Gloucester
Bailiffs, 1200-1483

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Victoria County History

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N.M. Herbert (editor)

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1988

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371-374

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'Gloucester: Bailiffs, 1200-1483', A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 4: The City of Gloucester (1988), pp. 371-374. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42321 Date accessed: 18 September 2014.


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BAILIFFS OF GLOUCESTER 1200–1483

Gloucester had two bailiffs under its charter of 1200; they were evidently elected each year from that time, taking office within a few days of Michaelmas.

A list of bailiffs, which can be amplified and corrected from original sources, was compiled by Furney (Glos. R.O., D 327, pp. 12–19) and was used by Rudder (Glos. 113–15) and Fosbrooke (Glouc. 206–8). Entries from Furney's list for which no supporting evidence has been found but which there is no obvious reason to doubt are enclosed in brackets in the following list.

Recurrent sources are abbreviated as follows:

A (with page number) Glouc. Cath. Libr., Reg. Abb. Froucester B
D (with volume and folio number) Glouc. Cath. Libr., deeds and seals
G (with page number) Glouc. Corp. Rec.
L (with folio number) P.R.O., C 115/K 1/6681

Undated, 1200 x c. 1228
Wal. Cadivor; Rob. Calvus (G 81)
Arnold; Rob. Calvus (G 82)
Wm. de Fovis; John the younger (A 298)
Ellis Goodman; Wm. the burgess (G 83)
Ellis the palmer; Ralph of Tidenham (G 84)
John Rufus; Adam the Welshman (A 178)
Ric. son of William; Maur. Palmer (G 83)
Hen. the burgess; John of Goose ditch (G 116)
John of Goose ditch; Ric. son of Walter (G 141)
Thos. Oye; Adam son of Roger (L 106)
John the draper; Thos. Oye (G 156)
Ric. the burgess; Thos. Oye (L 126v.)
Ric. the burgess; Maur. son of Durand (G 132)
John the draper; Maur. son of Durand (L 80v.)
David Dunning; Wal. Hoth (A 9)
John the draper; David Dunning (G 99)
Maur. son of Durand; John the weaver (A 264)
Maur. son of Durand; John the dyer (L 81)
Maur. son of Durand; Gilb. the tailor (G 133)
Wal. Hoth; Wal. Payn (G 159)

Undated, c. 1228 X c. 1240 (while Ric. the burgess was mayor)
John the draper; Wm. of Sandford (D vi. 9)
David Dunning; Wal. Payn (G 143)
David Dunning; Thos. Oye (G 144)
Wal. Payn; Hugh of king's hall (G 135)
Wal. Payn; Ric. of the cellar (G 160)
Hugh the tailor; Wal. Kentwine (G 133)
Wal. Hoth; Geof. Cuttestich (P.R.O., C 115/L 1/6687, f. 108)
Adam Crook;—— (L 80)

Undated, c. 1240 × c. 1265
Hugh the girdler; Alex. of the brook (G 184)
Ric. of the cellar; Egeas the fisher (G 190)
Wm. de Sumery; Egeas the fisher (G 199)
Wm. de Sumery; Steph. of Cornwall (A 459)
Wm. de Sumery; John son of Roger Simon (A 9)
John son of Simon; Rog. le Wyse (G 207)
Ric. le Blunt; Rob. of Putley (fn. 1) (G 234)
Wm. of Cheltenham; Herbert the mercer (A 436)

Undated, c. 1265 × c. 1285
Wm. of Cheltenham; John Payn (G 232)
Phil. the spicer; (fn. 2) John Payn (A 194)
John Payn; Rob. of Cheltenham (G 244)
John Payn; John the draper (fn. 3) (G 264)
John Payn; Alex. of Bicknor (fn. 4) (G 267)
Alex. of Bicknor; Wal. Sevare (G 278)
Alex. of Bicknor; Ralph of Putley (G 272)
John the draper; Wm. Chose (D l.29)
John the draper; Alex. of Bicknor (G 251)
John the draper; Ralph of Andover (G 243)
John of Worcester; (fn. 5) Rob. of Sandhurst (G 248)
John Payn; Wal. Sevare (L 137v.)
Wal. Sevare; John Sage (G 271)
Wal. of Sandon; Wm. Chose (G 265)
Ralph of Andover; Peter Flori (G 251)
John Payn; Rob. de Honsum (fn. 6) (A 193)
Wal. Sevare; Wal. of Bicknor (G 277)

Dated (years beginning at Michaelmas)

1244 Wm. de Sumery; Rog. le Wyse (A 9)

1245 Wm. de Sumery;—— (L 113v.)

1247 Wm. de Sumery; Thos. of Evesham (Hist. & Cart. Mon. Glouc. iii, p. xxiii)

1248 or 1249 Wm. de Sumery; Ric. Francis (fn. 7) (A 443)

1253 or 1254 Egeas the fisher; Luke of Cornwall (P.R.O., C 115/K 2/6682, f. 105)

1255 John son of Simon; Wm. of Cheltenham (G 213)

1258 Wm. of Cheltenham; Rog. le Wyse (Cal. Lib. 1251–60, 468)

1260 Wm. of Cheltenham; John son of Simon (Cal. Lib. 1260–7, 44)

1262 Rob. of Putley; Rob. Sely (G 238)

1263 or 1264 Wm. of Cheltenham; Phil. the spicer (A 3)

1268 John Payn; Rob. le Wyse (L 162v.)

1269 Wm. of Cheltenham; John of Cornwall (A 238)

1273 Rob. the clerk; Alex. of Bicknor (A 295)

1274 Rob. the clerk; Wm. Chose (L 94v.)

1276 John the draper; Wal. Sevare (A 259)

1282 Phil. the spicer; John the draper (L 48)

1283 John of Worcester; Ralph of Putley (G 275)

1286 Alex. of Bicknor; Germain of Tunbridge (P.R.O., JUST 1/278, rot. 65)

1287 Wal. Sevare; Wm. Staward (G 280)

1288 Wal. Sevare; Jas. of Longney (G 282)

1289 Hugh the clerk; Hen. the draper (L 41)

1290 John of the garden; Rob. of Standish (L 41)

1291 Alex. of Bicknor; Hugh the clerk (A 288)

1292 John the draper; Wal. Sevare (G 286)

1293 Hugh the clerk; Rob. of Standish (G 287)

1294 Hen. del Oke; Steph. Brown (A 234)

1295 John Lucas; (fn. 8) Wm. Crook (G 289)

1296 Hugh the clerk; Hen. the draper (A 284)

1297 (Wal. Sevare; Wm. of Wightfield)

1299 Wal. of Bicknor; Rog. le Heyberare (A 490)

1300 Rog. le Heyberare; Rob. the spicer (fn. 9) (G 295)

1302 Rob. of Standish; Rob. the spicer (G 297)

1303 Alex. of Bicknor; Wm. de Riouns (fn. 10) (L 127)

1304 (Wm. of Wightfield; Wm. of Hertford)

1305 John le Bole; (fn. 11) Wm. of Hertford (L 163v.)

1306 John of Combe; John of Northwich (A 291)

1307 Rob. Pope; (fn. 12) Rob. of Goldhill (L 163)

1308 Wal. the spicer; Thos. of Barnwood (G 302)

1309 Wal. the spicer; Peter of the hill (G 303)

1310 Wal. the spicer; Peter of the hill (G 305)

1311 Wal. the spicer; Nic. Honsum (L 66)

1312 Wm. of Aston; Edm. of Baverton (L 165)

1313 Wm. of Marcle; Wm. of Aston (G 306)

1314 Rob. of Goldhill; John of Northwich (G 308)

1315 And. of Pendock; Owen of Windsor (fn. 13) (G 308)

1316 And. of Pendock; Ric. of Aston (G 310)

1317 Steph. Brown; (fn. 14) John the tanner (G 313)

1318 And. of Pendock; John the tanner (G 315)

1320 John the tanner; Ranulph the wheeler (G 316)

1321 Adam of Hill; Wal. the spicer (A 378)

1322 And. of Pendock; Wal. le Southern (L 140v.)

1323 John of Boyfield; (fn. 15) Rog. Head (G 318)

1324 John of Chedworth; Thos. of Foxcote (G 319)

1325 John of Chedworth; Wm. the spicer (G 320)

1326 And. of Pendock; John of Marcle (fn. 16) (Cal. Mem. R. 1326–7, pp. 3, 360)

1327 John King; Wm. of Lindsey (L 166)

1328 Edw. the taverner; (fn. 17) Ric. le Recevour (fn. 18) (L 39v.)

1329 Laur. of Severn; Wm. Crisp (fn. 19) (G 323)

1330 And. of Pendock; Ranulph the wheeler (G 324)

1331 Ric. le Recevour; John of Boyfield (A 437)

1332 Steph. Brown; Rog. Head (A 263)

1333 Ric. le Recevour; Edw. the taverner (G 326)

1334 Ric. le Recevour; John the dyer (A 369)

1335 Ric. Shot; Wm. Brown (G 327)

1336 And. of Pendock; Ric. of Aston (G 328)

1337 Rog. of King's Lane; John Cluet (G 330)

1338 Wm. Crisp; Rob. Hendy (G 332)

1339 Wm. Ragoun; Hen. the draper (G 333)

1340 John Cheverel; Rob. le Walour (D iii.2)

1341 Hen. the draper; Hugh of Chew (G 335)

1342 Adam of Hope; Nic. atte Boure (G 336)

1343 Hen. the draper; Hugh of Chew (G 337)

1344 Rog. of King's Lane; Wm. of 'Kingeshagh' (G 339)

1346 Wm. of 'Kingeshagh'; Rob. le Walour (L 167v.)

1348 Ric. Shot; (fn. 20) Hen. the draper (G 344)

1349 Wm. of Leadon; Thos. of Monnington (D iv.5)

1352 Wm. of Leadon; Edm. of Chedworth (G 349)

1353 Wm. of Leadon; Thos. of Monnington (G 350)

1355 Edm. of Chedworth; Rob. of Aston (G 351)

1356 Thos. of Monnington; John of Hazleton (G 352)

1357 Rob. le Walour; Hugh the parker (G 353)

1358 Wm. of 'Kingeshagh'; Hugh the parker (G 354)

1359 Thos. of Ledbury; Thos. of Stoke (G 354)

1360 Hugh the parker; Wm. of Trewsbury (G 355)

1361 Wm. Crook; Wm. Heyberare (G 356)

1362 Wm. Crook; Wm. Heyberare (G 356)

1367 Thos. of Bisley; John of Anlep (G.B.R., J 1/1934E)

1369 Thos. Styward; John of Elmore (G 359)

1370 Wm. Heyberare; Thos. of Bisley (D iii.7)

1371 Thos. Styward; John Monmouth (G 360)

1372 Wm. Heyberare; John Pope (G 360)

1374 Thos. of Bisley; Wm. Foliot (A 215)

1375 Edw. the taverner; Nic. Birdlip (G.B.R., J 1/998)

1376 Wm. Heyberare; Thos. of Bisley (G 362)

1377 John Compton; Rob. Pope (G 363)

1378 John Ruseby; Wm. Crook (P.R.O., C 115/K 2/6685, f. 13)

1379 John Pope; Wm. Crook (G 363)

1380 Rog. Recevour; Ric. Ashwell (G 364)

1381 Ric. Barret; (fn. 21) Ric. Ashwell (G 364)

1382 (Ric. Barret; Wm. Wightfield)

1383 John Ruseby; Rob. Pope (G 365)

1384 Wm. Heyberare; Wm. Crook (G 365)

1385 Wm. Crook; Rog. Recevour (G 366)

1387 John Head; (fn. 22) Rog. Recevour (G 366)

1388 John Head;—— (G 368)

1389 John Banbury; (fn. 23) Rob. Pope (P.R.O., C 115/K 2/6684, f. 139)

1390 Ric. Ashwell; Wm. Crook (P.R.O., C 115/K 2/6684, f. 145)

1391 Rob. Pope; John Pope (G 368)

1392 John Ruseby; Thos. Pope (fn. 24) (G 369)

1393 John Bisley; Thos. Pope (G 371)

1394 John Pope; Rog. Ball (Cal. Inq. Misc. vi, p. 39)

1395 (Ric. Ashwell; Wm. Crook)

1396 Thos. Pope; Rog. Ball (G.B.R., C 9/2)

1397 Rog. Ball; Rob. Swansea (fn. 25) (G 371)

1398 Wm. Crook; Rog. Ball (G.B.R., C 9/3)

1399 Rob. But; Simon Brook (G 373)

1400 Ric. Barret; Rog. Ball (G 374)

1401 John Bisley; Rog. Ball (G 375)

1402 Rob. But; Thos. Compton (Cal. Close, 1402–5, 117)

1403 Rob. But; Wm. Birdlip (G 376)

1404 Rog. Ball; Simon Brook (G 376)

1405 Simon Brook; Thos. Compton (A 341)

1406 Rog. Ball; Thos. Compton (G 378)

1407 John Pope; Simon Brook (P.R.O., C 115/L 1/6687, f. 24v.)

1408 Thos. Compton; Thos. Salisbury (G 379)

1409 Rob. But; Wm. Birdlip (G 379)

1410 (Rog. Ball; Ric. Chamberlain)

1412 Rog. Ball; Wm. Birdlip (G 380)

1413 Rob. But; Thos. Moore (fn. 26) (G 381)

1414 Rog. Ball; Thos. Moore (G 382)

1417 John Bisley the elder; Rog. Ball (G 382)

1418 John Strensham; Mic. Salisbury (G 384)

1419 (Ric. Chamberlain; Thos. Hughes)

1421 Rog. Ball; John Hamlyn (P.R.O., C 115/K 2/6682, f. 148v.)

1422 (Rog. Ball; Thos. Compton)

1423 John Bisley the elder; Ric. Dalby (G 384–5)

1424 (Rob. Gilbert; (fn. 27) John Hamlyn)

1425 (John Bisley the elder; Ric. Dalby)

1426 (Thos. Guildford; Hen. Salisbury)

1427 Wm. Butler; Thos. Hughes (G.B.R., B 2/1, f. 139) (fn. 28)

1428 John Strensham; Ric. Dalby (G 387)

1429 Rob. Gilbert; Thurstan Power (fn. 29) (P.R.O., C 115/L 1/6687, f. 82)

1431 John Reed; Wm. Oliver (fn. 30) (G 388)

1432 Rob. Gilbert; John Strensham (G 389)

1433 John Hamlyn; John Luke (fn. 31) (G 57)

1434 (John Strensham; Thos. Hughes)

1436 Wm. Oliver; Phil. Monger (fn. 32) (G 391)

1437 John Strensham; Ric. Dalby (G 391)

1439 John Reed; Wm. Oliver (Cal. Pat. 1441–6, 134)

1440 Thurstan Power; Wal. Banknot (fn. 33) (G 393)

1441 (Wm. Eldersfield; (fn. 34) Wal. Chantrel (fn. 35) )

1442 Wm. Oliver; Wal. Banknot (G 395)

1444 John Luke; John Heydon (G 395)

1445 Wal. Chantrel; Wm. Saunders (fn. 36) (G 395)

1446 Wm. Oliver; Hen. Dood (fn. 37) (Cal. Pat. 1446–52, 126)

1447 John Heydon; Wm. Boneson (ibid.)

1448 (Thos. Hilley; Wm. Newman (fn. 38) )

1449 (Wm. Nottingham; (fn. 39) Hen. Dood)

1450 John Andrew; (fn. 40) Thos. Bridge (G 397)

1452 Wm. Eldersfield; Thos. Bye (G 398)

1455 Wm. Eldersfield; Ric. Skidmore (P.R.O., C 115/K 2/6685, f. 17)

1456 Maur. Andrew; John Kilroy (fn. 41) (G 403)

1457 Thos. Buckland; (fn. 42) John Hilley (G 60)

1458 Maur. Andrew; John Joliffe (G 404)

1460 Ric. Russell; Nic. Hill (Glos. Colln. 28652, no. 1)

1461 John Grove; (fn. 43) Wm. Francombe (D x.15)

1463 Wm. Brookwood; Wm. Gram. . . (G.B.R., J 1/1149)

1464 John Chantrel; John Poole (G 405)

1466 Nic. Hill; Wm. Perkins (G 408)

1474 John Farley; (fn. 44) John Hartland the elder (fn. 45) (Glos. R.O., P 154/14/CH 2/1)

1475 (John Barton; John Capel)

1476 (John Farley; Wm. Poole)

1478 John Farley; Wm. Cole (G 412)

1481 Wm. Francombe; Hen. Richards (fn. 46) (G.B.R., C 9/5)

1482 Alex. Sely; Thos. Fairford (ibid. B 1/1)

Footnotes

1 A mercer: A 9.
2 Also called Phil. the apothecary: A 6; L 48, 161v. He also traded as a merchant: P.R.O., JUST 1/278, rot. 66; Glos. R.O., D 4431 (no. 24006).
3 Probably the same man as John of Worcester: below, and cf. G 251, 268, 272.
4 A merchant: Cal. Pat. 1292–1301, 300.
5 See n. 56.
6 A merchant: Cal. Pat. 1281–92, 201.
7 A mercer or merchant: L 84, 98v.
8 Probably the same man as John le Bole: L 163; below.
9 Also called Rob. the apothecary: A 193–4.
10 A merchant: L 41v.
11 See n. 61. Replaced by July 1306 by Rob. of Goldhill: A 292.
12 Perhaps a draper: Reg. Mon. Winch. i. 262–3.
13 A merchant: L 165, 167. Also called Owen of the Boothall: A 467.
14 A merchant: Cal. Pat. 1330–4, 514.
15 A tanner: L 155.
16 A merchant: Cal. Pat. 1330–4, 232.
17 Also called Edw. of Ley: G 322.
18 Also called Ric. of Bramshall: G 322, 327.
19 A merchant: P.R.O., C 115/L 1/6687, f. 74v.
20 Replaced early in 1349 by Wal. of Elmore: A 379; G 347.
21 A draper: G.B.R., C 9/1; Hockaday Abs. ccxix, 1401.
22 A draper, and probably merchant: A 481; Hockaday Abs. ccxiii, 1390; Cal. Close, 1389–92, 483.
23 A merchant: Cal. Pat. 1385–9, 128; 1401–5, 148.
24 A merchant: Cal. Close, 1389–92, 482–3.
25 A mercer: P.R.O., C 115/K 1/6678, f. 60.
26 A mercer: D v. 18.
27 A lawyer: Trans. B.G.A.S. lxxiv. 87–9; Glouc. Rental, 1455, 93.
28 Given as bailiffs in Mar. 1428 (cf. also P.R.O., C 115/K 2/6685, f. 60), but G.B.R., J 1/1091 has John Bisley and Rog. Ball in June.
29 Also called Thurstan Southern; he was probably a mercer like his son John, to whom he gave shops in the mercery: P.R.O., C 115/K 1/6678, f. 57.
30 A chaloner: Cal. Pat, 1446–52, 126.
31 A brazier: ibid. 1441–6, 8.
32 A merchant: Brokage Bk. of Southampton, 1439–40 (Southampton Rec. Soc. xl), 77, 113, 136, 143, 148, 155–6.
33 A mercer: Glouc. Rental, 1455, 29.
34 A mercer: ibid. 31.
35 A brewer: ibid.
36 A brewer: ibid. 17.
37 A merchant: Cal. Pat. 1446–52, 126.
38 A dyer: G 396.
39 A lawyer: Glouc. Rental, 1455, 77.
40 A lawyer: ibid. 93.
41 A fishmonger: P.R.O., C 115/K 2/6685, f. 17.
42 A lawyer: Glouc. Rental, 1455, 75.
43 A draper and hosier: ibid. 73.
44 A mercer, Cal. Close, 1476–85, p. 160.
45 A mercer, also called John Porter: P.R.O., C 115/K 2/6685, f. 56v.; cf. Hockaday Abs. ccxv, 1474.
46 A brewer: Cal. Close, 1476–85, p. 21.