First Minute Book of the Cardiff Street Commissioners.
1774 May 2. (fn. 1)
AT the first Meeting of the Commissioners of an Act
made in the fourteenth year of the Reign of his
Majesty King George the Third intitled "An
Act for better Paving Cleansing and Lighting
the Streets Lanes and public Passages in the Town of Cardiff
and Liberties thereof in the County of Glamorgan and for
removing and preventing Nuisances and Annoyances therein " held
in the Guildhall of the said Town of Cardiff on Monday the second
day of May in the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred
and seventy four, between the Hours of ten and twelve of the Clock
in the forenoon of the same day in pursuance of the said Act the
following Persons duly qualify'd themselves to Act as Commissioners
in the Execution of the same.
Michael Richards Esqr
Thomas Edwards Esqr
John Richards Esqr
William Edwards Esqr
Henry Yeomans Esqr
Thomas Thomas Gent.
William Richards Gent.
John Richards Esqr
William Richards Powell Esqr
John Thomas Junr Gent.
Henry Williams Gent.
William Llewellin Clerk.
Bloom Williams Apothecary.
John Priest Gent.
Henry Lewis Gent.
William Richards Esqr
Robert Savours Gent.
Bartholomew Greenwood Esqr
William Hurst Esqr
Francis Minnitt Gent.
Herbt Mackworth Esqr
Thomas Mathews Esqr
The Revd Powell Edwards Clk.
Edmund Traherne Esqr
Thos French Esqr
The Commissioners Present do in pursuance and for the due
Execution of the said Act Unanimously nominate and appoint Thomas
Edwards of the Town of Cardiff aforesaid Esquire to be Treasurer
for the year ensuing and until the next Meeting after the second of
Also the said Commissioners do nominate and appoint Mr James
Owen to be Clerk as also Collector of the Rates or Assessment to be
raised in pursuance of this Act at the yearly Sallary of Ten Pounds
to be paid Quarterly.
Also the said Commissioners do impower and Authorize William
Cobb and the said James Owen immediately to make a due and just
Admeasurement of the Street leading from the West or Mill Gate
through Castle Street to the High Corner, Also from the West
or Mill Gate to Homanby Street in the said Town of Cardiff specifying the several and respective Square Yards opposite and adjoyning
to every respective House Building Yard Court Garden Land
Tenements and Hereditaments situate in the said several Streets
according to the whole Front or Fronts side or sides of the said
Houses Buildings Yards Courts Gardens Lands Tenements and
Hereditaments & to distinguish as far as possible the Number of
Square Yards necessary for the Foot Ways from the Public Horse
and Carriage way opposite to each respective House Building Yard
Court Garden Lands Tenements and Hereditaments and to deliver
the same to the Commissioners at their next Meeting for their
Also It is Ordered That Advertisements be incerted by the Clerk
in the Glocester and Bristol Papers of the Commissioners intention to
new Pave the Streets of the said Town in order that all persons
inclined to become Contractors for the Paving the said Streets may
deliver in to the Commissioners at their next Meeting proposals in
Writing of the Mode and Price they are willing and ready to pave the
said Streets Distinguishing the Price of Foot Ways from the Price of
Horse and Carriage Way.
Also Ordered for the better Execution of the said Act That the
sum of Three Hundred pounds be raised on the Credit and for the
purposes of the same.
Also It is Ordered That the next Meeting for the Execution of
this Act be adjourned to Monday the thirteenth day of June next at
the Guildhall of the said Town of Cardiff at ten of the Clock in the
forenoon of the same day. [Signed by the Clerk and 8 Commissioners.]
[June 13. Ordered, that the carriage ways be paved and pitched
with pebble stones. (fn. 2)
Ordered, that the "girdlers," edgings or curbstones of the footways be made of Lavernock stones.
Ordered, that the footways be paved with washers from Lavernock (or Penarth.) (fn. 3)
Ordered, that public notice be given in the Bristol, Gloucester
and Hereford papers of the above Resolutions.]
July 4. Ordered that the Clerk do write a Letter to Wm Watts
at Ludlow, to Come Down to Cardiff and that in Case the Commissioners and he Can't agree he will be allowed one Guinea for his
Journey to be here on Monday the 18th Inst.
Septr 27. Ordered that Notice be given by any five or more of
the Commissioners to the Several Occupiers or Owners of the Several
Houses within the sd Town, that unless they remove their signs, sign
Irons and sign posts within Ten Days after such Notice in writing,
That the same shall be Done by the said Commissioners, at the Costs
and Charges of such Owner or Occupier.
Octr 11. Ordered that the Penthouses belonging to the several
Houses in Castle street be removed by the Owners or Occupiers
thereof within Ten Days after notice in writing shall be Given to
them and also that the Cellar windows or Doors Going into Cellars
be shut up or otherwise removed.
Octr 25. Ordered that the Clerk Do purchase a pair of scales
and other Necessaries for weighing the stones, and that all stones be
weighed by the same.
Ordered that the paver and Mason do go Down to Lavernock
and raise the stones for paving and the Binders to make the footways
at 1s. 6d. pr. Ton, and 1s. for Loading Every Vessel.
Novr 8. Ordered that as soon as the Broad Street is finished,
then the Masons and paviours, are to begin to pave the street Leading
from the sd Broad street by Captn John Richards house (fn. 4) to the Crockherbtown Gate On the north side of the old post house (fn. 5) and by mrs
James's House at mr Richards House.
Ordered that the Clerk do send to mr Edward Stone for six
Lamps as a pattern and that five of them be set up (viz) one at mrs
Nooth's house by the west Gate, one by the wte Lyon Inn, one by
Captn Richards Corner, one by Thomas David's house and one by
William Stone's House.
Ordered that Notice be Given to the sevl Inhabitants in Angel
street to remove all posts penthouses and other Encroachments &
Novr 29. Ordered that the proprietors of the several Houses in
that part of the Broad street Leading from the red house Gateway
Down to the West Gate, Do Carry away the Earth and Rubbish
which is Dugg up before their respective Houses at the Expence
of the respective proprietors thereof.
It is ordered to give notice that if any person has a mind to take
upon him to light the Lamps and to find the oil that they Do Bring
in their proposals to the Commissioners at the next Meeting and that
the sd notices be put up. And also that notice be given to the
proprietors of the houses Leading from the red house Gateway Down
to the west Gate, that they Do take Down their penthouses and
remove their Encroachments and other nusances and that notice be
given thereof and in other parts of Broad street.
Decr 6. Ordered that proposals be received for the making of
Irons for Hanging the Lamps, at the next Meeting, and that notice
be Given to the sevl Smiths by the Clerk.
20th Ordered that at the next Meeting of the sd Commissioners
that notice be given to the sevl Inhabitants and Occupiers of Houses
In the sd Town of Cardiff that they do appear at the sd Meeting in
order to give in an Estimate of the rent of their respective Houses;
and that notice be given to the several Inhabitants in Castle street
and Broad street that they Do Sweep and Clean the footways before
their respective Houses Every Day pursuant to the Directions In the
act of parliament for that purpose and also that notice be given to the
sd Inhabitants to take down their spouts and put up their shoots in
the sd streets, and also that notice be given to the sevl Inhabitants
in shoemaker's street to remove their Encroachments and remove the
spouts and to put up shoots by their respective Houses.
1775 Jany 7. Ordered that the Clerk do immediately give
Notice to Herbt Mackworth Esqr to remove the penthouse and all
nusances belonging to his House in angell street.
Likewise to Mr Henry Williams Attorney at Law to remove the
penthouse porch and Railing in angel street.
Likewise to Mr Thos Glascott to remove the Penthouse of his
house in Broad Street.
Likewise to Mr William Cary to remove his penthouse and
Window under neth of his house in Broad Street.
Likewise to Mr William Richards to remove his Penthouse or
Incroachment before his House Together With the Celler Door and
Window part whereof is situate in angel street and part in Castle
17th Ordered that the Men now Employed in raising Stones at
Sylly (fn. 6) be Continued in that Employment.
Ordered that the Usual Rate of payment be Allowed for Halling
the Stones to the Water Side where the Vessell lyes for taking them
Ordered that regular Notice be given to the Proprietors of the
New Angel to remove the Rubbage and Other Nusances before that
Feby 28. Ordered that the Clerk Do affix notices on the Church
Door of the parish church of St John the Baptists in Cardiff aforesd
and also in the most publick places in the sd Town, to give notice to
the sev1 Inhabitants and proprietors of Houses &c in the sd Town
That the Com[m]missioners will at their next Meeting settle the rate of
the sev1 Houses in the sd Town, that they the sd Inhabitants &
proprietors may appear at the sd Meeting.
[Mr. Tyzzack Hodges is to fix shoots and trunks under the
eaves of his house. Margaret Harry to take down the bow window
projecting before her house.]
It is also Ordered that mr price officer of Excise Do fix the
trunk ww[hi]chch is to Convey the rain water from falling on the pavement
before his house at the pine End adjoining to Doctor Smith's House.
March 28. Ordered that the Clerk do Give publick notice to the
several Inhabitants and to Occupiers of Houses in the said Town that
they do sweep their pavements Every Day in the week between the
Hours of 8 and 10 of the Clock in the Morning, Sundays Excepted,
and that a person will attend every Monday Morning to take of their
dirt, dung and ashes, and that no person do presume to Lay the same
in the publick streets for the future, or otherwise they will be prosecuted for the same.
April 25. Ordered that Thomas Richards smith Do take up the
grates by Mr Michael Brewer's, and Wm stone's and that he Do make
the Barrs of the same Closer, to prevent the Dung &c. to go into the
also that the Clerk Do give publick notice, that if any person or
persons have a mind to take on him or them the office of a scavenger
that such person or persons May apply to the Commissioners at the
May 23. Robert Jones of Fonmon Esqre is proposed as a
Candidate to succeed mr John Thomas Dece'd as a Commissioner, and
the Clerk is ordered to affix a notice on the Guild Hall of the Town
of Cardiff relating to the same.
It is ordered that in Case John Stone Doth not perform his
Contract in fetching the paving stones and Binders for the paving the
foot passages, that the Town clerk hath orders to prosecute him for
It is ordered that as soon as the pavers and pitchers have finished
the street Leading towards Crockherbtown Gate, that they are to
begin to pitch and pave the street Called Highstreet from the [County
Gaol] (fn. 7) High Corner to the Market house and then from the County
Gaol to the Church.
[Various persons to have notice to take down their penthouses,
remove their encroachments, nuisances and annoyances, and affix
shoots and trunks under the eaves of their houses, to prevent the rain
water from annoying the foot passengers.]
July 18. Ordered that In Case John stone's vessel cannot
supply the people with Binders and Washers Sufficient to keep
them at Constant work, that then the Treasurer may Employ other
vessels as they shall think proper at the same rate.
Octr 17. Ordered that 6 Lamps be immediately putt up in the
following places Vizt One By the Globe (fn. 8) Corner, one by William
Stone's Corner, one by the Corner of the Markett House Opposite
to Paul Price's, one by the North Corner of the Old Post House,
one by the corner of Thomas David's House, and one near the Mill
That an Agreement be Entered into with John Whiting for
lightening the Lamps at 30s. pr Lamp at the Rate of Six Months,
Vizt from Michaelmas to Lady Day.
That the Irons be made by Thomas Richards smith at 3d½
pr lb. with a Crane and that they be placed 10 feet high from the
That the Lamps be lightened before Night & Continued 'till One
in the morning.
That Notice be given by the Clerk to the several Inhabitants
in High Street that leave out their Benches or Other Nuisances on
the foot Way.
Octr 31. Ordered that six more Lamps be put up at the
following places vizt one by the Church on Catherine Williams
House. one at the Corner of the Unicorn. (fn. 9) one at the Eastern End
of the Town Hall near the steps. one over the Gateway of Mr Thos
Cottons House in Shoemaker Street. one at Mr Edwd Thomas (fn. 10) stable
in Castle Street. one at Mr John Waters in Angel Street.
Decr 5. Ordered that the Clerk do employ a Couple of Men to
sweep the Streets, & that David Lloy'd shall carry it away.
[At the next five Meetings no Commissioners appeared.]
1776 Jany 16. Ordered that a Book be bought by the Clerk
to enter the Accounts of the Treasurer.
Ordered that the Lamp Irons be painted Red.
Ordered that a foot path be made in the street leading from
Shoemaker's street by Gedrich's Corner to the Church.
March 5. Ordered that the empty Carts Do Carry away the
Dirt on their Return Collected in the several streets or not be
Employed; as well as all heaps of Dirt on the street.
Ordered that the Committee [for inspecting accounts] do meet
for that purpose at the Angell Inn, in Cardiff.
May 7. Ordered that all Extraordinary Expenses attendg the
removing and Carrying away the Earth from Womanby Street or
in repairing the Gout there, be paid & discharged out of the General
1777 Augt 26. Whereas John Owen the present Collector
to the Comrs hath this Day neglected to Attend with the Books
and papers relative to this Meeting, to the Delay of the proceedings
thereof [notice is to be put up on the Guild Hall that he will be
removed from his office of Collector.]
Octr 14. Ordered That Written Notices be putt up By the
Clerk to give notice to all persons that suffer Pigs or Other
Nuisances on the streets that they will be punished According to
1778 Feby 10. [Proceedings are to be forthwith instituted,
to recover the Street Charge from the Widow Lewis, Messrs.
Harford & C°, William Powell of the Tennis Court, and Doctor
Ordered That Informations be made By the Clerk agt all persons
who Suffer their Pigs to go about the Streets & proceeded on with
the Utmost Expedition.
Also agt all persons who thro' Dirt or Ashes or Other Nuisances
on the Streets or permitt Dunghills or heaps of stones to remain on
[June 23. James Owen the Clerk, and John Owen the Collector,
are displaced. James died soon afterwards.
July 4. Michael Brewer appointed Clerk and Collector.]
1779 Novr 25. Whereas several of the Inhabitants dwelling
in High Street & Shoemaker Street as far as the Markett Extends
Do on fair Markett & Other Days place out and suffer to be
continued divers standings Benches and other Nuisances to the
great annoyance and Inconvenience of Travellers and the Inhabitants
of the said Town, and by means whereof the said High Street and
Shoemaker Street become very Dirty and inconvenient as Well on
Sundays as on other Days: It is therefore Ordered That such
persons who are permitted at sufferance By the said Commissioners
to putt out on fair or Markett days such Standings or Benches Do
on every Saturday or fair Evening or before Nine of the Clock on
the following Morning, at their own Expence Sweep or Cause to
be Swept and Cleaned the several foot and Carriage Ways Opposite
to their respective Houses and Cause the same to be Carried away
on the same Evening or before 9 of the Clock on the following
Morning. And that they do also keep the said footways & Carriage
Ways free and Clear from any Standings Benches low Stones &
Straw as soon as they conveniently Can after the fair or Markett
Day is over. So that the said Streets may be discharged from the
great Nuisances and Inconveniences to which they have of late been
Decr 9. Ordered that William Harris of The Splott be appointed
scavenger for sweeping and Cleaning & Carrying away the Dirt &
Nuisances from the Streets within the said Town.
That the scavenger is to Sweep & Carry away the Dirt &
Nuisances from the several Streets that have been pitched & paved,
as also from the Street leading from the Old post house to the East
Gate on the South Side thereof. That all Inhabitants within the said
Streets may be at Liberty to Carry their Ashes into the scavengers
Cart, who is to receive the same, and is to have a Bell to his Cart to
Warn the Inhabitants.
[Hugh Whiting appointed Clerk and Collector.]
23rd Ordered that a Cask of the best Oil be purchased by the
Clerk at Neath or Swansea, being part of the Cargoe of a Ship lately
[1780 Decr 5. John Evan appointed Clerk and Collector.
1782 Jany. 18. Edward James, of Llandaff, appointed Clerk.]
Feby. 7. Ordered that the street Called Crockherbtown Street,
leading from Crockherbtown Gate Eastward as far as the Blind Lane
and opposite thereto, be paved on both sides of the Turnpike Road.
March 7. Ordered that Notices be served by the Clerk on the
several Persons in Crockherbtown who have Incroachments or
Nuisances before their Houses to pull down & remove the same.
Vizt The Wall before Mr Nicholas Priest's Houses, the Rails & Porch
before the House of Bartholomew Greenwood Esqr the Porch before
the House in Occupation of Thos Gething. A Stone Bench before the
House of Thos Lewis Mason and all other nuisances there.
[Thomas Edwards is now Mortgagee of the rates, and his clerk
acts as Clerk to the Commissioners.]
1785 July 26. Mr Nicholas Priest having represented to the
sd Commissioners of the said Act that he is now building a dwelling
house Scituate in Northgate Street, and that he intends erecting a bow
Window in the said building ww[hi]chch will be as well a Conveniency
to himself as an ornament to the said Street: We the said Commissioners do allow thereof so that the said Bow Window do not exceed
in projection more than two feet.
[New Commissioners added are:—]
Revd Gervase Powell, Clerk.
Edward Morgan, Esq.
Henry Hollier, Esq.
John Wood, Gent.
Mr Nicholas Priest.
Mr Wm Prichard.
S. M. Lowder.
Revd Wm Llewellin.
Revd Henry Lewis.
Mr John Blannin.
1788 Feby 5. Whereas it appears to this Meeting that no
regular Act. Book has been kept by the Commissioners to shew the
Expenditure of the several sums raised and Borrowed for the
Purpose of Paving the Town: Resolved that the Clerk procure
a proper Book for entering all receipts and payments.
Whereas for want of proper Meetings of the Commissioners no
Rates were made for the year commencing 25 Decr 1785 and ending
25 Decr 1786, and for the year commencing 25 Decr 1786 and ending
25 Decr 1787, which ought to have been done, We Do so far as we
are impowered so to do, Order and Direct that Rates and Assessments
be made &c for the said two Years.
1794 July 8. Thomas Evans of Cardiff Labourer having on
the 5th day of April 1794 been convicted by Henry Hollier Esq. in
the Sum of Twenty Shillings for driving a Certain Waggon drawn by
Horses upon the footpaving near Church Street, one half of the said
sum was paid to the Rate Collector, John Lewis.
Whereas the several Streets within the said Town are in a very
ruinous situation and are now under Presentment by the Hon. George
Hardinge Esq. and the Commissioners present doubting whether they
have a right to make and collect Rates for the Arrears now due,
Wishing to be advised on the legality thereof and as to the mode of
Collecting such Arrears: Ordered that a Case be prepared for the
Opinion of Counsel for the approbation of the Commissioners at their
next Meeting and that Mr Wood prepare the same.
[1796 Jany. 26. Rate of 1s. in the £ ordered for the repairs of
the streets. This Meeting was held at the Guildhall, as before.
Feby. 16. This Meeting was held at the Cardiff Arms inn,
which continued to be their rendezvous for many years. From this
time, the Clerk could but rarely obtain a quorum; and, even when
sufficient Members attended, little business was done beyond the
formal making of rates. Thomas Dalton was now among the Commissioners.
1797 Jany. 16. Crockherbtown and King Street to be paved.
Lamps to be placed at the Unicorn; opposite the corner of the
old post office; at the Carreg Picka; at the corner of High Street;
at the Globe corner; at the new Market House; near the Church; at
the middle of Shoemaker Street; about Bird's Library; near the
Red Cow; near Mr Waters' yard in Quay Street.
1800 March 24. Colonel Capper and Mr. Wood having offered
to clean various parts of the Town, are appointed Scavengers for one
year. Henceforward a quorum was not assembled until:—
1801 Novr 13. "The account of Wm Taitt Esqr was this day
settled, and there appeared a Ballance of £146. 19. 6. due to him
Ordered that a Rate of 1s. in the £ be immediately made and
collected for the year 1801.
1802 Decr 10. The first Meeting since the one particularised
above. Same business done.]