THE HUNDRED OF WIXAMTREE
CONTAINING THE PARISHES OF
|BLUNHAM with MOGGERHANGER and CHALTON
|CARDINGTON with EASTCOTTS
||SOUTHILL with ROWNEY|
||WILLINGTON (fn. 1)
At the time of the Domesday Survey Wixamtree Hundred contained
about the same area as it does at the present day. Several of the hamlets are
not mentioned in Domesday. Thus Moggerhanger was part of the old
hamlet of Chalton; Eastcotts, Cotton End and Fenlake of Harrowden;
while Rowney and Shefford Hardwick were included under Southill,
Stanford and Broom and the hamlets of Northill under Northill and Beeston. (fn. 2)
Wixamtree was a royal hundred which appears to have remained in the
possession of the Crown, with the exception of a lease for forty years granted
by Charles I in 1630 to Onslow Winch for a yearly payment of £11 1s. 5d. (fn. 3)
and a grant for life in 1665 by
Charles II to Queen Catherine. (fn. 4)
Wixamtree held a court leet half-yearly and also a three weeks court at
which the tenants performed their suit
and service to the lord of the hundred,
the profits of these courts being averaged in 1651 at £2 10s. yearly. (fn. 5)
INDEX MAP to the HUNDRED of WIXAMTREE.
Varying sums have been contributed by this hundred from time to
time towards national aids and subsidies. In 1346, when an aid was
levied for knighting the king's son, Wixamtree was assessed at 9 fees and
a fraction and paid a sum of £19 10s. (fn. 6) The hundred raised £48 12s. 7d. in
1517, £83 14s. 8d. in 1598, £137 1s. 4d. in 1628–9 towards royal subsidies. (fn. 7)
In 1570 Thomas Pigott and George Fish were responsible for charges for
supplying armour and weapons within the hundred. (fn. 8) Thirty inhabitants
were assessed at £15 for ship-money in 1638, (fn. 9) while £170 18s. 8d.
represented a two months' tax levied during the Interregnum for the
maintenance of the forces under Sir Thomas Fairfax. (fn. 10) In 1660 the
assessment was raised to the sum of £369 3s. 10d. (fn. 11)
A Parliamentary Survey in 1651 stated that Sir Samuel Luke (who was
then owner of the lease granted to Onslow Winch) received £17 9s. 8d.
yearly in quit-rents and royalties. The waifs, strays, deodands and felons' goods
in the hundred were named as belonging to the lord if the bailiffs seized them
first, but if any bailiff belonging to a lord of a manor, who had a leet within
the hundred, seized them first they became the property of the latter. (fn. 12)
||According to the Population Returns Abstract of 1831. Sandy, part of which extends into this
hundred and part into Biggleswade, has been treated of under the latter hundred (V.C.H. Beds. ii, 242–6).
V.C.H. Beds. i, 'Domesday.'
||Pat. 5 Chas. I, pt. xxv, no. 24.
||Ibid. 17 Chas. II, pt. ix, no. 1.
||Parl. Surv. Beds. no. 8.
Feud. Aids, i, 27, 28.
||Lay Subs. R. bdles. 71, no. 119; 72, no. 224, 278. Chicksands is included in Southill in 1598 and
1628–9 and contributed £6 2s. 9d. on the last occasion, which was an assessment towards two subsidies.
Cal. S. P. Dom. 1547–80, p. 374.
||Ibid. 1625–49, p. 574.
||Lay Subs. R. bdle. 72, no. 295.
||Ibid. no. 296.
||Parl. Surv. Beds. no. 8.