P. 8. Henry Williams (Note in p. 320). "An epitaph of maister Henrie Williams,
written by Thomas Norton (one of the versifiers of the Psalms), is extracted from The
Songes and Sonnettes of lord Surrey, by Tottel, 1565, in Dr. Bliss's edition of Wood's
Athenæ Oxon. i. 186.
P. 9. The king wearing the order of St. Michael. The robes of Saint Michael worn by
king Edward the Sixth were preserved for fifty years after in the royal wardrobe,—Elizabeth, who never parted with any of her own gowns, nor with those of her sister that had
come into her possession, retaining these also among her stores. They were thus described
in the year 1600: "Robes late king Edwarde the VIth's. Firste, one robe of clothe of
silver, lyned with white satten, of th'order of St. Michale, with a brode border of embrodirie, with a wreathe of Venice gold and the scallop shell, and a frenge of the same
golde, and a small border aboute that; the grounde beinge blew vellat, embrodered with
half-moones of silver; with a whoode and a tippet of crymsen vellat, with a like embroderie, the tippet perished in one place with ratts; and a coate of clothe of silver, with
demi-sleeves, with a frenge of Venice golde." Nichols's Progresses, &c. of Queen Eliz.—In the Addit. MS. (Brit. Mus.) 6297, art. 7 describes "How king Edward VI. received
the order of St. Michael."
P. 27. Funeral of sir Thomas Jermyn. Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk in 33 Hen.
VIII. 1541. His brave housekeeping and goodly chapel of singing-men were kept at
Rushbrooke hall, near Bury St. Edmund's, where his family had been seated from a very
early period. He was the lineal ancestor of Henry Jermyn, created lord Jermyn of
Edmundsbury by king Charles I. and earl of St. Alban's by Charles II.
P. 35. Proclamation of queen Jane. In consequence of Grafton having printed this
proclamation, he was declared to have forfeited the office of queen's printer; see the patent
of John Cawoode's appointment in Rymer's Fœdera, vol. xv. p. 356, and Ames's Typographical Antiquities, by Dibdin, vol. iii. p. 482. The proclamation has been reprinted
in the Harleian Miscellany, (Park's edition,) vol. i. p. 405.
P. 37. The royal livery. The passage relating to the princess Elizabeth's entry should
conclude thus,—"all in green guarded with white, velvet, satin, taffety, and cloth, according to their qualities." Green and white formed the livery of the Tudors. At the
marriage of Arthur prince of Wales the yeomen of the guard were in large jackets of
damask, white and green, embroidered before and behind with garlands of vine leaves, and
in the middle a red rose. In the great picture at Windsor castle of the embarkation at
Dover in 1520, the Harry Grace à Dieu is surrounded with targets, bearing the various
royal badges, each placed on a field party per pale white and green. The painting called king
Arthur's round table at Winchester castle, supposed to have been repainted in the reign
of Henry VII. is divided into compartments of white and green. The "queenes colours"
are also alluded to in the following story of a rude jest passed on the new Rood in Saint
"Not long after this (in 1554) a merry fellow came into Pauls, and spied the Rood with
Mary and John new set up; whereto, among a great sort of people, he made low curtesie,
and said: Sir, your Mastership is welcome to towne. I had thought to have talked
further with your Mastership, but that ye be here clothed in the Queenes colours. I hope
ye be but a summer's bird, in that ye be dressed in white and greene." (Foxe, Actes
and Monuments, iii. 114.)
Among the attendants on queen Mary in p. 38, three liveries are mentioned, green and
white, red and white, and blue and green. The men in red and white were the servants
of the lord treasurer (see p. 12, where several other liveries are described), and the blue
and green would be those of the earl of Arundel or some other principal nobleman. Blue
and white was perhaps king Philip's livery (p. 79).
In p. 59 we find that in 1554 even the naval uniform of England was white and green,
both for officers and mariners. In noted in that page for "wearing" read "were in,"
which, without altering the sense, completes the grammar.
The city trained bands were, in 1557, ordered to have white coats welted with green,
with red crosses (see p. 164).
The lady Elizabeth, however, did not give green and white to her own men. From
two other passages (pp. 57, 120) we find her livery was scarlet or fine red, guarded with
black velvet; and from the description of her coronation procession in p. 186, it seems that
red or "crimson" was retained for her livery when queen.
P. 41. Master Thomas a Bruges. The person drowned is called by Stowe "Master
T. Bridges sonne." He was therefore not a son, but a nephew, of the lieutenant of the
Tower, sir John Brydges. In Foxe's Actes and Monuments, bishop Ridley relates a conversation which he had with doctor Feckenham and secretary Bourn, when in the Tower,
which was commenced thus, "Master Thomas of Bridges said, at his brother master lieutenant's boord, I pray you, master doctors, tell me what a heretike is." (Foxe, vol.
iii. p. 42.)
P. 44. Funeral of John lord Dadley. This is thus recorded in the register of St.
Margaret's Westminster: "1553, September 18. Sir John Sutton knyght, Lorde Baron
of Dudley." And that of his widow (see p. 61, and Note in p. 338) occurs under her
maiden name: "1554, April 28. The Lady Cysslye Gray." The latter extraordinary
circumstance is probably attributable only to the high rank of the Greys:—she was greataunt to the Lady Jane. His son, "The right honorable sir Edwarde Dudley knighte, Baron of
Dudleye, the lord Dudleye," was buried in the same church on the 12th August, 1586; and
his great-grandson, "Sir Ferdinando Sutton knight, Baro: Dudley," [but really the son
and heir apparent of Edward then lord Dudley,] Nov. 23, 1621. Also in 1600, Mary
lady Dudley, widow of the former Edward, and sister to Charles lord Howard of Effingham, lord admiral. She died Aug. 21, 1600, and a monument with her recumbent
effigy, and a kneeling effigy of her second husband Richard Mompesson esquire, now
remains near the south-east door of the church. See the History of St. Margaret's Church
by the Rev. Mackenzie E. C. Walcott, M.A. 1847, 8vo. p. 19.
P. 50. No priest that has a wife shall not minister or say mass. The numbers to whom
this prohibition would apply may be imagined from the many marriages of priests which
occur within a short period in the register of one parish, St. Margaret's Westminster:—
1549. Feb. The fyrste day. Mr Doctor Henry Egylsby, prieste, with Tamasyne Darke.
1551. April. The vjth day. Mr John Reed, priest, with Isbelle Wyldon.
— Oct. The vjth day. Syr William Langborow, prieste, with Helen Olyver.
— Dec. The xxxj day. Raffe Felde, prieste, with Helen Chesterfyld.
1551. April. The xxiijti day. Sir William Harvarde, prieste, with Alyce Kemyshe.
— Dec. The xxvij day. Sir Frauncis Constantyne, priest, with Alyce Warcoppe.
1552. Jan. The xxiijti day. Sir Marmaduce Pullen, priest, with Margaret Pen.
On the miseries and scandals which ensued on the forced dissolution of these marriages
it is sufficient to refer to the works of Foxe, Strype, &c.
P. 50. Every parish to make an altar, and to have a cross and staff. Among many
expenses incurred on the restoration of the Romish worship at St. Margaret's Westminster
for rebuilding and adorning the altars, erecting a holy-water stock, making church furniture and vestments, and providing sacred utensils, occur the following entries, having
special reference to the order mentioned in the text:
|"Item, payde to a paynter for wasshyng owte of the scriptures of the highe altar
|"Item, payde for a crosse of copper and gylte, with Mary and John, with a foote of
|"Item, payde for a crosse-clothe of taffata, with a picture of the Trynytie, and for a
table of waynskot, and for the payntyng of the Crucifix, Mary, and John, in the highe
|"Item, payde for tenne pottelles of oyle
|"Item, payde for the Roode, Mary and John
|And, next year, "Item, payde for payntyng the Roode, Mary and John
In the first year of Elizabeth all was again destroyed—
|"Payde to John Rialle, for his iij dayse work, to take down the Roode, Mary and
|"Item, payde to James Anderson for ij dayse work labouryng about the same, and for
carieng of the stones and rubbishe abowt th' altars
|(Then follow several similar payments to other workmen).
|"Item, to John Rialle, for taking down the tabille on the high altar, and takyng down
the holly-water stock
|"Item, to iij poore men for beryng of the allter tabelle to Mr. Hodgis
|"Item, for clevyng and sawyng of the Roode, Mary and John
Pp. 63, 139. Corpus Christi day. After the accession of Mary (says our Diarist, p. 63)
this festival was kept with goodly processions, and torches garnished in the old fashion,
and staff torches burning, and many canopies. All these particulars are confirmed by the
parochial accounts of Saint Margaret's Westminster (still in perfect preservation at this
and a still earlier period), from which the following extracts are made:
|(In 1 Mariæ) Item, payde for breade, ale, and beere on Corpus Christie day
|Item, payde for a ffrynge of si[l]ke for the canypye, wayenge xviij ounces qarter di.
price the ownce xijd. summa
|Item, payde to the brotherer for fasshonyng of the canopie and settyng on of the
|Item, for iiij knoppes for the canopie staves, alle gilte
|Item, payde for garnysshyng the iiij torches for Corpus Christye day, and the cariage of
them from Londone
|Item, flowres to the same torches
|Item, payde to iiij torche-bearers on Corpus Christye day
|(In 2 Mariæ) Item, payde for flowres for the torches on Corpus Christie day
|Item, payde for v staf torches
|Item, payde for the garnyshyng of them
|Item, payde to v men for beryng of the sayde torches
|Item, payde for breade, ale, and beere
|(In 3 Mariæ) Item, payde for iiij newe torchis wayeng lxxxxijli. di. at vd. the li.
|Item, payde for bote-hyre and for cariage of thame torchis
|Item, payde for garnysshyng of the sayde iiij torchis
|Item, payde to iiij men for beryng of the iiij great torchis
|Item, payde to iiij children for bering the iiij staf torchis
|Item, payde to a man for beryng the great stremer
|Item, payde hym that did beare the crosse
|Item, payde for breade, wyne, ale, and beere
|Item, payde for flowres the same day
Pp. 64, 69, 74, 75. Removes of king Philip and queen Mary. These are thus recorded
in the churchwardens' accounts of St. Margaret's Westminster:
|"Allso payde to the ryngers the xij day of August (1553) when the queenes grace wente
to Richmonde; and the xxij day of September when she came from Richmonde to Westminster; and the xixth day of December, when her grace wente to Richemont, and the
xxx day of December when her grace cam to Westminster
|"Item, payde to the ryngers when the queenes majestie went from Westminster to
Rychmond the xxix of May [1554; see p. 64]
|"Item, payde the xvij. and xviij. day of August, when the kyng and the quene cam
from Richemonde to Sowthwarke, and so from thens to Westmynster, for bread and drynk
to the ryngers
|"Item, the xxj. day when they came to the mynster, and allso the xxiij. day when they
went to Hampton Coorte
|"Item, payde to the ryngers the xviijti [read 28th] day of September, when the kyng
and the queenes majestie cam to Westmynster [see p. 69]
|"Item, payde to the ryngers of the belles the xij. day of November, when the kyng and
the queenes majesties cam to the mynster to the masse of the holy gost [see p. 74]
|"Item, payde to the ryngers on sayncte Andrewis day, when the kynges majestie came
to the mynster
See this last mentioned in p. 77, but without noticing that it was the feast of Saint
P. 67.King and Queen's style. The letters patent directing the lord chancellor to
issue writs announcing the king and queen's style, dated at Winchester 27 July, 1554,
are printed in Rymer's Fædera, xv. 404.
Pp. 76, 82, 83. Juego de cannas. This sport, which the Spanish cavaliers brought
with them from their native country, was long a favourite there. When Lord Berners
was ambassador in Spain in 1518, "on midsummer daye in the morninge the king, with
xxiij with him, well apparelled in cootes and clokes of goulde and gouldsmythe work, on
horsback, in the said market-place (at Saragossa), ranne and caste canes after the countreye
maner, whearas the kinge did very well (and was) much praysed; a fresh sight for once
or twise to behold, and afterward nothing. Assoone as the cane is caste, they flye; wherof
the Frenche ambassador sayd, that it was a good game to teche men to flye. My lord
Barners answered, that the Frenchmen learned it well besides Gingate, at the jurney of
Spurres." (Letter from the ambassador in MS. Cotton. Vesp. C. i. 177.) It continued
in practice when Charles prince of Wales visited Spain in 1623, and a pamphlet entitled,
"A relation of the Royal Festivities and Juego de Canas, a turnament of darting with
reedes after the manner of Spaine, made by the king of Spaine at Madrid, the 21st of
August this present yeere 1623," is reprinted in Somers's Tracts and in Nichols's Progresses of King James I. vol. iv.—"The Juego de Cannas," remarks Sir Walter Scott,
"was borrowed from the Moors, and is still practised by Eastern nations, under the
name of El Djerid. It is a sort of rehearsal of the encounter of their light horsemen,
armed with darts, as the Tourney represented the charge of the feudal cavaliers with their
lances. In both cases, the differences between sport and reality only consisted in the
weapons being sharp or pointless."
"So had he seen in fair Castile
The youth in glittering squadrons start,
Sudden the flying jennet wheel,
And hurl the unexpected dart."
(Scott's Lay of the Last Minstrel.)
P. 79. A Spanish lord buried at Saint Margaret's Westminster. From the records of
that church this is shown to have been "John de Mendoca, knyght." During the time
that the servants of king Philip were about the court at Westminster, several other
Spaniards occur in the same register: their names are here extracted:
1554. Sept. The xvij day. Martyne, a spanyard.
— Oct. The xjth day. Martyne, a spanearde.
—,, The xvijth day. Sr Uther, a launce knyght.
—" The xviijth day. Sr Henry, a launce knyght.
— Dec. The xxiij day. Joh'n de mendoca, a knyght spaynearde.
— March 2. Joh'n de bevaunte [Debevaunco in the churchwardens' accounts].
—" The xth day. Philippe, a spaynyshe childe.
—" The xiijth day. Peter, a spaynearde, slayn wt a horsse.
1555. May. The vjth day. Francisco de espilla.
— Auguste. The xxvij day. Peter, a spaynearde.
— September. The xjth day. Agnes, a spaynearde.
— November. The firste day. Fraunces, a spaynyshe childe.
—" The vjth day. Margaret, uxor Ispanie.
— January. The xvth day. Corby, a portyngal.
1556. November. 6to die. Marie spaniard.
1557. March 28. Cornelius, spanyard.
— May. primo die. Peter Angle, spanyard.
— June. 28 die. Alberte, a spanyerd, off syknesse, of the house [i. e. a servant of
the royal household.
The names of most of these are repeated in the churchwardens' accounts, indeed several
imes over, in this way:
|Item, of Uther, a launceknyght, for iiij tapers
|Item, of Uther, the launceknyght, for iiij torches
|Item, of Uther, the launceknyght, for his grave
|Item, of Uther, the launceknyght, for the clothe
|Item, of Mr. Joh'n Demendoca, for knylle and peales
|Item, at the obsequy of Mr. Mendoca, kept the second and third day of January, for
|Item, at the obsequy of Mr. Joh'n Mendoca, for the belles
There is one Spanish marriage recorded in the register, but without names, merely
thus: "1555 Nov. the xth day a Spanyeard," and a similar difficulty was felt in christenings, as "1558, Feb. the ixth day Mariana ispanica," and "March the xxj day Franciscus
jspanicus." In Oct. that year occurs "The xxijti day, Philippe Ruyz a spaynearde."
P. 90. At the Grocers' feast my lord mayor did choose master Lee sheriff for the king.
The order observed "Upon Midsummer day, for the election of the Sheriffes of London,
&c." will be found in Stowe's Survay, under the head of "Temporall Government." On
that day (as still) the sheriffs were elected; but one had been previously "nominated by
the Lord Maior according to his prerogative." This was done in the way intimated more
than once in these pages, by drinking to him at a feast. A full and curious account of
the mode in which this ceremony was performed at the Haberdashers' feast in the year
1583, is given in a letter of Mr. recorder Fleetwood to lord Burghley, printed in Ellis's
Orig. Letters, 1st Series, ii. 290.
P. 101. The blazing star which is noticed in this page, and of which Stowe's account
has been quoted in p. 348, was calculated by Halley to have been the same comet which
had before appeared in the year 1264, and which, having completed its presumed revolution of two hundred and ninety-two years, may be expected to appear again in the
present year, 1848. The learned Fabricius described the comet of 1556 as of a size equal
to half that of the moon. Its beams were short and flickering, with a motion like that of
the flame of a conflagration or of a torch waved by the wind. It alarmed the Emperor
Charles the Fifth, who, believing his death at hand, is said to have exclaimed
His ergo indiciis me mea fata vocant.
This warning, it is asserted, contributed to the determination which the monarch
formed, and executed a few months later, of resigning the imperial crown to his brother
P. 111. Funeral of (Robert) Heneage esquire. Machyn was wrong in the christian
name, giving, as in some other cases, the name of the son to the father. This was Robert
Heneage esquire, auditor of the duchy of Lancaster, and surveyor of the queen's woods
beyond Trent; and father of sir Thomas Heneage, afterwards chancellor of the duchy of
Lancaster, and a privy councillor to queen Elizabeth. Though Stowe does not mention
his monument at St. Katharine Creechurch, Collins (in Peerage, tit. Finch earl of Winchelsea) states that effigies in brass of Robert Heneage and his wife, who was Margaret
sister to Thomas earl of Rutland, remained in that church, but the inscription was effaced.
P. 113. Funeral of mistress Soda. This singular name, which our Diarist alters to
"Sawde," and which elsewhere occurs as Soday, was probably Spanish, the lady's husband having been a servant of queen Katharine. John Soda, the son, was apothecary to
queen Mary, to which office he was appointed for life by letters patent dated 4 Jan. 1554,
with a yearly fee of forty marks: see this document in Rymer, vol. xv. p. 359. His newyear's gift to the queen in 1556 was six boxes of marmalade and cordial. His daughter
was the wife of alderman Greenway (see p. 405).
P. 114. The Queen's return from Croydon. "Item, payde for ryngyng of the belles at
the cumyng of the queenes majestie from Croydyn to Westminster the xxjth of September
iiijd." This entry, from the accounts of St. Margaret's Westminster, differs two days from
Ibid. Funeral of sir Humphrey Foster. "Sir Humfray Foster knyght departed
owt of this transytory worlde on fryday the xviijth daye of September, in the seconde and
thyrde yers of our soveraynes kynge Philip and queen Marye, who left to his hole executor
Mr. William Foster, son and hayre to the foresayde sir Humphery Foster; which was
buryed the xxvth of September, in the parishe of Saint Nicolas besyde Charynge-crosse in
the fylde, whose morners were these.
Mr. William Foster, his sonne and heyre, chef morner.
Sir Anthony Hungerford.
Mr. My. Myndes.
Master Langley bare his standartt, and Mr. Shreve his pennon of armes.
Offycers for the oversyght of the same enterement, Chester herralde and Rugcrosse pursevant." (MS. Coll. Arm. I. 3. f. 101b.)
P. 123. Funeral of lady Chaloner. This appears to have been the first wife of sir
Thomas Chaloner, a distinguished statesman and author, who lived in his latter years "in
a fair house of his own building in Clerkenwell close," built on part of the site of the dissolved nunnery. (See Biographia Britannica, &c.) Her first husband had been sir
Thomas Leigh, of Hoxton, who died Nov. 25, 1545; and his poetical epitaph, formerly at
Shoreditch, is printed in Ellis's History of that parish, p. 54. The lady has not been
mentioned by her second husband's biographers, for sir Thomas afterwards married
Ethelreda, daughter of Edward Frodsham, esq. of Elton in Cheshire, and she was the
mother of sir Thomas Chaloner the younger, governor to Henry prince of Wales. This is
shown by the epitaph of the latter at Chiswick, which states him to have died in 1615,
aged 51. He was therefore born in 1564, the year before his father's death. Sir Thomas
Chaloner the elder was born in 1515, and dying Oct. 14, 1565, was buried in St. Paul's
cathedral. His widow Ethelreda was re-married to Edward Brockett, esq. of Wheathampsted, Herts, second son of sir John Brockett, which Edward lived until 1599. (See
his epitaph in Clutterbuck's Herts, vol. i. p. 523.)
P. 137. Celebration of Ascension day. On this occasion in the preceding year (1556)
the church wardens of St. Margaret's Westminster made the following payments:
"Item, payde for breade, wyne, ale, and beere, upon th'Ascension evyn and day, agaynst
my lord abbot and his covent cam in procession, and for strewyng erbes the same
day, vijs. jd."
Pp. 162, 163. Soldiers sent to Calais. The several parishes of the counties where
musters took place were obliged to send their quota. Thus the churchwardens of St.
Margaret's Westminster paid "for setting owt of soldyers the vijth day of January as apperethe by a bylle, iiijli. viijs. vijd. ob." "Item, for settyng forthe fyve soldyers to
Portismothe the last yere of quene Mary xxxiijs. iiijd."
P. 163. Funeral of lady Powis. Though the interment of this lady (as stated in p.
362) is not recorded in the parish register of Saint Margaret's Westminster, yet the following entries relative to her funeral occur in the churchwardens' accounts:
|Item, of my lady Anne Pois for iiij tapers
|Item, at the obsequy of my lady Anne Poys for the belles
|Item, of my lady Anne Pois for the clothe
P. 164. So to the abbay to the masse. "Item, payde for ryngyng when the Queenes
Mati cam to the masse of the holy gost the xxti of January, vjd." (Accounts of St. Margaret's Westminster.)
P. 172. Marriage of alderman John White. This civic senator, whose name has frequently occurred in this volume, was the son of Robert White, of Farnham in Surrey.
He was of the Grocers' company, served sheriff in 1556, and lord mayor in 1563.
His first marriage has been mentioned in p. 378, in the note on the funeral of his brother
the bishop of Winchester. The imperfect passage in p. 172 relates to his second marriage
with the widow of alderman Ralph Greenway. She was Katharine, daughter of John
Sodaye of London, apothecary to Queen Mary (see p. 403), and was again married to
Jasper Allen, and buried at St. Dunstan's in the East, Oct. 9, 1576. In her will, dated
the same year, she mentions her brother Richard Sodaye. Sir John White was buried at
Aldershot in Hampshire in 1573: see his epitaph, with some extracts from his will, in the
Collectanea Topogr. et Genealogica, vol. vii. p. 212. See also his funeral atchievements
engraved at the conclusion of the Introduction to the present Volume.
P. 185. Funeral of mistress Matson. Anne, daughter and heir of Richard Sackville,
of Chepsted, Surrey, married first to Henry Shelley, of Worminghurst, Sussex, esquire,
and had issue; and secondly to Thomas Matson, gent. (Visit. Sussex.) His funeral occurs
in p. 208.
P. 206. The Queen's grace stood at her standing in the further park. "Shooting at
deer with a cross-bow (remarks Mr. Hunter in his New Illustrations of Shakespeare) was
a favourite amusement of ladies of rank; and buildings with flat roofs, called stands or
standings, were erected in many parks, as in that of Sheffield, and in that of Pilkington
near Manchester, expressly for the purpose of this diversion." They seem to have been
usually concealed by bushes or trees, so that the deer would not perceive their enemy. In
Shakspere's Love-Labours Lost, at the commencement of the fourth Act, the Princess
repairs to a Stand—
Then, Forester my friend, where is the bush
That we must stand and play the murtherer in?
Forester. Here-by, upon the edge of yonder coppice,
A Stand where you may make the fairest shoot.
Mr. Hunter further remarks that they were often made ornamental, as may be concluded from the following passage in Goldingham's poem called "The Garden Plot,"
where, speaking of a bower, he compares it with one of these stands—
To term it Heaven I think were little sin,
Or Paradise, for so it did appear;
So far it passed the bowers that men do banquet in,
Or standing made to shoot at stately deer.
P. 216. One West, a new doctor. Probably this "railer" at roodlofts was the person
commemorated in the following epitaph, who was not actually a doctor: "Here lyeth
buried Mr. Reginald West, batchelor in divinity, and late parson of this parish, who
deceased the second of October anno Domini 1563, for whose sincere, pure, and godly
doctrine, as also his virtuous end, the Lord be praised for evermore." Under the Communion table at St. Margaret Pattens. Stowe.
Pp. 218, 228. Sermons by bishop Jewell. In the edition of bishop Jewell's Works
now in the course of publication by the Parker Society, the editor, the Rev. John Ayre,
M.A. remarks that the challenge which originated the bishop's important controversy
with Dr. Cole was first given in his sermon at Paul's Cross, Nov. 26, 1559—the occasion
noticed by Machyn in p. 218. "The sermon, with the challenge amplified, was preached
at the court, March 17, 1560 [as mentioned in p. 228]; and repeated at Paul's Cross
March 31, being the second sunday before Easter." This last date is from the contemporary title-page of the sermon itself: and therefore is not to be doubted. Our Diarist,
however (p. 229) says that Crowley preached at Paul's Cross on that day.
P. 236. Funeral of mistress Grafton,—"the wife of master Grafton the chief master of
the hospital, and of Bridewell." This was Richard Grafton the printer, who is known
from his books to have resided at Christ's hospital, and from this passage it seems to have
been in an official capacity. There are other items in the present volume which may be
added to what Dr. Dibdin terms "the comparatively full account" of Grafton, in his
edition of the Typographical Antiquities, vol. iii. He was evidently a man active in
public business. He occurs twice as warden of the Grocers' company (pp. 90, 108), as a
master of Bridewell (pp. 205), and as an overseer for the repairs of Saint Paul's cathedral
(p. 262). He was also elected to Parliament for the city of London in 1554 and 1556,
and in 1562 for Coventry.
P. 287. The Skinners attend the Merchant-taylors' feast. In the 1st Rich. III. a dispute for precedency between the Skinners and Merchant-taylors was determined by agreement that either should take precedence in alternate years, and that the master and
wardens of each should dine with the other company on their respective feasts of Corpus
Christi and the Nativity of St. John the Baptist. See the ordinance effecting this arrangement in Herbert's Twelve City Companies, vol. ii. p. 319; and see remarks by the present
writer in Archæologia, vol. xxx. p. 500.
P. 292. Saint Anthony's school. This notice of Saint Anthony's school, so flourishing
in 1562 as to have a hundred scholars, is remarkable, inasmuch as it seems to have shared
the fate of the religious foundations. Stowe says in his Survay, "This schoole was commended in the reign of Henry the sixth, and sithense commended above others, but now
decayed, and come to nothing by taking that from it which thereunto belonged," and he
ascribes its "spoile" to one Johnson, the schoolmaster, who was "made prebend of
Windsor." (Edmund Johnson, installed canon of Windsor 1560. Le Neve.)
P. 22. Funeral of mistress Cowper, wife of the sheriff of London. John Cowper, fishmonger, sheriff 1552, buried at St. Magnus. Arms, Azure, a saltire engrailed between
four trefoils slipped or, on a chief of the second three dolphins embowed of the first. (List
by Wm. Smith, Rouge-dragon.) "John Cooper, fishmonger, alderman, who was put by
his turne of maioralty, [died] 1584." (Stowe.)
Ibid. Funeral of mistress Basilia Cowper, late wife of master Huntley haberdasher, and
after wife of master Towllys, alderman and sheriff. This lady's first husband, Thomas
Huntley, haberdasher, was sheriff 1540. His arms, Argent, on a chevron between three
buck's heads erased sable three hunting-horns of the first. Her second husband was
John Towles, sheriff 1554; buried at St. Michael's in Cornhill 1548. Arms, Party per
pale and chevron ermine and sable, four cinquefoils counterchanged. (List by Wm.
Smith, Rouge-dragon.) Stowe in his Survay calls him Tolus, and relates a story of a
bequest he made to St. Michael's parish, which was "not performed but concealed."
The name, it may be remarked, was derived from one of the churches dedicated to St.
Olave; John atte Olave's would become John Toolys, and from the same abbreviation we
have still Tooley Street in Southwark. The lady's third husband was probably John
Cowper who occurs in the list of freemen of the mystery of the Fyshemongers in 1537
(Herbert's Twelve City Companies, ii. 7,) and who may have been father of the alderman
mentioned in the preceding note.
P. 58. Funeral of lady Ascough. Sir Christopher Ascough, draper, who was the son
of John Ascough of Edmonton in Middlesex, had been sheriff in 1525–6, lord mayor
1533–4, and was buried at St. John the Evangelist's in Watling-street. Arms, Gules, on a
fesse argent, between three ass's heads couped or, as many estoiles azure. (List by Wm.
P. 76. Funeral of sir Hugh Rich, K.B. Having married Anne, daughter and sole
heir of sir John Wentworth, of Gosfield in Essex, his body was buried in that church.
His widow married secondly Henry lord Maltravers, only son of the earl of Arundel; he
died at Brussels, June 30, 1556. She married thirdly William Deane esquire, her
servant, nephew to Alexander Nowell, dean of Saint Paul's. Having had no issue, she
died Dec. 5, 1580, and was buried with her first husband at Gosfield.
P. 90. Master Lee chosen sheriff. Son of Roger Leigh of Wellington in Shropshire,
and apprentice of sir Rowland Hill, whose niece, Alice Barker, he married. He became
"Sir Thomas Leigh, maior, the first yeare of Q. Elizabeth, 1559. He dwelled in the Old
Jury, his house joyning on the north of Mercers Chapell, where he was buried. Arms,
Gules, on a cross engrailed argent between four unicorn's heads erased or, five hurts each
charged with an ermine spot. His sonnes have since altred the armes to, Gules, a cross
engrailed and in dexter chief a lozenge argent." (List by Wm. Smith, Rouge-dragon.)
Sir Thomas Leigh died Nov. 17, 1571. His epitaph at the Mercers' Chapel will be found
in Stowe's Survay and in Dugdale's Baronage, vol. ii. p. 464. By his second son William
he was ancestor of the Lords Leigh of Stoneleigh, and by his third son William, grandfather of Francis Leigh, earl of Chichester.
P. 218. Captain Grimston arraigned for the loss of Calais. This was sir Edward
Grimston, who had been appointed comptroller of Calais, Aug. 28, 1552 (King Edward's
Diary.) See the pedigree of Grimston in Clutterbuck's Hertfordshire, i. 95.
P. 241. This year (1560) were all the Roodlofts taken down in London. Those parishes
which had been backward in removing this relic of idolatry were now compelled to do so by
authority. "Memorandum. At a vestry holden the 27th day of December in Anno
1560, there was showed unto the parishioners a letter sent from the lord of Canterbury's
grace, directed to master alderman Draper, sheriff of London, and to the churchwardens
with the rest of the parish, concerning the translating and pulling down of the rood-loft;
whereupon it was agreed by the whole vestry, that the rood-loft should be taken down and
translated by the discretion of the churchwardens. In witness whereof we the said
parishioners have set-to our names the day and year above written." (Account of the
church of St. Dunstan's in the East, by the Rev. T. B. Murray.)
So at St. Margaret's, Westminster, where the Rood itself had been removed in 1559
(see p. 399,) the Roodloft was left to the following year. It had been built at great
expense in 1519, and its "new re-forming" was also a considerable charge to the parishioners:—
|"Item, paide to joyners and labowrers abowt the takyng downe and new reformyng of
the Roode-loft, as by a particuler booke therof mad dothe and may appeare,
|"Item, paide for boordes, glew, nayles, and other necessaries belonging to the saide
|"Item, paide to a paynter for payntyng the same
(Then follow several other charges respecting the scaffolding.)