Index
A-J

Sponsor

English Heritage

Publication

Author

F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor)

Year published

1977

Supporting documents

Pages

213-226

Citation Show another format:

'Index: A-J', Survey of London: volume 39: The Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 1 (General History) (1977), pp. 213-226. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=41855 Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


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NOTE. The symbols in the left-hand margin distinguish those persons who have worked, or are thought to have worked, on the fabric of the area, and the authors of unexecuted designs: a - Architects, designers, engineers, and surveyors; b - Builders and allied tradesmen; c - Artists, craftsmen, and decorators.

Abbeville 73

Aberconway, 2nd Baron 162

Abercorn, 2nd Duke of 68

Abercorn, 8th Earl of 120

Abercorn, 9th Earl of (later 1st Marquess) 89

Abercorn, 2nd Marquess of (later 1st Duke) 92

Aberdeen, 7th Earl (later 1st Marquess) and Countess of 55, 58, 150, 151, 153

Abergavenny, 16th Baron 175

Acklom, Lady 177

a Adam, James 22, 120, 122, 124

a Adam, Robert 22, 120, 121, 122, 124, 143

Adam style 71, 119, 124, 156, 161

a Adams, Holden and Pearson 163

Adams Row (formerly Mews) 31, 53, 96, 100, 101, 166

Agricultural rents 4, 29, 33

Aislabie, John 21, 105, 177

Albemarle, 2nd Earl of 177

Albemarle Arms public house, South Audley Street 85

Albemarle Ground 19

Albemarle Street 11, 19

Aldford House, Park Lane
-, 1894–7 building (sometime No. 26) 59, 147, 148, 149, 160, 162; Pl. 38a
-, 1930–2 building 77, 79, 165; Pl. 49d

Aldford (formerly Chapel) Street 52, 53, 54, 55n., 59, 63n., 74, 81, 85, 104, 118, 131–2, 148; Pl. 35a
-, No. 2 100, 166
-, No. 3 166
-, No. 15 76, 162

Aldred, Captain John 26, 187

Alexandra Ladies' Club, Grosvenor Street 62

c Alken, Sefferin 124

Allen, Lady 183

b Allen, Edward 183

Allen, Elizabeth 173

Alleyne, Elizabeth 186, 187

b Allison, William 187, 193

c Allom (White Allom and Co.) 153, 156, 167, 168

Almack's 90

c Alston, John 8n., 104

Alvensleben, Baron 87

America, architectural influences of 163, 164

American Embassy see United States Embassy

Amyand, Claudius 120

a Anderson, J. Macvicar 57, 147

Andrews (later Partington), Elizabeth 10

b Andrews, Jonathan 56, 145

Andrews, Richard 6–7, 9, 10, 11, 178, 192, 193, 194; plan A (58)

Andrews, Robert 9–10, 16, 23, 26, 29
-, as building developer and lessee 10, 11, 14, 18, 24, 176, 177, 184, 186–7, 188–9, 190–1, 192–3; plan A (37, 47, 52, 55, 58, 67–71, 82, 84)
-, as Grosvenors' agent 6–7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 20, 22, 29

Andrews, Rev. Robert 10

Andrews v. Partington 10

Annacis Island, British Columbia 79

Apsley House 151

Arber, Mr. 132

a Arber, W. H. 145

Archer, Thomas 20, 27, 104, 177

Architects
-, choice of 49, 50, 57, 8, 59, 60, 61, 70, 74, 120–1, 147, 148
-, resident on the estate 21, 22, 87, 94, 105, 115, 118, 120, 130, 132, 138
-, role of 20–2, 120–1, 129–30, 138, 147–8, 151, 153, 164
-, working for builders 58, 70, 132–3, 138, 160, 161

Architectural styles see Adam; Baroque; French; Gothic; Greek
-, Revival; Italianate; Modern Movement; Neo-Georgian;
-, Palladian; Queen Anne

Arlington, 1st Earl of 4

Armbrecht, E. L. 56, 57n., 65

Arnold, Christopher 26

b Arnott, William 188, 189

Arran, Earl of 83, 183

Artaxerxes, Palace of, Susa 157

c Arthur, Frederick 143

Artisans' dwellings see Working-class housing

Artizans Labourers and General Dwellings Company 142

Arts and Crafts Movement, influence of 146, 148, 149, 155

Association in Aid of the Deaf and Dumb 55, 141

Astor, William Waldorf 48

Atheton, Mrs. 193

Atholl, Duchess of (?w. of 2nd Duke) 189

a Atkinson, William 130

b Atlee, William 187

Audley, Elizabeth 3

Audley (Awdley, Awdeley), Hugh 2–3

Audley, John 3

Audley Hotel, South Audley Street 58, 61, 146

Audley House, Nos. 8–10 North Audley Street 77, 165

Audley Mansions, Nos. 44 Mount Street and 56 South Audley
-, Street 56, 58n., 99, 144–5; Pl. 33d

b Audsley, David 174–5, 183, 184, 185; plan A (20)

b Austin, Edward 172–3

b Austin, William 173

b Avery, Henry 110, 172, 174, 5; plan A (9)

Avery Row 30, 108, 130, 133; fig. 4 (p. 111)

Ay(e) Brook see Tyburn Brook

Ayliffe, Judith 181

a Ayling, R. Stephen 161

Ayre, Rev. J. W. 141

c Bagutti, Giovanni 27, 115

a Bailey, Gervase 164

b Bailley, Francis 18, 29, 174–5, 176–7, 186–7; plan A (7, 8, 50)

Baillie, Lady Cecilia 163

Baily, Francis 38–9

Baily, John 97

Baker, John 26

Balderton Flats Pls. 30d, 31a

Balderton (formerly George) Street 55, 65, 72, 85, 88, 103
-, Clarendon Flats (formerly Buildings) 61, 65, 98, 142; Pl. 30c
-, Garage 162
-, St. Mark's Mansions 142; Pl. 30c

Balfour, A. J. 148

a Balfour, Eustace 54, 54n., 147, 148
-, as architect 54, 58, 59, 70, 148–9, 157
-, as estate surveyor 36, 54, 60–1, 63, 64, 68, 69, 71, 147, 148, 157–8, 159, 161

a Balfour and Turner 54, 58–9, 70, 148–9, 157

Balfour Mews 53, 57, 58, 59, 63, 64, 100, 101, 148, 166

Balfour Place (formerly Portugal Street) 23, 53, 55n., 58, 59, 63n., 64, 87, 88, 119, 132, 148, 165; Pl. 35a

Baltimore, 5th Baron 179

Banfield, Frank 65

c Bankart, George P. 155

Barbon, Nicholas 104

Barbor, Robert 10

Barker, Lady 175

Barley Mow public house, Duke Street 58, 59, 62

Barley Mow tavern, Upper Brook Street 84, 187

Barlow, George (of Stafford) 23

b Barlow, George 8, 22, 174–5, 179, 187

Barlow, Sir George Hilaro 23

Barlow, Hugh 22

b Barlow, John 22, 23, 24, 186, 187, 189

Barlow, Martha (d. of Benjamin Timbrell) 23, 28–9

Barlow, Richard 12, 26, 28, 31

a Barlow, Thomas 7, 11–12, 14, 15, 18, 19, 22, 23, 26, 28, 31n., 104, 172–3, 176, 182–6 passim; plan A (1, 15, 23, 55)
-, as estate surveyor 11–13, 16, 18, 19, 103, 104, 110

b Barlow, William 22, 23

b Barlow, William (senior) 22, 23, 118, 178, 179; plan A (3, 67 71, 82, 84)

b Barlow, William (junior) 23, 27, 174, 175, 176, 177, 186, 187; plan A (25)

b Barlow, William (senior or junior) 173, 178–9, 188–9

b Barlow family 22–3

Barlow Place (formerly Mews) 11

Barnard, 2nd Baron 183

Barnard, John 88

b Barnes, John 8, 174–5, 187, 189; plan A (12)

Barnston, Trafford 187

Baroque style 11, 104, 115

b Barratt, Thomas 187

a Barrett, Stanley, and Driver 166

c Barrias, F. J. 141

a Barry, Sir Charles 130, 134, 162

a Barry, E. M. 140, 143

Bartholomew, 126

Barton, – 16

Baswick, John or Thomas 193

Bateman, 2nd Viscount 27, 113, 120

Bath, Countess of (d. 1808) 35

Bath, 2nd Marquess of 130

c Bath Artcraft Company 168

Batsford, B. T., Ltd. 169

Baxendale, Joseph 97

c Bayes, Gilbert 168

Bayswater Road 1

Beadon, Richard (Bishop of Gloucester) 39

Bear Wood, Berkshire 142

a Beard, J. Stanley 165

Beasley, Job 26

Beatty, Captain (later Admiral of the Fleet Earl) and Mrs. 72

Beauclerk, Lady Sidney 187

Beaumont, Sir George 120

Beaux-Arts influences 78, 155, 165

a Beazley, Samuel 50

Bedford, 5th Duke of 40

Bedford, 11th Duke of 72

Bedford, Dukes of 36, 64
-, estates of 15n., 36, 37, 135

Beit, Alfred 59, 149

Belgrave, Viscount see Grosvenor, Richard

Belgrave House, Grosvenor Square 129, 133, 151; Pls. 20a, 54a

Belgrave Square 129

Belgravia 33, 52, 72, 80, 81, 82, 93, 102, 133, 141, 147, 161
-, building in 44, 48, 49, 52, 127, 129, 130, 139, 140, 160

a Bell, E. Ingress 57, 147

a Bennett, T. P. 163, 167

b Bennett, William 186–7

Benson, Benjamin 21, 180–1; plan A (18)

Benson, John Aislabie 21

a Benson, William 20, 21, 104, 118, 180–1; plan A (18)

Berkeley, 1st Baron 4

Berkeley, 4th Baron 16

Berkeley, Hon. Charles (later 2nd Baron) 4

Berkeley estate 2

Berkeley House, Piccadilly 4

Berkeley Lodge, Wimbledon 36

Berkeley Square 63, 87, 89, 97, 98, 138
-, Claudius Amyand's house 120; Pl. 15c
-, Linnell's premises 88, 125
-, North side (Nos. 25–31) 19, 42, 46, 130
-, No. 25 88, 162
-, No. 34 56, 59, 144

Berkeley Street 97

c Bernasconi, Francis 124

Berners Street, St. Marylebone 38, 44

a Best, J. R. see Wimperis and Best

c Bethell, Mrs. Guy 168

Bevan, F. W. 62

Bickford, George 185

a Biddulph-Pinchard, C. H. 163

a Billerey, Fernand 73, 77, 78, 155, 156, 165
-, as consultant to Estate 77, 78, 163, 164, 165–6
-, see also Blow and Billerey

Binney (formerly Thomas, previously Bird) Street 31, 81, 85, 98, 130, 142, 146, 163; Pl. 31a

b Bird, Colonel Stanley G. 55n., 57, 64

Bird Street see Binney Street

Birmingham 147, 161

Bischoffsheim, H. L. 69, 153, 157

Biscoe, Elisha 10

Bishopp, Lady (w. of 5th Bt) 179

Bishopp, Sir Cecil, 6th Bt 177

Blackburne, William 173

Blackburne's Mews 74, 76, 96, 167

Bladen, Thomas 177

b Blagrave, John 184–5

b Blagrave, Roger 29, 30, 184–5; plan A (72, 81, 86)

Bland, Lady Frances 187

Blandford, Marquess of (gs. of 1st Duke of Marlborough) 179

Bland-Sutton, (Sir) John 157

a Blomfield, Arthur 141–2

Bloomfield Flats, Bourdon Street 61, 138, 139

Bloomfield Terrace, Pimlico 138

a Blow, Detmar 70, 73–4, 75, 78, 166
-, as architect 70, 73–4, 155, 163, see also Blow and Billerey
-, as 2nd Duke's adviser 73–8 passim, 163, 164, 165–6

a Blow and Billerey 73, 74, 155–6, 157, 160

Blundell, Viscount 191

Bodley, George Frederick 140

a Boehmer and Gibbs 157

Bogg, Robert 189

Bolding, John, and Sons 144, 145

Bolton, Duchess of (w. of 3rd Duke) 189

Bolton, 5th Duke of 120

a Bolton, Albert J. 57, 59–60, 145, 147

a Bond, John Linnell 125

Bond Street (Old and New) 6, 11, 65, 89, 125, 126

Bond Street Tube Station 81–2, 163

Boodle, Edward 10, 32, 34, 35, 38, 41, 44, 45, 46, 87

Boodle, Henry Mitford 34, 36n.

Boodle, Henry Trelawny 34, 35, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 64, 65, 69, 148
-, evidence to Select Committee on Town Holdings (1887) 36, 55, 56, 57, 62, 63, 64, 65, 100

Boodle, John 34, 47, 49

Boodle, Trelawny Frederick 34

Boodle, Walter Trelawny 34

Boodle, William Chilver 34

Boodle and Partington (later Boodle and Co., subsequently Boodle Hatfield and Co.) 10–11, 34–5, 38, 44, 45, 46, 75, see also individual members of Boodle family

Boodle's Club, St. James's Street 119

Booth, Captain Robert 28

Borrett, John 9

Boscawen, Mrs. Fanny 118, 124

c Boulanger, Marcel 155

Bourdon House, Davies Street 31, 71, 72, 118, 120, 122, 155, 157; Pls. 10b, 12a

Bourdon Place (formerly part of Grosvenor Mews, q.v.) 19, 31, 98

Bourdon Street (formerly part of Grosvenor Mews, q.v.) 19, 31, 39, 42, 46, 49, 53, 81, 96, 98, 100, 131, 138
-, Bloomfield Flats 61, 138, 139
-, Coach and Horses public house 61
-, Grosvenor Buildings 61, 139, 142; Pl. 30b
-, Grosvenor Hill Court 170
-, St. George's Buildings 61, 138, 139; Pl. 30a
-, St. George's Institute 142
-, St. Mary's Church 54, 141; Pl. 29a

a Bouwens van der Boijen, W. O. W. 153, 155

Boyd, John 122

Boydell, John (uncle and nephew) 35

Boydell, Josiah and Thomas 35

a Boyes, H. C. 57, 60, 147

c Bradburn, John 125

Bragg, Robert 189

c Bramah, Joseph 124

Breadalbane, 3rd Earl of 179

Breadalbane House (Lord Petre's house), Park Lane 120, 124; Pls. 13b, 16a

Brick Close 2, 4

Brick Street, Mayfair 2, 3

Bricklayers' Arms public house, South Audley Street 61

Brickmaking and brickfields 13–14, 16

Bricks and brickwork 53, 56, 57, 105, 106, 107, 135, 139, 140, 143, 157, 158–9, 163

Britannia Hotel, Grosvenor Square 166

Britannic House, Finsbury Circus 164

British Council 149, 169

Broadbent (formerly Little Grosvenor) Street 19, 88, 89, 98, 167; Pl. 51b

Broadcasting House, Portland Place 165

Bromley, Henry (later 1st Baron Montfort) 179

c Bromwich, Thomas (Bromwich, Isherwood and Bradley, later Isherwood and Co.) 124–5

Brook House, Park Lane
-, 1866–9 building 100, 139, 143, 149, 151, 156; Pl. 27a
-, 1933–5 building 77, 165, 168

Brook Street fig. 4 (pp. 110–11); Pls. 6c, 22a, 33c, 39a
-, first building 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 23, 25, 26, 28, 31, 108, 110–12
-, first building leases (tables) 172–5
-, hotels, establishment of 41, 97–8
-, rebuildings and refrontings 49, 50, 53, 133
-, social character 40, 41, 62, 76, 83, 85, 87, 96, 97, 99, 101
-, trade and business 40, 41, 42, 54, 62, 76, 84, 85, 87, 96, 97, 99, 101–2
-, other references 33, 39, 40, 76, 88, 103
-, North side (even numbers)
-, Brookfield House 162
-, Grosvenor Office see Nos. 66 and 68
-, Nos. 36–38 172–3
-, Nos. 40–46 55, 59, 148, 172–3; fig. 26a (p. 158)
-, Nos. 48–50 50, 172–3
-, Nos. 52–54 28, 148, 172–3
-, Nos. 56–58 50, 172–3
-, No. 60 172–3
-, Nos. 62–64 162, 172–3
-, No. 66 (now part of Grosvenor Office) 21, 24, 28, 72, 75, 113, 115, 121, 172–3; Frontispiece; Pls. 6c, 9a
-, No. 68 (now part of Grosvenor Office) 24, 90, 172–3; Pls. 6c, 33c
-, No. 70–106, 172–3; Pl. 33c
-, No. 72–21, 113, 115, 172–3; Pl. 33c
-, No. 74 172–3; Pl. 33c
-, No. 76–20, 21, 53, 68, 105, 106, 172–3; fig. 2e (p. 107); Pl. 33c
-, No. 78 20, 97, 142, 172–3; Pl. 33c
-, No. 80 69, 130, 161, 174–5
-, Nos. 82–84 69, 161, 174–5
-, No. 86 102, 163, 174–5
-, No. 88 14, 23, 104, 130, 155, 174–5
-, South side (odd numbers)
-, Claridge's Hotel 41, 53, 62, 68, 78, 97–8, 100, 125, 149, 155, 160, 162, 168; Pls. 39, 52
-, Coulson's Hotel 90
-, Kirkham's Hotel 41, 89, 97
-, Lillyman's Hotel 97
-, Mivart's Hotel 41, 90, 125, 198
-, Savile Club 153; Pl. 42b
-, Wake's Hotel 41, 90
-, No. 25 112
-, No. 39 23, 85, 130, 168, 174–5; Pl. 22a
-, No. 41 130, 133, 134, 174–5
-, No. 43 41, 97, 108, 133, 174–5; fig. 3h (p. 109)
-, No. 45 108, 174–5; fig. 3g (p. 109)
-, No. 47 21, 110, 157, 174–5; fig. 3i (p. 109)
-, No. 49 41, 97–8, 174–5
-, No. 51 41, 97–8, 174–5, 198
-, No. 53 97–8, 174–5
-, No. 55 (sometime Partington's and Boodle's office) 10, 34, 35, 36, 38, 44, 97–8, 174–5
-, No. 57 174–5
-, Nos. 59–61 58, 147, 174–5
-, No. 63 174–5
-, No. 65 89, 126, 174–5
-, No. 67 108, 174–5
-, Nos. 69–71 153, 174–5; Pl. 42b

Brookfield House, Brook Street 162

Brooks, George 87

Brook's Mews 51, 51n., 130; fig. 4 (p. III)

Broome Park, Kent 73

Brotherton, Evan 191

b Brown, John 32, 176–7, 188, 189

a Brown, Lancelot (Capability) 120, 122

Brown Hart Gardens (formerly Brown and Hart Streets) 61, 85, 142, 146; Pl. 31a, b, see also Duke Street, Electricity Substation

Brown Street (now part of Brown Hart Gardens) 85

Brown's Court 32, 86, 107; fig. 1 (p. 32)

Bruce, Hon. Frances 193

Buccleuch, 2nd Duke of 183

Buccleuch, 3rd Duke of 120

Buckhurst Park, Sussex 92

b Buckingham, Edward 172–3

Buckingham Palace 2, 3, 4

Buckingham Palace Road (Westminster Central Library) 60

Buckworth, Sir John, Bt 175, 185

Builders
-, bankruptcies 24, 27, 29, 30, 126
-, premises 11, 21, 22, 23, 24, 84, 84n., 85, 88, 130, 131, 138, 161
-, profit and loss 11, 12, 19, 28–9, 64
-, relations with architects 58, 60, 70, 132–3, 138, 160, 161
-, role of 22–4, 55, 56, 57, 69, 125, 126, 130–1, 132, 138, 160–1

Building
-, agreements and contracts 7, 8, 11, 13–16, 24, 31, 54; plan A
-, capital sources 6, 8–9, 10, 22, 24, 25–7, 54
-, costs 24, 25, 27, 28, 45, 64
-, disputes, settlement of 15–16
-, fluctuations 6, 13, 30, 46, 139, 161
-, leases 16–17, 54, see also leasing policy under Grosvenor Estate, Mayfair
-, methods 24–9, 113
-, regulations 15, 15n., 106, 143
-, see also Builders; Houses

Bumpsted, William 179

Burden, E. McM. 60

a Burden, R. H. 60, 139, 142

Burford, Earl of see St. Albans, 2nd Duke of

Burge, Frank 35–6

Burke, Thomas 185

c Burke and Co. 141

Burket, Richard 193

c Burkle, R., and Son 168

Burlington estate 7, 19, 22, 98, 108

a Burn, William 133, 134, 138, 139

a Burnet, Sir John, Tait and Partners 169

Burns, Walter H. 153

Burroughs, Mrs. 193

a Burton, Decimus 130

c Buscaylet, L. 155

a Bushill, F. W. 138

Bussey, Edward, junior 16

Butchers and poulterers 14, 30, 41, 51n., 52, 65, 84n., 88, 97

Bute, 3rd Earl of 120

Bute House see South Audley Street, No. 75

Butler, Mary 181

Buxton, Sir Thomas 97

Byng, Colonel Francis 185

b Bywaters 55n., 56, 57, 61

Cadogan estate 161

a Camelford, 1st Baron (Thomas Pitt) 89, 120

Camelford House, Oxford Street 23, 71–2, 89, 120, 130; Pl. 14

a Campbell, Colen 16, 20, 21, 104, 105, 172, 173

Campbell, George 125

Campbell, John 177

Campbell, William 84, 125

Canadian High Commission 101

Canaveral, Cape (Florida) 79

Carlos Place (formerly Charles Street) 54, 63, 76, 77, 99, 146, 147, 160
-, Connaught (formerly Coburg) Hotel 59, 78, 79, 146
-, Mayfair House 75, 78, 163
-, racquets court 163
-, Nos. 1–8 55, 58, 160; Pl. 34d
-, No. 3 75

Carlton House 129, 151

Carlton House Terrace, No. 10 73

Carmarthen, Marquis of (later 5th Duke of Leeds) 125

Carnarvon, Marquess of see Chandos, 2nd Duke of

a Caröe, W. D. 57, 58, 59, 70, 146, 147, 148, 149, 157, 160

Carpenter, 1st Baron 25, 179

Carpenter Street 12, 63

Carter, Charles 193

c Carter, Thomas, the younger 124

b Cartwright, John 178–9

Cassel, Sir Ernest 100, 149, 156

Caswall, Timothy 87

Cato Street Conspirators 71

Cavendish, Lady Anne 189

Cavendish, Barbara 185

Cavendish, Lord Charles 181

Cavendish Buildings, Gilbert Street Pl. 31a

Cavendish Square 6, 13, 98, 103, 104

Cavendish-Harley estate 15n., 103, 104

Censuses of 1841 and 1871 93–8 passim

Central London Railway Line 81, 163

b Chamberlen, George 180, 181; plan A (21, 30)

a Chambers, Sir William 118, 120, 122

a Champneys, Basil 147, 148

Chancery, Court of 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11

Chancery Lane 87

Chandler, Edward (Bishop of Durham) 177

b Chandler, Philip plan A (64)

Chandler Street see Weighhouse Street

Chandos, 2nd Duke of (Marquess of Carnarvon) 23, 187, 193

Chandos House, Cavendish Square 116

Chapel Place North 145

Chapel Place South 143

Chapel Street see Aldford Street

Chapels see Churches and chapels

Chapman Taylor Partners 80, 170

Charles II 2n.

Charles Street see Carlos Place

Chelsea 4, 150

Chelsea Waterworks Company 18, 30

a Chermayeff, Serge 167

Chesham, 1st Baron 52

Chesham Flats, Brown Hart Gardens 146; Pl. 31a

Cheshire, Grosvenor estates in 4, 43, 79, see also Eaton estates and Eaton Hall

Chester 4, 6, 10, 34, 35, 47

Chester Square 127

Chesterfield, 4th Earl of (Philip Dormer Stanhope) 28, 196

Chesterfield House, South Audley Street 115, 151

Chetwynd, 1st Viscount 118, 192–3

Chetwynd, 2nd Viscount 193

c Chippendale, Thomas 125

Cholmondeley, Francis 4

Cholmondeley, Lettice 3

Church Building Commissioners 43

Church of England Temperance Society 61

Churches and chapels 12, 29, 53, 104, 133, 141, 142, see also Grosvenor Chapel; King's Weigh House Church; Portuguese Embassy Chapel; Robert Street Chapel; St. Anselm's; St. Mark's; St. Mary's, Bourdon Street; St. Mary's Chapel, Park Street; St. Saviour's

Churchill, Colonel (later General) Charles 180, 181

Chute, Anthony 189

Cinema, Oxford Street 162

Civic Amenities Act, 1967 80

Clarendon Flats (formerly Buildings), Balderton Street 61, 65, 98, 142; Pl. 30c

Claridge, William 100

Claridge's Hotel 41, 53, 62, 68, 78, 97–8, 100, 125, 149, 155, 160, 162, 168; Pls. 39, 52

Claridge's Hotel Co. Ltd. 100

Clarke, Godfrey 183

a Clarke, Howard Chatfeild 59, 148

a Clarke, T. Chatfeild 57, 59, 144, 147, 148

Clark(e), Rev. Thomas 193

Clarke, William 88

b Clarkson, John 193

Cleveland Row, St. James's 68n.

Clifford Street, St. James's 19, 22

Clinton, 14th Baron (later Earl) 177

Clive, 2nd Baron 89

Cliveden, Buckinghamshire 48, 141, 147

Clubs 102

a Clutton, Henry 140, 141, 142, 149

Coach and Horses public house, Grosvenor Mews 61

Coachbuilders 88, 96–7, 132, see also Thrupp and Maberly

Coach-houses see Mews, stables and coach-houses

Coachmen and grooms 85, 88, 89, 95, 95n., 96

Coburg Hotel see Connaught Hotel

Coburg Hotel Co. Ltd. 100

b Cock, Edward 184–5, 186–7, 189, 194–5

Cock and Bottle tavern, Upper Brook Street 84, 189

a Cockerell, C. R. 130

a Cockerell, Samuel Pepys 121, 127

Cocoa house 61

a Codd, George 78

Coffee houses see Public houses

a Cole, Ernest 167

c Colefax, Lady Sibyl 168

c Colefax and Fowler 168

Collard's 62

a Collcutt, T. E. 147

a Collcutt and Hamp 163

Colley, Lady Mary 175

a Collins, E. Stone 157

b Colls and Co. (Trollope and Colls) 57, 155, 160, 161

Colnit, Thomas 181

Combe, Delafield and Co. 42

b Commins, Francis 25, 27, 180–1; plan A (10, 33)

a Comper, J. Ninian 157

Compton, Lord (later 5th Earl of Northampton) 175, 183

Concrete, use of 141, 162, 166

Conduit Mead 6, 7, 11, 12, 16, 18, 19

Conduits 30, see also Water supply

Congregational Chapel, Robert Street 142

Connaught (formerly Coburg) Hotel, Carlos Place 59, 78, 79, 100, 146

Connaught Square 34

Conservation and conservation areas 71, 80–1, 170

Conservatories 52, 155; Pl. 42d

a Constanduros (Gilbert and Constanduros) 166, 167

Conway, 2nd Baron see Hertford, 1st Marquess of

b Cook, Thomas 178–9, 183; plan A (48)

Coope, Octavius 97

Copley, Sir Joseph 198

a Corblet, Cyrille J. 157

Cork Street, St. James's 19, 98

Cornwallis, 5th Baron (later Earl) 177

b Couch, Thomas 172–3

Coulson's Hotel, Brook Street 90

County of London Development Plan (1951) 80

Courtauld, Samuel 168

Courtauld, Major Stephen 163

Courts and passages 31, 32; fig. 1 (p. 32)

a Couse, Kenton 120, 124

Couturiers 101, 102

Covent Garden 11, 15n., 36, 37, 65, 72, 98, 135

Coventry, 5th Earl of 175

Cow-keeping 52, 88

Cowper, Countess (w. of 2nd Earl) 189

Cowper, William 173

c Crace, J. G. 141

Cranfield, Sir Lionel (1st Earl of Middlesex) 2

Crawford, 25th Earl of (as Lord Lindsay) 138

a Crawley, George 162, 164

Cressett, Edward 179

a Cresswell, H. O. 58, 61

Cressy, Slingsby 173

Crop, Abraham 27

b Cross, Anthony 189

Crouchley, Joseph 173

Crown Estate 37, 46, 69n.

a Crunden, John 20, 31, 87, 119, 120

b Cubitt, Thomas 48, 127, 130, 131, 138, 160

b Cubitt, William, and Co. 55n., 57

Culross Street 74, 101, 167
-, North side (even numbers)
-, Nos. 2–4 167, 168
-, No. 6 167
-, Nos. 10–12 Pl. 50a, b
-, No. 14 78, 167; Pl. 50a, b
-, South side (odd numbers)
-, Nos. 1, 1A, 3 9 167
-, Nos. 21–23 Pl. 51a
-, No. 25 167; Pl. 51a

Cumberland, Duke of (b. of George III) 7

b Cundy, James and Joseph 127, 129

Cundy, Nicholas Wilcox 127

a Cundy, Thomas, I 36, 44, 46, 127, 129

a Cundy, Thomas, II 36, 44–5, 46, 127, 129, 139
-, designs by 49, 50, 51, 53, 68, 129, 131, 133–5, 138
-, refronting policy of 47, 49, 50, 53, 133–5, 138, 141

a Cundy, Thomas, III 36, 36n., 52, 53–4, 127, 131, 135, 138, 139–40, 147, 148
-, designs by 49, 50, 53–4, 55, 59, 68, 135, 138, 139–40
-, refronting policy, and 49, 138
-, other references 39, 60, 142, 151

Cunliffe, Lady 42

Curzon, Assheton (later 1st Viscount) 121

Curzon, Sir Nathaniel, 4th Bt 21, 28, 115, 173

Dalkeith, Earl of (later 2nd Duke of Buccleuch) 183

Damer, Mrs. Anne 87

Danish Ambassador 198

Darlington, 1st Earl of (Henry Vane) 173, 193

Dashwood, Dorothea 177

a Daukes, Samuel 151

Davies, Mr. 181

Davies, Alexander 2, 3, 14–15

Davies, John 3

Davies, Mary (Dame Mary Grosvenor) 1, 3–4, 5, 7–8, 9, 11

Davies, Richard (victualler) 179

b Davies, Richard 176, 177, 180–1, 191, 193

Davies, General Thomas 198

Davies, Sir Thomas 3

Davies Mews 30, 62; fig. 4 (p. 110)

Davies Street 7, 11, 14, 16, 17, 19, 30, 34, 37, 39, 81, 84, 87, 96, 98, 130, 131, 158; fig. 4 (pp. 110–11); Pls. 12a, 20b, 24b, 39a
-, north end improvement 63, 131; Pl. 24a
-, East side (even numbers)
-, Running Horse public house 131; Pl. 24b
-, No. 2 (Bourdon House) 31, 71, 72, 118, 120, 122, 155, 157; Pls. 10b, 12a
-, Nos. 4 26 69, 70, 158 9, 161, 162; Pl. 47a
-, No. 50 see Running Horse above
-, Nos. 52 54 131; Pl. 24b
-, No. 56 (Drill Hall) 169
-, No. 58 (Boldings) 144, 145
-, see also Brookfield House; Claridge's Hotel; Grosvenor Market
-, West side (odd numbers)
-, St. Anselm's Church 59, 79, 142, 149; Pl. 38b
-, Nos. 15–27 169
-, No. 53 (Grosvenor Office) 34, 35, 38, 62, 72, 75, 129; Pl. 20b
-, Nos. 55–57 75
-, No. 65 (British Council) 149, 169
-, see also Brook Street, Nos. 59–61

a Davis, Arthur J. 155

c Davis, John 129

Davis, William (cheesemonger) 189

b Davis, William 186–7

b Daw and Son 55, 57, 64

a Deacon, S. 142

Deaf and Dumb, Association in Aid of 55, 141
-, church of (St. Saviour's) 55, 141; Pl. 29c

b Deane, John 180–1; plan A (2)

Deanery Street, Mayfair 2

Delany, Mrs. Mary 83 4, 118

Delaval, Francis Blake 195

Delmé, Peter 121

Delorain, Lady (w. of 3rd Earl) 189

Demages, Bennet 173

De Mandeville, Geoffrey I

Denbighshire (lead mines) 4, 35, 40

Denby, Humphrey 173

b Denne, Benjamin 193

Dentists, as estate residents 62–3, 75, 76, 97, 101–2

Derby, 12th Earl of 120

Derby House, No. 26 Grosvenor Square 120, 122, 124, 133, 135; fig. 9a; Pl. 15a

Dering Street, Hanover Square 10

d'Erlanger, Mr. and Mrs. Leo 168

De Salis, Jerome 185

c Deval, John (father and son) 124, 177

a Devey, George 58, 140, 150, 151

Devonshire, Duchess of (w. of 8th Duke) 160

Devonshire, 3rd Duke of 175

Devonshire House, Piccadilly (site of) 164

c Dick, Sir William Reid 169

Dickins, John 84, 187

Disraeli, Benjamin 72

Dixon Brooks and Co. 87

Dobson, John 183

Doctors and medical men, as estate residents 51, 76, 97, 101 2, 157, 163

b Doley, John plan A (77)

Domville, Lady Compton 90

Doneraile, 3rd Viscount 187

Dorchester Hotel (site of) 2

c Dorn, Marion 168

Douglas, John 140

Dover Street 19

Dowbiggin, Thomas 125, 138, 151

Drake, William 121

Draycott, William 192–3, 194–5

b Drewitt, Francis 24, 24n., 176–7, 187

Drill Hall, Davies Street 169

Drogheda, Lady (?w. of 4th Earl) 173

Drummond, Henry and Robert 33, 37, 38

Drummond's Bank 37

c Dryden, Mrs. 168

Dubois, Nicholas 16, 22

Duckett, Major (later Colonel) William 181

Duddingston House, Edinburgh 120

Dudley, 1st Earl of (and Countess) 96, 151

b Dudley, Francis plan A (56)

Dudley and Ward, 1st Viscount 189

Dudley and Ward, 3rd Viscount 120

Dudley House, Park Lane 96, 120, 130, 149, 151, 153, 162, 169; fig. 6e (p. 117); Pls. 13a, 21, 40a

Duke Street 14, 17, 26, 30, 31, 57n., 81, 87, 89, 99, 107; Pls. 31a, 35b, 48b
-, rebuildings (1890's) 53, 56, 63, 63n., 140, 145, 146
-, East side (odd numbers)
-, King's Weigh House Church (Chapel) 142, 146; fig. 21 (p. 147); Pls. 31b, 35b
-, Nos. 55–73 56, 57n., 59, 146
-, Nos. 75–83 57, 58, 59, 146, 160; Pl. 35b
-, West side (even numbers)
-, Barley Mow public house see No. 82
-, Duke Street Mansions see Nos. 54 76
-, Electricity Sub-station 61, 70, 142, 158; Pl. 31b
-, Europa Hotel 166
-, Italian Garden 61, 142, 146; Pl. 31a
-, Nos. 54 76 (Duke Street Mansions) 56, 58, 58n., 59, 144, 146
-, Nos. 78–80 60, 146
-, No. 82 (Barley Mow) 58, 59, 62, 146
-, No. 84 168

Duke's Yard 148; Pl. 35c

Dukeson, Mary see Tregonwell

Dukeson, Dr. Richard 4

Duncombe, Thomas 177

Dunraven (formerly (New) Norfolk) Street 13, 23, 24, 40, 42, 50, 54, 58, 69, 70, 88, 119, 127, 130, 159, 161, 162; Pl. 36b
-, social character 83, 87, 97
-, Nos. 2–3 69
-, No. 4 (Norwich House) 161
-, Nos. 16–19 55n., 58, 149; Pl. 36b
-, No. 20 Pl. 19c
-, No. 21 119; Pl. 19c
-, No. 22 68, 119; 122; Pl. 19c
-, Nos. 26–31 Pl. 19b

Dupuis, Thomas 87

Durham, Bishop of (Edward Chandler) 177

Durham, 3rd Earl of 101

b Durham, Charles plan A (79)

Duveen, Henry and Sir Joseph Joel 100, 153

Dysart, 4th Earl of 179

c Earp, Thomas 141

a East, Hubert see Wimperis and East

East, William 179

Eaton estates, Cheshire 35, 72, 140, 148

Eaton Hall, Cheshire 4, 20, 36, 37, 43, 44, 47, 48, 74, 125, 126, 133, 141, 147

Ebury, 1st Baron (previously Lord Robert Grosvenor) 34, 134, 141

Ebury, manor of 1–2

Ebury Street 138

Ecclesiastical Commissioners 79

Eccleston Square, No. 2 35

Echlin, Charles 177

Eckstein, Sir Bernard 168

Edgar, Sir Edward Mackay 100

Edgcumbe, Richard (later 1st Baron) 193

a Edis, Robert W. 55n., 57, 58, 140, 147

Edmonson, John 85

b Eds, John 184, 185, 192, 193; plan A (74, 85)

Edward VII 100, 156

Edwards, A. O. 164

Edwards, William (esquire) 181

Edwards, William (Treasurer of New River Co.) 191

Edwin, Lady 181

Edwin, Charles 28, 181

Egerton, Eleanor (w. of 2nd Earl Grosvenor) 43

Egerton, Thomas (1st Earl of Wilton) 43

Egerton Gardens, Kensington 160

Egerton Lodge, Melton Mowbray 92, 93

Egyptian Embassy (No. 75 South Audley Street, q.v.) 73, 156, 157; Pls. 43a, 44c

Eia, manor of see Ebury

c Elden, E. 168

Electric lighting and supply 62, 68

Electricity Sub-station, Duke Street 61, 70, 142, 158; Pl. 31b

b Elger, John 131

b Elkins, Henry plan A (56)

b Elkins, John plan A (42)

b Elkins, Thomas plan A (22)

c Elliott, Charles 89, 126

b Ellis, John 172–3; plan A (60)

Elphinstone, 16th Baron 71

Elward and Marsh 88, 125

Embassies and diplomatic presence 28, 73, 76, 76n., 79, 87, 101, 103, 115, 132, 156, 169, 181, 185, 198; Pl. 55b

Emmett, John 193

Emmett, Robert 153

Empy, Edmund 35, 38, 44, 45

a Erlam, Samuel 131

Ernle, 1st Baron (Rowland Prothero) 36

Ernle, Sir Edward 183

Erskine, Lady Frances (w. of 22nd Earl of Mar) 191

Essex, Lady (w. of 7th Earl) 155

Estate agents see House agents

a Etchells, Frederick 78, 164, 166, 167

Europa Hotel, Grosvenor Square 166

b Evans, John 184–5

Evelyn, Charles 181

Evelyn, John (later 2nd Bt) 177

Evelyn Gardens, Kensington 36

Eybury, Eye, manor of see Ebury

c Eye Brook see Tyburn Brook

Eyles-Stiles, Sir Francis, Bt 187

Falkland, 7th Viscount 193

Farm Street Roman Catholic Church 99, 146

Farmer, Eleanor 175

b Fayram, Thomas 24, 173, 176 7

b Feetham, John 132

Fellows, William 30, 183

Fenwick, Edward 4

'Fifty Churches' Commissioners 11, 12, 23, 28, 29

Filmer-Sankey, Lady Ursula 72

Fire, risk of and precautions against 15, 40, 54, 112, 122, 141

b Fish, Charles 55n., 147

FitzGerald, Hon. Evelyn 167

Fitzherbert, Mrs. 120

Fitzpatrick, Daniel 189

a Fitzroy Robinson and Partners 170

Fitzwilliam, 7th Earl 101

Five Fields, Pimlico 127

Flats and chambers
-, pre-1914 53, 56, 69, 70, 99, 144, 145, 146, 147, 162
-, post-1914 75, 76, 77, 78, 101, 162, 163–6, 167, 168–9

Fleet Line 81

b Fletcher, Joshua 24, 183, 187, 191

Flintshire (lead mines) 4, 35, 40

a Flitcroft, Henry 22, 120, 124, 191

Flockhart, William 163

a Florence, H. L. see Isaacs and Florence

Fonthill House, Wiltshire 133

Forester, Lady Mary 25

Forres, 1st Baron 168

a Forsyth and Maule 167

Fortescue, 3rd Earl 134

Fortnam, Mr. 187

b Fortnam, Richard 187

a Foster, F. W. 156, 161

Fountain House, Park Lane 78, 162, 165

Fountains, drinking 61

c Fowler, John 168

Fox, Mary (d. 1732) 183

Fox, Mary (fl. 1732–4) 185

b Foxley, F., and Co. 160, 161

Frampton, Mr. (Alfred) 59

c France, William 125

Frankland, Frederick 179

a Fraser, H. H. 161

b Freake, C. J. 49, 52, 138

French, Charles Robert 36

French architects and craftsmen 73, 151, 153, 155, 156, 168

French styles 73, 122, 135, 139, 140, 141, 151, 153, 155 6, 157, 167

b Fry, Thomas 191

Furness, 1st Viscount 101

Furness, Sir Christopher (later 1st Baron) 67, 100

Furnished houses 89, 90, 125, 198

a Gallier, James 132

Gamages (West End) Ltd. 77, 165

a Gandy-Deering, J. P. 129, 130

Gardens
-, communal and public 61, 63, 69–70, 74, 142, 146, 159, 160, 167; Pls. 31, 45c, 47b
-, private 116–18, 155, 197
-, see also Grosvenor Square, garden

Garland, C. T. 153

b Garlick, John (and Sons) 68, 160, 161

b Garlick, William J. 161

Garling, H. B. 140

Gas Light and Coke Company 78

George I (statue of) 6, 8, 104

George IV (as Prince of Wales) 88, 126

a George, Ernest 57, 59, 60–1, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 149, 153, 157

a George, Ernest, and Peto 57, 143, 145, 146, 147

a George, Ernest, and Yeates 149

George Street see Balderton Street

Gibbs, James 16, 22, 23, 104

a Gilbert and Constanduros 166, 167

Gilbert (formerly James) Street 16, 17, 26, 28, 31, 52, 81, 85, 142; Pl. 45d
-, rebuilding (1820's) 31–2, 130; Pl. 23a
-, Hanover Schools 146
-, Nos. 22–26 69, 161; Pl. 45d
-, No. 27 130; fig. 12a (p. 131)

a Giles, Gough and Trollope 58, 160

Gill, John 189

Gillard, John 191

Gillett, William 191

c Gillow (later Waring and Gillow) 125, 126, 168

Gladstone, W. E. 47

Glennie, W. R. 36

Glenorchy, Lord (later 3rd Earl of Breadalbane) 179

Globe Insurance Office 40

Gloucester, Bishop of (Richard Beadon) 39

Gloucester, Duke of (b. of George III) 43, 87, 89

Gloucester House, Upper Grosvenor Street see Grosvenor House

Gloucester Place, Hyde Park 34

b Goff, Thomas 192; plan A (61)

Golden Square 98, 166

a Goldicutt, John 127, 129

Goode, W. J. 55–6, 59, 100, 140, 143, 144

Goode's (Nos. 17–21 South Audley Street) 56, 59, 100, 140, 143–4, 157; figs. 19, 23a, b (pp. 143, 152); Pls. 32, 33a, b

Gorhambury Park, Hertfordshire 90, 92

Goring House (site of Buckingham Palace) 3

Goschen, George (1st Viscount) 52

Gothic styles 126, 139, 140, 141, 145

b Gough, Samuel and Thomas 186, 187

Governesses 94

Gower, 2nd Baron (later 1st Earl) 22

Gowran, Dowager Lady (w. of 1st Baron) 25, 177

Grafton Street 19

Graham, Marquess of (later 2nd Duke of Montrose) 181

Graham, Margaret 175

Grandison, Earl 183

Gray, Lady (?w. of Sir James Gray, Bt) 181

b Gray, William 176–7

Great Landlords of London, The 65

Great Russell Street 9

Greater London Council 81

Greathead, Samuel 185

Greek Revival style 129, 130, 131

Green, Edgar 65

b Green, John 23, 29, 176–7, 182, 183, 190–1, 192–3

Green, William J. 59

Green and Abbott 153

Green Park 3, 4

Green Street 12, 22, 23, 32, 42–3, 81, 119, 147; fig. 1 (p. 32); Pls. 36b, 45b
-, garden 22, 69–70, 74, 159, 160; Pl. 47b
-, rebuildings
-, in 1820's–30's 46, 131; Pl. 23c
-, under 1st and 2nd Dukes 53, 54, 63n., 70, 140, 145, 147, 159, 161, 162
-, social character 54, 64, 85, 87, 88, 89, 97, 99
-, Hampden House see No. 61
-, No. 1 see North Audley Street, Nos. 25–29
-, Nos. 2–8 55, 58, 160–1
-, No. 9 55, 160–1
-, No. 10 55, 59, 148, 160, 161
-, No. 11 55, 160–1
-, No. 19 55, 58n., 60
-, Nos. 25–30 55n., 58, 147
-, No. 31 55n., 56, 58, 147
-, No. 32 58, 78, 79, 149; Pl. 36b
-, Nos. 38–46 160; Pls. 45b, 47b
-, No. 48 160
-, Nos. 51–54 55n., 144, 147
-, Nos. 55–59 55n.
-, No. 60 (former number) 22, 24
-, No. 61 (Hampden House) 22, 24, 31, 68, 101, 118, 133
-, see also St. Mary's Chapel

Grice, Nicholas 175

b Griffith, Charles 176–7, 180–1, 182–3, 193, 195

Grimston, Viscount (later 2nd Earl of Verulam) 90, 92

Grosse, Francis 40

GROSVENOR: List of heads of main family since 1622, subsequently indexed alphabetically
-, 1622–45: Sir Richard, 1st baronet
-, 1645–64: Sir Richard, 2nd baronet
-, 1664–1700: Sir Thomas, 3rd baronet
-, 1700–32: Sir Richard, 4th baronet
-, 1732–3: Sir Thomas, 5th baronet
-, 1733–55: Sir Robert, 6th baronet
-, 1755–1802: Sir Richard, 7th baronet, 1st Baron Grosvenor from 1761, 1st Viscount Belgrave and Earl Grosvenor 1784–1802
-, 1802–45: Robert, 2nd Earl Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster 1831–45
-, 1845–69: Richard, 2nd Marquess of Westminster
-, 1869–99: Hugh Lupus, 3rd Marquess of Westminster, 1st Duke of Westminster 1874–99
-, 1899–1953: Hugh Richard Arthur, 2nd Duke of Westminster
-, 1953–63: William, 3rd Duke of Westminster
-, 1963–7: Gerald Hugh, 4th Duke of Westminster
-, 1967 onwards: Robert George, 5th Duke of Westminster

Grosvenor family 1, 3, 4, 6–9, 33, 34, 43, 47, 79–80
-, finances 33, 34, 43–4
-, London residences 3, 43, 87, 102, see also Grosvenor House (Millbank and Upper Grosvenor Street)
-, pedigree 3, 4
-, pictures owned by 43, 73, 79
-, role in development of Mayfair 6–9, 29, 30, 31, 33, 38
-, titles, acquisitions of 4, 7, 34, 47

Grosvenor, Anne (sister of 4th Bt) 9

Grosvenor, Diana (née Warburton, 2nd w. of 4th Bt) 4, 5

Grosvenor, Eleanor (née Egerton, w. of 2nd Earl Grosvenor and 1st Marquess of Westminster) 43

Grosvenor, Colonel Gerald Hugh (4th Duke of Westminster) 79

Grosvenor, Henrietta (w. of 1st Earl Grosvenor) 40

Grosvenor, Hugh Lupus (1st Duke and 3rd Marquess of Westminster, previously styled Earl Grosvenor) 32, 34, 39, 46–70 passim, 72, 79, 96–100, 135, 140–8 passim, 150–1, 162
-, architecture, and 53, 54, 57–65 passim, 70, 72, 135, 140 8 passim
-, churches, and 79, 141–2
-, control of use of premises by 51, 62, 65
-, criticisms of 64 5
-, income of 47, 48
-, leasing policy of 39, 46, 53, 54, 55, 56, 61, 65, 68
-, London improvements, and 63 4
-, personal 34, 46, 47, 67, 141, 148
-, philanthropic activity of 47, 60, 61, 63, 79, 99, 141
-, public houses, and 61–2
-, rebuilding on Mayfair estate by 52–3, 54, 55, 65, 98–9, 135
-, social character of Mayfair estate, and 54, 62, 63, 98–9, 100
-, Thomas Cundy III, and 53, 54, 59, 140
-, tradesmen, and 55, 56, 59, 65, 97, 98–9
-, working-class housing, and 61, 100, 142

Grosvenor, Hugh Richard Arthur (2nd Duke of Westminster) 34, 53, 54, 67–80 passim, 99, 100, 101, 150, 157, 163, 165
-, architecture, and 54, 70, 71, 77, 157
-, Blow, Detmar, and 70, 73, 74, 75, 77, 78, 165
-, control of use of premises by 76
-, estate management, and 70–2 passim, 75, 77
-, Grosvenor House, and 72, 75, 77
-, Grosvenor Square, and 77
-, historic buildings, and 70, 71, 72, 75–6
-, leasing policy 68, 69
-, personal 67, 70, 72, 75, 78, 79
-, property, purchase and sale of, by 72–3, 78, 79
-, rebuilding policy 53, 68, 69, 70, 72, 76, 77, 99, 157
-, settlement of estate (1901) by 67, 79
-, social character of Mayfair estate, and 76, 99
-, taxation of 79
-, will of 79
-, working-class housing, and 76

Grosvenor (née Wyndham), Jane (1st w. of 4th Bt) 4

Grosvenor, Loelia (3rd w. of 2nd Duke of Westminster) 70, 75

Grosvenor, Dame Mary (née Mary Davies, w. of 3rd Bt) 1, 3–4, 5, 7–8, 9, 11

Grosvenor, Sir Richard (1st Bt) 3, 4

Grosvenor, Sir Richard (2nd Bt) 3

Grosvenor, Sir Richard (4th Bt) 4–16 passim, 18, 19, 20, 21, 29, 33
-, Barlow, Thomas, and 11, 19
-, expenditure on Mayfair estate 8, 9, 12, 13, 16
-, Grosvenor Square, and 8, 16, 18
-, personal 4, 6, 20

Grosvenor, Sir Richard (7th Bt, later Baron and subsequently Earl Grosvenor) 7, 8, 9, 10, 33, 35–40 passim, 42, 43, 45, 87, 88, 126
-, debts and finances of 33, 35, 37, 38, 40, 43, 45
-, entail or trusteeship of estate of 8, 33, 37
-, estate management, and 9, 38
-, leasing policy of 36–7, 38, 39, 40, 43, 45
-, personal 7, 33, 37, 40, 43, 87, 126
-, Porden, William, and 36, 38, 42, 126
-, staff of 10, 35, 36–7, 126
-, trade on Mayfair estate, and 42, 88

Grosvenor, Richard (2nd Marquess of Westminster, sometime styled Viscount Belgrave) 35, 36, 46–55 passim, 61, 129, 133, 134, 135, 138–42 passim
-, architecture, and 48, 49, 51, 53, 133, 135, 139, 140
-, estate management under 48, 49, 50–1, 52
-, Grosvenor Gardens, Place, and 49, 52, 140
-, Grosvenor Square, and 49, 129, 133
-, leasing policy of 46, 48, 49, 54
-, Oxford Street, and 49, 55, 139
-, personal 47, 48
-, rebuilding and refronting under 48 53 passim, 54, 55, 133–5
-, social character of Mayfair estate, and 51, 52
-, working-class housing, and 61, 139, 142

Grosvenor, Richard de Aquila (1st Baron Stalbridge) 34, 144

Grosvenor, Robert (6th Bt, b. of Sir Richard, 4th Bt) 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 17, 18, 19n., 21, 27, 33, 178, 179, 191, 192; plan A (57, 61)
-, Grosvenor Square, and 7, 9, 14, 18, 21, 27, 178, 179; plan A (57)
-, Mayfair estate, development of 6, 7, 9, 10, 27
-, personal 4, 6, 8
-, Trust estate of 7, 9, 14, 17, 19n., 33
-, Upper Grosvenor Street, and 7, 191, 192; plan A (61)

Grosvenor, Robert (1st Marquess of Westminster and 2nd Earl Grosvenor) 32, 34, 35, 40–8 passim, 92, 126, 127, 129, 130, 133
-, Belgravia, and 127
-, estate management of 44, 45, 48
-, finances of 34, 40, 43–4, 47
-, Grosvenor House, and 43, 126–7, 129
-, Grosvenor Square, alterations to, and 47, 133
-, leasing policy under 43, 45–6
-, personal 40, 43, 44, 45, 47, 92
-, public houses and hotels, and 41, 42
-, rebuildings under 46, 127, 130, 133
-, social character of Mayfair estate, and 41
-, staff of 35, 44, 127
-, will of 47, 48

Grosvenor, Lord Robert (1st Baron Ebury) 134, 141

Grosvenor, Lieutenant-Colonel Robert George (5th Duke of Westminster) 79, 80, 102

Grosvenor, Roger 3

Grosvenor, Sir Thomas (3rd Bt) 1, 3, 4

Grosvenor, Sir Thomas (5th Bt, b. of Sir Richard, 4th Bt) 4, 6–7, 8, 9, 10

Grosvenor, Thomas (b. of 1st Earl) 33, 37

Grosvenor, General (later Field-Marshal) Thomas 46, 93, 134

Grosvenor later Egerton, Thomas (2nd Earl of Wilton) 34, 92–3

Grosvenor, Victor Alexander, styled Earl Grosvenor 48

Grosvenor, William (3rd Duke of Westminster) 79

Grosvenor Board, establishment and records of 38, 75

Grosvenor Buildings, Bourdon Street 61, 139, 142; Pl. 30b

Grosvenor Chapel, South Audley Street 10, 12, 19, 23, 29, 72, 104, 118 19, 132, 147, 157; fig. 7 (p. 119); Pl. 12b

Grosvenor Estate (general)
-, London 1, 4, 5, 33, 34, 64, 72–3, 78, 79–82, see also Belgravia; Grosvenor Estate, Mayfair; Millbank; Pimlico
-, purchases 3
-, sales 4, 67, 72, 73, 76n., 78, 79
-, outside London 4, 35, 37, 38, 40, 43, 47, 48, 79–80
-, purchases 43, 47
-, sales 38, 48, 72, 79
-, overseas 67, 72, 79
-, settlements and trusts 4, 5, 8, 33, 37, 40, 43, 47, 48, 54, 67, 79
-, value 34, 40, 47–8, 79

GROSVENOR ESTATE, MAYFAIR
-, architects, choice of 57–61, 70, 147–8
-, architectural policy 31, 49, 50, 51, 53, 4, 57, 68–9, 70–1, 76, 77–8, 133–5, 138, 139, 140, 147–8, 157, 158, 161 2, 163, 164, 165, 169
-, artisans' dwellings see working-class housing
-, boundaries and extent 1; plans A, B (end pocket)
-, builders
-, assistance to 8–9
-, attitude to 55, 56, 57, 58, 69, 70, 160–1
-, choice of 57, 160, 161
-, churches, promotion of 19, 29, 43, 53, 79, 104, 141–2
-, commerce see shops, trade and commerce
-, communication with other estates and areas 12, 16, 63
-, comparison with other estates 7, 15n., 19, 36, 37, 39, 40, 45, 52–3, 64, 65–6, 69n., 72, 76, 98, 135
-, criticisms of 64–5
-, estate duties, effect of 67, 78, 79
-, fines or premiums 37–40 passim, 45–6
-, method of calculation 38–9, 39n.
-, receipts from 38, 39, 40, 44, 47, 48
-, fire insurance and precautions 40, 54
-, flats, policy towards 69, 76, 99, 163
-, gardens, public and communal, provision of 8, 16, 63, 69–70, 74, 159–60, 167
-, ground rents 17–19, 36, 37, 38, 39n., 44, 45–6, 63, 63n.
-, historic buildings and conservation, attitude to 68, 70, 71–2, 75, 80, 81, 135, 170
-, hotels, attitude to 41, 59, 100, 149
-, improvements see rebuildings, refrontings and house improvements; sanitary improvements; street improvements; and under mews, stables and coach-houses
-, income see revenue
-, layout 11, 12–13, 103–4
-, leasehold enfranchisement, policy on 54, 64, 82
-, leasing policy, see also fines or premiums; ground rents building and rebuilding leases 7, 15, 16–17, 19, 54–7, 64, 78, 79
-, covenants 15, 17, 40, 41, 42, 49, 50–1, 52, 62, 87, see also noxious trades and nuisances
-, length of leases 7, 14, 36, 37, 38, 40, 43, 43n., 46, 48–9, 53, 54, 68, 78, 79
-, renewals 36 50 passim, 53, 54, 55, 61, 62, 63, 68, 69, 79, 100, 127, 130, 133
-, management methods 15–16, 35–6, 38, 44, 45, 48, 51, 52, 57, 70, 73, 74, 75, 77, 79, 80, 108, 147, 148
-, mews, stables and coach-houses
-, conversions 74, 76, 100, 166–7
-, improvements 63, 100
-, siting 13, 14, 16, 17, 32
-, noxious trades and nuisances 14–15, 37, 40–2, 51, 51n., 52, 62, 88
-, offices, growth of 80, 81, 101–2, 162, 169
-, personnel
-, agents 9–10, 35–6, 79
-, consultant architects 77, 78, 164–6
-, lawyers 9–11, 34–5
-, surveyors 11–12, 36, 38, 44–5, 53–4, 69, 74–5, 77, 78, 126, 127, 139–40, 148, 157–8
-, other 35, 36, 52
-, professions, attitude to 51, 62, 76, 99, 101–2
-, public houses and taverns, policy towards 30, 40, 41, 42, 52, 59, 61–2, 146
-, purchases and repurchases 30, 79
-, rebuildings, refrontings and house improvements
-, under 2nd Earl and 1st Marquess (1802–45) 31–2, 42, 46–7, 127, 129–33 passim
-, under 2nd Marquess (1845–69) 48 50, 52, 53, 133–5, 138, 139
-, under 3rd Marquess and 1st Duke (1869–99) 52–65 passim, 98–9, 100, 140–50 passim
-, under 2nd Duke (1899–1953) 67, 68–71, 74–9 passim, 157–67 passim
-, since 1953 81–2, 169–70
-, revenue 19, 19n., 33, 38, 39, 40, 43–4, 46, 47, 48, 63
-, sales of freeholds 29, 43, 60, 73, 78, 79, 163
-, sanitary improvements 52, 63
-, sewers, provision of 8, 11
-, shops, trade and commerce, attitude to 30, 40, 41, 51–2, 54, 55–7, 62, 65, 69, 75, 76, 87, 88, 99, 100, 101–2, 149, 169, see also noxious trades and nuisances
-, street improvements 42–3, 53, 54, 63, 131
-, taverns see public houses and taverns
-, town planning, and 75, 80 2
-, trade see shops, trade and commerce
-, working-class housing, provision of 32, 61, 81, 100, 138–9, 142

Grosvenor Estate Strategy for Mayfair and Belgravia, The 80–1, 82, 101, 170

Grosvenor Gallery, New Bond Street 62

Grosvenor Gardens, Victoria 49, 52, 139, 140, 151, 160
-, Terminal House 77

Grosvenor Gate 13; Pl. 13a, b

Grosvenor Hill (formerly part of Grosvenor Mews, q.v.) 19, 31, 70, 96, 98, 131, 138; Pl. 30b

Grosvenor Hill Court 170

Grosvenor Hotel, Victoria Station 139

Grosvenor (formerly Peterborough) House (Alexander Davies's), Millbank 3, 4, 7, 21, 36n., 43

Grosvenor House (Hotel), Park Lane 77, 78, 79, 162, 164–5; Pl. 48c

Grosvenor (formerly Gloucester) House, Upper Grosvenor Street 36, 43, 44, 71, 72, 77, 118, 124, 125, 126–7, 129, 130, 133, 141, 162, 164, 193; Pls. 18, 20c, 28
-, picture gallery 127, 129, 141, 151; Pls. 18a, 28b
-, screen 129, 131; Pl. 20c
-, stables 96, 142

Grosvenor Market 30, 36n., 88, 126, 138

Grosvenor Mews (now Bourdon Place and Street and Grosvenor Hill, q.v.) 11, 31, 39, 61, 85, 138

Grosvenor Office (No. 53 Davies Street) 34, 35, 38, 62, 72, 75, 129; Pl. 20b
-, see also Nos. 66 and 68 Brook Street

Grosvenor Place, Belgravia 33, 49, 52, 139, 140, 151
-, No. 5 140

Grosvenor Square
-, comparison with other squares 13, 98, 103, 104, 166
-, dimensions 13, 103
-, first building leases (tables) 174–9
-, garden 8, 8n., 16, 17, 29, 104, 166, 168, 169
-, general views Pls. 5, 54–6
-, George I statue 6, 8, 104
-, house prices 27, 28, 64, 138
-, layout and first development 7, 8, 9, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31, 103–5, 106–7, 108, 110, 174–9
-, rebuildings
-, before 1930 49, 52, 53, 55, 64, 69, 130, 134, 135, 138, 143, 146, 150, 157, 158, 160, 161
-, since 1930 77–8, 79, 162, 165–6, 169
-, refrontings 47, 49, 50, 129, 133, 157
-, Roosevelt memorial 169
-, social character 30, 40, 51, 64, 68, 76, 83, 85, 87, 88, 90, 95–6, 97–101 passim
-, unexecuted designs 20–1, 103 4, 104–5; Pl. 4
-, other references 33, 46, 54, 63, 68, 96, 120, 167
-, East side
-, original development and architecture 9, 16, 18, 20, 27, 31, 105, 174 7; Pl. 5
-, No. 51 158, 160, 174–5
-, No. 1 20, 106, 174 5; Pl. 8a
-, No. 2 49, 120, 124, 125, 138, 174–5
-, No. 3 52, 53, 55, 58, 143, 174–5
-, No. 4 (centre house) 9, 19, 20, 22, 27, 28, 49, 78, 120, 124, 125, 135, 138, 174–5; Pls. 25d, 26
-, No. 5 19, 90, 120, 176 7
-, No. 6 112, 115, 130, 176–7
-, No. 7 28, 92–3, 127, 163, 176–7
-, North side
-, original development and architecture 16, 18, 21, 22, 24, 105, 106–7, 176 7; Pl. 5
-, Europa Hotel 166
-, No. 8 now No. 88 Brook Street, q.v.
-, No. 9 14, 23, 27, 104, 112, 176–7
-, No. 10 (east) 27, 176–7
-, No. 10 (west) 121, 176–7
-, No. 10 (1864–6 house) 49, 133, 138; fig. 15 (p. 135); Pl. 54a
-, No. 11 64, 127, 176 7; Pl. 54a
-, No. 12 21, 25, 28, 105, 106, 120, 165, 169, 176 7; fig. 2a (p. 106); Pl. 54a
-, No. 13 64, 176–7; Pl. 54a
-, No. 14 53, 106, 153, 176 7; Pl. 54a
-, No. 15 105, 176–7
-, No. 16 105, 121, 124, 125, 176–7
-, Nos. 15 and 16 (as Belgrave House) 129, 133, 151; Pls. 20a, 54a
-, No. 17 28, 106, 176 7; Pl. 54a
-, No. 18 21, 24, 28, 49, 105, 113, 124, 134, 138, 176–7; Pl. 54a
-, No. 19 21, 24, 25, 28, 77, 105, 110, 113, 120, 143, 176–7; Pls. 15b, 17a, b, 54a
-, No. 20 21, 24, 49, 52, 77, 101, 105, 113, 120, 133, 135, 138, 176–7; Pls. 25b, 54a
-, No. 21 21, 24, 49, 50, 68, 77, 133, 135, 138, 176–7; Pls. 25b, 55a
-, No. 22 146, 157, 176–7; Pl. 55a
-, No. 23 145, 176 7
-, West side
-, original development and architecture 16, 18, 22, 176–7; Pl. 5a
-, United States Embassy 79, 101, 162, 166, 169; Pl. 55b
-, No. 24 50, 176–7; Pl. 55a
-, No. 25 25, 76, 106, 118, 120, 163, 176–7, 191; Pl. 55a
-, No. 26 (sometime Derby House) 49, 52, 120, 122, 124, 133, 135, 138, 143, 176–7; fig. 9a (p. 123); Pls. 15a, 25c, 40b
-, No. 27 53, 55, 58, 145, 150–1, 153, 155, 176–7; figs. 22b, 24a
-, No. 28 26, 120, 176 7
-, No. 29 112, 116, 120, 124, 125, 127, 176 7
-, No. 30 49, 52, 127, 138, 176 7
-, No. 31 176 7
-, No. 32 157, 161, 176–7
-, South side
-, original development and architecture 7, 9, 11, 16, 21, 107, 178–9; Pl. 5b
-, Britannia Hotel 166
-, No. 33 53, 145, 150, 178 9; Pl. 55a
-, No. 34 28, 53, 120, 145, 150, 178–9; Pl. 55a
-, No. 35 16, 78, 161, 178–9
-, No. 36 50, 78, 178 9
-, No. 37 78, 87, 106, 120, 178–9
-, No. 38 25, 78, 122, 133, 178–9; fig. 9c (p. 123); Pls. 16c, 17c, 25a
-, No. 39 53, 64, 178–9
-, No. 40 49, 138, 178–9
-, No. 41 53, 55, 58, 96, 121, 150–1, 178–9; fig. 22a (p. 150); Pl. 41
-, No. 42 9, 49, 64, 132, 133, 138, 178–9
-, No. 43 178–9; Pl. 7
-, No. 44 28, 71, 106, 107, 116, 160, 169, 178–9; Pl. 7
-, No. 45 28, 36n., 43, 68, 78, 113, 116, 121, 122, 124, 125, 153, 157, 178–9, 196–7; fig. 9b (p. 123); Pls. 7, 42d, 44a
-, No. 46 28, 78, 106, 178–9
-, No. 47 26, 45, 78, 90, 92, 93, 130, 161, 163, 178–9
-, No. 48 77, 178–9
-, No. 49 120–1, 178–9
-, No. 50 (sometime General Grosvenor's house) 46, 89, 93, 112, 134, 178–9; fig. 13b (p. 132)
-, Nos. 49–50 (present building) 75, 77, 163, 164
-, For No. 51 see East side

Grosvenor Street fig. 4 (p. 111); Pls. 8c, d, 47a
-, first building 7, 11, 12, 13, 17, 19, 23, 26, 28, 31, 31n., 105, 108, 110, 112
-, first building leases (tables) 178–85
-, rebuildings and refrontings 49, 53, 131, 133, 138
-, social character 40, 41, 52, 75, 76, 83, 87, 89, 95, 96, 97, 99, 101, 169
-, trade and business 14, 40, 41, 42, 62, 75, 76, 84, 96, 97, 99, 101, 125, 169
-, other references 20, 30, 33, 37, 39, 103, 117, 126
-, Lion and Goat public house 41
-, Mount Coffee House 11, 12, 30, 84, 184–5
-, Red Lion tavern 84, 179
-, St. George's rectory (No. 15) 28, 29, 180–1
-, Three Tuns tavern 30, 84, 183
-, No. 4 178–9
-, No. 5 41, 178–9
-, Nos. 6–9 158, 161, 178–9
-, No. 10 9, 178–9
-, No. 11 178–9
-, No. 12 62, 180–1
-, No. 13 138, 180–1
-, No. 14 50, 138, 180–1
-, No. 15 28, 29, 180–1
-, No. 16 22, 28, 62, 83, 100, 105, 112, 117, 118, 120, 124, 125, 126, 156, 180–1; Pl. 16b
-, No. 17 39n., 138, 180–1; fig. 14c (p. 134)
-, No. 18 68, 130, 133, 161, 169, 180–1
-, No. 19 180–1
-, No. 20 132, 133, 180–1
-, Nos. 21–22 54–5, 58, 59, 148, 180–1
-, Nos. 23–24 50, 138, 180–1
-, No. 25 138, 180–1
-, No. 26 159, 161, 180–1; fig. 26c (p. 158)
-, No. 27 180–1
-, No. 28 120, 180–1
-, Nos. 29 31 180–1
-, No. 32 28, 180–1
-, No. 33 23, 108, 115, 153, 156–7, 180–1; fig. 6c (p. 116)
-, No. 34 23, 25, 27, 28, 68, 108, 115, 120, 125, 169, 180–1; figs. 5d, 6f (pp. 114, 117); Pl. 9b
-, No. 35 23, 28, 180–1
-, No. 36 180–1; fig. 3e (p. 109)
-, Nos. 37–40 180–1
-, No. 43 108, 180–1; fig. 3f (p. 109)
-, No. 44 180–1
-, Nos. 45 46 (former houses) 21, 180–1
-, No. 46 (present building) 73, 74, 155–6; fig. 25 (p. 156); Pl. 42a
-, No. 47 180–1
-, No. 48 116, 180–1
-, No. 49 125, 143, 182–3
-, No. 50 83, 182–3; Pl. 8d
-, No. 51 28, 106, 113, 130, 182–3; fig. 2b (p. 106)
-, No. 52 23, 27, 28, 83, 112, 113, 115, 117–18, 135, 167, 182–3; figs. 16–17 (pp. 136–7); Pl. 8c
-, No. 53 169, 182–3; Pl. 8c
-, No. 54 182–3
-, Nos. 55–57 69, 70, 158–9, 162, 182–3; Pl. 47a
-, No. 58 153, 169, 182–3; Pl. 47a
-, No. 59 68, 108, 115, 153, 182–3; Pl. 9d
-, No. 60 182–3
-, No. 61 158, 161, 182–3
-, No. 62 62, 158, 161, 182–3
-, No. 63 158, 161, 182–3
-, No. 64 182–3
-, No. 65 28, 125, 138, 182–3
-, No. 66 126, 143, 153, 182–3
-, No. 67 182–3
-, No. 68 50, 182–3
-, No. 69 23, 182–3
-, No. 70 88, 168, 182–3
-, Nos. 71–72 25, 112, 182–3
-, No. 73 182–3
-, No. 74 125, 182–3
-, No. 75 11, 69, 75, 159, 160, 182–3
-, No. 76 (former house) 41, 120, 182–3
-, Nos. 77–78 (former houses) 184–5
-, Nos. 76–78 (present building) 169
-, No. 79 (former house) 184–5
-, No. 80 (former house) see Mount Coffee House above
-, Nos. 79–80 (present building) 138
-, No. 81 184–5

Ground rents see under Grosvenor Estate, Mayfair

Guards, 2nd Troop of Horse, stables for 22, 32, 88

Guilford, 2nd Earl of (as Lord North) 89

Gunter, Captain James 43

a Guthrie, L. Rome 75, 158, 163, 164, see also Wimperis and partners; Wimperis, Simpson and Guthrie

c Haber (of Paris) 151

Hailstone, John 35, 44

Haldane, Major James 179

Hale, Captain Robert 191

b Hale, William 192, 193

Halifax, 2nd Earl of 185

Halkin Street, No. 9 73

Halkyn Hall and Castle, Flintshire 37, 48, 72

Hall, E. T. 59

Hamilton, Duchess of (w. of 5th Duke) 181

a Hammond, R. G. 68, 161

a Hamp, Stanley (Collcutt and Hamp) 163

Hampden House (No. 61 Green Street) 22, 24, 31, 68, 101, 118, 133

Hanbury's (brewers) 61

b Hancock, Jacob 24

Handasyde, Colonel (later General) Roger 179

Handel, G. F. 112

Hanmer, Sir Thomas, Bt 27, 83, 112, 113, 117–18, 183

Hanmer, Colonel William 27, 194–5

Hanover Buildings (now Flats), Binney Street Pl. 31a

Hanover Schools, Gilbert Street 146

Hanover Square 6, 11, 12, 13, 103, 104, 105, 166

Hanoverian Minister 87

Hardenberg, B. F. 46

Hare, Maudlin 3

Harley, Rt. Hon. Thomas 37

a Harris, E. Vincent 163

Harris, F. Leverton 64

a Harris, Thomas 139

Harrison, Major 43

a Harrison, Henry 132, 133, 138

Harrison, John 181

Harrison, Ralph 172–3

Harrod, William plan A (80)

Harrods 168

Harrowby, 1st Earl of 96

Harrowby, 3rd Earl of 64

Hart Street (now part of Brown Hart Gardens) 85

Hartington, Marquess of (later 3rd Duke of Devonshire) 175

Haskerton Manor, Suffolk 138

Hastings, Warren 72, 72n.

Hatfield, G. F. (2nd Duke's solicitor) 34, 68, 69, 70, 72, 75

Hatzfeldt, Princess 153, 157

Hauduroy, Mark Antony 116

a Hayward, C. F. 142

Head, Sir Francis, Bt 187

b Head, William 172–3, 174–5, 179

b Hearne, Robert 182, 183; plan A (4, 34)

Heath, Cuthbert 162

Heath Farm, Watford 34

b Heathfield, James 174–5

c Heaton, Butler and Bayne 141

Heaton House, Manchester 92, 93n.

Henry VIII 1, 2

Herbert, Hon. Nicholas (s. of 8th Earl of Pembroke) 189

Hereford Gardens 53, 100, 139, 140, 151, 160, 165; Pl. 14b

Hereford House, Oxford Street 77, 119, 164, 165

Hereford Street (later Hereford Gardens, q.v.) 20, 49, 83, 88, 119–20
-, No. 13 119

Herne, Mrs. 183

Herring, John 181

Hertford, Countess of (w. of below) 112

Hertford, Earl of (later 7th Duke of Somerset) 183

Hertford, 1st Marquess of (2nd Baron Conway) 28, 83, 86, 124

Hertford, 2nd Marquess of 39

Hertford Arms public house, Park Street 61

Hewsham, Catherine 187

Hewson, Thomas 185

Higgins's cement 121

b Higgs, Joshua, and Co. 131

b Higgs, Joshua, junior 131

b Higgs and Hill 55, 57, 58, 69, 70, 131, 160

a Hill, Oliver 168

Hill, W. E., and Son 75

Hill Street 70, 159, 163
-, No. 40A 160, 168
-, No. 40B 160
-, Nos. 42 and 44 153

a Hillier, Parker, May and Rowden 77, 169

b Hipsley, Thomas 8, 191

Hoadly, Benjamin (Bishop of Salisbury, later of Winchester) 180–1

Hoare, Richard 26

Hoare's Bank 26, 28

Hodson, John 26

b Hogg, Thomas 25, 172–3

a Holden, Charles 163

Holford, Mrs. Gwynne 50

a Holland, Henry 120, 121, 122, 129

Holland, John 41–2

b Holland and Hannen 64

Holland and Sons 125

Hollis, Edwin 60

b Holloways 55, 57, 60, 146, 160

a Horder, Percy Morley 148

Horne, James 16

Horseferry Road, Millbank 2

Hotels and lodging houses 41, 69, 85, 89, 90, 97, 100, 103, 125, 198, see also individual hotels, viz. Audley; Britannia; Claridge's; Connaught; Coulson's; Europa; Grosvenor House; Kirkham's; Lillyman's; Mivart's; Wake's

House (estate) agents 90, 121, 125, 126, 160, 198

Households, size and structure of 83, 95–6, 97, 98, 112

Houses see also Furnished houses; Mews houses areas and area railings 51, 62, 106, 197; figs. 10, 23 (pp. 128, 152)
-, attics and garrets 31, 53, 106, 113, 196
-, balconies 42, 50, 53, 135; figs. 10, 23 (pp. 128, 152)
-, basements 106, 112, 113, 122, 197
-, bathrooms 68, 168; Pl. 53d
-, bays and projections 105, 119, 127
-, bedrooms 113, 196
-, ceilings 113–15, 121, 122, 124; fig. 5 (p. 114); Pls. 9a, 10a, 11, 15a, b, 16, 21b
-, chimneypieces see fireplaces
-, chimneypots 51
-, conversions and sub-divisions 76, 80, 163, 169
-, cornices 49, 106, 113, 115, 135, 196, 197
-, demand for 30–1, 64, 67, 68, 68n., 198
-, dining-rooms 112, 122, 151, 156, 157
-, drawing-rooms 122, 156, 157; Pls. 15a, 26a, 40b, 53a, c
-, fireplaces 24, 31, 51, 113, 122, 196, 197; Pls. 17, 26b
-, frontages, width of 15, 16, 19, 28, 31, 31n., 103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 110, 112, 119, 122
-, fronts
-, Georgian 31, 104–7, 119–22, 124; figs. 2, 8, 16 (pp. 106–7, 121, 136)
-, of the 1820's 127, 129 30; fig. 12 (p. 131)
-, early and mid Victorian 133–40 passim; figs. 13–15, 17 (pp. 132, 134, 135, 137)
-, later Victorian 142, 143, 149; figs. 22, 26 (pp. 150, 158)
-, Edwardian and later 155, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161; figs. 25–7 (pp. 156, 158 9)
-, stone 68–9, 71, 122, 142, 143, 149, 153, 155, 157, 158, 159, 161, 162, 165; figs. 25, 27 (pp. 156, 159)
-, inventories 112, 113, 116, 196 7
-, kitchens 112, 122, 197
-, lifts 63, 68
-, multi-occupation 31, 89, 98, 163
-, nomenclature of rooms 112, 113, 196–7
-, numbers of (total on estate) 31, 83, 85, 89, 94
-, office use of 80, 81, 101, 102
-, parlours 112, 113, 196
-, party walls 51, 105
-, planning and accommodation 31, 89, 107–12, 119, 120, 122, 123, 143, 149, 151, 155, 161, 167, 196–7; figs. 1, 3, 4, 9, 24 (pp. 32, 109, 110–11, 123, 154)
-, porches and porticoes 47, 49, 50, 51, 53, 71, 133, 135
-, prices 27, 28, 31, 64, 68, 83, 126, 138
-, rack rental (annual) value 28, 31, 39n., 46
-, rear wings 108, 122, 196
-, refrontings of 49, 68–9, 133–5, 138, 157, 158; figs. 16–17 (pp. 135–6)
-, staircases 27, 107, 108, 110, 115, 116, 122, 151, 155, 167, 196, 197; fig. 6 (pp. 116–17); Pls. 9, 42a, b, 43
-, painted 115–16, 197
-, storeys and storey-heights 31, 53, 76, 89, 106, 143, 164
-, windows, treatment of 31, 49, 50, 62, 71, 87, 106, 113, 157, 159, 196, 197
-, see also Gardens, private; Interior decoration; Water closets

Housing of the Working Classes, Royal Commission on 63, 64

b How, John 193

Howard, Abraham 35

a Howard, Souster and Partners 169

b Howorth, John 172–3

Hubbard, Lady 193

b Huddle, Henry 25, 26–7, 180–1; plan A (16)

Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester 4

Hughes, John 191

a Hulbert, Maurice Charles 58, 157, 161

Hume, Sir Gustavus, Bt 175

Huntly-Gordon, H. 148

Hutchenson, Mary 193

Hutchenson, Archibald 185

Hyde, manor of I

Hyde Park 1–2, 13, 30, 65–6

Hyde Park Corner 4, 63, 67

a I'Anson, Edward, III 161

Illingworth, Baron 101

Immaculate Conception, Church of the, Farm Street 99, 146

Imperial Hotel, Holborn Viaduct 59

Improved ground rents 9, 10, 11, 19, 19n., 26 7
-, definition of 10n.

Improved Industrial Dwellings Company 61, 139, 142, 146
-, plans of flats fig. 18 (p. 142)

Ince, Howard 148

Inchiquin, 4th Earl of 179

b Ingle, Wright 49, 64, 132, 133

Ingram, Hon. Colonel Charles 185

Interior decoration 112–16, 122, 124–5, 126, 141, 143, 151, 153, 155–7, 167 8, 196–7
-, furnishings 113, 115, 124
-, painting 71, 113, 115–16, 122, 124, 168, 197
-, panelling (wainscotting) 27, 31, 112 13, 115, 124, 153, 167 8, 196–7
-, paperhanging 124–5
-, styles 118, 124, 151, 153, 155 7, 167–8, see also French styles

Interior decorators 151, 153, 155, 156, 167–8, see also Upholsterers and cabinet-makers

Inwood, William 39

a Ionides, Basil 168

Ironwork
-, external 15, 50, 106, 127, 129, 133; figs. 10, 23 (pp. 128, 152)
-, internal 115, 124; fig. 6 (pp. 116–17)
-, structural 141, see also Steel framing

Irwin, 6th Viscount 191

a Isaacs, Lewis H. 59, see also Isaacs and Florence

a Isaacs and Florence 57, 59, 146, 147

Isaacson, F. W. 153

c Isherwood and Co. 125

Italian Embassy (former) 101

Italian Garden, Brown Hart Gardens 61, 142, 146; Pl. 31a

Italianate style 130, 135, 140

b Jackling, William 174–5

b Jackman, Francis 187

James I 2, 4

James, John 16, 22

b James, John 183, 185

James Street see Gilbert Street

c Jansen (of Paris) 168

Japanese Embassy (proposed) 76, 76n.

b Jayne, William 187

Jekyll, Lady Anne 189

a Jell, G. Thrale 163

Jenkins, Elizabeth 187

a Jenkins, John 36n., 126

b Jenner, James 193

b Jenner, John 25, 26, 27, 28, 31, 178–9, 180, 181; plan A (28, 29, 45, 46)

Jennings, Anne 177

Jennings, Susannah 185

Jersey, 3rd Earl of 193

a Johnson, John 58, 143

c Johnstone, John 126

Johnstone, Sir John 52

Joiners and joinery 113, 115, 160, 161

Jolliffe, — 193

Jones, Abigail 175

Jones, Elizabeth 85

Jones Street 19, 98

a Joseph, C. S. and E. M. 77, 165

a Joseph, Delissa 162



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