||2, 612, including 30 of inland water;
Census Rep. of 1901.
||Leyland, Hindley, 7. Baines quotes
an account from the Life of Lord Guildford, of a visit to the burning well in
1676; Lancs. (ed. 1836), iii, 555.
||Leyland, op. cit. 96, 104. An interesting account is given, pp. 105–8, of the
former customs of the place; the paceeggers and their drama, the Eastertide
lifting, maypole on the green, rush-bearing, &c.
Lond. Gaz. 2 July 1867.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i, 165.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 286. The ancient
assessment appears to have been a ploughland or a plough-land and a half.
||See e.g. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.),
i, 138; ii, 99; ibid. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 105.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 74. He had half a
plough-land in Hindley.
||Ibid. 75. The Hospitallers' holding
is named in the Plac. de Quo War. (Rec.
Com.), 375; see also Lancs. and Ches.
Hist. and Gen. Notes, i, 35. In the
rental of their lands compiled about 1540,
the following particulars are given: John
Atherton, a messuage, 1s. 4d., and a close
2s. 8d.; Robert Lee, a messuage, 6d.;
Jonathan (?) Bate for Crockholes, 6d.;
Peter Langton, a messuage, 6d.; Gilbert
Hindley, a messuage, 6d.; 6s. in all;
Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84. John Leigh of
Westhoughton in 1619 held lands formerly belonging to the Hospitallers by a
rent of 6d.; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 133.
The Cockersand Chart. (Chet. Soc.), ii,
642–51, contains particulars of the grants
made to this abbey. Robert de Hindley
gave 6 acres, partly in Twiss Car by Lanulache and partly by Aspenhead, with pasture for as many animals as the man
might have who held the land from the
canons; he also gave an acre on the
northern side of Bickershaw. Richard
his son confirmed these charters, and gave
further parcels in Berlets-housted and
Osbern meadow, and a third with his
body. Adam de Hindley also was a
benefactor, 10 acres and a messuage on
the north of Stony street, 4 at Ferny
halgh, and a land called Crokeland,
one head of which lay towards Platt and
the other towards Thuresclough, and
another portion bounded in part by the
Lanulache. These grants conveyed the
usual easements, including quittance of
pannage for pigs in Hindley Wood. Godith daughter of Adam de Hindley gave
Tunkercroft by Glazebrook, lying north
of the Hospitallers' land. Robert Banastre gave land in Fernyhalgh, and Robert
his son confirmed the preceding and other
gifts to the abbey. Thurstan Banastre
gave all his portion of the water called
Glazebrook from Marefalford to the ditch
of Henry the Hosteller of Hindley. In
1501 the heirs of Thomas Turton (6d.)
and Gilbert Langton (6d.) held these
lands; Cockersand Rental (Chet. Soc.), 4.
||Katherine wife of Hugh de Venables,
as widow of Peter de Burnhull, in 1331
claimed dower in two-thirds of an eighth
part of the manor of Hindley; De Banco
R. 284, m. 119; 287, m. 185 d. Peter's
sisters and heirs, then minors, were called
to warrant; ibid. R. 286, m. 170. William son of Adam de Pemberton was the
||Gospatric also had a grant of land in
Lathom, supposed to be represented by
the Cross Hall estates, of which in the
13th century the tenants were named
Waleys (i.e. Welsh). In Hindley Richard
le Waleys and Eleanor his wife held lands,
of which a portion was given in arms to
Cockersand Abbey; Cockersand Chart. ii,
||Assize R. 418, m. 3, 13. The defendants were: John de Langton and
Alice his wife, as chief lords of the fee;
Gilbert de Culcheth and Gilbert his son,
as lords of Hindley; Henry de Atherton;
Richard de Molyneux of Crosby and
Beatrice his wife; Alan de Windle;
Robert son of Fulk Banastre; Adam de
Bradshagh; Adam de Urmston and Isabel his wife; Robert Bulgut; Henry son
of Roger de Ince; Hugh de Hindley;
John son of Henry le Suur of Hindley;
and Richard son of William Hert.
||Some tenants occur in the last note.
In 1306 and 1307 Beatrice widow of
Hugh de Hindley claimed dower from
Hugh son of Roger de Ashton and others.
Hugh de Ashton called to warrant him
Adam son of Hugh de Hindley; Adam de
Bradshagh and Margaret his wife also
called Adam de Hindley and John de
Broadash; Thomas son of John son of
Maud called William son of Simon de
Warrington and Emma his wife; John
Gillibrand called Hugh and Gilbert sons
of Richard de Culcheth; De Banco R.
161, m. 132; 164, m. 212. Henry de
Atherton and Beatrice his wife in 1330
claimed 25 acres in Aspull, Hindley, and
Ince from Cecily the widow and Robert
the son of Robert de Hindley; but it
appeared that Beatrice while sole had
demised them to Cecily, and the latter's
title was therefore admitted; Assize R.
1411, m. 12 d.
In the following year Henry de Atherton the elder and Beatrice his wife did
not prosecute a claim for lands in Aspull
and Hindley; Henry de Atherton the
younger was one of his sureties; Assize
R. 1404, m. 18. Their sons were Henry,
William, John, and Thomas; De Banco
R. 297, m. 103.
The younger Henry married Agnes
daughter and heir of Thomas son and heir
of Richard de Molyneux of Crosby and
Beatrice his wife; Assize R. 1411, m.
12 d.; Final Conc. ii, 18. Henry and
Agnes were concerned in numerous actions
as to tenements in Hindley; among others
was a claim in 1345 by Beatrice widow of
Richard de Molyneux to her dower in oneeighth part of the manor of Hindley; De
Banco R. 344, m. 442. The latest case
in which they are mentioned is in 1356;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 10 d.
Agnes daughter of Henry de Atherton of
Hindley, after a divorce between herself
and Adam son of John Dickson, released
her right to lands in Wigan in 1347;
Towneley MS. GG, no. 2568.
In 1358 Beatrice daughter and heir of
Henry de Atherton, and then wife of
Thomas de Wight, claimed from Richard
de Atherton and others a messuage and
lands in Hindley. The defence was a
grant by Henry de Atherton to Richard;
see Hindley D. no. 25, 26, in Local Glean.
Lancs. and Ches. ii, 150. Beatrice alleged
that this had been merely in the nature of
a trust, she being then under age. Her
claim, however, was rejected; Assize R.
638, m. 3d. Beatrice was soon left a
widow; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App.
338; and afterwards married Thomas
Hert; De Banco R. 462, m. 199d. In
1460 a bond of £100 was given at Wigan
by John son of Richard Hert to Charles
Hert, who purchased the Hert estate in
Hindley and Westleigh; Ellis son of
Charles sold in 1500–1 to Thurstan
Southworth; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.),
iv, 166–71. Margaret wife of Richard
Tothill and Alice wife of William Edge
were in 1519 the heirs of their father John
Hert, described as son of Richard son of
John son of William Hert; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 128, m. 14 d.
The share of the manor derived from
the Molyneux family was by Thomas
Hert in 1390–1 released to William de
Charnock of Charnock, Richard and Henry
Blundell of Little Crosby, other heirs of
Richard and Beatrice de Molyneux;
Blundell of Crosby D. K. 282. In 1517
the feoffees of Nicholas Blundell released
to him their interest in the eighth part of
the manor; ibid. K. 179. Henry Charnock was in 1535 found to have held a
messuage and lands in Hindley of Sir
Thomas Langton by fealty only; while
in 1573 a moiety of (the eighth part of)
the manor was claimed for Thomas Charnock; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no.
28; xiii, no. 5. In 1346 Robert de
Nevill of Hornby demanded a messuage
and land in Ashton in Makerfield from
John son of Henry de Atherton of Hindley, in right of his wife Joan daughter of
Henry son of Hugh de Atherton and heir
of the latter; De Banco R. 346, m. 349.
It is probable that her inheritance was a
portion of the estate in this neighbourhood
held by the Harringtons of Wolfage in the
16th century; Hindley in the partition
was allotted to the Standishes; Norris D.
The Athertons of Atherton held lands
in Hindley under the Hospitallers; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 107. See also
the Inq. p.m. of George Atherton in 1535;
v, no. 12. His son John is named in the
list of their tenants already given. A
decree as to Kidd land in Hindley was
made in Elizabeth's time between Standish and Atherton; Lancs. and Ches. Recs.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 253.
The Lathoms of Wolfall in Huyton
held their lands under the Culcheths by a
rent of 1d.; Inq. p.m. ix, no. 10; the
Gerards of Ince under the Langtons of
Lowe by the rent of 3s. 1d.; ibid. vii, no.
27. John Urmston in 1508 was found
to have held his lands of Gilbert Langton
of Lowe by fealty and a rent of 2s. 7d.;
ibid. iii, no. 30.
Hugh Hindley of Aspull was in 1531
found to hold his lands in Hindley of
Thomas Langton by a rent of 10d.;
ibid. vi, no. 22. In this case the mesne
lord may have been overlooked.
||a Harl. MS. 2042, fol. 60; quoting
De Banco R. 167. In 1303 this Robert
Banastre alienated an oxgang and a half
to Jordan son of Richard de Worsley;
Final Conc. i, 202. John son of Robert
de Langton and Alice his wife put in
their claim as chief lords of Makerfield.
||In 1316 and later years Robert son
of John de Langton and Alice Banastre
claimed from Jordan de Worsley two
parts of the moiety of the manor of
Hindley which Robert Banastre, greatgrandfather of the claimant, granted to
Fulk Banastre and his issue, and which
after the death of Robert son of Fulk
Banastre without issue should revert to
him. Jordan at first pleaded that the
grant to Fulk had been in fee and not to
his issue, but seems to have withdrawn,
and the case went against him by default; De Banco R. 216, m. 56; 257, m.
72d.; 264, m. 264. In 1319 there was
also a claim for the third part of the moiety
against Adam de Bradshagh and Isabel his
wife, widow of Fulk Banastre; De Banco
R. 229, m. 129.
Jordan de Worsley left a daughter and
heir Margaret, who married Thurstan de
Tyldesley, and they at Michaelmas 1352
claimed the manor of Hindley against
Sir Robert de Langton. The jury, however, did not allow it; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 2, m. 2 d.
Edward Tyldesley of Morleys in 1621
held his lands in Hindley of Philip Langton; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 260.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 95.
There is a difficulty in having a younger
Robert de Langton so early as 1330, but
the pleadings seem to require it. It
should be noticed that Robert de Langton, the husband of Margaret, is usually
identified with the baron of Newton; see
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 98, and
Visit. of 1533 (Chet. Soc.), 24, 25.
Final Conc. ii, 194. The whole
grant comprised a third part of the manor
of Langton in Leicestershire, a messuage
and plough-land in Hendon, a messuage
and 38½ acres in Walton le Dale, the
manor of Hindley, and half the manor of
A number of Hindley deeds are among
the additional charters in the B.M. including:—
No. 17670. Grant by Robert son of
Sir John de Langton to Henry de Milnegate, chaplain, of the manor of Hindley;
No. 17674. Grant by Robert de Langton to Henry (son of Adam) de Manchester, chaplain, of the manor of Hindley
and half the manor of Golborne; 1334.
No. 17683. Quitclaim by Ralph son
and heir of Sir John de Langton to
Robert son of Sir Robert de Langton of
the manors of Hindley, Langton, and
No. 17687. Quitclaim by Henry son
and heir of Ralph de Langton to John son
and heir of Robert de Langton, junior, of
the manor of Hindley, &c.; 1395.
No. 17690. Refeoffment to John de
Langton of Hindley and Agnes his wife
of tenements in Hindley; 1419.
No. 17694. Settlement by John de
Langton of Hindley in favour of his wife
Ellen de Radcliffe; 1429.
No. 17698. Grant in tail by Peter de
Langton, chaplain, to John de Langton
his brother; 1432.
No. 17699. Grant to William son of
John de Langton; 1433.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 6, m. 15, 16.
In the former of these suits Peter claimed
from Ellen a box of charters, containing
among others the final concord and
marriage covenant referred to and an
exemplification of the said fine granted
by Richard II in 1391 at the request of
John de Langton. In the second Ellen
claimed damages from Peter Langton,
Robert Gerard, and many others, for
trespass on her close at Hindley and
destruction of her corn and grass. Ellen
claimed a life interest in the manor by
grant from her late husband; but as she
did not appear when summoned judgement was given for the accused.
In a later case William son of John
Langton is mentioned; ibid. R. 8, m. 1,
The inquisition taken after the death
of John Langton in 1443 confirms the
statements in the text; Peter the grandson and heir was then twenty-four years
of age. It recites a grant made in 1413 by
the deceased to Gilbert his son and his
wife Elizabeth daughter of Sir Thomas
Gerard, who afterwards married William
Gernet. The manor was held of Henry
Langton, lord of Makerfield, but by what
service the jury were ignorant; it was
worth, including the Hollinhey, £10 a
year; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1471.
||Early Chan. Proc. 22–137, and
26–611; petitions by William Langton,
to whom his 'cousin' Peter had bequeathed Gilbert's wardship.
Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 160–71. The hall was tenanted
by James Strangeways, and came to be
known as Strangeways Hall.
The Gilbert Langton, father of Robert,
had a brother Thomas, to whom in 1485
certain tenements in Hindley were granted
for his life; Agecroft D. no. 348. By an
indenture of the same date Robert son
and heir of Gilbert Langton of the Lowe
confirmed a grant by Ralph Langley,
warden of Manchester, to Peter Langton,
son of the said Gilbert, for life; B.M.
Add. Chart. 17707.
Gilbert Langton of Lowe, 'squyer,'
was one of the gentry of the hundred in
1512. Robert his son and heir apparent
occurs in 1505; Towneley MS. GG, no.
1534. In 1512 Gilbert Langton made a
grant of certain lands in Hindley to
Robert his son and heir apparent; B.M.
Add. Chart. no. 17715. In Aug. and
Sept. 1555 Sir Thomas Hesketh of
Rufford and others made grants of lands
in Hindley to Gilbert son of Peter Langton of Hindley, deceased; ibid. 17719–20.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 14.
Peter Langton was in possession of the
manor in 1549, when he made an exchange of lands with Gilbert Culcheth;
Local Glean. Lancs. and Ches. ii, 1. It is
with him that the recorded pedigree begins.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi, no.
12. Philip Langton and Mary his wife
were deforciants of tenements in Hindley
in 1597; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
58, m. 324; and of the manor and
estate in 1612–13; ibid. bdle. 81, m. 52.
||Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 244, quoting
S.P. Dom. Eliz. ccxxxv, 4.
||Gibson, op. cit. 246.
||a In 1607 lands of Philip Langton,
recusant, were farmed out to Sir Arthur
Aston; Pat. 5 Jas. 1, pt. 22, 25 July.
He died at Lowe 22 Jan. 1625–6; the
manor was held of Sir Richard Fleetwood and the heir was Abraham Langton
son of Philip, then aged twenty-nine
years and more; Local Glean. Lancs. and
Ches. ii, 2. The heir's christian name
was derived from his mother's surname,
she being one of the coheirs of Thomas
Abram or Abraham of Abram.
||Norris D. (B.M.). Elizabeth his
wife occurs in the Recusant Roll of 1641;
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiv, 239.
Abraham Langton in 1631 paid £10 as a
composition on declining knighthood;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 43.
He afterwards petitioned to be allowed
to compound; and on the petition of
'divers well-affected persons,' his tenants,
he was informed that it was 'just and
reasonable' to request him to allow his
tenants liberty of pre-emption or a
renewal of their leases at the ancient
rents. Later, in Dec. 1653, Major John
Wildman, who had contracted to purchase,
received an order to take possession;
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), iv, 56–9.
||a Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 174.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
303, &c.; on p. 362 is an account of his
arrest at Wepre in Flintshire, where he
was attending the burial of his sister-inlaw; he had married a daughter of Edward Pennant of Bagillt. In Jan.
1688–9 he broke an innkeeper's head
with his cane, for proposing the health of
the Earl of Derby—a sufficient indication
of his politics; see the amusing anecdote
on p. 214. He had been indicted for recusancy in 1678; ibid. 109.
||In Aug. 1687 a fine was made
concerning the manor of Hindley, seventy
messuages, a water-mill, dovecote, gardens,
lands, wood, furze and heath, turbary,
moor and moss and 80s. rent in Hindley and Westleigh; the deforciants were
Philip Langton and Elizabeth his wife,
Edward Langton son and heir of Philip
and Katherine his wife, and George
Langton; George Pennant was one of
the plaintiffs; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 219, m. 64.
Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 123. The
value of the estate was £69 1s. 2d. For
a mortgage by him see Local Glean. Lancs.
and Ches. i, 272. Edward Langton of
Lowe in 1728 granted to John Rigby of
Hindley a messuage and land there; B.M.
Add. Chart. 17733.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 191;
from information 'supplied by Mr.
William Langton.' In Piccope's MS.
Pedigrees in the Chet. Lib. (ii, 234) it is
stated that Edward Langton's sister Elizabeth married—Pugh; their son William is
described as 'of Lowe, jeweller.' Their
other children were Philip Pugh of
Pemerhyn or Penwryn, Carnarvonshire
(whose son Edward was the vendor),
Joseph, Winifred, Anne, and Frances. The
references are to Piccope MSS. (Chet.
Lib.), iii, 178, 234, 254, 258, 270, from
the Roman Catholic D. enrolled at Preston.
In Aug. 1758, by fine, Edward
Philip Pugh and Mary his wife remitted
to William Carghey messuages and lands
in Hindley; the manor is not named;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 361, m.
||Cal. Exch. of Pleas, Lancs. C. 301,
where the will of Thomas Culcheth is
given. In 1771 Humphrey and John
Trafford were vouchees of the manor of
Croston and various other lordships, including a fourth part of the manor of
Hindley, with the hall known as Hindley Hall or Strangeways Hall; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 613, m. 10; also at
Aug. Assizes, 1797, R. 11.
In 1364 Gilbert de Culcheth, a minor,
by his guardian John de Blackburn, demanded against Cecily, widow of Gilbert
de Culcheth the elder, messuages and
land in Hindley which the elder Gilbert
gave to Gilbert his son and Joan his wife,
and which should now descend to the
plaintiff as son and heir. Cecily claimed
the manor of Hindley and all its demesne
lands for life by a charter from her late
husband and a quitclaim from his son,
plaintiff's father; dated 1354; De Banco
R. 418, m. 227.
John Culcheth, who died at the beginning of the reign of Charles I, held 'the
manor of Hindley'; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxix, no. 67. For a decree as to
Strangeways Hall at this time see Lancs.
and Ches. Recs. ii, 244.
||A number of suits are on record
brought in 1292 by John Nightegale and
Alice his wife against Hugh de Hindley,
Adam son of Hugh de Hindley, Robert
son of Adam de Hindley, and others.
Alice was the widow of Adam de le
Woodhouses. John had a son Henry.
The surname is spelt in many ways—
Nutegal, Nithingale, Nichtegale, Nithegale, and Nightingale; Assize R. 408,
m. 12, 7 d. 59 d. 58 d. 57.
In 1330 Robert del Coran and Eva his
wife, Jordan de Rixton and Agnes his
wife, and Amota daughter of Robert de
Ashton, claimed land in Hindley from
William the Fisher by inheritance. It
appeared that Roger son of Whinilda
married Leukia daughter of Richard the
Boor, seised in the time of Edward I,
and left a daughter Agnes as heir; Agnes
had three daughters—Eva and Agnes
plaintiffs, and Emma, formerly wife of
Robert de Ashton, represented by her
daughter Amota; De Banco R. 275, m.
7; 278, m. 31 d.; 281, m. 78 d.
Local Glean. Lancs. and Ches. ii, 144.
Alice daughter of Robert Dicconson of
Hindley married Hugh the Barker in
1401; her property descended, in the reign
of Henry VIII, to William Barker, who
was succeeded by five daughters, Agnes,
Margery, Ellen, Cecily, and Elizabeth,
married respectively to John Hulme,
James Harrison, Richard Astley, Henry
Waterworth, and William Ainsworth.
||In Towneley MS. OO, are preserved
a number of deeds regarding the lands of
Adam the Harper of Hindley and his
descendants. Adam's son William acquired
lands about 1299, and was living in 1331;
nos. 1465, 1470, 1449. His son John
made a feoffment in 1334; no. 1466; and
his sons John and Thomas sold their
lands in 1364 to Adam son of Richard
son of John de Hindley; no. 1443,
1462; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), iv,
161; the purchaser had a son Richard,
who in 1430 made a settlement of his
lands; OO, no. 1459. The ancestor of
this branch of the Hindley family was
perhaps the Richard son of Beatrice who
had a grant from Robert Banastre, lord of
Makerfield; the rent was to be 4s. a
year; no. 1471.
A grant of Burghurst in Hindley by
Hugh de Thursaker is printed in Pal.
Note Bk. iv, 150.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 238, 243, 251.
In the Hindley D. printed in Local
Glean. Lancs. and Ches. ii, 167, are some
referring to the Harrisons of Hindley;
Peter Harrison, living in 1637 and 1651,
had a son and heir John, who in the
latter year was rector of Ashton under
Lyne, and has found a place in Dict. Nat.
Peter Harrison, 'late solicitor to the
County Committee,' had in 1651 joined
the Earl of Derby, but being angry with
him for plundering, recalled his two sons;
Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iv, 2955.
These sons are called Captain Jeremiah
and Lieutenant Nathaniel Harrison in
1652; Cal. of Com. for Advancing Money,
Richard Wood of Hindley died 12 Jan.
1612–13 seised of a messuage and lands
in Hindley held of the king, as of his
manor of Enfield by a rent of 3s. 4d.;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 262.
||Norris D. (B.M.). Christopher Stananought was son and heir of William,
living in 1602; Hindley D. no. 10.
Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iv,
2519. John Ranicars was not allowed
to compound for a messuage and lands
purchased from Nicholas.
||Wills of John and James Marsh, of
1670 and 1687 respectively, are printed in
Lancs. and Ches. Hist. and Gen. Notes,
ii, 44, 80. See also Gillow, Bibl. Dict.
of Engl. Cath. iv, 467–70.
Lancs. and Ches. Recs. ii, 278.
||It is mentioned in one of the
Culcheth deeds dated 1517; as an annuity was to be paid there it must have
been open to the people of the district;
Lancs. and Ches. Hist. and Gen. Notes,
||This account is derived from Canon
Bridgeman's Wigan, 757–80, in which are
reprinted a number of the Hindley D.
from Local Glean. Lancs. and Ches.; John
Leyland, Mem. of Hindley, 1873; the
Kenyon MSS. (Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv,
App. iv); Lancs. and Ches. Hist. and
Gen. Notes, i, 12, &c. In Leyland's
book are given extracts from the wardens'
accounts and many personal reminiscences.
In the Liverpool Dioc. Gaz. for Oct. 1905
will be found a further account, the
object being to show that this was not a
Puritan effort; special stress is laid upon
the almost perfect orientation.
A contributor was Chisenhall Brettargh, who died before 1652. In October
that year a settlement was made of
disputes between Alice Brettargh the
widow and Edward son of Edward Chisenhall, the former surrendering the lease of
her house on receiving £260. Chisenhall
Brettargh was a captain at the defence of
Lathom House, and otherwise took part
in the wars on behalf of Charles I; he was
buried at Wigan 12 Dec. 1645, being
described as 'Captain Chisnall Bretter de
Hindley'; he left children:—Edward,
Jonathan (died in 1664), Frances, and
Elizabeth. From J. P. Earwaker's MSS.
||Leyland, Hindley, 21, from the
petition for consecration in 1698. The
statement that the 'prayers of the
Church' had been duly said from 1641 to
1669 requires to be corrected by the remembrance that at least the period 1645
to 1668 was an exception. Part of the
endowment was given in 1655 by John
||a For the Cavaliers' behaviour in
Hindley (Henden) Chapel see Ormerod,
Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 63.
||Thomas Tonge was in 1646 a member of the fourth Presbyterian Classis;
Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), i, 227.
||William Williamson was minister in
1650, 'an able, godly, and painful
minister,' the Parliamentary Commissioners described him, 'of good life and
conversation'; Commonw. Ch. Surv.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 61. He
died 9 Feb. 1656–7; Plund. Mins. Accts.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 181.
||Bridgeman, op. cit. 758–60; he
afterwards ministered at Rainford Chapel.
Another James Bradshaw had been acting
rector of Wigan, 1643–53.
||Ibid. 779, 762.
||Bridgeman, op. cit. 763, 765–7.
John Green in 1690 tendered a certificate to the justices at Lancaster, so that
the chapel might be recorded as 'a place
appointed to dissenting Protestants for
their religious worship'; but the court,
on the opposition of the Bishop of
Chester, refused; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep.
xiv, App. iv, 245, 246; see also 270,
where the quarrels of the Dissenters are
noticed; and 415.
||Bridgeman, op. cit. 769–72. In this
document it is not called All Saints'
||A brief was issued in 1763 on behalf
of the rebuilding.
||Bridgeman, op. cit. 602–5. See
Lond. Gaz. 2 July 1878 for the formation
of the present chapelry.
John Croudson, incumbent from 1789–
1811, was also head master of Wigan
Grammar School; he visited the village
one day in each week; Leyland, op. cit.
Lond. Gaz. 14 May 1867, 26 Mar.
1875, &c. See Bridgeman, op. cit. 780;
Leyland, Hindley, 57, 58.
||Leyland, op. cit. 75–7; Nightingale,
Lancs. Nonconf. iv, 13.
||Leyland, op. cit. 78, 79; Nightingale,
op. cit. iv, 21. The chapel was practically
unused from 1862–82.
||Leyland, op. cit. 79.
||Leyland, op. cit. 79.
||Ibid. 75–7; Nightingale, op. cit. iv, 13.
||Leyland, Hindley, 64–75. The chapel
was built in 1700 by Richard Crook of
Abram and conveyed to trustees in 1717,
James Green of Abram being one. Owing,
it is said, to an attempt by William Davenport, minister in 1777, to carry the endowment to the Presbyterian chapel at Wigan,
he became unpopular, was assaulted and
finally resigned. He is said to have been
Arian in doctrine. Unitarianism prevailed here by the end of the 18th century,
but from the account of a disturbance in
the chapel in 1833 it would seem that
some Trinitarians then remained in the
congregation. Particulars of the endowment, now considerable, on account of coal
mining on the land, are given in the
Report of the End. Char. of Wigan, 1899,
||Mr. Gillow in Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser.), xiii, 153, 154, where it is stated
that Bishop Matthew Gibson confirmed
fifty-nine at Strangeways in 1784; there
were 259 communicants; Liverpool Cath.
Ann. 1901. See further in Leyland,
Hindley, 62, 63, for reminiscences of Dom
Anselm Appleton, 1808–36.