A. B. C. D E F G H. J K L M. N O P Q. R. S. V W
Abbey church of Saint Peter's Westminster,
history of, 12. 14. 18. 705. The present
building erected, 706. Henry VII. his chapel added to it, ibid. Is repaired, 707. Description of,
ibid. Tombs in the chapels of, 708. Description
of Henry VII's. chapel, 710. Reflection on 714
Abhorrersand petitioners, rise of those parties 244
, judge, dies of the gaol distemper 369
, a Jew of Bristol, his cruel usage by king
, Roger, lord mayor of London, causes Moorfields to be levelled, and rendered passable 113
Act of grace published by George I. after the rebellion in Scotland 311
, mess. state of their applications to the corporation of London, for leave to embank at Durhamyard, 489. Obtain an act for it, 506. See Adelphi.
, Richard, Esq; chosen recorder of London,
and his salary augmented 364, 370
Addle-street Aldermanbury, derivation of its name 14
Address of the merchants of London, disastrous history of 456
Adelphi buildings, (see Adam, and Durham yard.)
From whence they derive their name, 516. Description of 727
Administration of government, the bad effects of its
being wholly engrossed by the officers of the
, court of, in Doctors Commons, nature of
its jurisdiction 584
Adulterine guilds, fined by Henry II. 30
Affidavit of Bingley the publisher, 452. Of Sir
James Hodges, town-clerk 467, note.
, the early bad state of in England, and to
what our great improvements in are owing 274 note.
, in great cities, noxious to human bodies, 530.
That of London, how restored 531
Aix-la-chapelle, preliminaries of peace agreed on
there between England and France, 361. Articles of peace signed, 362. Proclaimed, 364. Celebrated by fire-works ibid.
, John, a Polish nobleman, brings a reformed
congregation to London 125
, Monk duke of (see Monk.) His assiduous
care of the poor during the great plague 223
Aldermen of London, the annual election of, established by charter of Edward III. 73. By whom
chosen under Richard II. 80. Are established in
their offices during good behaviour, 84. Court
of, obtain a negative power over the proceedings
of the court of common council, 323. Are all
made justices of peace, 346. Their negative power
taken away, 356. Take opinions of counsel on
Mr. Wilkes's eligibility to the office of alderman,
460. Why they endeavoured to obstruct the resignation of Sir Matthew Blackiston, 462. Altercation in, relating to the remonstrance of the livery,
478. Protest signed by sixteen aldermen, ibid.
Resolve to prosecute engrossers and forestallers,
510. Their office and powers, 535. Court of lord
mayor and, 536. For a table of the aldermen of
every ward, at and since the revolution, see the
Addenda following the Appendix
Aldersgate ward, its extent, public buildings, and parish churches 543
Aldgate ward, its extent, public buildings, and parish
, great numbers suppressed in London, Westminster and Southwark 135
, his successes against the Danes, 13. His civil regulations and character 14
Aliens duty, taken off from English goods exported by
foreigners, 238. See Foreigners
, William, junior, is murdered by the soldiers
in St. George's fields, 444. His remarkable
epitaph ibid, note
Allhallows Barking church 671
Allhallows Bread-street church 559
Allhallows the Great church 613
Allhallows Lombard-street church 660
Allhallows London-wall church 571
Allhallows Staining church 659
Allodial property, the origin of explained 23, note.
, for a table of, see the Addenda following
, Henry Fitz, the first chief magistrate of London who assumed the title of mayor 34
, Portugueze. See Sa.
, Spanish, ill treated by the London populace, and his remonstrances to the lord mayor 167
Ambassadors of catholic princes, whether they ought
to be suffered to open their chapel doors for British
subjects 167, note.
, North, when first discovered, 112. Disputes with the French on the limits of the English
colonies there, 383. Reduction of Canada, 402.
Settlement of, by the treaty of Paris 418
Amicable assurance office 647
, princess of Cleves, is indignantly treated by
Henry VIII. 120
, lady, daughter of James duke of York, is married to prince George of Denmark, 254. Deserts
her father and follows her husband to the prince of
Orange's army, 263. Dines at Guildhall, 274.
Her accession to the crown, 288. Death of prince
George, 294. Grants relief to the Palatine refugees, 295. Is guided by tory maxims, 298.
Changes the lieutenancy of the city of London,
ibid. Account of the pretended screw plot to destroy her, 300. Is addressed by the tory interest
for a peace, 302. Evidences of her favouring the
pretender, 304. Her letter to the lord mayor of
London, during her illness, 305. Her death and
Anselm archbishop, holds a synod at St. Peter's Westminster 28
, commodore, summary relation of his voyage
to the South Seas, 351. Returns to London with
great wealth, 352. His subsequent preferments
, their researches often produce nothing
but meer conjectures 2
Apothecaries hall 621
, a law made to restrict their expensive
dressing, 137. Their hair cut close round their
heads, 171, note. Petition the house of commons
against papists, and for the rooting out of prelacy,
171. Are encouraged to enlist in the parliaments
army, 175. Assemble and declare for a free parliament, 204. Receive a brace of bucks from
Charles II. for their annual feast 248
, ordinance published for the citizens of London to practise it 72
, London, are incorporated by the name of
the fraternity of St. George. 119. Grand match
of before the king at Windsor ibid.
, court of, in Doctors commons, derivation of
its name, and nature of its jurisdiction 583.
, invincible, of Spain, the force of which it
Arminians and puritans, their disputes carried into
the house of commons 156
Armourers and braziers-hall 595
Armouries in the Tower See Tower
, laws for the regulation of, 123. See Foreigners and Corporations.
Artillery company of the city of London, the nature
Artillery ground, old, converted into streets 555
Artillery ground, and the armoury 755
, society of, incorporated, 435. Lay the first
stone of their new academy 515
, royal academy of, instituted 449
, manufactures and commerce, formation of the
society for the encouragement of, 381. Assist the
land carriage fish scheme, 416 Accept the offer
of a building in the Adelphi 516
, Anne, is cruelly burnt for heresy by Henry
, Sir Charles, presents the address of the lord
mayor and court of aldermen to the king, on the
peace, as locum tenens 419
Assassination plots to destroy William III. discovered 277, 284
, the first establishment of, and the nature of
that charity, 392. Where situated and how conducted 685
, his palace where situated, 14. His law for
encouragement of commerce 20
, the proceedings on called in question in
Bingley's case, 451. He is oddly released, 484.
Remarks on 485
, Dr. bishop of Rochester, is deprived of
his dignities, and banished for a conspiracy against
, Andrew, mayor of London, is displaced and
imprisoned by Edwatd III. on account of a riot in
the city 69
Audley lord, excites an insurrection in Cornwall, but
is defeated on Blackheath 109
, the name given to London by the Romans 3
, princess royal, is married to the prince of
Augustin the monk, his first arrival in England, 12.
His progress obstructed by his arrogance ibid.
Augustin friars church, granted to a congregation of
German reformers 125, 574
Austin friars church. See the preceding article
, lord chancellor, disgraced 152
, lord, is punished for his affront to queen
Bagnigge wells 752
, fraudulent, the antient punishment of, 50.
Regulations for the making and sale of bread 299
Bakers hall 670.
, chancellor, is killed by the London populace 66
, John, his extraordinary sermon as chaplain to
the Kentish rebels, under Wat Tyler and Jack
, is ordered to be taken out of the Thames 118
, earl of, condemned 357
, Thomas, warden of the Fleet prison, is
incapacitated for misconduct 326
, Francis, his tomb in St. Helen's church 557
Bank of England, first erection of, 280. Renders
the raising of money for governmenment service
too easy, 281. The directors of, endeavour to
outbid the South Sea company in their scheme of
taking in all the national debts, 312. Great rise
of their stock at this time, 315. Nature of their
famous contract, 316. Description of, with the
new buildings 567
, the first origin of that profession in London 182
Bank side Southwark 688
, Sir Henry, is set aside from the mayoralty,
for opposing the petition of the livery 467, 485, 516
Banqueting house Whitehall, history and description
Barbers hall 608
Barber surgeons, the company of divided 353
, Praisegod, a leather seller, is a member of
Cromwell's parliament 198, note.
, alderman, his speech to the court of common
council, relative to Sir Robert Walpole's excise
, the derivation of the name of that street 7
Barking church, vicar of, his scheme to make money
of the ashes of heretics 93
, Sir John, opposes Sir Robert Walpole's excise bill, 332. His reply to Walpole's indecent
reflection on the citizens of London, 333. Resigns
his gown 391
, Mr. a builder, his extraordinary adventure
with the duke of Marlborough, 393. Is tried and
, battle of, between Edward IV. and the earl
of Warwick 102
, their great power under the feudal government, 22, note. Cause of their war with king John,
39. Besiege John in the Tower of London, 40.
Obtain the great charter of English liberties from
him, ibid. Invite over Lewis son of Philip king
of France, ibid. Return to their allegiance on the
death of John, 41. A council of, undertake to
reform the state under Henry III. 50. Abuse their
power, 51. Revolt again under the earl of Leicester, 52. Put Piers Gaveston to death, 65. Procure the banishment of the Despencers, ibid. Their
antient powers how reduced 94. 106. 122. 270
, under the feudal system of government described 22
Bartholomew fair, disputes between the custos of the
city, and the prior of St. Bartholomew's, referred by
Edward I. to his treasurers and barons 60
Bartholomew hospital, incorporated, 126. Historical
and descriptive particulars of, 649. See Hospitals
, address from the foreman and inquest of,
to the lord mayor in the Tower 507, note.
Bassishaw ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 549
, Charles, a surgeon, his cruel prosecution
for taking care of Titus Oates after his severe whippings 257
, Gerard, mayor of London, degraded for extortion 45
Baynard's castle, is demolished by king John, 39.
Is burned, but rebuilt by the duke of Gloucester,
91. Is rebuilt by Henry VII. 107. History of 579
Bawdy houses at the Bank side Southwark, antient
regulations of, under the bishops of Winchester 688
Beadles of the city hospitals ordered to clear the streets
of vagrants 133
, Willam, Esq; elected alderman of Billingsgate ward, 374. Is elected lord mayor, 417. Declares his obedience to instructions at the common
hall, 454. His second election to the mayoralty,
467. His letter of acceptance, 469. Delivers the
remonstrance of the livery to the king, 477. Presents the remonstrance of the court of common
council, 482. His memorable reply to the king,
483. Is ordered by the king to make no more
replies, 484. Lays the foundation stone of the new
gaol of Newgate, ibid. His death, 485. A statue voted of him, 486. Description of the statue 589
, his character of London 12
, earl of, musters the militia of Westminster
in Hyde park 277
, duke of, sent to Paris to negotiate a peace,
417. Signs the preliminaries, ibid. Signs the
definitive treaty, 418. His house beset by the
Beggars petition the house of commons 174
, Dr. stimulates the populace against foreigners in
his Spital sermon 114
, the office of, instituted 128
Benefices in the city of London, the stipends of the
clergy settled 235
Benevolences levied on the city of London 10[?], 108, 121
, judge, establishes a rule of government independent of the laws 161
Berkeley square 731
, Sir Robert, acts as chairman to the meeting
of the Westminster electors to agree on a petition,
466. Presents the petition to the king, 467. Presides at another meeting for a remonstrance 480
Bernard's inn 648
Bethel and Cornish, are elected sheriffs in opposition
to Box and Nicholson 244
Bethlehem hospital, a description of 593
Bethnal green, the hamlet of made a distinct parish,
349. Its situation, &c. 759
, is translated into the vulgar tongue, 117. Is
allowed to be read in parish churches 119
, is opened as a free market for fish 286
Billingsgate dock 551
ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 551
Bills of exchange, the first mention of them in English history 61
Bills of mortality first made in London, 139. Are
first regularly continued, 145. Amazing amount
of, during the great plague, 224. The insuperable defects they are subject to, 523. History of,
524. Tables of the annual totals of, for every
tenth year, 526. A series of ten years, ibid. General bill of, for the year 1771, at large 527
, solid reasons given by the house of commons
for taking away their votes in parliament, 166, note.
Withdraw, and protest against their proceedings,
171. Seven sent to the Tower by James II. for petitioning to be excused from publishing his declaration of indulgence, 260. Acquittal of, 261.
For a list of the bishops of London, see the Addenda following the Appendix
, Mr. an attachment issued against him for continuations of the North Briton, 451. Is committed to prison for refusing to answer to interrogatories, 452. His odd release, 484. Remarks on
his case 485
Bishopsgate street, great fire in, 435. Present state
Bishopsgate ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 554
Black cattle. See Cattle
Black friars, the convent of, founded, 58. Suppressed, 118. The jurisdiction of the city extended
over by charter, 147. The precinct of, adjudged
to be under the jurisdiction of the city magistrates,
336. For the bridge there. See Bridge
, Sir Matthew, is obstructed in resigning
his gown 462
Blacksmiths hall 666
Blackwell hall, is purchased by the city, and converted into a woollen market 85. 550
, the parish of St. George erected there 328
Bloomsbury market 742
, the motives of her war against the Roman
colonies, 4. Slaughters the Romans at London
and Verulam ibid.
Boar's head tavern, the oldest tavern in London 557
, lady Anne, married to Henry VIII. 117. Is
, lord, his rude behaviour to the city remembrancer 477
Bolton house 746
, bishop of London, is a cruel persecutor of
the protestants 130
, Mr. endeavours to procure the chamberlain's
office by a nostrum 429
Borough market, removed from the high street 382
, battle of, between Richard III. and Henry
earl of Richmond 106
Bottle conjurer, history of 363
Bow church steeple, founded on a Roman causeway, 6
First built, 26. Its roof stripped off by a hurricane,
ibid. History, and description of 597
, battle of, between Wm. III. and James II. 276
, John, a taylor, cruelly burned for heresy 88
, Dr. his notes on the first charter of William
the Conqueror to the corporation of London 24, note
, the assize and weight of, put under the regulation of the court of lord mayor and aldermen 299
Breadstreet compter, why removed to Woodstreet
Breadstreet ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 558
, Nicholas, is knighted by Richard II. for his
services against the Kentish rebels under Wat Tyler,
79. Proclaims the parliamentary confirmation of
the city liberties, 80. Turns out most of the aldermen, ibid. Conspires the assassination of the
duke of Gloucester, 81. Is impeached in parliament, 82. Is executed at Tyburn 83
, Alexander, carries a body of Londoners over
to Sir Thomas Wyatt 127
Brewers hall 608
, bad composition of those used for buildings in
London, deserving attention 360
Bricklayers hall 546
, the palace of converted into a house of
correction, and vested in the corporation of London, 126. Historical and descriptive particulars
of, 648. See Hospitals
, Blackfriars, a resolution passed in common
council for the building of, 380. Act of parliament for, 384. The several tolls appointed for passing over, ibid. The building of intrusted to Mr.
Mylne, 400. First stone of, laid, 404. A wooden
gallery for foot passengers carried over it, 438.
Disbursements of the corporation on account of,
496. Amount of the tolls of, 497. Description,
and dimensions of 638
, London, the first mention of, 16. Is burned,
28. Is built of stone, 31. The chapel on, built
and endowed, 32. Early disasters attending it,
ibid. The drawbridge made, 33. Houses built
on it, ibid. Dimensions, ibid. Ordinance published against holding a market on it, 58. Five
arches of, carried away by a great frost, 59. Two
arches with the gate fall down and form an obstruction in the channel, 92. A motion made for
taken down the houses from, 380. The bill for,
passed, 385. The temporary wooden bridge burnt,
390. Another act passed for the repair of, 391.
Description of, in its antient and present state 560
, Westminster, an act passed for the building
of, 337. Is finished and opened, 370. Estimate of the expences of, 497. Dimensions and
description of, 715. Foundations of the piers,
how laid ibid.
Bridge house described 687
Bridge ward within, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 560
Bridge ward without, only a nominal ward, 566.
, no accounts of, previous to the arrival of Julius Cæsar to be relied on, 2. Arrival of Plautius
and Claudius, 3. Cause of Boadicea's insurrection, 4. London stone the centre of all the Roman military ways in, 6. Arrival of Theodosius
the Elder, 8. Is deserted by the Romans, 11. The
abject solicitations of the Britons to Rome for assistance against their northern neighbours, 12, note.
See Saxons, and England.
British Museum, formation and establishment of, 379.
History, contents, and regulations of, 742
, publication of the political paper so called,
420. Produces the famous North Briton, ibid.
See North Briton and Wilkes
Broadstreet ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 566
, the prize fighter, hires a mob on the part of
Sir William Beauchamp Proctor, to assist his election
at Brentford, 451. Is sent out of the way ibid.
, prince of, marries the princess Augusta,
425. He is presented with the freedom of London 434
Brutus and Cassius, greater enemies to their country
than Julius Cæsar 198, note
, great increase of, at the time of the South
sea scheme, 315. The suppression of, hastens the
ruin of the South-sea company 316
, John Sheffield duke of, his tomb in
Henry VII's chapel 712
Buckingham house. See Queen'spalace
, new, a proclamation against erecting, in
London, 135. Method of securing them from damage by lightning 131
, Frederic, Esq; is elected sheriff with Mr.
, is forbid to be exported by foreign merchants, 87. 106. Allowed to be exported by law 215
Bunhill fields burial ground 755
Burlington house 729
, forbid to kill cattle in London, 71. Ordered to cast all their filth into the middle of the
river at the turn of the tide, 84. Are forbid to
kill cattle in any walled town, 108. The number of, in the metropolis in the time of Henry
Butchers hall 552
, earl of, appointed secretary of state, 407. Is
insulted by the populace in attending the king and
queen to Guildhall, 410. Is made first lord of
the treasury, 416. Resigns his place 419
, admiral, fails in relieving Minorca, 386. Is
condemned by a court martial, 387. Is executed 388
, lord, is tried in Westminster hall for killing
Mr. Chaworth in a duel 430
, John, excites an insurrection in Kent, 95.
Is reduced and killed 96
, Julius, the first who gave any certain account of this island, 2. Makes no mention of
London, 3. Not so great an enemy to his country as Brutus and Cassius 198, note
, the staple of wool removed from, 83. Is
finally lost to the crown of England 129
, Julian, the errors of, pointed out, 371.
The Gregorian adopted ibid.
, printed Indian, the wearing of, prohibited 319
, lord chancellor, is abruptly ordered to resign the seals 474
, Dianæ, at Paul's wharf, origin of the
, or French prophets, some account of 294
, reduced, 402. Is ceded in its utmost extent to the crown of Great Britain. 418
Candlewick ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 576
, Elizabeth, remarkable story of, 374. Is
, son of Sweyn, cuts a canal on the Surrey
side of the Thames to bring his fleet above London bridge, 16. Acquires the sovereignty of
England, 17. His prudent government ibid.
, is taken by the young pretender, 355. Retaken by the duke of Cumberland 356
Carlton house 721
Carnaby market, 730
, queen, a scheme formed to rob her on her
return from Guildhall, 326. Death of 339
Carpenters hall 571
Carthusian monks of the Charter house suppressed,
118. See Charter house
, the regulation of, vested in the governors of
Christ's hospital 248
, is sent to make the submission of James II.
to pope Innocent XI. 256
, lord, cause of the failure of his endeavours
to establish uniform standards of weights and measures 396
, lady, her gaming house near Covent garden,
presented by the grand jury of Middlesex 349
Castle Baynard ward, its extent, public buildings,
and parish churches 579
Castlemain earl of, is accused by Oates and Dangerfield of a concern in the popish plot, but acquitted,
244. His embassy to Rome from James II 253
Catharine of Arragon is first married to prince Arthur, and afterward to Henry, 110. Refuses submission to the legatine court, formed to inquire
into the validity of her marriage 117
Cats and dogs, general destruction of, ordered by
the magistrates, during the great plague 220
, when we may hope the cruel usage of them
in the streets of London will be prevented, 369.
A table of the sale of in Smithfield market for
forty years, 531. Observations on ibid.
, William, a citizen, is killed by his unjust
servant in a judicial combat 94
Cavaliers and Roundheads, origin of those distinctions 171
Cavendish square 731
, William, mercer of London, brings the art
of printing into England 103
, clerical, humourous anecdote of 28
Chamberlain of London, the office of, purchased of
king John, 37. His office, 536. His court, 537.
For a list of the chamberlains of London, since
the Revolution, see the Addenda, following the
, sir George, is set aside from the mayoralty for voting in favour of the Spanish convention,
342. Is again rejected 344
Chapter house of St. Paul's cathedral 635
, the vulgar abuse of in political controversies, illiberal, and destructive of all incentive
to reformation 308, note
, and the statue of Charles I. there 723
Charitable corporation, history of 335
Charity schools, the occasion of their being first established in London, 259. For a list of, see the
Addenda following the Appendix
Charles I. accession of, 153. Causes of the early
discontent between him and his parliament, 154.
His unpopular schemes for raising money, 155.
His letter to the pope while prince of Wales,
ibid. note. Is obliged to pass the petition of
right, 156. Dissolves the parliament, ibid. Forbids the nobility and gentry to reside in London,
157. Is entertained with a splendid masque by
the lawyers on his return from Scotland, 158.
Renews the edict for sports on the subbath day,
159. Levies ship money over the whole kingdom, 160. Orders a census to be made of the
people in London, 162. Incorporates all the
trrdesmen without the freedom of London, ibid.
Is forced to call another parliament, 163. Extorts money from the city of London, ibid. Seizes
the money in the mint, 164. Meeting of the long
parliament, 165. Passes the bill for Strafford's
execution, 168. Pastes the bill to secure the sittings of parliament from interruption, ibid. Is
unjustly charged with authorising the Irish massacre, 169. His magnificent reception into London
on his return from Scotland, 169, Answers the
famous remonstrance of the house of commons,
170. Impeaches the five members, 172. Endeavours to seize them in the house of commons, ibid.
Demands them in the court of common council.
ibid. Forbids the citizens to advance money to
parliament, 174. Issues commissions of array,
ibid. Erects his standard at Nottingham, ibid.
Engages the earl of Essex's at Edgehill, 175[?] Attempts to surprize Essex's artillery during a treaty,
176. The moderation observed on both sides
during this war, ibid. His answer to the petition
of the citizens laid before a common hall, 177.
Prohibits all intercourse with the city of London,
178. Besieges Gloucester, 179. Battle of Newbury, 180. Is finally defeated at the battle of
Naseby, 183. An order published for securing
his person, 184. Throws himself into the hands
of the Scots army, ibid. Is delivered up to the
parliamentary commissioners, but taken out of
their hands by the army, 185. Is conveyed to
Carisbrook castle, 190. Is again seized by the army, 193. Is brought to a trial and executed 195
Charles II. his letter to the lord mayor of London
from Breda, 209. His magnificent entry into
London, 210. His magnificent cavalcade from
the Tower to Westminster, previous to his coronation, 213. Confirms the city's property in the
Irish estates, ibid. Institutes the royal society,
215. Confirms all the charters of the city of
London, ibid. Applies to the city of London for
assistance toward a Dutch war, 216. Removes to
Hampton court during the great plague, 221.
Regulations ordered by him on this sad occasion.
222. His weekly charity to the poor, 223. Returns to Whitehall, 225. Attends to give orders
for suppressing the great fire, 226. Is suspected
of occasioning the fire, 229. Exposes London to
a dangerous insult from the Dutch, 233. Institutes a council of commerce, but suffers it to
drop, ibid. His rigid law against conventicles,
234. Joins with Louis XIV. in a scheme to destroy the Dutch states, 236. Shuts up his exchequer, 287. Publishes his declaration of indulgence, ibid. Dines at Guildhall, and accepts
the freedom of the city, 239. Orders coffee houses
to be shut up, ibid. Interrupts the fittings of the
parliament, 243. His menacing proclamation
against the framing of petitions, ibid. Removes
the parliament to Oxford, 246. Dissolves this
his last parliament abruptly, 247. His ridiculous
reply to the city invitation, 248. Courts the city
apprentices, ibid. Issues a writ of Quo Warranto
against the corporation of London, 253. Obtains
a surrender of the charters of most of the corporations in the kingdom, 254. Takes the whole
power of the city of London into his own hands,
255. His suspicious death 256
Charles Stuart, eldest son of the pretender, asserts
his father's claim in Scotland, 353. A reward
published for apprehending him, 354. Proclaims
his father at Edinburgh, and penetrates into England, 355. His disappointment and retreat, 356.
Is defeated by the duke of Cumberland at Culloden, ibid. His distresses and escape, 357. See
, princess of Mecklenburgh Strelitz, is
married to George III. 408. Is crowned, ibid.
Dines at Guildhall, 410. Her picture placed in
Guildhall, 411. Prince of Wales born 416
, great, of English liberties, the common
people not the original objects of it 40, 271
; those granted by the kings of England to
the city of London, are inserted in their chronological order in the Appendix.
Charter house, a charitable institution founded there
by Thomas Sutton, 148. Description of 753
, earl of, (see Pitt) introduces a bill into
the house of peers, to reverse the proceedings
of the house of commons relating to Mr. Wilkes
Cheap ward, its extent, public buildings, and parish
, anciently a field called Crown field, 46
The conduit there ordered to be built, 59. A
tournament held in, 67. The conduit there supplied with water from Tyburn, 92. The cross is
re-edified, 95. The cross in, pulled down by the
Chelsea waterworks, first establishment of 320
, the artillery brought from, exhibited to
public view in Hyde park 391
, battle of, between Sir William Waller,
and Sir Ralph Hopton 181
, earl of, opposes the bill to limit playhouses, and license dramatic writings 338
, archbishop of Canterbury, his motives for
persuading Henry V. to assert his claim to the
crown of France, 89
, Newgate street 636
Christ's church, Spitalfields 759
Christ's church, Surrey 690
Christ's hospital, incorporated by Edward VI. 126
The regulation of carts vested in the president and
governors of, 248. The building described, with
the nature of the institution, 618. See Hospitals.
, an act passed for the building of fifty new
Citizens of London, great slaughter of, by Bodicea, 4. Expel their bishop Mellitus, 12. Distingnish
themselves in actions with the Danes, 13. Are
severely taxed by Canute, 17. Empowered to
hold a court of hustings by Edward the Confessor,
19. Make their submission to William the Conqueror, 21. Freed from the tax called Danegelt,
27. From trials by battle, ibid. Reduce their
municipal customs into written laws, ibid. Form
themselves into trading fraternities, ibid. Receive
Stephen into the city, 28. Pay a tax to Stephen
for the right of chusing their own sheriffs, 29.
Submit to Matilda, ibid. Licentiousness of, 30.
Supply Richard I. with military stores for the crusade, 34. Concur in the degradation of Longchamp, bishop of Ely, regent of the kingdom,
ibid. Dig a ditch round the wall of the city, 39.
Swear fealty to Lewis the French prince, 41. Lend
him a sum to enable him to return home, ibid.
Are harshly treated by Henry III. 42. Their
magnificent reception of the king on his marriage
44. Begin to desert the city on account of Henry's extortions, 47. Assent to the constitutions at
Oxford, 50. Join the barons, and commit acts of
hostility against the king, 53. Are divested of
their liberties by a parliamentary decree, 54.
Their privileges restored on a fine and submission,
55, 56. Complain to the justices in Eyre of the
oppressive conduct of their magistrates, 58. Assert
the independency of the city jurisdiction in opposition to the orders of Edward I. 61. Are declared sheriffs in fee, of London and Middlesex,
62. Procure their mayor and aldermen to be
elected annually, 64. Furnish a levy of men for
the war against Scotland, ibid. Assist Edward II.
to reduce the castle of lord Badlesmere, 65. This
voluntary aid declared by charter not to be drawn
into precedent, for their carrying on war out of
the city, ibid. Refuse to assist the king in favour
of the Despencers, 66 A great plague among, 70.
Are ordered to practice archery, 72. Exhibit a
grand masque for the amusement of prince Richard, 73. Riot of on account of Wickliffe the reformer, 74. Submit their quarrel with the duke
of Lancaster to the award of Richard II. 75. How
assessed in a subsidy to him, 76. Petition Richard
for a reformation of government, 81. Their charter
seized for a riot, 83. Purchase it again, ibid. Are
mustered on Blackheath by Richard II. 85. Privileges granted to by Henry IV. 86. Feudal vassals,
how they acquired the rights of, 91. Restrictions
on the qualifications for being bound apprentices
to trades, taken away, 92. Supply a force for the
relief of Calais, ibid. Exclude Jack Cade from
the city, 96. Join the York party against the
king, 98. Are oppressed by Empson and Dudley,
two infamous lawyers, agents of Henry VII. 109.
III. Riot of, on account of being restrained in
their field sports, 113, Plunder and destroy the
houses of foreigners, on Evil May day, 114. Oppose the levy of a benevolence in London, 115.
Are a third time visited by a sweating sickness, 116.
Are famous for archery, 119. Destroy all Romish
images and pictures on the accession of Elizabeth,
131. Are trained to arms, and reviewed by the
queen at Greenwich, 134. Are reviewed again on
Blackheath, 137. The election of their recorder
attempted to be taken out of their hands, 140.
Money levied on, for the assistance of the elector
palatine, 152. Are ordered to collect their urine
for the king's salt petre works, 154. Are fined
for the killing Dr. Lamb, 156. Refuse to assist the
king against the Scots Covenanters, 162. Riots of,
against the clergy, 163. Their petition to the
king, 164, note. Turn their attention wholly to
the reformation of government, 166. Petition for
abolition of episcopal government, 166. Refuse
money to parliament, ibid. Petition for justice
against the earl of Strafford, 167. The populace
beset the Spanish ambassador's house, ibid. Dispute
the lord mayor's power to nominate a sheriff, 168.
The populace beset the parliament house, and call
for justice against the earl of Strafford, ibid. Grant
money to parliament to assist the Irish protestants,
169. Petition for the removal of the bishops and
popish lords from parliament, 170. Petition for
the removal of Colonel Lunsford from his office
in the Tower, 171. Petition the king on the several subjects of popular discontent, 173. Petition
him for an accommodation with the parliament,
176. His answer read to a common-hall, 177.
Are ordered to retrench one meal a week to support the publick cause, 181. Petition for an accommodation with the king, 185. Are divided
into the parties of presbyterians and independents,
187. The qualifications of their magistrates, and
their rights of voting, restricted by parliament,
189. Renew their good understanding with the
parliament during the absence of the army, 191.
Are ill-used by the army under Hewetson and
Desborough, 205. Disown the authority of the
rump parliament, 206. Petition the house of commons for four new trading companies, 214. Great
plague among, 217. Great fire, 225. Instruct
their members in the Oxford parliament, 246. A
proposed feast of the whig party prevented by order
of council, 249. Tumultuous election of sheriffs,
ibid. Generous Relief afforded by, to the French
protestant refugees, 259. Their grief on seeing
the bishops sent to the Tower, 260. Great joy
of on the acquittal of the bishops, 261. General
confusion of, on the King's flight, 264. Advance
money to the prince of Orange, 269. Petitions
agitating among, in favour of the prince and
princess of Orange, forbid, ibid. Great distress
of by the hurricane in 1703, 289. Are divided
into the parties of high church and low church,
296. Chuse tory members, 298. Their joyful
reception of prince Eugene, 301. Panic among,
of the cruelties of the Mohocks, 302. Their apprehensions on queen Anne's illness, 305. Instruct
their whig members in the first parliament of
George I. 308. At large, irregular limitation of
their rights in electing magistrates, 323. Laudable associations of to support government against
the Pretender, 355. Are shewn to be exempted
from paying toll for their goods all over England,
366. Are frightened by a crazy life-guard man,
368. Divide into parties for and against Elizabeth
Canning, 376. The oath taken by, on admission
to their freedom, 341. See Liverymen.
, free, the origin of in Italy, 23. Operate to
destroy the feudal system of government, 24, note.
Why termed the graves of mankind 530
City road opened 408
Civil Law, causes cognizable by 583
Clare Market, first erected, 201. Described 737
, king at arms, his province 582
, baron, of the exchequer, dies of the gaol
, George, is murdered at Brentford by Proctor's
, Emperor, comes over to Britain 3
, pope, how with held from granting Henry
VIII. a divorce from Catharine of Arragon, 116.
Excommunicates Henry 118
Clement's inn 736
, Italian, ejected from their benefices by the
council of barons and Henry III. 51. Parochial,
desert their flocks, during the great plague, 222.
Christian conduct of the ejected non-conforming
ministers on this occasion, 223. Their assiduous
exercise of their functions after the great fire 229
Clergymen's widows and children, corporation for
the relief of, formed 358
, the priory of St. John of Jerusalem
there, burned by the Kentish rebels, 78. Plays
acted there by the company of parish clerks, 88.
Described, 750. Bridewell 752
, Sir Thomas, obtains the treasurer's staff by
advising Charles II. to shut up the exchequer 236
Clifford's Inn 647
, three from Delft, licensed by Edward III.
to exercise their trade in England 72
Clothworkers Hall 670
Coachmaker's Hall 544
, riots of 442, 443, 445
Coal metage at the port of London, confirmed to
the corporation, 139. The customs and rules for
exercising this office, particularly explained, 303.
Their office, where situated 670
, Newcastle, first begun to be used in London,
61. Price of in the reign of Elizabeth, 139. Price,
and annual consumption of, 201. The corporation of London allowed by Oliver Cromwel to import 4000 chaldron, duty free, for poor citizens,
ibid. Ill effects of burning them in London, 217,
note. The principal city companies ordered to lay
up stores of, to sell to the poor in hard weather,
221, note. Additional duties laid on by virtue of
the acts for rebuilding the city after the great fire,
, Sir John Oldcastle, lord, account of his actions
and death 89
Cock-lane ghost, history of, 411. Is laid by the puni hment of the agents 414
Coffee houses, a proclamation for shutting them up,
239. Opinion of the judges on, 240. Are permitted to be kept open under sage restrictions ibid.
, a law for the reformation of 125
Cold Bath fields 752
Cold Herberg, a palace there given to the prince of
Wales, 88. Its present state 613
Coleman street ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 593
, settled by the corporation of London 150
, Dr. founds and endows St. Paul's school 112
College of physicians, 617. See Physicians
, the protestant joiner, is sacrificed to the resentment of Charles II. and his court, 247. Is executed at Oxford 248
College hill, a college of priests founded there by Sir
Richard Whittington 88
, judicial. See trial by battle
, a law of Athelstan for the encouragement
of, 20. Its influence in civilizing a people, 75.
Begins to sap the foundations of the feudal policy,
95. Difficulties to the establishing a treaty of, between England and France, after the peace of
Commissioners of sewers, publish orders for paving and
cleansing the streets 235
Committee of safety, formed by the army 204
Common council men first appointed to assist the aldermen in public business, 59. The number of, limited, and by whom elected, 80. The time of
election, and of assembling fixed, 81. Pass a law
for the observance of the sabbath day, 93. Enact
that no bondsman's son shall be taken apprentice,
107. Pass a law for preserving the navigation of
the Thames, 118. Make a law against luxurious
feasting, 121. A benevolence levied on, ibid.
Fit out a regiment for the king's service, 122. Are
appointed governors of the four city hospitals, 126.
See theAddenda at the end of the work for the
rules published for the government of. Impose a tax
on the exhibition of stage plays, 135. Pass a law
to restrain the expensive dress of apprentices, 137.
Oblige strangers and the inhabitants of privileged
places to contribute to the defence of the city at
the time of the Spanish armada, 138. Pass a law
against hawkers and pedlars, 143. Raise monev
for the settlement of their Irish estate, 147. Prohibit stalls in the streets, 158. Petition the king
against the demand of ship money, 160. Charles I.
comes into the council chamber to demand the
five impeached members, 172. Order the city wall
to be repaired, and new works added, 178. Apply to the house of commons to have the cross in
Cheapside demolished, ibid. Raise a loan for the
defence of the city, 179. Receive the solemn league
and covenant, 180. Appoint an armed watch in
the city, ibid. Petition the parliament for the removal of the army, 189. Petition for justice against
the king, 194. Remonstrate to the council of officers on the licentious conduct of the army, 205.
Have a conference with a deputation of officers,
ibid. An agreement entered into with Monk
against the rump parliament, 207. Are restored
to their antient rights, 208. Chuse Monk major
general of their forces, ibid. Give a welcome reception to the letter from Charles II. at Breda, 209.
A committee ordered to search the city records,
that all acts, &c. passed since the commencement of
the late civil war might be disavowed, ibid, note.
Advance money chearfully to the king for a Dutch
war, 216. Councils held every day during the
great plague, 221. Order the principal city companies to lay up stores of coals to sell to the poor in
winter, ibid, note. Regulations made by, after the
burning the city, 231. Collect the several orders
and customs for paving and cleansing the streets,
into one act, 235. Publish new regulations for the
government of markets, 238. Regulations published by the mayor to present improper persons
being chosen members of, 240. Pass a law to prevent frauds at Blackwell hall, Leadenhall, and Welch
hall in woollen goods, 242. Establish rules for
weighing at the king's beam in little Eastcheap,
247. Vest the regulation of carts in the president
and governors of Christ's hospital, 248. Repeal all
acts passed from the beginning of the civil war to
the restoration, 252. Regulate the election of
sheriffs, ibid. Writ of Quo Warranto issued against
the corporation, 253. Abject submission of, on
this occasion, ibid. Disclaim all consent to the
proceedings of the superseded sheriffs, Papillon and
Dubois, 255. Address of, to the prince of Orange,
265. Congratulate the prince of Orange on his
arrival in London, 267. A deputation from, ordered to meet in the convention of peers and commons by the prince, 268. Declare the rights of
electing aldermen and common council men, to be
only in freemen householders paying taxes, 278.
Prohibit hawkers from vending goods, except in
open markets, 281. Further restrictions, ibid.
Settle the mode of holding common halls, for the
election of city officers, 282. Extortions of the
farmers of the markets redressed, 284. Regulate the
nightly watch of the city, 290. Distribute the law
against servantsnegligently firing-houses, throughout
the city, 293. Address the queen for a peace, 302.
Prohibit non-freemen from exercising their trades
in the city, 303. A committee of, explain the regulation and duties of the coal meters, ibid. Address the king to assure him of their attachment,
308. Are insulted by tory mobs, ibid. Order
housekeepers to hang out lights in dark nights, 311.
Censured by the house of lords for issuing money
for law suits on controverted elections, 312. Petition of, to the house of commons, on the failure
of the South Sea scheme, 317. Petition the house
of lords for relief against the regulations made on
account of the plague at Marseilles, 320. Commotions in, on account of the bill to ascertain the
rights and mode of elections, 323. The aldermen
obtain a negative power in, ibid. The members
of, entertained at St. James's, 325. Petition for
liberty to fill up Fleetditch from Fleetstreet to Holborn-bridge, 329. Instruct the city members to
oppose Sir Robert Walpole's excise bill, 331. Petition the house of commons against it, 334. Are
impowered to regulate the watch of the city,
338. Petition both houses of parliament against the
Spanish convention, as unsatisfactory, 341. The
members of, ridiculed by the ministry, 342. Address the king on the taking of Portobello, 343.
Thank the city members for supporting a placebill, 343. Deny the aldermen's power of putting
a negative upon the framing a question, 344. Receive many petitions on the bad management of the
war, 346. Examine the allegations, 347. Open
the chamber of London to support the army during
the rebellion, 354. Present the duke of Cumberland
with the freedom of the city, 356. The negative
power of the court of aldermen, taken away, ibid.
Regulate the election of sheriffs, 361. Authorize
the occasional licensing of non-freemen to work in
the city, 370. Petition the house of commons
against the Jew bill, 377. Contests in, about the
building a new bridge, and repairing London
bridge, 380, 381, 382. Petition parliament for
the removal of the Borough market, 382. Recommend the rebuilding of Newgate, and inquire into
the rights of the city over the city hospitals,
383. Petition for a bridge at Blackfriars, 384.
Petition against the plate act, ibid. Address the
king on the apprehension of an invasion, 385. Endeavour to obstruct the repair of London bridge,
ibid. Address the king on the bad management of
the ministry, 387. Present Mr. Pitt, and Mr.Legge,
with the freedom of the city, 388. Order the immediate rebuilding of the temporary bridge, 390.
Congratulate the king on the reduction of Louisburg,
391. Congratulate the royal family on the prince
of Wales's arrival at majority, 396. Open a subscription at Guildhall, for the enlisting of men for
the war, 396. Enumerate the remarkable successes
of the war in their address, 397. Apply to parliament for powers to open the streets, 398. Address the king on the reduction of Canada, 402.
Address George III. on his accession, 403. The
freedom of the city granted to Sir John Phillips and
George Cooke, Esq; 405. A regulation made for
the honorary grants of freedom, ibid. The freedom presented to Arthur Onslow Esq; 406. And
to the duke of York, 407. Instruct their members,
409. Place the pictures of the king and queen in
Guildhall, and erect the king's statue in the royal
Exchange, 411. Petition the house of commons
against the cyder bill, 418. Refuse to address the
king on the peace, 419. Refuse to thank the sheriffs for their behaviour on burning the North Briton, 424. Thank their members for opposing general warrants, and vote the freedom of the city to
lord chief justice Pratt, 426. Present the freedom
of the city to the duke of Gloucester, 430. The
ministry scruple the acceptance of their address on the birth of prince William Henry, 432.
Present the freedom of London to the prince of
Brunswick, 434. Vote 500l. to the society for encouraging arts, &c. ibid. Find the corporation intitled to import 4000 chaldron of coals, with an
abatement of 1s. per chaldron of the duty, for the
use of the city poor, 437. Adopt Mr. Paterson's
plan, 438. Report of the committee appointed to
inquire into their rights over the city hospitals, 439.
Present the freedom of the city to the duke of Cumberland, ibid. To the honourable Charles Townshend, 440. Vote another enlargement of the recorder's salary, 441. Entertain the king of Denmark at the Mansion house, 447. Vote him the
freedom of the city, ibid. Inquire into the lord
mayor's misapplication of the masquerade tickets
sent to them, 448. Refuse the calling a common
hall, 462. Join with the livery in a request for,
474. Agree to a remonstrance to the king, 482.
Thank the lord mayor for his behaviour at the delivery of it, 484. Order an inquiry into the recorder's conduct 487. Vote his conduct contrary to
his oath and duty, 488. Farther resolutions against
him, 489. Vote the freedom of the city to Mr.
Dunning, ibid. Take the alterations making at
Durham yard into consideration, ibid. Come to
no determination about the affair, 493. Offer a
bounty for seamen, 494. Agree to a second remonstrance 495. Petition the house of commons
against the erections at Durham yard, 496. Continue
the bounty to seamen, 497. Agree to prosecute the
persons executing press warrants in the city, 498.
Petition the two houses of parliament against the
bill for embanking Durham yard, ibid. Return
thanks to the lord mayor, with the aldermen Wilkes
and Oliver, for supporting the privileges of the
city, 500. Offer to keep tables for the lord mayor
and alderman Oliver in the Tower, 502. Petition the king against the bill for embanking Durham yard, 505. Grant a sum to the Bridge house
estate, 508. Attend the release of the lord mayor
and alderman Oliver from the Tower, in procession, ibid. Give a bounty for the bringing mackarel to London, ibid. Receive the report of the
committee as to the mode of proceeding against the
refractory companies, 509. Reject Mr. Mylne's
petition, ibid. Present a third remonstrance to the
king, 510. Postpone the consideration of the request of the common hall, for granting cups to the
lord mayor, Oliver and Wilkes, 511. Number of
members of, and courts, when to be called, 534.
, representatives of the people, first admitted
into parliament, 54. Their qualifications settled,
100. Early discontents between them and Charles I.
154. Frame the petition of right, 156. Are
dissolved, ibid. Meet under the long parliament,
165. Impeach Strafford and Laud, ibid. Are petitioned for the abolition of episcopal government,
166. Reasons drawn up by, for taking away the
bishops votes in parliament, ibid, note. Order all
papists to be disarmed, 168. Publish their famous
remonstrance, 170. Charles comes to the house to
demand the five impeached members, 172. Adjourn and appoint a committee to sit in the city,
ibid. Extraordinary precautions taken by, 173.
Strange petitions presented to them, 174. Assume
the command of the militia, ibid. Appoint the earl
of Essex general of their army, ibid. Their caution
to prevent an accommodation between the king and
the city, 177. Order a chain of forts to be drawn
round London, Westminster, and Southwark, 178.
Are beset by a mob of women, 179. Order the
folemn league and covenant to be received, 180.
Intercept the king's letter to the city magistrates,
181. Self denying ordinance passed, 182. The
independent party predominates in, 184. Are
disposed to an accommodation with the king, 185.
Colonel Pride purges the house of all but determined independents, 193. Abolish monarchy, and
vote the house of lords useless and dangerous, 195.
The members all turned out of the house, and the
door locked, by Cromwel, 197. A new house
summoned by Cromwel, 198. They make him lord
protector, ibid. Are again turned out, ibid. Again
summoned, 199. Are dissolved, 200. Another
house called, who refuse Cromwel the title of king,
202. A motley house of lords added to, ibid. Are
dissolved, 203. Pass a bill of exclusion against the
duke of York, 243. Their eager opposition to the
king and his brother, 245. Their behaviour on
being prorogued, ibid. Their laudable endeavours
to prevent bribery in their house, in the reign of
William III. 279, note. The members of, how corrupted, 281, note. Impeach Dr. Sacheverel, 296.
The tories get a majority in, 298. Order Sacheverel to preach before the house, on the 29th of
May, 304. The whigs gain the ascendency in the
first parliament of George I. 307. Warm debates
of, on Sir Robert Walpole's excise bill, 331. The
house beset by the populace, 333. The bill dropped, 334. Pass a bill to relieve the quakers in
regard to tythes, 337. Debates in the house on
the subject of the Spanish depredations, 340. The
cruel case of captain Jenkins produced before, 341,
note. The address in approbation of the convention carried by a majority of placemen, 342. Secession of the minority, ibid. They return on the
declaration of war, 343. Instruct the city members, 348. Settle an additional revenue on the duke
of Cumberland, 357. Commit Mr. Murray to
Newgate for contempt, 373. Endeavour to establish uniform standards of weights and measures,
395. Cause of the failure of this undertaking,
396. Grant a pension to Arthur Onslow Esq; and
his son, 406. Enormous grants of money by, 407.
Order the North Briton No. 45. to be burnt by the
common hangman, 423. Thank the sheriffs for
the vigilant execution of their order, 424. Expel
Mr. Wilkes, 425, 453. 458. Declare colonel
Luttrel the sitting member, 458. Order printers
into custody for publishing their votes, 499. Order Morgan, the lord mayor's clerk, to eraze the
minutes against Whittam the messenger from the
minute book of the mayor's court, 500. Resolve
that there shall be no proceedings against Whittam,
ibid. Commit alderman Oliver to the Tower, 501.
Commit the lord mayor to the Tower, 502. Test
proposed to secure the future integrity of, 514. See
Lords and Parliament
Common crier, the nature of his office 537
Common halls, the manner of holding, for the election
of mayors, sheriffs, and other city officers, settled by
the court of common council 282
Common hunt, the nature of his office 537
Common serjeant, the nature of his office, 537. For
a lift of those since the revolution, see the Addenda
following the Appendix
Compact between king and people, where to be found
in English history 271
, trading, when they first began to be formed,
27. Adulterine guilds fined by Henry II. 30.
The principal of, ordered to lay up stores of coals
to sell to the poor, 222, note. Every member of,
eligible to the livery, although not freemen of London, 348. For a table of the several companies,
with their coats of arms, see the Addenda following the Appendix
, twelve, lend Henry VIII. money upon a
mortgage of the crown lands, 121. Equip as many
companies of soldiers for the service of queen Elizabeth, 131. The lord mayor not obliged to belong to any of, except to qualify himself to preside
over the Irish committee, 348. See Irish estates,
Conduits erected for the supply of London with water
44, 59, 86, 90, 93, 122
Conservancy of the river Thames, granted to the corporation of London, 36. Courts of, where and
when held by the lord mayor, ibid. Is confirmed,
in a cause with the archbishop of Canterbury, 87.
Courts of, held in Essex and Kent, by Crosby mayor,
513. The nature of these courts 540
Constable of the Tower restrained from injuring the
privileges of the citizens of London 51, 79
Constitution of the English government, a summary
view of the progress of, to its present frame 270
Constitution hill, 720
Constitutional society formed by the seceders from the
supporters of the bill of rights 504
Convent garden market, 734. Theatre ibid.
, a severe law passed against, by Charles
of the peers and commons summoned by
the prince of Orange on the abdication of James
II. 268. Vote the throne to be vacant, and settle
the crown on the prince and princess of Orange,
270. Is converted into a parliament 272
Convention with Spain, dissatisfaction of the people
in general with, 341. Another 498
,Mr. George, his harsh usage for refusing obedience to Oliver Cromwel's government 200
, Thomas, lord mayor of London, is installed a
knight of the Bath 101
Cook's hall 544
Coopers hall 550
, Sir John, is defeated by the young Pretender 355
, captain, his assiduity in soliciting the establishment of a foundling hospital 341
, derivation of the name, 597, note.
Cordwainers hall 559
Cordwainers ward, its extent, and parish churches,
, the happy effects of the bounties granted on
the exportation of, 274, note. The great quantity of, exported in one year, 334. An embargo
laid on the exportation of, by the king's proclamation 437
Corn exchange described 670
, a terrible fire there, 361. Another 397
Cornhill ward, its extent, publick buildings, and
parish churches 601
, Mr. late sheriff, his cruel prosecution and
execution for the Rye-house plot 257
Coroner's court for the city of London, the nature
, the establishment of, destructive to the
feudal system of government, 23, note. Begin to
be injurious to commerce, 113. Non-freemen in
certain circumstances licensed to work in, 123,
370. Most of those in the kingdom surrender
their charters to Charles II. 254. Act for quieting and establishing, passed 311
Council of commerce, instituted, and for a while supported by Charles II. 233. See Trade and Plantations.
Council of officers called by Richard Cromwell, who
insist on the dissolution of the parliament, 203.
Restore the long parliament 204
Councils national, of whom composed under feudal
, hundreds, and tythings, the kingdom divided into, by Alfred 14
held in the city of London---Court of common council, 534. Lord Mayor's court, 535.
Court of lord mayor and aldermen, 536. Sheriffs
court, ibid. Chamberlain's court, 537. Court
of hustings, 538. Common Hall, ibid. Orphan's
court, ibid. Justice-hall court, 539. Court
of conscience, ibid. Court of escheator, ibid.
Coroner's court, ibid. Courts of conservancy,
540. Wardmote courts, ibid. Courts of hallmote,
ibid. Piepowder court, ibid. St. Martin's-leGrand court, ibid. Tower-court, ibid. Court of
, lord, remains in London to assist the poor
during the great plague 223, 224
, public, the cause of our immense public
debt, 281. A co-operating cause of the dearness
of the necessaries of life 429
, cardinal John de, a strenuous advocate for
clerical celibacy, anecdote of 28
Criminal laws, require alteration, but should be duly
inforced until an alteration is made 351
, the punishing them by death insufficient
and impolitic 351
Cripplegate ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 606
, Sir Nicholas, enters into a conspiracy to
surprise London for Charles I. 178
Cromartie earl of, pardoned 357
, Thomas, secretary of state, is vested with
a commission to reform religious houses 118
, Oliver, procures himself to be excepted
in the self-denying ordinance, 183. Is a leader
of the independents, ibid. Battle of Naseby,
ibid. Seizes the king, 185. Brings the army up
toward the metropolis, 186. Endeavonrs to get
the city magistrates hanged, 189. Procures
the parliament to be purged of all but determined independents, 193. Obtains the lieutenancy of Ireland, 196. Turns all the members
of the house of commons out, and locks the door,
197. Summons a new house of commons, ibid.
Is made lord protector, 198. His conduct examined, ibid. note. Is inaugurated, and subscribes
an instrument of government, ibid. The principal
heads of this instrument, 199, note. His vigilant
administration, 200. Allows the importation of
4000 chaldron of coals duty free, for the ease of
poor citizens, 201. Permits Jews to settle again
in England, ibid. Regulates buildings, ibid.
His disappointment in obtaining the title of king,
one cause of his death 202
, Richard, succeeds his father in the
protectorate, 203. His character, ibid. Is
, Brass, Esq; is chosen alderman of Broadstreet-ward, 430. Is elected lord mayor, 488.
Delivers the second remonstrance of the corporation to the king, 495. Refuses to back the presswarrants, 496. Discharges Miller the printer,
and commits the messenger who took him into
custody, 499. Is committed to the Tower, 502.
Is brought by habeas corpus to the court of common pleas, but remanded back, 506. Addresses
to him in the Tower, 507. Is released, 508. Delivers the third remonstrance of the corporation to
the king, 512. Holds a court of escheats at
Guild-hall. ibid. Holds courts of conservancy
in Essex and Kent, 513. Visits the bounds of the
city's jurisdiction, ibid. Receives the thanks of
the guild of merchants at Dublin 515
Crutched Friars, derivation of the name of this
, William duke of, born, 318. Takes
the field against the young Pretender, 355. Is
presented with the freedom of the city of London,
356. Defeats the rebel army at Culloden, 257.
Receives an additional revenue from the house of
commons, ibid. Dines with the king and queen
at Guild-hall, 410. Death of 434
Cumberland house 721
Currier's hall 608
Custom house, history and description of 668
, proportion of those received at the port of
London in 1711, compared with that of the outports 300
Cutler's hall 672
Cutters apprehended for riotous excesses, 471. Two
condemned, ibid. Disputes between the sheriffs
and the ministry respecting their execution 472
, their piracies on the coasts of England, 13.
Massacre of, 15. Arrival of Sweyn, ibid. The
kingdom reduced by Sweyn, 16. His son Canute
acquires the sovereignty, 17. See Canute.
, origin of this tax, 15. London relieved
from it 27
, a tool of the court, contrives the mealtub plot against the presbyterians, 243. Is severely prosecuted by James II. for perjury 256
Danish church in Wellclose-square 760
, lord, discourages the intention of the
city magistrates of giving a public entertainment
to prince Eugene 301
, Sir Samuel, his large subscription to the
prince of Orange's loan 269
, Sir Richard, lord mayor, forbids the vending
of goods on the Sabbath-day 156
, the infliction of, insufficient for the suppression of wickedness 351
, defends the East-India company, but is
confuted by Mr. Pollexfen 285
, duke de, ambassador from France, his
arrival and reception in London, 304. The mysterious burning of his house in Ormond-street, 305
, attorney general, sues out a writ of attachment against Bingley the publisher, 451. Drops
the prosecution and releases him 484
De Ruyter the Dutch admiral, his alarming expedition up the Thames and Medway 233
, national, created by the extravagant system of
anticipation, 281. Tends to general ruin, ibid.
note. Amount of, at the close of Queen Ann's
reign, 306. Amount of, at the close of the reign
of George I. 325. Amount of, at the close of
the reign of George II. 403
, bad policy of confining their bodies in prisons, 327. Insolvent, an act passed for the relief of, 405. Frauds practised under the compulsory clause of 406
Declaration of indulgence, published by king Charles
II. 237. By James II. 259
Defender of the Faith, on what occasion that title was
conferred on Henry VIII. 115
, court of, in Doctor's-Commons, the
nature of its jurisdiction 584
, an order for expelling them from the metropolis 184
, George prince of, marries the lady Anne,
daughter of the duke of York, 254. Goes over
to the prince of Orange, 263. Dines at Guildhall, 274. His death and character 294
, king of, married to the princess Caroline
Matilda, 437. Is entertained at the Mansionhouse, 446. Is voted the freedom of the city, 447.
Sends tickets to the lord mayor and corporation
for his masquerade ibid.
, is divided into two parishes 328
, Hugh le, favourite of Edward II. is banished with his father, 65. Recalled, ibid. Are,
both put to death 67
Devonshire-square, Bishopsgate-street 554
, Samuel, Esq; recommends the arching over
of Fleet-ditch, and the building the new bridge at
, Charles, Esq; proposes a scheme for a new
street, from Moorfields to the Mansion-house, 425.
Objections to, ibid. His saw-mill pulled down,
445. His fray with Mr. Reynolds, 456. Makes
a fruitless effort to oppose Mr. Wilkes at Brentford 458
, contests in the city about their eligibility
to, or exemption from, serving the office of sheriff,
380, 416. A sixth part of the inhabitants of the
metropolis supposed to be of the several denominations of, 523. Number of their meeting-houses,
Divine right of kings, occasion of starting that doctrine 271
, Mr. is chosen clerk to the commissioners of
the land-tax 389
Doctors commons, the college of that name described 583
, isle of 772
Dogs and cats, general destruction of, during the
plague, by order of the city magistrates 220
book compleated by order of William the
, Robert, merchant taylor, his legacy for the
admonition of condemned criminals in Newgate,
, originally a Roman ferry 6
Dowgate ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 612
Doyle and Valline, disputes between the sheriffs and
the ministry, on their execution 472
Drapers hall 570
Droit le Roy, a rhapsodical work, burnt at the
Royal Exchange and at Westminster-Hall 426
Drury-lane theatre 734
, commissary, carries a number of the Palatine
refugees over to New York 295
, Edward, a serjeant at law, is an agent of
Henry VII. in oppressing the people, 109. Is beheaded on Tower-hill 112
, the absurdities of, in deoiding personal
Duke's place, history and present state of, 546. Four
synagogues in 549
, Sir Sanders, obtains a patent for the sole
privilege of letting-out sedan chairs 160
Durbam-yard, case of the petitioners for leave to
embank, 489. Protest in the house of lords against,
505. Act passed for, 506. See Adelphi.
Dutchy of Lancaster 738
Dyers hall 613
, deserts from Ethelred to the Danes 15
, great apprehensions excited in London
by, 277. Two, in London, 367. Story of the
prophetical life-guard man 368
, little, the king's beam, and the hop-market fixed there 247
East-India company, the first establishment of, 143.
Remarks on this company, ibid. note. Popular
clamours against, 285. A rival company erected,
286. They are united, 288. Great rise of their
stock in the South-sea year, 315. Their hall described 663
, Mr. James, linen-draper, facing Bow church,
in Cheapside, is knighted by queen Anne 288
Ecclisiastecal law, causes cognizable by 583
Edge-hill, battle of, between Charles I. and the earl
of Essex 175
, wise regulation of the magistrates there,
to prevent danger from ruinous houses 374
Edmund Ironside, is crowned at London, 16. Enters into a composition with Canute, 17. Is murdered ibid.
Edward the black prince, his magnificent entry into
London, with his prisoner John king of France,
70. Why called the black prince 71
Edward the confessor, elected king of England, 18.
His quarrel with earl Godwin, ibid. Grants a
court of hustings to the citizens of London, 19.
Promises the succession to William duke of Normandy ibid.
, prince, son of Heenry III. plunders the
temple, on his return from his expedition to Wales,
52. Defeats and kills the earl of Leicester at Evesham, 56. Enters on a crusade, ibid.. His accession to the crown 57
Edward I. returns to London from Palestine, 57.
Reforms the civil administration of his kingdom,
ibid. Raises great sums for his expedition to
Wales, 58. Deprives the city of London of its
Mayors for twelve years 59
Edward II. his attachment to Piers Gaveston, 62.
Marries the princess Isabella of France, ibid. Extorts a loan from the citizens of London, 63. His
bed made of straw, 64. Takes Hugh leDespenser
into favour on the death of Gaveston, 65. Is
forced to banish him and his father, ibid. Gains
advantages over the barons, 65. Extorts money
from the Londoners, 66. Is deposed and confined
in the castle of Kenilworth 67
Edward III. confers the bailywick of Southwark on
the citizens of London, 67. Exhibits a tournament in Cheapside, ibid. Asserts his claim to the
crown of France, 68. Confirms the privileges of
the city of London, 69. Orders all cattle to be
slaughtered out of the city, 71. His letter to
the sheriffs for the protection of foreigners, 72.
His reign favourable to trade and civilization, 75.
Edward IV. the manner of his obtaining the crown,
99. Commences his reign with an act of cruelty,
100. Is driven out of the kingdom by the earl of
Warwick, 101. Returns, and is received by the
city of London, ibid. Exacts benevolences for
his French war, 102. Makes peace at Pecquigne,
103. Concludes a treaty with the Hanseatic
league, ibid. His civilities to the city magistrates
and their ladies 104
Edward V. is, with his brother the duke of York,
seized by the duke of Gloucester, 104. They are
smothered in the Tower 105
Edward V. great alterations in government at the
time of his accession, 122. Good laws enacted by,
123. Incorporates the four city hospitals, 126.
His premature death 127
, king of Wessex, unites the Saxon heptarchy
into one kingdom, 12. Fixes his residence at
, earl of, appointed secretary of state in the
room of Mr. Pitt, 409. His death 471
Elections in the city of London, the present mode of,
settled by act of parliament, 323. For the act at
large, See Appendix. No. LIII.
, queen to Henry III. her magnificent reception into London on her first arrival, 44. Is illtreated by the populace from London-bridge, in
attempting to pass under it by water 53
Electors of members to parliament, the qualifications
of, settled in the reign of Henry VI. 100. An alteration in, rendered necessary, ibid. note. A
mode of alteration suggested, 310. A set of articles offered to, for securing the independency of
their representatives 514
, princess, born, 118. Establishes the reformation, on her accession to the crown, 130.
her magnificent entry into London at her coronation, 131. Is refused a loan by the company of
merchant adventurers, 134. Is excommunicated
by the Pope, 135. Provokes the court of Spain
by assisting the United Provinces, 137. Prepares
for a vigilant defence against the Spanish armada,
138. Anecdotes of her character, 141. Her unwillingness to order the execution of the earl of
Essex, 142. Her enormous grants of monopolies,
144. Her death, ibid. Her statue, formerly
placed over Ludgate, erected on the west-end of
St. Dunstan's-church, Fleet-street 438
Ely house, dispute there about precedency between the treasurer baron Ruthen and the lord
mayor of London, 101. Descriptive particulars
Ely rents, adjudged to be within the city jurisdiction 134
Embroiderers hall 621
, Sir Richard, a prostitute lawyer, is an agent
of Henry VII. in oppressing the people, 109. Is
beheaded on Tower-hill 112
, entered into by the presbyterians in London 187
, the seven Saxon kingdoms of, united into
one monarchy under Egbert, 13. The feudal government established in, 22. Great alterations in,
122. Is united with Scotland 292
, not to be practised on the necessaries of
life, so easily as on foreign productions, 428
Ermine-street, the ancient Roman military way 6
, a court of, held at Guildhall, 512. The
nature of this court 539
, defeats the usurper Caius Alectus 8
Essay on Woman, a scandalous poem, is found among Mr. Wilkes's papers 423
, earl of, attempts to raise an insurrection in the
city of London, 142. Is beheaded in the Tower,
, earl of, is placed at the head of the parliament's
army, 174. Engages Charles I. at Edge-hill, 175.
The moderation observed on both sides during this
contest, 176. Returns to London, worsted by the
king, 179. Raises the siege of Gloucester, 180.
Battle of Newbury, ibid. Resigns his command
in consequence of the self denying ordinance, 183.
, imposes the tax called Danegelt to purchase peace of the Danes, 15. Massacres his
Danish troops, ibid. Is driven out of England by
Sweyn, 16. Is recalled, but dies soon after ibid.
, Mr. his representation of the inconvenient
and unwholesome buildings, &c. of London,
217, note. Useful hints of improvement given by,
218, note. His plan for a new city after the
burning of London, 232. Obstacles to the proposed mprovements ibid.
, battle of, between prince Edward and the
earl of Leicester 54
, prince, arrives at London, 300. His honourable reception by the citizens of London,
30l[?]. Extraordinary panic in London during his
residence there ibid.
Evil May-day, tumult on, against foreigners 114
Exchange of London, farmed of king John 37
, royal, first built by Sir Thomas Gresham,
132. Described 601
Exchange alley, the stock jobbers driven from the
Royal Exchange, settle there, 286. Terrible
fire there 361
, great distress produced in London by the
king's shutting it up 237
Excise duties, the first introduction of, in England,
Excise office, the new building in Broad-street, 555.
The old one 597
Excise scheme of Sir Robert Walpole, history of, 330.
Is dropped 334
Exclusion bill against the duke of York, passed by
the house of commons 243
Execution dock 769
Exeter change 736
, Nicholas, mayor of London, delivers the
keys of the city to the duke of Gloucester 82
, Sir Simon, builds Leaden-hall for a public
, James, Esq; chosen recorder of London, 419,
note. His salary augmented, 441. Declares Mr.
Wilkes not eligible to the office of alderman,
460. His conduct at the second election of alderman Beckford to the mayoralty, 467, note. Gives
the sheriffs a warrant to execute Doyle and Valline
in terms different from the sentence, 472. Protests against the remonstrance of the court of common council, 482. Refuses to attend the delivery
of it, 483. An enquiry into his conduct ordered,
487. His disobedience voted contrary to his oath
and duty, 488. Is voted unworthy of future trust
or confidence 489
, alderman and sheriff of London, publishes a
chronicle of England 108
Faculties and dispensations, court of in Doctor's commons, the nature of its jurisdiction 584
, general, his angry letter to the corporation
of London, 188. Commits the mayor, recorder,
and four aldermen to the tower, 189. Exacts money from the city 192
, battle of, between general Hawley and the
young Pretender 356
Falkland isles, disputes with Spain on the seizure of,
487. Compromised 498
, bastard of, attempts to surprize and
plunder the city of London 102
, or rates of hire, for hackney coaches and
chairs, how settled 300
, the advantages of keeping down the size of
, not entitled to the freedom of London by
service in the army 434
, the ward of, divided into two, the outer and the inner 68, note, 84
Farringdon within, ward, its extent, public buildings,
and parish churches 614
Farringdon without, ward, its extent, public buildings, and parish churches 639
, Guy, is entrusted with the execution of the
powder plot 146
Feasting of the city magistrates, restrained by law
, capital, the unheeded causes of the great
increase of in our statutes, 350. Require to be
altered, but should not be pardoned 351
Fencing schools prohibited the city of London 59
, Sir John, is brought to justice for conspiring the death of William III. 284
, Lawrence Shirley earl, is hanged at Tyburn
for murder 399
Feudal system of government, a concise view of, 22.
How subverted 23, 270
, earl of, disbands the army without pay,
on the abdication of James II. 265
, lord, acts as president to a club of Irish Jacobites in London 306
, manor of 754
of London in 1666, particular relation of, 225.
Great extension of, 226. Foreigners taken up on
suspicion of occasioning it, ibid. Precautions for
securing the Tower, 227. Care taken of the people after, ibid. Natural causes of its great and
swift progress, 228. Extension, and general estimate of the loss, 229. Popular rumous of its
cause, ibid. Public offices, where kept after this
calamity, 230. Afforded a happy opportunity of
restoring the city with more uniformity than before, ibid. See Evelyn and Wren.
Fire offices, see the several societies under their respective names.
to celebrate the peace of Aix la Chapelle,
, prices of, at the beginning of the reign of
Edward I. 58. Scheme for bringing to London
by land carriage, 415. Fails 416
, bishop of Rochester, is beheaded for disowning Henry's supremacy over the church 118
Fisher's folly 554
Fisheries in the Thames and Medway, the regulation
of, vested in the lord mayor and aldermen of London 389
Fishmongers company, skirmish between the and
, their arts to enhance the price of fish,
400, 401. New regulations to prevent 401
Fishmongers hall 564
. See Longbeard.
, mayor of London, his resolute behaviour to Henry III. 52
, Robert, castellan and standard bearer
of London, his palace called Castle Baynard demolished by king John, 39. His seignory described 579
Fleet-ditch, is rendered navigable up to Holbornbridge, 111. Is arched over from Holborn-bridge
to Fleet-street, and the market erected, 330. Ordered to be arched over from Fleet-street to the
river, 384. Is compleated, 434. Descriptive
particulars of 641
Fleet-market erected, 330, 339. Its situation 641
Fleet prison, an enquiry into the abuses practised by
the warden of, 326. Description of 641
, banished the city of London by order of
Edward I. 57. Massacred by Wat. Tyler, 78.
Banished by Henry VII. 108. Admitted again by
Flesh meat, first directed to be sold by weight 117
Fletchers hall 546
, the city of London pestered with 293
, great damage done by, round London 446
, the country of, ceded to the crown of Great
, Sir Samuel, lord mayor, entertains the king
and queen at Guildhall 410
, the nature and business of that assembly
, Mr. carries up a petition to the house of commons from the citizens of London, for the removal
of the bishops and popish lords from parliament
Fore-street, the late improvement of 595
, ordered to depart the kingdom, 42, 60.
Order of Edward III. for their protection, 72.
Restrictions laid on their carrying on trade in London, 75. Their houses plundered and destroyed
on evil May-day, 114. Act of common council
for the occasional licensing of, to work in the
, friar, is cruelly burnt at London 118
Founders hall 595
Foundling hospital, the utility of such a charity, 340.
Is founded by the solicitation of captain Coram,
341. Description of 746
, general, governor of Gibralter, is tried for
disobedience to orders 387
, reasons that prevented a treaty of commerce
with, after the peace of Ryswick, 285. Disputes
with, on the limits of the English colonies in
North America, 383. Great capture of the merchantmen of, ibid. War declared between and
England, 386. Peace concluded with 418
, prince, arrives at London, and is created
prince of Wales, 326. Marries the princess of
Saxe Gotha, 336. Accepts the freedom of the
city, ibid. Joins the minority against the Spanish
convention, 342. Supports the interest of Sir
George Vandeput in Westminster, 366. Is chosen
governor of the society for the encouragement of
the British white herring fishery, 369. Death
, Sir John, the great hall in Christ's hospital built by him 619
Free schools, for a table of, see the Addenda following the Appendix.
Freedom of London, restriction imposed on the honorary grants of 405
Freeman of London, his oath 541
French church in Threadneedle-street, 575. Formerly St. Martin Orgars 579
French protestants, great number of, arrive and settle in England 259
Fugger Anthony, and company, bankers of Antwerp, lend money to Edward VI. on the credit of
the corporation of London 126
, public. See (Debt) those who live on them
raise the prices of provisions, by consuming the
labour of other persons 429
Furnival's inn 648
Gaming houses, licensed in London by James I. 151.
Presented by the grand jury of Middlesex 349
Garbling of spices, the old law for, repealed 294
, one obliged to be brought from the Netherlands to raise sallads, in the reign of Henry VIII.
, Sir Samuel, lord mayor, patronises Dr.
Sacheverel, 296. Evades attending at the burning
of his sermons 297
, Sir William, is nominated to the office of
sheriff, by being drank to by the lord mayor 138
, king at arms, institution of that office 582
, Sir Crispe, his laudable industry in detecting the imposition of Elizabeth Canning, 377.
Receives particular thanks for his conduct 379
Gates of London, the original four under the Romans, 6, 9. The custody of, granted to the citizens of London by Henry IV. 86. Are sold and
ordered to be taken down 399
, Sir Geoffrey, excites an insurrection in the city
of London 101
, Westminster 715
, Piers, favourite of Edward II. created earl
of Cornwall, 62. The queen raises a party against
him, ibid. Is put to death 65
, John of. See Lancaster
, Mrs. a baptist lady, is burnt alive by James
, Sir John, lord mayor of London, committed to
the Tower by general Fairfax 189
, London, exact copy of that giving an account of the great fire of London 225
George I. his accession, and by what title, 306. His
public entry into London, 307. His answer to the
city address, ibid. Dines in the city with the prince
and princess of Wales, ibid. Attends divine service
at St. Paul's, 308. Publishes an act of grace, 311.
Passage in his answer to the city address, relating
to the conduct of the South Sea company, 318.
Informs the lord mayor of an intended conspiracy
in favour of the Pretender, 320. Entertains the
body of the corporation at St. James's, 325. His
death and character ibid.
George II. his accession, 325. Dines at Guildhall,
326. Is impowered to prohibit all loans to foreign
princes, 328. Princess royal married to the prince
of Orange, 334. Marriage of the prince of Wales,
336. Death of the queen, 339. Marriage of the
princess Mary, to the prince of Hesse, 343. Informs the parliament of an intended invasion in
favour of the Pretender, 349. Receives addresses
of attachment from the principal places in the kingdom, ibid. Resolves to erect his standard at Finchley to cover the metropolis, 355. Addresses to, on
the defeat of the Pretender's army, 357. Death of
prince Frederic, 371. Restores Mr. Pitt and Mr.
Legge to their employments at the desire of the
people, 388. Is addressed on the prince of Wales
arriving at majority, 396. His death and character,
402. Buried 405
George III. born, 340. Congratulations on his arrival at age, 396. Accession of, 403. Commencement of popular discontents, 407. Marries the princess Charlotte of Mecklenburgh Strelitz, 408.
Their coronation, ibid. Dines at Guildhall, 410.
His statue placed in the Royal Exchange, and his
picture in Guildhall, 411. Prince of Wales born,
416. Concludes a peace with France and Spain,
418. Death of his uncle the duke of Cumberland,
434. Repeals the American stamp act, 436. Prohibits the exportation of corn by proclamation, 437.
The princess Caroline Matilda married to the king
of Denmark, ibid. Thanks the soldiers for their
behaviour in St. George's fields, 445. Institutes
the royal academy of arts. 449. For the petitions
presented to on account of the Middlesex election,
See Petitions. His interview with the sheriffs
Townsend and Sawbridge, 476. His reply to the
remonstrance of the livery of London, 477. His
answer to the remonstrance of the corporation of
London, 483. The lord mayor's memorable reply
to him, ibid. Desires the lord mayor to make no
more replies, 484. His answer to the second remonstrance of the corporation of London, 495.
Publishes a proclamation for apprehending the printers, 499. His answer to the third remonstrance
of the corporation of London 512
Gerard's hall inn 559
German Lutherans. See Palatines
, taken from the Spaniards 291
, Samuel, Esq; tried for murder 446
Gin shops, a presentment against, by the grand jury
of Middlesex, 327. A law passed to suppress
, general, is created earl of Athlone for his services in Ireland, 277. Is entertained by the magistrates of London at merchant taylors hall ibid.
Girdler's hall 550
, fine, the manufacture of, introduced by the duke
of Buckingham 234
Glass house liberty 754
, is besieged by Charles I. 179. Raised by
the earl of Essex 180
, Gilbert de Clare earl of, raises a rebellion
against Henry III. in London, but is reduced 55
, Humphrey duke of, is left guardian to his
nephew Henry VI. 90. His duchess disgraced,
and himself murdered by the contrivance of the
bishop of Winchester 94
, Richard, duke of, his measures to obtain
the crown to the prejudice of his nephews, 104.
Murders them, 105. See Richard III.
Glovers hall 608
, serjeant, pleads Mr. Wilkes's cause in the
court of common pleas, 422. Is elected member for the county of Middlesex, 449. Why he
did not sign the Middlesex petition, 459 Pleads
in Mr. Wilkes's cause against lord Halifax, 471.
Is ordered to be advised with in all city affairs
where counsel is wanted 489
, Sir Edmundbury, his murder and extraordinary funeral, 241. Procession in commemoration
of his death 243
, Sir Robert, is returned by the livery to the
court of aldermen, but rejected, 342. Is again rejected by the aldermen, who chuse Heathcote the
junior alderman, 344. Is rejected a third time,
ibid. A fourth time, 345. Is at last chosen, 347.
Dies in his office 348
Godwin earl of Kent, his formidable armament against
Edward the confessor, 18. Is reconciled to Edward 19
Godwin sands how first formed 26
Golden rump, a manuscript farce to ridicule Sir Robert
Walpole, produced in the house of commons 338
, a fray between that company and the merchant taylors, 56. Grocers, and Weavers, the
courts of assistants of those companies refuse obedience to the lord mayor's precepts for calling a
common hall, 479. A committee of the livery appointed to consult on the mode of proceeding
against them, 480. The report of that committee,
509. Are prosecuted 510
Goldsmith's hall 544
Goldsmith's row in Cheapside, order of the privy council relating to, 156. Repeated 161
, the Spanish ambassador, insulted in the
city of London 152
Goodman's fields, antiently a Roman cemetery, 6.
Particulars relating to 664, 760
, short view of the seudal system of, 22,
note. Great changes in that of England, at the
accession of Edward VI. 122. Every mode of, requires a centre of authority somewhere, 198, note.
Executive power ought always to be subordinate to
the legislative, ibid. Its degenerating nature, and
how only to be reformed, 272. Evils resulting from
the powers of, being usurped by a ministry, 325.
Cause assigned for the extension of ministerial influence since the Revolution, 402. Who the most likely persons to withstand illegal acts of 421
, Sir Richard, lord mayor, his pompous reception of Charles I. on his return from Scotland,
169. Is committed to the Tower by the house of
, Sir Archibald, is expelled the house of commons for his concern in the charitable corporation 335
, lady Jane, is persuaded to assume the crown,
127. Is executed with her husband 128
Grays inn 747
Green park 720
Gregory the great, pope, sends Augustin the monk over
to Britain to convert the Saxons 12
Gregory XIII. pope, reforms the calendar, 371. His
calendar adopted in England ibid.
, Sir Thomas, erects the Royal Exchange,
132. Establishes lectureships at his house ibid.
Gresham college, foundation of, 132. Is offered to
the crown to erect the Excise office on the spot,
439. See Excise office
, for their disobedience to the lord mayor's
precept, see Goldsmiths
Grocers hall 591
, M. his anecdote relating to the building of
Bethlehem hospital, 594, note. Relating to the
Mansion house, 675, note
Grosvenor square 731
, a discontent in the first regiment of, on receiving bad shirts, quieted by the duke of Marlborough 309
Guilds or trading fraternities, when they first began
to be formed, 27. Adulterine, what, 30. See
, first erected in its present situation, 88.
Proper offices built in for public entertainments,
110. The sessions of the peace ordered to be held
there, 115. A description of, 587. Names of the
judges whose pictures hang up in, 589. The statue of alderman Beckford, ibid. The giants, 590.
The public offices kept in, ibid. The chapel, ibid.
Guy's hospital, foundation and description of 684
Haberdashers hall 608
, water brought from that village to Aldgate 118
Hackney coaches, first ply for hire in the city of London, 154. Proclamation respecting, 161 Are regulated by Oliver Cromwel's parliament, 200.
Are taxed toward the pavement of the streets, 213.
Again taxed, 281. Their rates of fares, how settled, 300. See Sedan chairs
Hale Sir Matthew, draws up the act for rebuilding
London after the great fire 231
, Sir Robert, is murdered in the Tower by the
Kentish rebels 78
, earl of, secretary of state, apprehends Mr.
Wilkes by a general warrant, 421. Damages recovered from, on this cause 471
Halls of the several city companies. See under their
, the nature of these courts 540
Hand in hand fire office 652
, Mr. impeached by Charles I. 172. Is
Hampton-court conference 146
Hanseatic merchants, purchase their hall at the stillyard, 42. Their privileges confirmed by Henry
III. 51. Are obliged to contract to repair Bishopsgate, 59. Their hall, Guybalda Teutonicorum, confirmed to them by Edward IV. at a stipulated rent,
103. Their warehouses plundered, 108. Their
privileges revoked, 125. Are shut out of the
, Mr. Jonas, is the schemer of the marine
Harleian manuscripts, added to Sir Hans Sloane's,
collection to compose the British museum, 379, 743
, hon. Thomas, attends the burning of the
45th number of the North Briton, as sheriff, and
is insulted by the populace, 424. Is thanked by
the house of commons, ibid. His officious conduct
toward a mob, 444. Is made a privy councellor,
ibid. note. Is called to account by the court of
common council for a misapplication of the tickets sent to the members by the king of Denmark
, son of Canute, is elected king of England,
17. Dies 18
. son of Godwin earl of Kent, seizes the
crown of England on the death of Edward the
confessor, 19. Is defeated and killed at the battle of Hastings 20
, Mr. deputy, elected chamberlain of the
city of London 371
, battle of, puts William duke of Normandy
in possession of England 20
, John, mayor of London, repairs the cross
in Cheapside, with other public works 93
Hatton-garden, descriptive particulars of 642
, reduced by lord Albemarle and Sir George
, a law of the corporation to prevent their
encumbering the streets, 143. Are forbid to sell
goods except in public markets, 281. Farther
, general, is defeated by the young Pretender 356
, George, Esq; when sheriff, moves the
common hall to instruct their members to endeavour procuring a repeal of the aldermen's negative, 342. Is chosen mayor by the court of aldermen in preference to Godschall his senior,
344. Declines the office, ibid. Is elected on Godschall's death, 348. Is thanked for his readiness
in calling courts of common council, ibid. His
letter of resignation 362
, Sir Gilbert, is elected lord mayor, contrary to the desire of queen Anne's tory ministry,
298. Is insulted by the populace on the day of
entering into his office, 299. Dissuades the corporation from addressing the queen for a peace 302
Hell fire club, rumours of a club so called produce
a proclamation against blasphemous clubs 319
Henry I. assumes the crown, 27. Privileges granted by him to the citizens of London, ibid. Reduces Normandy under subjection to the crown of
Henry II. his exactions from the citizens of London,
30. Value of money in his reign 37
Henry III. makes his public entry into London, 41.
His severe treatment of the citizens of London,
41, 42. His magnificent reception into London
on his marriage, 44. Extorts money from the
citizens on frivolous pretences, 46, 47, 48, 49.
His authority suspended by a council of barons,
50. Resumes his power, 51. Refers his differences with his barons to the award of Lewis IX.
of France, 53. Is taken prisoner by Leicester,
54. Dies 56
Henry IV. deposes Richard II. and seizes the crown,
85. Privileges granted by to the citizens of London, 86. Passes a law for the burning of heretics ibid.
Henry V. his licentious conduct while prince of Wales, 88. Reforms on his accession to the crown,
ibid. Asserts his claim to the crown of France, 89.
Is acknowledged heir to that monarchy, and entrusted with the present administration, 90. Marries Catharine of France, ibid.
Henry VI. comes to the crown when an infant, 90.
Is crowned at Paris, 92. Loses all his provinces in
France, 95. His character and unhappy situation,
ibid. Is taken prisoner by Richard duke of York,
97. Resumes his power, 98. Is taken prisoner
by the young earl of March, 99. Is deposed,
ibid. Is restored, 101. His final deposition and
Henry VII. defeats Richard III. at Bosworth field,
106. Unites the claims of the houses of York and
Lancaster by marriage with the princess Elizabeth,
ibid. Establishes his credit with the citizens of
London by the punctual payment of a loan, 107.
Instances of his suspicious temper, ibid. His avarice, 108. Cuts off all commerce with the Low
Countries, ibid. Entertains the magistrates and
principal citizens of London on Twelfth-day, 109.
Engages two infamous lawyers to oppress his people by extortions, ibid. Has an interview with the
archduke of Austria, 110. Obliges his son Henry
to marry his brother Arthur's widow, ibid. Marries his daughter Margaret to James IV. of Scotland, ibid. Erects his famous chapel at Westminster, 111. His penitential act of atonement,
ibid. General view of his reign 112
Henry VIII. the first acts of his reign, 112. Views
the procession of the city watch, 113. His interviews with the emperor Charles V. and with
Francis I. of France, 115. Writes against the tenets of Martin Luther, ibid. His motives for desiring a divorce from Catharine of Arragon, 116.
Marries the lady Anne Boleyn, 117. Takes the
supremacy of the church into his own hands, 118.
Suppresses religious houses, ibid. Marries the lady
Jane Seymour, ibid. Is present at a grand shooting match of the Londoners, 119. Exposes the
Romish impostures, ibid. Becomes more terrible
to his subjects than the pope of Rome, 120. Marries Ann of Cleves, and Catharine Howard, ibid.
Marries Catharine Parr 121
, prince, son of James I. accepts the freedom
of the merchant taylors company 147
Heralds office, the building described, 580. History of the college of heralds 581
, an act of parliament passed for the burning of, 86. A computation of the number that
suffered during the reign of Mary I. 130. How
adjudged under the Reformation 131
Hermione register-ship, the treasure of, brought to
Herring fishery, British white, a society incorporated
for the encouragement of 369
, Dr. his account of the burning the old spire
of St. Paul's cathedral 625
Hicks's hall built by Sir Baptist Hicks, 149, Description of 753
High church and low church, rise of the animosity
between those parties, 296. Riots of the high
church party, 297, 308. See Sacheverel.
High commission court, is attacked by the populace,
163. Is abolished 169
High Holborn liberty 747
Highbury barn, water brought from for the supply of
, the difficulties and dangers to which they
are liable, 1
, Sir Richard, lord mayor, during the rebellion in the year 1745, receives particular thanks
for his conduct during his office 357
, Mr. deputy, is appointed town-clerk to the
city of London, 389. Refuses to sign the petition
of the livery, 463. note. His conduct at the second election of alderman Beckford to the mayoralty 467, note.
, when first paved, 90. Ordered to be paved between the bridge and the bars 118
, lord, his letter to the lord mayor of London, 464. Reply to, 465. Is declared by the
livery to be the person alluded to in their petition,
, Richard, asserts the right of citizens of
London to be exempted from toll for their goods
all over England 365
, antient priory of 758
Honey-lane market first opened, 234. Description
, the common market of, established in little
, Rev. Mr. his quarrel with Mr. Wilkes, 502.
Moves for a dissolution of the society for supporting the bill of rights 503
Horse guards 721
Horsley down 687
, city, first incorporated, 126. Inquiry into
the rights of the city over, by a committee of the
common council, 383. Report of the committee
439. Rules published by the corporation of London for the government of. See the Addenda at
the end of the work.
, old English, its origin pointed out, 22, note.
, is arched over and paved, 111. Described 664
House of commons, their powers and parliamentary
forms, 701. See Commons.
House of lords, their powers and parliamentary forms,
700. See Lords.
Houses in London, how built in the reign of Richard I.
34. Regulations made for the better construction of, ibid. How to secure them from damage
by lightning, 131. Bad construction of in the
reign of Charles II. before the great fire, 217,
note. See Fire. The building of party walls between, regulated, 324. Seven persons killed by
the fall of ruinous ones, 373. Ought to be kept
in good repair by public orders, 374. New regulations for party walls 427
, Catharine, is married by Henry VIII.
120. Is beheaded for incontinency 121
Hoxton-square and market 758
, Robert, a lunatic Frenchman, confesses his
setting fire to London, and is executed for it, 229
Hubert de Burg, chief justiciary, his severe treatment of the citizens of London, 42. Is disgraced 43
Hudson's bay company, first established, 234. Remarks on the conduct of, 235. Their hall 659
, Mr. member of the house of commons
expelled for bribery 279
, particulars of the dreadful one in November 1703, 288. Estimate of the damage done
by in London, 289. Damage done to the craft in
the river 290
, a court of, granted to the city of London
by Edward the Confessor, 19. The nature of that
, rise of that name 276
James I. his accession, and profuse grants of nobility, 144. Endeavours to bring about a comprehension between the church of England and the
puritans, 146. Calls in the grants of monopolies,
ibid. Discovers the powder plot, ibid. Grants
the forfeited lands in the province of Ulster to the
corporation of London, 147. Evidence of his inclination toward popery, 148. Two heretics burnt
in his reign, ibid. Marries the princess Elizabeth
to the elector Palatine, 149. Orders the nobility
and gentry not to live in London, 150. Orders
the book of sports to be observed on the sabbathday, 151. Licenses gaming houses in London,
ibid. Reprimands the city magistrates in Guildhall 152
James II. (see York, duke of,) his accession, 256.
Goes to mass in his regal capacity, ibid. Sends an
agent to make his submission to the pope, ibid.
His cruel domestic government, 257. His hasty
advances to establish popery, 258. The suspicious
pregnancy of his queen, 259. His declaration for
liberty of conscience offensive to the people, ibid.
Sends seven bishops to the tower, 260. Birth of the
Pretender, 261. His ill-timed repentance, ibid.
Appoints the pope godfather to his child, 262.
Endeavours to satisfy the nation of the reality of
his birth, ibid. Prepares to oppose the prince of
Orange, ibid. Is totally deserted, 263. His last
regal acts, ibid. Flies secretly from London, 264.
Is discovered at Feversham, and brought back to
London, 266. Flies again and goes over to
France, 267. Reflections on his conduct, ibid.
Invades Ireland, 273. Is defeated at the battle of
the Boyne,, 276. Dies 287
, Stephen Theodore, Esq; is chosen chairman of the committee for managing the subscription for the sufferers by fire in Cornhill, 361. Is
elected sheriff, 365. Distinguishes himself by executing criminals without military aid, ibid. Is
elected chamberlain of the city of London 430
, or queen Mary's big belly, an old tract
of Fox the martyrologist, is reprinted in the reign
of James II. 259
Idle persons, why burthensome to the community
, Sir George, recorder of London, is frightened by the house of commons into a resignation
of his place, 245. His brutal conduct after Monmouth's invasion in the west of England, 257.
Carries back the city charter to Guildhall, 261.
Is seized and killed by the populace 264
, captain, his cruel and insulting usage by the
Spaniards, 341, note.
, colonel, makes a motion in the house of
commons, to confer the title of king on Oliver
, five executed on account of the popish plot
Jewel office in the tower, articles shewn there, and
the manner of viewing them 767
, how they came to apply themselves to usury,
33. Plundered and murdered at the coronation
of Richard I. 33. Cruelly used by king John, 39.
Are punished by Henry III. on an improbable accusation, 45. Take refuge in the Tower from a
persecution by the populace, 53. Their synagogues
ordered to be destroyed by the archbishop of
Canterbury, 59. Are forbidden to practice usury,
60. Are severely used for diminishing the coin,
ibid. Banished the kingdom, ibid. Are again
permitted to settle in England, 201. An act passed for the naturalization of, 377. Review of the
arguments for and against, 378. The act repealed 380
Ignorant ages, the histories of uninteresting 2
Impressing of seamen, a cruel violation of the rights
of British subjects, 345. How to avoid the necessity of ibid.
Imprisonment for debt, the bad policy of, explained 327
Independents and presbyterians, begin to be distinguished in parliament, 183. Their political principles, 187. Predominate in the city of London 192
Ingulphus bishop of Rochester, builds the Tower of
London, for William the Conqueror 25
Innocent XI. pope, receives an agent from James II.
contrary to his advice, 256. His slighting treatment of the earl of Castlemaine, James's ambassador, 258. Sends a nuncio to England ibid.
, none to be kept in the city of London but by
Innholders hall 613
, of the small-pox, shewn to operate in increasing the number of the people, 136, note. The
first introduction of, from Turkey 322
Instruction of members of parliament, the right of
the constituents to give, and the duty of the members to follow, asserted 308, note.
to members on occasion of the Middlesex
election:—the electors of Westminster's, 452, note.
Of the livery of London, 454, note. Of
the electors of Southwark, 456, note. See Petitions.
Insurance offices, the great utility of, 361. See under
their respective names.
, the treaty of commerce thus called, made with the Low Countries 110
Interest of money, the rate of, in the reign of Henry
II. 37. First legally settled, 122. Is reduced
from ten to eight per cent. 153. Is reduced to six per
cent. 197 Is farther reduced to five per cent. 306
, king, his letter to the mayor and citizens of
London relating to the building their bridge, 31.
His charters to the city of London, 37. His
quarrel with the pope, 38. Is excommunicated,
ibid. The interdict taken off, 39. His barons
make war against him, ibid. Is reduced to
grant the great charter of English liberties, 40.
, king of France, is brought prisoner to London
by Edward the black prince 70
, Dr. his partial definitions of the terms
whig and tory, 244, note. Is ridiculed for his belief in the Cock-lane ghost 413
Joiners hall 613
, Inigo, lays out Lincoln's-inn-fields, and
Great Queen-street 151
, general panic all over the kingdom, of their
coming to massacre the English 265
Irish estates of the city of London, (See Ulster.) The
property of confirmed to the corporation by Charles
II. 213. History of, recapitulated, ibid. How
Irish massacre, unjustly charged upon Charles I. 169
Ironmongers hall 546
, alderman, dies soon after his appointment
to the mayoralty 379
Isabella of France, married to Edward II. 62. Raises
a party against Piers Gaveston, ibid. Is denied a
night's lodging in the castle of lord Badlesmere,
65. Commencement of her intimacy with Roger
Mortimer, 66. Calls a parliament which deposes her husband 67
Isle of Dogs 772
Italian book-keeping, a treatise on, published in the
reign of queen Elizabeth 133
, the doctrine of, unsupported either by
reason or scripture 368
, a court of, erected for settling differences
between landlords and tenants after the great fire
of London 230
Judicial combat ; see Trial by battle
Julian calender, is rejected in England 371
, trials by, instituted by Alfred 14
Justice hall court at the Old Bailey, the nature of,
and when held 539
, Hugh and William, are seized for enlisting
men in the pretender's service 306
Kensington palace, is purchased by William III. 273
, Mr. prosecutes the contrivers of the Cocklane ghost 414
, earl of, condemned 357
, lord, with five members of the house of
commons, impeached by the king, 172. Their
singular conveyance from London to the parliament house 173
, their discretional power dangerous to their
subjects, and ought to be restrained by laws, 252.
Seldom grant liberties to their subjects until forced
Kings of England, their limited authority under the
feudal frame of government, 270. Their power
enlarged as the people grew more free, 271.
Their powers interfere, and the people successively assert their rights ibid.
King's bench prison, Mr. Wilkes committed to,
443. Murders committed on the populace there
by the soldiers, 444. A description of 681
King's printing house 652
King's street Covent-garden, great fire there 397
King's Weigh house 552
, alderman, his pertinent observations on the
recorder's conduct 488
, every citizen possessed of 40l. per annum, commanded to take the order of 69
, city, great disputes among, on the article
of precedency 145
, the French fleet defeated off that place
, Mr.of Drury-lane theatre, the original schemer
of an embankment similar to that at the Adelphi
, Sir Robert, is translated to the ward of
Bridge without, 391. Promotes a protest in the
court of aldermen to disavow the remonstrance 477
, Dr. murdered by the London populace 156
Lamb's chapel 611
Lamb's conduit first erected 135
, a schoolmaster of London, cruelly burnt
by Henry VIII. 120
, alderman, is chosen lord-mayor in preference to Godschall his senior, by the court of
aldermen, 345. Is sworn into his office by the
constable of the Towers, ibid. Dies of the goal
, general, reduces the royalists under Sir
George Booth 204
, village of, 691. History and description
of the archbishop of Canterbury's palace there,
692. Vauxhall garden 693
, John of Gaunt, duke of, espouses the
cause of Wickliffe the reformer, against the bishop
of London, 74. Is insulted by the citizens, ibid.
Is reconciled to them, 75. His palace at the
Savoy burned by the Kentish rebels 77
, captain James, commands the first ships
sent out by the East India company 143
, its price in the tenth century, 14, 20. Its
produce increased by cultivation in small farms 520
Land carriage fish scheme, account of, 415. Fails
, archbishop of Canterbury, crowns William Rafus 26
Langbourn ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 656
, bishop of London, his idolatrous consecration
of the church of St. Catharine Cree in Leadenhallstreet, 157. When archbishop, his palace at
Lambeth attacked by the populace, 163. Is impeached by the house of commons, 165. Is tried
and executed 182
, the practice of, debauches the mind, 161,
note. All proceedings in the courts of, ordered to
be in the English language 329
, admiral, declares for the parliament 205
, how considered and treated by the Kentish rebels under Wat Tyler and Jack Straw 77
, counsellor, is executed for a conspiracy against
the government 321
Leadenhall first built by Sir Simon Eyre, 90. Is
burnt, 106. The market described 662
Leathersellers hall 556
, lord chief justice, orders the city magistrates to
cleanse Newgate 369
, Bartholomew, is burnt for heresy in Smithfield, by order of James I. 148
, Henry Bilson, Esq; made chancellor of the
Exchequer, 388. Is removed, ibid. Public distinctions conferred on by the people, ibid. Is
reinstated, ibid. Is again removed 407
, Simon de Mountfort, earl of, heads a
party of barons against Henry III. 52. Enters
into an accommodation with the king, 53. Refuses to abide by the award of Lewis IX. of France
ibid. Takes the king and his brother prisoner,
54. Is defeated and killed at Evesham ibid.
Leicester fields 724
, antient method of conveying before the
establishment of the post-office 657
, battle of, between Henry III. and the earl
of Leicester 54
, son to Philip king of France, is invited over
by the English barons, 40. Is received into
London, 41. Returns home ibid.
Lewis IX. of France, is chosen arbiter between
Henry III. and his barons 53
, English, the proper foundation they rest
on, 271. Why supposed not of a durable nature,
272. The cap an unfit symbol of ibid. note.
Licentiates in physic, contests and riots between them
and the college of physicians 440
Lieutenancy of the city of London, nature of the
court of 542
, tables of the probabilities of, in London compared with other places 529
, modern method of securing buildings
Lime street ward, extent, and public buildings in 662
, is erected into a separate parish, 328.
, John, instigates the populace to a commotion
against foreigners 114
Lincoln's inn 748
Lincoln's inn fields, first laid out by Inigo Jones, 151.
, one published in the vulgar tongue 125
Livery men of the city companies, irregularity in
their powers of electing magistrates 324
Livery of London, their instructions to their representatives, 454. Their request of a common-hall
refused by the court of common-council, 461.
Agree to petition the king, 463. Return aldermen Beckford and Trecothick to the court of
Aldermen, for their choice of mayor, 467. Press
the acceptance of the office on Mr. Beckford, 468.
Resolutions of, ibid, note. Agree to a remonstrance, 474. Order a committe to consider of
a proper mode of proceeding against the refractory companies, 480. Are forbid to attend the
delivery of the remonstrance 512
Loans to foreign princes, the king impowered to prohibit 328
Lock hospital Southwark 685
, London visited by swarms of 361
, their members grow formidable, 89. Law
passed against, ibid. The laws against repealed
Lollard's tower 587
Lombard merchants, peculiar privileges granted to in
, the various etymologies antiquarians have
given of the name, 2. Is not mentioned by Julius
Cæsar, 3. Was however a place of consequence
in Nero's time, ibid. Arrival of Plautius and
Claudius, ibid. Created municipium a free city, 4.
Slaughter of the citizens by Boadicea, ibid. Original extent of, under the Romans, 6. London
stone, the center of all their military ways in Britain, ibid. Its wall, when first built, 8. Is entered by Theodosius the Elder, ibid. Bede, his
character of, 12. Plague and fire there, ibid.
Becomes the seat of government under Egbert, 13.
Is burnt but rebuilt by Alfred, ibid. Its condition under Edgar, 14. Is reduced by Sweyn king
of Denmark, 16. Edmund Ironside, the first
prince crowned in, ibid. The first mention of a
bridge here over the Thames, ibid. Is severely
taxed by Canute, 17. Sends members to a national council held at Oxford, ibid. A court of
hustings granted to, by Edward the Confessor, 19.
Character of by William of Malmsbury, 20. William the Conqueror, received into, 21. Was one
of the first towns in Europe that became a corporation, 24, note. Obtains two charters from William, 24, 25. Fires in, 25. The Tower of,
built, ibid. Much damaged by a hurricane, 26.
Is relieved by charter from the tax called Danegelt, 27. From trials by battle, ibid. Great
fire in, 28. Its bridge built of stone, 31. The
chief magistrate of, officiates as chief butler of the
kingdom at the coronation of Richard I. 34. The
title of mayor first given to the chief magistrate of,
ibid. Regulations made for the building houses
in, ibid. Privileges granted to by king John, 37.
The wall of, encompassed with a ditch, 39. Privileges granted to, by Magna Charta, 40. Lewis
the French prince, received into, 41. A common seal granted to, 42. Is supplied with water
from Tyburn, 44. Great famine and distress in,
50. Power of the constable of the Tower restricted, 51, 79. The barons in arms under the earl
of Leicester received into the city, 52. Is deprived of its privileges by order of parliament, 54.
They are restored on a fine and submission, 55,
56. Great famine in, 56. Flemings banished
from, 57. The magistrates of, accused of oppression, 58. Is divided into twenty four wards,
and common council men chosen, 59. Is deprived of its mayors for twelve years, ibid. Regulations to check the licentiousness in this interval,
ibid. Is taken possession of by the barons in arms
against the Despencers, 65. The bailywick of
Southwark conferred on, 67. An order published that no person should appear armed in, ibid. A
great plague in, 70. Magnificent entry of Edward the black prince, with his prisoner John
king of France, ibid. Aldermen of, ordered to
be annually elected, 73. Restrictions laid on
foreigners carrying on trade in, 75. Public entry
of Richard II. into, ibid. The magistrates and
citizens how rated in a subsidy to him, 76. A
new seal made for, ibid. Disorders committed
in by the Kentish rebels, 77. The liberties of,
confirmed by parliament, 80. The wall and
ditch ordered to be repaired and cleansed, 81.
The aldermen of, established in their offices
during good behaviour, 84. The magistrates of,
exempted from trial by foreign jurors, 85. Great
Plague in, 87. Magnificent entry of Henry V.
into, after the battle of Agincourt, 90. Servants
how they became freemen of, 91. Is supplied
with water from springs at Highbury barn and
Paddington, 93. Merchants houses in, plundered by Jack Cade, 96. Grand procession of the
York and Lancaster parties to St. Paul's, 98. Privileges conferred on the magistrates of, by Edward IV. 100. Sir Geoffrey Gates's insurrection
101. The bastard of Falconbridge's attempt to
plunder it, 102. Grand reception of Henry VII.
after the battle of Bosworth, 106. Is attacked
by the sweating sickness, 107. A benevolence
levied on, by Henry, 108. Flemings banished,
ibid. Great plague in, 110. The first court of
request erected in, 114. Is again visited by the
sweating sickness, 115. And the plague, ibid.
Extent of the suburbs of at this time, 116. Annual consumption of oxen in, 117. The tables of
the magistrates restricted, 121. Plague in, ibid.
Streets of, ordered to be paved, ibid. Last appearance of the sweating sickness, 125. The
manor of Southwark granted to, ibid. Magnificent entry of queen Elizabeth, 131 The plague
brought to from Havre de Grace, 132. A stated
watch appointed for each ward, 134. Earth
quake in, 135. Number of foreigners in at this
time, ibid. A proclamation to prevent laying
new foundations in, ibid. A fleet of ships fitted
out by, on occasion of the Spanish armada, 139.
Great plague in, ibid. Riotous disposition in,
suppressed by martial law, 140. Hasty levies
made by the magistrates, 141. Plague in, 144.
The forfeited lands in the province of Ulster in
Ireland, granted to 147. Great enlargement of
the suburbs, ibid. Nobility and gentry ordered
to depart from, 150. Gaming houses licensed in
by James I. 151. Great plague in, 153. Hackney coaches first known in, 154. Ship money
levied in by Charles I. 155. An exact account
taken of all the inhabitants, 162. Deprived of
the Irish plantation by the court of star chamber,
ibid. Grand reception of the king, 169. Is put
into a posture of defence to resist the king, 175
Deputies from the parliament's army harangue the
corporation at Guildhall, ibid. The city wall repaired, and new works added, 177. Is, with
Westminster and Southwark, surrounded with a
chain of forts, 178. Heavy assessments levied to
carry on the war, ibid. Great consternation in,
on the siege of Gloucester, 180. The clergy of,
petition for a settlement of the church, 182. The
Presbyterian model established, 183. Remonstrates to the parliament on political grievances,
184. A counter petition from the Independents,
ibid. General consternation in, on the approach
of the army, 186. Another remonstrance to the
parliament presented, ibid. The forts on the western side of the city surrendered to the army, 188.
The army take possession of the city, and commit
the magistrates to the Tower, 189. Cromwell
endeavours to get them hanged, ibid. Riots in,
190. Stagnation of trade by the distractions in,
193. Weavers, Haberdashers, and Goldsmithshall plundered by the army, 194. Is entered by
Monk in an hostile manner, 206. Magnificent
entry of Charles II. on his restoration, 210. The
king dines at Guildhall, 211. The enthusiastic
insurrection of Venner, ibid. Magnisicent cavalcade of the king previous to his coronation, 213.
Passages in, enlarged, ibid. The Irish estates
confirmed to, ibid. All the chartered liberties of,
confirmed, 215. Description of the inconvenient
buildings in at this time, 217, note. Particular
history of the great plague, 218. Is deserted by
the rich, 220. Precautions of the magistrates,
221. Grass grows in the public streets, 223.
Amazing collections for the poor, ibid. State of
trade this year, 225. The magistrates congratulate the king on his return, 225. Particular
account of the great fire, ibid. A court of judicature formed for settling differences between landlords and tenants, 230. Measures taken for rebuilding the city, 231. Its amazing speedy restoration, 232. Obstacles that occurred to proposed
improvements, ibid. Is in danger from a Dutch
fleet in the Thames, 233. Orders issued for
cleansing and lighting the streets, ibid. William
prince of Orange entertained at Drapers-hall,
234. The power of paving and cleansing the
streets, vested in the corporation, 235. The annual stipends of the parochial clergy settled, ibid.
Great distress in, by the king's shutting up the
Exchequer, 237. Coffee houses ordered to be shut
up, 239. The prince and princess of Orange dine
in the city, 240. The magistrates ordered to prevent the citizens signing petitions for the sitting of
parliament, 243. The magistrates present a petition for the parliamentary examination into the
popish plot, 245. The magistrates ordered to
prevent a proposed feast of the whig citizens, 248.
Confusion at the election of sheriffs, 249. The
writ of Quo Warranto issued against, 253. Great
numbers of French protestants arrive and settle in,
259. Occasion of establishing charity schools in,
259. The city charter restored, 261. General
confusion on the king's flight, 264. Address of
the lord-mayor and common council to the prince
of Orange, 265. Strange panic in, on a rumour
of the Irish coming to massacre the English, 265.
The king brought back, 266. He flies again,
and the prince of Orange arrives, 267. A deputation from the common council ordered to attend
the convention of the peers and commons summoned by the prince, 268. The magistrates
impowered to clear the city of Popish recusants,
273. War declared against France, ibid. The
proceedings on the Quo Warranto reversed, 275.
Vigorous preparations in to defend the city during
the absence of king William in Ireland, 276.
Parliamentary powers obtained for paving and
lighting the streets, and for regulating the markets, 276. Advances money to queen Mary,
279. Magnificent reception and entertainment
of William on his return from Flanders, 278.
Lends money to the queen, ibid. Restoration of the
orphans fund, 279. Bank erected, 280. Money
how raised in for the service of government before
the formation of this national bank, ibid. Grand
funeral of queen Mary, 282. Manner of holding
common-halls for the election of city officers and
members of parliament settled, ibid. Pretended
privileged places is suppressed by parliament,
284. Joyful reception of the king after the peace
of Ryswick, 285. Difficulties to the establishing
a treaty of commerce with France, ibid. Abounds
with projectors, 286. The stock jobbers removed
from the Royal Exchange, ibid. Address to
king William, on the French king proclaiming
the Pretender, 287. War declared against France
and Spain, 288. Magnificent reception of queen
Anne on lord mayor's day, ibid. Thanksgiving
on the successes against the French and Spaniards,
ibid. Dreadful hurricane in, ibid. Fast observed
on that occasion, 290. Thanksgiving days, 291.
The city pestered with flies, 293. Great numbers
of Palatines arrive, and are humanely relieved,
295. Riots in occasioned by the prosecution of
Dr. Sacheverel, 297. The lieutenancy of the city
changed, 298. Tory members elected for, ibid.
An act passed for building fifty new churches in
the suburbs of, 300. Proportion of the customs
received at the port of, compared with that of the
out ports, ibid. Arrival of prince Eugene, ibid.
The magistrates discouraged by the ministry from
giving him a public entertainment, 301. Strange
panic in, concerning Mohocks, ibid. Rejoicings
in on the peace of Utrecht, 304. Apprehensions
in, on the queen's illness, 305. Queen's letter to
the lord mayor, ibid. Public entry of George I.
307. He with the prince and princess of Wales
dine at Guildhall, ibid. Act for quieting and
establishing corporations passed, 311. Riot at the
Mug-house in Salisbury-court, ibid. War declared against Spain, 312. Detail of the South Sea
scheme, ibid. Great distress produced by, 317.
Hell fire club, great apprehensions of, 319. Peace
with Spain, ibid. Regulations made to prevent
bringing the plague from Marseillies, ibid. Letter from lord Townsend to the lord Mayor, on account of a jacobitical conspiracy, 320. Address
to the king in answer to, 321. Confusions in at
the election of sheriffs, 322. The mode of elections in, finally settled by parliament, 323. Riots in, on account of this law, ibid. Irregularity
in the frame of the corporation pointed out, ibid.
George II. and the royal family dine at Guildhall,
326. New parishes erected in the suburbs of, 328.
Exports and imports of, during the year 1731.
329. Part of Fleetditch arched over, and the market erected, 330. Petitions from, how received
by the house of commons, 334. Rejoicings in on
the failure of Sir Robert Walpole's excise bill, ibid.
Blackfriars adjudged to be under the city jurisdiction, 336. A law passed for the better lighting
the streets, ibid. The Mansion-House for the
Lord Mayor began to be built, 339. War declared against Spain, 342. Distress of the poor by a
hard frost, 343. Instructions given to the city members, 346. All the aldermen made justices of
peace, ibid. The merchants of, represent the
bad conduct of the war by petition to the house of
commons, ibid. Papists ordered to depart from,
349. War declared against France, ibid. Return of commodore Anson from the South-seas, 352.
Vigorous measures and associations in, to support
government against the pretender, 354. General
alarm on the rebel army penetrating into England,
355. Execution of the rebel lords, 357, 358.
Terrible fire in Cornhill, 361. Cessation of arms
proclaimed, 361. Is visited by locusts, 362. Rejoicings on account of the peace, ibid. History
of the bottle conjurer, 363. Earthquakes in, 367.
Bishop of, thanked for his pastoral letter, 368.
The Lord Mayor and several other gentlemen killed
by the gaol distemper, 369. Newgate cleansed,
ibid. Act of common council for the occasional
licensing of foreigners to work in, 370. The new
style adopted, 371. Want of a regulation to enforce the taking down ruinous houses, remarked,
374. Commotion in, by the affair of Elizabeth
Canning, 375. The militia of, ordered to be kept
ready to march, 383. Powers granted by the act
to repair London bridge, 385. New road made
from Islington to Paddington, ibid. War declared
against France, 386. The Lord Mayor and Aldermen impowered to regulate the fisheries in the
Thames and Medway, 389. The temporary bridge
burnt, 390. Thanksgiving and rejoicings on the
success of the war, 391. Remarkable success of
the war, 397. Great fire in Sweeting's alley, ibid.
Cause of the inconvenient laying out of the streets,
ibid. Passages ordered to be opened in, 398. Accession of George III. 404. The first stone of
Blackfriars bridge laid, ibid. Coronation of the king
and queen, 408. The king and queen dine at
Guildhall, 410. War declared against Spain, 411.
Scheme for bringing fish to, by land carriage, 415.
Peace concluded, 418. The court of Lord Mayor
and Aldermen only, address the king on the peace,
419. Apprehension of Mr. Wilkes, 421. Burning of the North Briton, 424. Inquiry into the
natural and artificial causes of the dearness of provisions in 428. Riots of the weavers 431, 432,
433. The ceremony on Lord Mayor's day omitted
on account of the duke of Cumberland's burial,
435. The streets of, new paved, and nuisances
removed, 436. Rejoicings on the repeal of the
stamp act, ibid. Mr. Paterson's plan for raising
money for several public purposes adopted, 438.
State of the poll for members of, 441. Riots in,
on Mr. Wilkes's election for Middlesex, 442. The
prince of Monaco entertained at the MansionHouse, ibid. Riots of coal heavers, ibid. Great
damage done by floods, 446. The king of Denmark entertained at the Mansion-House, 447. The
livery of, instruct their members, 454. History
of the merchant's address, 456. The livery attempt to get a common hall, 461. Agree to a petition to the king, 463. Second election of alderman Beckford to the mayoralty, 467. A fund left
to assist young citizens in business, 470. Disputes
between the sheriffs and the ministry on the execution of Doyle and Valline, 472. Delivery of
the remonstrance of the livery of, to the king, 477.
Remonstrance of the court of common council,
482. Death of the Lord Mayor, 485. Alderman Trecothick chosen mayor for the remainder
of the year, ibid. Richard Oliver, Esq; elected
member for, 486. Contests relating to the new erections at Durham yard, 489 Second remonstrance
of the common council, 495. Alderman Oliver
committed to the Tower, 501. The Lord Mayor
committed to the Tower, 502. The objections
against the embankment at Durham yard argued
before the house of lords, 504. Release of the Lord
Mayor and Mr. Oliver, 508. Third remonstrance
of the common council, 510. Courts of conservancy held in Essex and Kent; and the bounds of
the city's jurisdiction visited, 513. Its geographical
situation, 521. Its natural advantages, ibid. Its
limits strictly and popularly, 522. Number of
streets and houses, difficulty of obtaining, ibid.
Number of inhabitants not to be found by the bills
of mortality, 523. A sixth part of the inhabitants supposed to be dissenters, 523. Tables of
the bills of mortality, 526. Tables of the probabilities of life in, compared with other places,
529. A table of the number of cattle sold in
Smithfield market for forty years, 531. A table
of the prices of wheat at the corn market in, for
forty years, 533. Number of wards, and boundaries of the liberties, 534. A summary view of
the civil government of, ibid. Military government of, 541. For the charters of, see the Appendix. For the tables of the lord mayors, sheriffs,
recorders, aldermen, chamberlains, representatives
in parliament, bishops, &c. of, see the Addenda
following the Appendix.
London assurance office 659
London house in Aldersgate-street 543
London infirmary 761
London Lyckpenny, an antient ballad of John Lydgates's, monk of Bury 576, note.
London stone, supposed to be a Roman milliarum, and
the centre where all the military ways in Britain
met. 6, 676
London workhouse, Bishopsgate street 556
, settled by the corporation of London 150
Long-beard the lawyer, condemned and executed for
his irregular practices 35
, bishop of Ely, regent of the kingdom, degraded 34
, house of, voted useless and dangerous by the
house of commons, 195. A motley house of,
formed by Oliver Cromwell, 202. The peers return to their house, 209. Sacheverel silenced by,
297. Censure the court of common council for
issuing money for law suits on controverted elections
312. Protest of, relative to the Middlesex election,
481. Protest of, against the embankment at Durham yard 505, note.
, a conduit erected in 122
, lord, anecdotes of his extraordinary life, 357.
Is executed 358
, Salathiel, recorder of London, is knighted
by William III. 278
Low countries, all commerce with, prohibited, 108.
The treaty called intercursus magnus made with 110
, is taken from the French 391
, derivation of its name, 6. Is taken down,
and the prisoners removed 399
, colonel, is made lieutenant of the Tower,
171. Is removed, ibid. Excites a commotion in
the city. ibid.
, derivation of that term of reproach 15
Lustring company, incorporated, 278. Cause of
the decay of 285
Lutheran chapel in the Savoy. 738.
, colonel, opposes Mr. Wilkes at Brentford,
458. Is declared member for Middlesex by the
house of commons. ibid.
, its advantage to trade specious, but its tendency to destroy liberty real, 272. Is complained
of, in a presentment of the grand jury of Middlesex 350
Lydgate John, monk of Bury, his ballad called the
London Lyckpenny 576, note
Lying-in hospital, Brownlow-street 742
Lying-in hospital city of London, 543. New building for, in Old-street Road 756
Tower in the Tower of London 764
Magdalen house first instituted, and the nature
of that establishment, 392. New building for,
erected in St. George's fields, 466. Where situated,
and œconomy of 686
, granted to the English barons by king
John, 40. No liberties obtained by the common
people under this charter, ibid. Who the original
objects of 271, note.
Mall in St. James's park 719
Manasseh Ben Israel, prevails on Oliver Cromwel to
permit Jews to settle in England 201
, a depravity of, fatal to liberty 272
Mansion-house for the lord mayor of London, is proposed to be built on Stocks market, 339. Inscription on the first stone of the foundation, ibid, note.
Description of that building, 673. Cause of its
heavy appearance 675
, Edward, earl of, his army received into London, 98. Routs the king's army near Northampton,
99. Becomes duke of York, and seizes the crown,
ibid. See Edward IV.
Marine society the first establishment of, 386. Their
office where kept 603
great cautions used in buying and selling in
during the great plague, 221. Regulations published by the court of common council for their government, 238. Extortions in the farmers of, redressed 284
Marlborough house 720
, duke of, his successes against the French,
288. Gains a victory at Blenheim, 291. Is entertained by the corporation of London at Vintners
hall, ibid. Is disgraced on the change of the ministry, 301. Pacifies a discontent among the guards
on receiving bad cloathing 309
, duke of, his extraordinary adventure
with Mr. Barnard the builder, 393. Dies 393
, clandestine, an act passed to prevent, 378.
The evil tendency of this law ibid.
, regulations made to prevent importing the
plague from 319
, city, first institution of their office, 133.
Are ordered not to deal in provisions or liquors 508
Marshalsea court and prison in Southwark 681
, Samuel, Esq; is abused in the North Briton,
and wounds Mr. Wilkes in a duel 424
, reduced 415
, lady, daughter of James duke of York, is married to the prince of Orange, 240. Is sent for by
the prince to come to England on her father's abdication, 269. Is proclaimed queen, 270. See
Mary I. proclaimed, 127. Restores the Romish religion, ibid. Harangues the city companies at Guildhall, ibid. Is married to Philip II. of Spain, 128.
Causes of her death, 129. Her bigotry, 130 Estimate of the persons that suffered for heresy during
her reign ibid.
Mary II. proclaimed, 270. Dines at Guildhall, 274.
Her prudent administration during her husband's
absence in Ireland, 275. Reviews the Westminster militia in Hyde Park, 277. Dines at Guildhall, 278. Dies 282
, queen of Scots, her sentence publicly proclaimed in London 138
, history of that village 739
Mason's hall 550
, a grand one exhibited by the citizens of London at Kennington for the entertainment of the princess of Wales and prince Richard. 73. A splendid one exhibited by the inns of court before king
Charles I. 158
, are presented by the grand jury of Middlesex as public nusances 328
, private abolished 123
, her rights of succession to the crown of England, usurped by Stephen, 28. War between her
and Stephen, 29. Retires to Normandy 30
, bishop of London, rebuilds the cathedral
of St. Paul's 25
, Peter, schemes the erecting water-works
under London bridge 137
, Sir Joseph, presents the Southwark petition to the king 470
, the title of, first assumed by the bailiff or
chief magistrate of London, 34. Is vested with
the conservancy of the river Thames, 36. Ordered
to be presented before the barons of the Exchequer,
after his election, 49. Receives an annual contribution from the foreign merchants, 68. The election of, established on a regular plan and the office
made obligatory, 69. A silver mace granted to, 70.
Is now called lord mayor, ibid. The election of,
settled on the present plan, 103. First instance of
their custom of nominating sheriffs by drinking,
137. Disputes between and the commonalty on
this point, 168. Is intrusted with the lieutenancy
of the Tower, 171. The manner of electing settled by act of common-council, 283. The observance of seniority, not obligatory, ibid. His manner of election settled by act of parliament, 323.
Is under no obligation of translating himself to any
of the twelve companies, unless to qualify himself
for being president of the Irish committee, 348.
His office and powers, 534. His court, 535. His
four esquires, 537. For a list of the lord mayors of
London, see the Addenda, following the Appendix.
Mayor's court office, where kept 603
Meal tub plot, hatched by the papists against the
, the conservancy of, granted to the corporation of London 37
Meeting houses, dissenting, destroyed by Sacheverel's
mob, 297. The number of, in London, Westminster, and Southwark 523, note.
, ordained by Augustin bishop of the East
Saxons, 12. Is expelled London ibid.
Members of parliament, by the nature of their deputation bound to receive and follow the instructions of
their constituents, 308, note. For a list of those for
London, see the Addenda, following the Appendix.
Mercers hall and chapel 591
Merchants address, disastrous history of 456
, foreign, forbid to export coin or bullion,
Merchants adventurers, the origin of that company, 61.
Charter granted to, 87. Their privileges confirmed by Henry VII. III. Their great success in
trade, 125. Are first properly incorporated, 132.
Erect the statue of Charles II. in the Royal Exchange 255
Merchants seamens office 603
Merchant taylors, a fray between that company and
the goldsmiths, 56. Description of their public
hall, 571. Their school described 612
, their professed principles 756
, reflections on the apprehensions entertained of its growing too large 136
Mews at Charing-cross 724
, the freeholders of, open a subscription to
enlist men in the king's service, 396. Mr. Wilkes
is elected member, 442. Serjeant Glynn elected,
449. Instruct their members, 452. Mr. Wilkes's
second election, 453. His third election, 458.
His fourth election, ibid. Col. Luttrel imposed
on the county, ibid. Their petition to the king,
459. Present a remonstrance 480
Middlesex hospital 732
, Sir Hugh, brings the New river to London for the supply of the town with water 149
Mile end, old and new towns 771
Military power, in general cases unnecessary in carrying the laws into execution 365
tenures under a feudal settlement explained,
22. Causes of the decay of, pointed out 270
ways of the Romans in Britain how they centered in London 6
, strong argument in favour of, 140. If formed of substitutes, is another standing mercenary
army, 384. Of the city of London, history and
present view of 542
Million bank 658
Minister of state, the necessity of his securing a majority in the house of commons, to carry on the national business, refuted 311, note.
Ministerial power in the administration of government, the bad effects of, 325, 517. Cause of the
increase of, since the revolution 402
, the little importance it is in a public view,
of what individuals it is composed 517
, taken by the French 386
, keeper of, chosen by the mayor of London,
46. The office and manner of coining described 764
Mint in Southwark, the pretended privileges of that
place suppressed by parliament, 284, 322. Origin
of the place so named 690
, ridiculous apprehensions excited in London
of cruelties commited by persons under this appellation, 302. A proclamation published for apprehending them. ibid.
Monasteries suppressed, 118. Amount of their revenues 120
, the value of, under the Saxon government,
20. Under the reign of Henry II. 37. Under
Edward I. 56, 57, note. 6z, note. Under Henry
VIII. 117. In the reign of queen Elizabeth, 134.
Ordered not to be exported by foreign merchants,
87, 106. Allowed to be exported by law, 215.
The growing plenty of real specie the natural cause
of the dearness of necessaries, 428. Paper, the artificial cause of 429
, the prince of, entertained at the Mansion
, general, marches from Scotland to support
the authority of parliament, 204. Arrives at Westminster, 206 His violent conduct in the city of
London, ibid. Relents, and joins the city against
the rump parliament, 207. His mysterious conduct, 208. Was wrong in restoring Charles II.
without prescribing conditions to him, ibid. See
, duke of, petitions the king against the
removal of the parliament to Oxford, 246. His rebellion against James II. defeated 256
, enormous grants of, by queen Elizabeth,
with their pernicious consequences, 144. Are
called in by James I. 146
, lady Mary Wortley, introduces the practice of inoculating the small-pox from Turkey 322
Monument on Fish-street hill, a description of 562
, Sir John, an addresser, chosen lord mayor,
248. His arbitrary proceeding in the election of
sheriffs, 249. Founds the writing school in Christ's
, are levelled and rendered passable, 113.
Description of 755
, lady, her gaming-house near Covent
garden presented by the grand jury of Middlesex,
, Sir Thomas, appointed lord chancellor, 117.
Is beheaded for disowning Henry's supremacy over
the church 118
, James, clerk to the lord mayor, erases the
minutes of the process against Whittam the messenger, from the minute book, by order of the house
of commons 500
, Roger, commencement of his intimacy
with queen Isabella 66
, archbishop, and chancellor, his rule in levying benevolences 108
Mug-house in Salisbury-court, riot of the Jacobite
mob there 311
, the commission of, not restrained by the
, the hon. Alexander, is committed to Newgate for contempt of the house of commons, 372.
His triumphant release, 373. Retires abroad,
, Mr. is appointed the architect of Black-friars
bridge, 400. Amount of his salary for building,
497. His petition to the court of common-council rejected 510
, battle of, between Charles I. and the parliament's generals, Fairfax and Cromwell 183
, the most free always the most rich and powerful, 272. These characters why not durable, ibid.
, the fraudulent obtaining acts of, to
screen foreigners who reside abroad, prevented 370
, the state of, a brutal state 2
Necessaries of life, the prices of, not easily to be generally raised by monopolies 428
New exchange 727
New inn 737
New prison, Clerkenwell 752
river first brought to London by Mr. Hugh Middleton, 149. Office of, where situated 643
, battle of, between Charles I. and the earl
of Essex 180
, duke of, resigns his place at the treasury 416
Newcastle house, Clerkenwell 751
, St. John's fort there, taken by the
French, but retaken 417
, the custody of, granted to the citizens of
London, 86. Is rebuilt by Sir Richard Whittington, 88. Is infected with a contagious distemper
and cleansed, 369. Described 615
Newgate market described 617
Newington Butts, village of 691
Newport market 728
No man's land, a piece of ground so called, purchased for a burial-ground during a great plague 70
, their political principles and taste censured
for clandestinely importing and wearing French
Non-freemen, admitted to work in London under
certain circumstances, 123, 129. Act of commoncouncil for the occasional licensing of, to work in
the city 370
, John, mayor of London, introduces the
custom of the lord mayor going to Westminster by
, (see William duke of) Is brought under
subjection to the crown of England, 28. Is finally
lost to England 95
, king at arms, his province 582
North Briton, occasion of publishing that paper, 420.
Character of the 45th number, ibid. Is burnt at
the Royal Exchange, 423. See Wilkes and Bingley.
, Dudley, is endeavoured to be forced upon the
citizens as their sheriff, 249. Is irregularly sworn
into his office with Mr.Birch 251
, John, his vigilant conduct in his
mayoralty, 79. His character afterward aspersed 80
Northumberland house, history and description of 724
Norton Falgate liberty 757
, king Charles I. erects his standard there
, countess of, her treacherous conduct between queen Elizabeth and the earl of Essex 144
, the famous lawyer, contrives the burlesque characters in the masque exhibited by the inns of
court before Charles I. 158
, Titus, is an informer of the Popish plot. 241.
Obtains a pension. ibid. Accuses the earl of Castlemaine, 244. Accuses the earl of Stafford, 245.
Is prosecuted and severely punished by James II.
for perjury 256
, that taken by every citizen of London, on admission to his freedom 541
, public, where kept after the fire of London,
230. See their present situations under their respective names.
, Mr. moves the house of commons to enquire into the abuses in public gaols, 326. Is
chosen chairman of the committee to examine into
the state of the prisons ibid.
Old Bethlehem burial ground, first inclosed for the
interment of poor citizens, 133. Its present situation 555
Old Jewry, derivation of the name of that street, 587.
Meeting house there 597
, Sir John. See Cobham.
, Richard, Esq; is chosen alderman of Billingsgate ward, 485. Is elected member for the city,
486. His independent professions, ibid. Discharges Thompson the printer, 499. Is committed to the Tower, 501. Refuses to serve the office
of sheriff with Mr. Wilkes, 504. Is brought before the barons of the exchequer by Habeas Corpus,
but is remanded back, 507. Addresses to in the
Tower, ibid. Is released, 508.
, Arthur, Esq; receives the freedom of London, and a pension on his retiring from the house
of commons 406
, William prince of, comes over to London,
and is entertained at Drapers hall, 234. Marries
the lady Mary, daughter of the duke of York, 240.
Is applied to for assistance by the English against
their king, 261. Lands at Torbay, 262. The
principal nobility and gentry join his army, 263.
Declaration sent to, by the assembly of peers at
Guildhall, on the king's abdication, 264. Address of the lord mayor and common-council to,
265. Endeavours to prevent the king's return to
London, 266. Arrives at St. James's, 267. Publishes an order for the convention of peers and
commons, 268. His speech to the convention,
ibid. Borrows money of the corporation of London for present exigencies, 269. Reforms the army,
ibid. Sends for his princess over to England, ibid.
Refuses to accept the crown in right of his wife,
ibid. Is proclaimed king, 270. See William III.
Orange regiment of London trained bands, behaves
gallantly under colonel Wilson 180
Orphan's fund, the first mention of, in history, 83.
Regular interest paid by, 133. Bad management
of, and consequent distress of the orphans, remedied by act of parliament, 279. Duties imposed
to restore the fund, ibid. Act for the support of the
fund, 359. Mr. Paterson's plan for extinguishing
the debt to, 438. Court of, how held, and for
what purposes 538
, Sir Edward, the first lord Mayor who nominated citizens to the office of sheriff, by drinking
to them 137
, the pope's legate, drains the kingdom of its
, the annual consumption of, in the metropolis
in the reign of Henry VIII. 117. See Cattle.
, a set of constitutions framed there by a council of barons and imposed on Henry III. for the reformation of the state, 50. Henry procures an absolution from his oath to observe them, 51. He
agrees once more to abide by them, 53. Are annulled by Lewis IX. of France, arbiter between
Henry and his barons, 53. Tumultuous meeting
of the parliament there in the reign of Charles II.
246. Short sitting of ibid.
, Harley earl of, schemes the erection of the
South sea company 299
Oxford market 733
, alderman, is ill treated in the house of commons for endeavouring to get the title of king given
to Oliver Cromwel 202
, water brought from, for the supply of
Painter Stainers hall 666
, great numbers of, arrive in London, 295.
Are humanely relieved and settled, ibid. A number of, decoyed over to London, 427. Are relieved, and sent to America 428
Pallmall paved 213
, the pope's legate, receives king John's humiliating submission to the papal authority 39
, in Oxford road, 732. In the Spaw-field,
Paper currency, one great cause of the high prices of
provisions, 429. The dangerous nature of, ibid.
and Dubois are chosen sheriffs by the citizens, 250. Are set aside by the lord mayor, 251.
Prosecute him, but are discountenanced by the body
of the corporation 254
, their relics and impostures exposed, 119.
Whether intitled to toleration 167, note.
Pardoning of criminals, the ill policy of 351
, peace concluded there between England,
France and Spain 418
Parish clerks, act pious plays at Clerkenwell 88
Parishes in London, how united after the great
, representatives of the people first admitted
into, 54. An ineffectual attempt made by, to limit
the prices of provisions, 63. Banish the Despencers,
65. Vote the deposition of Edward II. 67. Restrictions laid on foreigners by, 75. In 7 Rich. II.
confirm the city liberties, 80. Pass a law for the
burning of heretics, 89. Early discontent between,
and Charles I. 154. Is dissolved, 156. Is again
called, but soon dissolved, 163. Long, first meeting of, 165. The sittings of, not to be interrupted without their own consent, 168. Both houses
of, dine at Merchant taylor's hall, 181. Order
the inhabitants of London to retrench one meal a
week for the common cause, ibid. Self-denying
ordinance passed, 182. Review of their conduct,
186. Is beset by the populace, 187. The speakers
of both houses take refuge in the army, 188. Is
purged by colonel Pride, 193. The house of lords
abolished, 195. See Commons. A new one called
after the old model, under Richard Cromwell, 203.
Dissolved by the council of officers, ibid. Long
parliament restored, 204. Dismissed, ibid. Assemble again, 205. The authority of, disowned
by the city of London, 206. Order Monk to reduce the city to obedience, ibid. The secluded
members restored, 208. Dissolved by their own
act, and a new one called, ibid. Address the king
on the popish plot, 241. The sittings of, interrupted by the king, 243. Is assembled at Oxford,
246. Its abrupt dissolution, 247. The convention summoned by the prince of Orange, how converted into one, 272. Act for paving the streets,
and for regulating the markets in the metropolis,
276. Struggles in, to prevent the progress of
bribery, 279, note. Privileged places in London
suppressed by, 284. Is suddenly dissolved, and
the new one filled with tories, 298. Pass the act
for building new churches, 300. The whigs gain
the ascendency in the first summoned by George I.
308. The sittings of, extended to seven years,
309. Pass the act for quieting and establishing
corporations, 311. Foresee the bad effects of the
South sea scheme, 313. Raise money on the estates
of the directors, 318, note. Prohibit the wearing
of printed India callicoes, 319, Regulations made
by, to prevent introducing the plague from
Marseilles, ibid. Suppress the Mint finally, 320.
Regulate the mode of city elections, 323. Regulate the public prisons, 326. Erect new parishes in
the suburbs, 328. Impower the king to prohibit
loans to foreign princes, ibid. Order all law proceedings to be conducted in the English language,
329. Pass an act for the better lighting the streets
of London, 336. Act for building Westminster
bridge, 337. Act passed against retailing spirituous liquors without licence, ibid. Abrupt dismission of, and for what cause, 359. Reject the Julian, and adopt the Gregorian calendar or style,
371. Pass an act for naturalizing Jews, 377.
Pass the marriage act, 378. Purchase Sir Hans
Sloane's museum, and establish the British museum,
379. Repeal the Jew act, 380. Order the removal of the borough market, 382. Pass the act
for building Black-friars bridge, 384. Authorize
the repair of London-bridge, 385. Vest the regulation of the fishery in the Thames and Medway,
in the lord mayor and aldermen of London, 389.
Impower the corporation to open the streets, 398.
Regulate the sale of fish, 401. Enormous grants
of money by, 407. Pass an act for the new paving,
&c. of Westminster, 415. Establish the land carriage fish scheme, ibid. Impose additional duties,
on wine, cyder, and perry. 419. Repeal the American stamp act, 436. Indemnify the persons
acting under the proclamation to prohibit the exportation of corn, 437, note. Pass the bill for
embanking Durham-yard, 498. Test proposed to
secure the future integrity of, 514. See Lords, and
Commons; and for the forms of, see House, of each.
, Catharine, is married to Henry VIII. 121. Is
suspected of heresy ibid.
, his motive for raising the ghost in Cock lane,
412. Is pilloried and imprisoned for it 414
, Humphry, Esq; is chosen to a second mayoralty, in preference to Godschall, 344. Dies
in his office 345
Party walls, disputes concerning them regulated by
, Mr. William, is one of the projectors of
the bank of England 280
, Mr. deputy John, his plan for raising money
for public purposes in the city of London, 438. A
piece of plate voted to 440
not so disinterested in fact as antient history
describes, 347, note. Patriots of use while they
continue so, whatever may be their motives ibid.
Pavement of the streets of Westminster, reformed,
415. Of London, 436. Of Southwark ibid.
. See St. Paul's.
Pay office in Broad-street 569
, why the English are generally discontented
with the terms of, 418. Internal, seasons of, the
most dangerous to popular liberty 517
, John, archbishop of Canterbury, orders all
the Jewish synagogues in London to be destroyed 59
, peace of, between Edward IV. of England and Louis of France 103
, declaration of an assembly of, at Guildhall, on
the abdication of James II. 264
Peerless pool 756
, earl of, regent during the minority of
Henry III. engages a party of barons to espouse the
young king's cause against Lewis the French
, Bofavern, execution of 365
, Sir Samuel, lord mayor, dies of the gaol
, alderman, carries up a petition for the
abolishment of episcopal government, 166. Carries a petition from the city to parliament against
an accommodation with the king 179
Penny post, the first establishment of, 252. Its principal and subordinate offices 575
, common, their situation under the feudal system of government, 22, note. How emancipated, 24,
note. No liberties intended for them by Magna Cbarta,
40. Begin to understand the injustice of their oppression under the feudal system, 76. The assertion of their natural rights, the cause of the civil
war against Charles I. 271. Their rights not legally secured until the Revolution ibid.
, Warbec, is encouraged by the duchess of
Burgundy to personate the duke of York, 108.
Lands in the West, but surrenders, 110. Is executed ibid.
, alderman, opposes Sir Robert Walpole's excise-bill 332
Peter of Colechurch, is employed to build London
bridge of stone 31
Petition of right, framed by the house of commons
and passed by Charles I. 156
Petitions from the city of London, the form of their
reception by the house of commons 334
Petitions to the king, occasioned by the Middlesex
election—of the freeholders of Middlesex, 459.
Of the livery of London, 464. Of the electors of
Westminster, 467. Of the electors of Southwark,
469. Of several counties, cities, and boroughs,
enumerated, 470. Remonstrance of the livery of
London, 474. Of the Westminster electors, 480.
Of the Middlesex freeholders, ibid. Of the common council of London, 482. A second remonstrance of the Westminster electors, 494. A second
from the corporation of London, 495. A third remonstrance from the corporation of London 510
Petitioners and abhorrers, rise of those parties 244
Petty France Westminster, paved 213
Pewterers hall 659
Philip II. of Spain, is married to Mary I. of England, 128. Leaves the kingdom, 129. stimulated the persecution of the protestants 130
, John, a private citizen of London, sits out
a fleet to destroy the Scots pirates, 76. His public
conduct in his mayoralty, ibid. Is knighted for
his services against the Kentish rebels 79
, ordered to be examined and licensed by
the bishop of London, 113. Are incorporated, 115.
The college of, ordered to compose a directory for
the use of the people during the great plague, 222
Several of, die in the exercise of their profession,
ibid. Contests and riots between the fellows of the
college and the licentiates, 440. Their college
, a regular school of, discovered 138
Piepowder court, at Bartholomew fair, the derivation
and nature of 540
Pilkington and Shute, elected sheriffs, 248. Are
committed to the Tower, 251. Cruel oppression
of Pilkington by the duke of York 252
, Sir Thomas, is knighted by William III.
and entertains the royal family at Guildhall, 274
Pinners hall 571
, William, Esq; is made secretary of state, 388.
Is removed, ibid. Distinctions conferred on by
the people, ibid. Is reinstated, ibid. Thanks the
corporation of London for opening a subscription
at Guildhall, 396. Is yoked with the earl of
Bure, 407. Resigns his office, 409. Honours paid
to by the populace in attending the king to Guildhall, 410. See Chatham.
Place bill, is strongly and repeatedly urged by the
house of commons, 279, note. Another attempt to
introduce one 343
of London in 1665, a particular history of,
217. General symptoms of infection, 218. Usual
treatment of the patients, 219. Houses shut up on
infection, ibid. Patients destroyed by the nurses,
220. The town deserted by the rich, ibid. Wise
precautions of the magistrates, 221. Extension of
the infection, ibid. 222. Occasions pits dug, and
the dead collected in carts, 223. Large fires made
in the principal streets, ibid. Decline of the disorder, 224. Conduct of the country people 225
Plaisterers hall 608
, Edward, the young earl of Warwick, is
kept in perpetual confinement by Henry VII. 107.
Is executed 110
, taxed in the hands of the possessors 384
, is sent over to Britain by the emperor Claudius 3
a law passed to limit the number of, and to
subject dramatic writings to the examination of the
lord chamberlain 339
Plumbers hall 613
, cardinal, comes over to England with a legatine
Political writing, bad effects of vulgarity in, 308
, Mr. consutes D'Avenant's defence of the
East India company 285
; see Johnson.
, Paul Wythin, is allowed to hear the proceedings
of the common council of London 119
, a pompous mock procession in ridicule of 243
Popish plot, first rumours of, 240. Sir Edmundbury
Godfrey's death combined with it, 241. Five jesuits executed for, 242. The earl of Castlemaine
acquitted of 244
, or strong beer, additional tax laid on 407
Portman square 732
Portobello taken by admiral Vernon 343
Port Royal in Jamaica, destroyed by an earthquake
, petition the house of commons 174
Portsoken ward, its origin, extent, public buildings,
and churches 663
Post office, general, origin of, 657. Office, and
present establishment of, 658. See Penny post.
, prices of, at the beginning of the reign
of Edward I.57. In queen Elizabeth's reign 134
Poultry compter 590
Powder plot, the casual discovery of 146
, the executive, in every state ought to be subordinate to the legislative 198
Powis house, is mysteriously burnt while inhabited
by the duke D'Aumont, and rebuilt at the
French king's expence, 305. Described 746
, lord chief justice of the court of Commonpleas, discharges Mr. Wilkes on the plea of
privilege, 422. Declares his opinion of the
illegality of general warrants, 424. The freedom of London voted him, 426. See Camden.
Prerogative court in Doctors commons, the nature of
its jurisdiction 583
Presbyterians and Independents, begin to be distinguished in parliament, 183. The Presbyterian
model established, ibid. Are arbitarily oppressed
by Charles II. 251
Press warrants, (see Impressing) are backed by Trecothick, 487, note. Are refused to be backed by
Crosby, 496. Queries proposed to counsel relating
to ibid. note.
Pretender born, 260. The reality of his being the
queen's child, a point not worth ascertaining, ibid.
Is proclaimed king of England, &c. by Louis XIV.
287. Rumours of his visiting queen Anne in
London, 305. A reward published for apprehending him, 306. His invasion of Scotland, suppressed, 309. A conspiracy in his favour detected,
320. His declaration proposing terms to George I.
321. His son invades Scotland, 353. See Charles
, Dr. his tables of the probabilities of life in
London, compared with other places, 529. His
view of the disadvantages of living in great cities
, colonel, purges the parliament 193
Prince's square, Ratcliffe highway 761
, the art of brought into England, 103. The
happy effects of 270
, Sir William, lord-mayor, prevents the
annual pope-burning, in compliment to the court
Prize money, a more equitable distribution of, the
best inducement for sailors to enter the national service 345
, Sir Peter, alderman, is sent over to regulate
the English settlements in Ireland 150
Proctor Sir William Beauchamp, riots occasioned by
his standing candidate for the county of Middlesex
, great multitude of, during the South sea
scheme, 315. The suppression of, hastens the failure of the South sea company 316
, the concentration of, in few hands, injurious to the public welfare, 518. Hints for
diffusing and moderating the possession of 519
, French, their visionary absurdities, 294.
Are declared impostors and punished ibid.
, national, productive of national ruin 518
Protest of sixteen aldermen, disavowing the remonstrance of the livery, 478. Of the lords against the
proceeding of the commons in the Middlesex election, 481. Of the lords against the embankment
at Durham yard 505
, how the reformers came to be so stiled,
119, note. Invited over to England, 124. Are
cruelly persecuted by Philip and Mary, 130.
Foreign, a law passed for the naturalization of, 295.
This law repealed 301
, prices of, in the reign of Edward I. 57,
58, 62, notes, 63. In the reign of Henry VIII.
117. An examination into the supposed and true
causes of the late high prices of 428
Public entertainment, mischievous tendency of licensing places of, indiscriminately 350
Pudding lane, the great fire of London begins there,
226, 228. Inscription on the house where the fire
, first rise of that distinction in the church
of England, 145. Are oppressed by James I. 146.
Disputes between them and the Arminians carried
into the house of commons, 156. Are much displeased with the edict for sports on the Sabbathday, 159. See Presbyterians, and Independents.
, Henry, a citizen of London, entertains four
kings at his table at one time 71
, his pious exhortation to the women petitioners
of the house of commons 174
, their conscientious objections to the payment of tythes, alarm the clergy, 337. Subscribe
to the soldiers cloathing in the rebellion, 354.
Their principal meeting, where situated 661
, is taken from the French 396
Queen Anne's square 732
Queen's palace, history and description of 719
Queen's square Ormond street 745
Queen's street, Great, first laid out by Inigo Jones 151
, is purchased of Richard duke of Cornwall by the corporation of London, 46. Description of 666
Queenhithe ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 666
, the writ of, issued against the corporation of London, 253. Judgment upon, entered,
255. The proceedings on reversed 275
Rag fair 760
, petitions queen Elizabeth for the liberty
of the four Evangelists 130
, Charles, titular earl of Derwentwater, executed on Tower-hill 357
, alderman Richard, enrolled as a foot soldier
Rebel lords executed on Tower-hill, 309, 357
in Scotland in favour of the Pretender in
1715, suppressed, 309. In the year 1745, a short
account of 353
, city, searched in order to abrogate all acts of
the corporation from the civil war to the
restoration, 209. They are repealed accordingly
Recorder of London, his office, 536. For a list of
the recorders of London, see the Addenda, following the Appendix.
Red lion square 745
Reformation of religion, (fee the gradual steps of,
under the articles Wickclisse, Henry VIII. and Edward VI.) Is finally established by the accession of
queen Elizabeth 130
Register office for Middlesex 750
Religious houses, suppressed, 118. Amount of their
, city, the nature of his office 537
, ill effects of that published by the house
of commons against Charles I. 170. Is answered
by the king ibid.
Representatives in parliament for the city of London,
the mode of electing, 283. For a list of, see the
Addenda following the Appendix.
, generally have a chief magistrate over
them, though under different names, 98, note.
Revolution of government, see the gradual steps of,
under the articles James II. and Orange prince of,
is finally perfected by settling the crown on William III. and Mary II. 270
Rich. Sir William, is cruelly treated by the warden
of the Fleet prison 326
Richard I. the Jews plundered and massacred at his
coronation, 33. Engages in a crusade, 34. Is
crowned a second time, on his return from imprisonment, 35. Charters granted by him to the
city of London 35, 36
Richard II. comes to the crown a minor, 75. Compromises a quarrel between his uncle the duke of
Lancaster and the citizens of London, ibid. His
prudent conduct in his interviews with the Kentish
rebels under Wat Tyler and Jack Straw, 78.
Resigns himself up to favourites, 81. Shuts himself up in the Tower of London, 82. Declares
his majority, and assumes the regal power, 83.
Extorts money from the citizens of London by
seizing their charter, ibid. Builds Westminster
hall, 84. Marries Isabella of France, 85. Reviews the citizens mustered on Blackheath, ibid.
Is deposed by Henry duke of Lancaster, and murdered in Pomfret-castle, ibid.
Richard III. his base measures to usurp the crown,
105. Is defeated and killed at the battle of Bosworth 106
, the great accumulation of, in few hands, one
great cause of the dearness of the necessaries of life,
429. In other respects injurious to the public,
518. Hints for diffusing and moderating the possession of 519
Richmond park, is presented to the city by the house
of commons, 196. Is surrendered to Charles II.
by a vote of the common-council 209
, the treaty of, adjourned to London 165
, the new one made from Islington to Paddington, 385. Communications from, into the town,
386. City road connected with it 408
, great prevalence of, with the obvious
Rock lock under London bridge, how formed 92
, Henry, Esq; the church of St. Mary Aldermary rebuilt by his legacy 598
, Gregory, mayor of London, is imprisoned
and discharged from his office for his resolute support of the city rights 59
Rolls chapel and liberty 749
, their first arrival in Britain, 3. Their policy in making colonies, 4. Impose severe taxes
on the Britons, ibid. Discoveries of their stations,
or camps, from Dover to London, ibid. Extent
of London under them, 6. Their military ways
described, ibid. When they inclosed London with
a wall, 8. Desert Britain, 11. Their advice to
the Britons 12, note.
, Sir George, commands the fleet that took Gibraltar 291
, a cause assigned for the narrowness of the
streets in, 202. Great fire in, 432. Village of,
, origin of that term 171
, Sir Thomas, incloses Old Bethlehem burial
, is built by Sir Thomas Gresham,
132. Is burnt, 229. Gresham college converted
into an exchange until it was rebuilt, 230. Description of, 601. Statues in, 602. Public offices kept in, 603. Assurance office, ibid.
, first instituted, 215. Historical particulars of, 650. Rules of 651
Rump parliament, called and dissolved, 204. Assemble again, 205. Ridiculed by the populace, 207.
, peace of, between England and France 285
, Don Pantaleon, brother to the Portugueze ambassador, executed for murder by Oliver Cromwell
Sabbath day, law made by the corporation of London
for the observation of, 93. The book of sports
ordered to be observed on, by James I. 151. Remarks on this order ibid. note.
, Dr. his scurrilous sermons against the diffenters, 295. Complexion of his sermons at Derby, and
at St. Paul's London, 296. Is impeached by the house
of commons, ibid. Is applauded by the populace,
ibid. Riots occasioned by, 297. Is silenced for
three years, and his sermons burnt by the common
hangman, ibid. Great rejoicings on the expiration
of his suspension, 304. Preaches before the house
of commons, ibid. Obtains the rectory of St.
Andrew's, Holborn ibid.
Sadlers-wells, is presented by the grand jury of Middlesex, as a public nusance, 349. The nature of
the exhibitions there 753
Saffron-hill liberty 750
St. Alban's, battle of, between Richard duke of York,
and the duke of Somerset 97
St. Alban's church, Wood-street 609
St. Alphage's, London-wall ibid.
St. Andrew's Holborn 654
St. Andrew's Undershaft 548
St. Andrew's Wardrobe 585
St. Ann's, within Aldersgate 544
St. Ann's Limehouse 772
St. Ann's Soho 728
St. Antholin's, Budge-row 600
St. Austin's, Watling-street 637
St. Bartholomew behind the Royal Exchange 573
-, —— the Great 653
-, —— the Less ibid.
St. Bartholomew hospital. See Bartholomew, and
St. Bennet Fink 573
St. Bennet Grace church 565
St. Bennet's Paul's wharf 586
St. Botolph's Aldersgate 544
St. Botolph's Aldgate 665
St. Botolph's Bishopsgate 557
St. Bride's church, the steeple injured by lightning,
and the spire rebuilt, 427. Description of 655
St. Catherine's below the Tower 769
St. Catherine Coleman 549
St. Catherine Cree-church in Leadenhall-street, superstitious consecration of, by bishop Laud, 157. Described 548
St. Christopher's Threadneedle-street 574
St. Clement's Danes 736
St. Clement's Eastcheap 578
St. Dionis back church 660
St. Dunstan's in the east 670
St. Dunstan's in the west 656
St. Dunstan's Stepney 770
St. Edmund the king, church 660
St. Ethelburga, Bishopsgate-street 557
St. George's Bloomsbury 742
St. George's Botolph-lane 553
St. George's fields. See Bridge, and King's bench
St. George's Hanover square 730
St. George's hospital, Hyde-park corner 732
St. George the martyr, Queen's square 745
St. George's Ratcliffe highway 769
St. George's Southwark 689
St. Giles's in the fields 740
St. Giles's Cripplegate 608
St. Helens, Great and Little, 554. The church, 556.
St. James's Clerkenwell 751
St. James's Duke's place 547
St. James's Garlick hithe 673
St. James's market 730
St. James's palace, history and description of 718
St. James's park, history and description of 719
St. James's square 729
St. James's-street paved 213
St. James's Westminster 729
St. John's Clerkenwell 751
-, —— square, ibid.
St. John's Horsley-down 637
St. John Baptist in the Savoy 738
St. John the Evangelist's, Westminster 716
St. John's Wapping 769
St. Lawrence Jewry 592
St. Leonard's Shoreditch 757
St. Luke's hospital 755
St. Luke's Old-street 754
St. Magnus, London bridge 565
St. Margaret's hill, Southwark 680
St. Margaret's Lothbury 596
St. Margaret Pattens 553
St. Margaret's Westminster 698
St. Martin's in the fields, church 717
St. Martin's-le-grand, fray between the inhabitants of,
and those of the city of London, 97. Nature of
the court held there, 540. Liberty of, described 545
St. Martin's Ludgate 635
St. Martin's Outwich 572
St. Mary Abchurch 577
St. Mary Aldermanbury 611
St. Mary Aldermary's 599
St. Mary's at hill 552
St. Mary's Lambeth 692
St. Mary Bourn 740
St. Mary le Bow, Cheapside 597
St. Mary le Strand 734
St. Mary Magdalen's, Bermondsey 689
St. Mary Magdalen's, Old Fish-street 586
St. Mary's Newington Butts 691
St. Mary Overy's, Southwark 688
St. Mary's Rotherhithe 691
St. Mary's Somerset 667
St. Mary's Whitechapel 760
St. Mary's Woolnoth 660
St. Matthew's Bethnal green 759
St. Matthew's Friday street 637
St. Michael Bassishaw 551
St. Michael's Cornhill 605
St. Michael's Crooked-lane 578
St. Michael's Queenhithe 667
St. Michael's Royal 672
St. Michael's Wood-street 610
St. Mildred's Bread-street 560
St. Mildred's Poultry 592
St. Nicholas cold abbey 666
St. Olave's Hart-street 671
St. Olave's Jewry 596
St. Olave's Southwark 687
St. Paul's cathedral, discoveries made by Sir Christopher Wren in digging the foundation of, 7. The
first church in London, dedicated to this saint, built,
12. Burnt 14, 25. Rebuilt by Maurice, bishop
of London, 25. The spire of, burnt, 131. Act passed
for the rebuilding of, after the burning of London,
235. Particular history and description of, 622.
Dimensions of the former building, 623. Is taken
down, 627. The new one erected, 628. Description of, 629. Dimensions of, 634. Total expence
St. Paul's college 587
St. Paul's, Convent garden 733
St. Paul's school founded, 112. Described, 620.
St. Paul's Shadwell 770
St. Peter ad vincula
, in the Tower 768
St. Peter's Cornhill 604
St. Peter le Poor 572
St. Peter's Westminster, fee Abbey.
St. Saviour's Southwark 688
St. Sepulchre's, without Newgate 653
-, —— liberty in Middlesex 753
St. Stephen's Coleman-street 595
St. Stephen's Walbrook 675
St. Swithin's Cannon-street 676
St. Thomas's church, Southwark 690
St. Thomas's hospital described, 682. See Hospitals.
St. Vedast's Foster-lane 636
, not raised in England at the beginning of the
reign of Henry VIII. 122
Salt-petre work, account of that established by
Charles I. 154
Salters hall 675
, Dr. archbishop of Canterbury, and six other
bishops, are sent to the Tower for petitioning
James II. to be excused publishing his declaration
of indulgence, 260. Acquitted of 261
, the Duke of Lancaster's palace there, barned
by the Kentish rebels, 77. Precinct, history, and
description of 737
, William, rector of St. Osythe, is the first who
was burned for heresy in London 86
, John, Esq; is chosen sheriff, 462. Is
elected alderman of Langbourn ward, 465. Objects to the warrant for executing Doyle and Valline, with the proceedings on that affair, 472. His
altercation with lord Weymouth, relating to having
an audience with the king, 476. Opposes Mr.
Wilkes's advice to the Westminster electors, and
moves for a remonstrance, 494. Is returned by the
livery with Mr. Nash to the court of aldermen for
their choice of mayor 516
, Sir Robert, attorney general, instigates
Charles II. to issue the quo warranto against the city
of London 253
, a mob of, pull down Mr. Dingley's sawmill 445
, their first arrival in Britain, 12. Their manner of settling on conquered countries 23
, lord, constable of the Tower, assists the citizens
in driving Jack Cade out of London, 96. Surrenders the Tower to the earl of March, and is murdered by the populace 99
, package, &c. the office of, confirmed to the
corporation of London 164
, grammar, four established in the city of London, 94. Five more formed 98
, the kingdom of united to that of England,
292. Rebellion there in favour of the pretender,
309. Another, short state of 353
Scots covenanters, take up arms against Charles I.
to oppose the imposition of the English liturgy, 162.
Cultivate a good understanding with the citizens of London 164
Scots deputies arrive in London 165
Screw plot, account of 30
, chief justice, his unbecoming behaviour in
relation to the popish plot 242, note.
, the pressing them a cruel violation of the
freedom of British subjects, 345. True method of
inviting them into the king's service pointed out.
ibid. Riots of 443
, king of the East Saxons, builds a church dedicated to St. Peter in Thorney island 12
Sedan chairs, first used in the city of London, 160.
Act for licensing and fixing their rates of hire, 300.
The number of enlarged 324
Self-denying ordinance, passed in parliament 182
, the amazing sums lent by him to the Britons,
Septennial parliaments, the act for, passed, 309. The
bad effects of this extension ibid.
Serjeants inn, Chancery-lane 647
-, —— Fleet-street ibid.
, ill policy of their dressing out of character,
129. Punishable for firing houses by negligence
Seven Dials, the streets round, first built 274
, his wall compleated with stone, 12, note.
, Lady Jane, her marriage with Henry VIII.
and death 118
, great fire in, 432. Described 770
, earl of, endeavours to indict the duke of
York as a popish recusant, 244. His character 245
Shaftesbury house 543
, Dr. his sermon at Paul's cross in favour of
Richard duke of Gloucester 105
, Sir Edmund, lord mayor of London, is gained
over by Richard duke of Gloucester, to second his
pretensions to the crown ibid.
, Sir John, builds proper offices at Guildhall,
for making public entertainments 110
, a table of the number of sold in Smithfield
market for forty years, 531. Observations ibid.
, Dr. archbishop of Canterbury, his humane
care of the people during the great plague 223
, the office of, instituted by Alfred 14
Sheriffs of London, provide standards of weights
and measures for the whole kingdom, 36 Are
punished by king John for opposing his purveyors,
38. Their office made annual, 43. Occasion of
their annual tender of six horse shoes at the
Exchequer, 44. Their authority adjudged to extend into Westminster and Middlesex, 52. Their
subordinate officers, 102. Impowered to impannel jurors for the city courts, 113. First instance
of the Lord Mayor nominating citizens to the office by drinking to them, 137. Dispute between
the mayor and commonalty on the right of the
mayor to appoint one, 168. Fines imposed on
the refusal of the office, 252. The mode of holding common halls for electing, settled by act of
common council, 283. The observance of senority not obligatory, ibid. The mode of electing, and their elections settled by parliament,
323. The election of, regulated by act of common council, 361. Contests about the eligibility
to, or exemption from the office of, 380, 416.
Their office, and court, 536. For a list of the
Sheriffs of London and Middlesex, see the Addenda
following the Appendix.
Ship money, first levied by Charles I. 125. Is extended over the whole kingdom 160
, how they obtained the name of cordwainers 597
, etymology of its name 757
, prohibited to be worn by the common people 128
Silk manufacture, great increase of, in the reign of
George I. 319. Bounties granted on the exportation of ibid.
Silk weavers, their tumultuary petition to the house
of lords, 274. Endeavour to plunder the EastIndia house 285
, Lambert, raises an insurrection in Ireland, 108.
Is defeated at Stoke, and is made a scullion in the
king's kitchen ibid.
Sion college, its foundation and description 605
Six clerks office 750
, colonel, is made lieutenant of the Tower
by James II. during his panic, 263. Delivers
the keys to the assembly of peers at Guildhall, after the king's abdication 265
, major, commands a party of trained bands
to protect the house of commons, 173. Joins
Essex's army 176
Skinners company, skirmish between, and the fishmongers 68
Skinners hall 613
Skinners well, plays acted there by the company of
parish clerks 88
, feudal, their situation described, 22. How
they obtained the freedom of corporations 91
, Sir Hans, leaves his curious museum to the
public, 379. See British museum
Small pox hospital, instituted, 358. Described, 752.
, West, interview there between Richard II.
and Wat Tyler, 78. Tournament held there, 83.
Justs held here, 88. Is first paved, 150. Table
of the sale of cattle in, for forty years past, 531.
Observations on, ibid. Its description, 639. Objections to the beast market being kept there, and
hints for its removal 640
, natural, undeserving the poetical descriptions
given of it 2
Soho square 728
league and convenant framed at Edinburgh,
ordered by parliament to be subscribed in England 180
, duke of, protector, is disgraced, 124. Is
executed on Tower-hill 126
Somerset house, history and description of 735
Somerset yard 736
South sea company, the first erection of, 299. Scheme
of, to take in all the national debts, 312. The
various arts to raise and keep up the price of their
stock, 313, 314, 315. Hasten the ruin of their scheme
by the suppression of the subordinate bubbles,
316. General distress produced by the failure of,
317. Iniquitous practices of the directors discovered and punished, 318, note. Description of their
public hall in Threadneedle-street 569
, the bailiwick of, granted to the city of
London, 67. A fair there, granted, 100. The
streets of, first ordered to be paved, 118. The
manor of, granted to the city of London, 125.
The borough of, makes a separate agreement with
the army under Fairfax and Cromwell, 188. Great
fire in, 240. A court of conscience erected in,
367. The streets of, new paved, 436. The electors of, instruct their members, 455. Agree on a
petition to the king, 469. Its government, extent, public buildings, and parish churches, 678.
Memorial presented to the Lord Mayor, on the
county justices invading the privileges of, 679, note.
, the British merchants injured by their depredations in America, 340. Cruel case of captain Jenkins laid before the house of commons,
341, note. Letters of marque granted against
them, 342. War declared against them ibid.
Spanish armoury in the Tower, the curious articles
preserved there 765
, Mr. Hugh, his odd expedients to assist the
prince of Orange against James II. 263, 265
, lord, his house 720
, the old law for the garbling of, repealed 294
Spirituous liquors, an act passed to prevent the retailing of, without licence 337
Spital croft, is purchased for a common burial during
the time of a plague, 70. See Charter house.
Spital-fields, the hamlet of, erected into a parish,
328. Situation, history, and present state of, 758.
, book of, ordered to be observed on the sabbath day, 151. Is burnt by the common hangman 178
, Mary, is condemned for the robbery of
Elizabeth Canning, 376. Is pardoned 377
, earl of, is tried and executed for the popish
, Sir Humphrey, is defeated and killed by
Jack Cade 95
Stage playing, when first practised as a regular profession, 135. A tax imposed on by the court of
common council ibid.
Stamp act, rejoicings on the repeal of 436
, Adam, mayor of London, dismissed his office on account of insults offered to John duke of
Staple's inn 648
, Walter, bishop of Exeter, is killed by the
London populace 66
Star chamber, court of, invades the jurisdiction of
the law courts, 158. Deprives the city of London
of the Irish plantations, 162. Is abolished 169
Stationer's hall 621
Stephen earl of Boulogne, seizes the crown of England, 28. Is taken prisoner by Matilda, 29.
Drives Matilda out of the kingdom 30
Stepney described 770
Stews in Southwark, regulations of 688
, archbishop of Canterbury, stimulates the
citizens of London to withstand William the Conqueror, 21. Makes his submission, ibid. William refuses to be consecrated by him 23
, is granted to the Hanseatic merchants, 42.
At a stipulated rent, 103. They are shut out of 141
, driven from the Royal Exchange settle
in Change Alley, 286. An act to enforce the fulfilment of their contracts 336
Stocks market, whence it obtained its name, 102. Is
removed to Fleetditch, for the erecting a mansionhouse for the Lord Mayor on the spot 339
, ordered to be paved 118
, earl of, is impeached by the house of commons, 165. Is condemned 168
Stratford le Bow, etymology of the name of that
, Jack, origin of the insurrection under him
and Wat Tyler, 76. Enters London, 77. Is condemned and executed 79
Streets of London, the inconveniences of, pointed
out, 217, note. Cause of their narrowness and ill
direction, 398. Schedule of passages ordered to
be opened in, ibid. note. New paved, and nuisances removed 436
, colonel, decoys a number of German emigrants over to England 427
, the errors of the old, pointed out, 371. The
new adopted ibid.
, Guildhall, for the support of government against the late rebellion, 354. Surplus of,
how bestowed, 360. Another for the vigorous
prosecution of the war, 396. State of 402
, the magistrates and citizens of London, how
rated in one to Richard II. 76
Suburbs of London, extent of at the beginning of
the reign of Henry VIII. 116. Great increase of
inhabitants in 147
, Simon, the primate, is murdered in the
Tower by the Kentish rebels 78
, Sir Simon, at the head of deputies from the
city, boldly petition Richard II. for a reformation
of government 81
, a central eclipse of 308, note
Sun fire office 568
Supporters of the bill of rights, occasion of forming
that society, 453. Their processed institution,
454. Receive a state of Mr. Wilkes's debts, and
invite subscriptions by circular letters, 462. Publist a state of Mr. Wilkes's affairs, 479. Their
quarrel with Mr. Wilkes, 503. Secession of the
principal members, 504. Publish a set of articles
recommended to the electors of Great Britain to be
subscribed by all the candidates for seats in parliament 514
, the company of, separated from the barbers, 353. Opinion of the maser, wardens, and
examiners of, relating to the death of Mr. Clark,
451. Their hall where situated 652
, Sir Robert, is expelled the house of commons
for his concern in the charitable corporation 335
, Thomas, endows the Charter house 148
Sweating sickness, its firs appearance in the city of
London, 107. Appears again, 115. Its third appearance, 116. Its las appearance 125
Swedish church near Queenhithe, 667. Another in
Prince's square 761
Sweeting's Alley, great fire in 397
, king of Denmark, invades England, 15. Is
proclaimed king of England in London, 16. His
Sword bearer to the Lord Mayor of London 537
Symond's inn 750
, four in Duke's place 549
Tabernacles by Moorfields, and in Tottenham court
, his character of London 3
Tallow chandlers hall 613
, the number of in London and Westminster,
limited 2 126
, must operate in raising the prices of every article on which they are imposed 429
, the first mention of in the English statutes 211
, robbed by prince Edward, 52. Is burned by
the Kentish rebels, 77. Historical particulars of
643. The inner and middle Temple societies, 644.
Temple church 645
Tenants in London, what things they may not move
out of their houses on leaving them 71
, river, the banks of, above and below London, artificial, 8. Is supposed to have destroyed
the Roman wall on that side, 9. The first mention of a bridge over, 16. Frozen, 30. The conservancy of, granted to the corporation of London, 36. Frozen, 92, 152. A good law for preserving the navigation of, x 18. Frozen, and fairs
held on it 255, 309, note, 343
Thames street 551, 612
Thanksgiving days, their political use 291
Thavie's inn 647
Tbcodosius the elder, arrives in Britain, and enters
London in triumph 8
Thorney island, a church built there and dedicated to
St. Peter, 12. See Westminister and Abbey.
Three Cranes wharf 672
Tindal the reformer, translates the Bible into the vulgar tongue 117
, Sir Robert Walpole's excise bill for altering
the mode of taxing, 330. The bill dropped 334
, the citizens of London exempted from paying,
for their goods all over England 366
, bishop of London, buys up and burns all
Tindal's translation of the Bible 117
Tories and whigs, rise of those parties 244
, lord, his misbehaviour occassions the defeat of the English and Dutch sleets by the French
Tothill fields, Bridewell 725
Tower of London, supposed to have been originally
a Roman citadel, 5. Built by William I. 25. Nature of the court held for, 540. Described, 761. Lions tower, 764. Mint office, ibid. White tower,
ibid. Spanish armoury, 765. Great armoury,
766. Small armoury, 767. Horse armoury, ibid.
Jewel office, ibid. Liberties 768
Tower hamlets, a court of conscience erected in 367
Tower street, sixty houses blown up there by gunpowder 196
Tower street ward, its extent, public buildings, and
parish churches 668
Town clerk, the nature of his office, 537. For a list
of those since the Revolution, fee the Addenda following the Appendix
, James, Esq; is elected alderman of Bishopsgate ward, 462. Is chosen sheriff, ibid. Objects to the warrant for executing Doyle and Valline,
with the proceedings on that affair, 472. His al
tercation with lord Weymouth relating to the audience with the king, 476. His speech to the
king, ibid. Is returned -by the livery with Mr.
Crosby to the court of aldermen for their choice
of Mayor, 488. His altercation with Mr. Wilkes
at the common hall 516
, lord, his letter to the lord mayor of London, on account of a jacobitical plot 320
, battle of, between Edward IV. and Henry
, its operation in civilizing a people, 75. Begins to sap the foundations of the feudal policy, 95.
Hints to prevent the monopoly of in few hands 519
Trade and plantations, a board of lords commissioners
of, erected by William III. 283
bands ordered out by the house of commons,
175. Are sent to join the earl of Essex under major Skippon, 176. Attack a mob of women, 179.
Their gallant services under Essex, 180. The several regiments of, with the number of men in
Treasury in St. James's park 721
, Sir George, succeeds Jefferies as recorder of
London, 245. Is removed by virtue of the Quo
Warranto against the corporation 255
, Barlow, Esq; is chosen member for the
city of London, 441. Is returned with Mr. Beckford by the livery, to the court of aldermen, for
their choice of mayor, 468. Is elected mayor on
Beckford's death, 485. Backs the press warrants
for the city of London 487, note
, lord, riotous election of, as member for
Westminster, 366. Is chosen 367
, Sir Robert, chief justice of the King's
bench, is impeached in parliament as an evil counsellor, 8z. Is executed at Tyburn 83
, Sir John, speaker of the house of commons
expelled for bribery 279
Trials by battle, account of that mode of deciding
causes in law 27
Trinity house, history of the corporation, and bescription of their hall 669
Trinity Minories church 665
Troy weights, why the fittest standard for general
, treaty of peace concluded there by Henry
, Sir Henry, is appointed lord mayor by king
Charles II. 255
Tun in Cornhill, a prison for disorderly persons, 60.
A conduit erected there 86
, Samuel, Esq; stands candidate for the office
of chamberlain, 429. When lord mayor, dismisses
the freeholders on the jury at the old Baily to
attend their duty at Brentford, 448. Refers the
grant of a common hall, to the opinion of the
common council, 461. Procures an alteration in
the title of the petition of the livery, 463. Presents the petition to the king, ibid. Letters between him and lord Holland 464
, water conveyed from that village to the city
of London, 44. Annual procession of the city
magistrates to, 45. Water from conveyed to the
conduit in Cheapside 92
, Wat, origin of the insurrection under him, 76.
Enters London, 77. Murders the Flemings in, 78.
Is killed in Smithfield by William Walworth mayor
of London 78
, Sir James, smothers Edward V. and his brother the duke of York, in the Tower 105
, severe law of Edward VI. for the punishment of, 123. The beadles of the city hospitals
ordered to clear the streets of, 133. Proclamation
for the suppression of 140
, Sir George, is set up in opposition to lord
Trentham in Westminster 366
, Sir Henry, the younger, frames the solemn
league and covenant at Edinburgh, 180. Becomes
a leader of the independents, 183. His observation on general Monk 208
, feudal, their situation described 22
, royal, under Henry VII's chapel described 714
Vauxhall garden, description of, and summer entertainments there 693
, his enthusiastic insurrection in London 211
, admiral, takes Portobello, 343. Is presented
with the freedom of the city ibid.
, is created municipium, a free city, by the
Romans, 4. Slaughter of the citizens by Boadicea ibid.
Vicinal way, of the Romans, its direction 6
, prohibited from exercising judicial offices
in cities, boroughs, &c. 79
Victualling office 665
, who so termed under feudal governments 22
Vintners hall 672
Vintry ward, its extent, public buildings, and parish churches 672
, the forfeited lands there granted to the city
of London, 147. Londonderry and Colerain settled,
150. See Irish estates.
Union between England and Scotland, history of, 292.
The Scots great gainers by 293
Union fire office 544
, the citizens of London and Westminster, ordered to collect and deliver for the use of the salt
petre works of Charles I. 154
, ordered to wear a badge on pain of banishment 60
, peace of between England and France 304
, Thomas, lord mayor, is knighted by Oliver
, Rev. Mr. lays the distressed state of the
German emigrants before the public, and procures
them relief 428
, Walter, a grocer in Cheapside, cruelly put
to death by Edward IV. 100
, London, when first built, 8. Supposed to have
been extended along the river, 9. Its materials
and fabrick, 10. Height of, and its towers, 11.
Is encompassed with a ditch, 39. Is ordered to be
repaired and the ditch cleansed, 81. Is again repaired by the city companies, 103. Repaired,
and new works added, on the breaking out of the
civil war between Charles I. and his parliament,
178. See Gates.
, Sir William, executed in Smithfield 61
, course of that rivulet 673
Walbrook ward, its extent, public buildings, and parish
, Edmund, the poet, his pusillanimity on being
condemned for a conspiracy against the parliament,
Wallingford house, cabal of, against the authority of
Richard Cromwell 203
Walloon church in Threadneedle-street 575
Walpole Sir Robert, history of his general excise bill,
330. His indecent reflection on the citizens of
London, 332. Is intimidated by the populace, 333.
His bill dropped, 334. His administration ridiculed, 338 Introduces a bill to limit the playhouses, and to licence plays, ibid. His reason for
extolling the Spanish convention, 341. His scheme
to ridicule the London common council men, 342.
His motive for sending Vernon against Portobello,
343. Resigns his employments. 347
, William, mayor of London, his resolute
conduct at a meeting between Richard II. and the
Kentish rebels under Wat Tyler, 78. Is knighted
and rewarded by the king 79
, a cause assigned for the narrowness of the
streets in, 202. The parish of St. John's erected
, Stepney, the hamlet of, made a separate
, reason why the English are seldom successful at
the commencement of a new one, 386. Temerity
more readily excused in, than caution 388
, Sir Patience, is indicted and pilloried for perjury 252
, the city of London first divided into, 59. The
first assessment charged upon, 68, note. The number of common council men for limited, 80. A
regular watch, appointed in, 134. Proportion of
the levies made in at the time of the Spanish armada
, the nature of these courts 540
, general, occasion of the disputes concerning, 421. Illegality of, determined in the court of
common pleas 471
, Sir Peter, is elected alderman of Billingsgate
ward, and fines for the office 374
, earl of, assists Edward IV. in gaining the
crown, 98, 99. Quarrels with him, drives him out
of the kingdom, and restores Henry VI. 101. Is defeated and killed by Edward, at Barnet 102
, city, pompous processions of, 112. Their processions finally laid aside, 133. A stated watch
appointed for each ward, 134. An armed
watch during the civil war, 180. The regulation of, vested by law in the court of common
Water bailiff, the nature of his office 537
, the manner of their taking apprentices regulated, 328. The company of, reimbursed for
the loss of the Sunday ferry at Blackfriars, 437.
Their hall described 613
Waterworks at London bridge, first erected, 137. A
fifth arch granted to 440
Watling-street, the antient military way of the
Romans, 5. London stone, 6 676
Waxchandlers hall 608
, riots of, on account of the wearing printed
Indian callicoes, 319. Riots of, with the causes,
431. Their tumultuous assembly round the parliament house, 432. Beset the duke of Bedford's
house, ibid. Break the windows of Mess. Carr, &c.
on Ludgate-hill, 432. Are suppressed, ibid. See
Cutters. For the disobedience of that company to the
lord mayor's precept, see Goldsmiths
Weavers hall 550
Weights and measures, standards of provided for the
whole kingdom by the sheriffs of London, 36. Uniform standards of, endeavoured to be established by
the house of commons, 395. Cause of the failure
of this undertaking 396
, mother, of Enfield wash, is tried on the accusation of Elizabeth Canning 376
Wellclose square 760
, rev. Mr. his useful labours 756
, a conduit erected there to receive water
from Tyburn 44
, for the first beginning of that city, see
Thorney island; and for miscellaneous matters, see
under their respective proper heads. The militia
of, reviewed in Hyde-park by Mary II. 277.
Riotous election of tory members there, 299. The
high bailiff of, reprimanded on his knees by the
house of commons, for bringing soldiers to awe
the election of members, 346. Riotous election of
lord Trentham as member for, 366. Court of conscience erected in, 367. The bridge finished and
opened, 370. Opens a subscription to enlist men
for the king's service, 396. The streets of, why
more regular than those of London, 397. The
fish market there, how ruined, 400. The streets
new paved and nuisances removed, 415. The electors of, instruct their members, 452. Agree on a
petition to the king, 466. Present a remonstrance,
480. History of the city of, 695. Government,
697. Description of the city, 698. Description
of the liberties of 717
Westminster-hall, history and description of 699
Westminster-school, foundation and present state of 714
, lord, secretary of state, correspondence between him and the sheriffs of London, on the execution of Doyle and Valline, 472. Altercation
between him and the sheriffs relating to the remonstrance 476
, not the common food of people in general, in
the time of Edward II. 64. A table of the prices of
at London for forty years 533
Whigs and tories, rise of those parties 244
White conduit house 752
Whitechapel-court and prison 761
White-friurs, the convent there suppressed, 118. The
pretended privileges of that precinct taken away by
parliament, 284. Descriptive particulars of 642
, rev. Mr. his useful labours 756
White-hall palace, greatly injured by fire, 277. Is
, Sir Richard, his public spirited undertakings 88
, Sir Thomas, his rebellion, 127. Is reduced,
, Sir Richard, is burned on Tower-hill, 93. Artifice practised with his ashes ibid.
, John, preaches doctrines contrary to the
dictates of the Romish church 75
, John, Esq; member for Aylesbury, is apprehended by a general warrant, 421. Hints of his
character and circumstances, ibid. Is discharged on
his plea of privilege, 422. Demands the restitution
of his papers, 423. Is proceeded against, as author
of the North Briton, ibid. Acquires great popularity, ibid. Recovers verdicts against the messengers who apprehended him, 424. Is wounded in a
duel, by Mr. Martin, ibid. Retires to France, ibid.
Is expelled the house of commons, 425. The proceedings against him extend to an outlawry, ibid.
Returns and stands candidate as member for the
city of London, 441. Is elected member for Middlesex, 442. Surrenders himself to the court of
king's bench, and is committed to the king's
bench prison, 443. His outlawry reversed, 445.
His sentence, ibid. Is chosen alderman of the
ward of Farringdon without, 450. Petitions the
house of commons, 452. Is expelled, 453. Is rechosen, ibid. His election declared void, ibid. Is
patronized by the supporters of the bill of rights,
ibid. His third election, 458. His election again
declared void, ibid. His fourth election, ibid.
The first term of his imprisonment expires, 459.
State of his debts, 462. Recovers damages from
lord Halifax, 471. A state of his affairs published,
479. Is discharged from prison, 480. Is sworn
into his office at Guildhall, ibid. Refuses to be
put up as candidate for member of London, 486.
Advises the Westminster electors to instruct their
members to impeach lord North, 494. Discharges
Wheble from custody, 499 His answer to the
order to attend the house of commons, 501. His
quarrel with Mr. Horne, 502. His differences with
the supporters of the bill of rights, 503. Mr.
Oliver refuses to serve the office of sheriff with him,
504. Is elected sheriff with Mr. Bull 511
, Sir Thomas, suppresses riots in the city of
London by martial law 140
, the Norman bishop of London, procures two
charters from William the Conqueror, to the corporation of London 24
, duke of Normandy, his pretensions to the
crown of England, 19. Defeats Harold at the
battle of Hastings, 20. Receives the submission of
the citizens of London, 21. Establishes the feudal
system of government in England, 23, note. His
charters to the city of London, 24, 25. Builds the
Tower of London. 25
William of Malmsbury, his character of the city of
William Rufus, crowned, 26. His severe taxation
of his kingdom, ibid. Dies 27
William III. (see Orange) subscribes the declaration of
rights, and is proclaimed, 270. His tenderness
of persecuting papists, 273. Purchases Kensington palace, ibid. Dines at Guildhall, 274. Is
made master of the grocers company, 275. His
picture in Guildhall defaced, ibid. Reverses the
proceedings on the Quo Warranto against the city
of London, ibid. Goes over to Ireland to oppose
the invasion in favour of James II. ibid. Battle of
the Boyne, 276. Returns, ibid. Dines at Guildhall, 278. Distinguishes himself at the battle of
Landen, ibid. Death of his queen, 282. Erects
a board of commissioners of trade and plantations,
283. Discovery of an assassination plot to destroy
him, 284. His triumphant reception into London, after the battle of Ryswick, 285. His care
to preserve the banqueting-house when Whitehall
palace was burnt, 285. Exhorts the city magistrates to put the laws in execution against papists,
287. Warm professions of attachment presented to
him from all parts of the kingdom, on the French
king's proclaiming the pretender, 287. Dies,
, Robert, Esq; lord mayor, breaks through
the custom of the lord mayor's translating himself
to one of the twelve companies 348
, Dr. his library for the use of dissenting
, Mr. bookseller, is pilloried for republishing the North-Briton 430
, colonel, a young merchant, his gallant conduct as commander of the Orange regiment of
trained bands 180
, Samuel, Esq; establishes a fund to assist young
citizens in business 470
, Henry Beaufort, bishop of, attempts to
surprize the city of London, 91. Procures the
murder of Humphry duke of Gloucester, and the
disgrace of his duchess 94
Wine measure and Winchester measure, the difference
between, and origin of the distinction 396
, Thomas, Esq; lord mayor dies in his
, the law against repealed 336
, cardinal, exerts his good offices with the
king for the London magistrates on account of the
riot of evil May day, 114. Is disgraced 117
, carry a petition to the house of commons,
174. Petition for peace, 179. Riot of, quelled
Wood-street compter, removed from Bread-street, 129.
Its situation 607
, Dr. his account of the construction of
London wall 10
, the staple of, removed from Calais to England 83
Woollen cloths made in London, ordered to be sealed 87