Prorogued to the 15th day of February.
But this Parliament was not at this time Prorogued, but only adjourned by the Lords Commissioners appointed upon Saturday the 29th
day of October foregoing; and therefore Mr Fulk
Onslow at this time Clerk of the House of Commons is exceedingly mistaken in this place, and
Mr William Onslow his Kinsman who supplied his
place in the next meeting of this Parliament
doth likewise erre in setting down the beginning
or commencement of the said new meeting upon the foresaid 15th day of February being Wednesday, where he stileth it a Session of Parliament holden by Prorogation; whereas it was
neither new Parliament nor new Session, but
a meer new meeting of one and the same Parliament.
And that these were two new meetings and
not two Sessions, it is most plain by the very
words touching the Adjournment thereof entred
in the original Journal-Book of the Upper House
in manner and from following, viz.
On Friday the second of December Commissionarii Reginæ adjournaverunt præsens Parliamentum usque in decimum quintum diem Februarii
Secondly, There was not any one Act that did
pass at the end of this first meeting which I conceive is an inseparable accident unto every Session
Thirdly and lastly, It is very plain that this
Adjournment was of the like nature and upon
the like occasion with that in the last Parliament
in Anno 27. Reginæ Eliz. Anno Domini 1584.
viz. because Christmass drawing near, the Members of either House might have liberty to recede into their several Countries for the better
relief of the Poor and maintenance of Hospitality.
And therefore whereas these two meetings
are placed in the Original Journal-Book of the
House of Commons very incongruously in two
distinct and several Journals, as if they had been
two distinct and several Sessions; they are here
rightly placed together, and so the passages of
the said second meeting do now follow in due
course and order.
On Wednesday the 15th day of February, (to
which day the Parliament had been Adjourned
by the Lords Commissioners aforesaid on Friday
the 2d day of December foregoing) the two Houses
met in their several places without any pomp or
Solemnity, this being (as hath been before observed) neither new Parliament nor new Session,
but a mere new meeting of either House upon
the said Adjournment of the former meeting
thereof, which began on the 29th day of October
being Saturday in Anno 28 Reginæ Eliz. as is
The Knights, Citizens and Burgesses of the
House of Commons being set, Mr Serjeant
Puckering then Speaker thereof, informed the
House that Mr Fulk Onslow Clerk of the Parliament was so weakned by Sickness that he could
not at this present exercise his place; Therefore
he had appointed Mr William Onslow his Kinsman a Member of this House here present to supply it; and therefore asked their allowance,
which they very willingly granted.
The same time Mr Cromwell moved the House,
for that at their Petition her Majesty had done
Justice upon the Scottish Queen to the greater
Safeguard of her Majesties Person and the whole
Realm, he thought it fit that her Majesty might
receive from them their humble thanks; which
motion was well liked, but at this time it proceeded no further.
Two Bills had each of them one reading;
whereof the first was touching Fines and Recoveries before the Justices of the Common Pleas;
and the second for limitation of time touching
Writs of Error growing by fraud.
The same day Mr Vice-Chamberlain, commanded as (he said) by her Majesty, moved the
House, for that this Parliament was not expected to hold at this time, many of the Nobility
being Lieutenants in their Countries, and others
principal Members of this House were absent,
by occasion whereof those great weighty causes
for which this Parliament is called, cannot have
such deep consultation as is fit; Therefore he
thought it convenient to have an Adjournment:
and therefore to move the Lords of the Upper
House for the liking thereof. Which motion
being well liked, Mr Vice-Chamberlain and a convenient number of the House, so many as would
without nomination, did attend him to the
Lords; who upon his return from the Lords
made report, that they having considered of the
motion, found the same want, and therefore yielded to an Adjournment of the Parliament until
Wednesday next, being the 22d day of this instant Month of February, if this House would
condescend unto it. Unto which Adjournment
this House also yielded; which consent Mr Vice-Chamberlain did there presently signifie to the
Lords, and upon his return the House brake
On Wednesday the 22th day of February (to
which day the Parliament had been last adjourned upon Wednesday the 15th day of this instant
February foregoing) the House again sitting,
the Right Honourable Sir Christopher Hatton
Knight Vice-Chamberlain to her Majesty and
one of her Majesties most Honourable Privy
Council used this Speech in effect to the House,
viz. That it was her Majesties pleasure to have
dangers disclosed, and to have the House know,
that she thanked God for the goodness of the
House, that she wished the Session (mistaken for
Meeting) to be short, that men of Government
might go home for matter of Government, hospitality and defence, and to take another time
for making of Laws, saving such as be now of
The dangers which her Majesty meaneth, proceed of ancient malice, and are to be prepared
for, and God called upon for aid.
The principal heads of the dangers:
The Catholicks abroad, the Pope, the King
of Spain, the Princes of the League, the Papists
at home and their Ministers.
The principal root hereof:
The Council of Trent which agreed to extirp
Christian Religion (which they term Heresie)
whereunto divers Princes assented, and bound
themselves in solemn manner.
Pope Pius Quintus sent her Excommunication
against her Majesty, Dr. Mourton and Mendoza
a Spanish Ambassadour bestirred them, a Northern Rebellion was bred, the Pope and the rest
practised for the Scottish Queen, and she being
acquainted proceeds by her means.
Pope Paulus the Thirteenth proceeds and
sends Jesuits and Seminaries to England and Ireland, and they proceed to inveagle the Subjects,
and disswade them from obedience. Visko beginneth a Rebellion in Ireland. James FitzMorris furthereth the Execution thereof. Doctor Sanders and Desmond stir new Rebellion
there, and wrote into England, &c. Parry was
moved to kill her Majesty, and perswaded it was
Pope Sixtus the Fifth imitateth the other Popes
to execute their former devices, and writeth to
the Cardinal of Lorain and Guise, that he will
overthrow the Gospel (which Mr. Vice-Chamberlain honourably termed the glorious Gospel)
and therefore moved them to join with the Princes of the League, and to practise to win the
King of Scots, and to set up the Scottish Queen
in England, and made his reckoning of the Cantons that be Popish, the Switzers, the Duke of
Savoy, the Duke of Ferrara, King of Spain, and
King of France. A chief Instrument to work
this, was one Carew, called also Father Henry.
He was sent into Germany and over Italy and
France, wrote to the Scottish Queen that the
Powers will join to overthrow England, and
make known the effect of his labour to the
Pope. Invasion should have been made into
England and Ireland the last year, and not unlike
to be attempted this year.
The Pope excommunicateth the King of Navar. The Pope accounteth not of Popish preaching and perswasions that way; but nevertheless
moveth all to use the word, and for maintenance thereof spareth his Treasure otherwise,
and withdraweth maintenance from Jesuits, Seminaries: and divers others Letters were found
with the Scottish Queen, which prove all these to
be true. If we serve Almighty God in sincerity
of heart, we need not to fear. It is to be remembred that the King of Spain sought to recover some part of his Fathers credit by using
our Treasure and force to get St Quintines; but
he soon made his advantage of it, and regarded
not our Territories in France, but suffered the
loss of Calice and all our Territories; and after
the death of Queen Mary what he could. Her
Majesty sought for his good will, sending the
Lord Mountague, the Lord Cobham, Sir Thomas
Chamberlain Knight, Mr Maun and others, and
they were but hardly used, some of them were
offered great indignity, and Mr Mauns Son forced
by strength to do a kind of Penance. He comforted the Queens Enemies, he giveth colour of
Wars, he chargeth the Queen that her Subjects
have aided his Rebels in the Low Countries,
with countenancing Monsieur with Money at
Cambray, with sending her Nobility with him into the Low Countries, with the actions of Sir
Francis Drake, with assistance of the Low Countries.
Of the purpose of the Combined Princes.
Their shew is to deal with the King of Navarr to extirp him, but their drift is to ruinate
Religion not only there, but to set upon and to
work the ruine of it here also. Wherein the
King of Spain and Guise are now very busie.
Their malice is the more for executing the Scottish Queen, but their hope is the less. The King
of Spain his designments are to invade England
Three hundred sixty Sail of Spain. Eighty
Gallies from Venice and Genoua. One Galliass with
six hundred armed men, from the Duke of Florence. Twelve thousand men maintained by Italy and the Pope. Six thousand by the Spanish
Clergy. Twelve thousand by his Nobility and
Gentlemen of Spain. It is reported that ten
thousand of these be Horsemen, I think it not
all true, but something there is.
We must look to the Papists at home and abroad. It hath touched us in the blood of the
Nobility and the blood of many Subjects.
They practise to frame Subjects against all duty, and bring in Doctrine of lawfulness and
merit to kill the Queen, and have sent their Instruments abroad to that purpose.
Two manner of forces are to be handled.
Assistance to the Low Countries, defence by
force otherwise. That God may assist us in
Justice, in Right, in Defence against those
The assistance is acceptable that will be profitable. Her Majesty oweth relief there in Honour, according to the Leagues, especially between us and the House of Burgundy: which
Leagues differ from Leagues growing between
Prince and Prince, for they grew between the
people and this State. We are bound to help
them in Honour according to the Leagues. Many Marriages and many Secrecies have been long
between us, and the relieving of the afflictions
of that people may not be omitted.
The heads of their miseries are: The Spanish
Inquisition by Placard, using strange tortures
not to be suffered; great impositions without
and against Law, sending some of their people
into Spain and there tyrannized over; their
Noblemen done away; taking their Towns
and setting Tyrants over them to use them like
Dogs. The purpose was to bring the Low
Countries into a Monarchal seat, and then væ
nobis. The Queens dealing there is warranted
by God; The Queen is occasioned of necessity
for safety of her Dominions and us, that that
Country may be preserved, that the English
Commodities may be vented there with readiness, with safety and with profit; the recovery
thereof will be good for this Country and
Crown; it may not be suffered that a Neighbour should grow too strong (he uttered that
as though it were not meet another Prince
should have it; for examples whereof he commended the Princes of Italy and especially the
Duke of Florence for using that policy, Henry
the 7th for aiding the Duke of Brittany with
eight thousand men rather than the King of
France, after he had found great friendship of
them both, that the King of France might not
grow too Strong.)
The King of Spain seeketh to be yet greater,
for he hath already a Seat in Council amongst the
Princes of Germany by reason of Territories his
Father got there; And if he could, he would
frame the Low Countries to his desire.
As to the pretence of Injuries before remembred: As to the first going over, her Majesty misliked it, and punished some of the Captains (he
named Sir Humfrey Gilbert for one.) Concerning
Monsieur, the first time her Majesty drew him
from proceeding for the Low Countries; The
second time she consented that he should only assist the Low Countries, which Monsieur afterwards abused contrary to her Majesties meaning.
Concerning Mr Drakes first Voyage, her Majesty knew it not; and when he came home,
she seized the whole Mass of Substance brought
by him to satisfie the King of Spain (if cause so
required) and thereupon desired Certificate for
Invasion into Ireland.
Concerning Mr Drake's last Voyage it was to
meet with the restraints and seisures in Spain,
and their purpose of War was thereupon discovered; for there was found by the Master of
Mr Bonds Ship who took the Corrigedore, and
others, a Commission from the King of Spain,
whereby he termed us his Rebels, as he termed
the Low Countries.
He then remembred another grievance not
touched before, which was the entertaining of Don Anthony.
Which he answered to be done in Honorable
Courtesie, because of his State, who was a King
anointed and crowned, though his seat was not
long untroubled, and coming hither in honourable and courteous manner, though something
weakned, required the entertainment he had.
Then he iterated, that the great grief is Religion, and said that all godly ones are bound to
defend it. He then said, God endue us to fear
him, and all things shall prosper. He said her
Majesty protesteth sincere service to God, and
to leave the Crown in peace, &c. commended her courage against their malice, esteeming it
not less than the stoutest Kings in Europe.
Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer after Mr
Vice-Chamberlain his speeches ended, remembred some of the former, and inferred, and so
concluded that the great preparations of War
which was sit speedily to be thought of and
provided, would grow chargeable; and therefore thought it fit with expendition that the House
should appoint a convenient number of the same
to set down Articles for a Subsidy.
Whereupon are appointed Committees for
concluding and drawing of Articles for the Subsidy and other great Causes, all the Privy Council
being of this House, the first Knight for every
Shire and others, who were appointed to meet
in the Exchequer Chamber at two of the Clock
in the Afternoon.
One Bill lastly, being for the better payment
of Debts and Legacies by Executors and Administrators, was read the first time.
On Thursday the 23d of February three
Bills of no great moment had each of them one
reading; of which the first being the Bill against delay of execution in Actions of Debt
was read the first time.
The Committees appointed for Conference
touching a Loan or Benevolence to be offered
to her Majesty are, Mr Francis Bacon, Mr Edward Lewkenor, and others.
On Friday the 24th day of February four Bills
of no great moment had each of them one reading; of which the last being a Bill to avoid many dangers touching Records of Fines levyed in
the Court of Common Pleas, was upon the second reading committed unto Mr Recorder of
London, Mr Morrice, Mr Drew and others, and
the Bill was delivered to Mr Recorder, who
with the rest was appointed to meet in SerjeantsInn in Fleetstreet on Saturday next at two of the
Clock in the Afternoon.
Sir Thomas Scot, Sir Henry Knyvet, Mr Thomas Knyvet and Mr Topclyffe are appointed by
this House to search certain Houses in Westminster
suspected of receiving and harbouring of Jesuits,
Seminaries or of Seditious and Popish Books and
Trumperies of Superstition.
On Saturday the 25th day of February the
Bill for the limitation of Time of Errors growing by Fraud had its second reading, and the Committees appointed for the Bill of Fines and Recoveries on the day foregoing are also appointed
for this said Bill to meet at Serjeants-Inn in Fleetstreet at two of the Clock in the Afternoon,
and the Bill was delivered to Mr Recorder of
Two other Bills also of no great moment had
each of them one reading; of which the last
being the Bill for Attainder was upon the second
reading committed to all the Privy Council of
this House, Sir Henry Knyvet, Mr Recorder of
London, Mr Francis Bacon, Mr Morrice and others, who were appointed to meet upon Tuesday in the Exchequer Chamber at two of the
The Bill delivered by Mr Speaker to the Right
Honourable Sir Francis Knowles.
On Munday the 27th day of February the
House was informed by Mr Harris, that one
William White had arrested Mr Martin a Member of this House: Therefore it is ordered by
the House that the Serjeant should warn White
to be here to morrow sitting the Court. Vide
plus de ista materia die Sabbat, die 11° Mar'
Two Bills of no great moment had each of
them one reading; of which the first being the
Bill for delay of execution of Justice by Writs
of Error was committed unto Mr Sollicitor, Sir
Henry Knyvet, Mr Recorder, Mr Cromwell, Mr
Dalton and others, and the Bill was delivered to
Mr Cromwell, and all these to meet on Tuesday
next at Serjeants-Inn Hall in Chancery Lane at
two of the Clock in the Afternoon.
The same day Mr Cope, first using some Speeches
touching the necessity of a learned Ministry and
the amendment of things amiss in the Ecclesiastical Estate, offered to the House a Bill, and a
Book written, the Bill containing a Petition that
it might be Enacted, that all Laws now in force
touching Ecclesiastical Government should be
void: And that it might be Enacted that that Book
of Common Prayer now offered and none other
might be received into the Church to be used.
The Book contained the form of Prayer and
Administration of Sacraments with divers Rites
and Ceremonies to be used in the Church, and
desired that the Book might be read. Whereupon Mr Speaker in effect used this Speech: For
that her Majesty before this time had commanded the House not to meddle with this matter,
and that her Majesty had promised to take order in those Causes, he doubted not but to the
good satisfaction of all her people; he desired
that it would please them to spare the reading
of it. Notwithstanding the House desired the
reading of it. Whereupon Mr Speaker willed the
Clerk to read it. And the Court being ready to
read it, Mr Dalton made a motion against the reading of it saying, that it was not meet to be read,
and that it did appoint a new form of Administration of the Sacraments and Ceremonies of the
Church, to the discredit of the Book of Common Prayer and of the whole State, and thought
that this dealing would bring her Majesties indignation against the House thus to enterprize
the dealing with those things which her Majesty
especially had taken into her own charge and direction. Whereupon Mr Lewkenor spake, shewing the necessity of Preaching and of a learned
Ministry, and thought it very fit that the Petition and Book should he read.
To this purpose spake Mr Hurleston and Mr
Bainbrigg, and so the time being passed the
House brake up, and the Petition nor Book read.
This done her Majesty sent to Mr Speaker as
well for this Petition and Book, as for that other
Petition and Book for the like effect, that was
delivered the last Session of Parliament; which
Mr Speaker sent to her Majesty. Vide 2d Mar' and
the 4th of Mar.
On Tuesday the 28th day of February her Majesty sent for Mr Speaker, by occasion whereof
the House did not sit.
On Wednesday the first day of March Mr
Wentworth delivered unto Mr Speaker certain
Articles, which contained questions touching the
Liberties of the House, and to some of which
he was to answer, and desired they might be
read. Mr Speaker required him to spare his motion until her Majesties pleasure was further
known touching the Petition and Book lately delivered into the House; but Mr Wentworth would
not be so satisfied, but required his Articles
might be read. Then Mr Speaker said he would
first peruse them, and then do that were fit.
This is all that is found in the Original JournalBook of the House of Commons touching this
matter, and therefore in respect of the weight
of it, having as I conceive a very authentick
and true Copy both of the Speech and Articles
at large, I thought good to have them fully inserted in manner and form following, viz.
Mr Speaker, For as much as such Laws as God
is to be honoured by, and that also such laws as
our Noble Soveraign and this worthy Realm of
England are to be enriched, strengthened and
preserved by from all foreign and domestick
Enemies and Traytors, are to be made by this
Honourable Council, I as one being moved and
stirred up by all dutiful love, and desirous even
for conscience sake and of a mind to set forwards God's Glory, the wealth, strength and
safety of our natural Queen and Commonweal,
do earnestly desire by question to be satisfied of a
few questions to be moved by you Mr Speaker,
concerning the liberty of this Honourable Council; for I do assure you, I praise my God for it,
that I do find in my self a willing mind to deliver unto this Honourable Assembly some little
taste and account of that simple Talent which it
hath pleased God of his singular favour and
goodness to bestow upon me, to gain to his
Highness honour and Glory, and to shew unto
my noble Prince and Commonwealth true, faithful and dutiful service; of the which mind I am
sure Mr Speaker, here are many godly, faithful
and true hearted Gentlemen in this Honorable
Assembly; howbeit the want of knowledge
and experience of the liberties of this Honourable Council doth hold and stay us back. For as
we have a hearty desire to serve God, her Majesty and this noble Realm; even so are we fearful
and loth to give or offer any offence to her Majesty or unto her Laws; the which we presume
we shall not do if keep our selves within the
Circle of them, and no man can observe that
whereof he is ignorant. Wherefore I pray you
Mr Speaker, eftsoons to move these few questions, by question, whereby every one of this
House may know how far he may proceed in this
Honourable Council in matters that concern the
glory of God and our true and loyal service to our
Prince and State. For I am fully perswaded, that
God cannot be honoured, neither our Noble Prince
or Commonweal preserved or maintained without free speech and consultation of this Honourable Council, both which consist upon the liberties of this Honourable Council, and the knowledge of them also. So here are the questions,
Mr Speaker; I humbly and heartily beseech you
to give them reading, and God grant us true
and faithful hearts in answering of them; for
the true, faithful and hearty service of our merciful God, our lawful Prince and this whole and
worthy Realm of England will much consist here
after upon the answer unto these Questions.
Wherefore it behoveth us to use wise, grave and
godly considerations in answering of them.
Therefore the Lord direct our tongues that
we may answer them even with his spirit, the
spirit of wisdom, without the which our wisdom
is nothing else but foolishness.
The Questions follow.
Whether this Council be not a place for any
Member of the same here assembled freely and
without controllment of any person or danger of
Laws, by Bill or speech to utter any of the griefs
of this Commonwealth whatsoever touching the
service of God, the safety of the Prince and
this Noble Realm.
Whether that great honour may be done unto God, and benefit and service unto the Prince
and State without free speech in this Council,
which may be done with it.
Whether there be any Council which can
make, add to or diminish from the Laws of the
Realm, but only this Council of Parliament.
Whether it be not against the Orders of this
Council to make any secret or matter of weight,
which is here in hand, known to the Prince or
any other, concerning the high service of God,
Prince or State, without the consent of the
Whether the Speaker or any other may interrupt any Member of this Council in his Speech
used in this House, tending to any of the forenamed high services.
Whether the Speaker may rise when he will,
any matter being propounded, without consent
of the House or not.
Whether the Speaker may over-rule the House
in any matter or cause there in question; or
whether he is to be ruled or over-ruled in any
matter or not.
Whether the Prince and State can continue,
stand and be maintained without this Council
of Parliament, not altering the Government of
At the end lastly, of the said Speech and Questions is set down this short Note or Memorial
ensuing. By which it may be perceived both
what Serjeant Puckering the Speaker did with the
said questions after he had received them, and
what became also of this business, viz.
These questions Mr Puckering pocketted up
and shewed Sir Thomas Heneage, who so
handled the matter, that Mr Wentworth
went to the Tower, and the questions not
at all moved. Mr Buckler of Essex herein
brake his faith in forsaking the matter, &c.
and no more was done.
After the setting down of the said Business of
Mr Wentworth in the Original Journal-Book,
there followeth only this short Conclusion of
the business of the day it self, viz.
This day Mr Speaker being sent for to the
Queens Majesty, the House departed.