Presence Chamber
Gentlemen Ushers Daily Waiters 1660-1837

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

R.O. Bucholz

Year published

2006

Supporting documents

Pages

42-45

Citation Show another format:

'Presence Chamber: Gentlemen Ushers Daily Waiters 1660-1837', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (revised): Court Officers, 1660-1837 (2006), pp. 42-45. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43777 Date accessed: 16 September 2014.


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Gentlemen Ushers Daily Waiters 1660–1837

The four gentlemen ushers daily waiters attended in the presence chamber. They swore in officials nominated by the lord chamberlain and received the orders of the lord or vice chamberlain for the public rooms. Thus, `all under Officers above stairs are to obey them.'

The gentlemen ushers daily waiters were appointed by lord chamberlain's warrant. (fn. 1) The senior gentleman usher customarily held the post of gentleman usher of the black rod, an officer of the order of the garter. The two offices were held concurrently except in the case of Sir John Ayton who resigned the office of black rod to the second usher, Sir Edward Carteret, in 1671 while remaining senior usher until the following year. (fn. 2) Until 1765 the senior usher and black rod was chosen from amongst the existing ushers; thereafter he was selected from elsewhere. Each gentleman usher received a salary of £150 consisting of wages of £20 and board wages of £130. Early in the period, they also received diet and lodging when in attendance, riding wages, fees upon swearing in new officers worth about £30 under George I, and fees of honour worth about £30 per annum early in the eighteenth century. (fn. 3) The gentleman usher, black rod received an additional fee of £44 6s 8d, a gold chain and medal worth £60, and a robe worth £29 as well as other perquisites. (fn. 4) An extra gentleman usher served 1715–16.

From 1662, except for the reign of James II, an assistant gentleman usher daily waiter served. He was also appointed by lord chamberlain's warrant and enjoyed a salary of £66 13s 4d, and, early in the period, riding wages and fees of honour worth £30 under Anne. (fn. 5)

Gentlemen Ushers 1660–1837

1660 June Newton, P.
1660 June Ayton, J.
1660 June Carteret, E.
1660 June March, R.
1661 Jan. Mercer, Sir J.
1671 19 Feb. Duppa, T.
1672 9 Mar. Cranfield, E.
1672 2 Oct. Innes, W.
1673 15 Apr. Radley, C.
1680 21 Jan. Carr, H.
1682 4 Feb. Turner, B.
1683 2 Mar. Bulstrode, H.
1685 30 Mar. Carteret, C.
1687 8 Aug. Loving, J.
1689 11 Mar. Sheppard, F.
1689 11 Mar. Bubb, J.
1689 11 Mar. Mitchell, D.
1692 2 Mar. Aston, F.
1694 27 Apr. Chaplin, J.
1698 16 Sept. Earle, T.
1702 9 July Oldes, W.
1710 6 June Sanderson, W.
1715 14 June Dalton, C.
1716 24 Mar. Brand, T.
1718 24 Nov. Saurin, M.A.
1727 17 May de Sauniers, H.
1727 11 Sept. Stewart, J.
1728 15 May Bellenden, Hon. H.
1743 29 Apr. de Sauniers, H.
1747 7 Sept. Bacon, Sir E.
1750 3 July Playters, J.
1759 12 Apr. Fitzherbert, W.
1760 12 Dec. Robinson, S.
1760 12 Dec. Davis, G.
1761 30 May Simpson, L.
1763 23 Dec. Sneyd, E.
1765 22 July Molyneux, F.
1765 16 Sept. Fitzherbert, W.
1782 9 July Cooke, G.A.
1782 21 Dec. Warner, V.
1788 Mar. Wortham, H.Y.
1802 27 July Osmer, T.
1812 10 June Tyrwhitt, Sir T.
1812 28 July Scott, W.F.
1813 28 Mar. Seymour, G.H.
1816 14 Aug. Ramsden, T.
1820 3 Mar. Mash, T.B.
1822 23 July Pole Tilney Long Wellesley, Hon. W.
1824 Ramsden, T.
1832 25 July Clifford, Sir A.W.J.
1836 21 Oct. Lyster, J.
1837 10 Jan. Martins, W.

Supernumerary Gentleman Ushers Daily Waiters 1660–?1685

1660 8 June Sanders, C. [?Assistant]
1660 14 July Gardiner, R.
1660 27 July Wakerlin, R.
1661 3 Oct. Hopton, G.
1680 24 Nov. Busltrode, H. [?Assistant]

Gentleman Ushers Daily Waiters in Extraordinary 1660–?; 1675–1683; 1715–1716

[1660] Gardner, R.
1675 16 June Bulstrode, H.
1715 29 July Brand, T.

Assistant Gentleman Usher 1662–1837

1662 11 Oct. Duppa, T.
1671 19 Sept. Cranfield, E.
1672 20 Mar. Innes, W.
1672 2 Oct. Robert, G.
1673 13 June Purcell, E.
1683 9 July Hammond, N.
1685 6 Feb. Office vacant
1689 22 Mar. Hammond, N.
1692 3 Mar. Chaplin, J.
1694 31 May Ellis, R.
1698 14 July Earle, T.
1698 16 Sept. Sanderson, W.
1710 7 June Dalton, C.
1715 27 July Saurin, M.A.
1718 24 Nov. de Sauniers, H.
1727 17 May Gardie, H.
1741 18 Dec. Buckworth, E.
1779 8 Feb. Cooke, G.A.
1782 9 July Warner, V.
1782 21 Dec. Sneyd, E.
1831 6 Oct. Duff Gordon, Sir A.C.

Assistant Gentleman Usher Daily Waiter in Ordinary w/o fee 1672

1672 23 July Robert, G.

Assistant Gentleman Usher Daily Waiter in Extraordinary 1660–?

[1660] Wackerlin, R.

Footnotes

1 PSBC, pp. 26–7; LC 3/24 f. 7. See also Beattie, pp. 39–40.
2 E. Ashmole, The Institution, Laws and Ceremonies of the Most Noble Order of the Garter(1677), p. 257; H. Nicolas, History of the Orders of Knighthood (1842) II, lxxxvii; Chamberlayne (1671) I, 178.
3 LS 13/38, f. 14; LC 3/20; Beattie, p. 209; calculation of fees of honour explained in Bucholz, pp. 318–19 n. 102.
4 Bucholz, p. 318 n. 101.
5 LC 3/24 f. 7; calculation explained in Bucholz, p. 319 n. 102.