This ward, as well as that of Bridge-ward within, takes its name from
London bridge, as being beyond or without the bridge. By the ward of
Bridge without, is intended the borough of Southwark; which came under the
jurisdiction of the city by charter and by purchase (fn. 1) . But though the charter
of Edward VI. expresses that all and singular the inhabitants of Southwark shall
be under the magistracy and government of the mayor and officers of London,
as the citizens and inhabitants of the said city be and ought to be; and that the
said mayor, &c. should have the same jurisdiction in Southwark as in London;
yet the justices of Surrey are nevertheless suffered to maintain an exercise of their
authority in this borough; for the ward is only nominal, and sends no members
to the court of common-council. The senior alderman of London, who is
termed father of the city, is therefore removed to this ward as an honourable
finecure, which releases him from the fatigue of ward business.
The borough of Southwark being properly no part of the city of London, the
description of it does not belong to this place; it is therefore reserved for a
Vid. Appendix, No. XXV. XXXII. and XL.