||5,877, including eleven of inland
water; Census Rep. of 1901.
Lond. Gaz. 2 July, 1872.
||Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 33.
An inquisition taken in 1370 after the
death of Thomas de Lathom states that
he held Rainford of the duke of Lancaster
in socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ii,
n. 7. Later inquisitions join Childwall,
Rainford, and Anglezarke together as one
knight's fee held of the barony of Manchester, a rent of 3s. being rendered; but
apart from this nothing is known as to
any dependence of Rainford on Manchester; Mamecestre (Chet. Soc.), 338, and
Add. MS. 32104, fol. 425b, for the Inqs.
p.m. of the second and fifth earls.
||Almost all the inquisitions respecting
land held in Rainford state that it was
held of the Stanleys or of the earls of
Derby; see for example Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 168; ii,
||Baines, Lancs. Directory, 1824, ii, 706.
There are numerous court rolls at Knowsley, seventeenth to nineteenth century.
||Randle and Ralph de Rainford were
among the witnesses to a charter granted
by Robert son of Henry de Lathom, in
the time of Richard I; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe
Ralph de Rainford appears in 1202 in
a fine by which he acquired a part of
three oxgangs of land in Rainford, between
Blackstone clough and Launclough; the
bounds being: From Blackstone clough
to Brokkar lee, and thence to Birchley (in
Billinge), and downwards to Sankey
Brook. The annual service was to be
2d.; and Ralph and his men were to
have common of pasture as well in wood
as in plain; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 15. A grant by
John de Westlegh among the Norris
deeds (B.M.), n. 934, shows the same
place-names. It was made to Thomas
son of Saylsel (? Cecily) de Dalton; and
in addition land in Roudicroft was granted,
the bounds beginning at the pit at the
spring-head and following the syke to
Russilache, and thence to Sankey; along
this to Launclough.
In 1208 Siward de Derwent and Juliana
his wife, who in 1246 held part of Halsnead in Whiston, acquired from William
de Rainford part of his three oxgangs
of land, between the place called Bicswahe and Holcroft Ford, tenable by the
free service of 6d.; Final Conc. i, 29.
William, son of Hugh, and Emma his
wife agreed with Adam, son of Hugh, and
Agnes his wife, concerning half an oxgang
of land in Rainford in 1256; ibid. i,
In 1288 Adam de Rainford claimed
common of pasture for certain land of
which he alleged Robert de Lathom had
disseised him; Assize R. 1277, m. 32a.
There were at that time two Adams, one
being son of John and the other son of
Benedict; Assize R. 408, m. 65. The
former Adam was great-grandson and
heir of John de Westleigh, who had been
enfeoffed of land in Rainford by a certain
Hawise, grandmother of Richard son of
Henry at the Cliff, claimant in 1292.
Adam son of John de Rainford in 1292
granted to John son of John de Rainford
land in the Lund; Blundell of Crosby
evidences, K. 277.
Adam son of John the rector of Westleigh held land in Rainford, of which he
granted a portion to Cockersand Abbey;
Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 614.
His charter mentions Luthecrofts Head,
Bicshaw, Holcroft, and Aldcroft in the
description of the boundaries. Alan,
another son of John de Westleigh, gave
4 acres on Shishaw Bank to Cockersand;
ibid. ii, 615. The land granted by Adam
de Westleigh was the subject of a quitclaim by Richard de Wolfmoor and
Cecily his wife in 1272; ibid. ii, 615.
Richard and Cecily had ten years earlier
confirmed to Agnes de Crookhurst in
Billinge half an oxgang of land in Rainford; Final Conc. i, 141. The abovenamed Ralph de Rainford had in 1202
land in Wolfmoor (in Lathom); ibid.
In 1290 Ralph de Bickerstath sued for
the recovery of certain land of which he
asserted Adam de Rainford, William de
Rainford, and William his son and a number of others had disseised him; but on
inquiry it was found that the land was in
Rainford and not in Bickerstaffe; Assize R.
1288, m. 12. William de Rainford was
one of the defendants to the suit of
Richard at the Cliff already mentioned;
he called the abbot of Cockersand to warrant. He was also defendant in a claim
by Adam de Rainford, but the latter was
non-suited; Assize R. 408, m. 58. Maud,
widow of William de Rainford, was
plaintiff in 1323–4; De Banc. R. 248,
m. 69 d.
William son of William de Rainford
occurs in 1332 as defendant in a plea by
Adam de Vesey and Margery his wife,
widow of William de Crookhurst, concerning dower in six messuages, 200 acres
of land, etc. in Rainford; De Banc. R.
292, m. 482d. An exchange of lands
was made in 1354 by John son of
William de Rainford, and John son of
Alan son of Dandi; Kuerden MSS. iii,
R. 1, 477.
The bishop of Lichfield in 1391
granted John de Rainford a licence for
the celebration of divine service by a
priest in his oratory in his manor house
at Rainford; Lich. Epis. Reg. vi, fol. 127.
Henry brother of John de Rainford held
the manor in 1443; his brother's widow
Margery held part in dower; Knowsley
D. bdle. 301, n. 1, 2. In 1451 the heir
of John de Rainford paid 4d. to Cockersand for the abbey's manor in the township; and in 1501 the earl of Derby paid
it; Cockersand Chartul. iv, 1242–7.
The above-named Adam son of Benedict had a son Alan, defendant in several
suits in 1323 and later years; he may
have been father of the John son of Alan
de Rainford who purchased land in 1356
from Richard son of Gilbert de Eccleston
and his wife; Assize R. 425, m. 1 d, 3;
426, m. 6. In this case Robert son of
John de Rainford was said to have enfeoffed
the defendants. Alan de Rainford occurs
in 1361; Assize R. 441, m. 3 d. An
Alan de Rainford was reported as one of
the invaders of several of Sir Robert
Holand's manors in the time of Edward III;
R. of Parl. ii, 380.
Many other instances of the local name
may be found in the Plea Rolls; also in
Kuerden fol. MS. p. 98, n. 343; iii, R 1,
||Adam de Haysarm granted to Henry
his son, for a rent of 22d. land in Rainford held of Alan de Westleigh, Adam
his brother, and Benedict de Rainford.
This was, perhaps, about 1260; later,
Henry son of Adam de Haysarm transferred the grant to his brother Richard,
who, in addition to the 22d. rent, was to
give a barbed arrow every year; Kuerden
MSS. iii, R 2. Richard de Haysarm,
sen. was defendant in 1323–4; De Banc.
R. 248, m. 69 d.
Land was settled on Henry son of
Richard de Haysarm in 1325–6, with
remainders to his sisters Amabel, Mary,
Alice, and Agnes. Henry de Haysarm
and his wife Ellen are mentioned in 1336;
and a daughter Margery in 1340; Kuerden, iii, R 2.
||In 1358 William de Parr of Rainford
and Katherine his wife were defendants
in a claim made by William son of
Richard de Fazakerley respecting a messuage and land in Rainford; Assize R.
438, m. 3d. Alice widow of John de
Parr of Rainford gave a release of her
lands to Alan de Ditton and Richard her
son in 1426–7; Kuerden MSS. iii, R 1, n.
417. She was Alan's sister; Blundell
of Crosby evidences, K. 68, 97, 104.
John son and heir of Richard Parr held
lands here in 1503; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 96, m. 3.
||Forshaw is a contraction of Fouroaks Shaw; the ancient spellings are
In 1292 Robert, Roger, Alan, and
Adam de Forshaw were defendants to the
claims made by Richard at the Cliff;
Assize R. 408, m. 65. Of these Robert
and Adam called Adam son of John de
Rainford to warrant them; Roger said
his tenement was the right of Amery
his wife; and Alan held by the law of
England, of the inheritance of Adam his
There are several early grants to
Robert son of Alan de Forshaw; William
son of Hugh de Rainford gave him land
called Shalinghead; Adam son of John
de Rainford, an acre in his waste; and
Alan son of Richard de Barrow, a part
of the Lund next to Raueden; in 1291
the above Adam de Rainford leased Ramdencrook to him for twelve years; Blundell of Crosby evidences; K. 69, 74, &c.
A settlement of certain land was made
by Adam de Forshaw in 1315; it was to
go to his son Robert, or in default of
heirs, successively to his other children,
Alan, Mariota, and Alice. Roger son of
Adam put in his claim; Final Conc.
ii, 21. It appears from a later plea that
Roger was Adam's son by his first wife
Alice, and Robert by his second, Margery.
The tenement had once been held by
Adam de Haysarm, who gave it in free
marriage to Alan de Forshaw and Alice
his wife; their son and heir was the
Adam above mentioned. Robert the son
of Adam was still under age in 1323;
Coram Rege R. 254, m. 57 d.
Margery widow of Adam de Forshaw
put in a claim against Robert in 1325–6;
De Banc. R. 260, m. 3. Robert was a
minor at his father's death; Assize R.
425, m. 3 d. Four sons of Roger de
Forshaw—Alan, William, Roger, and
Randle—were charged with assaulting
Thomas Baudrick at Rainford in 1348;
De Banc. R. 356, m. 511 d. The name
does not occur frequently after this.
||Duchy of Lanc. Pleadings, Hen. VIII,
xii, M3; Depos. xxxv, P1.
Edward Parr made a settlement of his
lands here by fine in April, 1555. One
of the same name was freeholder in 1600
and 1628; Pal. of Lanc. Feet. of F. bdle.
15, m. 37; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 242; Norris D. (B.M.) From a
deed of 1658 it appears that Edmund
Parr had sold lands in Rainford to Thomas
Bowyer, who agreed to give him the
refusal in the case of re-sale; Croxteth D.
||Assize R. 404, m. 4. The plaintiff
also made charges of assault; ibid. m. 19.
If each of these free tenants had an average holding of half an oxgang of land, the
portion of Rainford held by them would
amount to a plough-land and a half. That
some of the holdings were much larger
than this is shown by references already
given, and by a claim put forward by
Andrew Scales in 1275, by which he
demanded an oxgang and a half of land
from Adam de Westleigh, the same from
William de Crookhurst and Emma his
wife, and half an oxgang from Richard de
Barrow; De Banc. R. 11, m. 75. Two
years later William de Lycester (or le
Teynturer) and Margaret his wife claimed
dower in a messuage and half an oxgang
of land held by Richard de Barrow; ibid.
R. 21, m. 62 d.; 23, m. 62.
||Besides those cited above one may be
mentioned which came before the judges
frequently for several years. In 1313
Margery daughter of Richard de Loughfield, and her sister Christiana, then wife
of William de Woodfall, claimed from
Robert son of John de Rainford and
others certain lands of which they said
their uncle Roger, son of Amice de Rainford, had been disseised. De Banc. R.
199, m. 75 d.; 206, m. 202, &c., to R.
223, m. 87 d., when the claim appears to
have been decided in their favour. The
same plaintiffs appeared in 1324 against
Robert de Forshaw and Alan son of Adam
de Rainford; Assize R. 425, m. 1 d.;
426, m. 6. In 1321 William de Woodfall and Christiana his wife sold some of
their land to Richard son of Robert de
Holland; Final Conc. ii, 44.
Ralph de Bispham of Billinge had lands
here in 1453, and Thomas Bispham and
others appear in the time of Elizabeth;
Blundell of Crosby evidences, K. 58;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 20, m.
112; 35, m. 19; 45, m. 78. In the
latter period the Lyon family appear as
purchasers; ibid. bdle. 35, m. 133; 50,
m. 191; 55, m. 99. In the seventeenth
century the Lyon family had lands here;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 35, m. 133;
50, m. 191; 55, m. 99; Exch. Depos.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 35.
||There does not seem to be any evidence of this grant extant, nor yet of the
parentage of Thomas. Ormerod, in his
account in the Parentalia, 67, refers
only to the 'Lancashire pedigrees.'
||Kuerden MSS. iii, R. 2. Richard de
Lathom is first in the contributors in this
township to the subsidy of 1332; Exch.
Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||De Banc. R. 248, m. 69 d. From
Richard she claimed a third of 12 messuages and lands, and from Joan a third
of 6 messuages, &c.
||De Banc. R. 458, m. 51; 463, m.
67. Thomas de Lathom of Lathom, who
died in 1370, was found to have been
seised of the service of Richard de
Lathom, who held of him the manor of
Rainford in socage by a rent of 4s.;
under Richard he himself held a plot of
land called the Hurstfield, by a rent of
21d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ii, n. 7.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 124.
||Towneley's MS. DD. n. 1465.
||Possibly there was some breach in the
succession. The old pedigree states that
John Lathom, son of the last-named
John, was killed by Alan Rainford in
1437–8; Visit. of 1613 (Chet. Soc.), 106
—the only recorded pedigree.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 6, m. 6; 7,
m. 2b; 8, m. 15b; 9, m. 11b.
||John Lathom of Mossborough, gentleman, was summoned to answer the king
on some charge in 1467, and five years
afterwards was said to have been outlawed;
Pal. of Lanc. Chanc. Misc. bdle. 1, file 10,
n. 24, 23. Henry Lathom and Elizabeth
his wife were complainants in 1503 as to
trespass in Billinge; ibid. file 6, n. 33.
In the pedigree she is called 'daughter
and co-heir of — Eyves de Billinge.'
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, n. 2.
The Rainford estate is described as a
capital messuage called Mossborough,
with 11 houses, 3 cottages, 100 acres of
land, 40 acres of meadow, and 140 acres
of pasture, held of Edward earl of Derby
by knight's service and a rent of 4s.; the
value being estimated at £13 18s.
||Gillow, Bibliog. Dict. of Engl. Cath.
iv, 146, quoting Bridgewater's Concertatio
Eccl. Cath. (ed. 1594), fol. 223, 415;
Crosby Rec. (Chet. Soc. new ser.), 22,
23; Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 234, 246, 261,
262. In 1599 Bishop Vaughan reported
Henry Lathom as one of the chief harbourers of seminary priests, and desired
that he and others might be 'bridled from
above and brought in with a strong
hand'; Foley, Rec. S.J. i, 641 (quoting S.P. Dom. Eliz. cclxxiv, n. 25).
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 205. The rent is this time
given as 5s. 4d. Of the 586 acres stated
to be included in the Rainford portion, it
is noticeable that 380 are described as
moor, moss, heath, and briar. Besides
the heir he had six other sons, all of
whom became Benedictine monks, some
returning to England to serve on the
mission. In consequence of the practice
of taking a fresh name on entering the
order it is not always possible to be certain of the identity of the persons. John,
Thomas, William, and George were mentioned in a settlement made in 1597, and
there were two others, Vincent and
Gabriel; all of them had died, unmarried, before 1652; Royalist Comp. P.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iv, 66.
Thomas became a monk at Compostella
before 1585 and died at Douay in 1624;
William, after education at Douay, joined
the Benedictines of Dieulwart, taking the
name of Switbert; he died as chaplain of
Mossborough in Dec. 1640; George was
professed at Douay in 1619 and died in
1646; Gabriel was the first monk to be
professed at St. Edmund's, Paris, in 1622,
and died in 1635; Vincent, professed the
same year as Gabriel, at Douay, died
in 1640. These particulars are from
Mr. Joseph Gillow's essay in Trans. Hist.
Soc. (New Ser.), xiii, 128, 130, 136, 145.
See also Wills (Chet. Soc. New Ser.), i,
||'Mr. Lathom and his five brothers,
all priests, were at the meeting at Holywell in 1629'; Foley, Rec. S.J. iv,
534 (quoting S.P. Dom. Chas. I, cli,
n. 13). His lands, among those of other
recusants, were leased by the king in
1623 to Anthony Croston; Pat. 21 Jas. I
(27 July). In 1628, as convicted, he
paid double to the subsidy; Norris D.
(B.M.). He made a settlement of his
property in 1632, and died about Christmas, 1648, having been 'impotent in his
limbs' for ten years previously, and having
two-thirds of his property sequestered for
recusancy; Royalist Comp. P. iv, 65,
66. In 1641 Frances wife of Henry
Lathom, also Thomas, Anne, Margaret,
and Frances Lathom, were on the recusant
roll; Trans. Hist. Soc. (New Ser.), xiv,
||Gillow, Bibliog. Dict. ut sup.
||Gillow in Trans. Hist. Soc. ut sup.
136. He was professed in 1640 at
St. Edmund's, Paris, taking the name of
Augustine; he died in 1677. From the
account of Mossock of Bickerstaffe it
appears that he laboured in Lancashire.
||William Lathom married Mary
daughter of Sir Cuthbert Clifton; her
second husband was Lawrence Breres of
Walton; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.),
59, 86. He held the estate but a
short time, dying in March, 1652. In
1662 Lawrence Breres and Mrs. Frances
Lathom were living at Mossborough;
Trans. Hist. Soc. (New Ser.), xvi, 134.
Mary Breres was there four years later;
Lay Subs. 250–9. The house had twelve
hearths, ranking third in the parish of
The sequestration of two-thirds of the
estates continued, but on William's death
Roger Bradshaw of Haigh, guardian of
the daughter and heir, Frances Lathom,
then about five years of age, petitioned the
Parliamentary Committee for a removal of
the sequestration, on the ground that she
was as yet 'no ways guilty of any fault.'
The guardianship had been entrusted to
Roger Bradshaw as the nearest capable
relation on the mother's side. See Royalist
Comp. P. iv, 64–7. She was married in
1664; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 202. Frances
Molyneux of Mossborough, widow, and
her son and heir Robert are mentioned
in a lease of 1688–9; Piccope MSS.
(Chet. Lib.), iii, 242, from a Roll of
Geo. II at Preston.
||From the Halsall registers it appears
that Robert Molyneux was born early in
1668, and William in Sept. 1669. The
former married Anne daughter of Sir James
Poole of Poole in Wirral, and in 1717
registered his estate in Rainford, valued at
£310 4s. 1¾d. a year, the remainder being
to his wife Anne and his brother William;
Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 115. His mother
Frances is mentioned. He was living in
1725; Piccope MSS. iii, 230, from 12th
R. of Geo. I, at Preston. His will was
proved in 1729. William Molyneux at
the same time was in possession of the
house at Melling, registering an estate
of £80 there; Engl. Cath. Non-jurors,
122. He received Aigburth Hall from
his brother-in-law John Harrington and
afterwards sold it; see the account
of Garston. The inscription in Melling
church, placed there by his daughter Lady Blount, records that he died
on 11 March, 1744, aged seventy-five,
and his widow Frances on 18 October,
1750, aged fifty-five; they were not
married till 1732; Piccope MSS. iii,
250, from the 5th R. of Geo. II at Preston. The will of William Molyneux
mentions his manor of Ravensmeols and
his capital messuage of Mossborough
Hall; his daughter Frances was his heir,
and a cousin, Robert Billinge, son and
heir of John Billinge, was also named;
ibid. 274, from 18th R. of Geo. II, at
||G. E. C. Complete Baronetage, ii, 203.
Lady Blount died in 1787.
Royalist Composition P. ii, 73; he
seems to have taken arms for the king
in the 'first war.'
Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 106.
||Lay Subs. 250–9.
||An account of his work may be seen
in the Agricultural Surv. of Lancs. published in 1795, p. 99.
Clergy List of 1541–2 (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 15.
||Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 248 (quoting
S.P. Dom. Eliz. ccxxxv, n. 4).
Trans. Hist. Soc. (New Ser.), x, 193.
Kenyon MSS. (Hist. MSS. Com.), 12.
One Harper was 'reader' in 1609; Raines
MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxii, 298.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
65. A Mr. Pyke was there in 1638;
Prescot Church Papers.
'Before 1634 there were no seats in the
chapel, except those belonging to the ancestors of Henry Lathom of Mossborough,
upon whose ground it is said the chapel
was built; but in this year there was a
distribution of seats, made by commissioners appointed by the bishop; upon
which distribution, over against the name
of every person who had a seat assigned
to him [were recorded] the sum he was
to pay the minister for his wages, and
another sum for his "fifteen" or assessment towards the repair of the chapel';
Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 213.
Plundered Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 11.
Commonwealth Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 79. Timothy Smith
signed the 'Harmonious Consent' of 1648.
Plundered Mins. Accts. i, 117, 248.
The allowance now was from the tithes
of Culcheth, sequestered from Mr. Culcheth, recusant; the endowment of the
chapel itself did not exceed £5 a year. In
1649 and 1650 James Smith had been
minister of Atherton; Commonwealth
Ch. Surv. 57; Plundered Mins. Accts.
i, 69, 119. Timothy Smith was in 1657
admitted to Longridge; ibid. ii, 202.
||Baptisms by Mr. Bradshaw, preacher
at Rainford chapel, nonconformist, are recorded in 1677 in the Prescot registers.
It is related that he retained the chapel
without conformity by the connivance of
friends on the bishop's staff and the neighbouring clergy; one of the latter would
read the statutory services once or twice a
year in the chapel, and then the wardens,
being merely asked whether the service
was read, were able to answer in the
affirmative; Bridgeman, Wigan Church
(Chet. Soc.), iv, 759. Nightingale gives
a reference to the Nonconformists' Mem.
(1802), ii, 364.
Among the 'Presbyterian parsons and
their meeting-places' in 1689 was James
Bradshaw, of Rainford chapel; Kenyon
||Gastrell, loc. cit.; the curate's salary
was then £19 7s., made up of £5 interest
on the 'old stock,' £1 7s. on £27 collected by letters of request from Bishop
Stratford (probably when the chapel was
recovered), £5 from King's College, and
interest on benefactions by Mr. Wells of
Wigan, J. Lyon, Thomas Lyon, and Mr.
Parr. The vicar of Prescot very quickly
recovered his right of nomination; Ches.
Sheaf (3rd ser.), i, 65.
Lond. Gaz. 22 June, 1869.
||This list has been supplied by the
present vicar, from one in the church, and
supplemented from other sources.
||Administration granted at Chester,
1727. A Robert Peploe, born about 1660,
graduated at Oxford in 1682; Foster,
||Formerly served in Guiana and the
||Oliver Heywood, Diaries, iv, 320.
His will is printed in full in Wills (Chet.
Soc., New Ser.), i, 180–97. For John
Marsh's benefaction, see End. Char. Rep.
(Prescot), 1902, p. 93.
||Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. iv,
170–8; he mentions a local tradition
that the nonconformists once worshipped
in a cave in a field.
||The recusant roll of 1628 gives nineteen names at Rainford; Lay Subs. 131/
318. Richard Hitchmough in 1716 reported that he had used a silver chalice
and paten when officiating as priest at the
hall; Gillow in Trans. Hist. Soc. (New
Ser.), xiii, 145. In 1717 Bishop Gastrell
recorded 120 families, with 8 'Papist,'
71 Presbyterian, and 5 Quaker families;
there was a meeting place for the nonconformists. In 1767 there were seventy-one
'Papists' here. Gastrell, l.s.c.; Return
in Ches. Dioc. Reg.
||It is stated that 'when Father George
Fisher went to Appleton (about 1840)
there was in the congregation an aged
woman who had been baptized at Mossborough'; Liverpool Cath. Ann.
||Ibid.; Granke or Crank was sold by
the executors of Richard Pennington of
Muncaster to Mr. Pilkington of Rainford