Ministers' Accounts
1316

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

John Hobson Matthews (editor)

Year published

1898

Supporting documents

Pages

113-147

Citation Show another format:

'Ministers' Accounts: 1316', Cardiff Records: volume 1 (1898), pp. 113-147. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=48083 Date accessed: 02 October 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

R.O. Ministers' Accounts. Bundle 1202, No. 7. 8–9 E. II. 1316. Latin..

[Translation.]

The Account of Bartholomew de Badelesmere, Custodian of the Castles, Manors and all the lands and tenements which were of Gilbert de Clare, late Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, in Glomorgan and Morgannou in Wales, from the feast of Saint Michael in the eighth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward, until the feast of Saint Michael next ensuing, for one whole year; excepting the Castle, Vill and Manor of Usk [&c.]

Vill of Kaerdif, with the Castle.

Rents of Assize. He answers for 21l.d. of rent of assize of the same vill by the year. And for 3½d. of the rent of 3 pounds of cummin by the year.

Farms. He answers for 40l. of the farm of the mills by the year. And for 16l. of the farm of the fishery of the water of Tath, with the fishery of the weirs, by the year. And for 6l. of the farm of the tolls of the market and fairs and of timber, by the year, with the chensary. And for 28l. of the farm of the prise of ale by the year.

Sum 90l.

Sale of Store. He answers for 26s. 8d. from 2 hogsheads of wine apprised and delivered unto Sir Payn Turbervill, the succeeding Custodian, &c. And for 43s.d. from 6 quarters, 6 bushels, 1 peck of salt apprised and delivered to the same Payn, the succeeding Custodian, &c.

Sum, 71s. 10½d.

[The above entry is struck out, and in the margin is written:— "Vacated here, because the said Payn is charged with the same goods from the date elsewhere, delivered unto him by indenture as appears in the copy of the ingrossment."]

Pleas and Perquisites. He answers for 40s. 6d. of pleas and perquisites of the Hundred of the same vill this year.

Sum 40s. 6d.

Sum total received 113l. 19d.

Thence:—

Rents resolute and Acquittances. In rent resolute to the Abbot and Convent of Neth, for certain lands and tenements in the parts of Neth, 20l. 3s. by the year, in part of payment of 100l.; in quit rent of 2 bailiffs, by the year, 8s.

Sum 20l. 11s.

Amendment of houses. He accounts in 500 shingles bought for the roofing of the houses of the Castle, 6s. 8d. In 1 carpenter hired to roof and mend the said houses, for 16 days, 4s., taking 3d. a day. In 1000 "schyngelnayl" bought for the same, 2s. 1d.; price of 100, 2½d. In mending of the door of the larder, 2d. In mending of the gates (as you) go in across the Castle yard [?]; with ironwork bought for the same, and the carpentering of the same, 4s. In mending of the lock of the outer gate of the Castle, 3d. In mending of the fetters of the prison, 10d. In 2 men hired for 18 days to re-make and mend the walls of the Castle, 9s.; each of whom takes 3d. a day. In 6 quarters of lime bought for the same, 3s.

Sum 30s.

Purchase of Victuals for the garrison of the Castle. In 6q. 6b. 1p. of salt bought for the garrison of the Castle, 45s.d.; price of the quarter, 6s. 8d. In 2 hogsheads of wine bought for the garrison of the same, 106s. 8d.; price of the hogshead, 53s. 4d. In 1 carpenter hired to rack the said hogsheads, with racks bought for the same, 10d.

Sum 7l. 12s.d.

Wages. In the wages of 1 door-keeper of the same Castle, by the year, 3l. 11s., taking 3d. a day. In the wages of 2 watchmen of the same Castle by the year, 6l. 16d., each one 2d. a day.

Sum 10l. 12s. 4d.

Sum of all expenses 40l. 6s.d.

And he oweth 72l. 15s.d. and answereth below.

Manor of Raath.

Rents of Assize. He answers for 53s.d. of the rents of freeholders, by the year. And for 13½d. of the rent of 1 pound of pepper and 1 pound of cummin by the year. And for 27s.d. of the rents of customary-holders, by the year. And for 9s. 2d. of the rent of a tenant at the will of the lord, by the year. And for 10s. of the rent of the weirs by the year.

Sum 101s.d.

For the fulling-mill he answereth nothing, because it is not yet made.

Issues of the Manor. He answers for 4l. 4s. 6d. received from the pasture of the said manor in divers places sold. And for 6l. 13s. 6d. of 44 acres and a half of hay apprised and delivered unto Payn Turbervill, the succeeding Custodian, as appeareth by indenture. ["Vacated here, because the said Payn is charged therefor by indenture, as appears in the body of the ingrossment."] And not more, because 62 acres and 1 rood of meadow were swamped by water. And for 42s. received of the farm of the milking of 14 cows, namely, for a milking of each cow 3s.

Sum 6l. 6s. 6d.

Sale of Wheat. He answers for 13l. 10s. of 30 quarters of corn, by estimation in the grange of Raath, delivered unto Payn Turbervill, the succeeding Custodian, as appeareth by indenture; price of a quarter 9s. And for 18l. 6s. 8d. of 55 quarters of beans, by estimation in the grange, delivered to the aforesaid Payn by indenture; price of a quarter 6s. 8d. And for 100s. of 15 quarters of barley, by estimation in the grange, delivered to the aforesaid Payn by indenture; price of a quarter 6s. 8d. And for 19d. 18s. 3d. 132 quarters, 6 bushels of oats, by estimation of the sheaf, delivered to the aforesaid Payn by indenture; price of a quarter 3s.

Sum 56l. 14s. 11d.

Store sold. He answers for 16s. of 2 beasts of the plough, delivered unto the aforesaid Payn, the succeeding Custodian, &c. And for 15l. 6s. 8d. of 23 plough-oxen, apprised and delivered unto the aforesaid Payn, the succeeding Custodian, by indenture; price of each, 13s. 4d. And for 7l. 10s. of 1 bull and 14 cows, apprised and delivered to the said Payn, the succeeding Custodian, by indenture; price of each, 10s. And for 28s. of 4 heifers, apprised and delivered to the said Payn, Custodian, &c, by indenture &c.; price of each, 7s. And for 13s. 4d for 4 beasts, apprised and delivered to the said Payn, Custodian &c, by indenture &c.;price of each, 3s. 4d.. And for 14s. of 7 calves, apprised and delivered to the said Payn, Custodian &c., by indenture &c.; price of each, 3s.

Dead Store. And for 10s. of 1 cart bound with iron, apprised and delivered unto the said Payn, the Custodian &c, by indenture &c. And for 33s. for 3 wains bound with iron, apprised and delivered to the said Payn by indenture, &c . And for 6s. of 4 ploughs with 6 pairs of irons, apprised and delivered to the said Payn, Custodian &c., by indenture &c. And for 18d. of 1 ironed harrow apprised and delivered to the said Payn, Custodian &c, by indenture &c. And for 12d. of 4hempen cords apprised and delivered to the said Payn, Custodian &c.,by indenture &c.

Sum 28l. 19s. 6d.

["These parcels are cancelled, because the said Payn is charged therefor by indenture, as appears below."]

Works. He answers for 6s. 9d. of 54 customary works at threshing, sold, price of a work 1½d. And for 18d. of 18 customary carryings of brushwood, sold, price of a work 1d. And for 19s. of 114 customary autumnal works sold, price of a work 2d.

Sum 27s. 3d.

Pleas and Perquisites. He answers for 40s. 2d. received of perquisites of Court this year.

Sum 40s. 2d.

Sum of the whole receipt 14l. 16s.d.

Thence:—

Custody of the Ploughs. In 4 ploughs with 6 pairs of irons bought, 8s. In 1 ironed harrow bought, 18d. In repairing and mending the ironwork of 2 ploughs by the year, and 1 plough for 10 weeks in the time of sowing of corn and oats, together with iron bought for the same, 5s. In 1 new ploughshare bought 10d. In 2 foot-irons bought, 6d. In 2 staples of iron for the yokes, bought, 1d.

Sum 15s. 11d.

Custody of the carts. He accounts in 1 cart bound with iron, with all the utensils, bought, 13s. 4d. In 3 wains bound with iron, bought, 40s.; with all the utensils. In 2 collars bought, 8d. In 2 halters of leather, bought for the plough-oxen, 6d. In 4 hempen cords bought, 12d. In 2 straw-ropes bought for tying the horses, 4d. In 48 big nails for making fast the ties of the wains, together with iron bought for the same, 10d. In 12 bands, with the nails, bought for the axles of the wains and carts, 18d. In grease and fat bought for greasing the carts and wains, 12d. In the shoeing of 2 ploughoxen by the year, 2s.

Sum 61s. 2d.

Small necessaries. In 1b. salt bought for the servants' pottage, 10d. In 2 iron forks bought for the ropes, 8d. In forage and straw bought for the fodder of the plough-oxen and of the other store of the manor in winter, 26s.

Sum 28s. 6d.

Amendment of houses. In 5 boards bought for the doors of the grange, 5d. In nails bought for the same, 2d. In boards bought for mending the walls [and] doors of the grange, 6d. In "bordnail" bought for the same, 2d. In 50 laths bought for the grange in part unroofed, 4d. In 100 "lathnayl" bought for the same, 1½d. In 3 quarters of lime bought for the same, 18d. In 1 tiler hired to roof and mend the said grange in places, for 12 days 3s. 6d., taking 3½d. a day. Also in the stipend of a servant of the same tiler, for 12 days, 12d. In 2 hinges bought for the cowhouse door, 1½d. In mending of the wall of the said cowhouse, broken in places, 6d. In 2 hooks bought for the cowhouse gate, 4d.

Sum 8s. 8d.

Purchase of Corn. In 10 quarters of wheat bought for seed, 60s.; price of a quarter 6s. In 3 quarters 6 bushels of beans bought for seed, 17s. 6d.; price of a quarter 4s. 6d. In 10 quarters of beans bought for seed, 50s.; price of a quarter 5s. In 3 quarters 6 bushels of barley bought for seed, 21s. 3d.; price of a quarter 6s. 8d. In 15 quarters 6 bushels of oats bought for seed, 39s.d.; price of a quarter 2s. 6d. In 15 quarters of oats bought for the same, 40s.; price of a quarter 2s. 8d. In 16 quarters of oats bought for the same, 48s.; price of a quarter 3s. In 20 quarters of meslin bought for livery of the servants, 4l. 6s. 8d.; price of a quarter 4s. 4d. In 9 quarters and a half of meslin bought for the same, 44s. 4d.; price of a quarter 4s. 8d. In 10 quarters and 2 bushels bought for the same, 54s. 8d.; price of a quarter 5s. 4d. In 7 quarters of meslin bought for the same, 42s.; price of a quarter 6s.

Sum 25l. 3sd.

Purchase of store. In 2 beasts bought for a cart, 18s. In 23 oxen bought for the plough, 15l. 6s. 8d.; price of each, 13s. 4d. In 1 bull and 14 cows bought for the store of the manor, 7l. 10s.; price of each, 10s. In 4 heifers bought for the same, 28s.; price of each, 7s. In 4 beasts bought for the same, 13s. 4d.; price of each, 3s. 4d.

Sum 25l. 16s.

Mowing. In 44 acres and a half of meadow mown by piecework, 22s. 3d.; at 6d. an acre. In strewing, raking and cocking the hay of 17½ acres of the same meadow, 4s.d., at 3d. an acre; and so much for a rainy season, because the hay was turned several times. And the hay of 27 acres of the same meadow was strewn, raked and cocked by customary-holders. In carriage of the same hay, price of a carrying by our own servants, 4s. In 6 men hired to receive the said hay in the grange, and to fork and rick it, for 3 days 3s.; each 2d. a day.

Sum 33s.d.

Autumn. In reaping, sheaving and binding 30 acres 3 roods of corn, 36 acres 3½ roods of beans, 7½ acres of barley, and 50½ acres of oats, by piecework, 73s. 3d., at 7d. an acre. In expenses of 1 parker and 12 carters carrying wheat, for 1 day, 2s. In expenses of another parker and 88 customary-holders helping to carry the corn, fork it, and rick it in the grange; for 1 day, 7s. 4d.; each 1d. a day. In 1 rickman hired for 3½ days to make 3 ricks in the sheepfold, 10½d., taking 3d. a day. In 1 man hired to thatch the said ricks, for 10 days 2s., taking 3d. a day. In 1 man serving him, hired for the same time, 15d.; 1½d. a day. In straw bought for thatching the said ricks, 2s. 8d. In rods bought for the same, 10d.

Sum 4l. 10s.d.

Stipend. In stipend of 1 carter, 3 carter's men, 1 shepherd and one reaper, for the whole year, 31s. 6d.; each one 4s. 6d. In stipend of 2 ploughmen for 10 weeks in the time of sowing corn and oats, 20d.; 10d. each.

Sum 33s. 2d.

Wages. In wages of 1 Prevost for the whole year, 60s. 8d.; taking 2d. a day.

Sum 60s. 8d.

Sum of all expenses 67l. 11s.d.

And he has of surplusage here 52l. 16s.d.

Lecwyth.

Rents of Assize. He answers for 17s. 5d. of the rent of freeholders by the year. And for 48s. of the rent of customary-holders by the year. And for 7s. of the rent of cottagers by the year.

Sum 72s. 5d.

Farms. He answers for 6s. 8d. of the farm of the weir in Eley. And for 2s. of the farm of the lamprey fishery.

Sum 8s. 8d.

Issues of the Manor. He answers for 110s. of divers pastures here and there sold, with the pasture of the wood there. And for 42s. of 21 acres of meadow, sold in grass; price of the acre 2s. And for 16s. 6d. of 11 acres of meadow, sold in grass; price of the acre 18d. And not more, for the wet season and rainy weather. And for 13s. 4d. of the herbage of 8 acres of meadow, price of the acre 20d. And not more, for the rainy weather. And for 36s. of the hay of 12 acres of meadow, apprised and delivered unto the aforesaid Payn, Custodian, &c., by indenture, &c.; price of the acre, 3s. ["Vacated here, because the said Payn is charged therefor by indenture, as appeareth in the copy ingrossed."]

Sum 9l. 22d.

Works sold. He answers for 10s. of 48 works at ploughing for seed in winter and Lent, price of the work 2½d. And for 8s. of 48 works at harrowing, price of the work 2d. And for 12s. of works at threshing, hoeing and carrying, of customary-holders, sold. And for 2s. of 6 works at mowing, sold. And not more, because 18 acres of meadow were mown by customary-holders. And for 20s. of autumn works of customary tenants. Namely 72 works, price of the work 2d. And for 96 works, price of the work 1d.

Sum 52s.

Pleas and Perquisites. He answers for 12s. 9d. of pleas and perquisites of Court this year.

Sum 12s. 9d.

Sum of the whole receipt 16l. 7s. 8d.

Thence:—

Acquittances. In quit rent of the Prevost, by the year, 2s. In acquittance of the works of the same person, 2s. 4d.

Sum 4s. 4d.

Mowing. In the hay of 18 acres of meadow to be mown by customary-holders, strewn, raked and ricked, by piecework, 3s. 9d.; price of the acre 2½d. In carriage of the hay of 12 acres to the Manor of Lecwyth, 4s. In carriage of the hay of 4 acres and 1 rood to the Manor of Raath, for the horses of the Sheriff and the clerk, against relation, and the horses of the Constable of Kaerdiff, 2s. In the mending of "breckis" (breaches) of the roads, in places, for carrying the said hay, 8d. In stipend of the Prevost, by the year, for his livery, 7s., as customary.

Sum 17s. 5d.

Sum of all expenses 21s. 9d.

And he oweth 15l. 11d.

County of Glomorgan.

Rents of Assize, and Farms. He answers for 8s. 7d. of the rents of freeholders, by the year. And for 12l. 5s. of the rents of 36 fees and a half, and a fourth part of one fee, pertaining to the Castle of Kaerdiff, by the year. And for 40s. of the farm of 144 acres of land and meadow there, at Egliskeynour. And for 2d. of the farm of 1 acre of pasture, formerly of Rees ap Philip.

Sum 14l. 13s. 9d.

Pleas and Perquisites. He answers for 33l. 14s. 7d. of pleas and perquisites of the County this year.

Sum 33l. 14s. 7d.

Sum of the whole receipt 48l. 8s. 4d.

Thence:—

Stipend. In the stipend of 1 Bailiff of the same County, collecting and levying the rents, farms, pleas and perquisites of the County, and doing execution of the same matters, for the aforesaid time, 26s. 8d. In a cord bought for the hanging of thieves adjudged in the County, 1d. In the stipend of 1 man hanging those thieves, 4d.

Sum of all expenses 27s. 1d.

And he oweth 47l. 15d.

Castle of Lantrissan, with the tribe-land of Meskyn.

Rents of Assize. He answers for 9l. 18s. of the rents of Burgesses of the same vill of Llantrissan, by the year. And for 2s. 9d. of rent at will, of 16 acres and a half of land handed over to the Burgesses of the vill, to the term of Saint Michael.

Sum 10l. 9d.

Issues of the Vill. He answers for 6s. of the tolls of the fairs of the same vill, on the feast of Blessed Peter in Chains. And for 5s. of the tolls of the tribe-land of Glenrotheny and Meskyn this year. And for 3s. of the chensary this year. He answers nothing for tolls of the market of the same vill this year, because our lord the Earl granted a market there free for 7 years, by his Charter; this being the third year. And for 6s. of pasture in empty burgages this year. And not more, for lack of buyers. And for 14s. 3d. of the profits of ale this year. And not more, because only a few persons brewed, for that they were destroyed by the Welsh in war.

Sum 34s. 3d.

* * * *

Acquittances, and loss of rents. In quit rent of the Prevost of the burgh, by the year, 2s. In loss of the rents of 47 burgages and a half, because they had become "wast" by reason of the war, 47s.

* * * *

Pentrigh.

Rents of Assize. He answers for 12s. 10d. of the rents of freeholders, by the year. And for 32s.d. of the rents of customaryholders and cottars, by the year. And for 40s. of the farm of 1 watermill there.

Sum 4l. 4s.d.

Issues of the Manor. He answers for 6s. 8d. of 20 acres of pasture land there. And for 3s. of the gifts of customary-holders, against Christmas. And for 4s. 6d. of autumn works of those customary-holders, sold. And for 4d. of advowsons this year.

Sum 14s. 6d.

Pleas and Perquisites. He answers for 22s. of perquisites of Court this year.

Sum 22s.

Sum of the total receipt 6l. 10½d.

Acquit Expenses. Thence in acquittance of the rent of the Prevost, by the year, 2s.

Sum of all expenses 2s.

And he oweth 118s. 10½d.

Radur.

Farms. He answers for 14l. of the farm of the whole exterium of Radur this year.

Sum——

* * * *

The White Monastery. [Whitchurch.]

Farms. He answers for 12l. 15s. 7d. of the farm of the White Monastery this year.

* * * *

County of Wentlok. * *

Rempny.

Rents of Assize. He answers for 18l. 10s.d. of the rents of assize of freeholders and customary-holders, by the year. And for 24s. of rents of the lands and tenements formerly of Adam Walter.

Sum 19l. 14s.d.

Farms. He answers for 20l. of the farm of 2 mills this year.

Sum 20l.

Issues of the Manor. He answers for 30s. of pasture in the Warth, and 1 acre of meadow this year sold. And for 12s. of the pasture of 31 acres in the higher land this year sold. And for 32s.d. of the pasture of 42 acres and a half and 1 rood on the moor, price of the acre 9d. And not more, because 79 acres and a half are sown with corn, beans and oats. And 26 acres on the moor, at fallow. And for 5d. of advowsons this year.

Works. And for 18s. 6d. of 55 ploughings and a half, sold; price of a ploughing 4d. And for 23s. 4d. of 280 harrowings of land, sold; price of a harrowing 1d. And for 2s. 11d. of 35 works at dibbling and sowing, sold; price of a work 1d. And for 20s.d. of 99 works at threshing, sold; price of the work 2½d. And for 9s.d. of 225 hoeings and a half; price of a work ½d. And for 24s. of 192 reapings; price of a work 1½d. And for 8s.d. of 199 reapings sold; price of a work ½d. And for 13s. 8d. of 41 carryings of wheat, sold; price of a carrying 4d. And for 2s. 9d. of 33 works at stacking wheat, sold; price of a work 1d. And for 8s. 11d. of 107 carryings of firewood; price of a carrying 1d.

Sum 10l. 11s.d.

Sale of Wheat. He answers for 8l. 12s.d. of 19 quarters 1 bushel of corn, by estimation in the grange, apprised and delivered unto Payn Turbervill, the succeeding Custodian, &c.; by indenture, &c.; price of the quarter 9s. And for 17l 3s. 4d. of 51 quarters and a half of beans, by estimation in the grange, apprised and delivered unto the said Payn, Custodian &c., by indenture &c.; price of the quarter 6s. 8d. And for 8l. 15s. 6d. of 58 quarters 4 bushels of oats, by estimation in the grange, apprised and delivered to the said Payn, Custodian &c, by indenture &c; price of the quarter 3s.

Sum 34l. 10s. 11½d.

["Vacated here, because the said Payn is charged therefor by indenture, as appears in the copy ingrossed."]

Perquisites of Court. He answers for 16l. 10s. of perquisites of Court this year.

Sum 16l. 10s.

Sum of the whole receipt 66l. 16s. 3d.

Thence:—

Purchase of Corn. In 6q. 3b. of wheat bought for seed, 42s. 6d.; price of the quarter 6s. 8d. In 12q. 7b. of beans bought for seed, 64s.d.; price of the quarter 5s. In 10 quarters of oats bought for seed, 25s.; price of the quarter 2s. 6d. In 10 quarters of oats bought for the same, 26s 8d; price of the quarter 2s. 8d.

Sum 7l. 18s.d.

Amendment of Houses. In expenses about making anew the porch of the old grange broken, by piecework, with the mending of the sheepfold bridge, 14s. 4d.

Sum 14s. 4d.

Custody of the Mills. In divers expenses about re-making the 2 mills, broken in the doors and walls, and mending and re-making the weirs of the said mills, 28s.d. In the cutting and carrying to the said weirs of 8 bundles of sticks, 4s. In mending of the gowt, with the carpentry thereof, and drawing wood for the same, by piecework, 4l. In nails bought for the same, 3s 2d.

Sum 114s. 11½d.

Sum of all expenses 14l. 7s. 10d.

And he oweth 52l. 8s. 5d. and answereth below.

* * * *

Manor of Lanntwyt and Ruthyn.* *

Farms. . . . . . And for 6l 6s. 8d. of the farm of the tolls of the market and fairs there this year, with the toll of the ports of Aberthau, Barry and Ogemor.

* * * *

[Dorso.]

Castle of Kaerdif.

Salt. He answereth for 6 quarters, 6 bushels and 1 peck of salt received of purchase.

Sum 6q. 6b. 1p.

And delivered unto Sir Payn Turbervill, the succeeding Custodian of the castles, lands and tenements which were of the late Earl of Gloucester in Glomorgan, as appeareth by indenture against the said Payn, concerning the garrison of the castles, unto him delivered.

He answers for 2 hogsheads of wine received of purchase.

Sum 2 hogsheads.

And delivered unto the aforesaid Sir Payn, the succeeding Custodian, as above, &c.

Manor of Rath.

Farms. He answers for 10 quarters of wheat received of purchase for seed.

Sum 10 quarters.

And they are sown upon 31 acres; upon an acre 2 bushels and a half.

Beans. He answers for 13 quarters 6 bushels of beans received of purchase for seed.

Sum 13q. 6b.

And they are sown upon 36 acres and a half and 1 rood and a half; upon an acre 3 bushels.

Barley. He answers for 3 quarters 6 bushels received of purchase.

Sum 3q. 6b.

And they are sown upon 7 acres and a half; upon an acre 4 bushels.

Oats. He answers for 46 quarters 6 bushels of oats received of purchase.

Sum 46q. 6b.

Thence in seed upon 50 acres and 1 rood, 44 quarters 2 bushels; upon an acre 7 great bushels; in all 2b. 1p. In provender of two plough-oxen in seed-time, 1 quarter. In pottage of the servants, 1 quarter.

Sum as above.

And naught remaineth.

Meslin for the Servants. He answers for 46 quarters 6 bushels of meslin received of purchase and for livery of the servants.

Sum 46q. 6b.

Thence in livery of 4 ploughmen, 1 carter and 1 reaper, by the year, 31q 1b. and a half; of whom each one takes a quarter every 10 weeks. In livery of 2 ploughmen for 3 ploughs levied in seed-time, for 10 weeks 2 quarters, taking as above. In livery of 1 shepherd, tending 1 bull, 14 cows, 4 heifers, 4 beasts and 7 calves bought, as appears below; by the year 5q. 1b. and a half, taking every 10 weeks 1 quarter.

Sum as above.

And naught remains.

Beasts. He answers for 2 beasts received of purchase.

Sum 2 beasts.

And delivered to the said Sir Payn, Custodian &c, as appears by indenture &c.

Oxen. He answers for 23 plough-oxen received of purchase.

Sum 23 oxen.

And delivered unto the said Sir Payn, the succeeding Custodian &c, as appears by indenture.

Cows. He answers for 1 bull and 14 cows received of purchase, as below.

Sum 15.

And delivered to the said Sir Payn, the succeeding Custodian &c, as appears by indenture.

Heifers and Beasts. He answers for 4 heifers and 4 beasts received of purchase.

Sum 8.

And delivered to the said Sir Payn, the succeeding Custodian, as appears by indenture.

Calves. He answers for 12 calves of the issue of 12 cows; and not more, because 2 cows were barren.

Sum 12.

Wherefrom in tithe, 1 calf. Dead of the murrain, 4 calves. Sum 5. And there remain 7, which are delivered unto Sir Payn, the succeeding Custodian, as appears by indenture, &c.

Carts and Wains. He answers for 1 cart bound with iron, and 3 wains bound with iron, 4 ploughs with 6 pairs of irons. In an ironed harrow, 4 hempen cords and 3 "vangs" received of purchase, as appears below. And the whole account is delivered unto the said Sir Payn, the succeeding Custodian, as appears by indenture. And nothing remains.

Works at Harrowing. He answers for 90 works at harrowing, arising from 18 customary-holders, of whom each one owes 5 works from morn till noon.

Sum 90 works.

And expenses in harrowing the demesne lands for wheat-seed and spring-rye with the help of the lord's beasts.

Carriage. He answers for 18 carryings of brushwood against Christmas, arising from the said customary-holders.

Sum 28.

And sold as below.

Threshing. He answers for 54 works at threshing, arising from the said customary-holders.

Sum 54.

And sold as below.

Hoeing. He answers for 54 works at hoeing, arising from the said customary-holders.

Sum 54.

And expended in hoeing the lord's corn.

Raking of Hay. He answers for 27 works at raking hay.

Sum 27.

And expended in raking 27 acres of meadow. And nothing remains.

Reaping. He answers for 114 autumn works arising from the said customary-holders.

Sum 114.

And sold as below.

Hay. He answers for the hay of 44 acres and a half of meadow mown as below. And for 62 acres and 1 rood of meadow he answereth nothing, because they were swamped by water.

Thence delivered unto Sir Payn de Turbervill the hay of 44 acres and a half, apprised at 6l. 13s. 6d., as appears by indenture against him.

Acres sown as above. He answers for the crop of 125 acres 2 roods and a half of land sown as above with wheat, beans, barley and oats. And the whole delivered unto Payn Turberville, the succeeding Custodian, by estimation of the sheaf in the stack and in the grange, as appears by indenture against him.

Lecwyth.

The Meadow. He answers for 57 acres and a half and 1 rood of meadow for mowing.

Thence mown by customary-holders 18 acres, whereof in tithe 1 acre and a half and 1 rood in hay, apprised and delivered to Payn Turberville, Custodian &c., 12 acres by indenture &c. Also carried to Raath the hay of 4 acres and 1 rood. Also sold in grass, as appears below, 40 acres.

Castle of Lantrissan.

Wheat. He answers for 14 quarters 6 bushels of wheat received of purchase for the garrison of the same.

Sum 14q. 6b.

Thence in expenses of a Constable with 24 men dwelling in the same Castle for the garrison thereof, from the feast of Blessed Michael until the 10th day of December, for 10 weeks and 2 days, 9 quarters. In the sale of 5q. 6b. which were apprised and delivered to the said Payn, Custodian &c, by indenture &c, as appears below.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Oats. He answers for 50 quarters 7 bushels of oats received of purchase for the garrison of the same Castle.

Sum 5q. 7b.

Thence in ale brewed for the use of the abovesaid Constable and the men of the garrison, for the abovesaid time, 6 quarters. In salt for livery of the same men for the abovesaid time, 3 quarters. In provender of 2 horses of the Constable for the aforesaid time, 9 quarters, taking every night 1 bushel. In sale, as below, of 32q. 7b. apprised and delivered to the said Payn, Custodian &c, by indenture &c.

Sum as above.

* * * *

Rempny.

Wheat. He answers for 6q. 3b. of wheat bought for seed. And for 19q. 1b. of wheat by estimation in the grange, of the issue of the said seed.

Sum 25q. 4b.

Whereof in seed upon 20 acres and a half on the moor, 6q. 3b.; upon an acre 2 bushels and a half. In sale, as below, of 19q. 1b. apprised and delivered to the said Payn, the succeeding Custodian &c, by indenture &c.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Beans. He answers for 12q. 7b. of beans bought for seed. And for 51q. and a half of beans, of the issue of the same seed, by estimation in the grange.

Sum 64q. 3b.

Whereof in seed upon 34 acres on the moor, 12q 7b.; upon an acre 3 bushels more; in the whole, 3b. In sale, as below, apprised and delivered unto the said Payn, the succeeding Custodian &c, by indenture &c, 51 quarters and a half.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Oats. He answers for 20q. of oats bought for seed. And for 58q. and a half, by estimation in the grange, of the issue of the same seed.

Sum 78½q.

Whereof in seed upon 25 acres on the moor, 20q.; upon an acre 6b. more; in the whole half a bushel. In sale, as above, apprised and delivered to the said Payn, the succeeding Custodian &c, by indenture &c., 58 quarters and a half.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Ploughings. He answers for 300 ploughings of customaryholders this year.

Sum 300 ploughings.

Thereof in acquittance of the Prevost and 2 Beadles, 12. In the ploughing of 20½ acres for wheat seed, 41 ploughings; by the acre 2 ploughings. In the opening of water-reens, 5 ploughings. In the ploughing of 34 acres for bean-seed, 68 ploughings; by the acre 2 ploughings. In the opening of water-reens, 8 ploughings and a half. In the ploughing of 25 acres for oat-seed, 50 ploughings; by the acre 2 ploughings. In the making of water-reens, 6 ploughings. In the fallowing and gleaning of 26 acres, 54 ploughings. In the sale of 55 ploughings and a half.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Harrowings. He answers for 474 harrowings, of the issue of the Hundred.

Sum 474 harrowings.

Whereof in acquittance of the Prevost and 2 Beadles, 15. In breaking the fallow of 20 acres for wheat-seed, 20 harrowings. In the harrowing of 20½ acres for wheat-seed, 41 harrowings. In the harrowing of 34 acres of beans, 68 harrowings; by the acre, 2 harrowings. In the harrowing of 25 acres for oat-seed, 50 harrowings. In the sale of 280 harrowings.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

(Works of) Sowers and Dibblers. He answers for 131 works of sowers and dibblers, of the issue of the Hundred.

Sum 131 works.

Whereof in the sowing and dibbling of 20½ acres of wheat, 25 works. In the sowing and dibbling of 34 acres of beans, 41 works. In the sowing and dibbling of 25 acres of oats, 30 works. In the sale of 35 works.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Threshings. He answers for 105 works at threshing, of the issue of the Hundred.

Sum 105 works.

Whereof in acquittance of the Prevost and 2 Beadles, 6. In the sale of 99 works.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Hoeings. He answers for 314 hoeings, of the issue of the Hundred.

Sum 314 hoeings.

Whereof in acquittance of the Prevost and 2 Beadles, 10 works. In the hoeing of 79½ acres this year sown, 79½ works. In the sale of 252 hoeings and a half.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Reapings. He answers for 208 reapings, of the issue of the Hundred.

Sum 208 reapings.

Price of the work a halfpenny.

Whereof in acquittance of the Prevost and 2 Beadles, 9. In the sale of 199 reapings.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Carryings. He answers for 105 carryings of corn, of the issue of the Hundred.

Sum 105 carryings.

Whereof in acquittance of the Prevost and 2 Beadles, 4 carryings. In carriage of the lord's corn, 60 carryings. In the sale of 41 carryings.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Stackings. He answers for 97 works at stacking corn.

Sum 97 works.

Whereof in acquittance of the Prevost and 2 Beadles, 4 works. In forking and stacking the lord's corn in the grange, 60 works. In the sale of 33 works.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

Carryings of Firewood. He answers for 110 carryings of firewood.

Sum 110 carryings.

Whereof in acquittance of the Prevost and 2 Beadles, 3. In the sale of 107 carryings.

Sum as above.

And nothing remains.

* * * *

Note.—The above Account has here been given almost in full, in order to present an example of the wonderful minuteness of these documents, and a photographic picture of rural life in a mediaeval manor.

R.O. Ministers' Accounts. Bundle 1202, No. 8. 9 Edw. II. 1316. Latin.

[Translation.]

The Account of Welthian, who was the wife of Sir Payn Turbervill deceased, and executrix of the said deceased, late Custodian of the castles, lands and tenements which were of the Lord Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, deceased, in Glamorgon and Morganno in Wales; from the first day of October in the 9th year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward, to the 20th day of April in the same year.

The Vill of Kaerdiff with the Castle.

Rents of Assize. The same renders account of 10l. 10s. 4d. of rents of assize of the vill of Kaerdiff, to the term of Christmas and Easter.

Farms. The same answers for 12l. 14s.d. of the profits of ale, demised to farm. And for 19l. 10s. 9d. of the farm of 2 mills, for the same time. And for 7l. 5s. 10d. of the fishery of the weirs of Sallyuggyswere and of the water of Taaff, demised to farm. And for 69s.d. of the farm of the tolls of the market. And for 7s. 2d. of the tolls of the sea landing-place.

Pleas and perquisites of Court. The same answers for 12s. 6d. of the pleas and perquisites of Court.

Wine sold, and salt. The same answers for 26s. 8d. of 2 hogsheads of old and weak wine sold. And for 20s. for 3 quarters of salt sold. And for 25s. 2d. of 3 quarters, 6 bushels and 1 peck of salt sold on account.

Expenses. Accretions. The same accounts in accretions of the Prevost and Sergeant of the Vill, 1s. 6d. Also in rent paid to the Abbot and Convent of Neth in part payment of 100l., which the lord Earl assigned to the aforesaid Abbot and Convent in his divers manors and burghs, in exchange for lands which the lord Earl had from the aforesaid Abbot and Convent, by the metes and bounds which appear by the handwriting made between the lord Earl and the aforesaid Abbot and Convent, to be received yearly until the lord Earl or his heirs shall come into equal receipts for the aforesaid 100l. of rent, as in lands, ecclesiastical benefices or either of them; and this at the election of the lord Earl or his heirs, as more fully appears in the writing which the lord Earl hath from the aforesaid Abbot and Convent, for the term of Christmas and Easter, 10l. 18d.

Mending of the Castle and houses. The same accounts in the repairing and mending of three portions of the outer wall of the Castle Bailey, by piecework; and in the repairing and mending of the houses in the same Castle here and there, by piecework, 73s.d.

Expenses of the weirs. The same accounts in 268 waggons hired for fetching timber in the lord's wood, for one day, 67s., at 3d. a day each. In big logs bought for the same, 2s. 10d. In big planks, 8d. In one quarter of big "bordnayl" bought for the "hachis," 15d.

Wages. The same accounts in the wage of one gate-keeper for the same time, and of 2 watchmen in the said Castle, 117s. 3d.; of whom the gate-keeper earns 3d. a day, and the 2 watchmen 4d. a day.

The dead store of the Castle. The same answers for 2 hogsheads of wine received from Bartholomew de Badlysmere by indenture, and sold.

Salt. The same answers for 6 quarters, 6 bushels and 1 peck of salt received from the same Bartholomew by indenture, and sold. Thereof in sale as above 3 quarters delivered to the Castle, in sale on account 3 quarters, 6 bushels, one peck, for 25s.d.

Sum of expenses, 23l. 5s.d.

The Manor of Raath.

Rents of assize. The same answers for 13s.d. of rents of assize from the term of Saint Andrew. And for 13s.d. of rents of assize from the term of the Flowery Easter.

Issues of the Manor. The same answers for 6s. for the custody of various birds. And for 4s. of the milk of 6 cows.

Works sold. The same answers for 16s. for divers works sold.

Oxen sold. Steers and heifers and cows. The same answers for 40s. for 4 oxen sold. And for 14s. for 2 steers sold. And for 8s. for 4 heifers sold in the war. And for 40s. for 6 cows sold in the war.

Hides sold. The same answers for 2s. for the hide of one ox which died of the murrain. And for 2d. for the hide of one heifer dead of the murrain.

Wheat sold. The same answers for 6l. 8s. 7d. for 18 quarters 3 bushels of corn sold in the war, at 7s. a quarter. And for 24I. 10s. 10d. for 73 quarters, 5 bushels of beans sold. [The like for barley, oats and meslin.]

Perquisites of Court. And for 6s. 11d. of pleas and perquisites of Court.

Foreign rents. The same answers for 218l. 10s. 2d. received from Bartholomew de Badlismere by the hands of divers prevosts in Glamorgan and Morganno, as is contained in an indenture thereof made, of the other part whereof the same attorney is freed in the Treasury. And for 44s. 5d. of a fine of Gronou ap Rosser before William de Montague, the King's lieutenant in the war waged against the King by Lewelin Bren, as appears in the indenture made between the aforesaid William de Montague and the aforesaid Payn.

Expenses. Purchase of iron. The same accounts in iron for 3 ploughs, 3s. In one plough hired for 15 days, 15d. In 4 men hired for the same, 8d. In one man hired to harrow for 18 days, 4s. 6d.

Custody of the carts and waggons. The same accounts in grease bought for the waggons and carts, 8d. In iron for the shoeing of 2 plough-oxen, 12d. In one sumpter saddle, 16d. In 2 halters and one iron fork, 2d.

Expenses of the Burgh. The same accounts in a weir made at the Taph, together with logs and big timber and nails bought for the same, 71s. 9d. [Struck out.]

Issues of the Grange of Raath

Corn. She answers for 30 quarters received of the issues into her hands from Sir Bartholomew de Badlysmere, by estimation in sheaves, by indenture thereof made between them.

* * * *

Beans. She answers for 55 quarters of beans received of the whole issue. And for 70 quarters and a half received of the chattels of Lewelin Bren forfeited.

* * * *

Store of plough-oxen. She answers for 2 plough-oxen received by the said indenture. And for one plough-ox, a heriot from David ap Lewelyn.

To wit, sum 3—

And delivered unto J. Giffard by indenture.

Oxen. She answers for 23 oxen received by the indenture aforesaid. And for 1 ox, a heriot from David Pilgrym.

Heifers. . . . . . Thereof dead of the murrain, 1. In the sale of 4 yearlings. Lost by plunder in the war, 4. * * *

Of Rempny.

Beans. She answers for 17½ quarters of beans received of the issues by indenture; and not more, because 34 quarters were carried off by the Welsh in the war.

* * * *

Concerning hay she answereth nothing, because it was carried off by the Welsh in the war.

Store oxen. She answers for 3 oxen received as a heriot from Adam Godman, John Snovgod and John Philip.

* * *

Lekewyt

* * *

Nothing from the fishery of the Eley, because of the war.

* * *

She accounts in felling timber to make 1 "poundfold," and for the making and work of the same, with 2 doors, joinerage and "planc" bought for the same, 3s.d. In mending and repairing here and there divers "breckys" dug on the sea coast, to shut out the sea's floods, lest they should swamp the fields and pastures, 2s. 8d.

County of Glomorgan.

Rents. She answers for 3d. of rents of assize. And for 6l. 16s. 8d. of the ward at the Castle of Kaerdiff. And for 20s. of the farm of 144 acres of land and meadow at Egelis-Keynor.

Expenses. She accounts in the fee of a bailiff for 5 counties, 5s. In the dress of the same constable and gate-keeper of the lord, 13s. 4d. In hanging 5 thieves, together with the cord bought for the same, 2s. 1d.

Pentirk

Rents of assize. And for 13s.d. of the rents of assize of Pentirk. And for 19s. 8d. of the farm of the mill. She answers for 1 mare sold as a heriot.

* * * *

Rents at will. She answers for 2s.d. of the rent of 8 acres of land, 11 acres of wood and waste, to the term of Saint Hilary.

* * * *

Farms. She answers for 19s. 8d. of the farm of the mill; and not more, because of the war.

* * * *

For Radour she answereth nothing.

R.O. Ministers' Accounts. Bundle 1202, No. 9. 9 Edw. II. 1316. Latin.

[Translation.]

The Account of John Giffard de Brymmesfeld, Custodian of the lands and tenements which were of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, deceased, being in the hands of our lord the King, in Glanmorgan and Morgannou; concerning the issues of the same, from the 20th day of April in the ninth year of the reign of King Edward, to the 29th day of September next following.

Vill of Kaerdif with the Castle

Rents of Assize. He answers for 10l. 10s.d. received of rent of assize of 380 burgages, with certain places and stalls in the vill of Kaerdiff, at the terms of the Nativity of Saint John Baptist, and Saint Michael. And for 4½d. received of 3 pounds of cummin sold, of rent there at the term of Saint Michael.

Sum 10l. 10s.d.

Issues of the vill. He answers for 8l. 13s. 4d. received of prises of ale in the same vill for the same time. And therefore less 52s.d. than was wont to be demised to farm, by reason of scarcity and the war of Lewelin Bren. And for 36s. 8d. received of tolls of the market of the same vill for the same time. And for 26s. 8d. received of tolls of the fairs at the feast of the Apostles Peter and Paul. And for 2s. 5d. received of the tolls of timber sold in the port of Kaerdif for the same time.

Sum 11l. 19s. 1d.

Issues of the mills. He answers for 15l. 5s. 7d. received of the issues of the mills of Kaerdif for the same time; and therefore less by reason of scarcity and war.

Issues of the fishery. He answers for 4l. 8s. 6d. received of the issues of the fishery of the weirs and of the water of Taaf for the same time. And therefore less because the weirs were broken down by an inundation of the sea.

Sum 4l. 8s. 6d.

Pleas and perquisites. He answers for 11s. 6d. received of pleas and perquisites of the said vill for the same time; and therefore less by reason of the aforesaid war.

Sum 11s. 6d.

Sum of the whole receipt 42l. 15s.d.

Expenses. Acquittances, and resolution of rent. He accounts in acquittances of two Bailiffs of the vill of Kaerdif, to the terms of Saint John Baptist and Saint Michael, 4s. And in rent resolute to the Abbot and Convent of Neeth, 20l. 3s., assigned to the same Abbot and Convent in the vill of Kaerdif, by the ancestors of the aforesaid Earl, for exchange of certain lands in the parts of Neeth, 10l. 18d.

Sum 10l. 5s. 6d.

Custody of the mills. He accounts in the felling of big timber in the woods, and the taking and carrying of the same from the woods to the mills, to mend the mills there, 5s. And in the mending of the house of the said mills, as was necessary; as in the mending of the walls and roof for the same time, together with moss gathered for the same, 18d. And in the mending of one fusil there, together with iron bought for the same, at three times, 2s. And in the mending of the fusil of another mill there for the same time, 18d. And in the sharpening and grinding of the bills of the said mills for the same time, 3s. And in two millstones bought for the aforesaid mills, together with the carriage of the same, 13s. 8d.

Sum 26s. 8d.

Custody of the fishery. He accounts in divers workmen hired to fell and gather rods and other timber in our own wood for mending of the weirs in the water of Taaf; and in stipends of the same workmen, for mending the defects of the said weirs here and there, by piecework, 66s. 8d. And in one boat bought for the same fishery, together with an iron chain bought, 11s. 6d.

Sum 78s. 2d.

Custody of the Castle. And in the stipends of two carpenters mending the defects of the houses in the same castle, unroofed by the wind, and the defects of a certain bridge towards the tower, for 15 days, 10s. And in a thousand shingles made of the lord's timber, by piecework, 5s. And in carriage of the same from the lord's wood to the Castle, 10d. And in a thousand nails bought for the same, 20d. And in the mending of one furnace in the same Castle, by piecework, half a mark. And in lead, tin and pitch bought for the mending of the roof of the tower called Blaketour, 2s. 6d. And in stipend of one plumber and his man, mending the defects of the same tower, 15 days, 6s. 3d.

Sum 32s. 11d.

Wages paid. And in wages of one gatekeeper of the same Castle for the aforesaid time, namely, for 163 days, taking 3d. a day, 40s. 9d. And in wages of two watchmen of the same Castle for that time, each of whom earns by the day 2d., 54s. 4d.

Sum 4l. 15s. 1d.

Sum 21l. 18s. 4d.

The Manor of Raath

The Account of John Giffard de Brimesfeld concerning the issues of the Manor of Raath, from the 20th day of April in the 9th year, to the morrow of Saint Michael next ensuing.

Rents of Assize. He answers for 76s.d. received of rent of assize in the manor of Raath at the terms of the Nativity of Blessed John Baptist, and Saint Michael, with the rents of the weirs. And in 12¾d. received of 1 pound of pepper and half a pound of cummin sold at the term of Saint Michael.

Sum 77s.d.

Issues of the Manor. And for 26s. 8d. received of the pasture of 114 acres of arable land not ploughed this year. And for 3s. 10d. received of the pasture of Annotesham, sold. And for 63s. received of the grass of 42 acres of meadow, sold; and not more, because 64 acres and half a rood of mowable meadow (were) for grass and hay for the horses of the Sheriff and the Constable of Kaerdif, and for the beasts of the plough and the oxen of our lord the King there abiding; and the rest remained unsold for lack of a buyer, by reason of the war.

The Lord's Mills. For the fulling-mill nothing, because it is not yet made.

Sum 4l. 13s. 6d.

Sale of Corn. And for 23s. 4d. received of 7 quarters of oats sold, price of a quarter 40d.

Sum 23s. 4d.

Sale of Store. And for 25s. received of 3 steers and mares sold, because they were small and weak; price of each one 5s. And for 5s. received of 6 calves sold; price of each one 10d. And for 10s. received of 10 calves sold. And for 2d. received of the hides of 2 calves dead of the murrain. And for 4s. of 2 yearlings sold.

Sum 40s. 2d. Also 4s.

Issues of the Dairy. And for 76s. 7d. received of 130 stone 4 pounds of cheese sold, as extra from the issues of the dairy for the same time; each stone of the weight of 14 pounds; price of each stone 7d. And for 10s. 6d. received of 18 stone of butter sold there of the same issue, for the same time.

Sum 4l. 7s. 6d.

Works sold. And for 2s. 3d. received of 54 works at hoeing, of the customary-holders of Raath; price of the work a halfpenny. And for 4s. 6d. received of 54 works of the same customary-holders at raking hay; price of the work 1d. And of 19s. received of 114 autumn works of the customary-holders of Raath; price of the work 2d.

Sum 25s. 9d.

Pleas and perquisites, to wit. And for 4s. 8d. received of pleas and perquisites of the Court, for the same time.

Sum 4s. 8d.

Sum of the whole receipt 17l. 12s.d. Also 4s.

Expenses. Custody of the ploughs, to wit. He accounts in 4 stone of iron bought for the mending of the iron of 2 ploughs, for the same time, 18d. In 1 new ploughshare bought, 12d. In stipend of a smith, for making and sharpening the irons, 18d. In divers iron things for mending and repairing the yokes of the oxen, for the same time, 6d.

Sum 4s. 6d.

Custody of the carts and wains, to wit. He accounts in one pair of new wheels bought for a cart, 3s. 4d. In the binding of the same with old bands, and in 6 crooks and 30 big nails bought for the same, and in renewing of 6 "strakis" for the same, together with iron bought for the same, 6s.d. And in one pair of new hempen traces bought for a cart, 9d. And in one pair of new wheels bought for a wain, 5s. In the binding of the same with old binding, and the mending of bands, and big nails bought for the same, together with the smith's stipend, 3s. 6d. In 12 crooks with small nails bought for the same, for those wheels, 2s. 1d. Also in 30 big nails bought for a certain other wain of the same manor, with the smith's stipend, 6d.

Sum 21s.d.

Small necessaries, to wit. In 2 men hired for 6 days to enclose with rods and pales about the court and "punfald" of the said manor, 2s. In re-making one gate of the sheepfold, weak and broken, by piecework, 5s. And in nails bought for the same door, 10d. And in hooks and hinges and other necessaries bought for the same, 14d. And in repairing and mending breaches of the wall between the sea and the demesne lands, at various times, by piecework, 41s. 6d.

Sum 50s. 6d.

Mending of houses, to wit. He accounts in 1,000,000 tiles bought for the roofing of the grange and cowhouse there, 5s. In lime bought for the same, 18d. In stipend of 1 tiler about the same matter, by piecework, 2s. 6d. In the mending of the stone wall of the said grange, with lime and stones bought for the same, by piecework, 2s.

Sum 11s.

Custody of the dairy, to wit. In 1 new tin bought for the use of the dairy, 4d. In 2 "bokkettis" bought for the milking of the cows, 5d. And in 2 ells of linen cloth bought for wrapping cheese in, 10d. And in 3 moulds bought for making cheese, 6d. In rennet bought for curdling cheese, 6½d. In 4 earthenware jars bought for curdling milk, 4d. In 1 iron tripod bought for the same, 4d.

Sum 3s.d.

Purchase of Corn, to wit. He accounts in 17 quarters 4 bushels and a half of meslin bought for livery of the servants, 10l. 10s. 9d.; price of a quarter, 12s.

Sum 10l. 10s. 9d.

Custody of the meadow, to wit. He accounts in 64 acres and a half and one rood of meadow to be mown for cattle there and the horses of the Sheriff and of the Constable of Kaerdif, 26s. 11¾d.; namely, for an acre 5d. In strewing the cut grass of the same meadow, and raking and cocking the hay, and ricking it in the meadow, 21s. 7d.; namely, for an acre 4d. In ricking the hay in the grange, 8d.

Sum 49s.d.

Custody of autumn labour, to wit. He accounts in the handhoeing of 13 acres and a half of wheat, for divers noxious herbs there growing, 13½d., in the middle of May. In hoeing the same 13½ acres of wheat and 2½ acres of barley and 24 acres 2½ roods of oats with hoes, 20d., because the price for an acre was a halfpenny. And in reaping the aforesaid 13½ acres of wheat, 2½ acres of barley, by piecework, 8s., because the price for an acre was 6d. And in reaping the the aforesaid 24 acres of oats, by piecework, 10s., because the price for an acre was 5d. And in the drink of one "Ripereve" dwelling (on the spot), besides a reaper of corn, for 5 weeks 5s. 10d., taking by the week 14d. And in 1 pound of tallow bought for candles in the autumn, 1½d.

Sum 26s. 9d.

Stipends of servants, to wit. In stipend of one reaper for half the year, 3s. 6d. And in stipend of 1 "Repreve" for the autumn, 3s. 6d. In stipend of 2 ploughmen holding the ploughs for half the year, 6s. And in stipend of 2 scarecrows for the same time, 5s. And in the stipend of John Daye for the same time, 2s. And in stipend of 1 cowman for the same time, 2s. 6d.

Sum 22s. 6d.

Wages, to wit. In wages of 1 Prevost there, from the 20th day of April to the morrow of Michaelmas next ensuing, namely, for 143 days, including the first day, taking 2d. a day, 27s. 2d.

Sum of all expenses 21l. 6s.d.

Meslin, to wit. He answers for 17 quarters 3 bushels and a half received of purchase, for livery of the servants. Whereof he accounts in livery . . . . . of one maidservant to the said John Daye, from the 22nd day of June till the 29th day of September, namely, for 14 weeks, 4 bushels and a half. * * *

Cows, to wit. And for 1 bull and 8 cows received from the said Payn by indenture. And for 9 cows received from the said Payn by the same indenture, arising from the Manor of Neeth. And for 3 cows received from the said Payn by indenture, arising from the Manor of Lanblethian. * * *

Butter, to wit. And for 18 stone of butter received of the issue of the aforesaid 20 cows for the time aforesaid. * * *

Leecwyth

* * *

Pleas and perquisites, to wit. And for 2s. 11d. received of the pleas and perquisites of the Court of Leecwyth, for the same time. And not more, by reason of the war.

Sum 2s. 11d.

* * *

Expenses thereout:—

Small necessaries, to wit. And in the felling of underwood in the wood of Leecwyth, to make a new fold there for the cattle grazing on the lord's pasture there, 12d. And in portage of the same underwood from the wood to the fold aforesaid, 13½d. And in felling of underwood and branches there, to make a certain stall at Kaerdif fair on the Apostles Peter and Paul's day, together with stipend of a workman to make that stall, 2s. 6d. [Struck out].

Wages, to wit. And in wage of 1 Prevost of Leecwyth, from the end of August till the morrow of Michaelmas next ensuing, including the first day, namely, for 60 days, taking 2s. 7d. a day only, because he was Prevost and Reaper there for the same time.

The White Monastery. [Whitchurch.]

* * *

He answers for 12s. received of rent of assize in the Manor of Whitminster to the term of Saint Michael.

He answers for . . . . . . 31s. received for the pasture of 60 acres of arable land not ploughed this year in Griffithesmor. And for 3s. received of the pasture of 5 acres and a half of land not ploughed, beyond the water of Rempni. And for 6s. received of the pasture of a certain "hame" there.* * *

For the mill there nothing, because it was burnt and destroyed by the war. * * *

Pleas and perquisites. And for 13d. received of pleas and perquisites of the Court of Whitminster for the same time; and not more, by reason of the war. * * *

Whereof he accounts in wage of one Prevost of Whitminster, from the 20th day of April until the morrow of Michaelmas, for 163 days, taking 1½d. a day, 20s.d.; who used to take a quarter Inn, for 10 weeks . . . . . .

[Dorso.]

He answers for 16 autumn works arising from the customaryholders of Whitminster. . . . . . .

County of Glamorgant.

The Account of the said John concerning the issues of the County of Glamorgant for the whole aforesaid time . . . . . .

Fees. And for 6l. 15s. received of 36 fees and a half, and a quarter part of one knight's fee, for the ward of the Castle of Kaerdif, to the terms of the Invention of the Holy Cross, "Hockeday," the Apostles Peter and Paul, the Assumption of Blessed Mary, and Saint Michael . . . . . .

Pleas and perquisites. He answers for 20l. 4s. 9d. received of pleas and perquisites of the County of Glamorgant for the same time . . . . . .

Expenses thereout:—

Stipend. He accounts in stipend of one bailiff for the half year, 6s.. . . . . .

Foreign expenses. And in 15 thieves and felons in the said County condemned to be hanged, 5s.; for each one, 4d. In 15 cords bought for them, 15d.

Vill of Lantrissan, with the Castle.

Rents of Assize. He answers for 109s. of 80 burgages in the vill of Llantrissan, for half a year; and not more, because 90 burgages, which were wont to render 46s. 6d. for the same time, were entirely destroyed by the war. . . . . .

Issues of the vill. And for the pasture of vacant burgages, vacant for lack of buyers, by reason of the war. And for 22d. received of the prise there of ale, for the same time; and not more, on account of war and great scarcity. And for 7s. 3d. received of toll of the market and fair, with the chensaries, for the same time; and not more, by reason of the war. . . . . .

Custody of the Castle. And in 2 men hired to dig stones to repair the wall of a certain chamber broken by the Welsh in the war, for 15 work-days, 5s.. . . . . . And in carrying of the same stones from the quarry to the Castle, 3s. 6d. And in 2 masons hired to repair the said wall, and to amend other defects of the Castle walls broken by the Welsh in war, by piecework, 15s. 6d. And in 12 quarters of lime bought for the same work, together with carriage thereof, 8s. And in the carrying of 4 wagon-loads of sand to the Castle, for the same, 8d. And in stipend of 2 tilers mending defects in divers places and repairing the roof of the aforesaid chamber, by piecework; together with the digging and carrying of tiles, and with lime bought for the same, 26s. 8d.

Pentirgh.

. . . . . For the pasture of 20 acres of land there nothing, for lack of buyers, by reason of the war. * * * He answers for 5s. 3d. received of perquisites of the Court there, for the same time; and so much less by reason of the war.

Expenses. He accounts in stipend of one Prevost for the same time, 2s.

Radur.

He answers for 4l. received of the farm of Radur for the same time, at two terms.

County of Wentlok.

He answers for 4l. 12s.d. received of the rents of assize of freeholders in the County of Wentlok to the term of Michaelmas. And for 3s. received of the advowson of Welshmen who hold no land, for the same time. And not more, because several have gone away out of the country by reason of the war.

And for 3s. received of the pasture of 18 acres of land formerly of Yevan Pensidan. And for 12d. of the pasture of 1 acre of land by the chapel of Saint Istan, and 2 acres of land at Granthlewyn. And not more, for lack of buyers, by reason of the war.

* * *

Manor of Rempny

He answers for 11l. 11s. 11d. received of the rents of assize of free customary-holders there, with the rents of the lands and tenements formerly of Adam Walter. For advowsons for the same time nothing, because all the outsiders had gone away and been slain in the war.

* * *

Custody of the Mills. And in 2 millstones bought new for the two water-mills, together with carriage of the same from Saint Breovell's to the water of Rempny, 14s. 6d.; because the other two millstones were broken in the war. And in carriage of the same from the water of Rempny to the mills, 18d. In the making of 1 new fusil, together with iron bought for the same, 7s. 8d.; because the other was carried off by the Welsh in the war. In 1 new rind bought for the same mill, 2s. In the mending of 2 wheels for the outer two mills aforesaid which were broken by the Welsh in the war; together with the amending of other defects of the same mills which were damaged by the war, by piecework, 36s. And in 4 new bills bought for the same mills, 16d. In sharpening them, 4d.

* * *

Note.—The Latin of the above Account is printed, with some inaccuracies, in Clark's Cartae.