||Ancient spellings: Marclane, 1276;
Marghlands, xvi cent.
||2,895, including 15 acres of inland
water; Census of 1901.
Lond. Gaz. 20 Aug. 1872.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xiv, 235.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), iii, 563,
quoting Bowen's Geog. Roger Lowe records that on 1 June 1665 he went to
see the burning well at Pemberton, 'and
we had two eggs which was so done by
no material fire'; Local Glean. Lancs.
and Ches. i, 180.
Dict. Nat. Biog.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 286.
||See for example Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 138; ibid. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 105.
||In the Pipe Roll of 1200–1 the
sheriff rendered account of 10 marks from
Alan son of Alan for having seisin of the
land of Pemberton and for his relief;
also for a writ of right against Nicholas le
Boteler, formerly deputy sheriff, concerning 40s. already paid; Farrer, Lancs. Pipe
R. 132, 141.
In 1202 Edusa, widow of Alan de
Windle, claimed dower in Pemberton
from Alan son of Alan; Final Conc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 37.
Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 75.
||See the case cited below.
||In the inquisition made in 1447
after the death of Sir Peter Gerard it was
found that he had held messuages, lands,
and tenements, rents, and services in
Pemberton, but the jurors did not know
of whom they were held; Towneley
MS. DD, no. 1465.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 300.
||Alan de Windle granted to Master
Adam de Walton the homage of Adam
son of William de Pemberton, and this
being transferred to Adam de Walton,
lord of Walton le Dale, was by him
granted to Thurstan de Northlegh in
1316; Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxxviii,
509. In 1292 Adam de Pemberton was
nonsuited in a claim against Adam de
Northlegh; Assize R. 408, m. 43. In
1305 Adam de Pemberton claimed estovers as against Thurstan de Northlegh
and Maud, the widow of Adam de Northlegh, and his claim was allowed; Abbrev.
Plac. (Rec. Com.), 258b. Adam de Pemberton acknowledged that Thurstan and
Maud had a right to housebote and
haybote without view of the forester, but
they had cut down their wood beyond
due measure, 93 oaks having been removed; Coram Rege R. 184, m. 53. By
a fine of 1321 7 messuages, 2 oxgangs
and 37 acres of land and 5 acres of
meadow in Pemberton were settled upon
Thurstan de Northlegh and Margery his
wife; Final Conc. ii, 40; see also ii, 33,
43. Margery, widow of Thurstan de
Northlegh, occurs in 1346; Assize R.
1435, m. 31.
||Robert de Legh of Adlington and
William de Radcliffe of Smithills married
respectively Maud and Katherine, daughters and co-heirs of Thurstan de Northlegh in Pemberton, by his wife Margery,
daughter and heir of John de Walton;
Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), iii, 661;
Lancs. Inq p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 35;
Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxxviii, 256–9.
In 1448 Robert Cantsfield of Pemberton, holding of Peter de Legh, had a
dispute with John Pemberton; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 12, m. 2, 14.
In the inquisition (1528) after the
death of Sir Piers Legh his lands in
Pemberton were said to be held directly
of Thomas Langton; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. vi, no. 63. In right of Norley
the Leghs of Lyme had a chapel in
Wigan Church, which was given up to
the rector in 1682; Bridgeman, Wigan
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 75. That
Adam was son of the elder Alan appears
from the Burnhull case cited below.
||Ibid. It is probable that one of
these grants is represented by Tunstead.
||Ibid. 76. No grant in Pemberton is
mentioned in the list of the Hospitallers'
lands in 1292 in the Plac. de Quo War. or
in the rental of 1540.
Cockersand Chart. (Chet. Soc.), ii,
668–71. He gave land called Ashbern
ridding, within bounds starting at the
Douglas and going up Whittle Brook to
Flax ridding; across the carr to the syke
between Stephen's assart and the charcoalman's assart, and by the syke to the
Douglas. He also granted an assart
which Randle de Pemberton had held,
and another called White's cross. Henry
son of Lawrence released his share of
these lands to the canons.
The abbot shortly afterwards (before
1235) gave them to William son of
Richard White of Wigan, who had
married Hawise, daughter of Adam de
Pemberton, at a yearly rent of 12d.;
ibid. 671. About 1268 John the Smith
held these lands by the same rent and a
payment of ½ a mark at the death of wife
or heir; ibid. 668. For the inquisitions
after the death of Edmund the Smith of
Pemberton in 1408, see Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 92.
||Assize R. 404, m. 9. Adam de
Pemberton sued Peter de Burnhull for
200 acres in Pemberton, of which Alan,
the plaintiff's father, was seised in the
time of Henry II, i.e. before July 1189.
The decision was committed to the hazard
of a duel, and Adam's man Philip being
defeated, Peter de Burnhull was allowed
to hold the land in peace. The sureties
for Philip were Alan de Windle, William
and James de Pemberton, and John del
Marsh. See also Assize R. 454, m. 25.
At the same time Adam de Pemberton
was summoned to answer Robert son of
Hugh, who complained that the lord of
Newton compelled him to do service to
the three-weeks court at Newton, which
Adam as mesne tenant should perform.
Robert's tenement was 17 acres, for which
he paid a rent of 7d.; Assize R. 404,
Adam and William his son, together
with James de Pemberton, were charged
with having disseised William White,
John del Marsh, and Adam his brother of
their common of pasture in Pemberton;
ibid. m. 2. Peter de Burnhull also
claimed 6 acres in Ince from Adam de
Pemberton, William his son, and James
son of Henry; ibid. m. 12 d. The last
may be the James de Pemberton of the
preceding case; then the father may be
the Henry son of Lawrence of 1212.
||The exact relationship is uncertain.
A case in 1254, in which an Adam son
of William was defendant, alludes to
William de Pemberton as if he were then
dead; Cur. Reg. R. 154, m. 20. In
1292 William son of Roger de Ince
acquired a messuage and two oxgangs in
Pemberton from William son of Adam de
Pemberton and Mary his wife; Final
Conc. i, 176. Two years later Mary,
widow of William, did not prosecute the
claim she made against Adam son of
William son of Adam de Pemberton;
Assize R. 1299, m. 14 d. John son of
William de Pemberton was of full age in
1292; Assize R. 468, m. 27 d.
||Adam de Pemberton was both
plaintiff and defendant in 1292; Assize
R. 408, m. 58 d. 43. Adam and Henry
de Pemberton were jurors in 1293; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 276. Hugh de Pemberton, enfeoffed by Adam de Pemberton
(probably the grandfather), recovered
seisin of a messuage, mill, &c., against
Adam de Pemberton and Robert de Rode;
Assize R. 1306, m. 16. The fine of 1304
(Final Conc. i, 203) may refer to a later
agreement between the parties.
||Ibid. ii, 79.
William son of Hugh de Pemberton
is mentioned in 1343; Assize R. 430,
Hugh de Pemberton, rector of Brindle,
was about this time engaged in a number
of disputes and settlements in Pemberton;
possibly he was the younger son of Adam
mentioned in 1331. In 1356 Thomas
de Pemberton and many others, including
Henry de Pemberton the elder, Henry
his son, Edmund and Lawrence de Pemberton, and several 'nailers,' were convicted of having disseised Rector Hugh of
two messuages and lands in Pemberton;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 5. Roger
de Winstanley was defendant in another
case; ibid. m. 5 d. In 1365 and 1366
Emma, widow of Roger de Winstanley,
who afterwards married John de Ince,
brought a suit against the same Hugh;
De Banco R. 421, m. 504 d.; 425, m.
253 d. See also Final Conc. ii, 153.
||In 1362 Eleanor, widow of Adam
[William] de Pemberton, and other
executors of the will of William son of
Adam de Pemberton, gave half a mark
for a writ respecting a false judgement;
Fine R. 163, m. 7.
||De Banco R. 427, m. 236; 463, m.
389, from which it appears that four of
the daughters had by 1376 married as
follows: Agnes to Alexander de Lynalx,
Katherine to Alexander de Worsley;
Alice to Roger son of Richard de Atherton, and Emma to Robert de Hindley.
The other daughter was named Joan.
||See above, and Visit. of 1613 (Chet.
Soc.), 117. In 1531 it was found that
Hugh Hindley of Aspull had held six
messuages, 60 acres of land, &c., and a
water-mill in Pemberton, of Thomas
Langton in socage, by the rent of 10s. per
annum, i.e. a moiety of the ancient thegnage rent of the whole manor; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 22. He had two
of the shares, as will be seen below.
||The relationship of Alexander to the
main Worsley stock is unknown. An
Alexander son of Richard son of Henry
de Worsley occurs in 1334, but can
scarcely have been the husband of
Katherine; Coram Rege R. 297, m. 120.
In October, 1431, a writ of redisseisin
was issued in favour of Robert de Sankey,
Hugh de Hindley, and Alice de Parr,
against William de Worsley and Alice,
widow of Jordan de Worsley, regarding
lands and tenements in Pemberton and
Hindley; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App.
32. Hugh Worsley of Pemberton is
mentioned in 1470; Towneley MS. GG,
no. 2671. For a curious claim made after
his death see Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 109.
The Worsley portion of the manor was
in 1611 said to be held of Richard Fleetwood, baron of Newton, by a rent of 5s.
the service for a quarter of the manor;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 172.
||From the preceding note it will be
seen that a quarter of the manor is unaccounted for. Nothing further is known
of William de Pemberton's daughter
Agnes, wife of Alexander de Lynalx.
Alice, who married Roger de Atherton,
may have been ancestor of the Athertons
of later times.
It appears from the last note that
Robert de Sankey and Alice de Parr were
lords of the manor in 1431, in addition
to the Worsleys and Hindleys. One of
the latter married a Parr heiress, apparently the Alice de Parr just named, so
securing the estate they had later in Parr
and a second quarter of the manor of
Pemberton. The Sankey quarter seems
to have descended to Thomas Sankey and
Thomas his son and heir apparent, who
in 1578 sold it to Thomas Molyneux of
Hawkley, in whose family it afterwards
descended; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
40, m. 171.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 103.
Henry, son of Henry de Pemberton, who
had brothers William and Peter, occurs in
1430; Towneley MS. GG, no. 2675; and
Henry de Pemberton in 1447; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. ii, 54.
||A moiety of the manor of Pemberton, i.e. the Hindley portion, was in the
possession of Robert Bankes of Winstanley
in August 1721, and appears to have
descended with Winstanley; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 515, m. 4; 571, m. 6 d.;
628, m. 7.
||The family attained some prominence in the 16th century. The Worsleys of the Isle of Wight were the most
conspicuous offshoot; Sir James Worsley,
their founder, in 1526 complained of the
destruction of fences in the Crossfield;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 140. Sir
James's will is in P.C.C. Ralph Worsley obtained a grant of Birkenhead
Priory. Ottwell Worsley was concerned
in various suits in 1525; ibid. i, 130,
133. A pedigree was recorded in 1613;
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 72.
James Worsley purchased land in Pemberton from Sir Robert Worsley o
Booths and Robert, the latter's son and
heir apparent, and Elizabeth his wife, in
1562; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
24, m. 61.
James Worsley in 1570 had a dispute
with James Winstanley and Thomas
Taylor respecting lands abutting on Saltersford Brook; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.),
ii, 403. (It may be stated by the way,
that an Adam the Salter and his wife
Juliana had a tenement in Pemberton in
1292; Assize R. 408, m. 44.) James
Worsley died in September 1590, holding
the capital messuage or manor house
called the hall of Worsley, and other
houses and lands, of Thomas Langton by
a rent of 5s.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xv, no. 29.
His brother Ralph succeeded. He was
one of the 'comers to church but no
communicants' in 1590; Lydiate Hall,
246. He had spent some time in Salford
gaol for religion in 1582; Engl. Martyrs
(Cath. Rec. Soc.), 23–5. Dying in 1610 it
was found that he had held the 'hall of
Worsley' in Pemberton with messuages,
lands, and rents there, and in Parr, Winstanley, Wigan, and Hindley. The Pemberton lands were held of Richard Fleetwood in socage, by a rent of 5s. but part had
belonged to Upholland Priory, and was held
of the king by the two-hundredth part of
a knight's fee and 2s. rent. His widow
Ellen was in possession in 1611, and his
heirs were his sister Alice, aged sixty
years, and Roger Downes of Wardley,
son of another sister, Elizabeth; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
An account of the sinking of a coal pit
on his estate in 1600 is printed in Lancs.
and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vii, 49–53.
||Roger Downes represented Wigan in
the Parliaments of 1601 and 1620; Pink
and Beaven, Parl. Rep. of Lancs. 223,
224. He was buried at Wigan 6 July
1638. A monument to his grandson
Roger, who died in 1676, is in Wigan
Church. See the pedigree in Dugdale,
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 100, and the account
||In a fine concerning the Wardley
estates in 1741 George Lewis Scott was
plaintiff and James Cholmondeley and
Penelope his wife were deforciants; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 327, m. 80.
Lady Penelope sold them to the Duke of
Bridgewater in 1760.
||Some particulars as to this family
will be found in the accounts of Rainhill
The Visit. of 1567 suggests that their
coming to Pemberton was due to marriage
with the heiress of the Ince family. Gilbert de Ince of Hawkley occurs in 1374;
Inq. a.q.d. 48 Edw. III, no. 19; see also
Coram Rege R. 426. John Molyneux of
Hawkley occurs in 1469 and 1490–1;
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 245, no. 1012;
Towneley MS. GG, no. 2537.
An agreement was made in 1512 between Richard Molyneux of Hawkley or
Hawcliffe and Thomas Gerard of Ince
for the marriage of the former's son
Richard (? Roger) with the latter's daughter Elizabeth; Chet. P.
In 1543 Thomas Molyneux, son of
Roger and the last-named Elizabeth, and
Elizabeth his wife had a dispute with
Roger Molyneux concerning Hitchcock
carr; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i,
174. A settlement of lands in Pemberton and Hawkley was made by fine in
1546 between Roger Molyneux and
Thomas, his son and heir apparent, and
Elizabeth his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 12, m. 193. Roger was living in
1547; ibid. bdle. 12, m. 250.
Hawkley Hall is mentioned in a dispute
between John Kitchen and Isabel his
daughter and Thomas Molyneux, the
owner, in 1561; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec.
Com.), ii, 228. Thomas Molyneux and
his second wife Sibyl occur in various
fines concerning lands in Pemberton and
Markland from 1572; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F., bdles. 34, m. 39, &c. 'Thomas
Molyneux of Hawkley, gent., in lands
£40 and in goods £100,' was a recusant in
1577; Lydiate Hall, 215, quoting S.P. Dom.
Eliz. cxviii, 45. He was buried at
Wigan 16 May 1586; and soon afterwards disputes arose between his son and
heir Richard and Sibyl the widow. In
the pleadings the descent is thus given:
Richard Molyneux-s. and h. Roger-s. and
h. Thomas-s. and h. Richard. The estate
is described as a capital messuage called
Hawkley, containing demesne lands in
Hawkley and Pemberton, and various
lands in Aughton and Uplitherland of
very good yearly value; Duchy of Lanc.
Plead. Eliz. cliv, M. 11; Decrees and
Orders, Eliz. xx, fol. 37.
Richard Molyneux of Hawkley was in
1590 among the 'comers to church, but
no communicants,' but he and his family
appear to have soon afterwards conformed
to the Established religion; Lydiate Hall,
246 (quoting S.P. Dom. Eliz. ccxxxv, 4).
Pedigrees were recorded in 1567 and
1664; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 108, 200.
Richard Molyneux and Thomas his son
and heir-apparent made a settlement of
the manor of Pemberton in 1607; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 71, no. 25.
Richard paid £10 in 1631 on refusing
knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 213. He was still living in
1664, but Thomas was dead, and his son
Richard, aged forty at the Visitation in
that year, soon afterwards succeeded to
the estate. Early in 1681 he made a
settlement of the manor and various lands
in Pemberton, as also in Wigan, Ince,
Standish, and Croft, Anne his wife, and
Hugh his son and heir-apparent being
joined as deforciants; ibid. bdle. 206, m.
91. Richard Molyneux was buried at
Wigan 31 Oct. 1681; Hugh succeeded, but appears to have had no issue,
and administration of his estate was
granted at Chester in 1687.
William Molyneux succeeded his
brother Hugh; he was buried at Warrington in 1698 and there is an inscription in
the churchyard commemorating him;
Local Glean. Lancs. and Ches. i, 216. His
son William was succeeded by an uncle,
Reginald, brother of the preceding William
and Hugh; and in turn was succeeded
by his sons William (buried at Wigan
4 Nov. 1740) and Richard (buried
at Warrington in 1748). In a settlement made in 1721, William Molyneux,
gentleman, being in possession, their
part of the manor is described as 'the
fourth part'; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 288, m. 36. A monumental inscription for Richard Molyneux exists in Warrington Churchyard; Local Glean. loc. cit.
Hawkley descended to his only son
Richard, who married Jane daughter
and heir of Bryan Wilcock of Walsh
Hall, Aughton. Among the Croxteth
Hall muniments is a lease of Hawkley
Hall in 1749, which describes the house
and names the mill and several fields,
as Haslings, Hiscow carrs, &c. In 1757
a fine concerning the manor of Pemberton has Hugh Wishaw for plaintiff
and David Brodie, Mary his wife, Rev.
Francis Gastrell, Jane his wife, William
Prujean, Sophia his wife, and Richard
Molyneux as deforciants; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 259, m. 111. Richard
Molyneux was buried at Wigan 9 Mar.
1762, and was succeeded in turn by his
sons Richard (died 1771) and Bryan
William. The latter died at Lymm
Parsonage, 29 July 1805, unmarried.
There is a monument to him in Wigan
Church, where he was buried.
A full pedigree, from which this outline
has been taken, will be found in Palmer
MS. E. (Chet. Lib.), 202, 398.
||The will of B. W. Molyneux stated
expressly: 'The said William Hockenhull
shall not enjoy the said premises otherwise than upon the express condition
that when such estate shall come to him
in possession under the said trusts, he
shall take use and bear the surname of
Molyneux and shall cause himself to be
called by the surname of Molyneux and
no other.' A pedigree of the family is
given in Burke, Family Rec. 433.
||Hawkley was sold by the Rev. Bryan
William Molyneux, son of William
||There appear to have been several
families bearing the local surname. James
de Pemberton has been mentioned in
1246; Henry son of James occurs in
1276; Coram Rege R. 26, m. 3d.
Henry attested a local charter in 1293 in
the next place after Adam lord of Pemberton; Towneley MS. GG, no. 2649.
Henry de Pemberton and James his son
occur about 1283; Cockersand Chart. ii,
In the Towneley volume just quoted
are a number of charters relating to Tunstead, which was at first an oxgang of
land, possibly that belonging to Alan son
of Aldith in 1212.
William de Pemberton granted 'an oxgang in Pemberton called Tunstead,
which Aynhou (?) de Pemberton formerly
held' of him, to Christiana, daughter of
Adam de Radcliffe; Towneley MS. GG,
no. 2649. This afterwards came into the
possession of Simon de Holland, who
called it his 'manor,' and in 1293 granted
it to William son of Roger de Ince; ibid.
GG, no. 2647, 2648; also Crosse D.
Trans. Hist. Soc. no. 11a, b, c.
Simon son of Thurstan de Holland
had complained in 1292 that Robert de
Holland, Adam his son, Adam de Northlegh, and others had disseised him of his
free tenement in Wigan and Pemberton
(17 acres). Thurstan de Holland had
granted the estate to Juliana daughter of
John Gillibrand, for life, with remainders
to her sons, Thurstan and Adam, and
then to the plaintiff Simon, apparently a
brother. Adam died before Thurstan
without issue; Thurstan died at Oxford;
and Simon, who was then in Scotland,
returned to Wigan to take possession, but
found Robert's men in the tenement. At
Pemberton, Adam de Pemberton, as lord,
had entered, and held until Simon appeared to claim; Simon had married a
daughter of his. The lands in Wigan
were held of Robert de Holland by the
service of a barbed arrow; Assize R. 408,
m. 16 d.
Nothing further is known of its history
for a century. Richard de Pemberton
died in possession of it in 1415, as also of
other lands called the Marsh, &c.; his
son Thomas being dead the heir was his
grandson Hugh; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc.), i, 103. In the same year William,
another son of Richard, as trustee granted
Tunstead to Alice, the widow of Richard,
for life, with remainders to Hugh son of
Thomas de Pemberton, and then to Hugh
and Thurstan, sons of Richard; Towneley MS. GG, no. 2626, 2655.
Hugh de Pemberton by his wife Douce
had a son John, whose son George was
the last of the direct male line of the
family. For Hugh's marriage see ibid.
GG, no. 2596, 2597, dated 1435. He
died in or before 1466, when Douce was
a widow, and the son John in possession;
ibid. GG, no. 2650, 2671, and Crosse D.
||Beatrice, Elizabeth, Ellen, and Alice
were the daughters and co-heirs of George
son of John Pemberton; Towneley MS.
GG, no. 2362, 2890, 2405, dated 1512
and 1514; and Crosse D. no. 172. Beatrice Pemberton and others in 1512 claimed
the wardship of Elizabeth Birkenhead;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 127.
The third of the daughters, Ellen, married Robert Molyneux of Melling (Visit.
of 1567, p. 100), and in the inquisition
taken after the death of their son and
heir John Molyneux in 1582, the estate,
comprising Tunstead Hall and various
lands, is fully described; among the
fields were Bridgeley and Mabcroft; it was
held of the heirs of the lords of Pemberton, James Worsley and Robert Hindley,
in socage by rents of 4s. 8d. and 7d. respectively; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xiv, no. 73.
||See Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 43; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 94, no. 15.
||In 1241 Robert de Holland quitclaimed to Adam de Pemberton all his
title to twelve oxgangs in Pemberton in
return for the homage and service of
Thomas de Sifrethley; Final Conc. i, 82.
In 1292 Robert de Holland and Robert
his son had an estate in Pemberton and
Orrell; ibid. i, 173.
In 1348 Maud, widow of Robert de
Holland, had claimed dower in the
'manor of Markland,' described as three
plough-lands; De Banco R. 355, m. 307.
Inquiry was made at Prescot on 25
Jan. 1346–7 as to whether or not it
would be to the king's hurt if a messuage,
a mill, 60 acres of land, 3 acres of meadow, and 6 acres of wood in Pemberton,
and the reversion of other lands held
for a term by Adam de Orrell and Nicholas his son, should be granted to the prior
and convent of Upholland. The lands
were held of Ralph de Langton by fealty
and rendering a rose at midsummer, and
were of the annual value of 53s. 4d. The
answer of the jury was in the negative;
the king had already licensed a grant of
lands to the value of £20 a year; and
after this land had been given Sir Robert
de Holland had the manor of Holland,
worth 100 marks a year, from which to
discharge his liabilities to the king and
others; Inq. p.m. 41 Edw. III (2nd
nos.), no. 12.
In 1535 the clear value was reckoned
at £8 10s. a year, and after the Dissolution
the various rents came to the same
amount; Dugdale, Mon. iv, 412.
||Pat. 37 Hen. VIII, pt. iv; included
in the general grant of the priory lands.
Markland was soon sold to Sir Robert
Worsley of Booths, Thomas Molyneux
purchasing part from Robert Worsley;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdles. 31, m.
111, 147; 35, m. 41.
||Mascy of Rixton D.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||Roger Downes had acquired land in
1597 from Thomas Worsley and Katherine his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 58, m. 19.
||See the account of Wigan.
||In 1517 John Pemberton of Lonemerehead, with his son Thomas and the
latter's wife Elizabeth, leased their chief
place to Robert Molyneux; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 121, m. 6 d. John Pemberton
and Alice his wife had an estate in the
township in 1519; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 11, m. 217. Robert Pemberton and Margaret his wife in 1546; ibid.
bdle. 12, no. 247. He may be the Robert
Higginson alias Pemberton of 1549, who
had a dispute with Roger Molyneux as to
Wacarrs; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i,
241. Ralph Pemberton alias Higginson
appears in 1571 (ibid. iii, 25) and Richard Pemberton alias Higginson in 1579;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 41, m. 92.
Richard Pemberton, yeoman, died 20
Sept. 1628 holding a messuage and lands
of Roger Downes and Richard Molyneux; the heirs were his daughters,
Margaret wife of Henry Holme, and Margery wife of Ralph Rylands, aged thirtynine and thirty-four respectively; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 976.
||Roger Scott was a defendant in a
plea by John the Salter respecting a messuage and lands in Pemberton in Lent
1351; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 1. m.
1d. The Scotts held the lands of the
Abbey of Cockersand; Chartul. iii, 1246,
1243; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 266.
Cuthbert Scott, Bishop of Chester
1556 to 1559, is said to have been a
member of the family, which adhered to
the ancient faith; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of
Engl. Catholics, v, 484. A Cuthbert Scott
and his wife appear in the Recusant Roll
of 1641; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiv,
A large number of deeds relating to the
Scotts of Wigan and Pemberton have
been preserved by Kuerden (ii, fol. 259)
from 'Mr. Thomas Scott's charters.' In
1384–5 a settlement was made on the
marriage of Richard son of Roger Scott
with Alice daughter of Richard the Marshal of Wigan (his land was in the
Woodhouses); no. 108; see no. 37, 36,
45. About 1411 Richard son of Roger
Scott made a grant of land in Scholes in
Wigan between the walk mill and the
high road to his son Roger on marrying
Alice daughter of William Laithwaite;
ibid. no. 71, 69. Roger Scott the younger
received the Marshal lands in Wigan
Woodhouses in 1418; ibid. no. 48, 72.
These lands descended by 1467 to Hugh
Scott of Pemberton, a son of Roger Scott;
ibid. no. 38, 53, 61. Hugh's son Richard
was in 1467 married to Ellen daughter of
Richard Warburton; lands called High
Appletree Croft and Little Scholefield
were granted to them; Joan, wife of
Hugh is mentioned; ibid. no. 32, 80.
Richard Scott had a son Hugh, whose
marriage with Agnes, sister of Thomas
Gerard of Ince, was arranged in 1508–9;
ibid. no. 14, 47. In 1529 Hugh Scott of
Pemberton, and Gilbert his son and heir,
demised to Gilbert Mason and Margery
his wife a burgage in Millgate, Wigan;
ibid. no. 104. In 1552 Agnes, widow of
Hugh Scott, and Gilbert her son, leased a
tenement in Scholes to Charles Bank,
brother of William Bank; ibid. no. 19.
Richard Scott of Lathom, household servant to the Earl of Derby, mentioned in
the story of George Marsh, occurs in
these deeds, no. 41, 68.
Gilbert Scott died in or before 1576,
when a settlement was made by Hugh Scott,
his son, and Alice his wife, of various lands
in Wigan, Pemberton, and Urmston, with
remainders to Gilbert and Roger sons of
Hugh; ibid. no. 17. Gilbert married a
Margaret, and his son Ralph in or before
1592 married Elizabeth a sister of Gabriel
Hesketh; ibid. no. 21, 9, 91.
Gilbert Scott died 28 January 1620–1,
his son Ralph being then 27 years of age;
various family arrangements are set out
in the inquisition printed in the Rec. Soc.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. ii, 237–9. Ralph Scott's
estate was confiscated by the Parliamentary authorities, and ordered to be sold by
the Act of 1652; Index of Royalists, 41;
Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iv, 3105.
Cuthbert Scott, a recusant, petitioned in
1653 to contract for his estates; ibid. iv,
An old ballad about Gilbert Scott and
his wife appeared in the Gent. Mag. 1740;
Preston Guardian Loc. Notes, no. 1460.
||A Geoffrey Walthew was trustee in
1589; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31,
m. 147. The William Walthew of the
text was perhaps his son (buried at Wigan,
November 1600); for Geoffrey, grandson
of Geoffrey Walthew, died in 1607, leaving a son and heir Robert, three years
old; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 80.
Robert Walthew of Pemberton was
charged with deliquency by the Parliament
in 1650, and his estate was in
danger of sequestration; Cal. of Com. for
Compounding. iii, 2333. In 1667 he built
the school at Upholland; his daughter and
heir Elizabeth married Ralph Markland
of the Meadows; Gastrell, Notitia Cestr.
ii, 259, 260, with a reference to Nichol, Lit. Anec. iv, 657
||John Whalley of Pemberton, yeoman,
died in 1587, holding lands of the queen
in Orrell and Pemberton by a rent of
2s. 4d.; Thomas his son and heir was
twenty-eight years of age; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 36. A later
John Whalley died in April 1630, holding
lands in Orrell and Pemberton of the
king; James his brother and heir was
forty years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxvii, no. 37. James Whalley is
named in Dugdale's Visitation (Chet. Soc.),
319; he appears in the recusant roll of
1641; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiv,
||Norris D. (B.M.).
||In addition to those mentioned already, see Cal. Com. for Compounding, iii,
2014, 2394; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 257.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 111, 124, 152.
||Bridgeman, op. cit. (Chet. Soc.), 782.
A district was assigned in 1838 (Lond.
Gaz. 3 Apr.); the inclusion of part of
Orrell led to disputes, as the ratepayers
here were for a time called on to pay
church rates both to the new church and
Liverpool Cath. Annual, 1901.
||Gastrell, Notitia (Chet. Soc.), ii, 251.