Great Sessions Miscellanea.
THE Welsh Records in London comprise a number of small classes of
archives connected with the Court
of Great Sessions. It seems expedient to group these together
under the above title. I am unable
to preface them with a general
dissertation, because at the moment
of writing these lines, I have but
just commenced the making of
extracts from the original documents.
I must content myself with annotating them as the work of copying
and printing proceeds. Let us begin with the
Glamorgan Mainprize Rolls.
These records, under the name "Manucaptio Communis
Manucaptionis," exist only for the years 33–37 Hen. VIII.
(1542–6), and for the reign of Philip and Mary (1553–8), and
are written on two bundles of parchment, most of the skins being
inscribed on both sides. Their contents are entries, in Latin, of
sureties and recognizances taken as security for the future appearance
and interim good behaviour of persons charged with misdemeanours.
The first entry for each year was written in full; in subsequent
entries only the barest particulars were recorded. The following
translations will serve as examples.
MAINPRIZE of the Common Mainprize taken at Cardyff before
John Pakyngton, esquire, a Justice of our Lord the King for the
County of Glamorgan, at the Great Session of the County aforesaid
holden at Cardyff aforesaid on Monday, to wit, the seventeenth day
of March in the thirty third year of the reign of King Henry the
Eighth after the Conquest. * * *
Glamorgan. It is to be remembered that at this same Session
came hither into Court in their own persons, before the aforesaid
Justice, William Mathewe, gentleman, and Jankyn ap Morgan Gwyn,
gentleman, and mainprized by Thomas Mathewe of Canton, gentleman,
then and there personally appearing, that he the said Thomas will
bear and behave himself well and peaceably towards our Lord the
King and all his people, until the next Great Session of the County
aforesaid, to be holden next after the approaching feast of Easter.
And that he the said Thomas in the meantime will not do nor cause
to be done any bodily harm to anyone of the people of our said Lord
the King, by himself or by any others, by assault, fraud or in any
other manner which may tend to the breaking or disturbance of the
peace of our said Lord the King in anywise. And that he the said
Thomas will personally appear before the Justice of our said Lord
the King for the County aforesaid, at the aforesaid Great Session,
wheresoever it shall happen to be holden in the County aforesaid or
elsewhere in Wales. And that he the said Thomas will not depart
from the Court of our said Lord the King there without licence
of the said Justice, the aforesaid Thomas under a penalty of ten
pounds, and each of his sureties aforesaid under a penalty of one
hundred shillings; which said sums as well the aforesaid Thomas as
his sureties aforesaid have granted, and each of them for himself
doth grant to be made and levied out of his goods and chattels, lands
and tenements, to the use of our said Lord the King, if it shall
happen the said Thomas in the premisses or in any one of the
premisses to make default, and thereof in a lawful manner to be
Of William James Turnour, of llangattock in the county of
Monmouth; for the like surety of Joel Thomas ap Ralf, of llantrissen,
and Dyo Griffith ychan, of the same. (Dismissed in open Court.)
Of John hoell Weu'r, late of Cardyff in the county aforesaid,
weaver; for the like surety. (Dismissed.)
Of Robert ap John, of Rothe in the county aforesaid, labourer;
for the like surety. (Dismissed in open Court.)
Of John Crok, of llandogh by Pennarth in the county aforesaid,
labourer; for the like surety.
Of Roger Thomas ap Rosser, late of Gebour, gentleman; for the
like surety of John William Gamege, late of Coytchurche, and Ieuan
ap Grono, yeoman.
* * *
Of Grono ap dauid, of seynt ffagans, yeoman; for the like surety
of Morgan Thomas Gamage, gentleman, and Morgan Thomas Meuric,
of petrstown upon Ely.
* * *
Of Nest vergh Ieuan, of llanethed vayrdre, "Spynstr"; for the
like surety of Ieuan ap Owen, yeoman, and Richard dauid Tewe,
Of Morgan ap Robert, of the same, husbandman; for the like
surety of llewelin ap Ieuan ap Grono dee, yeoman, and dauid ap
Grono vaughan, of llantryssen, yeoman.
8 October 1545.
Of Edward ap Ieuan, of Seynt ffagans; for the like surety of
Matthew Gebon, gentleman, and Thomas ap John Phelip.
15 September 1545.
Of Morgan lewys, late of Whitchurche in the county aforesaid,
"yoman"; for the like.
Of Richard ap llewelin, of Seynt ffagans in the county aforesaid,
clerk; for the like.
Of John Howell, weaver, late of Cardyff; for the like surety
of William Johns, of Cardiff, and John Richard, of Romney.
1 June 1546.
Of William Pope, of Cardiff in the county aforesaid, "Bruer";
for the like surety of George Hasslam, of Cardiff, and Robert Bocher,
otherwise ap Ieuan.
Our next set of documents is a
Calendar of Indictments
for the reigns of Philip and Mary, and Elizabeth (1582–1608). This
also is in Latin, written on both sides of a number of membranes
made into two neat rolls. These records differ but little from the
Gaol Files as to the matters recorded in them. They contain the
findings of Coroner's Inquests, very briefly set out, Presentments of
Grand and Petty Juries of the County and of the Boroughs, lists of
Recusants etc. They are practically duplicates of the contemporary
Gaol Files, but the following additional matter has been found in
Jevan John Hooper, of Cardyff, was presented as "vagrans
ociosus & malus homo"—a lazy vagrant and a bad man.
John Gwyn and John Pepam, both of Cardyff, by the Burgesses,
"pro absencia ab eccl'ia"—for absence from church.
Henry Lewys, of Cardyff, "per le weryng of a lyurye coate
Edward Gwyn of llansannor, "p' transgr' & insult' sup' constabular'"—for a trespass and assault upon the Constable.
Coroner's Inquest found that Miles Mathewe, gentleman, met
his death by misadventure.
Arthur Stradlynge, gentleman, was presented for having been
absent from church for a month. (The fine was twenty pounds.)
James and Lewis Turberville, gentlemen, died in Cardiff gaol,
"by the visitation of God." (They were Recusants convict.)
Presentments. (fn. 1)
Cristofer llewelin, of Cardyff, 'for mayntaynyng one to sell
drynk vnder hym."
Thomas Mote, of Cardyff, "for maynteynyng a forryner to sell
Henry Grocer, of Bristoll, "for selling Spyces beyng a
Next we come to a series of Bundles known as
which commence in the reign of Edward VI., and continue to the
early part of the 18th century. Taken as a whole, they possess more
interest for genealogists and legal antiquaries, than for the general
public; but a certain number of items are sufficiently to our purpose
to be printed here. These records are mostly written on paper, in
Latin, English, and Norman French, and consist of draft Pleadings,
Sheriffs' Writs, Jury Lists, entries of Bonds, copies of Deeds, &c.,
for the most part in a running hand. All are documents relating to
the Civil side of the Court of Great Sessions, and the matters treated
of are suits in respect of lands, leases and advowsons, debts, &c.
The first that we will notice is a curious piece of legal lore,
probably rare outside of Welsh records; and, indeed, hardly to be
met with save in the old Plea Rolls of the Principality, where it is
comparatively frequent. This is the procedure whereby a party to a
lawsuit, objecting to a Juror or Sheriff, "challenged" him on the
ground of "cosenage," and established his point by shewing that
such Juror or Sheriff was a blood relation of (usually) the opposite
party. This had to be done (perhaps it was not a difficult task in
Wales) by setting out a pedigree which shewed the descent of the
challengee and the opposite party, step by step downwards from a
The heading is in Latin, and names the parties to the suit, which
is "Between Henry Franklen, plaintiff, and William David ap Richard,
defendant, in a Debt."
Then comes the Challenge, in Norman French, thus:—
Le chalenge fait p' dit Henrye al Edward Carne chivaler ore vic'
de cest Cont' pur cosinage prent le dit Henry et le dit Vic' in cest
manr cestasavoyr vn
Then comes an explanation in Latin:—
Et sup' hoc idem q' dic' q'd Edwardus Carne Miles nunc vic'
Com' p'd'c'i existit qui quidem vic' est consanguineus ip'ius quer' viz
filius Cecilie filie Will'i p'ris henr' p'ris kat'ine matris ip'ius nunc
quer' Et ea quidem de causa p'bet bre' d'ni R'g's & d'ne Regine de
p'uenire fac' hic xxiiij Coron' Com' p'd'c'i dirigend' Et quia p'd' def'
hoc non dedic' ei conceditr Et J's &c.
The Challenge made by the said Henry to Edward Carne,
knight, now Sheriff of this County, for cosenage, presents the
said Henry and the said Sheriff in this manner, that is to say: One
William Kemce had issue Harry Kemes, who had issue Catherine,
who had issue Harry, the now Plaintiff. [Also the said William
Kemce had] issue Cecily, who had issue the said Edward Carne,
now Sheriff. And hereupon the said Plaintiff saith that Edward
Carne, knight, is now Sheriff of the County aforesaid; which said
Sheriff is cousin to the said Plaintiff, namely, son of Cecily, daughter
of William, father of Henry, father of Katherine. the mother of the
said now Plaintiff. And for that cause he proffers a Writ of our
Lord the King and Lady the Queen of Pervenire facias hic xxiv., to
be directed to the Coroner of the County aforesaid. And because
the aforesaid Defendant doth not deny this, it is granted unto him.
And the right, &c.
[It will be noticed that in this particular case the Challenge
comes from the party related to the challengee, not from the
Next comes a copy Lease of certain cows. We may notice this
at some length, because similar chattel Leases are now of very rare
This Indenture made the xxvijth day of aprell in the seconde
yere of the Raign of or sou'aign lorde Edwarde the sixte by the
grace of god of England france & Ireland king defender of the faythe
& in erthe of the chyrche of england & of Ireland suprme hedde
betwyne gitto Ieuan of lanwyno in the com' of glamrgan gent' of thon
prtye & Robart ap mrgan of lanelldyd vayrdre in the said com' yoman
dauid ap Robert of Pentirche in the said com' yoman & thom's ap
John Robert of pentirghe foresaid yoman of thother p'tye Witnesithe
that the said gitto hathe demised grantyd & to ferme lette vnto the
said Robart Dauid and thom's yoyntly and seurally ten' kyne prce ten
pownds of lefull mone of England [which sum] the sayd gitto hathe
c/?/tentyd payde and deliu'yd vnto the said Robart Dauid and thom's
. . . . . . in c/?/con of sufficient pasture in the somer
and foder in the wynter for the said ten' kyen. * * *
[Lease of 10 kine with their profits and increase for a term of 10
Copy deed of "Anthony Bushoppe of Landaph, the deane,
archdeacon, prsident and Chapiter of the cathedrall chyrche of
Landaphe," appointing John Smithe, of Landaphe, clerk, Doctor in
the Lawe; William Gefferey, of London, clerk, L.L.D.; and James
Button of Worleton, gentleman, to be their Surveyors and Auditors
General of lands, tenements, rents and revenues, parsonages and
churches, with all and every other ecclesiastical and spiritual
promotion whatsoever in the counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth;
to occupy the said offices to them and the longest liver of them. The
annual fee for all the said offices is to be five pounds, divided among
the grantees; the whole to become the right of the survivor. (Dated
temp. Edw. 6.)
An action wherein Maurice Mathew sued Thomas Spencer for
possession of certain lands, is in this Bundle represented by a
Pleading in Norman-French (with a Latin gloss). This document
sets forth the names of all the persons who have held the lands in
fee, beginning with Gilbert Le Despenser, down to 1547, the date
of the action. The owners were the Spencers of Penmark, in whose
family the lands descended in tail male; and the succession in the
eldest male line is given as follows:—
Gilbert le Spencer (v. 1334) m. Joan.
Thomas Spencer, v. 1547.
Other persons mentioned are Margaret Gyle, Thomas Bawdrye,
Elizabeth his wife, and Katherine, John and Maulde, their children,
Morice Carter and Richard Hopkin—all being, apparently, then
From another document of about the same date we learn that
Maurice Mathew and Richard Thomas were then Coroners for the
Our next extract is also of the year 1547, and is an echo of
To the Kings Com[m]issrs
Co[m]playnethe vnto yor lordships yor Orator Thomas fflemyng of
llantwite in the Countie of Glamorgane That where as Lyson Lewis
and Edward Stradling gent' of the sayd Countie wt the p'sons vndr
named and others to yor Orator vnknowen bering Mortall Malice and
grudge to yor Orator of late p'ceaving yor Orator to gooe to a Corte a
Mile distant ffrom his house abouts his necessary busynes thinking
no harme to any creature in godds peace & the kings the said gent'
w[ha]t the said p'sons vndr named entending to haue Murthered yor
Orator w[ha]t weapons in most ffuriose wise repaired all to gether to the
said Corte, And then and there but that yor Orator had knowledge of
their devilisshe minds and entents & absented hym self, he had been
slayne. And good lords the said def'ts being of grete ffrends and
kinred there not only come to the house of yor Orator ffaceing hym
w[ha]t weapens bothe night and day but also bete and evell entrete his
houshold sruants so that he dare not for daunger of his life stirre out
of his house to his grete discompforte and against all Justice.
Wherfore may it please yor lordships to co[m]maund so[m]me of the Justices
of the peace of the said Countie by the kings l'res and yors vpon yor
Orators affidauit made for the peace, to se the def's and all other by
their p'curem[en]t bound by obligac'ons for the peace against yor Orator
and his ffamylie for godds loue
R's ap R's
Robt Stradling gent'
[The names in square brackets are struck out.]
Then come a series of slips of paper with various legal formulæ,
such as the following, in Latin and French, which relates to an
obsolete procedure known as "vouching to warranty":—
Int' Morgan' mathew q. & henry Griff' Benet quem lle' henr' voc'
Voz avez cy le vaundit henry Griff' Benett q. voch' a garante
Jankin francklen & pray q il soit som' in cest count' p' le aid de ce'
For the year 1570 there are some interesting Bonds.
The first, taken at Cardif, is that Thomas Watkyn remain a true
prisoner within the castle of Cardif, in any such chamber or ward
as the within-named Hughe Richard as gaoler shall appoint him,
until payment of his debt.
The next, taken at llangevelagh, is sufficiently amusing. The
condition is that whereas David ap Rhethergh hath this day had and
received of David ap David "one brassen panne of xvj gallons or
there a bowtts," in pledge for 40s. to be repaid on SS. Philip and
Jacob's day next will be twelve-month, for the full and quit redemption of the foresaid pan, if the said David ap David, his heirs, executors
and assigns shall make a sufficient estate in the Law upon the foresaid
brassen pan, a surrender or by any other means as by the learned
counsel of the said David ap Rethergh shall be best advised, if the
said David ap Rethergh may well and "peasably" have, hold, occupy
and enjoy the said pan for ever without any claim, interest, vexation,
trouble or demand of the said David ap David or of any person
claiming any right or title to the same pan by any manner of means,
that then this obligation to be void.
Bond, taken at Landaf, for delivery of 20 bushels of good and
sufficient wheat cleanly winnowed, of the measure used at Cowbrydge.
Between John Yeman, plaintiff, and John Kemeys, defendant, in
Memorandum for 7l 10s., that the defendant buys of the aforesaid
plaintiff, at Cardif, on the 2nd August in the 11th year of the now
Queen etc., three dolia of white wine, called "hogsed"; to be paid on
the eighth day of September, &c.
Memorandum for 10l, that the defendant buys of the aforesaid
plaintiff, at Cardiff, on the 15th day of January in the 12th year of
Queen Elizabeth &c;, one dolium of claret wine, called "a pippe," and
one other dolium of white wine, called "a pippe"; to be paid at Lady
Bond taken at Landaf, with condition that James Turbyll, esq.,
shall fulfil the articles of an Indenture made between him and Robert
Stradling, concerning a marriage to be solemnised between Thomas
Turbyll, son of the said James, and Elizabeth Stradling, daughter of
the said Robert.
Bond taken at Landaf, with condition that Jenkin Morgan gwin
shall pay to Edward Kemes 28l "at and in the manc'on howse of
the seid Edward Kemes callid comenly Kevenmably."
Bond taken at Landaf, with condition that Thomas Mathew shall
pay to Harry Mathew of Llanissen, gentleman, 6l 13s. 4d., to the use
and behoof of Agnes Mathew; and, in default, that the said Harry
Mathewe shall have a right of entry into the said Thomas Mathewe's
lands and tenements called Golds Landes, in the parish of Wenvoe.
Bond taken at Saint Nicholas, with condition that Thomas
Turbill shall fulfil the articles of an Indenture made between him
and Myles Mathewe, and Christopher St John of Ychellole in the
county of Glamorgan, gentleman.
Owen Henry, of Estille in the county of Glamorgan, yeoman,
was attached to answer William Herbert, late of London, gentleman,
concerning a plea wherefore by force and with arms on the soil of
the said William at Seynt John he digged out, took and carried away
sea coals there to the value of a hundred shillings.
Morgan Gibon versus Morgan John Jevan, concerning parcel of
a messuage and 14 acres of land in St Fagan's, heretofore of Philip
Llewelin, then of his son John ap Morgan, and of Didvill, wife of
the said Philip.
Nicholas Button, esq., prays a Writ of Disseisin in le post at the
Common Law, according to the Statute of Ruthlan, against William
Carne, esq., in respect of a messuage, 30 acres of land and 30 acres
of pasture, in Rothe.
Indenture dated 6 September anno 12 Eliz. (1570), between
William Herbert of Cardif, esq., and John Myvon of Mere in the
county of Wiltes, gent', of the one part and Thomas Carne of
Ewenny, esq., of the other part. Reciting Bargain and Sale by the
said Thomas Carne to the said William Herbert and John Dodington
of the manor of Little Nash, otherwise called St Osmond's Aishe, in
the parish of Nashe in the county of Glamorgan, together with all
other his messuages, lands, advowsons &c; (with certain exceptions)
in Lekewith, Dennis Powes, Cogan &c;, or within the franchises or
parishes of Cardiff and Routh. It is witnessed that the parties
hereto of the first part do grant the said premises unto the said
Thomas Carne and the heirs of his body, with the following
remainders in succession:—
To John Ragland, son of Sir Thomas Ragland, knight, in tail
male. Then to the following sisters of the said Thomas
Ragland, in tail male.
Cicell, wife of John Ogans, esq.
Barbara, wife of Robert Longe, esq.
Jane Huntley, widow.
Mary, wife of John Palmer, gent'.
Then to our Sovereign Lady the Queen's Majesty, her heirs and
successors for ever.
This is upon condition that the said Thomas Carne do pay unto the
said William Herbert and John Dodington twenty shillings to the
use of our said sovereign lady the Queen.
Deed Poll. Appointment by William Gerrard, esq., Justice of
the Court of Great Sessions, of John Tyttleye, esq., to be his true
and lawful Deputy in the said office.
For this year we have three Imparlance Books. On some of
the blank pages are entered notes of verdicts, sentences &c. in
criminal causes. Thus:—
David John Lloyd, convicted of horse-stealing, claimed benefit of
clergy, read, and was "to be burnt in the Cheeke" before being
William Harry was "to be whipt," for stealing "one breeches,
coat and wascoat."
In the matter of Elizabeth Pierce, spinster, a pauper, versus
William Gibbon, both of St. Bride's Major, the defendant was
prosecuted for slandering the plaintiff. John Jones, Doctor of Law,
Vicar General of the Bishop of Landaff, and Surrogate, declares
that the said defendant has by such his offence incurred the
sentence of Greater Excommunication in the Spiritual Court. The
slander consisted of these Welsh words: "Puttein Robert Lewis wyt
ti; mi a'th brwfo di yn buttein iddo, ag mi a ddawa a digon o ddynon
y brwfi dy fod di yn buttein iddo." (Thou art the whore of Robert
Lewis, and I will bring plenty of men to prove it.)
Harries v. Morgan. Richard Trueman & John Lewis of the
towne of Llantrissent in the County of Glamorgan yeomen doe
joyntly and severally make oath that they being on Tuesday the 31st
day of March last in the Church porch of Llantrissent aforesaid sawe
mr Gervase Powell the undersheriffe putt mr James Harries cl'r' into
the possession of the said church by vertue of a writt out of the High
Cort of Chancery as the said under sheriffe then declared, & the said
Richard Trueman sayth that he heard Walter Morgan clark give
divers abusive words to the said undersheriffe and say that he would
within 3 houres turne the said mr Harries out of the said Church,
& the sd John Lewis deposeth that on Good fryday last the sayd
Walter Morgan came into the Churchyard of Llantrissent aforesaid &
demanded the church doores to be opened, he having great numbers
of persons following him to the intent of getting into the said Church
by force as this depon't believes, and as the said Morgan & his
followers did give out that he would enter into the said Church by
force, had not the said under sheriffe come along with the said mr
Harries into the said Church to Evening prayers that day.
|Jurat' apud Cardiff|
9 die Aprilis An pr'mo
Annae Reginae 1702
the × marke of
Alice Mathew, a prisoner in Cardiff gaol, petitions for the return
of £1 5s. which she alleges were taken out of her trunk by the
Neath Constables in payment of the charge for bringing her to
Cardiff. The amount is excessive, as they were but one day and
night in the journey, and she bore her own charges all the way.
Affidavit by Mary Hughes, of Ystradevoducke, widow. Walter
Morgan came to her house at Michaelmas and threatened to sue her
at law if she would not pay what he pretended was due for tithe corn
of this deponent in the parish of Lanwon 9° die Aprilis An° pr'mono, one of the chapels
annexed to the vicarage of Lantrissent.
Between George Mathew, esq., plaintiff, and John Mathew, gent,'
Executor of the last Will of Anthony Mathew, late of the Splott,
gent', deceased, defendant. In a plea of debt 300l.
By Bond made at Landaffe 7 Septr 31 Car. 2. Condition that,
whereas Anthony Mathew, by Bond dated 27 Novr 1650, stands
bound to John Prichard of the Derry in the county of Glamorgan,
gentleman, that the said Anthony Mathewe will secure £146 to his
children by his wife Florence; the said Anthony Mathew shall now
settle the said money in certain proportions upon his sons William,
Edmund and Henry Mathew.
Action for slander. Gwenllian William, Spinster, versus
Elizabeth David, widow, of St Bride's Minor. The words complained of were: "Whore cobhomovon wyt ti; wyt ti yn Kadw bawdyhouse ar ben yr hewl im mrawd." (Thou art a common whore,
and dost keep a bawdy-house at the end of the lane, for my
Libel in the Bishop's Court at Landaff, by the Rev. Walter
Morgan, vicar of Lantrissent &c., versus Rees David, for subtraction
of tithes of wheat, barley, rye, oats, pease and hay, farrow-pigs,
cheese, geese, lambs and wool.
Memorandum that at a Court of Great Session holden at Cardiff
came David Lewis, of the town of Lantrissent, parish clerk, and
informed the Court that he was cited to appear in the Court
Christian (Cur' Xtianitat') of Landaff, to reply to certain Articles
exhibited against him at the motion of Walter Morgan, of Lantrissent,
clerk, for the pretended defamation of the said Walter and for
assaulting Jenkin ffreame and Catherine ffreame, of Lantrissent,
wherefor the said David Lewis was prosecuted at Westminster and
arrested by Virtue of a Writ of Quominus ex Scio; and that he
uttered certain scandalous Welsh words to and concerning the said
Walter Morgan, to wit: "Rogue wyti, a phwteiniwr digwilidd,"
(Thou art a rogue and a shameless whoremaster.) The said Walter
Morgan was admitted to prosecute in forma pauperis in the Bishop's
Court, for the said slander, and the said David Lewis was there
declared to have incurred certain penalties for his offences in the
secular Courts. Nevertheless the said Walter Morgan, pretending
to have been admitted to plead in the Bishop's Court, procured the
said David Lewis to be there excommunicated; and so the said David
Lewis is rendered unable to have his remedy in the secular Courts,
to his great loss and injury and against the laws of the land. (In
Latin, on one sheet of paper.)
Bristoll' 22° Julij 1703.
These are to certife That David Reece of Llanridgian in the
County of Glamorgan Laborer (a late Prisoner in her Mabhomties Goale of
Cardiff) was bound a Servant unto William Hayman of the City
of Bristoll Merchant for four years unto Jamaica. All which is
Registred in the Office appointed by Letters Pattent for that purpose
within the said City of Bristoll. (fn. 2) As witness my hand the day and
Nich. Cooper Regrius
Int' Joh'em Bawdrey Executor' &c;
Rob'ti Bawdrey defunct' quer' et
Will'um Scacy def'tem &c
Margaret Bawdrey of Place Turton in the county of Glamorgan,
widow, makes an affidavit. The action was for money due for corn
sold to the defendant.
Suggestion in the Bishop's Court at Llandaff, by John Thomas
against Griffith ap Evan, who had cited him for slanderously uttering
the following Welsh words concerning him and his wife: "Nid iw
Griffith ap Evan ddim Gwr mor honest am fi, nag iw gymmeryd yn
wr honest, o achos fe ddygodd ddefaid rhai eraill ag a Ciceifwydd
hwynt, ag fe gummerodd i wraig ef yr Gwlan, a Slutt front iw hithe."
(Griffith ap Evan is not as honest a man as I am, nor to be taken for
an honest man; for he stole others' sheep and sheared them, and his
wife took the wool, and she is a foul slut.)
In The Queen against William Aubrey and John Aubrey, Mary
Morgan, of Cadoxton by Neath, and Mary Llewelin, of the same
parish, spinsters, make oath that they were present when the said
John Aubrey (then one of the High Constables for the Hundred of
Neath) and his brother William Aubrey committed the assault and
battery whereof they stand indicted. The only other witness of the
quarrel was one Gwenllian John, who has since been seen with the
defendants in Cardiff. The defendant John Aubrey offered to bribe
this deponent Mary Morgan not to give her evidence, last week, when
she came to Cardiff as a witness for the Queen.
From another paper it appears that the person alleged to have
been assaulted was John Bevan, of Cadoxton by Neath.
Inter Joh'em Wilkins gen' quer'
Ann' John Sp'r Def'tem
Anne the wife of the Plaintif maketh Oath that the said Deft
had aloud every the Goods and things contained in the Note hereto
annexed and that the work in the said annexed note menc'oned was
don and the mony therein specified lent to the said Deft, &c.
Jur' apud Cardif
24° die April' 1707
A note for what moneye is due to mee from Anne John yt now is
Liueing at Sully &c.
Imprimis for her meat & lodging in my house begining in June
1701 for 2 years & 3 quarters at 4 pounds ye yeare 11l.
Item her lodging for halfe a yeare 10s.
for ye standing of her corne in my barne & Rickyeard 10s.
for ye standing of her Corne in a Roome in my house 5s.
for her workmen & ye truble in my house 2s.
for a weeks lodging to her worke man 6d.
paid to Morgan Robbin for weaving for her 1s.
shee borowed of me to pay Mr Hooper for Gras to her sheep 1s.
I lent her at another time 6d.
for 4 Cheeses 2s. 6d.
for apound of butter 3d.
for meat and lodging to a man & a horse one day & night on her
for milke & Grass to a lamb from Candlemas to ye later end of
may month 1s. 6d.
for apound of honey when shee was sick Aprell ye 9th 1703–6d.
for 2 peny loves when shee was Sick 2d.
for her Atendance one weeke when shee was sick 1s.
for taping of her shoos at 2 severall times 1s. 6d.
for heele tips at two severelle times 4d.
for making of a bill to her for Jo Cutts 6d.
payd to Georg Bowen for her passage to neath by water 8d.
the totall is: 12l 19s. 11d.
Rachel Reynolds was cited in the Bishop's Court at Landaff, for
the following slanderous Welsh words uttered at Penarth &c. to and
concerning Elizabeth Thomas: "Y Gwsney front, y Gwsnes fy
mhadell i." (Thou foul cheat, thou hast cheated me of my pan.)
Another woman was similarly cited for saying to her neighbour:
"Lladrones ydi dw Jane William."(Jane William is a thief.)
John Edward, of Swanzy, yeoman, a prisoner in the County
Gaol for a contempt, petitions the Judges for his release. "Yor poor
Petitionr hath always had the greatest Reguard imaginable to yr
Lo'pps." His misfortune of incurring their displeasure proceeded
out of ignorance. He therefore begs to be let out of prison, as he
has a wife and three children dependent on him.
Inter D'na[m] Regina[m] & Henricum Scott.
Thomas Morgan of Cardiffe in the County of Glamorgan gen'
maketh oath that for sever1 yeares last past the said Defendt Henry
Scott very frequently tooke the liberty without any provocation
or reason to traduce & abuse this Depont malitiously & to give him
this Depont opprobrious & Scandalous words & language in all or
most of the publick places he could see or meet with this Depont
All w[hi]ch this Depont suffered with great patience being very unwilling
to have any Controversy with the sd Deft if it could be avoided with
any possibility the sd Deft being a very rude abusive & quarrellsome
fellow as far as this Depont always observed & heard from others
that were more familiar & conversant with him than this Depont
ever was or desired to be And this Depont alsoe Saith that in or
about the five & twentieth day of february last past he this Depont
happen'd to be att a Cockmatch or Victor in Cardiffe aforesd & having
then had noe previous discourse dispute or quarrell w[i]th the sd Scott
nor given him any sort of provocation the sd Scott in a furious ma[n]ner
rush'd or made way behind this Depont through the Crowd att such
Cockmatch and appearing by his words & Looks to be very angry
with this Depont kicked this Depont with his foot upon the small of
his this Deponts back with great force w[hi]ch would as this Depont
believes have much hurt him but that he this Depont had a great
deal of Cloathes on & a great Coat which defended him very much
And this Depont saith that he im[m]ediately ask'd the sd Deft Scott why
he soe kick'd this Depont as aforesaid whereupon the said Deft Scott
holding his fists to or neare this Deponts face challenged him this
Depont to come out of the ring or Trench to Box or fight with
him the sd Scott giveing this Depont very Scurrilous language &
Endeavouring what he could as this Depont veryly beleives to provoke
this Depont to quarrell with & to strike him which this Depont
thought more prudent to avoid & did forbeare accordingly.
Jurat' apud Cardiff in Com'
Glamorgan 29° die Augusti
Anno regni Reginae Annae
nunc Angl' &c; Sexto Coram me
Henry Scott of Cardiff, tanner, maketh oath that the only assault
he did ever commit on Thomas Morgan, gent', was this, that
this Deponent on Shrove Tuesday last happened to be at a
cock-match in Cardiff; and being close by the said Mr Morgan,
happened to tread on his clothes, whereupon the said Mr Morgan
turned about and gave this Deponent a severe blow in the stomach,
and asked him why he trod on his clothes. This was all; yet Mr
Morgan has brought an action in the Exchequer against this
Deponent, and at last Hereford Assizes has recovered sixpence
damage. And this Deponent believes he must pay great costs in
that action; and the said Mr Morgan frequently declares he will
ruin this Deponent.
Sherra Sweet, of Lancrosse in the parish of Roath, was cited in
the Bishop's Court for saying of and concerning Thomas Edwards,
of Roath: "Rogue Lleyder, Lleyder Plankee Edmond Meredith."
(Thief of Edmond Meredith's planks.)
Int' D'na[m] R'na[m]"
Will'um Horton gen' Def't'
Thomas Glascoed of Cardiff in the County of Glamorgan sadler
maketh oath that he this Dept abt a Week or a ffortnight before last
Great Sessions held for this County Did see the Deft Horton assault
& beat Phillip Bassett Esqe att Cardiff aforesaid by giveing him two
or three very Severe Blows w[i]th a great stick & this Dept further
saith that im[m]e;ediately after he saw the sd Mr Bassett & observed his
fforehead very much bruised & this Dept did not hear or see that the
sd Mr Bassett gave the said Horton any Provocation whatsoever.
Jur 29° die Augusti
Anno D'ni 1707 Coram
Michaell Richards of Cardiff, gentleman, saith that the said
Horton, in the beginning of October last, came into this Deponent's
company, when there were present William Herbert, esq., now
deceased, George Howell junior, esq., and William Morgan, gentleman; that as soon as the said Horton came in a discourse arose
"about some Gentlemen being Stopt when they were goeing a ffox
Hunting over Sr John Awbrey's lands." This Deponent said he
verily believed that Sir John Awbrey knew nothing of such
interruption, the said Sir John's steward having so informed this
Deponent; upon which the Defendant answered to this effect that
when gentlemen are put on unreasonable actions, the advisers
endeavour to bring themselves out and to throw it on the gentlemen
themselves—which reflection this Deponent apprehended the said
Horton intended to this Deponent. Yet, notwithstanding, this
Deponent took no notice of it, to avoid a quarrel, which he believes
the said Horton designed. And this Deponent further saith that
immediately afterwards the said Horton began a discourse that he
understood one Mr Roger Powell made an interest on some Elections
against his master (as he called him) Mr Lewis; and if he did, he
said, he was ungrateful, and that, was it not for his master, the said
Mr Powell would not have a vote in the County himself. And
though this Deponent was well satisfied that the country knew
that aspersion to be notoriously false, yet this Deponent only replied
that Mr Powell was not present and that both he, his father, grandfather and great-grandfather having been freeholders in his County,
he had as good a right to make what interest he could as any other
person whatsoever. Whereupon the said Horton gave this Deponent
the lie, and immediately assaulted this Deponent and gave him
several falls and several blows in the face, head and body; and this
Deponent was very much bruised in all those places, having had
great hurt and much bruises by such falls and blows; and particularly
one of this Deponent's eyes was so much bruised by one of the said
blows, that great bloodshed continued fixed in his eye for near six
weeks. And this Deponent further saith that the said Horton
having some months afterwards most cowardly assaulted Phillip
Bassett, esq., by breaking a great stick on his head—as this
Deponent doubts not but to prove, and for which the said Horton
stands indicted—and this Deponent being made sensible of the said
last notorious battery, and several other batteries committed by the
said Horton on several other persons, this Deponent thought fit,
for the preservation of the public peace, to cause the said Horton
to be indicted for the battery of this Deponent.
Int' Janam Jones spinster quer'
Willū Jones def'tem in pl'ito deb'i'
John Price of the p'ish of Landaff in the County of Glamorgan
yeoman maketh Oath that he was imployed by the deft to goe to the
kingdome of Ireland to enquire after the plt in this cause And this
depont did this prsent month of August arrive at the Citty of Dublin
in the said Kingdome and found the plt had bin a Boarder there with
one Sr Humphrey Jervis for about twenty years last past and had
dyed there in the Month of March last and was buried in the Church
of Snt Mazburgh's in the said Citty as the said Sr Humphrey informed
this Depont whereupon this Depont had recours to the parish officers
of the said Church and Inspected along with them the RegistersBook of the said parish and found the plts name registred there and
that shee was buried there the thirteenth day of March last aged
Seaventy one years And this Depont was also shown where she was
buried there as the said parish officers informed this Depont and this
Depont also tooke and had a Certificate from under the hand of the
Minister church-wardens and parish Clark of the said parish and
attested by the said Sr Humphrey Jervis certifying the same which
certifycate is in this Deponts custody by w[hi]ch it appears the plt was
buried att the day and place aforesaid.
Jur' apd Cardiff in Com' Glam'gan
vicesimo sexto die Augusti anno
R. R'ne Annae &c; Sexto cora[a] me
Suggestion by Llewellyn Thomas, of Coyty, tailor, to obtain a
Prohibition in a certain cause of defamation, prosecuted by Robert
Thomas, of the same parish, bachelor. The Welsh words complained
of were: "Rogue Lleider, mi a brwfa i tydi ddwyn a lledrata modrwy
aur Thomas Powell." (Rogue of a thief, I will prove thou didst
steal the gold ring of Thomas Powell.)
Hugh Willett, of the town of Cowbridge, victualler, maketh
oath that David Thomas, of Lanblethian, labourer, ran after this
deponent out of the house of Thomas Morris, of Cowbridge, innkeeper, & with great force & violence took hold of both ends of
this Deponts Cravatt & pulled & streigtened ye same w[i]th so great
force that he this Depont was like to be choaked & Stiffled, and had
not the Cravat broke, he veryly beleeves he would have Choaked