THE PARISH OF ST. CUTHBERT, DUFTON.
In the "Antique Taxatio Ecclesiastica" of Pope Nicholas IV
made in the year 1291, the church is valued at £13. 6. 8. By the
Novo Taxatio" of 1318 the value is reckoned at £2. See page 22.
The "Valor Ecclesiasticus" of 26 Henry VIII, 1535, gives the following:—
|Rectory of Dufton, Roland Threlkeld incumbent.|
|The aforesaid rectory is worth in|
|The mansion and glebe and one tenement||£1||14||8|
|Tithes and oblations and the smaller|
|Reprisals to wit—|
|Synodals 4s. and Procurations 5s. 2d.||9||2|
|Clear annual value||19||0||6
|A tenth part whereof||1||18||0¾|
1655–6 30 January.
Mr. Edward Preston, minister of Dufton, made his
appearance before the "Commissioners for ejecting of the scandalous,
ignorant and insufficient ministers and school masters," and upon
being desired to put himself upon trial as to his fitness for the work
of the ministry he refused.
1656 4 December.
Time was given to Mr.Edward Preston till the last
Wednesday in January next to give satisfaction touching his ability
and fitness for the work of the ministry or else to be proceeded
against upon the Clause in the Ordinance for disaffection to the
Government. However, he continued in his living until after the
The Commonwealth Survey of 1657 is as follows:—
That the right of presentation to the church is in Christopher
Clapham. That Edward Preston supplieth the cure there and hath
for his maintenance a prescription rent for tithe corn the sum of
£8. 13s. 4d. yearly, and also the tithe of hay, wool, lamb and all
other dues and tithes within the parish worth £16. 6s. 8d. yearly.
And likewise the glebe land and grassings belonging to the same
which is worth £15.
The church was rebuilt in 1775 and repaired in 1853.
A list of the Incumbents whose names have been met with during
the present research.
|1323–||Roger de Kernetteby|
| –1366||Willm. de Brampton|
|1377–||Tho. de Setteryngton|
| –d.1535||Roland Threlkeld|
|1865–||Jos. R. Henderson|
The school was founded by Christopher Walker in 1670 and
endowed by him with the interest of £40; and by Michael Todd with
£4 a year payable out of lands at Knowle Green in the parish of
Staines in Middlesex.
Conveyance by Sir Richard Tufton, bart. of Hothfield Place, co.
Kent to Joseph Rawlins Henderson of Dufton, clerk, and others of a
piece of land upon which a school house and offices are erected in the
village of Dufton, and a class room and offices are intended to be
erected, to have and to hold for the use of a school for the education
of children and adults, or for children only, in Dufton, to be at all
times open to inspection by H.M. Inspectors and to be under the
management of a committee of ten persons subscribing at least 10s.
a year. Signed by the parties, 3 August, 1865.
Dufton Hall stands on the north side of the village, and is in the
form of the letter L. The southern frontage was rebuilt in 1779 and
now is of three storeys. The older northern wing is of two storeys
but it has been modernized and left without any special interest.
The building was occupied as a sporting seat by Sir William Bryan
Cooke in 1829 but since then it has been divided into tenements.
Inquisition taken after the death of William son of Thomas de
Greystoke, made before William de Windesore, sub-escheator of co.
Westmorland, on Monday after the Invention of Holy Cross,
17 Edw. 1, in which the jurors say on oath that William on the day he
died held no lands of the king in chief in co. Westmorland, but held of
his own heritage the manor of Dufton with the advowson of that
church, of the Lady Idonea de Leyburn, daughter and one of the
heirs of Robert de Veteripont, by the service called cornage and the
same cornage was worth yearly 25s. 6d.; and beyond the said
cornage the manor is worth in all issues £27. 12. 4. yearly.
John, his son, is his next heir and was aged 25 years at Michaelmas
16 Edward 1. Chanc. Inq. p. mortem. file 53, n. 13.
Inquest taken after the death of John, son of William de Graystoke,
before Richard Cysel, escheator beyond Trent, at Appleby on the
Sunday before St. Wilfrid, 34 Edward 1, by William de Crackanthorpe
and others as jurors. They say on oath that John son of William
gave his manor of Dufton together with the advowson of the church
of that manor with all the appurtenances, holding back nothing, to
Ralph son of William and his heirs for ever, by licence of the king
who also gave licence to the said Ralph to demise the same to John
for his life, with remainder after John's death to Ralph and his heirs.
The said John died holding the manor of Ralph and not otherwise
as appears by fine levied between the said Ralph and John in the
King's court before John de Setingham and his fellows. Ralph held
the same of Idonea de Leyburn, one of the heirs of Robert de
Veteripont, by cornage according to the custom of the county of
Westmorland. The same manor and advowson after John's death
reverted to the said Ralph and to no other. Inquisition p. mortem,
Edw. 1, file 122, n. 8.
Roger de Kernetteby, King's clerk and vicar of Kirkeby Kendall,
was presented to the church of Dufton in the patronage of the king.
Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1323, p. 343; Bp. Halton's Register, vol. ii, p. 209.
William de Brampton, rector of the church of Dufton, made his will
on 10 March, 1365–6, in which he desires his body to be buried in the
church of St. Cuthbert of Dufton. Among many bequests he left
3s. 4d. for the repair of the bridge of St. Lawrence of Appleby. The
will was proved at Rose on 6 November, 1366. Testa. Karl., 78.
Thomas son of William de Warthecop appeared
against Thomas, parson of the church of Dufton in a plea wherefore
with force and arms the corn and grass of the said Thomas son of
William, worth 100s. lately growing at Murton with certain beasts
was depastured, trodden down and consumed. Defendant did not
come. Case adjourned until the octave of S. Hilary. De Banco
Roll, 468, m. 151d.
John Thomasman of Dufton appeared against John
Robynson of Skakilthorp in a plea wherefore with force and arms
certain cows belonging to John Thomasman at Dufton worth 20s. he
took and carried away from Dufton with other goods and chattels
worth 40s. De Banco Rolls, 471, m. 351d.; 472, m. 41; 473, m. 317.
Thomas de Clifford, knt., against Thomas de Setteryngton, parson of the church of Dufton, in a plea that he render unto him
16 marks which he owes. De Banco Rolls, 475, m. 431; 477, m. 46d.
Thomas son of William de Warthecop against Thomas de
Setteryngton, parson of the church of Dufton, in a plea whereas it was
ordained by the king that if any servant was retained in the service
of any one by agreement and withdrew without reasonable cause or
licence that he should be subject to imprisonment. The aforesaid
Thomas de Setteryngton and Robert Coke being in the service of the
said Thomas de Warthecop at Murton withdrew from his service
without reasonable cause to his great damage. De Banco Roll, 478,
1669–1672. Hearth Tax Roll
1669–1672. Hearth Tax Roll, Lay Subsidy, 195, n. 73.
|Mr. Webster, vicar||2|
Twenty-three householders were exempted from payment by
1672 31 July.
John Sowerby and Richard Whitlock were presented to
Quarter Sessions for refusing to go to the parish church to be catechised and for absenting themselves from the church on the Sabbath
1708 12 April.
Thomas Elwood of Dufton, yeo. was indicted for
diverting an ancient watercourse at Dufton so that the water and
filth from the tan pits of the said Thomas ran through and across the
close of John Dobson and spoiled the herbage and grain. Fined 6d.
1710 17 April.
Thomas Dobson of Dufton, yeo. and others indicted for
buying and not by demise or grant of land or tithes, quantities of oats
and barley of diverse unknown persons at Appleby, with the intention
to re-sell the same contrary to the form of the Statute.
1740 6 October.
Presentment that Edward Howson of Dufton did
suffer rude and disorderly persons to frequent his house being at that
time a common ale house, wherein they usually did commit many
disorders to the disturbance of those who live near the place, for
which reason Richard Crackanthorpe and John Robinson, justices
of the Quorum, did think it convenient to direct the High Constable
of the East Ward to go to the said Edward Howson and to charge
him from henceforth not to sell or suffer to be sold any beer or any
other liquors in his house and also to cause the sign of the said house
to be pulled down, yet notwithstanding the said John Howson in
defiance of the warrant sold and doth continue to sell ale, etc. in
contempt of our sovereign lord the king, etc.
1796 26 November.
For the provision of soldiers to serve in the army
the parish of Dufton having 49 inhabited houses had to provide one
man or else pay a fine of £20.
1821 14 July.
Indenture between Joseph Wallace of Dufton of the one
part, and John Nixon of Dufton, farmer, and many others of the
second part. Witnesses that for the consideration of 10s. the said
Joseph Wallace conveys to those of the second part a piece of ground
in Dufton village, 35 by 25 feet, and the building erected thereon and
now converted and used as a Chapel by the Wesleyan Methodists,
bounded by premises belonging to the earl of Thanet on the south-east
and south-west, by premises belonging to the said Wallace on the
north-west, and the Town Street on the north-east, and lately sold
by Jonathan Nixon to the said Joseph Wallace. They to keep the
same in repair and permit the yearly Conference to be held there.
Close Roll 10029, part 68.
Two thousand three hundred acres, or thereabouts, being parcels
of common and waste grounds in the parish of Dufton, called Dufton
Pike, Dufton Fell Pasture and Flascow, were ordered to be divided
and enclosed by an Act of Parliament which received the Royal
Assent on 28 May, 1827. Charles, earl of Thanet, was lord of the
manor and patron of the rectory and parish church; the Rev. Edward
Heelis was rector; and Thomas Milward, John Furnass and Thomas
Ellwood and others were proprietors of Cattlegates or Stints. The
Commissioner appointed was Edward Jackson of Bolton, clerk.
1840 10 April.
Indenture between William Brass of Langton Field
in the parish of St. Michael, Appleby, gent. of the 1st part; and
George Graham the elder of Dufton, stonemason, and many others of
the 2nd part; and William Lonsdale of Barnard Castle, Primitive
Methodist Preacher of the 3rd part. Witnesses that in consideration
of 5s. the said William Brass sells to those of the second part, all that
parcel of land at Dufton upon which a Primitive Methodist Chapel
is being built, 30 by 20 feet, bounded on the east and south by land
belonging to the said William Brass, on the west by the public road
through Dufton, and on the north by a garden belonging to Matthew
Robinson; to hold for the space of one year at a peppercorn rent.
1840 11 April.
Indenture between the above parties that having
contracted for the purchase of the said land, witnesses that for £5
the said William Brass now releases and confirms to those of the
second part the aforesaid land, on which a Chapel is now being built,
to have and to hold to them for ever upon trust. The Chapel to be
built as a Meeting House for the Primitive Methodists in Dufton and
also a school in conformity with the provisions of a deed poll signed
by Hugh and James Bourne and William Clowes bearing date
5 February, 1830, wherein the doctrines, etc. of the said Connexion
are set forth, freely to permit a preacher to officiate there and
annually to choose a steward of the said Connexion to receive
subscriptions, seat-rents, etc. and to keep the same in repair. Close
Roll, 12435, pt. 188.
In 1807 the brothers Bourne and Clowes, filled with evangelistic
zeal, organised a "camp meeting" for open air preaching. The
Methodist Conference pronounced against this innovation, whereupon, on refusing to give way they were expelled from the Society.
In 1811 the first meeting of the seceders was held and the Primitive
Methodists came into being.