John Trusler, Hogarth Moralized, 1768, p. 156.

42. 58 Geo. III, c. 2, private; Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. I, 1887, p. 113; vol. VIII, 1909, pp. 21–2; vol. XIV, 1933, p. 179.

43. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds; M.L.R. 1823/6/315; The Builder, 2 Oct. 1875, p. 884.

44. R.B.; Directories; Congregational Year Book, 1848–50.

45. Remains of the Rev. John Rees, 2nd ed., 1838.

46. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds; Directories.

47. M.L.R. 1823/6/315; J. S. Burn, op. cit., p. 232n.

48. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds; Notes and Queries, second series, vol. XI, 1861, p. 509; The Builder, 2 Oct. 1875, p. 884.

49. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds.

50. Ibid.; The Morning Post, 23 March 1850.

51. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/31, pp. 367–70.

52. G.L.R.O., M.B.O., District Surveyors' Returns, Feb. 1850; The Morning Post, 23 March 1850; The Ecclesiologist, vol. XI (new series, vol. VIII), 1850, pp. 110, 120–2.

53. The Ecclesiologist, loc. cit.; P.O.D.

54. The Ecclesiologist, loc. cit.

55. Letter, Louisa Wade to Nugent Wade, 1 July [1850], in possession of Miss Elmira Wade, O.B.E.

56. W.P.L., A.2208, 14 Nov. 1850, 21 Oct. 1852.

57. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds; R.B.

58. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/33, pp. 10–12.

59. Church Commissioners, file 78983.

60. The Times, 29 May 1873.

61. The Builder, 31 July 1869, p. 612.

62. Ibid., 27 April 1872, p. 323.

63. Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 15, ff. 55–6.

64. Ibid., MS. 9531/36, pp. 712–13.

65. The Builder, 2 Oct. 1875, p. 884.

66. Ibid., loc. cit.; The Times, 29 May 1873.

67. The Builder, 31 May 1873, p. 431.

68. Ibid., loc. cit.; Charles Mackeson, A Guide to the Churches of London, 1867, p. 45; 1874, p. 73; P.O.D.

69. Guildhall Library, MS. 9532, vol. 15, ff. 55–6; The Builder, 27 April 1872, p. 323.

70. Twenty Years in Soho, 1911, p. 41.

71. Inscription on corner stone now removed to St. Mary's, Kenton.

72. Soho Monthly Paper, Feb. 1904, p. 53.

73. Conrad Noel, An Autobiography, 1945, p. 84.

74. G.L.C., Print Collection, inscription on watercolour by Emslie, 1898.

75. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), West London, 1925, p. 117.

76. The London Gazette, 16 Dec. 1932, pp. 8026–8.

77. L.C.C. Minutes, 18 Dec. 1934, pp. 801–2.

78. Michael Constantinides, The Greek Orthodox Church in London, 1933, p. 164.

79. Survey of London, vol. XVI, 1935, chapter 25.

80. E. Hatton, A New View of London, 1708, vol. II, p. 747; James Paterson, Pietas Londinensis, 1714, pp. 101–2.

81. W.P.L., F.40.

82. Ibid., F.2005, 21 March, 24 April 1684.

83. Ibid., F.43, 45; E. Hatton, loc. cit.; James Paterson, loc. cit.; Endowed Charities (London), vol. V, 1903, p. 416.

84. E. Hatton, loc. cit.; Endowed Charities (London), vol. V, 1903, pp. 421–2.

85. W.P.L., F.2010, 13 Feb., 14 May, 19 June, 24 July 1817.

86. 58 Geo. III, c. 2, private.

87. W.P.L., F.2010, 19 Sept. 1818; F.2011, 26 Oct. 1818.

88. Ibid., A.2206, 15, 29 July, 5, 12, 20 Aug., 3 Sept. 1818.

89. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds; M.L.R. 1823/6/352–4.

90. M.L.R. 1871/12/116.

91. The Builder, 31 May 1873, p. 431; 21 Feb. 1874, p. 164.

92. Minutes of London School Board, 17 Oct. 1877, p. 1265.

93. Ibid., 21 June 1888, pp. 187–8.

94. Ibid., 19 Jan. 1888, p. 281; 28 June 1888, pp. 258–9.

95. M.L.R. 1890/28/137–8, 664.

96. Minutes of London School Board, 15 Nov. 1888, p. 1234; 6 Dec. 1888, p. 23; 23 May 1889, pp. 1264–5.

97. Ibid., 29 Oct. 1891, p. 1219; 2 Feb. 1893, p. 499; 11 May 1893, p. 1426.

98. L.C.C. Minutes, 17–18 Dec. 1912, p. 1629; 21 Jan. 1913, pp. 22–3.

99. The Illustrated London News, 4 March 1854, p. 200.

100. Artist, June 1952, 'The St. Martin School of Art'.

101. L.C.C. Minutes, 3 Feb. 1914, p. 225.

102. Ibid., 24 Feb. 1931, pp. 391–2.

103. L.C.C. Education Committee Minutes, 27 Jan. 1937, p. 52; O.S. 1937.

104. L.C.C. Minutes, 27 April 1937, p. 437.

105. The Times, 4 May 1939.

106. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 32.

107. The Builder, 31 May 1873, p. 431; 2 Oct. 1875, p. 886.

CHAPTER XII (pp. 288–96)

Wardour Street Area: Pulteney Estate

1. 28 Henry VIII, c. 42 (House of Lords Act no. 48).

2. 7 Geo. I, c. 15, private (House of Lords Act no. 34).

3. P.R.O., LR1/283, ff. 1–8.

4. C.E.O., London lease book 38, pp. 292–314; Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 28.

5. Kingsford, p. 143; P.R.O., CREST 6/18, pp. 201–3.

6. P.R.O., MPB1.

7. Ibid., E317/Midd. 39.

8. Ibid., CREST 6/18, pp. 201–3.

9. Ibid., C5/467/90.

10. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 7.

11. R.B.; P.R.O., PC2/63, p. 40.

12. P.R.O., C10/511/3.

13. R.B.

14. P.R.O., C8/359/21.

15. B.M., Crace Maps, Portfolio XIII.

16. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 87.

17. M.L.R. 1730/3/15–21.

18. Ibid., 1722/5/25–9.

19. Ibid., 1716/1/190–1; 1717/2/23; 1717/6/122.

20. Ibid., 1723/3/202.

21. Ibid., 1716/1/202.

22. Ibid., 1716/1/202; 1716/2/161; 1718/3/103.

23. Ibid., 1715/4/39.

24. Ibid., 1716/3/128.

25. Ibid., 1723/1/72.

26. Ibid., 1716/3/96.

27. Ibid., 1716/1/190–1.

28. Ibid, 1717/5/169.

29. Ibid., 1718/3/108.

30. Ibid., 1717/2/23.

31. Ibid., 1716/1/104.

32. Ibid., 1718/3/82.

33. R.B.; P.O.D.

34. M.L.R. 1715/4/37.

35. Ibid., 1717/6/122; 1729/1/52; 1730/3/194.

36. Ibid., 1730/3/194; Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 130–1.

37. The Builder, 20 Aug. 1887, p. 282; J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, pp. 200–3.

38. M.B.W. 1763; P.O.D.

39. D.N.B.

40. W. Hanneford-Smith, The Architectural Work of Sir Banister Fletcher, 1934, p. 10.

41. P.O.D.

42. M.B.W. Minutes, 15 May 1885, p. 901.

43. P.R.O., LRRO1/2661.

44. M.L.R. 1731/5/518.

45. A Century and a Half in Soho, 1961, pp. 6–7, 16, 19, 28, 68, 76.

46. University of Nottingham, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

47. M.L.R. 1734/5/196.

48. Ibid., 1716/1/190–1; 1716/2/157–8.

49. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 241.

50. P.R.O., C7/123/1.

51. M.L.R. 1726/3/151; 1746/2/291.

52. R.B.; The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763; Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers.

53. P.R.O., C66/3306, no. 3; see also Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. XI, 1898, pp. i–iii, where there is a transcript of the patent.

54. Survey of London, vol. XXVII, 1957, p. 143.

55. Ibid., vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 225–6.

56. P.R.O., C10/326/21.

57. Ibid., CREST 6/140, pp. 59–64.

58. M.L.R. 1726/3/151; 1746/2/291; Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. III, 1892, p. 578.

59. Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. III, 1892, p. 577; ibid., vol. XLV, 1956, p. xiii; P.O.D.

60. Walter Wilson, The History and Antiquities of Dissenting Churches and Meeting Houses in London, vol. IV, 1814, p. 31.

61. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 63–4.

62. P.R.6., CREST 2/840; Colvin.

63. P.R.O., CREST 2/840.

64. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 212; P.O.D.

65. P.R.O., C5/181/54; C5/358/58; C8/359/21.

66. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 86.

67. The Builder, 9 Sept. 1854, p. 473.

68. Saint Anne's Soho Monthly Paper, no. 105, vol. IX, Nov. 1899, p. 288.

69. Charles L. Eastlake, A History of the Gothic Revival, 1872, pp. 410–11.

70. Deeds in the custody of Sir Richard Sutton Settled Estates.

CHAPTER XIII (pp. 297–312)

Shaftesbury Avenue and Charing Cross Road

1. Second Report from the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Metropolis Improvements, 1838, vol. XVI, pp. vii, ix.

2. The Builder, 3 June 1871, p. 434; 17 June 1871, p. 473; 1 July 1871, p. 504.

3. 40 and 41 Vict., c. 235, local.

4. Percy J. Edwards, History of London Street Improvements, 1855–1897, 1898, p. 61.

5. Edwards, op. cit., pp. 17–18.

6. 40 and 41 Vict., c. 235, local, sections 25–9.

7. M.B.W. miscellaneous printed papers, bundle 6, Statement submitted by a deputation to the Home Secretary in July 1878 on the subject of the Metropolitan Street Improvements Act, 1877, pp. 3–5.

8. 46 Vict., c. 23, local, first schedule.

9. 46 Vict., c. 23, local.

10. M.B.W. Minutes, 10 Oct. 1884, p. 454; plaques on buildings.

11. M.B.W. Minutes, 6 Jan. 1882, p. 10; 3 Feb. 1882, p. 214; 10 Aug. 1883, p. 362; 4 Jan. 1884, p. 9.

12. Ibid., 19 Dec. 1884, p. 894.

13. Edwards, op. cit., pp. 60–1, 134–5.

14. Interim Report of the Royal Commissioners appointed to inquire into the Working of the Metropolitan Board of Works, 1888, p. 14.

15. 47 and 48 Vict., c. 50, public, section 23.

16. 51 and 52 Vict., c. 41, public, section 79.

17. M.B.W. 1241, 27 Feb. 1888, item 60.

18. Ibid., 1241, 5 March 1888, item 54.

19. Ibid., 1409, 27 Feb. 1888, item 60.

20. Westminster City Council Minutes, 5 Oct. 1905, p. 1004; date on building.

21. Enthoven Theatre Collection.

22. L.C.C. Minutes, 21 July 1891, p. 793.

23. The Builder, 31 Jan. 1891, p. 93.

24. Ibid., 14 Feb. 1891, pp. 126–7.

25. E. O. Sachs, Modern Opera Houses and Theatres, vol. I, 1896, p. 37.

26. Raymond Mander and Joe Mitchenson, The Theatres of London, 1961, pp. 124–5.

27. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)43/1.

28. M.B.W. 1233, 16 March 1885, item 54; ibid., 1390, 21 June 1886, item 72; G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deed D. 13640, elevation attached to counterpart lease.

29. The Building News, 27 Dec. 1889, p. 868; M.B.W. 1241, 16 Jan. 1888, item 47.

30. The Building News, 24 May 1889, p. 720.

31. M.B.W. 1241, 23 April 1888, item 43. The National Monuments Record possesses a photograph of Egmont and Nassau Houses ordered by Davis and Emanuel in 1892.

32. London School Board Minutes, 22 Dec. 1875, p. 135; 2 Aug. 1876, p. 1204; 31 Jan. 1877, p. 203.

33. Ibid., 3 Oct. 1877, p. 1161; 10 Dec. 1879, p. 6.

34. M.B.W. Minutes, 4 June 1880, p. 778; 16 Dec. 1881, p. 849; 17 Nov. 1882, p. 750.

35. Ibid., 23 Nov. 1888, p. 916.

36. H. G. Hibbert, A Playgoer's Memories, 1920, p. 224; Enthoven Theatre Collection.

37. Hibbert, op. cit., pp. 73, 179, 182; Enthoven Theatre Collection.

38. L.C.C. Minutes, 6 Nov. 1956, p. 610.

39. M.B.W. Minutes, 24 Sept. 1886, p. 393; G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds.

40. The Builder, 15 Jan. 1887, p. 138.

41. M.B.W. 1239, 28 Feb. 1887, item 41.

42. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds.

43. L.C.C. Minutes, 9 Nov. 1920, p. 714.

44. The Building News, 28 Oct. 1887, illustration after p. 648.

45. Ibid., 20 Sept. 1889, p. 384; date on building.

46. The Builder, 2 Jan. 1886, p. 68; The Building News, 10 Sept. 1886, p. 380.

47. M.B.W. Minutes, 2 March 1888, p. 406; 9 March 1888, p. 438.

48. M.B.W. 1415, 7 Aug. 1888, item 80.

49. The Builder, 25 Aug. 1888, p. 140.

50. M.B.W. 1227, 5 March 1883, item 30.

51. Report from the Select Committee on Artizans' and Labourers' Dwellings, 1882, vol. VII, pp. 260–1.

52. M.B.W. 1225, 7 Aug. 1882, item 87.

53. Ibid., 1227, 5 March 1883, item 30.

54. The Building News, 11 July 1884, pp. 47–8; P.O.D.

55. M.B.W. 1358, 30 July 1883, item 47; The Building News, 11 July 1884, pp. 47–8.

56. Information kindly supplied by the Chief Architect and Surveyor, Metropolitan Police; P.O.D.

57. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1887, no. 1585.

58. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W) 67/3/12.

59. The Builder, 18 June 1887, p. 925.

60. P.O.D.

61. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W) 75/27; P.O.D.

62. The Builder, 7 May 1887, p. 689.

63. Ibid., 7 Aug. 1875, p. 720; 15 April 1876, p. 365.

64. E.S. 100732; P.O.D.

65. The Builder, 7 May 1892, p. 367.

66. Westminster City Council Minutes, 2 April 1903, p. 441.

67. W. Hanneford-Smith, The Architectural Work of Sir Banister Fletcher, 1934, p. 213; dated rainwater-heads on building.

68. W.P.L., photographs.

69. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)43/1.

70. The Builder, 22 Oct. 1887, p. 588.

71. Ibid., 9 June 1877, p. 596; 26 Feb. 1878, p. 172; 7 Feb. 1885, p. 221; 21 Nov. 1885, p. 738.

72. E.S. 98243.

73. M.B.W. Minutes, 23 Nov. 1888, p. 922.

74. R.B.

75. L.C.C. Minutes, 1 Feb. 1927, pp. 91–2.

76. B.A. 58811.

77. Pamphlet in G.L.C. Members' Library.

78. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)75/60; P.O.D.; date on building.

CHAPTER XIV (pp. 339–59)

Upper St. Martin's Lane and Cranbourn Street Area

1. P.R.O., LR1/37, ff. xxxvii–xxxviii.

2. Cal. Pat. Rolls 1553–1554, p. 151.

3. See Survey of London, vol. XX, 1940, p. 5n.

4. Cecil MSS., deeds 122/14–16, 163/8–10; box 22/43; P.R.O., CP43/108, m. 31; CP25(2)/323, 7 Jac. I, Hil.

5. P.R.O., C5/550/38.

6. Cecil MSS., deed 184/2.

7. P.R.O., C54/1961, no. 33.

8. Cecil MSS., deed 131/1.

9. Ibid., box 22/43.

10. P.R.O., C8/336/201; C5/550/38.

11. Cecil MSS., deed 163/11.

12. Ibid., general 86/13.

13. Ibid., deed 163/12.

14. Kingsford, p. 37.

15. P.R.O., C5/18/72; Cecil MSS., deeds 167/2, 3.

16. P.R.O., C5/18/72.

17. Cecil MSS., legal 189/2.

18. W.P.L., F.362.

19. Cecil MSS., deeds 167/4, 5, 7, 10; legal 96/14.

20. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1603–1610, p. 482.

21. Ibid., 1634–1635, p. 427; 1638–1639, pp. 21, 25.

22. Cecil MSS., legal 96/7.

23. Ibid., legal 96/14.

24. P.R.O., C8/648/2.

25. R.B.; Monumental Inscriptions … at St. Anne's Church, Soho, ed. W. E. Hughes, 1905, p. 11.

26. P.R.O., C8/648/2; M.L.R. 1716/4/24–5; 1717/1/105.

27. M.L.R. 1744/2/145.

28. Ibid., 1750/1/576.

29. Ibid., 1844/4/55.

30. The Builder, 17 Aug. 1844, p. 414.

31. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and Its Associations, 1895, p. 177.

32. Information kindly supplied by Aldridge's.

33. The Builder, 9 Oct. 1959, pp. 379–85.

34. Cecil MSS., deed 167/11.

35. Ibid., general 46/13.

36. R.B.

37. Cecil MSS., deed 149/23.

38. Ibid., general 72/10.

39. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, pp. 109, 154; ibid., vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 164–5.

40. Ibid., vol. XXXII, 1963, p. 391.

41. Colvin.

42. Cecil MSS., general 47/24.

43. William Maitland, The History of London, 1739, vol. II, bk. VII, p. 716.

44. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 86.

45. R.B.; Colvin.

46. P.R.O., C110/146.

47. R.B.; D.N.B.; G.E.C.

48. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 271.

49. Philip James, Early Keyboard Instruments, 1930, p. 75.

50. Enthoven Theatre Collection.

51. Raymond Mander and Joe Mitchenson, The Theatres of London, 1963 ed., p. 259.

52. James Northcote, The Life of Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1819, vol. I, pp. 53, 59.

53. William Cotton, Sir Joshua Reynolds and His Works, 1856, p. 73.

54. Northcote, op. cit., vol. I, p. 69.

55. The Music Review, vol. 7, 1946, p. 90.

56. M.L.R. 1741/3/106; H.M.C., Dartmouth MSS., vol. III, 1896, p. 148.

57. P.R.O., C66/3127, no. 25.

58. Ibid., C8/563/20.

59. M.L.R. 1716/3/13.

60. P.R.O., C66/2632, no. 47; another copy is in Cecil MSS., legal 71/8.

61. Cecil MSS., bills 210/14.

62. Ibid., deed 167/12.

63. P.R.O., C8/446/8.

64. M.L.R. 1740/4/506; R.B.

65. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)49/54; R.B.

66. Drawings and photographs in the G.L.C. collection.

67. P.C.C., 61 Drax.

68. M.L.R. 1712/6/51; R.B.

69. P.R.O., C5/173/101; C8/420/35.

70. Ibid., C5/173/101; P.C.C., 140 Exton, will of Joane Ryder.

71. Survey of London, vol. XXX, 1960, pp. 492–3.

72. P.R.O., C8/420/35; P.C.C., 140 Exton, will of Joane Ryder.

73. M.L.R. 1729/6/130.

74. P.C.C., 253 Lane.

75. Ibid., 68 Leeds.

76. P.R.O., C8/563/20.

77. J. T. Smith, An Antiquarian Ramble in the Streets of London, 1846, pp. 124–5.

78. John Nichols and George Steevens, The Genuine Works of William Hogarth, vol. II, 1810, facing p. 19.

79. John Ireland and John Nichols, Hogarth's Works, N.D., vol. I, p. 31n.

80. G.L.R.O.(M), unpublished typescript by Colonel William Le Hardy entitled 'A Short Biography of William Hogarth and a Description of His House', pp. 4–8.

81. W.P.L., F.445–8, 450, 452, 454, 5536, 5554.

82. Nichols and Steevens, op. cit., vol. II, 1810, facing p. 20.

83. John Nichols, Biographical Notes of William Hogarth, 1781, p. 135.

84. The Life and Writings of Henry Fuseli, ed. John Knowles, 1831, vol. I, pp. 28, 30.

85. G.L.R.O., WCS 43, pp. 360–1.

86. M.L.R. 1712/6/51.

87. G.L.R.O., WCS 44, p. 141.

88. Sir Ambrose Heal, The London Goldsmiths 1200–1800, 1935, passim.

89. The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

90. Thirty-Eighth Annual Report of the Board of Works for the Strand District, 1894, pp. 39–40.

91. Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. VIII, 1909, p. 28.

92. Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. XXX, 1927, Register of the Church of Rider Court, 1700–1738, ed. William and Susan Minet, p. ix.

93. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 63.

94. Walter Wilson, The History and Antiquities of Dissenting Churches and Meeting Houses in London, vol. IV, 1814, pp. 32–4.

95. M.L.R. 1757/3/252; Wilson, op. cit., vol. IV, pp. 32–4. For Peter Street Chapel see Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 228–9.

96. Second Report from the Select Committee on Metropolis Improvements, 1837–8, vol. XVI, pp. 9–18.

97. Ibid., minutes of evidence, pp. 21–6.

98. First Report from Select Committee on Metropolis Improvements, 1839, vol. XIII, pp. 459–64.

99. 2 and 3 Vict., c. 80, public.

100. First Report from Select Committee on Metropolis Improvements, 1840, vol. XII, pp. 1–7.

101. Ibid., minutes of evidence, pp. 16, 27.

102. Ibid., minutes of evidence, p. 64; The Builder, 1 Dec. 1866, pp. 877–8.

103. First Report from Select Committee on Metropolis Improvements, 1840, vol. XII, minutes of evidence, pp. 55–6, 65.

104. Ibid., minutes of evidence, pp. 71–2.

105. Ibid., minutes of evidence, p. 58.

106. P.R.O., MPE 789.

107. Percy J. Edwards, History of London Street Improvements, 1855–1897, 1898, p. 61.

108. First Report from Select Committee on Metropolis Improvements, 1840, vol. XII, pp. 5–7.

109. 3 and 4 Vict., c. 87, public; 3 and 4 Vict., c. 131, local and personal.

110. 4 and 5 Vict., c. 12, public.

111. Ibid., schedule.

112. Twenty-Second Report of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Woods, Forests, Land Revenues, Works and Buildings, 1845, vol. XXVII, p. 9.

113. P.R.O., Works 6/92, p. 219.

114. Ibid., Works 6/93, pp. 122, 164–5, 176, 235, 324, 397.

115. Ibid., Works 6/100, pp. 56 et seq.

116. Twenty-Third Report of the Commissioners …, 1846, vol. XXIV, pp. 8, 71–5; Twenty-Fourth Report …, 1847, vol. XXXIII, p. 63.

117. The Builder, 11 July 1863, p. 504.

118. Twenty-Seventh Report …, 1850, vol. XXX, p. 120.

119. Twenty-Eighth Report …, 1851, vol. XXIX, p. 192.

120. P.R.O., Works 6/96, p. 150.

121. Twenty-Third Report …, 1846, vol. XXIV, p. 8; Twenty-Sixth Report …, 1849, vol. XXVII, p. 11.

122. Information kindly supplied by the Crown Estate Office.

123. D. Forbes-Winslow, Daly's, 1944, pp. 14, 23–4; Enthoven Theatre Collection.

124. M.L.R. 1892/28/695.

125. Forbes-Winslow, op. cit., p. 15.

126. Ibid., foreword by Sir Philip Pilditch.

127. The Builder, 1 July 1893, p. 16.

128. The Times, 28 June 1893.

129. Forbes-Winslow, op. cit., pp. 28, 30.

130. H. G. Hibbert, Fifty Years of a Londoner's Life, 1916, p. 114.

131. Forbes-Winslow, op. cit., pp. 139, 172–3.

132. Ibid., pp. 156, 165, 171, 188, 191.

133. The Builder, 14 Oct. 1938, pp. 737–40.

134. Forty-First Annual Report of the Board of Works for the Strand District, 1897, pp. 45–6; Forty-Third Annual Report …, 1899, p. 96.

135. The Builder, 20 Jan. 1900, pp. 67–8.

136. Hibbert, op. cit., p. 161.

137. Raymond Mander and Joe Mitchenson, The Theatres of London, 1963 ed., p. 270.

CHAPTER XV (pp. 360–79)

Newport Market Area

1. W.P.L., F. 3551, p. 30; Cecil MSS., deed 154/12.

2. P.R.O., CP25(2)/575 Midd., Hil. 1654.

3. William Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, 1825, vol. V, pp. 701–11.

4. Valor Ecclesiasticus, 1825, vol. V, pp. 208–9.

5. P.R.O., LR1/43, f. 62.

6. Ibid., LR1/42, f. 97.

7. Ibid., C54/1365.

8. Ibid., C54/3018, no. 23.

9. W.P.L., F.3551, p. 30.

10. Cecil MSS., deed 154/12.

11. Ibid., general 46/13.

12. Acts of the Privy Council, Jan.–Aug. 1627, p. 110.

13. Kingsford, p. 59.

14. R.B.

15. The Earl of Strafford's Letters, 1739, vol. I, p. 207.

16. P.R.O., C54/3018, no. 23; W.P.L., F.3551, p. 32.

17. W.P.L., F.3551, p. 32.

18. A. Collins, Letters and Memorials of State, 1746, vol. II, p. 622.

19. G.E.C.

20. P.C.C., 37 Mico.

21. Calendar of State Papers Venetian, 1636–1639, p. 319.

22. George Fox, Journal, ed. John Nickalls, 1952, p. 342.

23. H.M.C., Le Fleming MSS., 1890, p. 52.

24. Ibid., p. 65.

25. P.R.O., C6/182/46.

26. Ibid., C10/493/183.

27. H.M.C., 9th Report, Appendix, part II, 1884, p. 123.

28. Ibid., Rutland MSS., vol. II, 1889, p. 65.

29. P.R.O., C6/342/50.

30. Ibid., C6/333/41; C6/342/50; C8/555/84.

31. Ibid., C8/555/84.

32. M.L.R. 1725/6/55; 1739/2/285.

33. P.R.O., C6/342/50; P.C.C., 19 Pett.

34. M.L.R. 1739/2/285.

35. G.L.R.O., C/96/1199.

36. P.R.O., C6/333/41.

37. G.L.R.O., C/96/622.

38. M.L.R. 1725/6/55.

39. G.L.R.O., C/96/622; G.E.C.

40. G.L.R.O., C/96/610, 622.

41. P.C.C., 66 Plymouth.

42. Ibid., 68 Potter.

43. Ibid., 172 Lisle.

44. G.L.R.O., C/96/1127; Colvin.

45. P.C.C., 260 Bettesworth.

46. Ibid., 63 Howe.

47. G.L.R.O., C/96/1149.

48. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds.

49. G.L.R.O., C/96/622.

50. P.R.O., C66/3284, no. 6.

51. Ibid., C8/388/32.

52. M.L.R. 1725/6/55.

53. P.R.O., C8/477/41.

54. Ibid., C8/388/37.

55. P.C.C., 19 Pett.

56. Daniel Defoe, A Tour Thro' London about the year 1725, ed. Sir Mayson Beeton and E. Beresford Chancellor, 1929, p. 40.

57. H.M.C., House of Lords MSS., 1699–1702, 1908, pp. 154–5.

58. P.R.O., C5/251/11.

59. Ibid., loc. cit.; R.B.

60. M.L.R. 1741/2/315.

61. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 223.

62. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 86.

63. M.L.R. 1742/1/79.

64. R.B.; P.O.D.

65. 35 and 36 Vict., c. 82, local and private.

66. Thomas Archer, The Terrible Sights of London and Labours of Love in the Midst of Them, 1870, pp. 322, 388.

67. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, pp. 137, 140.

68. G.L.C. Print Collection.

69. Survey of London, vol. V, 1914, pp. 93–7.

70. Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. XXXII, 1929, Introd. by William and Susan Minet, pp. ix–xiii.

71. Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. VIII, 1905–8, p. 48.

72. John Henley, Oratory Transactions 1728–1730, no. 1, p. 1 (B.M. pressmark 8406 d 44(1)).

73. Ibid., pp. 10, 12.

74. Ibid., pp. 12–14.

75. John Henley, Oratory Transactions 1728–1730, no. 1, pp. 47–8; no. v, pp. 24–33.

76. Insert bound in at the end of B.M. copy of Henley's Oratory Transactions 1728–1730, no. v.

77. John Henley, Oratory Transactions 1728–1730, no. 1, pp. 47–8.

78. John Henley, The First Sermon Preach'd at the Opening of the Oratory, 1726 (B.M. pressmark 694 e 11(10)).

79. D.N.B.

80. John Henley, The Butcher's Lecture, 1729 (B.M. pressmark 699 g 16(3, 2)).

81. John Henley, Oratory Transactions 1728–1730, no. v, pp. 32–3.

82. The Case Between the Proprietors of NewsPapers and the Coffee-Men of London … To which is annex'd, Henley the Orator and the Butchers, ? 1740 (B.M. pressmark 12330 f 26(6)).

83. W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, N.D., pp. 127, 130.

84. M.L.R. 1744/1/114.

85. J. H. Cardwell, Men and Women of Soho, 1903, p. 289; D.N.B.

86. M.L.R. 1741/2/177.

87. Ibid., 1741/3/187.

88. Ibid., 1741/1/465; 1741/3/188.

89. P.R.O., C8/405/47.

90. M.L.R. 1740/4/862.

91. Ibid., 1741/3/15.

92. Ibid., 1741/2/315.

93. Ibid., 1725/6/55.

94. P.R.O., C6/297/49; M.L.R. 1739/2/285.

95. P.R.O., C8/446/75; M.L.R. 1739/2/285.

96. P.R.O., C6/297/49; M.L.R. 1725/6/55.

97. M.L.R. 1739/2/285.

98. P.R.O., C8/388/37; M.L.R. 1725/6/55.

99. Sir Ambrose Heal, The London Goldsmiths 1200–1800, 1935, passim.

100. B.M., Exhibition Catalogue, 1964–5, William Hogarth 1697–1764, no. 194.

101. Patrick Pringle, Hue and Cry, 1955, p. 162; R.B.

102. Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. G. B. Hill, revised by L. F. Powell, vol. III, p. 216.

103. E. F. Rimbault, Soho and Its Associations, 1895, p. 125.

104. John Thomas Smith, Nollekens and His Times, ed. Wilfred Whitten, 1920, vol. II, pp. 176–7.

105. M.L.R. 1741/1/465.

106. G.L.R.O., BRA 720/2.

107. M.L.R. 1741/3/188.

108. Ibid., 1744/3/116.

109. Ibid., loc. cit.; P.C.C., 19 Pett.

110. M.L.R. 1744/1/115.

111. Ibid., 1741/3/408–9; 1744/1/23; 1744/1/191.

112. Ibid., 1725/6/55; P.R.O., C8/477/41.

113. W. Chaffers, Gilda Aurifabrorum, N.D., p. 81.

114. The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

115. M.L.R. 1745/1/3; R.B.

116. Endowed Charities (County of London), vol. V, 1903, p. 13.

117. Whitley, op. cit. (see 83 above), p. 127; Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, p. 341.

118. Whitley, op. cit. (see 83 above), pp. 128, 134.

119. Memoirs of Mr. John Stevens, 1848, pp. 27, 41.

120. Whitley, op. cit. (see 83 above), p. 144.

121. M.L.R. 1739/2/285; Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 160n.

122. P.R.O., C10/325/40; M.L.R. 1725/6/55; 1739/2/285.

123. P.R.O., C8/388/32; M.L.R. 1725/6/55.

124. P.R.O., C8/477/41; M.L.R. 1725/6/55.

125. F. J. Britten, Old Clocks and Watches and their Makers, 7th ed., 1956.

126. P.O.D.

127. P.R.O., C6/293/132; M.L.R. 1742/3/79.

128. G.L.R.O., BRA 720/2; R.B.

129. M.L.R. 1743/2/449.

130. Ibid., 1779/3/3; R.B.

131. M.L.R. 1741/3/393.

132. Ibid., 1743/2/324; P.R.O., C6/297/49.

133. M.L.R. 1743/2/324.

134. G.L.R.O., BRA 720/6.

135. Deeds in possession of Barclays Bank Limited.

136. G.L.R.O., BRA 720/4–6.

137. Monumental Inscriptions … at St. Anne's Church, Soho, ed. W. E. Hughes, 1905, p. 35.

138. Report from the Select Committee on Artizans' and Labourers' Dwellings, 1882, vol. VII, pp. 260–1.

139. M.B.W. 1225, 7 Aug. 1882, item 87; ibid., 9 Oct. 1882, item 27.

140. Ibid., 1358, 30 July 1883, item 48.

141. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)68/149; R.B.

142. M.L.R. 1740/4/80.

143. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)54/143, 68/37; M.L.R. 1743/2/449; R.B.

144. M.L.R. 1743/2/449; R.B.

145. G.L.R.O., BRA 720/2; M.L.R. 1780/1/64.

146. G.L.R.O., BRA 720/2.

147. Information kindly supplied by Mr. R. M. Robbins of the London Transport Board.

CHAPTER XVI (pp. 380–415)

Gerrard Street Area: The Military Ground

1. Acts of the Privy Council 1615–1616, pp. 360–1; Survey of London, vol. XXVII, 1957, pp. 24–30.

2. Richard Elton, The Compleat Body of the Art Military, 1650, p. 67 (B.M. pressmark 598 i 21).

3. B.M., Stowe MS. 498, f. 106v.

4. P.R.O., C8/351/104; ibid., MR325; Cecil MSS., general 64/13.

5. P.R.O., C5/486/26.

6. B.M., Harleian MS. 5900, ff. 44–52.

7. Acts of the Privy Council 1615–1616, pp. 360–1.

8. 28 Henry VIII, c. 42 (House of Lords Act no. 48).

9. P.R.O., SC12/3/13; E315/202, f. 3; LR1/41, ff. 193–4; LR1/51, ff. 190–4; LR1/57, ff. 134–5; E317/Midd. 38.

10. Ibid., E317/Midd. 38.

11. Ibid., C66/1870, no. 2.

12. Ibid., E317/Midd. 55.

13. Ibid., CP25(2)324, 17 Jac. I, Mich.

14. Ibid., LR1/43, f. 62.

15. Ibid., E315/202, f. 3.

16. William Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, 1825, vol. V, pp. 701–11.

17. P.R.O., C2 James I, B17/73.

18. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 35n.

19. P.R.O., LRRO 1/1830.

20. Ibid., SP16/88, no. 35.

21. Ibid., LRRO1/1830; CREST 6/9, pp. 90–1.

22. Acts of the Privy Council 1616–1617, pp. 302, 415.

23. Ibid., 1625–1026, p. 347.

24. P.R.O., PC2/55, p. 525.

25. E. Hatton, A New View of London, 1708, vol. I, p. xliii.

26. G.E.C.

27. P.R.O., MS. index to patent rolls, 12–16 Car. II.

28. Ibid., SP29/112, no. 79.

29. Ibid., CREST 6/9, pp. 90–1.

30. Ibid., C66/3184, no. 4.

31. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 6–8.

32. Survey of London, vol. XXVII, 1957, pp. 29–30.

33. M.L.R. 1721/2/72; P.R.O., C54/5365, no. 22; C8/348/46.

34. P.R.O., C10/150/67.

35. Cal. Treasury Books 1685–1689, p. 1826.

36. M.L.R. 1721/2/72.

37. J. Carswell, The South Sea Bubble, 1960, p. 281.

38. P.R.O., C54/5365, no. 22.

39. P.C.C., 221 Fagg.

40. Information kindly supplied by Miss H. M. Oakley of Kent County Records Office; G. W. Keeton, Lord Chancellor Jeffreys and the Stuart Cause, 1965, pp. 508–9.

41. P.R.O., T1/13, ff. 171–5.

42. M.L.R. 1714/4/74–5.

43. Ibid., 1735/3/134.

44. Ibid., 1738/2/178–9.

45. P.R.O., C6/337/94; M.L.R. 1720/1/145; 1729/5/111.

46. P.R.O., C8/348/46.

47. Ibid., C8/309/23.

48. Ibid., C8/491/17.

49. M.L.R. 1714/4/79.

50. Ibid., 1731/3/344.

51. P.R.O., C8/505/5.

52. R.B.

53. National Library of Wales, Penrice and Margam Abbey MSS., lease of 8 Nov. 1686.

54. M.L.R. 1718/1/68.

55. Ibid., 1711/4/41.

56. M.L.R. 1736/5/159; 1737/2/516–18; 1736/3/234; 1730/2/73.

57. R.B.; D.N.B.

58. R.B.; P.C.C., 133 Foot; Monumental Inscriptions … at St. Anne's Church, Soho, ed. W. E. Hughes, 1905, pp. 9–10.

59. H.M.C., Somerset MSS., 1898, p. 189.

60. Ibid., 11th Report, Appendix, part VII, 1888, p. 124.

61. H.M.C., Cowper MSS., vol. II, 1888, pp.347, 350.

62. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1697, p. 211.

63. Monumental Inscriptions … at St. Anne's Church, Soho, ed. W. E. Hughes, 1905, pp. 43–4.

64. R.B.; M.L.R. 1733/4/152–4; 1743/1/298.

65. M.L.R. 1738/5/167.

66. Ibid., 1733/4/150–1.

67. Ibid., 1734/3/267–8.

68. Phillips's The Picture of London, editions of 1803, 1816.

69. C. Redding, Fifty Years' Recollections, 1858, vol. I, p. 124.

70. London in 1710 from The Travels of Z. C. von Uffenbach, ed. W. H. Quarrel and Margaret Mare, 1934, pp. 181–2.

71. Oxford English Dictionary.

72. Survey of London, vol. XVI, 1935, p. 253n.

73. G.L.R.O.(M), Acc. 211, deed of 5 Oct. 1737.

74. R.B.; M.L.R. 1737/3/340; Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, pp. 350–1; W.P.L., The Westminster Poll, 1749.

75. M.L.R. 1758/4/484–5.

76. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, pp. 81–2, 104.

77. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)15; LV(W)75/7.

78. Henry Angelo, Reminiscences, vol. I, 1828, pp. 139–41.

79. Sir M. Grant Duff and others, Annals of The Club 1764–1914, 1914, pp. 2, 6, 18, 20; Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. G. B. Hill, rev. L. F. Powell, 1934, vol. I, pp. 477–9.

80. P.R.O., SP37/20, ff. 37–8; SP37/21, ff. 3–4.

81. Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, p. 358.

82. A. T. Gage, A History of the Linnean Society, 1938, pp. 23–4, 27; Linnean Society Archives.

83. Royal College of Physicians, Minutes of the Westminster General Dispensary, 3 Dec. 1846; deeds in the custody of Messrs. Oppenheimer, Nathan and Vandyk, deed of 15 March 1847.

84. Deeds in the custody of Messrs. Oppenheimer, Nathan and Vandyk, deeds of 24 Aug. 1793, 29 May 1823.

85. Gage, op. cit., 1938, plate 3.

86. G.L.R.O.(M), DDX 60.

87. M.L.R. 1737/2/322–4.

88. Ibid., 1737/2/319–21.

89. Ibid., 1737/3/255.

90. P.O.D.

91. R.B.; G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)8.

92. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)67; LV(W)82; LV(W) 1776; M.L.R. 1736/5/159; W.P.L., deed 66/40; W. Collins, Memoirs of a Painter, 1805, vol. 2, p. 207.

93. R.B.; P.O.D.

94. M.L.R. 1720/1/145.

95. Ibid., 1730/2/73.

96. G. K. Chesterton, Autobiography, 1936, pp. 116–17; Maisie Ward, Gilbert Keith Chesterton, 1945, p. 113.

97. R.B.; The Correspondence of Alexander Pope, ed. George Sherburn, 1956, vol. II, p. 298; John Summerson, 'Henrietta Place', London Topographical Record, vol. XXI, 1958, pp. 26–36; Westminster Public Library, St. Marylebone branch, ratebooks 1726–32.

98. D.N.B.

99. R.B.; Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box, 83.2.

100. The Yale Editions of The Private Papers of James Boswell, The Ominous Years 1774–1776, ed. C. Ryskamp and F. A. Pottle, 1963, pp. 89, 110, 111, 157, 260.

101. R.B.; G.L.R.O., WCS44, pp. 36–7; G.L.R.O. (M), LV(W)34.

102. M.L.R. 1728/6/391; 1729/4/164.

103. R.B.; P.O.D.; D.N.B.

104. G.L.C., Photograph Library.

105. R.B.; G. Dawe, The Life of George Morland, 1807, p. 167; Francis Buckley, George Morland's Sketch Books and their Publishers, 1931.

106. P.R.O., T1/13, ff. 171–5; M.L.R. 1733/5/146; Neville Williams, 'The Work of Peter le Neve', Journal of the Society of Archivists, vol. I, no. 5, April 1957, pp. 125–31.

107. M.L.R. 1736/3/99, 395.

108. H.A. Hammelmann, 'The Comte de Caumont', The Times Literary Supplement, 1 Nov. 1963, p. 896.

109. R.B.; Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/2.

110. E. Malone, The Critical and Miscellaneous Prose Works of John Dryden, 1800, p. 253n.

111. The Works of Lucian Translated from the Greek, by several Eminent Hands, 1711; Original Poems and Translations by Several Hands, pp. 88–90, appended to Matthew Prior, Poems on Several Occasions, 4th ed., 1742, vol. II.

112. R.B.; M.L.R. 1714/4/29; H.M.C., Egmont MSS., vol. II, 1909, pp. 139, 188.

113. Guildhall Library, MS. 9531/18, ff. 47–8.

114. Royal College of Physicians, Minutes of the Westminster General Dispensary, 6 June 1774.

115. Ibid., 18 July, 15 Aug. 1774.

116. The Builder, 20 Aug. 1887, p. 263.

117. Guildhall Library, Wakefield Collection, W2/Ger.

118. G.L.C. Print Collection.

119. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 254.

120. R.B.; G.E.C.; The Gentleman's Magazine, May 1762, p. 241.

121. M.L.R. 1763/1/249–50.

122. L. Melville, The Life and Letters of Laurence Sterne, 1910, vol. II, p. 284.

123. R.B.; Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 262.

124. M.L.R. 1853/18/932.

125. Soane Museum, Adam drawings, vol. 33, no. 106.

126. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, pp. 123–4, 133, plate 141a.

127. Boyle's Court Guide.

128. R.B.; Boyle's Court Guide.

129. Frances Anne Kemble, 'Old Woman's Gossip', The Atlantic Monthly, 1875, vol. XXXVI, pp. 290–1.

130. Abstract of title held by the Solicitor's Dept. on behalf of the Postmaster-General, reciting deed of 29 March 1876.

131. Ibid., reciting deed of 27 Dec. 1888.

132. The Builder, 12 Jan. 1889, p. 39.

133. Ibid., 16 March 1889, p. 212.

134. The Building News, 5 July 1889, p. 29 and plate between pp. 10–29.

135. The National Telephone Journal, Nov. 1907, vol. II, no. 20, pp. 164–7.

136. R. Nevill, Night Life, 1926, p. 64.

137. Deeds held by the Solicitor's Dept. on behalf of the Postmaster-General, particulars of sale, 1893.

138. Ibid., deed of 14 Oct. 1893.

139. Ibid., abstract of title; P. J. Wood and A. Wright, 'The New Central Battery Exchange at Gerrard', The National Telephone Journal, Nov. 1907, vol. II, no. 2, pp. 164–7; The Builder, 11 Jan. 1908, p. 46; H. V. Molesworth Roberts, 'Leonard Aloysius Stokes', The Architectural Review, Dec. 1946, vol. 100, pp. 173–7.

140. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 163.

141. Information kindly supplied by the Ministry of Public Building and Works.

142. Goldsmiths' Company, Apprenticeship Register, vol. 3, p. 70.

143. M.L.R. 1714/4/79; R.B.

144. Cal. S.P. Dom. Oct. 1622–Feb. 1673, pp. 24, 38, 86; ibid., 1673, p. 275; ibid., Feb.–Dec. 1685, vol. I, p. 223.

145. Ibid., 1689–1690, pp. 105, 171, 219–20; ibid., 1690–1691, p. 10.

146. P.C.C., Admon. Act Book 1704; H.M.C., Portland MSS., vol. V, 1899, p. 605.

147. H.M.C., Downshire MSS., vol. I, 1924, part 1; part 2, pp. 444–5, 627, 839, 798.

148. Ibid., part 2, pp. 844–5.

149. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 418.

150. P.R.O., C6/94/45.

151. H.M.C., Portland MSS., vol. V, 1899, p. 605.

152. H.M.C., Hastings MSS., vol. II, 1930, pp. xii–xiii, xv–xvi, pp. 177–8, 194–7, 207–8, 214.

153. Chartered Insurance Institute, Sun Fire Policy, 1712.

154. Burke's Peerage.

155. M.L.R. 1737/2/310, 312, 362, 364. N.B. Item 362 gives the term as 65 years but this is probably a clerical error.

156. Survey of London, vol. XXXII, 1963, pp. 346–7, 355–8.

157. B.M., Dept. of Prints and Drawings, Heal Collection of tradesmen's cards.

158. The Times, 12 Feb. 1954.

159. M.L.R. 1738/2/401.

160. Correspondence of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, ed. Charles William, Earl Fitzwilliam, and Lt.-Gen. Sir Richard Bourke, 1844, pp. 48, 56, 79, 134.

161. J. C. Curwen, Observations of the State of Ireland, 1818, vol. II, pp. 92–4.

162. Correspondence …, op. cit., pp. 180–351.

163. J. T. Smith, A Book for a Rainy Day, 1845 ed., p. 110.

164. Ibid., loc. cit.; D.N.B.

165. Royal Literary Fund Minute Books, vol. I, 17 Oct. 1805; vol. 2, 10 Aug. 1818; R.B.

166. E. V. Lucas, David Williams, 1920, p. 31.

167. Royal Literary Fund Minute Books, vol. I, 10 May 1790.

168. Lucas, op. cit., pp. 12, 14, 22.

169. An Account of the Institution of … a Literary Fund, 1795, p. 30.

170. Royal Literary Fund Archives.

171. Lucas, op. cit., p. 33.

172. Royal Literary Fund Minute Books, vol. 2, 4 Nov. 1818.

173. M.L.R. 1737/2/363, 365.

174. R.B.; H.M.C., Dartmouth MSS., vol. II, 1895, pp. 519, 562.

175. Information kindly supplied by Mr. E. Baker, from Post Office Archives, Postmaster-General's Reports.

176. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, pp. 246–7.

177. Notes and Queries, 9th Series, vol. VIII, 1901, p. 262.

178. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XVI, pp. 255–6; Windsor, Georgian Papers, 54529–31.

179. R.B.; Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XVII, pp. 5, 8, 524, 527; vol. XXXVIII (i), p. 87.

180. R.B.; The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

181. R.B.; Monumental Inscriptions … at St. Anne's Church, Soho, ed. W. E. Hughes, 1905, p. 27.

182. Survey of London, vol. XX, 1940, p. 126; J. M. Osborn, John Dryden, 1940, pp. 192–7.

183. The Letters of John Dryden, ed. Charles E. Ward, 1942, letter 53, pp. 102–3.

184. J. T. Smith, An Antiquarian Ramble in the Streets of London, 1846, vol. I, pp. 122–3; B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Post Boy, 30 April–2 May 1700, 4–7 May 1700, The Post Man, 11–14 May 1700.

185. Rev. J. Spence, Anecdotes of Books and Men, pub. S. W. Singer, 1820, pp. 260–1.

186. John Dryden, Don Sebastian, 1690, Epistle Dedicatory.

187. The Letters …, op. cit., letter 58, pp. 110–11.

188. W.P.L., The Westminster Poll, 1749; The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

189. 'From Bear's Grease to Lightheart', The Chemist and Druggist, 27 Aug. 1949, vol. CLII, no. 3627, pp. 286–8.

190. The Builder, 15 June 1878, p. 632; date on building.

191. R.B.; M.L.R. 1735/3/266.

192. D.N.B.; Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, pp. 148, 162–3.

193. Cal. S.P. Don. 1700–1702, p. 426.

194. M.L.R. 1735/1/470.

195. Ibid. 1733/4/151; The Gentleman's Magazine, May 1733, p. 265.

196. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds.

197. The Builder, 4 Aug. 1855, p. 372; O.S. 1869–74; P.O.D.

198. M.L.R. 1733/4/158–9; 1737/1/545 etc.

199. Ibid., 1733/4/151.

200. 30 Car. II, c. 7, private.

201. John Strype, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1720, vol. II, bk. VI, p. 86.

202. P.R.O., C8/351/104.

203. M.L.R. 1732/3/144–6; 1735/2/297–9.

204. Ibid., 1731/3/313–15.

205. Ibid., 1731/2/320–1.

206. Ibid., 1737/3/137–9.

207. Ibid., 1730/2/153.

208. Ibid., 1729/6/196.

209. Philip Magnus, Gladstone, 1954, pp. 107–8.

210. D.N.B.; E. F. Rimbault, Soho and Its Associations, 1895, pp. 119–21.

211. Sir Ambrose Heal, The London Goldsmiths 1200–1800, 1935, passim.

212. M.L.R. 1730/2/69–71.

213. R.B.; The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

214. Karl Marx, Works, vol. XXV, Moscow, 1936, pp. 66, 74.

215. R.B.; M.L.R. 1729/6/195; B.M., Dept. of Prints and Drawings, Heal Collection of tradesmen's cards.

216. R.B.; M.L.R. 1729/6/195.

217. R.B.; Robson's Directories; G.L.R.O., C96/885, 945, 949.

218. M.L.R. 1729/6/194.

219. G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)2.

220. M.L.R. 1729/6/193.

221. The Builder, 23 Oct. 1886, p. 615.

222. Ibid., 13 Sept. 1890, p. 216.

223. M.L.R. 1719/6/52.

224. Harleian Society Publications, vol. XXIII, 1886, p. 174.

225. M.L.R. 1729/6/199.

CHAPTER XVII (pp. 416–40)

Leicester Square Area: The Leicester Estate

1. 28 Henry VIII, c. 49 (House of Lords Act no. 34).

2. P.R.O., E315/224, f. 32.

3. Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward III, vol. VIII, pp. 252–3.

4. G.E.C.

5. P.R.O., E315/202, f. 3.

6. Ibid., LR1/41, f. 193.

7. Ibid., LR1/57, f. 134.

8. Ibid., E310/94/5.

9. Ibid., C66/2313, no. 5.

10. Ibid., C54/2555, no. 32.

11. C. T. Gatty, Mary Davies and the Manor of Ebury, 1921, vol. I, p. 43.

12. P.R.O., C54/2637, no. 6.

13. Gatty, op. cit., vol. I, p. 76; D.N.B.

14. P.R.O., C54/2849, no. 39.

15. Ibid., C66/880, membranes 32–3; B. H. Johnson, Berkeley Square to Bond Street, 1952, pp. 10–14.

16. Johnson, loc. cit.

17. Cecil MSS., deeds 131/1, 167/1; J. V. Kitto, St. Martin in the Fields. The Accounts of the Churchwardens 1525–1603, 1901, p. 579.

18. Cecil MSS., deed 167/1.

19. P.R.O., C54/3231, no. 20.

20. Ibid., C54/3410, no. 12.

21. G.E.C.; Earl of Clarendon, The History of the Rebellion, book VI, section 387 (1888 ed., vol. 2, p. 531).

22. P.C.C., 122 and 138 Hale.

23. Clarendon, loc. cit.

24. A. C. Edward, The Life and Times of the Hon. Algernon Sydney, 1873, vol. I, pp. 197, 199.

25. Cecil MSS., deed 22/4.

26. P.R.O., C6/109/102.

27. Survey of London, vol. XVIII, 1937, p. 11.

28. P.R.O., C33/255, f. 303.

29. Ibid., C5/515/25; C7/317/27; De L'Isle deeds, bundle 553, deed of 15 Jan. 1673/4.

30. P.R.O., C5/515/25; C6/81/75.

31. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 552, deeds of 24, 25 Jan. 1681/2.

32. P.R.O., C33/249, ff. 187–8.

33. Ibid., C33/251, ff. 664–5.

34. B.M., Add. MS. 32680, ff. 262–3.

35. P.R.O., C33/255, f. 303.

36. B.M., Add. MS. 32680, ff. 356–7.

37. P.R.O., C33/253, f. 655.

38. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 553, deed of 23 Nov. 1681.

39. Ibid., bundle 553, deeds of 27, 28 Jan. 1681/2.

40. P.R.O., C7/317/27.

41. De L'Isle MSS., 1133(e).

42. P.C.C., 78 Lort.

43. P.R.O., C54/5713, no. 17.

44. P.C.C., 200 Herne.

45. M.L.R. 1735/3/134.

46. P.C.C., 228 Wake.

47. Ibid., 91 Edmunds.

48. P.R.O., C54/5725, no. 1.

49. P.C.C., 131 Hutton.

50. D.N.B.

51. P.R.O., C12/605/29.

52. P.C.C., 292 Alexander.

53. P.R.O., C12/1379/13.

54. G.E.C. sub Leicester, pp. 557 note b, 559 note a.

55. P.R.O., C12/591/12.

56. P.C.C., 474 Cornwallis.

57. P.R.O., C33/463, ff. 679–82.

58. Ibid., C33/472, f. 223.

59. Ibid., C12/979/14.

60. Ibid., C123/B54.

61. Colvin.

62. P.R.O., C33/475, f. 505.

63. Ibid., C38/752B.

64. The London Gazette, 18–21 July 1789, p. 503.

65. P.R.O., C33/484, f. 382.

66. P.C.C., 292 Alexander, will of James Stuart Tulk; Ibid., 480 Collingwood, will of Charlotte Tulk; ibid., 339 Wynne, will of John Tulk.

67. Baldwyn's New Complete Guide to the City of London, 1770, 1774.

68. P.C.C., 43 Fountain.

69. P.R.O., C16/902/11.

70. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1791, part 11, p. 781.

71. Ibid., 1791, part 11, p. 868.

72. P.C.C., 292 Alexander.

73. M.L.R. 1808/6/700.

74. Ibid., 1817/4/227.

75. The Army List, 1845, p. 445.

76. Charles Pooley, A Brief Sketch of the Life of … Charles Augustus Tulk, by Mary Catherine Hume, 2nd ed., 1890, p. 7.

77. D.N.B. sub C. A. Tulk; E. Swedenborg, Indexes to the Apocalypse Revealed, 1797, ed. J. A. T.; Index Rerum in Apocalypsi Revelata, ex operibus posthumis E. Swedenborgii, 1813, impensis Joh. Aug. Tulk.

78. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7311, deed of 25 Oct. 1807, enrolled in full in P.R.O., CP43/899, ff. 101–18, and (incorrectly) in abbreviated form in M.L.R. 1808/6/700.

79. P.C.C., Admon. 1818.

80. Ibid., 539 Teignmouth, will of Henry Tulk; M.L.R. 1817/7/352.

81. M.L.R. 1817/4/226; 1818/8/36.

82. P.C.C., 165/1845, will of J. A. Tulk; ibid., 604/1851, will of Lydia Tulk.

83. Ibid., 165/1845.

84. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1845, part I, p. 334.

85. P.C.C., 604/1851.

86. Pooley, op. cit., p. x; D.N.B.; The Gentleman's Magazine, 1818, part I, p. 508.

87. Pooley, op. cit., p. 10.

88. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7322, deeds of 7 Aug. 1868 and 28 Oct. 1874.

89. P.R.O., C38/2107, Hart v. Tulk, report of 1 Aug. 1850; The Army Lists, 1845–9, passim.

90. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1849, part I, p. 326.

91. P.R.O., C14/997/H20.

92. P.C.C., 148/1849.

93. P.R.O., C33/1003, f. 681.

94. Ibid., C33/1004, f. 916.

95. Legal and General Assurance Society Ltd., deeds of No. 17 Charing Cross Road.

96. P.R.O., C6/195/33.

97. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, pp. 56–60.

98. Cecil MSS., deed 167/1.

99. H.M.C., De L'Isle MSS., vol. VI, 1965, pp. 523–4.

100. P.R.O., SP44/34, f. 20.

101. Ibid., C66/3127, no. 25.

102. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 552, deed of 19 April 1670.

103. De L'Isle MSS., 1133(j).

104. 19 Car. II, c. 3, public.

105. De L'Isle MSS., 1133(c), p. 3.

106. P.R.O., SP29/402, no. 54.

107. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 556, deed of 3 June 1670.

108. Ibid., bundle 556, deeds of 20 June 1670.

109. Ibid., bundle 556, deed of 30 June 1670.

110. Ibid., bundle 557, deeds of 20 July, 14 Aug. 1672.

111. W.P.L., deed 67/16.

112. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 557, deeds of 20 April 1672.

113. Ibid., bundle 557, deed of 20 Oct. 1671.

114. Ibid., bundle 557, deeds of 20 May 1671.

115. Survey of London, vol. XX, 1940, pp. 112–13.

116. De L'Isle deeds, bundles 557, 558, deeds of 20 June 1671.

117. Ibid., bundles 555, 556, 557, deeds relating to Swan Close.

118. B.M., Add. MS. 32680, f. 17.

119. Ibid., Add. MS. 32680, ff. 21–2.

120. H.M.C., De L'Isle MSS., vol. VI, 1965, pp. 633–4.

121. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 552, deed of 10 July 1688.

122. M.L.R. 1709/2/106; W.P.L., deed 67/33.

123. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 552, deed of 20 Feb. 1720/1; P.R.O., C8/508/107.

124. P.R.O., C8/508/107.

125. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 552, deed of 20 Feb. 1720/1.

126. Ibid., loc. cit.; P.R.O., C7/366/42.

127. P.R.O., C6/272/54.

128. G.L.R.O., Q/EV/48.

129. W.P.L., The Westminster Poll, 1749.

130. Ibid., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 41.

131. Survey of London, vol. XX, 1940, pp. 107–8.

132. P.R.O., C14/911/63.

133. Kitto, op. cit. (17 above), p. 579.

134. P.R.O., SP16/181, no. 27; Acts of the Privy Council June 1630–May 1631, pp. 393–4.

135. P.R.O., SP16/181, no. 27.

136. Ibid., SP16/181, no. 27; SP16/195, no. 30; Acts of the Privy Council June 1630–May 1631, pp. 393–4.

137. W.P.L., F.367.

138. Survey of London, vol. XXX, 1960, plate 128.

139. P.R.6., SP32/15, no. 156.

140. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds X142, X145; G.L.R.O.(M), Acc. 401/182–3.

141. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Country Journal: or The Craftsman, 16 April 1737.

142. B.M., King's Topographical Collection, vol. 22, no. 32.

143. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, California, U.S.A., inventory of Cannons, 19 June 1725; Gunnis.

144. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1748, p. 521.

145. M.L.R. 1808/6/451; P.R.O., C14/911/63; W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 34.

146. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1814, no. 748.

147. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 34.

148. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7311, deed of 28 June 1834.

149. P.R.O., C14/272/113.

150. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7311, deed of 2 March 1848.

151. Ibid., D7311, deed of 14 Aug. 1848, enrolled in M.L.R. 1851/4/859.

152. Stephen's Commentaries on the Laws of England, 21st ed., 1950, vol. I, pp. 355–6.

153. P.R.O., C16/902/11; G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7311, deed of 25 March 1851.

154. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7311, deed of 11 Feb. 1851.

155. The Illustrated London News, 7 June 1851, p. 512.

156. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7311, deed of 15 April 1851.

157. P.R.O., C16/111/83; C16/902/11.

158. The Builder, 8 Feb. 1851, pp. 99–100; 31 Jan. 1852, p. 78.

159. Ibid., 15 March 1851, p. 178.

160. The Illustrated London News, 22 March 1851, p. 234.

161. The Builder, 5 April 1851, p. 218.

162. Ibid., 8 Feb. 1873, p. 99.

163. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 192.

164. Notes and Queries, 5th Series, vol. II, 1874, p. 46.

165. P.R.O., C16/111/83.

166. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7312, deed of 11 Oct. 1861.

167. Ibid., D7322, deeds of 7 Aug. 1868.

168. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 14.

169. The Builder, 25 July 1868, pp. 542–3.

170. Ibid., 10 Aug. 1861, p. 544.

171. 26 and 27 Vict., c. 13, public general.

172. Report of the Metropolitan Board of Works, 1864, p. 50.

173. P.R.O., C16/605/7.

174. M.B.W. 2603.

175. The Builder, 2 May 1863, pp. 318–19.

176. P.R.O., C16/902/11; Report of the Metropolitan Board of Works, 1867–8, pp. 69–70.

177. P.R.O., C16/902/11; The Builder, 13 March 1869, p. 213.

178. The Builder, 11 Jan. 1851, p. 22.

179. Ibid., 28 May 1864, p. 399.

180. John Hollingshead, The Story of Leicester Square, 1892, p. 73; W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 24.

181. Report of the Metropolitan Board of Works, 1870–1, pp. 34–5.

182. The Builder, 9 Dec. 1871, p. 975; 10 Feb. 1872, p. 114.

183. H. B. Wheatley, London Past and Present, 1891, vol. II, p. 385.

184. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 25.

185. Report of the Metropolitan Board of Works, 1873. pp. 33–4.

186. Ibid., 1874, p. 38.

187. 37 and 38 Vict., c. 10, local.

188. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7312, deed of 20 April 1874.

189. Ibid., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7312, 7318–22, passim.

190. The Builder, 4 April 1874, p. 297.

191. Ibid., 2 May 1874, p. 380.

192. G.L.C., Legal and Parliamentary Dept. deeds, D7312, deed of 4 June 1874.

193. The Builder, 4 July 1874, pp. 555–6; 18 July 1874, p. 618.

194. Report of the Metropolitan Board of Works, 1874, pp. 31–2.

195. L.C.C. Minutes, 7 Feb. 1933, p. 232; Westminster City Council, Report for year ended 31 March 1934, p. 118.

CHAPTER XVIII (pp. 441–87)

Leicester Square, North Side, and Lisle Street Area

1. B.M., Add. MS. 32683, f. 60.

2. A. Collins, Letters and Memorials of State, 1746, vol. I, p. 143.

3. P.R.O., E179/253/25.

4. Ibid., SP16/181, no. 27; Acts of the Privy Council June 1630–May 1631, pp. 393–4.

5. P.R.O., C10/150/67.

6. Ibid., SP16/198, no. 36.

7. G.E.C.

8. W.P.L., F.2002, 4 June 1635.

9. R.B.

10. H.M.C., De L'Isle MSS., vol. VI, 1965, pp. 242, 339.

11. Survey of London, vol. III, 1912, pp. 59, 65.

12. H.M.C., op. cit., pp. 554, 556.

13. Ibid., pp. 51–2.

14. Collins, op. cit., vol. II, p. 490.

15. Ibid., vol. II, pp. 600–1.

16. Ibid., vol. II, pp. 604, 611.

17. H.M.C., op. cit., pp. 231, 233.

18. D.N.B.

19. H.M.C., op. cit., pp. 233–4.

20. Ibid., p. 273.

21. William Knowler, The Earl of Strafforde's Letters and Dispatches, 1739, vol. II, pp. 403–412; Camden Miscellany, vol. IX, 1895, no. 4, p. 13.

22. H.M.C., op. cit., p. 293.

23. Camden Miscellany, loc. cit.

24. H.M.C., op. cit., pp. 272, 327.

25. Ibid., op. cit., pp. 411, 556.

26. B.M., Add. MS. 32683, ff. 16–36.

27. M.L.R. 1725/5/201.

28. H.M.C., op. cit., pp. 572, 587.

29. Ibid., op. cit., p. 482.

30. Ibid., op. cit., p. 613.

31. Ibid., op. cit., pp. 506–7.

32. Lettres, Memoires et Negociations de Monsieur le Comte d'Estrades, 1743, vol. I, pp. 133–226.

33. Collins, op. cit., vol. I, pp. 141–2.

34. Ibid., op. cit., vol. II, p. 723.

35. Ibid., loc. cit., and vol. I, p. 142.

36. H.M.C., Kenyon MSS., 1894, p. 82; ibid., Le Fleming MSS., 1890, p. 58.

37. Diary of Samuel Pepys, 21 Oct. 1668.

38. H.M.C., Le Fleming MSS., 1890, p. 60.

39. H.M.C., De L'Isle MSS., vol. VI, 1965, p. 624.

40. Ibid., pp. 624–34.

41. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. III, p. 626.

42. H.M.C., Le Fleming MSS., 1890, p. 102.

43. Roxburghe Club, Memoirs of Thomas, Earl of Ailesbury, ed. W. E. Buckley, 1890, vol. I, p. 342.

44. P.C.C., 78 Lort.

45. De L'Isle MSS., 1133(b).

46. P.C.C., 200 Herne.

47. A Most Excellent and Curious Collection … of … Philip and Robert late Earls of Leicester, 15 April 1703 (B.M. pressmark Cup. 645e 5(12)).

48. Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/2.

49. E. Hatton, A New View of London, 1708, vol. II, p. 627; Cal. Treasury Books Jan. 1704–March 1705, pp. no, 197.

50. Nicholas Henderson, Prince Eugen of Savoy, 1964, pp. 187–9.

51. Ibid., pp. 190–202; Jonathan Swift, Journal to Stella, ed. H. Williams, 1948, vol. II, pp. 396, 456; Cal. Treasury Books 1712, p. 169.

52. Burke's Peerage.

53. H.M.C., Portland MSS., vol. V, 1899, p. 551.

54. Windsor, Establishment Book P4 (Townshend MSS.), Mich. 1718–Mich. 1719.

55. Ibid., Establishment Book P5 (Townshend MSS.), Mich. 1719–Mich 1720.

56. Colvin; and additional information privately supplied by Mr. Colvin.

57. Windsor, Establishment Book P5 (Townshend MSS.), Mich. 1720–Mich. 1721.

58. Ibid., Establishment Book P6 (Townshend MSS.), Mich. 1721–Mich. 1722.

59. Ibid., Establishment Book P7 (Townshend MSS.), Mich. 1723–Mich. 1724.

60. Ibid., Establishment Book P7 (Townshend MSS.), Mich. 1724–Mich. 1725.

61. W.P.L., deed 48/1.

62. M.L.R. 1726/5/199.

63. H.M.C., Polwarth MSS., vol. V, 1961, pp. 5–6.

64. Windsor, Establishment Book P8 (Townshend MSS.), Mich. 1726–Mich. 1727.

65. Kent County Records Office, U.908.

66. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 553, deed of 16 Aug. 1743.

67. Survey of London, vol. XX, 1940, p. 72.

68. Ibid., vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 191.

69. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XII, warrant of 27 April 1743.

70. Ibid., vol. XIII, warrant of 31 March 1744.

71. Ibid., vol. XII, warrants of 29 June 1743.

72. P.R.O., C54/5725, no. I.

73. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XII, Edward Godfrey's account, Christmas 1742–Midsummer 1743.

74. The Diary of the late George Bubb Dodington, Baron of Melcombe Regis, 1784, passim.

75. Household accounts of Frederick, Prince of Wales, in the possession of the Earl of Scarbrough at Sandbeck Park, RHA/17, 3 Feb. 1749/50; Walpole Society, vol. 22, 1934 (George Vertue Note Book III), p. 152; Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XVI, p. 259.

76. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XVII, p. 536.

77. Walpole Society, vol. 22, 1934 (George Vertue Note Book III), p. 37; D.N.B.

78. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XV, p. 384; ibid., vol. XVI, pp. 276–7.

79. Ibid., vol. XII, warrant of 29 June 1743; Household accounts of Frederick, Prince of Wales, in the possession of the Earl of Scarbrough at Sandbeck Park, RHA/5, p. 80.

80. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XII, bill of 1743.

81. Ibid., vol. XII, warrant of 5 Oct. 1742.

82. Walpole Society, vol. 18, 1930 (George Vertue Note Book 1), pp. 8–14; ibid., vol. 22, 1934 (George Vertue Note Book III), p. 152.

83. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XII, warrant of 27 April 1743.

84. Ibid., vol. XV, pp. 373–5.

85. Walpole Society, vol. 18, 1930 (George Vertue Note Book I), p. 11.

86. Sir Ambrose Heal, London Furniture Makers 1660–1840, 1953; Ralph Edwards, The Dictionary of English Furniture, 1954, vol. 2, p. 249.

87. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XV, pp. 296–311,351–359; ibid., vol. XXXVII(I), p. 55.

88. R.I.B.A. Library, Holland papers in Librarian's safe.

89. Windsor, Georgian Papers, 54709–12.

90. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XV, pp. 296–311.

91. Windsor, Georgian Papers, 74049.

92. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XXXVII(I), p. 112.

93. Ibid., vol. XV, pp. 351–9.

94. Ibid., vol. XV, pp. 296–311, 351–9.

95. Ibid., vol. XV, pp. 373–4.

96. Windsor, Georgian Papers, 55092–4.

97. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XVII, pp. 485–6.

98. Windsor, Georgian Papers, 54857, 55092–4, 55103–4.

99. Ibid., Georgian Papers, 55314.

100. The Diary of the late George Bubb Dodington, op. cit., pp. 74–7.

101. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XV, pp. 296–311, 351–359, 375; ibid., vol. XVI, p. 259; ibid., vol. XVII, pp. 530–1.

102. Ibid., vol. XII, warrant of 20 Nov. 1742.

103. Household accounts of Frederick, Prince of Wales, in the possession of the Earl of Scarbrough at Sandbeck Park, RHA/5, p. 218.

104. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XV, pp. 296–311; ibid., vol. XXXVII(I), pp. 56, 59.

105. Ibid., vol. XXXVII(I), p. 56.

106. Ibid., vol. XXXIV, bill of July 1752.

107. Ibid., vol. XV, pp. 296–311; ibid., vol. XXXVII, p. 56.

108. Ibid., vol. XV, p. 362.

109. Ibid., vol. L, p. 463; Windsor, Establishment Book, P7 (Townshend MSS.), Mich. 1723– Mich. 1724.

110. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XVI, p. 257; ibid., vol. XXXV(I), pp. 69–70; ibid., vol. XXXVII(I), p. 58.

111. Ibid., vol. LI(2), p. 55.

112. Ibid., vol. XXXVII(I), p. 102.

113. Ibid., vols. XII–LI(2), passim.

114. The Diary of the late George Bubb Dodington, op. cit., pp. 95–7.

115. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XXXV(I), pp. 57–8; Windsor, Establishment Book E22, Wardrobe keeper's disbursements; ibid., Georgian Papers, 74049.

116. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XXXV(I), p. 94.

117. The Letters of Horace Walpole, ed. Mrs. Paget Toynbee, vol. III, 1903, p. 434.

118. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XL, p. 31; ibid., vol. XLI, Establishment List.

119. Ibid., vols. L, LI(2), passim.

120. Ibid., vol. LI(2), pp. 52, 54–5, 74, 85; ibid., vol. LIV(1), pp. 78–96.

121. Ibid., vol. LIV(2), p. 408.

122. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 91.

123. Ibid., op. cit., p. 93.

124. The European Magazine, Jan. 1782, pp. 17–21.

125. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, pp. 93–4; ibid., box 41, no. 23.

126. H.M.C., Kenyon MSS., 1894, pp. 515–16.

127. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, pp. 93–4.

128. Survey of London, vol. XXII, 1950, p. 115.

129. T. Roberts, The English Bowman, 1801, p. 79; information kindly supplied by the Royal Toxophilite Society.

130. P.R.O., C38/752B, Blake v. Streatfeild.

131. B.M., volume of theatrical press cuttings, T.C.42.

132. John Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530–1830, 1953, chapter 10.

133. E. Hatton, A New View of London, 1708, vol. II, p. 627; Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/2.

134. B.M., Crace Maps, Portfolio XIII.

135. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XIII, George Cure's account, 11 Feb. 1743/4.

136. M.L.R. 1729/5/305.

137. A. Stephen, Memories of John Home Tooke, 1813, vol. I, pp. 11–13.

138. G.L.R.O., O/201/1.

139. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 209.

140. M.L.R. 1793/5/149.

141. R.B.; P.O.D.

142. P.R.O., C123/B54; R.B.

143. M.L.R. 1737/1/150.

144. R.B.; Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XII, George Cure's account, Christmas 1742–Lady Day 1743; Windsor, Georgian Papers, 54861.

145. Duchy of Cornwall, vol. LIV(2), pp. 362, 365.

146. M.L.R. 1795/3/194–6; R.B.

147. M.L.R. 1728/6/190.

148. P.R.O., C12/979/14; M.L.R. 1795/3/202; 1800/5/780; 1807/2/427; R.B.

149. P.R.O., C33/472, f. 223.

150. R. B. O'Reilly, An Authentic Narrative of the Principal Circumstances relating to the OperaHouse in the Hay-Market, 1791, pp. 49–52 (B.M. pressmark 641 f. 28).

151. Ibid., pp. 53–4.

152. Ibid., pp. 46–8.

153. Ibid., pp. 56–8.

154. Ibid., pp. 57–9.

155. Ibid., p. 60.

156. J. Bertrand Payne, A Monograph of the House of Lempriere, 1862, p. 21.

157. P.C.C., 43 Fountain, will of J. S. Tulk.

158. M.L.R. 1791/7/371.

159. The Universal British Directory, 1790.

160. M.L.R. 1790/10/391.

161. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 61; The London Chronicle, 9–12 Jan. 1790.

162. O'Reilly, op. cit., p. 56.

163. Ibid., pp. 61–2.

164. The London Chronicle, 5–7 Jan. 1790.

165. Ibid., 9–12 Jan. 1790.

166. Soane Museum, drawer 12, set 12.

167. William Taylor, A Concise Statement of Transactions and Circumstances respecting the King's Theatre in the Haymarket, 1791, pp. 20–1.

168. Ibid., pp. 25, 30, 33.

169. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, pp. 234–6.

170. The London Chronicle, 24–27 April 1790.

171. Ibid., 13–15 April 1790.

172. O'Reilly, op. cit., pp. 63–4.

173. Colvin; The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, March 1844, p. 118.

174. P.R.O., LC7/88.

175. M.L.R. 1792/2/326; 1792/4/415.

176. Boyle's Court Guide, 1815.

177. P.R.O., C12/979/14.

178. M.L.R. 1792–5, passim.

179. Ibid., 1795/3/464.

180. P.C.C., 358 Ely.

181. T.P. 12329.

182. W.P.L., Deeds 67/1–2; Windsor, Georgian Papers, 55484.

183. W.P.L., Deeds 67/1–2, 33; M.L.R. 1716/6/22.

184. W.P.L., Deed 67/45.

185. Ibid., Deed 67/33; M.L.R. 1709/2/106.

186. G.E.C. (Baronetage).

187. Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2.

188. Windsor, Georgian Papers, 55484.

189. P.R.O., C38/7526, Blake v. Streatfeild; M.L.R. 1794/5/680.

190. Bodleian Library, MS. Eng. Hist. C298; this trade card was first noticed by Mr. H. M. Colvin.

191. R.B.; Directories.

192. W.P.L., Deed 67/1; R.B.

193. P.R.O., C38/7526, Blake v. Streatfeild; M.L.R. 1794/5/336.

194. Directories.

195. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 552, deed of 14 Nov. 1683; Nottinghamshire County Record Office, Foljambe deeds list.

196. Nottinghamshire County Record Office, DDSR. 215/59.

197. Roxburghe Club, The Memoirs of Thomas, Earl of Ailesbury, ed. W. E. Buckley, 1890, vol. I, p. 342.

198. Nottinghamshire County Record Office, Foljambe deeds list.

199. Ibid., loc. cit.; ibid., DDSR.215/59.

200. Roxburghe Club, op. cit., p. 200.

201. Ibid., p. 224.

202. Ibid., pp. 259, 268–9, 292, 294.

203. Ibid., pp. 326, 341–2.

204. Ibid., vol. II, pp. 374–5, 431, 441, 450.

205. J. T. Smith, An Antiquarian Ramble in the Streets of London, 1846, vol. I, p. 118.

206. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Post Boy, 13 Jan.–15 Jan., 1 Feb.–3 Feb. 1697.

207. P.R.O., C66/3580, no. 21; Nottinghamshire County Record Office, DDSR.215/59.

208. Windsor, Establishment Book 48, 1718.

209. Nottinghamshire County Record Office, DDSR. 212/10.

210. Ibid., DDSR.215/58.

211. Ibid., DDSR.215/2–3.

212. The History of Parliament. The House of Commons 1754–1790, ed. Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke, 1964.

213. P.R.O., Works 4/10, 11; 5/61, 62, 141; 6/17. Mr. H. M. Colvin kindly drew attention to these references.

214. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The London Evening-Post, 3–6 June 1780; The General Evening Post, 6–8 June 1780.

215. P.R.O., Works 6/108, ff. 20–1.

216. Nottinghamshire County Record Office, DDSR. 215/32.

217. Household accounts of Frederick, Prince of Wales, in the possession of the Earl of Scarbrough at Sandbeck Park, EMC/7/3; D.N.B.

218. M.L.R. 1804/3/457.

219. Ibid., loc. cit.; P.R.O., C12/979/14, plots B1, 2 and 16.

220. M.L.R. 1805/5/329.

221. Ibid., 1812/2/647.

222. Ibid., 1806/5/27–9.

223. The Picture of London, 1802, p. 237; ibid., 1803, p. 219.

224. M.L.R. 1806/6/775.

225. P.R.O., C13/2737, Page v. Broom.

226. Ibid., loc. cit.; M.L.R. 1806/6/775.

227. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1809, part I, p. 2 51.

228. Tom Taylor, Leicester Square, 1874, p. 459.

229. The Picture of London, 1810, pp. 292–4.

230. Rev. Joseph Nightingale, London and Middlesex, 1815, vol. III, part II, p. 609.

231. Ibid., loc. cit.; The Picture of London, 1810, pp. 292–4.

232. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 153.

233. Ibid., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 97; P.R.O., Lord Chamberlain's MS. theatrical index, vol. I, f. 36.

234. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 98.

235. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, p. 105.

236. Ibid., box 42, no. 4.

237. Ibid., A.138, handbill.

238. Ibid., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 97.

239. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, p. 51.

240. The Builder, 14 Jan. 1888, pp. 26–7.

241. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, pp. 130–1, 135.

242. The Builder, 30 Sept. 1848, p. 477.

243. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 139.

244. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, pp. 140–1.

245. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, pp. 98, 126, 177–8, 181; Enthoven Theatre Collection.

246. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 123.

247. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, p. 177.

248. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, p. 149.

249. W.P.L., box 42, no. 3.

250. Ibid., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 194.

251. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, p. 181.

252. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, pp. 99, 102.

253. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, p. 110.

254. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, p. 112.

255. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, pp. 130–1.

256. The Builder, 24 June 1865, p. 456.

257. Ibid., 13 Jan. 1866, p. 32.

258. The Times, 22 Nov. 1869; 10 March 1870.

259. The Builder, 28 Nov. 1874, p. 993.

260. Enthoven Theatre Collection.

261. The Builder, 26 April 1879, p. 467.

262. Ibid., 2 Oct. 1880, p. 410; W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 83.

263. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 185.

264. Ibid., op. cit., vol. I, p. 83; The Builder, 25 March 1882, p. 372; Enthoven Theatre Collection.

265. The Building News, 29 Feb. 1884, pp. 313–14.

266. Edwin O. Sachs, Modern Opera Houses and Theatres, vol. II, 1897, p. 39.

267. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. 2, p. 70.

268. The Builder, 14 Jan. 1888, pp. 26–7.

269. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Theatres Section plans.

270. Sachs, op. cit., vol. II.

271. The Builder, 17 Dec. 1887, p. 865.

272. The Times, 27 May 1961.

273. L.C.C. Minutes, 26 Oct. 1894, pp. 1063, 1069; 4 Dec. 1894, pp. 1248–9; 2 July 1895, p. 643.

274. Ivor Guest, The Empire Ballet, 1962, pp. 50–1, 72–4, 81–5.

275. Ibid., p. 85.

276. M.L.R. 1795/3/194–6.

277. The Builder, 15 Nov. 1856, p. 632; P.O.D.

278. B.A.14586.

279. T.P.3306.

280. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Historic Buildings Section file.

281. M.L.R. 1800/5/780; 1807/2/427.

282. The Builder, 28 Aug. 1852, p. 556.

283. Ibid., 20 June 1857, p. 354; 25 July 1857, p. 424; M.B.W. Minutes, 14 Aug. 1857, p.627.

284. E.S. 7710.

285. Forty-third Annual Report of the Board of Works for the Strand District, 1899, p. 96.

286. P.R.O., C123/654.

287. J. T. Smith, A Book for a Rainy Day, 1845, pp. 88–9.

288. M.L.R. 1794/1/162.

289. Ibid., 1793/5/149; 1795/3/191–3, 197–202, 205–6.

290. Ibid., 1793/6/705–6.

291. Ibid., 1794/4/210–11.

292. Ibid., 1793/1/567.

293. Ibid., 1794/4/661.

294. Ibid., 1792/7/536.

295. Ibid., 1792/5/378.

296. W.P.L., Deed 67/34; G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W) 43/1.

297. W.P.L., Deed 67/15.

298. The Picture of London, 1803, p. 210; The Pic Nic, vol. I, 1803, preface; The Times, 7, 30 April 1802.

299. Inscription on building.

300. P.O.D.

301. Brian Russell, St. Johns Hospital for Diseases of the Skin, 1863–1963, 1963, pp. 2, 5–6.

302. Ibid., p. 10.

303. Ibid., pp. 11–12, 59–60.

304. Ibid., pp. 10–11.

305. Ibid., p. 60.

306. Annual Report of St. Johns Hospital for Diseases of the Skin, 1935.

307. Russell, op. cit., pp. 33–9.

308. Annual Report of St. Johns Hospital for Diseases of the Skin, 1934.

309. Russell, op. cit., p. 11.

310. Annual Report of St. John's Hospital for Diseases of the Skin, 1938.

311. Russell, op. cit., pp. 43–4.

312. C. Dalton, English Army Lists and Commission Registers, 1661–1714, vol. V, 1902, p. 163.

313. John Le Neve, Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae, 1854.

314. C. Dalton, George the First's Army 1714–1727, vol. I, 1910, p. 221.

315. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds X 143.

316. London Symphony Observer, 1950, vol. I, no. 7, The Royal Society of Musicians.

317. Royal Society of Musicians, minutes of governors' meetings; M.L.R. 1808/5/579.

318. Royal Society of Musicians, minutes of annual general meetings.

319. Information kindly supplied by the Ministry of Public Building and Works.

320. J. H. Cardwell and others, Two Centuries of Soho, 1898, p. 77.

321. London Symphony Observer, loc. cit.; information supplied by the society.

322. R.B.; D.N.B.

323. Cal. Treasury Books 1705–1706, pp. 118, 444.

324. Burke's Peerage; Guildhall Library, MS. 8674/2.

325. C. Dalton, English Army Lists and Commission Registers, 1661–1714, vol. III, 1896, p. 176.

326. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 118.

327. Joseph Proud, The Aged Minister's Last Legacy, with Memoir of the Author by Rev. E. Madeley, 2nd ed., 1854, pp. xvi–xviii.

328. B. Nicolaievsky and O. Maenchen-Helfen, Karl Marx, 1936, pp. 237–8.

329. Survey of London, vol. XXX, 1960, p. 462.

330. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds X113.

331. Ibid., Q/EV/48.

332. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 554, deed of 1 Oct. 1722.

333. Cal. Treasury Books 1689–1692, p. 1951.

334. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1696–1697, p. 432.

335. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds X114.

336. Cal. Treasury Books 1713, p. 481.

337. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 554, deed of 28 Feb. 1727/8.

338. Ibid., bundle 553, deed of 7 Jan. 1731/2.

339. Ibid., bundle 552, deed of 20 April 1757.

340. Letters of Sir Charles Bell, 1870, p. 54.

341. Ibid., p. 69.

342. Ibid., p. 70.

343. Tom Taylor, Leicester Square, 1874, p. 441.

344. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 38.

345. Letters of Sir Charles Bell, 1870, pp. 66, 99–100, 111; Sir G. Gordon-Taylor and E. W. Walls, Sir Charles Bell, 1958, fig. 14 (opposite p. 41).

346. Letters of Sir Charles Bell, 1870, pp. 138–40.

347. Ibid., pp. 185, 187.

348. M.L.R. 1794/6/408–10, 412.

349. Ibid., 1795/3/203–4.

350. Ibid., 1794/3/655.

351. Ibid., 1811/3/334.

352. Ibid., 1796/3/684.

353. Ibid., 1794/6/411.

354. Ibid., 1794/2/82.

355. Ibid., 1797/4/448.

356. H.M.C., Bathurst MSS., 1923, pp. 181, 187.

357. The Professional Life of Mr. Dibdin written by Himself, 1803, vol. IV, p. 4.

358. P.R.O., 'Lord Chamberlain's MS. theatrical index, vol. I, f. 25.

359. Dibdin, op. cit., vol. IV, p. 10; B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The True Briton, 6 Oct. 1796.

360. John B. Papworth, Select Views of London, 1816, pp. 53–4.

361. M.L.R. 1798/1/196.

362. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 102.

363. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1814, part II, p. 192.

364. P.R.O., Lord Chamberlain's MS. theatrical index, vol. I, ff. 25 et seq.

365. Dibdin, op. cit., vol. IV, pp. 58–9.

366. M.L.R. 1799/1/330.

367. Dibdin, op. cit., vol. IV, p. 288.

368. M.L.R. 1804/8/437.

369. P.R.O., Lord Chamberlain's MS. theatrical index, vol. I, f. 28.

370. Enthoven Theatre Collection; W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 102.

371. Survey of London, vol. XXXI, 1963, p. 302.

372. M.L.R. 1808/6/349.

373. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1815, part I, p. 2 8 5 ; Notes and Queries, 4th Series, vol. V, 1870, p. 155; P.C.C., 560 Bridport.

374. Enthoven Theatre Collection; W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, pp. 100–2.

375. The Art Journal, 1857, pp. 46–7.

376. P.R.O., C66/3837, no. 12.

377. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1856, part II, p. 515.

378. Ibid., loc. cit.; The World, 7 Sept., 7 Dec. 1793.

379. B.M., Burney Newspaper Collection, The Diary : or Woodfall's Register, 24 May 1793.

380. Robert Mitchell, Plans, and Views in Perspective … of Buildings erected in England and Scotland, 1801, p. 7.

381. Chambers' Journal, vol. XIII, 1860, pp. 33–5.

382. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1856, part II, pp. 515–18.

383. Ibid., loc. cit.; P.C.C., 366 Pitt.

384. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1856, part II, pp. 51 5–18; W.P.L., ratebooks of St. Clement Danes.

385. The Oxford Companion to the Theatre, ed. Phyllis Hartnoll, 1951, p. 773.

386. R.B.; The Gentleman's Magazine, 1856, part II, pp. 515–18.

387. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 153.

388. John Ruskin, Praeterita, 1900 ed., vol. I, pp. 199–200.

389. P.C.C., 138/1861; Directories.

390. Alexander Rottmann, London Catholic Churches, 1926, p. 134; A. Poncet, Notre-Dame De France, 1923, p. 16.

391. The Tablet, 13 June 1868.

392. Poncet, op. cit., p. 8; for St. Anne's, Mile End New Town, see Survey of London, vol. XXVII, 1957, pp. 270–2.

393. Poncet, op. cit., p. 13.

394. Ibid., p. 19.

395. The Builder, 6 June 1868, p. 408; Dictionnaire de Biographie Française, 1954, vol. VI.

396. M.B.W. 354, 17 Jan. 1868, item 34.

397. The Builder, 6 June 1868, p. 408.

398. Ibid., 13 June 1868, p. 437.

399. Rottmann, op. cit., p. 135.

400. Poncet, op. cit., pp. 24, 28–9.

401. Information kindly supplied by Father Daniel Raabe.

402. T.P. 103438.

403. The Times, 17 Oct. 1955.

404. Enthoven Theatre Collection; inscribed stone on building.

405. T.P. 103900.

CHAPTER XIX (pp. 488–503)

Leicester Square, East Side

1. P.R.O., C66/3127, no. 25.

2. W.P.L., F.2003, p. 184.

3. W. Knowler, The Earl of Strafforde's Letters and Dispatches, 1739, vol. I, p. 377.

4. Ibid., vol. I, pp. 433–6.

5. Survey of London, vol. XX, 1940, p. 102.

6. Legal and General Assurance Society Ltd., deeds of No. 17 Charing Cross Road.

7. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 557, deed of 20 April 1672.

8. R.B.; P.R.O., C7/101/49.

9. R.B.; M.L.R. 1716/2/32–3; W.P.L., The Westminster Poll, 1749.

10. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 557, deed of 14 Aug. 1672.

11. R.B.

12. W. A. Shaw, The Knights of England, 1906.

13. Survey of London, vols. XXXI–XXXII, 1963, pp. 149, 553.

14. G.E.C.

15. G.E.C. (Baronetage).

16. R.B.; Directories.

17. M.L.R. 1844/9/787.

18. The Builder, 20 Dec. 1890, p. 487.

19. P.O.D.

20. T.P. 13859; G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Theatres Section records.

21. M.L.R. 1718/4/176.

22. G.E.C.; M.L.R. 1718/4/176.

23. D.N.B.

24. Windsor, Georgian Papers, 55422, 55460; Sir Ambrose Heal, The London Goldsmiths 1200–1800, 1935.

25. Directories; P.O.D.

26. T.P. 7977.

27. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 557, deed of 20 July 1672.

28. Ibid., bundle 557, deeds of 26 Aug. 1673, 26 Dec. 1702; P.R.O., C8/309/85; R.B.

29. Windsor, Establishment Book E30, pp. 58–9; D.N.B., sub George II; R.B.; Duchy of Cornwall, vol. XVII, p. 486; The Diary of the late George Bubb Dodington, Baron of Melcombe Regis, 1784, p. 65.

30. R.B.; D.N.B.

31. R.B.; Directories; Graves.

32. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 556, deeds of 3 June, 20 June 1670; ibid., bundle 557, deed of 20 July 1672.

33. P.R.O., C8/309/85.

34. W.P.L., Deed 67/12; R.B.; D.N.B.

35. H.M.C., Fitzherbert MSS., 1893, p. 34; Cal. Treasury Papers 1702–1707, p. 180; R.B.

36. W.P.L., Deeds 67/6, 49.

37. E. Bénézit, Dictionnaire … des Peintres, 1911–; G.L.R.O., Harben deeds X145; R.B.

38. The Builder, 10 May 1851, p. 298; 3 March 1855, pp. 106–7.

39. W.P.L., Deed 67/6; M.L.R. 1711/5/48.

40. G.E.C. (Baronetage); D.N.B.

41. G.L.R.O., Harben deeds X146.

42. R.B.; W.P.L., The Westminster Poll, 1749.

43. R.B.; Directories; P.O.D.

44. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 556, deeds of 20 June 1670.

45. W.P.L., Deed 67/41.

46. Cal. Treasury Books 1685–1689, p. 765.

47. Cal. S.P. Dom. 1698, p. 329.

48. R.B.; Walpole Society, vol. 22, 1934 (George Vertue Note Book III), p. 51.

49. M.L.R. 1731/4/240.

50. Colvin.

51. P.C.C., 48 Spurway.

52. G.E.C. (Baronetage); R.B.

53. H.M.C., Downshire MSS., vol. I, part I, 1924, p. 391; Cal. Treasury Books 1689–1692, p. 1444.

54. John B. Papworth, Select Views of London, 1816, p. 54.

55. Walpole Society, vol. 18 (George Vertue Note Book I), 1930, pp. 97–8; H.M.C., Seventh Report, 1879, p. 794; ibid., Downshire MSS., vol. I, part II, 1924, p. 648; Cal. Treasury Books 1685–1689, p. 67.

56. Anecdotes of Hogarth, [1780?], p. 46 (B.M. pressmark C40.i.17).

57. Royal Academy Catalogue, 1840, no. 1067.

58. The Theatrical Journal, 6 Dec. 1845; 6 June 1846; D.N.B.

59. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 39.

60. M.L.R. 1854/7/178–9.

61. P.R.O., C66/4891, no. 11.

62. Illustrated Handbook of the Royal Panopticon of Science and Art, 1854, p. 10 (B.M. pressmark 7956 b 36).

63. Ibid., pp. 6, 9–10.

64. Deed of Settlement of the Corporation called the Royal Panopticon of Science and Art, N.D. (B.M. pressmark 08229 h 51); Burke's Landed Gentry.

65. Illustrated Handbook …, 1854, later ed. (incomplete copy in G.L.C. Print Collection).

66. Burke's Landed Gentry.

67. Deed of Settlement … ; Illustrated Handbook … (B.M. copy); D.N.B.

68. The Builder, 18 Oct. 1851, p. 657; M.L.R. 1854/7/178–9.

69. Illustrated Handbook … (B.M. copy), p. 13.

70. The Builder, 7 May 1853, pp. 290–1.

71. Illustrated Handbook … (B.M. copy), pp. 13–14.

72. Ibid., pp. 15–18, 21, 23–5.

73. The Builder, 14 May 1853, pp. 308–9.

74. Ibid., 18 March 1854, p. 137.

75. Illustrated Handbook … (B.M. copy), p. 36.

76. Ibid., p. 15.

77. The Builder, 18 March 1854, p. 137; 1 April 1854, p. 173.

78. Ibid., 25 March 1854, p. 153.

79. The Illustrated Handbook of the Royal Alhambra Palace, by the Author of the Illustrated Handbook of the Royal Panopticon [W. White], N.D. (B.M. pressmark 10349 bb).

80. The Builder, 9 Aug. 1856, p. 440.

81. Ibid., 9 May 1857, p. 267.

82. Ibid., 30 Oct. 1858, p. 735.

83. John Hollingshead, The Story of Leicester Square, 1892, p. 60.

84. Charles Douglas Stuart and A. J. Park, The Variety Stage, 1895, pp. 81–2.

85. The Illustrated Handbook …, [1869].

86. Enthoven Theatre Collection.

87. The Illustrated London News, 3 April 1858, p. 338.

88. P.R.O., LC7/14, f. 6; Report and Minutes of Evidence of the Select Committee on Theatrical Licences and Regulations, 1866, vol. XVI, p. 25.

89. The Times, 9 Oct. 1858.

90. Report … on Theatrical Licences, etc., p. 71.

91. G.L.R.O.(M), M and D 3/16.

92. H. G. Hibbert, Fifty Years of a Londoner's Life, 1916, p. 84.

93. Harold Scott, The Early Doors, 1946, pp. 157–8.

94. Report … on Theatrical Licences., etc., p. 71; Hibbert, op. cit., p. 86.

95. Ivor Guest, The Alhambra Ballet, 1959, p. 7.

96. Ibid., pp. 5, 10, 51, 54.

97. Osbert Sitwell, Laughter in the Next Room, 1949, p. 14.

98. The Times, 5, 12 Jan., 9 May 1865.

99. Report … on Theatrical Licences, etc., pp. 3, 71–9.

100. The Times, 18 April 1866.

101. Ibid., 1 Jan., 16 Nov. 1866.

102. Ibid., 14 July 1866; 4 Feb. 1867.

103. Ibid., 2, 17, 23 Jan., 29 April, 8 June 1867; Hollingshead, op. cit., p. 62.

104. The Times, 27 Dec. 1867.

105. Ibid., 14 Oct. 1870; Hibbert, op. cit., pp. 104–5.

106. The Times, 10 Nov. 1870.

107. Ibid., 16 Jan. 1871.

108. P.R.O., LC7/15, p. 326.

109. Hibbert, op. cit., p. 105.

110. Guest, op. cit., pp. 16–17; Katherine Sorley Walker, Georges Jacobi and the Alhambra Ballet, in Theatre Notebook, vol. I, no. 6, Jan. 1947, pp. 82–3.

111. The Builder, 3, 10 Dec. 1881, pp. 707, 739.

112. Ibid., 9 Dec. 1882, p. 761.

113. Hollingshead, op. cit., p. 70.

114. The Builder, 16 June 1883, p. 810.

115. The Times, 4 Dec. 1883.

116. Ibid., 10 Oct. 1884.

117. Guest, op. cit., pp. 24–5.

118. Hibbert, op. cit., p. 107.

119. The Oxford Companion to the Theatre, ed. Phyllis Hartnoll, 1951, p. 19; W. Macqueen-Pope, The Melody Lingers On, [1958], p. 180.

120. Guest, op. cit., pp. 55–6.

121. G. B. L. Wilson, A Dictionary of Ballet, 1957, pp. 61, 201, 249, 266.

122. The Times, 24 Sept., 3 Nov. 1937.

123. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 556, deed of 30 June 1670.

124. John Hunter, A Treatise on the Blood, Inflammation, and Gun-Shot Wounds, with a short account of the author's life by Everard Home, 1794, p. xxix.

125. Ibid., loc. cit.; see also P.R.O., C12/979/14, schedule.

126. James Finlayson, 'Account of a MS. Volume by William Clift, relating to John Hunter's Household and Estate', British Medical Journal, 29 March 1890, pp. 738–40.

127. Hunter, op. cit., p. xxx.

128. British Medical Journal, loc. cit.; Drewry Ottley, The Life of John Hunter, F.R.S., 1835, p. 102, 102n.

129. Hunter, op. cit., p. xxxi.

130. Ibid., p. xxxvii.

131. Ottley, op. cit., p. 137.

132. P.C.C., 533 Dodwell.

133. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. XLIX, 4 March 1794, p. 290; Ottley, op. cit., p. 137.

134. Journals of the House of Commons, vol. LI, 29 Feb. 1796, p. 450, 16 March 1796, pp. 512–17.

135. Ibid., vol. LIV, 12 June 1799, p. 620, 13 June 1799, pp. 642–3.

136. George C. Peachey, A Memoir of William and John Hunter, 1924, p. 232.

137. Ottley, op. cit., pp. 142, 145.

138. Directories.

139. Ottley, op. cit., p. 85.

140. P. Chalmers Mitchell, Centenary History of the Zoological Society of London, 1929, pp. 59, 100.

141. P.O.D.; Notes and Queries, 8th Series, vol. XI, 1897, p. 445.

142. L.C.C. Minutes, 3 Dec. 1901, p. 1649; deeds in the possession of the Legal and General Assurance Society Ltd.

143. T.P. 13121.

144. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 556, deeds of 3 June 1670 (to Connor), 30 June 1670 (to Batchelor).

145. B.M., Add. MS. 32683, ff. 105–10.

146. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 556, deed of 3 June 1670; De Lisle MSS., 1133(d).

147. B.M., Exhibition Catalogue, William Hogarth, 1697–1764, 1964.

148. Ibid., no. 190.

149. Ibid., nos. 195–6.

150. J. Nichols, Biographical Notes of William Hogarth, 1781, p. 135.

151. B.M., Dept. of Prints and Drawings, 1858–4–17–569.

152. B.M., Egerton MS. 3013, ft. 41–2.

153. Nichols, op. cit., pp. 100, 140.

154. Ibid., pp. 127–8; J. T. Smith, Nollekens and his Times, vol. I, 1828, p. 38.

155. Nichols, op. cit., p. 78.

156. B.M., Dept. of Prints and Drawings, 1868–8–22–1534; Catalogue of Hogarth's Original Works, 1784 (B.M. pressmark 1876 e.9); W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 63.

157. Smith, op. cit., vol. 2, p. 209.

158. T. Clark, The Works of William Hogarth, 1810, vol. I, pp. 24–5.

159. The European Magazine, June 1801, p. 442.

160. R.B.; W.P.L., Deed 67/4.

161. M.L.R. 1838/1/397.

162. Endowed Charities (County of London), 1903, vol. V, p. 429.

163. Ibid., pp. 408, 411, 428–9.

164. The Builder, 18 Sept. 1869, p. 756.

165. Ibid., 26 Feb. 1870, p. 174.

166. Endowed Charities, op. cit., vol. V, pp. 429, 434; The Builder, 7 Nov. 1896, p. 386.

167. Endowed Charities, op. cit., vol. V, pp. 409, 438–9.

168. L.C.C. Minutes, 28 Jan. 1890, p. 47; 18 Feb. 1890, p. 141; 23 Feb. 1892, p. 176; 6 June 1893, p. 588; 15 Jan. 1895, p. 21; 14 May 1895, p. 442.

169. Inscribed stones on buildings.

170. L.C.C. Minutes, 14 May 1895, p. 442; 23 Feb. 1897, p. 194.

CHAPTER XX (pp. 504–6)

Leicester Square, South Side

1. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 555, deed of 10 April 1664.

2. Survey of London, vol. XX, 1940, chapter I 5.

3. P.C.C., 121 Duke.

4. P.R.O., E317/Midd. 73.

5. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 555, deed of 20 June 1666.

6. R.B.

7. De L'Isle MSS., 1133(k); De L'Isle deeds, bundle 555, deed of 20 June 1666.

8. De L'Isle MSS., 1133(j).

9. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 555, deed of 20 June 1670.

10. Ibid., bundle 552, deed of 24 June 1673.

11. P.R.O., C54/4744, no. 30.

12. G.L.R.O.(M), Acc. 401/92.

13. D.N.B.

14. Colvin.

15. J. T. Smith, Nollekens and his Times, 1828, vol. I, p. 38.

16. P.C.C., 74 Spurway.

17. D.N.B.; Survey of London, vol. XXII, 1950, p. 114.

18. Smith, op. cit., vol. 2, 1828, p. 212; J. Hollingshead, The Story of Leicester Square, 1892, pp. 38–9; W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 48; E. Bénézit, Dictionnaire … des Peintres, 1911–.

19. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 41.

20. Sir Ambrose Heal, The London Goldsmiths 1200–1800, 1935.

21. Annual Reports of the [Royal] Dental Hospital of London, 1899–1902, passim (copies in G.L.C. Members' Library); P.O.D.

22. Cal. Treasury Books 1669–1672, p. 915.

23. P.R.O., T53/37, pp. 376–7; W. A. Shaw, The Knights of England, 1906.

24. P.O.D.

25. The Illustrated London News, 19 Feb. 1848, p. 107; The Builder, 27 Dec. 1851, p. 817; W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, pp. 72–5.

26. M.B.W. 437, 24 Oct. 1873, item 38; P.O.D.

27. The History of Parliament. The House of Commons 1754–1790, ed. Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke, 1964.

28. P.R.O., C12/979/14; D.N.B.

29. The Builder, 19 Dec. 1930, p. 1040.

30. The Times, 5, 20 Dec. 1930.

31. Raymond Mander and Joe Mitchenson, The Theatres of London, 1963 ed., p. 272.

CHAPTER XXI (pp. 507–14)

Leicester Square, West Side

1. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 556, deed of 20 June 1670.

2. R.B.

3. P.C.C., 121 Duke.

4. Bodleian Library, Rawlinson MSS., D1220, deed used for fly-leaf.

5. M.L.R. 1716/2/116; G.L.R.O., E/Pym/591.

6. P.R.O., C7/203/16; R.B.

7. P.R.O., C8/301/63.

8. Cal. S.P. Dom. March 1677–Feb. 1678, p. 457; Bodleian Library, Rawlinson MSS., D1220, deed used for fly-leaf.

9. R.B.; M.L.R. 1739/2/465.

10. D.N.B.

11. Chartered Insurance Institute, Sun Fire Policy Book, 1712.

12. M.L.R. 1739/2/465; 1739/3/191; 1740/3/ 492–3.

13. The Memoirs of Sir John Reresby, ed. A. Browning, 1936, p. 202.

14. Ibid., pp. 375–8.

15. Ibid., pp. 250–1.

16. M.L.R. 1716/2/116.

17. Annual Reports of St. Johns Hospital for Diseases of the Skin, passim.

18. Brian Russell, St. Johns Hospital for Diseases of the Skin, 1863–1963, 1963, plate between pp. 16–17 (wrongly captioned as No. 49 Leicester Square.)

19. L.C.C. Minutes, 10 June 1902, p. 845; Royal Academy Catalogue, 1903, no. 1471.

20. G.L.C., Dept. of Architecture and Civic Design, Historic Buildings Section files.

21. Burke's Landed Gentry.

22. J. L. Chester, The Marriage, Baptismal, and Burial Registers of the Abbey … of … Westminster, 1876; C. Dalton, English Army Lists and Commission Registers, 1661–1714, vol. I, 1894.

23. Chester, op. cit.; Dalton, op. cit.; The Army List, 1740.

24. William Cotton, Sir Joshua Reynolds and His Works, 1856, p. 87.

25. Derek Hudson, Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1958, plate VI, b.

26. M.L.R. 1760/3/505.

27. Joseph Farington, Memoirs of the Life of Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1819, pp. 46–7.

28. P.R.O., C12/979/14, schedule of leases, block 1, no. 13.

29. James Northcote, The Life of Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1819, vol. I, pp. 102–3.

30. James Paine, Plans, Elevations, and Sections, of Noblemen and Gentlemen's Houses, vol. II, 1783, p. 32 and plate XCVII.

31. Sir James Prior, Life of Edmund Malone, 1860, p. 434.

32. Hudson, op. cit., pp. 73, 203.

33. P.C.C., 106 Fountain.

34. G.E.C.

35. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1808, part I, p. 180.

36. The Farington Diary, ed. James Greig, 1922–8, vol. IV, p. 189.

37. W.P.L., Leicester Square Scrapbook, vol. I, p. 43.

38. R.B.; Boyle's Court Guide; The Farington Diary, op. cit., vol. III, p. 192.

39. P.R.O., C12/979/14, schedule of leases, block I, no. 11.

40. R.B.; P.O.D.

41. Colvin.

42. R.I.B.A. Library, Papworth drawings.

43. John George Godard, George Birkbeck, 1884, pp. 55, 63, 86–7.

44. Ibid., loc. cit.; Wyatt Papworth, John B. Papworth, Architect to the King of Wurtemburg, 1879, p. 73; D.N.B.

45. Laws of the Western Literary and Scientific Institution, 1834 (B.M. pressmark T 1919(8)).

46. Papworth, loc. cit.; Tom Taylor, Leicester Square, 1874, p. 380n.; R.I.B.A. Library, Papworth drawings.

47. W.P.L., City Librarian's typescript report on No. 47 Leicester Square, 1937; P.O.D.

48. Hudson, op. cit. (25 above), p. 74.

49. Information supplied from The Abbey Art Centre and Museum, 89 Park Road, New Barnet, Hertfordshire.

50. The Architect and Building News, 7 May 1937, supplement.

51. N.M.R., report on No. 47 Leicester Square by Edward Yates.

52. W.P.L., A.138.

53. Ibid., box 42, no. 20B.

54. Puttick and Simpson's Auction Sale Catalogues (B.M. pressmark Hirsch 565).

55. The Builder, 15 Jan. 1870, p. 51; G.L.C., Members' Library file 354.

56. M.L.R. 1721/3/190.

57. G.E.C. (Baronetage).

58. D.N.B.; Walpole Society, vol. 22, 1934 (George Vertue Note Book III), p. 129.

59. Family papers in the possession of Mr. R. W. H. Christie.

60. Survey of London, vol. XXIX, 1960, p. 368; P.C.C., Admon. 1803.

61. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1865, part I, pp. 517–18; The Times, 6 Feb. 1865.

62. The Rev. Charles Rogers, Genealogical Memoirs of the Scottish House of Christie, 1828, pp. 29–32.

63. H.M.C., Dartmouth MSS., vol. II, 1895, pp. 342, 375, 411.

64. P.R.O., C5/109/24.

65. R.B.; Cal. Treasury Books 1710, part II, p. 343.

66. R.B.; Burke's Peerage and Landed Gentry; The History of Parliament. The House of Commons 1754–1790, ed. Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke, 1964; Monumental Inscriptions … at St. Anne's Church, Soho, ed. W. E. Hughes, 1905, p. 51.

67. The Army Lists.

68. P.R.O., Works 6/94, pp. 115–16.

69. G.L.C., Members' Library file 354; E.S. 3157; T.P. 5134.

70. R.B.; B.M., Add. MS. 22910, f. 199; D.N.B.

71. M.L.R. 1718/4/176; 1720/6/365.

72. Ibid., 1720/6/365.

73. De L'Isle deeds, bundle 552, deed of 25 July 1718.

74. R.B.; G.L.R.O.(M), Acc. 401/185.

75. M.L.R. 1735/4/214; G.L.R.O., Q/EV/48.

76. W. A. Shaw, The Knights of England, 1906.

77. P.C.C., 286 Trenley.

78. The History of Parliament. The House of Commons 1754–1790, ed. Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke, 1964, sub Onslow, Middleton; Burke's Landed Gentry.

79. Monumental Inscriptions … at St. Anne's Church, Soho, ed. W. E. Hughes, 1905, pp. 14–15.

80. R.B.; M.L.R. 1720/6/365; G.L.R.O.(M), LV(W)2; W.P.L., The Westminster Poll, 1749; P.O.D.

APPENDIX I (pp. 515–20)

The Soho Tapestry Makers

1. The Connoisseur Period Guides, The Stuart Period 1603–1714, 1957, article by Donald King on Textiles, pp. 121–4.

2. H. C. Marillier, English Tapestries of the Eighteenth Century: A Handbook to the PostMortlake Productions of English Weavers, 1930, p. xiii.

3. P.C.C., 163 Whitfield.

4. Pubs. Hug. Soc., vol. XVIII, 1911, p. 302.

5. Unpublished notes in the possession of the G.L.C., made from ratebooks for Survey of London, vol. III, 1914.

6. P.C.C., 163 Whitfield; for details of his Hertfordshire property, see Hertfordshire County Record Office, calendar of Giles-Puller deeds, p. 113.

7. P.R.O., LC9/287, f. 136, from notes taken by Miss Natalie Rothstein.

8. P.C.C., 310 Farrant.

9. Ibid., loc. cit., and 163 Whitfield.

10. P.R.O., LC9/287–8, passim, from notes taken by Miss Natalie Rothstein; D.N.B.

11. Camden Borough Library, ratebooks of St. Giles in the Fields.

12. P.R.O., LC9/288, f. 86, from notes taken by Miss Natalie Rothstein.

13. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1734, p. 165.

14. Edward Croft-Murray, Decorative Painting in England, 1537–1837, vol. I, 1962, p. 260; D.N.B.

15. D.N.B.

16. W.P.L., R.B. of St. Anne's; Corporation of London Record Office, assessments box 83.2; D.N.B.

17. P.R.O., LC9/182, p. 32.

18. Ibid., LC9/178, f. 62; LC 9/179, passim.

19. Ibid., LC9/290, ff. 51, 99, from notes taken by Miss Natalie Rothstein.

20. W.P.L., R.B. of St. James's.

21. P.C.C., 10 Hutton.

22. W.P.L., R.B. of St. Anne's; E. F. Rimbault, Soho and Its Associations, 1895, p. 108.

23. The Connoisseur Period Guides, The Early Georgian Period, 1714–1760, 1957, article by Donald King on Textiles, pp. 116–19.

24. Marillier, op. cit., p. 9.

25. Croft-Murray, op. cit., volume II (to be published shortly); John Harris, 'Clues to the "Frenchness" of Woodcote Park', The Connoisseur, May 1961, p. 246.

26. Croft-Murray, op. cit., vol. II (to be published shortly).

27. John Nichols, Biographical Anecdotes of William Hogarth, 1785, pp. 24–5; D.N.B.

28. W.P.L., R.B. of St. Anne's; P.C.C., 50 Pinfold.

29. P.C.C., 302 Farrant.

30. W.P.L., R.B. of St. Anne's.

31. Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker, Allgemeines Lexicon der Bildenden Kunstler, 1938.

32. The London Magazine, 1756, p. 396.

33. The Connoisseur Period Guides, The Early Georgian Period, loc. cit.; W. G. Thomson, A History of Tapestry, 1930 ed., p. 491.

34. D. S. MacColl, 'Bradshaw's Tapestries—A Note', The Burlington Magazine, vol. XXX, June 1917, pp. 218–19.

35. P.R.O., C12/114/26.

36. Ralph Edwards, The Shorter Dictionary of English Furniture from the Middle Ages to the Late Georgian Period, 1964, p. 645.

37. Matthew Brettingham, The Plans, Elevations, and Sections of Holkham, etc., ed. R. F. Brettingham, 1773, p. 14.

38. P.C.C., 210 Oxford.

39. P.C.C., 222 Alexander; Victoria County History of Lancashire, vol. VIII, 1914, p. 122.

40. W.P.L., ratebooks of St. George's, Hanover Square.

41. P.C.C., 222 Alexander.

42. Guildhall Library, MS. 7142, register of apprentices of the Upholders' Company, vol. I, 1698–1773, p. 156.

43. Ibid., MS. 7142, vol. I, admissions to freedom, p. 152, and register of apprentices, p. 177.

44. M.L.R. 1753/3/130.

45. Nottingham University, Portland MSS., Soho lease book.

46. Thomson, op. cit., p. 490.

47. H. C. Marillier, English Tapestries of the Eighteenth Century, etc., 1930, p. 94n.

48. E. Bénézit, Dictionnaire … des Peintres, 1911–; D.N.B.

49. The London Gazette, 26–30 Oct. 1756.

50. P.R.O., LC9/181, ff. 32, 57.

51. W.P.L., R.B. of St. Anne's; G. Scott Thomson, Family Background, 1949, p. 63 (this reference was kindly supplied by Miss Natalie Rothstein).

52. Scott Thomson, op. cit., p. 68.

53. P.R.O., C12/1471/1; C12/1585/16.

54. Ibid., LC9/306, a/c no. 88; LC9/307, a/c no. 69; LC9/184, p. 167.

55. Ibid., LC9/306, a/c no. 89.

56. Ibid., LC9/307, a/c no. 99.

57. Ibid., LC9/313, a/c no. 78.

58. Camden Borough Library, ratebooks of St. George's, Bloomsbury.

59. Guildhall Library, MS. 7142, vol. I, register of apprentices, p. 203.

60. P.C.C., 358 Trevor.

61. M.L.R. 1758/2/13.

62. Ibid., 1766/1/263.

63. Sun Insurance Company policy register, vol. 161, p. 647, no. 221973, from information kindly supplied by Miss Natalie Rothstein.

64. M.L.R. 1802/4/823.

65. The Gentleman's Magazine, 1812, part I, p. 602; P.C.C., 210 Oxford.

66. P.C.C., 210 Oxford; W.P.L., R.B. of St. Anne's; Kent's Directory, 1796.

67. The Connoisseur Period Guides, The Regency Period, 1810–1830, 1958, p. 41; Sir Ambrose Heal, The London Furniture Makers, 1953.