Coroner's Inquests taken at Cardiff Guildhall, on the bodies of
four several prisoners who died on the day of the taking of the same
Inquisitions, to wit, on the 14th day of April, "by the Visitation of
Coroner's Inquest taken at Lanishan in the county of Glamorgan,
on view of the body of James David, found that the deceased "was
coming from the Town of Cardiff in the said County aforesaid, that
being in liquor, he was by accident rode over by Wm Williams of
the Town of Cardiff, then mounted on a Black Horse or Gelding;"
that he thereby received various mortal bruises, whereof he died.
Richard Griffiths, Coroner.
Memorandum under the hand and seal of John Bassett, Justice
of the Peace, upon the information of Richard Mumford, of Lantrithyd, agent to Sir Thomas Aubrey of Lantrithyd, baronet, that
one William Vallance, of Cowbridge, yeoman, not then having lands
and tenements or any other estate of inheritance in his own right of
the clear yearly value of one hundred pounds per annum nor for
term of life nor any lease of 99 or more years of the clear yearly
value of £150, nor then being son and heir apparent of an esquire
nor of any other person of higher degree, nor the owner nor keeper
of any forest, park, chase or warren, nor gamekeeper of any lord or
lady of a manor, did carry a certain gun, attended by several dogs,
on the Manor of Lantrithyd, with an intent to kill and destroy the
game on the said manor, against the form of the Statute.
Precept signed by the said Magistrate, to the Constable of the
Parish of Cowbridge, to arrest the said William Vallance and bring
him before the said Justice to answer the premisses: "You are to
appear before me at the sign of the Red Lion at Boulson on
Wednesday 19th day of this month at Twelve o'Clock."
Glamorgan. To the Constables of the Town of Lantrisant in
the sd County. Whereas Information hath been made before me
Robert Rickards, Clerk, one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace
in & for the aforesd County of Glamorgan that a Man, suspected of
felony & Burglary who passes under the fictitious Name of William
Dun, but who is said to be known by the Name of Phil bach of
Lanblethian, is now skulking about the sd Town of Lantrisant; these
are therefore to command you immediately to enquire & make search
after the sd Man, & when found to apprehend him & to bring him
before me in order to give an Account of himself, &c. Given under
my hand & seal. Nov. 14, 1783.
Rob: Rickards. [L.S.]
Warrant for apprehending William Dun otherwise Philip Thomas.
The abovenamed suspect was afterwards charged with stealing
mahogany boards, the property of Hezekiah Hopkins, of Cardiff,
Coroner's Inquest taken at Cardiff before Henry Yeomans and
Samuel Sabine, Bailiffs and Coroners, on view of the body of Sophia
Ovens, found that the deceased, standing near a certain tan pit at
Cardiff, accidentally fell into the same and was suffocated and
Also on view of the body of Mary Williams, whom they found
to have met her death by falling into a furnace full of hot wort, while
brewing at the brewhouse of William Rees at Cardiff.
The Files for the next few years contain nothing noteworthy
with reference to Cardiff, the county town being at this period overshadowed by the superior commercial importance of the borough of
Presentments and Indictments for perjury, forgery and embezzlement have lately much increased in number.
To the Honble George Hardinge & Abel Moysey Esqrs
We the high Sheriff & Grand Jury of the County of Glamorgan,
assembled in the Jury Room at Cardiff 26th March 1790, are of
Opinion that if the Goaler had resided in the apartments allotted for,
& now occupied by him, the late escape of the Prisoners wou'd not
have been effected.
It appears to us that the Goaler's apartments previous to the
late escape were unfit for his residence & that they are now put into
good and sufficient repair.
We are of opinion that the Salary at present allowed to the
Goaler is not a sufficient recompence for the whole of his time, which
ought to be employ'd in the duties of his office.
We therefore earnestly recommend that the Justices of the
Peace for this County do make such an encrease of Salary to the
Goaler, as may enable him to give up the whole of his time to the
faithful discharge of the duties of his Office.
We are of opinion that all ffees to the Goaler (exclusive of his
Salary) ought to be abolished.
We recommend that the Magistrates of the County do make
enquiry into the Conduct of the present Chaplain to the Gaol, that a
proper Salary may be allowed.
We further recommend that the Magistrates do make such other
regulations for the management of the Goal as to them shall appear
necessary, by appointing a Committee (or Intendant without Salary)
to inspect the same.
In consequence of having view'd the State of the Goal, We are
of opinion that that part allotted for the Confinement of the Debtors
is in good repair & fully adequate to the purpose.
We are also of opinion that that part allotted for the Confinement of the Felons is inadequate to the safe keeping of them & is
We therefore recommend that an additional number of Cells for
the purpose of Solitary Confinement may be erected, there being a
Convenient piece of Ground Contiguous to the Gaol for such
We are of opinion that there are many abuses which are great
grievances existing in the County Court. We therefore earnestly
desire (in order to bring about a reform) to have them investigated
without delay in the most effectual manner & take the liberty of
requesting your Lordships assistance in this matter, which will be
esteem'd an obligation conferr'd on
Willm Lewis, High Sheriff
To the Honorable George Hardinge and Abel Moysey Esqres
We the Grand Jury of the County of Glamorgan assembled in
the Grand Jury Room at Cardiff the 25th day of August 1790 are of
1. That the Goal of the said County is in repair.
2. That the Salary of the Goaler is insufficient.
3. That the Chaplain's Salary is an adequate one, and on
enquiry we find he has in general attended twice a week.
4. That an excess in the number of Alehouses is a grievance
which should be redressed but whether twenty seven are too many
to answer the convenience of the Town of Cardiff and its neighbourhood we find ourselves incompetent to determine from want of
sufficient evidence on that head.
5. That the Magistrates at their next Quarter Sessions be
requested to form a Committee for the purpose of enquiring into the
abuses of the County Court and transmit the result thereof to the
Honourable George Hardinge and Abel Moysey Esqres previous to
the next Great Sessions.
6. That a copy hereof be delivered to the Clerk of Peace and
that he be directed to file the same and produce it at the next general
R. T. Deere
The Grand Jury threw out the Bill against a number of persons
charged with demolishing the stocks at Swansea.
"Glamorganshire. The Jurors for our Lord the King upon
their Oath present That Richard Griffiths late of the Town of Cardiff
in the County of Glamorgan Esquire (fn. 1) being an evil disposed Person
and a Disturber of the Peace of our Lord the now King and intending
to do great bodily Harm and Mischief to William Lewis late of the
parish of Whitchurch in the said county of Glamorgan Esquire and
to provoke and incite him the said William Lewis unlawfully to fight
a Duel with and against him the said Richard Griffiths on the twenty
second day of March in the Thirty first Year of the Reign of our
Sovereign Lord George the third now King of Great Britain and so
forth with force and Arms at the Town of Cardiff aforesaid in the said
County of Glamorgan did unlawfully wickedly and maliciously send
and cause to be sent and delivered a certain written Challenge of
and from him the said Richard Griffiths to the said William Lewis,"
&c; &c. Endorsed: "No True Bill."
Glamorgan. The Examination of Joseph John of the Town of
Lantrissaint in the County aforesaid, Yeoman, taken on Oath before
me Jn° Bassett Esqr one of his Majesty's Justices of the peace for the
said County dwelling in the Hundred of Dynaspowis within the said
County, the 15 day of Septr 1790.
Who saith that on Tuesday the 14th of this present Month of
Septr between the hours of four, and five in the afternoon of the same
day, at or near a place called the old Tennis Court within the Town,
or parish of Lantrissaint, he was assaulted in the Highway there
leading through the said Town of Lantrissaint by Thos Jones, Thos
Austin, John Evan, and David Jones, Shoemakers, of the said Town
or parish of Lantrissaint; and by them was Robbed on the Highway
aforesaid of a yellow Purse containing in Gold Seven Guineas and a
half, and in Silver three half Crowns, being the property of him the
aforesaid Joseph John. (fn. 2) .
Taken and sign'd the day and year above written before me.
At this Sessions we find Mr. Richard Griffiths, surgeon and
Coroner, again in trouble. This time he is presented for assaulting
John Price, gentleman, at Cardiff, by beating him about the head
with the butt end of a large riding-whip. The Presentment is
endorsed: "True Bill."
Articles of the Peace exhibited (fn. 3) this third day of September in
the Thirty first Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the
third now King of Great Britain and so forth at the Great Sessions
holden for the County of Glamorgan before the honourable George
Hardinge and Abel Moysey Esquires his Majesty's Justices of the
Court of Great Sessions for the several Counties of Glamorgan
Brecon and Radnor by the Reverend Robert Rickards of the Town
of Llantrissent in the County of Glamorgan Clerk against Joseph
John of the parish and County aforesaid Carrier.
And first this Exhibitant upon his Oath declares that about
two years ago as this deponent was mounting his Horse in the
Town of Cardiff in the County of Glamorgan aforesaid he the said
Joseph John came up to this Exhibitant in a menacing Manner and
repeatedly said that he would put a Mark upon this Exhibitant's Hat
accompanying this Threat with an Oath which expression is in this
Countrey generally understood as a Threat of doing the Party
against whom it is directed some bodily Injury as knocking him on
the Head with a Bludgeon or some other such Instrument or
offensive Weapon and also the said Joseph John hath made repeated
declarations to several Persons as this Exhibitant has been informed
and believes that he would do some Injury to this Exhibitant's
Person or fire his House and particularly that he has been informed
by one John Jones of the Town of Llantrissent in the County aforesaid Farmer which Information this Exhibitant verily believes to be
true that he the said John Jones heard the said Joseph John about
two years ago in a Conversation with Richard Griffiths of Cardiff in
the County aforesaid Esquire one of the Coroners for the said County
express an earnest desire and Wish that this Exhibitant was killed that
the said Coroner might hold an Inquest upon this Exhibitant also
that the said Joseph Jones has as this Exhibitant has been informed
and verily believes frequently within these four last years desired
and urged one James John of the town of Llantrissent aforesaid
in the County aforesaid Glazier to knock out this Exhibitant's Brains
And also that about four years ago the said Joseph John requested
one William Thomas as this Deponent has been informed by the said
William Thomas and which Information this Exhibitant believes to be
true (who was then Servant to the said Joseph John) to drive a Cart
over this Exhibitant Which the said William Thomas refused to do
in Consequence whereof he was discharged out of the said Joseph
John's Service and also that the said Joseph John about the twelfth
day of April now last past endeavoured to prevail with and persuade
one Mary Goidur of the parish of Llantrissent in the County aforesaid Spinster as this Exhibitant has been informed by the said Mary
Goidur and which Information this Exhibitant verily believes to be
true to buy a Quantity of Gunpowder with which he told her he
meant to blow up this Exhibitant's House and all the family therein
and lastly that he the said Joseph John endeavoured about the
fifteenth day of April last to prevail with and persuade one Catherine
Lougher as this Exhibitant has been informed by the said Catherine
Lougher and which Information this Exhibitant verily believes to be
true to set fire to this Exhibitant's House and promised her that if
she would she should never be in Want And that the said Joseph
John lately desired one Evan Morgan of the Town of Llantrissent
aforesaid as this Exhibitant has been informed by the said Evan
Morgan to waylay this Exhibitant and to start out of a Bush as
this Exhibitant came by in order to frighten his Horse so as this
Exhibitant might be thrown off and break his Bones or his Neck
observing at the same Time that this Exhibitant generally rode a
mettlesome Horse Secondly this Exhibitant upon his Oath declares
that being for the above Reasons apprehensive that his Life and
Property were at Stake he applied to Edmund Treharne of the
parish of Llantrissent in the County aforesaid Esquire then and
now being one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the said
County to issue out his Warrant to apprehend the said Joseph John
and to bring him before him or some other of his Majesty's Justices
of the Peace for the said County to give Sureties for his Peaceful
Behaviour towards all his Majesty's Liege Subjects and particularly
towards this Exhibitant whereupon the said Joseph John was
apprehended and gave Sureties for his appearance at this Sessions
and in the mean Time to keep the Peace towards all his said
Majesty's liege Subjects and particularly towards this Exhibitant
Thirdly this Exhibitant upon his Oath declares that he apprehends
and verily believes that his Life his House and Property are in
imminent danger from the aforesaid Threats or Menaces and evil
Disposition of the aforesaid Joseph John.
Sworn in Court this 6th
day of September in the
Year of our Lord 1791
The abovementioned Joseph John seems to have been a lawless
character, and was often in trouble.
The Grand Jury present two prisoners as having escaped from
the County Gaol at Cardiff.
Also they present the highway leading from the village of
Peterstone super Ely to Crossfaen in the parish of Penteirch, and
thence leading from the town of Cardiff to the town of Llantrissent
unto a place called Tuy yn y nant, and thence by Tinkwood Colliery
to the village of Penteirch, to be out of repair, and that the same
ought to be repaired by the parishioners of Penteirch.
The name and signature of Benjamin Hall appear this year
among those of the County Justices.
The Grand Jury present that a part of "an antient street or
King's Highway leading from the village of Merthyr Tydvil in the
said County of Glamorgan towards and unto the Town Hall in the
Town of Cardiff and the County of Glamorgan aforesaid . . . .
that is to say from a certain place called the North gate through a
certain Street called Duke Street otherwise Shoemaker Street and
from thence to the Town Hall in Cardiff aforesaid situate lying and
being in the parish of Saint John the Baptist in the County of
Glamorgan aforesaid containing in length two hundred yards and in
Breadth six yards," is very ruinous for want of due reparation, and
that the same ought to be repaired by the inhabitants of the parish
of Saint John the Baptist aforesaid.
George Hardinge. [L.S.]
A similar Presentment of the street leading from Cardiff Town
Hall to the South Gate, "from the northern pine End or Corner of
a certain dwelling house commonly called the three Cranes to the
said Place or Gate called the South Gate" in Saint Mary's parish;
and that the same ought to be repaired by the inhabitants of that
A similar Presentment of the street leading from the parish
church of Saint John the Baptist in the town of Cardiff to the
Town Hall, commonly called Church Street, situate in the said
parish; and that the same ought to be repaired by the parishioners.
A similar Presentment of the highway leading from Merthyr
Tydvil to Cardiff, from the brook called Nantgarw to a place called
Pantgwainlâs, in the parish of Eglwysilan; and that the same ought
to be repaired by the inhabitants of the hamlet of Rhydybythel in
the said parish.
A similar Presentment of the highway leading from Merthyr
Tydvil to Cardiff, from a place called the upper Boat-chain to a
place called Nantgarw, in the parish of Eglwysilan; and that the
same ought to be repaired by the inhabitants of Rhydybyther
A similar Presentment of the highway leading from Merthyr
Tydvil to Cardiff, from a place called Corrwg to the upper Boatchain, in the parish of Eglwysilan; and that the same ought to be
repaired by the inhabitants of the hamlet of Hendre Denny in the
A similar Presentment of the highway leading from Merthyr
Tydvil to Cardiff, from a bridge called Pont-cadyddog to Corrwg,
in the parish of Eglwysilan; and that the same ought to be repaired
by the inhabitants of the hamlet of Glyntaaf in the County of
There are several other Presentments of highroads. The improvement of travelling by mail-coach was rapidly proceeding at
this time. The ravines which had done duty as highways in the
days of pack-horses were now allowed to fill with a rank growth
of brambles, ferns and nettles, while in all directions the county
authorities were inaugurating the splendid system of macadamised
coach-roads which we still possess.
The following fragment presents a vivid picture of a peculiar
phase of town life a century ago:—
Glamorgan to wit. The examination of James Fisher a private
Carmarthenshire soldier now at Swansea taken on oath the 21st day
of June 1793 before us John Bevan and Rowd Prichard Esqrs two of
his Majesty's Justices of the peace in and for the said County relating
to the loss of eight guineas taken out of the dwelling House of
Daniel May of the welcome to Town at Swansea, who on his Oath
saith that he well remembers the saturday night that the said
welcome to Town was broken open and the Money lost that William
John his Comrade came with him and his other Comrade to go to
Bed and that he and his other Comrade went to Bed, but William
John went down Stairs and he did not see any thing of him till break
of day next day, and then threw himself on the Bed by the deponents
back and on the Bed Cloaths; and lay there till they went to dress
to go to Church, and the said William John returned with him from
Church, and took some Meat to eat, and then went out and he did not
return to his quarters till the day following being very drunk, and
he was informed by his Brother Soldiers that he was drinking and
treating them all the Sunday after Church, and that he had changed a
guinea in order to treat them and the said deponent verily believes
the said William John had no Money on the Saturday, he having
borrowed sixpence of the deponent, which is not yet paid him.
Sworn and signed the day
and year above written
That the general march of progress should involve the decay of
the art of caligraphy, is a curious and lamentable fact of which these
records contain ample evidence. As the archivist leaves the Middle
Ages and pursues his researches into records of later and later date,
the parchment becomes worse, the ink fainter, and the handwriting
more and more flimsy, confused and difficult to decipher.
Interesting political signs of the times now frequently occur in
the Gaol Files. Thus, certain corn-rioters at Swansea are careful to
remind their employers of what was being done in France, with a
gentle hint that a policy of à la lanterne might become the necessity
of oppressed democracy.
In "The King against Solomon Lysons," for treasonable and
seditious expressions against his Majesty and his liege people,
William Harris, of Neath, mariner, deposes that "he was passing
by Mrs Rachel Morgan's the Sadler's Shop, and went into the Shop.
The first word that he heard Solomon Lysons say, that he would
Fight against the King and Country, on which William Harris said
to Solomon Lysons what will you Fight against your own King and
Country, and the said Solomon Lysons made answer Yes by God I
will—and the said William Harris made answer that you ought to be
From the next witness' Deposition it appears that the Radicals
of a hundred years ago were liable to a good deal of badgering on
the part of their neighbours. William Prothero says that "betwixt
him and the Door of Mrs Morgan's Shop stood Mr Solomon Lysons
with a News Paper in his Hand. William Prothero then asked him
what good News. Solomon Lyson made answer and said that he
had newly (fn. 4) begun reading the Paper. William Prothero replied that
he was a Loyalist, was it a Congress or a National Assembly they
held in the Shop. The said William Prothero further said to
Solomon Lysons that the News papers were private, on which
William Prothero Step'd into Mrs Morgan's Shop and offer'd to lay
a wager with Solomon Lysons and Solomon Lysons made answer
that he would lay One Hundred Guineas to one against the King and
the Country, on which William Harris (Seaman) came in and asked
Solomon Lysons, what do you fight against your King and the
Country. Yes by my God. Dated February the Sixth 1794."
A True Bill was found, upon the Jury's Presentation of Charles
Williams, of Cardiff, shoemaker, for stabbing Edward Bladen the
younger at Cardiff.
Glamorganshire. The Jurors for our Lord the King on their
oath & on their own view (fn. 5) Present that the Common Gaol for this
County is in a state of sufficient repair, But are of opinion that a
Sick Ward and Solitary Cells are appendages essentially necessary
to all Gaols, in which particulars the Gaol of this County is deficient.
Cardiff 10th Sepr 1794.
|Jno Landeg||Jno Morris|
|E. Thomas||R. Jones|
|Richd Bevan M.D.||Thomas Evan|
|Jno. Bassett||Edwd Snead|
Our next document is a sheet of paper on which is inscribed,
under the King's sign-manual, a pardon for certain convicts, on
condition of their enlisting in the Army or Navy:—
[L.S.] Whereas John Thomas and Jacob lsaac are now under
Sentence of Transportation in the Gaol at Cardiff And Whereas
some favorable circumstances have been humbly represented unto
us in their Behalf inducing us to Extend our Grace and Mercy unto
them and to Grant them our Pardon for their Crimes on Condition of
their Enlisting to serve as Soldiers in our Army or of Entering to
serve us in our Royal Navy Our Will and pleasure therefore is
that upon their Enlisting to serve us as Soldiers in our Army or
Entering to serve us in our Navy as aforesaid, they be forthwith
delivered over to such person or persons as shall be duly authorized
to receive them for either of the purposes aforesaid and that they be
incerted for their Crimes on the said Conditions in our first and next
General pardon that shall come out for the Brecon Circuit and for so
doing this shall be your warrant Given at our Court at Saint James's
the twenty fifth day of August 1794 in the thirty fourth year of our
To our trusty and wellbeloved our Justices of Assize for the
Brecon Circuit, The High Sheriff for the County of Glamorgan, and
all others whom it may concern.
By His Majesty's Command
Certificates under the hands of John Fenwick, Auditor of Wales;
Stephen Moore, Deputy Acting Receiver in South Wales; and
William Myddelton, formerly Deputy to Sir Thomas Wynn, now
Lord Newborough, at that time Auditor of the Crown Revenue of
Wales; acknowledging and declaring that any claim heretofore made
by them or any of them, of any power to remit fines charged by the
Court of Great Session, was and is illegal and unwarranted.
The following is one of the entries in the Gaol Calendar:—
John Harrington, otherwise Waters, Aged 34, committed the 8th
of January, 1795, by B. Williams, Esqr. Bailiff of the Town of
Cardiff, charged with having feloniously forged a certain writing
purporting to be under the hand of Benjamin Hall, Clerk, one of
His Majesty's Justices of the Peace in and for the said County of
Glamorgan, and purporting to be an Affidavit taken by the said John
Harrington before the said Benjamin Hall, and taking the said
Writing or Affidavit in Writing and uttering the same so Forged
as aforesaid to one John Beynon Esqr. Collector of his Majesty's
Excise for the said County of Glamorgan, as and for the true
Affidavit in Writing of him the said John Harrington taken before
the said Benjamin Hall, of the admission of him the said John
Harrington as an out Pensioner in Chelsea Hospital, and by means
thereof obtaining from the said John Beynon as such Collector as
aforesaid, the sum of Three Pounds Twelve Shillings and one
Halfpenny, as and for one half year's payment made by Government
to Pensioners in the said Hospital.
This year for the first time appears printed at the foot of the
Gaol Calendar "A List of Prisoners under Sentence in the said
Gaol." The sentence is now frequently one of transportation to
New South Wales.
John Watkin was convicted of stealing, out of a mail coach,
five hundred guineas, the property of William Morgan of Carmarthen, esquire, at Swansea. He was sentenced to seven years'
The Jury present part of the highroad leading from Newport in
the county of Monmouth to Cardiff in the county of Glamorgan,
from Romney Bridge to Longcross House, in the parish of Roath,
to be out of repair; and that the same ought to be repaired by the
inhabitants of that parish.
A similar Presentment of the same highroad, from Longcross
House to the East Gate; to be repaired by the inhabitants of the
parish of Saint John Baptist.
A similar Presentment of the "common public Stone bridge
commonly called Pontypridd situate and being in the several parishes
of Llanwonno and Eglwysilan," leading from Merthyr Tidvil to the
market town of Lantrissent, and also from Lantrissent to the market
town of Caerphilly; and that the same ought to be repaired by the
inhabitants of the county of Glamorgan.
Henry Hollier, esq., is named in the List of Officers, as Steward
to Lord Cardiff.
The Grand Jury present that Stephen Williams, of Newchurch in
the county of Gloucester, at Llanvabon in the county of Glamorgan,
"one piece of false and counterfeit Money made and counterfeited to
the likeness and similitude of a piece of good lawful and current
Money and silver coin of this Realm called half-a-Crown unlawfully
unjustly and deceitfully did utter and tender in payment to one
Elizabeth Rosser," of Llanvabon, spinster. The same Presentment
further charges the said Stephen Williams with having tendered
seven counterfeit shillings to a person of the name of Odempsey
Libert, of Roath, yeoman.
This year for the first time the records of the findings of the
Coroners' Juries are made out without being signed or sealed by the
"No True Bill" was found against John Higgs, of Merthyr
Tidvil, for stealing six iron dram chains and two iron pins, the
property of Richard Crawshay and Watkin George, ironmasters.
This year for the first time the prisoners' ages are recorded on
the Gaol Calendar.
"Glamorganshire. George Hardinge Esquire one of his Majesty's
Justices of the Court of Great Sessions for the several Counties of
Glamorgan Brecon and Radnor upon his own proper Knowledge and
View presents" that the White House Bridge in the parishes of
Saint John Baptist and Llandaff, on the King's highway leading
from Cardiff to Cowbridge, is too narrow, and its side walls too low;
and that it ought to be altered by the inhabitants of the county of
A similar Presentment of Ely Bridge, in the parish of Llandaff;
to be altered by the inhabitants of the county.
A similar Presentment of part of the Newport Road, from a
point opposite the house of John Wood, gentleman, to a point
opposite the house of Bloom Williams, esquire, in the parish of
Saint John Baptist—a distance of 20 yards—to be repaired by the
Margaret Stradling, a hired servant maid, sets her mark to a
sworn statement that her brother Edward Stradling, of Coyty,
labourer, confessed to her his theft of a watch and three crowns,
at the house of her master, Thomas William, of Newcastle in the
county of Glamorgan, farmer. A True Bill was found.
Judge Hardinge presents a portion of the highway leading from
Llandaff to Cardiff, viz., from the city of Llandaff to "a certain place
or part of the said road being the known and antient Boundary
between the parishes of Saint John the Baptist and Landaff," situate
in the parish of Llandaff—one mile in length—and that the same
ought to be repaired by the parishioners of Llandaff.
A similar Presentment of a portion of the highway leading from
the town of Cae'rphili to the town of Cardiff, viz., from a place called
Y Drainen, being the known and ancient boundary between the
parishes of Eglwysilan and Llanishen; and that the same ought to
be repaired by the parishioners of Llanishen.
The Judge presents a portion of the highroad leading from
Merthyr Tydvil to Cardiff, viz., from a house called Maendu House
to Whitchurch Brook, situate in the parish of Llandaff; to be repaired
at the expense of that parish.
Certain Depositions in this bundle contain a few interesting
dialectal words, such as a "skiltful" (fn. 6) of milk, and a "leppingblock." (fn. 7)
Several persons (one of them a minister, Thomas Bowen) were
presented for making a disturbance in the Dissenters' Meeting House
at Neath, but the Bill was thrown out.
[Document written on Brief paper:—]
Glamorganshire. Thomas Howell of the parish of Lantrissent in
the County of Glamorgan Gentleman aged 84 years and upwards a
Witness produced sworn and examined on the part of our sovereign
Lord the King and of the sd prosecutor Thomas Bassett under the
above Rule of Court and by the consent of the parties this 9th day of
August 1799 before me William Wilkins Esq. Deputy Prothonotary
of the sd Court who saith that he was born at Alltgraban in the
hamlet of Trane in the parish of Lantrissent afsd in the said County
and that this Examinant resided at Alltgraban aforesaid in the sd
hamlet of Trane until about 30 years ago when he removed to
Gellyhaidd his present residence that abt 10 or 11 years before he
left Alltgraban the late Mr Edwd Hancorne then being Undersheriff
to Mr Rowland Bevan of Oxwich Castle in the said County one
Richard William a Bailiff of the said Sheriff came to this Examinant's
Farm of Alltgraban in the said Hamlet of Trane in the said parish
and took as this Deponent was informed four Oxen off his Land to
the Town of Lantrissent this Examinant went immediately to
Lantrissent and went into the George Inn and saw the said Bailiff
and Undersheriff and he asked the Undersheriff for his Cattle and
the Undersheriff told him that he could not have them without he
the Undersheriff should have security from the Parish for the Money
in a Levari (fn. 8) for the repair of Rhyd yr Eirw Road and this Examinant
met at the room in the George Inn the said Undersheriff, Richard
Howell of Rhiewvelan in the said Hamlet of Trane now dece'd who
. . . . . . had Oxen hauling Timber on Rhiewvelan ffarm in
the said Hamlet of Trane and who had his Oxen taken with the Cattle
of Richard Howells and that there were several Cattle of other
persons who were then at Lantrissent and who this Examinant
understood had been assisting Richard Howells at Rhiewvelan in
the Hauling of Timber and their Cattle were all taken and then at
Lantrissent in the Custody of the said Undersheriff and his said
Bailiff. The Undersheriff then filled up a Bond which this Examinant, Richard Howell and John Thomas and all the persons whose
Cattle were taken signed the Bond for the Payment of the Money
in the Levari to the Sheriff and after they had signed the Bond
the Cattle were given up and each party took his own. That this
Examinant never heard further of the Bond that the Money was
afterwards raised on the Inhabitants of the Parish of Lantrissant
by a Rate and that he this Examinant paid his proportion as an
Inhabitant of the said Parish after the Valuation against his Tenement of Alltgraban in the Hamlet of Trane wherein he then resided
That previous to his leaving Alltgraban he paid his Contribution
in proportion to the value of his afsd Tenement to a Rate which
he understood to be for a Wall part of the Eirw Road &c.
Sworn and examined Before me
Another Deposition in the same matter, by John David, of
Lantrissent, aged 79, to the effect that 30 years ago he was Surveyor
of Highroads of the Hamlet of Castella in the parish of Lantrissent;
that he was appointed by the Parish of Lantrissent to overlook the
repairs of a weir adjoining the Eirw Road; that he paid the workmen
and was reimbursed by the Parish at large.