Glamorgan County Records
Cardiff Quarter Sessions presentments, 1779-1810

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Institute of Historical Research

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Author

John Hobson Matthews (editor)

Year published

1901

Pages

243-257

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'Glamorgan County Records: Cardiff Quarter Sessions presentments, 1779-1810', Cardiff Records: volume 3 (1901), pp. 243-257. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=48160 Date accessed: 03 September 2014.


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Cardiff Quarter Sessions Presentments. 1779–1810.

[A thin quarto paper book bound in blue marbled carton.]

1779.

Cardiff Town. The Presentment of the Grand Jury at a general Sessions of the Peace held at the Guildhall in the said Town the 14th day of January 1779. Before Sir Herbert Mackworth Baronet Constable of the Castle and Steward and Robert Savours and Barth. Greenwood Esquires Bailiffs of the said Town.

1. We present George Pengree Esqe & C° for not repairing the Bridge called the little Stone Bridge. (fn. 1)

2. We present the House called the three Mariners near the Quay to be out of repair & ought to be repaired by the Corporation.

3. We present Miss Eliz. Bates for laying a heap of Stone in the Street leading from the Market House to the Quay. (fn. 2)

4. We Present the Penthouse of the Three Cranes as a Nusance.

5. We Present the Corporation for not repairing the paving of the Market House.

6. We Present Mr Thomas Key for not repairing the House adjoining the Work house.

7. We Present Mr Ricket Willet for a Deep Gutter by the Door of his House in St Mary Parish.

8. We present Mr William Glascott for the like.

11. We present the Commissrs of Cardiff Streets (fn. 3) for not Pitching the Street from the South side of the Old Post Office to the Corner house at the East End of the same Street. (fn. 4)

12. We present the Corporation of Cardiff for not Pitching that part of the Street from the Corner House near the East Gate through the said East Gate.

13. We present the Representatives of Mr Goodwin for not repairing the Ruin called Carreg Picka. (fn. 5)

14. We present the Company of Cordwainers and Skinners for not repairing Shoemaker's Hall. (fn. 6)

15. We present the Corporation of Cardiff for not repairing the Middle part of the Street from Gutter to Gutter leading from the Middle Row Adjoining the Market House to Gullate (fn. 7) being the place where the Pig Market is kept.

16. We present Wm Scandrett Butcher for a shelter or Penthouse Erected in the Wall in the front of his Dwelling house.

17. We present the Wall before the Tythe Barn (fn. 8) as an Encroachment.

18. We present the Step at the Door of the Dwelling house of Wilfrid Colley as a Nusance.

19. We present Arthur Tanner Hatter for Carrying on business not being free of the Town.

20. We present George Harrington Peruke Maker for the like.

24. We present Lewis Lewis Breeches Maker for the like.

39. We present Evan Jenkin the Pedlar for the like.

47. We present John Higgins Painter for like Exercising his Trade of Painting not being free of the Town.

[In all, 28 persons were presented for the above offence.]

1780.

"Presentment of the Grand Jury then & there Sworn."

1. [As before.]

2. We present the Corporation for not repairing the 3 Mariners near the Quay.

3. [As 5, before.]

4. [As 6, before.]

5. [As 8, before.]

8. [As 11, before.]

9. [As 13, before.]

10. [As 14, before.]

11. [As 15, before.]

12. [As 17, before.]

13. The Corporation for a Ruin near the Tennis Court.

14. We present the Wall of a Court near the Mill Gate (fn. 9) as an Encroachment.

15. We present the front of Miss Mary William's Dwelling house & shop as an Encroachment.

16. [As 16, before.]

17. We present the Street or Lane from the Corner of the Parsonage House to Mr Lowders Garden & from thence to Saint Mary Street in Saint Mary Parish to be out of repair & that the same ought to be repaired by the [blank] & respective owners of the several Tenements adjoing the same.

[26 persons presented for exercising trades without being free. The names are almost the same as before.]

45. We present George Pengree Esqr for the flood Gate by the Mills as a Nusance.

[1780.]

Cardiff Town to Wit.

At the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace of our Sovereign Lord the King held in & for the said Town on Monday the Second day of October in the 20th Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the third King of Great Britain &c before Sr Herbert Mackworth Bart Constable of the Castle of Cardiff & Thoms Edwards and Francis Minnit Esqre his Majesty's Justices assigned to keep the Peace & also to hear & Determine Divers ffelonies, Trespasses and other Offences done and Committed within the said Town.

Presentment of the Grand Jury then & there Sworn.

1. We present the Corporation of Cardiff for a Wall under the Castle Wall as an Encroachment.

2. We present the Street from the Mill Gate to the George to be out of repair & that it ought to be repaired by the Commissioners of Cardiff Streets.

4. We present Lord Plymouth for a Ruin adjoining the Workhouse.

7. We present the Rt Honble Lord Cardiff for the Ruin called Carrag Picka.

8. We present Shoemaker's Hall as a Ruin & that it ought to be repaired by the Master & Company of Cordwainers.

9. We present the Corporation for not repairing the Pitching of the Pig Market from Gutter to Gutter from the Middle Row opposite the Gaol to Gullate.

10. We present Mrs Rous for the Wall before the Tythe Barn as an Encroachment.

[20 presentments of traders not free.]

1782.

1. We present the Commissioners of Cardiff Streets for the Water Course bothsides the Mill or West Gate as a Nusance.

2. We present the Corporation for a Wall under the Castle Wall near the Mill Gate as an Encroachment.

4. We present Mr Thomas Thomas Clk for a heap of rubbish Opposite his Coach house in Womanby Street.

5. We present Mr Thomas Roberts for large Blocks of Free Stones laid in the Street in Womanby.

6. We present the Corporation for the three Mariners near the Quay as a Ruin.

7. We present Mr Thomas Thomas for a Heap of rubbish by the three Cranes in Quay Street.

9. We present Lord Plymouth for not repairing the Pitching Opposite his Yards in St Mary's.

11. We present John Richards Senr Esqr for not repairing the street before his stables & Rick Yard in St Mary Parish.

14. We present Lord Plymouth for not securing an Opening in the Pavement by his House in Church Street late Edwd Lewis's.

15. We present Wm Powell for a Trap Door by his dwelling house. [Margin:—"discharg'd recd 7/6."]

18. We present Wm Powell for the Ruin called Shoemaker's Hall. ["Discharg'd recd 7/6."]

20. We present the Corporation for the Pig Market as a Nusance not being kept clean.

[20 presentments for traders not free. Most of these are marked in the margin "discharged." George Harrington, peruke maker, was fined 5/4d; and so was William Jenkin, baker. Mary Williams, spinster, currier, had to pay 7/4d. One such offender was excused the fees. The same set of names recurs nearly every time.]

1787.

We present upon the Oaths of William Brewer and Ricket Willet Serjeants at Mace of this Town the following Persons for severally using and exercising their several Trades Business or Occupations and keeping open Shops as hereunder mentioned within the said Town, not being free of the same (Vizt)

[39 names, among them:—]

11. John Hadley, Nailer, Baker & retailer of Nails & Bread.

12. Charles Williams, Dealer in Fowls and Retailer of sundry Articles.

40. We also present the Old George & the Copper Works as also the Mill Pond Wall (fn. 10) as being ruinous and out of repair and that the Owner of the Works ought to repair the same.

45. We also present the Dunghill at the End of the Cross House & opposite the Jail. (fn. 11) Thos Morgan Gaoler. ["Discharg'd; fees not pd."]

46. We also present the stones belonging to Richard Morris lying upon the Street opposite the Iron Yard in the Parish of St Mary's. ["Disch'd 7/4d. will call to settle; fees paid."]

47. We present William Edward Lewis for a Dunghill by the South Gate.

48. We present David Llewellyn for a Dunghill adjoining the other.

49. We also present William Atwood for a Dunghill in the same place.

50. We also present Thoms Williams for a Dunghill in the same Street.

52. We also present the Dunghill belonging to John Evan.

56. We also present William Scurfield for the like, and two Carts left in the Way.

57. We also present Lord Plymouth's Ruin in Church Street opposite Mr John Richards.

58. We also present the Commissioners for the Street by the front and North side of the Church.

59. We also present the Commissioners for the Dunghill by Tennis Court Wall. (fn. 12)

60. We also present the Ruin belonging to Lord Mountstuart in King's Street.

61. We also present the Commissioners for the stones lying opposite the said Ruin.

62. We also present the Market House as being in a ruinous State & unfit for laying down Corn in.

We also humbly request Sr H. Mackworth Bart as a Member for the Town and Steward of the Corporation that he will enquire into and Remedy the Abuses which have prevented the Town from enjoying the Benefits of a Legacy so liberally left by Will for the Endowment of a Publick School.

1788.

1. We present the Proprietors of the Old Mills or Works by the West Gate, for leaving the opening by the Pond Sluice unsecured and therefore a dangerous Nuisance.

4. We present the Occupiers of the Tythe Barn for the Wall before it, as an Encroachment.

[38 persons presented for carrying on trades without being free, including:—]

11. William Jenkins, Staymaker.

14. Thomas Lewis, Glover.

15. Richd Tollman, Plumber & Glazier.

18. John Thackwell, Watchmaker.

21. Richd Griffiths, Apothecary.

22. Wm Richards, the same.

23. Jonathan Davy, Grocer.

29. Mary Thomas, Spinster, Millinery.

31. Josiah Verity, Mercery &c.

35. Thos Morgan, Hard Ware Man, Church Street.

37. Archibald Sinclair, Tea Dealer.

42. Wm Lewis Junr, Malster.

43. Thos Bastud, Brazier.

44. We also Present the Street before the Cranes to the Pig Market. (fn. 13)

45. likewise Church Street & near the Church.

46. Also Womanby Street.

47. Also a ruin in St Mary Parish belonging to Earl Plymouth.

48. Also the Commissioners for a Quantity of Stones in Quay Street.

[1790.]

Cardiff Town, to wit. At the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace [&c] on Tuesday 8 December 1790; before Sir Herbert Mackworth Bart Constable of the Castle and Steward of the said Town, John Richards and Bloom Williams Esqrs his Majesty's Justices &c.

The King
agt
Thos Scandrett
The Grand Jury at this Sessions having found a Presentment agt the Deft for a Nuisance in Keeping a Slaughter House near the County Gaol within this Town, And the Deft appearing Personally, & Pleading Guilty to the said Presentment & praying Judgement It is Ordered by this Court that the said Defendant be fined Five Pounds and com[m]itted to the Custody of the Serjeants at Mace of this Town 'till payment thereof.

Presentment of the Grand Jury then and there Sworn.

5. We also Present Margaret Howells for not repairing the Causeway by the barn and Cowhouse in Saint Mary. ["5/-."]

6. We also present Thomas Williams for not repairing the Causeway by the Barn in his Occupation in Saint Marys.

7. We also present the Commissioners of Cardiff Streets for not Repairing Womanby Street from the Corner of the Globe to the Quay.

8. We Present the Commissioners of Cardiff Streets for not repairing Church Street.

9. We also present the Slaughter House in the Occupation of Thomas Scandret as Nuisance being to near the county Gaol. ["Discharged last Qr Sess: Deft fined £5. w[hi]ch was paid into the Hands of the Sert at Mace."]

[31 presentments for exercising trades without being free, and for keeping open shop. A few of the persons so presented were fined, some 5s. 6d., some 3s.]

63. We also present a Ruin in Church Street the property of Lord Plymouth. ["Dischd rec'd 3s.]

64. Also a Ruin in King Street belonging to Wm Bladon. ["Dischd rec'd 3s."]

65. Also a Ruin in Queen Street belonging to Lord Cardiff.

66. We also present Richard Vaughan Earthenware dealer for keeping a Bull dog and Bull Bitch and Permitting them to go unmussled to the Great Terror of the Inhabitants of this Town.

Rex P'sec'on Sarah Phillips
ag't
Jno Stibbs the Elder
Assault.

On the Motion of Mr Thos Williams It is Ordered that this Indict. be discharged on payment of ffees. Mr Morris on behalf the Pros. consenting, on paymt of 6d. ffine to the Sergt at Mace. ffine paid in Court.

[1793.]

Cardiff Town to wit. At the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace of our sovereign Lord the King held in and for the said Town on Monday the 6th day of May in the thirty third year of the Reign of our sovereign Lord George the third now King of Great Britain &c. before John Richards Esqr Constable of the Castle Francis Minnitt and Bloom Williams Esqrs his Majesty's Justices.

Presentments of the Grand Jury then and there sworn.

3. We also present the Corporation for not repairing the Town Hall Wall. ["Dischd 3s. 4d."]

4. We also present Thomas Morgan for not repairing the Pavement before his House by the Town Hall.

5. We also present Richard Reynolds for not repairing his Trapp Door by the Malthouse.

6. We also present the Commissioners of Cardiff Streets for not repairing the street by the Market House.

8. We also present the Corporation for a Dunghill in St Marys. ["Dischd D.P. 3s. 4d."]

9. We also present John Key for a Bake House in St Mary.

10. We also present Messrs. Homfray & Co. for a piece of Iron in St Marys. ["Dischd W. V."]

[11 persons presented for dunghills in Saint Mary's.]

22. We also present William Lewis Esqr for leaving Timber in Saint Marys.

23. We also Present Sr Robert Mackworth for a Ruin in Saint Marys.

24. We also present the Corporation for a Ruin in Hewl y Cawl. ["Dischd 3s. 4d."]

25. We also present Arthur Whiteing for a Dunghill by little Troy. ["Dischd 3s. 4d."]

26. We also present the Church wardens for a Dunghill by the Church Yard Wall. ["Dischd W. V."]

27. We also present John Bradley for leaving two Carts in the Street behind the Church. ["Dischd W. V."]

30. We also present Charles Morgan Esqr for not repairing the Pavemt before the Griffin.

34. We also present Wm Lewis the younger for leaving a Cart and Dunghill in Womanby street.

35. We also present Sr Robert Mackworth for a Ruin House in Womanby Street.

36. We also present John Lewis for not repairing the Pavement before the Globe. ["Dischd D. C. rece'd 5 / 4d."]

37. We also present John Bradley for Heaps of Dung in Womanby Street. ["Dischd W. V."]

38. We also Present Bloom Williams Esqr for want of a Trapp Door before his House in Broad Street.

39. We also present John Wood Gent. for leaving a Cart in back street.

40. We also present Jonathan Davy for not repairing the Pavemt before his House in Angel street. ["Dischd W. V."]

45. We also present Richard Lewis for a Dunghill in Back Lane.

46. We also present John Knight Esqr for not repairing the pavement before his House in shoemaker street.

49. We also present Thomas Rees for stopping the Gout by the North Gate. ["Dischd W. V."]

50. We also Present Elizabeth Jones for her pavemt at the Red Lyon. ["Dischd W. V."]

51. We also Present William and Richard Priest for a Grate adjoining the Malthouse. ["Dischd W. V."]

52. We also present Richard Crawshay Esqr for not repairing the Pavement before the Malthouse. ["Dischd W. V."]

53. We also present the Honble the Earl of Bute for not repairing the pavement adjoining.

54. We also present the Corporation for not repairing the Pavement by Crockherton Gate.

55. We also present Thomas Robert for leaving a Cart and Dunghill in Crockherbton.

56. We also present John Drew for a Dunghill in Crockherbton. ["Dischd W. V."]

59. John Turberville for the same. ["Dischd ¾d."]

61. We also present the Corporation for a Ruin in King Street.

[67 persons presented for trading and keeping open shop without being free.]

71. Ann Evans for buying of Poultry wholesale.

82. Brocket Grover, Surgeon and Apothecary.

83. same for keeping Open shop.

94. Thomas Dalton, Wine Merchant. ["Dischd ¾d."]

95. Richardson & C° Bankers.

102. Charles Vatchell, Druggest.

103. The same for keeping open shop.

117. Jemima Lewis, Mantua maker.

119. John Hadley, Nailer.

152. Francis Morris, Clothseller.

153. The same for keeping open shop.

160. James Thomas, victualler. ["Dischd ¾d."]

1796.

1. We present Thomas Key for not repairing a stable near the Mill Gate.

4. We also present Hopkin Jenkin for keeping a Disorderly House.

8. We also present the parish of Saint Marys for not repairing the road from the Goal to the South Gate. ["Stet Process. V."]

9. We also present Mary Thomas for a Pigstye in Saint Marys.

10. We also present Sir Digby Mackworth for a ruin in Saint Marys.

20. We also present Robert Rous Esqr for the Tythe Barn in Ruin.

21. We also present Messrs. Bowker Hodges & Watkins (fn. 14) for laying Timber in Saint Marys.

22. We also present the Parish of Saint Johns for not repairing the Road (fn. 15) on the East side of the Church adjoining Little Troy. ["Stet process. V."]

24. We also present William James for regrating Fowls Eggs and Butter. ["Disch'd 5/4;d."]

25. We also present John Richards Esqr for not repairing Two Trap Doors opposite the Old Shoulder of Mutton. ["John Richards Junr having pleaded Guilty & as afsd of the Indict. & being renewed, Dischgd pr V."]

30. We also present the Overseers of Saint Johns for a ruin in Church Street. ["Dischd V."]

31. We also present Morgan Thomas for regrating Fowls &c.

[41 persons presented for trading without being free.]

54. Charles Vachell. ["Pleads an exemption for having served his Majesty as a Surgeon's Mate, for three years last War."]

[Bond.]

David Harman of Cardiff Labr £10
John Owen of the same 5
Wm Brewer of the same 5

Condn that David Harman shall at the next Gen (fn. 16) Qur Sessns of the Peace to be held for this Town Traverse Quash or Submit to a Bill of Indict. found agt him at the P'sec'on of John Rowden for an Assault.

1799.

1 We present the Most Honorable Marquess of Bute for not repairing a Trap Door in Broad Street.

5. We also present the Corporation for not keeping the Market House in repair.

9. We also present Thomas Guest Esqr for not having a Trap Door and likewise a Dunghill in Saint Mary parish.

17. We also present Evan Lewis for laying bricks on the road adjoining Canal Bason.

20. We also present William Lewis Esq. for laying Pig Iron on the road adjoining Bason.

21. We also present the Dowlais Company for the same.

22. We also present the Cyfarthfa Company (fn. 16) for the same.

29. We also present the parishes of St John & St Mary for not keeping the Drain leading from Trinity Street towards the river in repair.

32. We also present David Bartlett for a Pigstye as an incroachment [at Crockherbtown.]

34. We also present William Rugg for laying Timber on Waste near East Gate.

35. We also present the Proprietors of the Canal for not keeping the hole over the Canal in proper repair.

[55 persons presented for trading without being free. Several of them were fined; but no fines were inflicted for other offences this year.]

1810.

3. We also present the Commissioners of Cardiff Streets for not keeping the pavements in repair in Womanby Street, Quay Street, Castle Street, on the East side of High Street, from the North Gate and Shoemaker Street to the Church, and from the Corner House to the Gaol.

4. We also present Richard Griffiths Esq. for not putting a trap Door before his House near the Old Greyhound.

5. We also present The Marquess of Bute for Erecting two Arches on the Road near the Old Bridge.

6. We also present The Inhabitants of the parish of Saint John the Baptist for not repairing the road leading from the West Gate to the Old Bridge. (fn. 17)

7. We also present Edward Dubberley Butcher for a Slaughter House on the Quay.

8. We also present John Wood Junr Esq. for a Dunghill against his House.

9. We also present James Walters for a Dunghill near the South Gate.

10. We also present the County of Glamorgan for not repairing the foot path before their premises leading from the New Drop to the South Gate.

26. We also present Richard Crawshay Esq. for laying a heap of Limestone and Timber on the lands and Grounds of the Corporation on the East side of the Glamorganshire Canal without the south Gate.

28. We also present the Dowlais Company for laying Tiles on the said lands of the Corporation without the South Gate.

29. We present William Prichard for the same.

30. We present John Davies for the same.

31. We present Joseph Davies (fn. 18) for laying Timber on the said lands and Grounds of the said Corporation without the South Gate.

32. We also present The Inhabitants of the parish of Saint Mary's for not cleaning and repairing the hazards on each side of the parish.

33. We present Samuel Jones for a Nuisance in keeping a Slaughter House in Heol y Cawl.

34. We also present Edward Thomas for stopping the road from the Hayes to Cock's Tower.

35. We also present John Wood the Younger for keeping a Dunghill in the Ash pit adjoining Charles Jones's House in Church Street.

36. We also present John Wood the Elder for keeping a Dunghill in the Ash pit opposite the Parsonage House.

37. We also present the Churchwardens for erecting three Wooden posts and one stone on the North West side of the Church.

40. We also present Mary Evan spinster for keeping a Disorderly House in the running Camp. ["Feby 22, 1810. Dischd 5 / 4d."]

41. We also present John Richards Esq. for a Dunghill in Trinity Street.

42. We also present William Perkins for hanging Skins in the front of his House and leaving his leather on the pavement before his House.

[100 persons presented for trading without being free. Eleven of them were fined 5 / 4d. each.]

108. Mary Hall, Toy Shop.

122. Samuel Allen, Parchment manufacturer.

132. Thomas Vaughan, surgeon &c.

[On a loose scrap of paper, hastily scrawled.]

Cardiff 19 Feby 1810. Rece'd of Mr Wood One Pound Ten Shillings for serving Quarter Sessns Processes up to this Day.

Serjeants at Mace David Richards
Jacob Thomas.

Witness N. Wood.

fresh Processes to be served from last Court.

Footnotes

1 In West Street.
2 Quay Street.
3 Appointed under the local Act of 1774.
4 King Street.
5 At the south-east angle of the Castle wall.
6 In Shoemaker Street.
7 The northern part of St. Mary Street.
8 In Wharton Street.
9 In West Street.
10 In West Street.
11 In St. Mary Street.
12 At the junction of Trinity Street, Church Street and St. John's Square.
13 St. Mary Street, from Quay Street to Golate.
14 Timber merchants.
15 Working Street.
16 The Dowlais and Cyfarthfa Companies had wharves on the west side of the Glamorganshre Canal, outside the South Gate. (See Note on following page.)
17 This presentment is curious in view of the fact that the road referred to (West Street) had in 1803 been conveyed to Lord Bute in exchange, and was taken in to enlarge the Castle Grounds. On the whole these presentments seem to indicate a desire to reclaim the lost or partly lost lands of the Corporation. This may be seen in Nos. 26, 28 and 31, where the Jury assert the Corporation's right to the eastern and western towing-paths. Their claim was ultimately defeated.
18 Timber Merchant