John Griffiths, of the town of Neath, labourer, was convicted of
saying Damno'r Brenhin George y trydidd, myfi a wnaf well Brenhin
o Bren Gwernen on'd i giltio fe a baintio fe ai hela fe ir Parlament;
which being interpreted signifies: "Damn King George the third,
I'll make a better King than him out of an Orl Tree only gilding it,
painting it, and sending it to Parliament."
This is how the same matter figures on the Gaol Calendar:—
"John Griffiths, Aged 36, Committed 16 February 1800, by Richard
Bevan Esq. on the Oaths of William Walter, William Lewis and
John Hillard, charged with Damning King George the Third, and
that he was no King, and did declare that he would make a better
King out of a piece of Arl-wood being first Painted and Gilt, and did
also give one Penny to William Walter, for going to Justice Bevan to
make known his declaration, and did also declare to Rosser Jenkin,
that he had one Thousand if not Thousands of Men of the same
opinion as himself." He was imprisoned for two months and bound
The Jury present a portion of the street leading from Saint
John's church to the house of William Jenking, glazier,—in length
100 yards—in the town of Cardiff; to be repaired by the parishioners.
The Gaol Calendar now, and for some years henceforward,
bears at foot the words: "Cardiff. Printed by J. Bird."
Coroner's Inquest taken at Cardiff Guildhall before the Bailiffs,
William Prichard and Henry Hollier, on a view of the body of
William Hopkin, found that he met his death through injuries
received at the hands of Morgan Hopkin, of Cardiff, labourer, who
threw a twopenny wheaten loaf at the deceased and thereby inflicted
a mortal blow upon his private parts, resulting in death a few days
after such assault.
John Quin, a private in the "Iniskillen" Dragoons, violently
robbed James Morgan, of Cardiff, labourer, at night on Cardiff
Bridge, and stole from him two half-crowns and five shillings.
This Bundle contains copious Depositions respecting the death
of Rees Rees, late of Neath; which show that the deceased was
shot by Allen Macdonald, of Bristol, the guard of the mail coach,
as the said coach was being driven through the town of Neath.
Rees was running after the coach, and the guard (who appears to
have been drunk) took his blunderbuss and fired at him, killing him
on the spot.
Among the prisoners under sentence in Cardiff Gaol was James
Carrol, aged 19, convicted of obtaining money under false pretences.
His punishment was "6 months Imprisonment and twice whipped at
The Jurors present that James Walters, of the parish of Saint
Mary in the town of Cardiff, "malster," unlawfully erected a limekiln in the said parish, near divers streets of dwellinghouses,
whereby divers noxious smokes and smells do continuously arise,
against the peace of our Lord the King, his Crown and dignity.
("No True Bill.")
In this Bundle is a large Presentment, on parchment, of persons
residing in the Vale of Glamorgan, who were alleged to have committed perjury at the former Sessions, when giving their evidence in
Welsh, concerning certain lands in that neighbourhood. The alleged
perjuries are set out in the vernacular.
There is also another big parchment Presentment alleging
perjury on the part of certain persons in an action brought by them
against the Glamorgan Canal Company, respecting loss which they
claimed to have sustained by a stoppage of water at the Melyngriffith
This year for the first time the finding of a Coroner's Jury is
returned on paper, instead of parchment.
In a case recorded in this Bundle, wherein a person alleges
false evidence on the part of his opponent at a former Session, the
aggrieved party, instead of procuring an Indictment for perjury,
obtains a Presentment for libel—the libel complained of being the
signed and sworn Deposition of the alleged false witness.
The Jurors present a part of the highway leading from the
Castle Gate in the parish of Saint Mary, to Saint John's Church in
the parish of Saint John, in the town of Cardiff—namely High
Street in the said parish of Saint John—and that it ought to be
repaired by the inhabitants of the lastnamed parish.
A similar Presentment of Ely Bridge, over the Ely brook in the
parish of Llandaff, in the highway leading from Cardiff to Cowbridge;
to be repaired by the Llandaff parishioners.
Three Presentments against William Meredith, of Llandaff,
Sheriff's Bailiff, for unlawfully exacting various sums of money
from persons arrested by him.
Bill of Complaint by Samuel Homfray on behalf of himself and
his partners, the Penydarran Company, against William Harvey, late
accountant in their employ, who had absconded after defrauding the
firm of over £140.
Inquest taken at Llantrissent, before Richard Griffiths, Coroner,
on view of the body of David William, found that the deceased was
murdered by William Williams, of Llantrissent. The murderer (who
was only 19 years of age) had stabbed his victim, a boy, and thrown
the body into a ditch.
Our next document is one of a class which I have not hitherto
met with in the Gaol Files of the Court of Great Sessions, though it
is very common in the Quarter Sessions records, as will later appear.
This document is a printed certificate on parchment, stamped, that a
candidate had duly qualified himself for a public office by partaking
of the Communion according to the rites of the Established Church,
in conformity with the requirements of the Test Act. The record is
We the undersigned Minister and Churchwarden of the Parish and
Parish Church of Saint John the Baptist in the Town of Cardiff Do
hereby Certify That Richard Crawshay of Cyfartha Esquire on Sunday
the sixth Day of March did receive the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper
in the Parish Church aforesaid immediately after Divine Service according
to the Usage of the CHURCH OF ENGLAND In Witness whereof
we have hereunto subscribed our Hands the said Sixth Day of March
John Jones||Minister of the Parish and Parish Church aforesaid|
|G. Lyndon||Churchwarden [of the said Parish and Parish Church (fn. ) ] St Mary's Cardiff,|
Do severally make Oath That they did see the said [blank] in the abovewrittten Certificate named And who now present hath delivered the same
into this Court Receive the Sacrament of the Lords Supper in the
Parish Church aforesaid And that they did see the said Certificate
subscribed by the said Minister and Church Warden.
[The document bears an impressed 5s. stamp, and a printed 6d.
paper stamp, together with the words "Sacrament Certificate."]
Presentments now bear an attorney's signature, besides that of
the Clerk of the Peace.
John Jones, otherwise John, aged 22, was committed by James
Capper and Thomas Morgan, esquires (Bailiffs and) Coroners of the
Town of Cardiff, charged with having given Henry Wheeler, of
the said town, divers mortal bruises, in the parish of Saint John
the Baptist in the said town. Such is the brief record contained
in the Calendar presented to the Court by Thomas Morgan, Gaoler.
From the written Depositions in the case we get a few interesting
particulars. Thus, at the Coroners Inquest:
Mary Davies sworn saith that abot 20th January last John Jones
came into the house of Henry Wheeler to some recruits of the
Glamorgan Militia who are now gone to join the regt and there was
a great Noise in the room where he was; that Witness heard Wheeler
go into the room and told them to keep the Peace . . . . . .
upon which John Jones got up and struck him down with his fist.
. . . . . . Witness then went out of the room and when she
returned in abt 10 Mins or a quarter of an Hour some persons
present were then helping Henry Wheeler off the Ground, and
John Jones was in the custody of some of the persons then also
present . . . . . .
Hannah Wheeler the Widow of the deceased, sworn, says that
on the 20th of January last she was in the Kitchen when John Jones
of Lantrissent came into the Parlour of her husband's House to look
for Mr Jacobs his Master, that he soon after came into the Kitchen
with some Man unknown to Witness, that he sat down a few Minutes
and then got up and told one of the recruits of the Glamorgan Militia
that he had wronged him of 3s. in the Tennis Court & the recruit
denied any knowledge of him. John Jones then wanted to fight the
recruit and Witness said he shod not beat the boy in her House &
she wod call the Constables to him to which he replied he did not
care for any Constables at all . . . . . . Her Husband came
in & said he would have no noise in his House and he was a
Constable. Jones said he did not care and gave deceased a Blow
on his left Cheek & he fell; deceased then got up and attempted
to lay hold of him in a peaceable manner but Jones struck him down
a second time and kicked him in his side, when dece'd cried out Oh
Stibbs my ribs are broke . . . . . . Some of the persons
present detained the man till the Constables came and took him into
Custody . . . . .
The Jurors present that the Rev. William Davies, of Landaff,
clerk, has obstructed the highway leading from Cardiff to Lantrissent
by depositing stone etc. thereon, within the chapelry of Laniltern in
the parish of Saint Faggan's.
John Owen, of Cardiff, yeoman, deposes that Edward Harry
came to the house of this examinant, together with two others, to
be enrolled in the Local Militia for the county of Glamorgan. That
this examinant next morning missed his silver watch, with a gold seal
and a metal key fastened thereto by a purple ribband, from off the
chimney-piece in his room. Edward Harry, a youth who had lately
served with Mr Wyndham Lewis at Cardiff, offered the watch to Mr
John Thackwell, of Cardiff, watchmaker, to repair. When first
charged with the theft, Harry said the watch had been given to him
at the Glove and Shears, by a stout man in a blue coat. On the way
from Mr Thackwell's to the Red Lion, the youth confessed that he
had stolen the watch. Charles Williams, a Constable of Cardiff,
deposed to the identity of the watch. The prisoner was sentenced
to one year's solitary imprisonment.
The Jurors present that whereas John Thompson, of the parish
of Woollaston in the county of Gloucester, labourer, was at the preceding Gloucester Assizes sentenced to death for stealing a horse,
which sentence was afterwards commuted to one of transportation
to the coast of New South Wales, or some other of the islands
adjacent, the said convict is at large, in the parish of Saint John
the Baptist, Cardiff.
The Jurors present that Josiah John Guest, gentleman, Thomas
John Harry and Evan Evans, yeomen, all of Merthyr Tydvil, and
other persons, unlawfully assembled themselves and made an assault
upon William Harry and Robert Ward, whom they then and there
"unlawfully, riotously and routously did beat, wound and ill treat;"
which wrongs were done by them "with an intent unlawfully to
assist each other in the opposing and preventing certain persons,
servants in the employ of Thomas Homfray, Samuel Homfray,
William Forman and Henry Forman, from proceeding in their work
as miners, at Merthyr Tydvil aforesaid. ("A True Bill.")
Depositions of George Kibby, Constable of Cardiff. By virtue
of a Search Warrant he searched the house of Henry Ridgway,
labourer, at Cardiff, and in a drawer there found two Newport and
Abergavenny bills, value one guinea each; four Cardiff bills, value
one guinea each; one Abergavenny bill, value one guinea; one
Cyfarthfa bill, value one guinea; two Cardiff bills, value five pounds
each, and two Newport and Abergavenny bills, value five pounds
each; the whole being the property of William Rees, maltster
(landlord of the Crown and Anchor, Cardiff.)
Jeremiah Williams, labourer, was presented for assaulting William
Notter, a Lieutenant in the Navy (a person duly authorised and
empowered to impress seamen and seafaring men to serve on board
the ships of war of our lord the King) in the due execution of his
William Thomas, shoemaker, was arrested and imprisoned for
wilfully and violently threatening to cut the rope of the ferry boat
at Rhydhelig, in the county of Glamorgan.
A True Copy of the Original.
Sir, agreeable to your information Taken on Oath before me, as
well as the Voluntary Confession of Thos Rees and David Jones,
they have been Commited to Cardiff Gaol for the offence stated in
your information, in order to take their Trials. But you on hearing
that the said Thomas Rees and David Jones had been Commit'd you
left this Town to avoid being bound over to prosecute. Such
Conduct, I cannot put up with, and you may rest Assured that
those Persons that advised you to quit Neath in Order to avoid
being bound in recognizance (as well as yourself) shall be informed
against, that such proceeding may be had therein, as to the same
doth Appertain, and am yours &c.
Neath, October 19th 1810.
To John Willcock, mariner.
To mr John Willcock, master of the Sloop called the Commerce,
at Llanelly (via Swansea) Carmarthenshire.
Plymouth 21st March 1811.
On my return to Plymouth I find a letter dated the 9th of March
from you Addressed to me relative to two young men Confined in
Cardiff Gaol for stealing a Draft from the Sloop Commerce Capt.
John Willcock. In reply I have to say that Capt. John Willcock
was Unfortunately wrecked in the Sloop Commerce on the 22d of
Feby last in Tranmore bay near Waterford from which Port she was
bound to London with a Cargo of Provisions & it was with great
difficulty he saved his life, and as the Cargo &c; is not as yet sold I
do not expect to see him this some time yet, but I shall Communicate
the Contents of your letter to him by this same post & beg him to
write and Acquaint you if he thinks it posable to attend the Sessions
at Cardiff or not. I remain Sir your obt Hbl Servt
Richd Bevan M.D.
One of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace, Neath, Glamorgan.
[Plymouth postmark. Sealed with a red wafer.]
A True Bill was found against Richard Bevan, J.P., of Neath
(see last year's File), for unlawfully accepting a fee of one guinea in
the exercise of his magisterial office. (fn. 2)
A Gower man named John Taylor having been arrested on a
charge of murder, a Mr John Lucas, J.P., resident in that neighbourhood, wrote a letter to the Judge, bitterly inveighing against the
prisoner and his family. The letter, after being read in open Court,
was ordered to be filed, and the Judge strongly censured the writer.
The accused was convicted of manslaughter.
Joseph Meyrick, aged 13, charged with setting fire to the tin
manufactory of Messrs. Reynolds, Blakemore & Co., at Mellingriffith,
It will be interesting to quote some of the names on the list of
Justices this year:—
Henry Charles, Duke of Beaufort.
John, Marquis of Bute.
Henry Somerset, commonly called Marquis of Worcester.
Other, Earl of Plymouth.
John, Earl of Dumfries.
George, Earl of Ashburnham.
Thomas, Earl of Clarendon.
Charles, Earl Talbot.
Francis, Earl of Landaff.
Charles Henry Somerset, commonly called Lord C. H. Somerset.
Robert Edward Henry Somerset, commonly called Lord R. E.
Arthur John Henry Somerset, commonly called Lord A. J. H.
Granville Charles Henry Somerset, commonly called Lord
G. C. H. Somerset.
Herbert Windsor Stewart, commonly called Lord H. W.
Evelyn James Stewart, commonly called Lord E. J. Stewart.
William Stewart, commonly called Lord W. Stewart.
George Stewart, commonly called Lord G. Stewart.
Dudley Coutts Stewart, commonly called Lord D. C. Stewart.
George, Lord Dynevor.
Andrew Windsor, Clerk.
James Patrick Herbert Stewart.
Wyndham Henry Quin.
Sir William Mansel, baronet.
Sir John Awbrey, baronet.
Sir Digby Mackworth, baronet.
Sir Charles Morgan, baronet.
Sir Robert Lynch Blosse, baronet.
Sir Mark Wood, baronet.
Sir John Nicholl, knight.
Sir Jeremiah Homfray, knight.
John Bassett junior.
John Bruce Bruce.
Josiah John Guest.
Wyndham Lewis of Lanishen.
Wyndham Lewis of Cardiff.
Iltyd Nicholl of Ham.
Iltyd Nicholl of Llanmaes.
John Richards of Cardiff.
John Richards of Llandaff.
Richard Turberville Turberville.
Charles Kemeys Tynte.
William Williams of Aberpergwm.
Morgan Popkin Traherne (Sheriff.)
On the Gaol Calendar: Edmund Locke, under sentence of a
Military Court Martial, to one year's solitary imprisonment, for
desertion from the Central Glamorgan Local Militia.
[A sheet of paper in the handwriting of the signatory:—]
The Grand Jury desire to return your Lordship their best thanks
for your Charge at the present Great Sessions. They condole with
your Lordship most sincerely at the Loss of their late most worthy
& respected Member, & beg to pay in common with your Lordship,
their Tribute of unfeigned Respect & Regard to his lamented Memory
and Virtues. They have felt themselves more particularly bound on
the present Occasion to consider the personal Disrespect & Insult
which has been offered to your Lordship. Your Humanity has put
a stop to proceedings which might properly have been instituted.
But a sense of Public Duty and an anxiety to support both those
Judges who have for so many years and with so much Integrity
administered the Laws of the Country, calls upon the Grand Jury
to express their Regret at the circumstance, & at the same time to
declare a decided opinion, that it can only be attributed to the
Insolence of an insignificant Individual, & ought by no means to
give you any further uneasiness or Concern.
Robert Lynch Blosse,
Foreman, Glamorganshire Spring Sessions 1815.
The Jury present a portion of the Newport Road, in the parish
of Roath, leading from the end of 100 yards west of Romney Bridge
to Lancross House near the turnpike gate on the east side of the
town of Cardiff, being the junction of the parishes of Roath and
Saint John Baptist, containing one mile in length and five yards in
breadth, to be out of repair; and that the same ought to be repaired
by the parishioners of Roath.
A similar Presentment of a part of the Cowbridge Road, in the
parish of Landaff, leading from King's Castle House to a rivulet of
water called Cawsy Cribyn, 3520 yards in length and 6 yards in
breadth; and that the same ought to be repaired by the parishioners
Coroner's Inquest taken at Cardiff, before Thomas Morgan, esq.,
on view of the body of a female child which was found dead on the
New Bank of the river Taff in the said town, by the pine-end of Mr
Davies' house. The persons who found it were Thomas Stibbs and
Elizabeth Millward. "One Molly Powell was going up to the Pump
at the time."
Borough of Newport. The Examination of Eleanor wife of John
Jones, of the said borough, labourer, taken before George Griffiths,
A few months ago this Examinant wanted to go to Cardiff to buy
necessaries, under the idea that she could purchase them cheaper
there than at Newport She went to the wife of Charles George,
ostler at the Angel in Cardiff, who she believed was in the habit of
passing counterfeit money. Later on the same day she met Michael
Leigh near the Castle at Cardiff, who asked her how she did. She
replied she had married a good and quiet husband, when he asked her
what made her marry a flat. He then told her to go into the Castle
Green and he would give her some money. She said "Let us go into
a liquor shop first, and have something to drink." They went to a
liquor shop kept by a Mr. Dalton. Next morning she met him near
the Red Cow public house. Leigh had given the Examinant a forged
ten-pound note by mistake for a (forged) ten-shilling note, and offered
her a Cardiff pound note for it. She would not give the ten-pound
note back, but undertook to get it changed and give him back a
portion of the money. He then told her to be very careful how and
where she changed it. She, however, returned to Newport with the
forged ten-pound note, and, wishing to change it, told her husband
she wanted to go to St Mary Hill fair to buy flannel. She changed
the note there accordingly, after vainly attempting to do so at
Rachel, wife of Henry Harry, of Llandaff, labourer, was committed for having stolen, at the parish of Saint John Baptist, Cardiff,
two prayer-books, three velvet pincushions, three Bibles, one Russia
leather purse, one pewter inkstand, one metal inkstand, three Johnson's
Dictionaries, two odd volumes of Scientific Dialogues, seven spellingbooks, one metallic pocket-book and pencil, one book commonly called
Ready Reckoner, two paper books commonly called the Death of
Abel, three Child's Reading Books and the third volume of Young's
works; all being the property of John Davies Bird, of Cardiff, bookseller. She had also stolen a number of articles from the shop of
John South, ironmonger, of Cardiff.
For conspiracy in uttering forged ten-shilling notes of the
Merthyr Bank, John Smith and three confederates were sentenced
to two years' imprisonment and to stand in the pillory at Cardiff
on two market days.
A number of persons were convicted of rioting at Merthyr Tydfil.
The Riot Act was read, after the mob had begun to demolish the
This year for the first time occurs a form in lithographed
handwriting, filled up in manuscript.
At this time the greater number of documents on the Files relate
to Merthyr Tydfil. Cardiff is but scantily represented.
Depositions signed by David Evans, of Cardiff, landlord of the
inn called the Cardiff Boat. He gave a night's free lodging to
Hannah Price, but she left the house in the night, secretly, taking
with her all the valuables she could lay hands on. She was caught
at Newport. The Depositions were taken before Thomas Charles,
esquire, J.P. Edward Priest Richards was the Attorney for the
Cardiff Town to Wit. Thomas Thomas the Younger of the
said Town Yeoman Acknowledges himself to be indebted to our
Sovereign Lord the King in the sum of Forty pounds. William
Stanley of the said Town Hatter (fn. 3) Acknowledges himself to be
indebted to our said Sovereign Lord the King in the sum of
Twenty pounds. James Rees of the said Town Publican Acknowledges himself to be Indebted to our said Sovereign Lord the King
in the sum of Twenty pounds. Upon Condition that the said
Thomas Thomas do personally appear at the next Great Sessions
to be held for the County of Glamorgan then and there to answer
an Indictment to be preferred against him for a Riot and Assaulting
beating bruising and Wounding one Daniel Hooper one of the
Constables of the said Town against the peace of our said Lord
the King and do not depart the Court without leave then this
Recognizance to be void or else to remain in full force. Taken
and Acknowledged the Fifth day of May One Thousand Eight
Hundred and Eighteen Before us
Two of His Majesty's Justices
of the Peace for the Town of
A similar Recognizance for James Phillpotts, yeoman, £40;
Nathaniel French the younger, mercer, £20; and William Jenkins,
scrivener, £20, all of Cardiff, upon condition that the said James
Phillpotts do appear to answer a charge of riot and assaulting
Constable Henry Hooper.
Edward Prees was indicted for a burglary at Place Turton, the
house of Philip John, in the parish of Saint John Baptist, Cardiff.
Among the stolen property were several silver Bank of England
A Presentment of Morris Morgan, of Aberavon, for forging
several £1 Bank of England notes, contains some beautiful texting—
an early example of the modern revival of this art. The prisoner was
sentenced to death.
The Jurors present that John Wood, of Cardiff, esquire, made an
assault upon Richard Griffiths.
Thomas Davis was convicted of stealing two sow pigs, the
property of Evan James, of Mynachty in the parish of Llandaff,
William Mathew, of Llanridian, yeoman, was robbed of his silver
watch by two footpads in the White Stile Fields, near Swansea. One
of the robbers held a pistol at Mathew's head, and cried "Stand and
deliver!" A witness refers to a greatcoat known as a "fear-nothing."
Seven large sheets of parchment containing various documents in
connection with the prosecution of John Chitty, of Cardiff, on a charge
of forging several Letters of Attorney in order to enable certain
persons to receive prize-money due for the services of the late
Thomas Simpson, a warrant officer on board H.M.S. "Bucephalus";
William Sellers, a gunner on H.M.S. "Wolverine"; William Willock,
a commissioned officer of H.M.S. "Diligence"; and John Beardley
Smith, a commissioned officer of H.M.S. "Surinam."
John Bateman Woods, Keeper of His Majesty's Gaol at Cardiff
in and for the County of Glamorgan, informs the Judges, in a formal
written statement, that the said gaol is insufficient in accommodation.
There ought to be separation between male and female prisoners, and
between those convicted and those only suspected of felony, and
misdemeanants. Also there ought to be separate sick wards for the
men and for the women, as also a chapel, baths, &c.
Signed "Jno B. Woods, Governor."
A very long Presentment, on several skins conjoined, to the
effect that the abovenamed John Chitty was convicted at the prior
Session on the charge of forging, and sentenced to be hanged. And
that John Shannon and Charles Thomas Gratiano Millington, both of
Cardiff, feloniously caused the said John Chitty to commit the said
It appears that at this period persons charged with felony were
usually termed "labourers" in the documents, regardless of their
actual position in society.
Philip Williams was killed in a fight outside the Rose and Crown
public house, Cardiff, by William Thomas.
The Jury present that Walter Williams, of Cardiff, embezzled
certain money, bills, notes and securities, the property of his employer,
Joseph Davies, of the same town, merchant. [Mr Joseph Davies was
proprietor of a well-known timber yard on the river bank, in Saint
Mary Street.] The accused was found "Not Guilty."
Nathaniel French, of Cardiff, yeoman, was presented for unlawfully building a certain projecting window, commonly called a bow
window, contiguous to and overhanging Angel Street in the said
town. At foot of the Presentment is the note: "The Cardiff Street
Commissioners prosecute this Bill for our Sovereign Lord the King."
The Bill was thrown out. (Some curious entries relative to this
matter will be found in a later volume, among the Minutes of the
Cardiff Town Council.)
This year for the first time there is appended to the Gaol
Calendar a MS. Return of persons who have been sentenced to
hard labour, the particular species of labour in which such persons
have been employed, the number of hours in a day for which such
persons so sentenced have been kept to work, and their behaviour.
Four prisoners are named. They were employed eight hours a day,
in washing and carding wool—except one, whose behaviour was
indifferent, and who was put to break stones. The report is signed
by the Governor, John B. Woods, and countersigned by Richard
Griffiths, the Visiting Magistrate.
Joseph Davies was sentenced to death for the murder of Henry
Harris, at Gellygaer, by shooting him with a gun.
Thomas Hopkins, of Merthyr Dovan, farmer, had his pocketbook stolen by Morgan Williams, in the Market House under the
Town Hall at Cardiff. John Hussey, of Cardiff, yeoman, said that
he was in the Market in High Street, Cardiff, when he saw the
Prisoner running through the crowd; and hearing Mr Hopkins call
out "Stop thief," Examinant took the Prisoner into custody, who
thereupon threw away the pocket-book. Examinant immediately
took it up and, shewing it to the Prisoner, said "Here it is, Mister."
Prisoner said "I know nothing of it," on which Examinant replied
"Why, man, it came out of your pocket this minute." Prisoner
made no reply, but looked as white as the wall.
Taken and acknowledged before Thomas Charles and John Bradley,
John Hussey, Town Crier of Cardiff, gives evidence in another
case of larceny, in which a woman stole a greatcoat from the parlour
of the Griffin inn, High Street, Cardiff.
Richard Poole was charged with stealing sheep from a farm at
Radir. The following was the written Statement handed in by
Joseph Gray, butcher, charged as a receiver:—
Nov 12h Sheperd Came to my Stanen and as me what I did gve
apound for Shep I anserd Sixpence pound if thay be Very good if
not fivepence he said that he node a man that boat som shep at
Cerfilly fear and he want to sil them to me if I boy them when Can
I take them the wick after nex Nov 23h Sheperd Came ner my house
after diner and as me were aney man have boat any Shep that he
promes to me here we some then the Sheperd Came into my house
and sit down along time then I ask him wich way the Shep wold
Com thro Landaff he said that Is the neres way he said I mus go to
Croswenn thre is mor do owe me sum Monney i was to methem
there said he about [erasure] he broat three shep to my house and
we drove to of them in to the stable and one got away from us
I went into the Stable and look the Shep over the Sheperd said to
I will silthem by hand if you mind what will you have for them
thurty three shillen apest no I said I will give you thuty shellens
apess and if that shep do tune out well I will give you fore Pounds
for them and no more I geve more monney then that for them and
the Man Is gone back to Cardaff In som bisnes then the Sheperd
went home I kilthen frydey and senthem saterdy by the Lantrishon
wagen to Cardaff Market and Cut them up Mr Evenes Came by I
ask him to boy a quarter Mutton he said what is the Prise sixpens
Pound I said he went away soon after he Come again and paid
me for him the Saterday folin he Came againe and told me that he
had lost to Wether Shep mark with his name Pichmark the Saterday
folen he Came again and he as me where I had aney of that sort
of Mutton that I had fornight ago I anserd no he said When Will
you have som of it nex Wick Likey he said to me where do you boy
your Shep at Lanneden and St Millens he as me where there Mr
henery Daves and manay of the formers I want to no where you had
them Shep that I had the quarter of this day fornight I had them of
Mr Oatridges Sheperd you anserd what is his Name I said I dond
no, then Soon after you Com to me again I told you there was
no, Mark opon the skens no were and 1 of them was a yeo, no you
said I saw to Wethers shep hain on your stanen this Day fornight
I Will Swer I said no then you said again I saw to Wethers I Swere
and be my shep that I Lost I will swere.
[At foot:—] Delivered in by Gray the 7th Jany 1826 as his
defence when informed he was to be committed.
John Westmacott, of Fairwater, deposed to certain suspicious
circumstances observed by him when he "went to a Pie" at the house
of Anne Evans at Ely, where he saw the two shepherds who are
accused of sheepstealing, "drinking together with a China Man and
Charles Hardyman, one of the shepherds, was convicted of this
crime and sentenced to death; Joseph Gray (the writer of the above
Statement) was acquitted.
At the head of this Bundle is a letter addressed from Ewenny
Abbey, 1 August 1826, to Judge Casberd, and signed Richard
Turberville Turberville, in which that magistrate defends himself
against an allegation of having sent to the Great Sessions a case
which ought to have gone to the Quarter Sessions. He excuses his
apparent remissness on the ground that he was not bred to the law,
and adds "The office of Magistrate is at all times a most unthankful
one & I am sure I find it equally troublesome & disagreeable &
certainly shd not remain one inst. on the commission was there
another Magistrate that wd act in the Hundred."
Mrs Susannah Griffiths, of Oystermouth, widow, passed a very
bad night on the 9th April 1826. Shortly after midnight she and her
sister, who slept with her, were awoke by hearing their bedroom door
smashed in. Then the bed-curtains were pulled apart, and two men
with blackened faces and a dark lanthorn began beating on the bed
with sticks. When the burglars had sufficiently terrified the poor
ladies, they proceeded to ransack the house, which they accomplished
in a businesslike and effective manner. Prisoners were convicted,
with the exception of one who had turned "King's Evidence."
Grand Jury present a portion of the "highway leading from the
Turnpike Road going from the Town of Cardiff to the Town of
Lantrissent in the County of Glamorgan towards the parish of
Pentyrch and until it adjoins the same parish of Pentyrch," situate in
the parish of Saint Fagan's; to be repaired by the inhabitants of the
said parish of Saint Fagan's.
Sentence of death is recorded as having been passed on Elias
Jones, collier, aged 29, for having broken and entered a shop at
Margam and stolen therefrom a piece of brown cloth and various
Also on John Rosser, for stealing two lambs at Llansannor.
Also on Elias John, for complicity in the lastmentioned felony.
A very long Presentment on parchment, alleging perjury on the
part of the Hon. William Booth Grey, of Duffryn in the parish of
Saint Nicholas, in swearing a certain affidavit against Charles Courtail,
of Ely House, near Cardiff, theretofore of the King's Castle, Cardiff,
gentleman. It was asserted on the one hand that Frances Ann, wife
of Mr Grey, had surreptitiously obtained possession of a certain Lease,
at the King's Castle; and, on the other, that Mr Grey had gained
possession of the document in Mr Courtail's rooms in Paris. ("No
This year for the first time the Gaol Calendar is printed on
This is the last parcel in the latest Bundle of Gaol Files of the
Court of Great Sessions. In the following year these Welsh Courts
were abolished in favour of the English Assize system, after an
existence of nearly three hundred years.