THE PARISH OF ST. MICHAEL, BROUGH
Including the Manors of Stainmore and Sowerby, and the Township of Helbeck.
In this parish we have the Roman forts of Verterae, and Maidencastle on Stainmore. The earthwork of Roper Castle. Rey Cross
which formerly marked the County boundary but which is now on
the Yorkshire side. Brough Castle, founded c. 1170, repaired 1200,
hall built c. 1380, burnt down 1521, restored by the Lady Anne
Clifford in 1662, dismantled in 1695 and commenced to be preserved
by H.M. Office of Works in 1923. Beacon on Stainmore, 15th
century, flashing between Bowes and Orton.
The church of Brough is first mentioned in an Award made by the
Prior of Carlisle and others between Bishop Walter Malclerk (1223–46) and the Abbot of St. Mary's at York, touching the church of
Kirkby Stephen and its chapels. From this we learn that Brough
was a chapel dependant upon the church of K. Stephen, which church
was given by Ivo de Tailbois to the abbot and convent of St. Mary's
at York. The abbot granted the advowson of the Vicarage of K.
Stephen to the Bishop of Carlisle and his successors and thus the
bishops of the See deemed themselves entitled to the patronage of the
Vicarage and also to the patronage of its chapel at Brough.
This right became an object of contention. Robert de Veteripont
having obtained a grant of Appleby and Brough with their appendages, among which he considered the patronage of Brough to
have passed to him as appendant to the manor, his successors
claimed against the See of Carlisle; as also did the Crown asserting
that the patronage had never passed out of its hands with the grant
of the manor. Naturally judgment was given for the King and the
advowson of Brough as an Ecclesiastical Rectory remained with the
Crown until the reign of Edward III.
In the "Antique Taxatio Ecclesiastica" of Pope Nicholas IV, made
in 1291, the church as a rectory before appropriation by the abbey
was valued at £30. But in the "Novo Taxatio" of Pope Clement v,
made in 1318, it is only valued at £6. 13. 4.; for the reason of this
see page 22.
At the earnest entreaty of his chaplain, Robert Eaglesfield, who
was rector of Brough and founder of Queen's College in Oxford,
Edward III granted the advowson to the said College in 1341. The
endowment of the Vicarage must have taken place soon after as Pope
Clement VI confirmed it in 1344 when the value was stated to be
£53. 16. 7. including a mansion, glebe lands and the usual tithes and
oblations excepting the tithe of hay on Stainmore which was to
remain to the College; the Vicar to pay a pension of 20s. to the
Bishop of Carlisle and maintain the roof of the chancel.
Next we come to the "Valor Ecclesiasticus" made by order of
Parliament, 26 Henry VIII, 1535, just before the suppression of the
Abbey of St. Mary's at York, as follows:—
|Brough Vicarage. Robert Thomson incumbent.|
|Rectory appropriated to Queen's Hall, Oxford, worth||£24||8||0|
|The aforesaid vicarage is worth in—|
|Mansion with Glebe and cottages||£1||0||0|
|Tithes of hay, flax and hemp and the smaller tithes||1||0||0|
|Reprisals to wit—|
|Pension to the Bp. of Carlisle||1||0||0|
|Synodals 1s. 4d., and Procurations 1s. 9d.||3||1|
|Clear annual value||£6||18||7|
|A tenth part whereof||13||10¾|
In the Westmorland Certificate under date 10 March, 1645–6,
appear the names of William Richardson, vicar, and Thomas Ewbanke and John Monkhouse as elders of the church. Richardson is
here described as an "non-covenanter and disaffected" and it is
evident that he with his brother James continued to be troublesome.
1655–6 30 January.
The Commissioners " for ejecting the scandalous,
ignorant and insufficient ministers" ordered Mr. William Richardson,
minister of Brough, to appear the last Wednesday in February next
at Penrith to answer the Articles of Charge exhibited against him.
However, he was not disturbed in the living and he continued on
after the Restoration.
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 gives the following:—That the
right of presentation to the church is in the Provost and Fellows of
Queen's College, Oxford. That Mr. William Richardson is present
incumbent there and hath for his maintenance the glebe land which
is worth £10 by the year and the tithes of calves with all other small
tithes and dues within the parish of Brough which are worth £16 by
the year. That all the rest of the tithes within the said parish do
appertain to the said College and are worth £60 by the year.
A list of the Incumbents whose names have been met with during
the present research.
|1379||John de Marton|
|1568–d. 1594||Lancelot Shaw|
|1594–d. 1611||Roger Salkeld|
|1611–d. 1623||David Heckstetter|
|1664–d. 1695||Christopher Harrison|
ST. MARY'S CHAPEL, NORTH STAINMORE.
Indenture made 4 April, 1861, between the Rev. Lancelot Jefferson,
vicar of Brough, and Samuel, Bishop of Carlisle, That the parish
being of wide extent and the parish church situate far from many
parts thereof so that many parishioners are hindered from attending
divine service, for remedy thereof the said Lancelot Jefferson has at
his own expense erected a chapel on a parcel of land and now grants
the same, part of his estate called Dummah Hill in the township of
Stainmore, bounded by the turnpike road from Brough to Bowes on
the south, the land of the said Jefferson on the north and east and
the common on the west, with the chapel thereupon erected, to the
said Bishop and his successors for the celebration of divine service;
together with £100 invested in the Consolidated Three-per-cent.
Bank Annuities for the minister performing divine service there.
Close Roll, 6575, pt. 38, n. 14.
ST. STEPHEN'S CHAPEL, SOUTH STAINMORE AND SCHOOL.
Sir Cuthbert Buckle, knt., once Lord Mayor of London, by his will
dated 28 June, 1594, gave a rentcharge of £8 a year on the Spittle
estate near Bowes, towards the maintenance of a schoolmaster at
Stainmore to be employed in teaching children " to read, write,
cypher and cast account." His heir-at-law contested the will but
in 1600 a decree was obtained in favour of the school. The provision
was designed to meet the wants of an outlying portion of the parish
of Brough, too remote to allow the children to attend school or the
inhabitants the church in that town. Whereupon after the erection
of a school it also became used for divine service. So much so indeed
that by 1608 Bishop Robinson consecrated the building as a chapel
in which the schoolmaster could hold his school.
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 says, "That there is one Chapel
called Stainmore Chapel situate south-west from the parish church
about three miles and that there is no maintenance for a minister
belonging to the said chapel." The endowment belonging to the
On 2 February, 1699, Thomas, 6th earl of Thanet, enclosed about
143 acres of waste land in Stainmore and settled it in trust for a
schoolmaster-clergyman, who should act as curate performing
divine service on Sundays and keep school. The earl repaired this
chapel and built a new school-house separate from but near adjoining.
The chapel was rebuilt entirely in 1842 and restored in 1913.
Brough Grammar School. What was known as St. Mary's
Chapel was founded by John Brunskill in 1506 at Gibgarth on land
granted by Thomas Blenkinsop of Helbeck, on condition that he
should build also a hospital with two beds in it for travellers and other
poor people and maintain the same. It was dedicated to St. Mary
and St. Gabriel the Archangel. Two priests were established, one to
teach grammar and the other song to children willing to learn.
Richard, abbot of Shap, having the governance and oversight of the
same, and requested to by John Brunskill, ordained that 2d. was to
be paid to the Bishop of Carlisle yearly, and 20s. to the vicar of
Brough. The singing priest to have £5 wages of the oblations in the
said chapel to be paid by the said abbot and the schoolmaster. The
abbot also ordained that a man and his wife should be appointed
keepers of the ornaments in the chapel and of the beds in the hospital,
and that he should receive his wages of the oblations of the chapel and
by the hands of the abbot and schoolmaster. The surplusage of the
oblations of the chapel, if any, was to be kept in a chest in the
monastery of Shap, for the care of which the abbot was to receive
23s. 4d.; and the schoolmaster for his care and labours 8s. 4d. of the
The "Valor Ecclesiasticus" of 26 Henry VIII, 1535, divides them
|Grammar School, John Boke incumbent.|
|Worth in mansion with divers tenements||£5||19||10|
|A tenement in Laton-on-moor||1||1||8|
|A tenement in Barnard Castle||18||0|
|Reprisals to wit—|
|A free rent paid to the Earl of Cumberland||
|Clear annual value||£7||19||0¾|
|The tenth part whereof||15||11|
|Singing School. John Greystock incumbent.|
|Worth in rents and farms in divers burgages in Brough||10||0|
|A tenement in Mauld's Meaburn||11||0|
|Oblations in the chapel of St. Mary||£3||19||0
On the dissolution in 1536 one of the priests was retained as the
master of a free school. In 4th and 5th Philip and Mary there was an
order of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer for the payment of
£7. 11. 4. yearly out of the rents and revenues which formerly
belonged to it as a chapel, by the Receiver General to the master
for his maintenance; and it would appear that the reduced sum of
£6. 18s. 11 has been paid by the Receiver-General down to the year
1874 when the School Board was established.
Among the Rentals and Surveys of lands belonging to the various
chantries, made in 1546, under the heading of "Lands given to find
a school in Brough subtus Staynmore, co. Westmorland." there is
the following list of tenants with their rent paid yearly and the
amount of the fine on change of tenant.
|From Nicholas Armorer for a tenement in Yanwythe and now in the tenure of his wife
|From Hugh Harreson for a tenement in Bampton||6s.||8d.||13s.||4d.
|From Nicholas Fallowfeld for a tenement in Magna Strykland||7s.||14s.|
|From William Rakestraw for a tenement in Magna Asby||5s.||10s.|
|From Michael Harreson for a tenement in Morton||13s.||4d.||26s.||8d.|
|From Roland Rude for a tenement in Overbrough||10s.|
|From the wife of . . . Berkhed for a cottage in Overbrough, in decay||4s.|
|From Thomas Robynson for a tenement in Netherbrough||11s.||13s.||4d.|
|From William Staynbanck for a cottage in Netherbrough||5s.|
|From Gabriel Wylkin for another cottage in Netherbrough||5s.|
|From William Freek for a small house in Netherbrough||2s.|
"All the tenants in Brough subtus Staynmore claim to hold their
tenements or farmholds for term of life by the title called tenant-right
according to the custom of the country and pay fine at change of
tenant and are not 'herytable' at death; and they refuse leases for
a term of years and desire to continue still by tenant-right for which
they are contented to pay the fine aforesaid." Rentals and Surveys,
Augmentation Office, Miscellaneous Books, vol. 409, folio 58 d.
The Charity Commissioner's Survey of 1822 says:—"There was a
school house with a small garden for the master's residence, but it
has not been inhabited for 30 or 40 years, The house has now fallen
down and part of the material taken to rebuild the school house."
The manor of Helbeck belonged to the family of
that name until Isabella, the only child of Sir Thomas de Helbeck,
married Richard de Blenkinsop in or before 1314. About the year
1657 Francis Blenkinsop sold the hall and demesne to Major Scaife,
one of Cromwell's sequestrators, who was in residence and paid
Hearth Tax upon four fireplaces in 1669. In 1726 Thomas Carleton
of Appleby purchased the hall and demesne, rebuilding the hall and
erecting the Fox Tower soon afterwards.
Augill, over the Augill Beck on the road between Brough and Bowes.
This bridge appears upon the list of public bridges made on
28 April, 1679.
Belay, over the Belah on the road between Brough Sowerby and
Richard de Aslacby, vicar of St. Michael's, Appleby, bequeathed
by his will, dated Friday before the Feast of All Saints, 1 November,
1369, to the bridge at Sowerby 6s. 8d. together with a similar amount
to the bridge at Brough. The bridge appears upon the list of public
bridges made on 28 April, 1679.
Church Brough, over the Augill Beck on the road from Market
Brough to Kirkby Stephen.
On 1 October, 1688, upon the petition of the inhabitants setting
forth that the bridge between Market Brough and Church Brough
had fallen into decay and was much ruined by the inundation of
several great floods to the danger of those passing to Kirkby Stephen
market and that the same hath been repaired formerly by the county,
Quarter Sessions ordered that the Grand Jury should make enquiry
whether or no it be a County Bridge. In October, 1690, it was
ordered that 40s. should be given as a gratuity for and towards the
repair of Church Brough Bridge.
On 2 February, 1822, came the great flood when this bridge "was
washed down." What happened for the next two years is not known,
but on 12 July, 1824, it was again resolved that the Clerk of the Peace
do make enquiry as to who ought to be liable for the repair. On
14 July, 1828, the building of an addition to the bridge was let for
£112. 15s. 6d. And then finally on 4 January, 1864, Quarter Sessions
ordered that Church Brough Bridge should be adopted by the
Market Brough, over the Swindale Beck on the road from Appleby
Richard de Aslacby, vicar of St. Michael's, Appleby, bequeathed
by his will, dated on Friday before the Feast of All Saints, 1 November, 1369, to the bridge of Brough 6s. 8d. And about the year, 1533,
Thomas Blenkinsop gave 26s. 8d. toward "the building of the bridge
at Brough." His coat of arms, as well as that of the Cilffords was
graved upon it. The bridge appears upon the list of public county
bridges made on 28 April, 1679.
On 13 January, 1717–8, a presentment was made to Quarter
Sessions that this public bridge was very ruinous and in decay and
that the parapets being so very low and insufficient the bridge was
dangerous to passengers who have occasion to travel over it. On
12 January, 1747–8, leave was given by Quarter Sessions to John
Thompson, esquire, to pull down five yards in length of the battlement next his own house in Brough, he undertaking to erect a
palisade instead thereof and to keep the same in good and sufficient
repair. On 13 January, 175–2, Brough Bridge and 300 feet at
either end of it was presented as being in great decay. On 8 January, 1776, the High Constables were ordered to forthwith contract
for the rebuilding of Market Brough Bridge with one arch and 21
feet of width over the battlements.
Brough New, over the Swindale Beck between Church Brough and
On 19 October, 1840, the Bridge Master was ordered to make a
plan with estimate of the expense of building a new bridge, now
commonly called the New Bridge and also an estimate for repairing
the old structure.
Low Gill, Brough.
Is a culvert with a span of 5 ft. 4 inches and a rise of 7 inches.
Old Park in South Stainmore on the Tackan Tan road.
It had a span of 10 feet and a width of 24 feet. On 22 November,
1901, it was reported as being down and was ordered to be rebuilt at
a cost not exceeding £60.
Palliot over the Argill Beck on the road between Brough and Bowes.
On 15 September, 1890, it was reported that the bridge consisted
of two culverts which were not sufficient to carry off the water when
the beck was in flood. The County Council ordered it to be rebuilt
with three larger culverts and more directly across the stream. It
was estimated that the three culverts, each 33 feet long with a width
of 3 feet 9 inches and a height of 6 feet 3 inches, would cost £75.
Wyegill in South Stainmore on Tan Hill.
This bridge is 27 feet long and the arch has a span of 10 feet with a
rise of 3 feet.
Agnes who was the wife of Adam son of Benedict was found killed
between Helebeck and Burgh. And the jurors say that Adam,
husband of the aforesaid, killed her as they came from the tavern of
Burgh. He has fled and is suspected, therefore let him be put in
exigent and outlawed. His chattels are worth 18s. for which the
sheriff answers. And because the vills of Helebeck, Burgh and
Mussegrave buried her without any inquiry being made, therefore
they are in mercy. Assize Roll, 1256, m. 12d.
Inquisition taken after the death of Roger de Leyburn before Sir
Thomas de Normanvill, the king's escheator beyond Trent, on
Monday in the morrow of St. Gregory the Pope, 12 Edward 1, by
Robert de Morvil and others as jurors, as to how much land Roger de
Leyburn held of the king in chief in co. Westmorland the day he died,
etc. and what of his own heritage and what of the heritage of Idonea
his wife who was the daughter and one of the heirs of Robert de
Veteripont, decd. They say on oath that Roger the day he died
held no land of his own proper heritage of the king nor any other in
co. Westmorland, but held in chief of the king as of the heritage of the
said Idonea, the Castle of Brough under Stainmore with a moiety of
that manor, worth yearly in all issues £70. 13.; the moiety of the
manor of Marton, worth yearly £13. 3. 5¼ the moiety of the manor
of Appleby, worth yearly £27. 5. 3¼ the fourth part of the manor
of King's Meaburn, worth yearly £12. 11. 6½ the manor of Winton,
worth yearly £24. 2. 3¼ the manor of Kirkebystephen, worth yearly
£39. 16. 9; the castle of Mallerstang with the moiety of the forest,
worth yearly £22. 3. 9½ the moiety of the forest of Quinnefell, worth
yearly £23. 3. 3½ the moiety of the services of Knights and free
tenants in Westmorland called cornage, worth yearly £13. 11. 4;
fee farms of free tenants, worth yearly £2. 15. 7¾ the moiety of the
profits of the county court, worth yearly £3. 6. 8. All of which is
held of the king in chief by the service of two knights' fees. John
de Leyburn is his son and next heir, aged three years in the feast of
the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Chanc. Inq. p. mortem,
12 Edward 1, file 39, n. 1.
After the defeat at Bannockburn—Bruce being at the height of his
power and causing a reign of terror along the Border—the King's
advisers felt that such an important fortress as Brough Castle should
be fortified by more powerful hands than Idonea de Clifford could
manage to garrison it with. That it ought to dominate the Westmorland side of the great Stainmore Pass. Accordingly the king
entrusted the castle to Robert de Welle, knt., who was instructed to
maintain 15 men-at-arms fully mailed and mounted on "covered war
horses," and 20 hobelars or light lancers mounted on "hobby" or
fell ponies. And to show the importance the government placed upon
this, it was willing to grant the exceptional subsidy of placing 10
men-at-arms and 10 hobelars on the king's pay.
The Market of Brough was granted to Robert de Clifford on 2
August, 1330, 4 Edward 111. It was to be held on Thursday weekly.
He also received the right to hold a fair yearly, two days before the
Feast of St. Matthew, that feast day and the day following. The
original charter is preserved at Appleby Castle, it is a small piece of
parchment written in ecclesiastical Latin but only a portion of the
Great Seal remains. The livery cords, the pink and green colours of
Edward 111, are quite perfect.
John de Langton died. For some time he held the living of
Brough-under-Stainmore, was Chancellor of England from 1292 to
1302 and again from 1307 to 1310. He was raised to the bishopric
of Chichester in May, 1305. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1292–1301.
William del Bernes, by John Oxenthwayt his
attorney, against Geoffrey Watchet and Robert his son in a plea
wherefore with force and arms they insulted the said William at
Burgh under Staynesmore and beat and wounded and ill-treated
him. De Banco Roll, 472, m. 526.
John Reynald, vicar of the church of St. Michael of
Appleby, appeared against John Wilkynson of Sowerby by Brough in
a plea that he killed two mares of his, price £6, at Brough. De
Banco Roll, 479, m. 378.
Brough under Stainmore paid a fifteenth as a subsidy to the king
amounting to £4; Helbeck, 20s. and Sowerby juxta Burgh, 20s.
A total of £6. Excheq. Q. R. Miscell. Books, vol. 7.
1669–1672. Hearth Tax Roll
1669–1672. Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73.
Eleven householders were exempted from payment of the tax by
GREAT OR MARKET BROUGH.
|John Askell, smith||1|
|Mr. John Paite||4|
Twenty-four householders were exempted from payment of the
tax by Certificate.
|Mr. Robt. Lambert||1|
|Mr. John Hilton||2|
Ten householders were exempted from payment by Certificate.
1675 10 November.
Henry Ranson and Thomas Compton were
presented as Nonconformists and for not receiving the Holy Communion at their parish church.
1682 2 October.
Quarter Sessions ordered that a fine of £10 should be
imposed upon the parish of Brough if the inhabitants do not repair
the way from Argill Bridge to the Standing stone in the causey leading
to the market of Appleby.
1682–3 8 January.
Upon the petition of the tenants and neighbours on
the south side of Stainmoordale, it is ordered that all those that make
benefit by carrying coals do pay 2d. toll for every horse, for and
toward the repair of the way to the coalpits. Coal was carted a
long way from these mines, quite a quantity going into Orton parish
by way of Soulby and over Little Asby Scar.
1683 1 October.
For an assault and robbery on Stainmore the High
Constable of the East Ward was ordered to levy 2s. 10d. in the pound
for satisfaction of a judgment obtained against the inhabitants
amounting to £123. 1. O., which George Gossling recovered against the
said inhabitants for the damage which he sustained upon a certain
assault and robbery against him by certain malefactors. It was
further ordered that the said sums be paid to Thomas Birkbeck,
High Constable on or before the last day of this instant month of
There is preserved at Appleby Castle a petition from the inhabitants
of Brough to Thomas, earl of Thanet, 1683–1729, praying him to
apply for a renewal of the charter for a market and fair, the earl's note
was, "There being now two fairs at Brough yearly where they pay
toll to me, and also a great fair at Brough Hill, where they also pay
a good toll to me, time out of mind, by altering these fairs might
destroy the prescription and also lessen the tolls of Kirkby Stephen,
for which reason I thought it not convenient to renew the charter
as this petition desires, nor make any alteration in this concern,
which I here mention to be a rule to those who succeed me."
Since 1800 Brough Hill Fair has become remarkable for the sale of
large numbers of cattle and horses.
1736–7 10 January.
Presentment that 200 yards in the king's highway
lying in a place called Thornyscale at Brough, leading from the
market town of Appleby to the market town of Reeth, co. York., has
been for some time dirty, founderous and in decay, so that passengers
could not pass over without great danger and that the inhabitants of
the village of Brough Sowerby ought to repair the same as occasion
1744–5 14 January.
Presentment that a great part of the king's highway
from Market Brough Bridge to the stone bridge over the river Belay
called Buckles Bridge, leading to the market town of Barnard Castle
is dirty, founderous and in decay so that the subjects of the king
cannot pass that way without danger and that the inhabitants of
Brough ought to repair the same.
1754 27 May.
John Strickland of Brough, yeo. was indicted that with
force and arms he did steal one silver spoon of the value of 10d.;
therefore it is ordered that he remain in the custody of the keeper of
the gaol until the keeper has convenient time to severely whip him in
private and then he is to be discharged on payment of his fees.
This is the first occasion noted on which the whipping was ordered
to be done in private, but at the same time it was left to the keeper
and his pocket to determine when the punishment was to be carried
1796 26 November.
For the provision for soldiers to serve in the army,
the parish of Brough together with the Townships of Kaber, and
Little Musgrave, having 205 inhabited houses, had to provide four
1812 23 July.
Indenture between George Atkinson of Oxenthwaite,
parish of Brough, yeo.; Thomas Hall of Potts, parish of Crosby
Garrett, Robert Longstaff of Brough Sowerby and John Middleton of
Lowgill, yeo. of the 1st part; John Rumney of Market Brough,
surgeon of the 2nd part; William Hunter of the same, minister of the
Gospel of the 3rd part; and Mark Raine of Longridge, parish of
Musgrave, yeo. and John Gill of Spuddich, in the township of Stainmore, yeo. of the 4th part. Whereas by feoffment on 13 May, 1803,
made between the said John Rumney of the one part and William
Fenwick of Barnard Castle, preacher of the Gospel, Thomas Sayer of
Long Marton, yeo., and the said George Atkinson, Thomas Hall,
Robert Longstaff and John Middleton, of the second part, for the
consideration of £10 the said John Rumney granted to them a piece
of ground on the south side of the town of Market Brough and east
of a lane leading from the east end of Brough Bridge, 30 by 25 feet,
upon which was then erecting a Chapel or preaching house for divine
worship for the use of the Wesleyan Methodists, leaving a slip of
ground on the east side bounded by Mrs. Norman's garth on the
north and east, the garden of John Rumney on the south and the
said lane on the west. And whereas the building of the said Chapel
was soon after completed and has been ever since and is now used
by the said Society accordingly, and whereas doubts have arisen
whether the said Indenture be of full effect, it not having been
enrolled, in order to obviate such doubts the said John Rumney
now grants the premises aforesaid to the said Trustees (William
Fenwick and Thomas Sayer both being dead) for the further payment
of 5s. Close Roll 9309, 53 George III, pt. 18.
1823 13 October.
There was a presentment made to Quarter Sessions
that Edward Spencer, yeo. on 4 May last in a certain public footpath,
being the king's highway, did erect three stone walls of 246 yards in
length and six feet in height, in, upon and across the said highway
and hath continued to keep the said stone walls erected whereby the
highway was and continues to be obstructed, so as the public cannot
to their great prejudice pass along the said way. By 26 April, 1824,
the nuisance had been removed.
The Independent Chapel was built at the expense of Charles Davis.
1825 6 April.
Indenture made between William Jackson of Church
Brough, yeo., and Isabella his wife of the one part, and William
Raine, grocer, and many others of the second part. Whereas in 1810
was begun in England under the ministry of Hugh and James Bourne
of Bemersley in the parish of Norton in the Moors, co. Stafford, a
Society of Protestant Christians, now called Primitive Methodists, by
some called "Ranters," and they having determined to build a
Chapel or Meeting House at Church Brough, now for £6 the said
Jackson and his wife sell to those of the second part a piece of
ground at the north end of the garth behind his dwelling house at
Church Brough, being 120 square yards, bounded by land of Thomas
Robson on the east, by land of the said Jackson on the west and south,
and the common on the north, together with a right of ladder-room on
the said Jackson's ground. Close Roll 15786, pt. 57.
1830 3 September.
Indenture made between Thomas Grisdale of Old
Park, Stainmore, yeo. of the first part; and John Hilton of Mouthlock, carrier, and many others of the second part; Witnesses that
for the sum of £2 the said Thomas Grisdale has sold to those of the
second part, a plot of land in the north-west corner of Cold Keld
Close, containing 120 square yards, now marked out, bounded by
land of the said Grisdale on the east and south, by the road leading
to New Hall on the west, and the Common on the north, situate in
the township of Stainmore, for a Chapel or Meeting House to be
erected thereon for the use of the Primitive Methodists resident in
Stainmore, in such manner as declared by deed poll of Hugh and
James Bourne and William Clowes, dated 5 February, 1830, and
enrolled in the High Court of Chancery. Close Roll 10865, pt. 64.
Some of the inhabitants of Brough being anxious to form a connexion with the Baptists of Middleton in Teesdale invited the
ministers over to preach in Westmorland, and this led to the
formation of a Baptist Congregation in 1834.
1852 17 April.
Indenture made between Joseph Jameson of Crackenthorpe, gent., of the first part; John Fenwick of Newcastle upon Tyne
of the second part; and Joseph Jameson, Joseph Yare of Brough,
joiner, William Cannon of Burtergill, farmer, and several others of the
third part. Whereas by Indenture of 27 June, 1850, made between
Mary and Isabella Cannon, spinster, and Thomas Meger, innkeeper,
and Joseph Jameson aforesaid, for £15 paid by Jameson to Meger,
all that plot of land upon which a Baptist Chapel had been built
recently, containing half a rood, bounded on the north by the Back
Lane, on the east by the high road from Brough to Kirkby Stephen,
on the south and west by Chapel Garth belonging to Thomas Meger
aforesaid, all which had lately formed part of the said Chapel Garth
in Brough, held of George William Frederick, earl of Clarendon, lord
of the said manor of Brough, by payment of a yearly rent of one
half-penny, was conveyed to the said Jameson; and whereas the said
Chapel was built, now for the consideration of 10s. the said Jameson
conveys the same to the said Trustees of the 3rd part, to be used as a
place of public worhsip for the service of God by the Society of
Protestant Dissenters called the Particular Baptist Denomination,
already meeting there; and part to be used as a cemetery for the
interment of deceased members. Close Roll 14365, pt. 43.
The first annual meeting of the Brough Agricultural Society took
place and eleven years later the committee extended the area so as to
include the whole of the East and West Wards. The Stainmore
Society was started in 1895 the Shows being held at Mouthlock.
1881 6 January.
The Rev. William Lyde took the oaths of Allegiance
and Supremacy, the oath of Abjuration and made the Declaration
against the doctrine of Transubstantiation on qualifying as a Justice
of the Peace.