||5,373 according to the census of
1901, including 9 acres of inland water.
||The old name was Bury Lane; see
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i, 2.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), iii, 647.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 9.
||In 1548 four rents each of 2s. 2½d.
were payable to Sir Thomas Boteler from
Culcheth, Peasfurlong, Holcroft, and Risley, the tenants being Gilbert Culcheth,
Sir John Holcroft (two), and John Risley;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 142.
The total rent of 8s. 10d. shows a great
reduction from the 4 marks of 1212,
being one-sixth only.
||Culcheth D. no. 253; these abstracts
are printed in Lancs. and Ches. Hist. and
Gen. Notes, i, and to them are added a
large number of abstracts of wills, &c.,
compiled by Mr. J. P. Rylands.
Inq. and Extents, loc. cit.
||Assize R. 404, m. 18b. As he is
named as defendant in the same roll
(m. 1 d.) he must have been killed in or
just before 1246. His widow, Dame
Cecily de Layton, in 1275 at Thornton
in the Fylde demised to Richard de Culcheth, her son-in-law, her dower in the
mill at Culcheth, and granted that her
tenants should grind there as in Gilbert
de Culcheth's life; Culcheth D. no. 23.
||Culcheth D. no. 20; it would appear
from no. 2 that 40 marks was paid by
This Hugh was lord of the manor of
Hindley, or a moiety of it, which descended with Culcheth. There were
others of the name.
||This appears from various suits referred to, and from the deeds preserved
by Dodsworth, cxlii, fol. 113; by one,
Richard's approvements in the Little
Twiss, Blind Hurst, Kinknall, and the
mill houses were allowed. Richard and
Margery's acknowledgement of the justice
of the partition is no. 22 of the Culcheth D.
||Assize R. 405, m. 2. The defendants were Richard de Culcheth, Thomas
de Holcroft, and Joan his wife, Robert de
Hindley and Ellen his wife, Adam de
Hindley and Isabel his wife, also Roger
del Twiss, this last being a tenant of
Richard's. In the following year Richard
and his son Richard, together with Adam
and Elizabeth, Thomas and Joan, were
summoned to answer Hugh de Hulme,
who charged them with taking his goods;
De Banco R. 21, m. 53 d.
In 1278 John de Haydock continued
his suit against Richard del Twiss, Adam
and Thomas and their wives being joined,
also Roger del Twiss and Henry son of
Robert de Paris; but Richard, 'chief lord
of Culcheth,' was not named; Assize R.
1238, m. 34 d.; 1239, m. 39 d.; also
1268, m. 11.
||Richard son of Richard has been
mentioned in the preceding note. Gilbert
occurs in a plea by Cecily de Layton in
1284; Assize R. 1265, m. 22; he must
at this time have been regarded as the
||Assize R. 1294, m. 8.
||Ibid. 408, m. 50 d. Gilbert de
Culcheth and Robert de Risley and Ellen
his wife and others were at the same
time plaintiffs against the Abbot of Cockersand, regarding a tenement in Hutton in
Leyland, probably Dame Cecily's; ibid.
||Ibid. m. 27, 57, &c.; Richard the
son; m. 32. In Aug. 1294 William
le Boteler, lord of Warrington, agreed
with Richard de Culcheth not to distrain
the demesne of Culcheth for services
during the life of Richard, the latter
being allowed to distrain his men for
them as if he were their immediate lord;
Culcheth D. no. 27. In 1300 William
le Boteler agreed that in future Gilbert
de Culcheth should find only one bedell
for the court of Warrington; Hale D.
||In this year Gilbert son of Richard
de Culcheth granted to Hugh de Hindley
all his manor of Culcheth for life, with
remainder as to one half to his wife
Beatrice for life should she survive him;
Culcheth D. no. 28. This was regranted
in 1307; ibid. no. 33. See also no. 29,
||The name of Gilbert de Culcheth
occurs constantly in the charters of the
time. In 1330 he 'put in his claim' in
a settlement of the Risley portion of the
manor; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 74.
The most probable date for his death
is that named in the text. In 1338
Gilbert de Culcheth granted to Gilbert
his son his mills in Hindley and all his
part in the water of Glazebrook and
Ballisdene in Hindley; Culcheth D. no.
48. In later deeds Gilbert 'the elder'
is named; no. 49, 50; and in 1341
Gilbert de Culcheth and Gilbert his son
were the first witnesses to a local deed;
no. 51. Two years later Gilbert de
Culcheth, no longer called 'elder,' and
therefore probably the 'son' of the foregoing deeds, agreed with Sir Geoffrey de
Warburton as to the marriage of his
son and heir Gilbert; the latter was
to marry by Sir Geoffrey's advice; ibid.
||Mentioned in the preceding note.
His first wife is said to have been the
daughter of Sir Geoffrey de Warburton;
his second was Cecily daughter of Richard de Bradshagh; she afterwards married
Hugh de Worseley or Wirley; no. 53,
57, 63, &c. See also Assize R. 438,
m. 3 d.; 441, m. 5; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 7, m. 2 d.
||Culcheth D. no. 53; a grant by Gilbert the father to his son Gilbert and Joan
of the manor of Hindley, with remainders
to the father's children by Cecily, John
and William, and then to William son of
Gilbert de Urmston. Immediately afterwards the son released the manor to his
father, 'on condition that he maintained
himself and his wife Joan with reasonable
food and clothes'; no. 54. Eight years
later (1353) a similar surrender of the
manor of Hindley was made by the son,
and Gilbert the father agreed to find his
son in a house, horse, attendant, &c., fitting his rank; no. 57.
Gilbert de Culcheth the elder and
Cecily his wife made grants in 1356;
no. 59–61; but early in the following year
Gilbert son and heir of Gilbert de Culcheth granted an inspeximus of a charter
made to his father and Cecily his wife in
1351; no. 62.
||The date appears from his acknowledgement in the parish church of Manchester in Feb. 1365–6, when he was
'nineteen years of age and upwards,' of his
marriage with Katherine the daughter of
Thomas del Booth; ibid. no. 67. Gilbert
de Culcheth, son of Gilbert who married
Joan, son of Gilbert whose widow was
Cecily, was plaintiff in 1362 and 1364;
De Banco R. 411, m. 217d.; 418, m. 227.
Gilbert the father, husband of Joan, must
have died therefore before 1362; he had
arranged his son's marriage in 1358;
Culcheth D. no. 64, 65.
Other charters in the collection concern
the younger Gilbert. One of these is
curious; by it Sir William de Legh,
Katherine, 'late wife' of Gilbert de Culcheth, John de Worsley, and William de
Hulme, delivered to John de Holcroft 113
charters relating to the inheritance of the
said Gilbert, and he agreed to deliver them
to Gilbert, 'if alive,' or to his heir if dead;
no. 79. This was in 1374. It appears
from later deeds that Gilbert was not dead;
in 1393 he established his title to a
water-mill and land in Hindley; no. 82.
Katherine was a widow in 1402, in which
year she assigned her dower lands in Culcheth and Hindley to trustees, and was
still living in 1431; no. 83, 87–90, 95;
see Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 337;
xxxiii, App. 9; Final Conc. ii, 67.
||This appears clearly from a release in
1373 by the trustee to Gilbert de Culcheth of all the lands in Culcheth which
he had by the gift of Gilbert de Culcheth,
great-grandfather of the said Gilbert; Culcheth D. no. 73. This ancestor cannot be
the original Gilbert de Culcheth who was
killed in 1246, and must therefore refer to
the Gilbert son of Richard who died probably about 1340.
||Thurstan's name occurs in 1373,
when his father Gilbert settled lands upon
him and his issue, probably on the occasion of his betrothal; no. 76, 77. Nine
years later the marriage seems to have
taken place, Thurstan's wife being Elizabeth daughter of John de Holcroft; no.
80, 81; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 2,
m. 35; see also m. 34.
Thurstan was in possession of the
manor in 1400; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc.), i, 159. He had three brothers,
Thomas, Nicholas, and Henry, on whom
lands were settled in 1420; Culcheth D.
||Thomas appears to have come into
possession of the manors by 1430, when
the arbitrators decided that Katherine his
mother was entitled to dower out of Culcheth Carrs; no. 95.
Thomas Culcheth, as son and heir of
Gilbert and Katherine, was claimant of
lands in Culcheth in 1443 and later years,
the defendants being John Eccleston and
Agnes his wife and Oliver Anderton
and Ellen his wife. The defendants
were warranted by Thurstan Anderton,
who called John son and heir of Richard
del Crosse, who called William son and
heir of Henry Perpoint; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 5, m. 13b; 6, m. 15b; 11,
In 1444 Thomas Culcheth and Alice
his wife were in possession of the manor
house of Hindley; Culcheth D. no. 98.
They leased to their son George this
manor in 1458 at a rent of £4 13s. 4d.,
allowing sufficient timber to repair the
house and the mill; no. 111.
||Hugh Culcheth, chaplain, in 1444
granted lands in Hindley to Gilbert son
of Thomas Culcheth and Agnes his wife;
no. 99. In 1456 Gilbert confirmed his
father's grant of a moiety of Culcheth
Carrs to Oliver Anderton and Ellen his
wife; no. 109.
||John son and heir of Gilbert Culcheth was in 1462 contracted to marry
Parnell daughter of Hamlet Mascy of
Rixton, deceased, and Joan his wife;
Gilbert was dead, his widow Agnes
being the wife of Ralph Langton; Alice,
the widow of Thomas Culcheth, was still
living; Culcheth D. no. 112.
John Culcheth occurs again ten years
later; no. 113. He left two daughters,
Agnes and Isabel, living in 1500; no.
||In 1483 Thurstan Anderton released
to Randle Culcheth his right in Culcheth
Carrs, inherited from his grandfather Oliver
Anderton and Ellen his wife, to whom it
had been given by Thomas Culcheth in
1448; no. 114, 106. Three years later
arbitrators were appointed in a dispute
between Robert Rixton and his wife Parnell, formerly wife of John Culcheth, and
Randle Culcheth, brother and heir of John;
In July 1491 Randle did homage for
Culcheth to Thomas Boteler of Warrington, and paid 10s. 10d. relief; Misc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 13, 14.
||Culcheth D. no. 124, dated 1502.
||Ibid. no. 120. Master Nicholas made
an estate to her of lands in Hindley of the
value of 8 marks a year for her life. At
the same time he declared he had not encumbered the lands of Thomas his father,
or Gilbert his brother, or of John and
Randle Culcheth his 'cousins,' except
certain lands granted for life to Agnes,
late the wife of Gilbert but then of Ralph
Langton, and to Parnell, later the wife of
John. Nicholas was living in 1499;
B.M. Add. Chart. 17700.
Oliver Culcheth did homage in 1503–4,
paying 10s. 10d. relief; Misc. (Rec. Soc.),
i, 16, 22. In 1505 he made a feoffment of
his manor of Culcheth and his lands there
and in Hindley; Culcheth D. no. 126.
||Ibid. no. 128; an assignment of
dower to Douce widow of Oliver Culcheth, with a proviso that when Oliver's
son Gilbert came of age it should not prejudice her claim to a reasonable part of
the lands in Hindley held for the use of
George Culcheth, brother of Gilbert.
In 1515 Sir Thomas Boteler sold the
wardship and marriage of Gilbert Culcheth to Thomas Langley, rector of Prestwich, and others, for 80 marks; ibid. no.
130. In the same year bond was given to
perform the covenants of marriage in an indenture between Gilbert Culcheth and Sir
William Leyland; ibid. no. 131. This
marriage appears to have been with Jane,
daughter and heir of Guy Green of Naburn, Yorkshire, for in 1533 Gilbert was
holding her lands as tenant by courtesy;
ibid. no. 147.
Gilbert was of full age in 1517, when he
covenanted to pay his mother Douce, then
wife of James Strangeways, an annuity of
£6 10s. as her dower, in the chapel at
Lowe in Hindley; no. 132, 133. George
Culcheth also had an annuity; no. 141.
By 1526 he had married Margaret
daughter of John Holcroft; and in the
following year his father's trustees released
to him the manor of Culcheth; no. 138,
Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. (ed. Earwaker),
||A pedigree was recorded in 1567;
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 82. It begins with
||Culcheth D. no. 160–9. By one of
these (no. 165) John Culcheth in 1566
covenanted with Sir John Southworth to
levy a fine of his lands to the use of himself for life, with remainders to his sons
John, Thomas, and Gilbert; in another
deed (no. 269) his wife Cecily is named,
and his daughter Mary. Cecily was living
in 1595; no. 182.
For his death see Manch. Ct. Leet. Rec.
||Gibson, Lydiate Hall, quoting S.P.
Dom. Eliz. ccxxxv, 4.
||John the son was married in 1576
to Maud daughter of John Poole of
Wirral; her portion was 500 marks;
Culcheth D. no. 171. The marriage
licence was granted 23 Aug.; Henry
Pennant's Acct. Bk. (Ches. Dioc. Reg.).
For fines relating to his lands in 1594 and
1597 see Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 56,
m. 78; 58, m. 30. In 1598 he settled
his lands and manors in Culcheth, Hindley, Ince, and Manchester, with remainders to his son John and the father's
brothers, Thomas and Gilbert; Culcheth
D. no. 186. In 1601, as stated in the
text, he purchased the enfranchisement of
the manor of Culcheth; no. 190. He
was deforciant in 1603 in a fine regarding
the manors of Culcheth and Hindley, and
messuages, water-mill, windmill, dovecotes,
lands, &c., there and in Ince and Manchester; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 63,
He died 24 Sept. 1625; Culcheth D.
no. 211. The inquisition taken after
his death is given in Towneley MS. C. 8.
13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 267; the manor of
Culcheth with water-mill, houses, and
lands, was held of John Southworth (as
trustee): the son and heir John was said
to be twenty-six years of age; see Manch.
Ct. Leet Rec. iii, 122.
||John Culcheth was baptized at Newchurch 10 Dec. 1599, as appears by the
registers. Before he was five years of
age he was contracted in marriage to
Christian, daughter of John Hawarden of
Appleton in Widnes, 'if the young persons
agree when they are of age'; Culcheth D.
In the Visit. of 1613 (Chet. Soc. p. 88)
Christian is entered as 'wife of — Culcheth'; but she probably died soon afterwards, and John Culcheth married her
half-sister Jane, as appears by his will
and the Visit. of 1664 (Chet. Soc. p. 91).
He paid a fine of £15 in 1631 on
refusing knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 212.
In 1626 he purchased the tithes of
Culcheth from Sir Edward Fitton for
£1,000; Culcheth D. no. 208–10, 213.
He died 17 July 1640. The manor of
Culcheth and the lands there were found
to be held of John Minshull of Minshull
in Cheshire, by the tenth part of a knight's
fee and a rent of 8s. 10d.; the manor of
Hindley was held of Sir Richard Fleet-wood in socage; a tenement in Manchester was held of Sir Edward Mosley
as lord of Manchester; and the tithes in
Culcheth of the Earl of Derby, being
worth per annum clear 20s. John Culcheth was his son and heir, and fifteen
years of age on 8 Feb. 1640–1; Jane, the
widow, was in possession; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xxix, no. 67 (printed in Lancs.
and Ches. Hist. and Gen. Notes, i, 307).
In his will (ibid. 374) he desired to be
buried in his ancestors' burial place in his
chapel called the Chapel of the Blessed
Virgin Mary in Winwick Church. The
inventory showed a total of £908 2s. 8d.
The premises in Manchester were called
Oldgrave Hall, or Culcheth or Langley
||From reports of the Committee of
Lords and Commons for Sequestrations in
1648, preserved among the Culcheth family
papers. These recite a settlement of 1601
made by John Culcheth the grandfather,
and other deeds. Jane Culcheth, the
widow, was living, and a recusant, and it
was submitted to the judgement of the
committee whether the £60 a year payable to her during the minority of her
sons Charles and William should not be
paid instead to 'some well-affected Protestant,' who should educate them in the
Protestant religion, the said committee to
take care that they and also the daughters
Mary and Katherine be so educated.
See also Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 73.
||So stated in Dugdale, Visit. loc. cit.;
and in Castlemain, Apology, quoted in
Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i, 608.
||Baptized at Newchurch 5 May 1628,
and therefore still under age at the time
of his petition. His brother Charles was
baptized 11 Apr. 1631, and his sister
Mary 23 Apr. 1633; Lancs. and Ches
Hist. and Gen. Notes, i, 310.
||Culcheth family papers as above.
See also Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 108.
||Foley, Rec. S. J. vii, 188, 189. Charles
Culcheth died at Ghent, 1667, in attending
the victims of the plague. William Culcheth served on the mission in Durham
and Lincolnshire, and died in 1684.
||In 1677 a settlement was made of
the manors and lands by Thomas Culcheth and Anne his wife; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 198, m. 65.
||From a pedigree in Foley, op. cit. vi,
690, said to be taken from one compiled in 1692. Thomas Culcheth alias
Parker mostly resided at Liège, where he
died in 1730, aged 76; he served the
London mission for a short time. James
Culcheth died at Liège during his period
of study, in 1692, aged 27; ibid. vii,
||He was buried in linen at Winwick
20 Dec. 1683.
||John, the son of Thomas Culcheth,
was buried at Winwick, 4 Feb. 1681–2.
||He was buried at Winwick 8 Oct.
1747; his wife Anne had been buried
16 July previously.
Thomas Culcheth was vouchee in a
recovery of the manor in 1710; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 492, m. 4.
As a 'papist' he in 1717 registered his
entailed estate, with remainder to sons by
Anne his wife, charged with annuities to
his mother Mary and his brother John,
who also registered their estates. It included the capital messuage called Culcheth Hall, with 170 acres of land; the
tithes of Culcheth, out of which £10 was
payable to the rector of Winwick, &c.;
there was a mortgage of £1,000; Engl.
Cath. Nonjurors, 115–16; Lancs. and
Ches. Hist. and Gen. Notes, i, 274. In
the latter place are printed some other
deeds of the period. The brother John
is said to have been a lawyer of Gray's
||Ibid. i, 276. The disposition of the
estates is recited in the Cal. of the Exch.
of Pleas, C, 301; Culcheth Hall went in
the manner described in the text; Hindley Hall, otherwise Strangeways Hall,
with the fourth part of the manor, was
granted to John Trafford of Croston.
||He was buried at Winwick 21 July
1749. His brother Henry, a Jesuit priest,
was buried there four years later.
||William Dicconson and Meliora his
wife were vouchees in a recovery of the
manor in 1783; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
637, m. 7, 10.
||See the accounts of Stretford and
||Burke, Landed Gentry.
||The agreement for partition assigned
to Adam de Peasfurlong all the waste between the Southwood and Westwood, and
between Peasfurlong and Croft, which
could be ploughed and sown; the remainder of the waste to be held in common, a
right of way being allowed to Robert and
the other brothers and their men. Adam
was also to hold all the land and wood
which he had inclosed between his house
and Southwood, with part of Halghus
carr; and his grant to Robert son of
William de Sankey was ratified; Dods.
MSS. cxlii, fol. 113.
From the suits already cited it appears
that Isabel or Elizabeth died between
1278 and 1284; Assize R. 1238, m.
34 d.; 1265, m. 22.
Another family had taken a name from
the place, for John son of Thomas de
Peasfurlong in 1278 released to his lord,
Richard son of Hugh de Hindley, all the
land in Culcheth which he claimed to
hold by right of inheritance; Dods. MSS.
xxxix, fol. 123b.
||Adam de Hindley and Margery his
daughter were defendants in 1284 and
1285. In the latter year Agnes widow
of John de Haydock claimed common of
pasture in 25 acres of moor in Culcheth.
Adam replied that it was the inheritance
of Elizabeth, formerly his wife, and that
they, with Robert de Risley and Ellen his
wife and Thomas de Hindley and Joan
his wife, were chief lords of the said town;
Assize R. 1268, m. 11.
Adam son of Hugh de Hindley was
defendant in several Culcheth cases in
1292; Assize R. 408, m. 32, &c.
He appears also in the Culcheth Deeds
as witness and as releasing his right in
the water of Glazebrook to Richard de
Hindley; no. 9. In 1280 he had a grant
from his brother Richard of land at Wigshaw head next the land of William de
Sankey, up to an oak tree marked with a
cross; no. 24. In this he is called Adam
de Peasfurlong, a surname he appears
to have relinquished after his wife's
In 1302, as Adam son of Hugh de
Hindley, he released to Gilbert son of
Richard de Culcheth all his right to messuages, mill, and lands in Hindley, all
which Gilbert had by the gift of his grandfather, Hugh de Hindley; no. 31.
||Adam de Hindley had a daughter
Beatrice, identified with the Beatrice wife
of Richard de Molyneux of Crosby whose
descendants had a share of the manor of
Hindley; see no. 31, 32. It is not clear
why she had no share of the manor of
Culcheth; but in 1314 John de Lancaster and Margery his wife, daughter of
Richard and Beatrix de Molyneux, had
the fourth part of the manor settled
upon them; Final Conc. ii, 18, 19. The
Lancasters of Rainhill do not again appear in Culcheth. As Adam de Hindley
had sons, who inherited lands in Hindley
and Aspull, there must have been some
special settlement for the daughter Beatrice. See account of Aspull.
||They were married in or before
1303, when they claimed certain lands in
Culcheth from Adam de Hindley; De
Banco R. 148, m. 71. In the following
year Gilbert de Culcheth, Hugh de Hindley and Beatrice his wife granted to William de Radcliffe and Margery his wife a
messuage at Wigshaw in Culcheth; Dods.
MSS. xxxix, fol. 123b. A settlement of
their part of the manor was made in
1311; Final Conc. ii, 10. Gilbert de
Culcheth and Thomas de Holcroft and
Joan his wife put in their claim.
Thirteen years later, in 1324, William
de Radcliffe and Margery his wife and
Richard their son put in a similar claim
on a settlement by the Risley family;
ibid. 59. About the same time William
de Radcliffe and Margery his wife and
Robert de Risley were lords of Culcheth;
Assize R. 426, m. 7 d. Margery was
living, a widow, in 1333; Harl. MS.
2112, fol. 152b/188b.
In 1349 Margery daughter of Gilbert
de Culcheth, a widow, released to Richard
de Radcliffe all her claim to lands which
he had by the gift of her father; Dods.
MSS. xxxix, fol. 123b. She may be the
same as the Margaret daughter of Gilbert
of 1324; Culcheth D. no. 44.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 94—James de Radcliffe, 1409, with a son and
heir Richard, who died about 1441; ii,
121. John Radcliffe, 1485; ii, 148, 152.
In 1483 a dispute about lands in Culcheth
between Sir Christopher Southworth and
John son and heir of James Radcliffe was
decided in the latter's favour by John
Hawarden of Chester; Towneley MS.
HH, no. 2139. Richard Radcliffe, who
died in 1502, held the fourth part of the
manor of Culcheth of Sir Thomas Boteler
by knight's service and a rent of 3s. 6d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 98.
His brother and heir John died about
1513, holding the same part of the manor
by a rent of 3s. 4d.; ibid. iv, no. 7.
||In the will of John Radcliffe, recited
in the inquisition above referred to, it is
said, 'Provided always that inasmuch as
the manor of Culcheth came to my ancestors by marriage with a gentlewoman,
therefore according to the entail thereof
I will the said manor shall descend as it
ought to have done before the making of
this my will.' Lord FitzWalter, however, obtained the manor, and Ralph
Eccleston in 1523 was found to have
held lands in Culcheth of him; ibid. v,
||Sir John Holcroft was in possession
by 1549; the rent payable to the lord of
Warrington was 3s. 6d.; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 77.
||By a settlement in 1574 it went to
Hamlet, the brother of Sir John Holcroft
the younger, who had no sons; the estate
included two water-mills, two dovecotes,
and a free fishery in the Glazebrook; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 36, m. 13. For
Hamlet Holcroft see also Ducatus (Rec.
Com.), iii, 96, 188. He and his wife
were returned as recusants in 1575.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 68,
no. 6; the sale (or mortgage) included
the manor of Peasfurlong and lands, &c.,
100 acres being 'covered with water,' in
all four quarters of the township; there
was added a clause of warranty against
Hamlet Holcroft, the father of John.
Another fine was made in 1622–3,
John Calveley being plaintiff, and John
Holcroft, junior, son and heir of John
Holcroft, deforciant, with a clause of warranty against Anne mother of the younger
John; ibid. bdle. 96, no. 1.
The sale was alleged to be fraudulent;
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. iii, App. 57.
In 1634 Edward Calveley was in possession of Great and Little Woolden in
Barton, Holcroft, Peasfurlong, and Wigshaw in Culcheth; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol.
||In Sept. 1642 the deforciants of the
manors of Holcroft and Peasfurlong were
Sampson Erdwick and Anne Erdwick,
widow; and there was a warranty against
the heirs of Richard Erdwick, father of
the former; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 141, no. 30. Anne Erdwick seems
to have been the widow of John Holcroft
||Their share of the inheritance was
Holcroft and Mill Houses, with the lands
which Orm and Adam his son and Wyon
had formerly held; the woods of Southwood, Westwood, and Ings were to be
common to all the coparceners; Dods.
MSS. cxlii, fol. 114b.
||Ibid. fol. 115b. An account of the
Holcroft family by Mr. J. Paul Rylands,
originally printed in the Leigh Chron., has
been utilized; Local Glean. Lancs. and
Final Conc. ii, 18. Adam's name
occurs in the deeds down to 1347. In
1334 he was commanded to join the king
in Scotland with horse and arms; and
eight years later he was one of the commissioners for assessing the ninths; Rot.
Scot. (Rec. Com.), i, 307; Inq. Non. (Rec.
In 1330 Adam de Holcroft arranged
for the succession of his part of the manor
of Culcheth, except three messuages and
certain lands. It was to descend to his
son Hugh and heirs male; in default
successively to John, Thomas, Richard,
and Robert, his other sons. William the
son of Adam de Holcroft by his second
wife Margery put in his claim; Final
Conc. ii, 74.
In 1331 John son of John de Woolden
agreed with Adam son of Thomas de
Holcroft concerning the latter's mill and
mill pool upon Glazebrook, the embankment stretching across the stream; Dods.
MSS. cxlii, fol. 116.
The male issue of the eldest son Hugh
appears to have failed, but he may have
had a daughter, for in 1353 William son
of Thomas de Sale alleged he was the heir
of Adam son of Thomas de Holcroft, in a
claim for lands in Bedford brought by
William de Holcroft son of Adam and
Margery; Assize R. 435, m. 30 d.
John de Holcroft, the second son, is
probably the man of that name acquitted
of killing John son of Simon de Holland
at Culcheth in 1343; Assize R. 430, m.
32 d.; he was himself killed in 1352;
Assize R. 433. Possibly it was on account of his character that Adam de Holcroft in 1347 settled the estate upon
Thomas son of John de Holcroft; Dods.
MSS. cxlii, fol. 116b. The bounds are
thus recorded: Beginning in the centre of
Lynbrook where it falls into Glazebrook,
up the former brook to the boundary of
Kenyon, then by the bounds of Croft,
Woolston, and Flixton to Glazebrook, and
so back to the starting point; i.e. all his
lands within Culcheth, Blacklow excepted.
||As there were two families of the same
surname in the township—of Holcroft
and of Hurst—it is difficult to trace the
descent of either, in the absence of documentary evidence. There is a pedigree
in Harl. MS. 1925, fol. 59, showing the
double line; also in Piccope, MS. Pedigrees (Chet. Lib.), i, 227.
John de Holcroft occurs at various
times from 1373 onwards. He is probably the heir of Thomas son of John de
Holcroft from whose guardian (Simon son
of Henry de Byrom) Goditha widow of
William de Holcroft claimed dower in
Aug. 1355; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 4,
m. 18; 5, m. 24 d. See Culcheth D.
no. 78, 79.
In 1382 his daughter Elizabeth was
engaged to marry Thurstan de Culcheth;
ibid. no. 80, 81; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 2, m. 35. He was plaintiff in later
fines (from 1386 to 1394) regarding properties in Culcheth and Kenyon; ibid. bdles.
2, m. 4, 5; 3, m. 19. In 1394 he was escheator; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i,
Thomas de Holcroft was serving beyond the seas in 1417 in the retinue of
Thomas, Duke of Exeter; Towneley MS.
CC, no. 510. He occurs as witness in
1400 and 1408; Towneley MS. GG, no.
2674, 2415; and John de Holcroft in
various ways about forty years later (Culcheth D. no. 107, 108) as arbitrator in a
dispute between Thomas Culcheth and
Oliver Anderton in 1448; also no. 112.
He was 'in mercy for defaults' in 1444;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 6, m. 11; 7, m. 4.
In 1492 John Holcroft did homage and
service to the lord of Warrington and paid
10s. 10d. for relief; Misc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 14. It was probably his son John who in 1505 did homage
and service for lands in Culcheth and
Pennington, paid relief, and three years
later did fealty in the court leet; ibid.
18, 22. Margaret daughter of John Holcroft senior was in 1525 married to
Gilbert Culcheth; her brother, John
Holcroft, afterwards knighted, being the
principal agent; Culcheth D. no. 137–9.
In a plea regarding land in 1514 the
descent of John Holcroft was thus alleged:
John —s. Thomas —s. John —s. Thomas
—s. John —s. John (plaintiff); Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 118, m. 13.
A pedigree was recorded in 1567, giving
a few steps; Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 117.
||In 1536 John Holcroft had fifty-three
men for service under the Earl of Derby
against the Northern Rising; L. and P.
Hen. VIII, xi, 511. He was sheriff of
Cheshire in 1541–2; ibid. xvi, 644. He
was made a knight at the coronation of
Edward VI; Metcalfe, Book of Knights,
From Sir Thomas Butler in 1549 he
procured the enfranchisement of his
manors of Holcroft and Peasfurlong, with
the lands there and in Pennington. The
manor of Holcroft, with messuages, lands,
and two water-mills, had been held by
homage, fealty, uncertain scutage, and a
rent of 3s. 6d. with suit to the court of
the manor of Warrington; thenceforward
it was to be held by fealty only for all
services, customs, exactions, and demands;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 77. Sir
John died in 1560 and was buried at Newchurch in Culcheth; Dods. MSS. cliii, fol.
46. His will with the inventory is printed
in Piccope, Wills (Chet. Soc.), i, 148–57.
||Thomas Holcroft first appears in the
records as a gentleman servitor at the
coronation of Anne Boleyn in 1533; L.
and P. Hen. VIII, vi, 246. He had a
place at court and was trusted by the king
and Cromwell with various missions, including the visitation of the monasteries.
He procured grants of the friaries at Warrington, Preston, and Lancaster; a portion of the Whalley lands, and Cartmel
Priory; also Vale Royal Abbey in Cheshire;
see L. and P. Hen. VIII; also Ormerod,
Cheshire (ed. Helsby), ii, 153, 154. He was
knighted during the Scottish expedition
in 1544; Metcalfe, Knights, 74. His
family very soon died out. His son
Thomas in 1590 was 'professed in religion, but not so forward in the public
actions for religion as was meet'; Gibson,
Lydiate Hall, 243.
||See the account of Upholland. In
1539 he also procured a grant of the
tithes of Culcheth for ever, paying a rent
of £10 to the rector; Lancs. and Ches.
Recs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 302;
Lichfield Epis. Reg. xiii–xiv, fol. 24.
||An agreement between John Holcroft and Margaret widow of Sir Richard
Bold, on the marriage of the former's son
John with Dorothy Bold, is in Dods. MSS.
xxxix, fol. 107. A fine as to the manor
of Peasfurlong was made in 1553 between
Sir John Holcroft senior and Sir John
Holcroft junior; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 14, m. 4. Sir John Holcroft was
the plaintiff in a right-of-way case in
1565, the disputed road leading from
Hollinfare through Culcheth to Leigh;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 285.
||In 1589 a settlement of the tithes of
Culcheth was made by Sir Edward Fitton
and Alice his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 51, m. 148. In 1590 it was reported that he resided but little in Lancashire; he was 'of good conformity' to
the religion established by law, but 'not
much commended for any forwardness in
the cause' thereof; Lydiate Hall, 243
(quoting S.P. Dom. Eliz. ccxxxv, 4). He
was returned in 1600 as a freeholder; he
was also a justice; Misc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 238.
The male line of this branch of the
Fittons quickly died out, and the inheritance passed to female heirs on the death
of the third Sir Edward Fitton in 1643;
see Ormerod, Cheshire (ed. Helsby), iii,
||Ralph Calveley died 23 Dec. 1619
holding Holcroft Hall, with its lands,
mills, free fishery in the Glazebrook, and
messuages and lands in Wigshaw, which
he had purchased of Thomas Southworth
and others, probably trustees of the Fittons; the hall was leased to Dame Alice
Fitton, who resided there; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 258–61.
John Calveley, aged thirty-six, was
Ralph's son and heir. The manors of
Holcroft and Peasfurlong were claimed
by a John Calveley as late as 1661; Exch.
Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 36.
||See previous note. Sampson Erdwick (Erdeswick) was probably the grandson of the Staffordshire antiquary of that
name, who died in 1603 leaving a son
and heir Richard, the name of the Holcroft Sampson's father; Staff. Visit. (Wm.
Salt Soc. v, 2), 124.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 152,
m. 77. The son, Thomas Holcroft, was
married this year.
John Holcroft was the John Holcroft
junior, grandson of Hamlet, already mentioned in the account of Peasfurlong. He
sided with the Parliament from the commencement of the Civil War, and rose to
be lieutenant-colonel; in 1643 he was in
command at Lancaster when Lord Derby
assaulted and took it; Civil War Tracts
(Chet. Soc.), 30–2, 85.
John's younger son Charles succeeded
his brother Thomas (who died in 1667),
but died without issue in 1672.
||It was probably on the death of
Charles Holcroft that the notorious
Colonel Thomas Blood endeavoured to
secure the manor of Holcroft as the right
of his wife Mary, eldest daughter of
Colonel John Holcroft. In a petition to
the king he complained that to defeat
him some of the Holcrofts had combined
with one Richard Calveley 'to promote
an old title . . . which title for this forty
years hath been overthrown at law,' and
further, 'about six years ago they hired
several obscure persons out of Wales that
went to the house of a gentleman, one
Hamlet Holcroft, . . . and with a pistol
killed him dead for not giving them possession . . . ; and some weeks since the
said Richard Calveley being attacked by
some of the sheriff's bailiffs . . . catched
up a rapier and killed one of the said
bailiffs dead on the place'; printed by
Mr. Rylands, op. cit. 19, 20, from S.P.
Dom. Chas. II, cxlii, 19. Hamlet Holcroft senior was buried at Newchurch in
1663, and another Hamlet on 2 June 1664.
||A moiety of the manors of Holcroft
and Peasfurlong and of estates in Culcheth and Woolden was settled upon
Thomas Tyldesley and Eleanor his wife
in 1680; the other moiety being at the
same time settled on Sir Richard Standish
and Margaret his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 204, m. 11, 35.
In August 1700 Sir Thomas Stanley,
Margaret his wife, and Sir Thomas Standish were deforciants of the manor of
Peasfurlong and land there and in Holcroft; ibid. bdle. 245, m. 85. Two years
later Sir Thomas Standish was plaintiff
and Sir Thomas Stanley and his wife
deforciants of the manor of Heapey, a
moiety of the manors of Holcroft and
Peasfurlong and various lands; ibid. bdle.
249, m. 32. In the following year Thomas
Tyldesley and Edward his son and heir
were vouchees in a recovery of the same
manors; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 478, m.
4d. In 1709 a further settlement appears
to have been made, the deforciants in the
fine being Sir Thomas Stanley and Margaret his wife, Sir Thomas Standish,
Thomas Tyldesley, Edward Tyldesley,
son and heir of the late Eleanor Tyldesley, wife of Thomas; and Henry Bunbury
and Eleanor his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 263, m. 110. Then in 1761
James Tyldesley and Sarah his wife were
in possession, and sold or mortgaged it to
John Lloyd; ibid. bdle. 366, m. 114.
A case prepared for counsel's opinion
in 1740 respecting the settlement of 1700
was printed in Preston Guardian local
notes, 1 Dec. 1877.
||In 1787 Holcroft appears to have
been owned by Samuel Pool; Land Tax
||At the time of the partition of Culcheth Robert de Risley was allowed to
retain all the approvements he had made,
except 12 acres in Rossale, and pasture
on the moss between Risley and Croft,
without hindrance from his brother
Adam; 20 acres in the Rough Hurst by
Croft Wood were also allowed to him, but
his horse-mill was to be taken down,
being to the prejudice of the other parceners; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 113b, 114.
The consent of Robert son of Hugh de
Hindley and Ellen his wife has also been
preserved; ibid. fol. 118b. Their share
lay 'in the southern part of Culcheth
called Risley,' and included Rossale in
Southwood. The bounds are carefully
recited, Hollinhurst and Stockley Wood
being named. A road for Robert and his
tenants was allowed through Peasfurlong
to the common of Westwood, then following the Halgh Field to Holcroft; by
the Brook House to the mills at Culcheth
and further to Fastonbrook. In compensation for the 'waste and desert'
character of much of Risley, Robert and
Ellen received Gilbert de Culcheth's lands
in Lowton. This deed may be dated
||From these it appears that Robert
and Ellen de Risley were living in 1292;
Assize R. 408, m. 44 d. Ellen in or
before 1303 married John Gillibrand, and
was living in 1314, when she and her
husband 'put in their claim' in a settlement regarding Holcroft; Final Conc. i,
200; ii, 18. She had a portion of Longton in Leyland Hundred, which descended
to Peter and Gilbert de Risley, younger
sons; ibid. i, 200; ii, 63; Harl. MS.
2042, fol. 100b, &c.
||Robert and Ellen appear to have had
sons, Robert and Richard; as also the
Peter and Gilbert named in the last
Robert son of Robert de Risley, and
Margery his wife, claimed various lands
in Kenyon, Lowton, Culcheth, Warrington, and Pemberton, from Robert son of
William de Sankey; Harl. MS. 2112,
fol. 151–87 (undated). Margery was the
daughter and heir of William, elder son
of William de Sankey, and in 1295
claimed her grandfather's lands in Kenyon, &c. Her father had died before the
elder William, and she had been given in
ward to Robert de Risley, who had married her to his son Robert; Assize R.
1306, m. 15. Margery seems to have
married before 1321 William son of
the John Gillibrand named in the previous note; Final Conc. ii, 44.
The Robert de Risley who had the
reversion would be the grandson of the
first Robert de Risley, and this settlement
may have been made on his coming of
age or marriage. 'John Gillibrand and
William his son' occur in 1299; Towneley MS. OO, no. 1465; William had married Margery by 1311; Harl. MS. 2112,
fol. 151–87; Final Conc. ii, 7. In 1347,
in a grant to the next Robert de Risley,
his mother 'Margaret' is named as then
living; from the deeds at Hale Hall,
near Liverpool, among which are a large
number relating to Risley.
It would thus appear that the first Robert
de Risley died before 1303, and the second
(his son) before 1311.
Adam son of Hugh de Hindley
granted lands near Westwood in Culcheth, which he had acquired from John
de Haydock, to Giles de Penketh. Giles
was to render the following services to
the chief lords: To John Gillibrand and
Ellen his wife and the heirs of Ellen and
Robert de Risley, 14d. a year; to Robert
son of Robert de Risley, homage and 1d.
at Christmas; to Gilbert son of Richard
de Culcheth, 1 lb. of cummin and 8d.
rent; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 118b, no.
48; Towneley MS. GG, no. 998.
Richard de Risley, probably another
son of the elder Robert, had a confirmation of his estate from Richard de Radcliffe and Margery his wife; Dods. MSS.
liii, fol. 27. In 1321 John son of
Richard de Risley released to Adam de
Holcroft all his claim to land in Wigshaw
lache, between Peasfurlong and the
boundary of Croft; Hale D.
Final Conc. ii, 58; daughters Margaret, Margery, and Agnes are named.
Robert must therefore have been born
about 1300. Adam de Holcroft, Joan de
Holcroft his mother, William de Radcliffe and Margery his wife, and William
their son, put in their claims.
||He contributed to the subsidy in
1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), 4, and he attested charters
between 1341 and 1357; Culcheth D. no.
51, 62. Henry de Bradshagh and Joan
his wife in 1353 claimed lands in Kenyon
from Robert de Risley and Isabel his wife
and Henry son of Robert. Joan was the
widow of John, another son of Robert;
Assize R. 435, m. 29; De Banco R. 418,
m. 287 d.
||De Banco R. 419, m. 52 d. He
died in or before 1397, leaving a widow
Margaret, as appears by deeds quoted
below. A daughter Ellen married Thurstan de Penketh; Hale D.
||Hale D. William son of Henry de
Risley had released his lands to his father
by a deed of 1398–9.
||Henry de Ditchfield in 1437–8
granted to Nicholas de Risley and Gilbert
his son the marriage of his son and heir
William to Katherine daughter of
Nicholas; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 247b,
Nicholas was still alive in 1454, when
his son Gilbert contracted with John
Byrom for the marriage of his son Richard
with John's daughter Alice; Gilbert, it
appears, married Elizabeth daughter of
Richard Bold; Hale D.; Towneley MS.
GG, no. 1037.
Trans. Hist. Soc. iii, 106, 107.
Richard Wilkinson the Wright said he
was forty (? fourteen) years old at the
foreign death, and was present when
Richard de Radcliffe and Robert de Risley
(grandfather of Nicholas) made an agreement as to the disputed land, one end
lying to the Readyshaw. Atkin Jackson
was sixteen years old at the foreign death,
and was present when Margery, mother
of Richard de Radcliffe, seized certain
tenants of Southworth upon the 'mean
moss' in dispute, and sent him to Robert
de Risley 'to bid him come and help to
punish for pasturing on their mean moss;
and he said there was moor and moss
enough for her and all her kine and him
and all his kine for evermore, and he
would punish no poor folk therefor.'
Adam of Longshaw was four years old at
the foreign death, and soon afterwards
became servant to the wife of Robert de
Risley. This evidence appears to have
been taken early in 1411.
Seven years later an award was made
between Nicholas de Risley and Richard
son of James de Radcliffe, touching
Readyshaw Moss; ibid. 107. The disputes continued till the end of the century.
In 1431 Richard Stanley, Archdeacon
of Chester and rector of Winwick, decided a case of trespass between Nicholas
de Risley and Dykone his son and others:
there had been faults on both sides, but
Nicholas was the more aggrieved and for
compensation was awarded 'a hogshead
of wine at Warrington, as good as the
said Nicholas will choose, of red or white,'
or two marks instead; ibid. 105.
||The descent is thus given in 1494–5:
Nicholas —s. Gilbert —s. Richard —s.
Henry; Pal. of Lanc. Misc. 1–9, m. 14,
16; but in 1539 the descent was stated
thus: Henry —s. Nicholas —s. Gilbert
—s. Nicholas —s. Henry —s. Robert
—sons, Richard, Henry, and John (plaintiff); Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 169, m. 14 d.
The second Nicholas is an error for Richard
(Nic. for Ric.); Pal. of Lanc. Sess. Papers,
bdle. 5 Hen. VIII.
Gilbert de Risley made feoffments of
his estates in 1457 and 1463; Hale D.
He granted to his son John a messuage in
Culcheth with remainder to another son,
Thomas; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 46,
m. 4 d.
||Richard's son and heir apparent,
Henry Risley, was in 1463 married to
Margery daughter of Hamlet Mascy of
Rixton; Hale D.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 14. He is also named in Culcheth D.
no. 126, 260, from which it appears that
he was living in 1505.
||In 1494 a marriage was agreed upon
between Robert son of Henry Risley, and
Elizabeth daughter of Richard Holland
of Denton; Henry's mother was then
Alice Southworth; Hale D.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no 85.
Besides Risley Hall he held twenty messuages, two burgages, a windmill, land,
meadow, &c. in Culcheth, Warrington,
Penketh, Lowton, Kenyon, and Croft.
The premises in Culcheth and Warrington
were held of Sir Thomas Boteler by the
tenth part of a knight's fee, the yearly
rent of 2s. 7½d., and suit at the court of
Warrington every three weeks. A dispute between him and John Ashton as to
the lands in Penketh had been settled in
1513 by an agreement to pay the free
rent of 12d., all arrears being released;
||Hale D.; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.),
ii, 67. The dispossessed Thomas may be
the Thomas Risley who in 1566 claimed
lands in Culcheth by grant of Richard
Risley; Ducatus (Rec. Com.), ii, 331.
||He made a feoffment of his estates
in 1556, expressing a wish that his son
and heir John should marry Magdalen
daughter of John Grimsditch; Hale D.
||John, the son and heir of John
Risley, was in possession of the manor in
1567, when he had a dispute with
Richard Byrom and Margaret his wife,
widow of John Risley; Ducatus (Rec.
Com.). ii, 351; iii, 47. In 1588 he
charged John Culcheth and Gilbert
Unsworth with encroachments on the
waste grounds called Southwood, Westwood, Twiss Green, Shaw Moss, Riggs
and Fowley; ibid. iii, 513.
He died 24 April 1616, his son and
heir Richard being then forty years of
age. Besides Risley Hall he had lands
and burgages in Culcheth, Warrington,
Penketh, Lowton, Kenyon, and Croft;
also an acre in the Twiss or Lockers
meadow in Bruch. In 1593 he had
settled his lands with remainders to his
eldest son Richard and heirs by Anne his
wife, and to his younger sons Henry and
George, and then to his brother Richard.
From the Inq. p.m. among the Hale D.
Lydiate Hall, 245; quoting S.P.Dom.
Eliz. ccxxxv, 4.
||A pedigree was recorded in 1665 at
Dugdale's Visitation (Chet. Soc. p. 246).
There is a full one by Mr. J. P. Rylands,
in Misc. Gen. and Herald. (new ser.), ii,
Richard Risley in 1631 paid £10 on
refusing knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 213.
||His monument (a brass) was formerly
in Winwick Church, and being found
among the Risley deeds was restored to
the church by the late Colonel Ireland
Blackburne about 1880; see Beamont,
Winwick, 123. The funeral sermon by
Zachary Taylor is extant; Local Glean.
Lancs. and Ches. i, 130. He was educated
at Christ's College, Cambridge. By his
will he left £200 to build almshouses for
the poor of Risley.
||23 Geo. II, cap. 32. Wigshaw was
owned, like Risley, by John Blackburne
The commons were Fowley and Twiss
Green (otherwise Higher and Lower
Twist). Power was reserved to the
owner of Culcheth Hall to turn the
brook on Twiss Green to the moat of the
hall at his pleasure, as had been the
||Richard Stanley had been adjudged a
lunatic; his sister and heir apparent,
Meliora, wife of William Dicconson, had
charge of his estate, and John Chadwick
of his person.
||For a full account of the family see
Mr. Rylands' work already cited.
John de Holcroft attested a Culcheth
deed in 1355; no. 58.
Katherine widow of John de Holcroft
in 1401 claimed dower in the manor of
Hurst against Ralph de Holcroft; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 1, m. 26b.
Ralph de Holcroft occurs in 1443 and
later; ibid. R. 5, m. 2b.
In a plea roll of the time of Edw. IV,
Bartholomew son of Ralph Holcroft, and
John his brother, were charged with having damaged the corn of John Sweetlove;
ibid. R. 21, m. 24.
In 1498 Henry Holcroft claimed from
Bartholomew Holcroft a fourth part of
the manor of Culcheth, except three messuages, &c., by inheritance, alleging the
following pedigree: Adam de Holcroft -s.
Hugh -s. Ralph -s. John -s. Henry (plaintiff). The defendant called to warrant
him George son and heir of John Atherton, a minor; ibid. R. 85, m. 1 d. If
this descent be correct the Adam de Holcroft named cannot be the common
ancestor of the Holcrofts.
Bartholomew Holcroft in 1506 acknowledged that he held his lands of the
lord of Warrington by knight's service
and did homage and fealty at Bewsey;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 18.
In 1509 he paid 13s. 4d. as relief; ibid.
22. Ralph Holcroft his son and heir
paid the same relief in 1513 on succeeding; but, dying before he did homage,
was followed by his brother Richard, who
in Dec. 1514 paid 13s. 4d. as relief, and
did homage soon afterwards; ibid. 28, 30.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 39,
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xv, no. 18.
With this Geoffrey begins the pedigree
recorded in 1664; Dugdale, Visitation
(Chet. Soc.), 145.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 83,
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix, no.
4; the accounts of his executors are
printed in Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes,
In 1654–5 Geoffrey Holcroft and
Elizabeth his wife made a settlement of
the manor of Hurst and their other lands;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 155, m.
137. This Elizabeth was daughter of
William Spakeman or Speakman, whose
family held lands in Culcheth and neighbouring townships; see Lancs. and Ches.
Hist. and Gen. Notes, ii, 33, where two
inquisitions are printed.
Geoffrey Holcroft was succeeded by a
son and grandson, both named Thomas.
Hurst seems afterwards to have become
the property of the Crooks of Abram,
for in 1760 it was the subject of a settlement between the heirs of that family;
Sir Samuel Duckinfield was plaintiff in
the fine, and Isaac Worthington and Elizabeth his wife, James Andrews and Susan
his wife, James Darbishire and Anne his
wife, were deforciants; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 364, m. 130.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xviii, no.
18. John Urmston of Kinknall is mentioned in 1624; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 433.
||Roger del Twiss complained of
trespasses on his lands at Culcheth by
Hugh de Hindley and others in 1258;
Cur. Reg. R. 160, m. 6. Richard and
Roger del Twiss have been mentioned
already as concerned in the suits of
1277–8; the former held his land under
Richard de Culcheth; Assize R. 1238,
m. 34 d.
Hugh del Twiss in 1314 secured three
messuages and land from Thomas de Holcroft and Joan his wife; Final Conc. ii,
Gilbert de Culcheth in 1339 leased to
Richard del Twiss and his daughters
Margery and Godith a plat of land near
the boundary of Kenyon; Harl. MS.
2112, fol. 158b/194b. Alan son of
Richard del Twiss in 1338 released all
his lands in Turnours carr to Gilbert de
Culcheth the elder; Culcheth D. no. 49.
These deeds contain many other references
to the family. Matthew son of Gilbert
del Twiss in 1361 claimed certain lands
which had been taken into the Duke of
Lancaster's hands because his father's
widow, Godith, had granted them to
Adam de Tyldesley, who had been out-lawed for felony; Gilbert was son of Alan
son of Richard del Twiss, who had
formerly held the lands; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. xxxii, App. 347.
John Culcheth, who died in 1640,
bought the Twiss from Thomas Holcroft
of Hurst; Lancs. and Ches. Hist. and
Gen. Notes, i, 374.
The Paris family also occurs in the
Culcheth Deeds, no. 15, 16; Robert de
Paris and Henry his eldest son. Thomas
son of Robert de Paris was a plaintiff in
1294; Assize R. 1299, m. 16; also R.
408, m. 11, which shows that Robert was
still living in 1292.
||In 1275 Roger son of Richard del
Hurst granted to Robert de Hindley a
rent of 2s. formerly paid by Norman son
of Robert de North Meols; and at the
same time Gilbert the Tailor, son of
Thurstan del Hurst, granted to Robert
de Hindley the rent of 3d., which Richard
son of Richard de Martinscroft formerly
paid for land of Norman son of Robert
de North Meols, in the Hurst; Hale D.
The rent of 2s. named seems to be that
still paid for Hurst in 1591.
Mabel widow of Adam son of Simon del
Hurst sought dower in 1292; Assize R.
408, m. 27. Richard son of Norman del
Hurst had a grant of lands in 1310;
Culcheth D. no. 36. Adam son of
Richard del Hurst complained that
Thomas de Holcroft and others had disseised him of his tenement in 1313–14;
Assize R. 424, m. 4.
||Hugh son of John de Haydock
granted land in the Shaw to Robert de
Risley and Ellen his wife; Hale D. In
1310 John del Shaw released certain rights
to Gilbert de Culcheth; and in 1326 he
surrendered all his title in the Shaw to
Margaret daughter of Gilbert; Culcheth
D. no. 35, 44.
Adam son of Hugh del Shaw in 1360
granted lands by Westwood to Thomas
son of Hugh del Hurst; this was next
year resold to Robert de Southworth;
Kuerden fol. MS. 387, S; Towneley MS.
HH, no. 1980; GG, no. 1031, 1049;
also Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 18b.
Giles de Penketh granted to John son
of Robert de Allerton of Selby all his
land in Culcheth, with remainder to
John's sister Alice; Kuerden fol. MS.
314, no. 351. Agnes widow of Giles de
Penketh released to Robert de Allerton
all her right to dower in the Shaw in
Culcheth in 1335; Dods. MSS. liii, fol.
24b. In 1451–2 Gilbert Allerton sold
his lands and rents in Culcheth to Henry
Southworth of Middleton in Winwick;
Kuerden fol. MS. 37, no. 104; 39, no.
||Robert de Kinknall granted land in
Kinknall to William de Sankey; Hale D.
In 1311 and 1314 Adam de Kinknall
obtained lands in Culcheth from William
de Radcliffe and Thomas de Holcroft;
Final Conc. ii, 12, 21.
In 1347 Thomas son of Adam de
Kinknall had a grant from Adam de
Kenyon; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 154b/190b, 155b/191b.
In 1399 John de Kinknall released to
his brother Peter all his right to lands in
Culcheth, and next year Emma widow of
Adam de Kinknall gave to a trustee land
called Hannecroft; Towneley MS. GG,
no. 2674, 2225, &c.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||Norris D. (B.M.).
Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iv,
3176. The Guest family were of long continuance in the township; possibly they
were connected with the Guest House
and mill leased by John Culcheth in
1601; Culcheth D. no. 191. About
the same time Thomas Holcroft claimed
Guests House or Farm from Gregory
Holcroft and others; Ducatus (Rec. Com.),
iii, 440, 482. John Guest of Abram
built the schoolhouse on Twiss Green,
||They were Thomas Guest, senr.,
John Guest, senr. and junr.; Mary Burchall, Jane Gregory, Thomas Hey, Elizabeth Litherland, Roger Richardson, Ralph
Sanderson, John Speakman, and Sarah
Yeates; Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
Nonjurors, 116, 117.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i, 10,
&c.; ii, 20, 161. Lists of constables,
churchwardens, &c., are given.
||Returns at Preston.
||Three sets of vestments belonged
to it in 1552 and several bells, but
nothing is said of plate; Ch. Gds. (Chet.
Soc.), 63, with the accompanying note;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 368.
||See the account of Winwick Church.
||Piccope, Wills (Chet. Soc.), i, 153.
He wished the tenants of Culcheth to buy
lands of the annual value of £6 13s. 4d.
for the wages of priest and clerk, the latter
to have £1.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), x, 190.
There was 'no preacher' in 1590;
Lydiate Hall, 248.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 55. At this time the chapel was in
bad condition; Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.),
Commonwealth Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 50.
||Bishop Gastrell about 1720 found
that nothing belonged to the church but
the interest of £50, given by some one
unknown; £50 a year was allowed by
the rector; Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii,
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xxi, 172
Notitia Cestr. ii, 270 n.
||This list, compiled from the parish
registers and documents at Chester, is
mainly due to Mr. J. Paul Rylands. See
also Local Glean. Lancs. and Ches. i, 180,
and introduction to printed Registers.
||Raines MSS. xxii, 64.
||Previously at St. Helens.
||For the Gee family see Local Glean.
||'A very godly minister, of good life
and conversation,' though he had not observed the day of humiliation appointed by
Parliament in June 1650; Commonwealth
Ch. Surv. loc. cit. He seems to have
been in charge in 1645; Plund. Mins.
Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 6
('Mr. Lee'); and in 1648 he signed the
'Harmonious Consent.' He was transferred to Gorton in 1657; ibid. ii, 183.
||Ibid. ii, 214. He had been minister
at Ashton. He continued as curate of
Winwick after the Restoration, and was
buried there 12 Nov. 1671.
||Bishop Stratford's Visitation List,
1691. He was 'conformable' in 1689;
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 229.
||He was the first of the perpetual
curates of Newchurch; but had been
licensed to the curacy of Winwick in
1742. The church papers at Chester
Dioc. Reg. begin at this point; among
them the following is preserved: (13 Jan.
1748–9)—'Whereas the curacy of Newchurch in the parish of Winwick is shortly
intended to be augmented by the Governors of the Bounty of Queen Anne, I do
hereby nominate John Hilton, clerk (the
person employed by me in serving the said
cure), to be curate of the said chapel of
Newchurch, and do allow him £50 per
||In 1804 he gave the following account of Newchurch: '340 houses, without any village or hamlet or any family
of distinction. About 155 Papists of the
lower class with a public place of worship
and a resident priest at Culcheth Hall of
the name of Barry. About 70 Presbyterians of the lower rank of people, having
a licensed meeting-house and a teacher of
the name of Aspinal qualified according to
law, without any school for religious instruction, and whose number I believe to
be upon the decline.' Heyes was curate of
Westhoughton also, and resided there,
Newchurch having no parsonage house.
There was a resident curate, with service
twice every Sunday and two sermons;
'sacrament every first Sunday in the
month, communicants about 40.' In
1814 a house was built by subscription,
for the minister's residence. These details are from the Bishop's Registry at
||a Afterwards of St. Olave's, York.
Lond. Gaz. 29 Nov. 1878.
||In 1634 Robert Downing of Risley
had been presented 'for receiving the cup
standing, and refusing the bread unless
out of another man's hands and not the
minister's'; Beamont, Winwick, 4z.
William Leigh, the minister under the
Commonwealth, was chosen by the Puritan
rector and the people of Culcheth; Commonwealth Ch. Surv. loc. cit.
||An account of him is in Loca.
Glean. Lancs. and Ches. i, 122.
||Ibid. and Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconformity, iv, 252–61. The succession
of ministers is given.
||See the recusant roll in Trans. Hist.
Soc. (new ser.), xiv, 245.
||Foley, Records S. J. v, 346. The
Jesuits were usually in charge. Edward
Scarisbrick was at Culcheth in 1701 with
a stipend of £9;—Smith in 1721, Thomas
Maire about 1750, Thomas Walmesley in
1784, in which year thirty-five were confirmed; and — Carter in 1793; ibid. v,
In 1767 it was reported to the Bishop
of Chester that two priests were living at
Culcheth—(Roger) Leigh, S.J., and William Dicconson; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new
ser.), xviii, 215; Foley, op. cit. vii,
||Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 270.