THE JOURNAL OF THE House of LORDS.
A Journal of the Passages of the House of Lords in the Session of Parliament bolden at Westminster, An. 5 Regin. Eliz. An. D. 1562.
which began there after one Prorogation of the same on Tuesday the
12th of January, and then and there continued until the Prorogation
thereof upon Saturday the 10th day of April, An D. 1563.
This Session in An. 5 Regin. Eliz.
making but one and the same Parliament with that Session next ensuing, in an. 8 Regine ejusdem, is
replenished with some extraordinary matter, besides the accustomed and usual
passages of reading, committing, and expediting
of Bills. For not only the pompous and solemn
manner of her Majesties repairing to the Lords
House, is set down; but the several Speeches
also of that Eloquent Orator, and wife Statist,
Sir Nicholas Bacon Lord Keeper, are supplied at
large, together with such Interlocutory Speeches,
as passed in the House of Peers, from Thomas
Williams Esq; the Speaker or Prolocutor of the
House of Commons; which said several Speeches,
being not found in the Original Journal-Book of
either House, are therefore supplied out of several written Copies, or Anonymous Memorials of
them I had by me; especially the latter passages
and Speeches, both when the Speaker was presented on Friday the 15th day of January, and
when this Session of Parliament was Proorgued,
on Saturday the 10th day of April, then next
following, together with the Solemn and Royal
manner of her Majesties passing to the House of
Lords, on either of the said Days, are for the
most part transcribed out of several Anonymous
Memorials thereof, I had in my Custody, being
doubtless the very Original Draughts or Autographs, set down by some observant Member of
one of the Houses, or by some other person then
present in the Upper House, for it was written
in a hand of that time, and much interlined.
The Parliament was Summoned to begin at
Westminster, on Monday the 11th day of Jan.
An. 5 Regin. Eliz. An. D. 1562. upon which day
Sir Nicholas Bacon Knight, Lord Keeper of the
Great Seal of England, with divers other Lords,
repaired to the Parliament Chamber, commonly
called the UpperHouse, and then and there in presence of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and
of the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses, Summoned to the same Parliament, the Lord Keeper
declared, that the Queens Majesty, by reason of
the evil disposition of her Health, could not be
present this 11th day of January, and that she
hath therefore been pleased to Prorogue the
same, until to Morrow, being the 12th day of the
And to this purpose, a Writ Patent under the
Great Seal of England, whereby the said Parliament was Prorogued unto the 12. day of this Instant Jan. was read publickly, by the Clerk of the
Upper House, in these words following:
Elizabeth Dei gratia Angliæ Franciæ & Hibermiæ Regina, fidei defensor, &c. Prædilect is & fidelibus nostris Prælatis, Magnatibus & Proceribns
Regni nostri Angliæ, & dilectis & fidelibus nostris
Militibus, Civibus & Burgen. dicti Regni nostram,
ad Parliamentum nostrum apud civitatem nostram
Westmonasterii, undecimo die instantis mensts Jan.
inchoand. & tenend. convocatis & electis, & vestrum cuilibet, salutem. Cum nos, pro quibusdam arduis & urgentibus negotiis, nos statum & defenstonem dicti Regni nostri Angliæ & Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ concernent. dictum Parliamentum nostrum,
ad diem & locum prædict. teneri ordinaverimus,
Ac vobis, per separalia Brevia nostra, apud Civitatem & die prædict. interesse mandaverimus, ad
tractand. consentiend. & concludend. super hiis,
quæ in dicto Parliamento nostro tunc & ibidem
proponerentur, & tractarentur: Quibusdam tamen
certis de causis, & considerationibus, nos ad tempits specialiter movent. dictum Parliamentum nostrum, nsq; duodecimum diem bujus instantis Mensis
Jan. duximus prorogand it a quod nec vos, nec aliquis vestrum ad dictum undecimum diem jan. apud
Civiatem prædictam comparere teneamini, Seu
arctemini, volumus enim vos, quemlibet vestrum,
inde erga nos penitus exonerari: Mandantes, &
tenore præsentium firmiter injungendo præcipientes
vobis & cuilibet vestrum, ac omnibus aliis, quibus
in hac parte intererit, quod ad dictum duodecimum diem Januarii, apud prædictam Civitatem
Westmonasterii perfonaliter compareatis, & intersitis & quilibet vestrum compareat & intersit, ad
tractand. faciend. agend. & concludend, super hiis,
quæ in dicto Parliamento nostro, de communi concilio dicti Regni nostri (favente Deo) contigerint
ordinari. Teste me ipsâ apud Westmonasterium nono die Januarii, anno Regni nostri quinto.
This day, although the Parliament began not,
nor any Peers sate in the Upper House, but the
Lord Keeper, and some others of either House,
met only in the Parliament Chamber, to Prorogue
the Parliament unto the 12. day of this Instant
Month, as aforesaid, were divers Proxies returned, from many of the Lords, both Spiritual and
Temporal, who in their absence did constitute
others to give their Voices for them.
Nota, That the Duke of Norfolk was Constituted the sole or joint Proctor of four several
Peers, and Francis Earl of Bedford was nominated the sole or joint Proctor of seven several
Lords; whereof one was Thomas Archbishop of
York, and another of them was William Bishop
of Exeter; By which it doth appear, not only
that a Spiritual Lord did Constitute a Temporal
(which at this day is altogether forborn, as also for
a Temporal Lord to Constitute a Spiritual, which
was but rarely used during this Queens Reign.)
but likewise that any Peer of the Upper House,
by the ancient and undoubted usages and Custom
of the same, is capable of as many Proxies as
shall be sent unto him.
On Tuesday the 12. day of January, the Parliament held according to the Prorogation on
yesterday foregoing, and about eleven of the
Clock in the Forenoon, the Queens Majesty took
her Horse at the Hall Door, and proceeded in
manner as followeth.
First, All Gentlemen two and two, then
Esquires, Knights, and Bannerets, and Lords, being no Barons, or under Age.
Then the Trumpeters sounding.
Then the Queens Serjeant, Mr Carus, in his
Circot-Hood and Mantle unlined, of Scarlet.
Then Mr Gerrard, the Queens Attorney, and
Mr. Russell Sollicitor.
Then Anthony Browne, Justice of the Common
Pleas, and Mr. Weston of the Kings Bench.
Then the Barons of the Exchequer.
Then Mr Corbett, and Mr Whidon, two Justices of the Kings Bench.
Then Sir Thomas Saunders, Chief Baron of
the Exchequer, and Sir James Dyer, Chief Justice
of the Common-Pleas.
Then Sir William Cordall, Master of the Rolls
in his Gown, and Sir Robert Catlin, Chief Justice
of the Kings Bench; and these Justices and Barons of the Exchequer, in their Scarlet Mantles,
Hood and Circot edged with Miniver; the Mantle shorter than the Circot by a foot.
Then Knights Counsellors in their Gowns, as
Sir Anthony Cooke, Sir Richard Sackvile, Sir William Peeters, and Sir Ambrose Cane.
Then Sir William Cecill Chief Secretary, and
Sir Edward Rogers Comptroller.
Then William Howard bearing the Queens
Cloak and Hat.
Then Barons, in all forty, but there in number
30. a. St. John of Bletso, Hunsdon, Hastings of
Loughborough, Chandois, North, Effingham, but
now as the Lord Chamberlain, Darcy of Chicke,
Paget, Sheffield, Willoughby, Rich, Wharton, Events,
Cromwell, St. John, Mordaunt, Borough, Wentworth, Windsor, Vaux, Sands, Mountegle, Darcy
of Menell, Ogle, Mountjoy, Lumley, Latimer,
Scroope, Grey of Wilton, Stafford, Cobham, Dacres
of the North, Dacres of the South, Morley, Barkley, Strange, Zouch, Audeley, Clinton, but now
Lord Admiral, and Bargaveny: their Mantles,
Hoods, and Circot furr'd, and two Rows of Miniver on their right Shoulder.
Then proceeded the Bishops, all that were
there present were but twenty two, as Glocester
and St. Asaph, Chester, Carlisle, and Peterborough,
Norwich, and Exeter, Lichfield and Coventry, Bath
and Wells, Rochester, and St. Davids, Salisbury,
and Lincoln, Bangor, and Worcester, Ely, and Hereford, Landasse, Chichester, and Winchester, Durham, and London; their Robes of Scarlet lined,
and a Hood down their back of Miniver.
Then the Viscounts, their Robes as the Barons,
but that they had two Rows and an half of Miniver, as the Viscount of Bindon absent, Viscount
Mountague, and Viscount Hereford present.
Then the Earls, but nineteen present, the Earl
of Hertford, the Earl of Pembroke, Bedford,
Southampton, Warwick, Bath, Huntington, Sussex,
Cumberland, Rutland, Worcester, Darby, Shrewsbury, Westmoreland, Northumberland, Oxford, and
Arundel; their Robes of Scarlet, with their
Rows of Miniver.
Then the Marquess of Winchester, but now as
Lord Treasurer, and the Marquess of Northampton; the Duke of Norfolk went as Earl Marshal.
Then the Lord Keepers Serjeant, and Seal, and
after Sir Nicholas Bacon, Lord Keeper of the
Great Seal, in his Gown.
Here Clarenceux and Norroy.
Then the Queens Serjeant at Arms, and after
Then the Duke of Norfolk, with the gilt Rod
as Marshal; the Lord Treasurer with the Cap
of Estate, and the Earl of Worcester with the
Then the Queens Majesty on Horseback, a
little behind the Lord Chamberlain, and Vice-
Chamberlain; her Grace Apparelled in her Mantle, opened before, furr'd with Ermines, and
her Kirtle of Crimson Velvet, close before, and
close Sleeves, but the Hands turned up with Ermines, and a Hood hanging low, round about
her Neck, of Ermins. Over all a rich Coller, set
with Stones and other Jewels, and on her Head
a rich Caul. And the next after Her, the Lord
Robert Dudley, Master of the House, leading
the spare Horse. And after all, other Ladies, two
and two, in their Ordinary Apparel. By side the
Queen went her Footmen, and along on either
side of her went the Pensioners, with their Axes;
after the Ladies followed the Captain of the
Guard, Sir William St. Loe, and after him the
In which Order Her Majesty proceeded to the
North Door of the church of Westminster, where
the dean there, and the Dean of the Chappel met
her, and the whole Chappel in Copes; and St Edwards Staff, with the Inlet in the top, was delivered unto her; her Arm, for the bearing thereof,
assisted by the Baron of Hunsdon; the Canopy
born over her by Charles Howard Esq; Sir George
Howard, Sir Richard Blunt, Sir Ed. Warner, Sir John
Perrott, and Sir William Fitz-Williams, Knights;
her Graces Train born up and assisted, for the
weight thereof, from her Arms by the Lord Robert Dudley, Master of the Horse, and Sir Francis
Knowles, Vice-Chamberlain; and so orderly proceeded to the Travers beside the Table of Administration. Although other Princes have used to
be placed in the Quire till the Offering, but not
now because there was neither Communion nor
Offering; and so, she being placed, all the Lords
sate down on Forms, besides the Travers; the Spiritualty on the North side, and the Temporalty
on the South side; the Sword and the Cap of Estate
laid down on the Table. Then the Quire fung the
English Procession; which ended, Mr Noell Dean
of Pauls began his Sermon, and first made his
Prayer orderly for the Queens Majesty, and the
Universal Church, and especially for that Honourable Assembly of three Estates there present, that
they might make such Laws, as should be to Gods
Glory, and the good of the Realm.
The Sermon being ended, and a Pslam sung,
her Majesty and the rest orderly on foot proceeded out of the South Door, where she delivered the Dean the Scepter, and so proceeded
into the Parliament Chamber, where the Queen
stayed a while in her Privy Chamber, till all
the Lords and others were placed, and then her
Highness came forth, and went, and sate her
down in her Royal Place, and Chair of Estate
(the Sword and Cap of Maintenance born before
her) and when she stood up, her Mantle was assisted and born up from her Arms, by the Lord
Robert Dudley, Master of the Horse, and Sir
Francis Knowles Vice-Chamberlain.
The Lord Keeper sate alone upon the uppermost Sack, until the Queen was sate, and then
went and stood without the Rail, on the right
hand the Cloth of Estate; and the Lord Treasurer, holding the Cap of Estate, on the right
hand before the Queen, Garter standing by him,
and on the left hand standing the Earl of Worcester, with the Sword, and by him the Lord
The Duke of Norfolk began the first Form,
and the Viscount Mountague (for that the Viscount Bindon was not there) ended it.
The Lord Clinton, the Lord Admiral, began
the Form behind that of Barons, and the Lord
St. John, of Bletfoe ended it.
The Archbishop of Canterbury began the Bishops Form, and the Bishop of Glocester ended
On the Woolfack on the right hand, and
Northside, sate Sir Robert Catlin and Sir James
Dyer Chief Justices, Sir William Peter, Anthony
Browne, Corbett, Weston, and Mr Gerrard the
On the Sack on the left hand and Southside,
sate Sir William Cordall, Master of the Rolls, Sir
Edward Samders Chief Baron, Justice Widdon,
Serjeant Carus, and Mr Russell the Queens Sollicitor, and at their Backs sate Sir Richard Read,
Doctor Yale, and Doctor Vaughan.
On the other Sack sate Doctor Huicke, Spilman
Clerk of the Parliament, and Mr. Martin Clerk
of the Crown; and behind them kneeled Mr
Smith, Allen, Dyeter, Nivafius, Cliffe and Permitter.
At the side hand of the Queen sate on the
ground three or four Ladies, and no more; and
at the back of the Rail, behind the Cloth of
Estate, kneeled the Earls of Oxford, and Rutland
under Age, the Earl of Desmond, the Lord Roos,
the Lord Herbert of Cardiffe, and divers other
Noblemens Sons and Heirs.
Nota, That these foregoing passages, touching
the solemn manner of her Majesties coming to
the Upper House, are not at all found in the Original Journal-Book of the same, but are transcribed out of a written Copy or memorial of
them, I had by me, as doth also the Lord Keepers
Speech follow, out of the same, in the next place.
The Queens Majesty (being set (as aforesaid)
under the Cloth of Estate) the House of Commons had notice thereof; and thereupon the
Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of the same, repaired to the Upper House, and being, as many
as conveniently could, let in, she Commanded
Sir Nicholas Bacon the Lord Keeper, to open the
cause of Calling and Assembling this Parliament,
who thereupon spake, as followeth.
My Lords and others of this Honourable Assembly,
You shall understand, that my most Dread
and Sovereign Lady the Queens Majesty,
here present, hath Commanded me to declare
the occasion of this Assembly, which I am not
able (but unmeet) to do, as it ought to be done,
among such a noble, wife and discreet Company.
Howbeit, knowing the Experience of her Majesty, bearing with such as do their good wills,
and your Honours Patience, in bearing with me
in the like, afore this time; it encourageth me
the better herein, not doubting of the like at
this present. Therefore my Lords, the occasion
is, that necessary matters be provided for, propounded and scanned, and after agreed upon,
and ended, which afterwards shall remain and
continue; which matters in my Judgment, may
well be divided into two parts, one touching
Religion for the setting forth of Gods Honour
and Glory, and the other concerning Policy,
for the Common-Wealth, as well for provision
at home, as to provide for the Foreign Enemy
abroad: Which said matters of Religion, may
again be divided into two parts; for Gods cause
being sincerely weighed, considered and followed, bringeth forth good success in all Affairs, and
being not followed, but neglected, and made
light of, how can any thing prosper, or take good
effect? And the greater the Personages be, which
so abuse the same, the greater the fault is, to the
damage of the whole Common-Wealth; for all
mens Eyes be fixed on those who be in Authority; for as the Head is, even so is the Foot; and
after the Superior followeth the Inferior. For as
Gods Law it self is perfect, so there is no imperfection therein, but that which cometh of our
selves, wherein I cannot excuse either the spiritualty or laiety. For as the Preachers be not so
diligent in their Vocation of Preaching, as they
ought to be, even so we of the Laiety be neither
so diligent in hearing, nor yet in doing as we
should be. And thirdly, some of the Laiety in
not giving credit unto it, as it ought for to be.
For as all in Authority ought to be credited, and
their doings taken in the best part, yet I would
with the same should continue no longer than
they do well.
And where at this present there is great want of
Ministers, and some of them that be, be much
insufficient; which, considering the time, are to
be born withal, not doubting the Circumspection
of the Bishops, in well looking to the placing
of such, which shall be appointed hereafter;
and those which be, and will not be reformed,
to have sharp punishment. For as heretofore the
Discipline of the Church hath not been good,
and again, that the Ministers thereof have been
slothful, even so for want of the same hath
sprung two Enormities; the first is, that for
lack thereof, every man liveth as he will, without fear; And secondly, many Ceremonies agreed upon, but the right Ornaments thereof,
are either left undone, or forgotten. As in one
point, for want of Discipline it is that so few
come to Service, and the Church so unreplenished,
notwithstanding that at the last Parliament, a
Law was made, for good Order to be observed
in the same; but yet as appeareth not Executed.
Therefore if it be too easie, let it be made sharper,
and if already well, then see it Executed. For
the want of Discipline causeth obstinacy, contempt and growing of Herefie; therefore better to be winked at and unspoken, than bruted
abroad and unperformed: Therefore, in mine
opinion, the device is good, that in every Diocess
there be Officers appointed and devised, as hath
been thought good, to sit for redress of these
and such like Errors, twice or thrice a Year, till
the faults be amended. In which well doing,
the Head-Officers are to be born withal, and
maintained; and Laws to be made for the purpose: the chief Care of which said former matters pertaineth to you, my Lords of the Spiritualty, wherein you must take pains to travel,
whereunto be Laws to be joined, not only for
the more perfecting of the same, but for the
maintenance, as well of the Heads, as the Ministers thereof.
Now to the second part, of Policy for the
Common-Wealth; for as there be faults for
want of Discipline, so are there faults in the imperfection, and want of Execution, which imperfection must be looked unto; and want of
Laws which needeth to be provided for and
made; and to consider, if there be not too many
Laws for one thing, and those so large and busie, that neither the Commons can understand
the same, not yet well the Lawyer, which would
be brought into some briefer and better Order,
and there Executed. For which purpose, it is
necessary to take care, to have good Ministers
thereof, and secondly, to banish all fearfulness
for prosecuting the same; and over and besides,
that to appoint proved men to inquire of these
Ministers, whereby they may have the better regard to their Duty: For, even as the Visitation
of the Church is and was well appointed for
the church, so now is the like to be appointed for
the Temporalty. For if the Laws be not well
Executed, my part is not the least thereof, which
Yearly I would be glad to hear of. The third
for the Enemy, as well here bred amongst us,
as abroad: for whereas the Queens Majesty at
her entrance found this Realm in War with Foreign Power, at which time lack of Treasure,
Artillery, Force and other things, caused her to
agree to a Peace, although not the best, howbeit for our surety she spared no cost to bring it
to pass; which notwithstanding, of later time,
certain old cankered Enemies of this Realm, attempted to put in Execution to bring the Scots
to the Governance of France, and so being a
firm Land to ours, to have been our utter Enemies; which danger the Queen foreseeing, sought
by all means, as well by her Ambassadors as others, to stay the Enterprise, but could not;
and therefore helped her Neighbours of Scotland,
and so disappointed that attempt; or else afore
this time I doubt the Scottish Territories would
have been too little to have holden them, but
that they would have troubled us, not only at
Barwick, but at the Walls of York; which said
attempt, being by the means of her Majesty
stayed and letted, the said bent Enemies have
attempted the same in France, to the whole disturbance of all Christendom, and all done for
the mischief of this Realm, (joined with a devilish Conspiracy within our selves, tending to
the aiding of the Foreign Enemy, and by their
own Confession, to have raised a Rebellion in
this Realm) And for that by none of her Graces
Travels or means, she could there stay their Enterprise, or make them agree, she was forced the
rather to stay the same, for the surety of this
Realm, to the no little charge of her Majesty:
for in these proceedings, and in repairing of
these, and other like faults, I dare be bold to
say (for that I am thereof assured) it hath cost
her Majesty as much as two of the best Subsidies,
which at any time hath been within this Realm;
and all at her own proper Charges, without either straining of her Subjects, or having aid of
them, towards the same. Howbeit she yet thinketh it well spent, for often it chanceth, that
money is better spent than spared; as the common saying is, That a penny is well spent which
afterwards saveth a pound. And so in this, if
that money had not been so spent in staying in
time their attempted Enterprises, it would afterwards have turned to no little prejudice, nor
yet small Charge of this Realm. And where
afore this time Princes commonly have had some
vein or delight to spend Treasure upon for their
pleasure, which the Queen hath none, but only
for the Common-Wealth and surety thereof, so
that we may most justly and fortunately say to
her great Praise, that the relieving of the Realms
necessities is our Princes whole delight: And
notwithstanding all the disbursements of these
her great Charges, yet she was (as I right well
know) very hardly brought to, and perswaded
to call this Parliament, in which she should be
driven to require any aid, or by any means to
charge her Subjects, if by any other means it
might have been holpen: and so her Majesty
her self Commanded to be declared. And I for
my part, and so do others very well know; for
the Commons little think or consider what a
trouble want is to her, whereby she is forced to
ask of them (which surely is against her nature)
but that she is thereunto forced, for the surety
of this Realm.
And for that the nether House cannot, being
so many together, but of necessity must have
one to be a Mouth, Aider or Instructer unto
them, for the opening of matters, which is called the Speaker, Therefore go and Assemble
your selves together and Elect one, a discreet,
wise, and learned Man, to be your Speaker, and
on Friday next the Queens Majesty appointeth
to repair hither again, for to receive the Presentment of him accordingly.
The manner of her Majesties coming to the
Upper House, with the Lord Keepers Speech, being supplied out of that written Copy or Anonymous Memorial, I had by me, as aforesaid,
now follow the Names of the Receivers and
Tryors of Petitions, out of the Original JournalBook it self of the Upper House.
Then the Clerk of the Parliament read in
French the Names of such, as should receive,
hear, and try the Petitions for England, France,
Scotland, Ireland, Gascoigne and Guyen, &c. which
were as followeth.
Receivers of Petitions for England, Irelan d
Wales and Scotland, viz.
Sir Robert Catlin, Chief Justice of the Kings
Bench; Sir William Cordall, Master of the Rolls;
Sir Anthony Browne, Knight; Sir Richard Read,
Knight; and Doctor Huicke; And such as will
prefer any Petitions, are to deliver them in six
days next ensuing.
Receivers of Petitions for Gascoigne, and other
parts beyond the Seas, and the Isles, viz.
Sir James Dyer Knight, Chief Justice of the
Common-Pleas; Sir Edward Saunders Knight,
Chief Baron; Justice Weston, Mr John Vaughan,
and Doctor Yale; And such as will prefer any
Petitions, are to deliver the same within six
days next ensuing.
Triors of Petitions for England, Ireland, Wales
and Scotland, viz.
The Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Marquess
of Winchester, Tresurer of England; the Duke
of Norfolk, Earl Marshal of England; the Earl of
Arundel, the Earl of Rutland, the Earl of Bedford,
the Earl of Pembroke, the Bishop of London, the
Bishop of Durban, the Bishop of Salisbury, the
Lord Clinton, Admiral of England, the Lord
Rich; all these together or four of the Prelates,
and Lords, calling to them the Keeper of the
Great Seal, and the Treasurer, and the Queens
Serjeant, when need shall require, shall hold their
places in the Chamberlains Chamber.
Triors of Petitions for Gascoigne, and other
Countries and parts beyond the Sea; viz.
The Archbisho[ of York, the Marquess of
Northampton, the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Earl
of Huntingdon, the Bishop of Winchester, the
Bishop of Worcester, the bishop of Oxon; the
Lord Howard, the Lord Chamberlain, the Lord
Abergaveny, the Lord Wentworth, the Lord willoughby and the Lord North; all they together,
or four of the Prelates and Lords aforesaid, calling to them the Queens Serjeant, Attorney, and
Sollicitor, when need shall require, shall hold
their place in the Treasurers Chamber.
These Names of the Receivers and Tryors of
Petitions foregoing, being thus transcribed out
of the Original Journal-Book of the Upper House
there should follow out of the same the Adjournment or Continuance of the Parliament, by the
Queens Majesty, or the Lord Keeper by her Commandment; but the same being wholly omitted
through the negligence of Francis Spilman, Clerk
of the same, it is in part supplied out of that
before-mentioned memorial Copy of this present days passages following.
Then the Lord Keeper Adjourned the Parliament till Friday next, and then the Queen returned to her Chamber, and shifted her, and so
did all the Lords, and then waited on her to the
Water side, where she took her Boat, and departed to Whitehall from whence she came, and
they till Friday at their pleasures; upon which
ensuing Friday, her Majesty came again to the
Upper House; but the manner and form thereof
being wholly omitted in the Original JournalBook of the Upper House, and only found in
the foresaid Anonymous Memorials I had by me,
is therefore inserted out of the same, in manner
and form following.
On Friday the 15th day of Jan. 1562. the
Queens Majesty at her Privy-Stairs took Boat,
and went by Water to the Parliament-House,
about two of the Clock, the Lords and Heralds
waiting on her to the Landing place, on the back
side of the Parliament; and so brought her to
her Privy-Chamber, where she shifted her, and
put on her Robes, and the Lords theirs, as the
first day; and then she repaired to her Seat, and
the Lords to theirs, with theirs Serjeants and Gentlemen-Ushers; before her the Lord Marquess
of Northampton, bearing the Cap of Estate, the
Duke of Norfolk the Rod of the Marshalsie,
and the Earl of Northumberland the Sword; the
Lord Robert Dudley, Master of the Horse, and
the Baron of Hunsdon, sustained her Mantle,
from her Arms: And her Train was born by the
Lord Chamberlain, Vice-Chamberlain, and Mr
Ashley, Master of the Jewel-House; and the Lord
Keeper standing at the back of the Rail, on the
right, and the Lord Treasurer on the left. And
because this is the first Session of the Second Parliament of her Majesty, I thought it worth the
labour to cause the presence of her Majesty, and
the Lords spiritual and Temporal, to be inserted,
directly according unto the Copy thereof in the
Original Journal-Book of the Upper-House.
Die Veneris 15to Januar. Domini tam Spirituales,
quam Temporales, quorum nomina subsequuntur,
Pr. Archiepiscopus Cantuar.
Pr. Archiepiscopus Eboracen.
Pr. Episcopus London.
Pr. Episcopus Dunelmen.
Pr. Episcopus Winton.
Pr. Episcopus Cicestren.
Pr. Episcopus Hereford.
Pr. Episcopus Elien.
Pr. Episcopus Wigorn.
Pr. Episcopus Banforen.
Pr. Episcopus Lincoln.
Pr. Episcopus Sarum.
Pr. Episcopus Meneven.
Pr. Episcopus Roffen.
Pr. Episcopus Bathon. & Wellen.
Pr. Episcopus Coven. & Lichfeild.
Pr. Episcopus Exon.
Pr. Episcopus Norwicen.
Pr. Episcopus Petriburgen.
Pr. Episcopus Cestren.
Pr. Episcopus Assaven.
Pr. Episcopus Gloucestren.
Nota, That this is the very express manner
and form, by which the presence of her Majesty,
the Lord Keeper, and the Lords Spiritual and
Temporal, is set down and marked out, upon
this present Friday, being the first day of this
her Highness Second Session of her Parliament;
and at the beginning of every Lords name that
was present, are the Letters Pr. prefixed, by
which it appeareth, and may certainly be concluded, that all they, before whose names those
Letters are not set down, and entred, were then
absent, which hath been the constant course of
Recording such presence, in all the Original
Journal-Books of the Upper House, both of
former and latter times, which is so obviuous to
every mans curiosity, that will search, that it
needs no further dilating.
Pr. Nicolaus Bacon Miles, Dominus & Custos
Pr. Marchio Winton. Thesaurarius Angliæe.
Pr. Dux Norfolciæ Comes Mareschallus Angliæ.
Pr. Marchio Northampton.
Pr. Comes Arundell. Seneschallus Hospitii Dominæ Reginæ.
Pr. Comes Northumbriæ.
Pr. Comes Salop.
Pr. Comes Darbiæ.
Pr. Comes Wigorn.
Pr. Comes Rutland.
Pr. Comes Huntington.
Pr. Comes Bedford.
Pr. Comes Pembrooke.
Pr. Vice-Comes Hereford.
Pr. Vice-Comes Mountague.
Vice-Comes Howard de Bindon.
In the next and second Rank after the Spiritual Lords, are the names of the Lord Keepers,
and of all other Temporal Lords, entred above
the degree of Barons, and the reason why the
names of the Spiritual Lords are thus entred, before the Lord Keepers, and all other Temporal
Lords, although divers of them enjoy likewise
the great Offices of the Kingdom; is not because
they have all precedence of them, but either in
respect that the Archbishop of Canterbury (when
there is one) is the first Peer of the Realm, and
so one of the rank with whom they sit in the
Upper House, and therefore ought to be ranked
with him, or else in respect of their Ecclesiastical
Dignities, which are preferred before the Temporal, as the Church is before the CommonWealth.
Pr. Dominus Clinton Admirallus Angliæ.
Pr. Dominus Howard de Essingham Camerarius
Pr. Dominus Burgavenny.
Pr. Dominus Strange.
Pr. Dominus Barkeley.
Pr. Dominus Morley.
Pr. Dominus Dacres.
Pr. Dominus Dacres de Gillesland.
Pr. Dominus Cobham.
Dominus Grey de Wilton.
Pr. Dominus Scroope:
Pr. Dominus Lumley.
Pr. Dominus Darcie
Pr. Dominus Mountegle.
Pr. Dominus Vauxe.
Pr. Dominus Windsor.
Pr. Dominus Wentworth.
Pr. Dominus Mordant.
Pr. Dominus St. John.
Pr. Dominus Cromwell.
Pr. Dominus Evers.
Pr. Dominus Willoughbye.
Pr. Dominus Sheffield.
Pr. Dominus Darcie de Chiche.
Pr. Dominus Chandos.
Pr. Dominus Haistings de Loughborough.
Pr. Dominus Cary de Hunsedon.
Pr. Dominus St. John de Bletsoe.
In this third and last rank are placed the Barons names, of which the two first precede, in
respect of their Offices, the rest follow according to their several rights.
The presence of the Lords being thus transcribed out of the Original Journal-Book of the
Upper House, there is nothing worthy the further observation therein, but only that the Abbot of Westminster, who sat all the last Parliament, is not here at all mentioned, and the reason was, because himself, with five other Abbots
and Abbesses, and many other of the Popish
Clergy, were deprived of their Ecclesiastical
Promotions, in An. Dom. 1559. at the end of
the last Parliament. And now in the next place
follows the manner of the Presentment of the
Speaker, with his several Speeches, and the Lord
Keepers Answers at large, out of a Memorial thereof I had by me, which I conceive for the most part
to be the very Autography, or Original Copy
thereof, taken by the hand of some industrious
Member of one of the Houses, or at least some
other Hearer, at this time present in the Upper
House: It being set down in a hand at that time,
and full of interlinings and amendments.
The Queens Majesty being set under her Cloth
of Estate, and the Lords having placed themselves according to their several Ranks, in their
Parliament Robes, the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of the House of Commons had notice
thereof, and thereupon repairing to the Upper
House, with Thomas Williams Esq; their Speaker
Elect, were (as many of them as conveniently
could) let in; and the Speaker was led up unto
the Bar or Rail, at the lower end of the said
House, between Sir Edward Rogers Knight,
Comptroller of her Majesties Houshold, and
Sir William Cecill Knight, her said Majesties Principal Secretary; all of them making, in their
proceeding up thither, three Obeysances; and
the said Speaker, being placed there, after he
had made three other like Obeysances, began as
Right Excellent and most Vertuous Prince,
our Renowned and Dread Soveraign Lady,
on Tuesday last it pleased your Highness by the
Mouth of the Right Honourable, the Lord
Keeper of the Great Seal, for the more ease of
the nether House of this Parliament, to Command them to go and Assemble themselves, and
to Elect one, being wife, discreet and learned,
to be their Speaker; who after a Consultation
had (with one Voice) did Elect me, being indeed insufficient, as by, and for divers Causes
I did then to them decalre; Howbeit, whether
it were that they, being so many wife men together, at the Electing of me, and therefore
would not seem to speak against their own Election, or for what other cause I know not, but
they refused my denial, and stood to their said
Choice, and now present me here, to be at
your Graces Appointment: I therefore, knowing my own imbecillity, and yet not arrogantly
refusing the same; as one amongst the Romans
chosen from the Plough to a place of Estimation, and after to the Plough again; even so, I a
Countryman, fit for the same, and not for this
place, most humbly desire your Majesty, to discharge me hereof, and to appoint some other
more able; and I, am bounden, will not
only pray for your Highness, but also serve your
Highness, and my Country, to my power, in
the place of a Citizen, whereunto first I was
Elect and appointed.
Then the Queen Called the Lord Keeper to
her, declaring to him her Opinion, for the Answering of him; whereupon he returned to his
place, and Answered as followeth.
Mr Williams, The Queens Majesty hath well
heard and pondered your Speech, and doth well
perceive your modest and humble manner, in
the disabling your self to that place, whereunto
her well-beloved Subjects have Elected and Chosen you, and now accordingly presented you,
and hath also heard your suit for discharge of
the said Room; and for Answer, she hath Commanded me to declare unto you, that she commendeth well your modest and humble manner,
in so disabling your self, knowing that Judgement
appertaineth to the Caller, and not to the party
Called; And, forasmuch as her Majesty is credibly informed, as well of your knowledge and
experience in other Parliaments, as in other great
and weighty matters, she thinketh now therefore, she cannot disable you, without some peril
to the Realm; and the rather, for that the wife
Knights, Citizens and Burgesses have nominated and Chosen you, she cannot grant your Petition; And besides, that your modest Order in
disabling your self, doth right well declare your
ability to furnish the place; for which cause she
doth allow this Election, and Presentation made of
you; not doubting your care to be such, but that
the good Opinion her Majesty and the Burgesses
have of you, shall be augmented and increased,
and the Burgesses not to repent their Election.
Therefore your Office is to take it upon you.
Whereunto the Speaker Answered as followeth.
Although afore this time, the place hath
been furnished with Orators, and therefore their matter entreated of worthily called
an Oration; yet I now, void of any such knowledge, require that name may be left, and that
it might bear the name of an Epistle with a Request. And for the better understanding thereof,
I will divide the matter into three parts; one
for time past, and the second, time present, and
the third, time to come. But searing to fall between two Mountains, as to be counted either
ungrate, or diffembling, I know not what to
say; but yet seeing Savage Beasts forget not them
who do well unto them, as appeareth by the
story of a Lyon, out of whose foot a certain
Man took a Thorn, which said person, being afterwards cast to the same Lyon to be devoured,
the Lyon not forgetting, but remembring the
former kindness shewed unto him, would not
devour him, but ever after followed the same
Man; even so, without too much ingratitude,
can I not let pass your Majesties manifold benefits
extended upon us; which although worthily to
be declared, they pass my Capacity now to express, yet think it Blasphemy to suffer it clean
to be untouched, and therefore in some part will
put in remembrance the same; which I will divide into two parts; the one spiritual, the other
temporal. For the first, When God planted your
Highness in this place, you found it not so furnisht with Treasure, as other your Predecessors
have, although, if you had, yet occasions enough
to employ it; which notwithstanding, you did
not take the extremity of Penal Statutes, and
other forfeitures, due unto you, but pardoned
all such, as in time convenient required it. Also
your Majesty did vouchsafe to take upon you
the Charge of both the States, as well Spiritual
as Temporal, and so purged this Church of all
ill Service, and placed therein Service to Gods
Honour: Further, what great Plague and Dearth
happened by ill money this twenty Years last
past, which within one Year is brought to good
again, with little loss of your Subjects? Your
Majesty prevented also, as well the Attempt in
Scotland, made by your Common Enemy there,
as now of late again in France; which otherwise, if it had not been foreseen, would have
turned to the no little peril, and loss of this
your Realm, and Subjects thereof. Also your
Highness hath been Author of good Laws, as
appeareth by those made; both at the last Parliament, and by your other Proclamations since.
Further, finding this Realm at your Entrance in
Wars, you brought it in Peace: All which former Proceedings have been a great Charge unto
your Majesty, which although the Revenues of
the Crown be small, yet hath it hitherto only
been done of your own Charge, as the last day
by the Lord Keeper it was declared. And, for
the last part and principal point of all other, your
Highness hath brought and restored again Gods
Doctrine into this Realm; for which your humble Subjects most heartily give thanks to God,
and you, by the Mouth of me, their appointed
For the second point, being time present; your
Majesty is the Head, and the Body the Spiritualty
and the Temporalty, which Body is to be divided into three Estates, The Lords Spiritual, and
the Lords Temporal, and the Commons, whose
Mouth I am; which by no means can prosper,
the one without the other: for as any Estate divided cannot well continue, so in this; and
therefore say, Nosce teipsum, not minding to
speak these words only to your Highness, but to
the whole Body; for although the Head may
lack a Member of the Body, and yet continue;
yet so the Member cannot want the Head, nor
yet the Head the whole Body, but the want
of the one of these last two shall be the ruine of
the other; and therefore of necessity, for the
sure preservation of the whole, it behoveth them
firmly to join together; for though your Highness be the Head, and therefore the chief care
pertaineth to you, yet your Majesty cannot
throughly redress the same, without knowledge
of the faults, nor yet well understand the whole
State, except the other parts of the Body join
with you, and put to their helping hands. I find
in divers Histories great Commodities grow to
Princes, by searching out, not only the wants
of their Subjects, but knowledge of their talk;
whereby they better both understand their own
faults, and the Flatterers they have about them;
which Order the wife and prudent Marcus Aurelius used, and long time Reigned Honourably.
The noble Conqueror Alexander, in the beginning
of his Reign, used the same; but leaving that
Order, and having no regard to his living, was
destroyed; which like Example was seen by that
notable and Valiant Warrier Julius Cæsar. And
being encouraged by these like Examples, and
others, to enter into some abuses used in this
Realm, I will only speak of three, being all three
notable Monsters, Necessity, Ignorance and Error. Necessity is grown amongst our selves, so
that no Man is contented with his Degree, though
he hath never so much; but where she is (as
the Proverb faith) she hath no Law; for how
now be all Schools, Benefices, and other like
Rooms furnished, and yet those for Schools so
few, that I dare say a hundred Schools want in
England, which before this time have been. And
if in every School there had been but an hundred
Scholars, yet that had been ten thousand; so
that now I doubt whether there be so many
learned men in England, as the number wants of
The second Monster is her Daughter Ignorance; for want of ten thousand Scholars, which
these Schools were the bringers up of, and want
of good School-masters, bringeth Ignorance;
but the occasion of these two Monsters, is for
want of Livings and Preserments; for Covetousness hath gotten the Livings, as by Impropriations, which is a decay of Learning. For by it
the Tree of knowledge groweth downwards,
and not upwords, as it was first meant, and
made for; and groweth thereby greatly to the
dishonour both of God and this CommonWealth. The Universities are decayed, and
great Market Towns, and others without either
School or Preacher; for the poor Vicar hath but
only twenty pound, and the rest, being no small
summ, is Impropriate; and so thereby no Preacher
there, but the people being trained up and led
in Blindness, for want of instructions, become obstinate. And therefore to see to it, and that Impropriations may be redressed, notwithstanding
the Laws already made.
The third Monster is Error, a Serpent with
many Heads, many evil opinions, and much
evil Life, as Pelagians, Libertines, Papists, and
such others, leaving Gods Commandments, to follow their own Traditions, affections and minds.
But if the Papist be, as indeed he is, in error, let
us seek the redress thereof; for that the poor
and ignorant be thereby abused. Until which
redress be had, you nor your Realm, neither at
home nor abroad, shall ever be well served of
such people, which be so divided; and therefore
speedily look to it, and weed out this wickedness and error within these our days, which is
too much known now adays; for if your Godly
Proclamations were not so soon forgotten, they
would be amended. In the Country I heard tell,
but since I came hither, walking in the streets, I
have heard oftentimes more Oaths than words,
a pitiful hearing! for if the Egyptians, by whose
Laws the people lost their hands, and amongst the
Barbarians lost their Lives, for swearing, and especially if it were a lie; if it were so punished
amongst them, being Infidels, what, shall there
be no punishment amongst us being Christians?
Is truth further from us professing the name of
Christ, and being Christians, than from them being Infidels? But even as Tantalus was Plagued,
so are we; for although he had Apples even
hanging at his Mouth, yet could he not eat any
of them, and having a River of Water even as
it were running by his Lips, yet could he not
drink, but died for hunger and thirst: even so
are we Plagued; for having Gods word, and his
name even in our Mouths, yet we live as Infidels, or as them that are furthest from the same,
and so having enough, there is scarcity. And
that we may avoid this Blasphemy, and the other
Monsters, your humble Subjects desire your
Highness to see to the lamentable Estate of this
Common-Wealth, and the redress of the same.
Having perused times past, and times present,
let us go to, and well remember the time to
come. For Cato faith, A thing well begun shall
be well ended; so then followeth of a good beginning a good ending. For that Noble Captain
Hannibal, environed with his Enemies, in a
strange Country, sounded his Trumpet to Council, and thereby prospered. So your Majesty
hath now called the Prelates, Nobles and Commons to Council for surety of the Realm. We
now so therefore Assembled, as diligent in our
Calling, have thought good to move your Majesty with the assent of this Assembly, to build
a strong Fort for the surety of the Realm, to the
repulsing of your Enemies abroad, which must
be set upon firm ground, and stedfast, having
two Gates, one commonly open, the other as a
Postern, with two Watchmen at either of them,
one Governor, one Lieutenant, four Souldiers,
and no good thing there wanting. The same to
be named The fear of God; the Governor thereof
to be God, your Majesty the Lieutenant, the
Stones the Heart of faithful People, the two
Watchmen at the open Gate, to be called Knowledge and Virtue, the other two at the Postern
to be called Mercy and Truth; all being Spiritual Ministers.
This Fort is Invincible, if every man will fear
God; for all Governours Reign and Govern by
the two Watchmen, Knowledge and Vertue; and
if you, being the Lieutenant, see Justice with
Prudence her Sister executed, you shall then
rightly use the Office of a Lieutenant; and for
such as depart out of this Fort, let them be let
out at the Postern by the two Watchmen, Mercy
and Truth; and then you shall be well at home
and abroad. The Charge of this Fort is yours,
being Lieutenant. By Justice your place is setled, whereunto Obedience ought to be taught
and done; which your Majesty ought to look
to. And so now the fear of God to be a sure
Fort, the Subjects Hearts the Stones, Knowledge, Virtue, Mercy and Truth, the four Watchmen, God the Governor, and your Majesty the
Lieutenant, is well proved. Therefore to build
upon this Fort, the fear of God, is nothing lacking to a happy Life; for by God are all Princes
appointed. Who put down Saul? Who made
David King, who sought only Gods Glory and
so prospered? as did Josaphat, Josias and Hezechias, and also Abas, as long as they sought Gods
Glory, prospered; but forgetting God, were
overthrown: Therefore first of all, and continually vouchsafe to seek Gods Gloey, and his
true Honour, and then you shall have this Fort
well built, and by you well Governed.
Further I am to be a Suitor to your Majesty,
that when matters of importance shall arise,
whereupon it shall be necessary to have your
Highness Opinion, that then I may have free access unto you for the same; and the like to the
Lords of the Upper House.
Secondly, That in repairing from the nether
House to your Majesty, or the Lords of the Upper House, to declare their meanings, and I mistaking on uttering the same contrary to their
meaning, that then my fault or imbecillity in declaring thereof be not prejudicial to the House,
but that I may again repair to them, the better
to understand their meanings, and so they to
reform the same.
Thirdly, That the Assembly of the Lower
House, may have frank and free Liberties to
speak their Minds, without any Controulment,
Blame, Grudge, Menaces or Displeasure, according to the old antient Order.
Finally, That the old Priviledge of the House
be observed, which is, that they and theirs might
be at Liberty, frank and free, without Arrest,
molestation, trouble or other damage to their
Bodies, Lands, Goods or Servants, with all other
their Liberties, during the time of the said Parliament; whereby they may the better attend,
and do their Duty; all which Priviledges I desire may be Inrolled, as at other times it hath
And thus having been tedious unto you with
my Speech, void of Eloquence, I crave your
Pardon, and desire your Majesty to accept of
my Heart, and good Will, as well at this time as
after, and I will pray as I am bounden, for your
Honour long to Reign over us.
Then the Queen called the Lord Keeper, declaring her Opinion for Answering him, which
he did as followeth.
Mr Speaker, The Queens Majesty hath heard
and very well weighed your Eloquent Oration,
which you in the beginning required might not
be so called, but that it might bear the name of
an Epistle, with a Request, full of good meaning, and good matters, gathered, divided and
set; which you divided, as I gather, into four
parts. Three by you applied unto three times,
past, present, and to come; and the fourth for
For times past, being the first, you opened
the benefits received by us all from the Queens
Majesty, since her entrance to the Crown, which
you divided into two, the one Spiritual, and the
other Temporal, and so in some part related the
same; and thus passed with times past.
The second part for time present; after you
had therein declared many notable Examples of
Princes, which searched privily to understand
the Commons talk and Opinion, and the benefit
thereof arising, you declared to be in this Common-Wealth three Notable Monsters, viz. Necessity, Ignorance and Error, which to redress,
you desired the Princes Aid.
And in the third part for time to come, you
declared how the Queens Majesty and this Parliament in your Opinion, by building a Fort,
named the fear of God, might take Order and
live surely in time to come.
And in the fourth part, made four Petitions,
the first for free access to her Person, and Upper
House, the second for well taking your meaning, and the third and fourth for free Liberty of
Speech and Persons.
Now for the Answering of them, her Majesty
hath Commanded me to say, That for the first
part she commendeth much those Godly Virtues
that you opened to be in her, and also those
beautiful budding benefits which you declared to
come from her, and doubteth not the rather by
this your remembring of them, but they shall be
on her part hereafter performed, for which she
thanketh you, thinking all things well bestowed,
when they are well remembred.
In the second part you declare certain Monsters, which trouble this Region, and would be
redressed; the Remedy whereof you declared in
your third part, wherein she desireth you to
travel for the bringing of it to pass.
And for the fourth part, being your Petitions, which be also four; for the first being for
free access to her Person, she granteth it, not
doubting of your discretion to use it, as rath as
may be, not out of time, nor yet without they
be matters of great importance.
For the second, that if you mistake their
meanings, that they may notwithstanding redress the same, without prejudice to them; this
also she granteth, although unneedful, for that
she trusteth you will not offend therein; And
for the third, to have free Speech she granteth
also, so that it be reverently used.
And to the last point, for them and theirs to
be free, without disturbance, she is pleased
therewith; howbeit great regard would be
therein had, not thereby to avoid or delay their
Creditors, but to be well used, according to the
meaning of the first grant thereof.
Now a word or two more, I would advise
you, to make your Laws as few, and as plain as
may be, for many be burthenous, and doubtful
to understand; and so accordingly to make them
as brief, as the matter will suffer; and thirdly,
that you proceed to the great and weighty matters first, and then to others of smaller importance, and that so speedily as can be, whereby
this Assembly may be again at their Liberties, and
Then the Speaker and nether House did their
Reverence, and departed, and the Queen returned into her Privy-Chamber, and shifted her,
and the Lords likewise, and then she repaired to
her Barge, and so to Whitehall, unto which place
the Sword was born; the Officers of Arms waited to and fro.
On Monday the 18th day of January, three
Bills of no great moment, had each of them one
reading, of which the last, being the Bill for
the punishment of Clipping, and washing of the
Queens Majesties Coin, and other Moneys Currant within the Realm, was read the first time.
Dominus Custos magni Sigilli continuavit præsens Parliamentum usq; in diem crastinum hora
On Tuesday the 19th day of January, four Bills
had each of them one reading; of which the
first being for the good Order and Government
of the Garrison of Barwick, was read secunda
vice, & commissa ad ingrossand. and the second,
being the Bill for punishment of Clipping and
washing of the Queens Majesties Coin, was read
tertia vice, & commissa Archiepiscopo Ebor., Duci
Norfolciæ, Marchion. Northampton, Episcopo Hereford, Domino Wentworth, Domino Willoughby &
Domino Hastings de Loughborough.
On Wednesday the 20th day of January, the
Bill touching the Government of the Garrison of
Barwick, was read tertia vice & conclns. and sent
to the House of Commons by Serjeant Carus, and
the Queens Attorney.
On Thursday the 21th day of January, two
Bills had each of them one reading; of which one
was the Bill to repeal a Branch of a Statute,
made Anno primo Edwardi 6ti, touching the Conveying of Horses out of the Realm, and being
read tertia vice, was concluded, and sent down
to the House of Commons.
On Saturday the 23th day of January, the
Lords Spiritual and Temporal Assembled, but
nothing was done, save only the Parliament continued by the Lord Keeper, in usual Form, usq;
in diem Martis prox. hora nona.
On Tuesday the 26th day of January, the Bill
for fulling and thicking of Caps, was read prima
vice, & commissa to the Earl of Shrewsbury, the
Earl of Rutland, the Earl of Bedford, the Bishop
of Winchester, the Bishop of Exeter, the Lord
Wentworth, the Lord Willoughby, and the Lord
Shandois; And the Bill also against forging of
Evidences and Writings, was upon the first reading, Committed to the Archbishop of York, the
Duke of Norfolk, the Marquess of Northampton,
the Earl of Rutland, the Earl of Huntington, the
Bishop of London, the Bishop of Durham, the
Bishop of Winchester, the Lord Clinton, the Lord
Wentworth, the Lord Rich, the Lord Willoughby,
the Lord Hastings of Loughborough, the Lord
Chief Justice of the Kings Bench, the Lord Chief
Baron of the Exchequer, and the Queens Sollicitor.
Nota, That this last mentioned Bill, touching
the forging of Evidences, &c. was not only committed upon the first reading, which is not usual
till after the second, but committed also to the
Judges, being but Assistants of the Upper House,
and to the Queens Sollicitor, being but a meer
Attendant upon the same, jointly with the Lords,
the only proper and undoubted Members of that
great Council; which is to be observed, because
of latter days, neither the said Assistants, nor
Attendants, are ever appointed joint Committees with the Lords, as here, but only Commanded
by the House to attend upon the Committee, and
thereby to give such advice as shall be required
of them; which is no greater respect yielded them
at a Committee, than in the House it self, sitting
the Parliament; and were they still admitted
to be Committees, as they usually were in all
these first Parliaments of the Queen, yet could
no inconvenience ensue thereby, because at a
Committee things are only prepared, and made
ready for the House, in which and no where else
they ought to be concluded and expedited.
The Bill lastly for Repeal of a Statute made
an. 1 Ed. 6. touching conveying of Horses out
of the Realm, was concluded, and sent down
to the House of Commons.
Here the House was doubtless continued until
Thursday next, the 28th day of this Instant January, because this being Hillary Term, the ensuing
Wednesday being the 27th day of the same Month,
was Star-Chamber day, on which the House seldom sits; and this may be observed very usual,
not only in this Journal, but in the Original
Journal-Books of the Upper-House of all her
Majesties time, in whose Reign the Star-Chamber-Days were first certainly appointed to be on
Wednesdays and Fridays.
True it is, that in former times, when StarChamber-Days were uncertain, then it is hard to
guess when the House sat not by reason of them,
and there seemeth to be but one direct President
of it, which is entred in the Original JournalBook, de An. xxv. Henr. 8. die Mercurii, 4 die
Februarii, in these words, viz. Hodie Dominus
Cancellarius, eo quod die crastino Domini circa ardua negotia in Camerâ Stellatâ consultaturi, &
Domini Spirituales die Veneris in convocatione convers. fuerint, ex consensu totius Domus continuavit
hoc præsens Parliamentum in diem Sabbati horâ
consuetâ. By which President also it may be
plainly collected, that the House did sometimes
forbear sitting on Convocation Days, when the
Lords Spiritual were absent; Of which also there
is another President in the Original Journal-Book
of the Upper-House, de an. 7 Hen. 8. die 30 Novembris, where it is thus entred; Dominus Cancellarius, propterea quod Domini spirituales in Convocatione crastino die occupandi sunt, continuavit
præsens Parliamentum usq; ad diem Lunæ. But
notwithstanding these Presidents, it is plain,
that the other Lords may sit, if they please, on
Convocation days, or Star-Chamber-Days; For
as touching the first, it is plain by the Original
Journal-Book, de an. 1 Hen. 8. that the Temporal Lords fat every Convocation Day, though
they did no other business than receive Bills
from the Commons; And for the second, there
is an Excellent President, tempore Jacobi Regis,
to prove, that the Lords of the Upper-House
are not bound to observe Star-Chamber-Days
(though usually they do) for it appears plainty
by the Original Journal-Book, de an. 18 Regis
ejusdem, die Martis, 24 die Aprilis, that upon a
motion made that day unto the House, that
there was a great Cause in the midst of hearing
to be heard in the Star-Chamber the day following being Wednesday, the Lords were contented
to forbear sitting that day, but withal it was provided that it should not be drawn into a President, but that the House (being the supream
Court) may sit upon any Star-Chamber day, notwithstanding the absence of such Lords, as do
use to attend that Court: And accordingly the
House was Adjourned unto the next day, being
Wednesday, in the Afternoon. And the next StarChamber Day, being Friday, the 26th day of
April, the House did sit both in the Forenoon,
and in the Afternoon.
Dominus Custos magni Sigilli continuavit præsens Parliamentum usq;in diem Jovis prox. hora nona.
On Thursday the 28th day of January, the
Lords Spiritual and Temporal Assembled, but
nothing was done, save only the Parliament continued in usual From, usq; in diem Sabbati bora
On Saturday the 30th day of January, the Bill
for Assurance of certain Lands assumed by the
Queens Majesty, during the Vacation of Bishopricks, was read secunda vice (although not mentioned through the negligence of the Clerk) &
commissa Archiepiscopo Eboracen. Duci Norfolciæ,
Marchion. Northampton, Comiti Salop. Comiti
Derby, Comiti Rutland, Comiti Huntington, Comiti Bedford, Comiti Pembroke, Episcopis London,
Dunelm. Winton. Hereford, Elien. Domino Clinton Admirallo, Domino Howard de Effingham Camerario, Domino Dacres de Gillesland, Domino
Lumley, Domino Rich, Domino Willoughby, Domino Hastings de Loughborough, & Domino Hunsden, as duobus primariis Justiciariis & Primario
Nota, That here the Judges, who are but Assistants unto the Upper House, are made joint
Committees with the Lords; see also a like President on Tuesday the 26th day of this instant January foregoing.
Dominus Custos magni Sigilli continuavit præsens Parliamentum usq; in diem Lunæ prox. hora