Independent Sub-departments
Jewel Office 1660-1782

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

R.O. Bucholz

Year published

2006

Supporting documents

Pages

141-146

Citation Show another format:

'Independent Sub-departments: Jewel Office 1660-1782', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (revised): Court Officers, 1660-1837 (2006), pp. 141-146. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43796 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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Jewel Office 1660–1782

The jewel office fashioned, kept and weighed the King's plate and provided gifts of plate to foreign dignitaries. The master of the jewel office was appointed by royal warrant. (fn. 1) As a general rule appointments were embodied in letters patent under the great seal but this course was not followed during the reign of Anne. Talbot was appointed for life. (fn. 2) Lawley was appointed for the life of Talbot and during pleasure thereafter. All remaining grants were during pleasure. The master enjoyed a patent fee of £50 transferred in 1685 from the Exchequer to the treasurer of the chamber. In 1686 he was granted a salary of £400 from the cofferer in lieu of a number of earlier allowances. He was also entitled to lodgings or £80 in lieu thereof. In 1730 he was granted £700 a year at the Exchequer making a total of £1,150. (fn. 3)

The clerk, yeomen and groom of the office were appointed by lord chamberlain's warrant, the clerk's appointment being embodied in letters patent under the great seal. The offices of clerk and groom were held singly. Two yeomen were appointed except during the years 1702–41 when only one served. The salary of the clerk was £13 6s 8d, of the yeomen £106 15s and of the groom £105 8s 4d. In addition, the yeoman made £182 in office fees by 1782. All were entitled to riding wages (fn. 4)

The goldsmith supplied plate to the jewel office and was paid directly out of the Exchequer. The jeweler and silversmith performed work for the office as well. Prior to 1782, the offices of goldsmith and jeweler were in the gift of the master of the jewel office, who wrote to the lord chamberlain to order the gentlemen ushers, quarter waiters to swear them in. For most of Charles II's reign there were three goldsmiths at £10 per annum, two jewelers at £100 per annum, several subordinate jewelers at £10 apiece and a working jeweler (?with no fixed salary) attached to the jewel office. Subsequently one goldsmith, one jeweler and (under William III) a silversmith served with no fixed salary until 1782. (fn. 5)

After the abolition of the jewel office in 1782, (fn. 6) the goldsmiths, jewelers and silversmiths were appointed by lord chamberlain's warrant to the gentlemen usher's daily waiters. These offices were often combined and the number of their holders varied considerably.

Master 1660–1782

1660 21 June Talbot, Sir G.
1690 25 Apr. Lawley, Sir F.
1696 30 Nov. Montagu, Hon. H.
1698 11 May Godfrey, C.
1704 23 Nov. Charlton, J.
1711 8 June Finch, Hon. H.
1716 28 Feb. Brudenell, Hon. J.
1730 24 June Lynne, Lord
1739 12 Feb. Abergavenny, 16th Lord
1745 2 May Glenorchy, Lord
1756 7 Dec. Lyttelton, Sir R.
1763 23 Feb. Darlington, 2nd Earl of

Clerk 1661–1782

1661 8 Apr. Briddall, W.
1688 14 May Briddall, J.
1695 28 Jan. Sedgwick, R.
1719 14 May Sedgwick, R.
1744 19 Apr. Mathew, R.
1760 3 Apr. Egerton, W.

Yeomen 1660–1782

1660 24 June Layton, F.
1660 24 June Painter, H.
1661 4 Oct. Briddall, W.
1670 6 July Tindall, T.
1682 28 June Briddall, P.
1685 15 May Gilbert, J.
1696 24 Dec. Pauncefort, E.
1725 5 Oct. Aldworth, R.
1738 4 May Dineley, T.
1741 9 Feb. Mathew, R.
1760 3 Apr. Egerton, W.
1777 Hope, C.

Groom 1660–1782

1660 24 June Mildmay, C.
1660 19 Oct. Harvey alias Mildmay, F.
1660 6 Dec. Tindall, T.
1670 6 July Gilbert, J.
1682 25 Jan. Briddall, P.
1682 28 June Vyner, T.
1688 14 Feb. Vyner, R.
1688 26 Oct. Vyner, T.
1694 9 July Yardley, E.
1730 22 Apr. Yardley, E.
1779 6 Dec. Paddey, J.

Goldsmiths 1660–1837

1660 20 May Everard, C., sen.
[1660] Everard, C., jun.
1660 12 July Vyner, Sir R., bt.
1671 20 Nov. Stratford, R.
1671 20 Nov. Lewys, H.
1688 26 Oct. Vyner, Sir R., bt.
1690 4 Mar. Eales, B.
1694 13 Aug. Shales, C.
By 1703 Smethin, S.
1716 25 Apr. Delamarie, P.
1723 28 Sept. Tysoe, J.
1730 10 July Minors, T.
1759 12 July Boldero, J.
By 1763 Hemming, T.]
1797 15 Mar. Bridge, J.
1797 15 Mar. Gilbert, P.
1797 15 Mar. Rundell, P.
1817 13 Aug. Thomas, J. (and Watchmaker)
1817 13 Aug. Hawley, C. (and Watchmaker)
1820 5 Apr. Hawley, T. (And Watchmaker)
1821 21 May Hamlet, T. (and Jeweler)
By 1822 Garrard, R. J. (and Jeweler)
By 1822 Garrard, S. (and Jeweler)
1825 29 Dec. Thomas, R., sen.
1825 29 Dec. Thomas, R., jun.
1825 29 Dec. Thomas, G.
1826 8 Mar. Gilbert, M.
1830 1 Sept. Bridge, J. G. (and Jeweler)
1830 1 Sept. Bigge, T. (And Jeweler)
1830 16 Aug. James, R.
1830 20 Sept. Green, T. A.
1830 20 Sept. Green, J.
1830 20 Sept. Ward, G.
1830 20 Sept. Turner, C. (and Jeweler)
1830 20 Sept. Turner, J.(and Jeweler)
1830 20 Sept. Turner, J., jun. (and Jeweler)
1830 20 Sept. Turner, T., jun. (and Jeweler)
1830 7 Oct. Adams, J. M. (and Jeweler)

Goldsmith in Ordinary [?w/o fee] 1683–?

1683 27 July Beare, G.

Goldsmith in Extraordinary 1663–1685

1663 20 Jan. Le Roux, C.
1672 26 Mar. Grimes, J. (and Jeweler)
1672 26 Mar. Meynell, I. (and Jeweler)
1676 14 June Rollos, P.
1683 27 July Beare, G.

Silversmith 1664–1685; 1690–?1702; 1830–1837

1664 18 Jan. van Veranien, C.
1671 27 May Stirling, S.
1677 3 July van Wyck, C.
1678 18 Nov. De Moor, J. H.
1690 8 Jan. Fallowe, S.
1694 5 May Jenkins, T.
1830 16 Aug. Lamport, W. H. (and Jeweler)
1830 16 Aug. Lambert, F. (and Jeweler)
1830 16 Aug. Rawling, W. (and Jeweler)
1830 15 Nov. Attwood, W.
1834 25 Nov. Emanuel, M. (and Jeweler)
1834 25 Nov. Emanuel, H. (and Jeweler)
1834 25 Nov. Emanuel, M. (and Jeweler)

Modeller and Silversmith 1833–1837

1833 12 June Wimbush, T.

Jeweler 1660–1727; 1735; 1797–1837

1660 13 June Sympson, F.
1660 13 June Sympson, J.
1666 24 Dec. Le Gouch, I.
1676 9 Sept. Lyndsay, J.
1680 8 Mar. Champneys, G.
1683 28 Feb. Schoult, J.
1685 12 Mar. Ross, C.
1689 Mar. Child, Sir F.
1691 24 Apr. Mussard, P.
1697 15 May Evance, Sir S.
1714 30 Oct. Green, N.
1725 1 Mar. Moses, M.
By 1735 Shales, -
1797 15 Mar. Bridge, J.
1797 Mar. Rundell, P.
1798 31 Jan. Gilbert, P.
1817 6 June Marshall, W. (to Prince Regent)
1824 19 Feb. Smillie, J. (and Lapidary)

Working Jeweler 1661–?1685

1661 14 Apr. Bellonne, P.
1670 24 Oct. Castelin, E. D.

Jeweler in Extraordinary 1662–1685

1662 15 Nov. Cokayne, H.
1664 21 Jan. Dardemme, M. (for the King's Cabinet)
1668 20 Jan. Russell, R.
1668 14 May Le Roy, J.
1672 20 Jan. Portman, G.
1672 20 Jan. Portman, J.
1672 27 Apr. Welstead, R.
1672 2 May Price, T.
1672 27 Apr. Temple, T.
1672 2 May Turner, B.
1672 30 Oct. Snowe, J.
1673 1 Apr. Reeves, P.
1673 2 Apr. Pardoe, T.
1673 2 Apr. Coleville, D.
1673 2 Apr. Rowe, T.
1674 7 Nov. Mussard, P. (for the King's Cabinet)
1675 19 Jan. Ryves, R.
1676 26 Mar. Whitehall, G.

Keeper of the Jewels in the Tower of London c. 1814

By 1814 Hoare, G.
1814 9 Apr. Swift, E. L.

Footnotes

1 PSBC, p. 32; Beattie, p. 50.
2 Talbot's predecessor, Sir Henry Mildmay, did not surrender his patent until 1 July 1661. Although sworn on 21 June 1660, Talbot did not receive his until 27 Oct. 1661 (C 66/2978).
3 CTB VIII, 379, 752; CTBP 1729–30, p. 816; Beattie, p. 210.
4 CTB XVII, 1017; Beattie, p. 210.
5 See PSBC, p. 32; LC 3/66, p. 65; LC 3/24, f. 15. However, cf. Chamberlayne [1692], p. 135 which gives a salary of £100 for the jeweler. NB: Goldsmiths, silversmiths and jewelers appointed at particular locations outside of London and Windsor (i.e., Bath, Portsmouth, Truro, etc. are not listed on the assumption that their work for the household was occasional and paid for on an ad hoc basis.
6 22 Geo. III, c. 82.