HELSINGTON AND SIZERGH.
Helsingetune, Dom. Book, [2 c.] 1066, Gilemichel. The vill anciently
comprised the hamlets of Brathelaw (now Bradley fields), Cunswick,
Tranthwaite, Routheworth, Sizergh, part of Brigsteer and the
demesne of Greenriggs.
1170–80 William de Lancastre II grants to Gervase de Ainecurt £15 worth
of land for the service of ¾ fee in Natland and Bothelford [extending]
to the brook of the gallows and to the bounds of Hoton and Stainton,
with Sizaritherge, Winderg and the other Winderg, the grantor's
part of Lander and that part of Socabret which Waldeve held, all
which he gave for £12 10s. worth of land; and for 50s. worth of
land in arrears he delivered to the said Gervase the service of Hacatorp
in pledge for 50s., until he perfected the said £15 worth of land.
Witnesses: Norman the sewer, Jordan the grantor's son, Gilbert
the grantor's son, Grunebald, Robert de Heriez, Anselm, Orm son
of Tore, Roger de Crofd, Roger son of [Adam, Orm son of Bernu-]lf,
Robert Mustel, William parson of Warton John the clerk, Richard
the chamberlain, W[illiam Pultyngton]; orig. D. at Sizergh.
Gillem de Lancastre quit claims to Gervase de Haencurt all rents
and services which he ought to perform to the grantor for his manors
and lands in the county of Westmerland, in exchange for the rent
of 50s. in Westmerland which Gervase has granted to the grantor.
Witnesses: Norman the sewer, Robert de Heriic, Anselyne, Orme
Fitz [Thor], Roger le chambarleyn, Gillem de Croft, Gillem le parson
de Warton, Johan clerk, [Ri]cardyn le Chamburleyn, Gillem Puttyngton (French); orig. D. at Sizergh.
Henricus rex Anglorum Willelmo Marescallo salutem. Mando tibi
quatinus quam citius poteris ad me venias paratus et militibus quotqunt
habere poteris ad standum mecum in werra mea et id [eo manda mihi ?]
qualis et quanta tua sit milicia, persepe (?) re (?) mihi planxisti quod
de parvo feodo te feoffari, pro vero scias quod si mihi fideliter servias
dabo in augmentum castellum Raul cum toto honore et cum omnibus
pertinentris . . . . . . poterimus; Written on the seal tag of a charter
of John, parson of Kirkby Lonsdale, preserved at Hornby Chapel
1184–86 Henry II gave to William Marshal the custody of the heir of
William de Lancaster; see Kirkby in Kendale, page 2.
1184–89 William Marshal (Marescallus) confirms to Gervase de Eincurt
his tenements which William de Lancastre gave him as his charter
testfies, "to hold of the said William Marshal and his heirs in fee
and inheritance." Witnesses: Thomas son of Gospatrick, Gilbert
de Lancastre, Roger de Croft, Roger son of Adam, Henry son of
Norman, Geoffrey de Prestun, Geoffrey son of Robert, William
Waler[an], Matthew Gernet, William de Kettovill, Richard son of
Alard, William de Bevill, Gamel the for[ester]; orig. D. at Sizergh.
1190–1200 Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfred confirms to Gervase de Aincurt
the land which William de Lancastre, father of Helewise, the grantor's
wife, gave to him, namely Natalaund, Bothelford, Sisrahelheres,
Winderes and the other Winderes, the moiety of Sockebret which
Waldef held, and the third part of Louther; also Hagethorpe which
the said William pledged to Gervase for 50s. worth of land; to hold
for ¾ knight's fee; with licence to make a mill on the water course
by the gallows of Kirkeby between Kirkeby and Natalaund. Witnesses: Henry [de Redeman] the seneschal, Robert de Soukey
("Sinking" in MS.), James de Flaund', Gilbert de Lancastre, Adam
dean of Lonsdale, Thomas son of Gospatric, Robert de Bethom,
Roger de Burton, Gamel the regarder (i.e. forester); Reg. of D. at
Levens, ii, f. 62.
By another charter the said Gilbert granted to the same Gervase
acquittance of noutgeld of his said lands of Westmerland and Kendale, which he holds for ¾ knight's fee. For this Gervase gave
Gilbert 20 m. Witness: Roger Fitz-Reinfrid; ib., f. 81.
1200–20 Thomas le Fleming, for the health of the soul of his lady, Helewise
de Lancastre, gave to the brethren of Cockersand 2s. of rent out of
his land in Helsington. Witnesses: Henry de Redeman, Adam
son of Roger, Henry Daunay, William son of Ketel, William de Le,
William de Waltone; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1015.
1204 Gilbert Fitz-Reinfrid has the custody of the land and heir of
Oliver de Aencurt; R. Litt. Pat., 45b.
1216 The son, or daughter, and heir of Ralph de Ayencurt, is a hostage
for Gilbert Fitz-Reymfrid; R. Chart.; 221lb.
1217 Ralph de Aencurt returns to allegiance; R. Litt. Claus., i, 376.
1235 Ralph de Aencurt and Patrick son of Thomas hold 1 fee of the
barony of Kendal; ib., i, 412.
1246 William de Lancaster, shortly before his death, enfeoffed . . . .
Duble of 20 a. in Helsington, worth 20s., John le Waleys of 22 a.
worth 22s. and Philip de Mara of 12 a. worth 6 s.; Lancas. Inq., i, 167.
Ralph de Eincurt, a juror; Lancas. Inqns
, pt 1, 166.
A day was given to William de Lancastre, Ralph de Eyncurt,
Robert son of Utred and Henry de Sysergh touching a plea of
estovers, (fn. 1) by William son of Uctred, on the octaves of St. Hilary at
Leycestre; Assize R. 1045, m. 54.
Ralph de Eyncurt appeared against William de Lancastre of a
plea that he permit Ralph to have reasonable estovers in William's
wood in Barton, as he ought to have. William was attached by
Roland de Revegel and Gilbert the Constable. Adjourned to
Leycestre in Hilary term; ib., m. 55 d.
1247 Ralph de Aencurt is amerced ½ m for a default; Parker, Pipe R.
of Westm., 204.
1249 Robert de Sigrittserh gives to Ralph de Ayncurt 4½ a. in Bigcroft
in exchange for 4½ a. which Ralph recovered against Ralph brother
of the said Robert. Witnesses: Ralph de Notingham, sheriff of
Westmerland, Robert de Aseby, Roger de Burton, Thomas de
Lefins, Richard de Heyham, G. de Witeby, Richard de Coupland,
Roger reeve of Sigriterh. Orig. D. at Sizergh. Seal of Robert son
c1250 R[alph] de Siritherhe, son of Matthew son of Peter, releases to
Ralph son of Ralph de Ayncurt, his lord, 2 acres, less 13 perches,
in his croft, and 1 rood 8 perches in Scotwra on the northern side,
and 1 rood in the tillage between the grantor's house and the house
of the said Ralph, his lord, and all his part of Hewode, for 8 acres
of land and meadow lying between the grantor's house and that of
the said Ralph, his lord. Witnesses: Sir Matthew de Redeman,
Robert de Ha[s]keby, Walter del Hay, Rauland de Renegil; Dodsworth's MS. 149, f. 137 d.
1250–65 Robert son of Matthew de Sywirtherwe grants and sells to dame
Alice de Ayncourt two parts of 2 acres of his meadow in Sywirtherwe,
which Ralph "my brother" formerly took from Ralph de Ayncourt
in exchange for certain lands called Ewode; to hold for a pair of
white gloves or 1d. Witnesses: Sir Matthew de Redeman, William
de Wyndesouere, Thomas de Levenes, Adam Gernet; ib.
1272 Walter de Lindesay held at his death land in Helsington, worth
5 m. and 21 a. of meadow, worth 30s.; Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 236.
1274 Nicholas de la Quisine arraigns an assize against William de
Stirkeland touching land in Sithereshergh; Dep. Keeper's Rep. 42,
Inquest taken at Kyrkeby in Kendale on Monday after the
quindene of Holy Trinity, 2 Edward I (11 June, 1274) by the oath
of Thomas de Lancastre, Richard Gilpin, John de Kenetemere,
Roger de Bronolvesheved, Ralph de Patton, Thomas Collan, Benedict Gernet, Roger Kayrus, Robert de Stirkland, John de Midelton,
Roger son of William, William de Friysbank, and William son of
Alexander, jurors, to make an extent of the lands of Robert de Ros
of Werk, who say that the castle of Kyrkeby in Kendale with the
parks, vivaries, herbage and "cista" therein is worth one year
with another 10 marks; there are in Kirkeby in demesne 160 a.
arable land, each worth yearly with meadow 6d., sum 66s. 7d. (sic);
the vill of Kirkeby with enclosure is worth 10 marks yearly; a
water-mill, the moiety thereof pertaining to this part, with the
moiety of the mills of Rispeton and Appeltweht, is worth 28 marks
yearly, whereof Alan de Sutton receives 50s. yearly and Adam de
Lancastre 20s., for their lives; the moiety of the fulling-mill of
Kirkeby, formerly extended at 10 marks, is now 8 marks, as the
tenants of John de Bellewe ("de Bella Agua") in Kenetemere, who
married Laderina, one of the sisters and heirs of Peter de Brus, do
not do suit at the said mill as of old in Peter's time; the moiety of
the mill of Patton, formerly extended at 10 marks, is now 9 marks,
as William de Wyndesores has set up a mill at Grarig to its injury
in 1 mark yearly; the mill of the hospital is worth yearly 60s.;
the moiety of the mill at Dylaker is worth 10s. yearly; the fishery
of Fors is worth 6 marks; in the demesne of Helsinton there are
210 a. land with meadow, each worth 6d. yearly worth with the
emendation of the grange, herbage of the Hay with the forest and
dead wood felled, £4 13s. 4d.; farm of the tenants in Helsinton,
64s. 10d.; from geld ("goldor") of sheep there, 3s.; farm of Henry
the reeve of Helsinton, 20s.; the farm of Grenerig, 54s., and from
"gold" there, 6s. 8d.; farm of Adam de Riboyers, 6d.; farm of
Hagayl, £6 3s. and from "gold" there, 5s.; from a meadow called
Rispetun-henge, containing 9 a., 12d. an acre yearly; from the
herbage of Adam Brun, 16s. yearly; from the farm of William
[le] Sauser, 3s. 6d. yearly; from that of Beauconquayte, 7s. yearly;
from that of Stavley, 70s. yearly and from the demesne there 46s
and from "goldis" there 6s. yearly; from a close at Hoon (?),
12d. yearly; from the farm of the vill of Stirkeland, 60s., and from
'golds" there, 3s.; the meadow of Leythilde, 6s. yearly; the
farm of the vill of Schalquatrig, 50s. yearly; the farm of the tenants
of the underwoods, 48s.; the farm of Hotun, 110s. and from "golds"
there, 6s.; from the mill there, 100s.; farm of the tenants in the
forest with Schewreschale and Oxinholme, £11 6s. 9d., herbage
there 5 marks; from Adam son of Henry for a shieling and 2 a.
land, 3s.; there are free tenants [in Kendale] who pay yearly
£7 4s. 3d.; two year-old hawks, 2s.; 2 pairs of gilt spurs, 13d.;
gloves, 1d.; 6 cross bows 10d.; 12 arrows 2d.; 4 lbs. pepper.
40d.; 4 lbs. cummin, 4d.; and 1 lb. wax, 6d.; the forests of
Ridale with Satsondoff and Becmelbrid and Carkerdale are worth
£14 13s. 4d. yearly; the farm of Gresmere with a moiety of the
mill and of the fulling-mill, "goldarr" of sheep, moors, fishings
and a brew-house, is worth £7 17s. 3d.; the farm of Langedon with
a moiety of the mill and herbage of the forest are worth £3 18s. 8½d.;
in Crostweyt there is land in demesne worth 22s. 11d.; the farm of
Crostweyt with the herbage, "goldis," a brew-house and the mill
are worth £11 15s. 11d. yearly; from the moiety of Aynerholm,
3s. 4d. yearly; from the farm of Adam Chefdor, 3s. yearly; Roger's
island in Wynendemere is worth 12d. yearly; from small fishings
above Kirkeby ½ mark; free tenants in Westmerland under 104s. 4d.
yearly; the court of Kendale, worth one year with another and
formerly extended at £20, is now worth £18, being reduced in value
40s. by the pourparty of John de Bellewe; from stallage, small
herbages, pannage, honey and squirrels, 102s. Total £197 17s. 3½d.
The said manor [of Kirkeby in Kendale] has fallen to the pourparty
of Margaret de Ros, the last-born daughter and one of the heirs
of Peter de Brus, and is held of the king in chief; Inq., p. m. 2 Edw. I,
1275–85 Alice de Howis, late the wife of Thomas son of Thomas de Levenes
gave parcels of land in Le Howis (now Hawes) to Thomas her son,
and a moiety of Le Howis lying between Kilnegilebec and Sighitherg
dik (both of which flow into Kent), to each of her sons, Benedict
and John. Afterwards she released to William de Stirkeland these
two moieties of Le Howis, by charter attested by Roger de Burton,
Richard de Preston, knights, William de Windesouer, Gilbert de
Brunnollissheved, John de Camera, John de Forstewayth; Orig. at
1277 William son of William de la Quisine assize of n. d. against William
son of Walter de Lindeseye and William le Especer touching a
tenement in Rostthweyt; Dep. Keeper's Rep., 46, app. 269.
1278 Richard de Gilpyn assize of novel disseisin against Margaret
de Ros and others touching a tenement in Helsington; Dep. Keeper's
Rep., 47, app. 246. See Bradleyfield.
1279 William de Strikeland held ⅓ fee in Natelond, Siresserwe and
Wynderwe of Peter de Brus; Cal. Inq., ii, 190.
1282 Adam Knappe, assignee of Roger de Thirnnby, attorney of
William son of Robert de Stirkelaund, and others demand against
Adam son of Robert de Kendale 7 a. land &c. in Helsington, which
Nicholas son of William son of Geoffrey de Croke claims as his right.
William calls the said Adam to warranty; De Banco R., Mich., 47,
m. 106. See Tranthwaite.
The same William son of Robert is impleaded by Margery, late
the wife of William son of Geoffrey le Clerk, of the third part of
10 a. land and ½ a. meadow in Helsington as dower; ib., m. 119 d.
He calls Adam son of Robert de Kendale to warranty; ib., 49, m. 52.
1283 William de Lindsay held at his death 24 a. land in Helsington,
which render 13s. 4d. yearly; Lancs. Inq., pt. 1, 255.
1286 William de Stirkeland, knt., demises Le Howis, lying between
Le Kilnebek and the divisions of Syressergh, to John de Camera
for 6 years at 10s. yearly. Witnesses: Roger de Burton, Richard
de Preston, knights; William de Windessouer, Matthew de Redeman, Gilbert de Brunll[esheved], Thomas de Derlay; orig. at
t. Edw. I. William de Styrkeland grants to Sir William de Pykering all
his land in Brigster, which sometime belonged to Sir Ralph de
Anecurt, and all his land in Syggeswic, that some time belonged to
the said Sir Ralph; to hold for 4s. 6d. yearly, less 12d. due to
Roger Nutting and his heirs for the land in Syggeswic. Witnesses:
Robert de Ormyshevid, Thomas de Derley, Rouland de Thorneburc,
William son of Patrick, Richard de Sands (de Sabelonibus), Benedict
Gernet; orig. at Sizergh.
1288 William de Stirkeland son of Sir Robert de Stirkeland knt.,
grants to John called of the Chamber (de Camera) and Sibyl his
wife his land in Le Howys with 3 acres of land and meadow near
Le Killinbek, which Alice del Howys holds for life with reversion
to the said John and Sibyl, lying between Kent and the way extending
towards Levenys, beginning on the eastern side next the demesne
land of dame Margaret de Ros [and extending] near Le Killin bek
westward, as the arable land and wastes divide, in ascending to a
certain old hay, as the arable land and waste divide, and following
the said hay unto Kent; to hold for a race of ginger at Christmas.
Witnesses: John de Rosgille, knt., Robert le Engleys, knt., Roger
de Burton, knt., Richard de Preston, knt., William de Wyndeshouer,
Gilbert de Bron[olvisheved], Geoffrey de Melcanthorp, Alan the
clerk. Dated at Great Strikeland in Westmerland on Sunday afte,
Michaelmas, A D 1288. Orig. in the possess, of Alan Chambrer
major Royal Cumberland Militia, 21 Feb., 1852. Translated by
Mr. Harding of the Duchy of Lancaster Office; copy at Sizergh.
1292 William de Strikelande, by his attorney, Baudewin de Schepesevede, renders to Walter his son lands of his inheritance, and Le
Howes, and land in Brigester. Given at Appelby, on the feast of
St. Leonard, 20 [Edward I]; Orig. at Sizergh.
William de Stirkelaund, son of Sir Robert de Stirkelaund, releases
to Walter de Stirkelaund, his son and heir, the manor of Sithiserg,
104s. 10d. worth of land in Nateland, which William reserved on
the day when he enfeoffed Walter of the vill of Natelaund, with
the wood of Staynton, reserving only his right of inheritance which
the grantor holds by the courtesy of England. Witnesses: Roger
de Burton, Richard de Preston, William de Wyndishouer, Gilbert
de Bronolhisheved, Benedict Gernet. Given at Kirkby in Kendale
on the feast of Holy Trinity, A.D. 1292; Orig. at Sizergh.
John son of Thomas de Levenis grants to Sir William, son and
heir of Sir Robert de Stirkeland, his land in Le Houwes, which the
grantor had by the gift of Alice his mother. Witnesses: Robert
de Burton, Richard de Preston, knights; William de Wyndesouere,
Matthew de Redeman, John Gernet. Benedict Gernet, John de
Forstewayt, John de Camera; Orig. at Sizergh.
1293 William de Goldington demands against William de Stirkelaund
that he hold the agreement made between them touching 14 messuages, one mill, &c. in Helsington and Heverisham; De Banco R.,
Mich., 102, m. 229 d.
1294 Nicholas de Leyburn and Margaret his wife recover their seisin
of 2 messuages and 52 a. of land in Kirkeby Kendale and Helsington
against Roger de la Quisine (Kitchen) and Joan his wife. Nicholas
is in Gascony in the king's service; Abbrev. Placit, 233 b.
1294–1300 John de Burton grants to Sir William de Pykering 12/3 a. of meadow
in the vill of Sygrithisherg, which the grantor formerly purchased
of Robert de Kendale. Witnesses: Sir Roger de Burton, Roland
de Thorneburg, Simon Bewalet, their constable, Richard de Gilpin,
Thomas de Derley; Henry the clerk; Orig. at Sizergh.
1296 William de Styrkeland, knt., acknowledges a debt of £100;
Cal. Close R. 1296, p. 519.
1297 Confirmation of a charter of Margaret de Ros granting in fee
simple to Marmaduke de Twenge, her nephew, the manor of
Helsington with the demesne there, the meadow, park, mill and
tenants of Helsington, with the hamlets of Crosthwayt and Le Lyth,
Aynerholum, Stavelay [with] the manor and park, Gressemer and
Langeden, the island of Rogerholum and the fishery of Wynandermer,
Sattegyll, Rispeton, Fauerbank and Hogayl (except 2 tenements),
with the mills of the said hamlets, a moiety of the mill of Rispeton,
and certain advowsons in co. Lancaster, a moiety of the fees, rents
and services of free men belonging to her of the inheritance of Peter
de Brus, her brother, a moiety of the vill of Kirkeby in Kendale
and a moiety of the profit of that vill and of her free court there,
of the fishery of Le Fors and of the woods of Haye, Severgh, Threlesgrope, Mountjowe and Brendewode, except 45 a. of the demesne
of Helsington; Cal. Pat. R., 1297, p. 304.
1298 Walter de Stirkeland, Baldwin de Shepesheved and Sibyl his
wife recover by replevin their lands in Helsington, seized for default
against Agatha late wife of Thomas de Parys; Cal. Close R. 1298,
William de Styrkeland demands against Baldwin de Sheppesheved
("Sheppeffeld") and Sibyl his wife £20, and against Gilbert de
Brunolvesheved £12, which they respectively owed him and have
unjustly detained; De Banco R., Easter, 123, m. 52.
Agnes late the wife of John de Warrewyk demands against Walter
de Styrkeland a messuage and 20 a. land in Helsinton and Briggester;
ib., Trin., 124, m. 68 d.
1299 Protection for Walter de Stirkeland, knt., going to Scotland in
the king's service with Marmaduke de Twenge; Cal. Pat. R. 1299,
1300–05 William de Stirkeland grants to his son and heir, Walter de
Stirkeland, the land and waste in Le Howis between Le Kilnebek
and the bounds of Syressergh, his land of Brigster and the land
late Adam Ward's in Syressergh. Witnesses: Gilbert de Brunolvisheved, Robert de Wessington, Roland de Patton, William de
Gylpyn, Henry de Guyp, Richard de Derley, Baldewyn de Schipesheved; Orig. D. at Sizergh. Small circular seal of green wax on
a shield the arms of Strickland. Legend: s. WILL'I DE STE[RKELAND].
1301 Between William son of Margaret de Ros querent and Margaret
de Ros deforciant of 2 messuages 31 carucates and 45 acres land
15 mills and one half share of 3 mills with appurtenances in Helsington etc, Preston Richard etc in Westmoreland. The same is held
by the said William and his heirs and the remainder to Marmaduke
de Twenge in perpetuity and the said Margaret warrant the said
William and his heirs and also the said Marmaduke and his heirs.
Feet of Fines 29 Edw. I, No. 62.
Fine levied in accordance with the charter of Margaret de Ros
to Marmaduke de Thweng, respecting 39 c., the moiety of 5 mills
in Crosthwaite, Le Lyth, Staveley Gamel, Hugill, Ryspeton, Gresmyer and Langden, the manor of Helsington, except 45 a., the 4th
part of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendal, except the castle, and of
£6 11s. 0¼d. of rent &c and ⅓ fee in Stainton, Natland, Sicesedergh,
Quinfell, Windergh, Hakthorpe, Trostermond, Barton, Neuby,
Tyregh, Great Stirkeland, Stirkeland Ketle, Rowthworth, Skelsmergh, Asthwaite, Dilaker, Hinkaster, Sledall, Preston Richard,
Slegill, Lowther, Little Stirkeland, Rigmaydun; Reg. of D. at
Levens, ii, f. 12.
1302 Order not to put Marmaduke de Thweng in default for not appearing in the suit in the county (court) between William de Stirkeland
and the said Marmaduke, Robert de Wessington and Robert de
Sigeswyk, touching the wrongful taking and detention of William's
cattle, as he was in the king's service; Cal. Close R. 1302, p. 553.
1303 A coroner to be elected in place of William de Stirkeland, who is
incapacitated by infirmity; ib., 1303, p. 113.
John del Howes releases to Walter de Estirkelande his land and
tenement in Sitheserge, which he had of the gift and feoffment of
Sir William de Sterkelande, father of the said Walter. Witnesses:
Richard de Prestone, knt., Thomas de Pykering, Robert de Wessington, Nicholas de Leyburne, Richard de Derley, Benedict Gernette,
Baudewyn the clerk; Orig. at Sizergh.
1303 Walter de Stirkeland complains to the king that whereas William
de Stirkeland, his father alienated to Adam Warde a messuage 30 a.
in Helsington, parcel of the land which the same William held by
the courtesy of England of the inheritance of Elizabeth late his
wife, daughter of Ralph de Aynecourt, mother of the complainant,
whose heir he is, against the form of the Statute of Gloucester,
wherefore Walter impleaded Adam in the Bench and because Adam
committed felony the tenement was seized into the king's hands.
A jury find that the alienation was made before the enactment of
the said statute, to hold for 1d. yearly; the tenements were taken
into the king's hands by Roger de la Quisine (de Coquina), coroner,
on Thursday before the feast of St. George the Martyr, 29 Edward I,
for the felony of the said Adam, viz. for the death of Henry le
Mouner, slain; Inq. p. m., 31 Edw. I, n. 130.
By inquest taken at Heversham on Sunday before St. Lawrence
31 Edward I (4 August, 1303) it was found that William de Stirkeland
held a messuage and 30 a. land in Helsington before the alienation
of the inheritance of Elizabeth his wife, the reversion whereof belongs
to Walter de Stirkeland, as her son and heir, to Adam Warde in fee
by the said William, who enfeoffed Adam thereof before the statute
of Gloucester, to hold of William and the heirs of the said Elizabeth
by homage and 1d. rent. The tenements are in the king's hands
for Adam's felony, in killing Henry de Mouner, and were seized by
Roger de Coquina, coroner and serjeant of the king, on Thursday
before St. George, 29 Edward I; they are worth 10s. yearly. Inquest
at Haversham on Sunday after St. James; the said William held
the tenements by the courtesy of England of the inheritance of
Elizabeth daughter of Ralph de Aynecourt, his late wife; Miscel.
Inquis., i, 520.
1303–13 Agreement made between the abbot and convent of St. Mary's,
York, and Walter de Styrkeland, knt., touching right of way for
the collecting and carrying of tithes of corn, hay &c. throughout
Sir Walter's lands in the vill of Helsyngton and in the townfield
and territory of Sirghther and Natlund, in the parish of Kyrkeby
in Kendale. Witnesses: Nicholas de Layburn, Thomas de Pykeryngg, Robert de Askeby, knights; Henry de Warthecopp, Robert
de Wessyngton, Patrick de Culwen, Thomas Daunay (de Alneto),
John Collan, Richard de Derlay; Orig. at Sizergh. Visica shaped
seal of brown wax, bearing the figure of the abbot standing.
1304 William de Stirkeland, knt., acknowledges a debt to Hugh de
Burgo; Cal. Close Rolls, 1304, p. 195.
1306 Walter de Stirkeland and John Collan acknowledge that they
owe Hugh de Stubbes a sack of wool, worth 6½ m.; ib., 1306, p. 440.
Baldwyn de Schepeshevid and Sibyl his wife release to Walter
de Stirkeland all actions by reason of detention of land in Le Howes,
called Sulkorn-rydding and Great Gresgarth. Dated at Kirkeby
in Kendale on Tuesday after the Epiphany, 34 Edward [I]; Orig.
1307 Grant, for good services rendered in Scotland, to Walter de
Stirkland of free warren in his demesne land in Helsyngton, Heveresham and Barton; Cal. Chart. R., iii, 100.
1311 Adam Warde of Kendal releases to Walter de Strikland, knt.,
his right in lands which he formerly held in Scyresergh in the vill of
Helsington, and in Levenis. Given at Kyrkeby in Kendal on
Sunday before the feast of St. Matthew the Apostle, 5 Edward [II].
Witnesses: Nicholas de Leyburn, Roger de Kernetby, vicar of
Kyrkeby in Kendale, John de Wessington, Thomas Daunay,
Roland de Patton, Richard de Derley, John de Derley, Thomas
de Stirkland, Alan de Elmed, clerk; Orig. at Sizergh.
1317 Eda relict of Benedict del Howes releases to Sir Walter de Stirkeland her right of dower in the said Benedict's lands in Le Howes
and Siritherd in the vills of Helsington and Levenes. Witnesses:
Sir Matthew de Redmane, Sir Nicholas de Layburne, Thomas de
Levenes, Thomas Daunay (de Alneto), Thomas de Mandeshergh,
Roger son of Thomas de Lancastre. Dated at Natelound on Sunday
next before St. John the Baptist, 10 Edward son of Edward; Orig.
at Sizergh. Vesica shaped seal of green wax bearing a crane.
Legend: S. ALICIE DE LEVENES.
1318 Robert de Gylpyn, who was accused of the death of John de
Coupeland, died before conviction, seised of 2 messuages, 19½ a.
land and 3 a. meadow in Helsington, held of John de Lancastre
and Elizabeth his wife, as of her dower of the inheritance of William
de Ros; Richard de Gylpyn, his brother, is next heir and prays
for restoration of the tenements; Cal. Inq., vi, 125.
1319 Walter de Stirkeland showed that he had recovered his seisin
against Marmaduke de Twenge and others of common of his pasture
of Helsyngton and Stirkeland Ketel, but had again been disseised;
Abbrev. R. Original, i, 249 ff.
1320 William de Thweng demised to farm to Roger de Kerneteby,
vicar of the church of Kirkeby in Kendal the manor of Helsington
with the park, as Robert de Washington sometime held it by the
demise of Marmaduke de Thweng, his father, to hold for 13 years
from Martinmas, 1320 for 7 m. for first 6 years and 8 m. for last
7 years. The grantor to find timber in Hay for building a new
oxhouse and repairing the old grange which is falling into ruin.
Witnesses: Patrick de Culwen, Roger de Bronolfesheved, knights;
Robert de Washington, Thomas de Levenes, Roland de Patton;
Reg. of D. at Levens, ii, f. 62 d.
Licence for Marmaduke de Twenge to grant to William de Twenge
for his life the manor of Helsyngton, the hamlets of Crosthwayt,
Le Lith, Gressemere, Langeden, Scarregill (? Sapgill), Fauerbanck,
and Rispeton, with the mills of the same hamlets of Crosthwayt,
Le Lith, Gressemere, Langeden, Scarregill, and Fauerbanck and a
moiety of that of Rispeton, the wood of Aynerholm, the island of
Rogerholm, the fishery of Wynandermere, lands in co. Lancaster
(specified), with the knight's fees, rents and services of the free
tenants, which the said Marmaduke held of the gift and feoffment
of Margaret de Ros, the woods of Severgh, Threlegrepe, Mountjowe
and Brindewode, a moiety of the wood "del Haye," a fourth part
of the vill of Kyrkeby in Kendale, and the court of the said fourth
part, the fishery "del Fors" and hamlet of Hogayl excepting the
lands and tenements held by William son of Adam and Henry de
Withfalheved in the said hamlet; Cal. Pat. R. 1320 p. 445.
1321 Commission to certain justices on the complaint of Walter de
Stirkeland that William son of Marmaduke de Twenge, John de
Hastthorp, Jordan de Dalden, Peter de Tonewyche, Robert de la
More, Marmaduke son of John de Twenge, John de Wessyngton,
Robert de Wessyngton, Thomas Ward, Ellis Gyliotson of Kyrkeby
in Kendale, and Henry son of Gilbert de Crakhale with armed men
came to his manor of Sighritheserd, while he was under the king's
protection, and broke his close and houses and the doors and windows
of the houses and set fire to the said houses, carried away his goods
and Gilbert de Crakhale, his bondman, assaulted his servants and
fixed the fingers of some of them into holes of posts with pins (kivillis)
and beat others of them; Cal. Pat. R., 1321, p. 56; 1317–21, p. 610.
1323 Marmaduke de Twenge held at his death the manor of Helsington
in Kendale, the 4th part of the fishery of the Fors with the hamlets
underwritten (i.e. Crosthwaite, Staveley, Hugill, Grasmere and
Langdale), which manor has been burnt by the Scots, the herbage
there . . . . renders nothing yearly; a dovecote there, which has
been thrown down by the Scots, renders nothing; 86 a. land in
demesne, worth 3d. the acre, yields 21s. 6d.; 5 a. meadow in demesne, worth 6d. the acre, yield 2s. 6d.; the herbage of the park
there is worth 3s. 4d. yearly; 10 tenants at will there . . . .;
a water-cornmill renders 6s. 8d. yearly; Lancs. Inq., pt. ii, 147.
1323 On Sunday in Mid-Lent, 16 Edward II, Richard Bowet came to
Walter de Stirkeland, at Syricherg in Kendale, who had the king's
commission to receive to the king's peace the adherents of Andrew
de Hartcla, who wished to render themselves to his peace, and
rendered himself to the said Walter, as of Andrew's household &c,
and Walter received the oath of allegiance from him; Cal. Close R.,
1323, p. 214.
1324 A moiety of the manor of Kernesford (Carnforth) co. Lancaster,
is delivered to Joan late wife of Robert de Wessington, who was
jointly enfeofled thereof with her late husband by Walter de Stirkland, to hold for 1/24 fee; Cal. Close R., 1324, p. 249.
1331 William de Tweng by Ralph de Lund his attorney on the 4th day
against Walter de Stirkeland, John son of Roger, and John del Mire
on a plea of assault and arms in the Close of the said William by
Helsyngton destroying goods and chattels to the value of £10 taking
things up and knocking them about to the great damage of the
same William's peace. And they do not come themselves nor are
represented. That they must be distrained upon their land and
that they must be present in their bodies here at Westminster
3 weeks after Easter De Banco Roll 280, memb, 126b, 4 Edw. III,
1329, 15 days after Hillary.
1332 Helsington. Subsidy of a fifteenth.
|John son of Richard
|Robert son of Alan
|Nicholas son of Henry
|Thomas son of William
|William son of Agnes
|Robert de Schepisheved
|William de Staynbale
|Gillion the sowter (sutor)
|Richard de Langbergh
|William de Gygeswyke
|Odonell son of Richard
|William son of Lieoun
|Sum of goods £30, whereof [to the king 40s.]; Excheq., Lay Sub.,
Westmld., 195, A1.|| |
1332 William de Thweng, knt., granted to Walter de Stirkeland the
waste and wood in the vill of Helsington below the sheepfold of
Sir Walter towards his manor of Syritheserd, which is called Le
Cotgarth; D. at Sizergh.
The same Sir William grants that Walter de Stirkeland and his
heirs may enclose the land and tenements which they have in Helsington, except Brigster, which shall remain unenclosed except such
part as was already enclosed, and saving to Sir William and his
fishermen right of way to the fishery of the Forsse; if Sir William's
beasts stray into Sir Walter's lands in Helsington they shall be
driven out without impounding, and if Sir Walter's beasts escape
into his acregarths they shall be impounded until the damage be
paid, if it be not towards Le Bergh (fn. 2) for default of enclosure. Sir
William also grants to Sir Walter and his tenants of Helsington
estovers for burning, building and enclosing for Sir Walter's manor
of Syresargh in the woods of Sever, (fn. 3) Threlgrope, Mongowe, (fn. 4) Brendwode and Whitbergh, and common of pasture for their beasts of
the manor of Syresargh in Le Bergh of Helsington and Lez Whytebergh, and in the woods above said; D. at Sizergh. Seal of white
wax, on a fess 3 lions rampant between 3 martlets; legend: s. Willelmi De Theng.
1334 Sir Walter de Stirkland, Nicholas the reeve and Richard Wariner
are bound to deliver to the abbot and convent of St. Mary's, York,
3 skeps of good oat-meal for tithe of sheaves of Sigredhergh of the
issue of the harvest of 1334, sold to the said Sir Walter; to be
delivered at the granary of the said religious men at Kyrkeby in
Kendale about Easter following, or the price thereof in lieu of the
meal according as good oatmeal may be sold in the next days of
the market in Kyrkeby in Kendale before the feast of St. Peter's
Chains, 1335. Dated at Kyrkeby in Kendale on Sunday next
before the feast of St. Peter's Chains, 1334. Orig. at Sizergh.
1336 Licence for Walter de Stirkeland to impark his wood and his
demesne lands called Syritherd, co. Westmorland; Cal. Pat. R.,
1336, p. 196.
1340 William de Tweng held at his death the manor of Helsington
with lands in Kirkeby in Kendale, Crossetwayt, Stavelay, Sapgill,
Hogill, Respton, Gresmere and Langdene of the king in chief by
the service of ¾ fee and suit of the county (court) of Westmorland
every month; at Helsington there is the site of the chief messuage
which is waste and worth nothing, free tenants and tenants at will
there render £15; a fishery called "Le Fors" used to render 36s. 8d.,
and now only 20s.; a fishery called "Le Keent" is worth 2s.
yearly; Inq. p. m., 14 Edw. III, 1st nos., d. 31.
1341 Walter de Stirkeland, knt., held of William de Twenge a messuage
and 8 b. in Schireserg, Staynton, Whynfel, Hakethorp and Wyndergh
by the service of 1/20 fee; Cal. Inq., viii, 202.
1342 Pardon to Richard Ward of Walesby (co. Linc.) of his outlawry
in the county (court) of Westmorland for not appearing to answer
touching a plea of John de Stirkeland, knt., that he render an
account for the time when he was his receiver; Cal. Pat. R., 1342,
John Dauney complained against Thomas Roke of Stavelay,
walker, and others, that they broke his close at Helsyngton, cut
down his trees and carried them away to the value of £10; De
Banco R., Trin., 331, m. 255 d.
1344 Robert de Thweng held at his death two parts of the manor of
Helsington and lands in Kirkeby in Kendale, Crossethwayt, Staveley,
Sadgill, Respeton, Gressemere, and Langden, pertaining thereto;
which two parts, with the third part of the said manor and tenements, which Katherine, late the wife of William de Thweng, who
still survives, holds in dower of the said inheritance, the said Robert
held of the king in chief by the service of a moiety of three parts
of a knight's fee and by doing suit at the county (court) of Westmorland every month; Cal. Inq., viii, 368.
1346 Grant for life, for good service on this side the seas, to John son
of Walter de Stirkeland of the bailiwick of the forestership of Fourneys; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1346, p. 479.
1350 Thomas de Stirkeland, chivaler, going on the king's service to
Ireland, nominates attorneys for one year; ib., 1350, p. 460.
1357 William son of Peter de Kirkeby in Kendale, and John Waryner
of the same place are in mercy for default. They were summoned
to answer John Daunay of a plea that they with William de Edenhale
of Kirkeby in Kendale broke John's close at Helsyngton and cut
down his trees to the value of £10; De Banco R., Easter, 390,
Later, the said William and John stated that they were burgesses
and residents in the vill and borough of Kirkeby in Kendale and
that they and all their predecessors had reasonable estovers, namely
housebote and haybote, (fn. 5) in Helsington. The sheriff was ordered to
summon a jury; ib., Trin., 391, m. 244 d.
1360 James de Pykering, knt., demanded against Robert son of Adam
Warde 4 bovates and 80 a. land in Helsyngton; and against John
Warde, the elder, 40 a. of land there; and against John Warde,
younger, 35 a. land and 6 a. meadow there; and against John de
Capplesheved and Beatrice his wife 40 a. land there; and against
Bona who was the wife of Adam Ward 2 bovates there; which
Thomas de Pykeryng gave to John his son and Margaret wife of
the said John and their issue with remainder to Robert de Pykeryng
and his heirs; he states that John and Margaret died without issue
and that Robert had a son and heir James, the demandant. Robert
son of Adam says that one Adam Ward was seised of one moiety
of the tenement claimed against him, Robert succeeded him as son
and heir and is under age; and of the remainder Roger Ward his
uncle, whose heir he is, was seised and died without issue, the said
Robert being his heir; John Ward, younger, says that one Thomas
Ward was seised of the tenement claimed against him and enfeoffed
thereof the said John in fee, and he calls to warranty Robert son of
Adam Ward, kinsman and heir of the said Thomas; John Ward,
elder, says that he holds the tenement claimed against him for the
life of Matilda Ward, the reversion after her death being to Robert
son of Adam Ward; John de Capplesheved and Beatrice claim to
hold the tenement claimed against them in dower of the said Beatrice
of the endowment of Roger Ward formerly her husband, with
reversion after her death to the said Robert son of Adam Ward;
Bona Ward says that she holds the land claimed against her in
dower from Adam Ward, formerly her husband, with reversion at
her death to Robert son of Adam Ward. The plea is to remain
until Robert son of Adam is of age; De Banco R., Trin., 403, m. 64.
1361 Licence, for good service done in France, for Thomas de Stirkeland
to impark 300 acres by estimation of his lands and woods in Helsyngton, Levenes and Hackethorpe; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1361, p. 551.
Thomas de Stirkeland, knt., Roland de Thornburgh &c. on the
commission of the peace for co. Westmorland; ib., 1361–64, p. 65.
1374 Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Kendale on Monday after St. Lawrence the Martyr, 48 Edward I (14 August, 1374). Thomas de
Thwenge held at his death of the king in chief in his demesne as
of fee the manor of Helsington with the demesne there, meadow,
park and water-mill and the tenants of the same manor, the hamlets
of Crostwhaite and Le Lythe with Aynerholme, by knight's service,
worth £36 6s. 8d. yearly. [See Staveley]. A fourth part of the
woods of Le Haye, Severgh, Threlesgrope, Mountjowe and Bryndwoode, held of the king by knight's service, worth nothing yearly.
These manors, lands, tenements, rents and services with two (sic)
parts of a knight's fee he held of the king in chief as a fourth part
and a 24th part of the barony of Kendale by the service of a moiety
of three parts of a knight's fee. He had 3 sisters, namely Lucy,
Margaret and Katherine. Lucy had issue Marmaduke de Lumley,
who had issue Robert de Lumley, now living, aged 17 years;
Margaret had issue Matilda, who had issue John de Hotham,
"chivaler," now living, and Isabel, wife of Walter de Pedwardyn,
chivaler," now living; Katherine had issue Elizabeth, wife of William
Botreaux, "chivaler." Thus the said Robert de Lumley, John de
Hotham, "chivaler," Isabel wife of Walter Pedwardyn, ["chivaler"],
and Elizabeth wife of William Botreaux, "chivaler," are kinsmen
and next heirs of the said Thomas de Thwenge; Inq. p. m., 48
Edw. III, 1st nos., n. 68.
1376 Extent made at Kirkeby in Kendale, 24 April, 50 Edward III
(1376) of the value of the knight's fees &c. which belonged to Thomas
de Thwenge, deceased, by the oath of John de Burgh, Patrick de
Sheppesheved, Robert de Dokwra, William Daunay, Richard
Walker, William de Gylpin, John Channon (?), Richard Kayrous,
Roger de Stirkeland, Thomas Godmond, Adam Wariner and Hugh
Gylpin, the said Thomas held a 6th part of a knight's fee in Wattesfeld, Helsington, Asthwayte, Howys, Dubbys, Routheworthe,
Bolteston and Tyllowthwaite, which Richard Kayrous and John del
Chambre held of him, worth 100s. yearly; a 20th part of a knight's
fee in Sleddale, which Robert de Bainbrig lately held of him, worth
20s. yearly; a 20th part of a knight's fee in Staveley Godmond,
which John del Chambre, Boldewin de Sheppesheved and Thomas
Godmond lately held of him, worth 50s. yearly; a 26th part of a
knight's fee in Patton, which William Slak lately held, worth 26s. 8d.
yearly; a 10th part of a knight's fee in Dylacre and Hencastre,
which Peter de Ros and Thomas de Stirkeland lately held, worth
60s. yearly and a 30th part of a knight's fee in Preston and Mareshalholm. which Robert son of Peter of Kirkeby in Kendale and Richard
de Preston held of him, worth 40s. yearly; (fn. 6) Inq. p. m., 50 Edw. III,
n. 68 (Rawlinson's MS.).
1381 Walter de Stirkland with the escheator &c. is appointed to inquire
touching the lands and possessions of the chapel of "Seinte Marie
Holm," co. Westmorland, annexed to the chapel of Seggenden, of
royal foundation and patronage, that have been alienated or withdrawn; Cal. Pat. R., 1381, p. 629.
1390 James de Pickeringe, "chivaler," held of Thomas de Roos
2 tenements in the vills of Helsington and Levens for 1d. rent at
Easter and Mich.; Inq. p.m., 14 Ric. II, n. 41.
1390–25 Alice de Asmunderlawe held of Philippa, countess of Oxford (?),
a messuage and 20 a. land in Helsington for 20s. yearly; Roll at
1404 Thomas de Pickeringe held of William de Parr, chr., 2 tenements
(as in 1390), worth 20s.; Inq. p. m., 6 Hen. IV, n. 37.
1405 By inquest taken in 1405 it was found that Thomas, son and heir
of Ralph de Lumley, chivaler, died seised of the manor of Helsington
in Kendale and a 4th part of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale
with all the appurtenances except the castle of Kirkeby, held of the
king in chief by the 8th part of a knight's fee, worth £30 yearly.
Thomas died within age, I Henry IV (recte 31 May, 5 Henry IV, 1404).
John de Lumley, chivaler, son and heir of Ralph and brother of
Thomas de Lumley, aged 20 years, is his next heir; Chan. Inq.,
p.m., 6 Hen. IV, n. 23.
1407 James Pickeringe held the same 2 tenements that Thomas de
Pickeringe held of William de Parr, chevr, at the death of John de
Parr. Inq. post mort., 9 Henry IV, m. 38.
1421 Inquest taken at Kirkby in Kendal on Saturday the eve of St.
Bartholomew the Apostle, 9 Henry V (23 Aug. 1421), by the oath
of Robert de Bellyngham, William de Blenkansop, John Roos, John
de Preston of Biggyns, John de Redmane, John de Stirkelande,
John de Thyrkeld, Richard de Bethum, Richard de Culwene, John
de Carehous, William de Manser and Thomas de Manser, who say
that John Lumle, chivaler, alias John de Lumley, chivaler, held at
his death an 8th part of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale, which
8th part extends itself into Kirkeby in Kendale, Helsyngton, Crossethwayte and Lithe: (see Kirkby Kendale, page 41) namely in
Helsyngton 6 messuages, 100 a. land, 30 a. meadow and 100 a. wood
worth 100s. yearly clear. (See Crosthwaite). The said 8th part is
held of the king in chief by knight's service and is worth 47 marks
yearly clear. He died 22 March 9 Henry V (1421) and Thomas
his son is his next heir, aged 11 years; Chan. Inq., p. m., 9 Hen.
V, n. 16.
1425 John dake of Bedford demised to Robert Bryggys and John
Bryggis his son, for life, the tenement (fn. 7) with adjacent land in Helsyngton formerly held by Roger Strekeland and William Geste, to
hold for 10s. rent and keeping the premises in repair. This demise
was confirmed to the same Robert and John by the king in 1440;
Cal. Pat. R., 1440, p. 392.
1431 Nicholas Layburn pays £2 6s. 8d. for farm of the tithes of Helsington; Roll at Levens. For Wattesfeld and Hawes see Bradley.
Thomas Stirkland, knt., enfeoffs Richard Garsdale, vicar of the
church of Kirkby in Kendale, Richard Broughton, Thomas Broughton and Thomas Warde, chaplains, of his manor of Sisyssergh.
Dated 10 June, 9 Henry VI; Orig. at Sizergh. Seal of red wax
bearing an escallop shell surrounded by twisted rushes.
1442 The king grants to Walter Strikland, esq., the office of keeper
of the park of Calgarth from 18 May, 1437, for life at 6d. per diem,
as Robert Pylton, late keeper, received the same fee; and whereas
the same Walter has resigned the grant made to him on 5 April,
1438, of the office of receiver of the lordship of Kendale, with the
fee of £10 yearly and wages of 2s. per diem, grant in lieu thereof
of the said office of keeper with the pannage and herbage of the
park for life from Michaelmas last past and the fishery of the water
of Wynandremere and all the lands and tenements in the hamlets
of Appilthwayt and Under Milnbek and on the south side of the
water called Milnebek, in the parish of Wynandremere, for life, in
full recompense of the wages of 6d. per diem and of the fee of £10
per annum, to hold by rendering yearly 5 marks only at Easter
and Michaelmas by equal portions. Eltham, 16 October, 1442;
Orig. at Sizergh.
1443 Grant to John, duke of Somerset and earl of Somerset and Kendale,
and the heirs of his body, of inter alia £25 12s. 10d. yearly from the
farm of the subsidy and ulnage of cloth for sale in Bristol in recompense of two parts of all the lands in the hamlets of Crossethuayte
and Hoton in Strikelandketill and in the towns of Forsethuayte,
Striklandketill and Helsington and of the fishery of Kent, and of
lands in Whittington, co. Lanc., the keeping of which lands was
granted for a term of 10 years to Thomas Parr, knt., by letters
patent dated 21 February, 17 Henry VI (1439) and a rent therefrom
of £25 12s. 10d. to William Ayscough, justice of the Bench, during
the same term, with reversion of the premises for life after the said
term, by letters patent dated 21 October, 21 Henry VI (1443) to
hold to the duke as above during the said term and during the life
of William Ayscogh. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1443, p. 224.
1446 Confirmation by Thomas Danyell, esq., to Thomas Stirkland, knt.,
and Walter his son of the stewardship of his lands in Kendale, to
hold so long as they bear themselves well in that office; and to
Walter the keeping and oversight of the park of Calgarthe with the
water called Wynandremere with "the holmys" within that water,
with the emoluments, for his life, if he "do his true part in the
said office." Windsor, 4 Nov., 25 Henry VI; Orig. at Sizergh.
1448 Feoffment by Richard Strikland, esq., son of Walter Strikland,
esq., and of Isabel, Walter's wife, daughter of John Olney, son of
William Olney, son of John Olney, son of John Olney, knt., and of
Matilda his wife, daughter of Nicholas Haversham, to trustees of
the manor of Haverssham [co. Bucks] with the advowson of the
church there. Sunday after St. Matthew the apostle and Evangelist, 27 Henry VI; Cal. of Anct. Deeds, B. 4220.
1452 Baldwin Scheppesshed alias Shepeheved acquired to him and his
heirs of Margaret Roos a plat of land called Le Groute (fn. 8) by Le Howes
in Helsyngton, held in chief, and afterwards Thomas Parre, knt.,
acquired the same of Baldwin, (fn. 9) without licence, the king for 6s. 8d.
has pardoned the trespass; Cal. Pat. R., 1452, p. 18.
1462 General pardon to Walter Strykland of Syrsser, esq., son and heir
of Thomas Strykland, of all offences committed before 4 November,
1461. Westminster, 1 July, 2 Edward IV; Orig. at Sizergh.
1488 Gilbert Lancaster, esq., and Elizabeth his wife grant to Thomas
Stirkland, knt., two tenements in the holding of Robert Wilkinson
of Shawe and John Mownce, dwelling at "Park fute," subject to
redemption on payment of £12 to Thomas at the manor of Cysar.
Witnesses: William Lambert, John Berra, Henry Helme. Dated
16 May, 3 Henry VII; Orig. at Sizergh.
1491 Thomas Strykeland, knt., enfeoffs John Warener, knt., and 6
others of messuages, lands, mills, rents &c. which Thomas Stele,
John Danyell, Thomas Warener, the wife of John Speyght, the wife
of William Saunderson, Edward Syll. John Raynoldson, John
Makereth, Robert Smythe, Richard Dawber, Thomas Brade, Agnes
Makereth, the wife of William Mayster, Richard Smyth, the wife
of Edmund Preket, Peter Saule, William Reynaldson, William
Clerk, Edmund Sill, John Ayra, John Speyght, Thomas Walker,
John Adson, Edmund Moser, James Strykeland, Edmund Crakyll,
Robert Wilson, Richard Mannyng, Robert Dowcerner (sic), John
Nicholson, Margaret Wilson, John Mylne, Thomas Hogeson, William
Chambyr, John Lyndhede, Miles Croser, Thomas Comyns, the wife
of John Cowper, John Bagla. William Symson, Thomas Saunderson,
Roger Chambyr, Nicholas Mone, Thomas Parke, the younger,
Thomas Hogeson Robert Preston, Thomas Parke the elder, Roger
Williamson, William Syll, Robert Mone, William Parke, the wife
of Henry Braythewayte, William Smyth, Thomas Hirde, Thomas
Raysebek, John Frearman, William Martendale, Thomas Bordriggys, Laurence Chambyr, Christopher Chambyr, John Henreson,
William Fauset, Katherine Pye, Richard Hyne, Robert Wilson,
Roger Saule, Richard Till, the wife of John Hyrde, William Loremer,
Isabel Nelson, Christopher Nelson, Edmund Nelson, Richard Ayra,
Robert Nelson, William Nelson, Robert Speyght, William Hegyn,
John Loremer, Robert Hegyn and Thomas Forest hold of the said
Thomas Strykland, jointly or severally, at will or for term of years,
in the tenements in the vills of Natland, Kyrkbe Kendale, Syggyswyk, Hencaster, Brygstere, Levens, Sisergh and Staynton, of the
clear yearly value of 100 marks, to hold to the use of dame Margery,
formerly the wife of John Byron, knt. for her life, with remainder
to the heirs of the body of the said Thomas Strykland. Witnesses:
George Stanley, knt., lord Le Strange, Edward Stanley, knt.,
Thomas Laurens, esq. Dated at Kyrkbe Kendale, 9 March, 6
Henry VII (1491); Orig. at Sizergh.
1504 George Lomley, knt., lord Lomley, grants to Walter Strikland of
Sithser, knt., the office of steward in Kendall for life, receiving
53s. 4d. yearly as fee. Dated at Cilton Castle, . . July, 19 Henry VII
(1504); Orig. at Sizergh.
1507 Value of the lands late of George Lumley, knt., lord Lumley,
grandfather of Richard Lumley, of which he was seised at the time
of his death, namely 11 November, 23 [Henry VII, 1507], of which
lands the said Richard now seeks livery out of the king's hands as
kinsman and next heir of the said George:
The demesne of Kyrkeby Kendall £45 2s. 4d. besides lands in Yorkshire, Northumberland and Cumberland amounting to £216 8s. 3¾d.
yearly value; MS. at Levens.
1511 Inquest taken at Kyrkby in Kendale, 16 January 2 Henry VIIJ
(1511). The jurors say that lord Richard Lomley did not die seised
of any lands or tenements in co. Westmorland; but that George
Lomley, knight was seised of the manors of Kyrby in Kendale,
Helsyngton, Helsyngtonlathes, Crosthwaite & Lyeth with 60 messuages, 800 a. land, 200 a. meadow, 100 a. wood, 4000 a. pasture,
2 mills & a moiety of 2 mills, 258 rent & the fishery of Fors. So
seised by his charter dated 12 September 22 Henry VIJ (1506)
he enfeoffed thereof Henry Scrope, knight, & others to fulfil his
will which follows: Feoffees to suffer me the said George to occupy
& receive the profits for my life & after my death to suffer Richard,
son of Thomas Lomley, son of me to occupy & receive the profits
for his life & after his death my feoffees to stand seised of the premises
to the use of the heirs male of the said Richard lawfully begotten.
The manors, lands & tenements are worth yearly besides reprises
£46 and are held of the king in chief by services unknown. John
Lomley is son and heir male of the said Richard. Richard Lomley
died on the feast of Holy Trinity last past (1510). John is aged
18 years; Excheq. Inq. p. m., ser. ii, file 116, n. 2.
1526 Alexander Kennede, doctor of physic, agrees with Walter Strikland, knt., for £20, that "he shall with the grace and help of God
reduce and bryng the saide Sir Walter Strikland to perfite helth of
all the infirmities ande diseases conteignyd in hys person and in
especiall stoomake lounges and breeth wherin he hath moost disease
and greve."Dated 26 April 18 Henry VIII (1526); Orig. at
1529 Lease by Edmund, abbot of the monastery of Our Lady of York,
and the convent to Richard Whalley, the abbot's servant, of the
tithes of corn and hay late in the holding of Sir Walter Strikland,
knt., in the "parishynges" of Eversham and Kirkeby in Kendale,
namely belonging to two tithe barns called Croscrak and Laikrige,
belonging to the parsonage of Eversham, to the tithe barns of
Natland and Sizar, belonging to the parsonage of Kirkby in Kendale,
to hold for a term of 41 years at £18 14s. 8d., namely for Croscrak
and Laikrige, £14; for Natland and Whynfell, 74s. 8d.; and for
Sizar, 20s., payable at Easter. Dated 2 February, 20 Henry VIII
(1529). Orig. at Sizergh.
1530 Inquest taken at Burgham, 5 April, 21 Henry VIIJ (1530), before
William Curwen, escheator, by writ of "amotus." Walter Strikland,
knight, was seised of the manor of Syssergh & 7 messuages, 20 a.
land, 4 a. meadow, 100 a. wood in Brygstere; 12 messuages, 60 a.
land, 10 a. meadow in Hyncastre; the manor of Natland; the
hamlet of Stayneton; the hamlet of Sygeswyk & 15 a. land, 19 a.
meadow, 22 a. pasture, 7 a. wood in the hamlet of Sygeswyke;
a certain hamlet called Whynfell; 12 burgages, 11 tofts, 11 a. land in
Kyrby in Kendall; a messuage in Grayryge; messuage in Laweray;
a messuage in Sleddall; a messuage in Stayveley; 6 a. land in
Thorpe; 1½ a. land in Lowther & 2 parts of the advowson of the
parish church of Lowther, to present a clerk to the said church
when void alternately (duabus vicibus) & 4 a. land in Sharowgh.
By his charter dated 20 September, 15 Henry VIII (1523) he thereof
enfeoffed William Penyngton, esquire, Roger Lassells, esquire,
Jervase Strykeland, esquire, Henry Norton, esq., Anthony Shortus,
esq., & Richard Browne, clerk, to perform his will. The feoffees
entered the premises & are still so seised. Walter Strykeland made
his will as follows: In the year 1528 "I Syr Walter Strykland
knyght" make my will, my body to be buried in the church of the
Holy Trinity of Kendall "in myn owne choir of Sent Katryn";
to two of my daughters, Elizabeth & Anne, 300 marks to their
marriage, from my moveable goods & lands, they to be content &
claim no more; if they die before marriage the said 600 marks to
remain to the executors for performance of the will. Whereas I
have enfeoffed William Penyngton & others (named) & given them
livery & seisin of all my lands, tenements &c in co. Westmorland
to the following uses, viz: from all my lands, tenements, &c in
the towns of Sygewyke, Hencastre, Nateland, Staynton & Westseyd
Kent, which before time dame Elysabeth my mother, now wife of
Sir William Gascon, had as her jointure & "hur thredd" (third),
the feoffees are to permit the said dame Elizabeth to receive the
profits during her life & after her death the feoffees are to stand
seised thereof for the performance of this will; & to stand seised
of the residue of his manors, lands &c from which his executors are
to take the profits for the bequests of this will; the feoffees are to
suffer his wellbeloved wife "Katerin" to take yearly during her
life £32 rents to her own use within the town of Stanton as parcel
of her "feftment"; the feoffees to stand seised of a parcel of the
hamlet of Whenfell to the yearly value of £8 of rents to the use of
his said wife for her life, "so that the seid somes of feffment extend
yerely but to the holle some of xliiij li. ouer all chargys & reprises";
to his daughter "Mare" £20 to be taken from his goods & lands
& delivered to her "at such tyme as she goeth to houshold";
wishes the said daughter to be brought up as own daughter to his
mother lady Gascon; the feoffees to stand seised of as much of the
hamlet of Natland as shall be of the yearly value of 10 marks for
his son Thomas for life; & to stand seised of as much of the demesne
lands of Hakthrop as shall be of the yearly value of £10 to the use
of "Jarves Strikland my unchill" for life, & after his death of as
much part as shall be of the yearly value of £4 13 4 to the use of
Elsabeth Strikland, wife of the aforesaid Jarves, as an annuity if
she survives the said Jarves; £6 138 4d to Elsabeth Fethomas to
her marriage; a quarters wages to his servants; feoffees to suffer
"my enterly welbeloued Walter Strekland, my sone & myn heire,"
Gerues Strakland, esquire, Rychard Browne, clerk, to have all such
lands &c as of right ought to descend "to me as well in possession
as reversion" to the use of this will; to Syr Rouland Raulandson,
"my chapplyn," a year's wages besides such wages as "my wyffe"
will give him; Syr Miles Herreson to have the "serues or Chantre
in my quere in Kendall Kyrk" after the death of Syr John Bourdall
according to "my writing under my seale to the seyd Syr Miles";
appoints as executors "Dame Katryn my Wyffe & Walter Strykland
my son, Jerues strykland & syr Rychard Browne clerke"; appoints
as supervisors "William lord Dakers, & Dame Elsabeth Gascougn
my mother"; the witnesses are "James Layburn, esquier, Thomas
Belangham, gentilman, Syr William Walker, my gostly Father &
parish prest of Kyrkby in Kendale, Syr Rauland Raulandson,
chapplyn, Syr William Browne, chapplyn, Walter Chamer, Thomas
Lambert, John Loncaster & Rouland Bek, my seruaundys wyth
many other." The manor of Syssergh is held of John Lomley,
lord de Lomley as of one fourth part of the barony of Kendale
service unknown worth yearly clear 20 marks; the messuages,
lands &c in Brygstere are held of the said John, lord Lomley, & of
Richard Redmayn & John Preston, esquires, service unknown, worth
clear £4; the messuages, lands &c in Hyncastre are held of the
heirs of Thomas Parre, knight, deceased, service unknown, worth
yearly clear £6; manor of Natland & hamlet of Stanton are held
of the heir of the said Thomas Parre, knight, deceased, as of one
fourth part of his barony of Kendall, by knight service, worth
yearly clear 40 marks; the hamlet of Sygewyke & other lands
there are held of the heir of the said Thomas Parre, knight, deceased,
service unknown worth yearly clear 11 marks; the hamlet of
Whynfell is held of the king in chief by knight service, worth yearly
clear 8 marks; the burgages, crofts & lands in Kyrby in Kendall
are held of John, lord Lomley, & of the heir of the said Thomas
Parre, namely 4 of the burgages, tofts & lands of the said John & 8
of the burgages, tofts & lands being the residue, of the heir of the
said Thomas Parre, service unknown, worth yearly clear 9 marks;
the messuage in Greyryge is held of the heir of the said Thomas
Parre, service unknown, worth yearly clear 20s; the messuage in
Laucray is held of the heir of the said Thomas Parre, service unknown, worth yearly clear 8s; the messuage in Sleddall is held of
Henry, duke of Rychemond, service unknown, worth yearly clear
13s 4d; the messuage in Stayvley is held of the said John, lord de
Lomley, service unknown, worth yearly clear 5s; the lands &c in
Thorppe, Lowther & Sharough are held of the heir of the said Thomas
Parre, service unknown, worth yearly clear 20s. He died 9 January,
19 Henry VIIJ (1528). Walter Stricland, younger, is his son &
next heir, aged 14 years; Excheq. Inq., p. m., ser. ii, file 129, n. 1.
1537 Walter Strykland of Syser, knt., died 9 January, 19 Henry VIII
(1528), Walter his son being aged 14 years, and by reason of his
minority in the custody of the King. The said Walter, the son,
attained full age on 5 April, 1537. The manor of Syser with the
park was then worth £24 yearly, clear; lands and tenements in
Brygestre with the park, 78s. 11d. Value of all the estates in
Westmorland late of Walter Strykland, knt., £155 Os. 4½d.; Orig.
1539 Lease by William, abbot of St. Mary's, York, &c. to William
Knevett, esq., and lady Katheryn Strykland, his wife, of the tithe
of corn and hay, as in the lease of 1529, for term of 70 years, namely
for Croscrake and Lawkoygge, £14; for Natland and Whynfell,
66s., and for Sysyrehe, 20s. Dated 15 April, 30 Henry VIII
(1539); Orig. at Sizergh.
c 1540 "The householde servantes of Walter Strykeland, esquyer, his
tenandes and inhabitantes within the countie of Westmerland of
his enheritance ther:
The sayd Walter Strykeland, esquyer,
Rowlande Becke, with horse, harnes and a bowe.
[No place named; similar lists follow for Natland, Staynton,
Hincaster, Syggyswyke, Whynfell, Hacthrop and Wynder].
The hoole noumber off Walter Stryklande, esquier and depute
steuard of Kendall, his servantes, tenandes and inhabytantes within
the countie of Westmerland of his ineritance thayre:
|Bowmen horsid and harnassed
|Bylmen horsyd and harnassed
|Bowmen wthout hors harnasse
|Bylmen without hors harnasse
Orig. at Sizergh.
Lease by Henry VIII to Thomas Seymour, knt., for 21 years
from Michaelmas, 1540, for £81 5s. 5½d., of 40½ a. of glebe land in
Le Kyrkefelde in the parish of Kyrkeby Kendall and tithes of sheaves
of Barowfelde, late in the tenure of William Collynges; Helsyngton Lathes, late in the tenure of Thomas Bellyngeham, and the
residue of the tithes of sheaves of the rectory of Kyrkeby Kendall,
late in the hands of the parishioners at will, and the tithe of wool
and lambs of the rectory, being parcel of the possessions of the late
monastery of the Blessed Mary in the suburbs of the city of York,
now dissolved; D. at Sizergh.
1544 On 28 June, 36 Henry VIII (1544), Sir John Williams, knight,
treasurer of the augmentations of the revenues of the king's majesty's
crown, acknowledged the receipt from Allan Bellingham, gent., of
£137 10s. due to his Majesty for the grant and purchase of the manor
or farm of Helsington, purchased by the late Duke of Richmond of
the Lord Lumley.
1544 By his letters patent dated 1 July, 36th year (1544) King Henry
VIII, for £137 10s. granted to Allan Bellingham of Helsington, gent.,
the manor of Helsington with its members, late in the occupation
of Thomas Bellingham, gent., deceased, father of the same Alan,
to hold as fully as Henry late and last earl of Richmond or John
Lumley knight, lord Lumley, or any of his ancestors held it by the
20th part of a knight's fee, which said premises extend to the clear
yearly value of £10 10s. Bar to the right or claim of William Parr,
knight, lord Parr of Horton, in the premises; MS. at Levens.
1547 William Striklande of Place Newton, co. York, gent., and Elizabeth
his wife, sell to Walter Striklande of Sysar, esq., their moiety of
the leases of tithes in Kendall, which they had by the demise of
William Knevet and dame Katherine his wife, deceased, for the
remainder of their term. Dated 23 September, 1 Edward VI
(1547); Orig. at Sizergh.
Robert Pykeryng, gent., passed by fine to Anne Knyvett, widow, (fn. 10)
the manor of Barowe Halle and tenements in Brygstere, Helsyngton
and Kyrkby in Kendall, co. Westmorland, and a moiety of the
manor of Sedbergh, co. York; Feet of Fines, Easter term, 1 Edw. VI.
1548 Indentures of sale by Raulf Constable of Hull, co. York, esq.,
and Anne his wife to Walter Stirklande of Sysar, esq. of the other
moiety of the tithes of Kendall (as above 1547). Dated 28 September, 2 Edward VI (1548); Orig. at Sizergh.
1550 Lease of tithes (as in 1540) from Edward VI to Robert Tyrwhit,
knt., from the end of the term then created for 40 years at £84 18s. 6d.;
D. at Sizergh.
1553 John Vaughan and Anne his wife, daughter and heir of Christopher
Pickering, knt., passed by fine to Alan Bellyngeham, esq., tenements
in Barowfeld and Brygstere; Feet of Fines, Easter term, 7 Edw. VI.
1580 Inquest taken at Appulbie, 8 Oct. 22 Elizth (1580), before George
Salkeld, John Midleton, George Gilpin esquires & Thomas Birkbeck
gentleman deputy of Wm Atkinson gentleman the Queen's feodary
in co. Westmoreland by Commn to them directed. By the oath of
Humphrey Musgrave, esq., Richd Sandfurth gent., John Wharton
esq., Edmund Dudley, Walter Chamber, Richd Tunstall, Hugh
Maichell, Barnaby Maichell, Hugh Warcope, John Bambrig senior,
George Bachouse, George Bambrig, John otherwise Jenkin Bell,
Randulph Washington, Robert Barton, Henry Bachouse, Thomas
Bird, gentlemen, Henry Loughe & Randolph Bateman who say
that: Thomas Bellingham, by virtue of the last will of Alan
Bellingham esquire deceased his late father, shewn to jurors, was
seised in his demesne as of fee tail, namely to himself & the heirs
male of his body, of the manor of Helsington & divers messuages,
cottages, lands & tenemts there. And of a free rent of 28 yearly
issuing out of the manor of Siserghe. And of the manors of Kendall
Crostwhait & Lythe (for which see under). And of the soil free
tenement & hereditament (in solo libro tenement et hereditament)
of a certain Turbary in the said county called Sampole. And of
the manor of Croke. And of the manor of Staveley. And of divers
mess., cottages, lands &c in Crooke, Overstaveley, Netherstaveley,
Sadgill, Respeton, Fairbanke, Howgill, Hewgill, Grismyre, Langden,
Potterfell, Vowflatt, Ultwhait, Raderhead, Saberghe, Crookfell,
Westwood & Rogerholme. And free fishery of the water of Winandermer. And of the tarns in Skekleswater & Grismyre. And of
a moiety of 1 water mill in Respeton. And of the manor of Kirkby
in Kendall otherwise Kirkland in Kendall (which see under). And
of divers mess. & lands in Tulletwhait, Underbarrowe, Stricklandketle,
Whynfell & Sigewick. And of divers mess. lands &c in Clarethorpe,
Driebeck & Amrasse. And of divers mess. burgages lands &c in
Apulbie; mess. in Whinfell called "le Great Ashe" lately purchased
from Matthew Readman esq.; tithes of wool in parish of Bampton
alias Banton; manor of Bellingham co. Northumb.; divers mess.
lands &c in Powlton & 1 mess. or burgage in borough of Lancaster,
co. Lanc.; 1 acre of land at Carnefurthe in co. Lanc. called "Salteracre otherwise Salterflatt," & advowson of the church & rectory of
Warton co. Lanc., with remainder for default of such heirs male of
the body of said Thomas to James Bellingham son of aforesaid
Alan Bellingham decd & heirs male of his body & for default of
such with remainder to heirs male of the body of said Alan &
heirs male of their bodies with divers other remainders as appears
more fully in Alan's will.
Thomas Bellingham on the day he died by his own purchase was
seised in his demesne as of fee of 1 mess. in Bradeleyfeild co. Westmorld late in tenure of James Lockey & purchased from him; & of
divers mess. cottages, lands &c in Sleddall, Swinkelbanke, Stockdale,
Sadgill Sadgiltwhait & Sadgilhead lately purchased from James
Layburne esq.; & of all those lands commons wastes &c commonly
called "le Grai Cragge, Arnecrewe, Towsid, Sadgill, Sadgilhead &
Sledalhead lately purchased from said Jas. Laiburne; & of 9 mess.
in Skelsmerghe late in several tenures of William Atkinson, Catherene
Braban widow, Robt Harrison, Robert Burton, the relict of Henry
Jackson, the relict of Edmund Gilpin, Nicholas Hodgshon, James
Beck & Alan Gilpin lately purchased from said James Laiburne;
& of 2 tarns (stagnis) one called "Braban tarne" & the other called
"Sibb tarne otherwise Hauerigge tarne" & free fishery in them,
purchased from said James Laiburne; & 1 water grain mill & 2
fulling mills in Skelsmerghe now or late in tenure of said James Beck
purchased from said James Laiburne. And 1 mess. in Fornes in
parish of Overstone co. Lane. now or late in tenure of James Kirkbie
called "Overstanerley" purchased from said James Kirkbie.
Manor of Helsington & premises there held of Queen in chief by
knight service namely 1/20th of a knights fee, worth yearly clear
£12 10s. 0d. Manor of Staveley & premises in Overstaveley, Netherstaveley, Sadgill, Respeton, Fairebanke, Howgill, Hewgill, Grismyre, Langden, Potterfell, Wouflatt, Ultwhait, Raderhead, Sabergh,
Crokefell, Westwood & Rogerholme & fishery in Winandermere &
the tarns called Skekleswater & Grismyre, the moiety of 1 water
grain mill in Respeton held of Queen in chief by knight service &
are worth yearly clear £16. Premises in Tulletwhait, Underbarow,
Stricklandketle, Whinfell & Sigeswick except (preter) the tenemt
in Whinfell called "le Great Ashe" are held of Queen as of "le
Marques lands" within barony of Kendall by fealty only & are
worth yearly clear, viz: premises in Tulletwhait & Underbarowe
30s, premises in Stricklandketle 8d, mess. in Whinfell 13s 4d, mes.
in Sigeswick 3s 4d. Premises in Clarethorpe Amrasse & Driebeck
held of Queen as of her manor of East Grenewich in free socage &
not in chief & are worth yearly clear 51s 2d. Premises in Apulbie
held of Queen as of her manor of East Grenewich in free socage by
fealty only & not in chief & are worth yearly clear £7 13s 4d. Mess.
in Whinfell called "le Great Ashe" held of Queen as of her fee of
"le Richmond landes" by fealty only & worth yearly 20s. Tithes
of wool in Bampton held of Queen as of her manor of East Grenewich by fealty only in free socage & not in chief, worth yearly clear
£3 4s 1d. Manor of Bellingham held they know not of whom,
worth yearly clear £5 0s 0d. Premises in Powlton & in borough
of Lancaster & the 1 acre in Karnefurthe & advowson of church &
rectory of Warton held of Queen as of her honor of Lancaster by
fealty only, are worth yearly clear viz: Premises in Powlton £4,
messuage in borough of Lancaster 4s 6d, 1 acre in Karnfurth 20d,
advowson of church &c of Warton nothing. Messuage in Bradleyfeild held of William Marquis of Northampton in socage by fealty
only, worth yearly clear 15s. Premises in Sleddall, Sleddalhead,
Sadgill, Sadgilhead, Sadgiltwhait, Graicragge, Swinkelbank, Arnecrewe, Towside, & Skelsmerghe held of Queen as of "le Marquis
landes" in socage by fealty only & are worth yearly clear £30 3s 10d.
Messuage in Overstone held of whom they know not worth yearly
Thomas Bellingham held no other manors lands &c of Queen or
others on the day he died, namely 5 August last (1580) without
any heir male of his body lawfully begotten. James Bellingham is
alive & after Thomas' death he by virtue of the will of Alan Bellingham deceased entered into all the manors mess. lands in Helsington etc., as in his remainder namely to him & heirs male of
his body lawfully begotten according to the form & effect of the
said will of Alan Bellingham.
The said James Bellingham is brother & heir of the said Thos
Bellingham deceased & is aged 20 years 15 weeks 3 days now.
Chanc. Inq., post mort., ser. ii, vol. 191, n. 116.
1581 Inquest taken at Kirkbye in Kendall, 4 February, 23 Elizabeth
(1581), before Thomas Brathwate, esquire, deputy Feodary, Thomas
Strickland, gentleman, & Miles Philipson, gentleman, the Queen's
Commissioners. Walter Chambres was seised at his death of a
capital messuage called "Le Hawes," a water mill, a garden, an
orchard, 38 a. land, 12 a. meadow, 20 a. pasture, 10 a. wood in
Helsington; another capital messuage called "Hawledhaull," a
garden, 28 a. land, 2 a. meadow, 6 a. pasture, 6 a. wood in Stricklandkettle; 3 messuages or tenements in Staveley; a messuage or
tenement in Sigiswike; & 6 messuages or burgages in Kirkebye
in Kendall. He had to wife one Anne Chambres, who is still living,
to whom dower of the said tenements belongs. The capital messuage,
mill, lands &c. in Helsington are held of the Queen by knight service,
worth yearly clear £13. The capital messuage, lands &c. in Stricklandkettle are similarly held, worth yearly clear £5. The messuage
& tenements in Staveley are held of the Queen by fealty & a free
rent of 4s 4d yearly, as of her purparty of the manor of Staveley
which lately was of John Hewtham, esquire, now in the Queen's
hands by reason of the minority of James Bellingham, esquire,
& are worth yearly clear 43s. The messuage or tenement in Sigeswicke is held of the Queen by knight service, worth yearly clear
19s 10d. The messuages or burgages in Kirkby in Kendall are held
of the Queen by fealty only in free socage & are worth yearly clear
58s. Walter Chambres died 30 October last (1580) and Alan
Chambres is his son & next heir, a minor of the age of 16 years,
5 weeks, 5 days; Court of Wards Inq., p. m., vol. 20, n. 116.
1585 Special livery out of the Court of Wards and Liveries to Thomas
Strycklande, gent., son and heir of Walter Strycklande, esq., deceased, who died 8 April, 11 Elizabeth (1569), which Thomas attained
his full age on 6 June, 27 (sic) Elizabeth (? for 26 Eliz. 1584), inter
alia of divers lands and tenements in Briggestrett (sic) lying on the
west side of the road which leads from Levenes to Crosthwayte, held
of Alan Bellingham and one John Preston, esq., by unknown service
and worth yearly, clear, 38s. 11d.; the manor of Siserghe held of
Alan Bellingham, esq., as of the fourth part of the barony of Kendall
[Lumley fee] by unknown service and worth yearly £20; certain
pasture and wood called Brigestere Parke, containing in pasture
20 acres and in wood 20 acres, and worth yearly, clear, 13s. 4d.
Total of the inheritance, £221 8s. 10d.; of which in possession,
£88 1s. 6d.; in reversion, £133 7s. 4d.; Orig. at Sizergh.
1592 Controversies having arisen between Thomas Strickeland, esq.,
and James Bellingham, esq., they were submitted to the arbitrament
of Sir Henry Curwen, knt., Thomas Preston, Gerrard Lowther,
Thomas Braythwat esquires and Thomas Hesketh, gent., who met
on 27 August, 1591 (and again on 4 September, 1592) and awarded
Mr. Strickland and his tenants of Levens, Syzergh and Brigster
should enjoy such common of pasture and turbary as they had
used for 50 years past within the commons, waste grounds and
mosses of Levens with right of way.
For one year ensuing the fishing of the river Kent called the
Force and from the Force downwards to the sea, as far as the
fishing extends, shall be used and enjoyed by the said T. S. and
J. B. as well as by Thomas Preston, esq., and Thomas Stryckeland
of Nyanserghe, with a common net only, and not otherwise, or
else the parties are to join in a law suit for the reformation of
their respective rights.
James Bellingham having repaired a water-cornmill near the
Force, T. S. of Syzerghe alleges that the fishing there is impaired.
Ordered that J. B. peaceably enjoy the same mill and that T. S.
pay him 10s. for the fishing as heretofore.
Ordered that Mr. S. and his heirs ought to enjoy the two closes
in Helsington called Cotgarthes and Flasbanke, paying yearly to
Mr. B. 4s. for Cotgarthes and 12d. for Flasbank yearly.
Mr. S. and his tenants of Brigstare shall enjoy common of
pasture for their cattle upon Helsington Barrow as for 40 years
Mr. S. shall have such common of pasture for his cattle in
Whytbarow as he has been accustomed to have.
The tenants of Sedgewike and others shall enjoy the usual
pathway through Levens park; as has been accustomed for
40 pears past.
Mr. B. pretendeth that the tenure of Syzargh is by knight's
service holden of him and 2s. rent. Mr. S. denies both the tenure
and rent. Ordered that the parties search their evidences,
especially for some office found before the reign of Henry VII,
and show the same on 4 Sept. following.
Mr. B. affirms that the fine of copyhold land in the manor of
Kyrckeland is uncertain; Mr. S. affirms it to be 2 years' rent.
Ordered that Mr. S., if not yet admitted, be admitted at the next
court, paying 8s. 8d. fine, and both parties to produce further
evidence on 4 Sept. next.
Ordered that all improvements made by Mr. S. or his tenants
on commons where they ought to have common of pasture within
30 years past shall stand good; Orig. award at Sizergh.
1596 Briggsteare. Richard Rowlandson to pay 6s. 1d. rent and 40s.
gressom for the tenement which Thomas Briggs bought of James
Warde; and 10s. 5d. rent and £5 gressom for the fine of the said
Thomas Brigges of the tenement descended from William Briggs,
his father; and 10s. 5d. rent and £5 gressom for the said Richard's
own fine of the said tenement by him purchased of the said Thomas
Briggs; Orig. at Sizergh.
1612 Inquest taken at Kirbye Kendall, 2 September, 10 James 1 (1612)
before James Bellingham, Knight, Christopher Phillipson, esquire,
Roger Otwaye, escheator and Robert Curwayne, feodary. The
jurors say that: Thomas Strickeland, late of Siserghe, knight, was
seised of the manor of Siserghe; a messuage called "Frosthwaite";
and 7 messuages, 40 a. land, 4 a. meadow, 40 a. wood in Brigstere; 12
messuages, 60 a. land, 10 a. meadow in Hancaster, alias Hyncaster;
a messuage in Awtinghwaite; the manor of Nutland; the hamlet of
Stainton; the hamlet of Siggeswicke; the manor of Whinfell; 5
burgages, 5 tofts, 5 roods of land in Kirbye Kendall; a messuage in
Sleddall; a messuage in Staveley; 2 messuages in Crakell; 15 a. land
in Hawbrigge; and a 4th part of the fishery in the water of Kent.
[Here follows the description of his lands in co. York]. So seised by
his indenture made between himself of the one part and Christopher
Phillipsonne of Calgarthe, co. Westmorland, esquire, and Elizabeth
his wife of the other part, dated 29 March, 33 Elizabeth (1591), he
granted to the said Christopher and Elizabeth in survivorship an
annuity of £50 issuing out of the manors of Nutland and Siggeswicke,
payable at the Purification & St. Peter ad vincula by equal portions.
So seised of the manor of Thornton Brigges by his indenture made
between himself of the one part and Thomas Hardwicke of the city of
York, gentleman, and Katherine his wife of the other part, dated 31
May, 34 Elizabeth (1592), he let to farm to the said Thomas and
Katherine the demesne lands of the manor of Thornton Brigges, for
80 years should Katherine so long live.
Further, by his indenture dated 30 March, 37 Elizabeth (1595), by
the name of Thomas Strickeland, esquire, of the one part and John
Baimbrigge of Kirbee, gentleman, and Barnabie Maychell of Kirbiethure, a yeoman, of the other part, he granted to them an annuity of
£3 6s. 8d. issuing from his manor, lordship or park of Nutland in co.
Westmorld, to hold to the uses expressed in the will of Edward Knipe,
deceased, payable at the feasts of Pentecost and Martinmas by equal
So seised of the manor of Letbye by his indenture dated 1 March,
10 James 1 (1613), he let to farm to William Inglebye, knight, a 3rd
part of the manor of Letbye, alias Leckbye, to hold from Pentecost
next following for a term of 99 years.
So seised of the manor of Newbye, by his indenture dated 20 May,
7 James 1 (1609) he sold to William Ingleby of Ripley, co. York.,
knight, and Thomas Ingleby, gentleman, the manor or lordship of
Newby, to hold under condition that should Thomas Strickeland,
knight, his heirs, etc., pay to William Ingleby, knight, his heirs, etc.
at the Circumcision of Christ (Christi), called "Newyeres daye" then
next following £1100 at the Mansion house of the said William Inglebye at Ripley that then the indenture shall be void. So seised of the
rectory of Sheareburne by his indenture dated 26 June, 9 James 1
(1611), he sold to George Bowles, citizen and alderman of London
that rectory, to hold under condition that should Thomas Strickeland,
knight, his heirs, etc. pay to George Bowles his heirs, etc. on 28
December next following £525, then the indenture shall be void. So
seised of the manor of Sedbergh, he let to farm by his indenture dated
15 January, 9 James 1 (1612) to Richard Hutton, esquire, serjeant
at law, that manor, to hold from the Annunciation last past (25
March 1612) for 12 years, by virtue of which lease Richard Hutton
entered the manor and still is thereof possessed. So being seised of
the manors, messuages, tenements and other the premises aforesaid
and being indebted to divers persons in several sums of money
amounting altogether to £9500 or thereabouts, as by a schedule
indented, dated 6 June, 10 James 1 (1612), shown to jurors, more
fully appears, by his indenture dated, 16 June, 10 James 1 (1612),
made between Sir Thomas Strickland of Thornton Brigges, co. York,
knight, of the one part, and Sir Henrie Woodrington of Woodrington,
co. Northumberland, Sir Francis Boynton of Roxbye, co. York, Sir
Nicholas Tempest of Stella, co. Durham, knights, and Allan Chambers
of "the Hawes," co. Westmorland, gentleman, of the other part, in
considn of £10,000 to him paid by Sir Henrie and the others, he
bargained and sold to them the manors, lordships, towns, villages,
hamlets or capital messuages of "Sisergh with his members, Nutlande
Whinfeeld, Stainton, Hyncaster, Siggeswicke, the West syde of Kent,
and Akenthwaite in co. Westmorland, Thornton Brigges, Sedberghe
and Letbye, with certeyne small parcelles of lande in Norton and
Milbye," in co. York, to hold the same for ever of the chief lord or
lords of the fee, etc., which indenture was enrolled in the King's
Chancery according to the form of the Statute. The said bargain
and sale was under this trust that Henry Woodrington and the others
should pay the debts of the said Thomas Strickeland and for the
payment, should sell and grant 5 of the said manors, lands and
hereditaments or so many as to them seemed fit and that they should
grant the residue to the heirs of the said Thomas.
Further they say that the manor of Siserghe is held of James
Bellingham, knight, as of the 4th part of his barony of Kendall, by
service unknown, worth yearly clear £10; the messuage, lands, etc,.
in Brigstere on the east side of the road which leads from Levens to
Crosthwaite, are held of James Bellingham, knight, by service unknown; the said messuage and premises in Brigstere on the west side
of the said road are held of the said James Bellingham and one John
Preston, esquire, by service unknown, worth yearly 13s. 4d; the
messuages, lands, etc., in Hancaster are held of the king as of his
manor of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" by service unknown,
worth yearly clear 20s, the messuage in Awtingthwaite is held of the
king in chief by knight service, worth yearly 7s. The manor of
Nutland and the hamlet of Stainton are held of the king as of his
barony of Kendall by knight service, worth yearly £3 6s 8d; the
hamlet of Siggiswicke is similarly held by service unknown, worth
yearly clear 40s; the messuages, parcel of the said hamlet of Siggiswicke, lately purchased from Allan Chambers, gentleman, is held of
the king in chief by knight service, namely; by a 100th part of a
knight's fee, worth yearly 19s 10d; the manor of Whinfell is held by
the king in chief by knight service, namely; by the 20th part of a
knight's fee, worth yearly £3 6s 8d; the burgages, crofts and lands in
Kirbye Kendall are held of the king and of the said James Bellingham,
knight, namely, 3 parts of them of Bellingham and the residue of the
king, by service unknown, worth yearly 40s, the messuage in Sleddall
is held of the king as of his moiety of the barony of Kendall by
service unknown, worth yearly 13s 4d; the messuage in Staveley is
held of George Gilpin, esquire, by service unknown, worth yearly 5s;
the messuage in Crakell and 15 a. land in Lawrigge are held of James
Bellingham, knight, as of the 4th part of his barony of Kendall by
service unknown, worth yearly 15s 5d; the manor of Thorneton
Brigges, co. York, is held of the heirs of the lord de Mowbrey, deceased,
in free socage and is worth yearly clear £10; the 3rd part of the manor
of Letbye, co. York, is held of the abovesaid heirs, in free socage,
worth yearly clear £5; the manor of Newbye, co. York, is held of the
heirs of William Hungate, esquire, deceased, as of his barony or
manor of Sheareburne by knight service and is worth yearly clear
£6 13s 4d; one moiety of the manor of Sedbergh, co. York, is held of
the king as of his manor of Eastgreenwich in free socage and the other
moiety of the king by service unknown, the said manor being worth
yearly clear £3 6s 8d; the rectory of Sheareburne, co. York, is held of
the king in free socage, worth yearly £5. Thomas Strickeland,
knight, died 19 June last (1612), and Robert Strickeland is his son and
next heir, now aged 12 years, 8 months and 2 days. Lady Margaret,
late wife of the said Thomas Strickeland, Christopher Phillipson and
Elizabeth his wife; and Katherine Hardwicke, late wife of the said
Thomas Hardwicke, still survive; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., Vol.
46, n. 141.
1615 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 5th April, 13 James 1 (1615),
before Roger Ottwaye, esquire, escheator. Allan Chambers, gentleman, was seised at his death of a capital messuage or tenement
called "le Hawes" and a water mill with divers parcels of land,
meadows, pasture and wood in Helsington, late in the tenure of
Walter Chambers, gentleman, deceased; another capital messuage or
tenement called "Hawledhall" with divers lands, arable, meadows
and pasture in Strickland Ketle, late in tenure of the said Walter
Chambers, late his father; 3 messuages or tenements in Nether
Staveley, now in the several tenures of divers tenants thereof according
to a certain custom called "Tenantright" there of old used and
approved; and of 6 burgages or tenements in Kirkbie Kendall, now
in the several tenures of divers tenants thereof according to the
custom called "Tenantright" of old used and approved within the
town or burgage of Kirkby Kendall, which premises formerly were
the inheritance of the aforesaid Walter Chambers, deceased.
Anne Haworth, widow, late the wife of the said Walter Chambers,
has and holds a third part of all the lands and tenements aforesaid as
dower, and still survives, the reversion thereof to the right heirs of
Allan Chambers. The premises in Helsington are held of the king as
of his manor or barony of Kendall by knight service, namely: by the
40th part of a knight's fee and are worth yearly clear £3; the premises
in Strickland Ketle are held of the king by knight service, namely: by
the 40th part of a knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 40s; the
premises in Nether Staveley are held of James Bellingham, knight, as
of his purparty of the manor of Staveley by knight service, which
James Bellingham, knight, holds his said purparty of that manor of
the king in chief, and they are worth yearly clear 43s; the burgages
and tenements in Kirkbie Kendall are held of the king as of his manor
or barony of Kendall in free socage and are worth yearly clear 30s.
Allan Chambers died 5 January, 12 James I (1615); his wife Anne
survives. Walter Chambers is Allan's son and next heir, aged 18
years and 4 months at his father's death, and the said Walter was
married in his father's lifetime and is still married; Court of Wards,
Inq. p.m. vol. 52, n. 25.
c 1620 Robert Strickland, esq., son to Thomas Strickland, Knight of the
Bath, holdeth the manor of Sisergh with the appurtenances of James
Bellingham, knt., being part of the barony of Kendall, by knight's
service, by the third part of a knight's fee or by several ancient
charters, offices, rentalls and court Rolls and other evidences here in
this book truly expressed more at large may and doth evidently
appear and is united, annexed, placed and lyeth within the boundary,
lordship and manor of Helsington, the which is held of the King's
majesty in capite and by the 12th (sic) part of a knight's fee, as by
letters patent etc., proving the tenure thereof in capite, etc., and he
payeth yearly unto the said James Bellingham, Knt., for the Hall
place, manor house and site of the said manor of Sisergh, two shillings;
and he holdeth under the chief capital messuage aforesaid, a park
there called Sisergh park and demesne lands in his own hands containing about 8 score acres, tenants at will, parcels of the demesne
which payeth yearly to him six pounds six shillings, and eight pence;
one freeholder which payeth yearly to him for one parcel of ground
called Tranthwaite, twelve pence of rent of assise. He holdeth also
divers messuages, lands meadows, woods and tenements with the
appurtenances, lying in Brigstear, on the east part of the way which
leadeth from Levens to Crosthwaite, of Sir James Bellingham, Knt.,
by the twentieth part of a Knight's fee; and those messuages and
other the lands in Brigstere, lying on the west side of the said way;
he holdeth of Sir James Bellingham, Knt., and of John Preston,
esquire, by the tenth part of a Knight's fee; and he holdeth one
messuage and divers lands in Craket in Natland and 15 acres of land
in Lawrig, of Sir James Bellingham, Knt., of his fourth part of his
barony of Kendall, by a third part of a Knight's fee, together with
common of pasture of [Whit]barrow, and the fishing at the Force, as
tenant [at wi]ll, for the which he payeth yearly during the pleasure
of the said Sir James Bellingham, Knt., 10s . . . . 12s and for
Cobegarth, 4s yearly . . . . . . Whinfell. Transcript made by
Thomas Lodge; Reg. of D. at Levens.
c 1641 Robert Strickland, Knt., holds the manor of Sisergh, of the lord of
this manor (of Helsington) by Knight's service and renders yearly 2s.
John Layburne, esq., holds the manor of Coneswicke, of the lord
of this manor (Helsington), by Knights service and renders [1lb. of
Robert Bindlosse, baronet, holds land in Watsfeild of the lord of
this manor (of Helsington) by Knight's service and renders yearly 1s;
Reg. of Deeds at Levens Hall.
1669 Hearth Tax Roll; Lay Subsidy R. 195, n 73.
84 in number—£4. 4. 0 tax.
|Mr Thomas Shepheard
|Mr Willm Curwen and Christopher Hudson