Salaried tradesmen
Embroiderers, engravers and locksmiths

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

R.O. Bucholz

Year published

2006

Supporting documents

Pages

377-383

Citation Show another format:

'Salaried tradesmen: Embroiderers, engravers and locksmiths', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (revised): Court Officers, 1660-1837 (2006), pp. 377-383. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=43839 Date accessed: 19 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Embroiderers 1660–1837

At the Restoration, three embroiderers were named; thereafter two served until 1685. One embroiderer served until the reign of George I, when their number rose again to two. Under Charles II the embroiderers received livery and held their offices by patent. (fn. 1)

Embroiderers 1660–?1727; 1782–?; 1820–1837

1660 6 Oct. Pinckney, G. (joint)
1660 6 Oct. Rutlish, W. (joint)
1660 25 Oct. Harrison, E.
1680 27 May Moseley, J.
1687 11 Jan. Barber, J.
1690 25 Sept. West, W. (to the Robes)
1710 30 Sept. Fouloure, S.
1714 10 Nov. Patrickson, J. (to the Robes)
By 1723 Hawgood, T.
By 1743 Greene, F.
1782 9 Dec. Harrison, R. (and Capmaker)
1782 9 Dec. Ingall, M.
1783 15 Feb. Ingall, S.
1820 5 Apr. D'Almaine, G.
1830 16 Aug. Lewis, N.
1831 4 Feb. Holbeck, L.

Embroiderer in [?Extra]ordinary 1672–?

1672 10 Mar. Lavoyne, M.

Engravers 1660–1837

All engravers were appointed by warrant of the lord chamberlain to the gentlemen ushers, daily waiters. The engraver of the seals made £50 per annum. (fn. 2) From c. 1801 there were two engravers of the seals. In 1783 the engraver in imitation of chalk drawings was paid a salary of £110. (fn. 3)

Chief Engraver n.d. (temp. Charles II)

n.d. (temp. Charles II)Rawlins, T.

Engraver in Copper 1660–?

1660 12 Oct. Faythorne, W.

Engraver occ. 1671–?; 1797–1820

1671 4 May Smyth, E.
1797 27 Apr. Landseer, J.
By 1808 Thompson, W.

Engraver of the Broad Seal occ. 1718

By 1718 Gerrard, -

Engraver of the Seals 1726–1837

1726 9 Mar. Rolls, J.
1744 7 May Seton, C.
By 1745 Pine, J. (Chief)
By 1759 Major, T.
By 1801 Marchant, N. (joint)
1801 22 May Brook, R. (joint)
1812 2 Nov. Halfide, G. (joint from 1830)
1830 1 Sept. Strongistharm, W. (joint)

Mezzotint Engraver 1773–?; 1823–?

1773 23 Sept. Green, V.
1823 17 Dec. Turner, C.

Engraver in Imitation of Chalk Drawings 1783–?

1783 21 Aug. Sauvin, J. K.
By 1797 Orme, D.

Engraver, Copper Plate Printer and Print Seller 1801–?

1801 21 Feb. Thompson, J.P.

Historical Engraver 1775–?; 1824–1837

1775 27 Nov. Woollet, W.
By 1786 Hall, J.
By 1792 Heath, J.
1807 Jan. Hollaway, -
1824 10 Mar. Tompkins, P.W.
1830 4 Oct. Sloan, R.
1830 4 Oct. Webb, T. S.
1835 17 Feb. Tomkins, -
1836 26 Jan. Doo, G. T.

Engraver to the Prince Regent 1817–?1820

1817 1 Aug. Hughes, W.

Medal Engraver 1827–?

1827 22 Feb. Stotherd, A. J.

Writing Engraver 1830–1837

1830 24 July Suffield, J.

Engraver [?in Extraordinary] occ. 1664–1672

1664 19 Aug. Destache, J.
1669 23 Feb. Hutton, R.
1672 24 Apr. East, T.

Assistant Engraver 1670–?

1670 8 Mar. Sherwyn, W.

Joiner of the Privy Chamber 1660–1782

The joiner of the privy chamber was appointed by lord chamberlain's warrant to the gentleman ushers, daily waiters. Under Charles II, the joiner of the privy chamber made £18 per annum. This rose to £19 11s 8d under William III. (fn. 4) This position was abolished in 1782. (fn. 5) There was also an unpaid joiner. (fn. 6)

1660 10 July Norris, H.
1685 18 May Norris, J,
1707 18 Nov. Howard, J.
1727 16 Sept. Howard, G
1752 27 Jan. Stone, R.
1774 10 Jan. Gosset, I. (Great Chamber)

Locksmiths to the Household 1660–1837

The office of locksmith was in the gift of the lord chamberlain who issued warrants for swearing in to the gentleman ushers, daily waiters. In 1660 the locksmith made £28 14s 2d paid at the Exchequer. From the reign of William III, he received £18 5s at the treasurer of the chamber's office. (fn. 7) This position was abolished in 1782. From 1783 a master locksmith received £110 per annum; however, it is unclear how long this position was filled. (fn. 8)

From 1776 a series of locksmiths was appointed for various groups of royal palaces. These probably received no regular payment.

Locksmiths 1660–1782; 1792–?1793; 1805–1837

[1660] Drew, G.
1660 22 June Bastian, M.
1667 23 Jan. Wilkinson, J.
1680 6 Apr. Bache, W.
1689 29 Apr. Greenway, R. (and Blacksmith)
1702 9 July Harris, P. (and Blacksmith)
1709 18 Feb. Kay, J. (and Blacksmith)
1711 28 July Churchill, T.
1716 21 Dec. Robinson, T.
1723 25 June Bedwell, F.
1779 1 Feb. Thurston, J.
By 1792 Meynell, C.
By 1805 Bidwell, M.
1812 20 Apr. Mackell, J. (and Bell Hanger)
1820 5 Apr. Fairborne, G. (and Bell Hanger)
1820 5 Apr. Palmer, T.

Locksmith [w/o fee] at Somerset House 1672–?

1672 3 Apr. Bache, W.

Locksmith [w/o fee] at Richmond 1673–?

1673 25 Oct. Tilbery, G.

Locksmith in Extraordinary 1677–?

1677 6 Mar. Partridge, W.

Master Locksmith 1783–?1795

1783 11 Mar. Gascoigne, E.

Locksmith and Grate Maker at Hampton Court and Newmarket 1795–c. 1809

1776 21 Mar. Fairborne, G.

Locksmith at Kensington, Kensington gardens and Hyde Park 1776–1837

1776 21 Mar. Rogers, W.
1805 3 Apr. Whorley, J.
1825 15 July Turner, J.
1836 9 Feb. Judson, W.

Locksmith to the Queen's House, Carlton House and Kew 1776–1837

1776 21 Mar. Gascoigne, E.
1795 Hanson, J.(joint from 1800)
1800 6 Feb. Hanson, B. (joint)
1803 20 July Hanson, J., jun. (joint)

Locksmith at St. James's, Whitehall and Westminster 1776–1837

1776 21 Mar. Fenwyck, J.
1800 6 Feb. Hanson, J. (joint)
1800 6 Feb. Hanson, B. (joint)
1803 20 July Hanson, J. (joint)
1803 20 July Hanson, J., jun. (joint)

Locksmith at Windsor 1776–1837

1776 3 June Davis, J.
1798 24 May Davis, G.
1827 5 May Berridge, W.

Locksmith and Bell Hanger at Birmingham 1824–?

1824 7 Dec. Pitt, W.

Moletaker 1662–1782

The moletaker was appointed by lord chamberlain's warrant to the gentlemen ushers, daily waiters. He received £8 1s 8d per annum. (fn. 9) The office was eliminated in 1782. (fn. 10)

1662 22 Dec. Evans, H.
1675 11 Nov. Holden, I.
1686 2 June Fraiser, T.
1705 6 Aug. Hunt, J.
1713 17 Feb. Turner, J.
1743 7 Feb. Turner, R.
1758 11 Apr. Dyer, F.

Footnotes

1 LC 3/24, f. 25; LC 3/25, f. 61v. See also LC 3/68, p. 8 for embroiderers to do the work formerly done in the great wardrobe office after the abolition of the latter in 1782.
2 RK [1801], p. 112.
3 LC 3/67, p. 155.
4 LC 3/24, f. 23; LC 3/3, f. 16; given as £19 13s 4d in Chamberlayne [1708] II iii, 614.
5 LS 13/117, p. 71.
6 See LC 3/5, f. 17.
7 LC 3/2, f. 28; LC 3/3, f. 16.
8 LC 3/67, p. 150.
9 LC 3/3, f.17; AO 1/424/213.
10 LS 13/117, pp. 71–73.