The hundred of Stodden
Introduction

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Victoria County History

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William Page (editor)

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1912

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123

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'The hundred of Stodden: Introduction', A History of the County of Bedford: Volume 3 (1912), pp. 123. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42395 Date accessed: 29 July 2014.


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THE HUNDRED OF STODDEN

CONTAINING THE PARISHES OF

BOLNHURST KNOTTING PERTENHALL SWINESHEAD (fn. 1)
CLAPHAM MELCHBOURNE RISELEY TILBROOK
DEAN MILTON ERNEST SHELTON YELDEN (fn. 2)
KEYSOE OAKLEY LITTLE STAUGHTON

The boundaries of the hundred of Stodden are of an irregular and artificial character. The parishes of Clapham, Oakley and Milton Ernest are completely detached from the main portion. Tilbrook parish was in 1888 transferred from Bedfordshire to Huntingdonshire, and at the same time the Huntingdonshire parish of Swineshead was joined to Bedfordshire, to which county it has always geographically belonged. (fn. 3)

In 1086 this hundred was assessed at 992/3 hides. (fn. 4) It was then valued at £146 15s. as opposed to £127 14s. 4d. in the reign of Edward the Confessor. (fn. 5) Included in the above estimate are 9 hides and 3 virgates, the subject of ten separate entries, under 'Estone,' which Mr. J. H. Round identifies with Easton (Hunts.), (fn. 6) also 2½ hides in Stanwick (Northants) and 1 virgate in Newton Bromswold (Northants). Included also are 1 hide 1 virgate in Elvendone, 1 hide in 'Hanefeld' and 1 virgate in 'Segresdone,' none of which places has been hitherto identified. In the Domesday Survey Little Staughton finds no mention, while a single virgate entered under Huntingdonshire is the sole reference to Pertenhall. (fn. 7)


INDEX MAP to the HUNDRED of STODDEN.

INDEX MAP to the HUNDRED of STODDEN.

When an aid of 40s. on the knight's fee was raised in 1346 this hundred contributed to the extent of £45 11s. 8½d. (fn. 8) Stodden was a royal hundred and remained in the hands of the Crown until Charles I in 1629–30 granted it to Gilbert North and his heirs to be held of the manor of East Greenwich for a yearly rent of £8 6s. (fn. 9) In the time of the Commonwealth Oliver St. John Earl of Bolingbroke was lord of the hundred. (fn. 10) The rights of the hundred, which are in abeyance, have since remained in the St. John family, whose present representative, Lord St. John of Bletsoe, is one of the principal landowners within Stodden. (fn. 11)

Footnotes

1 Until 1888 a parish of Huntingdonshire. (See p. 168.)
2 This list is taken from the Population Returns of 1831.
3 Loc. Govt. Act, 51 & 52 Vict. cap. 41.
4 Baring, Domesday Studies, 187.
5 V.C.H. Beds. i, 'Domesday Survey.'
6 Ibid. 215.
7 Four virgates (two entries) concerning Keysoe were also entered under Huntingdonshire, and are not included in the above estimate (V.C.H. Beds. i, 266).
8 Feud. Aids, i, 27.
9 Parl. Surv. Beds. i.
10 Ibid.
11 Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccxlix, 56; ccclxxvi, 126; Recov. R. Mich. 29 Geo. III, rot. 568; Mich. 21 Geo. III, rot. 425; Mich. 3 Will. IV, rot. 186.