Inquest on the body of William Bonvil found that the deceased
one night fishing with a net in the sea at the parish of Merthyr
Mawr, and with two other persons drawing the said net ashore
having therein only one little flat fish called a sole, about five inches
in length, did (as usual by fishermen), in order to take the said fish
out of the net, being there entangled, take hold thereof by the head
with his teeth; and afterwards inadvertently loosening his holt, the
said fish slipt forwards into his mouth and throat so far that the same
could only be felt by the tail; by which position of the said fish the
breath of the said William Bonvil was stopt, and thereupon he
languished for about twenty minutes and then and there died.
Rowland Thomas, of Cardiff, labourer, was indicted for stealing
a leg of mutton from the Red House, Cardiff.
Thomas Parry, labourer, was sentenced to seven years' transportation, for stealing a pair of large silver shoe-buckles, a pair of
silver knee-buckles, a pair of light plush breeches, &c., the property
of his master, Samuel Woodhouse, of the parish of Saint John's,
Glamorgan to wit. The Examination of Thomas Edward Lewis
of the parish of Whit Church in the County of Glamorgan ffarmer
taken upon Oath before me Thomas Lewis Esquire one of his
Majestys Justices of peace for the said County of Glamorgan the
sixth day of January 1700 and sixty six.
This Examinant saith that on or about the sixth day of January
1766 he this Examinant whent to the Dwelling House of one Thomas
Richard of the parish of Lanishen in the said County of Glamorgan
labourer and asked the said Thomas Richards wife what the people
meaned to carry Guns about their House on the Sabbath day, for he
was afraid that they had stole his sheep, then the said Thomas
Richards wife replied and said that they had not indeed but that
William her Brother in Law had brought some Mutton there but
refused to let him bring it in there but that he had taken it out into
a little Croft or Close of ground adjoyning the house upon which he
this Examinant went to search and found some Joynts of Mutton
hidden in a place Diged in the Ground in Tubbs and upon further
search found one white skin and one black skin being the property
of the said Thomas Edward Lewis part of a Great number of sheep
that he had Lost in all Eleven sheep and this Examinant further
Thomas × Edward
[For the stealing of the above sheep, Thomas Richards was
sentenced "to be hanged by the neck till dead."]
A mason at Swansea, having been employed to do some repairs
at a house there, stole from the same house a cloth coat and waistcoat, a shirt and cravat, a book, a joiner's plane, a black decanter, a
blue and white mug with some sugar in it, a jar containing about
three gallons of rum, a box of garden seeds, a quart bottle full of
brandy, three pint bottles with white wine in them, two empty quart
bottles, one glass tumbler, a sugar-spoon and a gun.
Coroner's Inquest taken at Cardiff Guildhall, on view of the
body of Zephaniah Evans, found that the deceased, on a Saturday
evening, "being much disguised in Liquor and Overcharged by
drinking, was then and thereby suffocated."
Coroner's Inquest taken at Cardiff on view of the body of
Edward Kemeys, found that the deceased, being employed by one
John Rimbron to carry stones up to a lime-kiln situate in the parish
of Saint Mary in the said town, fell down into the said lime-kiln,
which was then and there on fire; and was, by means of the sulphur
and smoke arising therefrom, suffocated and instantly died.
Bailiffs and Coroners of the said Town.
Glamorgan to witt. The Examination of William David Who
stands now before me charg'd with breaking open the House of Mary
Lewis in the parish of Lisvane in the said County and feloniously
robbing the same of divers things, taken this 13th day of August,
Who being ask'd what he had to say for himself answer'd
Nothing: he was ask'd several other Questions but he was very
drunk & would give no particular Answers.
Taken before me the day and year above written.
Glamorgan to witt. The Examination of Hopkin Lougheor
touching the felonious robbery committed in the House of Mary
Lewis by William David, taken upon his Oath before me one of
his Majesty's Justices of the Peace in and for the said County this
13th day of August 1766.
Who upon his Oath [saith] that the House of Mary Lewis of
the Parish of Lanedarne in the said County being broke open &
feloniously rob'd of divers things on Monday the eleventh day of
August 1766 he being sworn special Constable for that purpose,
went in pursuit of him and apprehended him in the House of David
Morgan near the Chapel of Lanishen, & then took from him a small
box containing one gold ring and one brass ring the property of the
said Mary Lewis, and also a pair of white Cotton Stockings the
property of the said Mary Lewis and a chequer'd Handkerchief the
property of the said Mary Lewis: A new holland shirt, and new
cloth for the sleeves of another, the property of Mr William
Durbrow; and after he was brought before me, the said Hopkin
Lougheor stript him of a shirt the property of Mr John Thomas
of Coed y Gorras, and also an Indian Handkerchief the property
of the said Mary Lewis. And farther he says not.
the mark of
Hopkin × Lougheor.
Sworn the day and year
above written, before me
Inquest on David Howell, drowned while swimming in the river
Taff in the parish of Saint John Baptist in the town of Cardiff,
through an influx of the tide.
Glamorgan to witt. The Confession of Elizabeth Richard now
or late of the parish of Lanedarne in the said County taken before
me (being one of his majesty's Justices of the peace in and for the
said County) the first day of august 1767.
This Examinant Confesseth and saith that she Robbed the
Dwellinghouse of Gwenllyan Morgan of the parish of Lysvane in
the sd County widow four several times and that she stole out of
the sd House at several times several things and that she stole
some money at two several times (viz.) one time she stole out of
a Chest which was locked w[hi]ch Chest she broke open with a Hatchet
and took out of a purse which was in the said Chest one piece of
Gold of the value of one Guinea and Twenty Shillings in silver,
and at another time she stole a box out of the said Gwenllyan
Morgan's house, which Box was locked, w[hi]ch box she broke open in
a field near the house in which she found Seven Shillings in silver,
and at another time she stole out of a box in the sd house seven
pence in half pence, and that the stole at some other times out of the
sd house one linen Cap, a Handkerchief, an old chequered apron, one
linen shift and one flannel shift; and also that she stole from Barbara
Howard of the parish of Lanedarne in the sd County widow seven
shillings in Silver. And she further Confesseth and saith that
William Harry of the parish of Lanedarne aforesaid farmer Did
encourage her this Examinant to go and Rob her neighbours, and
that she Carried all that she stole to him and that he harboured her
in his house, and that she Gave the guinea and the Twenty shillings
which she stole out of Gwenllyan Morgan's house to the sd William
Harry, the guinea was for him to pay towards new casting the bells,
and the Twenty shillings was for him to pay for the Corn which he
had bought to fatten his pig, and the linen shift this Examinant wore
for some time and then Gave it to the said William Harry's wife,
who Did Cut up the sd shift to make a straining Cloth to strain milk
and the remr she made into Caps. And also that the said Wm Harry
was with her a breaking open the Barn of Thomas John at Pentwyn
in the parish of Lanedarne aforesd and that she watched in the street
or lane to watch, whilst he stole barley out of the sd Barn to the
value of about four pedwarrans, w[hi]ch Barley was the property of the
sd Thos John, and that his mare was ready in the lane to Carry it
off, and that the sd William Harry Did Countenance and Encourage
her to Committ all the Robberys w[hi]ch she Committed, but his wife
wo'd always advise this Examinant to be honest and not to give
herself to stealing and pilfering, and she wo'd tell him not to
Encourage this Examinant to steal and pilfer then he wo'd fly in a
passion and swear and Curse and abuse his wife.
The mark of
Elizabeth × Richard.
Taken and Acknowledged
before me the Day & Year
"Mich (fn. 1) Richards.
[Elizabeth Richard pleaded guilty on Indictment. The Grand
Jury threw out the Bill against William Harry.]
Coroner's Inquest taken at Bridgend in the County of Glamorgan,
7 April 1768, on view of the body of Morgan Thomas, found that the
deceased, "being at Bridgend aforesaid the sixth instant, at the time
of the General Election there for a Member to serve in Parliament
for the said County, where great ffeastings drinking and rejoicings
were made on the Occasion, he the said Morgan Thomas being very
much at all times addicted to drinking from alehouse to alehouse,
went for meat and drink, and having had a good deal offered, he
refused none, till at last he became full gorged with Meat and Drink;
which not being able to bear, about four o'clock in the afternoon
sickened at the Stomach; and not being able to discharge the said
meat and drink, at Bridgend the day and hour aforesaid he then
languished, and languishing lived about ten minutes; and by over
eating and drinking in manner aforesaid suffocated and dyed."
Thomas Christopher, of Llantrissent, pleaded guilty to stealing
"thirty pieces of gold of the current coin of this Kingdom, of the
value of thirty one pounds and ten shillings; and five pieces of gold
of Portugal coin, of like current coin of this Kingdom, (fn. 2) of the value
of nine pounds."
Cardiff Town in the County of Glamorgan. The Confession
of Thomas Christopher of the Parish of Llansannor in the said
County of Glamorgan Labourer taken this seventeenth day of
December in the year of our Lord 1767. Before me Thomas
Edwards Esqr One of his majesty's Justices of the Peace in and for
the said Town of Cardiff.
Who Confesseth that being a servant to David Williams of the
Parish of Llantrissent in the said County Yeoman and having seen
his Master the said David Williams putt Money into a Cupboard,
and no person being in the house on Monday the fourteenth day of
December instant in the afternoon he looked into one side of the
said cupboard which was open and seeing a hole he putt his hand
through it and pushed back a Lock and took a small Box out which
had Money in it to the amount of twenty pounds and then went
imediately away from the house, and having taken the money out of
the Box he flung the box away and then came to Cardiff in the
night and went imediately to the New Inn in Cardiff, seeing a light
there, and having called for some Toddy he bought a small nett for
a purse and having put his money in it, he afterwards played Cards
with the said Aquilla Jones [the innkeeper] and one Llewellin Bowen
but whether he lost any money or how much he does not know,
And that he afterwards bought a horse Bridle and Saddle of the said
Aquilla Jones but cannot say what he gave for it, And that he afterwards went on the Horse, but whether he fell off the Horse or was
pulled off he doth not know, but he lost the Money either in the
House or from the house of the said Aquilla Jones to the Markett
House in Cardiff where he had been asleep, And that he afterwards
went to the house of Aquilla Jones and there found his Horse.
The mark of
Thomas × Christopher.
Taken before me the day
and year aforesaid
Coroner's Inquest on the body of Margaret Stradling, widow,
found that the deceased, being a prisoner in Cardiff Gaol, then and
there died by the visitation of God.
The Grand Jury present that Henry Knight of Laleston in the
county of Glamorgan, Esqre challenged Thomas Bennet of the same
parish, Esqre, to fight a duel, by writing him the following letter:—
"Respect to the Company prevented my taking the Proper
Notice of the Insolence of your Language yesterday at Ewenny,
but it were Disrespect to myself not to resent it now. I therefore
acquaint your self-Importance that you behaved like a Fool and spoke
like a Liar—which I am ready to make good as a Gentleman ought,
when and wheresoever you think proper to appoint.
Tythegston, Dec. 30th 1769.
Send your Answer by the Bearer."
This year commences the practice of including the names of
"Clerks" among those of the Officials on the parchment Calendar
of Justices &c. The names of the Chief Constables of Hundreds are
not now filled into the spaces provided for them. The names of the
Bailiffs of Hundreds are but irregularly entered, and one person
commonly holds that office for more than one Hundred.
This year for the first time appears a printed "Calendar of the
Criminals now confined in his Majesty's Gaol at Cardiff," the findings
of the Grand Jury, the Pleas of the accused and the Sentences being
marked in the margin.
Glamorganshire (to wit). The Jurors of our Sovereign Lord
the King upon their Oath Present that on the first day of August
in the Eleventh year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord the now
King and continually afterwards until the day of taking this Inquisition at Cardiff in the said County the Common Gaol and Prison in
and for the said County of Glamorgan situate and being at Cardiff in
the said County of Glamorgan was and is ruinous and in decay for
want of due Reparation and amendment of the same and is thereby
become and now is insufficient inconvenient and unfit for the safe
and secure Custody of the Prisoners lawfully Committed and to be
Committed to the aforesaid Gaol or Prison to wit at Cardiff in the
said County And that the Inhabitants of the said County the
Common Gaol and Prison aforesaid (so as aforesaid being in decay)
ought to repair and amend when and so often as it shall be
Sworn in Court.
And we further present that the making an additional Building for
the seperating the Debtors from the Criminals is necessary.
|R. Jones|| Edw: Thomas|
|Gab: Powell||John Williams|
|Wm: Dawkin||John Deere|
|Jno Nicholl||Ll. Jones|
|Charles Mathew||J. Matthew|
|Richd Jenkins||David Hopkins|
|Evan Prichard||Wm Williams|
Coroner's Inquest taken at Cardiff, on view of the body of John
Williams, found that the deceased on the 11th of March, at the parish
of Saint Mary in the town of Cardiff, in the night time, walking alone
on the Moors and having lost his way, accidentally got into a certain
pill or ditch full of mud and slime, and then and there languished and
was starved to death.
The next document is the record of an Inquisition on the body
of another John Williams, at Cardiff, who was killed by a part of the
Red House (fn. 3) falling upon him, on the 16th of March.
It was Thomas (not Taffy) Emmanuel who feloniously stole,
took and carried away one piece of beef, the property of Alexander
Nicholls, at Swansea. Thomas also removed at the same time a
golden guinea, and, having time to spare, a copper halfpenny—
which indicates great attention to detail on his part. He pleaded
guilty, but there is nothing to show what ultimately became of
Thomas, or of the beef.
Margaret Llewellin, of the parish of Saint John the Baptist,
Cardiff, singlewoman, indicted for the wilful murder of her male
bastard child, was found Not Guilty by the Jury.
Thomas Thomas was this year Bailiff of Cardiff, and also Bailiff
of the Hundreds of Cowbridge, Dinas Powis and Kibbor.
Cardiff Town in the County of Glamorgan. Coroner's Inquest
taken at Cardiff aforesaid on view of the body of Lawrence Kelly,
found that the deceased, walking in the night time over a certain
stone gate way called the North Gate in the town aforesaid, fell off
the top of the said gate way down on his head on the pitching,
whereby he then and there died.
The Jury present the "common and publick Bridge over and
across a stream or Branch of the River Taf called The White House
Bridge situate in the Parish of Saint John Baptist in the said County
of Glamorgan . . . . . being in and upon the King's Common
High-road leading from the Town of Cowbridge in the County of
Glamorgan aforesaid to the Town of Cardiff in the same County" to
be ruinous and in decay, and that the same bridge ought to be
repaired by the inhabitants of the said county.
A similar Presentment is made of Cardiff Bridge.
John Thomas, of Cardiff, was indicted for stealing, at Roath, a
game cock of the value of two shillings, the property of William
There appears to have been a general raid upon the Roath poultry
at this time, there being no fewer than ten such Indictments in this
Coroner's Inquest held at Cardiff Guildhall, on view of the
body of Humphrey Williams, found that the deceased, "having landed
on the Bank near Cardiff on thursday the ffirst day of April Instant
àbout Eleven of the Clock at Night out of the Cardiff Boat (fn. 4) and being
very Weak and feeble was by the Coldness of the Night chilled and
dyed through the visitation of God about a Quarter of a Mile from
the place he landed."
Coroner's Inquest at Cardiff Guildhall, on view of the body of
William Jukes, found that the deceased, at nine o'clock on a Saturday
evening, "having had a Quarrell with one William Richard and
running towards his own house and beckoning to the said William
Richard to follow him, accidentally fell into the forge Stream at
Cardiff aforesaid and was then and there instantly drowned."
The Jury present that Lancelot Watkins, of Neath, cordwainer,
uttered a malicious libel concerning Rice Price, mercer, and John
Jenkins, both of Neath, entitled and running as follows:—
"A New Song, to the tune of the 'Month of June.'
His Master thought him to be just, Therefore in him did put
great trust, Till Judas like did prove unjust And did his Charge
betray. Then his good Master, to his cost, Found that he had his
money lost By this Grand Thief he was oblidged The next day to
repay For to avoid a prison strong Which he long deserves The
next Great thief, Glascow his name, A serving man in Bristol some
time agone, where his thievish tricks did plain appear to his shame
and loss of fame, and in great Danger of his Neck, which sometime
will be stretch'd, Clandestinely did Steal. What he did steal I dare
not tell, but it is known to him full well. Such a Thief never was
known in this Town, I do own—No, nor in the British Isle."
The Jury present that Daniel Thomas, Rees Thomas and
Gamaliel Davies, of Cowbridge, printers, assaulted Jacob Thomas,
one of the Serjeants at Mace of the Borough of Cowbridge, and
rescued the said Daniel Thomas out of the said Jacob Thomas'
Confession of Morgan Morgan before Francis Minnitt, esquire,
one of the Bailiffs of Cardiff: That he entered a storehouse belonging
to Mr William Glascott, situate in Womanby Street in the parish of
Saint John Baptist in Cardiff, and stole from thence a quantity of
rum, a pound of tea, and other goods, and sold the rum to Ann
James, of the Red Cow in the said Town.
This year for the first time the Petty Jury List is printed, on
Glamorgan. The Examination of John Jenkin of Bromiskin in
the parish of Lantrissent in the said County Yeoman, taken this
15th day of May 1776, Who on Oath saith That on Friday night
last he Lost from a certain field belonging to him at Bromiskin
aforesaid a Sorrel Horse about fourteen hands high . . . . . .
with a Long Tail, a White snip down the face, the two hinder feet
white, three years old this Grass, of the value of Eight Guineas,
and that he hath cause to suspect, and doth suspect that Thomas
David of the parish of Peterston super Ely in the said County,
Labourer, feloniously did steal the same.
William Jones of the Angel Inn at Cardiff in the County aforesaid, Post-Chaise driver, likewise on Oath saith, that on friday night
last in driving his Post-Chaise from Cardiff to Lantrissent in the said
County, between Ten and Eleven o'clock at the distance of about
three miles from Lantrissent he met a man on horseback, leading a
Grey horse in his hand, and going the road towards Cardiff.
Jenkin David of the parish of Ystradyvoduck in the said County,
Drover, likewise on Oath saith That on Saterday Morning last, about
eight or nine o'clock, on the road from the New Passage in the
County of Monmouth leading towards Lantrissent aforesaid at a
place called Creek Common, about Thirty four Miles distant from
Lantrissent aforesaid, he met the prisoner, the aforesaid Thomas
David, riding towards the said Passage upon a sorrel horse.
Evan Griffith of Henstaff in the parish of St Brides Super Ely
in the County aforesaid, Yeoman, likewise on Oath saith, that on
friday Evening last, about four or five o'Clock, he saw, and talked
with the prisoner, Thomas David in a field belonging to the prisoner,
near his dwelling house in the said parish of Peterston Super Ely.
The aforesaid John Jenkin on his Oath further saith, that this
day early in the afternoon he saw the prisoner arriving from a
Journey at his the said prisoner's dwelling house, leading a Grey
horse, and that he looked into the fields of the said prisoner several
times since Saterday Morning last for the said Grey horse, which said
horse he knew belonged to the said prisoner, and in which said fields
the said horse usually was kept, but that he could not see him there.
The prisoner in his defence saith, That he went from home on
Wednesday last to Cardiff, where he staid till Thursday Night about
Eight o'Clock, when he went from thence to Caerwent in the County
of Monmouth, where he arrived on friday Evening about Six o'Clock,
where he slept that night, and on Saterday Morning he set out
from thence towards the New Passage and Bristol, And that he on
Creek Common aforesaid met with the aforesaid deponent Jenkin
David, and that he took from home the said Grey horse mentioned
by the aforesaid John Jenkin, which Grey horse he left at Caerwent
aforesaid, at a publick house kept by one Mrs Pickman; And that on
the said Saterday Morning, he was desired by the said Mrs Pickman
to ride a sorrel horse, with a White snip down the face to Bristol
and to deliver him to the Landlord of the Red Lion in Tower Lane
in the said City, And he did deliver him to the said Landlord on the
said Saterday Evening about four o'Clock, And that he took no horse
with him to Caerwent aforesaid, but the said Grey horse, which he
left there And that he slept at Mrs Roberts's at the Crow in Crow
Lane in the said City of Bristol, on Saterday, Sunday, and Monday
Nights last, And that he set out from Bristol on his return home
yesterday morning about eight o'Clock, And that he arrived home
today with his Grey horse at the time mentioned by the aforesaid
On the 15th of May 1776 the above Depositions were taken on
Oath before me.
Glamorgan. The further Examination of John Jenkin of Bromiskin aforesaid, Who on Oath saith, That on the 18th Instant he found
the aforesaid Horse which he had Lost, in the possession of Thomas
White, Coachman to Mrs Ames, Relict of the Late Mr Alderman
Ames, of the City of Bristol.
The aforesaid Thomas White on Oath saith, That the 13th
Instant he bought the said Horse of a Welchman, at Bristol, at the
the Livery Stables of John Milward in Earl-Street, Bristol, for the
Sum of Seven pounds, Nine Shillings and Six pence, which Money
he paid the said Welchman in the presence of John Milward Junr
son to the aforesaid John Milward; And that on this day, he the
aforesaid Thomas White went to the Common Gaol of this County
at Cardiff to View the aforesaid prisoner Thomas David, and declares
that the said Thomas David is the very same person that he bought
the aforesaid horse of, as aforesaid.
Fortune singularly favoured Thomas David, for his Indictment
is marked "Not Guilty by the Jury."
Mary wife of William Morgan, of Landaff, labourer, was indicted
for stealing a piece of cloth from the standing of William Williams,
of Caerphilly, clothier, at the fair or high Market held at Cardiff
8 May 1776.
Goroner's Inquest on view of the body of Jane Thomas, found
that the deceased was accidentally killed by a fall of coal in a mine at
At and from this time the names of Bailiffs and Portreeves of
Boroughs, Chief Constables and Bailiffs of Hundreds, are not filled
in on the Roll of Justices and Officers.
William Tatten, plumber, and David Walters, tiler, both of Saint
Fagan's, were indicted for stealing 40lbs of lead there, the property of
Other, Earl of Plymouth. The lead was taken from "the old gate
or hatch," and was sold to the Widow Rosser, of Cardiff, glazier.
The accused were acquitted by the Jury.
Coroner's Inquest taken at Cardiff, on a view of the body of
Thomas Lewellin, found that the deceased being at work under a
certain wall in the Castle of Cardiff, was accidentally killed by the
said wall falling upon him.
Inquest on Charles Stibbs, who was drowned while swimming
in the river Taff in the parish of Saint Mary at Cardiff.
Depositions and Recognizances taken before Wyndham Lewis,
Clerk, J.P., respecting the death of Joan Watkins alias Harry, of
Llanedern. The deceased had bought two yards of swanskin of
Jane Young, of the Old Posthouse in Cardiff, and taken it home.
She was afterwards found dead in her bed, and suspicion fell on
one Thomas Arthur, of Lisvane, who subsequently confessed the
fact of his having murdered her.
Inquisitions, signed by Henry Thomas, Coroner, on the bodies
of eleven men killed by choke-damp in a mine called Winch Pond
Mawr, in the parish of Cadoxton-juxta-Neath. All but two of the
victims were of the surname Richard.
Coroner's Inquest taken at Cardiff, on view of the body of Miles
Meredith, found that the deceased being at work on the top of a
scaffolding in the Castle of Cardiff, accidentally fell to the ground
and was killed.
Jane William was convicted of picking the pocket of Morgan
Richard and stealing therefrom seventeen guineas in gold and about
twenty shillings in silver, at Llanblethian. One small paper contains
the curious Deposition which follows:—
Glamorgan. Thomas Morgan of Welch St Donats in ye said
County maketh Oath that on Tuesday night ye 16 Instant he in
Company with Jane William heard Morgan Richard in a Close
adjoining ye Road leading from Cowbridge to Aberthin crying out in
great distress—that he went over a fenced place into ye close with
ye said Jane William—Morgan Richard desired deponent to button
his Breeches—could not do so, his hands benumbed. Thomas
Morgan upon this desired Jane to button his breeches, being then
in the close with him. Morgan Richard asked when Jane touched
him, whether she was the deponent's daughter—was answered, no;
she is a stranger—heard Morgan Richard say "paid ferch a dodi dy
law yn'm pocket i." (fn. 5) Went thence with Morgan Richard and delivered
Morgan Richard being in liquor and ill to the care of Wm Lewis
innkeeper—Jane William having stopt short at the Turnpike Gate.
The mark of
Thomas × Morgan.
Taken before me this
19 Day of January 1781
Coroner's Inquest taken at the parish of Ely in the county of
Glamorgan, on view of the body of the Revd John Evans, found that
the deceased, on the 23rd of June last, in Cayra Wood in the parish
aforesaid, was found dead.