The bedchamber
Menial Bedchamber Servants 1660-1837

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

R.O. Bucholz

Year published

2006

Supporting documents

Pages

31-35

Citation Show another format:

'The bedchamber: Menial Bedchamber Servants 1660-1837', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (revised): Court Officers, 1660-1837 (2006), pp. 31-35. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43774 Date accessed: 23 July 2014.


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Menial Bedchamber Servants 1660–1837

The menial Bedchamber servants were appointed by the groom of the stole. The surveyor of the chamber and dresser made £11 8s 1 1/2d plus board wages of £27 per annum. The keeper of H.M.'s bath made £45 per annum. In 1823 three pages' men received salaries ranging from £60 to £75 per annum; later, two pages' men earned £170 7s and £160 18s, respectively, per annum. (fn. 1)

From 1660 to 1685 the seamstress received £20 in wages plus £50 in allowances for necessaries. From 1685 to 1702 and again from 1714 the positions of seamstress and starcher were combined, though held jointly by two women from 1689 to 1702. In 1689 these servants received £81 12s 1 1/2d plus one mess of mutton, one loaf of bread, one gallon of beer, and candles, faggots and (in winter) charcoal. In 1690 the seamstress and starcher were to divide £200 per annum for wages, plus £200 for the `very great Expense & charge in washing Our points and Laces'. Under Anne the seamstress fell to £150 per annum, the starcher to £100. The two positions were combined again in 1714 at £250. Under James II and William III, the laundress received £219 plus £10 6s in livery money; by 1710 this had fallen to £20 plus £119 in allowances. In 1727 Margaret Purcell, the seamstress, starcher and laundress, held by patent for life and received £400 per annum paid by the cofferer. Under George III the seamstress and starcher made £403 10s, the laundress of the body linen, £250. Under his successors a single laundress of the body linen made £170 per annum. By 1836 this had fallen to £100. (fn. 2)

The water pumper at St. James's made £46 5s. 6d. per annum. (fn. 3)

Pages' Men 1813–1837

1813 11 May Porter, J.
1816 3 June Bohm, J. J.
1832 28 Feb. Dowsett, H.

Surveyor of the Chamber and Dresser 1660–1702

1660 14 Oct. Levett, A.
1666 22 Feb. Colinge, B.
1676 17 Oct. Walker, T.
1683 30 July Wellington, G.

Keeper of H.M.'s Bath occ. 1744

1744 24 Dec. White, M.

Bather to the Prince Regent occ. 1817

1817 23 July Williams, J.

Bather at Brighton 1836–1837

1836 Banister, J.

Seamstress and Laundress 1660–1685

1660 10 June Chiffinch, D.
1680 1 Apr. Wall, E.

Seamstress and Starcher 1687–1702

1687 22 Dec. Bromley, E.
1689 27 Mar. Colledge, E. (joint)
1689 28 Mar. Ratcliffe, J. (joint)
1690 7 June Ireland, J.

Seamstress 1702–1727

1702 12 Dec. Rainsford, A.
1714 9 Nov. Stocken, R.

Seamstress [in Extraordinary (i.e. in Ordinary w/o fee)] 1664–?1685

1664 10 Feb. Bolton, C.
1668 24 Jan. Lord, E.
1670 18 Nov. Rigiomortis, M.., Lady
1671 13 Jan. Jennyns, F.
1671 17 July Penninge, -
1673 12 Aug. Jennyns, F.

Starcher 1702–1727

1702 12 Dec. Abrahall, E.
1711 8 Mar. Felton, M.
1714 9 Nov. Stocken, R.

Laundress, Seamstress and Starcher 1727–1760

1727 7 Nov. Purcell, M.
1755 5 Dec. Chetwynd, D.

Seamstress and Starcher 1761–c. 1819

1761 15 Jan. Goodricke, A.
1779 10 July Gregory, J. M.
1795 24 June Feilding, I.
1812 15 Mar. Erskine, S.

Seamstress to the Prince Regent 1819–1820

By 1819 Scott, -
1819 5 Jan. Du Pasquier, C.

Laundress 1685–1755

1685 12 June Dupuy, E.
1689 13 Apr. Dove, A.
1693 6 July Forrester, R.
1697 5 Aug. Lowman, M.
1702 24 June Atkinson, E.
1714 4 Oct. Lowman, M.
1755 Office vacant
1761 15 Jan. Smith, M.
1773 15 July Hicks, A.
1812 15 Mar. Andrews, F.

Under Laundresses 1672–?1685

1672 25 June Axtell, G.
1672 17 July Wansburgh, M.
1672 2 Aug. Wichells, J.

Laundress in Ordinary [?w/o fee] 1672

1672 25 June Axtell, G.
1672 17 July Wansbrugh, M. (Under Laundress)
1672 29 July Collett, D.
1672 2 Aug. Nicholls, J. (Under Laundress)
1672 23 Sept. Cole, S.
1673 3 Mar. Elliott, S.

Under Starcher and Washer of HM's Linen 1671–?1685

1671 7 Nov. May, A.

Laundress of the Body Linen 1812–1837

1812 10 July Mills, S.
1830 11 Oct. Burrell, F.

Laundress at Brighton 1832–1837

1832 27 Mar. Best, M.

Water Pumper at St. James c. 1777–?

By 1777 Sopley, J.
1777 16 Apr. Everard, W.
1777 25 Nov. Good, T.

Footnotes

1 LC 3/24, f. 9; LC 3/9, p. 25; LC 3/21; LC 3/72, pp. 192, 204.
2 LC 3/24, f. 21; LC 3/30, f. 55; LS 13/39; LS 13/257, p. 152; LC 3/4, p. 2; LC 3/5, f. 2; LC 3/6, f. 2; LC 3/7, f. 2; LC 5/161, pp. 294, 298; LC 3/10, p. 2; AO 1/427/1; LC 3/20–22; LC 3/72, p. 390.
3 LC 3/67, p. 101.