Cardiff Council Minutes 1835–1843.
Cardiff Borough to Wit
AT a Meeting of the Councillors of
the said Borough, held at the
Guildhall in the said Borough
on Thursday the 31st day of
December 1835, for the purpose of electing
Aldermen for the said Borough pursuant to
the directions of the Municipal Corporation Act.
All the Councillors were present, and Mr. Walter Coffin was
elected to the Chair.
The following were elected Aldermen :—
Thomas Revel Guestv
Charles Crofts Williams.
(Signed) Walter Coffin, Chairman.
The Chairman having left the Chair, it was proposed by Mr.
Henry Morgan, and seconded by Mr. James Lewis, that the thanks of
this Meeting be given him for his conduct in the Chair.
Cardiff Borough to Wit
At a Meeting of the Council of the said Borough,
held at the Guildhall within the said Borough on
Friday the first day of January 1836. Richard Wyndham Williams in
It was Resolved that Thomas Revel Guest, esq., be elected
Mayor of the said Borough for the ensuing year.
It was also Ordered that the Mayor be requested to take the
Thomas Revel Guest, esq., the Mayor Elect, having taken the
Chair, it was Resolved unanimously that the Mayor for the time being
be the Judge of the Court of Record for the Borough.
It was also Resolved that Quarterly Meetings be held by the
Mayor, Aldermen and Councillors for the transaction of business
under the Municipal Corporation Act, viz., the 1st day of March, the
first Monday in June, and the first Monday in September 1836, at eleven
o'clock in the forenoon.
Six gentlemen were appointed a Committee for taking into consideration the Police of the Borough, preparatory to the appointment
of a Watch Committee.
The same gentlemen, in conjunction with Mr. Richard Tredwen,
were appointed " a Committee to report on the duties of Water Bailiff
and Conservation of the River Taff, particularly with reference to the
necessary buoys to be placed or preserved outside the Sea Lock."
1836 Jan. 15 Friday. Committee of six appointed "to investigate the funds and Estates of the Corporation and to prepare such a
Record of the Property as may be placed in the Minute Book for
Watch Committee of four appointed to consider the propriety of
engaging the services of "a London Police Man."
(The Rental of 1835 was entered accordingly. It was also
printed for circulation among the members of the Corporation.)
Messrs. William Jenkins and Nathaniel French the elder,
Common Attorneys, have their accounts set out in a schedule.
Present apparent Income. Jan. 1836.
|Rental as per Roll
|Harbour Dues produced last year, clear of deductions
|Tolls on Slates
|Supposed produce of Market Stallage
This year the Corporation paid the " Marquess of Bute for
Tolls £5. 13. 7½d."
1836 Feb. 1 Friday. William Pettigrew appointed Water
Bailiff at 20s. per week, the office to be held from week to week.
March 1. A letter having been laid before this Meeting by
Mr. William Jenkins, Deputy Town Clerk, informing him of the
death of Mr. Nicholl Wood, late Town Clerk of Cardiff, at Calais:
Ordered, that Mr. Edward Priest Richards be appointed Town Clerk,
with the accustomed fees.
Ordered, that John Hussey be appointed Town Crier for this
Borough, and that he be directed to wear such badge as the Mayor
£2. 10s. to be given Alexander Wilson, late Water Bailiff, in full
discharge for his services.
£2. 6. 0 paid J. Stockdale, Officer of Police, for his expenses
in coming from London to be appointed Superintendent of Police
of this Borough.
5s. paid Ann David, her quarter's salary for locking up Crockherbtown pump.
6s. 6d. paid William Llewellyn, his quarter's salary for locking
up the pump near the Town Hall.
Joseph Davies, Bute Street, agent, and Thomas Herne, High
Street, painter, appointed Auditors for the Borough.
Two Assessors were appointed for the North and South Wards.
April 4 Monday. (Entries are now in the handwriting of
Mr. E. P. Richards.)
Ordered, that Mr. William Jenkins be appointed Treasurer and
Collector of the Rents of the Corporation, until the 9th day of
November next, on the same terms heretofore paid the Common
June 6 Monday. Ordered, that the Town Clerk prepare a table
of the fees taken by him as Registrar and by the officers of the Court
of Record for this Borough, that a Table of Fees may be made and
settled by the Council of the Borough, to be submitted to one of the
Secretaries of State pursuant to 5 & 6 W. 4, c. 76, s. 124.
Mr. Whiting having proposed to this Meeting to sell his house
in Angel Street: Ordered, that Messrs. C. C. Williams, R. Reece and
W. Bird be a Committee to value the same and to report thereon to
the next Meeting.
23 Thursday. Messrs. Williams, Reece and Bird having reported
to this Meeting that Mr. Whiteing's house in Angel Street is worth
£250 and that it would be a very desirable purchase for the improvement of the Town, and Mr. Whiteing having attended this Meeting
and offered to sell the premises for such sum, the same to remain on
Mortgage for three years at 4 per cent, from the 24th day of June
instant when possession is to be given. (fn. 1)
Witness, Jno. Lloyd.
Ordered : That such offer be accepted and that the Town Clerk
prepare the necessary Conveyance.
£50 is to be spent in repairing the Corporation's cottage and
buildings on the Great Heath.
Ordered, that the Corporation attend Divine Service at Cardiff
Church on the last Sunday in each month, and that the Serjeants at
Mace attend and give notice to the Members of the Council as heretofore.
Septr. 5 Monday. Mr. William Bird purchased of the Corporation, for £120, that part of Mr. Whiteing's late premises not required
for the widening of the corner of Angel Street.
No Assessors for the Borough having been appointed on 1
March last, and doubts being entertained by whom the List of Burgesses should be revised: Ordered, that a Case be prepared by the
Town Clerk and Counsel's Opinion taken thereon.
October 3 Monday. The Corporation petitioned the Lord
Chancellor for the appointment of Trustees to Wells' Charity.
Annual sum of £52. 10. 0 is to be allowed the Mayor for the
time being, to enable him to continue the charitable benefactions; such
as £21 to the Cardiff Dispensary, £10 to the Cardiff School, and ten
guineas towards the evening lectures in Cardiff church.
Committee appointed to treat for purchase of the gateway leading
into the Workhouse Garden and yard adjoining the King's Head
public house and houses and premises adjoining, with Hooper's
31 Monday. Committee appointed to repair the buoys in the
river, and to place new buoys where required.
November 9 Wednesday. Alderman Charles Crofts Williams
elected Mayor and appointed Judge of the Court of Record.
(Henceforward it is the custom for a vote of thanks to be
accorded to the outgoing Mayor.)
William Jenkins appointed Collector of Rents, at 5 per cent,
Nathaniel French, shopkeeper, and William Williams, accountant,
elected Serjeants at Mace. Salary £7. 10s.
The duties of Serjeants at Mace are to act as Criers of the
Court of Record and to serve Process of such Court and to summon
Juries. Also to deliver notices and letters to the Aldermen and
Councillors, when required by the Town Clerk. To attend the Mayor
when required, and also the Council on all public occasions.
(The above formula is henceforth annually repeated.)
An Alderman appointed to the North and South Wards respectively, to preside at elections of Councillors and Assessors, and for
other purposes within such Wards during the ensuing year.
Committee appointed to examine all bills or claims on the
John Hussey appointed Town Crier for the ensuing year; the
Mayor is requested to provide for him a similar dress to that worn by
him at present. (This provision recurs annually henceforth.)
Committee henceforth annually appointed to repair damage done
to the buoys or the navigation of the river.
The King's Head and other property in Saint Mary Street is to
be purchased of Mr. Griffith Lloyd for £2150.
The Mayor is to be ex officio a Member of all Committees.
Committee appointed to prepare a Memorial to the Bristol
authorities to allow this Council the appointment of pilots to vessels
trading from foreign parts to this Port.
The free tickets for the Theatre are this season to be at the
disposal of the Mayor, but in future they are to be sold.
December 5 Monday. William Pettigrew appointed Water
Bailiff for the ensuing year; salary £1 per week.
1837 March 1 Wednesday. John French appointed Serjeant
at Mace, in the room of Nathaniel French deceased.
The Treasurer is directed to take possession of the piece of
waste occupied by Mr. William Jones opposite his timber-yard, and
also of the strip of ground leading from the Canal Bridge to the
lime-kiln on the eastern side of the Canal.
May 1 Monday. Committee appointed to examine the old
Rentals of the Corporation, to ascertain if they have any claim to
the land on the east side of the Canal, south of the Custom House
Bridge, as shewn on the Corporation Map of 1829.
The piece of open ground in Saint Mary Street, near the little
Steam Mill, on which Mr. William Jones is in the habit of depositing
timber &c., is to be thrown open and kept clear for the use and
accommodation of the public by improving and widening the
thoroughfare. Mr. Richards is to take immediate steps to enforce
this Resolution, by requesting all persons depositing timber or other
materials on the ground to remove the same.
29th Monday. Mayor's Salary £26. 5. 0, to allow his subscribing
towards the Cardiff Races, and for ringing the bells on the King and
Queen's Birth Day and on public occasions.
The Town Clerk is to be allowed £50 per annum for performing
the following duties :—
Attending Council Meetings, taking down and entering
Minutes, and giving Notices on the Town Hall door.
Attending Committee Meetings, and making Minutes of the proceedings.
Assisting at Ward Elections.
Attending the Mayor and Council on public occasions.
Attending Courts of Record as Registrar every alternate
August 28 Monday. The Committee appointed on 1 May to
enquire into the rights of the land on the east side of the Wharf,
have made every enquiry respecting it and are of opinion that the
Corporation have not parted with their right since it was first put
down on the map produced to the Committee at a previous Meeting.
Mr. Thos. Dalton is to be requested professionally to enquir
into the Corporation's title to the land opposite the ironmaster's
field below the Custom House, and to report what steps can be
taken for the recovery of the same.
Committee appointed to report generally on the present state
of the Corporation Property, to examine all Deeds &c. in the Town
Clerk's Office, prior to a correct Rental being prepared.
October 9. Moved by James Lewis and seconded by Thomas
Dalton: That every Motion and Amendment put by any Member
be always inserted in the Minute Book of the Meeting, with the
names of the Members who have voted on either side.
November 9 Thursday. Alderman Henry Morgan elected
Mayor and appointed Judge of the Court of Record.
Mr. Thomas Dalton verbally reported that from the inquiries
made by him he considered the Corporation could not make out
any title to the land opposite the ironmaster's field below the
An arrangement was about this time made with Mr. Robert Daw
for collection of the Harbour Dues at 5 per cent.
1838 February 5. Memorandum to be presented to Her
Majesty's Principal Secretary of State, and Petitions to the Houses
of Parliament, praying that Borough Justices may be invested with
the same authority and powers at the Court of Quarter Sessions
as the County Magistrates, notwithstanding the Municipal Corporation
The Marquess of Bute to be requested to present the Petition
to the Lords.
May 7. Ordered that a Clerk and Inspector of Markets be
appointed at a salary of £13 per annum, and that the person so
appointed understand the Welsh and English languages, and that
notice be given of such appointment.
14. David Gregory received the above appointment.
November 9 Friday. Charles Crofts Williams, alderman, elected
Mayor and appointed Judge of the Court of Record.
The thanks of the Meeting are given to the late Mayor, Henry
Morgan, esq., for his kind invitation to dinner on this day. The
Councillors, however, decline to accept such invitation, that it may not
be drawn into a precedent that the Mayor is expected to invite the
Council annually to dinner with him.
Resolved, that on this day and every 9th of November annually,
it is expected the Council will dine together at their own individual
expence at 5 o'clock, and that the Mayor (if present) be requested to
take the Chair.
December 10. A plan is to be made of the Town Wall adjoining
to the Mason's Arms in Crockherbtown ; of which part of the Wall
the Town Clerk is, if necessary, to recover possession by ejectment.
The Finance Committee are to let the houses at the Old Quay
and the rooms under the Town Hall not used as Prison rooms.
1839 February 4. William Edmunds, of the Mason's Arms,
having encroached on the Town Wall near the Crockherbtown Lock,
by building part of a cottage thereon: Ordered, that he be required
to pay a guinea per annum as tenant for such encroachment.
John Rees, of the Unicorn public house, Crockherbtown, having
taken down part of the Town Wall between his premises and the
Canal: Ordered, that he be required to pay one guinea per annum as
tenant at will of the opening and thoroughfare so made.
John Nicholl, esq., of Coedriglan writes, on behalf of the Court
of Quarter Sessions for the County, asking the Corporation to allow
the County to construct cells under the Town Hall, for prisoners
awaiting trial at Assizes and Sessions.
His request is to be complied with, subject to the Corporation's
being allowed the joint use of the cells.
May 6. Jeremiah Stockdale appointed Keeper of the Borough
Prison, in the room of David Evans deceased, without any additional
salary to that now paid him as Superintendent of Police.
John Evans is appointed Hall Keeper in the room of David
(The Cymreigyddion Society at this time met at the Town Hall.)
June 3. Leave granted the Cardiff Streets Commissioners to
houses the fire engines under the Town Hall, at an annual rent of
August 5. Resolved, that on the day when the Bute Ship Canal
is to be opened, the Members of this Corporation do meet as a body
corporate, with the Serjeants at Mace, and offer their services to
attend the Marquess of Bute to witness the entrance of the first
ship into the Bason.
Ordered, that the old cottages now standing on the west side of
Womanby Street be pulled down, and slaughter houses erected on
November 9 Saturday. Alderman Richard Reece elected Mayor
and appointed Judge of the Court of Record.
Ordered, that the sum of twenty pounds be allowed the late
Mayor and Mr. Henry Morgan towards the expences attendant on
calling out Special Constables, pensioners &c. during the late
expected attack by the Chartists from the neighbourhood of
The following Members of Council attended :—
Charles Crofts Williams, Mayor.
Daniel W. Davis
John James Watkins
William Head Deacon
William J. Watson
Richard J. Todd.
(E. P. Richards, Town Clerk.)
December 9. Mr. Todd having promised to have the door of the
New Market Tavern altered from Trinity Street to Church Street,
which he has not done: Ordered, that a wall be built to enclose
the Corporation property in Trinity Street.
Resolved unanimously, that the sincere and cordial thanks
of this Council are due to Thomas Phillips, esquire, late Mayor of
Newport, for the communications made by him to the Town Clerk
of this Borough on the 3rd day of November last, in anticipation
of the rising of the Chartists, and for the judicious and determined
conduct displayed by him on occasion of the unprovoked and
traiterous attack of the Chartists on the following day, and that a
Copy of this Resolution be transmitted by the Town Clerk to Mr.
1840 March 9. Petition to be presented to the House of
Commons, that power be given for appointing pilots for the Port
Resolved that all goods purchased in Cardiff Market be weighed
without any charge either to vendor or purchaser.
June 15. Addresses of Congratulation to Her Majesty the Queen
and to His Royal Highness Prince Albert, on their providential escape
from the traiterous attempts made on their lives by an assassin.
July 6. Resolved, that permission be granted to the Marquis
of Bute to place a tablet to the memory of the late Mr. Alderman
Bird in the Aldermens' Aisle, Saint John's church, Cardiff, as requested
by his Lordship.
Novr. 9 Monday. David Evans, alderman, is elected Mayor and
appointed Judge of the Court of Record.
Ordered, that the Town Clerk take the necessary steps for procuring an Act of Parliament for appointing and regulating the pilots
and others connected with the Port of Cardiff, and for the general
regulation of the Port and conservating the river.
Ordered, that the contract for keeping the Town Hall clock in
repair or regulating the same be suspended, and that it be referred to
a Committee (named) to take into consideration the state of the clock
and to make such Orders as they may think necessary until they can
make a Report.
30. Town Clerk to take Counsel's opinion as to the Council's
right to make a Borough or Watch Rate.
£1 reward to be offered to any person who shall procure the
conviction of any butcher for slaughtering on his own premises within
December 21. Watch Rate to be made, pursuant to the Opinion
of Counsel Mr. E. V. Williams.
1841 February 1. John Owen, blockmaker, appointed Water
Bailiff vice William Pettigrew deceased.
[From this date, for several years onward, the Minutes, besides
being signed by the Mayor and Town Clerk as heretofore, are sealed
with the small Tudor Rose seal, on a wafer, with paper stuck
May 3. Jeremiah Box Stockdale appointed Hall Keeper vice
Ordered, that the roof and the steps in front of the Town Hall be
repaired, and that the iron gates at the foot of the steps be so
removed as to allow the fire engines to be taken in. (fn. 2)
Ordered, that permission be given to Mrs. Ward to place the
shutters of her shop against that part of the Town Hall which forms
a nook at the pine end of the Hall near the gas pipe, she paying one
penny per annum for the same.
June 7. Ordered, that the Mayor be requested to call on
Messrs. Hill & Co, and Mr. Wm. Jones and represent to them the
dangerous state of the foot ways opposite their respective wharfs.
A Coroner's Inquest having been holden on Alexander
Robertson, and a verdict of "Found drowned with marks of
violence on his person" having been returned by the Jury: Ordered,
that a reward of £50 be offered by the Mayor to any person (except
an accomplice) who shall give such evidence as shall lead to the
discovery and conviction of the person or persons who inflicted the
August 2. Ordered, that Mr. Strawson be ordered to map and
survey the whole of the wastes from Longcross and Adamsdown to
the Custom House.
Land in the Hayes purchased of David Lewis for £386, for
November 9 Tuesday. James Lewis elected Mayor and appointed
Judge of the Court of Record.
Mr. William Bird, ship agent, and Mr. James Lucas elected
Serjeants at Mace, at a salary of £5 each.
Ordered, that Edward David be appointed Town Crier, and that
the Mayor be requested to provide him a cocked hat and suitable
dress similar to that worn by him at present.
1842 February 7. A letter from Mr. Napier, the Chief Constable
of the Rural Police force, addressed to Alderman Richard Reece upon
the subject of placing the Constabulary force of this Town under his
control, having been placed before this Meeting: Resolved, that it is
the opinion of this Meeting that it is unadvisable to do so, but that it
is our incumbent duty to watch over the interests of the Town ourselves as heretofore.
Richard Lewis Reece, solicitor, elected Councillor for the North
Ward, vice William Head Deacon deceased.
May 2. William Alexander Bradley elected Councillor for the
North Ward, vice John James Watkins deceased.
May 30. £100 voted towards erecting a new bridge over the
Canal in the Hayes leading towards Upper Bute Street.
July 18. Committee appointed to consider the erecting of a new
Police Station for the more effectual watching of the Borough.
September 19. A watch box to be erected near the Wharf, for
the convenience of the Police.
Ordered, that the Corporation dine together on the 9th of
November; that the Auditors and Assessors be allowed to dine,
and that the Marquess of Bute, Lord James Stuart and any of the
Marquess' family who may then be resident in the Town be invited
to dine with the Corporation.
November 9 Wednesday. Charles Crofts Williams, alderman,
elected Mayor and appointed Judge of the Court of Record.
1843 Jan. 12. Ordered, that possession be taken of the
premises adjoining the Old Quay, leased of Mr. E. P. Richards for
999 years at £15 per annum; and that the Mayor be authorized
to pull down the premises and to dispose of the materials, except