THE JOURNAL OF THE House of LORDS.
An Exact and perfect Journal of the Passages of the Upper House in
the Parliament holden at Westminster, Anno 28 Reginæ Eliz.
Anno Domini 1586. which began there on Saturday the 29th Day
of October (after two Several Prorogations thereof) and then and
there continued until it was at length Dissolved on Thursday the
23th Day of March, Anno 29 Reginæ ejusdem.
Vide de tota ista materia in Annal Eliz. à Guliel. Camd. Script. edit Lugdun. Batav. An. Dom. 1625. à pagin. 432. ad pagin. 472.
Gul. Camd. in Annal. Eliz. Supracitatis pag. 458. Iineis 1, 2, 3.
THE Journal of this Parliament both
in respect of the greatness of the
matter handled in it, being the business of Mary Queen of Scots, as
also of the many rare Precedents
which happened in the Carriage of it, the
Queens Person being represented and the Lord
Chancellors place supplied by others, with the Adjournment and re-assembling again of the same,
somewhat extraordinary, is and ought to be
esteemed most worthy of observation. And it
is most plain that this Parliament was at the first
(beyond the Queens own expectation) summoned and afterwards Assembled upon no other
cause or ground than the timely and strange discovery of that bloody and merciless Treason
Plotted by Babington and others
for the violent cutting off her
Majesties life, of which Mary
Queen of Scots had been first
by a most Just and Honourable
Tryal fully Convicted, and afterwards Judicially pronounced
to have been in a high nature guilty. But yet
her Majesty not satisfied with her so just a
Tryal and Attainder, assembled the Parliament
on purpose, that so all those former proceedings
how just so ever might be further Committed
and referred to the impartial examination and
final Judgment of the whole Realm. And that
this great Council of the Kingdom was merely
called together at this time about this business
is most plain, because the last Prorogation of ths
former Parliament holden in Anno 27 Regin.
Eliz. Anno Dom. 1584. was from the 26th day of
April Anno 28 Regin. Eliz. Anno Dom. 1586. unto the 14th day of November then next ensuing:
But long before the said day the former Conspiracy being discovered about the latter end of
July in Anno eodem, the former Parliament was
dissolved on Wednesday the fourteenth day of
September following, in the 28th year of her
Majesty; And this new one Assembled on Saturday the 29th day of October immediately after
ensuing: At which time the Queen came not to
the Upper House in Person, but was represented
by three Commissioners; not as
her Majesty afterward prosessed,
because she feared the Violence
of any Assassinte; but because
she abhorred to be an hearer of so soul, and
unnatural a conspiracy plotted against her by
the Scottish Queen, a Kinswoman so near to her
Highness; Yet by this means her absence doubtless drew on the greater safety; and her Loving
and Loyal Subjects did the more clearly perceive in how great and unavoidable danger she
stood as long as that Queen lived, and were
therefore doubtless stirred up to consult in this
so important a Cause with the greater Zeal and
earnestness for the preservation of Religion, the
Security of her Majesties Life, and the safety of
these Realms. Which matters the Lords of the
Upper House did so seriously intend, as that
in this first meeting in this present Parliament,
which lasted from the foresaid 29th day of October being Saturday, unto the second day of December next following being Friday, it appeareth not in the Original Journal-Book of the Upper House, that any one Bill publick or private
was read, or so much as once treated of.
This Parliament was summoned to have begun on Saturday the 15th day of October Anno
28 Regin. Eliz. at which said day her Highness
for great and weighty causes and Considerations
her thereunto espescially moving, did prolong
and adjourn the said Parliament unto Thursday
being the 27th day of the said Month of October, by vertue of a Writ under the Great Seal
dated the eighth day of this present October;
whereupon on the said 15th day of October the
Archbishop of Canterbury with divers other
Lords and Councellors repaired to the Parliament Chamber commonly called the Upper
House, and there in presence of divers Lords
Spiritual and Temporal the Knights, Citizens
and Burgesses summoned to the same Parliament
did declare her Highnesses pleasure to Prorogue
the same Parliament from this first summoned
day until the 27th of the said Month, and thereupon the Writ for the said Prorogation was
publickly read by the Clerk of the Upper
Upon the said 27th day of October Sir Thomas Bromley Knight Lord Chancellor of England, and divers Lords with a good number of
the House of Commons met again in the Parliament Chamber, and did again Prorogue this
present Parliament after the usual and accustomed form unto the Saturday next following,
being the 29th day of this present October.
On which said 29th day of October the Parliament held accordingly, and the Lords in the
Afternoon repaired to the Upper House, and
there placed themselves according to their several Degrees; Upon which the Knights, Citizens
and Burgesses having notice that the Lords expected their presence, repaired to the said House,
and being let in as many as could conveniently,
Sir Thomas Bromley the Lord Chancellor declared unto the whole Assembly, that her Majesty
was so hindred by great and urgent occassions as
she could not be present, yet had notwithstanding given full Authority to Three Members of
the Upper House in her Majesties name and
stead to begin the said Parliament. Whose
names are entred in the Original Journal-Book
of this Parliament in manner and form following.
Regina representata per Commissionarios, viz.
Dominum Burleigh Thesaurarium, &
Comitem Darbiæ Magnum Seneschallum.
All the Lords then present were these following.
Thomas Bromley Miles Dominus Cancellarius.
Dominus Thesaurarius Angliæ.
Comes Oxon Magnus Camerarius.
Comes Darbiæ Magnus Seneschallum.
Episcopus Bathon. & Wellen.
Dominus Howard Admirallus.
Dominus Grey de Wilton.
Dominus Willoughby de Parham.
Dominus Darcie de Chiche.
Dominus St John.
The Lords being all set in this Order in their
Parliament-Robes, and the Judges placed, with
other Attendants and Assistants of the Upper
House, being also before the said Lords Commissioners had taken their places on the right
side of the Chair of State, the Lord Chancellor
shewed forth the Queens Majesties Letters Patents, by which She committed full Power to
the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Burleigh
Lord Treasurer of England, and the Earl of
Darby, to supply her place in the said Parliament, which were as followeth: viz.
Hodie cùm omnes Proceres Robis Parliamentaribus induti in suo Loco quisque sederent, & Milites,
Cives & Burgenses qui ad hoc præsens Parliamentum summoniti suerunt, præstò essent, & jam universi tam Proceres quàm Communes Reginæ adventum expectarent; Thomas Bromley Miles Dominus
Cancellarius exponit omnibus, Regiam Majestatem
maximis & urgentissimis causis a deòesse impeditam,
ut non queat impræsentiarum commodè interesse ut
decreverat. Nihilominus inquit, sua Majestas Literis suis Patentibus plenam potestatem commisit
Reverendissimo in Christo Patri Johanni Cantuar.
Archiepiscopo totius Angliæ Primati & Metropolitano, ac prædilecto & fideli suo Willielmo Domino de Burleigh Domino Thesaurario Angliæ, ac
charissimo Consanguineo suo Henrico Comiti Darbiæ, ad sacienda nomine suo omnia & singula quæ
in dicto Parliamento gerenda essent; ut per easdem
Literas Patentes pleaniùs apparet, quas biis dictis
Dominus Cancellarius Clerico Parliamentar. publicè legendas tradidit. Earum autem tenor sequitur in hæc verba.
ELizabetha Dei gratiâ Angliæ, Franciæ & Hiberniæ Regina, fidei Desenser, &c. Omnibus
ad quos Præsentes Literæ Pervenerint, Salutem. Sciatis quòod cùm de advisamento Concilii nostri pro quibusdam arduis & urgentibus negotiis nos, stantum
& defensionem Regni nostri Angliæ ac Ecclesiæ
Anglicanæ concernen. quoddam Parliamentum nostrum apud Civitatem nostram Westmonaster. 29°
die instant. mensis Octobris teneri ordinavimus;
quia verò propter certas causas ad Parliamentum
prædictum non potuerimus interesse, nos de circumspectione, fideliate & industria Reverendissimi in
Christo Patris Johannis Cantuar. Archiepiscopi totius Angliæ Primat. & Metropolitan. ac prædilecti
& fidelis nostri Willielmi Domini de Burleigh
Domini Thesaurarii Angliæ, ac charissimi Consanguinei nostri Henrici Comitis Darbiæ, plenam fiduciam reportand. eisdem Archiepiscopo, Willielmo
Domino de Burleigh & Henrico Comiti Darbiæ,
& duobus corum ad Parliamentum prædictum nomine meo inchoand. & tenend. negotiàq; prædict.
exponend. & declarand. ac exponi & declarari faciend. necnon in negotiis illis & Parliamento Prædicto, ac omnibus & singulis in eo procedend. &
amp;ad faciend. omnia & singula quæ Pro nobis & per
nos pro bono regimine & gubernatione prædicti
Regni nostri Angliæ ac aliorum Dominiorum nostrorum eidem Regno nostro pertinen. ibid. fuerint
faciend. necnon ad Parliamentum illud, st necesse fuerit, continuand. adjournand. & Prorogand. de assensu Concilii nostri prædicti plenam tenore præsentium
committimus prtestatem. Dantes ulteriùs de assen
su ejusdem Concilii nostri tam universis & singulis
Archiepiscopis, Episcopis, Comitibus, Vicecomitibus,
Baronibus & Militibus quàm omnibus aliis quorum
interest ad Parliamentum nostrum Prædictum conventur. similit. tenore præsentium sirmiter in Mandatis, Quòd eisdem Archiepiscopo, Willielmo Domino Burleigh, & Henrico Comiti Darbiæ, &
duobus eorum intendant in præmissis in forma prædicta. In cujus rei testimonium has Literus nostras sieri secimus Patentes. Teste meipsa apud
Westmonasterium vicesimo octavo die Octobris,
Anno Regni nostri vicesimo octavo.
Per ipsam Reginam, &c.
The Letters Patents foregoing being read, the
said three Lords Commissioners leaving their own
places, went to a Seat prepared for them on the
right side of the Chair of State beneath the steps.
Then the said Lord Chancellor going first to the
said Lords, and conferring a while with them,
went to his accustomed place, and there made intimation of the Cause of this present Summons of
Parliament; which, as he said, were no usual Causes, not for making of Laws, whereof her Majesty
thought there were more made than were duly
executed, nor for Fifteenths and Subsidies, although there were some cause; yet her Majesty
would not charge her loving Subjects so far at
this time: But that the cause was rare and extraordinary, of great weight, great peril, and
dangerous consequence. Then he declare, what
dangerous practices had been contrived of late,
and how miraculously the Providence of God
had by disconvery thereof, beyond all humane
Policy, preserved her Majesty, the destuction
of whose Sacred Person was traiterously
compassed and imaginge. Here he shewed what
misery the loss of so Noble a Queen would have
brought to all Estates; and said, That although
some of them had suffered according to their demerits, yet one remianed that by due course of
Law had received her Sentence, which was the
chief cause of this Assembly, and wherein her
Majesty required their faithful advice; and therefore, said he, you may orderly proceed therein.
And you of the House of Commons are to make
present choice of some one amogst you to be
your Speaker, and to present him unto the Lords
Lieutenants as soon as conveniently you may.
Asson as the Lord Chancellor had ended his
Speech, the Clerk of the Parliament stood up and
read the Names of the Receivors and Tryors of
Petitions in French, which were as followeth.
Receivors of Petitions for England Ireland,
France and Scotland, Sir Christoher Wray Knight
Lord Chief Justice, Sir Gilbert Gerrand Knight
Master of the Rolls, Sir Thomas Gawday Knight
one of the Justices of ...... Doctor Awberry and
Receivors of Pertitions for Gascoigne and other
Lands and Countries beyond the Seas, and of
the Isles, Sir Edmund Anderson Knight Lord Chief
Justice of the Common Pleas, Sir Roger Manwood Knight Lord Chief Baron, Francis Windham one of the Justices of ...... Doctor Barkeley and Doctor Cary.
Tryors of Petitions for England, Ireland, Wales
and Scotland, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the
Earl of Darby Lord High Steward of England,
the Earl of Rutland, the Earl of Essex, the Bishop
of London, the Bishop of Winchester, the Bishop
of Salisbury, the Lord Howard of Effingham Lord
High Admiral of England, the Lord Cobham, the
Lord Grey of Wilton.
Tryors of Petitions for Gascoigne and other
Lands and Countries beyond the Seas and of the
Isles, the Archbishop of York, the Earl of Oxford great Chamberlain of England, the Earl of
Warwick, the Earl of Pembroke, the Bishop of
Durham, the Bishop of Lincoln, the Bishop of
Rochester, the Lord Hunsdon Chamberlain to the
Queen, the Lord Lumley, and the Lord Buckhurst.
Assoon as the Clerk of the Parliament had
read these Names, and had likewise ended other
things of course belonging unto them, viz. That
the first Tryors of England, &c. or any four of
them, calling unto them the Lord Chancellor
and the Lord Treasurer, and also the Queens
Serjeants, should at their leisure meet together
in the Chamberlains Chamber: And that the
last Tryors of Gascoigne, &c. or any four of them,
calling unto them the Queens Serjeants and the
Queens Attorney and Sollicitor, should hold
their place when their leisure did serve them to
meet in the Treasurers Chamber. Then the
Lords Lieutenants adjourned the Parliament until Monday next following.
This day were divers Proxies returned, of
which the Extraordinary ones were these that
29° die Octobris introductæ sunt Literæ procuratoriæ Marmad. Episcopi Meneven. in quibus Procuratores suos constituit Johannem Archiepiscopum
Cantuar. Johannem Episcopum London, & Thomam Episcopum Wintonien.
Item introductæ sunt Literæ procuratoriæ Willielmi Episcopi Cestren. in quibus Procuratorem
suum constituit Johannem Episcopum Cantuarien.
Item introductæ sunt Literæ procuratoriæ Hugonis Episcopi Bangor. in quibus Procuratores Suos
constituit Johannem Episcopum Cantuarien. &
Willielmum Dominum Burleigh Thesaurarium.
Item introductæ sunt Literæ procuratoriæ Johannis Episcopi Carliolen. in quibus Procuratorem
suum constituit Edwinum Archiepiscopum Ebor.
Nota, That these were all the Extraordinary
or unsual Proxies that are entred in the Original
Journal-Book of the Upper House to have been
returned this Parliament: For whereas the Spiritual Lords do for the most part constitute two
Proctors, and the Temporal Lords but one, and
those likewise of their own Order, here the Bishop of St Davids nominated three, the Bishops
of Chester and Carlisle but one apiece, and the
Bishop of Bangor did constitute the Lord Burleigh Lord Treasurer of England his Joynt Proctor with John Bishop of Canterbury, which I
take to be the only Precedent with two others
in Anno 5 Eliz. during all the Parliaments of
Queen Elizabeth's Reign, where a Spiritual Lord
did nominate a Temporal for his Proctor, or a
Temporal Lord a Spiritual, although in the Reign
of Queen Mary and other times more ancient it
was very usual and ordinary.
On Monday the 31th of October her Majesties
Person was represented (as it had been on the first
day of this Parliament) by three Commissioners,
viz. the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Burleigh Lord Treasurer of England, and the Earl of
Darby great Steward of England, who were stiled
the Lords Lieutenants.
These with divers other Lords, both Spiritual
and Temporal, being set in their Parliamentary
Robes in the Upper House, the Knights, Citizens
and Burgesses of the House of Commons had notice thereof, and thereupon with John Puckering
Serjeant at Law (who had been Speaker also the
last Parliament) their now Prolocutor repaired
thither; and being (as many as conveniently
could) let in, the said Mr Speaker was led up by
two of the most eminent Personages of the House
of Commons to the Rail or Bar at the lower end
of the said Upper House, who being there placed, and having, according to the usual course,
desired himself to be excused, that so the House
of Commons might make choice of some other
more able Member amongst themselves, it was
not allowed, but his former wise and discreet
behaviour the last Parliament in the Execution
of this very place was alledged and much commended.
Whereupon the said Mr Speaker having made
humble reverence and in very discreet and good
manner, submitted himself to the undertaking
of the said Prolocutorship, did in the end of his
Speech make divers petitions of course for freedom of Speech, freedom of Access to her Majesty, and freedom from Arrests and Suits in the
Name of the House of Commons; and lastly for
pardon for himself, if he should unwittingly erre
in the report or carriage of any thing. Whereunto the Lords Commissioners by the Lord Chancellor answered, That the said House of Commons and himself should enjoy and use such Priviledges as others in the times of the Queen her
Noble Progenitors had accustomed to use and
Nota, That it doth not appear by the Original Journal-Book of the Upper House, whether
the Speaker were presented in the Forenoon or
in the Afternoon.
Dominus Cancellarius continuavit præsens Parliamentum usq; in diem Veneris prox. horâ octavâ.