Cardiff Library. Phillips MS.
[Square 8vo. paper vol. bound in vellum.]
Breuiat w[i]th notes Conteyninge all the Lordshippes and Mannors within the Countie of
Glamorgan," &c. "collectid & gatherid for
the private vse of the gentn now atendinge
vpon the Right Honrable Henry Earle of Penbroke my good Lo:
and Master. Anno Dni: 1596."
Dedicated "To the worshipfulle Thomas Morgan (fn. 1) Esquior
Stewarde in house to the Right Honrable Henry Earle of Penbroke
health and happines," by Rice Lewis.
The Earle of Penbroke's descent.
Justine Lo: of Glamorgan was
father to Cradocke
father to Meredyth
father to Howell
father to Lleyki
Mother to Howell
father to Howell vaughan
father to ll'n vaughan
father to Dauid gam, who because he was a little crooked man was
called Dauid gam. [Note in margin:] Owen glindur pulled owt on of
his eyes & thereof called Gam. (fn. 2)
father to Gladis
mother to William Earle of Pembroke
father to Richard Herbert Esquior
father to William Earle of Penbroke
ffather to Henry nowe Earle of Pembroke that hath Cardif the
whole Towne with all the Rights priviledges and lib'ties
with three milles (viz.) ij water grist milles, and on
tuckinge mille Turned by a p'te of the River of Taffe
w[hi]ch runeth vnder the walles of his Honors Castle and
from the North p'te of the Towne to the South p'te. Where there is a faire Key and a safe harborowe for Shippinge. The Towne is ruled
by a Maior to be nominated by his Honor and ij bayeliffs yearely
chosed of the sadest and gravest Alldermen of the said Towne. Yt
hath ij p'ishe churches and one chappell (viz.) St Maryes and St Johnes
and the chappell of St Maryes, which standeth in Roth iij quarters of
a mile out of the towne towardes the Northeast. Yt hath ij marketts
weekly, satordaye & wensDaie and ij anuall fayres, viz. the first on
St Peeters Daye, and the other on or Ladyes daye here comonly
called or ladyes daye in harvost. Her Ma[jes]tie is Patron of the
Vicaredge of all the iij churches and the valuac'on is xvijli xjd. The River of Taffe springeth in the Northerne hills that
p'te Glam'gan sheere from Brecknocke sheere, called Manach Deny as leland saith. Albeit as I take it the
very head springeth out of a hill called bwlch y van in
Brecknocke sheere and therehence runeth to chappell Nanty and
receaveth in a Rylett from the west called Taffe vechan, and thence
they runne together to Merthir Tydvill, vntill they meete the Kenon
x miles before they meete clawthe constable, and after they meete
cledwed and the ij Ronthnes, and then without any more Increase
they runne vnder the redd castle to Whitchurch llandaphe cardif, and
so into the sea at Penarth pointe.
Rothe wherein (fn. 3) standeth his Ho: (fn. 4) Castle of Cardif vnited as it
weare to the said Towne yet never the lesse out of the lib'ties of the
same Lp: (fn. 5) was a Royal L: (fn. 6) before that ij p'cells there of were geven
to the churche viz. the one to the Abbey of Teuxbury, and the other
p'te to the Abbey of Kensam. Albeit it hath many free tenants that
hould in knight service with demeasne lands and coppy hould for iij
Spittle butteth to the Towne of Cardif and was purchased by
William late Earle of Pembroke of William Bawdrippe Esquior Yt
hath free tenants leases and coppy houlds for iij lives, there is noe
church for they belonge to the churches of llandaphe and the afore
said chappell of Roth, and the Deane of Gloucester for the tyme
beinge hath the tythinge sheafe of both L'ips, nowe holden by
Anthony Maunxell Esquior for many Yeares yet to come.
Here you maye note the said castle of Cardif was the cheefe
dwellinge house of fittz Hamon, Yet it seemeth that the L'ps of Roth
and Spittle was p'cell of the Inheritance of Yvor petitte lo: of St
genith longe after the conquest of fitz Hamon In as lardge maner as
the said Earle nowe holdeth the same (viz.) from Castle Gurlasse or
the confines of Brecknocke sheere w[hi]ch conteyneth xviij miles even to
lowe water marke a mile belowe Cardif.
Leikwith standeth vpon the West p'te of the River of Ely
within one mile of Cardif westwarde and hath free tenaunts leases
coppy houlds, and customary lands and tenaunts to them and theire
heires for ever. [Blank] is patron and the valuatione is vli.
Cayre butteth to the west p'te of Leckqueth and is distant from
Cardif Westwarde ij miles, the tenants doe theire suite of coort at
michellston' together with the tenaunts thereof they are free tenaunts
and coppy houlders.
* * *
Pentirgh butteth to thester p'te of Trewerne and hath like
tenaunts [free and customary] and is Indifferent between the markett
of Cardif and llantrissaint, and is distant from Cardif North northwest
iij miles. The Deane and Chapter of llandaphe ar Patrons and the
valuac'on is [blank]
Radir butteth to the South p'te of Pentirgh and hath free
tenaunts customary tenaunts and leases. Cardif is the m'kett towne
and is distant thence Northwest ij miles. [Blank] is patron and the
valuac'on is viijli js ob.
Whitchurch wherein standeth the redd castle butteth to thest
p'te of Pentirghe and hath free tenants and leases, and hath Cardif
theire m'kett and is distant thence right North ij miles.
* * *
[Lavernock is church to Cosmeston Manor.]
* * *
The fflat holmes.
The flatt Holmes stande opposite to the said [larnott] church
w[hi]ch (fn. 7) is taken to be in the lib'ties of the Towne of Cardif, (fn. 8) and it
conteyneth lxj acre of errable and pasture lande and noe more, for I
was prsent when Mr Thomas wiseman esquior measured the same by
the comaundemt of my Lo: and Mr
* * *
His Honors ffishinge in the Rivers of Romney Taffe Eli [&c.]
are very profitable by the yeare, for the fishinge only of Taffe hath
been sett out for Yeares past at xxiiijli p' annu'
The Warde silver payde by gent. of Worshippe that hould theire
landes in Knight Srvice vnder the castle of Cardif amounteth to
vijli ixd. ob.
* * *
And as these Lo: before named are all in the lowe cuntreyes, so
are the best p'te in that contrey, and all as finable landes as any other
and so eu'y man knoweth. And you maye note that his honor is
prsently poss'ed of all such landes as any lo: of Glam'gan ever had
* * * whereby you note p'ceave and knowe his Ho: to
be the greatest lo: that ever owed landes in Glam'gan eyther before
or after Justins tyme And therefore I hartely wish, so that thesame
might be without any offence to any that his Ho: had as greate
Rights priviledges and lib'ties as his noble prodecessors haue had
there. (fn. 9) * * *
St Heineth subtus.
St Heineth subtus or lowe St heineth wherein standeth the
redd castle, the cheefe house and dwellinge of Yvor petites and
his p'decessors lo: of thesaid L'ip and of the L'ip of Kybur both
before fitz Hamon's tyme and longe after * * *
This castle standeth in the side of a hill neere to the est side
of the River of Taffe iij miles to the Northward of Cardif, and with
in one mile and a halfe of the castle of carphilly, and xij miles to
the Northwarde of Karphilly is Gurlasse Castle in the very confines
betweene this county and Brecknocke shere all these in the Lo:
of St geneth supra and subtus and carphilly w[hi]ch conteyneth the
whole hundred of St geneth aforesaid are his Lo: and hath free
tenaunts and leases and in the hundred are v churches.
* * *
The Earle of Worcesters descent.
William Thomas knight
ffather to William Earle of Penbroke
ffather to William Earle of Huntingeton
ffather to Elizabeth that maried Charles Somersett Ar:
Mother to Henry Earle of Worcester
ffather to William Earle of Worcester
ffather to Edwarde nowe Earle of Worcester.
* * *
Sr William Herbert of Swansey knight.
Sr William Thomas knight
father to William Earle of Penbroke
ffather to Richard Herbert knight
ffather to Sr George Herbert knight
ffather to Mathew Herbert esquior
ffather to Sr William Herbert knight that hath Roth Tewcisbury so
called after the Lo: of Glam'gan had geeven that p'te of the mannor
of Roth to the Abbey of Tewisbury w[hi]ch was after the supprssion
purchased by Sr George Herbert knight And there this knight that
nowis hath builded a sumptuous house yet called the ffriers. Yt
hath no church for it standeth in the p'ishe of St Maryes in
Landoche Juxta Cardif cam to this gent. by Inheritance from his
greate graunde mother who was doughter and sole heire to Sr
Mathew Cradocke k: Yt hath free tenaunts demeanes and coppy
houlds, and it is distant westwards from Cardif theire m'ket towne
one mile. The Lorde is Patron and the valuac'on is iiijli xviijs. ixd.
* * *
[Cogan, 3 miles from Cardiff. Freehold, demesne and copyhold
Lanederne hath free tenaunts leases and coppy houldes in this
L'ip standeth dringback Mr Edward Kemes esquiors cheefe house
called in the Brutishe (fn. 10) tounge Kevenmabley.
* * *
Carnes of Wenney.
Listalabounte standeth within ij miles North east of cardif yt was
some tyme Sr Raphe Maylowes landes yt hath free tenaunts and
coppie houldes for iij lives.
Mathew de Radyr.
Thomas Mathew esquior maried Catherin doughter and sole heire
of Morgan ll'n of the Radir esquior
[4th in descent from him is] Edmunde Mathew Esquior that hath
Radyr wherein standeth theire cheefe Dwellinge house, that hath a
lardge p'ke of fallowe deere, belonginge to yt hard by the house, with
demeasnes and coppie hould landes for iij lives. The Lord is Patron
and the valuac'on is [blank.]
Landaphe and the castle of the same w[hi]ch they held in ffee farme
of the Buishop of Landaphe, and therein is the cathedrall church of
Landaphe, standinge upon the River of Taffe.
* * *
Mathewes of Landaphe.
William Mathew esquior hath Landaphe wherein standeth his
cheefe dwellinge house but as I take it yt is holden in Soccage of the
Buishoppe of Landaphe for the tyme beinge. Yt hath lardge
demeasne w[hi]ch butteth to the River of Taffe, from the house alongest
the said River allmost Cardif bridge.
Placesturton Joyneth to his demeasne of Landaphe, and butteth
to the west p'te of Cardif bridge, and hath demeasne free tenaunts
and coppy hould for iij lives but hath no church for it standeth in the
p'ishe of Landaphe as the house doeth.
* * *
Master Lewis of the Vann.
Edward Lewis esquior that maried a doughter of Thomas Morgan
of Tredigir esquior that hath Roth kensam a p'cell of the mannor of
Roth geven by the Lo: of Glamorgan to the Abbey of Kensham,
And after the suprssion purchased by Edwarde Lewis this gent.
graundfather. Yt hath demeasne and coppy houlds by Indenture for
iij lives and Joyneth to thest p'te of Cardif beinge the markett and
* * *
William Bawdrippe esquior father to Thomas Bawdrippe that
maried a doughter of Sr John Ragland knight, ffather to William
Bawdrip knight that maried a do: of M'ga' Gamedg esqr
ffather to Thomas that maried a doughter of xp[ist]ofer Mathew Esquior
ffather to William that maried a doughter of Sr Geo. Mathew knight
ffather to Thomas that maried a doughter of Richard gwin esquior
ffather to William that hath Adenfield nowe called West Penmarke
The Splott wherein this gent. hath builded a faire house neere
Cardif and doeth nowe make the same his cheefe dwellingehouse but
there as I take it he hath noe Lo: but holdeth thesame in Soccage
vnder the Buishope of Landaphe for the tyme beinge.
* * *
Nicholas Herbert esquire, brother to Sr William Herbert Knight
St ffagans wherein there is builded a very faire house, and hath
there vnto lardge demeasnes and coppie hould landes. Yt is iij miles
northwest from Cardif their m'kett towne. [Blank] is patron & the
valuacion is xiiijli xs. vd. Howe Mr Herbert hath these ij L'ps.
[the other is llysvroneth] or in what Right he doeth enioye them
* * *
Old Title Deeds of the Corporation.
Sciant presentes et futuri q'd ego Johe's Wastell
de Cardyff in Com' Glamorgan' gen' pro c'tis causis
et considerac'o'ib's me sp'ialit'r moventib's. dedi
concessi et hac p'nti charta mea confirmaui, Nich'o
Wastell fratri meo totu' illud messuag' sive burgag'
meu' cum uno gardin' ac om'ib's alijs p'tinen' iacen'
et existen' apud Cardiff infra p'ochia b'te marie,
inter quendam burgag' Pe'ri Lewes Ar' ex p'te boreali, quendam
burgag' d'ne Regine ex p'te australi, murū Ville de Cardyff ex p'te
orientali, et vicum p'd'c'e ville ex p'te occidental'. necnon unam
Acram t're iacen' apud Southrew inter terr' charoli ffrowde ex p'te
boreali et terr' Marmaduci Mathew ex p'tib's oriental' et austral', et
altā viā ex p'te occidental'; ac etiam quartā p'tem uni's acre p'd'c'o
Messuag' p'tinen' iacen' int' terr' J'h'is Tanner ex p'te austral',
et terr' Joh'is Gascoyne ex p'te boreal', terr' Will'i Herbt ex p'te
oriental', et altā viam ex p'te occidental'. Habend' et tenend' p'missa
p'd'c'a cum om'ib's et singulis suis p'tinen' quibuscunq' prefato Nich'o
Wastell, hered' et Assign' suis imp'p'm de capit'li d'no feod' illius p'
servicia inde prius debita et de iure consuet', ad propr' opus et usum
ip'ius Nich'i hered' et Assign' suorū imp'pet'm Et ego vero prefatus
Johe's et hered' mei p'dict' Messuag' siue burgag' cum om'ib's terr' et
p'tinen' prd'c'is prfato Nich'o Wastell hered' et Assign' suis contra
om'es gentes warrantizabim's et imp'p'm defendems p' prsentes In
cuis rei Testimoniū huic p'nti charte mee sigillū meū apposui. Dat'
primo die Octobris Anno regni d'n'e n're Elizabethe dei gra' Anglie
ffrancie et hibernie Regine fidei defensoris &c Tricesimo nono.
[Small parchment, seal missing. Endorsed]
Sealyde & deliverede in the presentes of John Richarde: James
Bevan: thomas Apthomas And others John Lewellin: Phillyp P P
Jn° Wastall to Nicholas Wastall of a house or Burgage & ¼ of lands
in St Marys now Nathan Kenton'
Know all men present and to come that I, John Wastell of
Cardyff in the county of Glamorgan, gentleman, for certain causes
and considerations me specially moving, have given, granted and by
this my present charter have confirmed unto Nicholas Wastell, my
brother, All that my messuage or burgage, with one garden and all
the other appurtenances, lying and being at Cardiff, within the parish
of Saint Mary, between a certain burgage of Piers Lewes, esquire, on
the north, a certain burgage of our lady the Queen on the south, the
wall of the Town of Cardiff on the east, and the street of the aforesaid Town on the west. As also one acre of land lying at Southrew,
between land of Charles Frowde on the north, and land of Marmaduke
Mathew on the east and south, and the highway on the west. And
also the fourth part of one acre belonging to the aforesaid messuage,
lying between land of John Tanner on the south, and land of John
Gascoyne on the north, land of William Herbert on the east, and the
highway on the west. To Have and to hold the premises aforesaid,
with all and singular their appurtenances whatsoever, unto the aforesaid Nicholas Wastell, his heirs and assigns for ever, of the chief lord
of that fee, by the services therefor previously due and of right
accustomed, to the proper use and behoof of him the said Nicholas,
his heirs and assigns for ever. And now I, the aforesaid John, and
my heirs will warrant and for ever will defend against all men by
these presents the aforesaid messuage or burgage, with all its lands
and appurtenances aforesaid, unto the aforesaid Nicholas Wastell, his
heirs and assigns. In Witness whereof unto this my present charter
I have set my seal. Given on the first day of October in the thirtyninth year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God of
England, France and Ireland Queen, Defender of the Faith, and so
TO ALL MEN to whom this present writting shall
come knowe yea that we Elizabeth Hengod of
Cardife in the County of Glamorgan wydowe
and John Hengod of Cardife aforesaid cordwaynr
do by these prsents for and in considerat'on of a great some of
money to them payde give graunt bargaine and sell to John Collyns
of Cardiffe aforesaid cordwayner on messuage and a bake howse
on courtelage and a garden therewth comonly used occupied or
demysed Scituate Lyeing and being in Saint Jones streete within
the towne of Cardiffe aforesaid now in the tenure or occupation of
Christopher Hengod or his assignes or Rynald hughe meredythe
[Executed on] the two and twentieth day of July in the yeares of
the Raigne of our Sou'aigne Lord James by the grace of god Kinge of
England Scotland fraunce and Ireland defendor of the faith &c. That
is to saye of England fraunce and Ireland the fourth and of Scotland
the nyne and thirtith.
[Signed with the marks of Elizabeth and John Hengoyd, and
sealed and delivered in the presence of Rees Robarts, Robart
Watners, Edward Collins, Morgan David of Peterston, and Richard
Endorsed, in a hand of circa 1690: "Poore's house neer St
[This skin is in good preservation, but the seals are missing.]
INDENTURE made the Seauenth daie of Nouember
in the yeares of the raigne of oure soveraigne Lorde
James by the grace of God of England Scotland
ffraunce and Ireland Kinge Defender of the faieth &c
videlicet of England ffraunce and Ireland the fowertineth and of Scotland the fiftieth Betweene Marie Henburie of
Cardiff in the countie of Glam[m]gan widowe of the one p'tie And
Nicholas Wastell of the same in the said countie gent of the other
p'tie Witnesseth that the said Marie Henburie [Bargain, sale, enfeoffment and confirmation to Nicholas Wastell of] All that one Burgage
or dwelling howse with a cou'tiladge and gardein thereunto adioyninge
w[i]th thapp'ten[a]ncs. Scituat, lieinge & beinge w[i]th in the p'ishe of St
Maries in Cardiff afforesaid in the said coun' of Glam[m]gan in a streett
there called St Maries streett neere to the well there, Betweene the
lands nowe or late of Stephen ffrowde alderm? on the easte p'te, the
landes nowe in the handes of Dewnes Thomas widowe on the Southe
p'te the landes nowe or late in the handes of William Phillpott on the
northe p'te and the street there called St Maries streete afforesaide on
the weste p'te, And allsoe all those landes overflowne by the Tides of
Seaverne sea existinge, lieinge and beinge neere to the weste Moores
of Cardiff in the said coun' together w[i]th the fisheinge place or hinge
in and uppon the same landes comonlie called Anny Butchors hynge,
All w[hi]ch receited pm[m]isses came and discended to the said Marie
Henbury from Res Wastell her late father deceased [Signed with
the mark of Marie Henburie, sealed and delivered in the presence of
"Henry Mathew late of Canton and nowe of Cardif," and of James
Morgan and Arnold Keery, both of Landaff. Witnessed also by
Arthur Lloyd and William Yeate.]
[This is a very thin and fragile membrane, much torn. Seal
FEOFFMENT dated 7 March 1617; John Collines
of Cardiff Alderman, to James Gale of Cardiff
Alderman; of "One Messuage or dwelling howse,
one Bake howse, and a courtlage thereunto
adioyninge with thapp'ten'ces, comonly called the
Armory howse, lieing and being in St Johnes street within the towne
of Cardiff aforesaid in the said countie neere the parishe churche
of St Johnes there, betwine the lands of Sr Edward Lewis knight
now or late in the hands of Thomas Morgan cordyner on the west
parte the lands of William Herbert esquire on the northe p'te, and
the said streete there called St Johnes street on the easte and southe
parts And alsoe one Garden with thapp'ten'ces lieing and being
behinde the hayes, neere the towne wale of Cardiff aforesaid
betwine the lands of the said James Gale, the lands of John Roberts,
the lands in the hands of Harry Williams fisher, and a litle way
there leadinge from Barrie lane towards the said Garden on all
or some p'ts and sides thereof." Signed by John Collines and
"Sealed and delivered w[i]th liurey and seisen executed upon the landes
and tenements w[i]thin specified by the w[i]thin named John Collyns the
tenth daye of Marche 1617 A° RR Jacobi Anglie &c. decimo quinto &
Scotie lj'° in the presence of Henrie Hoare, Nicholas Hawkins, John
Edwards, John Myllon, David × Lloyd, William W B Barker,
Thomas T D David."
"Theste Deeds cont' Adamell Hickmans houste giuen by mr
James Gale to the tounes goode."
[This deed has the seal missing. The initial words "This
Indenture" are ornamented with elegant drawings of leaves, in the
Jacobean style; and, what is most remarkable, within the first letter
appears the monogram I.H.S. and crosslet within a circle of rays—an emblem, at that date, of Popery in general and the Jesuits in
4 June 1670.
[One sheet of paper.]
BARGAIN and Sale by Christopher Wells, of
Cardiffe, cordwainer, to Cradock Wells, esquire,
"now Senior Bayliffe of the said Towne of
Cardiff [Reciting that] the said Cradock Wells
and Arthur Yeomans, Esquire, Bayliffs of the said Towne of Cardiffe,
the Aldermen of the said towne and Jonathan Greenfield & Phillip
Coward, Common Atturneys of the said Towne, in & by one Indenture of Lease vnder the Com[m]on Seale of the sd Towne, beareing date
30 March last past, with the consent of the Burgesses of the said
Towne did demise, grante and to farme lett & sett vnto the sd
Christopher Wells All that Shoppe containeing Eight Windowes,
called the Shambles, Lyeing & being under the Inner Hall of the said
Towne of Cardiffe, Betweene the Staires leadeing up to the sd Hall
on the South p'te, the two Shopps in the Occupac'on of David Howell
& Anne Greene widd' on the North parte, and the Streates there on
the East & West sides; And alsoe those two Gardens lyeing in
Waste Lane, Abutting to the great Garden now in the hands of the
sd Cradock Wells on the Weste p'te, the Streate on the Easte p'te,
and the House & Garden of Anne Williams widd' lyeing betweene
and adjoyneing to the North & South end of the sd two Gardens.
Togeather with two plotts of Waste ground, the one adjoyneing to
the East Gate on the South parte, the ffriers Wall on the North parte,
the Towne Wall on the Weste p'te, and the Streate there on the East
parte thereof; The other Plott lyeing w[i]ththout the North Gate, from the
Waste lands appointed for the Inhabitants of the sd Towne to lay
downe their dirt & dounghills, twenty four yeards in Length & in
bredth from the high way to the Moteside there; In as large & ample
man[n]er as all the prmisses aforesd then were built or inclosed [&c] w[i]th
all and singular thapp'tenn'ces, Scittuated in the sd Towne & prcinctes
thereof & belonging to the said Towne. "To Have and to Hold &c
unto the said Christopher Wells, his executors &c, for 99 years, at
the rent expressed in the said Indenture of Lease. It is Witnessed
that the said Christopher Wells doth assign the premises unto the
said Cradock Wells, for the remainder of the said term, &c.
Chr. Wells (L.S.)
Oval armorial seal: Barry nebuly of six. Crest, a lion statant.
Esquire's helmet and mantlings.
"Christopher Wells his Asignement on the Shambols and other
things Contayned in ye lease."
Cardiff Museum. [c.1620]
temp. Jac. I. circa 1620.
[Paper writing, in bad condition.]
THE Statute for the ordinance for Wales w[hi]ch is the
cheefe guide for abolisheing and taking awaye of
many Welsh customes and payemts vsid in Wales
and erecteth new payments vpon Wales speketh
nothing for the establishing or erecting of this payment of Impost
and yett we maye not intend that the Lawe makers were Ignorant or
did not foresee the non paymt of this Impost in Wales for that there is
matters of much lesse momment tretid and remembred there. The
paymt of subsidyes (w[hi]ch neur was in Wales before) is there newly
raysed and the paymt of xvensw[hi]ch all England payed omitted.
There is also a custome callid the redemption of sessions w[hi]ch
Wales only (but England never) paid, remitted and another custome
callid mises w[hi]ch Wales only yeldeth and England payeth not, continuid vpon the Inhabitantes of Wales.
This custom of Impost haue formerly ben leasid by the late
Queene Elizabeth to Robert earle of lecester and after him to
Ambrose erle of warwycke his brother and thirdly to Robert Late
earle of essex ech of wch great Noblemen and favorites of the tyme
haue atempted suytes against diu'se m'chants of Wales who haue
appered and vpon their apparance haue dischardged them selues and
ben freed from paymt thereof w[hi]ch doubtlesse if lawe wold haue ben
on their side had not lost yt, so that hetherto the poore contrey eu'r
seethens yt hath ben callid Wales hath ben freed from this paymt
though many poore men much trublyd therefore.
The cheefest reson that hath—gid . . . . . . f
Wales, as hath ben said for the same to saue [struck out]—the paymt thereof, is the paymt of mises in Wales w[hi]ch England payeth
not w[hi]ch is a great some of money certes and not alte . . . . e payablie
at the charge of the king or prince at his first cominge and the order
at ye cessing of the same hath ben vsed, that when the comission
cometh fourth of the exchequer the comissioners sweare a Jury w[i]thin
certen Lymyttes who make their presentments in writinge there of to
the comission's in nature of a grante. but yett the some is anciently
knowen what some each Lordshippe payeth, w[hi]ch bills of presentmt I
haue seene after the death of Henry the viij and king Edward and
(fn. 11) yett extant w[hi]ch bills and grante of mises ar made condicionall that they maye haue their Ancient customs allowyd, emonge
w[hi]ch they take this custom of non payeinge Impost and to be free from
xvens to be the cheefest.
Impost as mr Canon saieth was first raised by waye of Imposicion
in Queene Marryes tyme quere de hoc if yt be so very like seeinge yt
hath not ben eu'r seethens paid in Wales that then presently yt was
deffendid and yt might be well w[i]thstoode that in respect of the mises
w[hi]ch eu'y sheire in Wales paieth to the kinge in respect to all their
Ancient customes allowid them that this at that tyme was also for
borne in lue thereof as yt comonly is now reported of all men for the
customes w[hi]ch theie demaund are not Agendo but in exemptione as
appereth by so many as ys specifyed in the bills of graunting the
mises as to haue halfe a yeres rent free, blank bookes and toles and
all other customes so that they challendg by their customes to be
freeed from payeing that other do paye and this custome may well
hold in new Imposic'ons to clayme not to paye any new Imposic'ons
but w[hi]ch of Anciente tyme they haue vsed. and yt most be to be freeed
from dueties to the king for yt the mises is paied to the king.
Rees Ricard the elder was bound for his app'ance in london
yeeres seethens to Aunswere this matter and in lue of payeing this
mises he was discharged.
Mr Water Philpine was also bond to Answere this matter in
Michaellmas [Sessions de anno Jacobi] Reg's iij° at w[hi]ch tyme he had
from me & vnder my [hand copies] of the bills of p'sentmt wherein
ys men'conid yt they grante the myses condic'onally to haue their
customes allowyd them and vpon shewing that he was dischardged by
the Lord tresurer and kings solicitor from payeing any Impost.
Yt were goode to Laie Downe in the bills of p'sentmt wordes to
Include this freedome from Impost as to saye condicionally to haue
their Ancient customes allowid as to be rent free half ayeere blank
bookes and also to be exempt and free from all new Imposic'ons as
Impost of wynes and such other like never paied before.
Against the paying of
Impost for wynes.
Cardiff Free Library. Phillips MSS. 26464.
[Paper roll, 17th century, beautifully written.]
Magnae Baroniae Waliae cum eorum
membris et Maneriis sibi subditis.
GLAMORGAN Dominiū parochias 99.
[Azure, a lion passant guardant argent, langued
and unguled gules.]
Castrū (fn. 12) et villa de Cardiffe capt Baronie. Castrū
de llanblethian et villa de Cowbridg. Castrum et Villa de Neath.
Castrum et Villa de llantrissent. Castrum et Villa de Kinffig.
Castrum et Villa de Aberavan. All borough townes and members of
the Lp. of Glamorgan.
Roth manerium. Lekwith maneriū. St Georges maneriū. Michellston. Neewcastle. Lan maryes. Boverton. Llantwyd. Lanblithan.
Cloine. Trewerne. Pentyrch. Radir. Whitchurch. Coston. Seynghenyth. Miskin. Tir yarlh. Neath maneriū. Avan Wallia. All
severall manors & parcell and members of Glamorgan & Lp. of
ffun y moon maneriu[m]. Penmark maneriū. Lancadel. Coom
kedy. Barry. Castle towne. St Denotts. Lanfe. Merthyr mawr.
Lanvaes. Syllye. Orcharde. Landoche. Cantleston. Llanedern.
Laleston. Pile. Horgro. Aberkynfigg. Neewcastle. Coytie.
Coytychurch. Coort Colman. Lanharye. Cowleston. St Maries.
Landoghe. Eglosbrewys. Talagarn. Caerwigen. Lystalybont.
St Brides. St Hillarye. Lantrithid. Mercrosse. Pitcot. fflemmynston. Osmund ashe. Llanvihangell. Tithegston. Legh castle.
Moulton. Lidmester. Brigan. St Nicholas. Bowleston. Landow.
lantrithyd. Lyswrney. Sunt seperalia Maneria tent' de Castro de
Cardiff vt caput Glamorgan. (fn. 13)
* * *
Civil War Memoranda. 1644–8.
From a MS. among the Fonmon Castle muniments.
THE first Governor of Cardiff for the King, during the
war between Charles I. and his Parliament, was
Sir Anthony Maunsell (or Mansell) of Margham.
He was killed in the battle of Newbury. To him
William Mayow of Saint Fagan's, who was succeeded by:
Sir Nicholas Kemys, bart., afterwards slain at Chepstow Castle.
When General Gerrard was appointed Governor of South Wales
for the King, in the spring of 1644, Kemys laid down his command of
Cardiff, and Gerrard appointed Sir Thomas Tyrrell Governor of that
After the fatal battle of Naseby the King withdrew into South
Wales, and was at Cardiff in the month of July 1645. Of his
proceedings there and in the neighbourhood I can give you the
Thursday July 16th 1645. The King came from Ragland, (fn. 14)
accompanied by 2
Troops of Horse and by the Duke of Richmond,
the Earls of Lindsey, Lichfield and Carnwath, Lords Digby and
Bellasis. On their way they dined at Tredegar, Sir William
Morgan's, (fn. 15) and arrived that night at Cardiff to Supper.
On Saturday July 19th the King returned to Tredegar, and there
passed the night, and on the day following went back to Ragland.
On Thursday July 29th the King came again to Cardiff from
Ruperra, Sir Philip Morgan's. On the same day he went to the
rendezvous of the Countrymen and Inhabitants of Glamorganshire,
at Kevenon. In Sir Edward Walker's Historical Discourses, and
in Clarendon's History of the Rebellion, may be seen the particulars
and result of the Conferences that then took place. The King
remained at Cardiff seven days.
On July 31st he knighted his Cornet, Sir John Walpoole, in the
Castle of Cardiff.
On Tuesday, August 5th he marched over the Mountains to
It was probably owing to something connected with the unpopularity of Gerrard and his adherents, and because, moreover,
the men of Glamorganshire stipulated to have a gentleman of that
county to fill the post of Governor of Cardiff, that Charles at his
departure displaced Tyrell and appointed in his room Sir Richard
Bassett, knight, of the Beaupre. The following is a copy of his
"Charles &c. To Our trusty &c. Greeting. Whereas
"Wee have thought fitt, for the better defence and security
"of Our Towne of Cardiff in ye County of Glamorgan, to
"place and continue therein a Garrison with such Forces
"as may at all times be able to defend the same and the
"Country adjacent from the Trayterous attempts & pro
"ceedings of any forces now or hereafter in actuall
"Rebellion against Us, or bearing Armes without Our
"Authority, as likewise agt the Invasion of the Scotts,
"who are near the County with a powerful Army; Wee,
"therefore, trusting in your fidelity, diligence & great
"experience in Military Affaires, Doe by these prsents
"name, ordeyne, constitute & appoynt you to bee Governor
"and Com[m]ander in Chiefe of all such Forces as already are
"or hereafter shall be brought into the said Towne for the
"defence thereof; Willing & Comanding all Officers &
"Souldiers of the same you to accept, receive and observev
"as their Governor & Comander in Chiefe, & to obey such
"Orders and directions as you shall from tyme to tyme
"give them for Our service; As also the Mayor and Inhabi"tants of the said Towne, ye Sheriffe of Our said County,
"all Bayliffes, Constables & other Our Officers, Ministers
"& loveing subiects, to bee obedient, helping & assisting to
"you in anything that may concerne Our service & the
"good & security of that Towne & Garrison therein. And
"in case any siedge, assault or attempt shall be made
"against the said Town or Garrison therein, We do hereby
"require and authorise you w[i]th all the power you can make
"to resist & oppose such attempt, and to kill and slay all
"such as shall rebelliously & Trayterously disturb the
"Peace & security of that Our Towne & Garrison therein;
"& you to defend, keep & prserve the same for Our use.
"And further you are from tyme to tyme to obey such
"orders & directions as you may or shall receive from Our
"Selfe Our &c. Pr: Cha: Our &c. P: Rupert and the Ld
"Asteley, Lt G. Com[m]ander in Chiefe, And in all things to
"governe your selfe as unto your duty & place of Governor
"of ye said Towne & Garrison therein doth of right
"apperteyne & belong. Given at Cardiffe 6 August 1645.
"Sr Rich: Bassett for Cardiffe Town & Castle." (fn. 16)
It appears from the date of this Commission that it was not
issued till the day after the King's departure, which undoubtedly
took place on the 5th of August. He never made his appearance at
Cardiff again. (fn. 17)
Sir Richard Bassett continued in his post of Governor little
more than a month, and was then dispossessed by the Parliament,
and Richard Pritchard, esq. (or perhaps Edward Pritchard, esq.,
of Lancayo) came in his stead. The latter probably continued in
this office till the war was ended. Many particulars of what
occurred at Cardiff and in the neighbourhood, till after the battle
of Saint Fagan's, are given in the following extracts from the
Parliamentary paper, The Weekly Diurnall:—
Extracts from "The perfect Diurnall," 1645.
Saturday, August 2nd. The King, we heare, still continues
about Cardiffe in Wales.
Thursday, Septr 25. We had this day more singular good newes
from Wales. It was, that the Glamorganshire men, who had declared
themselves unanimously for the Parliament, have taken the Castle of
Cardiffe, a place of singular concernment as any in Wales. The
Governor, Sir Richard Bassett, marched thence with 200 men, and
left in the Castle 16 piece of ordnance, betweene three and four
hundred Armes, ten Barrells of powder and other ammunition, and
Monday, November 17. Letters were read in the house of the
prosperous proceedings of our forces in Wales, that the Glamorganshire forces joyning with a party of Major Generall Laughorne's, to
assist the well affected in Brecknockshire, have in severall bickerings
defeated 2000 of the Enemyes, and keep Gen. Stradling from any
recruits. That the Governour of Cardiffe hath likewise defeated
another party raised by Master John Herbert, the great Array man,
and that in most parts of Wales the Welch generally fall off from the
King and declare themselves for the Parliament. As also that
Ragland Castle, now blocked up, ('tis hoped) will be reduced
An Order was made that Bushy Mansfield (fn. 18) Esqre should have the
command of the forces in Glamorganshire, and the Committee of both
Kingdoms were to grant him a Commission accordingly.
The like Order was made that Richard Pritchard Esquire should
be Governor of Cardiffe, and Philip Jones Esquire Governour of
Swansey, in Glamorganshire.
Tuesday, February 17, 1645–6. We heard of a revolt of some
part of South Wales, in Glamorganshire, occasioned by the perfidiousnesse of Colonel Kerne, appointed by the Parliament High Sheriffe
of that County, and that they had taken Swansey and laid siege to
Cardiffe; but Major Generall Skipton hath sent some provisions to
Cardiffe, whereby we doubt not they will be able to hould out; and
there are 500 horse from Gloucester, another party from Bristoll,
besides 1500 horse & foot from Major Generall Laughorne, gone to
Monday, Feby. 23rd From Oxford thus:—The King, Duke of
York, Rupert and Maurice are yet there, but preparing to remove.
All their horse and foot are drawn out to Woodstocke, where they
keepe their head Quarters, intending ('tis said) for Worcester, or
rather for Wales, to joyne with the revolting party at Cardiffe.
Tuesday, Feby. 24. This day out of Wales wee had Intelligence
of a notable defeate given to the Enemys forces, and Kerne the
perfidious high Sheriffe of Glamorganshire, that had taken Cardiffe
town and besieged our Forces in the Castle. The particulars are
fully related by this ensuing Letter from an eminent Commander in
I now came from the Governor, Major Generall
Skippon. Whilst I was with him, in came a man (with
six Gentlemen of Glamorganshire that fled hither) with
a letter, which intimates thus much, that Cardiffe is retaken, for it was taken by the Enemy and Clubmen (since
my last), and many other strange passages are in the
letter. The Governour, Colonell Pritchard, and Colonell
Leyton, who have been some time of the plimouth regi
ment, betooke themselves to the Castle, with their Forces,
and kept that. The Vice Admiral on Munday last made a
sight of the Castle and shot six pieces to let them know in
that time they should have reliefe; which was performed
by Major Generall Laughorne, Sir Trevor Williams (fn. 19) and
Colonell Morgan. The Messenger saith that they had a
very bloody fight, but assures the Governour that we
routed Sir Charles Kemish of Ragland and all his, and
that there are not 140 of them left upon ralley, nor those
likely to get to Ragland, for Colonell Morgan is fallen
betweene them and home. We expect the particulars every
houre, but the waters are very high here and at Oast (fn. 20) (the
passage). Since this Messenger, whilst I was with the
Governour, in came Captain Bowen, one of the Captaines
of the Governours regiment, belonging to the new modell
taken three weeks since (and a Lieutenant) by Ragland.
They demand Captain Kettleby for the one and Mr.
Herbert for the other. There is one Morgan, a Jesuit,
prisoner also, who was sent from Cardiffe before the
revolt. I hope that the Welsh that have acted in it will
pay for their treachery. Sir, I am,
"Yours affectionately to serve you,
. . . . . . .
"From my Quarters at Bristol this Friday night, Feby. 19,
Friday, Feby. 27. There came this day letters to the Committee
of both Kingdoms and to the House of Commons, from Major Generall
Laughorne, in confirmation of the great defeat given to the revolting
enemy at Cardiffe in Wales, the particulars of which you have already
but not so fully. There were 200 killed and 800 taken prisoners,
great stores of Armes and all their Bag and Baggage, and that which
makes the successe more eminent is, that the enemies designe of
recruiting in Wales, will be hereby frustrate; and the Kings horse
from Oxford that were intended to joyn with that party are now
nonplust, and the like we hope of frustrating the designe of the Irish
Landing; and after the reading of the said Letter The House Ordered
That Thursday the 12th of March instant having been appointed
a day of thanksgiving throughout London and Westminster, for the
victory of Torington, thankes should be likewise returned for this
great Victory also.
Monday, March 2. The confirmation of the gallant successe of
Major Generall Laughorne against the Enemy at Cardiffe you have
had already and we will add only this: according to Major Generall
Laughorne's letter there were killed of the Enemies about 250,
800 taken prisoners, whereof 2 Lieutenant Colonells, 2 Majors, 10
Captaines, 10 Lieutenantes, divers Ensignes and other inferior
When the Parliament were reducing their Garrisons and dismantling a great number of fortified places, 100 Foot were ordered
to be continued at Cardiff, and the Governor of the Town and Castle
to be continued. (Perfect Diurnall, March 1–25.)
June 22, 1647.
20 Barrels of powder, match and Bullet proportionable for the
supply of Cardiff Castle.
Poyer and Laugharne turned to the King.
Wednesday, May 10. From South Wales thus:—"The Welch
marched towards Cardiffe; but Col. Horton possessed himself of
Landaff, Eilie (fn. 21) and St Fagans, all within three miles of Cardiff, and
kept all the bridges and passes; five Troupes were sent from the
English to Scoute, who gave alarme in the Welsh Army and beate
up some of the Quarters. An engagement is hourly expected. The
next day, both Armies faced each other within a Mile, the Welch
neere Cotterell, Miles Button's house on the hill, the guards within
a quarter of a Mile of each other."
Thursday, May 11. This day came the Welcome newes from
Col Horton of routing the Welsh forces with Major General
Laugharne and Col Powell neare Cardiffe. The particulars were
certified to the house of Commons by Major Bethell, and also in a
Letter from Col. Horton. The relation is briefly thus:—
Monday last, May 8, at nine o'clock, the Welsh were discovered
marching to an hill within halfe a mile from St Fagans. Col Horton
discovered them and drew to another hill within half a mile of them.
Col. Butler drew out 500 horse to fall upon the English reare.
Lieut. Godfrey, lieut. to Major Bethell, and Captain Mercer, with
a party of horse, disputed at a passe with them and worsted them.
Horse and foot relieved the Welsh forlorne, and horse the English.
The Welsh were routed before the foote got up; then parties fought,
and after the whole bodies. The Welsh, commanded by Major
Generall Laughorne, were totally routed; said to be neere 8,000
and above halfe armed, the rest Club men. The English were
betweene two and 3,000 horse and foot.
Major Generall Laughorne wounded, who with Col. Powell is
fled. Taken prisoners: Major Gen. John Stradling, also Laughorne's
Quarter-Master General, Commissary Generall, Col. Harris, Capt
Button, Capt Matthewes, and twenty six Captaines more, 150 Officers
and 3000 Soldiers, many Colours and armes, and are still pursuing,
and not ten in a company known to be any where, but such as fled
The Letter from Col. Horton to the house concerning the
defeat being but Short, for better satisfaction we will give you as
After many tedious, hungry and wet marches over
the steep and craggy mountaines, it pleased God that
we were engaged with the Enemy (who accounted them
selves eight thousand horse and Foot) upon Monday
morning, the eighth of this instant, between St Fagan's
and Peterstown; where, after a sharpe dispute for neare
two hours, it pleased the Lord mightily to appeare for
us in giving the enemy a totall rout, the perticulars thereof
I shall within short time at large present you with.
There are many slaine of the Enemy upon the place, and
in the pursuit for seven miles. We cannot yet heare of
one of our Officers slaine, and but few of the Soldiers,
but we lost many horses. I guess the prisoners that are
taken to be three thousand. We have taken all their
Foot, Armes and ammunition, which is good store. Major
Gen. Stradling is taken, with many Officers and Gentle
men, and many colours. It pleased God wonderfully to
strengthen and raise up the Spirits of our Officers and
Soldiers. Our word was 'God is our strength,' and truly
we found him so to be; and desire the sole glory may
be given to him, and ourselves looked upon as weak
instruments in his hands, and amongst whom as I am, so
I desire to be accounted, who am, Sir,
Your most humble and faithfull servant,
In the field.
May 8, 1648.
I have sent Major Bethel and Captaine Mercer to give the
Honourable Houses a more full account of this daye's
To Major Bethel 150£., Captain Mercer 100£., for bringing
this good news. Wednesday to be a Day of Thanksgiving for this
great Victory for London, Westminster and the Liberties thereof.
Wednesday three weeks for the whole Kingdom. The Lands
formerly given to Major Gen. Laughorn, and 100£. per ann. of
such delinquents as were in this fight, to be sold and the proceeds
given to Col. Horton, his Officers and Soldiers, for this great service.
A Committee appointed to consider how the Welsh prisoners
should be disposed of.
Friday, May 12. Commission of Oyer and Terminer to be
issued for the Trial of the Rioters in Wales. Mr Elbonhead and
Mr Parker to be sent down to manage the business against them.
His Excellency the Lord Generall to send for the Officers and Chief
prisoners, and try them by a Council of War according to the articles
of War, that so Justice may be executed upon them for prevention of
the like in future.
Saturday, May 13. Prisoners taken and in custody: 25 Majors
and Captaines, 32 Lieutenants, 27 Ensigns, 10 private Gentlemen and
above 2,000 private Souldiers.
Wednesday, May 17. Thanksgiving day in London. Captain
Nicholas brought letters from Col. Horton and was rewarded with
£100 for bringing confirmation of this great Victory.
It is mentioned in the Diurnall of this day, in a letter dated
Chepstow, May 15:—
"The Lieutenant Generall with his owne and Colonel Thornlaughs' regiments of horse, Colonel Pride's and Colonel Dean's of
foot, are marching for Pembrokeshire and will to-morrow night have
his head quarters at Cardiff." (This was when Oliver Cromwell was
marching against Poyer.)
Wednesday, May 24. From South Wales, May 22, came an
Expresse, that the Officers taken in the last defeat there are put
aboard Vice Admiral Crowther, to be tried at the head Quarters:
Major Gen. Stradling, Major Phillips, Cap. Tho. Matthews, Cap.
Wil. Button, Mr Miles Matthews, Lieut. Col. Hopkin Potkins, (fn. 22)
Lieut. Col. Tho. Morgan, Col. Arthur Harris, Cap. Edward Walker,
Cap. Richard Craddock, Lieut. Col. Thomas. At a Councell of War
foure were condemned, and after shot to Death; one hanged, seven
condemned not yet executed.
Thursday, May 25. 240 of the Welshmen (batchelors) which
were taken prisoners, are sent to Barbadoes; 3 shot to death at
Cardiff, one of them Capt Barkley.
Cardiff Free Library. Phillips MSS. 21183.
Collection of Privy Council Letters, &c., with some printed
documents, relating to Wales.
[Rare broadside, printed on two folios.]
"Short Memorandums upon the Deaths of Mr Philip Evans, and
Mr John Lloyd, both Priests, who were Executed at Cardiff in
Glamorganshire, the 22th. day of July, 1679."
The first page and a quarter is taken up with an abridgment of
the Catholic report of the executions, as afterwards printed in Bishop
Challoner's "Memoirs of Missionary Priests." Then comes the
Some Notes for a Comment on the foregoing
Piece of Popish Martyrology.
OBSERVE, how Industrious this restless Traiterous
Party is, to keep up their Damnable Cause; Not
one of their Villanous Priests shall pass the
Gallows, but he shall have a Speech Forged for
him, fill'd with the best and most Taking words
that can be Invented, and this Printed to proclaim him a Saint as well
as a Martyr: Though in truth he liv'd a Cheat and a Ruffian, and died
a Traitor and an Atheist. The Priest has done them Knight Service,
what Swarms of Pamphlets do they daily throw abroad, and who
almost Endeavours either to Suppress or Answer them, when their
Compendium of the Tryals came abroad abusing the Kings Evidence
in the Grossest manner imaginable, and Endeavouring to Poison the
People with a Disbelief of the Plot. (fn. 23) Thereby most insolently giving
the Lie to his Sacred Majesty and the Wisdom of our Parliaments,
and Vilifying not only our Courts of Judicature, but also two
Reverend Fathers of our Church, (fn. 24) where was then that Doughty Man
of the Dead-doing Quill with his Terrible Canon, He that boasts That
where-ever his Genius tell him that his Pen may be any way useful
to the Publick, he can no longer forbear; Was not here a fair
Opportunity to Exercise his Talents, to Chastize this Uncircumcized
Philistian, sure here if ever his Pen might have been useful to Publick,
yet for all this, though in part Provoked by a Reflection in the
Preface to the said Compendium, yet still, he stirred not a Finger,
who since has been Wretchedly Busy in Scribbling Dialogues and
Back-stroke Complements against Presbyterians, and Dr. Oats; But
alas! The Gentleman was then perhaps at his Old Profession of the
Merry Crowd, or the Studying the Mystery of Monkey-making, which
he has since so Laudably Practised.
2. Note, That the subtle Contriver would fain Insinuate
Tortures or Harsh Usage, by that Foolish Lie That "the Smith
was above an hour in taking off Evans's Irons;" As if it were unusual
to keep Traitors for their safe Custody in Fetters, but tell us pray
how you use poor Protestants, when they [sic] have caught them in
their Barbarous Inquisition?
3. "He kissed the Post of the Gallows." Is not the Gibbet,
think you, sanctified by this holy Martyr's kiss? we shall have it
stollen away shortly, and sent to Rome to make Relicks of.
4. The dying Father begins his Harangue with a Lie; That
"their Sentence of Condemnation shews that they died for no other
Crime, but for being Priests;" (fn. 25) for they were Condemned for being
Traytors; and that most justly, for being the Kings natural born
Subjects, they had gone beyond the Seas in defiance to his Laws, and
there sworn Allegiance to a Foreign Enemy; and again, in Contempt
of Law, were returned, and did dayly justifie, and by Preaching and
Practise maintain the Authority and Jurisdiction of such Foreign
Usurpers within his Majesties Dominions, which is in effect an
Invading of his Kingdoms and Sovereignty, and Deposing and Overthrowing of his Crown and Dignity. And who can doubt whether
doing all this be Treason? yet still these Villains make an Outcry
that they die for their Religion.
5. The truth is, we may justly say, that not only Popish Priests,
but every Papist in England (that is the King's Natural-born Subject)
is a Traytor; for owning himself to be of the Church of Rome, he
must hold that the Pope has right to some spiritual Jurisdiction within
our Kings Dominions; which to affirm, is to take away part of his
Imperial Crown; and as 'tis against all Truth, so by the Laws of this
Realm it is Treason. Yet this is the party which boasts so much of
their Loyalty, when in truth, they are every one of them in their
Principles Dogmatical Traytors; nor will they ever fail to put the
same into Act and Practice longer than only whilst they want strength
6. He hopes "No body will doubt of what he says." But the
Scripture tells us, The Hope of the Hypocrite shall perish. We are
too well acquainted with their dying Lies, to believe them. We
remember Father Ireland, who took it upon his Death, that he was
never in London between the 5th. of August, and the 14th. of
Septemb. which is proved a notorious Lie, not only by Mr Jennison
and others, but also under his own hand, in his Pocket-Book since
7. He says, "He does not know that ever he had any Enemies
in his Life." Sure this Father was the Phenix of the Age! Not so
much as one Enemy Man, and yet a Captain! Surely, surely, he had
learned to be an Enemy, if not to have one; for undoubtedly his
threatning treacherously to Pistol Mr Arnold, (fn. 26) was no sign of
8. Whereas he says, "The Gallows is the best Pulpit that can
be had to Preach in:" I readily agree with him, that it is for such
Divines as himself. For what his Divinity was, appears by the next
words; He is for "purchasing Everlasting Life with an Halter," his
own small pain he reckons a sufficient price for it, and so never
speaks a word of the merits or satisfaction of Jesus Christ.
9. When he desires the people to "pray for him," he is very
Civil in promising to return the Complement and pray for them again,
when he should have blundered through Purgatory: This looks like
an ambitious Rogues trick, to bespeak beforehand the veneration and
prayers of his silly tribe: that they may put him in mind of his
promise, and to the end he (forsooth) may pray again for them.
10. We do not hear one word of an Ave Maria here; What,
had these Fellows forgot their good Lady, that used to engrose almost
all their Lip-Devotions? what should the meaning [sic] that neither
her help nor any other Saints is invok'd? He tell you, we may justly
believe this pretty small Speech was hatch'd here by some idle
Father in Town, and publish'd only to amuse the world; and because
they thought it would go down better with Protestants, and move
them more to compassion and better esteem for Popery if they found
no such vain Addresses in it; therefore they were left out: for these
subtil Sophisters contrive every thing for the best advantage of their
Which yet notwithstanding all their Craft and Diligence, their
private Stratagems, and base Treacheries, and barbarous Cruelties,
God most assuredly will blast and confound all those that are Actors
in, or Connivers at, and Abettors of the traiterous Hellish Design of
re-establishing Popery in these Nations: And therefore let not
Protestants despond, but unanimously and cheerfully in their several
stations, by all lawful ways oppose their Machinations; nor let any
Magistrate be afraid to do his Duty by putting the Laws vigorously
in execution against these pernicious Vermin; dread not their
treacherous Daggers, nor their suborn'd Witnesses, nor their potent
Friends; for without the special permission of your God, they shall
never be able to touch one hair of your Head; or suppose they should
be allowed to effect some Bvtchery, can any man do more nobly than
pro Aris & Foris, [sic] for his Religion and his Countrey, and whenever these inhumane Ruffians thus draw their Daggers, do they not
always stab their own Cause in a vital part Those Magistrates that
in this critical Juncture shall gallantly appear to destroy this Hydra
of Popery, and to secure the Protestant Religion and the Government
from subversion, shall be blessed by Heaven, and applauded on
Earth to succeeding generations; but those that shall by Villany or
Cowardice go about to betray the Life of their King, and our
Religion and Properties into the hands of Bloody Papists, divine
Vengeance shall overtake them, and their Names shall be cloathed
with everlasting Infamy, and the Curse of Slavery shall descend upon
[Document written on one side of a sheet of foolscap.]
Lent by R. W. Llewellyn, Esq., of Baglan Cottage.
Cardiffe Villa in
Com[m] Glamorgan SS
To the Portreeve Aldermen and
Burgesses of the Burrough
of Neath in the sd Com[m]
Whereas his highness the Prince of Orange by his letter to us
directed (by the advice of the lords spirituall and temporall and
the knights Cittizens and Burgesses heretofore Members of the
Commons house of Parliament during the Reigne of King Charles
the second residing in and about London together with the Aldermen
and divers of the Common Counsell of the sd Citty) for the election
and Chooseing a Member of Parliament for this Town and the out
Burroughes in this County to meet to sitt att Westminster the two
and twentieth day of this instant January We therefore the Mayor
and Bayliffes of Cardiffe aforesd willing and intending to proceed
in such elecc'on according to the ancient Lawes and Customes for
electing of Burgess of Parliament for the Townes and Burroughes
of this County and in pursuance of the Statute made in the five and
thirtith yeare of the reigne of our late soureigne lord king Henry
the eighth and the eleventh Chapter signifie unto you and eury of
you that we intend to proceed in and to the election of such
Burgess on tuesday the fifteenth day of this instant January att the
Guildhall of this Town of Cardiffe by nine of the Clocke in the
morning of the same day, Hereby requiring you as we are by the
sd letter directed three dayes att least before the time of the said
election to publish the same in your said Burrough and admonishing
you and eury of you to come and appeare att the time and place
aforesaid then and there to give yr elections for the electing of such
Burgess, Given under our hands and Common seale of the sd Town
the seventh day of January, In the yeare of our Lord 1688/9.
Wm Herbertt, Major.
||To the Worship full Mayor and Bayliffes of the Town and Burrough of Cardiffe.
In most submissive and humble obedience to his highness the
Prince of Orange letter and in pursuance of yr Mandate We the
Portref, Aldermen and Burgesses of the sd Burrough of Neath
mett att the Guildhall of the sd Burrough on the eleventh day of
this instant January, When and where by our mutuall assent and
consent we did for our parte willingly elect and made Choice of
Thomas Mansell of Margam esqr to be Burgess and a Member
of the ensuinge Parliament to be held att Westminster on the two
and twentith of this instant. In Wittness whereof we have hereunto
subscribed and sett our hands the eleventh day of January in the
year of our lord god 1688.
Thomas Bassett port:
Rob: Morris alderm:
Leyson Hopkin alder:
Henry Howell alder:
Evan John d'd.
Hop: David ib'm
a Coppy of the Mandate sent from Cardiffe to Neath for their
Concurrence to Choose a Burgess to serve in the Convention held
at Westmstr 22th of Jan: 1688, with a Coppy of the answer sent
From the muniments of R. W. Llewellyn, Esq., of Baglan Cottage.
[One sheet of foolscap paper. Marked "34, Bundle 18."]
Whereas it has been Invidiously Represented in Order to
Determine Persons to oppose my Interest in the Ensueing Election,
That I am an Enemy to the Religious and Civil Rights of my
Country-men. I Assure all Gentlemen that have Votes in this
County and Particularly the Protestant Dissenters, That if I have the
Honour to Represent this County I shall always have a Tender
Regard to those Just Privilidges they at Present Enjoy, with Relation
to their Enjoyment of the Worship of God According to the Dictates
of their Own Consciences; Privilidges which Reason and the Christian Religion ascertain to them and which I think no Good Man will
be against; As to our Civil Rights as Brittons, The Civil Liberties of
Our Country ought to be Sacred to us and in this View a Popish
Pretender and an Established Protestant Church is a Contradiction
that Can never be Reconciled Therefore I Hope Gentlemen after
this Plain Declaration I shall have the favour of your Votes and
Interest and I Hope you will Not be Imposed upon by any Specious
Pretences to Oppose one who is
Your Real ffriend
and Humble Servt
May 2: 1734.
Mr Mansel's Declaration to ye Protestant Dissenters.
ADD. MSS. 5828. f. 48b.
Cole's Copies of Willis' MSS. Notes in the Survey of the
Cathedral of Landaff.
A MISTAKE is made by Willis in calling the effigy
under the gable a king, and that over the west
door Saint Dubricius. They are really Our
Lord and Saint Teilo, respectively. (fn. 27)
In addition to the particulars given in the Liber Regis,
"In Landaff Parish are said to have been antiently four
One dedicated to St Mary on the Hill, in Landaff Town,
now a dwellinghouse.
Another at Fairwater.
A third at Eley, near the bridge.
The fourth at Mynachty in the Hamlet of Listallybon."
Llandaff Cathedral Bells.
The Tenor only whole; recast 1739.
The least bell crackt 4 Novr 1730.
Here is a Saints Bell.
Add. MSS. 5829. f. 13b.
Willis' Notes continued.
The Seal of the Chapter of Llandaff, to a deed of Margam Abbey
in 1234, is: A church with four [later two] towers, and a cross upon
each tower; legend: "Sigillum Capituli Landavensis." Reverse:
The Holy Lamb: "Secretum Landavensis Ecclesie."
Each of the Prebendaries doubtless had a house at Llandaff; the
tradition of some of these still remains.
Archbishop Peckham, recommending John of Monmouth to the
Pope for this See, speaks of his skill in the Welsh language. (Vide
Regr Rous, fol. 19b, in Curia Prerogativa London.: Testamentum
Bromfeild Episcopi Landavensis die Martis 10 Junij 1393:—
In Dei nomine Amen. Ego Edmundus permissione divina
Landavensis Episcopus languens in extremis condo Testamentum
meum quatenus de iure permittitur in hunc modum. Imprimis lego
animam meam Deo eiusque gloriose Virgini [Matri] Marie et omnibus
sanctis corpusque meum sepeliendum in ecclesia cathedrali Landavensi
. . . .Item lego residuum bonorum meorum non legatorum
executoribus meis ad distribuendum pro anima mea prout eis melius
videbitur expedire. . . . ."
Will of Bishop Bromfield:— In the name of God amen. I
Edmund, by the divine permission Bishop of Llandaff, being at the
point of death, do make my Will so far as by the law is permitted, in
this manner. Firstly I bequeath my soul unto God and to His glorious
mother the Virgin Mary and to all the saints, and my body to be
buried in the cathedral church of Llandaff—Also I
bequeath the rest of my goods not bequeathed unto my executors, to
be distributed for my soul, as to them shall be seen most expedient.
. . . . . "
Regr Vaux in Curia Prerogativa, Qu. XXX. fo. 2. Testamentum.
Ego Joh'es Marshall &c Ep'us Landavensis &c Imprimis lego
anima' mea' Deo B. Marie Virg' SS. Apostolis Petro & Paulo Sanctis
Thelau Dubritio & Odocheo corpusque meum sepeliendu' in p'te
boriali infra gradus summi altaris chori p'd'c'e eccl'ie Item lego xxli
fabrice campanilis sive eccl'ie Landav. Meum Pontificalem ac annulum
Pastoralem . . . . . "
I John Marshall &c, Bishop of Llandaff &c. Firstly I bequeath my
soul unto God, the Blessed Virgin Mary, the holy Apostles Peter and
Paul, and Saints Teilo, Dyfrig, and Docheu (fn. 28) , and my body to be buried
on the north side within the steps of the high altar of the choir of
the aforesaid church. (fn. 29) Also I bequeath 20l to the fabric of the belfry
or church of Llandaff. My pontifical (ring) and pastoral ring. (fn. 30)
Bishop Athegua having resigned his see, Robert Holgate was
installed 1537. In 1553 he was deprived, ob conjugium et heresia, and
in 1556 was imprisoned in the Tower. Strype [seems to infer he
was imprisoned on his deprivation, for he] says he was released 1554.
Holgate was a Cambridge man. Anthony Harmer said: "I fear
Holgate, by his imprudent carriage and worse actions, has brought a
scandal on the Reformation," and that one Norman claimed Holgate's
wife to be his. Holgate held a Canonry of York, temp. H. 8., and
was afterwards Archbishop of that See; Harmer says he alienated
near twenty manors belonging to it.
There was a tradition at Llandaff, that when Bishop Kitchin
died, his servants concealed the fact, and forged grants to one
another of the cathedral lands that were left. A case in point was
the grant of Dyffryn to Martin Button, the Bishop's Secretary.
Kitchin alienated Llandaff Place in the Strand.
"Within this City of Llandaff, not far from the old ruined
Palace, stands the House (fn. 31) of David Matthew Esqe, now called the
Court, but formerly Bryn y gynen (Hill of Strife or Contention)
said to be built by David Matthew Iefan ap Griffith Iestin. N.B.:
I, B.W., (fn. 32) conceive this to be the said David Matthew who lived
Temp. Edw. 4 & founded the Chantry here."
temp. Jac. I. Bishop Murray commenced a suit for the recovery
of Llandaff Manor, but its progress was stopped by the Civil War.
Other Bishops tried vainly to recover it, later.
Bishop Francis Godwin "set an ill Example, giving away every
Thing to his Sons in Law. Dr [John] Hughes, his Precentor, was
one of them."
"The Ruin of this Bishoprick is to be attributed to Bp Blethin,
as well as to BP Kitchin. Who, to provide for his Children, sold
& alienated the Lands to that Degree, that he is reported to have
done it as much, if not more Injury, than Bp Kitchin aforesaid."
Bishop Beaw had been a soldier. He "was made Bishop by
the Endeavours of the infamous Earl of Rochester. . . . . . .
He came rarely into his Diocese; the Church let go to Ruin in his
Time, & Choir Service put down."
Polydore Virgil, Canon of Hereford, is said not only to have
made havoc among the MSS. of that cathedral, but also to have
destroyed the most ancient records in the Treasury of Llandaff, in
the reign of Henry VIII.
There is no precedence among the Prebendaries, save seniority.
The Prebendary of Llangwm has a house in St Mary Street,
Llandaff. The Prebendary of St. Cross has also still a house at
Llandaff. All the other Prebend houses there are lost.
Henry Hickman was Precentor of Llandaff, 1534–5.
The Prebendary of St. Andrew has a farm called Cannes Farm
in Llandaff parish.
Inquisition. 19 E. I. No. 81. (1291.)
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, grandfather of the then
present Earl, granted to God and Saint Teilo and to the Bishop and
Chapter of Llandaf the vill of Dewstow in Netherwent, in free alms;
provided that out of the issues thereof two chaplains should be
maintained to celebrate divine service for ever in the church at
Llandaf, for the repose of the souls of the Earl's ancestors and for the
good estate of Master Henry de Lankarvan and others; any residue
to be bestowed upon the poor once a year in Llandaf cathedral.
Arch. Cantuar. 1295. ad Papam. (fn. 33)
"Sanctissimo Patri in Christo Domino Bonifacio Summo Pontifici.
Sanctissimus pater beatus Celestinus Papa vltimus eminentie vestre
predecessor . . . . mihi . . . . mandavit ut dicte Ecclesie
Landavensi ea vice providerim. Quare . . . . providi de
magistro Johanne de Monumeta presbytero. . . . Magistro in
Artibus et in Theologia Doctor . . . . et literarum scientia
eminente, qui una cum lingua anglicana in qua natus extiterat, etiam
linguam wallicam in qua morabatur diutius satis novit . . . ."
To the most Holy Father in Christ, the lord Boniface, Supreme
Pontiff. The most holy father, blessed Celestine, the late Pope,
your Eminence's predecessor, commanded me to provide for this
time to the said church at Llandaff. Wherefore I have provided
Master John of Monmouth, priest, Master of Arts and Doctor of
Theology, and eminent in the science of letters, who, together with
the English tongue in which he was born, has a sufficient knowledge
of Welsh, in the midst of which he lived for a considerable time.
Augmentation Papers. 2 E. 6. (1549.)
Return of Llandaff Chantry Lands.
"There is within the said Parish of Landaff one Service called
David Matthews Service, whereunto belongeth certain lands & tenements given to the'ntent to have a priest to celebrate Masse in the
church there, & to teach xx children; to be removeable at the will
& pleasure of the heirs of the said David Matthew." The value
thereof £5. 15. 10. (fn. 34) (The last stipendiary priest of this chantry
seems to have been John Syngar.)
1534. Pensio solut' pro a'i'a Joh'is Marshall episcopi vjli. (fn. 35)
1760. Thomas Davies writes to Willis from Llandaff:—"Last
Fryday as our Sexton was tolling the first Time for Evening Prayer,
our great Bell cracked; soe that now we have no whole Bell (but a
little one); the Loss hereof is much lamented by the Neighbourhood,
because it was a Bell of a fine Note, & was heard at a great Distance.
I can't tell what our Neighbour Commodore Matthews may doe in
Time; but at present he does not favour our Endeavours for repairing this Church, where soe many of his Ancestors lye buried. Both
Gentlemen and Clergy of the Diocese are very cold in the Matter,
because the small Prebends in this Church are all or most of them
given to Strangers and Foreigners, who have noe true Affection
for the Place. And in the Hands of such this Church, & its
Revenues have been for soe many years, that 'twas become a Heap
of Ruins by their Neglect, in takeing away all the Revenues, &
leaveing little for the Ffabrick: & we see too much of that ravenous
& greedy Temper amongst some of the present Members; tho'
the Children & Family of some of their Predecessors, now very
poor, are standing Monuments of what little Service the Misap
plication of the Church Revenues were to them; for 'tis a general
Observation in this Neighbourhood, that the Posterity of most of
the Prebendaries of this Church are in low or unhappy Circumstances
&c, which is looked on as a Judgment for their Sacriledge. And
I doubt not Things will always continue in this State here, till we
have either a Royal or Metropolitical Visitation, to sett Things
to Rights &c.; for the Clergy in these Days, especially those of
this Place, seem to me to pursue the Things of this World with
more Eagerness, & a greater Intenseness than the Laity, & will
give up Nothing that they can keep, tho' they know & are satisfied,
that it belongs & was appropriated to other Uses than what 'tis
now applyed to. . . . .I have layd out for a Cardiffe Trader's
Farthing, but can't as yet meet with any. If I find one it shall
be sent you."
Note by Willis or Cole.
"Being at Mr Horace Walpole's at Strawberry Hill in the
Parish of Twickenham in Middlesex, on a Visit, he shewed me a
curious old gold Ring, July 8, 1769, enameled with Leaves on it, &
had a large & dull Amethyst, which had lost its Colour in a great
Measure, in the Shape of an Heart. He told me that it was given
to him by the Hon: and rev: Dr Frederic Keppel, Bp of Exeter, to
whom it had been presented by Dr John Ewer, then Bp of Landaff,
who told him at the same Time, that it had been formerly the Ring
of the 2d Bp of Landaff. But as St Teleiau was the 2d Bp in 512,
it is hardly probable that this Ring should have belonged to him.
Indeed Gold & precious Stones will last for Ever; but Enamel &
Fashion have Dates, & would rather refer it to a more middle Era.
I was not informed from whence Bp Ewer fixed his Authority for
so early a Date. If it was found in a Tomb of the Church, I much
question whether any so ancient is to be met with." (fn. 36)
Walpole himself described the ring, which was found in 1764,
as "A large Amethyst set coarsely in Gold."
[A pen-and-ink drawing of the ring is appended to the original
MS., and shews an egg-shaped or heart-shaped convex stone held
in a narrow setting by claw-shaped fastenings. The ring itself is
slender, and the ends next to the setting widen out into an ornament
resembling two leaves, end to end, on each side, terminating on
each side with a cap, which is joined to the back of the setting,
at its outer edge.]
Fonmon Muniments. 
RULES & orders made to be kept & observed by the
Members of the Sociable Society of Ladies, &c.
First. To meet every Tuesday at four of the
clock in the evening at the house of the Person
chose by Lot to treat for that day, and to wait upon that person
to the place appointed in the Country for our reception, there to
drink Tea and Coffee, when that is over to choose a President for
the next day by Lot, and when chose to name the place where she
intends entertaining the company at next.
2nd Any Member who shall be absent upon any account (Sickness excepted) is to forfeit the Sum of one Shilling.
3rd Every Member admitted into this Society after this Meeting
to pay the sum of one shilling into the hands of the Treasurer for
his or her admittance.
4th All money arising from either of the above accounts to be
left in the hands of the Treasurer 'till each Subscriber has treated,
then to be disposed of with the consent & approbation of the
Subscribers or the majority of them in whatever charity shall be
thought most deserving.
5th No Money to be received by the Treasurer upon any
account, but at one of the Meetings. No affronts to be taken at this
6th We do nominate & appoint Mrs Woods Treasurer to this
Society, she to enter in this book a regular account of what forfeits &
Entrance money she receives from any of the underwritten members,
and to be accountable for the same to them when called upon.
As witness our hands, this 27th of May 1755. Signed at foot
S. Lloyd, President.
1. A. Wood, June 3 at Gludy.
6. John Bullock, at Miss Williams.
1. A. Lloyd, at Miss Lloyds.
1. M. Wynter, at Frontwillim.
H. Williams, at Mr Onslow.
1. M. Tanner, at her sisters.
1. C. Davies.
M. Williams, at her sisters.
1. A. Williams, in her own house.
1. M. Wilkins, at her Fathers.
2. M. Ball.
2. Thos Williams, at his own house.
3. M. Scourfield.
Jno. Phillips, at his house.
1. J. Jeffreys, at the Pryory.
1. Mrs Bullock.
[The figures denote how many fines were paid by the Members.]
Copy Bill of Costs.
The Calvinistic Methodist Connexion Dr to E. Bassett Solr 1825.
Nov. 1. Journey to Cardiff to see premises proposed to be
purchased for the use of the connexion, & converse
with Mr Flight thereon—
Paid expences for self & horse 3s. 8d.
Drawing & engrossing Release in fee & appointment
of premises to trustees 40 f° 4l.
1828 May 1. Drawing & engrossing mortgage of dwelling
houses to Rev. H. Howells 27 f° 2l. 14s.
Sepr 26. Journey to Cardiff to attend sale of house at Crockherbtown [the old meeting-house on the Tunnel.
Paid for Liquor in sale room & my own expences 2 days 14s.
[The above are charges in connection with the purchase of
premises by Little Troy, adjoining Saint John's churchyard, as a site
for a new chapel.]
Local Bank Note.
Cardiff Bank, Glamorganshire. Note for £1. For Wood, Wood
Engraved with view of Cardiff Castle.
Endorsed: "Exhibited Nov. 17, 1821."
Bristol. 1828. J. & M. Pride's Sloop, the Amity, a constant
trader, David Rogers, master, Clears out on Saturday. Takes in
goods for Cardiff, Merthyr-Tidvil, Lantrissant, Cowbridge, and all
Places adjacent. For freight or passage apply to the Master on board,
or to T. Phillips, St John's Porter-House, Quay-Head. [Engraving
of a ship.]
Old Cottage at Philog.