Bannisdale and Fawcet Forest

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Institute of Historical Research

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William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors)

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1923

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231-238

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'Bannisdale and Fawcet Forest', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923), pp. 231-238. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49288 Date accessed: 25 October 2014.


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BANNISDALE AND FAWCET FOREST.

1154–89 William de Lancastre II gave to the monks of Byland his part of Borgheredale by bounds (described), to hold in alms, for the settlement of the complaint which Wimund, late bishop of the Isles, had against the donor's father; D. at Levens; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. X, pt. iv, 323.

1196 Gilbert, son of Roger Fitz-Reinfred and Helewise his wife confirm to Henry de Redeman 5s. of rent of the lands held by Hugh and Ralph, brothers of Cospatrick[de Selesate] below Arnestein; Feet of F. (Pipe R. Soc. XVII), 141.

1198–1200 Hugh and Ralph, sons of Robert son of Sigg, grant to the monks of Byland land held of Henry de Redeman by bounds (described), lying between Bannendesdalebec, the water of Dautha and (the water of) Burgra, to hold by rendering 10s. yearly to Henry de Redeman; Reg. of D. at Levens.

Henry de Redeman confirmed the said grant; ib.

1251 The abbot of Byland complained against Peter de Brus, Ralph de Eynecurt, Gilbert de Lancastre, Alan son of Richard de Coupland, Nicholas in the forest of Banandesdale, Ralph the forester, Richard Buman, Thomas Godman and Richard de Lowriche for entering his land vi et armis &c.; Assize R. 1046, m. 1; 1048, m. 4d.

1282 At Whitsuntide, Adam abbot of Byland demised to farm to William de Capella, rector of the church of Louthere, the manor of Fausyde, by bounds (described), quit of escapes (fn. 1) within Scleddisdale, Borwedale and Wascedale for his own animals to be agisted, rendering 40s. yearly; Orig. at Levens.

1283 Roger de Lancastre held the moiety of Banandisdale of William de Lyndeseye for 2s. rent; Roger the marshall held le Holmes for 2d. rent; Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 256.

1310 Gilbert de Lancastre (of Sockbridge) held of William de Ros the hamlet of Banandesdale; Cal. Inq. V, 118.

Gilbert de Lancastre grants to his son, Christopher de Lancastre, his forest in Banandesdale, land in Banandesdale-holme, his land of Faurebreck (sic) and land in Quinfell. Witnesses: Sir Roger de Brunolvesheved, Sir Ralph de Bethum, Sir Roger de Layburn, knights; John de Wesington, John de Patton, William de Thorneburgh; Reg. of Deeds at Levens.

1347 John de Croft held at his death inter alia a rent of 2s. 6d. issuing out of the moiety of a several pasture in Banandesdale, by the hands of Roger de Lancastre; Cal. Inq. ix, 17.

1353 Roger de Lancastre died on 12 October, 27 Edward 111 (1353); by reason of the minority of his son and heir, certain lands and tenements in Banandesdale were in the king's hands until 21 May, 29th year (1355) when the lands of Kendale were delivered to John de Coupeland and Joan his wife; the issues during that period amounted to 75s.; Ministers Accts., bundle 1118, n. 5.

1356 Inquest taken at Kirkby in Kendale, 21 December, 30 Edward 111 1356, by the oath of Thomas de Redmane, John de la Chaumbre, John de Pykering, Roland de Thornburgh, William de Gilpyn, Roger de Gnype, John Ward, Roland son of Michael de Patton, William de Edenhale, Roger Cayrous, William de Potter [gh], and John de Leke, who say that Roger son of Gilbert de Lancastre was seised at his death of one moiety of a pasture called Banandesdale in Stirkland Ketel, held of the king in chief, as of the fees late of William de Coucy, by homage and service of 2s. yearly, worth 50s. yearly clear; and of the other moiety of the same pasture held of the heir of John, son of Isolda de Croft, who is within age, by fealty and service of 2s. yearly, worth 50s. yearly clear; a messuage and 1 carucate of land in Skelmeserghe of Roger de Leyburne by fealty and the service of 18d. yearly, worth 13s. 4d. yearly; 3 tofts and 1 bovate of land in Stirkland Randolfe of Thomas de Ros by homage and service of 6s. 8d. yearly, worth 6s. 8d. yearly; a moiety of the manor of Sockbred of the same Thomas de Ros by homage and the service of 13s. 4d. yearly, worth 20s. yearly; 3 tofts and 1 carucate of land in Whinffell of Matthew de Redman by homage and the service of a sparrow-hawk yearly, worth 20s. yearly; 2 tofts and one carucate of land in Skelmesergh conjointly with Margaret his wife, who survives, of Roger de Leyburn by fealty and the service of 18d. yearly, worth 10s. yearly; 3 tofts and 1 carucate of land at Fauerbanke (now Fairbank), jointly with the said Margaret of Thomas de Thwenge by fealty and the service of 1lb. cummin yearly, worth 13s. 4d. yearly; 1 carucate of land in Stirkland Randolf and Sledale, jointly with the said Margaret, of Thomas de Ros by homage and service of 6s. 8d. yearly; 6d, yearly rent from a tenement which William de Edenhale and Alice de Heton held in Kyrkeby in Kendale. He died 4 September, 28 Edward 111 (1354). Alexander his son, aged 10 years, is his next heir; Chan. Inq. p.m., 30 Edw. III, 1st nos., n. 36.

1368 William de Threlkeld, knt., releases to the abbot and convent of Byland his right within the bounds of Bretherdale (described); Reg. of D. at Levens.

Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Kendale on Saturday in the octave of . . . . 42 Edward III, by the oath of Thomas de Redmane, John de Wesington, John de Burgh, Henry de Levenes, William de Gilpyne, Thomas de Yealand, John de Leke,. . . . . . ., John Warde of Hoton and John de Karlesheved, who say that, Roger, son of Thomas de Lancaster held at his death a pasture (fn. 2) called Banandesdale . . . . besides the agistment (fn. 3) of Banandesdale of the fee late of William de Coucy, by the service of . . . . worth 33s. 4d. per annum clear, [next entry illegible]; of a moiety of the manor of Sokbrede held of Thomas de Roos of Kendale for a pair of spurs or 12d. yearly; [illegible entry relating to Fauerbank, and another relating to] Wynfell held of . . . de Redmane by service of . . . . worth, beyond the service, 13s. 4d.; . . . . held the moiety of the pasture of Bananddisale from the death of the said Roger . . . . . Margaret [late the wife of the said Roger took] the profits of the 3rd part of another moiety of Bananddisdale, as of her dower . . . . . . Christopher de Lancaster occupied and took the profits of all the lands . . . . . . of Thomas de Roos, held from that feast of St. Martin up to the present time . . . . . [reference to] the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 36 (?) Edward III . . . . last plague now six years ago; Chan. Inq. p.m., 42 Edw. III, n 64.

1369 Another inquest taken in 43 Edward 111, Roger son of Gilbert de Lancaster held at his death two parts of a pasture in Banandesdale of the fee late of William de Coucy, as of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale, by the service of 3s. yearly; a moiety of Banandesdale of Thomas de Roos of Kendale, chivaler, by the service of a sparrow-hawk or 12d. at St. Peter's Chains, worth 32s.; the manor (?) of Stirkeland Randolf of the same Thomas by the service of 26s 2½d. yearly, worth 40s.; a moiety of the manor of Sockbred of the same Thomas by the service of 2s. yearly, worth 40s.; two messuages and 40 a. land in Skelsmeser of Roger de Leybourne by the service of 18d. yearly; 3 messuages in Faurbank in the vill of Strikeland Ketle of Robert de Belyngeham by the service of 6d. yearly. He died 26 Edward III and Joan, wife of William de Taillour, is his next heir; Inq. p.m., 43 Edward III, 1st nos., n. 62.

1370 Roger, son of Gilbert de Lancaster held at his death on Thursday before Michaelmas, 26 Edward III (1352) two-thirds of a pasture in Banandesdale of the fee late of William de Coucy, deceased, as of a moiety of the manor of Kirkeby in Kendale, rendering 3s. yearly; Joan wife of William Taillour, daughter of the said Roger, who at his death was under age, is his next heir and of full age; Cal. Close R. 1370, p. 162.

1375 Margaret late the wife of Roger de Lancastre held of Joan de Coupeland divers tenements in Banandesdale for 2s. yearly; Inq. p.m., 49 Edw. III. (1) n. 29.

1379 William de Thirlekeld (sic), knt., son and heir of John de Thirlekeld, son of William, restores to the abbot and convent of Byland the land which his grandfather, William de Thirlekeld, to the no small peril of his soul, had seized to his own use within the bounds of Bretherdale; D. at Levens.

1390 By deed dated at Kirkeby in Kendale on the feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, A.D. 1390, Richard Redeman confirmed to the monks of Byland the charters made to them by Henry de Redeman and Matthew his son; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1393 Pardon to John Fysch of Sleddale, younger, for the death of Adam Stele, killed in Banandesdall in Stirkeland Ketill on Thursday after S. S. Peter and Paul, 16 Richard II; Cal. Pat. R. 1393, p. 318.

Feoffment by William de Blenkansopp, John de Sleddale and William de Sleyne, chaplains, to Thomas Swyer of Seynesbury, perpetual vicar of the church of Kirkeby in Kendale, Adam Fattyng, John Hogeson, John del Bek, John Parmeter and Richard de Oxclyff, chaplains, of the lands and tenements in Banesdale, in the vill of Stirkeland Ketill which they had by the demise of John de Roos and Richard de Roos, to hold &c. in performance of the will of the said John de Roos concerning the same, when required, so that it shall not be to the injury of the said Richard de Roos or his heirs; and after John's death to perform the will of the said Richard; D. at Levens.

1411 Richard Roose held of Philippa, duchess of Ireland, divers lands in Banandesdale, which Margaret, late the wife of Roger de Lancaster, formerly held freely, by homage and fealty and 2s. rent at Easter and Mich., worth 100s. yearly; but now the said Richard for some time disclaims the holding of the said lands of the said Philippa, for what reason is not known; Chan. Inq. p.m., 13 Hen. IV, n. 44.

1459 John Bulnesse paid 2s. for farm of the tithes of Fawset; Roll at Levens.

1539 Lease to William, lord Parre, of the lordship and manor of Fawcett, called Fawcett Forest, with a close of underwood, called Fawcett Wood and all the lands of Byland abbey in Banandysdale, Boroughdale, Boroudale Hedde and Capell Falle, formerly in the tenure of Sir Thomas Parre and afterwards of lady Matilda Parre, widow, and now of the said lord Parre, 23 April; Letters and Papers, Dom., Henry VIII, 1540, p. 556.

1542 By letters patent dated 28 May, 34th year (1542) Henry VIII granted to Sir Richard Riche, knt., the manor and lordship of Fawcet alias Fawcett Forest, late parcel of the possessions of the monastery or abbey of Bylande, and the land and wood called Fawcett Wood with all lands, tenements, cottages &c. in Fawcet and Fawcet Forest, Banandesdale, Bannandesdalehed, Borowdale, Borowdalehed and Capullfall within the parishes of Kendale and Shappe, to hold by the 40th part of a knight's fee; Reg. of Deeds at Levens Hall, Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII, xvii, 217b.

1543 Inquest taken at Kirkebye in Kendall, 29 June, 35 Henry VIII (1543), before Robert Brathewhate, gentleman, escheator. Thomas Rose, gentleman, was seised at his death of 16 messuages, 40 a. land, 20 a. meadow, 100 a. pasture in Banesdall, Barwesse, Maldesmeburne, Appulbye and Kirkebye in Kendall. A moiety of the messuages and lands in Banesdall are held of the king by a rent of 2s. yearly; the other moiety there is held of William lord Parre by a rent of 2s., the whole worth £20 yearly; the messuages and lands in Barwesse, worth £4 yearly, are held of William lord Dacre by a rent of 2s. 2d. yearly; the messuages and lands in Maldesmeburne are held of George Vernon, esquire, by service unknown and the messuages and lands in Appulbye of the king in burgage, together worth 9s. yearly; the messuages and lands in Kirkeby in Kendall are held of the said William lord Parre in burgage, worth yearly 15s. Thomas Rose long before his death was seised of 6 messuages, 20 a. land, 12 a. meadow, 20 a. pasture in Cabere and Banton and by his charter dated 6 July, 13 Henry VIII (1521) enfeoffed thereof John Rose his son, then heir apparent and Anne his wife to hold to them and the heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten, who thereupon entered and were seised of the premises in their demesne as of fee tail. Afterwards John died and Anne survived him and was and is solely seised of the premises in Cabere, which are held of John Fulthorpe, esquire, by a rent of 5s. yearly, worth yearly clear 16s. 8d.; and of the premises in Banton which are held of Thomas Clibburne, esquire, service not known, worth yearly clear 18s. He died 11 April last (1543) and Thomas Rose is kinsman and next heir, namely son and heir of John Rose, son of the said Thomas Rose, and now is aged 14 years, 24 weeks; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 136, n. 1.

1543 By letters patent dated 16 October, 35th year (1543) Henry VIII granted licence to Sir Richard Riche, knt., lord Riche, and Elizabeth his wife to alienate and grant by fine to Sir William Parre, knight, lord Parre, his manor and lordship of Fawcet alias Fawcet Forest and 10 messuages, 6 cottages, 2 watermills, 12 gardens, 500 a. land, 200 a. meadow, 500 a. pasture, 100 a. wood. 1000 a. heath and gorse and 100s. of rent in Fawcett alias Fawcett Forest, Bannandesdale, Bannandesdalehed, Boroughdale, Borughdalehedde and Capull &c. Reg. of D. at Levens; Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII, xviii, pt. ii, 185; Feet of Fines, Mich. term, 35 Hen. VIII.

1554 By letters patent dated 1 February, 1st year (1554) queen Mary granted to Sir Edward Hastings, knt., master of the Horse, the same possessions of the late dissolved monastery of Byland in Fawcet alias Fawcet Forest, late parcel of the possessions of William marquis of Northampton, attainted and convicted of high treason and all the messuages and lands &c. thereto belonging, to hold by the service of the 40th part of a knight's fee; Reg. of Deeds at Levens.

By deed dated 3 February, 1 Mary (1554) Sir Edward Hastings, knt., master of the Horse, in consideration of £816 13s. 4d., granted to Allan Bellingham of Helsington, gent., the said lands of Fawcet alias Fawcet Forest with the rents accrued from Michaelmas last past; Reg. of Deeds at Levens.

1555 Thomas Rosse of Berwisehaull, co. Westmorland, gent., conveys to Alan Bellingham of Helsington, esq., his messuages, lands and tenements, &c., in Bannysdale, now or late on lease to Anthony Duckett, esq., and a parcel of meadow in Appulby, called Scalehouse Close, in exchange for lands &c. in Maldes Meburne, Appulby, co. Westmorland, and Skelton, co. Cumberland; D. at Levens.

1558 Order dated at Westminster, 1 July, 4–5 Philip and Mary (1558).

An examination of an information exhibited by Allan Bellingham, esq., in the Court of Yorke, against Lancelot Lancaster, esq., and others, his bailiffs and servants, for causing open Proclamation to be made "that if any tooke any geist (fn. 4) of Allan Bellingham in a place called Bannersdaleside, parcell of Fawcett Forest, that the cattle should be kill'd; as also for killing cattle there as well of the said Allan's owne as of others that tooke geist, and of the answere of the said Lancelott who claimed a title to the said Bannersdale side and justiffied that he and the other defendants, as his servants, did drive cattle from off the said ground and did give notice that none should take any geist there of the said Allan Bellingham." Wherefor the said cause proceeded by examination of witnesses upon interrogatories and depositions of sundry witnesses then taken; whereupon it did appear upon proofs that the said Lancelot had not any good title to the lands in question and that he had hindered the said Allan in taking the full profits of the said lands. It was therefore ordered that the said Lancelot should pay to the said Allan £10 for the said damages, and £20 to the king "for the greate riott" and to be committed till he pay that fine and also to be bound to the peace.

[Example of a deposition]: The deponent knew Fawcett Forest and Bannesdaleside for 40 years past; during the time of his remembrance the abbot of the late dissolved house of Byland were owners of the said land and the "lord marquesse" of Northampton that now is was tenant thereof since the dissolution, which monastery he doth say hath been purchased by the plaintiff; time out of mind Bannesdaleside hath been accounted to be part of Fawcett Forest; he knoweth well the 3 "watters" of Bannysdale Beck, Bowthey and Borgherey, so called; these waters doth bound the said ground, as Bannysdale Beck on the south side, Dowhtye on the east side, and agreeth on all points touching the bounders with William Dennyson, William Howe, Richard Downns; Bannysdaleside is within the said bounders; he hath dwelled there 60 years, serving the said lord marquis and his predecessors; "two kyne were slaine by woundes, besides shepe and lambs slayne," the number of which he doth not know, "whych chattel parte were perteynynge to playntiff" and part to persons who had put them to "geyst," which deed was committed by defendant and his servants, whereby and by a certain proclamation made at Kendall, as he heard, few durst send their cattle to "geaste," so that where commonly 15 score cattle were on the ground there was not then two years past forty yearly "geasted"; MS. at Levens.

1560 In Michaelmas term, 2 Elizabeth (1560), Lancelot Lancaster, esq., conveyed by fine to Alan Bellingham, esq., 200 a. land with pasture, moor and heath in Banisdayle, Banisdaileside and Strickland Ketle; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1563 In Easter term, 5 Elizabeth (1563), Edward Rose, gent., conveyed by fine to Alan Bellingham, esq., 6 messuages, 200 a. land with pasture, moor and wood and 46s. 8d. of rent in Banisdayle, Banisdaylehead, and Strickland Ketle; ib.

1570 Thomas Wharton, knt., lord Wharton, conveys to Alan Bellingham of Fawcet Forest, esq., his lands and tenements in Borrowdale, and Crookdale, co. Westmorland; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1669 A Breviat of all the hearths chargeable, 18 in number—18s. tax.

Willm Wilson 1
Richard Thicke 2
Mr. Bellingham 1
Widd: Lowther 1
John Robinson 1
Rich: Bownass 1
Willm Jackson 1
Stephen Sisson 1
James Blaithwte 1
Mr. Tho: Strickland 1
Tho: Pickering 5
Miles Holme 1
Widd: Sheapherd 1

Footnotes

1 Escapis quietus. On escape of beasts he is to be free from that punishment which by the laws of the forest lieth upon those whose beasts are found within the land where forbidden.
2 An inquest taken in 1369 corrects and amplifies what is left of the above document. See Transact. C. and W. A. and A. Soc., N.S. X, 480.
3 Agistment is where other people's cattle are taken, at a certain rate per week, to agist or pasture the land.
4 Agistment.


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