||Most of the information relating to
this ancient chapel is derived from an
essay by Mr. John Elton in Trans. Hist.
Soc. (new ser.), xviii, 73–118, and the
documents there printed.
Randle del Moore of Liverpool, who
occurs from 1246 onwards, granted to
Margery his daughter and John Gernet
half a burgage next to the chapel; Moore
D. no. 264 (1). In the same deeds 'the
Chapel street' is mentioned in 1318 (ibid.
no. 331 ), in a grant by John son of
Alan de Liverpool, to which John del
Moore was a witness.
Liverpool was named as a chapelry in
1327 at the ordination of the vicarage of
Walton; Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet.
Soc.), ii, 191.
||Blome, Britannia (quoted by Picton).
||Elton, op. cit. 80, quoting Pat.
29 Edw. III. The rents were to be paid
'to certain chaplains to celebrate divine
service every day, for the souls of all the
faithful departed, in the chapel of Blessed
Mary and St. Nicholas of Liverpool, according to the order of the mayor and
commonalty.' The sum of £10 may include the endowments of the two chantries of John de Liverpool and Henry
Duke of Lancaster.
||Elton, op. cit. 79, quoting a rent
roll of 1395.
||Ibid. 83, from Lich. Epis. Reg. v,
||Ibid. 82, from Lich. Epis. Reg. v,
fol. 45. Facsimiles of this and the preceding entry are given.
||Elton, op. cit. 86, from Moore
D. no. 466 (183), dated 6 Sept. 1361.
||William de Liverpool's phrase, 'as
may be ordained by the mayor and commonalty,' agrees with the above-quoted
licence of Edward III, and with the condition of the chantry in 1548; Raines,
Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 82. At this date
the priest (John Hurdes) did 'sing and
celebrate there according to the statutes of
his foundation'; the plate and ornaments
were scanty; the rents, derived, as were
those of the remaining chantries, from
burgages, houses, and lands in Liverpool,
amounted to 105s. 1d. In 1534 the cantarist was Thomas Rowley, and the net
revenue was 73s. 4d.; the founders' names
were recorded as John de Liverpool and
John del Moore; Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.),
It was the duty of the priest of the
altar of St. John to say mass daily between five and six in the morning, so that
all labourers and well-disposed people
might come to hear it; Picton, Munic.
Rec. i, 31.
||Raines, op. cit. 86. Ralph Howorth
was the incumbent in 1548, 'celebrating
accordingly,' 'with the chalice and other
ornaments pertaining to the inhabitants
of the same town'; the gross income was
115s. 11d., a chief rent of 2s. 3d. being
paid to the king's bailiff of West Derby.
Richard Frodsham was cantarist in 1534,
when the revenue was £4 7s. 11d.; Valor
Eccl. (Rec. Com.), loc. cit.
||Duchy of Lanc. Auditors' Accts.
bdle. 728, no. 11987.
||Raines, op. cit. 89. Richard Frodsham was in 1548 'the priest remaining
and celebrating there according to his
foundation'; there were chalice, two sets
of vestments, and missal, and an endowment of 114s. 5d. Ralph Howorth was
cantarist in 1534, when the income was
75s. 11d., the foundation being ascribed
to Henry and John, Dukes of Lancaster;
Valor Eccl. loc. cit. Probably there has
been some transposition of the names of
the incumbents of these chantries.
||See Elton, op. cit. 86, 88.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. xii, fol. 124b. It
is described as 'the chapel of Blessed
Mary within the cemetery of the chapel
of the town of Liverpool.'
Church Goods, 1552 (Chet. Soc.), 98.
||Raines, Chantries, 84; Valor Eccl.
(Rec. Com.), v, 221. Humphrey Crosse
was the incumbent in 1534 and 1548,
celebrating for the souls of his founder and
heirs, with a yearly obit at which 3s. 4d.
was distributed to the poor, and teaching
the grammar school. The endowment
amounted to £4 15s. 10d. For a dispute
concerning this foundation see Duchy Plead.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 156.
John Crosse's will is printed in full in
Church Goods, 97, 98.
||Raines, op. cit. 85.
An account of the chantry lands after
the confiscation is given by Elton, op. cit.
97, 98; see also Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser.), iii, 165; and Gregson, Fragments
(ed. Harland), 348–50.
The ornaments of the chapel in 1552
are detailed in Church Goods, 96.
||A south elevation is given in Enfield's Liverpool. The spire and the
upper story of the tower were additions
to the original building. Perry's plan of
1769 shows that there were then two
aisles on the north side, but one of these
had been built in 1697, with an addition
in 1718; Picton, Memorials, ii, 58. The
principal changes were: A west-end gallery, erected in 1681; an organ, provided
in 1684; the boarded ceiling, painted and
starred in 1688; the churchyard wall on
the east and south, built in 1690; a spire,
built in 1745; the churchyard extended
in 1749; a new organ procured in 1764;
and in 1774 the whole body of the church
was rebuilt in its present form, the interior, which must have been very irregular, being entirely transformed, and the
exterior walls being made uniform; ibid.
ii, 57–9. The following is Enfield's description of the old building: 'In its
structure there is no appearance of magnificence or elegance. The body of the
church within is dark and low; it is irregularly though decently pewed; it has
lately been ornamented with an organ.
The walls have been repaired and supported by large buttresses of different
colours and forms, and a spire has been
added to the tower'; Liverpool, 41.
The Corporation arranged the order of
precedence in the pews; Munic. Rec. i,
103, 210, 329.
The old peal having been reduced to
a single bell, three more were ordered
in 1628, but were not satisfactory, and
changes were made in 1636 and 1649;
Munic. Rec. i, 211, 212. A new peal
was procured in 1725, the number being
increased to six. Their ringing brought
about the ruin of the tower. The present peal consists of twelve bells, cast in
1813; an account of them will be found
in Mr. Henry Peet's Inventory of the
Parish Churches of Liverpool. Mr. Peet
has kindly given other information respecting the churches.
A clock was set up in 1622, on the
motion of the curate; Munic. Rec. i, 212.
Notes of the arms in the windows,
taken in 1590, have been printed in Trans.
Hist. Soc. xxxii, 253, with an account of
Captain Ackers, by Mr. J. P. Rylands.
After the fall of the tower and spire
on 11 Feb. 1810, the present tower with
its open lantern-spire was built. It stands
at the centre of the west end, instead of
at the south-west corner like the former
one. The church now retains no traces
of antiquity, being in a dull modern
Gothic style, and is chiefly interesting for
the many monuments of 18th and 19thcentury date. The spire is, however, a
creditable piece of work for its date.
||St. Katherine's altar is mentioned
in 1464; Munic. Rec. i, 23.
||This building, ceasing to be used
for divine worship, was purchased by the
corporation, apparently for 20s.; it became the town's warehouse, but later was
used as the schoolhouse, and so continued
until the 18th century, when it was demolished; Elton, op. cit. 103, 112–18.
At the west end of this chapel was an
image of St. Nicholas, 'to whom seafaring
men paid offerings and vows'; see Blome,
op. cit. and Pal. Note-book, iii, 119.
||The corporation seem to have continued to hold and regulate the chapel;
Elton, op. cit. 99–104. Many details
will be found in Picton's Munic. Rec.
The clerk, Sir John Janson, in 1551
went away to Spain; one Nicholas Smith
was clerk in 1555; Elton, op. cit. 100, 104.
||The priest in charge, Evan Nicholson, appointed in or before 1555, was still
there in 1559, but does not appear in the
Visitation List of 1562; Munic. Rec. i, 97.
||Visitation List. It is possible that
Vane (Vanus) Thomasson was the Evan
Nicholson of 1555.
In 1564 Master Vane Thomasson, curate of Liverpool, and one of the wardens
appeared before the Bishop of Chester, and
were enjoined to 'charge the people that
they use no beads'; the curate was to
minister the sacrament and sacramentals
according to the Book of Common Prayer;
Erasmus's Paraphrase must be procured;
and 'all manner of idolatry and superstition' was to be immediately 'abolished
and utterly extirpated'; Raines, op. cit.
92, quoting the Liber Correct. at Chester.
||Elton, op. cit. 104. The amount
allowed was £4 17s. 5d. a year.
Lydiate Hall, 249; quoting S.P. Dom.
Eliz. ccxxxv, 4.
||In 1591 the mayor and burgesses
paid £4 to 'Mr. Carter the preacher,' in
consideration of 'his great good zeal and
pains' in his 'often diligent preaching
of God's word amongst us more than
he is bound to do, but only of his mere
good will'; Picton, Munic. Rec. i, 102.
In 1621 a stipend of £30 a year was
promised to 'Mr. Swift to be a preacher
here'; in 1622 James Hyatt, afterwards
vicar of Childwall and Croston, was appointed; and in 1629 an arrangement was
made with clergy of the neighbourhood to
preach week-day sermons; ibid. i, 197,
The authorities were in the 17th century inclined to the stricter Puritan side,
as this insistence on preaching suggests;
but in 1602 the portmoot inquest presented the curate 'for not wearing his
surplice according to the King's injunctions'; and in 1610 it was 'agreed' that
he should wear it 'every Sabbath and
every holiday at the time of Divine service.' The clerk also was to wear one;
ibid. i, 102, 196.
Laud's reforms apparently did not reach
Liverpool. In 1623 it was ordered by
the corporation that, as the place where
the first and second lessons were usually
read was 'more convenient for the reading of Common Prayer than the place in
the chancel where it hath formerly been
read, in respect the same place is in the
middle of the same church and in full
audience and view of the whole congregation,' the whole service should be read
there; ibid. i, 198. In 1687 Bishop Cartwright had to command the churchwarden
to 'set the communion table altarwise
against the wall'; Pal. Note-book, iii, 124.
Commonwealth Church Survey (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 84; Plund. Mins.
Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 1.
Plund. Mins. Accts. ii, 215, 224.
||Visitation Lists of 1563, 1564;
name crossed out in 1565.
||Picton, Munic. Rec. i, 97.
||Ibid. He was also vicar of St.
John's, Chester. He died in 1596;
||Ibid. 97, 98. He could not endure
the interference of the mayor and council,
and only remained two years. He is
called 'Mr.,' and was therefore a graduate
of some university.
||Ibid. 98. He was also appointed
schoolmaster, 'until God send us some
sufficient learned man.' He was only a
'reading minister,' as might be inferred
from this; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv,
App. iv, 13. Accordingly in 1616 the
mayor and burgesses considered 'the providing of a preacher to live within the
town'; Munic. Rec. i, 196. He contributed £1 to the clerical subsidy of 1622;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 65.
In 1609 he appears to have had an
assistant named Webster; Raines MSS.
(Chet. Lib.), xxii, 298.
The will of Thomas Wainwright, dated
26 June 1625, and proved in the following
October, shows that he had a small
library, including commentaries, Perkins
on the Creed, and Synopsis Papismi; these
two books he left to Thomas son of his
half-brother Godfrey Wainwright. To
Mr. Hyatt he left Fulke upon the
Rhemish Testament, on condition that
he preached the funeral sermon. To
John Moore of Bank Hall he left his
watch. He also mentions his sisters,
Ellen Okell and Cecily Blinston, and
other relatives. He desired to be buried
'within the chapel of Our Lady and St.
Nicholas under the Communion table
Munic. Rec. i, 199. He is described
as 'minister and preacher.'
||He contributed to subsidies 1634 to
1639; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 94, 122. He may have been the Henry
Shaw who was, in 1649, minister of St.
John's, Chester; Plund. Mins. Accts. i,
208. One Henry Shaw, of Brasenose
College, Oxford, took the M.A. degree in
1629; Foster, Alumni.
In 1633 the corporation ordered 'that
there shall be morning prayer as formerly
hath been'; also that the clerk should,
if possible, be ordained deacon, in which
case his wages should be raised by 6s. 8d.;
Munic. Rec. i, 201.
||Picton's Liverpool, i, 92. In 1644
the Corporation provided a second minister, Mr. David Ellison; Munic. Rec. i,
202. Thompson was shortly afterwards
placed in the rectory of Sefton.
||Ibid. i, 203. He was son of Lawrence Fogg of Bolton, educated at Brasenose College, Oxford; M.A. 1646; Foster,
Alumni. He signed the 'Harmonious
Consent' in 1648. Refusing to take the
engagement, he had to abandon his charge
in 1651, Peter Stananought (afterwards of
Aughton) and Michael Briscowe being
appointed. Shortly afterwards John Fogg
was reinstated, and remained at Liverpool
until he was ejected for Nonconformity in
1662; he then retired to Great Budworth;
Picton, Liverpool, i, 105. In 1650 he
was described as 'an able, godly minister';
Commonwealth Ch. Surv. 84.
Munic. Rec. i, 322. The appointment was made by the corporation, as on
previous occasions; but the rector of
Walton after some time endeavoured to
obtain the patronage. In this he was
defeated; ibid. i, 322–3.
||Ibid. i, 323. He was described as
'reverend, learned, and laborious'; ibid. i,
324. He had been incumbent of Knutsford and Macclesfield; Earwaker, East
Ches. ii, 505. In 1681 an assistant curate
was appointed to read morning prayers
daily (except Sundays and holidays).
||It was considered, on Mr. Hunter's
death, that two ministers should be appointed, to do equal duty and receive
equal wages, and both to reside in the
town; ibid. i, 324. It appears that they
also served the chapel of West Derby.
Munic. Rec. i, 324–6.
||10 and 11 Will. III, cap. 36. The
rectors were to divide the duty and the
surplice fees. The tithes of the township,
on the then rector of Walton's death,
were to go to the corporation, in relief
of the assessment for the rectors' stipend.
The rectors of Liverpool were to pay
one-sixth of the tenths and other ecclesiastical dues levied upon the parish of
Lord Molyneux's interest was indirect,
the separation of Liverpool from Walton
rendering his right of patronage of the
latter rectory somewhat less valuable.
In 1786 an Act was passed 'for augmenting and ascertaining the income of
the rectors'; 26 Geo. III, cap. 15.
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.),
ii, 190–3; Picton, Munic. Rec. ii, 86.
||The building has never excited any
admiration. There is a peal of ten bells,
added in 1830. In 1715 John Fells, a
sea captain, gave £30 towards the expense
of forming a library in this church; a list
of the books is printed in Mr. Peet's Inventory, 25–52. This work contains an
inventory of the plate, &c., and a full list
of the parish registers, with a reprint of
the earliest volume (1661–73), also a list
of the churchwardens from 1551.
The church was used for a series of
musical festivals, commencing in 1766;
Picton, Liverpool, ii, 155.
||1 & 2 Vict. cap. 98.
||Information of the patron.
||Educated at Brasenose College, Oxford; B.A. 1680; ordained deacon and
priest by the Bishop of Chester in 1680
and 1682; master of the Free School at
Liverpool, 1684. Held the rectory of
Garstang for twelve months (1697–8),
apparently as a 'warming pan.' He is
regarded as co-founder, with Bryan Blundell, of the Blue-coat School, Liverpool.
He died in Dec. 1713. See H. Fishwick,
Garstang (Chet. Soc.), 185.
||a Picton, Munic. Rec. ii, 68.
||Educated at Pembroke College, Oxford; M.A. 1698; Foster, Alumni.
||Son of Sir Edward Stanley of Bickerstaffe; Fellow of Sidney-Sussex College,
Cambridge; rector of Winwick 1740 to
1742, and 1764 to 1781; also rector of
Bury 1743 to 1778.
||Son of the Rev. George Hodson,
curate of West Kirby; educated at Brasenose College, Oxford; M.A. 1763; died
14 Apr. 1794; Foster, Alumni; Manchester School Reg. i, 53.
||Son of John Renshaw of Liverpool;
educated at Brasenose College, Oxford;
M.A. 1775; died 19 Oct. 1829, nine
days after the other rector, Mr. Roughsedge; Foster, Alumni. He published a
volume of sermons in 1792.
||He belonged to a mercantile family
in Liverpool, being son of Joseph Brooks,
Everton. He was educated at Trinity
College, Cambridge; M.A. 1802; Archdeacon of Liverpool, 1848. He died 29
Sept. 1855. 'Few men have enjoyed in
their day and generation more general
respect than fell to the lot of Archdeacon
Brooks. Of a dignified and noble presence, his manners were genial, courteous,
and, with perfect truth it may be said,
those of a gentleman. When presiding
at vestry meetings in the stormy times of
contested Church rates, when occasionally
very strong language was indulged in, a
quiet, pleasant remark from the "old rector" would calm the troubled waters and
frequently cause all parties to laugh at
their own violence. . . . His great popularity led to the erection of a memorial
statue in St. George's Hall, by B. Spence';
Picton's Liverpool, ii, 136, 367, 349.
||Ordained deacon and priest by the
Bishop of Chester in 1678 and 1679 repectively. Ancestor of the Athertons of
A William Atherton of Lancashire
entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge,
in 1674, and graduated as B.A. in 1677;
information of Mr. J. B. Peace, bursar of
||Son of Sylvester Richmond, a Liverpool physician; educated at Brasenose
College, Oxford; B.A. 1695. He was
rector of Garstang from 1698 till 1712;
he was buried in St. Nicholas' Church;
see Fishwick, Garstang, 186.
||Son of John Baldwin, Alderman of
Wigan; educated at Jesus College, Cambridge; M.A. 1709. In 1748 he purchased the advowsons of North Meols and
Leyland; his son John became rector of
the former parish, and himself (1748–52)
and his son Thomas were successively
vicars of Leyland. He was a councillor of
Liverpool from 1733 to 1748. See
Farrer, North Meols, 84; Baines, Lancs.
(ed. Croston), iv, 166.
||Author of two volumes of sermons.
||Educated at Brasenose College, Oxford; B.A. 1735; Foster, Alumni. For
his sons see Manchester School Reg. (Chet.
Soc.), ii, 23. See Gilbert Wakefield's
||Chosen by a majority of the mayor
||Son of Edward Roughseage of Liverpool; educated at Brasenose College, Oxford; M.A. 1771. He died 10 Oct.
1829; Foster, Alumni.
||Also vicar of Childwall, 1824–70.
||Educated at Clare College, Cambridge; M.A. 1852. Vicar of Cogges,
Oxfordshire, 1868–70; Hon. Canon of
||Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge; M.A. 1890. Vicar of St. Mary's,
Rochdale, 1895; of St. Thomas's, Sunderland, 1900; Rector of Gateshead,
1901; Hon. Canon of Liverpool, 1905.
||1 Geo. I, cap. 21.
Stranger in Liverpool. From this
guide, of which there were many editions,
much of the information in the text is
At one end of the 'terrace' was the
office of the clerk of the market; at the
other that of the night watch. There was
a vault beneath the church for interments.
The interior fittings were good. The east
window had a picture of the Crucifixion,
inserted in 1832. There were originally
two ministers, the chaplain and the
lecturer, and the appointment was usually
a stepping-stone to the rectory; D.
Thom in Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 161. This
essay on the changes and migrations of
churches was continued in vol. V, and
illustrated with views of the older buildings.
||An effort was made to retain the
spire. There is an account of this church
and St. John's by Mr. Henry Peet in
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xv, 27–44.
||21 Geo. II, cap. 24.
Stranger in Liverpool.
||The Bishop of Liverpool's commission in 1902 recommended that the
incumbency be extinguished at the next
vacancy, the district to be annexed to St.
Michael's, Pitt Street.
||2 Geo. III, cap. 68; the same Act
authorized St. John's Church. There were
formerly two incumbents at St. Paul's.
||It is proposed to abolish the incumbency and sell the site.
||12 Geo. III, cap. 36. The church
was remarkable for being placed north and
south. It stood on the line of Cazneau
Street between Rose Place and Great
Richmond Street. A part of the ground
A district was assigned to it under St.
Martin's Church Act, 10 Geo. IV, cap.
Church Congress Guide, 1904. This
contains much information as to the present condition of the churches, of which
use has been made.
Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 139. It had
been called the Octagon. It is mentioned
in Brooke's Liverpool as it was.
Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 157. Other
'private adventure' chapels were tried
with greater or less success. A Rev.
Thomas Pearson opened the Cockspur
Street Chapel from 1807 to 1812, calling
it St. Andrew's; then he went to Salem
Chapel in Russell Street, which he renamed St. Clement's, until 1817. The
curious history of the latter building is
given in the essay in Trans. Hist. Soc. v, 33.
||An effort was made in 1885 to secure the site for a cathedral for the newly
erected Anglican diocese; but it failed,
although an Act of Parliament (48 & 49
Vict. cap. 51) was obtained authorizing
the scheme. See Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser.), xv, 27–44.
||32 Geo. III, cap. 76.
Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 178. A district
was assigned to it under St. Martin's
Church Act, 10 Geo. IV.
||Ibid. iv, 143. The old building
was demolished in 1849. A district was
assigned under St. Martin's Church Act.
||Ibid. iv, 166. The incumbent and
sole proprietor, the Rev. Robert Bannister, was the most popular minister of
the time locally; he died in 1829. Some
singular occurrences in the church's history are related in the essay referred to.
It does not seem to have been licensed
||A small burial ground was attached,
and a vault was constructed below the
church. The endowment was £105 a
year, derived from the rents of twentyfour pews. The upper gallery was free,
for the poor. The view from the cupola
was in 1812 recommended to the Stranger
||39 & 40 Geo. III, cap. 106—'for
establishing a new church or chapel
(Christ's), lately erected on the south side
of Hunter Street'; Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 167.
It is proposed to extinguish the incumbency, and sell the church and site.
||56 Geo. III, cap. 65; amended by
2 & 3 Vict. cap. 33. It is now proposed to
extinguish the incumbency and sell the
church and site.
Stranger in Liverpool.
||St. Mary's, an oratory or cemetery
chapel in Mulberry Street, now disused,
was consecrated about the same time.
||1 Geo. IV, cap. 2.
||The old church seems to have been
consecrated in 1816, though this is
||An Act was obtained in 1822; 3
Geo. IV, cap. 19; also 2 & 3 Vict. cap. 33.
||The cost was over £44,000; the
architect was John Foster.
||54 Geo. III, cap. III; 4 Geo. IV,
cap. 89; 2 & 3 Vict. cap. 33. 'The
parish authorities, after spending £35,000
upon it, handed it over to the corporation, who finished it at an additional cost of
£50,000.' More than a third of the seats
Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 153; 10 Geo.
IV, cap. 15.
||7 Geo. IV, cap. 51.
||This was supposed to be the first
instance of the kind in England; the
corporation allowed an additional £60
salary on account of it; Stranger in
Liverpool. The services were still held in
||The vessel was the Tees, and was
presented by the government to the
Mariners' Church Society, formed in 1826.
||Out of two millions voted £20,000
was spent on this church. The Act 10
Geo. IV, cap. 11, vested it in the mayor
and burgesses, and made provision for the
division of the parish into districts.
Church Congress Guide.
||It exhibited 'the Grecian style in
its purity and perfection,' according to the
opinion of the time. A district was
given by a special local Act, 10 Geo. IV,
||A district was assigned to it under
St. Martin's Church Act. For its endowment an Act was passed, 1 & 2 Will.
IV, cap. 49.
Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 159.
||A district was assigned to it under
St. Martin's Act, and it was consecrated
in 1854. One of the incumbents, the
Rev. John Wareing Bardsley, was promoted to the bishopric of Sodor and Man
in 1887 and of Carlisle in 1892; he died
Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 155. The site
was above the centre of the present Lime
||In St. Vincent's Street.
Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 182.
||They were consecrated in 1841 and
||Dr. Hume considered that only an
endowed church could minister to the
needs of the poorer districts, and pointed
to the regular migration of Nonconformist
chapels from the poorer to the richer
districts, i.e. the building followed the
congregation. All Souls' appears to have
been built to illustrate his theories. He
remained its incumbent until his death
in 1884. See Dict. Nat. Biog.
Church Congress Guide.
||Districts were assigned under St.
Martin's Church Act, 10 Geo. IV. St.
Mary Magdalene's was built in 1859 and
consecrated in 1862.
||Opened January 1863; consecrated,
||Built in 1864 and consecrated in
1865. It is proposed to extinguish the
incumbency and dispose of the site.
||The patronage of many of the new
churches is in the hands of trustees. The
Crown and the Bishop of Liverpool present alternately to All Saints', All Souls',
St. Alban's, and St. Simon's; the Bishop
alone to Holy Innocents'; the Bishop,
Archdeacon, and Rector of Liverpool
jointly to St. Mary Magdalene's; the
Archdeacon and Rector of Liverpool and
the Rector of Walton to St. Titus's; the
Rector of Liverpool to St. Matthew's, St.
Matthias's, and St. Stephen's. Mr. H. D.
Horsfall has the patronage of St. Paul's.
The incumbent of St. David's, the Welsh
church, is appointed by trustees jointly
with the communicants.
||Previously, it is said, they worshipped with the Unitarians, who still retained their old title of Presbyterians in
consequence of the legal penalties attaching to a denial of the Trinity. Oldham
Street Church was built by a combination
of shareholders or proprietors, among
them being (Sir) John Gladstone.
In 1792 the Scotch Presbyterians used
Cockspur Street Chapel, previously the
Liverpool cockpit; Trans. Hist. Soc. v, 38,
where an account of the many uses of the
building may be seen.
||A full account of the Scottish
churches in Liverpool, by Dr. David
Thom, may be seen in Trans. Hist. Soc.
ii, 69, 229.
||This was built by the Scotch
Seceders, afterwards the United Presbyterians; it replaced a smaller chapel in
Gloucester Street, built in 1807—afterwards St. Simon's. The United Presbyterians used a meeting room in Gill
Street about 1868.
||The congregation were seceders
from St. Andrew's, Rodney Street, under
the influence of the Free Church movement.
||A secession, under the same influence, from Oldham Street Church.
||This was connected with the Irish
Presbyterians. It is now a Jewish Synagogue.
||An earlier St. Peter's, built in
1841, in Scotland Road, had to be abandoned owing to the Free Church controversy breaking up the congregation; it is
now St. Matthew's; Trans. Hist. Soc. iv,
||The Reformed Presbyterian Church
or Covenanters had a meeting-place in
Hunter Street in 1852, afterwards moving
to Shaw Street, Everton; see Trans. Hist.
Soc. ii, 73, 230.
||Ibid. iv, 174; v, 49.
||Ibid. v, 46.
||In Mount Pleasant; afterwards
called the Central Hall.
||Less permanent meeting-places were
in Edmund Street, used in 1852, and
Benledi Street, in 1863. For the former
see Trans. Hist. Soc. v, 49.
||The head of this mission for many
years was the late Rev. Charles Garrett,
one of the notable figures in local
Methodism. He died in 1900. The site
of the Unitarian church in Renshaw
Street has been acquired for the Charles
Garrett Hall, in connexion with the
work he organized.
Trans. Hist. Soc. v, 47. The chapel
in Great Homer Street, Everton, replaced it.
||Ibid. v, 51. The chapel in Shaw
Street, Everton, took its place. Another
meeting-place of Welsh Wesleyans was
in Burroughs Garden, which seems to
have been replaced by a chapel in Boundary
Street East about 1870. Services have
also been held in Great Crosshall Street
(1871–84) and Hackins Hey (1896).
||For the history of this building,
occupied by preaching adventurers and
different denominations, including the
Swedenborgians, see Trans. Hist. Soc. v,
||The same body has a preaching
place in Bostock Street. In 1852 it had
one in Bispham Street.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), vii, 322.
Trans. Hist. Soc. v, 50. They had
previously had Maguire Street, Cockspur
Street, and other places, 43, 40.
||Bethesda was given up about 1866;
it is represented by a chapel in Everton.
The old building was for some time used
as a dancing room. Bevington Hill was
given up about the same time.
Trans. Hist. Soc. v, 42, 44. One in
Rathbone Street was maintained until
about 1885. It seems to have belonged
to the Independent Methodists.
Trans. Hist. Soc. iv, 178. The first
minister, J. Johnson, offended some of his
congregation by his doctrines, and a chapel
in Stanley Street was in 1747 built for
him, where he preached till his death.
This congregation migrated to a new
chapel in Comus Street in 1800; ibid.
||Ibid. v, 23; services were discontinued from 1846 to 1850 on account of
its purchase by the London and North
Western Railway Company.
||Ibid. v, 26; the stricter Calvinists
separated about 1800 from the Byrom
||Ibid. v, 49; the Particular Baptists,
who had had Stanley Street Chapel from
1800, succeeded the first congregation, and
moved in 1847 to Shaw Street. The Welsh
Baptists had it in 1853 and 1864. The
building has ceased to be used for worship.
Other places are known to have been
used at various times by Baptist congregations; ibid. v, 33, 48, 49. Two, in
Oil Street and Comus Street, existed in
1824; the latter was still in use in 1870,
and seems to have been replaced in 1888
by one at Mile End, now abandoned.
||Ibid iv, 177. This congregation
had sprung from a split in the Byrom
Street one in 1826, and had had places of
worship in Oil Street and Cockspur Street.
A somewhat earlier division (1821)
resulted in the Sidney Place Chapel,
||This was perhaps the Edmund
Street Chapel mentioned in the Directory
of 1825; later were the chapels in Great
Crosshall Street (already named) and Great
Howard Street. The last-named, begun
in 1835, was removed to Kirkdale in
1876. A later congregation (1869) met
in St. Paul's Square for some years.
||For details see Trans. Hist. Soc.
(new ser.), vii, 321. The places were
Matthew Street, and then Gill Street to
||For the history of these buildings
see Trans. Hist. Soc. v, 3–9; and Nightingale's Lancs. Nonconformity, vi, 120 on.
||See his Life by Dr. Raffles (Liverpool, 1813). Thomas Spencer was born
at Hertford 21 Jan. 1791; commenced
preaching when fifteen years of age; was
called to Newington Chapel in Aug. 1810,
and after a remarkably successful ministry
there, was drowned while bathing at the
Dingle, 5 Aug. 1811.
||His biography was written by his
son, Thomas Stamford Raffles, who was
for many years the stipendiary magistrate
of Liverpool; see also Dict. Nat. Biog.
Dr. Raffles was born in London in 1788,
clucated at Homerton College, LL.D.
Aberdeen 1820, died 18 Aug. 1863, and
was buried in the Necropolis.
||Salem Chapel in Russell Street was
used from 1808 to 1812 by seceders
||Gloucester Street Chapel was occupied by Congregationalists from 1827 to
1840, when it became St. Simon's
||Salem Chapel in Brownlow Hill was
bought in 1868 by the Crescent congregation, and occupied until 1892. It is now
a furniture store.
||In 1825 they had two chapels, in
Pall Mall and Great Crosshall Street; in
1852 they had four, in Prussia Street (i.e.
Pall Mall), Rose Place (built 1826), Burlington Street, and Mulberry Street (built
1841). The last-named, having been replaced by the Chatham Street Chapel, was
utilized as Turkish baths. Burlington
Street seems to have been removed to
Cranmer Street, built in 1860, now disused. The Rose Place Chapel was at the
corner of Comus Street; it seems to have
been disused about 1866, a new one in
Fitzclarence Street taking its place.
||The old meeting-house had a burial
ground attached. The building was used
as a school from 1796 to 1863, when it
was sold and pulled down.
||Its minister was Dr. David Thom,
whose essay on the migration of churches
has been frequently quoted in these notes.
He had been minister of the Scotch Church
in Rodney Street, but seceded; in 1843
he had a congregation in a chapel in Bold
||The society had a floating mission
vessel, the William, in the Salthouse Dock
in 1821. Afterwards three buildings on
shore were substituted, in Wapping, Bath
Street, and Norfolk Street.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
231; the 'new chapel in the Castle Hey
in Liverpool' and Toxteth Park Chapel
were licensed 'for Samuel Angier and his
congregation.' See also Peet, Liverpool
in the Reign of Queen Anne, 100. Castle
Hey is now called Harrington Street.
||For the Unitarian churches see
Trans. Hist. Soc. v, 9–23, 51; Nightingale, op. cit. vi, 110.
||In the catalogue of burials at the
Harkirk in Little Crosby is the following:
'1615, May 20. Anne the wife of
George Webster of Liverpool (tenant of
Mr. Crosse) died a Catholic, and being
denied burial at the chapel of Liverpool
by the curate there, by the Mayor, and
by Mr. Moore, was buried'; Crosby Rec.
(Chet. Soc.), 72. The Crosse family did
not change their religious profession at
once, for in 1628 John Crosse of Liverpool, as a convicted recusant, paid double
to the subsidy; Norris D. (B.M.).
John Sinnot, an Irishman, who died at
his house in Liverpool, had been refused
burial on account of his religion in 1613;
Crosby Rec. 70.
The recusant roll of 1641 contains only
five names, four being those of women;
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiv, 238.
In 1669 four 'papist recusants' were
presented at the Bishop of Chester's visitation, viz.:—Breres gent., Mary wife of
George Brettargh, and William Fazakerley and his wife.
In 1683 there were thirty-five persons,
including Richard Lathom, presented for
being absent from church, and in the following year thirty-nine; Picton's Munic.
Rec. i, 330. The revival of presentations
was no doubt due to the Protestant and
Whig agitation of the time. James II
endeavoured to mitigate the effects of it;
in 1686, being 'informed that Richard
Lathom of Liverpool, chirurgeon, and
Judith his wife, who keeps also a boarding-school for the education of youth at
Liverpool,' had been presented for 'their
exercising the said several vocations without licence, by reason of their religion
(being Roman Catholics),' and being
assured of their loyalty, he authorized
them to continue, remitted penalties incurred, and forbade further interference;
ibid. i, 256.
||Foley's Rec. S. J. v, 320. It may
be inferred that some attempt was made
to provide regular services, and, of course,
that there was a congregation.
||'While I lived in the foresaid town
I received, one year with another, from the
people about one or two and twenty pounds
a year, by way of contribution towards
my maintenance, and no other subscription was ever made for me or for the
buildings. From friends in other places
I had part of the money I had built with,
but much the greatest part was what I
spared, living frugally and as not many
would have been content to live. . . .
Nor do I regret having spent the best
years of my life in serving the poor Catholics of Liverpool;' Letter of Fr. Hardesty
in Foley, op. cit. v, 364. Edmund Street
at that time was on the very edge of the
town. On Palm Sunday 1727 there
were 256 palms distributed here; N.
Blundell's Diary, 224.
||Picton's Liverpool, i, 180. An account by Thomas Green, written in 1833,
is preserved at St. Francis Xavier's College; his mother witnessed the scene.
It was printed in the Xaverian of Feb.
1887, and states: 'The incumbents, the
Revs. H. Carpenter and T. Stanley, met
the mob, which behaved with the greatest
respect to the priests and several of the
principal Roman Catholic inhabitants attending there—among the rest, Miss
Elizabeth Clifton (afterwards Mrs. Green)—and without noise or violence opened a
clear passage for the Rev. Mr. Carpenter
to go up to the altar and take the
ciborium out of the tabernacle and carry
it by the same passage out of the
||Subscriptions were collected for it.
The site was at the upper end of Edmund
Street. Considerable precautions were
taken for its safety. The writer just
quoted states that on the street front
three dwelling-houses were built, one to
serve for the resident priests; at the back
was a small court, and then the 'warehouse,' the outside gable of which had the
usual teagle rope, block and hook, and
wooden cover. The folding doors were,
however, bricked up within.
He adds the following: 'After 24 September, 1746, when Mr. and Mrs. Green
went to their house in Dale Street, while
the new chapel was being built, mass was
said, Sundays and holidays, in their garrets,
the whole of which, as well as the tea and
lodging rooms of the two stories underneath, and the stairs, were filled by their
acquaintances of different ranks and admitted singly and cautiously through
different entrances, wholly by candle light,
and without the ringing of a bell at the
elevation, &c., but a signal was communicated from one to another. The house
adjoining on each side to the dwellings of
two very considerable, respectable, and
kind neighbours, Presbyterians, and their
wives, aunts of the present Nicholas
Ashton, esq., of Woolton.'
||These particulars are from articles
in the Liv. Cath. An. for 1887 and 1888,
by the Rev. T. E. Gibson, and in the
Xaverian of 1887.
Among the last Jesuits in charge were
Frs. John Price and Raymund Hormasa
alias Harris. The former, after the suppression of the society, settled in Liverpool, continuing his ministry as stated in
the text. The latter, who was a Spaniard,
published a defence of the slave trade in
reply to a pamphlet by William Roscoe,
issued in 1788, and was cordially thanked
by the Common Council. He had in
1783 been deprived of his faculties by the
Vicar Apostolic, on account of bitter disputes between him and his colleague at
Liverpool over the temporalities of the
mission, and he lived in retirement till his
death in 1789. On account of the disputes the charge of the mission was given
to the Benedictines. A full account of
these matters is given in Gillow, Bibl.
Dict. of Engl. Cath. iii, 392–5; Trans.
Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 162. Harris
preached and printed a sermon 'on Catholic Loyalty to the present Government,'
noticed in the Gent. Mag. Feb. 1777.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 164.
Fr. Archibald Macdonald, the founder,
engaged in the Ossianic controversy; Dict.
Nat. Biog; Gillow, op. cit. iv, 369.
||It was afterwards used at intervals
by a number of religious bodies in turn;
then as a warehouse; till a few years ago
it was taken down and the school board
offices erected on the site.
||It is rather surprising to find it described in 1844 as 'an elegant building in
the Gothic style'; Stranger in Liverpool,
||In the original building divine service was performed by the 'Rev. Jean
Baptiste Antoine Girardot, a French
emigrant priest by whom it was erected.
M. Girardot was held in high respect for
his many virtues and unostentatious mode
of living; and besides was much celebrated
in this part of the country for numerous
cures performed by him in cases of
dropsy'; Dr. Thom in Trans. Hist. Soc.
||It had been built on the site of a
famous tennis court as an Anglican church,
All Saints', in 1798, and closed in 1844.
||St. Patrick's, erected in 1824, is in
||They occupied Key Street Chapel
from 1791 to 1795. In 1795 Maguire
Street Chapel was built for them, but the
donor became bankrupt and the place was
sold. From 1815 to 1819 the Swedenborgians used Cockspur Street Chapel, from
1819 to 1823 they shared Maguire Street
with the Primitive Methodists, and from
1838 to 1852 they occupied Salem Chapel
in Russell Street, removing to the Concert
Room in Lord Nelson Street until the
Bedford Street Church was ready; Trans.
Hist. Soc. v, 33, 38, 43.
||In 1863 their meeting-place was at
the corner of Crown Street and Brownlow
Hill; later in Islington, and Bittern Street.
||For fuller accounts see Trans. Hist.
Soc. v, 53, and (new ser.), xv, 45–84.
There were burial places at Frederick
Street and at the corner of Oake and
One of the results of the Jewish settlement in Liverpool was a series of three
letters addressed to it by J. Willme of
Martinscroft near Warrington, printed in
||The congregation had previously
met in Pilgrim Street.