Charles I, 1640
A Subsidy graunted to the King of Tonnage Poundage & other su[m]ms of money payable upon Merchandize exported & imported.

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History of Parliament Trust

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John Raithby (editor)

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1819

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174-176

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'Charles I, 1640: A Subsidy graunted to the King of Tonnage Poundage & other su[m]ms of money payable upon Merchandize exported & imported.', Statutes of the Realm: volume 5: 1628-80 (1819), pp. 174-176. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=47247 Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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Recital of c. 8. ante.

c. 12. ante; c. 22. ante; c. 25. ante; c. 29. ante; c. 31. ante; Reasons for the present Grant; Tun of Wine imported, 3s; Like Duty over and above on Sweet Wine imported by Merchant Aliens.; Awme of Rhenish Wine imported, 12d. Every 20s. worth of Goods exported or imported, 12d. The like Duty on Tin and Pewter Vessels exported. Proviso for certain Woollen Cloth exported by Merchant Denizens; and for Wools, &c. exported; ; and for Wines not before mentioned; and for Fresh Fish &c. imported.

Whereas an Act was made this present Parliament entituled A Subsidy granted to the King of Tonnage and Poundage and other su[m]ms of money payable upon merchandize exported and imported Whereby it is declared and enacted that it is and hath beene the ancient right of the subjects of this Realme that no subsidy custome impost or other charges whatsoever ought or may be laid or imposed upon any merchandize exported or imported by subjects Denizens or Aliens without common consent in Parliament And the said Commons then taking into theire considerac[i]ons the great perill that might have ensued by not guarding of the Seas and other inconveniencies which might have followed in case the said su[m]ms of money in the said Act mentioned should not have beene granted to your Majestie as in and by the said Act is expressed did therefore by the advice of the Lords in this present Parliament assembled & by the authoritie of the same give and graunt unto your Majestie our leige Lord and Soveraigne One subsidy of Tonnage and one other Subsidy of Poundage in such manner and according to such rates as in the said Act is expressed To have take perceive and enjoye the subsidies and other su[m]ms so granted by the said Act and every of them and every part and parcell of them to your Highnes from the five and twentieth day of May One thousand six hundred fortie and one unto the fifteenth day of July then next coming And whereas the said Act being determined one other Act of the same title was likewise made this p[re]sent Parliament with like declaration of the right of the subjects of this your Realme by which second Act your said Commons did by the like advice of the Lords in this present Parliament assembled and by the authority of the same give and graunt unto your Majestie One Subsidy of Tonnage and one other Subsidy of Poundage in such manner and according to such rates as in the said last recited Act is specified and conteyned To have take perceive and enjoye the Subsidy & other su[m]ms so granted by the said last recited Act and every of them and every part and parcell of them to your Highnes from the said fifteenth day of July One thousand six hundred forty & one unto the tenth day of August then next ensuing And Whereas the said Act being determined one other Act of the same title was likewise made this present Parliament by which third Act your said Commons did by the like advice of the Lords in this present Parliament assembled and by the authoritie of the same give and graunt unto your Majestie One subsidy of Tonnage and one other subsidy of Poundage in such manner and according to such rates as in the said last recited Act is specified & conteyned To have take enjoye and p[er]ceive the said Subsidies & other su[m]ms so granted by the said last recited Act and every of them and every part and parcell of them to your Highnes from the ninth day of August One thousand six hundred forty and one to the first day of December [then next ensuing (fn. 2) ] And Whereas the said Act being determined one other Act of the same title was likewise made this p[re]sent Parliament by which fourth Act your said Commons did by the like advice of the Lords in this p[re]sent Parliament assembled and by the authority of the same give and graunt to your Majestie One subsidy of Tonnage and one other subsidy of Poundage in such manner and according to such rates as in the said last recited Act is specified and conteyned To have take enjoye and perceive the said subsidies and other su[m]ms so granted by the said last recited Act and every of them and every part and parcell of them to your Highnes from the last day of November 1641. unto the first day of February then next ensuing And Whereas the said Act being determined one other Act of the same title was likewise made this present Parliament by which Fifth Act the said Commons did by the like advice of the Lords in this present Parliament [assembled (fn. 2) ] and by the authority of the same give and graunt to your Majestie One subsidy of Tonnage and one other subsidy of Poundage in such manner and according to such rates as in the said last recited Act is specified To have take enjoye and perceive the said Subsidies and other su[m]mes so granted by the said last recited Act and every of them and every part and parcell of them to your Highnes from the first day of February One thousand six hundred forty and one unto the five and twentieth day of March then next following And Whereas the said Act being determined one other Act of the same title was likewise made this present Parliament by which Act the said Co[m]mons did by the like advice of the Lords in this present Parliament assembled and by the authority of the same give and graunt unto your Majestie One subsidy of Tonnage and one other subsidy of Poundage in such manner and according to such rates as in the said last recited Act is specified To have take enjoye and perceive the said Subsidies and other su[m]mes so granted by the said last recited Act and every of them and every part and parcell of them to your Highnes from the foure and twentieth day of March 1641. to the third day of May then next ensuing The said Commons now likewise againe taking into theire considerac[i]on the great perill that might ensue to this Realme by the not guarding of the Seas and the other inconveniences that might follow in case the said su[m]mes of money should upon the suddain be forborne to be paid By and with the advice and consent of the Lords in this present Parliament assembled and by the authority of the same doe give and graunt to you our supreame Lord & Soveraigne One Subsidy called Tonnage that is to say Of every Tun of Wine that is or shall come into this Realme or any your Majesties Dominions by way of merchandize the su[m]m of three shillings and so after that rate and of every Tun of Sweet wines aswell Malmsey as other that is or shall come into this Realme by any Merchant Alien three shillings and so after the rate over and above the three shillings above menc[i]oned And of every [Awne (fn. 3) ] of Rhenish Wine that is or shall so come in twelve pence And also one other subsidy called Poundage that is to say Of all manner of Goods & Merchandize of every Merchant Denizen & Alien carried or to be carried out of this Realme or any your Majesties Dominions or to be brought into the same by way of merchandize of the value of every twenty shillings of the same goods and merchandize twelve pence and so after the rate And of every twenty shillings value of Tinne & Pewter Vessell carried out of this Realme by every or any Merchant Alien twelve pence over and above the twelve pence aforesaid Except and foreprized out of this Grant of Subsidy of Poundage all manner of Woolen Cloath made or wrought or which shall be made or wrought within this Realme of England and by every or any Merchant Denizen & not borne Alien carried or to be carried out of this Realme and all manner of Wools Woolfels Hydes and Backs of Leather that is or shall bee carried out of this Realme and all Wines not before limited to pay subsidy or tonnage and all manner of fresh fish and bestiall comeing or that shall come into this Realme

II. Duties payable by Merchant Denizen and Merchant Stranger for every Sack of Wool, every 240 Woolfels, and every Last of Hides, &c. and also certain Duties by Letters Patent, &c. since 1 Jac. I.

And further the said Commons by the assent advice and authority aforesaid Doe give and graunt unto you our said leige Lord our Soveraigne for the causes aforesaid One other subsidy that is to say Of every Merchant borne Denizen of and for every Sacke of Wooll thirty three shillings foure pence and of and for every two hundred and forty Woolfels thirty three shillings foure pence and of and for every Last of hydes and backs three pounds six shillings and eight pence and so after the same rate for every lesse or greater quantity for every the same merchandize more or lesse And of every Merchant Stranger not borne Denizen of and for every Sacke of Wooll three pounds six shillings eight pence and of and for every two hundred and fourty Woolfels three pounds six shillings eight pence and for every Last of Hydes and Backs three pounds thirteene shillings foure pence And so of all the said Wools Woolfels Hydes and Backs and every of them after the rate And such other su[m]ms of money as have beene imposed upon any merchandize either outward or inward by pretext of any l[ia]res Patents Commission under the Great Seale of England or Privy Seale since the first yeare of the reigne of his late Majestie King James of Blessed Memory and which were continued and paid at the begining of this present Parliament To have take enjoye and perceive the Subsidies aforesaid and other the aforemenc[i]oned su[m]mes and every of them and every part and parcell of them to you our said leige Lord and Soveraigne from the second day of May One thousand six hundred forty and two to the second day of July then next ensuing

III. The said Subsidy to be applied according to 1 Jac. I. c. 33.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid that the said Subsidy of Tonnage Poundage Wooll and other su[m]mes of money shall be taken and employed during the time aforesaid to and for the intents and purposes and upon and under such provisions clauses and limitations as are conteyned in one Act made in Parliament held in the first yeare of the reigne of his said late Majestie King James of Blessed memory entituled An Act for the granting of a Subsidy to the King of Tonnage Poundage Woolls &c

IV. Rates to be altered in this Parliament as shall be thought fit.

And it is hereby declared that the su[m]ms of money hereby graunted upon merchandize are not the rates intended to be continued but the same to be hereafter in this present Parliament altered in such manner as shall be thought fit

V. 1 Jac. I. c. 33. recited.

Penalty in 1 Jac. I. c. 33. not to attach, unless on Persons refusing to compound for Goods imported or exported.

And Whereas in the before menc[i]oned Act made the first yeare of King James there is this clause That if any Wines Goods or other merchandize whereof any the Subsidies in the said Act mentioned shall truly become due should at any time afterward be shipped or put into any boat or other Vessell to the intent to be carried into the parts beyond the Seas or else to be brought from the parts beyond the Seas into any Port of this Realme or other his said Majesties Dominions by way of marchandize and unshipped to be laid on land the subsidy custome and other duties due or to be due for the same not paid or lawfully tendered to the Collector thereof or his deputy with the consent and agreement of the Comptroller and Surveyor there or one of them at the least not agreed with for the same in the Custome House according to the true meaning of the said Act that then from a day mentioned in the said Act all the said Wine Goods and Merchandize whatsoever should be forfeited to his then Majestie during the time in the Act mentioned the one moytie of the rate thereof to the King and the other moytie to him or them that should seize the same or sue for the same It is hereby enacted that the said penalty and forfeiture shall not ensue to any person or persons for the shipping or unshipping of any Goods or merchandize whereupon Tonnage Poundage or any su[m]ms of money are payable by this Act untill notice shall be given of this Act penaltie & forfeiture by proclamac[i]on where the [said (fn. 4) ] Goods are or ought to be entred unlesse after such notice they shall refuse to compound for such goods and merchandize

VI. Officer, after the Determination of this Grant, receiving the Subsidy, Premunire, and Disability to sue.; Exception.

16 R. II. c. 5.

And it is further enacted that any customer or comptroller or any other officer or person that after [the (fn. 4) ] determinac[i]on of this graunt shall take or receive or cause to be taken or received the said Subsidy su[m]mes of money or any imposition upon merchandize whatsoever exported or imported except the same by graunt in parliament be due or by such graunt shall become due or have been continually paid from the end of the reigne of the late King Edward the Third untill the begining of the reigne of the late Queene Mary shall incurre and susteyne the paines penalties and forfeitures or deined and provided by the Statute of provision and premunire made in the sixteenth yeare of King Richard the Second and shall alsoe from hence forth be disabled during his life to sue or impleade any person in any Action reall mixt or personall or in any Court whatsoever

VII. Proviso for Tobacco of English Plantations.

Provided alwayes That this Act shall not extend to any imposition or charge upon any sort of Tobacco of English Plantac[i]on but that the [same (fn. 5) ] Tobacco shall be charged only with the payment of two pence in the pound and no more

VIII. Persons not to be charged by this Act with pretermitted Customs.

Provided alwaies And it is further enacted that this Act shall not extend or be construed to charge any person or persons with an imposition or charge of late yeares imposed upon Woolen Cloath and Woolen comoditities knowne by the name of pretermitted Customes

IX. Grants of Subsidies by Letters Patent, &c. void.

Provided alsoe And be it further enacted by the authoritie aforesaid that all Grants and Letters Patent under the Great Seale Privy Seale or otherwise conteyning the grants of any Subsidies or Imposts heretofore made or granted to any person or persons for or in respect of the transportac[i]on exportac[i]on or importac[i]on of any Goods or merchandize pretended to be due or payable to your Majesty or by any such Graunts or Letters Patents covenanted to be enjoyed or had out of such Subsidies Imposts or Payments as hereafter should be setled by Parliament or otherwise And all Letters Patents or other Graunts of the Collection of any Impositions heretofore set without consent in Parliament made or graunted to any person whatsoever And alsoe All Penc[i]ons assignac[i]ons of moneys and all other payments whatsoever charged or hereafter to be charged on this subsidy by this Act other then for the uses before in this Act intended shall be from henceforth utterly void

X. Allowance of Duties on Exportation of imported Goods.

Provided that if any Merchant shall export any goods and merchandize which have beene formerly imported and the customes and other duties for the same truly paid that in such case the same allowance shalbe made unto every such Merchant as have beene formerly by vertue or your Highnes Privy Seale

XI. Allowance upon exporting Tobacco on Certificate and Oath.

[Provided also That of all Tobacco of the English Plantations for which every Merchant hath or shall duely pay the subsidy of two pence the pound weight for the same at the importation thereof allowance shall be made unto every such merchant transporting the same one peny for every pound weight upon certificate of the Officer and Oath of the party that the subsidy for the said Tobacco was duely paid at the importac[i]on. (fn. 6) ]

Footnotes

1 This Act is twice inrolled, viz. in this place, and on the Second Part of the Rolls of this Year, nu. 8.
2 interlined on the Roll.
3 Awme O.
4 interlined on the Roll.
5 said O.
6 annexed to the Original Act in a separate Schedule.